Read by QxMD icon Read

Archives of Microbiology

Abigail Savietto, Carlos Roberto Polaquini, Malgorzata Kopacz, Dirk-Jan Scheffers, Beatriz Carvalho Marques, Luís Octavio Regasini, Henrique Ferreira
Asiatic citrus canker (ACC) is an incurable disease of citrus plants caused by the Gram-negative bacterium Xanthomonas citri subsp. citri (X. citri). It affects all the commercially important citrus varieties in the major orange producing areas around the world. Control of the pathogen requires recurrent sprays of copper formulations that accumulate in soil and water reservoirs. Here, we describe the improvement of the alkyl gallates, which are potent anti-X. citri compounds, intended to be used as alternatives to copper in the control of ACC...
March 10, 2018: Archives of Microbiology
Zong-Sheng Yuan, Fang Liu, Bao-Gui Xie, Guo-Fang Zhang
The research results of the growth-promoting effects of endophytic bacteria on Phyllostachys edulis indicated that the growth-promoting endophytic bacteria could improve photosynthesis in P. edulis leaves. The photosynthetic rate, transpiration rate, and the stomatal conductance in P. edulis treated with endophytic bacteria were all higher than in the control group. Endophytic bacteria could also increase the chlorophyll content and the protective enzyme activities in P. edulis, improving their reactions to the adverse environmental conditions...
March 10, 2018: Archives of Microbiology
Dmitriy V Volokhov, Megan Amselle, Sonya Bodeis-Jones, Pierluigi Delmonte, Shuping Zhang, Maureen K Davidson, Frances M Gulland, Vladimir E Chizhikov
Three independent strains of Neisseria sp. were isolated from the oral cavity of California sea lions (Zalophus californianus) that were admitted to The Marine Mammal Center facilities in California, USA. The strains were isolated from oral swabs by cultivation on Trypticase Soy agar with 5% sheep blood under aerobic conditions. The 16S rRNA gene sequence of these three strains shared 99% similarity, but demonstrated only 97-98% nucleotide similarity to the phylogenetically closest relatives such as N. canis, N...
March 5, 2018: Archives of Microbiology
Esra Deniz Candan
The aim of this study is to investigate the fungal diversity of green turtle nests and to examine phylogenetic relationships among these isolates. During the nesting season, samples of intra-nest sand and failed eggs were collected from 25% of the surviving nests in Sugözü Beaches, which are amongst the most important nesting beaches for endangered green turtles in the Mediterranean. Twenty-three fungi were identified by molecular techniques. Fungal isolates belonged to genera Aspergillus, Emericella, Rhizopus, Actinomucor and Apophysomyces with two undescribed species...
February 26, 2018: Archives of Microbiology
Bin Li, Xiaoxuan Wang, Jie Chen, He Liu, Khattak Arif Ali, Yanli Wang, Wen Qiu, Guochang Sun
Acidovorax oryzae (Ao) cause bacterial brown stripe in rice that result in great economic loss. However, the pathogenic mechanism of this rice bacterial pathogen still remains unclear. Interestingly, transcriptomic and proteomic analysis of in vivo infection indicate that the pathogenicity of Ao strain RS-1 may be associated with the type six secretion system (T6SS), which was identified by in silico comparative genomic analysis in our previous studies. This makes it necessary to further examine the role of each core component of T6SS in the pathogenicity of Ao strain RS-1 to rice plants...
February 24, 2018: Archives of Microbiology
Tomas Linder
Thirty-nine strains of ascomycete yeasts representing 35 species and 33 genera were tested for their ability to grow on solid agar medium containing increasing concentrations of the chitin-binding dye Congo red. Six strains were classified as hypersensitive (weak or no growth at 10 mg/l Congo red), five were moderately sensitive (weak or no growth at 50 mg/l), three were moderately tolerant (weak or no growth at 100 mg/l), while the remaining 25 strains were classified as resistant (robust growth at ≥ 100 mg/l) with 20 of these strains classified as hyper-resistant (robust growth at 200 mg/l)...
February 23, 2018: Archives of Microbiology
Brenda Román-Ponce, Juan Ramos-Garza, Ivan Arroyo-Herrera, Jessica Maldonado-Hernández, Yanelly Bahena-Osorio, María Soledad Vásquez-Murrieta, En Tao Wang
Arsenic contamination is an important environmental problem around the world since its high toxicity, and bacteria resist to this element serve as valuable resource for its bioremediation. Aiming at searching the arsenic-resistant bacteria and determining their resistant mechanism, a total of 27 strains isolated from roots of Prosopis laevigata and Spharealcea angustifolia grown in a heavy metal-contaminated region in Mexico were investigated. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and transformation abilities of arsenate (As5+ ) and arsenite (As3+ ), arsenophore synthesis, arsenate uptake, and cytoplasmatic arsenate reductase (arsC), and arsenite transporter (arsB) genes were studied for these strains...
