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Science Progress

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30376447/rising-sea-levels-by-how-much-and-why
#1
Christopher J Rhodes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2018: Science Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30376446/perovskites-some-snapshots-of-recent-developments
#2
Christopher J Rhodes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2018: Science Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30296969/early-life-nutrition
#3
Susan Finn, Eamonn P Culligan, William J Snelling, Roy D Sleator
Nutritionally, the first 1,000 days of an infant's life - from conception to two years - has been identified as a highly influential period, during which lasting health can be achieved. Significant evidence links patterns of infant feeding to both short and long-term health outcomes, many of which can be prevented through nutritional modifications. Recommended globally, breastfeeding is recognised as the gold standard of infant nutrition; providing key nutrients to achieve optimal health, growth and development, and conferring immunologic protective effects against disease...
October 1, 2018: Science Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30296968/evolution-of-macromolecular-structure-a-double-tale-of-biological-accretion-and-diversification
#4
Derek Caetano-Anollés, Kelsey Caetano-Anollés, Gustavo Caetano-Anollés
The evolution of structure in biology is driven by accretion and diversification. Accretion brings together disparate parts to form bigger wholes. Diversification provides opportunities for growth and innovation. Here, we review patterns and processes that are responsible for a 'double tale' of accretion and diversification at various levels of complexity, from proteins and nucleic acids to high-rise building structures in cities. Parts are at first weakly linked and associate variously. As they diversify, they compete with each other and are selected for performance...
October 1, 2018: Science Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30296967/recent-strategies-for-the-diagnosis-of-early-lyme-disease
#5
Eunice Chou, Yi-Pin Lin, Nathaniel C Cady
Lyme disease (LD) is the most common tick-borne disease in the Northern Hemisphere. As the most prevalent vector-borne disease in the USA, LD affects 300,000 human cases each year. LD is caused by inoculation of the bacterial spirochete, Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, from an infected tick. If not treated quickly and completely, the bacteria disseminate from the tick's biting site into multiple organs including the joints, heart, and brain. Thus, the best outcome from medical intervention can be expected with early detection and treatment with antibiotics, prior to multi-organ dissemination...
October 1, 2018: Science Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30131092/bibliometrics-in-a-digital-age-help-or-hindrance
#6
Karen Blakeman
Bibliometrics are a range of techniques and quantitative measures that provide an analysis of written publications such as books and articles, and which assess the impact of research outputs. They are commonly applied to individual authors in the form of citation metrics but can also be used to assess the influence of research groups or even entire institutions. With the increased importance of social media as a means of communicating and publicising research findings, additional alternative measures of impact (altmetrics) are now being used...
September 1, 2018: Science Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30071918/biologically-derived-nanomaterials-for-targeted-therapeutic-delivery-to-the-brain
#7
Stephanie M Curley, Nathaniel C Cady
Delivery of imaging agents and pharmaceutical payloads to the central nervous system (CNS) is essential for efficient diagnosis and treatment of brain diseases. However, therapeutic delivery is often restricted by the blood-brain barrier (BBB), which prevents transport of clinical compounds to their region of interest. This review discusses the methods that have been used to avoid or overcome this barrier, presenting the use of biologically-derived nanomaterial systems as an efficient strategy for the diagnosis and treatment of CNS diseases...
September 1, 2018: Science Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30025552/occam-s-razor-from-ockham-s-via-moderna-to-modern-data-science
#8
Hugo A Van Den Berg
The principle of parsimony, also known as 'Occam's razor', is a heuristic dictum that is thoroughly familiar to virtually all practitioners of science: Aristotle, Newton, and many others have enunciated it in some form or other. Even though the principle is not difficult to comprehend as a general heuristic guideline, it has proved surprisingly resistant to being put on a rigorous footing - a difficulty that has become more pressing and topical with the 'big data' explosion. We review the significance of Occam's razor in the philosophical and theological writings of William of Ockham, and survey modern developments of parsimony in data science...
