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Otolaryngologia Polska

Wioletta Pietruszewska, Magda Barańska, Jakub Wielgat
Acute infections of the upper respiratory tract and upper gastrointestinal tract (mouth and throat) are still the most common reason for reporting to the general practitioner or ENT specialist. Despite the fact that the most common causative agent of these diseases is a virus, antibiotics are still flavored in about 60-80% of patients who report to the doctor. In consensuses such as EPOS, WHO reports and other local/ / national reports, there is a need to limit antibacterial treatment for and to replace it with symptomatic and anti-inflammatory drugs...
August 31, 2018: Otolaryngologia Polska
Laura Leach, Eamon Shamil, Charles M Malata
Introduction We present a single surgeon's experience of open augmentation rhinoplasty with autogenous L-shaped costal cartilage grafts, with long-term patient-reported outcome data. We highlight the salient operative steps and outline the peri-operative care required to optimise outcomes. Materials and Methods A retrospective review of eleven such augmentation rhinoplasties performed between 2008 and 2016 was undertaken. Indications included saddle nose deformity [granulomatosis with polyangiitis (n=7) and relapsing polychondritis (n=1)], post-traumatic nasal collapse (n=1) and advanced cosmetic westernisation of the nose (n=2)...
June 30, 2018: Otolaryngologia Polska
Hanna Kimza, Joanna Jackowska, Małgorzata Wierzbicka
Narrow band imaging (NBI) by enhancing the contrast between the mucosal epithelium and submucosal vessels facilitates diagnosis of precancerous and cancerous lesions, as well as hypertrophic lesions such as laryngeal papillomatosis. Narrow band imaging (NBI) is an optical technique based on the modification of white light by the use of special optical filters. Every change in the microvascular architecture of the mucosa is classified according to Ni's classification (2011). The use of NBI improves sensitivity and specificity of assessment of laryngeal lesions and allows more precise assessment of the status of surgical margins of early-stage and locally-advanced laryngeal cancers managed in endoscopic laser cordectomy...
June 30, 2018: Otolaryngologia Polska
Joanna Leszczyńska, Grażyna Stryjewska-Makuch, Grażyna Lisowska, Bogdan Kolebacz, Marta Michalak-Kolarz
INTRODUCTION: Fungal paranasal sinusitis can be either invasive or non-invasive. Saprophytic infections, fungus balls (FB) and allergic fungal rhinosinusitis are non-invasive (AFR). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study examined 521 patients who underwent endoscopic sinus surgery between January 2016 and April 2017 due to chronic paranasal sinusitis at the Department of Laryngology and Laryngological Oncology of the Upper Silesian Medical Centre in Katowice. The aim of the study was to analyse the histopathological and microbiological material collected intraoperatively and to determine the incidence and type of fungal infections among patients treated for chronic sinusitis...
June 20, 2018: Otolaryngologia Polska
Bożena Kosztyła-Hojna, Diana Moskal, Anna Łobaczuk-Sitnik, Anna Kraszewska, Maciej Zdrojkowski, Jolanta Biszewska, Małgorzata Skorupa
INTRODUCTION: Voice express the psyche and personality of a person. Psychogenic dysphonia is called Phononeurosis. Neurosis, depression or family, occupational and social conflicts are the cause of voice disturbances. The most frequent type of dysphonia is hyperfunctional dysphonia, rarer - hypofunctional type. AIM: The aim of this study is an analysis of voice quality and diagnosis of clinical type of psychogenic dysphonia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The analyzed group consisted of 50 patients with voice disorders treated in 2017 and the control group - 30 people with physiological voice...
June 12, 2018: Otolaryngologia Polska
Ewa Migacz, Robert Proczka, Antoni Krzeski, Wojciech Kukwa
Introduction The association between obstructive sleep apnea and atherosclerosis is confirmed for long time, but the pathomechanism is still not known. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of OSA in patients scheduled for endarterectomy and the influence of this procedure on the sleep study parameters and sleepiness. Materials and methods 46 patients scheduled for open carotid endarterectomy were enrolled in the study. Sleep study and Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) was performed preoperatively...
June 12, 2018: Otolaryngologia Polska
Joanna Jackowska, Krzysztof Piersiala, Hanna Klimza, Małgorzata Wierzbicka
OBJECTIVE: Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP) is caused by human papilloma virus types 6 and 11 and occurs in both children and adults. It is characterized by the proliferation of benign squamous papillomas within the aerodigestive tract. The problem with recurrent respiratory papillomatosis treatment is the high recurrence of papilloma growth after surgical removal. METHOD: A literature review was carried out through surveys based on electronic data in public domains: MedLine (USA National Library of Medicine), PubMed and SciELO, using the keywords recurrent respiratory papillomatosis, adjuvant treatment, cidofovir, and bevacizumab...
