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Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny

Danuta Naruszewicz-Lesiuk, Andrzej Zieliński
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Katarzyna Kolasa, Agnieszka Turlej, Tomasz Hermanowski
BACKGROUND: In Poland, among other responsibilities, local governments are obliged to organize public health activities for local communities. To fulfill their obligations in this respect, authorities can organize preventive care in the form of health programs. Prior to their implementation, local governments must seek however opinion of the Polish HTA (Health Technology Assessment) agency. HTA recommendations do inform final decision making process but are not obligatory to be followed...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Anna Jeznach-Steinhagen, Joanna Ostrowska, Aneta Czerwonogrodzka-Senczyna
INTRODUCTION: European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN) commenced in 2004 a global health project named "NutritionDay" aiming to promote awareness of proper nutritional status of hospitalized patients and to draw attention to the need for early detection of malnutrition among patients. Under the Polish law--pursunat to the regulation of the Minister of Health dated September 15, 2011 (amendment as of 27.12.2013)--a nutritional status of each patient should be assessed at the time of a hospital admission...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Joanna Skonieczna, Dominik Olejniczak, Karolina Zakrzewska, Aneta Duda-Zalewska, Agnieszka Bodych, Wioleta Kitowska, Ilona Cieślak, Aleksandra Kielan, Elwira Smoleńska, Jolanta Makaruk, Aleksandra Lech-Wróblewska, Magdalena Jabłońska, Diana Fydryk, Monika Korczyńska, Radosław Izdebski, Monika Zalewska, Paweł Koczkodaj, Emilia Gawińska
INTRODUCTION: The health behaviors or health-related behaviors is behavior (or activity) that are part of everyday life, affecting the health of the individual. An example of the behavior of health is also sunbathing, or exposing the body to excessive solar radiation dosage. It may be positive and negative effects on health. AIM: Evaluation of knowledge about gymnasium students. The impact of UV radiation on health and health behaviors associated with sunbathing...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Karolina Wapniarska, Katarzyna Buła, Aleksandra Hilt
BACKGROUND: Oral hygiene is a crucial part of caring for young children. This problem is frequently marginalized or even ignored by parents/guardians, what affects child's whole further life. OBJECTIVES: The assessment of parents' knowledge concerning oral hygiene and prevention of dental caries in infants and young children. MATERIALS AND METHOD: The test group consisted of parents, as well as men and women currently expecting a child. The study was conducted in a form of a survey, using an original questionnaire, which was carried out in several hospitals in Lodz and online, on a popular local forum for parents...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Maria Mielnik-Błaszczak, Katarzyna Rudnicka-Siwek, Magdalena Warsz, Anna Struska, Agnieszka Krajewska-Kurzępa, Elżbieta Pels
INTRODUCTION: The studies have indicated the necessity to intensify dental health care in certain Polish provinces. The purpose of study was to evaluate dental condition and establish dental health needs in the population of 18-year old youth from urban and rural region in Podkarpackie Province, Poland. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Mean DMFT index (D-decayed, M-missing and F-filled teeth) was calculated as a key measure of dental decay and dental health needs identified...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Ewa Rybarczyk-Townsend, Aleksandra Hilt, Joanna Szczepańska
BACKGROUND: In the year 2014 an epidemiological study was carried out again in the region of Łódź amongst 12-year old children as a part of general study in Poland. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the prevalence of carries, caries severity measured by the DMF index among 12-year old children in the region of Łódź. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 328 children aged 12 were randomly selected and examined, of which 176 girls and 152 boys respectively...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Prashant Mishra, Upendra Singh Bhadauria, Pralhad L Dasar, Sandesh N, Sandeep Kumar, Afsheen Lalani, Pubali Sarkar, Astha Chauhan, Shaijal Godha, Shaleen Vyas
BACKGROUND: Flu is one of the oldest medical concerns, causing high mortality rates among humans. Swine flu has not only emerged as a fatal disease omong Indian population but has also created havoc among various sections of society. OBJECTIVE: To determine Knowledge, Attitude and Anxiety towards pandemic flu a potential bioweapon among health care professionals in Indore City. METHOD: The study design used was a cross sectional descriptive study was carried out between February-March 2015 during the outbreak of Swine Flu...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Sandra Kryska
Designer drugs are group of synthetic, semi-synthetic and natural substances used to induce effects similar to the effects of taking drugs. Despite the introduction of further legislation criminalizing the manufacture, trading and possession highs, they are still of interest to adolescents and young adults. The article contains a summary of the latest reports dealing with the spread of designer drugs among adolescents and young adults. It contains test results related to the frequency of use of designer drugs in different age groups, showing that they are much more frequently used than drugs...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Małgorzata Pawłowska, Małgorzata Sobolewska-Pilarczyk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Kamila Wójcik, Anna Piekarska, Elżbieta Jabłonowska
