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Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782290/risk-of-subsequent-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-among-children-and-adolescents-with-amalgam-restorations-a-nationwide-longitudinal-study
#1
Po-Yen Lin, Jui Wang, Yu-Chih Chiang, Chen-Yin Lai, Hong-Ji Chang, Lin-Yang Chi
OBJECTIVES: Dental amalgam has been used as a common restorative material since the 1800s, but concerns have been raised regarding its purported neuropsychological effects due to the neurotoxicity of mercury. In this study, a nationwide population-based database was employed to investigate the association of dental amalgam restoration with the risk of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHODS: After matching, 88 068 young people with at least one tooth restoration during 2002-2010 and no ADHD history before 2001 were selected and then collected the further information until the end of 2011...
August 7, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748528/parenting-practices-and-children-s-dental-caries-experience-a-structural-equation-modelling-approach
#2
S Kumar, J Tadakamadla, M J Zimmer-Gembeck, J Kroon, R Lalloo, N W Johnson
AIM: To evaluate the direct and mediated associations between parenting practices and dental caries experience in Indian school children. METHODS: The target population consisted of school children and their parents (N=1539) of Medak district in the state of Telangana, India. Parents completed a questionnaire that consisted of questions related to socioeconomic status (SES), family structure, the number of children, their own oral hygiene behaviour and parenting practices...
July 27, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745803/measuring-socioeconomic-inequalities-in-the-use-of-dental-care-services-among-older-adults-in-brazil
#3
Fabíola Bof de Andrade, Flávia Cristina Drumond Andrade, Kenya Noronha
OBJECTIVES: The primary objectives are to assess socioeconomic inequality in the use of dental care among older Brazilian adults and to analyse the extent to which certain determinants contribute to that inequality. METHODS: A cross-sectional study using data from the National Oral Health Survey conducted in 2010. All individuals answered a structured questionnaire containing questions on their use of dental care and socioeconomic conditions and underwent a clinical oral examination by a dentist...
July 26, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737282/discrimination-gender-and-self-reported-aesthetic-problems-among-brazilian-adults
#4
Alexandre Baumgarten, João Luiz Bastos, Ramona Fernanda Ceriotti Toassi, Juliana Balbinot Hilgert, Fernando Neves Hugo, Roger Keller Celeste
OBJECTIVES: To explore factors associated with discrimination in healthcare services and to assess whether discrimination based on dental aesthetics differs by sex. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis based on a household survey carried out in a city in Southern Brazil. Fifteen primary health care (PHC) units with a dental team were randomly selected, and individuals who used the public services in the catchment areas of the PHC units were interviewed. The survey questionnaire included experiences with discrimination related to health services, sociodemographic and dental characteristics...
July 24, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727169/a-mediation-analysis-study-the-influence-of-mothers-dental-anxiety-on-children-s-dental-utilization-among-low-income-african-americans
#5
Masahiro Heima, Lisa Heaton, Douglas Gunzler, Nathan Morris
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to test a hypothesized mediation model to explain associations between mothers' dental anxiety and children's dental utilization through the mothers' own dental utilization. METHODS: Two hundred and fourteen low-income African American mothers with young children (age 31-59 months) completed a study questionnaire which assessed (i) mothers' dental anxiety; (ii) mothers' dental utilization (seeing a dentist at least once a year) and (iii) children's dental utilization (at least one non-study-related dental visit during the 36-month study period)...
July 20, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727163/dental-erosion-among-south-brazilian-adolescents-a-2-5-year-longitudinal-study
#6
C D Brusius, L S Alves, C Susin, M Maltz
OBJECTIVES: This population-based longitudinal study investigated the incidence, progression and risk factors for dental erosion among South Brazilian adolescents. METHODS: Eight hundred and one schoolchildren attending 42 public and private schools were clinically examined at 12 years of age; clinical examinations were repeated after 2.5 years (SD=0.3). After tooth cleaning and drying, permanent incisors and first molars were classified using the Basic Erosive Wear Examination (BEWE) scoring criteria...
July 20, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699681/occurrence-of-signs-of-osteoarthritis-arthrosis-in-the-temporomandibular-joint-on-panoramic-radiographs-in-swedish-women
#7
Karin Bäck, Margareta Ahlqwist, Magnus Hakeberg, Lars Dahlström
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence and incidence of radiographic signs of osteoarthritis/osteoarthrosis (OA) in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) among middle-aged and older women. METHODS: Data were collected from ongoing representative, longitudinal and repeated cross-sectional studies in Gothenburg, Sweden. Panoramic radiographs (PAN) have been taken regularly since 1968. The cohorts were systematically selected from the female population at the ages of 38, 50, 62 and 74...
