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Otolaryngologia Polska

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327687/effect-of-speechreading-in-presbycusis-do-we-have-a-third-ear
#1
Luis Roque Reis, Pedro Escada
INTRODUCTION: Evidence regarding the effect of speechreading is lacking in age-related hearing loss (presbycusis). Thus, in individuals with presbycusis, this study determined whether speechreading would improve word intelligibility. Moreover, the study investigated the effect of speechreading on word intelligibility depending on hearing impairment severity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This analytical, cross-sectional study involved two groups of individuals aged > 65 years that were enrolled by convenience sampling: 29 individuals with bilateral sensorineural hearing loss compatible with presbycusis (n=58 ears; mean age, 74...
December 30, 2017: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327685/the-role-of-pepsin-in-the-laryngopharyngeal-reflux
#2
Katarzyna Kowalik, Antoni Krzeski
Laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) is a common defect among laryngological and phoniatric patients. Although LPR is categorized as a superficial gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), differential diagnosis should treat these two diseases separately. LPR symptoms can be assessed in the interview using as a tool the reflux symptom index (RSI). In addition, changes in the larynx that occur during LPR might be seen during laryngoscopy and classified according to the reflux finding score (RFS). One of the main mucosal irritants in LPR is pepsin which digests proteins and impairs the functions of the upper respiratory tract cells by affecting carbonate anhydrase (CAIII) and the Sep 70 protein...
December 30, 2017: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327684/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-nasal-and-paranasal-inverted-papillomas-epidemiology-and-own-experience
#3
Joanna Nowosielska-Grygiel, Piotr Pietkiewicz, Kalina Owczarek, Jurek Olszewski, Jarosław Miłoński
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to analyse the occurrence of inverted papillomas of the nose and paranasal sinuses in patients that underwent endoscopic sinus surgery in our department. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between 2006 and 2016, 3,574 patients underwent surgery due to paranasal sinus diseases. Patients were qualified for surgery based on medical history, computed tomography, and laboratory tests. Data were gathered from medical files, and they included age, sex, and histopathological diagnosis...
December 30, 2017: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327683/clinical-manifestation-of-malignant-lymphomas-of-the-head-and-neck-region
#4
Katarzyna Bojanowska-Poźniak, Monika Nurkowska, Marian Danilewicz, Wioletta Pietruszewska
INTRODUCTION: Malignant lymphoma (ML) is a neoplasm caused by clonal expansion of undifferentiated B, T and NK-lymphoid cells. WHO classification divides lymphomas into two main types, i.e. Hodgkin lymphoma (HL), and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), with numerous subtypes. The majority of MLs are localized in lymph nodes, but extranodal locations are also possible. MLs represent approximately 3-5% of all malignant neoplasms in Poland, but their incidence has been increasing in recent years, especially in young patients...
December 30, 2017: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327681/updated-national-comprehensive-cancer-network-guidelines-for-treatment-of-head-and-neck-cancers-2010-2017
#5
Małgorzata Wierzbicka, Joanna Napierała
INTRODUCTION: The diagnostic and therapeutic recommendations have been changing over the years to improve treatment outcomes and quality of life of Head and Neck Cancer (HNC) patients. AIM: The aim of this study was to present currently recommended Head and Neck Cancer treatment guidelines based on the literature review with particular emphasis on novel approaches the NCCN algorithms. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The review of literature covering articles published in the last five years and pointing out essential changes in HNC treatment regarding evidence based medicine...
December 30, 2017: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327686/severity-of-dysphonia-in-patients-during-first-days-after-iatrogenic-injury
#6
Katarzyna Jędra, Ewelina Sielska-Badurek, Kazimierz Niemczyk
INTRODUCTION: The most common cause of vocal fold paralysis (VFP) is iatrogenic injury. Patients with symptoms of VFP present to the specialist after a couple of weeks or even months since the onset of symptoms. In the literature, the data regarding speech impairment during the first days after a iatrogenic injury is lacking. AIM: to evaluate the quality of voice during first days of vocal fold paralysis following a iatrogenic injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-five patients with iatrogenic vocal fold paralysis who presented for phoniatric consultation at the Department of Otolaryngology of the Medical University of Warsaw between May 2015 and December 2016 were enrolled in the study...
October 31, 2017: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154251/long-term-effects-of-laryngeal-augmentation-with-calcium-hydroxyapatite-under-local-anaesthesia
#7
Ewelina Sielska-Badurek, Maria Sobol, Katarzyna Jędra, Anna Rzepakowska, Ewa Osuch-Wójcikiewicz, Kazimierz Niemczyk
Wstęp: Cel badania stanowi ocena efektów długoterminowych augmentacji krtani w znieczuleniu miejscowym przy pomocy hydroksyapatytu wapnia. Materiał i metody: W badaniu wzięło udział 17 pacjentów, którzy z powodu niewydolności szpary głośni (z powodu jednostronnego porażenia krtani oraz niewydolności mięśni wewnętrznych krtani) zostali zakwalifikowani do przeprowadzenia augmentacji krtani (10 kobiet i 17 mężczyzn), w wieku: 57,6±17,7 lat, mediana 61 lat, z zakresem: 32-83 lata. U wszystkich pacjentów wykonano augmentację krtani w znieczuleniu miejscowym, przez jamę ustną, podając bocznie od fałdu głosowego/ fałdów głosowych hydroksyapatyt wapnia (preparat Radiesse)...
