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Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology

Zi-Mei Lin, Yao Wang, Chun-Mei Liu, Cao-Xin Yan, Pin-Tong Huang
We investigated the role of the virtual touch tissue quantification (VTQ) technique in diagnosing Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) and in distinguishing various HT-related thyroid dysfunctions. Two hundred HT patients and 100 healthy volunteers (the control group) were enrolled. The diagnostic performance of VTQ in predicting HT was calculated as the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AZ ). The HT patients were further classified into three subgroups on the basis of serologic tests of thyroid function: hyperthyroidism, euthyroidism and hypothyroidism...
March 16, 2018: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Woo-Keun Seo, Chang-Woon Choi, Chi Kyung Kim, Kyungmi Oh
The purpose of this study was to validate the feasibility of contrast-enhanced transcranial Doppler sonography (CE-TCCD) in the diagnosis of Moyamoya disease (MMD). CE-TCCD data on patients with MMD were analyzed. The CE-TCCD data were classified qualitatively into four patterns by two independent investigators: normal vascular color Doppler signal (pattern 1), augmented color Doppler signal with identifiable vascular structure (pattern 2), confluent color Doppler signal filling more than two-thirds of the display frame without identifiable vascular structure (pattern 3) and confluent color Doppler signal filling full display (pattern 4)...
March 15, 2018: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Jiakai Tian, Liang Xu
The aim of this study was to determine whether twinkling artifact (TA) detected on color Doppler ultrasonography can effectively determine the presence of pleural calcification compared with computed tomography (CT) and differentiate tuberculous pleuritis (TP) and cancerous pleuritis (CP). One hundred six cases of TP and 26 cases of CP were scanned using gray-scale ultrasonography (GSU) and TA to determine the presence of pleural calcification. With CT as the reference standard, 63.3% and 79.6% of patients with pleural calcification were identified with GSU and TA, respectively...
March 14, 2018: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Wei-Hao Liao, Chueh-Hung Wu, Wen-Shiang Chen
Sonoporation, the use of ultrasound to alter the permeability of cell membranes, is a non-viral technique used to facilitate gene delivery, possibly by opening transient pores in the cell membrane. However, sonoporation may have negative bio-effects on cells, such as causing apoptosis, which limits its efficacy in gene delivery. In this study, we investigated whether pre-treatment with either L-carnitine or piracetam could protect cells from undergoing apoptosis after sonoporation and the possible mechanisms...
March 14, 2018: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Federico Moccetti, Craig C Weinkauf, Brian P Davidson, J Todd Belcik, Edmund R Marinelli, Evan Unger, Jonathan R Lindner
The aim of this study was to evaluate a panel of endothelium-targeted microbubble (MB) ultrasound contrast agents bearing small peptide ligands as a human-ready approach for molecular imaging of markers of high-risk atherosclerotic plaque. Small peptide ligands with established affinity for human P-selectin, VCAM-1, LOX-1 and von Willebrand factor (VWF) were conjugated to the surface of lipid-stabilized MBs. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) molecular imaging of the thoracic aorta was performed in wild-type and gene-targeted mice with advanced atherosclerosis (DKO)...
March 13, 2018: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Qian Li, Min Hu, Zhikui Chen, Changtian Li, Xi Zhang, Yiqing Song, Feixiang Xiang
This meta-analysis aimed to compare the diagnostic performance of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS), conventional ultrasound (US) combined with CEUS (US + CEUS) and US for distinguishing breast lesions. From thorough literature research, studies that compared the diagnostic performance of CEUS versus US or US + CEUS versus US, using pathology results as the gold standard, were included. A total of 10 studies were included, of which 9 compared the diagnostic performance of CEUS and US, and 5 studies compared US + CEUS and US...
March 9, 2018: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Yu-Qing Guo, Xin-Hong Liao, Zhi-Xian Li, Yuan-Yuan Chen, Si-Da Wang, Ji-Han Wang, Xian-Shan Liao, Yuan Luo
A retrospective study was carried out to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy and the factors influencing the diagnostic accuracy of 648 procedures of ultrasound-guided percutaneous needle biopsy (PNB) for peripheral pulmonary lesions (PPLs). We reviewed the histopathology results, the clinical records and the procedure reports of these 648 biopsies and the final diagnoses of 637 PPLs to determine the diagnostic accuracy of ultrasound-guided PNB. Factors that influenced the diagnostic accuracy were assessed by analysis of the biopsy procedures, which were classified as diagnostic cases (true-positive and true-negative) and non-diagnostic cases (false-positive, false-negative and indeterminate)...
