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Archives of Microbiology

Ingrid R Caton, Todd M Caton, Mark A Schneegurt
Small streams exert great influences on the retention and attenuation of nitrogen (N) within stream networks. Human land use can lead to increased transport of dissolved inorganic N compounds and downstream eutrophication. Microbial activity in streams is important for maintaining an actively functioning N cycle. Chronically high N loading in streams affects the rates of the central processes of the N cycle by increasing rates of nitrification and denitrification, with biota exhibiting decreased efficiency of N use...
January 15, 2018: Archives of Microbiology
Krupa M Parmar, Nishant A Dafale, Hitesh Tikariha, Hemant J Purohit
Combating bacterial pathogens has become a global concern especially when the antibiotics and chemical agents are failing to control the spread due to its resistance. Bacteriophages act as a safe biocontrol agent by selectively lysing the bacterial pathogens without affecting the natural beneficial microflora. The present study describes the screening of prominent enteric pathogens NDK1, NDK2, NDK3, and NDK4 (Escherichia, Klebsiella, Enterobacter, and Serratia) mostly observed in domestic wastewater; against which KNP1, KNP2, KNP3, and KNP4 phages were isolated...
January 12, 2018: Archives of Microbiology
Lin Xu, Yong Zhang, Osama Abdalla Mohamad, Chenying Jiang, Ville-Petri Friman
A Gram-stain-negative strain, 23-3-2T, was isolated from a nodule of Thermopsis lanceolate grown in Northwest China. Phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that the strain was closely related to Mesorhizobium camelthorni CCNWXJ 40-4T and M. alhagi CCNWXJ 12-2T having 98.0 and 97.9% similarities, respectively. Phylogenetic analysis based on the protein-coding genes atpD and glnA showed lower similarity with the same closely related species (94.5 and 89.9%, respectively), which suggest that 23-3-2T strain represents a distinctly delineated genospecies of the genus Mesorhizobium...
December 26, 2017: Archives of Microbiology
Anique Godjo, Leonard Afouda, Hugues Baimey, Wilfrida Decraemer, Anne Willems
The diversity of 43 bacterial strains isolated from Beninese entomopathogenic nematodes was investigated molecularly by analyzing the 16S rRNA, recA, and gyrB genes. Based on 16S rRNA sequence analysis, 15 bacterial strains were identified as Xenorhabdus sp., 27 strains as Photorhabdus sp., and one as Serratia sp. The Xenorhabdus strains were isolated from Steinernema nematodes and identified as Xenorhabdus indica based on 16S rRNA gene and concatenated recA and gyrB sequence analysis. However, analysis of 16S rRNA and concatenated recA and gyrB gene sequences of the Photorhabdus strains, all isolated from Heterorhabditis nematodes, resulted in two separate sub-clusters (A) and (B) within the Photorhabdus luminescens group, distinct from the existing subspecies...
December 21, 2017: Archives of Microbiology
Md Amdadul Huq
A novel bacterial strain, named MAH-7T, was isolated from a soil sample of a Korean sweet gourd garden and was characterized using a polyphasic approach. Cells were Gram-staining negative, orange colored, non-motile and rod shaped. The strain was aerobic and catalase, oxidase positive, optimum growth temperature and pH were 28-30 °C and 7.0, respectively. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain MAH-7T belongs to the genus Chryseobacterium and is most closely related to Chryseobacterium formosense CC-H3-2T (97...
December 20, 2017: Archives of Microbiology
Tong Hu, Yishuang Zhang, Yanhua Cui, Chunyu Zhao, Xu Jiang, Xirong Zhu, Yu Wang, Xiaojun Qu
Streptococcus thermophilus is one of the economically most representatives of lactic acid bacteria, which is widely used as a starter to produce fermented milk products. In this study, 22 S. thermophilus strains were isolated from 26 fermented milk samples. Most isolates showed the ability to ferment a broad range of carbohydrates. Interestingly, eight strains are galactose positive, which is a desirable property in various industrial dairy fermentations. Four different nucleotide sequences were found in the galR-galK intergenic regions...
December 13, 2017: Archives of Microbiology
Leyla Tahrani, Ines Mehri, Tim Reyns, Roel Anthonissen, Luc Verschaeve, Anis Bel Haj Khalifa, Joris Van Loco, Hassen Abdenaceur, Hedi Ben Mansour
The UPLC MS/MS analysis showed the presence of the two antibiotics in the pharmaceutical industry discharges during 3 months; norfloxacin and spiramycin which were quantified with the mean concentrations of 226.7 and 84.2 ng mL-1, respectively. Sixteen resistant isolates were obtained from the pharmaceutical effluent and identified by sequencing. These isolates belong to different genera, namely Citrobacter, Acinetobacter, Pseudomonas, Delftia, Shewanella, and Rheinheimera. The antibiotic resistance phenotypes of these isolates were determined (27 tested antibiotics-discs)...
