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Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039216/anna-katharina-schaffner-exhaustion-a-history
#1
Susan K Cahn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 29, 2016: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994046/frances-gage-painting-as-medicine-in-early-modern-rome-giulio-mancini-and-the-efficacy-of-art
#2
Jacqueline Marie Musacchio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 19, 2016: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173156/renaissance-surgery-between-learning-and-craft
#3
Domenico Bertoloni Meli, Cynthia Klestinec
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168300/-ex-museolo-nostro-machaonico-collecting-publishing-and-visualization-in-fabricius-hildanus1
#4
Domenico Bertoloni Meli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168298/pieter-van-foreest-the-physician-as-writer-on-surgery
#5
Vivian Nutton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168286/when-universities-first-encountered-surgery
#6
Michael McVaugh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168285/the-great-pox-and-the-surgeon-s-role-in-the-sixteenth-century
#7
R Allen Shotwell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168282/nature-or-artifice-grafting-in-early-modern-surgery-and-agronomy
#8
Paolo Savoia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168277/translating-learned-surgery1
#9
Cynthia Klestinec
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168271/the-oculist-s-eye-connections-between-cataract-couching-anatomy-and-visual-theory-in-the-renaissance
#10
Tawrin Baker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864316/renaissance-surgery-between-learning-and-craft
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2016: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794541/military-officers-tropical-medicine-and-racial-thought-in-the-formation-of-the-west-india-regiments-1793-1802
#12
Michael Joseph
The article examines the establishment and growth between 1793 and 1802 of the West India Regiments, British army corps manned by slaves of African descent and commanded by European officers. Focusing on the medical history of British military operations in the West Indies, the article demonstrates that the rationale behind the regiments was medical, but that the impetus for them came from senior military commanders rather than from the medical practitioners whose writings are usually privileged in the historiography...
October 28, 2016: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27477204/the-pennsylvania-anatomy-act-of-1883-weighing-the-roles-of-professor-william-smith-forbes-and-senator-william-james-mcknight
#13
James R Wright
Effective Anatomical Acts transformed medical education and curtailed grave-robbing. William S. Forbes, Demonstrator of Anatomy at Jefferson Medical College in Philadelphia, authored the Pennsylvania Anatomy Act of 1867, but it was ineffective. In December of 1882, Forbes and accomplices were charged with grave-robbing. Forbes was acquitted in early 1883, but his accomplices were all convicted; nevertheless, these events precipitated a strengthened Anatomy Act in 1883. Forbes was crowned the Father of the Pennsylvania Anatomy Act and was revered by the Philadelphia medical community for his personal sacrifices for medical education; they even paid his legal fees...
October 2016: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27048609/geoffrey-keynes-s-two-fold-vision-medical-savant-connoisseur-and-literary-bibliographer
#14
Gerald Kutcher
During the 1920s and 1930s, the British surgeon Geoffrey Keynes (1887-1982) treated breast cancer with radium instead of the hegemonic radical mastectomy, while vehemently attacking the "radicalists" for mutilating women. Keynes was also a leading bibliographer of literary figures from Sir Thomas Browne to William Blake through Jane Austen. This article argues that these endeavors did not inhabit separate worlds, but rather his bibliographic methods of collecting and sorting were deeply interwoven with his therapeutic practices and medical ways of knowing...
October 2016: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26936929/waging-war-on-mosquitoes-scientific-research-and-the-formation-of-mosquito-brigades-in-french-west-africa-1899-1920
#15
Christian Strother
While the majority of colonial public health officials in Africa intermittently used measures for mosquito containment, the government of French West Africa made the creation of what were called mosquito brigades into a vital element of urban sanitary policy. The project seemed to offer a chance to curb the impact of mosquito-borne disease on the colonial economy. Yet, despite the full support of sanitary policy on the federal, colonial, and local levels, the government found that conducting a "War on Mosquitoes" was far more difficult than they originally envisioned...
October 2016: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26895817/the-hidden-history-of-a-famous-drug-tracing-the-medical-and-public-acculturation-of-peruvian-bark-in-early-modern-western-europe-c-1650-1720
#16
Wouter Klein, Toine Pieters
The history of the introduction of exotic therapeutic drugs in early modern Europe is usually rife with legend and obscurity and Peruvian bark is a case in point. The famous antimalarial drug entered the European medical market around 1640, yet it took decades before the bark was firmly established in pharmaceutical practice. This article argues that the history of Peruvian bark can only be understood as the interplay of its trajectories in science, commerce, and society. Modern research has mostly focused on the first of these, largely due to the abundance of medico-historical data...
October 2016: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27667536/surgical-innovation-and-the-multiple-meanings-of-randomized-controlled-trials-the-first-rct-on-minimally-invasive-cholecystectomy-1980-2000
#17
Cynthia L Tang, Thomas Schlich
This article uses the case of the first randomized controlled trial (RCT) evaluating laparoscopic cholecystectomy to investigate the introduction of minimally invasive surgery in the 1990s and explore the meaning of RCTs within the context of the introduction of a new surgical technology. It thus brings together the history of the use of laparoscopic cholecystectomy to remove the gallbladder, and the history of the RCT, shedding light on particular aspects of both. We first situate the RCT in the context of the history of the various treatment options for gallstones, or cholelithiasis, then characterize the specific situation of the rapid, patient-driven spread of laparoscopic cholecystectomy, and in a next step describe how the local context of laparoscopic cholecystectomy as a new technology made it possible and desirable to conduct an RCT, despite numerous obstacles...
September 25, 2016: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26888942/-one-and-the-same-the-world-over-the-international-culture-of-surgical-exchange-in-an-age-of-globalization-1870-1914
#18
Thomas Schlich
This paper examines the international exchange in surgery in the decades before World War I, a period of growing globalization in communication and transport. Focusing on Europe and North America, it looks first at the various means of exchange, especially surgical travel and the culture emerging around it and follows specific directions of exchange, from France and Britain, first to the German-speaking countries and finally to North America. Subsequently, the account turns to international organizations as an important means of exchange in this time period...
July 2016: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26787747/the-microscope-against-cell-theory-cancer-research-in-nineteenth-century-parisian-anatomical-pathology
#19
Laurent Loison
This paper examines the reception of cell theory in the field of French anatomical pathology. This reception is studied under the lens of the concept of the cancer cell, which was developed in Paris in the 1840s. In the medical field, cell theory was quickly accessible, understood, and discussed. In the wake of research by Hermann Lebert, the cancer cell concept was supported by a wealth of high-quality microscopic observations. The concept was constructed in opposition to cell theory, which appears retrospectively paradoxical and surprising...
July 2016: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26514397/blood-trials-transfusions-injections-and-experiments-in-africa-1890-1920
#20
Thaddeus Sunseri
From about 1880 to 1920, a culture of medical experimentation promoted blood transfusion as a therapy for severe anemia in Europe, which was applied in German East Africa in 1892 for a case of blackwater fever, a complication of malaria afflicting mainly Europeans. This first case of blood transfusion in Africa, in which an African's blood was transfused into a German official, complicates the dominant narrative that blood transfusions in Africa came only after World War I. Medical researchers moreover experimented with blood serum therapies on human and animal subjects in Europe and Africa, injecting blood of different species, "races" and ethnicities into others to demonstrate parasite transmissibility and to discover vaccines for diseases such as malaria, sleeping sickness, and yellow fever...
July 2016: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
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