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Nucleic Acids Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912477/the-polyadenosine-rna-binding-protein-zc3h14-interacts-with-the-tho-complex-and-coordinately-regulates-the-processing-of-neuronal-transcripts
#1
Kevin J Morris, Anita H Corbett
The polyadenosine RNA-binding protein ZC3H14 is important in RNA processing. Although ZC3H14 is ubiquitously expressed, mutation of the ZC3H14 gene causes a non-syndromic form of intellectual disability. Here, we examine the function of ZC3H14 in the brain by identifying ZC3H14-interacting proteins using unbiased mass spectrometry. Through this analysis, we identified physical interactions between ZC3H14 and multiple RNA processing factors. Notably, proteins that comprise the THO complex were amongst the most enriched proteins...
June 15, 2018: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912476/two-are-better-than-one-hpoxbs-hairpin-oxidative-bisulfite-sequencing
#2
Pascal Giehr, Charalampos Kyriakopoulos, Konstantin Lepikhov, Stefan Wallner, Verena Wolf, Jörn Walter
The controlled and stepwise oxidation of 5mC to 5hmC, 5fC and 5caC by Tet enzymes is influencing the chemical and biological properties of cytosine. Besides direct effects on gene regulation, oxidised forms influence the dynamics of demethylation and re-methylation processes. So far, no combined methods exist which allow to precisely determine the strand specific localisation of cytosine modifications along with their CpG symmetric distribution. Here we describe a comprehensive protocol combining conventional hairpin bisulfite with oxidative bisulfite sequencing (HPoxBS) to determine the strand specific distribution of 5mC and 5hmC at base resolution...
June 15, 2018: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912475/crispr-cas9-mediated-knock-in-of-an-optimized-teto-repeat-for-live-cell-imaging-of-endogenous-loci
#3
Ipek Tasan, Gabriela Sustackova, Liguo Zhang, Jiah Kim, Mayandi Sivaguru, Mohammad HamediRad, Yuchuan Wang, Justin Genova, Jian Ma, Andrew S Belmont, Huimin Zhao
Nuclear organization has an important role in determining genome function; however, it is not clear how spatiotemporal organization of the genome relates to functionality. To elucidate this relationship, a method for tracking any locus of interest is desirable. Recently clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated protein 9 (Cas9) or transcription activator-like effectors were adapted for imaging endogenous loci; however, they are mostly limited to visualization of repetitive regions...
June 15, 2018: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912461/exploiting-crispr-cas9-technology-to-investigate-individual-histone-modifications
#4
Juan-José Vasquez, Carolin Wedel, Raul O Cosentino, T Nicolai Siegel
Despite their importance for most DNA-templated processes, the function of individual histone modifications has remained largely unknown because in vivo mutational analyses are lacking. The reason for this is that histone genes are encoded by multigene families and that tools to simultaneously edit multiple genomic loci with high efficiency are only now becoming available. To overcome these challenges, we have taken advantage of the power of CRISPR-Cas9 for precise genome editing and of the fact that most DNA repair in the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma brucei occurs via homologous recombination...
June 15, 2018: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912458/circadiomics-circadian-omic-web-portal
#5
Nicholas Ceglia, Yu Liu, Siwei Chen, Forest Agostinelli, Kristin Eckel-Mahan, Paolo Sassone-Corsi, Pierre Baldi
Circadian rhythms play a fundamental role at all levels of biological organization. Understanding the mechanisms and implications of circadian oscillations continues to be the focus of intense research. However, there has been no comprehensive and integrated way for accessing and mining all circadian omic datasets. The latest release of CircadiOmics (http://circadiomics.ics.uci.edu) fills this gap for providing the most comprehensive web server for studying circadian data. The newly updated version contains high-throughput 227 omic datasets corresponding to over 74 million measurements sampled over 24 h cycles...
