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Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology

Akhil Soman ThekkePurakkal, Ashley I Naimi, Sreenath A Madathil, Shahul H Kumamangalam Puthiyannal, Gopalakrishnan Netuveli, Amanda Sacker, Nicolas F Schlecht, Belinda Nicolau
OBJECTIVES: The incidence of oral cancer has been rapidly increasing in India, calling for evidence contributing to a deeper understanding of its determinants. Although disadvantageous life-course socioeconomic position (SEP) is independently associated with the risk of these cancers, the explanatory mechanisms remain unclear. Possible pathways may be better understood by testing which life-course model most influences oral cancer risk. We estimated the association between life-course SEP and oral cancer risk under three life-course models: critical period, accumulation and social mobility...
July 13, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Ninuk Hariyani, A John Spencer, Liana Luzzi, Loc Giang Do
OBJECTIVES: Root caries has increased as a clinical problem in recent decades. However, the use of multiple waves of longitudinal follow-up data in estimating root caries increment has not been previously attempted. The aims of this study were to quantify root caries increment from a longitudinal study of older adults with 4 oral examinations over 11 years and to examine behavioural factors associated with root caries. METHODS: A secondary analysis was undertaken using data collected in 4 waves (baseline, 2-year, 5-year and 11-year) of the South Australian Dental Longitudinal Study which began in 1991/92...
July 4, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
O Ibiyemi, F V Zohoori, R A Valentine, A Maguire
OBJECTIVES: To estimate and compare total daily fluoride intake (TDFI), daily urinary fluoride excretion (DUFE), daily fluoride retention (DFR), fractional urinary fluoride excretion (FUFE) and fractional fluoride retention (FFR) in 4- and 8 year-old Nigerians and explore associations between these outcomes to improve understanding of fluoride metabolism. METHODS: Using a cross-sectional observational study, 72 four-year-olds and 72 eight-year-olds were recruited from nursery and primary schools (respectively) in lower and higher water F areas of urban and rural localities in Oyo State, southwest Nigeria...
July 3, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Chaofan Li, Nengliang Aaron Yao, Aitian Yin
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to investigate inequality in dental service utilization in Chinese middle-aged and senior adults and changes in inequality over time and to determine the sources of inequality. METHODS: The data included 17 648 individuals aged 45 years and older in 2013 and 15 450 individuals in 2015 who participated in the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS). The concentration index was used to quantify the degree of inequality...
July 3, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Reem Reda Oweis, Steven M Levy, Julie M Eichenberger-Gilmore, John J Warren, Trudy L Burns, Kathleen F Janz, James C Torner, Punam K Saha, Elena Letuchy
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the associations between period-specific and cumulative fluoride (F) intakes from birth to age 17 years, and radial and tibial bone measures obtained using peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT). METHODS: Participants (n = 380) were recruited from hospitals at birth and continued their participation in the ongoing Iowa Fluoride Study/Iowa Bone Development Study until age 17. Fluoride intakes from water, other beverages, selected foods, dietary fluoride supplements and dentifrice were determined every 1...
July 1, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Simon Haworth, Dmitry Shungin, So Young Kwak, Hae-Young Kim, Nicola X West, Steven J Thomas, Paul W Franks, Nicholas J Timpson, Min-Jeong Shin, Ingegerd Johansson
OBJECTIVES: Counts of missing teeth or measures of incident tooth loss are gaining attention as a simple way to measure dental status in large population studies. We explore the meaning of these metrics and how missing teeth might influence other measures of dental status. METHODS: An observational study was performed in 2 contrasting adult populations. In total, 62 522 adult participants were available with clinically assessed caries and periodontal indices from the Swedish arm of the Gene-Lifestyle Interactions and Dental Endpoints Study (GLIDE) and the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) in the Republic of Korea...
June 29, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Yehoshua Shapira, Itay Blum, Ziona Haklai, Nir Shpack, Yona Amitai
OBJECTIVES: Orofacial clefts are one of the most common birth malformations and represent a significant public health economic expenditure. The purpose of this investigation was to study the epidemiology of orofacial clefts in newborns from 1993 to 2005 in Israel. In addition, a comparison of data from the National Birth Defects Registry (NBDR) and Hospital records will be made. METHODS: A retrospective data review of reports to the Israeli NBDR on infants with orofacial clefts in comparison with records reviewed at 13 major hospitals, accounting for 60% of all births in Israel...
June 29, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Eeva Torppa-Saarinen, Mimmi Tolvanen, Anna L Suominen, Satu Lahti
OBJECTIVES: The aim was to examine whether the changes in different measures of perceived oral health (POH) were similar and related to each other over 11 years in the Finnish adult population in a longitudinal setting. Perceived oral health was measured by means of subjective oral health (SOH), self-assessed treatment need (STN), and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). METHODS: The data were collected as part of the nationally representative Health 2000 and Health 2011 (BRIF 8901) surveys on Finnish adults born in 1981 or earlier...
June 29, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Julie Gallagher, Paul Ashley, Aviva Petrie, Ian Needleman
OBJECTIVES: To measure dental caries, erosive tooth wear (ETW), periodontal health, self-reported oral health problems and performance impacts in a representative sample of UK elite athletes from different sports using standardized conditions clearly defined clinical indices and a measure of impact on performance with evidence of validity in sport. METHODS: Cross-sectional study, with single, calibrated examiner, conducted in the local facilities of elite and professional UK athletes (UCL ethics number 6388/001)...
