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Indian Journal of Ophthalmology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643727/silodosin-associated-intraoperative-floppy-iris-syndrome
#1
LETTER
Samrat Chatterjee, Deepshikha Agrawal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643726/exotropia-in-a-pediatric-patient-with-rhabdomyolysis-caused-by-an-insect-sting
#2
Won Jae Kim, Saeyoon Kim, Myung Mi Kim
Various ocular and systemic reactions have been associated with insect sting. However, insect stings have been rarely reported to cause exotropia and diplopia. We encountered exotropia in a 6-year-old child with rhabdomyolysis of the left lower extremities caused by an insect sting. Exotropia and diplopia developed within 1 day after the sting and improved completely 1 week after the onset of symptoms. Clinicians should be aware of the potential for the development of exotropia in patients with insect stings, which requires careful follow-up...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643725/a-7-year-old-female-child-of-incontinentia-pigmenti-presenting-with-vitreous-hemorrhage
#3
Sung-Ying Huang, Lee-Jen Chen, Sheng-Chun Chiu
Incontinentia pigmenti (IP) is a rare disease with multisystemic anomalies, which commonly presents just after birth. Here, we report a rare case of IP patient with vitreous hemorrhage in school-age children. Therefore, physicians have to be alert and evaluate IP patients at all ages. Regular ophthalmic follow-up is necessary, and fluorescein angiography should be performed if peripheral ischemia or neovascularization is suspected. The effect of peripheral laser ablation on peripheral retinal nonperfusion is not clear and merits further study...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643724/successful-surgical-management-of-bilateral-epiretinal-membrane-in-a-child-with-only-caf%C3%A3-au-lait-spots
#4
Swetha Sara Philip, Thomas Kuriakose, Geeta Chacko
A 6-year-old boy diagnosed as anisometropic amblyopia, with only café-au-lait spots and a family history of neurofibromatosis, presented with decrease in vision in the both eyes. Dilated fundus examination showed epiretinal membrane in both eyes over the macula. He underwent successful surgical management of the epiretinal membrane.
June 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643723/management-of-a-case-of-candida-albicans-endogenous-endophthalmitis-with-intravitreal-caspofungin
#5
Harshali Manish Yadav, Boben Thomas, Cherian Thampy, Tandava Krishnan Panaknti
We report a case of Candida albicans endogenous endophthalmitis treated with intravitreal caspofungin. The patient was a known case of acute lymphoblastic leukemia on chemotherapy and presented to us with features suggestive of endogenous endophthalmitis. He was treated initially with intravenous (IV) caspofungin and intravitreal amphotericin B. Patients condition worsened after IV caspofungin was replaced by amphotericin B necessitating a core vitrectomy. The patient was given the option of off-label caspofungin intravitreal injection for which the patient consented...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643722/endogenous-endophthalmitis-caused-by-cryptococcus-neoformans-var-gattii-mimicking-choroidal-tumor-from-positron-emission-tomography-computed-tomography-to-histopathology
#6
Chun-Ju Lin, Wen-Lu Chen, Jane-Ming Lin, Peng-Tai Tien, Yi-Yu Tsai
A 60-year-old immunocompetent female with pneumonia history about 10 years ago suffered from blurred vision overall survival for 3 weeks. Common cold with headache and unintentional body weight loss was also noted recently. Choroidal detachment simulating choroidal tumor was observed in the temporal quadrant. The 18F-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose (FDG) positron-emission tomography/computed tomography (CT) scan showed focal, mild to moderate FDG uptake in the left lateral orbit, and an enhanced lesion was seen on the recent CT scan...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643721/surgical-treatment-of-metarhizium-anisopliae-sclerokeratitis-and-endophthalmitis
#7
Dan Derhy, Arnaud Sauer, Marcela Sabou, Jonathan Letsch, Ermanno Candolfi, Valérie Letscher-Bru, Tristan Bourcier
A 55-year-old nurse was referred with a 5-month history of right eye corneal abscess. The initial injury occurred when doing lawn work. The infection worsened despite multiple antibiotic, antiviral, and steroid treatments. Visual acuity was limited to hand motion. On examination, there was keratitis, ocular hypertension, and a secondary cataract. Corneal scrapings grew a filamentous fungus, identified as Metarhizium anisopliae (MA). Despite intensive antifungal treatment with topical, intravitreous, and systemic voriconazole, purulent corneal melting and scleritis with endophthalmitis rapidly appeared...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643720/inferior-subconjunctival-dislocation-of-posterior-chamber-intraocular-lens-after-blunt-trauma
