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Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925509/childhood-socioeconomic-conditions-and-teeth-in-older-adulthood-evidence-from-share-wave-5
#1
Stefan Listl, Jonathan M Broadbent, W Murray Thomson, Christian Stock, Jing Shen, Jimmy Steele, John Wildman, Anja Heilmann, Richard G Watt, Georgios Tsakos, Marco A Peres, Geert van der Heijden, Hendrik Jürges
OBJECTIVES: Dental diseases are the most common chronic diseases worldwide. Healthy teeth are vital for quality of life, particularly diet and nutrition. However, little information exists to inform health policymakers about potentially long-lasting influences of early-life conditions. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relation between early-life socioeconomic conditions and number of natural teeth at age 50 and above. METHODS: Analyses were conducted on cross-sectional data from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE wave 5), which includes information on 41 560 respondents aged 50 years or older from 14 European countries and Israel...
September 19, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925508/the-cost-effectiveness-of-oral-health-interventions-a-systematic-review-of-cost-utility-analyses
#2
Ruvini M Hettiarachchi, Sanjeewa Kularatna, Martin J Downes, Joshua Byrnes, Jeroen Kroon, Ratilal Lalloo, Newell W Johnson, Paul A Scuffham
OBJECTIVES: To assess the usage of cost-utility analysis (CUA) in oral health interventions and to evaluate the methods used and the reporting quality of CUA in publications on oral health interventions. METHODS: A systematic review was performed on literature published between 2000 and 2016 where cost-utility analyses of oral health interventions were included. The reporting quality of these oral health CUAs was assessed against the Consolidated Health Economic Evaluation Reporting Standards (CHEERS) checklist...
September 19, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921685/four-year-incidence-rate-and-predictors-of-root-caries-among-community-dwelling-south-brazilian-older-adults
#3
Augusto B Bidinotto, Aline B Martins, Camila M Dos Santos, Fernando N Hugo, Juliana B Hilgert, Roger Keller Celeste, Dalva Maria Padilha, Renato José De Marchi
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the incidence density (ID) of new root caries lesions and restorations among community-living south Brazilian older adults and to assess its association with predictor variables. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort with a random sample of elders from the municipality of Carlos Barbosa, in south Brazil. Trained dentists performed interviews and oral examinations in 388 individuals at baseline, of which 273 were retained at follow-up 4 years later...
September 18, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895192/prevalence-and-extent-of-enamel-defects-in-the-permanent-teeth-of-8-year-old-nigerian-children
#4
Olushola Ibiyemi, Fatemeh V Zohoori, Ruth A Valentine, Simon Kometa, Anne Maguire
OBJECTIVES: Enamel formation is a vulnerable developmental process, susceptible to environmental influences such as excessive systemic fluoride (F) exposure and infant/childhood disease. This study determined prevalence and extent of developmental enamel defects (DDE) and dental fluorosis in 8-year-old Nigerians and explored associations with key predictors. METHODS: A sample of 322 healthy 8-year-olds (155 males, 167 females) from primary schools in lower and higher water F areas of (i) rural and (ii) urban parts of Oyo State in south-west Nigeria (n = 4 areas) (in which the mean (SD) F concentration of community water supplies ranged from 0...
September 11, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895187/education-related-inequality-in-restorative-dental-treatment-need-over-11-years-in-two-areas-of-finland
#5
Eero Raittio, Miira M Vehkalahti, Sari Helminen, Anna L Suominen
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to analyse education-related inequality in restorative dental treatment need among adults aged 30 years and older living in Northern and Southern Finland in 2000 and 2011. METHODS: Data were taken from the Health 2000 and 2011 population-based follow-up surveys, including information gathered by interviews and clinical dental examination. Final effective sample sizes were 2423 people in 2000 and 1192 people in 2011. Restorative dental treatment need was measured with number of decayed and/or fractured teeth (DT + FrT)...
September 11, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876472/economic-evaluation-of-dental-sealants-a-systematic-literature-review
#6
Marvellous Akinlotan, Bradley Chen, Tiana M Fontanilla, Annie Chen, Victoria Y Fan
OBJECTIVES: To systematically review the literature on economic evaluations of dental sealants and examine the costs and effectiveness of caries prevention using sealants. METHODS: Of 21 full-text articles examined, a total of 13 were included in this study. These studies are grouped by the type of intervention as follows: (i) sealants compared with no sealants; (ii) sealants compared with other forms of caries prevention; (iii) resin-based sealants compared with glass-ionomer sealants; (iv) different sealing strategies in primary teeth; (v) different sealing strategies in permanent teeth; and (vi) sealants based on school- or clinic-based setting of delivery...
