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Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny

Lucjan Kępa, Barbara Oczko-Grzesik, Wojciech Stolarz, Anna Boroń-Kaczmarska
THE AIM: The aim of the study was to evaluate the usefulness of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) ferritin concentration assessment in adults with purulent, bacterial meningoencephalitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The investigation was performed in 18 subjects hospitalized at the Clinical Ward of Infectious Diseases, Medical University of Silesia in Bytom from 2008 through 2012, for purulent, bacterial meningoencephalitis. The patients were divided into two groups, according to severity of their clinical condition: Group I – very severe course of the disease, group II – moderate and mild course of the disease...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Agnieszka Beata Serwin, Magnus Unemo
We describe a very rare case of late-stage parenchymatous neurosyphilis, presenting as general paresis of insane, diagnosed in a 44-year-old male truck driver. Probable place of exposition was Belarus. An appropriate clinical examination, laboratory diagnostics, and subsequent effective treatment and follow-up in accordance with evidence-based management guidelines are essential to avoid irreversible sequelae in these late-stage neurosyphilis patients. Increased awareness that rare cases of parenchymatous neurosyphilis still exist in the 21st century is crucial and this entity should still be considered in differential diagnosis in patients with neuropsychiatric symptoms such as memory or cognitive impairment...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Dorota Kozłowska, Hanna Myśliwiec, Paulina Kiluk, Anna Baran, Anna Justyna Milewska, Iwona Flisiak
INTRODUCTION: Erysipelas is a bacterial infection, caused by group A β-hemolytic streptococci (Streptococcus pyogenes), rarely other bacteria. It is characterized by sudden onset and rapid course, with the presence of systemic symptoms. OBJECTIVE: A retrospective analysis of patients hospitalized for primary and recurrent erysipelas with particular consideration of clinical profile of patients, causes, complications and risk factors of the recurrence. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We have analyzed the medical records of patients hospitalized for erysipelas at the Dermatology and Venereology Department of the Medical University of Bialystok from 2011 to 2015...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Dorota Kozłowska
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Krzysztof Korzeniewski
BACKGROUND: Parasitic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract are a major health problem worldwide, especially in the Third World countries, where poor standards of hygiene and sanitation as well as the lack of medical care facilitate the spread of food and waterborne infections. AIM: To estimate the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections in Central Asia on the example of the population inhabiting the Ghazni Province in eastern part of the country and to assess the validity of the WHO recommended mass deworming campaign carried out in Afghanistan...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Renata Cieślik-Tarkota, Zbigniew Lorenc, Marta Albertyńska, Beata Rozwadowska, Krzysztof P. Jasik, Urszula Mendera-Bożek
INTRODUCTION: Despite the availability of preventive vaccination against chickenpox, this form of prevention is rarely used and is not available to the entire population of children. In order to evaluate an acquired immunity against the virus Varicella-Zoster examining of the presence of specific IgG antibodies to VZV in serum or plasma is required. The aim of this study was to assess the epidemiological situation of chickenpox in Śląskie Voivodeship in 2011-2015. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The evaluation of the epidemiological situation of chickenpox in the past five years was based on analysis of data from the bulletin “Infectious diseases and poisonings in Poland” for the period 2011-2014 and 2015 data, received from the Provincial Sanitary and Epidemiological Stations...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Edyta Abramczuk, Agnieszka Częścik, Katarzyna Pancer, Włodzimierz Gut
The attempt to estimate the real number of rubella cases in the years 2015-2016 in Poland was presented in this paper. The relations between number of reported cases of measles in 2006-2015y., the number of laboratory-confirmed cases of rubella among cases suspected of measles and the proportion of rubella among patients suspected of measles in the last 10 years as well as the results of serological examination in samples from 74 patients suspected of rubella collected in the first half of 2016 year were analysed...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Aleksandra Berkan-Kawińska, Anna Piekarska, Ewa Koślińska-Berkan, Zbigniew Deroń, Maciej Jabłkowski, Kamila Wójcik
INTRODUCTION: Epidemiology of HCV subtypes plays an increasing role in treatment decision making in the era of direct acting antivirals. Data on incidence of HCV subtypes in Poland are sparse and equivocal. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study was to assess the distribution of HCV subtypes basing on data collected in Lodzkie province in 2015. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with chronic hepatitis C were evaluated for antiviral treatment in one of the three infectious diseases departments in Lodzkie province in 2015 and had HCV genotype/subtype determined...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Katarzyna Bandoła, Magdalena Koperny, Michał Seweryn, Jacek Żak, Małgorzata M Bała
OBJECTIVE: Lyme disease is one of the most known tick borne diseases in Poland caused by spirochetes of the genus Borrelia burgdorferi. Most cases of Lyme disease are diagnosed in the northeastern Poland and the south of Poland, in Śląskie, Małopolskie, Podkarpackie voivodeship. The aim of the study was to evaluate epidemiological data of Lyme disease in Małopolskie voivodeship and other voivodeships in Poland and frequency analysis of the Lyme disease as an occupational disease. METHODS: The authors analyzed prevalence from 1998 to 2014...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Magdalena Koperny, Wiktoria Leśniak, Miłosz Jankowski, Małgorzata Bała
Evidence-based medicine (EBM) is an approach to decision making on the basis of the reliable and up to date best evidence. EBM is regarded as the gold standard all over the world. Cochrane Collaboration is one of the institutions, which promote EBM among physicians, policy makers and other health care workers. Cochrane Collaboration is international non-profit organization bringing together people from all over the world, the aim of which is to create and disseminate reliable scientific information. The Cochrane Collaboration develops and publishes systematic reviews on medical and diagnostic procedures...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Paulina Paciej, Beata Ciabiada, Irena Maniecka-Bryła
