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Indian Journal of Ophthalmology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300749/nonpreference-for-the-white-coat-in-pediatric-ophthalmology-department
#1
LETTER
Mihir T Kothari, Swapna Mulay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300748/ocular-surface-squamous-neoplasia-inpatient-with-non-hodgkin-s-lymphoma
#2
LETTER
Rajesh Subhash Joshi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300747/pathophysiology-of-dilatation-of-pupils-due-to-scorpion-and-snake-envenomation-and-its-therapeutic-value-clinical-observations
#3
Himmatrao S Bawaskar, Parag H Bawaskar, Pramodini H Bawaskar
Dilated nonreacting pupils are routinely taken as a sign of irreversible brain damage. Alpha-receptor stimulation (scorpion sting) and presynaptic acetylcholine receptor blocker (krait bite) may result in dilation of pupils without involvement of the brain. This study was aimed to clinically evaluate the response of pupils in scorpion sting and krait bite. Victims of scorpion sting and krait bite were chosen from Raigad district. Scorpion sting and krait bite cases were admitted to hospital and were clinically evaluated in detail regarding neurological manifestations...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300746/a-unique-case-of-keratoconus-with-cogan-reese-syndrome-and-secondary-glaucoma
#4
Lipi Chakrabarty
Keratoconus (KC), though one of the most common corneal degeneration, still continues to be a mystique regarding its pathogenesis, diagnosis, associations, and management; with newer discoveries and evolutions being reported. We report, what we believe to be another new association of KC- Cogan Reese syndrome with secondary glaucoma. A 32-year-old male, diagnosed as bilateral KC, presented for examination. Unilateral Cogan-Reese syndrome and associated secondary glaucoma was identified. These associations had been missed by previous ophthalmologists...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300745/congenital-dystrophic-medial-rectus-muscles
#5
Ramesh Murthy
We report two patients, one with congenital dystrophic medial rectus muscles and one with absence of the medial rectus muscles; in addition, one of them had absence of the lateral rectus muscles. While absence of the superior oblique and superior rectus has been more commonly reported in literature, especially with craniofacial syndromes, our patients were nonsyndromic. Considering the risk of anterior segment ischemia, correction of the large-angle exotropia was performed by horizontal rectus muscle surgery where possible, along with transfer of the superior oblique tendon to the superior part of the normal medial rectus muscle insertion area to create a tethering effect with a good outcome...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300744/a-modified-simple-technique-of-removing-the-lens-cortex-during-cataract-surgery
#6
Kyung Eun Han, Se Hoon Han, Dongkwon Lim, Min Chul Shin
We describe here a surgical technique of removing the remaining cortex after phacoemulsification without performing the conventional irrigation/aspiration (I/A) procedure. In this technique, the remaining cortex attached to the posterior capsule was separated and dissected into several pieces by continuous irrigation with balanced salt solution, which was supplied through a syringe attached to a bent, blunt-tip needle. Approximately, 10 s of manual irrigation separated most of the remaining cortex from the posterior capsule...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300743/four-dimensional-microscope-integrated-optical-coherence-tomography-to-enhance-visualization-in-glaucoma-surgeries
#7
Neel Dave Pasricha, Paramjit Kaur Bhullar, Christine Shieh, Christian Viehland, Oscar Mijail Carrasco-Zevallos, Brenton Keller, Joseph Adam Izatt, Cynthia Ann Toth, Pratap Challa, Anthony Nanlin Kuo
We report the first use of swept-source microscope-integrated optical coherence tomography (SS-MIOCT) capable of live four-dimensional (4D) (three-dimensional across time) imaging intraoperatively to directly visualize tube shunt placement and trabeculectomy surgeries in two patients with severe open-angle glaucoma and elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) that was not adequately managed by medical intervention or prior surgery. We performed tube shunt placement and trabeculectomy surgery and used SS-MIOCT to visualize and record surgical steps that benefitted from the enhanced visualization...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300742/newly-identified-paired-box-6-mutation-of-variant-familial-aniridia-congenital-iris-ectropion-with-foveal-hypoplasia
#8
Woo Jin Kim, Jong Ha Kim, Nam Chun Cho
