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Mayo Clinic Proceedings

Richard A Shellenberger, Sweta Kakaraparthi, Karine Tawagi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 5, 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
Juan Sanchis, Vicente Ruiz, Clara Bonanad, Ernesto Valero, Maria Arantzazu Ruescas-Nicolau, Yasmin Ezzatvar, Clara Sastre, Sergio García-Blas, Anna Mollar, Vicente Bertomeu-González, Gema Miñana, Julio Núñez
The aim of the present study was to investigate the prognostic value of geriatric conditions beyond age after acute coronary syndrome. This was a prospective cohort design including 342 patients (from October 1, 2010, to February 1, 2012) hospitalized for acute coronary syndrome, older than 65 years, in whom 5 geriatric conditions were evaluated at discharge: frailty (Fried and Green scales), comorbidity (Charlson and simple comorbidity indexes), cognitive impairment (Pfeiffer test), physical disability (Barthel index), and instrumental disability (Lawton-Brody scale)...
April 4, 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
Gabriel Maciel, Cynthia S Crowson, Eric L Matteson, Divi Cornec
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the incidence and mortality rates, and their evolution over time, of physician-diagnosed primary Sjögren syndrome (pSS) in residents of Olmsted County, Minnesota. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Medical records of patients with a diagnosis or suspicion of SS in Olmsted County from January 1, 2006, through December 31, 2015, were reviewed to identify incident cases of pSS (defined by physician diagnosis). These cases were combined with those from a 1976 through 2005 incident cohort (n=111) from the same population...
April 4, 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
Jithma P Abeykoon, Omar M Abu Saleh, Deanne T Kashiwagi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 25, 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
Micah D Yost, Laura S Greenlund
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 25, 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
Karen E Moeller, Julie C Kissack, Rabia S Atayee, Kelly C Lee
Urine drug testing is frequently used in clinical, employment, educational, and legal settings and misinterpretation of test results can result in significant adverse consequences for the individual who is being tested. Advances in drug testing technology combined with a rise in the number of novel misused substances present challenges to clinicians to appropriately interpret urine drug test results. Authors searched PubMed and Google Scholar to identify published literature written in English between 1946 and 2016, using urine drug test, screen, false-positive, false-negative, abuse, and individual drugs of abuse as key words...
March 18, 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
Marta Supervía, Jose R Medina-Inojosa, Colin Yeung, Francisco Lopez-Jimenez, Ray W Squires, Carmen M Pérez-Terzic, LaPrincess C Brewer, Shawn E Leth, Randal J Thomas
Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) services improve various clinical outcomes in patients with cardiovascular disease, but such services are underutilized, particularly in women. The aim of this study was to identify evidence-based barriers and solutions for CR participation in women. A literature search was carried out using PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane, OVID/Medline, and CINAHL to identify studies that have assessed barriers and/or solutions to CR participation. Titles and abstracts were screened, and then the full-text of articles that met study criteria were reviewed...
March 13, 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
Chukwuemeka U Osondu, Ehimen C Aneni, Javier Valero-Elizondo, Joseph A Salami, Maribeth Rouseff, Sankalp Das, Henry Guzman, Adnan Younus, Oluseye Ogunmoroti, Theodore Feldman, Arthur S Agatston, Emir Veledar, Barry Katzen, Chris Calitz, Eduardo Sanchez, Donald M Lloyd-Jones, Khurram Nasir
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association of favorable cardiovascular health (CVH) status with 1-year health care expenditures and resource utilization in a large health care employee population. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Employees of Baptist Health South Florida participated in a health risk assessment from January 1 through September 30, 2014. Information on dietary patterns, physical activity, blood pressure, blood glucose level, total cholesterol level, and smoking were collected...
March 13, 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
David A Alter, Bing Yu, Ravi R Bajaj, Paul I Oh
OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationship between cardiac rehabilitation participation and health service expenditures in Ontario, Canada. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 6284 patients referred to cardiac rehabilitation between April 1, 2003, and December 31, 2010, were linked to 6284 matched cardiac rehabilitation eligible nonreferred controls and followed over a 3-year period across multiple linked administrative databases to identify health service utilization expenditures and mortality...
