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Scandinavian Journal of Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061003/is-it-advisable-to-include-negative-attributes-to-assess-the-stereotype-content-yes-but-only-in-the-morality-dimension
#1
Pablo Sayans-Jiménez, Antonio José Rojas Tejada, Isabel Cuadrado Guirado
Competence, morality and sociability dimensions have shown to be essential to measure stereotypes. Theoretically, the attributes associated with the negative pole of morality are more reliable and have shown to have higher evaluative weight. However, the current research usually employs only positive attributes to measure each dimension. Since the advantages of the inclusion of negative morality are clear it would be interesting to know about the effects of the inclusion of such type of attributes (i.e., it is good or bad for the measurement)...
January 6, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27983749/social-and-emotional-loneliness-and-self-reported-difficulty-initiating-and-maintaining-sleep-dims-in-a-sample-of-norwegian-university-students
#2
Amie C Hayley, Luke A Downey, Con Stough, Børge Sivertsen, Marit Knapstad, Simon Øverland
Social and emotional loneliness negatively impact several areas of health, including sleep. However, few comprehensive population-based studies have evaluated this relationship. Over 12,000 students aged 21-35 years who participated in the student survey for higher education in Norway (the SHoT study) were assessed. Loneliness was assessed using the Social and Emotional Loneliness Scale. Difficulty initiating and maintaining sleep (DIMS) was assessed by a single-item subjective response on the depression scale of the Hopkins Symptoms Checklist (HSCL-25)...
December 16, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929608/an-open-trial-of-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-for-young-adults-with%C3%A2-social-anxiety-disorder
#3
Aslak Hjeltnes, Helge Molde, Elisabeth Schanche, Jon Vøllestad, Julie Lillebostad Svendsen, Christian Moltu, Per-Einar Binder
The present study investigated mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) for young adults with a social anxiety disorder (SAD) in an open trial. Fifty-three young adults in a higher education setting underwent a standard eight-week MBSR program. Eight participants (15%) did not complete the program. Participants reported significant reductions in SAD symptoms and global psychological distress, as well as increases in mindfulness, self-compassion, and self-esteem. Using intention-to-treat (ITT) analyses, effect sizes ranged from large to moderate for SAD symptoms (Cohen's d = 0...
December 8, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925220/relationship-between-inner-dialog-and-ideas-of-reference-and-the-mediating-role-of-dissociation
#4
Gloria Bellido-Zanin, Salvador Perona-Garcelán, Cristina Senín-Calderón, Ana María López-Jiménez, Juan Francisco Rodríguez-Testal
Recent lines of research have begun to concentrate on internal dialogue and its relationship to a diversity of psychopathological phenomena present in psychotic disorders. This study was intended as a preliminary exploration of the relationship of internal dialogue, dissociation and ideas of reference. To do this, a sample of 318 students filled in an internal dialogue scale (the VISQ, McCarthy-Jones & Fernyhough), one for dissociation (DES-II, Carlson & Putnam) and another for ideas of reference (REF, Lenzenweger, Bennett & Lilenfeld)...
December 7, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925219/job-insecurity-and-discretionary-behaviors-social-exchange-perspective-versus-group-value-model
#5
Beatrice Piccoli, Hans De Witte, William D Reisel
This study examines the relationship between job insecurity and discretionary behaviors, that is, organizational citizenship behaviors (OCB) and counterproductive work behaviors (CWB), with the purpose to extend knowledge on the theoretical explanations for these outcomes. Considering the employment relationship with the organization, two different perspectives are suggested and compared in a multiple mediator model, in order to understand the reasons for discretionary behaviors. We draw upon social exchange theory as the basis of psychological contract perceptions and we rely on the group value model to explain organizational justice evaluations...
December 7, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925217/things-online-social-networking-can-take-away-reminders-of-social-networking-sites-undermine-the-desirability-of-offline-socializing-and%C3%A2-pleasures
#6
Shiang-Shiang Li, Yevvon Yi-Chi Chang, Wen-Bin Chiou
People are beginning to develop symbiotic relationships with social networking sites (SNSs), which provide users with abundant opportunities for social interaction. We contend that if people perceive SNSs as sources of social connection, the idea of SNSs may reduce the desire to pursue offline social activities and offline pleasures. Experiment 1 demonstrated that priming with SNSs was associated with a weakened desirability of offline social activities and an increased inclination to work alone. Felt relatedness mediated the link between SNS primes and reduced desire to engage in offline social activities...