Congenital aniridia is a kind of eye disease characterized by complete or partial hypoplasia of the iris and is associated with other ocular anomalies including corneal opacity, glaucoma, and foveal hypoplasia. Heterozygous mutation of paired box 6 (PAX6) gene was identified in most cases of aniridia, with iatrogenic mutations accounting for about two-third of the cases and chromosomal rearrangements accounting for the other one-third. We report rare cases of variant aniridia, congenital iris ectropion associated with foveal hypoplasia in both a woman and her son with a mutation of PAX6 gene...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300741/unusual-route-of-a-bullet-from-scapula-to-eye
#9
Elif Demirkilinc Biler, Melis Palamar Onay, Naim Ceylan, Bilge Yildirim Ceper
Herein, an awkward case of globe perforation with a bullet-entering from the right posterior scapular region and leaving the body from the right orbit through the eye - is reported. Route of the bullet could be devastating - as it passed through the neck and the maxillofacial region-however by chance no vital damage occurred. Its path was assessed by plain radiography and computed tomography scans. Sometimes prediction of the trajectory is very difficult without additional radiological investigations. Especially, in the case of any high velocity projectile wounding, physician must be aware of the fact that the bullet's course will not be a linear but most probably a complicated one...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300740/imiquimod-5-cream-for-the-treatment-of-large-nodular-basal-cell-carcinoma-at-the-medial-canthal-area
#10
Gamze Ozturk Karabulut, Pelin Kaynak, Can Ozturker, Korhan Fazil, Osman Bulut Ocak, Muhittin Taskapılı
Context (Background): Imiquimod (IMQ) 5% cream is an immunomodulatory and antitumorigenic agent, which was used as a topical treatment regimen, who had periocular basal cell carcinoma (BCC). AIM: This study aims to present three cases with large BCC at the medial canthal area treated with IMQ 5% cream. MATERIALS AND METHODS: IMQ 5% cream was used in three patients with ages 45, 49, and 73 who preferred medical treatment over surgery. Following incisional biopsy IMQ cream was used once a day, 5 times a week and the patients were followed up weekly during 12 week treatment period and monthly after the clearance of the lesion...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300739/circumpapillary-ganglion-cell-complex-thickness-to-diagnose-glaucoma-a-pilot-study
#11
Yoshiyuki Kita, Norihisa Soutome, Daisuke Horie, Ritsuko Kita, Gaborá Hollό
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the applicability of a new optical coherence tomography parameter, the circumpapillary ganglion cell complex (cpGCC) thickness for glaucoma diagnostics. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The RS-3000 Advance SD-OCT (NIDEK, Aichi, Japan) was used to measure global and sector macular GCC (mGCC) thickness, circumpapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (cpRNFL) thickness, cpGCC, and circumpapillary total retina (cpTR) thickness in 1 eye of 48 preperimetric/early perimetric primary open-angle glaucoma patients and 28 healthy Japanese participants...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300738/preliminary-results-from-the-comparison-of-simple-limbal-epithelial-transplantation-with-conjunctival-limbal-autologous-transplantation-in-severe-unilateral-chronic-ocular-burns
#12
Ritu Arora, Pallavi Dokania, Aditi Manudhane, Jawahar Lal Goyal
PURPOSE: To compare the safety, efficacy, and clinical outcomes of simple limbal epithelial transplantation (SLET) with conjunctival-limbal autologous transplantation (CLAU) in severe unilateral ocular chemical burns. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty patients of unilateral chronic ocular burns with more than 270° limbal stem cell deficiency and a healthy fellow eye were divided into two groups - ten patients of Group A underwent SLET while ten patients of Group B were operated for CLAU...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300737/setting-up-of-a-cerebral-visual-impairment-clinic-for-children-challenges-and-future-developments
#13
Swetha Sara Philip
AIM: The aim of this study is to describe the setting up of a cerebral visual impairment (CVI) clinic in a tertiary care hospital in South India and to describe the spectrum of cases seen. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The CVI clinic, set up in February 2011, receives interdisciplinary input from a core team involving a pediatrician, neurologist, psychiatrist, occupational therapist, pediatric ophthalmologist, and an optometrist. All children, <18 years of age, with cerebral palsy (CP), learning disability, autism, neurodegenerative diseases, and brain trauma are referred to the clinic for functional vision assessment and opinion for further management...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300736/the-melaka-hospital-cataract-complications-study-analysis-of-12-992-eyes
