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Scandinavian Journal of Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244211/individuation-in-relation-to-parents-as-a-predictor-of-career-goals-and-career-optimism-in-emerging-adults
#1
Melita Puklek Levpušček, Victoria Rauch, Luka Komidar
The aim of this study was to examine the associations of Slovenian emerging adults' individuation characteristics (in relation to mother and father) with career goals and career optimism. We were interested in contributions of age, gender, certainty of study choice, and individuation dimensions when predicting intrinsic/extrinsic career goals and career optimism. The participants provided self-reports on the Individuation Test for Emerging Adults, the Career Goals Scale and the Career Futures Inventory. The results showed that age did not relate to emerging adults' career goals; however, older students reported lower career optimism than their younger counterparts...
December 15, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244208/parent-child-interactions-during-traditional-and-interactive-media-settings-a-pilot-randomized-control-study
#2
Silje Skaug, Kjellrun T Englund, Ingvild Saksvik-Lehouillier, Stian Lydersen, Lars Wichstrøm
Parent-child interactions are pivotal for children's socioemotional development, yet might suffer with increased attention to screen media, as research has suggested. In response, we hypothesized that parent-child play on a tablet computer, as representative of interactive media, would generate higher-quality parent-child interactions than toy play or watching TV. We examined the emotional availability of mothers and their 2-year-old child during the previous three contexts using a randomized crossover design (n = 22) in a laboratory room...
December 15, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244207/information-about-expert-decision-and-post-decision-distortion-of-facts-of-own-decision
#3
Ola Svenson, Nichel Gonzalez, Amina Memon, Torun Lindholm
Cognitive representations of decision problems are dynamic. During and after a decision, evaluations and representations of facts change to support the decision made by a decision maker her- or himself (Svenson, 2003). We investigated post-decision distortion of facts (consolidation). Participants were given vignettes with facts about two terminally ill patients, only one of whom could be given lifesaving surgery. In Study 1, contrary to the prediction, the results showed that facts were distorted after a decision both by participants who were responsible for the decisions themselves and when doctors had made the decision...
December 15, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244205/adding-circle-of-security-parenting-to-treatment-as-usual-in-three-swedish-infant-mental-health-clinics-effects-on-parents-internal-representations-and-quality-of-parent-infant-interaction
#4
Pia Risholm Mothander, Catarina Furmark, Kerstin Neander
This study presents effects of adding Circle of Security-Parenting (COS-P) to an already established comprehensive therapeutic model for early parent-child intervention in three Swedish infant mental health (IMH) clinics. Parents' internal representations and quality of parent-infant interaction were studied in a clinical sample comprised of 52 parent-infant dyads randomly allocated to two comparable groups. One group consisted of 28 dyads receiving treatment as usual (TAU) supplemented with COS-P in a small group format, and another group of 24 dyads receiving TAU only...
December 15, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244201/sleep-disturbances-in-treatment-seeking-ocd-patients-changes-after-concentrated-exposure-treatment
#5
Håkon Nordahl, Audun Havnen, Bjarne Hansen, Lars-Göran Öst, Gerd Kvale
Research indicates that patients with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) frequently suffer from comorbid sleep difficulties, and that these difficulties often are not clinically recognized and diagnosed. There has been limited research investigating if comorbid sleep difficulties impair treatment outcome for OCD and if the sleep difficulties change following OCD-treatment. Thirty-six patients with obsessive compulsive disorder underwent concentrated exposure treatment delivered in a group over four consecutive days and were assessed with measures of OCD, depressive symptoms and sleep disturbance at three different time points (pre, post and 6 months follow-up)...
December 15, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231970/adaptation-of-the-utrecht-management-of-identity-commitments-scale-u-mics-to-the-measurement-of-the-parental-identity-domain
#6
Konrad Piotrowski
The present studies examined the psychometric properties of the Utrecht-Management of Identity Commitments Scale (U-MICS) adapted to the measurement of identity formation in the parental identity domain. As the parental identity domain has only been studied within the neo-Eriksonian approach to a very limited extent, the aim of these studies was to prepare a short, valid and reliable tool for the measurement of parental identity in order to fill this gap. The associations of commitment, in-depth exploration and reconsideration of commitment in the parental domain with well-being and with other identity constructs were analyzed...
December 12, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152755/interviewing-intoxicated-witnesses-memory-performance-in-theory-and%C3%A2-practice
#7
Malin Hildebrand Karlén
Memory encoding and recall involving complex, effortful cognitive processes are impaired by alcohol primarily due to impairment of a select few, but crucial, cortical areas. This review shows how alcohol affects some, but not all, aspects of eyewitnesses' oral free recall performance. The principal results, so far, are that: a) free recall reports by intoxicated witnesses (at the investigated BAC-levels) may contain less, but as accurate, information as reports by sober witnesses; b) immediate reports given by intoxicated witnesses may yield more information compared to reports by sober witnesses given after a one week delay; c) an immediate interview may enhance both intoxicated and sober witnesses' ability to report information in a later interview; and d) reminiscence seems to occur over repeated interviews and the new information seems to be as accurate as the previously reported information...