December 7, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886389/meaningful-coping-with-chronic-pain-exploring-the-interplay-between-goal-violation-meaningful-coping-strategies-and-life-satisfaction-in-chronic-pain-patients
#7
Jessie Dezutter, Laura Dewitte, Evalyne Thauvoye, Siebrecht Vanhooren
Trying to cope with chronic pain is a highly demanding and challenging task and pain patients often need to reformulate goals or aspirations due to their pain condition. This goal violation is often related with experienced distress and requires coping processes in order to decrease the distress and stimulate a healthy adaptation. Some scholars, however, argued that in so-called unsolvable or irreparable stressors such as chronic pain, conventional coping strategies like problem-focused coping might not be the most adaptive option...
November 25, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054380/perceived-stress-recurrent-pain-and-aggregate-salivary-cortisol-measures-in-mid-adolescent-girls-and-boys
#8
Petra Lindfors, Lisa Folkesson Hellstadius, Viveca Östberg
Measures of perceived stress have been criticized for theoretical inconsistency. However, the validated pressure activation stress scale has been suggested as a theoretically sound alternative. But it is unclear how pressure and activation stress relate to objective and subjective measures including commonly used aggregate cortisol measures and health complaints respectively. Specifically, this study aimed at investigating how pressure and activation stress were related to aggregate salivary cortisol measures and recurrent pain in mid-adolescent girls and boys...
February 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054379/to-wait-or-not-to-wait-improving-results-when-interviewing-intoxicated-witnesses-to-violence
#9
Malin Hildebrand Karlén, Emma Roos Af Hjelmsäter, Claudia Fahlke, Pär Anders Granhag, Anna Söderpalm-Gordh
Witnesses to violent crimes are often alcohol intoxicated, but few studies have investigated the impact of alcohol on witness reports. This study investigated how alcohol intoxication and time of interview affected reports of intimate partner violence (IPV). One hundred thirty six healthy men (N = 66) and women (N = 70) were randomized to an alcohol group (0.8g/kg for men, 0.75g/kg for women) (N = 70) or control group (N = 66), given juice. Participants consumed drinks in a laboratory setting before they witnessed an IPV scenario...
February 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727463/exercise-based-interventions-for-alcohol-use-disorder-a-comment-on%C3%A2-motivational-aspects-of-participation
#10
Kirsten K Roessler, Rikke Holm Bramsen, Ajla Dervisevic, Randi Bilberg
Exercise based treatment for alcohol use disorders have shown an impact on mental health (e.g., depression or anxiety), and alcohol outcomes (e.g., craving or abstinence). However, there is a lack of information on the role of motivational aspects of participation in the process of designing exercise interventions for alcohol use disorder. This study aims to examine: (1) whether motivational aspects are taken into account when the type and delivery method of exercise interventions are chosen; (2) whether motivational aspects are taken into account post intervention; and (3) whether there are different traditions regarding payment for participants...
February 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807859/erratum
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717136/the-implicit-sociometer-effect-and-the-moderating-role-of-relational-self-construal
#12
Tao Jiang, Liuna Geng, Yanmei Tang, Lijuan Ye
The present study examined how negative feedback influenced implicit self-evaluations and how individuals' level of relational self-construal (RelSC) moderated these relationships. One hundred Chinese university students completed the relational-interdependent self-construal scale and were randomly assigned into one of three conditions (social exclusion, personal failure, or control). After receiving the manipulation, participants completed two Brief Implicit Association Tests (BIATs) that measured their implicit self-liking and self-competence...
December 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716932/bayley-iii-cultural-differences-and-language-scale-validity-in-a-danish-sample
#13
Marianne T Krogh, Mette S Vaever
The purpose of this study was to investigate cultural differences between Danish and American children at 2 and 3 years as measured with the developmental test Bayley-III, and to investigate the Bayley-III Language Scale validity. The Danish children (N = 43) were tested with the Bayley-III and their parents completed an additional language questionnaire (the MacArthur-Bates CDI). Results showed that scores from the Danish children did not differ significantly from the American norms on the Cognitive or Motor Scale, but the Danish sample scored significantly higher on the Language Scale...
December 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704548/is-job-performance-independent-from-career-success-a-conceptual-distinction-between-competence-and-agency
#14
Patrick Mollaret, Delphine Miraucourt
Adopting a social approach to social judgment, we conducted five studies to validate a conceptual distinction between agency and competence traits. Studies 1-3 revealed that competence traits (e.g., skillful) are associated with job performance, whereas agentic traits (e.g., ambitious) are associated with career success. Study 4 showed that only agency predicted the amount of money people are likely to earn: the more a given trait was considered as agentic, the more it was associated with high monetary values...
