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Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny

Monika Wróbel–Harmas, Krzysztof Rachuta
INTRODUCTION: Gender equality and women’s rights are the subjects of ongoing discussions in societies all over the world. Women, more often than men, are likely to become victims of gender-based violence. The studies carried out in Europe show that only the every second woman is aware of gender-based legal regulations in her country, 19% cannot recognise any support service, and what is particularly important for the health care system – 87% would like their medical doctor to ask patients with physical injuries about potential violence experienced...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Katarzyna Kolasa, Ewa Borek
Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are still regarded as golden standard for the assessment of efficacy and safety of pharmaceutical products. Nevertheless, there is a growing interest into the real world data (RWD) as decision makers more and more often require data on the effectiveness of new treatment and other real life consequences of its implementation into the clinical pathways. In Poland, a number of challenges hinder the full utilization of RWD in the pricing & reimbursement (P&R) processes. Among them, there are legal rules regarding data privacy and undeveloped system of electronic medical records...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Zbigniew Kułaga, Aneta Grajda, Beata Gurzkowska, Małgorzata Wojtyło, Magdalena Góźdź, Mieczysław Litwin
THE AIM: The aim was to estimate the prevalence of overweight and obesity among Polish school-aged children and adolescents in a population-based, random sample. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 17 427 children and adolescents aged 7−18 years (8 327 boys) from a nationally representative random sample were examined from 2007 to 2009 in 416 schools in all regions of Poland. Height and weight were measured and body mass index was calculated. The prevalence of overweight and obesity was determined using three childhood obesity definitions: the Centers for Disease Control, the International Obesity Task Force, and the World Health Organization...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Daniel Rabczenko, Bogdan Wojtyniak, Magdalena Kuchcik, Wojciech Szymalski, Wojciech Seroka, Elwira Żmudzka
Different aspects of association between daily maximum temperature and daily number of deaths from all causes (excluding external) in Warsaw in periods of warm months (May - September) in years 2008-2013 were analysed. Analysis of dependence between temperature and mortality for whole population as well as for subpopulations with respect to sex and age demonstrated its similar U-shape. For each subpopulation a value of temperature at which dependence of mortality from temperature is changing its character from decreasing to increasing, interpreted as comfort conditions, was computed...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Paweł J. Zawadzki, Bohdan Starościak, Wanda Baltaza, Monika Dybicz, Krzysztof Pionkowski, Witold Pawłowski, Małgorzata Kłyś, Lidia Chomicz
INTRODUCTION: World-wide distributed pests of Plodia interpunctella occur with increasing frequency also in Poland, in areas where food is prepared and stored, in dwellings, buildings of public use, hospitals. Larvae damage various products causing economic losses. There were no data about microbiota transmission by pests. The aim of our systematic studies firstly conducted in Poland was to explain a role of pests as reservoirs of microbiota and assess health risk induced by them in human environments...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Ewelina Kocur, Bożena Śliwa-Rak, Sebastian Grosicki
INTRODUCTION: Viral hepatitis B and C are the most common occupational diseases among health care workers. Infection occurs during performance of medical procedures which carries a risk of contact with biological material derived from a patient. THE AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of the study was to analyse cases of occupational exposure to biological material as recorded by the employees of the City Hospital in Zabrze, to attempt to determine which medical procedures are of greatest risk of occupational exposure, and to identify the most important actions aimed at reduction of their number...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Lucjan Kępa, Barbara Oczko-Grzesik, Wojciech Stolarz, Anna Boroń-Kaczmarska
THE AIM: The aim of the study was to evaluate the usefulness of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) ferritin concentration assessment in adults with purulent, bacterial meningoencephalitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The investigation was performed in 18 subjects hospitalized at the Clinical Ward of Infectious Diseases, Medical University of Silesia in Bytom from 2008 through 2012, for purulent, bacterial meningoencephalitis. The patients were divided into two groups, according to severity of their clinical condition: Group I – very severe course of the disease, group II – moderate and mild course of the disease...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Agnieszka Beata Serwin, Magnus Unemo
