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Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology

Hege Nermo, Tiril Willumsen, Jan-Are K Johnsen
OBJECTIVE: Identify predictive variables related to the development and continuation of high dental anxiety among young people over 2 years and assess differences between youth experiencing increased, decreased or unchanged dental anxiety scores over time. METHODS: An observational panel study of 15- to 21-year-old people in Tromsø and Balsfjord region followed students from their first to their last year of upper secondary school (2010/11-2012/13). Logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios and their 95% confidence intervals (CI) of possible predictive variables assessed at baseline when using dental anxiety score from the second wave as a dichotomous dependent variable...
November 8, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Amy Joyce Righolt, Grigory Sidorenkov, Clovis Mariano Faggion, Stefan Listl, Denise Duijster
OBJECTIVES: This systematic review aimed to (a) provide an overview of existing quality measures in the field of oral health care, and to (b) evaluate the scientific soundness and applicability of these quality measures. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted in three electronic databases MEDLINE (via PubMed), EMBASE (via OVID) and LILACS (via BIREME). The search was restricted to articles published between 2002 and 2018. Publications reporting on the development process or clinimetric properties of oral health care quality measures for outpatient oral health care in dental practices were included...
October 30, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Eero Raittio, Satu Lahti, Anna Liisa Suominen
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate adult Finns' perceptions about communication with the dentist during their latest visit in three aspects: receiving adequate information about health status and care, being listened to and shown interest by the dentist, and being able to influence the treatment decisions. METHODS: Data were taken from the Health 2011 Survey (BRIH8901). A representative sample (n = 5806) of adult Finns aged over 29 years old was interviewed or alternatively filled in a questionnaire...
October 29, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Mohamed ElSalhy, Ussama Ali, Hollis Lai, Carlos Flores-Mir, Maryam Amin
OBJECTIVE: To explore how caries was reported in studies that employed the International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS). METHODS: A systematic database search up to August 2017 was carried out using PubMed, Ovid MEDLINE, Cochrane library and ISI Web of Science electronic databases. Only studies that used the ICDAS for dental caries examinations were included. Studies were excluded if the examination was done only for the validation or the calibration of the ICDAS and/or if the examination was not done for the whole dentition...
October 18, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Ítalo de Macedo Bernardino, Lorena Marques da Nóbrega, José Régis Cordeiro da Silva, Carmen Lúcia Soares Gomes de Medeiros, Ricardo Alves de Olinda, Sérgio d'Ávila
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the spatial and spatial-temporal distribution of oral and maxillofacial injuries caused by urban violence, as well as to identify underlying disparities at regional level through a geostatistical approach. METHODS: This was a historical ecological cohort study of trauma cases caused by urban violence using aggregate data from victims assisted in a Brazilian medical-forensic service between January 2012 and December 2015. The longitudinal patterns of change observed in each geographic area (neighbourhoods) were evaluated using the finite mixture model (FMM)...
October 15, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Mohd Masood, George Mnatzaganian, Sarah R Baker
OBJECTIVES: To examine any change over time in the association between deprivation and caries experience between 2003 and 2013 in a nationally representative sample of UK children. METHODS: Data from UK Children's Dental Health Surveys, 2003 and 2013, were used. The target population was 5-, 8-, 12- and 15-year-olds. A total of 9604 children in 2003 and 9866 in 2013 were included in the surveys. Outcome variables were any active caries, caries experience and total number of carious teeth...
October 9, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Clair Scrine, Angela Durey, Linda Slack-Smith
OBJECTIVE: To explore dental professionals' perceptions and experiences of providing oral health care for adults with mild to moderate mental health disorders (MHD) in Perth, Western Australia. METHODS: A grounded theory approach guided this research which comprised semi-structured interviews with oral health professionals working in private and/or public dental facilities attended by adults with MHD. An iterative analysis of transcripts identified emerging issues that were organized into categories under which key themes were noted, coded, compared, discussed, reviewed and revised independently by two researchers to ensure rigour...
October 8, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Hady Haririan, Dagmara Pachel-Tettinger, Johannes Kirchner, Andreas Moritz, Xiaohui Rausch-Fan
OBJECTIVES: The delivery of oral health services, diagnostics and treatment underwent significant changes in the 20th century thanks to achievements by pioneers in dentistry. The Golden Age of Dentistry in Vienna, Austria, was marked by renowned dentists like Bernhard Gottlieb in the 1930s. Data records from the outpatient department of this period have been found and served as a source from which to draw comparisons between those days and the present. To date, data supporting an overall perception of advances in dentistry during the last century in tooth preservation and patients' demands have been lacking...
September 27, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Irene Tamí-Maury, Wei-Fen Ma, Mi-Ting Lin, Cheng-Chieh Lin, Ming-Hsiu Tsai, Chia-Ing Li, Tsai-Chung Li, Rosetta Krukrubo, Ellen R Gritz
OBJECTIVES: Betel quid (BQ) chewing is extremely prominent in South and Southeast Asia because it considered by users to be of social, cultural and religious importance. BQ chewing has been recognized as a risk factor for oral premalignant lesions and oral cancer. Because BQ chewing has become a severe health risk in Taiwan, the development of prevention and cessation programmes is essential. The purpose of this study was to explore the attitudes and perceptions associated with BQ consumption and its oral health implications in an attempt to inform the development of health promotion initiatives and BQ cessation efforts in Taiwan, where the dental profession could have a pivotal role in preventing and controlling BQ use among persons at risk...
September 20, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Carol C Guarnizo-Herreño, Richard G Watt, Nathaly Garzón-Orjuela, Georgios Tsakos
OBJECTIVE: To assess the extent to which behavioural factors, including those related to dental care, account for oral health inequalities in different European welfare state regimes. METHODS: Data from the Eurobarometer 2009 survey were analysed. Nationally representative samples of dentate adults aged ≥45 years (n = 9979) from 21 European countries classified into the five welfare regimes (Scandinavian, Anglo-Saxon, Bismarckian, Southern, Eastern) were considered...