#14
Thanigasalam Thevi, Zin Maizura, Adinegara Lutfi Abas
INTRODUCTION: As in all surgeries, complications during cataract surgery are unavoidable and cause distress to the surgeon and the patient. This study was conducted to know the factors contributing to complications in our settings, to be able to counsel patients about complications and outcomes and to reduce litigations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The secondary data analysis was conducted using the National Eye Database from 2007 to 2014. Demographic features, ocular comorbidities, technique of surgery, grade of surgeons, types of intraoperative complications, and reasons for not obtaining good visual acuity following intraoperative complications were studied...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300735/comparison-of-femtosecond-laser-assisted-descemetic-and-predescemetic-lamellar-keratoplasty-for-keratoconus
#15
Yan Lu, Ana Beatriz Diniz Grisolia, Yi-Rui Ge, Chun-Yan Xue, Qian Cao, Li-Ping Yang, Zhen-Ping Huang
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to compare the outcomes following femtosecond laser-assisted deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK) with 75% of stromal dissection (predescemetic group) and femtosecond laser-assisted DALK using big-bubble technique with total stromal resection (descemetic group) for the treatment of keratoconus. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Twenty eyes of 17 patients with keratoconus were studied. There were 10 eyes of 9 patients in predescemetic group and 10 eyes of 8 patients in descemetic group...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300734/residency-evaluation-and-adherence-design-study-young-ophthalmologists-perception-of-their-residency-programs-ii-academics-and-research-dissertation
#16
Parikshit Madhav Gogate, Partha Biswas, Sundaram Natarajan, Barun Kumar Nayak, Santhan Gopal, Yogesh Shah, Samar K Basak
PURPOSE: To know the perception of young ophthalmologists about their dissertation and academics during residency training in order to improve the research output during present residency programs in India. METHODS: A survey was conducted by Academic and Research Committee of the All India Ophthalmological Society, the world's second largest ophthalmic professional's organization, in 2014-2016 of young ophthalmologists (those who completed residency between 2005 and 2012) to gauge usefulness of dissertation or thesis during postgraduate residency...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300733/a-correlation-analysis-of-cone-characteristics-and-central-keratometric-readings-for-the-different-stages-of-keratoconus
#17
Alvin Jeffrey Munsamy, Vanessa Racquel Moodley
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of the cone characteristics for the different stages of keratoconus may potentially assist practitioners in diagnosing and managing keratoconic patients. AIM: This study aims to determine if any correlation exists between the central keratometric readings and the cone characteristics for the different stages of keratoconus. SETTING: A university eye clinic. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, a saturated sample of 190 eyes from 106 cases of previously diagnosed keratoconic patient files was analyzed...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300732/clinical-profile-of-the-patients-with-pediatric-epiphora-in-a-tertiary-eye-care-center
#18
Rebika Dhiman, Bhavna Chawla, Mahesh Chandra, Mandeep S Bajaj, Neelam Pushker
PURPOSE: To study the clinical profile of children aged <10 years presenting with epiphora at a tertiary eye care center, to compare the clinical profile between the early onset (<3 years) and the late-onset (≥3 years) group, and to study the success of different treatment modalities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective nonrandomized observational study was conducted in 209 eyes of 167 patients (42 bilateral cases). The main outcome measure was postoperative relief of presenting symptoms and signs at 3 months follow-up...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300731/a-new-beginning-new-horizons
#19
EDITORIAL
Sundaram Natarajan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112147/authors-reply
#20
LETTER
Subashini Kaliaperumal, Vasudev Anand Rao, Shruthi B Harish, Lavanya Ashok
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
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