September 6, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28850712/effectiveness-of-fluoride-varnish-in-preventing-early-childhood-caries-in-rural-areas-without-access-to-fluoridated-drinking-water-a-randomized-control-trial
#7
Patricia Muñoz-Millán, Carlos Zaror, Gerardo Espinoza-Espinoza, Carolina Vergara-Gonzalez, Sergio Muñoz, Claudia Atala-Acevedo, Maria José Martínez-Zapata
OBJECTIVES: Early childhood caries (ECC) constitutes a serious public health issue, especially in communities without water fluoridation. We assessed the effectiveness of biannual fluoride varnish applications to prevent ECC in children from nonfluoridated rural areas. METHODS: A triple-blind randomized control trial with two parallel arms was conducted with 275 two- to three-year-old children without cavitated carious lesions from 28 rural public preschools in Chile...
August 29, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815661/effectiveness-of-oral-health-education-on-oral-hygiene-and-dental-caries-in-schoolchildren-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Caroline Stein, Nathália Maria Lopes Santos, Juliana Balbinot Hilgert, Fernando Neves Hugo
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of oral health educational actions in the school context in improving oral hygiene and dental caries in schoolchildren through systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: Clinical trials with schoolchildren between 5 and 18 years old were included. Eligible studies were those which had as outcomes caries, plaque accumulation, gingivitis, toothache or tooth loss and which had been published from 1995 to 2015, in any language...
August 16, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782290/risk-of-subsequent-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-among-children-and-adolescents-with-amalgam-restorations-a-nationwide-longitudinal-study
#9
Po-Yen Lin, Jui Wang, Yu-Chih Chiang, Chen-Yin Lai, Hong-Ji Chang, Lin-Yang Chi
OBJECTIVES: Dental amalgam has been used as a common restorative material since the 1800s, but concerns have been raised regarding its purported neuropsychological effects due to the neurotoxicity of mercury. In this study, a nationwide population-based database was employed to investigate the association of dental amalgam restoration with the risk of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHODS: After matching, 88 068 young people with at least one tooth restoration during 2002-2010 and no ADHD history before 2001 were selected and then collected the further information until the end of 2011...
August 7, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748528/parenting-practices-and-children-s-dental-caries-experience-a-structural-equation-modelling-approach
#10
S Kumar, J Tadakamadla, M J Zimmer-Gembeck, J Kroon, R Lalloo, N W Johnson
AIM: To evaluate the direct and mediated associations between parenting practices and dental caries experience in Indian school children. METHODS: The target population consisted of school children and their parents (N=1539) of Medak district in the state of Telangana, India. Parents completed a questionnaire that consisted of questions related to socioeconomic status (SES), family structure, the number of children, their own oral hygiene behaviour and parenting practices...
July 27, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745803/measuring-socioeconomic-inequalities-in-the-use-of-dental-care-services-among-older-adults-in-brazil
#11
Fabíola Bof de Andrade, Flávia Cristina Drumond Andrade, Kenya Noronha
OBJECTIVES: The primary objectives are to assess socioeconomic inequality in the use of dental care among older Brazilian adults and to analyse the extent to which certain determinants contribute to that inequality. METHODS: A cross-sectional study using data from the National Oral Health Survey conducted in 2010. All individuals answered a structured questionnaire containing questions on their use of dental care and socioeconomic conditions and underwent a clinical oral examination by a dentist...
July 26, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737282/discrimination-gender-and-self-reported-aesthetic-problems-among-brazilian-adults
#12
Alexandre Baumgarten, João Luiz Bastos, Ramona Fernanda Ceriotti Toassi, Juliana Balbinot Hilgert, Fernando Neves Hugo, Roger Keller Celeste
OBJECTIVES: To explore factors associated with discrimination in healthcare services and to assess whether discrimination based on dental aesthetics differs by sex. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis based on a household survey carried out in a city in Southern Brazil. Fifteen primary health care (PHC) units with a dental team were randomly selected, and individuals who used the public services in the catchment areas of the PHC units were interviewed. The survey questionnaire included experiences with discrimination related to health services, sociodemographic and dental characteristics...
July 24, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727169/a-mediation-analysis-study-the-influence-of-mothers-dental-anxiety-on-children-s-dental-utilization-among-low-income-african-americans
#13
Masahiro Heima, Lisa Heaton, Douglas Gunzler, Nathan Morris
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to test a hypothesized mediation model to explain associations between mothers' dental anxiety and children's dental utilization through the mothers' own dental utilization. METHODS: Two hundred and fourteen low-income African American mothers with young children (age 31-59 months) completed a study questionnaire which assessed (i) mothers' dental anxiety; (ii) mothers' dental utilization (seeing a dentist at least once a year) and (iii) children's dental utilization (at least one non-study-related dental visit during the 36-month study period)...
