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Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30238494/a-qualitative-study-of-attitudes-to-and-perceptions-of-betel-quid-consumption-and-its-oral-health-implications-in-taiwan
#1
Irene Tamí-Maury, Wei-Fen Ma, Mi-Ting Lin, Cheng-Chieh Lin, Ming-Hsiu Tsai, Chia-Ing Li, Tsai-Chung Li, Rosetta Krukrubo, Ellen R Gritz
OBJECTIVES: Betel quid (BQ) chewing is extremely prominent in South and Southeast Asia because it considered by users to be of social, cultural and religious importance. BQ chewing has been recognized as a risk factor for oral premalignant lesions and oral cancer. Because BQ chewing has become a severe health risk in Taiwan, the development of prevention and cessation programmes is essential. The purpose of this study was to explore the attitudes and perceptions associated with BQ consumption and its oral health implications in an attempt to inform the development of health promotion initiatives and BQ cessation efforts in Taiwan, where the dental profession could have a pivotal role in preventing and controlling BQ use among persons at risk...
September 20, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30211446/explaining-oral-health-inequalities-in-european-welfare-state-regimes-the-role-of-health-behaviours
#2
Carol C Guarnizo-Herreño, Richard G Watt, Nathaly Garzón-Orjuela, Georgios Tsakos
OBJECTIVE: To assess the extent to which behavioural factors, including those related to dental care, account for oral health inequalities in different European welfare state regimes. METHODS: Data from the Eurobarometer 2009 survey were analysed. Nationally representative samples of dentate adults aged ≥45 years (n = 9979) from 21 European countries classified into the five welfare regimes (Scandinavian, Anglo-Saxon, Bismarckian, Southern, Eastern) were considered...
September 13, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30211440/parental-factors-in-early-childhood-are-associated-with-approximal-caries-experience-in-young-adults-a-longitudinal-study
#3
Helén Isaksson, Göran Koch, Anita Alm, Mats Nilsson, Lill-Kari Wendt, Dowen Birkhed
OBJECTIVES: To test the hypothesis that parental factors in early childhood influence approximal caries experience in young adults. METHODS: A cohort of 494 individuals was followed longitudinally from 1 to 20 years of age. Data were retrieved from parental interviews and questionnaires when the child was 1 and 3 years of age. At age 20, the participants underwent bitewing radiographic examination. Based on the number of approximal caries lesions (Da), stratified into initial (Di ) or manifest caries (Dm ) and approximal fillings (Fa), the participants were divided into two main groups: those with: (a) 0 Dim Fa (n = 244) and (b) >0 Dim Fa (n = 250)...
September 13, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30187941/responsiveness-to-change-of-the-malay-ecohis-following-treatment-of-early-childhood-caries-under-general-anaesthesia
#4
Nor Azlina Hashim, Zamros Yuzadi Mohd Yusof, Roslan Saub
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the sensitivity and responsiveness of the Malay version of Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (Malay-ECOHIS) to dental treatment of early childhood caries (ECC) under general anaesthesia (GA) and determine the minimally important difference (MID) for the Malay-ECOHIS. METHODS: A sample of 158 preschool children with ECC awaiting dental treatment under GA was recruited over an 8-month period. Parents self-completed the Malay-ECOHIS before and 4 weeks after their child's dental treatment...
September 6, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30187937/oral-health-related-quality-of-life-as-a-predictor-of-subjective-well-being-among-older-adults-a-decade-long-longitudinal-cohort-study
#5
Anna-Luisa Klotz, Benjamin Tauber, Anna-Lena Schubert, Alexander Jochen Hassel, Johannes Schröder, Hans-Werner Wahl, Peter Rammelsberg, Andreas Zenthöfer
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate possible longitudinal associations between oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) and subjective well-being among quinquagenarians and septuagenarians over up to 10 years of clinical observation. METHODS: This research is part of the "Interdisciplinary Study on Adult Development and Aging (ILSE)." All participants lived in an urban region of southwest Germany. One hundred and fifty-two participants born in 1930-1932 (older cohort, OC; n = 54) and 1950-1952 (younger cohort, YC; n = 98) underwent comprehensive psychological, medical and dental examinations at baseline and up to 10 years thereafter...
September 6, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30178518/a-comparison-of-dental-fluorosis-in-adult-populations-with-and-without-lifetime-exposure-to-water-fluoridation
#6
Richard Macey, Martin Tickle, Laura MacKay, Michael McGrady, Iain A Pretty
OBJECTIVES: There is a lack of evidence on the proportion and severity of fluorosis in adult populations exposed and not exposed to fluoridated water over their lifetimes. The aim of this study was to compare the proportion and severity of fluorosis in adults with lifetime exposure to water fluoridation with a nonexposed sample. A secondary aim was to report the gradient of fluorosis severity by age. METHODS: A cross-sectional study recruited a sample with lifetime exposure to water fluoridation and a matched, nonexposed group...