December 11, 2017: Archives of Microbiology
Anhui Chen, Yulong Wang, Ying Shao, Qiumei Zhou, Shanglong Chen, Yonghua Wu, Hongwei Chen, Enqi Liu
The ascomycete fungus Beauveria bassiana is a natural pathogen of hundreds of insect species and is commercially produced as an environmentally friendly mycoinsecticide. Many genes involved in fungal insecticide infection have been identified but few have been further explored. In this study, we constructed three transcriptomes of B. bassiana at 24, 48 and 72 h post infection of insect pests (BbI) or control (BbC). There were 3148, 3613 and 4922 genes differentially expressed at 24, 48 and 72 h post BbI/BbC infection, respectively...
December 6, 2017: Archives of Microbiology
Misho Kawata, Ami Tsukamoto, Ryohei Isozaki, Shohei Nobukawa, Natsuki Kawahara, Shoko Akutsu, Masato Suzuki, Narito Asanuma
A Gram-positive, obligately anaerobic, oval-rod shaped, non-spore-forming, and non-pigmented bacterium, designated strain NATH-2371T (= JCM31739T = DSM105698T), was isolated from dog feces. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed that strain NATH-2371T belongs to Clostridium cluster XIVa, and the closest strains were Coprococcus comes ATCC 27758T (94.8% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity) and Clostridium nexile DSM 1787T (94.0%). Strain NATH-2371T produced acetate, formate, and ethanol from glucose...
December 4, 2017: Archives of Microbiology
Thobela Conco, Sheena Kumari, Thor Stenström, Faizal Bux
Occurrence of epibiont attachment on filamentous bacteria is a common phenomenon in activated sludge. In this study, an attempt has been made to elucidate the intrinsic nature of the attachment between the epibionts and filamentous bacteria based on microscopic observations. Characterization of the epiflora based on fluorescence in situ hybridization using group level probes revealed that the epibionts colonizing these filamentous bacteria largely belongs to the class Alphaproteobacteria, followed by Beta and Gammaproteobacteria...
December 2, 2017: Archives of Microbiology
Marcela López, Laudy-Viviana Quitian, Martha-Nancy Calderón, Carlos-Y Soto
P1B-type ATPases are involved in heavy metal transport across the plasma membrane. Some Mycobacterium tuberculosis P-type ATPases are induced during infection, suggesting that this type of transporter could play a critical role in mycobacterial survival. To date, the ion specificity of M. tuberculosis heavy metal-transporting P1B-ATPases is not well understood. In this work, we observed that, although divalent heavy metal cations such as Cu2+, Co2+, Ni2+, Zn2+ Cd2+ and Pb2+ stimulate the ATPase activity of the putative P1B-type ATPase CtpG in the plasma membrane, whole cells of M...
December 2, 2017: Archives of Microbiology
Chandrika Attri, Swati, Saurabh Kulshrestha
Rosellinia necatrix: causing root rot disease is a very destructive pathogen of woody plants and is responsible for yield losses to a large number of fruit trees. The genetic analysis of this pathogen has not been picked up because of difficulty in generating mutations in Rosellinia necatrix for many reasons. A number of methods have been proposed for inducing mutations in Rosellinia necatrix but none of them proved worth because of very low transformation efficiencies. Here, we propose an efficient method for Rosellinia necatrix protoplast production, where protoplasts in the tune of 107 per ml can be easily generated...
December 2, 2017: Archives of Microbiology
Wen-Ming Chen, Pei-Bei Xie, Sen-Lin Tang, Shih-Yi Sheu
A bacterial strain, designated Sty a-1T, was isolated from a reef-building coral Stylophora sp., collected off coast of Southern Taiwan and characterized using the polyphasic taxonomy approach. Cells of strain Sty a-1T were Gram-staining-negative, aerobic, poly-β-hydroxybutyrate accumulating, motile by means of flagella, non-spore forming, straight rod-shaped and colonies were yellow and circular. Growth occurred at 15-40 °C (optimum, 30-35 °C), at pH 6-10 (optimum, pH 6.5-8) and with 0-7% NaCl (optimum, 2-3%)...
November 30, 2017: Archives of Microbiology
Prashant Kumar Singh, Mengmeng Tang, Sudhir Kumar, Alok Kumar Shrivastava
Cadmium is a non-essential toxic heavy metal for organisms, including plants and cyanobacteria. Cadmium resistance transporters involved in resistance of cells against various toxicants such as drugs and effluxes cytotoxic compounds from cells. However, cadmium resistance-associated protein (CadD) has never been reported from a diazotrophic cyanobacterium Anabaena sp. To test whether the hypothetical protein All3255 of Anabaena sp. PCC7120 a homolog of cadmium resistance-associated protein (CadD) involved in cadmium or heavy metal resistance or not, cloning and heterologous expression analysis of all3255 performed in Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3)...
