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Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335017/the-medical-battery-in-the-united-states-1870-1920-electrotherapy-at-home-and-in-the-clinic
#1
Anna Wexler
This paper focuses on the history of a portable shock-producing electrotherapeutic device known as the medical battery (1870-1920), which provided both direct and alternating current and was thought to cure a wide variety of ailments. The product occupied a unique space at the nexus of medicine, consumerism and quackery: it was simultaneously considered a legitimate device by medical professionals who practiced electrotherapeutics, yet identical versions were sold directly to consumers, often via newspaper advertisements and with cure-all marketing language...
March 16, 2017: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334826/military-officers-tropical-medicine-and-racial-thought-in-the-formation-of-the-west-india-regiments-1793-1802
#2
Michael Joseph
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2017: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334954/the-science-and-politics-of-naming-reforming-anatomical-nomenclature-ca-1886-1955
#3
Tatjana Buklijas
Anatomical nomenclature is medicine's official language. Early in their medical studies, students are expected to memorize not only the bodily geography but also the names for all the structures that, by consensus, constitute the anatomical body. The making and uses of visual maps of the body have received considerable historiographical attention, yet the history of production, communication, and reception of anatomical names-a history as long as the history of anatomy itself-has been studied far less. My essay examines the reforms of anatomical naming between the first modern nomenclature, the 1895 Basel Nomina Anatomica (BNA), and the 1955 Nomina Anatomica Parisiensia (NAP, also known as PNA), which is the basis for current anatomical terminology...
February 11, 2017: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039216/anna-katharina-schaffner-exhaustion-a-history
#4
Susan K Cahn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 29, 2016: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173156/renaissance-surgery-between-learning-and-craft
#5
Domenico Bertoloni Meli, Cynthia Klestinec
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168300/-ex-museolo-nostro-machaonico-collecting-publishing-and-visualization-in-fabricius-hildanus1
#6
Domenico Bertoloni Meli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168298/pieter-van-foreest-the-physician-as-writer-on-surgery
#7
Vivian Nutton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168286/when-universities-first-encountered-surgery
#8
Michael McVaugh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168285/the-great-pox-and-the-surgeon-s-role-in-the-sixteenth-century
#9
R Allen Shotwell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168282/nature-or-artifice-grafting-in-early-modern-surgery-and-agronomy
#10
Paolo Savoia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168277/translating-learned-surgery1
#11
Cynthia Klestinec
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168271/the-oculist-s-eye-connections-between-cataract-couching-anatomy-and-visual-theory-in-the-renaissance
#12
Tawrin Baker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994046/frances-gage-painting-as-medicine-in-early-modern-rome-giulio-mancini-and-the-efficacy-of-art
#13
Jacqueline Marie Musacchio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 19, 2016: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864316/renaissance-surgery-between-learning-and-craft
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2016: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794541/military-officers-tropical-medicine-and-racial-thought-in-the-formation-of-the-west-india-regiments-1793-1802
#15
Michael Joseph
The article examines the establishment and growth between 1793 and 1802 of the West India Regiments, British army corps manned by slaves of African descent and commanded by European officers. Focusing on the medical history of British military operations in the West Indies, the article demonstrates that the rationale behind the regiments was medical, but that the impetus for them came from senior military commanders rather than from the medical practitioners whose writings are usually privileged in the historiography...
October 28, 2016: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27477204/the-pennsylvania-anatomy-act-of-1883-weighing-the-roles-of-professor-william-smith-forbes-and-senator-william-james-mcknight
#16
James R Wright
Effective Anatomical Acts transformed medical education and curtailed grave-robbing. William S. Forbes, Demonstrator of Anatomy at Jefferson Medical College in Philadelphia, authored the Pennsylvania Anatomy Act of 1867, but it was ineffective. In December of 1882, Forbes and accomplices were charged with grave-robbing. Forbes was acquitted in early 1883, but his accomplices were all convicted; nevertheless, these events precipitated a strengthened Anatomy Act in 1883. Forbes was crowned the Father of the Pennsylvania Anatomy Act and was revered by the Philadelphia medical community for his personal sacrifices for medical education; they even paid his legal fees...
October 2016: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27048609/geoffrey-keynes-s-two-fold-vision-medical-savant-connoisseur-and-literary-bibliographer
#17
Gerald Kutcher
During the 1920s and 1930s, the British surgeon Geoffrey Keynes (1887-1982) treated breast cancer with radium instead of the hegemonic radical mastectomy, while vehemently attacking the "radicalists" for mutilating women. Keynes was also a leading bibliographer of literary figures from Sir Thomas Browne to William Blake through Jane Austen. This article argues that these endeavors did not inhabit separate worlds, but rather his bibliographic methods of collecting and sorting were deeply interwoven with his therapeutic practices and medical ways of knowing...
October 2016: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26936929/waging-war-on-mosquitoes-scientific-research-and-the-formation-of-mosquito-brigades-in-french-west-africa-1899-1920
#18
Christian Strother
While the majority of colonial public health officials in Africa intermittently used measures for mosquito containment, the government of French West Africa made the creation of what were called mosquito brigades into a vital element of urban sanitary policy. The project seemed to offer a chance to curb the impact of mosquito-borne disease on the colonial economy. Yet, despite the full support of sanitary policy on the federal, colonial, and local levels, the government found that conducting a "War on Mosquitoes" was far more difficult than they originally envisioned...
October 2016: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26895817/the-hidden-history-of-a-famous-drug-tracing-the-medical-and-public-acculturation-of-peruvian-bark-in-early-modern-western-europe-c-1650-1720
#19
Wouter Klein, Toine Pieters
The history of the introduction of exotic therapeutic drugs in early modern Europe is usually rife with legend and obscurity and Peruvian bark is a case in point. The famous antimalarial drug entered the European medical market around 1640, yet it took decades before the bark was firmly established in pharmaceutical practice. This article argues that the history of Peruvian bark can only be understood as the interplay of its trajectories in science, commerce, and society. Modern research has mostly focused on the first of these, largely due to the abundance of medico-historical data...
October 2016: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27667536/surgical-innovation-and-the-multiple-meanings-of-randomized-controlled-trials-the-first-rct-on-minimally-invasive-cholecystectomy-1980-2000
#20
Cynthia L Tang, Thomas Schlich
This article uses the case of the first randomized controlled trial (RCT) evaluating laparoscopic cholecystectomy to investigate the introduction of minimally invasive surgery in the 1990s and explore the meaning of RCTs within the context of the introduction of a new surgical technology. It thus brings together the history of the use of laparoscopic cholecystectomy to remove the gallbladder, and the history of the RCT, shedding light on particular aspects of both. We first situate the RCT in the context of the history of the various treatment options for gallstones, or cholelithiasis, then characterize the specific situation of the rapid, patient-driven spread of laparoscopic cholecystectomy, and in a next step describe how the local context of laparoscopic cholecystectomy as a new technology made it possible and desirable to conduct an RCT, despite numerous obstacles...
September 25, 2016: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
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