September 4, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30160305/periodontitis-and-multiple-markers-of-cardiometabolic-risk-in-the-fourth-decade-a-cohort-study
#7
Dara M Shearer, W Murray Thomson, Claire M Cameron, Sandhya Ramrakha, Graham Wilson, Tien Yin Wong, Michael J A Williams, Rachael McLean, Reremoana Theodore, Richie Poulton
OBJECTIVES: To examine associations between periodontitis at ages 32 and 38 and a range of early cardiometabolic risk biomarkers at age 38. METHODS: Periodontal probing depth and bleeding on probing data collected during the age-32 and age-38 assessments in the Dunedin Multidisciplinary Health and Development Study were used to quantify periodontal inflammatory load. Retinal microvascular abnormalities, endothelial dysfunction, and metabolic syndrome data were collected during the age-38 assessment...
August 30, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30144146/impact-of-oral-health-literacy-on-self-reported-missing-data-in-epidemiological-research
#8
Ramon Targino Firmino, Fabian Calixto Fraiz, Gisele Ristow Montes, Saul Martins Paiva, Ana Flávia Granville-Garcia, Fernanda Morais Ferreira
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether oral health literacy (OHL) impacts missing data obtained through self-reporting in oral health epidemiological research. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with parents (n = 344) of 4- to 5-year-old children randomly selected from public schools within the city of Curitiba, Brazil. Parental OHL was measured using the Brazilian version of the Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Dentistry (BREALD-30). Parents answered a set of questionnaires comprising 88 items concerning sociodemographic and economic data, children's access to dental services, oral hygiene behaviour, diet and mealtime behaviour...
August 24, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30080268/decomposing-early-and-adult-life-social-position-effects-on-oral-health-and-chronic-diseases-in-a-cross-sectional-study-of-southern-brazil
#9
Édina Vendrame, Mariél de Aquino Goulart, Juliana B Hilgert, Fernando N Hugo, Roger Keller Celeste
OBJECTIVES: As the socio-economic trajectory can influence on individual health during the life course, the aim of this study was to test a model of socio-economic life course effects on chronic diseases, tooth loss and on oral health-related quality of life using structural equation model (SEM) to decompose direct and indirect effects. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed in southern Brazil, within public healthcare users with 18 years old or more (n = 433)...
August 6, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30028027/developmental-defects-of-enamel-increase-caries-susceptibility-in-chinese-preschool-children
#10
Yihong Li, Xi Chen, Shuli Chen, Malvin N Janal, Haim Sarnat
OBJECTIVES: The present epidemiological study aimed to compare the prevalence and severity of developmental defects of enamel (DDE) and dental caries between urban and suburban Chinese preschool children. METHODS: A total of 1351 3- to 6-year-old children were invited to participate in this study and received dental examinations. A modified DDE index was used to assess the prevalence and severity of DDE. The dental caries diagnosis was based on the World Health Organization (WHO) health survey methods for field studies and was recorded using the decayed, missing and filled tooth (dmft) index...
July 20, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30019792/the-impact-of-a-reduction-in-fluoride-concentration-in-the-malaysian-water-supply-on-the-prevalence-of-fluorosis-and-dental-caries
#11
Nor Azlida Mohd Nor, Barbara L Chadwick, Damian J J Farnell, Ivor Gordon Chestnutt
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence and severity of dental fluorosis and caries among Malaysian children following the reduction in fluoride concentration from 0.7 to 0.5 parts per million (ppm) in the public water supply. METHODS: This study involved lifelong residents aged 9- and 12-year-olds in fluoridated and nonfluoridated areas in Malaysia (n = 1155). In the fluoridated area, children aged 12 years and 9 years were exposed to 0.7 and 0.5 ppm, respectively, at the times when maxillary central incisors developed...
July 18, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30019771/a-protocol-for-early-childhood-caries-diagnosis-and-risk-assessment
#12
Robin Wendell Evans, Carlos Alberto Feldens, Prathip Phantunvanit
The global Early Childhood Caries (ECC) burden is of concern to the World Health Organisation (WHO), but the quantification of this burden and risk is unclear, partly due to difficulties in accessing young children for population surveys and partly due to diagnostic criteria for ECC experience. The WHO criterion for caries diagnosis is the late stage event of dentine cavitation. Earlier stages of the caries lesion are clinically detectable and should be registered earlier in the life of children and arrested/remineralized before lesions progress to the cavitation stage...
July 18, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30004138/differential-impact-of-socioeconomic-position-across-life-on-oral-cancer-risk-in-kerala-india-an-investigation-of-life-course-models-under-a-time-varying-framework
#13
Akhil Soman ThekkePurakkal, Ashley I Naimi, Sreenath A Madathil, Shahul H Kumamangalam Puthiyannal, Gopalakrishnan Netuveli, Amanda Sacker, Nicolas F Schlecht, Belinda Nicolau
OBJECTIVES: The incidence of oral cancer has been rapidly increasing in India, calling for evidence contributing to a deeper understanding of its determinants. Although disadvantageous life-course socioeconomic position (SEP) is independently associated with the risk of these cancers, the explanatory mechanisms remain unclear. Possible pathways may be better understood by testing which life-course model most influences oral cancer risk. We estimated the association between life-course SEP and oral cancer risk under three life-course models: critical period, accumulation and social mobility...
