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Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742315/w%C3%A5-adys%C3%A5-aw-biega%C3%A5-ski-md-1857-1917
#1
Hanna Stypułkowska-Misiurewicz
Dr W. Biegański was an eminent doctor of internal medicine mostly the acute infectious diseases and tuberculosis, he was scientist doing the research on the origin of the diseases and on the medical ethics, but more he was also a social activist taking care on the public health of the society in his time still living under the Russian rule. W. Biegański living on the XIX/XX century in small provincial town, grace to his knowledge, self education and energy created the important scientific center in the municipal small hospital...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742314/the-dysentery-epidemic-in-poland-in-1920-1921
#2
Jan Wnęk
This article describes in general the issues related to the dysentery epidemic in 1920-1921. The current literature on the subject lacks publications presenting these issues fully. Based on historical sources from that period, including articles published in medical magazines, the incidence rate, the methods and results of the battle against that epidemic were depicted. The article represents an important contribution to a better insight in the struggle of Polish medical services with infectious diseases afflicting people in the first years following the end of World War I...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742313/the-century-of-the-studies-on-rabies-in-the-national-institute-of-hygiene-in-warsaw
#3
Danuta Seroka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742312/health-literacy-and-oral-health-literacy-are-they-associated-a-cross-sectional-survey-among-undergraduate-students-of-tricity-chandigarh-mohali-panchkula-india
#4
Karandeep Singh Sandhu, Nidhi Gupta, Mohit Bansal, Vikram Arora, Preety Gupta, Sahil Thakar
INTRODUCTION: Health Literacy is the degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate decisions. As with general health; achieving and maintaining oral health requires one to be able to understand, interpret and act on various types of health information. OBJECTIVE: The present study was conducted to determine the association between health literacy and oral health literacy among undergraduate students in tricity (Chandigarh, Mohali, Panchkula), India...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742311/an-analysis-of-selected-risk-factors-of-osteoporosis-%C3%A2-dietary-patterns-and-physical-activity-%C3%A2-in-pubescent-girls-from-the-lubelskie-province
#5
Anna Czeczuk, Elżbieta Huk-Wieliczuk, Agnieszka Dmitruk, Helena Popławska
INTRODUCTION: Peak bone mass is modulated by intrinsic (genetic) and extrinsic factors, such as diet, physical activity, stimulants and medications. Approximately 80-85% of peak bone mass is achieved during puberty. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to analyze selected risk factors for osteoporosis, specifically diet and physical activity, in 10- to 15-year-old girls. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 461 girls from Eastern Poland (Lublin Province)...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742310/radon-as-a-risk-factor-of-lung-cancer
#6
Ewa Gawełek, Bogna Drozdzowska, Anna Fuchs
Radon is the second leading cause of lung cancer after smoking. Indoor radon concentration poses a significant and potentially subject to the prevention risk factor of lung cancer development. The paper present the history of studies assessing occupational and indoor radon exposure and an impact of international organizations for raise public and political awareness about the consequences of long term exposure to residential radon, resulting in the European Directive 2013/59/Euratom of 5 December 2013 laying down basic safety standards for protection against the dangers arising from exposure to ionising radiation...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742309/knowledge-of-rare-diseases-among-health-care-students-%C3%A2-the-effect-of-targeted-education
#7
Kamil Jonas, Marcin Waligóra, Mateusz Hołda, Joanna Sulicka-Grodzicka, Magdalena Strach, Piotr Podolec, Grzegorz Kopeć
BACKGROUND: Poor knowledge on rare diseases (RD) results in a significant delay in their diagnosis and treatment. So far there are no standards of university education in RD. We assessed knowledge on RD among healthcare students and the effectiveness of targeted education. METHODS: We conducted an internet-based survey among students of the faculty of medicine, pharmacy and health sciences. Questions regarded personal information, definition and epidemic data on RD...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654743/territorial-differences-in-years-of-life-lost-due-to-premature-mortality-in-inhabitants-of-poland
#8
Małgorzata Pikala, Monika Burzyńska, Irena Maniecka-Bryła
INTRODUCTION: Reduction of social and territorial differences with regards to health of a population is one of the most crucial global problems of public health. An analysis of years of life lost focuses on social and economic aspects of premature mortality. AIM: The aim of the study is to analyze territorial differences in years of life lost due to premature mortality in inhabitants of various regions of Polan d, according to the most important causes of death, with consideration given to classification categories of ICD-10...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654742/the-safety-and-effectiveness-of-vaccination-against-influenza-and-pertussis-in-pregnant-women