July 12, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682498/cost-effectiveness-of-caries-preventive-fluoride-varnish-applications-in-clinic-settings-among-patients-of-low-moderate-and-high-risk
#8
Falk Schwendicke, Christian H Splieth, William Murray Thomson, Seif Reda, Michael Stolpe, Lyndie Foster Page
OBJECTIVES: The total body of evidence finds fluoride varnish effective to prevent caries. However, most trials were conducted in high-risk populations, with more recent trials on low-risk groups finding a lower efficacy. We aimed to assess the cost-effectiveness of fluoride varnish application in clinic setting in populations with different caries risk. METHODS: A mixed public-private-payer perspective in the context of German health care was performed using a lifetime Markov model...
July 6, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681926/the-impact-of-education-on-dental-health-ways-to-measure-causal-effects
#9
Jostein Grytten
To our knowledge, there are no studies in which a possible causal effect of education on dental health has been examined. Such studies are needed to predict whether more schooling for people with poor dental health improves their dental health. Within social science, and in economics in particular, several methods have been developed to make causal inferences of the relationship between education and general health. These methods, which are based on observational data, are relevant to use for estimating a possible causal effect of education on dental health...
July 6, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681920/how-do-foster-carers-manage-the-oral-health-of-children-in-foster-care-a-qualitative-study
#10
Vanessa Muirhead, Sri-Kavi Subramanian, Desmond Wright, Ferranti S L Wong
OBJECTIVES: This qualitative study explored how the foster family environment influenced children's oral health. It also aimed to better understand foster carers' oral health knowledge, attitudes and experiences of managing foster children's oral health behaviours and oral health care. METHODS: An interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) study design was used to recruit a purposive sample of foster carers in Tower Hamlets, United Kingdom, from a range of backgrounds (maximum variation sampling)...
July 6, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671327/dental-caries-clusters-among-adolescents
#11
John J Warren, John M Van Buren, Steven M Levy, Teresa A Marshall, Joseph E Cavanaugh, Alexandra M Curtis, Justine L Kolker, Karin Weber-Gasparoni
OBJECTIVES: There have been very few longitudinal studies of dental caries in adolescents, and little study of the caries risk factors in this age group. The purpose of this study was to describe different caries trajectories and associated risk factors among members of the Iowa Fluoride Study (IFS) cohort. METHODS: The IFS recruited a birth cohort from 1992 to 1995, and has gathered dietary, fluoride and behavioural data at least twice yearly since recruitment...
July 3, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653759/trends-in-socioeconomic-inequalities-in-oral-health-among-15-year-old-danish-adolescents-during-1995-2013-a-nationwide-register-based-repeated-cross-sectional-study
#12
Kaushik Sengupta, Lisa Bøge Christensen, Laust Hvas Mortensen, Lene Theil Skovgaard, Ingelise Andersen
BACKGROUND: Scandinavian welfare states, despite having better population oral health than less egalitarian societies, are characterized by ubiquitous social gradients and large relative socioeconomic inequalities in oral health. However, trends in these inequalities among Scandinavian children and adolescents have not been studied in detail. OBJECTIVES: To describe the associations between socioeconomic position (SEP) and oral health in adolescents and to investigate the trends in these associations between 1995 and 2013...
June 27, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653758/periodontitis-and-breast-cancer-a-case-control-study
#13
Camila S Sfreddo, Juliana Maier, Silvia C De David, Cristiano Susin, Carlos Heitor C Moreira
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this case-control study was to evaluate the association between periodontitis and breast cancer in a sample of adult Brazilian women. METHODS: This was a hospital-based study, which included 67 cases and 134 controls (1:2). Women were selected consecutively between April, 2013 and June, 2015 among those attending the Department of Gynecology at the University Hospital of Santa Maria. Cases were selected among women diagnosed with breast cancer (ICD-10 C50), and controls were matched for age (±2 years), and smoking status (never, former and current smoker)...
June 27, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639259/the-cost-effectiveness-of-three-interventions-for-providing-preventive-services-to-low-income-children
#14
Ben Johnson, Nicoleta Serban, Paul M Griffin, Scott L Tomar
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the impact of loan repayment programmes, revising Medicaid fee-for-service rates, and changing dental hygienist supervision requirements on access to preventive dental care for children in Georgia. METHODS: We estimated cost savings from the three interventions of preventive care for young children after netting out the intervention cost. We used a regression model to evaluate the impact of changing the Medicaid reimbursement rates. The impact of supervision was evaluated by comparing general and direct supervision in school-based dental sealant programmes...
