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Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny

Aleksandra Gliniewicz, Ewa Mikulak, Maria Przygodzka
The use of repellents is the most important in the tick-bite protection. The tests of repellents efficiency shall give strict answer whether ticks are repelled effectively or not by a given agent. Methods of testing repellent efficiency can be divided in in three groups: experiments without tick host and host stimuli; studies simulating host stimuli, methods of testing repellents on animals or human volunteers. Studies on protected human volunteers are the nearest practical conditions of repellent use. However, there is sometimes a need of testing products with unknown toxicity to man; in such circumstances their efficiency should be evaluated in experiments in simulated human body conditions but without a person...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Justyna Tymińska, Jacek Wysocki
INTRODUCTION: A growing number of parents refuse childhood vaccination. This situation may be caused by many reasons, but surely the lack of parental knowledge is one of them. A physician, as the most reliable source of information about vaccination, plays an important role in parental education. How can we successfully inform parents about vaccinations, when faced with primary care visit being too short? The aim of this study was to assess the impact of three types of information about pneumococcal vaccine on parental decision-making...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Magdalena Wawrzynkiewicz, Małgorzata Radwanek, Agnieszka Oszywa, Anna Wojas-Pelc
INTRODUCTION: Melanoma malignum is a relatively rare neoplasm, among all skin neoplasms, but its related mortality is high. Diagnosis and removal of the lesion at an early stage are crucial for significant increase in chances of survival andis highly determined by patients’ awareness in terms of melanoma risk factors. AIM: The aim of the study was to determine the level of patients’ knowledge and awareness in terms of skin melanoma, its risk factors, health promoting behaviors, as well as learning about the sources of this knowledge...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Aleksandra Burczyńska, Izabela Strużycka, Łukasz Dziewit, Marta Wróblewska
Inflammation of the pulp and periapical tissues is the main cause of tooth loss in patients worldwide, therefore endodontics is one of the most rapidly developing specialties in dentistry. Despite proper endodontic treatment, in many cases it is not possible to determine the etiology of infection or the reason for its relapse. Many research studies indicate that infections of the periapical tissues are mainly caused by strictly anaerobic bacteria. At present, more and more often the composition of the microflora within the inflammatory lesions is being evaluated with the use of molecular techniques, which showed that classical culture methods are not able to determine the etiology of infections of the periapical tissues...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Paweł Kozłowski, Anna Parfieniuk-Kowerda, Aleksander Tarasik, Marcin Januszkiewicz, Agnieszka Czauż-Andrzejuk, Tadeusz wojciech Łapiński, Robert Flisiak
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the fifth most common malignancy and the third leading cause of cancerrelated mortality worldwide. Risk factors for this malignancy include liver cirrhosis, HBV or HCV infection, fatty liver disease. THE AIM OF STUDY: This study aims to assess the occurrence and clinical characteristics of HCC in the Northeastern Poland between 2011 and 2015. The number of primary lesions, their size and location within the liver were analysed. The risk factors for this cancer in studied population have been identified...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Maria Korzeniewska-Koseła
AIM OF THE STUDY: To evaluate the main features of TB epidemiology in 2015 in Poland and to compare with the data on the same phenomena in the EU/EEA countries. METHODS: Analysis of case – based data on TB patients from National TB Register, data on anti-TB drug susceptibility testing results in cases notified in 2015, data from National Institute of Public Health- National Institute of Hygiene on cases of tuberculosis as AIDS-defining disease, data from Central Statistical Office on deaths from tuberculosis based on death certificates, data from ECDC report „ European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control/WHO Regional Office for Europe...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Katarzyna Szmulik, Karolina Zakrzewska, Marta Niedźwiedzka-Stadnik, Magdalena Rosińska
AIM: AIM. The aim was to describe the epidemiological situation of newly diagnosed HIV infections and AIDS cases in Poland in 2015 in comparison to the previous years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Descriptive analysis of newly detected HIV cases and AIDS cases was performed based on routine notifications by clinicians and laboratories. Data on the number of HIV tests from annual survey among laboratories were also used. RESULTS: In 2015 there were 1,281 HIV cases newly diagnosed in Poland (diagnosis rate 3...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Andrzej Zieliński, Jolanta Rudowska
The number of tetanus in the 21st century shows a slight declining trend, but each year there is reported fatal cases of this disease. THE PURPOSE of the STUDY: The purpose of the study is to provide data on epidemiological surveillance of the tetanus in 2015. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study is based on the individual forms of tetanus cases submitted to the NIZP-PZH Epidemiology Department and the data of the bulletin “Infectious Diseases and Poisoning in Poland in 2015...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Małgorzata Stępień, Katarzyna Piwowarow, Mirosław P. Czarkowski