#9
Ewa Augustynowicz, Anna Lutyńska, Anna Piotrowska, Iwona Paradowska- Stankiewicz
In recent years a large amount of data has become available with regard to vaccinating women during pregnancy against influenza and against pertussis. The data comes from observational studies conducted when vaccine was administered as a part of a vaccination campaign, retrospective evaluations of databases and surveillance of the adverse post-vaccination events. Popularization of knowledge about the importance of immunization in this group and educating pregnant women about vaccination should be an essential element of health promotion and prevention programs...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654741/intestinal-parasites-in-stool-samples-and-perianal-swabs-examined-by-the-voivodeship-sanitary-epidemiological-station-in-bydgoszcz-between-2000-2014
#10
Jerzy Kasprzak, Bożena Szaładzińska, Małgorzata Smoguła, Marcin Ziuziakowski
INTRODUCTION: Epidemiological conditions are changing due to the modifications in human behavior and environment. Parasitic diseases are most often caused by intestinal parasites. The frequency of Echinococcus multilocularis and tropical diseases increases in Poland. AIM OF STUDY: Analysis of intestinal parasites’ occurrence in stool samples and perianal swabs tested in Medical Diagnostics Department of The Voivodeship Sanitary-Epidemiological Station in Bydgoszcz between 2000-2014...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654740/evaluation-of-knowledge-and-use-of-the-malaria-prevention-measures-among-the-patients-of-the-department-of-tropical-and-parasitic-diseases-university-center-of-maritime-and-tropical-medicine-gdynia-based-on-a-questionnaire-performed-in-the-years-2012-20
#11
Anna Kuna, Michał Gajewski, Joanna Stańczak
INTRODUCTION: Every year, approximately 125 million travelers visit areas where malaria prevails, located in over 100 countries. Over 10,000 of them suffer from malaria annually. Visitors to these areas may protect themselves against infection by using chemoprophylaxis, insect repellents, appropriate clothing, sleeping in airconditioned and well-screened quarters or using mosquito nets impregnated with insecticides. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study was to gather and analyze the data about knowledge and usage of pharmacological and non-pharmacological malaria prevention methods among the patients of the University Centre for Maritime and Tropical Medicine (UCMMiT), Gdynia, Poland, in 2012-2013...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654739/poliomyelitis-eradication-%C3%A2-the-review-of-notifications-from-the-years-2010-2016-sent-to-national-ihr-focal-point
#12
Franciszek Radziszewski, Janusz Janiec, Łukasz Henszel, Radosław Izdebski, Piotr Polański
Polio eradication programme was launched after World Health Assembly in 1988. Despite considerable decrease in reported cases it still constitutes a significant public health threat. All WHO member state is bound to appoint National IHR Focal Point, which operates based on International Health Regulations (2005), which were enacted during the World Health Assembly in 2005. In Poland National IHR Focal Point (IHR NFP in Poland) operates since 2007, and is located in the Department of Epidemiology, in National Institute of Public Health - National Institute of Hygiene...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654738/measles-elimination-%C3%A2-review-of-event-notifications-sent-to-national-ihr-focal-point-between-2010-and-2016
#13
Radosław Izdebski, Łukasz Henszel, Janusz Janiec, Franciszek Radziszewski
The Member States of the World Health Organization (WHO) in accordance with International Health Regulations (2005) were obliged to appoint National IHR Focal Points (N IHR FP), of which tasks include obtaining information concerning public health emergencies of international concern which occurred abroad or within the country. The aim of this work is the review of WHO, ECDC, National IHR Focal Points from the WHO Member States and The State Sanitary Inspection notifications related to measles received by National IHR Focal Point in Poland in the period from 2010 to 2016...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654737/the-problem-of-elimination-of-hcv-infections-in-poland
#14
Andrzej Zieliński, Magdalena Rosińska
The article concerns abbreviated presentation of the results obtained in the Project KIK / 35 “Prevention of HCV infection,” sponsored by the Government of the Swiss Federation and the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Poland. The Project concerned the analysis of the prevalence of HCV infection in the adult population in Poland, the risk factors and groups at risk of these infections. Two sub-projects were related to separate subpopulations: pregnant women and drug users. Research in one sub-project focused on the hazards of HCV infections in medical institutions and non-medical facilities, where the procedures are performed with the interruption of tissue...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233968/women%C3%A2-s-status-in-the-polish-society-in-light-of-legal-regulations-till-year-2015
