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Scandinavian Journal of Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440880/-to-be-forgotten-statements-become-less-true-memory-processes-involved-in-selection-and-forgetting-lead-to-truthfulness-changes-of%C3%A2-ambiguous-sentences
#1
Ana Sofia Santos, Tânia Ramos, Leonel Garcia-Marques, Paula Carneiro
What happens when people try to forget something? What are the consequences of instructing people to intentionally forget a sentence? Recent studies employing the item-method directed forgetting paradigm have shown that to-be-forgotten (TBF) items are, in a subsequent task, emotionally devaluated relative to to-be-remembered (TBR) items, an aftereffect of memory selection (Vivas, Marful, Panagiotidou & Bajo, 2016). As such, distractor devaluation by attentional selection generalizes to memory selection. In this study, we use the item-method directed forgetting paradigm to test the effects of memory selection and inhibition on truth judgments of ambiguous sentences...
April 25, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440873/flashbulb-memories-of-the-paris-attacks
#2
Marie-Charlotte Gandolphe, Mohamad El Haj
Flashbulb memories are vivid autobiographical memories of the circumstances where an individual first learns about emotionally significant public events. Our paper assesses whether these memories were triggered by the attacks of Friday 13 November 2015 in Paris. Two hundred and ninety-one participants answered a web-based questionnaire that assessed their memory of the circumstances in which they first learned of the attacks. The questionnaire also assessed vividness, rehearsal, emotion, surprise and novelty...
April 25, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436998/swedish-women-s-perceptions-of-and-conformity-to-feminine-norms
#3
Johanna Kling, Kristina Holmqvist Gattario, Ann Frisén
Every society has its socially enforced rules of what constitutes appropriate "masculine" and "feminine" behavior. These rules, referred to as gender role norms, have a profound impact on people's lives and. The Swedish society is one of the most gender equal societies worldwide, and this is likely to affect the way gender role norms are constructed. Hence, the present research aimed to investigate Swedish women's perceptions of, and conformity to, feminine norms.
April 24, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419465/assessing-ptsd-in-the-military-validation-of-a-scale-distributed-to-danish-soldiers-after-deployment-since-1998
#4
Karen-Inge Karstoft, Søren B Andersen, Anni B S Nielsen
Since 1998, soldiers deployed to war zones with the Danish Defense (≈31,000) have been invited to fill out a questionnaire on post-mission reactions. This provides a unique data source for studying the psychological toll of war. Here, we validate a measure of PTSD-symptoms from the questionnaire. Soldiers from two cohorts deployed to Afghanistan with the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) in 2009 (ISAF7, N = 334) and 2013 (ISAF15, N = 278) filled out a standard questionnaire (Psychological Reactions following International Missions, PRIM) concerning a range of post-deployment reactions including symptoms of PTSD (PRIM-PTSD)...
April 18, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419457/subscales-of-the-barratt-impulsiveness-scale-differentially-relate-to-the-big-five-factors-of-personality
#5
Florian Lange, Adina Wagner, Astrid Müller, Frank Eggert
The place of impulsiveness in multidimensional personality frameworks is still unclear. In particular, no consensus has yet been reached with regard to the relation of impulsiveness to Neuroticism and Extraversion. We aim to contribute to a clearer understanding of these relationships by accounting for the multidimensional structure of impulsiveness. In three independent studies, we related the subscales of the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS) to the Big Five factors of personality. Study 1 investigated the associations between the BIS subscales and the Big Five factors as measured by the NEO Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI) in a student sample (N = 113)...
April 18, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266035/personal-attitudes-toward-time-the-relationship-between-temporal-focus-space-time-mappings-and-real-life-experiences
#6
Heng Li, Yu Cao
What influences how people implicitly associate "past" and "future" with "front" and "back?" Whereas previous research has shown that cultural attitudes toward time play a role in modulating space-time mappings in people's mental models (de la Fuente, Santiago, Román, Dumitrache & Casasanto, 2014), we investigated real life experiences as potential additional influences on these implicit associations. Participants within the same single culture, who are engaged in different intermediate-term educational experiences (Study 1), long-term living experiences (Study 2), and short-term visiting experiences (Study 3), showed their distinct differences in temporal focus, thereby influencing their implicit spatializations of time...
March 6, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247931/dimensions-of-the-south-oaks-gambling-screen-in-finland-a-cross-sectional-population-study
#7
Anne H Salonen, Tom Rosenström, Robert Edgren, Rachel Volberg, Hannu Alho, Sari Castrén
The underlying structure of problematic gambling behaviors, such as those assessed by the South Oaks Gambling Screen (SOGS), remain unknown: Can problem gambling be assessed unidimensionally or should multiple qualitatively different dimensions be taken into account, and if so, what do these qualitative dimensions indicate? How significant are the deviations from unidimensionality in practice? A cross-sectional random sample of Finns aged 15-74 (n = 4,484) was drawn from the Population Information Registry and surveyed in 2011-2012...