BACKGROUND: Antiviral therapies in HIV and chronic HBV infection are lifelong and require strict adherence to medication to ensure therapeutic success. AIMS: The aim of this study was to analyze adherence levels in HIV patients on antiretroviral regimen and in B-infected patients treated with nucleos(t)ide reverse transcriptase inhibitors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study group consisted of 134 HIV-infected patients and 42 with chronic hepatitis B...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Piotr Czupryna, Anna Moniuszko, Sławomir Pancewicz, Olga Zajkowska, Adam Garkowski, Sambor Grygorczuk, Maciej Kondrusik, Joanna Zajkowska
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was the analysis of possible influence of meteorologic, socioeconomic factors and land cover changes on tick borne encephalitis (TBE) incidence in Podlaskie region. We analyzed data from 6 counties in Podlaskie region (białostocki, suwalski, hajnowski, grajewski, kolneński, siemiatycki) from years 1994-2014. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The analyzed data included: mean, minimal, maximal air temperatures (measured at 2 m above ground level), temperature amplitudes, rainfall, number of days with snowfall and duration of snow cover presence, population of each county, number of people employed as foresters, hunters, farmers and unemployed, area of each county, forests and agricultural area...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Marta Wałaszek, Alicja Kosiarska, Agnieszka Gniadek, Małgorzata Kołpa, Zdzisław Wolak, Wiesław Dobroś, Jolanta Siadek
INTRODUCTION: Patients in the intensive care units (ICU) are exposed to many factors that may cause hospital acquired pneumonia (HAP), a particular type of which is ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). The specific risk factors for developing VAP affect patients already on the day of their admission to a unit and are associated with their underlying diseases and invasive medical procedures, which they undergo. The aim of this study was to evaluate the risk factors for VAP associated with a patient and the used invasive treatment...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Tadeusz Wojciech Łapiński, Jerzy Jaroszewicz
Of 20 million of patients infected with hepatitis E virus (HEV) worldwide 57 thousand dies each year. HEV-infection is not longer regarded as a diseases in developing endemic countries of Asia, Africa and Latin America. The majority of European countries faces increasing number of endemic infections. They are caused by seven different genotypes and be responsible for acute and chronic infections. HEV is of zoonotic origin causing infections in pigs and boars which are a source of infection for humans. Infections occur orally after consumption of infected water or meat...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Anna Moniuszko-Malinowska, Piotr Czupryna, Justyna Dunaj, Joanna Zajkowska, Agnieszka Siemieniako, Sławomir Pancewicz
In recent years emergence of new infectious diseases and the growing spread of pathogens to new areas is observed. Most of these pathogens are zoonotic viruses and their transmission route is from animals to humans and vice versa. These so called emerging and re-emerging pathogens that were present previously only in Africa and Asia are becoming a threat to European countries. These include, e.g. West Nile virus and USUTU virus. The aim of the study is to present the clinical course of infections caused by WVN and USUTU, diagnostic and therapeutic possibilities and, above all, the current epidemiological situation of these infections in the world...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Maria Gańczak
In the last years, attention has been paid to Zika virus (ZIKV) infection, the emerging vector-borne disease. It is responsible for major outbreaks in Africa, Asia and, more recently, in previously infection-naïve territories of the Pacific area, South America and Caribbean. The etiology, epidemiology, transmission, and clinical manifestations of ZIKV disease are discussed, along with the diagnostic possibilities in the aim to assessing the risk of its introduction to Poland. ZIKV is spread by Aedes mosquitoes which are not found throughout Poland...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Andrzej Zielinski, Margaret Stepien, Marta Gromulska
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Danuta Naruszewicz-Lesiuk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Izabela Tabak, Joanna Mazur, Dorota Zawadzka
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to answer the question if physical activity protects teenagers from psychoactive substance use, and whether this relationship depends on gender and activity intensity and frequency. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study was conducted in 2013/14 as part of the international HBSC study (Health Behaviour in School-aged Children), using the method of auditorium survey, conducted among a random sample of Polish teenagers. In the analysis, only answers of the oldest group of respondents (1484 students aged 14...
2015: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Ewa Michalak, Joanna Łoboda, Maria Chomyszyn-Gajewska
INTRODUCTION: Caries is a serious health problem affecting the Polish population, mostly due to a low level of health awareness, which is reflected in irregular check-ups and a tendency for patients to visit the dentist only when they are already experiencing pain. OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY: to compare patients' reasons for visiting dental offices and the treatment they received during the years 2005-2006 and 2013-2014. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data was obtained from 495 medical files stored in 4 randomly selected dental offices in Cracow...
2015: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
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