BACKGROUND: In order to evaluate the health status of a population, besides indicators measuring the incidence of diseases and deaths, potential measures are becoming more frequently used, ie. measures that take into account life-time potential of the individuals in the population. They can particularly by applied to analyse the problem of premature mortality, which is measured by lost life years. AIM: The aim of the study was to evaluate life years lost due to diseases of digestive system in Polish population in 2013...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Anna Hartman-Ksycińska, Jolanta Kluz-Zawadzka, Bogumił Lewandowski
High-altitude illness is a result of prolonged high-altitude exposure of unacclimatized individuals. The illness is seen in the form of acute mountain sickness (AMS) which if not treated leads to potentially life-threatening high altitude pulmonary oedema and high-altitude cerebral oedema. Medical problems are caused by hypobaric hypoxia stimulating hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) release. As a result, the central nervous system, circulation and respiratory system function impairment occurs. The most important factor in AMS treatment is acclimatization, withdrawing further ascent and rest or beginning to descent; oxygen supplementation, and pharmacological intervention, and, if available, a portable hyperbaric chamber...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Maksymilian Gajda, Małgorzata Kowalska
The growing number of people diagnosed with cancer is an important issue in public health. Evaluation of the population’s level of cancer-related knowledge is mandatory for planning effective prevention or intervention programs. Until recently, traditional methodology, using paper questionnaire or telephone-based interviews had dominated previous cross sectional studies related to this issue. Currently, the use of new research methods based on information technology solutions has been more frequent. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to review published data available in the PubMed database towards the identification of strengths and weaknesses of crosssectional studies conducted via Internet, a type of information technology solution...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Dorota Mrożek-Budzyn, Agnieszka Kiełtyka, Elżbieta Mróz
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Campaigns against vaccinations in Poland have been increasingly more frequently observed in recent years, that was the reason of bigger number of parents refusing a consent for their children immunization. The aim of study was to determine the sources of information which significantly influence mothers’ opinions about vaccinations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A survey was conducted among 154 randomly selected mothers hospitalized after childbearing in two hospitals in Krakow and Myslenice at the end of 2014 and in 2015...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Beata Smok, Katarzyna Zieniewicz-Cieślik, Ewa Smukalska, Małgorzata Pawłowska
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to describe the epidemiology and course of rotavirus infection in children hospitalized at the T. Browicz Provincial Hospital for Infectious Diseases in Bydgoszcz, Poland in 2014 year. INTRODUCTION: Rotavirus infection is responsible for over 2 millions hospitalizations per year among children under 5 year old. Rotavirus gastroenterocolitis is one of the most common cause of severe dehydration, electrolyte disturbances and metabolic acidosis, leading to 400-600 thousand deaths per year in children younger than 5 years of age worldwide...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Anna Różańska, Marta Wałaszek, Zdzisław Wolak, Małgorzata Bulanda
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to determine epidemiological rates of hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) in the Polish ICU and direct costs associated with excess length of stay incurred by the hospital. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The studied data concern patients hospitalized in the years 2010–2012 in a 9-bed ICU of a multi-profile hospital in the Małopolskie Province. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention diagnostic criteria were the basis for the development of definitions of infections...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Barbara Sobala-Szczygieł, Anna Boroń-Kaczmarska, Lucjan Kępa, Barbara Oczko-Grzesik, Damian Piotrowski, Wojciech Stolarz
Parvovirus B19 infection is associated with a broad spectrum of clinical manifestations among which some are well known but others remain controversial. The role of this infection as a cause of acute hepatitis or exacerbation of chronic liver disease requires discussion regarding its significance in a strategy of prevention and treatment of patients with chronic hepatitis. Clinical importance of this infection in patients with chronic hepatitis B treated with pegylated interferon alpha 2a is still unclear but exactly in this population significant complications during treatment may arise...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Elena Nikolaevna Krotkova, Innesa Vladimirovna Babaeva, Michail Bogutskiy, Vladimir Maksimovich Tsyrkunov
THE PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: to present epidemiological features and clinical manifestations of TBE in patients residing in Grodno region. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 124 case histories of patients with TBE in “Grodno Regional Infectious Clinical Hospital” in 2010 – 2014. RESULTS: Epidemiological features of tick-borne encephalitis are the prevalence of the transmission mechanism of contamination (57.3%), involvement of residents of Grodno and Grodno region (54...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Beata Dzięgiel, Łukasz Adaszek, Stanisław Winiarczyk
Anaplasma phagocytophilum is a tick-transmitted obligate-intracellular gram-negative bacteria that causes emerging human zoonosis. A. phagocytophilum is transmitted by Ixodid ticks. Recent studies suggest that wild animals may be reservoirs of A. phagocytophilum for humans. The organism infects and survives within neutrophils. The infection diagnosis is based on the detection of morulae within granulocytes of peripheral blood, results of serological tests and detection of the DNA of A. phagocytophilum using specific polymerase chain reaction assays (PCR)...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Paweł Penza, Anna Moniuszko-Malinowska, Piotr Czupryna, Sławomir Pancewicz, Joanna Zajkowska
Lyme borreliosis is a multisystem chronic disease caused by Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato (s.l.) spirochete transmitted by Ixodes. This bacterium has a remarkable ability to survive in tick-vertebrate setup. Its infection causes diagnostic and clinical difficulties. It was distinguished as a separate disease entity over 30 years ago. Observations made by Steere et al. proved to be a milestone since they found correlation between the occurrence of skin and joint lesions with tick bites. Further studies showed that the disease affects not only joints and skin, but also nervous and circulatory systems...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
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