We describe a very rare case of late-stage parenchymatous neurosyphilis, presenting as general paresis of insane, diagnosed in a 44-year-old male truck driver. Probable place of exposition was Belarus. An appropriate clinical examination, laboratory diagnostics, and subsequent effective treatment and follow-up in accordance with evidence-based management guidelines are essential to avoid irreversible sequelae in these late-stage neurosyphilis patients. Increased awareness that rare cases of parenchymatous neurosyphilis still exist in the 21st century is crucial and this entity should still be considered in differential diagnosis in patients with neuropsychiatric symptoms such as memory or cognitive impairment...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Dorota Kozłowska, Hanna Myśliwiec, Paulina Kiluk, Anna Baran, Anna Justyna Milewska, Iwona Flisiak
INTRODUCTION: Erysipelas is a bacterial infection, caused by group A β-hemolytic streptococci (Streptococcus pyogenes), rarely other bacteria. It is characterized by sudden onset and rapid course, with the presence of systemic symptoms. OBJECTIVE: A retrospective analysis of patients hospitalized for primary and recurrent erysipelas with particular consideration of clinical profile of patients, causes, complications and risk factors of the recurrence. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We have analyzed the medical records of patients hospitalized for erysipelas at the Dermatology and Venereology Department of the Medical University of Bialystok from 2011 to 2015...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Krzysztof Korzeniewski
BACKGROUND: Parasitic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract are a major health problem worldwide, especially in the Third World countries, where poor standards of hygiene and sanitation as well as the lack of medical care facilitate the spread of food and waterborne infections. AIM: To estimate the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections in Central Asia on the example of the population inhabiting the Ghazni Province in eastern part of the country and to assess the validity of the WHO recommended mass deworming campaign carried out in Afghanistan...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Renata Cieślik-Tarkota, Zbigniew Lorenc, Marta Albertyńska, Beata Rozwadowska, Krzysztof P. Jasik, Urszula Mendera-Bożek
INTRODUCTION: Despite the availability of preventive vaccination against chickenpox, this form of prevention is rarely used and is not available to the entire population of children. In order to evaluate an acquired immunity against the virus Varicella-Zoster examining of the presence of specific IgG antibodies to VZV in serum or plasma is required. The aim of this study was to assess the epidemiological situation of chickenpox in Śląskie Voivodeship in 2011-2015. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The evaluation of the epidemiological situation of chickenpox in the past five years was based on analysis of data from the bulletin “Infectious diseases and poisonings in Poland” for the period 2011-2014 and 2015 data, received from the Provincial Sanitary and Epidemiological Stations...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Edyta Abramczuk, Agnieszka Częścik, Katarzyna Pancer, Włodzimierz Gut
The attempt to estimate the real number of rubella cases in the years 2015-2016 in Poland was presented in this paper. The relations between number of reported cases of measles in 2006-2015y., the number of laboratory-confirmed cases of rubella among cases suspected of measles and the proportion of rubella among patients suspected of measles in the last 10 years as well as the results of serological examination in samples from 74 patients suspected of rubella collected in the first half of 2016 year were analysed...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Aleksandra Berkan-Kawińska, Anna Piekarska, Ewa Koślińska-Berkan, Zbigniew Deroń, Maciej Jabłkowski, Kamila Wójcik
INTRODUCTION: Epidemiology of HCV subtypes plays an increasing role in treatment decision making in the era of direct acting antivirals. Data on incidence of HCV subtypes in Poland are sparse and equivocal. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study was to assess the distribution of HCV subtypes basing on data collected in Lodzkie province in 2015. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with chronic hepatitis C were evaluated for antiviral treatment in one of the three infectious diseases departments in Lodzkie province in 2015 and had HCV genotype/subtype determined...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Katarzyna Bandoła, Magdalena Koperny, Michał Seweryn, Jacek Żak, Małgorzata M Bała
