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Medico-legal Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206818/sudden-death-due-to-aortic-dissection-in-early-pregnancy-a-case-report
#1
Akshith Rs Shetty, Y P Girish Chandra, S Praveen, Somusekhar Gajula
Forensic pathologists come across many deaths due to natural causes which are sudden. Sudden natural deaths in females who are pregnant warrant thorough investigation and a medico-legal autopsy to rule out any foul play. Here, we report a case of 21-year-old primigravida in her first trimester who suddenly complained of severe chest pain and was brought dead to the hospital with no history suggestive of prior natural disease. At autopsy, the death was attributed to dissection of ascending aorta.
January 1, 2017: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198209/a-report-of-sexual-abuse-in-an-afghan-refugee-boy-in-iran
#2
Naimeh Farhidnia, Nahid Dadashzadeh Asl, Azadeh Memarian
All children have the right to complete and integrated physical and psychological protection against abuse. The most important reason and risk factors for child abuse are social causes including poor familial support, poverty, mood disorders in the family, and addiction. Here, we report a case of child abuse of an Afghan child in Iran with a background of mood disturbances who presented with multiple trauma and injury. A nine-year-old Afghan boy was described with multiple injuries on neck, upper and lower extremities, and trunk...
January 1, 2017: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145803/the-significance-of-the-case-of-dr-waney-squier
#3
Alec Samuels
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128011/the-changing-prostate-cancer-pathway-new-challenges-new-pitfalls
#4
Mark Emberton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124575/sudden-unexpected-death-associated-with-hashimoto-s-thyroiditis-and-thymic-hyperplasia
#5
Nemanja Radojevic, Sanja Medenica, Snezana Vujosevic, Slobodan Savic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116965/rare-gripping-object-in-electrocution-cadaveric-spasm-at-its-best
#6
Mohit Chauhan, C Behera, Jatin Bodwal, P C Dikshit
Cadaveric spasm causes instantaneous rigor without preceding post-mortem flaccidity. The precise pathophysiological basis of this phenomenon is still unknown. We report a case of accidental electrocution where the deceased was found dead with a metallic water supply pipe of a motor booster pump firmly gripped in his hand. In this report, we review the literature and consider the mechanisms that may cause this phenomenon.
January 1, 2017: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071966/the-duty-of-candour-openness-transparency-and-candour
#7
Alec Samuels
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071152/fatal-orbito-cerebral-penetration-by-industrial-grease-viscous-rare-case-report
#8
Mohit Chauhan, Chittaranjan Behera, P C Dikshit
Assorted projectiles including shrapnel, sling shots, stones, metal and rock fragments and other missiles cause fatal penetrating skull injuries. In this case, a 34-year-old foreman suffered a fatal penetrating orbito-cerebral injury while lubricating a hydraulic rock-splitting machine with industrial grease viscous.
January 1, 2017: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150541/evolution-of-the-law-society
#9
Catherine Dixon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150540/editorial
#10
Diana Brahams, Harry Zeitlin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940655/abdominal-self-stabbing-a-case-report
#11
Alok Atreya, Dolendra Rijal, Tanuj Kanchan, Raghvendra S Shekhawat
While abdominal stabbings are frequently associated with homicides, abdominal self-stabbing is uncommon and poses a challenge for the investigators. In cases of sharp force trauma, the presence of hesitation cuts over the neck and extremities help to distinguish self-inflicted injuries from homicides. Hesitation cuts are not associated with self-inflicted sharp force injuries to the abdomen, and thus are of limited use in distinguishing suicidal from homicidal abdominal stab wounds. In this study, we present a case of self-inflicted abdominal stabbing along with a detailed review of literature to help elucidate such cases...
December 9, 2016: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803261/new-president-s-editorial
#12
EDITORIAL
Daniel Haines
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637249/financial-and-legal-decision-making-capacity-in-the-aphasic-population-a-narrative-review
#13
Frances Carr
INTRODUCTION: Capacity is assumed to be present unless proven otherwise. Assessments of specific decision-making capacity for financial and legal decisions, although challenging in the general population, becomes almost impossible for individuals with language disorders (i.e. aphasia) in the absence of appropriate communication aids. Several capacity aids exist for the general population; however, it is unclear whether any communication aids exist specifically for the aphasic population to assist assessment of financial and legal decision-making capacity...
December 2016: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27553446/an-analysis-of-the-most-common-types-of-hand-injury-mistakes-and-their-cost-in-the-acute-setting
#14
Alexander Ej Trevatt, Oliver J Smith, Jacqueline Needleman, Ashis Banerjee
This study aimed to explore the most common hand injury errors occurring in Emergency Departments in England. A Freedom of Information request was made to the NHS Litigation Authority for claims data related to hand injuries in English Emergency Departments from 2004 to 2014. All successful hand injury claims against an individual DGH ED were also analysed. Two hundred and eighteen successful claims were made, costing a total of £6,273,688.22. Diagnosis error was the most common successful claim (97). Four successful claims were brought against the Emergency Department...
December 2016: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27542392/fatal-ovarian-hyperstimulation-syndrome-in-an-anonymous-egg-donor
#15
Shashank Pooniya, C Behera, A R Mridha, D N Bhardwaj, Tabin Millo
Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome is a rare, but potentially life-threatening iatrogenic disorder arising from ovulation induction or ovarian hyperstimulation for assisted reproduction techniques. We report a case of a 26-year-old multiparous woman, an anonymous egg donor, who died a few hours after undergoing a procedure to donate eggs at an in vitro fertilization clinic. Her husband alleged that medical negligence had led to her death. The autopsy confirmed death due to ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome...
December 2016: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27520526/do-not-resuscitate-lawful-or-unlawful
#16
Alec Samuels
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27514400/the-state-of-ethical-legal-oaths-in-uk-medical-practice-today-is-it-time-to-look-at-standardising
#17
R L Atenstaedt
The taking of an ethical-legal oath is a "rite of passage" for many medical practitioners. A 1997 paper noted that half of medical schools in the UK administer an oath. I performed a survey of UK medical schools to see whether these are still used today. An electronic survey was sent to 31 UK medical schools, asking them whether the Hippocratic Oath (in any version) was taken by their medical students; non-respondents were followed up by telephone. Information was obtained from 21 UK medical schools, giving a response rate of 68% (21/31)...
December 2016: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27510887/res-ipsa-loquitor-no-sui-generis-application-to-aesthetic-surgery
#18
Alex de Costa, Chris Lutterodt
The doctrine of res ipsa loquitor can allow a plaintiff to raise an inference of negligence which a defendant is then compelled to refute. However, the doctrine has rarely been applied in clinical negligence contexts because courts have been reluctant to require doctors to refute an inference of responsibility for pathophysiological outcomes. But does that imperative apply equally to aesthetic surgery? A recent case shows that it does.
December 2016: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27510886/the-law-and-medicine-one-family-s-view
#19
David Neuberger, James Neuberger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27465314/ingestion-of-safety-razor-blade-and-delayed-hanging-in-a-complex-suicide
#20
Mohit Singh Chauhan, C Behera, Sunil Naagar, M Sreenivas
Ingestion of a foreign body is mostly accidental in children and intentional in prisoners to achieve hospitalization; however, use of this method of suicide is rare. We report a case where the victim first ingested a safety razor blade, but failed to die and then hanged himself, but failed again and finally succumbed to the complications on the sixth day. He had also attempted suicide by inflicting multiple incised wounds on his neck four days before the safety blade ingestion, but none were fatal.
December 2016: Medico-legal Journal
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