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Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology

Maram A Alwadi, Sarah R Baker, Janine Owens
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aimed to describe the extent to which oral health research since the advent of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and the current movement on the inclusion of voices of children, has been done on or with children with disabilities. METHODS: A systematic review of the dental literature for children with disabilities from 2001 to 2017 was conducted...
March 14, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Justin T van der Tas, Marlies E C Elfrink, Annemieke C Heijboer, Fernando Rivadeneira, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Henning Tiemeier, Josje D Schoufour, Henriëtte A Moll, Edwin M Ongkosuwito, Eppo B Wolvius, Trudy Voortman
OBJECTIVES: Recent literature suggested that higher vitamin D concentrations in childhood are associated with a lower prevalence of molar incisor hypomineralization (MIH). As tooth development already starts in utero, we aimed to study whether vitamin D status during foetal, postnatal and childhood periods is associated with the presence of hypomineralized second primary molars (HSPMs) and/or MIH at the age of six. METHODS: Our study was embedded in the Generation R Study, a population-based, prospective cohort from foetal life onwards in Rotterdam, the Netherlands...
March 1, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Najith Amarasena, Andrew John Spencer, Kaye F Roberts-Thomson, David S Brennan
OBJECTIVES: To investigate associations of dental knowledge with dental service utilization over 2 years in South Australians aged 45-54 years. METHODS: In 2004-2005, a random sample of 2469 adults aged 45-54 years from Adelaide, South Australia, who were selected from the Australian electoral roll was surveyed. The outcome variables were the numbers of visits and dental services received over 2 years. Data were analysed using log-binomial and Poisson regression...
February 20, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Ankur Singh, Jane Harford, Marco A Peres
The high prevalence of oral diseases and the persistent nature of socioeconomic inequalities in oral health outcomes across societies presents a significant challenge for public health globally. A debate exists in epidemiology on the merits of investigating population variations in health and its determinants over studying individual health and its individual risk factors. The choice of analytical unit for health outcomes at the population level has policy implications and consequences for the causal understanding of population-level variations in health/disease...
February 20, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Anne R Wilson, Karen A Fehringer, William G Henderson, Kamilla Venner, Jacob Thomas, Maya M Harper, Terrence S Batliner, Judith Albino
OBJECTIVES: Assess fidelity of a motivational interviewing (MI) intervention focused on preventing early childhood caries in a cohort of American Indian mothers with newborns. METHODS: Four interventionists were trained to administer an oral health MI intervention. The MI sessions were audio recorded to enable scoring as part of fidelity studies to assess the interventionist's degree of competence in using MI principles. Evaluation of the interventionists was completed using the Motivational Interviewing Treatment Integrity (MITI) 3...
February 20, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Anjali Mago, Michael I MacEntee, Mario Brondani, James Frankish
OBJECTIVES: To reveal and describe from open-ended interviews how homeless people in Vancouver interpret, appraise and cope with dental care. METHODS: Audio-recorded interviews with 25 homeless people (18 men and 7 women; age range: 25-64 years), purposefully selected for a range of experiences, were transcribed and analysed inductively. The process of interpretive description drawing from the Behavioral Model for Vulnerable Populations and Lazarus's Theory of Emotions identified how participants appraised and coped with dental care...
February 15, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Gustavo G Nascimento, Vibeke Baelum, Gunnar Dahlen, Rodrigo Lopez
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the association between dental caries and periodontitis among adolescents participating in a case-control study of periodontitis. In addition, we compared 2 analytical approaches to estimate the association: conventional regression and structural equation modelling (SEM). METHODS: Along with periodontal recordings, data were obtained on caries, just as subgingival plaque samples were collected. Sociodemographic information was collected with a questionnaire...
February 15, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Tove Irene Wigen, Christine Sophie Baumgartner, Nina Johanne Wang
OBJECTIVE: The first aim was to describe presence of plaque, caries and oral health behaviours in 2-year-old children. The second aim was to measure increments in caries experience from 2 to 5 years of age and to study whether national background, visible plaque, caries and oral health behaviour at 2 years of age were associated with increments in caries experience. METHODS: The study population consisted of 392 children, of whom 211 were monitored from 2 to 5 years of age...
February 13, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Nichola Shackleton, Jonathan M Broadbent, Simon Thornley, Barry J Milne, Sue Crengle, Daniel J Exeter
OBJECTIVES: To investigate ethnic-specific deprivation gradients in early childhood dental caries experience considering different domains of deprivation. METHODS: We used cross-sectional near whole population-level data on 318 321 four-year-olds attending the "B4 School check," a national health and development check in New Zealand, across 6 fiscal years (2010/2011 to 2015/2016). The "lift the lip" screening tool was used to estimate experience of any caries and severe caries...
February 8, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
C Mac Giolla Phadraig, C Griffiths, P McCallion, M McCarron, E Donnelly-Swift, J Nunn
OBJECTIVE: To report frequency and predictors of reported pharmacological behaviour support use among older adults with intellectual disabilities (ID) accessing dental care in Ireland. METHODS: Data from a nationally representative cross-sectional survey of adults with ID over 40 years of age allowed identification of the reported frequency of pharmacological behaviour support use. Predictors of pharmacological support were identified using multiple logistic regression...
