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Medico-legal Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383979/recruiting-the-best-into-medical-careers
#1
Harry Zeitlin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258408/healthcare-access-for-deaf-patients-the-legal-and-ethical-perspectives
#2
Audrey Laur
Deaf patients are too often overlooked in our society despite requiring in-depth attention to their specific communication needs. If they are not able to communicate with healthcare professionals, they may be unable to access and receive appropriate care. Yet, medical providers who fail to address patients' linguistic difficulties breach their ethical and professional duties, and face potential malpractice lawsuits. This article aims to highlight the unequal access of medical care by deaf patients and the impact of language barriers...
March 2018: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251185/homicide-concealed-strangulation-after-bobbing-reins-in-sexually-sadistic-homicide
#3
M Chauhan, M Pradhan, C Behera, A Aggrawal, S Naagar, T D Dogra
This case of sexually motivated homicide combined the perpetrator's obliteration of his victim's identity along with his attempt at concealment of the corpse and sexual gratification following ligature strangulation of a young unidentified female from a minority Indian state. Sexual bondage was evident with characteristic body tying in a typical posture to fuel the killer's sexual arousal and gratification before, during and then after strangling his victim with a scarf. The victim's body was left in a sack packed with vegetables and transported from the crime site and found abandoned in a park...
March 2018: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206080/understanding-forensic-psychiatry-in-healthcare-practices-and-collaboration-between-legal-nurse-consultants-and-physicians
#4
Daphne K Sharpe, Jasmine K Hall, Sochima Ochije, Rahn K Bailey
In 2000, the Institute of Medicine stunned many professionals with their published report that noted the vast number of deaths that occur each year in hospitals across the United States which reach as many as 98,000. Therefore, it comes as no surprise that the healthcare arena faces litigious issues regularly, with some specialties budgets being significantly impacted by the cost of maintaining liability insurance. Legal Nurse Consultants and forensic physicians working in tandem but who work independently from treating clinicians can carry out forensic independent medical examinations (IME)...
March 2018: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199883/death-from-a-driverless-vehicle
#5
Siddhartha Das, Ritesh G Menezes
Road traffic accidents are a major cause of fatalities around the world, and a number of deaths are caused by moving traffic on public roads. Deaths from vehicles that are off the highway may be called non-traffic fatalities which can be due to a vehicle reversing, carbon monoxide poisoning, weather-induced over-heating inside the vehicle and electric windows. Children (and animals) are the usual victims. We report a case from India where a man was found lying dead by the roadside with a lorry nearby. The autopsy findings indicated that he had been run over, but as there was no history of a vehicular collision and with no eyewitnesses, the investigators were unsure of the probable sequence of events that led to his death...
March 2018: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095092/does-section-63-of-the-mental-health-act-1983-disempower-patients-with-mental-illness-analysis-of-the-case-law
#6
Bhanuka Senasinghe
In England and Wales, detained psychiatric inpatients are treated under section 63 of the Mental Health Act 1983. This paper critically analyses the relevant law and considers the arbitrary distinctions between consent for treatments for mental illnesses and physical conditions, which may disempower patients with mental illness. Section 63 states that (for detained psychiatric patients) consent for medical treatment for patients' mental disorder is not required. The treating clinician responsible for a patient decides what this medical treatment entails...
March 2018: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035146/moral-and-legal-dilemmas-in-the-policing-of-protest-and-other-major-public-events
#7
Colin Morgan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967838/review-statutory-regulation-of-invasive-complementary-therapies-such-as-hijama-and-acupuncture-is-the-only-effective-way-of-ensuring-both-patient-safety-and-good-practice
#8
John F Mayberry
The development of statutory regulation of healthcare professionals first emerged in the 15th century in the UK. However, it was not until the 20th century that statutory regulation of complementary therapies emerged with the Osteopath and Chiropractors Acts. However, during that period, acupuncture failed to gain statutory regulation but was rather subject to the equivalent of trading standards. This review explores the background to this failure and the present need for statutory regulation. It draws comparisons with the need for regulation of hijama, another invasive therapy, for which there is at present no regulation...
March 2018: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967810/scuba-diving-death-always-due-to-drowning-two-forensic-cases-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#9
I Aquila, F Pepe, M Manno, P Frati, S Gratteri, V Fineschi, P Ricci
Scuba diving is an increasingly common recreational activity. We describe the physiopathology of barotrauma in two cases where death was caused by pulmonary barotrauma while diving. An inspection and autopsy were carried out in both cases. The autopsy data were supported by post-mortem radiological investigation. Histological and toxicological analyses were also carried out, and dive computer and tank manometer analysis performed. In both cases, the cause of death was attributable to arterial gas embolism, resulting from pulmonary barotrauma subsequent to pulmonary over-distension...