October 31, 2017: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154252/usage-of-piezoelectric-instruments-in-larynx-surgery
#8
Olga Jurek, Piotr Wójtowicz, Antoni Krzeski
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to estimate usability of the piezoelectric knife in larynx surgery. Prove that the piezoelectric staff can be used to do any different shape incision within the larynx cartilages. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 35 patients hospitalized in our Department in 2014-2016 were enrolled in our study. 24 patients went vertical partial laryngectomy and 1 patient went horizontal partial laryngectomy because of larynx cancer. 5 patients went partial laryngectomy because of low stage of piriformis recess cancer...
October 30, 2017: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154250/functional-endoscopic-sinus-surgery-fess-in-unilateral-sinus-disease
#9
Daniela Mielcarek-Kuchta, Karolina Simon, Dawid Kondratowicz, Zofia Łukomska, Aleksandra Rybak-Korytowska
BACKGROUND: Unilateral sinus disease (USD) occurs in 23 % of all cases. It is believed that it is mainly associated with cancer development. Retrospective data from large rhinological centers show that the most common USD is chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS), followed by mycosis, inverted papilloma and finally cancer, but only in a small percent of cases. THE AIM OF THE STUDY: The analysis of USD in the group of patients who underwent FESS at the secondary referral center...
October 30, 2017: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154249/deep-neck-infections-review-of-263-cases
#10
Alise Adoviča, Linda Veidere, Marks Ronis, Gunta Sumeraga
OBJECTIVES: In patients hospitalized due to deep neck infections (DNIs), to investigate the association between demographic parameters, etiology, and localization of abscesses and/or phlegmons, complications, comorbidities, treatment, and bacterial cultures. METHODS: We analyzed data of 263 patients that were hospitalized from January 1, 2012, to December 31, 2015, due to deep neck space phlegmons and/or abscesses. We performed statistical analysis with the SPSS 22...
October 30, 2017: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154248/the-late-results-of-4000-hz-frequency-bone-conduction-after-tympanoplasty
#11
Joanna Janiak-Kiszka, Wojciech Kaźmierczak
INTRODUCTION: Surgical treatment of conductive hearing loss runs the risk of damage to the inner ear in the mechanism of acoustic trauma. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the function of the organ of Corti, expressed as bone conduction threshold at the frequency of 4000 Hz for selected operations: mastoidectomy and canal-wall-down procedure. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The material was collected from patients with chronic otitis media in the Department of Otolaryngology and ENT Oncology, Collegium Medicum of Nicolaus Copernicus University in Bydgoszcz in 2004-2009...
October 30, 2017: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154247/diagnostic-evaluation-of-neck-torsion-test-in-objective-examination-in-patients-with-vertigo-and-or-hearing-impairment
#12
Piotr Niewiadomski, Marzena Bielińska, Piotr Pietkiewicz, Jurek Olszewski
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to evaluate the neck torsion test in objective examinations of patients with vertigo and/or hearing loss. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted in 100 patients, including 54 women and 46 men aged 17-79 years, who were divided into two groups: I - 50 patients, including 30 women and 20 men aged 17-79 years (mean age 49.92 years) with dizziness and/or hearing impairments, and confirmed asymmetry of intracranial vessels, II - 50 patients - the control group, including 24 women and 26 men aged 20-71 years without dizziness and/or hearing disorders and without disturbance in the construction of intracranial vessels...
October 30, 2017: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327682/analysis-of-implementiation-of-4th-head-and-neck-cancer-awareness-week-in-department-of-otolaryngology-in-mi%C3%A4-dzyleski-hospital-in-warsaw
#13
Karolina Dżaman, Karolina Piskadło-Zborowska, Mirosława Pietniczka-Załęska
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to analyze the profile of patients applying for free preventive examinations within The Forth European Head an Neck Cancer (HNC) Awareness Week in the Department of Otorhynolaryngology in Międzyleski Hospital in Warsaw (ORL MSS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A media campaign was designed to inform HNC risk patients about the opportunity to receive free preventive examinations in ORL MSS. 225 patients were enrolled to the study. Patient age ranged from 26 to 92 (average 63 years)...
August 31, 2017: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116049/pleomorphic-adenoma-the-results-of-a-retrospective-analysis-of-104-patients-treated-at-the-clinical-department-of-cranio-maxillofacial-surgery-clinic-of-otolaryngology-and-laryngologic-oncology-of-the-military-institute-of-medicine
#14
Michał Korba, Aldona Chloupek, Jarosław Dąbrowski, Tomasz Piętka, Wojciech Domański, Barbara Biernacka, Wojciech Leśniak
Pleomorphic adenoma, also known as tumor mixtus, is one of the most common types of benign neoplasm of the salivary gland, which presents as a slow growing, painless tumor. Major salivary glands are the typical localization of this neoplasm. It rarely undergoes malignant transformation, however may recur locally post resection. In this study, we present the results of a retrospective analysis of 104 patients treated at the Clinical Department of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery, Clinic of Otolaryngology and Laryngologic Oncology of the Military Institute of Medicine between 2004 and 2015 due to pleomorphic adenoma...