February 5, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Prathip Phantumvanit, Yuka Makino, Hiroshi Ogawa, Andrew Rugg-Gunn, Paula Moynihan, Poul Erik Petersen, Wendell Evans, Carlos Alberto Feldens, Edward Lo, Mohammad H Khoshnevisan, Ramon Baez, Benoit Varenne, Tippanart Vichayanrat, Yupin Songpaisan, Margaret Woodward, Siriruk Nakornchai, Chantana Ungchusak
Early Childhood Caries (ECC) is prevalent around the world, but in particular the disease is growing rapidly in low- and middle-income countries in parallel with changing diet and lifestyles. In many countries, ECC is often left untreated, a condition which leads to pain and adversely affects general health, growth and development, and quality of life of children, their families and their communities. Importantly, ECC is also a global public health burden, medically, socially and economically. In many countries, a substantial number of children require general anaesthesia for the treatment of caries in their primary teeth (usually extractions), and this has considerable cost and social implications...
January 30, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Aidan Yuen, Carla Martins Rocha, Estie Kruger, Marc Tennant
OBJECTIVE: Advances in geospatial technologies have recognized the role of geographic distance as a barrier to healthcare accessibility. Frequent transportation is supposed to buffer issues with distance, while infrequent services impede the uptake of care. The role of public transportation on the accessibility of health care-including oral health care-is not well elucidated in the context of megacities, such as the municipality of São Paulo, Brazil. This study aimed to compare the supply of public transportation to primary dental clinics and the population between advantaged and disadvantaged areas in São Paulo city...
January 29, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Issarapong Kaewkamnerdpong, Sudaduang Krisdapong
OBJECTIVES: To assess the hierarchical associations between children's school performance and condition-specific (CS) oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL), school absence, oral status, sociodemographic and economic status (SDES) and social capital; and to investigate the associations between CS OHRQoL and related oral status, adjusting for SDES and social capital. METHODS: Data on 925 sixth grade children in Sakaeo province, Thailand, were collected through oral examinations for dental caries and oral hygiene, social capital questionnaires, OHRQoL interviews using the Child-Oral Impacts on Daily Performances index, parental self-administered questionnaires and school documents...
January 8, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
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April 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Carlos Zaror, María José Martínez-Zapata, Jaime Abarca, Jaime Díaz, Yolanda Pardo, Àngels Pont, Montse Ferrer
OBJECTIVES: Traumatic dental injuries (TDIs) in childhood and adolescence are a potential public health problem given their prevalence and consequences. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of TDIs on the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of preschoolers and schoolchildren, by synthesizing the available evidence. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted in MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, ScieLo and Lilacs databases since January 1966 until March 2016...
February 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Patricia Muñoz-Millán, Carlos Zaror, Gerardo Espinoza-Espinoza, Carolina Vergara-Gonzalez, Sergio Muñoz, Claudia Atala-Acevedo, Maria José Martínez-Zapata
OBJECTIVES: Early childhood caries (ECC) constitutes a serious public health issue, especially in communities without water fluoridation. We assessed the effectiveness of biannual fluoride varnish applications to prevent ECC in children from nonfluoridated rural areas. METHODS: A triple-blind randomized control trial with two parallel arms was conducted with 275 two- to three-year-old children without cavitated carious lesions from 28 rural public preschools in Chile...
February 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Lucy O'Malley, Helen V Worthington, Michael Donaldson, Ciaran O'Neil, Stephen Birch, Solveig Noble, Seamus Killough, Lynn Murphy, Margaret Greer, Julie Brodison, Rejina Verghis, Martin Tickle
OBJECTIVES: The NICPIP trial evaluated the costs and effects of a caries prevention intervention delivered to 2- to 3-year-old children attending dental practices in Northern Ireland. This supplementary study explored the oral health behaviours of children and their parents to help understand the reasons for the trial's findings. METHODS: A mixed methods study that included a questionnaire completed by all parents (n = 1058) at the time they brought their child for the NICPIP final clinical assessment...
December 22, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
A M Curtis, J E Cavanaugh, S M Levy, J VanBuren, T A Marshall, J J Warren
OBJECTIVES: This analysis examines the aetiology of caries development in adolescents using structural equation modelling to identify behavioural mediators of the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and caries incidence, and to investigate the role of sex on caries-preventive behaviour and caries. METHODS: This analysis was based on data from the Iowa Fluoride Study, a longitudinal study of a birth cohort. We hypothesized that socioeconomic status earlier in life has a direct effect on caries development and an indirect effect from improved behavioural variables-dental visit attendance, toothbrushing frequency and percentage of beverage intake consisting of sugar-sweetened beverages-and that sex also plays a role in behavioural variables, as well as caries...
December 21, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Rafaela Soares Rech, Fernando Neves Hugo, Alexandre Baumgarten, Karoline Weber Dos Santos, Bárbara Niegia Garcia de Goulart, Juliana Balbinot Hilgert
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of a simplified clinical examination of swallowing by dentists and the Eating Assessment Tool (EAT-10), when compared with the diagnosis provided by a speech pathologist (gold standard). METHODS: Three dentists and 1 speech pathologist clinically evaluated 265 older persons in southern Brazil, 123 were residents in long-term care and 142 were community-dwelling, all able to respond to the research protocol independently...
December 19, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Kar Yan Li, Christopher E Okunseri, Colman McGrath, May C M Wong
OBJECTIVE: Single-item self-reported oral health (SROH) is a convenient and reliable measure for the assessment of population-based oral health. However, little is known about trends and its associations among US adults. This study investigated trends in SROH (aged 20+ years) and the associated factors among adults living in the United States. METHODS: Self-reported oral health data for 41 621 adults aged 20+ years from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999 to 2014 were analysed...
December 14, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
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