March 2018: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832253/suicides-by-drowning-in-greece-findings-from-a-10-year-sample-2006-2015
#10
Antonios Paraschakis, Ioannis Michopoulos, Vasiliki Efstathiou, Christos Christodoulou, Ilias Boyokas, Athanassios Douzenis
We studied a sample of suicide victims from Greece's main port of Piraeus area (population: approx. 700,000 individuals) and investigated all suicides for the 10-year period 2006-2015, collecting data from the victims' forensic records at the Piraeus Department of Forensic Medicine. Sixty-nine (15.9%) out of 435 suicides were due to drowning, 51 (73.9%) males and 18 (26.1%) females. Drowning was the third most common suicide method with most in the sea (92.8%), fewer in wells (7.2%). Median age: males 52.2 years (standard deviation (SD): 20...
March 2018: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825516/re-visiting-bolam-and-bolitho-in-the-light-of-montgomery-v-lanarkshire-health-board
#11
George G Buttigieg
This article considers the potentially untapped significance of the Bolitho test, while the Bolam test looks to be facing a challenging twilight. It re-examines the landmark House of Lords case of Nadyne Montgomery v Lanarkshire Health Board, having regard for Bolam as modified by Bolitho. Although further jurisprudential Bolam challenge is likely in the wake of the Montgomery ruling, there are grounds for re-examining Bolitho, on its own merits.
March 2018: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402170/control-of-the-cost-of-medicines-and-medical-supplies-to-the-nhs-health-service-and-medical-supplies-costs-act-2017
#12
Alec Samuels
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722283/communication-between-doctors-and-lawyers
#13
Diana Brahams, Harry Zeitlin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701501/stroke-care-and-malpractice
#14
Søren Birkeland
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683051/a-bitter-pill-to-swallow-how-price-hiking-drug-companies-exploit-the-national-health-service
#15
Billy Kenber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676657/new-hong-kong-statute-protects-factual-statements-in-medical-apologies-from-use-in-litigation
#16
Gilberto Kk Leung, Gerard Porter
Providing an apology which contains a factual explanation following a medical adverse incident may facilitate an amicable settlement and improve patient experience. Numerous apology laws exist with the aim of encouraging an apology but the lack of explicit and specific protection for factual admissions included in "full" apologies can give rise to legal disputes and deter their use. The new Hong Kong Apology Ordinance expressly prohibits the admission of a statement of fact in an apology as evidence of fault in a wide range of applicable proceedings and thus provides the clearest and most comprehensive apology protection to date...
January 1, 2018: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651913/drug-importation-into-italy-by-body-packing-an-analysis-of-the-unodc-individual-drug-seizures-database
#17
Simone Cappelletti, Alessandro Iaria, Francesco Lombardo, Giuseppe Vallone, Pasquale Vitale, Costantino Ciallella
Internal concealment and transportation of illegal substances by body packing is a major business with very high profits, attracting criminals all over the world. As body packers are rarely arrested, it is difficult to quantify their proportion in the general population and, consequently, identify the countries involved in this kind of drug traffic; as a consequence, the percentage of undetected cases is undoubtedly high. The aim of this study is to provide useful information concerning the country of origin of body packers travelling to Italy through the analysis of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Individual Drug Seizures Report database in the period 2010-2015...
January 1, 2018: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629625/the-perils-of-public-transport-insanity-in-practice
#18
Philip Joseph
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595365/post-brexit-crystal-ball-gazing-the-future-for-phase-1-clinical-trials-in-the-uk
#19
Gene Matthews, Nancy Williams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561228/technical-note-a-histochemical-approach-in-diagnosing-hanging-mechanical-asphyxia-on-cadavers-undergoing-advanced-putrefactive-phenomena
#20
Francesca Maghin, Salvatore A Andreola, Michele Boracchi, Guendalina Gentile, Francesca Maciocco, Enrico Muccino, Riccardo Zoja
The authors used a particular protocol on putrefied corpses to highlight the cutaneous furrow. Two groups of cadavers were selected: in the first group (suicide by hanging mechanical asphyxia), the authors sampled cutaneous lozenges on the furrow still macroscopically recognisable, while in the second group (corpses deceased by different means), we sampled cutaneous lozenges in the hypostatic leaning. All specimens were divided in two: one underwent standard fixation while the other, previously rehydrated in Sandison's solution, was then fixed in formalin...
January 1, 2018: Medico-legal Journal
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