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Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092105/effectiveness-of-water-fluoridation-in-the-prevention-of-dental-caries-across-adult-age-groups
#1
Loc Do, Diep Ha, Marco A Peres, John Skinner, Roy Byun, A John Spencer
BACKGROUND: Lifetime access to fluoridated water (FW) is associated with lower caries experience. However, assessing this association in adults is likely affected by age. Cohort stratification and categorization of per cent lifetime access to fluoridated water (% LAFW) within cohorts are current approaches to this assessment. These approaches require an examination of the % LAFW and caries experience variation within and across age groups and their association to inform future analyses...
January 16, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092100/comparing-human-resource-planning-models-in-dentistry-a-case-study-using-canadian-armed-forces-dental-clinics
#2
Jodi L Shaw, Julie W Farmer, Peter C Coyte, Herenia P Lawrence
OBJECTIVES: To compare two methods of allocating general dentists to Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) dental detachments: a dentist-to-population ratio model and a needs-based model. METHODS: Data obtained from CAF sources were analysed to compare models. Times assigned to treatment plan procedures were used as a proxy for treatment needs. Full-time equivalents (FTEs) were used as an indicator for the number of dentists allocated to each detachment. FTE values were adjusted for military dentists to account for time spent on compulsory nonclinical duties...
January 16, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28083893/malocclusion-traits-and-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in-finnish-adults
#3
Mohd Masood, Anna L Suominen, Terttu Pietila, Satu Lahti
AIM: The aim of this study was to examine the association of increased overjet, cross-bite/scissor-bite and increased overbite/open bite with oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among Finnish adults using nationally representative data. METHODS: Part of the data from the Health 2000 Survey, Finland, was used in this study. A total of 4711 people were included, representing adults aged ≥30 years. The outcome variable was OHRQoL severity which was measured using the 14-item Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14)...
January 12, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28083880/oral-health-related-quality-of-life-scores-differ-by-socioeconomic-status-and-caries-experience
#4
Benjamin W Chaffee, Priscila Humbert Rodrigues, Paulo Floriani Kramer, Márcia Regina Vítolo, Carlos Alberto Feldens
OBJECTIVES: (i) Quantify the relative association between child dental caries experience and maternal-reported child oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL); (ii) examine whether that association differed according to family socioeconomic status (SES); and (iii) explore whether absolute OHRQoL varied by family SES at similar levels of child caries experience. METHODS: This study was a cross-sectional analysis of children in southern Brazil (n=456, mean age: 38 months) participating in an existing health centre-based intervention study...
January 12, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032355/socioeconomic-position-during-life-and-periodontitis-in-adulthood-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Helena Silveira Schuch, Karen G Peres, Ankur Singh, Marco A Peres, Loc G Do
Socioeconomic position (SEP) is a well-known risk indicator for chronic periodontitis. However, it is still unclear how SEP during the life course influences periodontal outcomes in adulthood. This study aimed to systematically review longitudinal studies investigating the influence of individual-level SEP during the life course on subsequent periodontitis in adulthood. Inclusion criteria were epidemiological longitudinal observational studies, in which indicators of relative SEP were assessed prior to clinical assessment of periodontitis...
December 29, 2016: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028833/incidence-and-predictors-of-edentulism-among-south-brazilian-older-adults
#6
Fernanda Pasquetti Marques, Luísa Helena do Nascimento Tôrres, Augusto Bacelo Bidinotto, Juliana Balbinot Hilgert, Fernando Neves Hugo, Renato José De Marchi
OBJECTIVE: To identify socioeconomic, demographic, behavioural and clinical predictors of the 8-year incidence of edentulism in south Brazilian older adults. METHODS: Cohort of a representative sample of older persons in Carlos Barbosa, a south Brazil city. A cohort study was conducted using a simple random sample of 392 older people evaluated in 2004, with follow-ups in 2008 and 2012, when 199 participants were evaluated. Interviews and oral examinations were conducted...
December 28, 2016: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004397/general-health-influences-episodes-of-xerostomia-a-prospective-population-based-study
#7
Luciana da Silva, Emil Kupek, Karen G Peres
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the associated factors of changes in symptoms of xerostomia (SOX) in adults aged 20-59. METHODS: A prospective population-based study was conducted in 2009 (n = 1720) and 2012 (n = 1222) in the urban area of Florianópolis, SC, Brazil. Information on SOX was collected in both years together with age, family income, years of schooling, smoking habit, alcohol consumption, changes in the body mass index (BMI; kg/m²), medicine use, self-reported diagnosis of chronic diseases, change in hypertension status and in the use and need for dentures, and number of remaining teeth...