June 25, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Patrick Rouxel, Tarani Chandola
OBJECTIVES: Although adolescence is a sensitive developmental period in oral health, the social equalization hypothesis that suggests health inequalities attenuate in adolescence has not been examined. This study analyses whether the socioeconomic gap and ethnic disadvantage in oral health among children aged 5 reduces among adolescents aged 15. METHODS: Data from the cross-sectional Children's Dental Health Survey 2013 were analysed, comprising of 8541 children aged 5, 8, 12 and 15 attending schools in England, Wales and Northern Ireland...
June 10, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Elizabeth Crouch, Elizabeth Radcliff, Joni Nelson, Melissa Strompolis, Amy Martin
OBJECTIVES: Routine preventive dental care is important to overall child health and well-being. However, the experience of adversity in childhood may prevent children from getting adequate preventive care. This study seeks to explore how the prevalence of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and the role of a protective adult may be associated with dental care utilization in childhood. METHODS: Data from the 2016 South Carolina Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (SC BRFSS), which interviews adults eighteen year of age and older, were used in this study...
June 6, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Ninoska Abreu-Placeres, Johnathon Timothy Newton, Nigel Pitts, Luis Eduardo Garrido, Kim R Ekstrand, Viviana Avila, Stefania Martignon
OBJECTIVE: To design and validate a questionnaire to measure caries management based on the Capability, Opportunity, and Motivation Behavior model (COM-B) and the International Caries Classification and Management System (ICCMS™). METHODS: A combination of Cariology and Psychology experts developed a 79-item pool that measured the COM-B components according to the ICCMS™ caries management recommended behaviours. After face and content validation and a pilot study, two samples of Colombian dentists participated: clinicians (n = 277) and clinical-practice educators (n = 212)...
June 5, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Yusuke Matsuyama, Takeo Fujiwara, Manami Ochi, Aya Isumi, Tsuguhiko Kato
OBJECTIVES: Children's self-control is associated with various behaviour-related health problems in childhood and later in life. However, studies on self-control and dental caries, strongly associated with toothbrushing or drinking and eating behaviour, are limited. We investigated the association between self-control and the number of decayed or filled primary teeth (dft) among first-grade children (6-7 years old) in Japan and evaluated the mediation effect of oral health behaviour on this association...
June 4, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Carolina Marpaung, Maurits K A van Selms, Frank Lobbezoo
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of pain-related temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) among Indonesian children and adolescents, and to investigate which risk indicators are associated with it. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 1,800 questionnaires were distributed among pupils of schools in the greater Jakarta area. This was done for 2 samples: children with ages ranging from 7 to 12 years (parental report) and adolescents aged 13-18 years (self-report)...
May 21, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Elsa K Delgado-Angulo, Wagner Marcenes, Seeromanie Harding, Eduardo Bernabé
OBJECTIVE: To assess the interrelationship between ethnicity, migration status and dental caries experience among adults in East London. METHODS: We analysed data from 1910 adults (16-65 years) representing 9 ethnic groups, who took part in a community-based health survey in East London. Participants completed a supervised questionnaire and were clinically examined by trained dentists. Dental caries was assessed with the number of decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMFT)...
May 16, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Doris Duran, Maria Jose Monsalves, Josefina Aubert, Victor Zarate, Iris Espinoza
BACKGROUND: Oral diseases represent a main public health problem worldwide. There is scarce information about oral health indicators in adults in middle-income countries in Latin America and Africa. OBJECTIVES: To identify and describe national health surveys with national representative samples that included oral health assessment for adults in Latin America. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted in scientific and regional bibliographic databases (PubMed, SciELO, Wos and Embase); this was complemented with searchings in grey literature (Google Scholar, Open Grey and government health organization websites), from August 2016 to May 2017 (from 2000 to date)...
April 27, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
D S Brennan, X Ju, D N Teusner
OBJECTIVES: Responsibility weights can translate services into a common scale of work effort (relative value units). The aims were to describe the responsibility weights for main areas of dental services and assess associations of ratings of the importance of the components of responsibility with responsibility weights. METHODS: Mailed questionnaires were used to collect responsibility weights and components of responsibility from a random sample of Australian dentists who were randomly assigned into panels...
April 26, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
A John Spencer, Loc G Do, Diep H Ha
BACKGROUND: Water fluoridation's effectiveness has been reaffirmed by systematic reviews. However, most of the included nonrandomised controlled before and after studies were conducted pre-1975. Opportunity for such studies is limited in a steady state of community fluoridation programmes. As an alternative for evidence to support or refute the effectiveness of water fluoridation, this study used data from a recent national child oral health study to examine associations between lifetime exposure to fluoridated water (%LEFW) and childhood caries...
August 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Kirsten Senturia, Louis Fiset, Kim Hort, Colleen Huebner, Elizabeth Mallott, Peter Milgrom, Lonnie Nelson, Canada Parrish, Joana Cunha-Cruz
OBJECTIVE: Isolated villages in Alaska face disparities in oral health and access to care. Dental health aides such as the primary dental health aide (PDHA) and the dental health therapist (DHAT) fill a critical role for providing dental care in Alaska. Our objective was to describe strengths and barriers to paediatric dental care for children living in remote Alaska villages from the perspectives of the community and the health care system. METHODS: This qualitative study collected data through semi-structured key informant interviews with community members (n = 19) and healthcare workers (n = 19) and focus groups with patients (n = 31 adolescents and 16 caregivers of children under 12 years) living in or providing health care to 3 remote villages in Alaska...
August 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
W Murray Thomson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
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