March 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252197/death-anxiety-and-visual-oculomotor-processing-of-arousing-stimuli-in-a-free-view-setting
#8
Linda Wendelberg, Frode Volden, Sule Yildirim-Yayilgan
The main goal of this study was to determine how death anxiety (DA) affects visual processing when confronted with arousing stimuli. A total of 26 males and females were primed with either DA or a neutral primer and were given a free view/free choice task where eye movement was measured using an eye tracker. The goal was to identify measurable/observable indicators of whether the subjects were under the influence of DA during the free view. We conducted an eye tracking study because this is an area where we believe it is possible to find observable indicators...
April 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252196/health-relevant-personality-is-associated-with-sensitivity-to-sound-hyperacusis
#9
Karin Villaume, Dan Hasson
Hyperacusis, over-sensitivity to sounds, causes distress and disability and the etiology is not fully understood. The study aims to explore possible associations between health-relevant personality traits and hyperacusis. Hyperacusis was assessed using the Hyperacusis Questionnaire (HQ), and clinical uncomfortable loudness levels (ULL). Personality was measured with the Health-relevant Personality (HP5i) Inventory. The study sample was 348 (140 men and 208 women; age 23-71 years). Moderate correlations were found between the personality trait negative affectivity (NA; a facet of neuroticism) and dimensions of the HQ and weak correlations were found with the ULLs...
April 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252195/is-positive-thinking-in-anticipation-of-a-performance-situation-better-than-distraction-an-experimental-study-in-preadolescents
#10
Stephanos P Vassilopoulos, Andreas Brouzos, Haralambos Tsorbatzoudis, Olga Tziouma
The current study compares the effects of experimentally induced positive anticipatory thinking and distraction in preadolescents aged 12-13. Eighty-seven participants were instructed to either engage in positive anticipatory thoughts or perform a distraction task while preparing to perform a sporting activity in front of their peers. Results revealed that trait social anxiety was associated with more negative estimates of sport performance and catastrophic thoughts relating to the impending sport activity...
April 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252194/bound-to-remember-infants-show-superior-memory-for-objects-presented-at-event-boundaries
#11
Trine Sonne, Osman S Kingo, Peter Krøjgaard
Following Event Segmentation Theory (EST) adult memory is enhanced at event boundaries (EB). The present study set out to explore this in infancy. Sixty-eight 21-month-olds watched a cartoon with one of two objects (counterbalanced) inserted for 3s either at EB or between EB. Ten minutes later they watched both objects (familiar and novel) in a 10s Visual Paired Comparison (VPC) test while being eye-tracked. Furthermore, they were asked to point to the previous object. Based on EST, we hypothesized that objects inserted at EB would be processed more fully, resulting in improved memory compared to objects inserted between EB...
April 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252193/professional-commitment-does-it-buffer-or-intensify-job-demands
#12
Kjersti Nesje
The purpose of this study is to investigate whether professional commitment can be seen as a moderator in the relationship between job demands and emotional exhaustion among Norwegian nurses. Inspired by the job demands-resources model, this study explores whether having a strong commitment to the nursing profession can be seen as a resource that buffers the effect of job demands on emotional exhaustion or, conversely, intensifies the impact of job demands. A survey that comprised Norwegian nurses who had graduated three years previously (N = 388) was conducted...
April 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252192/value-systems-among-adolescents-novel-method-for-assessing-level-of-ego-development
#13
Sofia Kjellström, Per Sjölander, Ellen Almers, Mary E Mccall
Children's value systems develop through youth and influence attitudes and actions. But there is a lack of appropriate measures for children and adolescents. The objective of this study was to construct and validate a questionnaire that reveals distinct value systems among adolescents, and to evaluate the identified value systems' relationship to degree of ego-development and moral development. A quantitative study in a Swedish School with ages 12 through 16 (grades 6 to 9) was performed (N = 204). A set of pattern recognition statistical analyses has been used to identify different profiles of values systems and demonstrate that these systems can be arranged in a hierarchical order similar to other development...
April 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252191/how-do-location-and-control-over-the-music-influence-listeners-responses
#14
Amanda E Krause, Adrian C North
This study uses Mehrabian and Russell's () Pleasure-Arousal-Dominance (PAD) model to consider how responses to both the music heard and overall in-situ listening experience are influenced by the listener's degree of control over music selected for a particular listening episode and the location in which the listening takes place. Following recruitment via campus advertisements and a university research participation program, 216 individuals completed a background questionnaire and music listening task in a 3 (location) × 2 (experimenter- or participant-selected music) design...
