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Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny

Danuta Naruszewicz-Lesiuk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Karolina Zakrzewska, Natalia Parda, Magdalena Rosińska
INTRODUCTION: Primary health care (PHC) is an optimal setting for the purpose of primary and secondary prevention. Health education, vaccinations, screening may be successfully introduced to the PHC settings. Consequently, it would ensure better access to services and their accessibility for all social groups. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper was to determine factors which have an impact on the implementation of prevention programmes in the PHC settings as well as actions which improve the effectiveness of such programmes in Europe and worldwide with a special attention paid to the prevention programmes concerning chronic infectious diseases...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Ewa Niewiadomska, Małgorzata Kowalska
INTRODUCTION: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a problem requiring constant surveillance, both clinical and epidemiological. AIM: The aim of study was to analyze territorial and temporal variability of COPD hospitalization and incidence, as far as expenses incurred by the National Health Fund (NHF) due to medical treatment of disease in the Silesian Voivodeship based on secondary epidemiological data. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The epidemiological situation was presented on the basis of available health benefits data registered in adult patients with COPD treated from the NHF budget in the Silesian Voivodeship...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Bogumiła Braczkowska, Małgorzata Kowalska, Ryszard Braczkowski, Kamil Barański
Vaccine hesitancy is a worrying phenomenon due to its range and health-related consequences. Secondary epidemiological data on the current situation of vaccination in Poland were analyzed. The source of the analyzed data were obtained from the reports of the National Sanitary Inspection and the National Institute of Public Health–National Institute of Hygiene in Warsaw. Legal basis on vaccination and the responsibilities of physicians related to these regulations were also discussed. Considering the opinions of ECDC experts, factors influencing vaccine hesitancy were identified...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Ewa Wiercińska, Anita Orzeł-Nowak, Barbara Mrozowska, Jarosław Foremny
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: The principles of „cold chain” have been developed for the safe transport and storage of vaccines because of their sensitivity to temperature and are guidelines for use in all countries. Available information on adherence to the principles of the “cold chain” by healthcare providers in Poland is insufficient. The aim of the study was to assess compliance with these rules in storing vaccines by vaccination centers implementing an immunization program in 2014 in the Malopolska province MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted in 111 vaccination centers in 19 districts of Malopolska, which represents 12% of all vaccination centers in the Malopolska province in 2014...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Izabela Karpiuk, Stefan Tyski
This paper is the fifth part of the series concerning the search for new preparations for antibacterial therapy and discussing new compounds belonging to the oxazolidinone class of antibacterial chemotherapeutics. This article presents five new substances that are currently at the stage of clinical trials (radezolid, sutezolid, posizolid, LCB01-0371 and MRX-I). The intensive search for new antibiotics and antibacterial chemotherapeutics with effective antibacterial activity is aimed at overcoming the existing resistance mechanisms in order to effectively fight against multidrug-resistant bacteria, which pose a real threat to public health...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Tadeusz Wojciech Łapiński
Despite effective anti-HBV prophylaxis, cases of acute and chronic inflammation are still occurring, including among pregnant women. Studies in Asia suggest considering antiviral treatment among pregnant women with viremia above 10 log6 copies / ml. Current guidelines exclude the use of caesarean section as a method to reduce the likelihood of neonatal infection. At the same time, there are no grounds to ban the breastfeeding of a baby born to an HBV-infected mother. HCV infection can adversely affect the course of pregnancy...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Dorota Kozielewicz, Anna Grabińska, Grzegorz Madej, Magdalena Wietlicka-Piszcz
BACKGROUND: Dual therapy (PegIFN and ribavirin) (DT) had been the standard of care in patients infected with HCV genotype 4 (HCV-4) until 2014. Thereafter, new treatment options were available including IFNbased and other IFN-free regimens. Objectives: The aim was to assess the efficacy (SVR24) of DT and a selection of predictive factors of SVR in HCV-4 infected patients. METHODS: 112 patients (62 men) of median age 23 years were treated with DT for 48/72 weeks (107/5)...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Aneta Guzek, Zbigniew Rybicki, Dariusz Tomaszewski