September 1, 2018: Science Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30025551/plastic-pollution-and-potential-solutions
#9
Christopher J Rhodes
A review is presented of the manufacture and use of different types of plastic, and the effects of pollution by these materials on animal, human and environmental health, insofar as this is known. Since 2004, the world has made as much plastic as it did in the previous half century, and it has been reckoned that the total mass of virgin plastics ever made amounts to 8.3 billion tonnes, mainly derived from natural gas and crude oil, used as chemical feedstocks and fuel sources. Between 1950 and 2015, a total of 6...
September 1, 2018: Science Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898806/more-molecules-of-murder
#10
James Hanson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2018: Science Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898805/photonics
#11
Christopher J Rhodes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2018: Science Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690951/a-review-on-modified-carbon-materials-as-promising-agents-for-hydrogen-storage
#12
Siroos Rostami, Ali Nakhaei Pour, Mohammad Izadyar
Carbon materials have been regarded as promising agents for hydrogen storage because of properties such as their light weight, acceptable affinity of carbon for hydrogen and high specific surface area. We can identify many different carbon materials which have been studied extensively such as activated carbons (AC) graphene sheets (GS), carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and other derivative carbon materials derived from theoretical and experimental methods such as g-C3N4, graphyne and carbon nanolayer. These materials can be modified by additional ingredients like free metals, metal oxides, and alloys to improve their hydrogen storage capacity...
June 1, 2018: Science Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678209/changing-tetra-pak-from-waste-to-resource
#13
Yuhui Ma
In recent years, the problem caused by Tetra Pak waste (TPW) has became a topic of great concern to scientists and environmentalists, and commercial companies have also begun to take an interest in developing processes for tackling this issue. In this article, the challenges in the recycling of TPW are described. This article presents the major conclusions of previously published works focussed on the utilisation of TPW for energy and material purposes. The commercial utilisation of TPW is also described. Some suggestions for better recycling of TPW are given in the latter part of this work...
June 1, 2018: Science Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669628/oganesson-a-most-unusual-inert-gas
#14
Roderick M Macrae, Terence J Kemp
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2018: Science Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669627/pollinator-decline-an-ecological-calamity-in-the-making
#15
Christopher J Rhodes
Since pollination by insects is vitally important for much of global crop production, and to provide pollination services more widely throughout the planetary ecosystems, the prospect of an imminent 'pollination crisis', due to a die-off of flying insects, is most disquieting, to say the least. Indeed, the term 'ecological Armageddon' has been used in the media. However, to know whether or not a wholesale decline in flying pollinators (including non-bee species) is occurring across the world is very difficult, due to an insufficiency of geographically widespread and long-term data...
June 1, 2018: Science Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555012/-events-diary
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2018: Science Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555011/science-news
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2018: Science Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467062/global-restriction-of-using-antibiotic-growth-promoters-and-alternative-strategies-in-poultry-production
#18
Hossan Md Salim, Khan Shahidul Huque, Kazi M Kamaruddin, M D Anwarul Haque Beg
A growing global concern of antibiotic use in poultry diets due to its potential adverse effects on birds and human health, food safety and the environment has led to a complete ban or restricted use in some countries, and, at the same time, expanding options for the use of alternative feed additives. Multiple, rather than a single additive may replace antibiotic growth promoters (AGPs) in poultry. Blending of feeding additives and hygienic farm management, vaccination and biosecurity may help achieve good intestinal health, stabilise enteric ecosystems and result in sustainable and cost effective production performance of birds...
March 1, 2018: Science Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467061/doing-away-with-variables
#19
Hugo A Van Den Berg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2018: Science Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467060/roman-concrete-for-durable-eco-friendly-construction-applications-for-tidal-power-generation-and-protection-against-sea-level-rise
#20
Christopher J Rhodes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2018: Science Progress
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