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Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny

Ewelina Wawryk-Gawda, Beata Budzyńska, Marta Lis-Sochacka, Patrycja Chylińska-Wrzos, Michał Zarobkiewicz, Barbara Jodłowska-Jędrych
INTRODUCTION: Dietary supplements (DS) are dietary products aiming only at diet complementation. Nevertheless, they are frequently used in treatment of various conditions since they are safer substitutes for medication. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study was to analyze the frequency of dietary supplements using by young people, their knowledge about the used substances, and the assessment of the effectiveness of DS by those who consumed these products. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study was conducted by the means of an anonymous questionnaire assessed the DS intake among subjects aged between 15 and 54...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Ewa Borowiack, Magdalena Marzec, Anna Nowotarska, Joanna Jarosz, Agata Orkisz, Patrycja Prząda-Machno
INTRODUCTION: Oncology drugs combined with standard therapies (so-called add-on therapies, e.g. bevacizumab, palbociclib) often receive negative recommendations regarding the legitimacy of public financing, issued by government agencies responsible for their assessment, i.e. health technology assessment agencies. The aim of the study was to estimate the scale of the problem related to the reimbursement of add-on therapies used in the treatment of breast and genitourinary cancers in Poland and in the world...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Szymon Szemik, Małgorzata Kowlaska, Halina Kulik
BACKGROUND: Socio-economic factors, including occupational activity and unemployment, are the most significant determinants of the quality of life. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The epidemiological cross-sectional study was carried out among young inhabitants aged 25-44 years living in the Silesian voivodeship. The aim of the presented study was to assess and identify factors that determine the quality of life, self-assessed health status and chronic diseases, mainly including the determinants relating to occupational activity and unemployment...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Anna Waśniowska, Grzegorz Kopeć, Krystyna Szafraniec, Magdalena Kozela, Agnieszka Sarnecka, Klaudia Knap, Andrzej Pająk, Piotr Podolec
INTRODUCTION: Low level of knowledge of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors is related to higher risk of death and health educational programs are of particular importance in CVD prevention. Monitoring the level of knowledge of CVD risk factors is necessary to verify the effectiveness of education and to facilitate the right choice of education methods. AIM: to compare the assessment of knowledge of CVD risk factors in the population of Małopolska Voivodeship from the two independent cross-sectional studies...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Ewa Mikulak, Aleksandra Gliniewicz, Marta Przygodzka, Jolanta Solecka
Comparative of studies of genomes of invertebrates and humans shows that in invertebrates including insects there are numerous homologues of human’s genes coding proteins involved in recognition pathogens or transduction of the expression signal. Thanks this features, insects such as Drosophila melanogaster M., Blattella germanica L., Culex quinquefasciatus S., Bombyx mori L. and Galleria mellonella L. are used in studies on virulence, host resistance or in assessing the in vivo efficacy of antibiotics, fungicides and other biologically active substances...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Nadiya Prykuda, Andrij Zadorożnyi
The article describes the case of a septic form of a listeriosis with multiple abscesses of the liver. Given clinical example illustrates the severe course of listeriosis with the development of septicemia and lesions of internal organs. Despite the adequate etiotropic and pathogenetic treatment for listeriosis meningoencephalitis, there was a lethal outcome of the disease. The polymorphism of clinical manifestations and the range of course variants often make it difficult to diagnose listeriosis, which in turn requires a more thorough examination of patients as well as carrying out all relevant bacteriological and serological tests...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Agnieszka Beata Serwin, Marta Koper, Magnus Unemo
We describe the first case of lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) in Poland, with inguino-femoral lymphadenopathy, diagnosed and successfully treated according to the 2013 European LGV guideline. Chlamydia trachomatis genovar L2b, mainly responsible for the ongoing LGV epidemics among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Western European countries, was confirmed. The case also verified that co-infections with other sexually transmitted infections (syphilis and hepatitis C virus) are frequent in MSM LGV patients, as well as the very large difficulties with contact tracing for these patients...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Michał Wałaszek, Anna Różańska, Małgorzata Bulanda, Jadwiga Wojkowska-Mach, Polish Society of Hospital Infections Team
INTRODUCTION: Nosocomial bloodstream infections (BSI) among patients in intensive care units (ICU) are the most common form of nosocomial infections and they are serious complications of the treatment process. The etiological factors of these infections and the proper antibiotic therapy can influence the effects of patient treatment. The aim of the study was to analyze the epidemiology, microbiology and antibiotic therapy of nosocomial BSI in Polish ICU patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The retrospective study covered patients hospitalized in seven ICUs for adults with a general profile, located in southern Poland...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Wojciech Cnota, Dominika Mucha, Jan Mucha
Group-B streptococci (GBS) are commensal bacteria of the human body. They may, however, pose a serious life hazard to pregnant women. During labour, newborns of GBS-positive mothers run the risk of infections that may eventually lead to severe complications, sepsis or even death. For this reason, it is very important to find new diagnostic markers that will enable fast and effective diagnostics and control of the disease process. The level of procalcitonin emerges as a promising diagnostic parameter. AIM. Analysis of the impact of the procalcitonin (PCT) level in GBS-positive pregnant women on the possibility of complications and infections in mothers and newborns MATERIAL AND METHODS...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Karol Borawski, Sławomir Pancewicz, Piotr Czupryna, Joanna Zajkowska, Anna Moniuszko-Malinowska
Tick paralysis is caused by neurotoxins secreted by adult female ticks, primarily in North America and on the east coast of Australia. Sporadic illness is also recorded in Europe and Africa. In the European countries, including Poland, there are 6 species of ticks capable of causing tick paralysis. The disease occurs in people of all ages, but is most commonly diagnosed in children under 8 years of age. Paralysis can take different forms - from rare isolated cranial nerve infections to quadriplegia and respiratory muscles paralysis...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Katarzyna Talaga-Ćwiertnia, Małgorzata Bulanda
Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium (VREfm) strains have become an important hospital pathogen due to their rapid spread, high mortality rate associated with infections and limited therapeutic options. Vancomycin resistance is predominantly mediated by VanA or VanB phenotypes, which differ as regards maintaining sensitivity to teicoplanin in the VanB phenotype. The majority of VREfm cases in the United States, Europe, Korea, South America and Africa are currently caused by the VanA phenotype. However, the epidemics in Australia and Singapore are chiefly brought about by the VanB phenotype...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Danuta Seroka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Danuta Naruszewicz-Lesiuk, Hanna Stypułkowska-Misiurewicz
BACKGROUND: Cholera is an infectious disease that in the epidemic form should not continue to appear now, as is known from the experience of developed countries AIM: The aim of this work is to bring to memory the epidemics of cholera, that were introduced to the territory of Poland, in the past and the role of National Institute of Hygiene (PZH) in the fight against them and to demonstrate contemporary danger from cholera outbreaks that still exists in the world MATERIAL AND METHODS: The information from the historic publications were analyzed, the results Polish research performed in National Institute of Hygiene in the second half of the XX century were collected and demonstrated the most recent information from in the world science publications on the subject of cholera and the conditions that were in the origin of the recent outbreaks of cholera mentioned RESULTS: The data available for the number of cholera victims in the epidemics of XIX century is concerning the persons ill with characteristic clinical symptoms, but the data for XX century is concerning only patients that were infected with by the strain Vibrio cholerae O1 classic type, the bacteria that were described by R...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Magdalena Koperny, Karolina Maciorowska, Wiktoria Leśniak, Małgorzata M. Bała
Clinical practice guidelines are set of recommendations for cliniciansa bout the care of patients. The aim of clinical practice guidelines is to support clinical decision-making, rationalize diagnostic and therapeutic procedures and provide high-quality healthcare. Development of clinical practice guidelines should be a systematic process based on evidence based medicine (EBM). However, as practice shows, they are not always reliable and are not developed according to the recommended world-wide methodology...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Justyna Kosydar-Bochenek, Dorota Ozga, Krystyna Woźniak, Małgorzata Migut, Bogumił Lewandowski, Danuta Burdzy
Paramedics are a new group of professionals among the medical professions aimed to save lives and health of the injured. The nature of the work, intensity of the actions, decision-making, struggle for life and health of the patients often in difficult and extreme conditions exposes this group to stress and broadly understood trauma. The paper describes the nature of work in the profession of a paramedic and outlines both negative and positive consequences, that may result from frequent experience of traumatic events connected with performing work...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Dorota Rogowska-Szadkowska, Julia Strumiło, Sławomir Chlabicz
AIM: The objective of the study was to assess knowledge of doctors during their residency training in family medicine about HIV infection, routes of transmission and diagnosis of AIDS METHODS: We developed an anonymous questionnaire with questions concerning knowledge about routes of infection, possibility of diagnosis of HIV infection based on presenting symptoms, risk of vertical transmission, risk of acquiring of HIV infection during occupational activities RESULTS: The obtained results revealed insufficient knowledge about routes of transmission as well as about symptoms which should prompt a general practitioner to suspect an HIV infection...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Rahul Choudhary, Rajesh Sharma, Manohar Bhat, Satish V, Abhishek Khairwa, Jitender Solanki
INTRODUCTION: Dental caries and obesity are both multifactorial disease with a complex etiology and both are associated with dietary habits. Prevalence of dental caries and an association between body mass index (BMI) and dental caries among school children METHODS: The present was done on 1500 school going children to assess the prevalence of dental caries in 12-15 year old overweight children. Weight and height were measured in light clothing and without shoes using an electronic weighing scale...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Małgorzata Broniarek-Machnik, Renata Zielińska, Elżbieta Bołtacz-Rzepkowska
INTRODUCTION: Caries is a social disease and a serious problem, especially in the childhood. The effects of untreated caries can cause not only disorders of the stomatognathic system, but also have a negative impact on the overall health and development of the child THE AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study was to evaluate the state of dentition of 6-year-old children from the Skierniewice region MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 140 children (6-year-old) were included to the study - 74 from a small town (Skierniewice) and 66 from a village...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Agnieszka Wasiluk
Dental caries is a process that leads to the destruction of the tooth structure. Statistics about dental caries in Poland are alarming. That is why preventive measures are so important. Fluoride compounds are commonly used in dental prophylaxis. They support the remineralization, inhibit the demineralization of the enamel and reduce the cariogenic effect of bacteria on the teeth. Fluoride in lower concentration enables the constant reposition of mineral compounds which are lost during acids attacks on the enamel and the formation of fluorapatites which are less susceptible to acids...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Dorota Mrożek-Budzyn, Agnieszka Kiełtyka, Renata Majewska, Elżbieta Mróz
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: The improving epidemiological situation of the most of communicable diseases causes, that the real and potential risks attributable to them have been forgotten. The aim of study was to determine the mothers knowledge about vaccine preventable diseases MATERIALS AND METHODS: A survey was conducted among 177 randomly selected mothers. The interviews with mothers hospitalized after childbearing in two hospitals in Krakow and Myslenice were conducted at the end of 2014 and in 2015 RESULTS: The assessment of risk to develop an infectious diseases in unvaccinated children significantly varied among mothers...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
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