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Scandinavian Journal of Psychology

Jia Yuin Fam
The inclusion of "Internet gaming disorder (IGD)" in the fifth edition of Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-5) creates a possible line of research. Despite the fact that adolescents are vulnerable to IGD, studies had reported wide array of prevalence estimates in this population. The aim of this paper is to review the published studies on prevalence of IGD among adolescents. Relevant studies prior to March 2017 were identified through databases. A total of 16 studies met the inclusion criteria...
July 13, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
Kati Rantanen, Elina Vierikko, Pirkko Nieminen
This is a clinical intervention study of children with executive function (EF) deficits. A neuropsychological multimodal group intervention called EXAT (rehabilitation of EXecutive function and ATtention) was developed at the Psychology Clinic of the University of Tampere. Based on the principles of neuropsychological rehabilitation and behavioral modification, EXAT combines child group training, parent training, and teacher consultations. The aims of this study were to investigate behavior problems before and after the intervention in children attending EXAT and in controls, and to compare intervention effects in hyperactive, inattentive, and EF subgroups based on the primary deficit described in the referral...
July 12, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
Asmus Vogel, Jette Stokholm, Rikke Andreasen, Bodil Dahl Henriksen, Vibeke Brønniche, Gry J Madsen, Moa Gustafsson, Susanne Overgaard, Anne-Mette Guldberg, Kasper Jørgensen
Memory assessment is a key element in neuropsychological testing. Gold standard evaluation is based on updated normative data, but in many small countries (e.g. in Scandinavia) such data are sparse. In Denmark, reference data exist for non-verbal memory tests and list-learning tests but there is no normative data for memory tests which capture narrative recall and cued recall. In a nation-wide study, Free and Cued Selective Reminding Test (FCSRT), WMS-III Logical Memory (LM) and a newly developed test Category Cued Memory Test (CCMT-48) were applied in 131 cognitively intact persons (aged 60-96 years)...
July 12, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
Silje Skaug, Kjellrun T Englund, Lars Wichstrøm
Television is one of the most commonly viewed forms of media by children throughout the world. Excessive television viewing can influence the quality of children's relationships and interactions with their parents. We examined the emotional availability (EA) of children toward their parents by assessing child responsiveness and child involvement, using a cross-sectional and longitudinal design. We employed a large and representative community sample of Norwegian 4-year-olds (n = 995) who were followed up at 6 years old (n = 795)...
July 10, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
Lucas de Francisco Carvalho, Ariela Raissa Lima Costa
The Clinical Dimensional Personality Inventory 2 (IDCP-2) is a 206-item self-report tool developed for the assessment of 12 dimensions (divided into 47 factors) of personality pathology. One of the scales comprising the instrument, the Distrust scale, is intended to provide psychometric information on traits closely related to the Paranoid Personality Disorder (PPD). In the present research, we used the Item Response Theory and the Receiver Operating Characteristic curve analysis to establish a clinical meaningful cutoff for the Distrust scale...
July 10, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
Grazia Isabella Continisio, Amalia Mattiello, Silvia Toscano, Paola Continisio, Mariano Paternoster, Alfredo Guarino, Francesca Maria Cuomo, Tiziana Cristiani, Stefania Manetti, Antonietta Giannattasio, Elio Marciano
The "born to read" initiative entails a dialogic reading to children in poor socio-economical conditions aimed at fostering cognitive and relational skills. Reading is professionally delivered by experts to promote psycho-social development of children and their parents. In this study the project was extended to include children positive at early screening for hearing impairment. A total of 26 children were included and 14 parents were taught to read aloud and emphatically. Reading session were delivered for at least 10 minutes at least 3 times/week, usually at bedtime, for one year...
July 5, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
Rebecca Nowland, Sarita J Robinson, Belinda F Bradley, Vikki Summers, Pamela Qualter
Loneliness has been linked to poor health through an increased activation of threat surveillance mechanisms, such as the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA). The socio-cognitive model (Cacioppo & Hawley) proposes that lonely people have an increased social threat sensitivity which activates the HPA axis. The current study examined the impact of loneliness on HPA stress reactivity and social threat sensitivity in response to naturally occurring social challenges. Participants (N = 45) were prospective undergraduates attending a 3-day university preparation programme over the summer, prior to commencing their university studies...
July 4, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
Jorge Javier Ricarte, Laura Ros, Dolores Fernández, Marta Nieto, José Miguel Latorre
Repetitive thought may have adaptive and functional consequences, depending on, among other things, the interpretation of the content: analytical or abstract (general and decontextualized) and experiential or concrete (specific, contextual and incidental). Studies experimentally manipulating repetitive thought have shown both the constructive consequences of the experiential mode and the dysfunctional consequences of the analytical mode. The aim of the current study is to observe the effect of analytical and experiential rumination of negative self-defining memories on schizotypic symptoms...
July 4, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
Katherine E Christensen, Rebecca A Lundwall
Previous reports have found increased error rate for children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) on response time (RT) computer tasks. Here we attempt the conceptual replication and extension of two studies that examined error rate in a general population of children (N = 203). Study 1 followed Johnstone and Galletta but considered associations between scores on a dimensional measure of ADHD symptoms (rather than comparing those with or without an ADHD diagnosis) and the frequency of commission and omission errors...
July 3, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
Magnus Lindén, Fredrik Björklund, Martin Bäckström
Self-reported level of right-wing authoritarianism (RWA), the two facets of social dominance orientation (SDO-Dominance and SDO-Egalitarianism) and pro-torture attitudes were measured both in the immediate aftermath (terror salience, N = 152) of the terror attacks in Paris and Brussels and when terrorism was not salient. Results showed that RWA and pro-torture attitudes, but not SDO-Dominance and SDO-Egalitarianism, were significantly higher immediately after (non-salience, N = 140). Furthermore, RWA and SDO both predicted pro-torture attitudes more strongly under terror salience...
