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Journal of Environmental Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780175/rapid-identification-of-a-cooling-tower-associated-legionnaires-disease-outbreak-supported-by-polymerase-chain-reaction-testing-of-environmental-samples-new-york-city-2014-2015
#1
Isaac Benowitz, Robert Fitzhenry, Christopher Boyd, Michelle Dickinson, Michael Levy, Ying Lin, Elizabeth Nazarian, Belinda Ostrowsky, Teresa Passaretti, Jennifer Rakeman, Amy Saylors, Elena Shamoonian, Terry-Ann Smith, Sharon Balter
We investigated an outbreak of eight Legionnaires' disease cases among persons living in an urban residential community of 60,000 people. Possible environmental sources included two active cooling towers (air-conditioning units for large buildings) <1 km from patient residences, a market misting system, a community-wide water system used for heating and cooling, and potable water. To support a timely public health response, we used real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to identify Legionella DNA in environmental samples within hours of specimen collection...
April 2018: Journal of Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456264/hazardous-chemical-releases-occurring-in-school-settings-14-states-2008-2013
#2
Ayana R Anderson, Taniece R Eure, Maureen F Orr, Lloyd J Kolbe, Alan Woolf
Children are considered to be a vulnerabletion when it comes to exposures to hazardous substances. Schools, where children spend about one third of their day, are expected to be a safe environment. Yet, there are many hazardous substances in schools that can be inadvertently or intentionally released and harm the health of students and teachers alike. The purpose of this analysis is to characterize acute chemical release incidents in school settings and identify prevention practices. The acute chemical incident surveillance programs of the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) captured 24,748 acute chemical release incidents from 14 states that participated during 2008-2013...
November 2017: Journal of Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651169/persistence-of-bowl-water-contamination-during-sequential-flushes-of-contaminated-toilets
#3
David L Johnson, Robert A Lynch, Stephanie M Villanella, Jacob F Jones, Haiqin Fang, Kenneth R Mead, Deborah V L Hirst
Toilets contaminated with infectious organisms are a recognized contact disease transmission hazard. Previous studies indicate that toilet bowl water can remain contaminated for several flushes after the contamination occurs. This study characterized contamination persistence over an extended series of flushes using both indicator particles and viable bacteria. For this study, toilets were seeded with microbe-size microbial surrogates and with Pseudomonas fluorescens or Clostridium difficile bacteria and flushed up to 24 times...
October 2017: Journal of Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155529/directalk-musings-from-the-10th-floor-distribution-content-brand
#4
David Dyjack
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155528/tools-to-drive-quality-improvement-of-vector-control-services
#5
Vanessa Lamers, Justin Gerding
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155524/revisiting-trichloroethylene-contaminated-hazardous-waste-sites-after-new-science-indicates-the-need-for-a-lower-health-guideline
#6
Diane Jackson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155523/building-environmental-health-capacity-in-the-cloud
#7
Darryl Booth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155182/inspector-perceptions-of-the-food-and-drug-administration-s-newest-recommended-food-facility-inspection-format-training-matters
#8
Jing Ma, Jooho Kim, Barbara Almanza
The Food and Drug Administration publishes the Food Code to guide restaurant inspections. The most recent version proposes a three-tier system categorizing violations as priority, priority foundation, and core. This study used a scenario-based questionnaire to examine inspector perceptions and preferences for inspection formats. Results suggest that inspectors would be able to maintain consistent evaluations when changing to the three-tier system, although the classifying terms under the three-tier system were confusing...
June 2017: Journal of Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154529/consumer-perception-of-the-food-and-drug-administration-s-newest-recommended-food-facility-inspection-format-words-matter
#9
Jooho Kim, Jing Ma, Barbara Almanza
The Food and Drug Administration recommended restaurant inspection scores change to a format that incorporated three new categories of violations: priority, priority foundation, and core. It was uncertain whether interested consumers would value the more in-depth information or become more confused. The purpose of this study was to assess consumer perception of the recommended inspection system. Data were collected from an online survey. Results showed that consumers want convenient access to the information either online or on the wall of restaurants, and some consumers do want to read inspection reports and use them in making dining decisions...
June 2017: Journal of Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154528/building-the-future-of-environmental-public-health-tracking-proceedings-and-recommendations-of-an-expert-panel-workshop
#10
Mary A Fox, Sheriza Baksh, Juleen Lam, Beth Resnick
Since 2002, the national Environmental Health Tracking Program of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has provided vital support to state environmental public health efforts while simultaneously building a nationwide network of state, local, and academic partners to improve our nation’s capacity to understand and respond to environmental threats to public health. As part of program review and strategic planning, national thought leaders in environmental public health were convened to assess progress, identify gaps and challenges, and provide recommendations for enhancing the utility and impact of the Tracking Program...