November 30, 2017: Archives of Microbiology
Aafreen Fathima, Jonnalagadda Raghava Rao
The objective of this work is to detect the mode of damage caused by Cr(III), one of the widely used industrial pollutant on Bacillus subtilis-industrial strain 168 and Escherichia coli MTCC 40. Bioassays are very sensitive, precise, economical and rapid for detecting early stages of pollution. The detrimental effect of trivalent chromium becomes clear from the growth profile and growth inhibition studies. Mode of action of damage by trivalent chromium in bacterial model was found to be oxidative, as chromium is one of the redox active metals...
November 30, 2017: Archives of Microbiology
Jaewoo Yoon, Min Kyoung Choi, Sang-Jip Nam
A Gram-stain-negative, strictly aerobic, yellow-colored, rod-shaped, chemoheterotrophic bacterium, designated SNA426T, was isolated from marine soil in the Republic of Korea. Preliminary analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed that the novel marine isolate was affiliated with the family Flavobacteriaceae of phylum Bacteroidetes and that it shared the highest (96.2%) sequence similarity with Gillisia mitskevichiae KMM 6034T. The strain could be differentiated phenotypically from related members of the family Flavobacteriaceae...
November 29, 2017: Archives of Microbiology
Jingxin Li, Yushan Han, Wei Guo, Qian Wang, Shuijiao Liao, Gejiao Wang
A Gram-staining negative, aerobic, non-motile, rod-shaped bacterial strain, designated YS-37T, was isolated from soil in a manganese factory, People's Republic of China. Based on16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain YS-37T was most closely related to Lysobacter pocheonensis Gsoil 193T (97.0%), Lysobacter dokdonensis DS-58T (96.0%) and Lysobacter daecheongensis Dae08T (95.8%) and grouped together with L. pocheonensis Gsoil 193T and Lysobacter dokdonensis DS-58T. The DNA-DNA hybridization value between strain YS-37T and L...
November 29, 2017: Archives of Microbiology
Weilan Li, Leonid N Ten, Seung-Yeol Lee, Dong Hoon Lee, Hee-Young Jung
A Gram-negative, non-motile, rod-shaped, aerobic bacterial strain, designated S2-3-6T, was isolated from soil in Jeollabuk-do province, South Korea, and was characterized taxonomically using a polyphasic approach. According to a comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain S2-3-6T belonged to the family Cytophagaceae and was most closely related to Spirosoma endophyticum EX36T (98.2%), Spirosoma fluviale MSd3T (96.0%), and Spirosoma linguale DSM 74T (95.7%). Strain S2-3-6T contained summed feature 3 (C16:1 ω7c/C16:1 ω6c), C16:1 ω5c, and C16:0 N alcohol as major cellular fatty acids, MK-7 as the predominant respiratory quinone, and phosphatidylethanolamine as the main polar lipid...
November 29, 2017: Archives of Microbiology
Monika Yadav, Manoj Kumar Verma, Nar Singh Chauhan
The human gut contains a plethora of microbes, providing a platform for metabolic interaction between the host and microbiota. Metabolites produced by the gut microbiota act as a link between gut microbiota and its host. These metabolites act as messengers having the capacity to alter the gut microbiota. Recent advances in the characterization of the gut microbiota and its symbiotic relationship with the host have provided a platform to decode metabolic interactions. The human gut microbiota, a crucial component for dietary metabolism, is shaped by the genetic, epigenetic and dietary factors...
November 29, 2017: Archives of Microbiology
Hui-Lin Guan, Yun-Jiao Zhang, Xiao-Ju Lu, Man Jia, Zheng-Yun Zhang, Xu-Hong Gao, Yong-Chun Ma, Fei Tian, Shu-Kun Tang
A novel Gram-staining positive, moderately halophilic, endospore-forming, motile, rod-shaped and strictly aerobic strain, designated YIM 93565T, was isolated from a salt lake in Xinjiang province of China and subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic study. Strain YIM 93565T grew in the range of pH 6.0-9.0 (optimum pH 7.0), 10-45 °C (optimum 35-40 °C) and at salinities of 2-24% (w/v) NaCl (optimum 7-10%). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain YIM 93565T clustered with members of the genera Gracilibacillus and form a clade with Gracilibacillus bigeumensis KCTC 13130T (95...
November 28, 2017: Archives of Microbiology
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