BACKGROUND: Hospital infections have become an important problem. Knowledge of microbiological situations both helps in ensuring that the optimal choice of antibacterial treatment is made, and in improving the results of the selected therapy. OBJECTIVE: In this paper, both the changes in the bacterial flora of patients hospitalized in the Military Institute of Medicine, and the bacterial resistance to antimicrobials were analyzed. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data were collected between 2005 and 2012...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Aleksandra Mirecka
Clostridium difficile (CD) is the most common etiologic agent of antibiotic-associated diarrhea. The number of infections has increased dramatically in the last decade. Although the diseases caused by CD are mostly related to health care and antibiotic therapy, some are community-acquired cases. This article explains the pathogenesis of this microorganism, pointing to depletion of intestinal microflora diversity and the inadequate response of the immune system as an important factor predisposing the development of CD infection...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Hanna Stypułkowska-Misiurewicz
Dr W. Biegański was an eminent doctor of internal medicine mostly the acute infectious diseases and tuberculosis, he was scientist doing the research on the origin of the diseases and on the medical ethics, but more he was also a social activist taking care on the public health of the society in his time still living under the Russian rule. W. Biegański living on the XIX/XX century in small provincial town, grace to his knowledge, self education and energy created the important scientific center in the municipal small hospital...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Jan Wnęk
This article describes in general the issues related to the dysentery epidemic in 1920-1921. The current literature on the subject lacks publications presenting these issues fully. Based on historical sources from that period, including articles published in medical magazines, the incidence rate, the methods and results of the battle against that epidemic were depicted. The article represents an important contribution to a better insight in the struggle of Polish medical services with infectious diseases afflicting people in the first years following the end of World War I...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Danuta Seroka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Karandeep Singh Sandhu, Nidhi Gupta, Mohit Bansal, Vikram Arora, Preety Gupta, Sahil Thakar
INTRODUCTION: Health Literacy is the degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate decisions. As with general health; achieving and maintaining oral health requires one to be able to understand, interpret and act on various types of health information. OBJECTIVE: The present study was conducted to determine the association between health literacy and oral health literacy among undergraduate students in tricity (Chandigarh, Mohali, Panchkula), India...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Anna Czeczuk, Elżbieta Huk-Wieliczuk, Agnieszka Dmitruk, Helena Popławska
INTRODUCTION: Peak bone mass is modulated by intrinsic (genetic) and extrinsic factors, such as diet, physical activity, stimulants and medications. Approximately 80-85% of peak bone mass is achieved during puberty. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to analyze selected risk factors for osteoporosis, specifically diet and physical activity, in 10- to 15-year-old girls. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 461 girls from Eastern Poland (Lublin Province)...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Ewa Gawełek, Bogna Drozdzowska, Anna Fuchs
Radon is the second leading cause of lung cancer after smoking. Indoor radon concentration poses a significant and potentially subject to the prevention risk factor of lung cancer development. The paper present the history of studies assessing occupational and indoor radon exposure and an impact of international organizations for raise public and political awareness about the consequences of long term exposure to residential radon, resulting in the European Directive 2013/59/Euratom of 5 December 2013 laying down basic safety standards for protection against the dangers arising from exposure to ionising radiation...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Kamil Jonas, Marcin Waligóra, Mateusz Hołda, Joanna Sulicka-Grodzicka, Magdalena Strach, Piotr Podolec, Grzegorz Kopeć
BACKGROUND: Poor knowledge on rare diseases (RD) results in a significant delay in their diagnosis and treatment. So far there are no standards of university education in RD. We assessed knowledge on RD among healthcare students and the effectiveness of targeted education. METHODS: We conducted an internet-based survey among students of the faculty of medicine, pharmacy and health sciences. Questions regarded personal information, definition and epidemic data on RD...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Małgorzata Pikala, Monika Burzyńska, Irena Maniecka-Bryła
INTRODUCTION: Reduction of social and territorial differences with regards to health of a population is one of the most crucial global problems of public health. An analysis of years of life lost focuses on social and economic aspects of premature mortality. AIM: The aim of the study is to analyze territorial differences in years of life lost due to premature mortality in inhabitants of various regions of Polan d, according to the most important causes of death, with consideration given to classification categories of ICD-10...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
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