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Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523795/efficacy-of-an-oral-health-literacy-intervention-among-indigenous-australian-adults
#1
Xiangqun Ju, David Brennan, Eleanor Parker, Helen Mills, Kostas Kapellas, Lisa Jamieson
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of an oral health literacy intervention on oral health literacy-related outcomes among rural-dwelling Indigenous Australian adults. METHODS: A total of 400 Indigenous adults (203 intervention and 197 control participants) were recruited into a randomized controlled trial; a functional, context-specific oral health literacy interventions were developed and implemented by Indigenous staff. The intervention comprised five sessions, each lasting 1...
May 19, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509420/the-magnitude-of-indigenous-and-non-indigenous-oral-health-inequalities-in-brazil-new-zealand-and-australia
#2
Helena S Schuch, Dandara G Haag, Kostas Kapellas, Rui Arantes, Marco A Peres, W M Thomson, Lisa M Jamieson
OBJECTIVE: To compare the magnitude of relative oral health inequalities between Indigenous and non-Indigenous persons from Brazil, New Zealand and Australia. METHODS: Data were from surveys in Brazil (2010), New Zealand (2009) and Australia (2004-06 and 2012). Participants were aged 35-44 years and 65-74 years. Indigenous and non-Indigenous inequalities were estimated by prevalence ratios (PR) and their corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CI), adjusting for sex, age and income...
May 16, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444905/the-value-of-a-combined-word-recognition-and-knowledge-measure-to-understand-characteristics-of-our-patients-oral-health-literacy
#3
Kathryn A Atchison, Mark D Macek, Daniela Markovic
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the analysis was to examine the association between sociodemographic and dental understanding and utilization characteristics and lower oral health literacy (HL) and knowledge. METHODS: The cross-sectional Multicenter Oral Health Literacy Research Study (MOHLRS) recruited and interviewed 923 English-speaking, initial care-seeking adults. The questionnaire included participant sociodemographic characteristics, measures of the participant's understanding and utilization of dentistry, and two oral HL measures, the Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Medicine and Dentistry (REALM-D) and the Comprehensive Measure of Oral Health Knowledge (CMOHK), which were combined into a new composite HL and knowledge measure, the MOHLR-K...
April 26, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444902/trajectory-of-social-inequalities-in-the-treatment-of-dental-caries-among-preschool-children-in-japan
#4
Jun Aida, Yusuke Matsuyama, Takahiro Tabuchi, Yuko Komazaki, Toru Tsuboya, Tsuguhiko Kato, Ken Osaka, Takeo Fujiwara
OBJECTIVES: The longitudinal trend of dental health inequalities among preschool children has not been described. In this study, we aimed to measure the trajectory of both relative and absolute inequalities in caries treatment among preschool children in Japan. METHODS: We used data from the Longitudinal Survey of Babies in the 21st Century (LSB21), which is an ongoing national representative longitudinal study. The target population was families residing in Japan with newborn baby/babies born between 10 January and 17 January or 10 July and 17 July 2001...
April 26, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425612/oral-health-programmes-in-indigenous-communities-worldwide-lessons-learned-from-the-field-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#5
Carrie Tsai, Anthony Blinkhorn, Michelle Irving
OBJECTIVES: This systematic review examines the evidence on the effectiveness of programmes that aim to improve the oral health of Indigenous populations worldwide, as well as presents a qualitative analysis to explore the design and implementation of these initiatives. METHODS: MEDLINE and EMBASE were searched. Studies were included if they described an oral health programme for an Indigenous population in any country worldwide. A thematic synthesis of the qualitative findings was undertaken for each study's results and discussion sections...
April 20, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421641/it-is-not-just-about-occupation-but-also-about-where-you-work
#6
Hanne Berthelsen, Hugo Westerlund, Jari J Hakanen, Tage S Kristensen
OBJECTIVES: Dentistry is characterized by a meaningful but also stressful psychosocial working environment. Job satisfaction varies among staff working under different organizational forms. The aim of this study was to identify (i) to what extent crucial psychosocial work environment characteristics differ among occupations in general public dental clinics in Sweden, and (ii) how much of the variation within each occupation is attributable to the organizational level. METHODS: All staff (N=1782) employed in four public dental organizations received an email with personal log-in to an electronic questionnaire based on the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire...