September 13, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Helén Isaksson, Göran Koch, Anita Alm, Mats Nilsson, Lill-Kari Wendt, Dowen Birkhed
OBJECTIVES: To test the hypothesis that parental factors in early childhood influence approximal caries experience in young adults. METHODS: A cohort of 494 individuals was followed longitudinally from 1 to 20 years of age. Data were retrieved from parental interviews and questionnaires when the child was 1 and 3 years of age. At age 20, the participants underwent bitewing radiographic examination. Based on the number of approximal caries lesions (Da), stratified into initial (Di ) or manifest caries (Dm ) and approximal fillings (Fa), the participants were divided into two main groups: those with: (a) 0 Dim Fa (n = 244) and (b) >0 Dim Fa (n = 250)...
September 13, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
David S Brennan, A John Spencer, Kaye F Roberts-Thomson
BACKGROUND: There is debate whether both subjective and objective measures of socioeconomic status (SES) are needed to predict health, and whether these factors are explained by psychosocial characteristics. The aims were to investigate the association of socioeconomic and psychosocial variables with oral health impact and general health utility. METHODS: A random sample of 45- to 54-year-olds from Adelaide, South Australia, was surveyed by self-complete questionnaire in 2004-2005...
September 6, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Nor Azlina Hashim, Zamros Yuzadi Mohd Yusof, Roslan Saub
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the sensitivity and responsiveness of the Malay version of Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (Malay-ECOHIS) to dental treatment of early childhood caries (ECC) under general anaesthesia (GA) and determine the minimally important difference (MID) for the Malay-ECOHIS. METHODS: A sample of 158 preschool children with ECC awaiting dental treatment under GA was recruited over an 8-month period. Parents self-completed the Malay-ECOHIS before and 4 weeks after their child's dental treatment...
September 6, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Anna-Luisa Klotz, Benjamin Tauber, Anna-Lena Schubert, Alexander Jochen Hassel, Johannes Schröder, Hans-Werner Wahl, Peter Rammelsberg, Andreas Zenthöfer
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate possible longitudinal associations between oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) and subjective well-being among quinquagenarians and septuagenarians over up to 10 years of clinical observation. METHODS: This research is part of the "Interdisciplinary Study on Adult Development and Aging (ILSE)." All participants lived in an urban region of southwest Germany. One hundred and fifty-two participants born in 1930-1932 (older cohort, OC; n = 54) and 1950-1952 (younger cohort, YC; n = 98) underwent comprehensive psychological, medical and dental examinations at baseline and up to 10 years thereafter...
September 6, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Richard Macey, Martin Tickle, Laura MacKay, Michael McGrady, Iain A Pretty
OBJECTIVES: There is a lack of evidence on the proportion and severity of fluorosis in adult populations exposed and not exposed to fluoridated water over their lifetimes. The aim of this study was to compare the proportion and severity of fluorosis in adults with lifetime exposure to water fluoridation with a nonexposed sample. A secondary aim was to report the gradient of fluorosis severity by age. METHODS: A cross-sectional study recruited a sample with lifetime exposure to water fluoridation and a matched, nonexposed group...
September 4, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Dara M Shearer, W Murray Thomson, Claire M Cameron, Sandhya Ramrakha, Graham Wilson, Tien Yin Wong, Michael J A Williams, Rachael McLean, Reremoana Theodore, Richie Poulton
OBJECTIVES: To examine associations between periodontitis at ages 32 and 38 and a range of early cardiometabolic risk biomarkers at age 38. METHODS: Periodontal probing depth and bleeding on probing data collected during the age-32 and age-38 assessments in the Dunedin Multidisciplinary Health and Development Study were used to quantify periodontal inflammatory load. Retinal microvascular abnormalities, endothelial dysfunction, and metabolic syndrome data were collected during the age-38 assessment...
August 30, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Ramon Targino Firmino, Fabian Calixto Fraiz, Gisele Ristow Montes, Saul Martins Paiva, Ana Flávia Granville-Garcia, Fernanda Morais Ferreira
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether oral health literacy (OHL) impacts missing data obtained through self-reporting in oral health epidemiological research. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with parents (n = 344) of 4- to 5-year-old children randomly selected from public schools within the city of Curitiba, Brazil. Parental OHL was measured using the Brazilian version of the Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Dentistry (BREALD-30). Parents answered a set of questionnaires comprising 88 items concerning sociodemographic and economic data, children's access to dental services, oral hygiene behaviour, diet and mealtime behaviour...
August 24, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
W Murray Thomson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Jialan Hong, Helen Whelton, Gail Douglas, Jing Kang
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between consumption frequency of foods and drinks with added sugar and dental caries experience in the permanent teeth of 12- and 15-year-old children in England, Wales and Northern Ireland, using the Children's Dental Health Survey 2013 (CDHS) data. METHODS: Four thousand nine hundred and fifty children aged 12 and 15 have the following information available: daily consumption frequency of foods and drinks with added sugar, tooth-brushing frequency, dental attendance, and water-drinking frequency...
October 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Gunvor B Lygre, Heidi Aase, Kjell Haug, Stein A Lie, Lars Björkman
BACKGROUND: ADHD is multifactorial, including both genetic and environmental factors. The safety of amalgam used in dental treatment has been discussed due to its content of mercury and potential risks for negative neurodevelopmental consequences in the offspring. The aim of the study was to investigate possible associations between symptoms related to ADHD in children of three and five years of age and prenatal exposure to mercury from mothers' amalgam fillings. METHODS: Data from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa) were used...
October 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
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