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Medico-legal Journal

Hjcr Belcher
Four hundred adult claimants underwent medico-legal assessment following upper limb injuries. Dynamometry was performed on each using the Jamar five handle-position test. Injury causes loss of power and there is a significant relationship between the percentage loss of power and the measured whole limb impairment. This paper presents a new approach for the analysis of the tests. The normal physiological length-tension pattern of muscle is maintained in the majority of claimants albeit with modifications due to the specific effects of injury on hand function...
November 30, 2016: Medico-legal Journal
Asit K Sikary, Asit R Mridha, Chittaranjan Behera
Bacterial myocarditis is an uncommon condition and only a few fatal cases in adults are reported in the scientific literature. Death from acute bacterial myocarditis in children is extremely rare. We report an unusual case of fatal bacterial myocarditis in a seven-year-old girl, who had a history of cough for a month and fever for two days. She was given symptomatic treatment by a local physician without suspecting her clinical condition. Her condition rapidly deteriorated and she was brought in dead to the hospital...
November 28, 2016: Medico-legal Journal
Elmas Shaqiri, Bledar Xhemali, Zija Ismaili, Admir Sinamati, Gentian Vyshka
Atypical gunshot wounds present a challenge for the forensic expert, and sometimes differentiating these from a blunt trauma can be difficult. A careful crime scene investigation can be helpful in finding additional evidence and clarifying the nature of the injuries. We describe a case of an unusual craniocerebral injury that was initially interpreted as a blow from a wooden object. The appearance of the wound lacked the classical characteristics of entrance and exit bullet wounds, but the investigation showed it was due to the ricocheting of a destabilized bullet...
November 11, 2016: Medico-legal Journal
Praveen Athani, Basappa S Hugar, S Harish, Y P Girishchandra
This study was conducted at the M. S. Ramaiah Medical College, Bangalore, between October 2007 and September 2009 to analyse the age and sex distribution of unnatural deaths in children, patterns and manner of death. Detailed information regarding the circumstances of death was sought from the relatives, friends and police. The scene of occurrence was visited, and photographs of the scene of occurrence were examined in relevant cases. Unnatural deaths in children constituted 6.62% of the total autopsies conducted...
November 11, 2016: Medico-legal Journal
Parthasarathi Pramanik, Raghvendra K Vidua, Sweta Patel
Bulldozer fatalities are usually due to accidental crushing of the body at the workplace. However, severance of the skull cap simulating a chopping injury to head is rare in the literature. Medico-legal investigation may be posed with different challenges when carrying out an autopsy of a victim with this devastating head injury. The police will seek an opinion about the type of weapon responsible for the injuries, the nature of injuries produced and manner of death. In the present case, the victim was hit at dusk by a protruding part of the bulldozer blade as he crossed in front of a bulldozer that was approaching his tractor from the opposite side of the road...
October 31, 2016: Medico-legal Journal
Hjcr Belcher
A consecutive group of 250 patients underwent medico-legal assessment at a mean of 24 (±13) months following upper limb injuries. Each had completed questionnaires to assess function (Quick-DASH) and cold intolerance (CIQ36) before clinical assessment following which their whole limb impairment percentage was calculated. The mean(±SD) whole limb impairment, QDASH and CIQ36 scores were 9(±14)%, 43(±24) and 17(±10), respectively. There was a significant correlation between whole limb impairment and QDASH, although some patients reported surprisingly high disability levels despite minimal or no objective functional impairment...
October 4, 2016: Medico-legal Journal
S H Jayanth, Basappa S Hugar, S Praveen, Y P Girish Chandra
Inhalant abuse refers to the inhalation of volatile substances for their euphoric effects. Glues and adhesives have been abused inhalants for decades and so the term "glue sniffing" attached to the habit. These days many substances used are not adhesives and the most accurate title of "solvent abuse" has been given to this widespread and dangerous habit. The various methods of inhalational abuse include huffing, bagging, dusting, glading, and sniffing. We report one such case of a 22-year-old male who was found in an unresponsive state at his residence with a plastic cover around his head and empty tubes of "Fevibond" glue beside him...