November 20, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110306/coping-strategies-and-perceived-social-support-in-fibromyalgia-syndrome-relationship-with-alexithymia
#8
Marialaura Di Tella, Valentina Tesio, Ada Ghiggia, Annunziata Romeo, Fabrizio Colonna, Enrico Fusaro, Giuliano Carlo Geminiani, Maria Bruzzone, Riccardo Torta, Lorys Castelli
Fibromyalgia (FM) is a chronic pain syndrome characterized by high levels of psychological distress and alexithymia, a personality disposition affecting emotional self-awareness. The main aim of the present study was to investigate for the first time the relationship between alexithymia and coping strategies on the one hand, and alexithymia and perceived social support on the other, in a sample of FM patients. To reach this aim, 153 FM patients completed a battery of tests assessing coping strategies, perceived social support, alexithymia, psychological distress and pain intensity...
November 7, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068061/home-environmental-influences-on-children-s-language-and-reading-skills-in-a-genetically-sensitive-design-are-socioeconomic-status-and-home-literacy-environment-environmental-mediators-and-moderators
#9
Bonnie Wing-Yin Chow, Connie Suk-Han Ho, Simpson W L Wong, Mary M Y Waye, Mo Zheng
This twin study examined how family socioeconomic status (SES) and home literacy environment (HLE) contributes to Chinese language and reading skills. It included 312 Chinese twin pairs aged 3 to 11. Children were individually administered tasks of Chinese word reading, receptive vocabulary and reading-related cognitive skills, and nonverbal reasoning ability. Information on home environment was collected through parent-reported questionnaires. Results showed that SES and HLE mediated shared environmental influences but did not moderate genetic influences on general language and reading abilities...
October 25, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105128/do-adapted-vignettes-improve-medical-decision-making-capacity-for%C3%A2-individuals-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#10
Liv Thalén, Katarina Heimann Mühlenbock, Ove Almkvist, Maria Eriksdotter, Erik Sundström, Ing-Mari Tallberg
Medical decision-making capacity (MDC) is known to decline in individuals with Alzheimer's disease (AD). The vignette method uses hypothetical information as a prerequisite for measuring the capacity to make well-informed decisions to clinical trials. Our aim was to investigate if adapted vignettes can help individuals with mild AD to assimilate information, make decisions and express them in an understandable way, compared to corresponding decisions based on linguistically more demanding vignettes, as measured by the Swedish Linguistic Instrument for Medical Decision-making (LIMD)...
December 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105127/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-tertiary-interventions-in-clinical-burnout
#11
Olga Perski, Giorgio Grossi, Aleksander Perski, Maria Niemi
Clinical burnout is one of the leading causes of work absenteeism in high- and middle-income countries. There is hence a great need for the identification of effective intervention strategies to increase return-to-work (RTW) in this population. This review aimed to assess the effectiveness of tertiary interventions for individuals with clinically significant burnout on RTW and psychological symptoms of exhaustion, depression and anxiety. Four electronic databases (Ovid MEDLINE, PsychINFO, PubMed and CINAHL Plus) were searched in April 2016 for randomized and non-randomized controlled trials of tertiary interventions in clinical burnout...
December 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105126/sexual-orientation-among-icelandic-year-10-adolescents-changes-in-health-and-life-satisfaction-from-2006-to-2014
#12
Einar Baldvin Thorsteinsson, Natasha M Loi, Sigrun Sveinbjornsdottir, Arsaell Arnarsson
Minority sexual orientation may add additional stresses to the period of adolescence thus affecting mental health and wellbeing. The whole population of year 10 students in 2006, 2010, and 2014 in Iceland were surveyed as part of the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children Survey. Sexual orientation could be identified in 1,994 participants from 2006 (43.8% of population; 988 girls), 3,777 from 2010 (78.6%; 1,863 girls) and 3,526 in 2014 (80.1%; 1,731 girls). About 3.1%, 3.6%, and 4.4% were identified as lesbian, gay, or bisexual (LGB) in 2006, 2010, and 2014, respectively...
December 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105125/prevalence-and-correlates-of-tattooing-in-norway-a-large-scale-cross-sectional-study
#13
Dominic Sagoe, Ståle Pallesen, Cecilie Schou Andreassen
To our knowledge, no previous large-scale study has examined the prevalences and correlates of having only easily concealed tattoos, or readily visible tattoos. We conducted an exploratory online survey in Norway asking 15,654 (6,151 females) persons aged 16-91 (m = 33.65 ± 12.27) about various demographic, sports, substance use, mental health, personality, and tattooing questions. The estimated prevalence of tattooing was 20.8% (females: 23.8%, males: 17.9%), of which 13.3% had readily visible tattoos. Results of multivariate logistic regression analysis indicated that females, being older than 19 years, higher body mass index, lifetime anabolic-androgenic steroid use (AAS), and higher scores on extraversion were associated with higher odds of having a tattoo...