OBJECTIVE: Lyme disease is one of the most known tick borne diseases in Poland caused by spirochetes of the genus Borrelia burgdorferi. Most cases of Lyme disease are diagnosed in the northeastern Poland and the south of Poland, in Śląskie, Małopolskie, Podkarpackie voivodeship. The aim of the study was to evaluate epidemiological data of Lyme disease in Małopolskie voivodeship and other voivodeships in Poland and frequency analysis of the Lyme disease as an occupational disease. METHODS: The authors analyzed prevalence from 1998 to 2014...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Magdalena Koperny, Wiktoria Leśniak, Miłosz Jankowski, Małgorzata Bała
Evidence-based medicine (EBM) is an approach to decision making on the basis of the reliable and up to date best evidence. EBM is regarded as the gold standard all over the world. Cochrane Collaboration is one of the institutions, which promote EBM among physicians, policy makers and other health care workers. Cochrane Collaboration is international non-profit organization bringing together people from all over the world, the aim of which is to create and disseminate reliable scientific information. The Cochrane Collaboration develops and publishes systematic reviews on medical and diagnostic procedures...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Paulina Paciej, Beata Ciabiada, Irena Maniecka-Bryła
BACKGROUND: In order to evaluate the health status of a population, besides indicators measuring the incidence of diseases and deaths, potential measures are becoming more frequently used, ie. measures that take into account life-time potential of the individuals in the population. They can particularly by applied to analyse the problem of premature mortality, which is measured by lost life years. AIM: The aim of the study was to evaluate life years lost due to diseases of digestive system in Polish population in 2013...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Anna Hartman-Ksycińska, Jolanta Kluz-Zawadzka, Bogumił Lewandowski
High-altitude illness is a result of prolonged high-altitude exposure of unacclimatized individuals. The illness is seen in the form of acute mountain sickness (AMS) which if not treated leads to potentially life-threatening high altitude pulmonary oedema and high-altitude cerebral oedema. Medical problems are caused by hypobaric hypoxia stimulating hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) release. As a result, the central nervous system, circulation and respiratory system function impairment occurs. The most important factor in AMS treatment is acclimatization, withdrawing further ascent and rest or beginning to descent; oxygen supplementation, and pharmacological intervention, and, if available, a portable hyperbaric chamber...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Maksymilian Gajda, Małgorzata Kowalska
The growing number of people diagnosed with cancer is an important issue in public health. Evaluation of the population’s level of cancer-related knowledge is mandatory for planning effective prevention or intervention programs. Until recently, traditional methodology, using paper questionnaire or telephone-based interviews had dominated previous cross sectional studies related to this issue. Currently, the use of new research methods based on information technology solutions has been more frequent. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to review published data available in the PubMed database towards the identification of strengths and weaknesses of crosssectional studies conducted via Internet, a type of information technology solution...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Dorota Mrożek-Budzyn, Agnieszka Kiełtyka, Elżbieta Mróz
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Campaigns against vaccinations in Poland have been increasingly more frequently observed in recent years, that was the reason of bigger number of parents refusing a consent for their children immunization. The aim of study was to determine the sources of information which significantly influence mothers’ opinions about vaccinations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A survey was conducted among 154 randomly selected mothers hospitalized after childbearing in two hospitals in Krakow and Myslenice at the end of 2014 and in 2015...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Beata Smok, Katarzyna Zieniewicz-Cieślik, Ewa Smukalska, Małgorzata Pawłowska
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to describe the epidemiology and course of rotavirus infection in children hospitalized at the T. Browicz Provincial Hospital for Infectious Diseases in Bydgoszcz, Poland in 2014 year. INTRODUCTION: Rotavirus infection is responsible for over 2 millions hospitalizations per year among children under 5 year old. Rotavirus gastroenterocolitis is one of the most common cause of severe dehydration, electrolyte disturbances and metabolic acidosis, leading to 400-600 thousand deaths per year in children younger than 5 years of age worldwide...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
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