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Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny

Młgorzata Sadkowska-Todys, Andrzej Zieliński, Mirosław P. Czarkowski
OBJECTIVE OF THE ARTICLE: This is for the year 2016 subsequent annual analysis of the situation of infectious and parasitic diseases in Poland as part of the Epidemiological Chronicle of the Epidemiological Review. Its purpose is to summarize the collective incidence of infectious diseases and to indicate potential threats to the health of populations from communicable diseases occurring in Poland. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The basic source of epidemiological information for this summary is a summary of data from reports of the State Sanitary Inspection, contained in the annual bulletins “Infectious diseases and poisoning in Poland in 2016” and “Protective Vaccination in Poland in 2016” (1, 2)...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Hanna Stypułkowska-Misiurewicz, Michał Czerwiński
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess the epidemiological situation of legionellosis in Poland in 2016 in comparison to the preceding years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The assessment was based on national surveillance data published in the annual bulletin: “Infectious diseases and poisonings in Poland in 2016” and its prior versions along with data from legionellosis case reports sent from Sanitary-Epidemiological Stations to the Department of Epidemiology of NIPH - NIH...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Michał Czerwiński, Mirosław P Czarkowski, Barbara Kondej
OBJECTIVES: The main aim of the study is to assess the epidemiological situation of foodborne botulism in Poland in 2016 compared to previous years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this assessment we reviewed national surveillance data on foodborne botulism cases published in the annual bulletin “Infectious diseases and poisonings in Poland in 2016” and in previous publications, as well as unpublished data retrieved from botulism case reports for 2016 sent from Sanitary-Epidemiological Stations to the Department of Epidemiology NIPH-NIH...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Karolina Zakrzewska, Małgorzata Stępień, Katarzyna Szmulik, Magdalena Rosińska
INTRODUCTION: In 2016, the World Health Organization implemented a Global Strategy to eliminate viral hepatitis. For Hepatitis C, the goals of this Strategy include increased harm reduction coverage, improved safety of medical procedures and an increase the percentage of people diagnosed and treated. OBJECTIVE: This article aims are evaluating the epidemiological situation of HCV infections in Poland in 2016 in reference to the data from previous years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Analysis of epidemiological situation of hepatitis C in Poland in 2016 was carried out on case-based data collected through routine surveillance system...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Andrzej Zieliński, Jolanta Rudowska
THE PURPOSE of the STUDY: The purpose of the study was to provide data on tetanus incidence in 2016 in the basic categories of epidemiological surveillance. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study is based on the individual forms of tetanus cases submitted to the NIZP-PZH Epidemiology Department and the data of the bulletin “Infectious Diseases and Poisoning in Poland in 2016. RESULTS: The number of tetanus cases in 2016 was 12, exactly as it was in the previous year 2015...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Katarzyna Szmulik, Karolina Zakrzewska, Marta Niedźwiedzka-Stadnik, Magdalena Rosińska
AIM: The aim of the study was to assess the epidemiological situation of newly diagnosed HIV infections and AIDS cases in Poland in 2016 in comparison to the previous years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Descriptive analysis of the epidemiological situation was based on reports of newly detected HIV cases and AIDS cases and the results of the annual survey of HIV testing conducted among the laboratories throughout the country. Data from the Department of Demographic and Labor Market Research of the Central Statistical Office on deaths due to HIV / AIDS were also used...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Maria Korzeniewska-Koseła
AIM OF THE STUDY: To evaluate the main features of TB epidemiology in 2016 in Poland and to compare with the situation in the EU/EEA countries. METHODS: Analysis of case- based data on TB patients from National TB Register, data on anti-TB drug susceptibility testing results in cases notified in 2016, data from National Institute of Public Health- National Institute of Hygiene on cases of tuberculosis as AIDS-defining disease, data from Central Statistical Office on deaths from tuberculosis based on death certificates, data from ECDC report „ European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control/WHO Regional Office for Europe...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Iwona Cimała, Sebastian Grosicki, Agnieszka Barchnicka, Karolina Krupa-Kotara
INTRODUCTION: Peripheral veins cannulation is one of the most frequently executed medical procedures. Primary blood infections which might be the result of peripheral veins cannulation are serious issue that medical care centers all over the world must consider. Medical personnel can choose the area of cannulation thanks to the availability of peripheral veins. Duration of cannulation longer than 72 – 96 hours can cause peripheral veins inflammation. AIM OF THE STUDY: Assay of observation sheets of peripheral cannulation...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Michał Makowiecki, Agnieszka Bednarska, Marcin Paciorek, Justyna Kowalska, Agata Skrzat-Klapaczyńska, Joanna Puła, Iwona Sosińska-Bryła, Dominika Krogulec, Joanna Raczyńska, Małgorzata Hackiewicz, Jarosław Stengiel, Dominik Bursa, Andrzej Pihowicz, Andrzej Horban
INTRODUCTION: This study was conducted to assess the usefulness of the guidelines of treatment recommended in Malaria diagnosis and treatment guideline published by University College London Hospitals-NHS Foundation Trust on 26th June 2013, usefulness of artesunate-based therapy and usefulness of SOFA (sepsis-related organ failure assessment) score in treatment of severe malaria. Severe malaria is usually caused by Plasmodium falciparum and most of the time fulfills the criteria of sepsis which are specified in the new definition of sepsis...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Magda Orzechowska, Elżbieta Krajewska-Kułak, Mateusz Cybulski, Ewelina Mystkowska, Anna Milewska
INTRODUCTION: Syphilis is a systemic disease with a complex natural history and a diversified clinical symptomology, taking various forms. It is characterized by a long-term course, often asymptomatic. The Global Estimates indicate that Treponema pallidum caused 5.6 million infections per year. AIM: Epidemiological characteristics of patients with syphilis in selected Polish urban agglomerations (Warsaw and Gdańsk) in 2016. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cases of syphilis reported by doctors to The Provincial Sanitary and Epidemiological Stations in Gdańsk (50 cases) and in Warsaw (520 cases) in 2016 were analysed...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Krzysztof Czaderny