June 21, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631283/assessing-causal-effects-of-early-life-course-factors-on-early-childhood-caries-in-5-year-old-ugandan-children-using-directed-acyclic-graphs-dags-a-prospective-cohort-study
#15
Nancy Birungi, Lars T Fadnes, Arabat Kasangaki, Victoria Nankabirwa, Isaac Okullo, Stein A Lie, James K Tumwine, Anne N Åstrøm
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the effect of distal and proximal early life-course factors on early childhood caries (ECC) in 5-year-old Ugandan children, particularly focusing on the causal effect of exclusive breast feeding (EBF) on ECC using directed acyclic graphs (DAGs) for confounder selection. METHODS: This study had a nested prospective cohort design, focusing on 5 years of follow-ups of caregiver-children pairs from the PROMISE-EBF trial (ClinicalTrials.gov no: NCT00397150) conducted in 2011 in Eastern Uganda...
June 20, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612363/the-effect-of-dental-health-education-on-pregnant-women-s-adherence-with-toothbrushing-and-flossing-a-randomized-control-trial
#16
Suad Al Khamis, Koula Asimakopoulou, Tim Newton, Blanaid Daly
OBJECTIVES: In a three-arm randomized control trial, this study compared the efficacy of dental health education (DHE) with or without a planning intervention on adherence to oral health-related behaviours. METHODS: Women (N=154) in their second trimester of pregnancy attending three maternal healthcare clinics in Kuwait completed an assessment of social cognitions and oral health behaviours before a debris and gingival assessment (Plaque Index [PI], Gingival Index [GI]) was undertaken; this was repeated at 1 month...
June 14, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585271/partial-mouth-periodontal-examination-protocols-for-the-determination-of-the-prevalence-and-extent-of-gingival-bleeding-in-adolescents
#17
Michely Ediani Machado, Fernanda Tomazoni, Maísa Casarin, Thiago M Ardenghi, Fabricio Batistin Zanatta
OBJECTIVE: To compare the performance of partial-mouth periodontal examination (PMPE) protocols with different cut-off points to the full-mouth examination (FME) in the assessment of the prevalence and extent of gingival bleeding in adolescents. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted involving 12-year-old adolescents. Following a systematic two-stage cluster sampling process, 1134 individuals were evaluated. Different PMPE protocols were compared to the FME with six sites per tooth...
June 6, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561901/psychosocial-factors-and-traumatic-dental-injuries-among-adolescents
#18
Konstantinos Baxevanos, Vasiliki Topitsoglou, Georgios Menexes, Sotirios Kalfas
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association of traumatic dental injuries (TDI) and psychosocial factors in adolescents and to identify psychological profiles associated with TDI. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted involving 531 students aged 13-16 years. Data were collected through oral examination and a structured interview with the adolescents, in conjunction with a questionnaire answered by their mothers. Associations between TDI and independent variables were analysed using a model-based approach, while an exploratory data analysis was applied to identify homogenous clusters of adolescents in relation to their sense of coherence (SoC), perception of parental support and their mothers' SoC...
May 31, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547864/sociodemographic-determinants-of-spatial-disparities-in-early-childhood-caries-an-ecological-analysis-in-braunschweig-germany
#19
Frederic Meyer, André Karch, Kristin Maria Schlinkmann, Johannes Dreesman, Johannes Horn, Nicole Rübsamen, Henny Sudradjat, Rainer Schubert, Rafael Mikolajczyk
OBJECTIVES: To identify spatial disparities in dental caries experience (measured by dmft (decayed missing filled teeth) index) of children in the city of Braunschweig and to evaluate whether these disparities can be explained by sociodemographic characteristics. METHODS: We examined the dental health of children aged 3-6 years visiting a daycare centre (DCC) in the metropolitan area of Braunschweig between 2009 and 2014 by combining data on dental health from the annual visits of the local health service with aggregated data on sociodemographic factors for Braunschweig's city districts...
May 26, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370341/the-association-of-subjective-orthodontic-treatment-need-with-oral-health-related-quality-of-life
#20
Lea Kragt, Vincent Jaddoe, Eppo Wolvius, Edwin Ongkosuwito
OBJECTIVES: The existing body of evidence reports an inconsistent association between subjective and objective orthodontic treatment need. The concept of oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) might help to explain the differences in subjective and objective orthodontic treatment need. Our aim was to investigate the association of subjective orthodontic treatment with OHRQoL in children. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was embedded in the Generation R Study, a population-based prospective cohort study...
August 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
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