June 15, 2018: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912392/genemania-update-2018
#6
Max Franz, Harold Rodriguez, Christian Lopes, Khalid Zuberi, Jason Montojo, Gary D Bader, Quaid Morris
GeneMANIA (http://genemania.org) is a flexible user-friendly web site for generating hypotheses about gene function, analyzing gene lists and prioritizing genes for functional assays. Given a query gene list, GeneMANIA finds functionally similar genes using a wealth of genomics and proteomics data. In this mode, it weights each functional genomic dataset according to its predictive value for the query. Another use of GeneMANIA is gene function prediction. Given a single query gene, GeneMANIA finds genes likely to share function with it based on their interactions with it...
June 15, 2018: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905876/cgdnaweb-a-web-interface-to-the-cgdna-sequence-dependent-coarse-grain-model-of-double-stranded-dna
#7
Lennart De Bruin, John H Maddocks
The sequence-dependent statistical mechanical properties of fragments of double-stranded DNA is believed to be pertinent to its biological function at length scales from a few base pairs (or bp) to a few hundreds of bp, e.g. indirect read-out protein binding sites, nucleosome positioning sequences, phased A-tracts, etc. In turn, the equilibrium statistical mechanics behaviour of DNA depends upon its ground state configuration, or minimum free energy shape, as well as on its fluctuations as governed by its stiffness (in an appropriate sense)...
June 14, 2018: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905875/mistic2-comprehensive-server-to-study-coevolution-in-protein-families
#8
Eloy A Colell, Javier A Iserte, Franco L Simonetti, Cristina Marino-Buslje
Correlated mutations between residue pairs in evolutionarily related proteins arise from constraints needed to maintain a functional and stable protein. Identifying these inter-related positions narrows down the search for structurally or functionally important sites. MISTIC is a server designed to assist users to calculate covariation in protein families and provide them with an interactive tool to visualize the results. Here, we present MISTIC2, an update to the previous server, that allows to calculate four covariation methods (MIp, mfDCA, plmDCA and gaussianDCA)...
June 14, 2018: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905873/identification-and-visualization-of-protein-binding-regions-with-the-ardock-server
#9
Sébastien Reille, Mélanie Garnier, Xavier Robert, Patrice Gouet, Juliette Martin, Guillaume Launay
ArDock (ardock.ibcp.fr) is a structural bioinformatics web server for the prediction and the visualization of potential interaction regions at protein surfaces. ArDock ranks the surface residues of a protein according to their tendency to form interfaces in a set of predefined docking experiments between the query protein and a set of arbitrary protein probes. The ArDock methodology is derived from large scale cross-docking studies where it was observed that randomly chosen proteins tend to dock in a non-random way at protein surfaces...
June 14, 2018: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905871/hmmer-web-server-2018-update
#10
Simon C Potter, Aurélien Luciani, Sean R Eddy, Youngmi Park, Rodrigo Lopez, Robert D Finn
The HMMER webserver [http://www.ebi.ac.uk/Tools/hmmer] is a free-to-use service which provides fast searches against widely used sequence databases and profile hidden Markov model (HMM) libraries using the HMMER software suite (http://hmmer.org). The results of a sequence search may be summarized in a number of ways, allowing users to view and filter the significant hits by domain architecture or taxonomy. For large scale usage, we provide an application programmatic interface (API) which has been expanded in scope, such that all result presentations are available via both HTML and API...
June 14, 2018: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905870/the-microbial-genomes-atlas-miga-webserver-taxonomic-and-gene-diversity-analysis-of-archaea-and-bacteria-at-the-whole-genome-level
#11
Luis M Rodriguez-R, Santosh Gunturu, William T Harvey, Ramon Rosselló-Mora, James M Tiedje, James R Cole, Konstantinos T Konstantinidis
The small subunit ribosomal RNA gene (16S rRNA) has been successfully used to catalogue and study the diversity of prokaryotic species and communities but it offers limited resolution at the species and finer levels, and cannot represent the whole-genome diversity and fluidity. To overcome these limitations, we introduced the Microbial Genomes Atlas (MiGA), a webserver that allows the classification of an unknown query genomic sequence, complete or partial, against all taxonomically classified taxa with available genome sequences, as well as comparisons to other related genomes including uncultivated ones, based on the genome-aggregate Average Nucleotide and Amino Acid Identity (ANI/AAI) concepts...