February 23, 2018: Archives of Microbiology
Young Ho Nam, Ahyoung Choi, Jung Moon Hwang, Kyung June Yim, Jee-Hwan Kim, Gang-Guk Choi, Eu Jin Chung
A Gram-negative, aerobic, motile, and rod-shaped bacterial strain designated CR182T was isolated from freshwater of the Nakdong River, Republic of Korea. Optimal growth conditions for this novel strain were found to be: 25-30 °C, pH 6.5-8.5, and 3% (w/v) NaCl. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequence indicates that the strain CR182T belongs to type strains of genus Paucibacter. Strain CR182T showed 98.0% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity with Paucibacter oligotrophus CHU3T and formed a robust phylogenetic clade with this species...
February 21, 2018: Archives of Microbiology
Cindy Staerck, Charlotte Godon, Jean-Philippe Bouchara, Maxime J J Fleury
Scedosporium species are opportunistic pathogens causing a great variety of infections in both immunocompetent and immunocompromised individuals. The Scedosporium genus ranks the second among the filamentous fungi colonizing the airways of patients with cystic fibrosis (CF), after Aspergillus fumigatus, and most species are capable to chronically colonize the respiratory tract of these patients. Nevertheless, few data are available regarding evasion of the inhaled conidia to the host immune response. Upon microbial infection, macrophages and neutrophils release reactive oxygen species (ROS)...
February 20, 2018: Archives of Microbiology
Ting Gao, Xian-Yang Shi
The present study investigated the endophytic bacterial communities in the seeds of mature, natural common reed (Phragmites australis) and narrowleaf cattail (Typha angustifolia L.). Additionally, seed endophytic bacterial communities were compared with rhizospheric and root endophytic bacterial communities using Illumina-based sequencing. Seed endophytic bacterial communities were dominated by Proteobacteria (reed, 41.24%; cattail, 45.51%), followed by Bacteroidetes (reed, 12.01%; cattail, 10.41%), Planctomycetes (reed, 10...
February 17, 2018: Archives of Microbiology
Are Nylund, Dario Pistone, Christiane Trösse, Steffen Blindheim, Linda Andersen, Heidrun Plarre
Candidatus Syngnamydia salmonis (Chlamydiales, Simkaniaceae) was described as an epitheliocystis-causing bacterium from the gills of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) in Norway. A bacterium showing 99.2% 16S rRNA identity to Cand. S. salmonis is able to multiply in Paramoeba perurans and based on the classification criteria this bacterium could represent the same species as Cand. S. salmonis. Sequencing the genome of the cultured bacterium has made it possible to fulfill the minimal standards for genetic characterization of species within the order Chlamydiales...
February 17, 2018: Archives of Microbiology
Wen-Ming Chen, Yi-Ling Chen, Yi-Shu Li, Shih-Yi Sheu
Strain TTM-94T, isolated from a water sample taken from the Caohu River in Taiwan, was characterized using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. Cells of strain TTM-94Twere Gram-staining-negative, aerobic, poly-β-hydroxybutyrate-accumulating, motile by a single polar flagellum, short rod-shaped and surrounded by a thick capsule and it formed cream colored colonies. Growth occurred at 20-30 °C (optimum, 30 °C), at pH 6.0-8.0 (optimum, pH 6.0), and in the presence of 0-2% NaCl (optimum 0.5%). Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain TTM-94Tbelonged to the genus Aquincola in the Rubrivivax-Roseateles-Leptothrix-Ideonella-Aquabacterium branch of the class Betaproteobacteria and its most closely related neighbour was Aquincola tertiaricarbonis L10Twith sequence similarity of 97...
February 13, 2018: Archives of Microbiology
Suhas Ballal, Shashikala R Inamdar
Infections due to microfungi are of serious concern in many parts of the world. Many species of microfungi are known to cause systemic infection in human beings. Pathogenic microorganisms employ various molecular strategies for colonizing a susceptible host. Recent studies have shown the importance of lectins from microfungi that enable the pathogen to interact with the host, resulting in host immune response. These fungal lectins or adhesins show specific affinities to the glycans present on the membrane proteins or lipids...