December 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105124/a-controlled-early-group-intervention-study-for-unaccompanied-minors-can-expressive-arts-alleviate-symptoms-of-trauma-and-enhance-life-satisfaction
#14
Melinda A Meyer DeMott, Marianne Jakobsen, Tore Wentzel-Larsen, Trond Heir
This is the first controlled study of an expressive arts group intervention with unaccompanied minor asylum seeking children. The aim of the study was to examine whether such an intervention may alleviate symptoms of trauma and enhance life satisfaction and hope. One hundred forty five unaccompanied minor refugee boys with their stated age between 15 and 18 were allocated into a 10 session 5 weeks manualized expressive arts intervention (EXIT) or a life as usual (LAU) control group. The participants were assessed at onset and 4 times over a period of 25 months with a battery of instruments measuring post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), general psychological distress (HSCL-25A), current life satisfaction (CLS) and expected life satisfaction (ELS)...
December 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105122/the-mechanisms-behind-the-formation-of-a-strong-sense-of-coherence-soc-the-role-of-migration-and-integration
#15
Jasmijn Slootjes, Saskia Keuzenkamp, Sawitri Saharso
Considering how much we know about the impact of the Sense of Coherence (SOC) on different health-related outcomes, we know surprisingly little about how a strong SOC actually develops. In this study we examine the mechanisms behind the formation of a strong SOC and study the role of migration, integration and general resistance resources (GRRs) in this process. We held 46 life-story interviews with women of Turkish, Moroccan and Surinamese descent. We divided the respondents in a relatively strong and weak SOC group in order to discern patterns of life experiences associated with SOC development...
December 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052228/symptoms-of-depression-in-swedish-fathers-in-the-postnatal-period-and-development-of-a-screening-tool
#16
Elia Psouni, Johan Agebjörn, Hanne Linder
Methods for detecting depression in fathers after the birth of their child are scarce. The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), used to screen mothers for postpartum depression (PPD), lacks somatization and externalizing items. This potentially decreases its sensitivity in detecting depression in fathers, as many men actually express depression with somatization or externalizing symptoms. The present study assessed depressive symptoms in fathers of children 0-18 months old, and evaluated whether addressing both typical depression and externalizing, so-called "depressive equivalent" symptoms, might be more suitable for such assessment...
October 20, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023756/working-memory-and-attention-are-still-impaired-after-three-years-in%C3%A2-patients-with-stress-related-exhaustion
#17
Ingibjörg H Jonsdottir, Arto Nordlund, Susanne Ellbin, Thomas Ljung, Kristina Glise, Peter Währborg, Anna Sjörs, Anders Wallin
Cognitive impairment is one of the most pronounced symptoms reported by patients with stress-related mental health problems. Impairments related to executive function and to some extent speed and attention are therefore common in patients with stress-related burnout/exhaustion. In this paper we present a follow-up of cognitive performance in patients with stress-related exhaustion several years after they initially sought medical care. Thirty patients and 27 healthy controls, mean age 49 years (SD 6.5) and 55 years (SD 6...
October 10, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983927/when-less-is-more-psychometric-properties-of-norwegian-short-forms-of%C3%A2-the-ambivalent-sexism-scales-asi-and-ami-and-the-illinois-rape-myth-acceptance-irma-scale
#18
Mons Bendixen, Leif Edward Ottesen Kennair
This paper reports on the development and the psychometric properties of short forms of Ambivalent Sexism Scales toward women (ASI; Glick & Fiske, 1996) and men (AMI; Glick & Fiske, 1999), and a scale measuring rape stereotypes (IRMA; McMahon & Farmer, 2011). The short form AMI/ASI were applied for examining gender and educational differences in university students (N = 512) and in high school students (N = 1381), and for predicting individual differences in rape stereotypes in the latter. The short forms demonstrated good to excellent psychometric properties across samples of emerging adults...
October 5, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983922/a-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-temperament-in-middle-childhood-questionnaire-tmcq-in-a-swedish-sample
#19
Beatrice Nystrom, Hans Bengtsson
Personality is generally considered to be biologically founded in temperament, and temperamental qualities have proven to be relatively stable across childhood and into adulthood (Caspi, Roberts & Shiner, ). Temperament predicts important developmental outcomes such as academic performance (Muris, ), and social functioning (Eisenberg, Fabes, Guthrie & Reiser, ), and it has also been found to be strongly related to the etiology and maintenance of internalizing and externalizing psychopathology in children (Muris, Meesters & Blijlevens, ; Nigg, )...
October 5, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901577/suppression-mediates-the-effect-of-5-httlpr-by-stress-interaction-on%C3%A2-depression
#20
Gennady G Knyazev, Daria V Bazovkina, Alexander N Savostyanov, Vladimir S Naumenko, Valeriya B Kuznetsova, Ekaterina A Proshina
A number of studies have shown that the presence of short (S), as opposed to long (L), allele of the serotonin transporter-linked polymorphic region (5-HTTLPR) is associated with a higher risk for depression following exposure to stressful life events. However, many other studies failed to confirm this association. One reason for this inconsistency might be the fact that the interaction of the 5-HTTLPR polymorphism with stress may relate not to depression per se, but rather to adaptive or maladaptive emotion regulation strategies...
October 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
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