April 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252190/linking-vitamin-d-status-executive-functioning-and-self-perceived-mental-health-in-adolescents-through-multivariate-analysis-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-control-trial
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Bjørn Grung, Asle M Sandvik, Kay Hjelle, Lisbeth Dahl, Livar Frøyland, Irene Nygård, Anita L Hansen
The aim of the present randomized double-blind placebo control trial was to investigate if vitamin D supplementation had an effect on vitamin D status, executive functioning and self-perceived mental health in a group of Norwegian adolescents during winter time. Fifty adolescents were randomly assigned into an intervention group (vitamin D pearls) or a control group (placebo pearls). Before (pre-test in December/January) and after (post-test in April/May) the intervention period the participants were exposed to a test procedure, consisting of blood draw, completion of cognitive tests (Tower of Hanoi and Tower of London), and the Youth Self-report version of the Child Behavior Checklist...
April 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061003/is-it-advisable-to-include-negative-attributes-to-assess-the-stereotype-content-yes-but-only-in-the-morality-dimension
#16
Pablo Sayans-Jiménez, Antonio José Rojas Tejada, Isabel Cuadrado Guirado
Competence, morality and sociability dimensions have shown to be essential to measure stereotypes. Theoretically, the attributes associated with the negative pole of morality are more reliable and have shown to have higher evaluative weight. However, the current research usually employs only positive attributes to measure each dimension. Since the advantages of the inclusion of negative morality are clear it would be interesting to know about the effects of the inclusion of such type of attributes (i.e., it is good or bad for the measurement)...
April 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925217/things-online-social-networking-can-take-away-reminders-of-social-networking-sites-undermine-the-desirability-of-offline-socializing-and%C3%A2-pleasures
#17
Shiang-Shiang Li, Yevvon Yi-Chi Chang, Wen-Bin Chiou
People are beginning to develop symbiotic relationships with social networking sites (SNSs), which provide users with abundant opportunities for social interaction. We contend that if people perceive SNSs as sources of social connection, the idea of SNSs may reduce the desire to pursue offline social activities and offline pleasures. Experiment 1 demonstrated that priming with SNSs was associated with a weakened desirability of offline social activities and an increased inclination to work alone. Felt relatedness mediated the link between SNS primes and reduced desire to engage in offline social activities...
April 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054380/perceived-stress-recurrent-pain-and-aggregate-salivary-cortisol-measures-in-mid-adolescent-girls-and-boys
#18
Petra Lindfors, Lisa Folkesson Hellstadius, Viveca Östberg
Measures of perceived stress have been criticized for theoretical inconsistency. However, the validated pressure activation stress scale has been suggested as a theoretically sound alternative. But it is unclear how pressure and activation stress relate to objective and subjective measures including commonly used aggregate cortisol measures and health complaints respectively. Specifically, this study aimed at investigating how pressure and activation stress were related to aggregate salivary cortisol measures and recurrent pain in mid-adolescent girls and boys...
February 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054379/to-wait-or-not-to-wait-improving-results-when-interviewing-intoxicated-witnesses-to-violence
#19
Malin Hildebrand Karlén, Emma Roos Af Hjelmsäter, Claudia Fahlke, Pär Anders Granhag, Anna Söderpalm-Gordh
Witnesses to violent crimes are often alcohol intoxicated, but few studies have investigated the impact of alcohol on witness reports. This study investigated how alcohol intoxication and time of interview affected reports of intimate partner violence (IPV). One hundred thirty six healthy men (N = 66) and women (N = 70) were randomized to an alcohol group (0.8g/kg for men, 0.75g/kg for women) (N = 70) or control group (N = 66), given juice. Participants consumed drinks in a laboratory setting before they witnessed an IPV scenario...
February 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27983749/social-and-emotional-loneliness-and-self-reported-difficulty-initiating-and-maintaining-sleep-dims-in-a-sample-of-norwegian-university-students
#20
Amie C Hayley, Luke A Downey, Con Stough, Børge Sivertsen, Marit Knapstad, Simon Øverland
Social and emotional loneliness negatively impact several areas of health, including sleep. However, few comprehensive population-based studies have evaluated this relationship. Over 12,000 students aged 21-35 years who participated in the student survey for higher education in Norway (the SHoT study) were assessed. Loneliness was assessed using the Social and Emotional Loneliness Scale. Difficulty initiating and maintaining sleep (DIMS) was assessed by a single-item subjective response on the depression scale of the Hopkins Symptoms Checklist (HSCL-25)...
February 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
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