July 20, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727163/dental-erosion-among-south-brazilian-adolescents-a-2-5-year-longitudinal-study
#14
C D Brusius, L S Alves, C Susin, M Maltz
OBJECTIVES: This population-based longitudinal study investigated the incidence, progression and risk factors for dental erosion among South Brazilian adolescents. METHODS: Eight hundred and one schoolchildren attending 42 public and private schools were clinically examined at 12 years of age; clinical examinations were repeated after 2.5 years (SD=0.3). After tooth cleaning and drying, permanent incisors and first molars were classified using the Basic Erosive Wear Examination (BEWE) scoring criteria...
July 20, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699681/occurrence-of-signs-of-osteoarthritis-arthrosis-in-the-temporomandibular-joint-on-panoramic-radiographs-in-swedish-women
#15
Karin Bäck, Margareta Ahlqwist, Magnus Hakeberg, Lars Dahlström
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence and incidence of radiographic signs of osteoarthritis/osteoarthrosis (OA) in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) among middle-aged and older women. METHODS: Data were collected from ongoing representative, longitudinal and repeated cross-sectional studies in Gothenburg, Sweden. Panoramic radiographs (PAN) have been taken regularly since 1968. The cohorts were systematically selected from the female population at the ages of 38, 50, 62 and 74...
July 12, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682498/cost-effectiveness-of-caries-preventive-fluoride-varnish-applications-in-clinic-settings-among-patients-of-low-moderate-and-high-risk
#16
Falk Schwendicke, Christian H Splieth, William Murray Thomson, Seif Reda, Michael Stolpe, Lyndie Foster Page
OBJECTIVES: The total body of evidence finds fluoride varnish effective to prevent caries. However, most trials were conducted in high-risk populations, with more recent trials on low-risk groups finding a lower efficacy. We aimed to assess the cost-effectiveness of fluoride varnish application in clinic setting in populations with different caries risk. METHODS: A mixed public-private-payer perspective in the context of German health care was performed using a lifetime Markov model...
July 6, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681926/the-impact-of-education-on-dental-health-ways-to-measure-causal-effects
#17
Jostein Grytten
To our knowledge, there are no studies in which a possible causal effect of education on dental health has been examined. Such studies are needed to predict whether more schooling for people with poor dental health improves their dental health. Within social science, and in economics in particular, several methods have been developed to make causal inferences of the relationship between education and general health. These methods, which are based on observational data, are relevant to use for estimating a possible causal effect of education on dental health...
July 6, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681920/how-do-foster-carers-manage-the-oral-health-of-children-in-foster-care-a-qualitative-study
#18
Vanessa Muirhead, Sri-Kavi Subramanian, Desmond Wright, Ferranti S L Wong
OBJECTIVES: This qualitative study explored how the foster family environment influenced children's oral health. It also aimed to better understand foster carers' oral health knowledge, attitudes and experiences of managing foster children's oral health behaviours and oral health care. METHODS: An interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) study design was used to recruit a purposive sample of foster carers in Tower Hamlets, United Kingdom, from a range of backgrounds (maximum variation sampling)...
July 6, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671327/dental-caries-clusters-among-adolescents
#19
John J Warren, John M Van Buren, Steven M Levy, Teresa A Marshall, Joseph E Cavanaugh, Alexandra M Curtis, Justine L Kolker, Karin Weber-Gasparoni
OBJECTIVES: There have been very few longitudinal studies of dental caries in adolescents, and little study of the caries risk factors in this age group. The purpose of this study was to describe different caries trajectories and associated risk factors among members of the Iowa Fluoride Study (IFS) cohort. METHODS: The IFS recruited a birth cohort from 1992 to 1995, and has gathered dietary, fluoride and behavioural data at least twice yearly since recruitment...
July 3, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653759/trends-in-socioeconomic-inequalities-in-oral-health-among-15-year-old-danish-adolescents-during-1995-2013-a-nationwide-register-based-repeated-cross-sectional-study
#20
Kaushik Sengupta, Lisa Bøge Christensen, Laust Hvas Mortensen, Lene Theil Skovgaard, Ingelise Andersen
BACKGROUND: Scandinavian welfare states, despite having better population oral health than less egalitarian societies, are characterized by ubiquitous social gradients and large relative socioeconomic inequalities in oral health. However, trends in these inequalities among Scandinavian children and adolescents have not been studied in detail. OBJECTIVES: To describe the associations between socioeconomic position (SEP) and oral health in adolescents and to investigate the trends in these associations between 1995 and 2013...
June 27, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
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