June 29, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
Renzo Bianchi, Irvin Sam Schonfeld
Burnout has been defined as a condition in which individuals are left exhausted by a long-term confrontation with unmanageable job stressors. The question of whether burnout reflects anything other than depressive responses to unresolvable stress remains an object of debate. In this 911-participant study (83% female; mean age: 42.36), we further addressed the issue of burnout-depression overlap. Burnout was assessed with the exhaustion subscale of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey (MBI-GS) and depression with the PHQ-8...
June 29, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
Diego Gomez-Baya, Ramon Mendoza, Tania Gaspar, Paulo Gomes
During middle adolescence, elevated stress and a greater presence of psychological disorders have been documented. The research has paid little attention to the regulation of positive affective states. Fredrickson's broaden-and-build theory suggests that cultivating positive emotions helps to build resources that boost well-being. The current research aimed to examine the longitudinal associations between responses to positive affect (emotion-focused positive rumination, self-focused positive rumination, and dampening) and psychological adjustment (self-esteem and life satisfaction) during middle adolescence...
May 11, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
Michael J Gruber, Eva Palmquist, Steven Nordin
Health problems evoked in the presence of electrical equipment is a concern, calling for better understanding for characteristics of electromagnetic hypersensitivity (EHS) in the general population. The present study investigated demographics, lifestyle factors, frequency and duration, coping strategies, proportion meeting clinical criteria for intolerance attributed to electromagnetic fields (EMF) and comorbidity. Using data from a large-scale population-based questionnaire study, we investigated persons with self-reported (n = 91) EHS in comparison to referents (n = 3,250)...
May 9, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
Beatriz Lucas-Molina, Alicia Pérez-Albéniz, Eduardo Fonseca-Pedrero, Marta Giménez-Dasí
The aim of the present study was to examine whether the effect of empathy on the role children play in bullying situations, as either bullies, defenders or outsiders, was moderated by children's social status within their classroom, and whether this moderation was gender dependent. For this purpose, we used a representative sample of 2,050 Spanish primary school children (50.80% girls) from grades 3-6 (Mage = 9.80 years; SD = 1.24), recruited from 27 primary schools. Results showed that the effect of empathy on bullying behavior was moderated by the sociometric rating only in girls...
May 9, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
Indre Bileviciute-Ljungar, Daniel Maroti, Susanne Bejerot
Clinically, there is an overlap of several symptoms of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD), including fatigue; brain "fog"; cognitive impairments; increased sensitivity to sound, light, and odour; increased pain and tenderness; and impaired emotional contact. Adults with CFS (n = 59) or ASD (n = 50) and healthy controls (HC; n = 53) were assessed with the Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ) in a cross-sectional study. Non-parametric analysis was used to compare AQ scores among the groups...
May 8, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
Carlos-María Alcover, Maria José Chambel, Juan José Fernández, Fernando Rodríguez
Our study tests the perceived organizational support-burnout-satisfaction relationship based on stressor-strain-outcome model of stress (Koeske & Koeske, ) and on the conservation of resources theory (Hobfoll, ) in workers with disabilities employed in ordinary or competitive jobs (open labor market), analyzing the relationship between perceived organizational support, family support, job satisfaction and burnout. We use a sample of 246 workers with physical, motor, sensory and psychological disabilities working in ordinary jobs...
May 2, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
Elin K Alfredsson, Valgeir Thorvaldsson, Ulf Axberg, Anders G Broberg
The aim of this naturalistic study was to explore short and long-term outcomes of five different group-based parenting programs offered to parents of 10 to 17-year-olds. Three hundred and fifteen parents (277 mothers and 38 fathers) who had enrolled in a parenting program (universal: Active Parenting, COPE; Connect; targeted: COMET; Leadership training for parents of teenagers [LFT]) answered questionnaires at three measurement waves (baseline, post-measurement, and one-year follow-up). The questions concerned parenting style, parental mental health, family climate and adolescent mental health...
April 26, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
Pessi Lyyra, Aki Myllyneva, Jari K Hietanen
Recent research has revealed enhanced autonomic and subjective responses to eye contact only when perceiving another live person. However, these enhanced responses to eye contact are abolished if the viewer believes that the other person is not able to look back at the viewer. We purported to investigate whether this "genuine" eye contact effect can be reproduced with pre-recorded videos of stimulus persons. Autonomic responses, gaze behavior, and subjective self-assessments were measured while participants viewed pre-recorded video persons with direct or averted gaze, imagined that the video person was real, and mentalized that the person could see them or not...
April 26, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
Carlos Freire, María Del Mar Ferradás, José Carlos Núñez, Antonio Valle
Despite the growing interest in the relationship between coping strategies and eudaimonic well-being, few studies have examined this issue from the perspective of coping flexibility. Therefore, the present study aimed to: (1) identify approach coping profiles in the university context and (2) analyze the differences between these profiles in terms of eudaimonic well-being. A prospective ex post facto design was used and 1,402 university students were selected through convenience sampling. Data were collected using validated self-reported instruments...
August 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
Serap Keles, Asgeir Røyrhus Olseth, Thormod Idsøe, Mari-Anne Sørlie
The aim of this study was to explore the longitudinal relation between internalizing symptoms and academic achievement, as two processes of children and youth development, among children in Norway, and whether having an immigrant background moderated this association. Data collected from 4,458 students in Norway in four waves over three years were analyzed with multi-group latent growth curve modeling (LGM). Results showed that internalizing symptoms level remained unchanged over time both for immigrant and non-immigrant children, while levels of academic achievement increased only for children of immigrants with both parents born outside of Norway...
August 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
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