December 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658348/mediation-of-self-regulation-and-mood-in-the-relationship-of-changes-in%C3%A2-high-emotional-eating-and-nutritional-behaviors-moderating-effects-of%C3%A2-physical-activity
#15
James J Annesi, Nicole Mareno, Kristin L McEwen
High emotional eating (EE) is prevalent in women with obesity. A previous study's subsample of obese women classified as high emotional eaters participated in either a physical activity-focused experimental (n = 29) or an educationally focused comparison (n = 22) behavioral treatment and was assessed over phases of expected weight loss (baseline-month 6) and short- and long-term regain (months 6-12 and 6-24, respectively). The study's aim was to assess theory-based psychological and behavioral mediation and moderation of changes in nutritional behaviors via emotional eating change in order to inform behavioral weight-loss treatments...
December 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27646198/a-two-wave-cross-lagged-study-of-work-role-conflict-work-family-conflict-and-emotional-exhaustion
#16
Maria Therese Jensen
By using a two-wave panel design, the present study aimed to study causal, reversed, and reciprocal relations among work-role conflict, work-family conflict, and emotional exhaustion. The Conservation of Resources theory was applied as a theoretical framework. The study was conducted in a large Norwegian oil and gas company (n = 1703). The results demonstrated positive cross-lagged effects of work-role conflict and work-family conflict on emotional exhaustion. In addition, emotional exhaustion predicted work-family conflict over time, and work-family conflict predicted work-role conflict over time, indicating the presence of reciprocal effects...
December 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636718/flux-and-permanence-of-risk-perceptions-tourists-perception-of-the-relative-and-absolute-risk-for-various-destinations
#17
Katharina Wolff, Svein Larsen
The present investigation is a cross-sectional, multi-national, quantitative, and quasi-experimental comparison of tourists' risk perceptions regarding different destinations throughout the past decade. Over 10,000 tourists to Norway from 89 different countries filled in a questionnaire rating the perceived risk for various destinations. Data were collected during 2004, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013 and 2015 and allow for a comparison of perceived risk across time, place and nationality. Results show that while absolute risk judgments for different destinations fluctuate somewhat over the years, relative risk judgments remain constant...
December 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611177/effects-of-maternal-postpartum-depression-in-a-well-resourced-sample-early-concurrent-and-long-term-effects-on-infant-cognitive-language-and-motor-development
#18
Johanne Smith-Nielsen, Anne Tharner, Marianne Thode Krogh, Mette Skovgaard Vaever
This study examined early and long-term effects of maternal postpartum depression on cognitive, language, and motor development in infants of clinically depressed mothers. Participants were 83 mothers and their full-term born children from the urban region of Copenhagen, Denmark. Of this group, 28 mothers were diagnosed with postnatal depression three to four months postpartum in a diagnostic interview. Cognitive, language, and motor development was assessed with the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development third edition, when the infants were 4 and 13 months of age...
December 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27558974/a-comparison-of-coping-strategies-in-patients-with-fibromyalgia-chronic-neuropathic-pain-and-pain-free-controls
#19
Sidsel Baastrup, Rikke Schultz, Inger Brødsgaard, Rod Moore, Troels S Jensen, Lene Vase Toft, Flemming W Bach, Raben Rosenberg, Lise Gormsen
Patients suffering from chronic pain may benefit from learning adaptive coping strategies. Consensus on efficient strategies for this group of patients is, however, lacking, and previous studies have shown inconsistent results. The present study has examined coping strategies in two distinctly different groups of chronic pain patients and a group of healthy controls. Thirty neuropathic pain (NP) patients, 28 fibromyalgia (FM) patients, and 26 pain-free healthy controls completed the Coping Strategy Questionnaire (CSQ-48/27) and rated their daily pain...
December 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27550188/role-of-anxiety-and-brooding-in-specificity-of-autobiographical-recall
#20
Jorge Javier Ricarte, Laura Ros, Jose Miguel Latorre, Maria Dolores Muñoz, Maria Jose Aguilar, Jose Vicente Hernandez
Overgeneral schemas and lack of autobiographical memory (AM) specificity about our past experiences can predict mood disturbance. Rumination, functional avoidance and executive processes are the main explanatory variables of such overgenerality. However, in non-clinical samples, rumination predicts overgenerality most consistently after the induction of dysphoric mood. Anxiety also activates rumination. Furthermore, anxiety predicts memory performance and has effects on mood which are independent of the effects of rumination...
December 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
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