June 14, 2018: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905868/casein-kinase-2-mediated-phosphorylation-of-spt6-modulates-histone-dynamics-and-regulates-spurious-transcription
#12
Emmanuelle Gouot, Wajid Bhat, Anne Rufiange, Eric Fournier, Eric Paquet, Amine Nourani
CK2 is an essential protein kinase implicated in various cellular processes. In this study, we address a potential role of this kinase in chromatin modulations associated with transcription. We found that CK2 depletion from yeast cells leads to replication-independent increase of histone H3K56 acetylation and global activation of H3 turnover in coding regions. This suggests a positive role of CK2 in maintenance/recycling of the histone H3/H4 tetramers during transcription. Interestingly, strand-specific RNA-seq analyses show that CK2 inhibits global cryptic promoters driving both sense and antisense transcription...
June 14, 2018: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905860/allosterism-and-signal-transfer-in-dna
#13
Alexandra Balaceanu, Alberto Pérez, Pablo D Dans, Modesto Orozco
We analysed the basic mechanisms of signal transmission in DNA and the origins of the allostery exhibited by systems such as the ternary complex BAMHI-DNA-GRDBD. We found that perturbation information generated by a primary protein binding event travels as a wave to distant regions of DNA following a hopping mechanism. However, such a structural perturbation is transient and does not lead to permanent changes in the DNA geometry and interaction properties at the secondary binding site. The BAMHI-DNA-GRDBD allosteric mechanism does not occur through any traditional models: direct (protein-protein), indirect (reorganization of the secondary site) readout or solvent-release...
June 14, 2018: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905859/investigating-mycobacterial-topoisomerase-i-mechanism-from-the-analysis-of-metal-and-dna-substrate-interactions-at-the-active-site
#14
Nan Cao, Kemin Tan, Thirunavukkarasu Annamalai, Andrzej Joachimiak, Yuk-Ching Tse-Dinh
We have obtained new crystal structures of Mycobacterium tuberculosis topoisomerase I, including structures with ssDNA substrate bound to the active site, with and without Mg2+ ion present. Significant enzyme conformational changes upon DNA binding place the catalytic tyrosine in a pre-transition state position for cleavage of a specific phosphodiester linkage. Meanwhile, the enzyme/DNA complex with bound Mg2+ ion may represent the post-transition state for religation in the enzyme's multiple-step DNA relaxation catalytic cycle...
June 14, 2018: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905858/optimized-knock-in-of-point-mutations-in-zebrafish-using-crispr-cas9
#15
Sergey V Prykhozhij, Charlotte Fuller, Shelby L Steele, Chansey J Veinotte, Babak Razaghi, Johane M Robitaille, Christopher R McMaster, Adam Shlien, David Malkin, Jason N Berman
We have optimized point mutation knock-ins into zebrafish genomic sites using clustered regularly interspaced palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/Cas9 reagents and single-stranded oligodeoxynucleotides. The efficiency of knock-ins was assessed by a novel application of allele-specific polymerase chain reaction and confirmed by high-throughput sequencing. Anti-sense asymmetric oligo design was found to be the most successful optimization strategy. However, cut site proximity to the mutation and phosphorothioate oligo modifications also greatly improved knock-in efficiency...