OBJECTIVE: Assessment of the epidemiological situation of hepatitis B in Poland in 2015 in relation to previous years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Evaluation of the epidemiological situation carried out based on analysis of data from individual reports on acute hepatitis B cases registered by the sanitary-epidemiological stations, aggregate data published in annual bulletins “Infectious diseases and poisonings in Poland” and data from annual bulletin “Vaccinations in Poland”...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Piotr Polański
AIM: The aim of this article is to assess the epidemiological situation of Hepatitis A in Poland in 2015 with the regard to the recent years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The assessment was conducted based on the results of the analysis of data from the bulletins “Infectious diseases and poisonings in Poland in 2015” and “Vaccinations in Poland in 2015”, as well as information from the individual cases questionnaires and reports of epidemiological investigations in outbreaks of hepatitis A, submitted by the sanitary-epidemiological stations to the Department of Epidemiology in NIPH-NIH...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Michał Czerwiński, Mirosław P Czarkowski, Barbara Kondej
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to assess the epidemiology of foodborne botulism in Poland in 2015 compared to previous years MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed (1) national surveillance data published in the annual bulletin “Infectious diseases and poisonings in Poland in 2015” and in previous publications, and (2) unpublished data retrieved from botulism case reports for 2015 sent from Sanitary-Epidemiological Stations to the Department of Epidemiology NIPH-NIH...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Hanna Stypułkowska-Misiurewicz, Michał Czerwiński
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess the epidemiological situation of legionellosis in Poland in 2015 in comparison to the preceding years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We reviewed data published in the annual bulletin: “Infectious diseases and poisonings in Poland in 2015” and its prior versions along with the legionellosis case reports sent from Sanitary- Epidemiological Stations to the Department of Epidemiology of NIPH - NIH. RESULTS: In Poland, both two forms of legionellosis - Legionnaires’ disease (a severe form of disease accompanied by pneumonia) and Pontiac fever (mild, influenza-like form of infection) - are notifiable...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Monika Roberta Korczyńska
BACKGROUND: Vaccination against mumps from 2003 is mandatory in Poland and given as two dose scheme with MMR vaccine (mumps, measles, and rubella). Earlier this vaccination was only recommended. Despite observed decline in mumps incidence for over a decade which is a result of conducted vaccinations, mumps is still a common disease among the children (1-3). AIM: To assess epidemiological situation of mumps in Poland in 2015, including vaccination coverage in Polish population, in comparison to previous years...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Monika Roberta Korczyńska
BACKGROUND: In 2004, Poland has adopted the WHO goal of rubella elimination and congenital rubella syndrome prevention. The main target of the Programme is to stop transmission of the virus in the environment and prevention of congenital rubella cases between children. This can be achieved by carrying out the vaccination. Participation in the rubella elimination program requires clinical diagnosis of rubella to be confirmed with laboratory test. A laboratory-confirmed case is a suspected case with a positive blood test for rubella-specific IgM or/ and isolation of rubella virus...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Monika Roberta Korczyńska
BACKGROUND: In 1998 Poland, along with all other Member States in the WHO European Region, implemented Measles Elimination Programme coordinated by WHO. It requires achieving and maintaining very high vaccine coverage (>95%), recording all cases and suspected cases of measles, and laboratory testing of all suspected measles cases in the WHO Reference Laboratory. In Poland it is a Laboratory of Department of Virology, NIPH-NIH. In order to confirm or exclude the case of measles specific measles IgM antibodies should be measured using Elisa test, or molecular testing (PCR) should be performed to detect the presence measles virus RNA in biological material...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Małgorzata Sadkowska-Todys, Andrzej Zieliński, Mirosław P. Czarkowski
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: This is the next annual analysis of the situation of infectious and parasitic diseases in Poland in 2015 within the framework of the Epidemiological Chronicle of Przegląd Epidemiologiczny - Epidemiological Review. Its purpose is to identify potential threats to the health of populations from infectious diseases occurring in Poland with reference to other parts of the globe. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This paper is an introduction to more detailed studies of the epidemiological situation of selected infectious diseases and summarizes the results of the surveillance of infectious diseases in Poland in 2015...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Danuta Naruszewicz-Lesiuk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Karolina Zakrzewska, Natalia Parda, Magdalena Rosińska
INTRODUCTION: Primary health care (PHC) is an optimal setting for the purpose of primary and secondary prevention. Health education, vaccinations, screening may be successfully introduced to the PHC settings. Consequently, it would ensure better access to services and their accessibility for all social groups. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper was to determine factors which have an impact on the implementation of prevention programmes in the PHC settings as well as actions which improve the effectiveness of such programmes in Europe and worldwide with a special attention paid to the prevention programmes concerning chronic infectious diseases...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
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