INTRODUCTION: This study investigates spatial distribution and future trends in prostate cancer mortality in Poland. Since detection of prostate cancer is based on patients’ requests (not an invitation system), hypothesis of self-selection of patients was also verified MATERIAL AND METHODS: Age-period-cohort model was estimated to assess mortality trends. A spatial analysis was performed by Kulldorff’s and Moran’s tests. Structural equation model was fitted to identify factors influencing decision on participation in prostate cancer screening...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
S Enrichson, R Amrut, Madhavi Bhargava
INTRODUCTION: Road traffic accidents (RTA) are the biggest killers according to the Global Status Report on Road Safety. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study was to assess the road safety in the vicinity of the educational institutions in the city of Mangaluru in South India. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Considering the proportion of educational institutions having road safety standards in place as 50%, absolute error as 5%, and z as 1.96 ( 95% confidence level), the required sample size was about 100 institutions...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Ewelina Wawryk-Gawda, Beata Budzyńska, Marta Lis-Sochacka, Patrycja Chylińska-Wrzos, Michał Zarobkiewicz, Barbara Jodłowska-Jędrych
INTRODUCTION: Dietary supplements (DS) are dietary products aiming only at diet complementation. Nevertheless, they are frequently used in treatment of various conditions since they are safer substitutes for medication. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study was to analyze the frequency of dietary supplements using by young people, their knowledge about the used substances, and the assessment of the effectiveness of DS by those who consumed these products. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study was conducted by the means of an anonymous questionnaire assessed the DS intake among subjects aged between 15 and 54...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Ewa Borowiack, Magdalena Marzec, Anna Nowotarska, Joanna Jarosz, Agata Orkisz, Patrycja Prząda-Machno
INTRODUCTION: Oncology drugs combined with standard therapies (so-called add-on therapies, e.g. bevacizumab, palbociclib) often receive negative recommendations regarding the legitimacy of public financing, issued by government agencies responsible for their assessment, i.e. health technology assessment agencies. The aim of the study was to estimate the scale of the problem related to the reimbursement of add-on therapies used in the treatment of breast and genitourinary cancers in Poland and in the world...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Szymon Szemik, Małgorzata Kowlaska, Halina Kulik
BACKGROUND: Socio-economic factors, including occupational activity and unemployment, are the most significant determinants of the quality of life. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The epidemiological cross-sectional study was carried out among young inhabitants aged 25-44 years living in the Silesian voivodeship. The aim of the presented study was to assess and identify factors that determine the quality of life, self-assessed health status and chronic diseases, mainly including the determinants relating to occupational activity and unemployment...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Anna Waśniowska, Grzegorz Kopeć, Krystyna Szafraniec, Magdalena Kozela, Agnieszka Sarnecka, Klaudia Knap, Andrzej Pająk, Piotr Podolec
INTRODUCTION: Low level of knowledge of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors is related to higher risk of death and health educational programs are of particular importance in CVD prevention. Monitoring the level of knowledge of CVD risk factors is necessary to verify the effectiveness of education and to facilitate the right choice of education methods. AIM: to compare the assessment of knowledge of CVD risk factors in the population of Małopolska Voivodeship from the two independent cross-sectional studies...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Ewa Mikulak, Aleksandra Gliniewicz, Marta Przygodzka, Jolanta Solecka
Comparative of studies of genomes of invertebrates and humans shows that in invertebrates including insects there are numerous homologues of human’s genes coding proteins involved in recognition pathogens or transduction of the expression signal. Thanks this features, insects such as Drosophila melanogaster M., Blattella germanica L., Culex quinquefasciatus S., Bombyx mori L. and Galleria mellonella L. are used in studies on virulence, host resistance or in assessing the in vivo efficacy of antibiotics, fungicides and other biologically active substances...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Nadiya Prykuda, Andrij Zadorożnyi
The article describes the case of a septic form of a listeriosis with multiple abscesses of the liver. Given clinical example illustrates the severe course of listeriosis with the development of septicemia and lesions of internal organs. Despite the adequate etiotropic and pathogenetic treatment for listeriosis meningoencephalitis, there was a lethal outcome of the disease. The polymorphism of clinical manifestations and the range of course variants often make it difficult to diagnose listeriosis, which in turn requires a more thorough examination of patients as well as carrying out all relevant bacteriological and serological tests...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Agnieszka Beata Serwin, Marta Koper, Magnus Unemo
We describe the first case of lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) in Poland, with inguino-femoral lymphadenopathy, diagnosed and successfully treated according to the 2013 European LGV guideline. Chlamydia trachomatis genovar L2b, mainly responsible for the ongoing LGV epidemics among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Western European countries, was confirmed. The case also verified that co-infections with other sexually transmitted infections (syphilis and hepatitis C virus) are frequent in MSM LGV patients, as well as the very large difficulties with contact tracing for these patients...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Michał Wałaszek, Anna Różańska, Małgorzata Bulanda, Jadwiga Wojkowska-Mach, Polish Society of Hospital Infections Team
INTRODUCTION: Nosocomial bloodstream infections (BSI) among patients in intensive care units (ICU) are the most common form of nosocomial infections and they are serious complications of the treatment process. The etiological factors of these infections and the proper antibiotic therapy can influence the effects of patient treatment. The aim of the study was to analyze the epidemiology, microbiology and antibiotic therapy of nosocomial BSI in Polish ICU patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The retrospective study covered patients hospitalized in seven ICUs for adults with a general profile, located in southern Poland...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
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