December 22, 2016: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978596/environmental-tobacco-smoke-exposure-and-periodontitis-prevalence-among-nonsmokers-in-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos
#8
Aderonke A Akinkugbe, Anne E Sanders, John S Preisser, Jianwen Cai, Christian R Salazar, James D Beck
OBJECTIVE: To describe self-reported exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) and its association with periodontitis prevalence in a diverse group of Hispanics/Latinos. METHODS: Data came from 8675 lifetime nonsmokers in the 2008-2011 Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos. Exposure to ETS was self-reported, while periodontitis was defined using the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention-American Academy of Periodontology criteria and the proportion of sites affected by clinical attachment level of ≥3 mm or pocket depth of ≥4 mm...
December 15, 2016: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957773/dental-workforce-availability-and-dental-services-utilization-in-appalachia-a-geospatial-analysis
#9
Xue Feng, Usha Sambamoorthi, R Constance Wiener
OBJECTIVES: There is considerable variation in dental services utilization across Appalachian counties, and a plausible explanation is that individuals in some geographical areas do not utilize dental care due to dental workforce shortage. We conducted an ecological study on dental workforce availability and dental services utilization in Appalachia. METHODS: We derived county-level (n = 364) data on demographic and socioeconomic characteristics and dental services utilization in Appalachia from the 2010 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) using person-level data...
December 13, 2016: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922188/oral-health-status-of-children-in-los-angeles-county-and-in-the-united-states-1999-2004
#10
Bruce A Dye, Clemencia M Vargas, Cheryl D Fryar, Francisco Ramos-Gomez, Robert Isman
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain and compare the oral health status and related sociodemographic risk indicators in children in Los Angeles (LA) County with children in the United States. METHODS: Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2004 were used to calculate prevalence estimates for children aged 2-13 years living in LA County and in the United States. Sociodemographic indicators were evaluated using multiple logistic regression modeling...
December 6, 2016: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921329/preventive-dental-visiting-a-critical-interpretive-synthesis-of-theory-explaining-how-inequalities-arise
#11
Rebecca V Harris, Andrew Pennington, Margaret Whitehead
BACKGROUND: In many countries, those with lower socioeconomic status are disproportionately affected by poor oral health. This can be attributed, at least in part, to differences in preventive dental visiting. While several theories have been applied to the area, they generally fail to capture the recursive nature of dental visiting behaviour, and fall short of informing the design of complex interventions to tackle inequalities. OBJECTIVE: To undertake a systematic review and synthesis of theory in order to provide an overview of the pathways which bring about socioeconomic inequalities in early dental visiting, and identify possible intervention points...
December 6, 2016: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859533/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-the-atraumatic-restorative-treatment-based-approach-to-managing-early-childhood-caries
#12
Utsana Tonmukayakul, Peter Arrow
OBJECTIVE: Paediatric dental care under general anaesthesia among preschool children in Western Australia is increasing and costly. This study assessed cost-effectiveness of the atraumatic restorative treatment-based (ART-based) approach against the standard care (SC) approach to managing early childhood caries in a primary care setting based on a 1-year pragmatic randomized controlled trial. METHODS: Cost-effectiveness analysis, from the service provider perspective, was conducted...
November 14, 2016: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807881/payment-systems-and-incentives-in-dentistry
#13
Jostein Grytten
In this commentary, we discuss the advantages and disadvantages of the following incentive-based remuneration systems in dentistry: fee-for-service remuneration, per capita remuneration, a mixed payment system (a combination of fee-for-service remuneration and per capita remuneration) and pay-for-performance. The two latter schemes are fairly new in dentistry. Fee-for-service payments secure high quality, but lead to increased costs, probably due to supplier-induced demand. Per capita payments secure effectiveness, but may lead to under-treatment and patient selection...