March 13, 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
Sheila M Manemann, Alanna M Chamberlain, Cynthia M Boyd, Susan A Weston, Jill Killian, Cynthia L Leibson, Andrea Cheville, Jennifer St Sauver, Shannon M Dunlay, Ruoxiang Jiang, Véronique L Roger
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effect of skilled nursing facility (SNF) use on hospitalizations in patients with heart failure (HF) and to examine predictors of hospitalization in patients with HF admitted to a SNF. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Olmsted County, Minnesota, residents with first-ever HF from January 1, 2000, through December 31, 2010, were identified, and clinical data were linked to SNF utilization data from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. Andersen-Gill models were used to determine the association between SNF use and hospitalizations and to determine predictors of hospitalization...
March 13, 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
Ross Arena, Carl J Lavie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
Chirag J Jivanji, Varsha M Asrani, John A Windsor, Maxim S Petrov
Hyperglycemia is commonly observed during acute and critical illness. Recent studies have investigated the risk of developing diabetes after acute and critical illness, but the relationship between degree of in-hospital hyperglycemia and new-onset diabetes has not been investigated. This study examines the evidence for the relationship between in-hospital hyperglycemia and prevalence of new-onset diabetes after acute and critical illness. A literature search was performed of the MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Scopus databases for relevant studies published from January 1, 2000, through August 4, 2016...
March 13, 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
David Dingli, Sikander Ailawadhi, P Leif Bergsagel, Francis K Buadi, Angela Dispenzieri, Rafael Fonseca, Morie A Gertz, Wilson I Gonsalves, Susan R Hayman, Prashant Kapoor, Taxiarchis Kourelis, Shaji K Kumar, Robert A Kyle, Martha Q Lacy, Nelson Leung, Yi Lin, John A Lust, Joseph R Mikhael, Craig B Reeder, Vivek Roy, Stephen J Russell, Taimur Sher, A Keith Stewart, Rahma Warsame, Stephen R Zeldenrust, S Vincent Rajkumar, Asher A Chanan Khan
Life expectancy in patients with multiple myeloma is increasing because of the availability of an increasing number of novel agents with various mechanisms of action against the disease. However, the disease remains incurable in most patients because of the emergence of resistant clones, leading to repeated relapses of the disease. In 2015, 5 novel agents were approved for therapy for relapsed multiple myeloma. This surfeit of novel agents renders management of relapsed multiple myeloma more complex because of the occurrence of multiple relapses, the risk of cumulative and emergent toxicity from previous therapies, as well as evolution of the disease during therapy...
March 10, 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
Kiara K Spooner, Jason L Salemi, Hamisu M Salihu, Roger J Zoorob
OBJECTIVE: To describe the national frequency, prevalence, and trends of discharge against medical advice (DAMA) among inpatient hospitalizations in the United States and identify differences across patient- and hospital-level characteristics, overall and in clinically distinct diagnostic subgroups. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective, cross-sectional analysis of inpatient hospitalizations (≥18 years), discharged between January 1, 2002, and December 31, 2011, using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample...
March 10, 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
Kayin B Jeffers, Donnesha B Clayton, Michele D Lewis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
Amrit K Kamboj, Thomas G Cotter, Amy S Oxentenko
Helicobacter pylori is a common bacterial pathogen responsible for substantial gastrointestinal morbidity worldwide. Helicobacter pylori infection can be clinically challenging, given the numerous diagnostic and therapeutic options available. In this article, we provide a systematic review of H pylori epidemiology and pathogenesis. In addition, we provide a simplified approach to the diagnosis and treatment of H pylori infection, suitable for application in the primary care setting. On completion of this article, one should be able to (1) state the indications for H pylori testing; (2) identify noninvasive and invasive tests to diagnose H pylori infection; and (3) describe the advantages and disadvantages of various treatment regimens...
February 13, 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
Margaret R Wentz
Recognizing the contribution art has had in the Mayo Clinic environment since the original Mayo Clinic Building was finished in 1914, Mayo Clinic Proceedings features some of the numerous works of art displayed throughout the buildings and grounds on Mayo Clinic campuses as interpreted by the author.
April 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
Lori A Erickson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
Whitney A Blackwell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
John T Wald, Farris K Timimi, Amy L Kotsenas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
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