#8
Amit Mohan, Navjot Kaur, Vinod Sharma
Traumatic subconjunctival dislocation of the posterior chamber intraocular lens (PCIOL) is a rare and emergency condition. Here, we report an interesting variation of rare case of inferior subconjuctival dislocation of PCIOL in a 75-year-old female patient following blunt trauma to her right eye with cow's head. All the previous literature with subconjuctival dislocation of PCIOL has reported the superior dislocation of intraocular lens. Inferior subconjunctival dislocation has never been reported in previous literature...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643719/alkaptonuria-a-case-report
#9
Nirupama Damarla, Prathima Linga, Mallika Goyal, Sanjay Reddy Tadisina, G Satyanarayana Reddy, Hymavathi Bommisetti
Alkaptonuria is a rare inborn error of metabolism with autosomal recessive inheritance with a mutation in homogentisate 1,2-dioxygenase. It results in accumulation of homogentisic acid in connective tissues (ochronosis). Most common ocular manifestations are bluish-black discoloration of the conjunctiva, cornea, and sclera. In this case report, a 39-year-old Indian male patient with additional ocular features in the retina is described.
June 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643718/a-rare-case-of-idiopathic-parafoveal-telangiectasia-associated-with-central-serous-chorioretinopathy
#10
Nicey Roy Thomas, Rupak Roy, Kumar Saurabh, Kalpita Das
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643717/spectacles-use-in-a-rural-population-in-the-state-of-telangana-in-south-india
#11
Srinivas Marmamula, Rohit C Khanna, Eswararao Kunuku, Gullapalli N Rao
CONTEXT: Uncorrected refractive errors are the leading cause of visual impairment. AIMS: To assess the prevalence and patterns of spectacles use among those aged ≥40 years in the South Indian state of Telangana. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This was a population-based, cross-sectional study, in which 6150 people were enumerated from 123 clusters in the two districts of Telangana state (Adilabad and Mahbubnagar) using a two-stage cluster random sampling methodology...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643716/prevalence-of-ocular-morbidity-in-school-going-children-in-west-uttar-pradesh
#12
Veer Singh, K P S Malik, V K Malik, Kirti Jain
AIM OF THE STUDY: This study aims to evaluate the prevalence and to make a comparison between the ocular morbidity pattern in school going children of urban and rural areas of West Uttar Pradesh. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A school-based cross-sectional study design was adopted to examine children aged 5-15 years in randomly selected urban and rural schools of West Uttar Pradesh from June 2012 to August 2014. An optometrist did the vision and refraction, and a detailed ophthalmic examination was done by an ophthalmologist...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643715/microstructure-changes-of-occipital-white-matter-are-responsible-for-visual-problems-in-the-3-4-year-old-very-low-birth-weight-children
#13
Anna Lesniak, Izabela Herman-Sucharska, Małgorzata Klimek, Paulina Karcz, Anna Kubatko-Zielińska, Magdalena Nitecka, Grażyna Dutkowska, Bożena Romanowska-Dixon, Przemko Kwinta
PURPOSE: The main aim of the study was to evaluate which factors affect the long-time visual function in preterm children, whether it is prematurity or retinopathy of prematurity or perhaps disturbances in the visual pathway. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-eight children with mean birth weight 1016 g (range 520-1500 g) were evaluated at mean age 48 months (range 42-54 months). All children underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies, visual evoked potentials (VEPs), and the Developmental Test of Visual Perception (DTVP)...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643714/comparison-of-vitrectomized-with-nonvitrectomized-eyes-after-subtenon-injection-of-triamcinolone-acetonide-to-treat-diabetic-macular-edema-retrospective-comparative-analysis-of-an-interventional-case-series
#14
Kang Yeun Pak, Beom Seok Choi, Sung Who Park, Ik Soo Byon, Ji Eun Lee
PURPOSE: Triamcinolone acetonide (TA) is an alternative option for diabetic macular edema thanks to its cost-benefit ratio and unique delivery route. We performed this study to compare vitrectomized with nonvitrectomized eyes treated with subtenon TA injection for diabetic macular edema. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients who had undergone subtenon TA injection for diabetic macular edema treatment. The patients were divided into two groups: Vitrectomized and nonvitrectomized...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643713/tissue-plasminogen-activator-assisted-vitrectomy-for-submacular-hemorrhage-due-to-age-related-macular-degeneration
#15
Mustafa Gok, V Levent Karabaş, Mehmet S Aslan, Özgür Kara, Süleyman Karaman, Fatih Yenihayat