March 8, 2018: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Jeremy Robertson, Sid Becker
The exposure of the skin to low-frequency (20-100 kHz) ultrasound is a well-established method for increasing its permeability to drugs. The mechanism underlying this permeability increase has been found to be inertial cavitation within the coupling fluid. This study investigated the influence of acoustic reflections on the inertial cavitation dose during low-frequency (20 kHz) exposure in an in vitro skin sonoporation setup. This investigation was conducted using a passive cavitation detector that monitored the broadband noise emission within a modified Franz diffusion cell...
March 8, 2018: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Martin Loynaz Prieto, Kamyar Firouzi, Butrus T Khuri-Yakub, Merritt Maduke
Ultrasound (US) can modulate the electrical activity of the excitable tissues, but the mechanisms underlying this effect are not understood at the molecular level or in terms of the physical modality through which US exerts its effects. Here, we report an experimental system that allows for stable patch-clamp recording in the presence of US at 43 MHz, a frequency known to stimulate neural activity. We describe the effects of US on two ion channels proposed to be involved in the response of excitable cells to US: the mechanosensitive Piezo1 channel and the voltage-gated sodium channel NaV 1...
March 7, 2018: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Reiko Ashida, Ken-Ichi Kawabata, Takashi Maruoka, Kazuhiro Yamanaka, Hideki Yoshikawa, Tatsuya Ioka, Kazuhiro Katayama, Sachiko Tanaka
Bubble-seeded histotripsy (BSH) is a newly developed ultrasound-based mechanical fractionation technique using locally injected phase change nanodroplets (PCNDs) as sensitizers. The PCNDs are a kind of microbubble precursor compressed into submicron-size in droplets form, which were designed for local administration and will expand into microbubbles under ultrasound exposure. Previously, we reported that a combination of PCNDs injection and pulsed high-intensity focused ultrasound (pHIFU) with an acoustic intensity as low as about 3 kW/cm2 at 1...
March 7, 2018: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Wen-Qi Yang, Shan Mou, Li Xu, Feng-Hua Li, Hong-Li Li
The goal of the study described here was to evaluate the degree of tubulointerstitial injury in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) using a more accurate model that combines renal sonographic parameters and laboratory biomarkers. A total of 308 patients were enrolled. The study protocol included conventional ultrasound, contrast-enhanced ultrasonography and renal biopsy. CKD patients were divided into normal and mild (≤25%), moderate (26%-50%) and severe (>50%) tubulointerstitial injury groups. We created a model comprising peak intensity, time to peak, urinary retinol-binding protein and β2 -microglobulin that could discriminate severe (>50%) tubulointerstitial injury...
March 1, 2018: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Jie Yang, Yang Hua, Xiang Li, Mingjie Gao, Qiuping Li, Beibei Liu, Liqun Jiao
This study aimed to determine the optimal criteria for evaluating basilar artery stenosis (BAS) by transcranial color-coded sonography (TCCS). A total of 403 cases with both TCCS and digital subtraction angiography (DSA) were enrolled. Peak systolic velocity (PSV), end diastolic velocity (EDV) and mean flow velocity (MFV) of the basilar artery (BA), intracranial vertebral artery (IVA) and posterior cerebral artery (PCA) were measured. The ratios PSVBA /PSVIVA and PSVBA /PSVPCA were calculated. With DSA as the reference, the optimal criteria for grading BAS were determined by receiver operating characteristic analysis...
March 1, 2018: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Oliver Klein-Wiele, Walied Sherifa, Marietta Garmer, Kaffer Kara, Dietrich Grönemeyer, Birgit Hailer
Adenosine induces coronary vasodilation and simultaneously reduces splanchnic perfusion. This effect can be absent in adenosine non-responders. Imaging of splanchnic arteries under adenosine assessing this effect has not been performed in humans previously. In 26 patients, splenic artery color Doppler was performed during an infusion of adenosine. Peak velocity in the splenic artery was measured before the infusion and at 2 min. Results were compared qualitatively with perfusion imaging in magnetic resonance...
