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Survey of Ophthalmology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453989/management-of-bacterial-postoperative-endophthalmitis-and-the-role-of-vitrectomy
#1
REVIEW
Ben Clarke, Tom Williamson, Giampaolo Gini, Bhaskar Gupta
Management of postoperative bacterial endophthalmitis was explored in the Endophthalmitis Vitrectomy Study37 (EVS) in 1995, which has underpinned the core protocols in treatment ever since. While surgical techniques have continued to evolve, little has changed in the overall clinical management as no further large randomized controlled trials have taken place. We review the literature addressing the incidence of endophthalmitis, pathogens, antibiotic therapies, and the role of vitrectomy. We suggest an update to management protocols based on available evidence...
February 14, 2018: Survey of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452123/we-cannot-see-what-we-cannot-ignore-letter-to-the-editor
#2
LETTER
Michael S Vaphiades, Brendan Grondines
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2018: Survey of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447838/reply-to-dr-vaphiades-letter-to-the-editor-regarding-pellegrini-f-interlandi-e-pavesio-c-ferreyra-ha-we-cannot-see-what-she-cannot-ignore-surv-ophthalmol-2017-62-6-882-5
#3
LETTER
Francesco Pellegrini, Emanuela Interlandi, Carlos Pavesio, Henry A Ferreyra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 12, 2018: Survey of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331589/the-iridocorneal-endothelial-syndrome
#4
REVIEW
Luis Silva, Ahmad Najafi, Yanin Suwan, Chaiwat Teekhasaenee, Robert Ritch
The iridocorneal endothelial syndrome (ICE) represents a unique group of ocular pathologies (Chandler syndrome, progressive iris atrophy, and Cogan-Reese syndrome) characterized by the proliferation of corneal endothelial cells that migrate toward the iridocorneal angle and iris surface causing, to a degree varying according to the subtype, corneal edema and decompensation, and secondary glaucoma, whether by obstructing the angle or producing peripheral anterior synechiae by contraction of the basement membrane of the migrating cells over the surface of the iris...
January 10, 2018: Survey of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287709/angiogenesis-and-lymphangiogenesis-in-corneal-transplantation-a-review
#5
REVIEW
Wei Zhong, Mario Montana, Samuel M Santosa, Irene D Isjwara, Yu-Hui Huang, Kyu-Yeon Han, Christopher O'Neil, Ashley Wang, Maria Soledad Cortina, Jose de la Cruz, Qiang Zhou, Mark Rosenblatt, Jin-Hong Chang, Dimitri T Azar
Corneal transplantation has been proven effective for returning the gift of sight to those affected by corneal disorders such as opacity, injury, and infections that are a leading cause of blindness. Immune privilege plays an important role in the success of corneal transplantation procedures; however, immune rejection reactions do occur, and they, in conjunction with a shortage of corneal donor tissue, continue to pose major challenges. Corneal immune privilege is important to the success of corneal transplantation and closely related to the avascular nature of the cornea...
December 26, 2017: Survey of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287708/intratarsal-keratinous-eyelid-cysts-in-gorlin-syndrome-a-review-and-reappraisal
#6
REVIEW
Natalie Wolkow, Frederick A Jakobiec, Michael K Yoon
A 38-year-old woman presented with multiple bilateral recurrent eyelid cysts. Her medical history was notable for Gorlin (nevoid basal cell carcinoma) syndrome. Histopathologic and immunohistochemical examinations revealed that the lesions were intratarsal keratinous cysts. They were similar in appearance to sporadic intratarsal keratinous cysts and closely resembled odontogenic keratocysts of the jaw. Eyelid cysts occur in up to 40 percent of patients with Gorlin syndrome; however, their description has been cursory and for the most part, outside of the ophthalmic literature...
December 26, 2017: Survey of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248536/orbital-cellulitis
#7
REVIEW
Theodora Tsirouki, Anna I Dastiridou, Nuria Ibánez Flores, Johnny Castellar Cerpa, Marilita M Moschos, Periklis Brazitikos, Sofia Androudi
Orbital cellulitis (OC) is an inflammatory process that involves the tissues located posterior to the orbital septum within the bony orbit, but the term generally is used to describe infectious inflammation. It manifests with erythema and edema of the eyelids, vision loss, fever, headache, proptosis, chemosis, and diplopia. OC usually originates from sinus infection, infection of the eyelids or face, and even hematogenous spread from distant locations. OC is an uncommon condition that can affect all age groups, but is more frequent in the pediatric population...
December 15, 2017: Survey of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248533/gene-therapy-for-rpe65-mediated-retinal-dystrophies
#8
Aaron Nagiel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2017: Survey of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248535/deep-learning-algorithm
#9
Connie Sears, Rachel Tandias, Jorge Arroyo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 14, 2017: Survey of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248534/new-antibody-based-therapies-for-thyroid-associated-ophthalmopathy
#10
Lilly H Wagner, Stuart R Seiff
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 14, 2017: Survey of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248532/elusively-reaching-the-apex
#11
EDITORIAL
Luke Halliday, Paul Ikgan Sia, Dinesh Selva, Bobby S Korn
A 64-year-old man presented with a 3-month history of diplopia and left-sided proptosis. Examination was significant for impairment of his left second, third, fourth, fifth, sixth and seventh cranial nerves. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a left orbital apex and cavernous sinus lesion. However, subtle thickening of his left frontal and supraorbital nerve was not identified until later. A trial of steroids provided minimal effect. Biopsy of the lesion showed a well-differentiated squamous cell carcinoma...