#15
Monika Wróbel–Harmas, Krzysztof Rachuta
INTRODUCTION: Gender equality and women’s rights are the subjects of ongoing discussions in societies all over the world. Women, more often than men, are likely to become victims of gender-based violence. The studies carried out in Europe show that only the every second woman is aware of gender-based legal regulations in her country, 19% cannot recognise any support service, and what is particularly important for the health care system – 87% would like their medical doctor to ask patients with physical injuries about potential violence experienced...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233967/patient-registries-as-a-new-quality-measurement-and-method-the-assessment-of-the-treatment-effectiveness
#16
Katarzyna Kolasa, Ewa Borek
Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are still regarded as golden standard for the assessment of efficacy and safety of pharmaceutical products. Nevertheless, there is a growing interest into the real world data (RWD) as decision makers more and more often require data on the effectiveness of new treatment and other real life consequences of its implementation into the clinical pathways. In Poland, a number of challenges hinder the full utilization of RWD in the pricing & reimbursement (P&R) processes. Among them, there are legal rules regarding data privacy and undeveloped system of electronic medical records...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233966/the-prevalence-of-overweight-and-obesity-among-polish-school-aged-children-and-adolescents
#17
Zbigniew Kułaga, Aneta Grajda, Beata Gurzkowska, Małgorzata Wojtyło, Magdalena Góźdź, Mieczysław Litwin
THE AIM: The aim was to estimate the prevalence of overweight and obesity among Polish school-aged children and adolescents in a population-based, random sample. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 17 427 children and adolescents aged 7−18 years (8 327 boys) from a nationally representative random sample were examined from 2007 to 2009 in 416 schools in all regions of Poland. Height and weight were measured and body mass index was calculated. The prevalence of overweight and obesity was determined using three childhood obesity definitions: the Centers for Disease Control, the International Obesity Task Force, and the World Health Organization...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233965/association-between-high-temperatur%C3%A4-and-mortality-of-warsaw-inhabitants-2008-2013
#18
Daniel Rabczenko, Bogdan Wojtyniak, Magdalena Kuchcik, Wojciech Szymalski, Wojciech Seroka, Elwira Żmudzka
Different aspects of association between daily maximum temperature and daily number of deaths from all causes (excluding external) in Warsaw in periods of warm months (May - September) in years 2008-2013 were analysed. Analysis of dependence between temperature and mortality for whole population as well as for subpopulations with respect to sex and age demonstrated its similar U-shape. For each subpopulation a value of temperature at which dependence of mortality from temperature is changing its character from decreasing to increasing, interpreted as comfort conditions, was computed...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233964/the-threats-for-human-health-induced-by-food-pests-of-plodia-interpunctella-as-reservoirs-of-infectious-microbiota
#19
Paweł J. Zawadzki, Bohdan Starościak, Wanda Baltaza, Monika Dybicz, Krzysztof Pionkowski, Witold Pawłowski, Małgorzata Kłyś, Lidia Chomicz
INTRODUCTION: World-wide distributed pests of Plodia interpunctella occur with increasing frequency also in Poland, in areas where food is prepared and stored, in dwellings, buildings of public use, hospitals. Larvae damage various products causing economic losses. There were no data about microbiota transmission by pests. The aim of our systematic studies firstly conducted in Poland was to explain a role of pests as reservoirs of microbiota and assess health risk induced by them in human environments...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233963/analysis-of-occupational-exposures-to-blood-registered-in-the-general-hospital-in-zabrze-in-the-years-2006-2015
#20
Ewelina Kocur, Bożena Śliwa-Rak, Sebastian Grosicki
INTRODUCTION: Viral hepatitis B and C are the most common occupational diseases among health care workers. Infection occurs during performance of medical procedures which carries a risk of contact with biological material derived from a patient. THE AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of the study was to analyse cases of occupational exposure to biological material as recorded by the employees of the City Hospital in Zabrze, to attempt to determine which medical procedures are of greatest risk of occupational exposure, and to identify the most important actions aimed at reduction of their number...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
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