September 30, 2016: Medico-legal Journal
Xiulu Ruan, Jin J Luo, Alan D Kaye
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 27, 2016: Medico-legal Journal
Hilary Dinham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 27, 2016: Medico-legal Journal
Anand B Mugadlimath, Mandar Ramchandra Sane, Kailash U Zine, Rekha M Hiremath
We describe an unusual case of drowning in fluid other than water in an industrial setting. A 26-year-old man was working in an industry which performs surface treatment of mechanical steel parts with quenching oil. He fell into the quenching oil (which was hot due to immersion of red hot metal parts), and as he was working alone in the particular section, there was a fatal outcome. A medico-legal autopsy was performed. The causes of death were found to be multiple, with the association of drowning, extensive superficial burns and asphyxia due to laryngeal oedema...
September 26, 2016: Medico-legal Journal
Frances Carr
INTRODUCTION: Capacity is assumed to be present unless proven otherwise. Assessments of specific decision-making capacity for financial and legal decisions, although challenging in the general population, becomes almost impossible for individuals with language disorders (i.e. aphasia) in the absence of appropriate communication aids. Several capacity aids exist for the general population; however, it is unclear whether any communication aids exist specifically for the aphasic population to assist assessment of financial and legal decision-making capacity...
September 16, 2016: Medico-legal Journal
Rajanikanta Swain, C Behera, Shyam Kishore, Karthik Krishna, S K Gupta
Suicide by inhalation of carbon monoxide is not uncommon and usually involves car exhausts or burning charcoal or defective boilers. We report a case of a 25-year-old man, who committed suicide by inhaling carbon monoxide gas inside a polythene bag in a bathroom. The open carbon monoxide cylinder found inside the polythene bag was purchased online by the deceased a few days earlier. He had stated that the gas would be used for his experiment on the environment. A suicide note recovered from his trouser pocket revealed his intention for a painless death...
September 12, 2016: Medico-legal Journal
Naimeh Farhidnia, Azadeh Memarian
We described a neonate with severe and multiple abnormalities following use of isotretinoin, in spite of the mother's previous knowledge of drug complications. Initial physical examination after delivery showed congenital absence of both eyes and both auricles as well as anal atresia and a cleft palate. Due to severe respiratory distress and atresia of the anus, the neonate was admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit and underwent reconstructive surgery. The drug should not have been used during pregnancy...
September 8, 2016: Medico-legal Journal
Daniel Haines
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Medico-legal Journal
Diana Brahams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Medico-legal Journal
Ajay Kumar S, Vinay Kumar Ms, Yp Raghavendra Babu, Mahadeshwara Prasad
Cut-throats can be of homicidal, suicidal or accidental origin. In cases of death from a cut-throat, distinguishing the cause is one of the important functions in crime investigation. The features that differentiate suicidal and homicidal cut-throat injuries are the presence of hesitation cuts, depth of wound, signs of struggle, edges of the wound, etc. In the case of a suicidal cut-throat, it is not uncommon to find hesitation cuts but in a homicidal cut-throat, it is uncommon. We present a case of a homicidal cut-throat injury but with hesitation cuts and tailing over the neck, unlike the classical description of homicidal cut-throat injury...
September 2016: Medico-legal Journal
Alec Samuels
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Medico-legal Journal
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Medico-legal Journal
John Pearn
The history of our current law dates from Palaeolithic times. The first written laws were codified by the rulers of Mesopotamian kingdoms, from the beginning of the second millennium B.C.E. This history, and those of the medico-legal specialties in particular, trace their origins to Hammurabi's Code. Hammurabi (ruled 1792-1750 B.C.E.) was the sixth King of the First Dynasty of ancient Babylon, today an archaeological site in modern-day Iraq. Hammurabi's Laws (c.1760 B.C.E.), inscribed on at least one diorite stele, were set up in public places in Babylon, towards the end of the King's 43-year reign...
September 2016: Medico-legal Journal
Alec Samuels
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Medico-legal Journal
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