November 3, 2016: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805279/oral-cancer-screening-in-private-dental-practices-in-a-developing-country-opportunities-and-challenges
#14
Amyza Saleh, Yink Heay Kong, Nabihah Haron, Siti Fatimah Aripin, Malliga Vadiveloo, Haizal Hussaini, Rosnah Binti Zain, Sok Ching Cheong
OBJECTIVES: Private dental practitioners constitute approximately 40% of all registered dentists in Malaysia, and this group affords an avenue for prevention and early detection of oral cancer. However, such activities are still limited. This study investigated the feasibility of incorporating opportunistic screening of oral cancer in the private dental setting. METHODS: Dentists were recruited through two main dental associations in Malaysia and attended a 1-day training session on recognizing abnormalities within the oral cavity...
November 2, 2016: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27517458/effectiveness-evaluation-of-contra-caries-oral-health-education-program-for-improving-spanish-speaking-parents-preventive-oral-health-knowledge-and-behaviors-for-their-young-children
#15
K S Hoeft, J C Barker, S Shiboski, E Pantoja-Guzman, R A Hiatt
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness of the Contra Caries Oral Health Education Program (CCOHEP) for improving low-income, Spanish-speaking parents' oral health knowledge and behaviors for their young children. Mexican American children in the United States suffer disproportionately high prevalence and severity of early childhood caries, yet few evaluated, theory-based behavioral interventions exist for this population. CCOHEP is a theory-based curriculum consisting of four 2-h interactive classes designed for and by Spanish speakers and led by designated community health educators (promotoras)...
December 2016: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27500895/half-century-of-dental-public-health-research-bibliometric-analysis-of-world-scientific-trends
#16
Roger Keller Celeste, Jonathan M Broadbent, Samuel Jorge Moyses
OBJECTIVES: To describe the characteristics of Dental Public Health (DPH) scientific publications within core DPH journals over time and to compare DPH journals with DPH content from other journal types. METHODS: The Scopus database was used to identify DPH-relevant articles published from 1965 to 2014 in three core DPH journals (DPHJs) and from 2005 to 2014 in Dental Journals (DJs), Public Health (PHJs) and General Journals (GJs). To identify DPH-relevant articles, a search strategy with words about oral health and public health was applied to each group of journals...
December 2016: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774670/examining-dental-expenditure-and-dental-insurance-accounting-for-probability-of-incurring-expenses
#17
Dana Teusner, Valerie Smith, Emmanuel Gnanamanickam, David Brennan
OBJECTIVES: There are few studies of dental service expenditure in Australia. Although dental insurance status is strongly associated with a higher probability of dental visiting, some studies indicate that there is little variation in expenditure by insurance status among those who attend for care. Our objective was to assess the overall impact of insurance on expenditures by modelling the association between insurance and expenditure accounting for variation in the probability of incurring expenses, that is dental visiting...
October 24, 2016: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730664/toward-a-genetic-understanding-of-dental-fear-evidence-of-heritability
#18
Cameron L Randall, John R Shaffer, Daniel W McNeil, Richard J Crout, Robert J Weyant, Mary L Marazita
OBJECTIVES: Dental fear is a prevalent problem that impacts dental treatment-seeking behavior and thus oral, systemic, and psychological health. Among other important predictors, fear of pain has been shown to be a critical component of dental fear. While learning history (id est, past experience) is known to shape development and maintenance of dental fear and fear of pain, minimal work has addressed genetic etiological variables for these healthcare-related anxieties. With the aim of coming to a more complete conceptualization of dental fear, this study assessed the heritability of dental fear and fear of pain and elucidated the role of genetics in the relation between the constructs...
October 11, 2016: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726172/lifecourse-socioeconomic-position-indicators-and-tooth-loss-in-korean-adults
#19
Dong-Hun Han, Young-Ho Khang
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the association between lifecourse socioeconomic position (SEP) indicators and tooth loss in a large representative sample of the Korean adult population. METHODS: Data from the Fourth and Fifth Korea National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey on 17,549 Korean adults aged 50 years or older were analyzed. The study design was cross-sectional. Tooth loss was defined as either edentulism (0 teeth) or severe tooth loss (<20 teeth)...
October 10, 2016: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27593621/response-to-mortazavi-et%C3%A2-al-comments-on-prenatal-exposure-to-dental-amalgam-and-pregnancy-outcome
#20
LETTER
Gunvor Bentung Lygre, Lars Björkman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
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