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Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology

Issarapong Kaewkamnerdpong, Sudaduang Krisdapong
OBJECTIVES: To assess the hierarchical associations between children's school performance and condition-specific (CS) oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL), school absence, oral status, sociodemographic and economic status (SDES) and social capital; and to investigate the associations between CS OHRQoL and related oral status, adjusting for SDES and social capital. METHODS: Data on 925 sixth grade children in Sakaeo province, Thailand, were collected through oral examinations for dental caries and oral hygiene, social capital questionnaires, OHRQoL interviews using the Child-Oral Impacts on Daily Performances index, parental self-administered questionnaires and school documents...
January 8, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Lucy O'Malley, Helen V Worthington, Michael Donaldson, Ciaran O'Neil, Stephen Birch, Solveig Noble, Seamus Killough, Lynn Murphy, Margaret Greer, Julie Brodison, Rejina Verghis, Martin Tickle
OBJECTIVES: The NICPIP trial evaluated the costs and effects of a caries prevention intervention delivered to 2- to 3-year-old children attending dental practices in Northern Ireland. This supplementary study explored the oral health behaviours of children and their parents to help understand the reasons for the trial's findings. METHODS: A mixed methods study that included a questionnaire completed by all parents (n = 1058) at the time they brought their child for the NICPIP final clinical assessment...
December 22, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
A M Curtis, J E Cavanaugh, S M Levy, J VanBuren, T A Marshall, J J Warren
OBJECTIVES: This analysis examines the aetiology of caries development in adolescents using structural equation modelling to identify behavioural mediators of the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and caries incidence, and to investigate the role of sex on caries-preventive behaviour and caries. METHODS: This analysis was based on data from the Iowa Fluoride Study, a longitudinal study of a birth cohort. We hypothesized that socioeconomic status earlier in life has a direct effect on caries development and an indirect effect from improved behavioural variables-dental visit attendance, toothbrushing frequency and percentage of beverage intake consisting of sugar-sweetened beverages-and that sex also plays a role in behavioural variables, as well as caries...
December 21, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Rafaela Soares Rech, Fernando Neves Hugo, Alexandre Baumgarten, Karoline Weber Dos Santos, Bárbara Niegia Garcia de Goulart, Juliana Balbinot Hilgert
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of a simplified clinical examination of swallowing by dentists and the Eating Assessment Tool (EAT-10), when compared with the diagnosis provided by a speech pathologist (gold standard). METHODS: Three dentists and 1 speech pathologist clinically evaluated 265 older persons in southern Brazil, 123 were residents in long-term care and 142 were community-dwelling, all able to respond to the research protocol independently...
December 19, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Kar Yan Li, Christopher E Okunseri, Colman McGrath, May C M Wong
OBJECTIVE: Single-item self-reported oral health (SROH) is a convenient and reliable measure for the assessment of population-based oral health. However, little is known about trends and its associations among US adults. This study investigated trends in SROH (aged 20+ years) and the associated factors among adults living in the United States. METHODS: Self-reported oral health data for 41 621 adults aged 20+ years from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999 to 2014 were analysed...
December 14, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Violeta Rodrigues Aguiar, Marcos Pascoal Pattussi, Roger Keller Celeste
OBJECTIVES: It is known that fluoridation has a contextual effect on oral health socioeconomic inequalities, but broad public policies have not been investigated. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine the effects of municipal public policies on oral health across different social strata. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study with 7328 12-year-old children and 5445 15-19-year-old adolescents from 177 Brazilian municipalities. Information at municipal level was collated for dental services, educational services, sanitation and water fluoridation...
December 7, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Marco A Peres, Gustavo G Nascimento, Karen G Peres, Flavio F Demarco, Ana B Menezes
OBJECTIVES: To test whether maternal education has a direct effect on gingival bleeding in adolescents aged 12 and to assess whether oral health behaviours over time mediate that association. METHODS: Two oral health studies nested in the 1993 Pelotas (Brazil) birth cohort study were carried out in participants aged 6 (n = 359) and 12 years (n = 339). The proportion of teeth with bleeding on probing (BOP) and the median number of teeth with gingivitis at age 12 were recorded...
November 27, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Romain Fantin, Cyrille Delpierre, Michelle Kelly-Irving, Cristina Barboza Solís
OBJECTIVE: A wide literature shows a strong social gradient in tooth loss according to income, education and occupation, in both developed and developing countries. It has been shown associations between tooth loss and parental education and occupation, independently of adult conditions. To explore the role of early socioeconomic circumstances on tooth loss, we used a lifecourse model. We analysed the direct and indirect links between early socioeconomic conditions and severe adult tooth loss...
November 23, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Paula Moynihan, Yuka Makino, Poul Erik Petersen, Hiroshi Ogawa
The burden of oral disease is high in populations across the world. This is because of high consumption of free sugars. The WHO Guideline on Sugars Intake for Adults and Children recommended limiting free sugars to no more than 5% energy intake to protect oral health throughout the life-course. The objectives of this paper are to consider the implications of the Guideline for dental health practice and to advocate use of the common risk factor approach when providing dietary advice. As part of a broad range of actions needed to reduce free sugars intake, improved education for dental health professionals and supporting patients to eat less free sugars are key actions for the dental profession...