April 18, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417515/do-maternal-depression-and-anxiety-influence-children-s-oral-health-related-quality-of-life
#7
Francine Dos Santos Costa, Marina Sousa Azevedo, Thiago Machado Ardenghi, Ricardo Tavares Pinheiro, Flávio Fernando Demarco, Marília Leão Goettems
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the influence of depressive and anxiety symptoms in young mothers on their perception in relation to their children's oral health-related quality of life (COHRQoL). METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out in Pelotas, Southern Brazil, and it was nested in a cohort of adolescent mothers having their prenatal care in public health service, starting in 2008. When the children were aged 24-36 months, they and their mothers were interviewed and submitted to clinical examination by a trained team...
April 17, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370341/the-association-of-subjective-orthodontic-treatment-need-with-oral-health-related-quality-of-life
#8
Lea Kragt, Vincent Jaddoe, Eppo Wolvius, Edwin Ongkosuwito
OBJECTIVES: The existing body of evidence reports an inconsistent association between subjective and objective orthodontic treatment need. The concept of oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) might help to explain the differences in subjective and objective orthodontic treatment need. Our aim was to investigate the association of subjective orthodontic treatment with OHRQoL in children. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was embedded in the Generation R Study, a population-based prospective cohort study...
March 31, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370337/are-school-and-home-environmental-characteristics-associated-with-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in-brazilian-adolescents-and-young-adults
#9
Maram Ali M Alwadi, Mario Vianna Vettore
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to test the association of contextual school and home environmental characteristics and individual factors with oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in a representative sample of Brazilian adolescents and young adults. METHODS: Individual-level data from 3854 fifteen- to nineteen-year-olds who participated in the Brazilian Oral Health Survey were pooled with contextual city-level data. The dependent variable was the frequency of impacts of oral disorders on daily performances (OIDP extent), as a measure of OHRQoL...
March 31, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370209/clinical-instruments-and-methods-for-assessing-physical-oral-health-a-systematic-review
#10
L-K Pauli, G Aarabi, L Kriston, A Jansen, G Heydecke, D R Reissmann
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed at exploring available clinical instruments and methods for assessing physical oral health, and at identifying those with sufficient diagnostic performance. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted in Embase and MEDLINE. Identified instruments and methods were critically appraised, and quality of diagnostic performance was rated by two independent reviewers as A (sufficient diagnostic performance), B (either sufficient reliability or validity) or C (insufficient quality, or empirical results unsatisfactory and/or inconsistent)...
March 31, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370372/the-social-gradient-in-oral-health-is-there-a-role-for-dental-anxiety
#11
Eduardo Bernabé, Gerry Humphris, Ruth Freeman
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the contribution of dental anxiety to social gradients in different oral health outcomes and whether social gradients in oral health persist once dental anxiety is removed from the population examined. METHODS: Data from 9035 British adults were analysed. Participants' socioeconomic position (SEP) was measured through education and household income. Dental anxiety was measured with the Modified Dental Anxiety Scale. Poor subjective oral health, oral impacts on quality of life and edentulism among all adults and the number of teeth, the number of decayed, missing and filled surfaces (DMFS) and sextants with pocketing among dentate adults were the oral health outcomes...
March 28, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295476/the-interpersonal-work-of-dental-conscious-sedation-a-qualitative-analysis
#12
Stephen M Woolley, Barbara Chadwick, Lesley Pugsley
AIMS: Whilst there is a considerable body of literature examining the pharmacology of conscious sedation, the social tasks required to successfully provide conscious sedation have not been reported. This paper discusses data regarding the interpersonal work integral to effective conscious sedation provision, from a larger qualitative study exploring how patients and clinicians engage with secondary care conscious sedation provided within the UK. METHOD: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 13 conscious sedation providers and nine patients within UK-based secondary care sedation settings...
March 14, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271537/oral-health-conceptual-knowledge-and-its-relationships-with-oral-health-outcomes-findings-from-a-multi-site-health-literacy-study
#13
Mark D Macek, Kathryn A Atchison, Haiyan Chen, William Wells, Don Haynes, Ruth M Parker, Shurouk Azzo
OBJECTIVES: In 2010, a health literacy instrument designed to measure oral health conceptual knowledge was introduced. This developmental work was limited in that it included a relatively small and homogeneous study population and few oral health measures against which to test concurrent validity. The purpose of the present investigation is to expand upon the earlier work by utilizing a larger study sample and additional outcome variables. METHODS: Data for this report came from the Multi-site Oral Health Literacy Research Study (MOHLRS), a large, cross-sectional survey conducted at two university-based dental clinics in the United States...
