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Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny

Małgorzata Pikala, Monika Burzyńska, Irena Maniecka-Bryła
INTRODUCTION: Reduction of social and territorial differences with regards to health of a population is one of the most crucial global problems of public health. An analysis of years of life lost focuses on social and economic aspects of premature mortality. AIM: The aim of the study is to analyze territorial differences in years of life lost due to premature mortality in inhabitants of various regions of Polan d, according to the most important causes of death, with consideration given to classification categories of ICD-10...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Ewa Augustynowicz, Anna Lutyńska, Anna Piotrowska, Iwona Paradowska- Stankiewicz
In recent years a large amount of data has become available with regard to vaccinating women during pregnancy against influenza and against pertussis. The data comes from observational studies conducted when vaccine was administered as a part of a vaccination campaign, retrospective evaluations of databases and surveillance of the adverse post-vaccination events. Popularization of knowledge about the importance of immunization in this group and educating pregnant women about vaccination should be an essential element of health promotion and prevention programs...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Jerzy Kasprzak, Bożena Szaładzińska, Małgorzata Smoguła, Marcin Ziuziakowski
INTRODUCTION: Epidemiological conditions are changing due to the modifications in human behavior and environment. Parasitic diseases are most often caused by intestinal parasites. The frequency of Echinococcus multilocularis and tropical diseases increases in Poland. AIM OF STUDY: Analysis of intestinal parasites’ occurrence in stool samples and perianal swabs tested in Medical Diagnostics Department of The Voivodeship Sanitary-Epidemiological Station in Bydgoszcz between 2000-2014...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Anna Kuna, Michał Gajewski, Joanna Stańczak
INTRODUCTION: Every year, approximately 125 million travelers visit areas where malaria prevails, located in over 100 countries. Over 10,000 of them suffer from malaria annually. Visitors to these areas may protect themselves against infection by using chemoprophylaxis, insect repellents, appropriate clothing, sleeping in airconditioned and well-screened quarters or using mosquito nets impregnated with insecticides. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study was to gather and analyze the data about knowledge and usage of pharmacological and non-pharmacological malaria prevention methods among the patients of the University Centre for Maritime and Tropical Medicine (UCMMiT), Gdynia, Poland, in 2012-2013...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Franciszek Radziszewski, Janusz Janiec, Łukasz Henszel, Radosław Izdebski, Piotr Polański
Polio eradication programme was launched after World Health Assembly in 1988. Despite considerable decrease in reported cases it still constitutes a significant public health threat. All WHO member state is bound to appoint National IHR Focal Point, which operates based on International Health Regulations (2005), which were enacted during the World Health Assembly in 2005. In Poland National IHR Focal Point (IHR NFP in Poland) operates since 2007, and is located in the Department of Epidemiology, in National Institute of Public Health - National Institute of Hygiene...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Radosław Izdebski, Łukasz Henszel, Janusz Janiec, Franciszek Radziszewski
The Member States of the World Health Organization (WHO) in accordance with International Health Regulations (2005) were obliged to appoint National IHR Focal Points (N IHR FP), of which tasks include obtaining information concerning public health emergencies of international concern which occurred abroad or within the country. The aim of this work is the review of WHO, ECDC, National IHR Focal Points from the WHO Member States and The State Sanitary Inspection notifications related to measles received by National IHR Focal Point in Poland in the period from 2010 to 2016...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Andrzej Zieliński, Magdalena Rosińska
The article concerns abbreviated presentation of the results obtained in the Project KIK / 35 “Prevention of HCV infection,” sponsored by the Government of the Swiss Federation and the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Poland. The Project concerned the analysis of the prevalence of HCV infection in the adult population in Poland, the risk factors and groups at risk of these infections. Two sub-projects were related to separate subpopulations: pregnant women and drug users. Research in one sub-project focused on the hazards of HCV infections in medical institutions and non-medical facilities, where the procedures are performed with the interruption of tissue...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Monika Wróbel–Harmas, Krzysztof Rachuta