November 23, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Lidia M R Jordão, Deborah C Malta, Maria do Carmo M Freire
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate how oral and general health-risk behaviours cluster among Brazilian adolescents. METHODS: The study comprised a total of 109 104 adolescents (52.2% female) participating in the Brazilian National School-based Student Health Survey (PeNSE). Seventeen behaviours (including diet; oral and hand hygiene; frequency of dental visits; tobacco, alcohol and drug use; sexual behaviour; physical activity, and risk for external causes) were measured using a self-reported questionnaire...
November 23, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Kavita R Mathu-Muju, Xiaoli Kong, Candace Brancato, James McLeod, Heather M Bush
OBJECTIVE: The Children's Oral Health Initiative (COHI) is a federally funded community-based preventive dental programme implemented in geographically remote Canadian Indigenous communities. The study investigated the effect of the availability of local community health workers (COHI Aides) on access to the programme's preventive dental services for children. METHODS: Twenty-five communities were continuously enrolled in the COHI during the 7-year study period...
November 23, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Maria I B Valente, Mario V Vettore
AIM: To investigate the relationship of contextual and individual factors with periodontal disease in dentate adults and older people using the Andersen's behavioural model. METHODS: Secondary individual data from 6011 adults and 2369 older people from the Brazilian Oral Health Survey (2010) were combined with contextual data for 27 cities. Attachment loss (AL) categories for each sextant were coded and summed to obtain the periodontal disease measure. The association of predisposing, enabling and need characteristics at city and individual level with periodontal disease was assessed using an adapted version of the Andersen's behavioural model...
November 17, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Songlin He, William Murray Thomson
OBJECTIVES: To use recent national survey data to compare dentition status and oral diseases in China and New Zealand (NZ), with a particular focus on differences by sex and education level. METHODS: We undertook secondary analysis of representative data from oral health surveys conducted in 2009 in Sichuan (China) and NZ. Both surveys had an oral examination component and collected detailed demographic data. Socioeconomic position in this analysis was represented by the highest level of education completed...
November 2, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Masahiro Heima, Lisa Heaton, Douglas Gunzler, Nathan Morris
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to test a hypothesized mediation model to explain associations between mothers' dental anxiety and children's dental utilization through the mothers' own dental utilization. METHODS: Two hundred and fourteen low-income African American mothers with young children (age 31-59 months) completed a study questionnaire which assessed (i) mothers' dental anxiety; (ii) mothers' dental utilization (seeing a dentist at least once a year) and (iii) children's dental utilization (at least one non-study-related dental visit during the 36-month study period)...
December 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
John J Warren, John M Van Buren, Steven M Levy, Teresa A Marshall, Joseph E Cavanaugh, Alexandra M Curtis, Justine L Kolker, Karin Weber-Gasparoni
OBJECTIVES: There have been very few longitudinal studies of dental caries in adolescents, and little study of the caries risk factors in this age group. The purpose of this study was to describe different caries trajectories and associated risk factors among members of the Iowa Fluoride Study (IFS) cohort. METHODS: The IFS recruited a birth cohort from 1992 to 1995, and has gathered dietary, fluoride and behavioural data at least twice yearly since recruitment...
December 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Noreen Myers-Wright, Ira B Lamster, John P Jasek, Shadi Chamany
OBJECTIVE: The identification of persons with or at risk for chronic diseases is a new practice paradigm for oral healthcare. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic disease of particular importance to oral health providers. This study sought to understand healthcare utilization patterns that would support the introduction of this new practice paradigm. METHODS: The primary and oral healthcare utilization patterns of New York City (NYC) adults were assessed using data collected from the 2013 NYC Community Health Survey...
October 11, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Christopher Neurath, James S Beck, Hardy Limeback, W Gary Sprules, Michael Connett, Bill Osmunson, Donald R Davis
A paper published in this journal, "Measuring the short-term impact of fluoridation cessation on dental caries in Grade 2 children using tooth surface indices," by McLaren et al had shortcomings in study design and interpretation of results, and did not include important pertinent data. Its pre-post cross-sectional design relied on comparison of decay rates in two cities: Calgary, which ceased fluoridation, and Edmonton, which maintained fluoridation. Dental health surveys conducted in both cities about 6...
October 10, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Lindsay McLaren, Steve Patterson, Salima Thawer, Peter Faris, Deborah McNeil, Melissa Potestio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 10, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Marieke M van der Zande, Ronald C Gorter, Josef J M Bruers, Irene H A Aartman, Daniel Wismeijer
OBJECTIVES: To investigate which opinions among dentists are associated with level of technology use, when characteristics of the dentist and dental practice, as well as motivating work aspects are taken into account. METHODS: A total of 1000 general dental practitioners in the Netherlands received a questionnaire on digital technologies they use, opinions on using technologies and related motivating work aspects. Questions were derived from expert interviews, the Dentists' Experienced Job Resources Scale and literature on technology implementation...
October 6, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Amal Gaber, Chantal Galarneau, Jocelyne S Feine, Elham Emami
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this population-based cross-sectional study was to estimate rural-urban disparity in the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of the Quebec adult population. METHODS: A 2-stage sampling design was used to collect data from the 1788 parents/caregivers of schoolchildren living in the 8 regions of the province of Quebec in Canada. Andersen's behavioural model for health services utilization was used as a conceptual framework. Place of residency was defined according to the Statistics Canada Census Metropolitan Area and Census Agglomeration Influenced Zone classification...
September 21, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
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