February 13, 2018: Archives of Microbiology
S de Los Santos-Villalobos, J M Kremer, F I Parra-Cota, A C Hayano-Kanashiro, L F García-Ortega, S K Gunturu, J M Tiedje, S Y He, J J Peña-Cabriales
Burkholderia anthina XXVI is a rhizosphere bacterium isolated from a mango orchard in Mexico. This strain has a significant biological control activity against the causal agent of mango anthracnose, Colletotrichum gloeosporioides, likely through the production of siderophores and other secondary metabolites. Here, we present a draft genome sequence of B. anthina XXVI (approximately 7.7 Mb; and G + C content of 67.0%), with the aim of gaining insight into the genomic basis of antifungal modes of action, ecological success as a biological control agent, and full biosynthetic potential...
February 10, 2018: Archives of Microbiology
Johannes F Imhoff, Tanja Rahn, Sven Künzel, Sven C Neulinger
Rhodopila globiformis: is the most acidophilic anaerobic anoxygenic phototrophic purple bacterium and was isolated from a warm acidic sulfur spring in Yellowstone Park. Its genome is larger than genomes of other phototrophic purple bacteria, containing 7248 Mb with a G + C content of 67.1% and 6749 protein coding and 53 RNA genes. The genome revealed some previously unknown properties such as the presence of two sets of structural genes pufLMC for the photosynthetic reaction center genes and two types of nitrogenases (Mo-Fe and V-Fe nitrogenase), capabilities of autotrophic carbon dioxide fixation and denitrification using nitrite...
February 8, 2018: Archives of Microbiology
Yazen Yaseen, Awa Diop, Frédérique Gancel, Max Béchet, Philippe Jacques, Djamel Drider
Bacillus subtilis is a wealth source of lipopeptide molecules such as iturins, surfactins and fengycins or plipastatins endowed with a range of biological activities. These molecules, designated secondary metabolites, are synthesized via non-ribosomal peptides synthesis (NRPS) machinery and are most often subjected to a complex regulation with involvement of several regulatory factors. To gain novel insights on mechanism regulating fengycin production, we investigated the effect of the fascinating polynucleotide phosphorylase (PNPase), as well as the effect of lipopeptide surfactin...
February 8, 2018: Archives of Microbiology
Noëlle H O'Driscoll, T P Tim Cushnie, Kerr H Matthews, Andrew J Lamb
Whilst colistin (polymyxin E) represents the last mainstream treatment option for multidrug-resistant Gram-negative pathogens, details of its mechanism of action remain to be fully resolved. In this study, the effects of sub-inhibitory, inhibitory-bactericidal, and supra-bactericidal levels of colistin on the membrane integrity and morphology of Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa were investigated using potassium loss, flow cytometry, and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Supra-bactericidal colistin concentrations induced just 4-12% intracellular potassium loss from bacteria after 24 h...
February 8, 2018: Archives of Microbiology
Mohammed Tahar Boubezari, Tayeb Idoui, Riadh Hammami, Benoît Fernandez, Ahmed Gomaa, Ismail Fliss
The aim of this study was to isolate and investigate the bacteriocinogenic and probiotic potential of new Gram-negative isolates. Of 22 bacterial isolates from pig intestine and chicken crops, ten isolates had demonstrated a good activity, and the most potent five strains were identified as four E. coli and one as Proteus sp. No virulence factors were detected for E. coli strains isolated from pig intestine. The semi-purified microcins proved to be resistant to temperature and pH variation, but sensitive to proteolytic enzymes...
February 7, 2018: Archives of Microbiology
Gajanan Mehetre, Manan Shah, Syed G Dastager, Mahesh S Dharne
Hot springs support diverse and interesting groups of microorganisms adapted to extreme conditions and gaining attention in biotechnological applications. However, due to limitations of cultivation methods, a majority of such extremophiles remain uncultivated and unexplored. The advent of multiple cultivation conditions and specialized culture media could possibly aid to access the unexplored microbial portion of hot springs. In the present study, different media and isolation strategies were applied to isolate hitherto unexplored bacterial taxa in the water samples collected from Unkeshwar hot springs, India...
February 2, 2018: Archives of Microbiology
Elaine Martins da Costa, Amanda Azarias Guimarães, Teotonio Soares de Carvalho, Tainara Louzada Rodrigues, Paula Rose de Almeida Ribeiro, Liesbeth Lebbe, Anne Willems, Fatima M de Souza Moreira
Three strains of nitrogen-fixing bacteria isolated from nodules of Inga sp. (INPA54BT) and Swartzia sp. (INPA86A and INPA01-91A) in soils under native forest in the Brazilian Amazon were previously identified as belonging to the Bradyrhizobium genus. In this study, these strains were characterized using a polyphasic approach to establish their taxonomic position. The three strains shared more than 99.5% sequence similarity of the 16S rRNA gene with the type strains of five Bradyrhizobium species (B. japonicum USDA 6T, B...
February 2, 2018: Archives of Microbiology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"