March 1, 2018: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Dianne Daniels, Shirley Sharabi, David Last, David Guez, Sharona Salomon, Zion Zivli, David Castel, Alex Volovick, Javier Grinfeld, Itay Rachmilevich, Talia Amar, Sigal Liraz-Zaltsman, Narek Sargsyan, Yael Mardor, Sagi Harnof
The goal of this study was to determine the feasibility of focused ultrasound-based neuromodulation affecting auditory evoked potentials (AEPs) in animals. Focused ultrasound-induced suppression of AEPs was performed in 22 rats and 5 pigs: Repetitive sounds were produced, and the induced AEPs were recorded before and repeatedly after FUS treatment of the auditory pathway. All treated animals exhibited a decrease in AEP amplitude post-treatment in contrast to animals undergoing the sham treatment. Suppression was weaker for rats treated at 2...
February 28, 2018: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Kentaro Otani, Hirohito Nishimura, Atsunori Kamiya, Mariko Harada-Shiba
The usefulness of ultrasound molecular imaging with αv β3 integrin-targeted microbubbles for detecting tumor angiogenesis has been demonstrated. Recently, we developed αv β3 integrin-targeted microbubbles by modifying clinically available microbubbles (Sonazoid, Daiichi-Sankyo Pharmaceuticals, Tokyo, Japan) with a secreted glycoprotein (lactadherin). The aims of our present study were to simplify the preparation of lactadherin-bearing Sonazoid and to examine the diagnostic utility of lactadherin-bearing Sonazoid for αv β3 integrin-expressing tumor vessels by using SK-OV-3-tumor-bearing mice...
February 28, 2018: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Fan Li, Yang Liu, Yingyu Cai, Xin Li, Min Bai, Ting Sun, Lianfang Du
This study investigated the impact of ultrasound (US) irradiation on the hepatic differentiation of human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs) induced by hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and the possible mechanisms. We treated hBMSCs, using HGF with and without US irradiation. Cell viability and stem cell surface markers were analyzed. Hepatocyte-like cell markers and functional markers including α-fetoprotein (αFP/AFP), cytokeratin 18 (CK18), albumin (ALB) and glycogen content were analyzed at the time point of day 1, 3 and 5 after treatment...
February 28, 2018: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Caixia Jia, Lin Xu, Tao Han, Ping Cai, Alfred C H Yu, Peng Qin
To develop and realize sonoporation-based macromolecule delivery, it is important to understand the underlying cellular bioeffects involved. It is known that an appropriate level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) is necessary to maintain normal physiologic function, but excessive ROS triggers adverse downstream bioeffects. However, it is still unclear whether a relationship exists between intracellular ROS levels and sonoporation. Using a customized platform for 1.5-MHz ultrasound exposure (13.33 µs duration and 0...
February 27, 2018: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Xiang Zhang, Xiaoqin Qian, Chao Tao, Xiaojun Liu
Anesthesia monitoring is extremely important in improving the quality of anesthesia and ensuring the safety of patients in operation. Photoacoustic microscopy (PAM) is proposed to in vivo image the skin microvasculature of 10 nude mice undergoing general anesthesia by using the isoflurane gas with a concentration of 3%. Benefiting from strong optical absorption of hemoglobin, PAM has good contrast and high resolution in mapping of microvasculature. A series of high quality images can clearly reveal the subtle changes of capillaries in morphology over time...
February 27, 2018: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
John H Lee, Duane S Boning, Brian W Anthony
Concentration measurement of particles in suspension is an important procedure performed in biological and clinical laboratories. Existing methods based on instruments such as hemocytometers, Coulter counters and flow cytometers are often laborious, destructive and incapable of in vivo measurements. On the other hand, an ultrasound-based method can be non-destructive and non-invasive and have the potential for in vivo measurement. In this work, a method is presented that estimates absolute particle concentration from high-frequency B-mode ultrasound images of a sample...
February 23, 2018: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Dongmo Wang, Kai Zhu, Jiawei Tian, Ziyao Li, Guoqing Du, Qiang Guo, Tong Wu, Juan Li
The purpose of this study was to analyze the clinicopathological and ultrasound characteristics of triple-negative breast cancers (TNBCs) and compare these findings with those for hormone receptor-positive (HR-positive)/human epidermal growth factor receptor-2-negative (HER-2-negative) tumors. Seventy-five TNBCs and 135 HR-positive/HER-2-negative breast cancers were reviewed. Data from conventional ultrasound, Doppler vascularity and elastography were included in the analysis. TNBCs had a higher histologic grade and Ki-67 level...
February 23, 2018: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
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