INTRODUCTION: Gender equality and women’s rights are the subjects of ongoing discussions in societies all over the world. Women, more often than men, are likely to become victims of gender-based violence. The studies carried out in Europe show that only the every second woman is aware of gender-based legal regulations in her country, 19% cannot recognise any support service, and what is particularly important for the health care system – 87% would like their medical doctor to ask patients with physical injuries about potential violence experienced...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Katarzyna Kolasa, Ewa Borek
Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are still regarded as golden standard for the assessment of efficacy and safety of pharmaceutical products. Nevertheless, there is a growing interest into the real world data (RWD) as decision makers more and more often require data on the effectiveness of new treatment and other real life consequences of its implementation into the clinical pathways. In Poland, a number of challenges hinder the full utilization of RWD in the pricing & reimbursement (P&R) processes. Among them, there are legal rules regarding data privacy and undeveloped system of electronic medical records...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Zbigniew Kułaga, Aneta Grajda, Beata Gurzkowska, Małgorzata Wojtyło, Magdalena Góźdź, Mieczysław Litwin
THE AIM: The aim was to estimate the prevalence of overweight and obesity among Polish school-aged children and adolescents in a population-based, random sample. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 17 427 children and adolescents aged 7−18 years (8 327 boys) from a nationally representative random sample were examined from 2007 to 2009 in 416 schools in all regions of Poland. Height and weight were measured and body mass index was calculated. The prevalence of overweight and obesity was determined using three childhood obesity definitions: the Centers for Disease Control, the International Obesity Task Force, and the World Health Organization...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Daniel Rabczenko, Bogdan Wojtyniak, Magdalena Kuchcik, Wojciech Szymalski, Wojciech Seroka, Elwira Żmudzka
Different aspects of association between daily maximum temperature and daily number of deaths from all causes (excluding external) in Warsaw in periods of warm months (May - September) in years 2008-2013 were analysed. Analysis of dependence between temperature and mortality for whole population as well as for subpopulations with respect to sex and age demonstrated its similar U-shape. For each subpopulation a value of temperature at which dependence of mortality from temperature is changing its character from decreasing to increasing, interpreted as comfort conditions, was computed...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Paweł J. Zawadzki, Bohdan Starościak, Wanda Baltaza, Monika Dybicz, Krzysztof Pionkowski, Witold Pawłowski, Małgorzata Kłyś, Lidia Chomicz
INTRODUCTION: World-wide distributed pests of Plodia interpunctella occur with increasing frequency also in Poland, in areas where food is prepared and stored, in dwellings, buildings of public use, hospitals. Larvae damage various products causing economic losses. There were no data about microbiota transmission by pests. The aim of our systematic studies firstly conducted in Poland was to explain a role of pests as reservoirs of microbiota and assess health risk induced by them in human environments...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Ewelina Kocur, Bożena Śliwa-Rak, Sebastian Grosicki
INTRODUCTION: Viral hepatitis B and C are the most common occupational diseases among health care workers. Infection occurs during performance of medical procedures which carries a risk of contact with biological material derived from a patient. THE AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of the study was to analyse cases of occupational exposure to biological material as recorded by the employees of the City Hospital in Zabrze, to attempt to determine which medical procedures are of greatest risk of occupational exposure, and to identify the most important actions aimed at reduction of their number...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Lucjan Kępa, Barbara Oczko-Grzesik, Wojciech Stolarz, Anna Boroń-Kaczmarska
THE AIM: The aim of the study was to evaluate the usefulness of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) ferritin concentration assessment in adults with purulent, bacterial meningoencephalitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The investigation was performed in 18 subjects hospitalized at the Clinical Ward of Infectious Diseases, Medical University of Silesia in Bytom from 2008 through 2012, for purulent, bacterial meningoencephalitis. The patients were divided into two groups, according to severity of their clinical condition: Group I – very severe course of the disease, group II – moderate and mild course of the disease...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Agnieszka Beata Serwin, Magnus Unemo