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the treatment efficacy of vitrectomy combined with subretinal recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (r-tPA) and factors affecting visual improvement in patients with submacular hemorrhage (SMH) due to neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical records of 17 consecutive patients diagnosed with SMH secondary to nAMD were retrospectively reviewed. The initial surgical procedure involved a 23-gauge transconjunctival vitrectomy, subretinal r-tPA application through a self-sealing inferior retinotomy, and sulfur hexafluoride gas for tamponade in all patients...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643712/comparison-of-macular-pigment-optical-density-in-patients-with-dry-and-wet-age-related-macular-degeneration
#16
Ayhan Ozyurt, Nilufer Kocak, Pınar Akan, Ozlem Gursoy Calan, Taylan Ozturk, Mahmut Kaya, Eyup Karahan, Suleyman Kaynak
AIM: The aim of the study was to evaluate the macular pigment optical density (MPOD) levels in patients with wet age-related macular degeneration (AMD), dry AMD, and also in healthy controls. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This study was conducted at Department of Ophthalmology, and the study design was a prospective study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty-eight patients with wet AMD, 51 patients with dry AMD, and 50 controls were included in the study. All patients were naive to both previous lutein or zeaxanthin administration and any previous intravitreal injections...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643711/glued-intraocular-lens-implantation-for-eyes-with-inadequate-capsular-support-analysis-of-the-postoperative-visual-outcome
#17
Sujatha Mohan, Bina John, Mohan Rajan, Harsha Malkani, S V Nagalekshmi, Siddhartha Singh
AIM: The aim of this study is to analyze the postoperative visual outcomes of fibrin glue-assisted, suture-less posterior chamber (PC) intraocular lens (IOL) implantation technique in eyes with inadequate capsule support at a tertiary eye care hospital in South India. SETTING AND DESIGN: This is a retrospective, nonrandomized case series. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study analyzes 94 eyes which underwent PC-IOL implantation by fibrin glue-assisted, suture-less technique...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643710/postoperative-posterior-capsular-striae-and-the-posterior-capsular-opacification-in-patients-implanted-with-two-types-of-intraocular-lens-material
#18
Rajesh Subhash Joshi
AIM: To evaluate the incidence of postoperative posterior capsular striae (PCS) and its influence on posterior capsular opacification (PCO) in patients implanted with two types of lens material. SETTING: Tertiary eye care center in central rural India. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective, observational, nonrandomized study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 1247 patients having age-related cataract scheduled for removal by phacoemulsification technique and implantation of hydrophilic or hydrophobic intraocular lens (IOL)...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643709/comparison-of-central-corneal-thickness-with-four-noncontact-devices-an-agreement-analysis-of-swept-source-technology
#19
Erhan Ozyol, Pelin Özyol
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the central corneal thickness (CCT) measurements of four noncontact devices in healthy eyes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a sample of 45 healthy controls, CCT was measured using an optical biometer (IOLMaster 700) based on swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT), high-resolution rotating Scheimpflug camera system (Pentacam HR), spectral-domain OCT (SD-OCT) device with an anterior segment module (Spectralis), and noncontact pachymetry (NCP) device (Topcon TRK-2P)...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643708/residency-evaluation-and-adherence-design-study-young-ophthalmologists-perception-of-their-residency-programs-clinical-and-surgical-skills
#20
Parikshit Gogate, Partha Biswas, Sundaram Natarajan, Dandapani Ramamurthy, Debashish Bhattacharya, Karl Golnik, Barun Kumar Nayak
BACKGROUND: Residency training is the basis of good clinical and surgical practice. PURPOSE: The aim is to know the demographics, training experience, and perception of young ophthalmologists to improve the present residency programs in India. SETTING: Young ophthalmologists trained in India. METHODS: A survey was conducted by the Academic and Research Committee of the All India Ophthalmology Society, in 2014-2016 of young ophthalmologists (those trained between 2002 and 2012, with 2-10 years' postresidency experience) to gauge teaching of clinical and surgical skills during the postgraduate residency program...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
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