March 7, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251672/prescribing-patterns-of-analgesics-and-other-medicines-by-dental-practitioners-in-australia-from-2001-to-2012
#14
Samantha A Hollingworth, Ryan Chan, Jenny Pham, Sonya Shi, Pauline J Ford
OBJECTIVES: Dental practitioners are able to prescribe a variety of medicines subsidized on the Pharmaceutical Benefits Schedule (PBS), the main categories of which are analgesics and antibiotics. We aimed to investigate the patterns of PBS prescribing of non-antimicrobial medicines by dental practitioners in Australia from 2001 to 2012. METHODS: Data were collected from Medicare Australia on prescriptions from dental practitioners dispensed to concessional beneficiaries between 2001 and 2012...
March 2, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239951/the-technical-efficiency-of-oral-healthcare-provision-evaluating-role-substitution-in-national-health-service-dental-practices-in-england
#15
Harry Hill, Stephen Birch, Martin Tickle, Ruth McDonald, Paul Brocklehurst
OBJECTIVES: In many countries increasing use is being made of dental care professionals (DCPs) to provide aspects of clinical activity previously undertaken by dentists. This study evaluates the differences in practice efficiency associated with the utilisation of DCPs in the provision of General Dental Services in the National Health Service (NHS) in England. METHODS: One hundred twenty-one NHS practices completed a questionnaire and shared practice information held at the NHS Business Services Authority...
February 27, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266046/development-of-dental-anxiety-in-schoolchildren-a-2-year-prospective-study
#16
Fernanda C Soares, Rodrigo A Lima, Mauro V G de Barros, Göran Dahllöf, Viviane Colares
AIM: To assess the development of high dental anxiety and the factors that are associated with it over a 2-year period. DESIGN: This longitudinal study focused on 416 Brazilian children aged 5-7 years over 2 years. Interviews were conducted with the children's parents to investigate the children's health-related behaviours. Additionally, the children's dental caries experience was clinically evaluated to obtain information about DMFT/dmft (decayed, filled and missing teeth) indices...
June 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224642/methodological-considerations-for-designing-a-community-water-fluoridation-cessation-study
#17
Sonica Singhal, Julie Farmer, Lindsay McLaren
High-quality, up-to-date research on community water fluoridation (CWF), and especially on the implications of CWF cessation for dental health, is limited. Although CWF cessation studies have been conducted, they are few in number; one of the major reasons is the methodological complexity of conducting such a study. This article draws on a systematic review of existing cessation studies (n=15) to explore methodological considerations of conducting CWF cessation studies in future. We review nine important methodological aspects (study design, comparison community, target population, time frame, sampling strategy, clinical indicators, assessment criteria, covariates and biomarkers) and provide recommendations for planning future CWF cessation studies that examine effects on dental caries...
June 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185272/social-inequalities-in-tooth-loss-a-multinational-comparison
#18
Hawazin W Elani, Sam Harper, William Murray Thomson, Iris L Espinoza, Gloria C Mejia, Xiangqun Ju, Lisa M Jamieson, Ichiro Kawachi, Jay S Kaufman
OBJECTIVES: To conduct cross-national comparison of education-based inequalities in tooth loss across Australia, Canada, Chile, New Zealand and the United States. METHODS: We used nationally representative data from Australia's National Survey of Adult Oral Health; Canadian Health Measures Survey; Chile's First National Health Survey Ministry of Health; US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey; and the New Zealand Oral Health Survey. We examined the prevalence of edentulism, the proportion of individuals having <21 teeth and the mean number of teeth present...
June 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169442/social-and-health-related-factors-associated-with-refraining-from-seeking-dental-care-a-cross-sectional-population-study
#19
Erik Berglund, Ragnar Westerling, Per Lytsy
BACKGROUND: Social inequities are considered to affect healthcare utilization, whereas less is known about the factors associated with refraining from seeking dental care. This study aimed to investigate whether people with no social support, long-term illness, caregiver burden and low socioeconomic status (SES) refrained from seeking dental care in higher proportion than the general Swedish population. METHODS: This study used cross-sectional questionnaire data from repeated nationwide health surveys during 2004-2013 of a total of 90 845 people...
June 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145570/fluoride-in-the-diet-of-2-years-old-children
#20
E A Martinez-Mier, Kathryn L Spencer, Brian J Sanders, James E Jones, Armando E Soto-Rojas, Angela M Tomlin, LaQuia A Vinson, James A Weddell, George J Eckert
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to calculate the fluoride concentrations of commonly consumed foods and beverages for 2-years-old children utilizing market basket information for the US Midwest region. METHODS: Total Diet Study food lists were cross-referenced with National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey-What We Eat in America data to determine the foods and beverages to be included. Fluoride concentrations were determined using a modification of the hexamethyldisiloxane microdiffusion technique...
June 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
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