We describe a very rare case of late-stage parenchymatous neurosyphilis, presenting as general paresis of insane, diagnosed in a 44-year-old male truck driver. Probable place of exposition was Belarus. An appropriate clinical examination, laboratory diagnostics, and subsequent effective treatment and follow-up in accordance with evidence-based management guidelines are essential to avoid irreversible sequelae in these late-stage neurosyphilis patients. Increased awareness that rare cases of parenchymatous neurosyphilis still exist in the 21st century is crucial and this entity should still be considered in differential diagnosis in patients with neuropsychiatric symptoms such as memory or cognitive impairment...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Dorota Kozłowska, Hanna Myśliwiec, Paulina Kiluk, Anna Baran, Anna Justyna Milewska, Iwona Flisiak
INTRODUCTION: Erysipelas is a bacterial infection, caused by group A β-hemolytic streptococci (Streptococcus pyogenes), rarely other bacteria. It is characterized by sudden onset and rapid course, with the presence of systemic symptoms. OBJECTIVE: A retrospective analysis of patients hospitalized for primary and recurrent erysipelas with particular consideration of clinical profile of patients, causes, complications and risk factors of the recurrence. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We have analyzed the medical records of patients hospitalized for erysipelas at the Dermatology and Venereology Department of the Medical University of Bialystok from 2011 to 2015...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Krzysztof Korzeniewski
BACKGROUND: Parasitic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract are a major health problem worldwide, especially in the Third World countries, where poor standards of hygiene and sanitation as well as the lack of medical care facilitate the spread of food and waterborne infections. AIM: To estimate the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections in Central Asia on the example of the population inhabiting the Ghazni Province in eastern part of the country and to assess the validity of the WHO recommended mass deworming campaign carried out in Afghanistan...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Renata Cieślik-Tarkota, Zbigniew Lorenc, Marta Albertyńska, Beata Rozwadowska, Krzysztof P. Jasik, Urszula Mendera-Bożek
INTRODUCTION: Despite the availability of preventive vaccination against chickenpox, this form of prevention is rarely used and is not available to the entire population of children. In order to evaluate an acquired immunity against the virus Varicella-Zoster examining of the presence of specific IgG antibodies to VZV in serum or plasma is required. The aim of this study was to assess the epidemiological situation of chickenpox in Śląskie Voivodeship in 2011-2015. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The evaluation of the epidemiological situation of chickenpox in the past five years was based on analysis of data from the bulletin “Infectious diseases and poisonings in Poland” for the period 2011-2014 and 2015 data, received from the Provincial Sanitary and Epidemiological Stations...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Edyta Abramczuk, Agnieszka Częścik, Katarzyna Pancer, Włodzimierz Gut
The attempt to estimate the real number of rubella cases in the years 2015-2016 in Poland was presented in this paper. The relations between number of reported cases of measles in 2006-2015y., the number of laboratory-confirmed cases of rubella among cases suspected of measles and the proportion of rubella among patients suspected of measles in the last 10 years as well as the results of serological examination in samples from 74 patients suspected of rubella collected in the first half of 2016 year were analysed...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Aleksandra Berkan-Kawińska, Anna Piekarska, Ewa Koślińska-Berkan, Zbigniew Deroń, Maciej Jabłkowski, Kamila Wójcik
INTRODUCTION: Epidemiology of HCV subtypes plays an increasing role in treatment decision making in the era of direct acting antivirals. Data on incidence of HCV subtypes in Poland are sparse and equivocal. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study was to assess the distribution of HCV subtypes basing on data collected in Lodzkie province in 2015. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with chronic hepatitis C were evaluated for antiviral treatment in one of the three infectious diseases departments in Lodzkie province in 2015 and had HCV genotype/subtype determined...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
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