Read by QxMD icon Read

Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny

Danuta Seroka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Danuta Naruszewicz-Lesiuk, Hanna Stypułkowska-Misiurewicz
BACKGROUND: Cholera is an infectious disease that in the epidemic form should not continue to appear now, as is known from the experience of developed countries AIM: The aim of this work is to bring to memory the epidemics of cholera, that were introduced to the territory of Poland, in the past and the role of National Institute of Hygiene (PZH) in the fight against them and to demonstrate contemporary danger from cholera outbreaks that still exists in the world MATERIAL AND METHODS: The information from the historic publications were analyzed, the results Polish research performed in National Institute of Hygiene in the second half of the XX century were collected and demonstrated the most recent information from in the world science publications on the subject of cholera and the conditions that were in the origin of the recent outbreaks of cholera mentioned RESULTS: The data available for the number of cholera victims in the epidemics of XIX century is concerning the persons ill with characteristic clinical symptoms, but the data for XX century is concerning only patients that were infected with by the strain Vibrio cholerae O1 classic type, the bacteria that were described by R...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Magdalena Koperny, Karolina Maciorowska, Wiktoria Leśniak, Małgorzata M. Bała
Clinical practice guidelines are set of recommendations for cliniciansa bout the care of patients. The aim of clinical practice guidelines is to support clinical decision-making, rationalize diagnostic and therapeutic procedures and provide high-quality healthcare. Development of clinical practice guidelines should be a systematic process based on evidence based medicine (EBM). However, as practice shows, they are not always reliable and are not developed according to the recommended world-wide methodology...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Justyna Kosydar-Bochenek, Dorota Ozga, Krystyna Woźniak, Małgorzata Migut, Bogumił Lewandowski, Danuta Burdzy
Paramedics are a new group of professionals among the medical professions aimed to save lives and health of the injured. The nature of the work, intensity of the actions, decision-making, struggle for life and health of the patients often in difficult and extreme conditions exposes this group to stress and broadly understood trauma. The paper describes the nature of work in the profession of a paramedic and outlines both negative and positive consequences, that may result from frequent experience of traumatic events connected with performing work...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Dorota Rogowska-Szadkowska, Julia Strumiło, Sławomir Chlabicz
AIM: The objective of the study was to assess knowledge of doctors during their residency training in family medicine about HIV infection, routes of transmission and diagnosis of AIDS METHODS: We developed an anonymous questionnaire with questions concerning knowledge about routes of infection, possibility of diagnosis of HIV infection based on presenting symptoms, risk of vertical transmission, risk of acquiring of HIV infection during occupational activities RESULTS: The obtained results revealed insufficient knowledge about routes of transmission as well as about symptoms which should prompt a general practitioner to suspect an HIV infection...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Rahul Choudhary, Rajesh Sharma, Manohar Bhat, Satish V, Abhishek Khairwa, Jitender Solanki
INTRODUCTION: Dental caries and obesity are both multifactorial disease with a complex etiology and both are associated with dietary habits. Prevalence of dental caries and an association between body mass index (BMI) and dental caries among school children METHODS: The present was done on 1500 school going children to assess the prevalence of dental caries in 12-15 year old overweight children. Weight and height were measured in light clothing and without shoes using an electronic weighing scale...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Małgorzata Broniarek-Machnik, Renata Zielińska, Elżbieta Bołtacz-Rzepkowska
INTRODUCTION: Caries is a social disease and a serious problem, especially in the childhood. The effects of untreated caries can cause not only disorders of the stomatognathic system, but also have a negative impact on the overall health and development of the child THE AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study was to evaluate the state of dentition of 6-year-old children from the Skierniewice region MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 140 children (6-year-old) were included to the study - 74 from a small town (Skierniewice) and 66 from a village...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Agnieszka Wasiluk