June 2017: Journal of Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154527/water-quality-survey-of-splash-pads-after-a-waterborne-salmonellosis-outbreak-tennessee-2014
#11
Joshua L Clayton, Judy Manners, Susan Miller, Craig Shepherd, John R Dunn, William Schaffner, Timothy F Jones
Waterborne outbreaks of salmonellosis are uncommon. The Tennessee Department of Health investigated a salmonellosis outbreak of 10 cases with the only common risk factor being exposure to a single splash pad. Risks included water splashed in the face at the splash pad and no free residual chlorine in the water system. We surveyed water quality and patron behaviors at splash pads statewide. Of the 29 splash pads participating in the water quality survey, 24 (83%) used a recirculating water system. Of the 24, 5 (21%) water samples were tested by polymerase chain reaction and found to be positive for E...
June 2017: Journal of Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154526/directalk-musings-from-the-10th-floor-oh-atlanta
#12
David Dyjack
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154525/minimizing-risk-of-illness-and-injury-at-public-aquatic-facilities-by-maximizing-the-power-of-aquatic-facility-inspection-data
#13
Michele C Hlavsa, Jasen M Kunz, Michael J Beach
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154523/elevated-arsenic-in-private-wells-of-cerro-gordo-county-iowa-causes-and-policy-changes
#14
Douglas J Schnoebelen, Sophia Walsh, Oscar E Hernandez-Murcia, Chad Fields
Private wells are unregulated and often at risk for arsenic contamination. Research objectives included distribution of groundwater arsenic concentrations, identification of arsenic sources, and establishment of best practices for well construction to minimize risk for wells in Cerro Gordo County, Iowa. We sampled 68 wells over 3 years with 393 water samples and 79 rock samples. Geochemical modeling was used to better understand arsenic mobilization. Arsenic in groundwater ranged from 1.0 to less than 10.0 μg/L for 75 water samples and 31 water samples had arsenic concentrations greater than or equal to 10 μg/L...
May 2017: Journal of Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154522/distribution-and-evaluation-of-a-carbon-monoxide-detector-intervention-in-two-settings-emergency-department-and-urban-community
#15
Lara B McKenzie, Kristin J Roberts, Wendy C Shields, Eileen McDonald, Elise Omaki, Mahmoud Abdel-Rasoul, Andrea C Gielen
The objective of this study was to describe changes in carbon monoxide (CO) safety knowledge and observed CO detector use following distribution of a CO detector use intervention in two environments, a pediatric emergency department (Ohio) and an urban community (Maryland). A total of 301 participants completed the 6-month follow up (Ohio: n = 125; Maryland: n = 176). The majority of participants was female, 25–34 years of age, and employed (full or part time). We found that CO safety knowledge did not differ between settings at enrollment, but significantly improved at the follow-up visits...
May 2017: Journal of Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154521/cryptosporidiosis-outbreak-associated-with-a-single-hotel
#16
Mary-Margaret A Fill, Jennifer Lloyd, Tamal Chakraverty, David Sweat, Judy Manners, Katie Garman, Michele C Hlavsa, Dawn M Roellig, John R Dunn, William Schaffner, Timothy F Jones
We investigated a gastrointestinal illness cluster among persons who attended a baseball tournament (>200 teams) during July 2015. We interviewed representatives of 19 teams; illness was reported among only the 9 (47%) teams that stayed at Hotel A (p < .01). We identified 55 primary cases. A case-control study demonstrated that pool exposure at Hotel A was significantly associated with illness (odds ratio: 7.3; 95% confidence interval: 3.6, 15.2). Eight out of nine (89%) stool specimens tested were positive for Cryptosporidium, with C...
May 2017: Journal of Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154520/jeh-quiz-6-occupational-health-survey-of-cosmetologists-in-minnesota
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154510/occupational-health-survey-of-cosmetologists-in-minnesota
#18
Kathleen G Norlien, Adrienne Landsteiner, Angeline Carlson
Cosmetologists face a variety of occupational health and safety challenges. To gather information on respiratory issues related to work as a cosmetologist, licensed cosmetologists were invited by e-mail to participate in a short online survey. The survey collected demographic data, work history, respiratory symptoms, product usage, and health and safety training. Results revealed that while 57% of cosmetologists reported having received training on customer or consumer safety, only 10.5% had received training on worker health such as work-related asthma and/or breathing issues...
May 2017: Journal of Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148678/directalk-musings-from-the-10th-floor-connectivity-is-power
#19
David Dyjack
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148670/using-the-national-environmental-assessment-reporting-system-to-enhance-foodborne-illness-outbreak-investigations-in-new-york-city-restaurants
#20
Bailey Matis, Wendy McKelvey, Dan O'Halloran, Faina Stavinsky, Melissa Wong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Environmental Health
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