June 14, 2018: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905846/5-formylcytosine-mediated-dna-protein-cross-links-block-dna-replication-and-induce-mutations-in-human-cells
#16
Shaofei Ji, Iwen Fu, Spandana Naldiga, Hongzhao Shao, Ashis K Basu, Suse Broyde, Natalia Y Tretyakova
5-Formylcytosine (5fC) is an epigenetic DNA modification introduced via TET protein-mediated oxidation of 5-methyl-dC. We recently reported that 5fC form reversible DNA-protein conjugates (DPCs) with histone proteins in living cells (Ji et al. (2017) Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 56:14130-14134). We now examined the effects of 5fC mediated DPCs on DNA replication. Synthetic DNA duplexes containing site-specific DPCs between 5fC and lysine-containing proteins and peptides were subjected to primer extension experiments in the presence of human translesion synthesis DNA polymerases η and κ...
June 14, 2018: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905843/srna-dependent-control-of-curli-biosynthesis-in-escherichia-coli-mcas-directs-endonucleolytic-cleavage-of-csgd-mrna
#17
Patrick Rosendahl Andreassen, Jens Sivkær Pettersen, Mateusz Szczerba, Poul Valentin-Hansen, Jakob Møller-Jensen, Mikkel Girke Jørgensen
Production of curli, extracellular protein structures important for Escherichia coli biofilm formation, is governed by a highly complex regulatory mechanism that integrates multiple environmental signals through the involvement of numerous proteins and small non-coding RNAs (sRNAs). No less than seven sRNAs (McaS, RprA, GcvB, RydC, RybB, OmrA and OmrB) are known to repress the expression of the curli activator CsgD. Many of the sRNAs repress CsgD production by binding to the csgD mRNA at sites far upstream of the ribosomal binding site...
June 14, 2018: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905837/dna-repair-factor-aplf-acts-as-a-h2a-h2b-histone-chaperone-through-binding-its-dna-interaction-surface
#18
Ivan Corbeski, Klemen Dolinar, Hans Wienk, Rolf Boelens, Hugo van Ingen
Genome replication, transcription and repair require the assembly/disassembly of the nucleosome. Histone chaperones are regulators of this process by preventing formation of non-nucleosomal histone-DNA complexes. Aprataxin and polynucleotide kinase like factor (APLF) is a non-homologous end-joining (NHEJ) DNA repair factor that possesses histone chaperone activity in its acidic domain (APLFAD). Here, we studied the molecular basis of this activity using biochemical and structural methods. We find that APLFAD is intrinsically disordered and binds histone complexes (H3-H4)2 and H2A-H2B specifically and with high affinity...
June 14, 2018: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905836/knotgenome-a-server-to-analyze-entanglements-of-chromosomes
#19
Joanna I Sulkowska, Szymon Niewieczerzal, Aleksandra I Jarmolinska, Jonathan T Siebert, Peter Virnau, Wanda Niemyska
The KnotGenome server enables the topological analysis of chromosome model data using three-dimensional coordinate files of chromosomes as input. In particular, it detects prime and composite knots in single chromosomes, and links between chromosomes. The knotting complexity of the chromosome is presented in the form of a matrix diagram that reveals the knot type of the entire polynucleotide chain and of each of its subchains. Links are determined by means of the Gaussian linking integral and the HOMFLY-PT polynomial...
June 14, 2018: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905834/synthetic-switch-based-baculovirus-for-transgene-expression-control-and-selective-killing-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells
#20
Mei-Wei Lin, Yen-Wen Tseng, Chih-Che Shen, Mu-Nung Hsu, Jih-Ru Hwu, Chin-Wei Chang, Chung-Ju Yeh, Min-Yuan Chou, Jaw-Ching Wu, Yu-Chen Hu
Baculovirus (BV) holds promise as a vector for anticancer gene delivery to combat the most common liver cancer-hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, in vivo BV administration inevitably results in BV entry into non-HCC normal cells, leaky anticancer gene expression and possible toxicity. To improve the safety, we employed synthetic biology to engineer BV for transgene expression regulation. We first uncovered that miR-196a and miR-126 are exclusively expressed in HCC and normal cells, respectively, which allowed us to engineer a sensor based on distinct miRNA expression signature...
June 14, 2018: Nucleic Acids Research
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