Dental caries is a process that leads to the destruction of the tooth structure. Statistics about dental caries in Poland are alarming. That is why preventive measures are so important. Fluoride compounds are commonly used in dental prophylaxis. They support the remineralization, inhibit the demineralization of the enamel and reduce the cariogenic effect of bacteria on the teeth. Fluoride in lower concentration enables the constant reposition of mineral compounds which are lost during acids attacks on the enamel and the formation of fluorapatites which are less susceptible to acids...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Dorota Mrożek-Budzyn, Agnieszka Kiełtyka, Renata Majewska, Elżbieta Mróz
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: The improving epidemiological situation of the most of communicable diseases causes, that the real and potential risks attributable to them have been forgotten. The aim of study was to determine the mothers knowledge about vaccine preventable diseases MATERIALS AND METHODS: A survey was conducted among 177 randomly selected mothers. The interviews with mothers hospitalized after childbearing in two hospitals in Krakow and Myslenice were conducted at the end of 2014 and in 2015 RESULTS: The assessment of risk to develop an infectious diseases in unvaccinated children significantly varied among mothers...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Magdalena Chudowolska-Kiełkowska, Bernadetta Gieroń-Kozina, Magdalena Gawałko, Ewa Kądalska, Łukasz Henszel
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this research was to get to know the level of knowledge and beliefs concerning preventive vaccination among parents of children up to 2 years of age MATERIAL AND METHODS: The survey was carried out in 2015 in a group of 120 parents of children aged 2 or less in the capital city of Warsaw and its vicinity. An original survey questionnaire was applied. Descriptive statistics methods were applied RESULTS: The most numerous researched group were people aged 20-40 (79...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Marzena Drozd-Dąbrowska, Maria Gańczak, Ewa Karpińska
STUDY OBJECTIVE: A literature review to analyze potential evidence regarding the influence of Δ32 CCR5 gene mutation on resistance to/clinical recovery from HBV infection METHODS: Literature search, covering the period 1996-2017, was performed using Medline. Comparative between-studies analysis was conducted with regard to reliability as well as statistical and clinical significance of results RESULTS: Data on the influence of Δ32 CCR5 mutation on the course of HBV infection are sparse and results obtained in various scientific studies are not consistent...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Dorota Kozielewicz, Magdalena Wietlicka-Piszcz, Waldemar Halota
INTRODUCTION: Thyroid dysfunctions (TDs) are associated with pegylated interferon and ribavirin (PegIFN-α/RBV) therapy in patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC) and are considered as possible extrahepatic manifestation of HCV infection OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the long-term outcomes of TDs in patients with CHC treated with PegIFN-α/RBV METHODS: A total of 1,047 treatment-naïve patients with CHC were treated with PegIFN-α/RBV...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Joanna Korycińska, Ewa Dzika, Tomasz Waśniewski, Małgorzata Lepczyńska, Katarzyna Kubiak
INTRODUCTION: Trichomonas vaginalis is considered to be the most common non-viral sexually transmitted infection. Trichomoniasis is not a reportable disease and due to this fact only estimates can be made about its incidence AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of T. vaginalis in the female population of north-eastern Poland as well as to conduct an epidemiological analysis on the basis of the data from the years of 2009 – 2015 derived from the registers of the National Health Fund MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study 300 women aged 19 – 50 were examined...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Adam Kaczmarek, Elżbieta Gołąb, Hanna Żarnowska-Prymek, Anna Rawska, Dawid Jańczak, Artur Lewicki, Maria Wesołowska, Wioletta Rożej-Bielicka, Danuta Cielecka, Rusłan Sałamatin
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Blastocystis hominis s. 1. is one of the most commonly detected protozoa in the human large intestine. The aim of the study was to determine the genetic subtypes of Blastocystis hominis s. 1. occurring in humans in Poland MATERIALS AND METHODS: Stool samples from patients diagnosed in the Laboratory of the Department of Parasitology, National Institute of Public Health – National Institute of Hygiene (NIZP-PZH) and in the Parasitology Laboratory of the Hospital for Infectious Diseases in Warsaw were examined...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Beata Fiecek, Tomasz Chmielewski, Stanisława Tylewska-Wierzbanowska