August 31, 2017: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116048/usefulness-of-high-speed-digital-imaging-hsdi-in-the-diagnosis-of-oedematous-hypertrophic-changes-of-the-larynx-in-people-using-voice-occupationally
#15
Bożena Kosztyła-Hojna, Diana Moskal, Anna Kuryliszyn-Moskal, Anna Andrzejewska, Anna Łobaczuk-Sitnik, Anna Kraszewska, Małgorzata Skorupa
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study is the evaluation of the usefulness of High-Speed Digital Imaging (HSDI) in the diagnosis of organic dysphonia in a form of oedematous-hypertrophic changes of vocal fold mucosa, morphologically confirmed by Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) method in patients working with voice occupationally. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The group consisted of 30 patients working with voice occupationally with oedematous-hypertrophic changes of vocal fold mucosa...
August 31, 2017: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116047/factors-that-have-an-influence-on-bone-conduction-thresholds-changes-after-otosurgery-in-the-patients-operated-on-due-to-the-perforation-of-the-tympanic-membrane-with-the-preserved-ossicular-chain
#16
Maciej Wiatr, Agnieszka Wiatr, Sebastian Kocoń, Jacek Składzień
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the middle ear surgery is to eliminate abnormalities from the mucous, ensure the due airing of the postoperative cavity and reconstruct the sound-conducting system in the middle ear. Numerous reports can be found in literature on the changes to bone conduction as a consequence of middle ear surgery. STUDY OBJECTIVE: The aim of the work is to define the factors that affect bone conduction in the patients operated on due to the perforation of the tympanic membrane with the preserved and normal mobile ossicular chain...
August 31, 2017: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116046/radon-enriched-hot-spring-water-therapy-for-upper-and-lower-respiratory-tract-inflammation
#17
Desiderio Passali, Giacomo Gabelli, Giulio Cesare Passali, Ralph Mösges, Luisa Maria Bellussi
Background Radon-222-enriched hot spring therapy, which is characterized by a safe level of radioactivity, is used for the treatment of rheumatic disorders, and its efficacy has already been studied in several clinical trials. Radon-water inhalation therapy for the treatment of upper and lower airway inflammatory diseases is used in many hot springs centers. However, its application has not been reviewed to date. Methods We systematically searched the PubMed and Scopus databases for clinical trials published in the last 20 years in which objective parameters of upper and lower airway function had been tested before and after radon-enriched inhalation treatment...
August 31, 2017: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116045/contemporary-noise-induced-hearing-loss-nihl-prevention
#18
Wiesław Sułkowski, Kalina Owczarek, Jurek Olszewski
Hearing impairment caused by noise, traditionally called - depending on the duration of exposure - acute or chronic acoustic trauma, includes, in addition to presbyacusis, the most common adult population of hearing impaired. In Poland - according to the report of the Central Statistical Office (GUS, 2011), the number of workers employed in NDN exceeded the noise level (85 dB) is about 200 thousand, the highest in the mining, metal and metal products production, textiles and wood production. According to the Regulation of the Council of Ministers of on June 30, 2009, on the list of occupational diseases (Journal of Laws No...
August 31, 2017: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116044/the-predictive-value-of-videostroboscopy-in-the-assessment-of-premalignant-lesions-and-early-glottis-cancers
#19
Anna Rzepakowska, Ewelina Sielska-Badurek, Ewa Osuch-Wójcikiewicz, Maria Sobol, Kazimierz Niemczyk
OBJECTIVE: To assess the sensitivity and specificity of larngovideostroboscopy (LVS) in the diagnosis of precancerous and malignant lesions of the vocal folds. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In 175 patients (128 men and 47 women), aged 19-88 years, mean age 61.5, who were admitted to the clinic with diagnosed premalignant conditions of vocal fold mucosa (leukoplakia, chronic hypertrophic inflammatory lesions) and thickening or tumor on the vocal fold, there was performed LVS before the laryngeal microsurgery...
August 31, 2017: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541247/lymphoid-tissue-neoplasms-in-the-neck-region-epidemiological-and-clinical-analysis-over-15-years
#20
Anna Rzepakowska, Klaudyna Zwierzyńska, Ewa Osuch-Wójcikiewicz, Kazimierz Niemczyk
AIM: Epidemiological and clinical analysis of lymphoid tissue neoplasms in the neck region over a 15-year period. MATERIAL: There was performed retrospective analysis of 97 patients, aged 17 to 88 years, mean age of 60.3 years. The analysis included data from subjective study, physical examination, image and histopathological studies Results: Almost all cases were lymphoid neoplasms - 95 patients (98%). B cell lymphoma was the most commonly diagnosed lymphoma - 74 cases (76%), followed by Hodgkin's lymphoma- 19 cases (20%)...
June 30, 2017: Otolaryngologia Polska
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