July 13, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29971825/root-surface-caries-among-older-australians
#14
Ninuk Hariyani, A John Spencer, Liana Luzzi, Loc Giang Do
OBJECTIVES: Root caries has increased as a clinical problem in recent decades. However, the use of multiple waves of longitudinal follow-up data in estimating root caries increment has not been previously attempted. The aims of this study were to quantify root caries increment from a longitudinal study of older adults with 4 oral examinations over 11 years and to examine behavioural factors associated with root caries. METHODS: A secondary analysis was undertaken using data collected in 4 waves (baseline, 2-year, 5-year and 11-year) of the South Australian Dental Longitudinal Study which began in 1991/92...
July 4, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29971814/fluoride-intake-and-urinary-fluoride-excretion-in-4-and-8-year-old-children-living-in-urban-and-rural-areas-of-southwest-nigeria
#15
O Ibiyemi, F V Zohoori, R A Valentine, A Maguire
OBJECTIVES: To estimate and compare total daily fluoride intake (TDFI), daily urinary fluoride excretion (DUFE), daily fluoride retention (DFR), fractional urinary fluoride excretion (FUFE) and fractional fluoride retention (FFR) in 4- and 8 year-old Nigerians and explore associations between these outcomes to improve understanding of fluoride metabolism. METHODS: Using a cross-sectional observational study, 72 four-year-olds and 72 eight-year-olds were recruited from nursery and primary schools (respectively) in lower and higher water F areas of urban and rural localities in Oyo State, southwest Nigeria...
July 3, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29968253/disparities-in-dental-healthcare-utilization-in-china
#16
Chaofan Li, Nengliang Aaron Yao, Aitian Yin
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to investigate inequality in dental service utilization in Chinese middle-aged and senior adults and changes in inequality over time and to determine the sources of inequality. METHODS: The data included 17 648 individuals aged 45 years and older in 2013 and 15 450 individuals in 2015 who participated in the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS). The concentration index was used to quantify the degree of inequality...
July 3, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29962091/fluoride-intake-and-cortical-and-trabecular-bone-characteristics-in-adolescents-at-age-17-a-prospective-cohort-study
#17
Reem Reda Oweis, Steven M Levy, Julie M Eichenberger-Gilmore, John J Warren, Trudy L Burns, Kathleen F Janz, James C Torner, Punam K Saha, Elena Letuchy
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the associations between period-specific and cumulative fluoride (F) intakes from birth to age 17 years, and radial and tibial bone measures obtained using peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT). METHODS: Participants (n = 380) were recruited from hospitals at birth and continued their participation in the ongoing Iowa Fluoride Study/Iowa Bone Development Study until age 17. Fluoride intakes from water, other beverages, selected foods, dietary fluoride supplements and dentifrice were determined every 1...
July 1, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29956852/tooth-loss-is-a-complex-measure-of-oral-disease-determinants-and-methodological-considerations
#18
Simon Haworth, Dmitry Shungin, So Young Kwak, Hae-Young Kim, Nicola X West, Steven J Thomas, Paul W Franks, Nicholas J Timpson, Min-Jeong Shin, Ingegerd Johansson
OBJECTIVES: Counts of missing teeth or measures of incident tooth loss are gaining attention as a simple way to measure dental status in large population studies. We explore the meaning of these metrics and how missing teeth might influence other measures of dental status. METHODS: An observational study was performed in 2 contrasting adult populations. In total, 62 522 adult participants were available with clinically assessed caries and periodontal indices from the Swedish arm of the Gene-Lifestyle Interactions and Dental Endpoints Study (GLIDE) and the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) in the Republic of Korea...
June 29, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29956842/nonsyndromic-orofacial-clefts-among-jews-and-non-jews-born-in-13-hospitals-in-israel-during-1993-2005
#19
Yehoshua Shapira, Itay Blum, Ziona Haklai, Nir Shpack, Yona Amitai
OBJECTIVES: Orofacial clefts are one of the most common birth malformations and represent a significant public health economic expenditure. The purpose of this investigation was to study the epidemiology of orofacial clefts in newborns from 1993 to 2005 in Israel. In addition, a comparison of data from the National Birth Defects Registry (NBDR) and Hospital records will be made. METHODS: A retrospective data review of reports to the Israeli NBDR on infants with orofacial clefts in comparison with records reviewed at 13 major hospitals, accounting for 60% of all births in Israel...
June 29, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29956841/changes-in-perceived-oral-health-in-a-longitudinal-population-based-study
#20
Eeva Torppa-Saarinen, Mimmi Tolvanen, Anna L Suominen, Satu Lahti
OBJECTIVES: The aim was to examine whether the changes in different measures of perceived oral health (POH) were similar and related to each other over 11 years in the Finnish adult population in a longitudinal setting. Perceived oral health was measured by means of subjective oral health (SOH), self-assessed treatment need (STN), and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). METHODS: The data were collected as part of the nationally representative Health 2000 and Health 2011 (BRIF 8901) surveys on Finnish adults born in 1981 or earlier...
June 29, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
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