December 14, 2017: Survey of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248531/tregs-that-express-the-foxp3-transcription-factor-can-influence-oxygen-induced-retinopathy
#12
Susan M Carden
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 14, 2017: Survey of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923582/glaucoma-after-corneal-replacement
#13
REVIEW
Monika Baltaziak, Hall F Chew, Dominik W Podbielski, Iqbal Ike K Ahmed
Glaucoma is a well-known complication after corneal transplantation surgery. Traditional corneal transplantation surgery, specifically penetrating keratoplasty, has been slowly replaced by the advent of new corneal transplantation procedures: primarily lamellar keratoplasties. There has also been an emergence of keratoprosthesis implants for eyes that are high risk of failure with penetrating keratoplasty. Consequently, there are different rates of glaucoma, pathogenesis, and potential treatment in the form of medical, laser, or surgical therapy...
March 2018: Survey of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923585/the-genetics-of-congenital-aniridia-a-guide-for-the-ophthalmologist
#14
Erlend S Landsend, Øygunn A Utheim, Hilde R Pedersen, Neil Lagali, Rigmor C Baraas, Tor P Utheim
Congenital aniridia is a rare panocular disease caused by fundamental disturbances in the development of the eye, characterized primarily by hypoplasia of the iris and macula. Severe secondary complications such as keratopathy, cataract, and glaucoma are common and often lead to considerable visual impairment or blindness. Many complications in aniridia patients are difficult to treat and present a challenge for the ophthalmologist. Increasingly, associated nonocular features of the disease are also being recognized...
January 2018: Survey of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673727/central-serous-chorioretinopathy-and-glucocorticoids-an-update-on-evidence-for-association
#15
REVIEW
Benjamin P Nicholson, Elizabeth Atchison, Amrou Ali Idris, Sophie J Bakri
Central serous chorioretinopathy is a common idiopathic retinal disease characterized by central vision loss from serous detachment of the neurosensory retina, serous pigment epithelial detachments, and leakage of fluid through the retinal pigment epithelium into the subretinal space. The concept of an association between exogenous glucocorticoid use and central serous chorioretinopathy is widely accepted among ophthalmologists. Here, we review the evidence for and against such an association. This evidence includes 2 large, case-control studies that found strong associations, and a smaller, population-based study that found no association...
January 2018: Survey of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666629/aging-and-ocular-tissue-stiffness-in-glaucoma
#16
REVIEW
Baiyun Liu, Sara McNally, Jason I Kilpatrick, Suzanne P Jarvis, Colm J O'Brien
Glaucoma is a progressive and chronic neurodegenerative disorder characterized by damage to the inner layers of the retina and deformation of the optic nerve head. The degeneration of retinal ganglion cells and their axons results in an irreversible loss of vision and is correlated with increasing age. Extracellular matrix changes related to natural aging generate a stiffer extracellular environment throughout the body. Altered age-associated ocular tissue stiffening plays a major role in a significant number of ophthalmic pathologies...
January 2018: Survey of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579549/the-use-of-microperimetry-in-assessing-visual-function-in-age-related-macular-degeneration
#17
REVIEW
Nicola K Cassels, John M Wild, Tom H Margrain, Victor Chong, Jennifer H Acton
Microperimetry is a novel technique for assessing visual function that appears particularly suitable for age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Compared with standard automated perimetry, microperimetry offers several unique features. It simultaneously images the fundus, incorporates an eye-tracking system to correct the stimulus location for fixation loss, and identifies any preferred retinal loci. We identified 52 articles that met the inclusion criteria for a systematic review of microperimetry in the assessment of visual function in AMD...
January 2018: Survey of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522341/systemic-and-ocular-fluid-compounds-as-potential-biomarkers-in-age-related-macular-degeneration
#18
REVIEW
Eveline Kersten, Constantin C Paun, Rosa L Schellevis, Carel B Hoyng, Cécile Delcourt, Imre Lengyel, Tunde Peto, Marius Ueffing, Caroline C W Klaver, Sascha Dammeier, Anneke I den Hollander, Eiko K de Jong
Biomarkers can help unravel mechanisms of disease and identify new targets for therapy. They can also be useful in clinical practice for monitoring disease progression, evaluation of treatment efficacy, and risk assessment in multifactorial diseases, such as age-related macular degeneration (AMD). AMD is a highly prevalent progressive retinal disorder for which multiple genetic and environmental risk factors have been described, but the exact etiology is not yet fully understood. Many compounds have been evaluated for their association with AMD...
January 2018: Survey of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343872/orbital-decompression-for-thyroid-eye-disease
#19
REVIEW
Daniel B Rootman
The literature regarding orbital decompression for thyroid eye disease is vast, spanning multiple specialty areas including neurosurgery, head and neck, maxillofacial, and ophthalmic plastic surgery. Although techniques have advanced considerably over the more than 100 years during which this procedure has been performed, the 4 major approaches remain: transorbital, transcranial, transantral, and transnasal. The explosion in literature related to orbital decompression has mostly involved minor technical variations on broader surgical themes...
January 2018: Survey of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080631/ophthalmic-manifestations-in-neurofibromatosis-type-1
#20
REVIEW
Michael Kinori, Nickisa Hodgson, Janice Lasky Zeid
Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is a relatively common multisystemic inherited disease and has been extensively studied by multiple disciplines. Although genetic testing and confirmation are available, NF1 remains a clinical diagnosis. Many manifestations of NF1 involve the eye and orbit, and the ophthalmologist, therefore, plays a significant role in the diagnosis and treatment of NF1 patients. Improvements in diagnostic and imaging instruments have provided new insight to study the ophthalmic manifestations of the disease...
November 16, 2017: Survey of Ophthalmology
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