Borrelia miyamotoi spirochetes discovered in Ixodes persulcatus ticks in Japan, in 1994 and documented in ticks and rodents in moderate climate zone of northern hemisphere. They belong to tick-borne relapsing fever group spirochetes. Borrelia miyamotoi is an etiologic agent of B.miyamotoi disease with acute febrile illness, including fever, headache, dizziness, fatigue, chills, and muscle and joint pain. Recurrence of fever has been observer in more than 10% patients. In some patients meningoencephalitis, encephalitis and cranial neuritis were observed...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Aleksandra Połeć, Marta Wałaszek, Agnieszka Gniadek, Małgorzata Kołpa, Wiesław Wolak
INTRODUCTION: Healthcare-Associated Infections (HAI) are the cause of complications in the treatment process. The possibility of infecting a sick person in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) is many times greater than in other hospital departments OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study was to investigate the epidemiological indicators and to determine the clinical types of HAI that are present in the ICU during the 5-year period in the St. Lukas District Hospital in Tarnów MATERIALS AND METHODS: HAI has been detected and documented in patients in ICU in the years 2012-2016 by the use of the active monitoring method...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Iwona Paradowska-Stankiewicz, Irena Chrześcijańska
INTRODUCTION: Lyme disease is the most common tick-borne disease in Poland. Borrelia burgdorferi spirochete can occur in the whole country, which, according to ECDC, should be considered as an endemic area. Borrelia strains are transmitted to humans and certain other animals by Ixodes (1). Human infection is caused by saliva or tick vomit. Reservoir spirochete are numerous species of animals, mainly rodents. Lyme disease, due to its multifocal character, rich symptomatology and diagnostic problems, is a serious challenge for clinicians and epidemiologists OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the epidemiological situation of Lyme disease in Poland in 2015 in comparison to the previous years MATERIALS AND METHODS: The descriptive analysis was based on data retrieved from routine mandatory surveillance system and published in the annual bulletin “Infectious diseases and poisonings in Poland in 2015” (2) RESULTS: Despite observed in recent years the tendency to growth of number of cases, in 2015 was marked by growth inhibition incidence of Lyme disease...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Piotr Polański, Marta Kosyra, Małgorzata Sadkowska-Todys
AIM: The purpose of the study is to assess the epidemiological situation of food poisonings and infections in Poland in 2015 MATERIALS AND METHODS: The evaluation was based on the analysis of information sent to Department of Epidemiology NIPH-NIH through ROE (Pol. Rejestr Ognisk Epidemicznych)- (an electronic system created for uploading, transfer and analysis of data acquired during the outbreak investigations). Additional sources for the analysis were NIZP-PZH annual bulletins (Czarkowski MP et al...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Iwona Paradowska-Stankiewicz, Anna Piotrowska
AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study was to assess the epidemiology of meningitis and/or encephalitis in Poland in 2015 INTRODUCTION: In the last four years in Poland, about 3 000 cases of meningitis and/or encephalitis of viral or bacterial etiology were recorded annually MATERIALS AND METHODS: Assessment of the epidemiological situation of meningitis and/or encephalitis in Poland in 2015, was based on the results of the analysis of epidemiological reports sent to the NIZP-PZH by the Regional Sanitary-Epidemiological Stations published in the annual bulletin “Infectious diseases and poisonings in Poland in 2015” and “Vaccination in Poland in 2015” RESULTS: In 2015 in Poland 2 428 cases of bacterial meningitis and/or encephalitis were recorded...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Iwona Paradowska-Stankiewicz, Agnieszka Królasik
BACKGROUND: A large number of chickenpox cases, indicates the rationale for the use of chickenpox vaccinations. In Poland since 2002, chickenpox vaccination is included in the National Immunisation Programme as recommended.(1) AIM: To assess epidemiological situation of chickenpox in Poland in 2015 in comparison to previous years METHODS: The descriptive analysis was based on based on the results of the analysis of aggregate data published in the annual bulletins “Infectious diseases and poisonings in Poland in 2015” and “Vaccinations in Poland in 2015” (2,3)...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"