June 12, 2018: Otolaryngologia Polska
Carlos Chiesa Estomba, Jon Sistiaga Suárez, Jose González-García, Ekhiñe Larruscain-Sarasola, Izaskun Thomas Arrizabalaga, Xabier Altuna Mariezcurrena
INTRODUCTION: Post-operative injury of the marginal mandibular branch of the facial nerve is consider a complication in neck dissection and can be related to different factors including traction, devascularisation or the conduction block due to diathermy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective, crossover study including patients treated bilateral selective neck dissection of level IIa during a 12 months-period, was performed to evaluate the efficacy of the Hayes-Martin manoeuvre to prevent nerve injury during the use of cold or monopolar diathermy dissection...
June 12, 2018: Otolaryngologia Polska
Anna Rzepakowska, Ewa Osuch-Wójcikiewicz, Zuzanna Krupa, Aneta Durmaj, Kazimierz Niemczyk
INTRODUCTION: Parapharyngeal space (PPS) is the anatomical area lateral to the upper pharynx and clinically important due to PPS tumors. They account for less than 1% of head and neck neoplasms. Both benign and malignant neoplasms may arise there and typical for this localization is diversity of histological origin. Complete surgical excision is still the basis of treatment. AIM OF THE STUDY: Evaluation of the results of surgical treatment of PPS tumors in the Department of Otolaryngology at the Medical University over the period 2015-2017...
May 16, 2018: Otolaryngologia Polska
Aleksandra Iljin, Bogusław Antoszewski, Marcin Durko, Tomasz Zieliński, Wioletta Pietruszewska
AIMS: Presenting our clinical experience with the postauricular island flap (pif) and estimation of the results following partial external auditory canal (eac) and/or auricular conchal bowl reconstructions with the pif in patients after carcinoma resections. METHODS: We have analyzed postoperative results of 19 patients after auricular conchal bowl (11), or auricular conchal bowl and eac (8) reconstructions with pif, following malignant tumor resections, between 2000-2015...
May 16, 2018: Otolaryngologia Polska
Sebastian Kocoń, Agnieszka Wiatr, Patryk Hartwich, Paweł Stręk, Remigiusz Ziarno, Jacek Składzień, Maciej Wiatr
INTRODUCTION: It is assumed that the critical period for diagnosis of hearing disorders is the baby's first three months of life and that appropriate course and implementation of treatment and/or rehabilitation should begin before a child is six months old. However various kinds of problems may occur during auditory screening of a child may exceed this interval. AIM: The aim of this study was an evaluation of auditory screening results for children over 12 months old with congenital hearing loss...
May 16, 2018: Otolaryngologia Polska
Jędrzej Fedorowicz, Marzena Bielińska, Jurek Olszewski
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to compare the results of posturography in patients with central and mixed vertigo. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 50 patients (40 female and 10 male) aged between 26-47 complaining of vertigo were examined during their hospitalization in the Department of Otolaryngology, Laryngological Oncology, Audiology and Phoniatrics, Medical University of Lodz in 2014. The subjects were divided into two groups: I - 26 patients (23 female and 3 male) with central vertigo, II - 24 patients (17 female and 7 male) with mixed vertigo...
May 16, 2018: Otolaryngologia Polska
Vincenzo Tarantino, Valentina Savaia, Roberto D'Agostino, Michela Silvestri, Giorgio Ciprandi
Background Recurrent upper respiratory infections (RURI) constitute a social problem for both their pharmaco-economic impact and the burden for the family. Bacteriotherapy could be an interesting preventive option. Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate the preventive effects of RURI in children. Design The study was designed as spontaneous, and was conducted in real-life seting. Globally, 80 children (40 males, mean age 5.26 (2.52) years) with RURI were enrolled. Children were treated with Streptococcus salivarius 24SMB and Streptococcus oralis 89a: nasal spray 2 puffs per nostril twice/day for a week for 3 monthly courses...
May 16, 2018: Otolaryngologia Polska
Grażyna Greczka, Monika Zych, Witold Szyfter, Maciej Wróbel
INTRODUCTION: One of the examples of a nationwide pro-health program in Poland is the Polish Universal Neonatal Hearing Screening Program (PUNHSP). The Program is aimed at early diagnosis and intervention in children with hearing impairments and it is an example of a well-managed program. Presenting the results of the PUNHSP activity as well as organizational aspects and own experience can significantly help institutions managing other programs to achieve high efficiency in their functioning...
April 30, 2018: Otolaryngologia Polska
Piotr Rapiejko, Dariusz Jurkiewicz, Wioletta Pietruszewska, Beata Zielnik-Jurkiewicz, Jarosław Woroń, Agnieszka Lipiec
Allergic rhinitis (AR) is the most common form of allergy, which - as epidemiological research has shown - applies to nearly 25% of the population. AR significantly affects the quality of life of the patient, and the more severe the disease, the greater the risk of developing bronchial asthma. One of the factors affecting the severity of symptoms and the degree of their control is air pollution. In some patients, despite proper treatment, persistence or only partial remission of symptoms (uncontrolled allergic rhinitis) is observed...
April 30, 2018: Otolaryngologia Polska
Francesco Maria Passali, Maria Carla Spinosi, Giulia Mignacco, Cemal Cingi, Hugo Anibal Rodriguez, Desiderio Passali
INTRODUCTION: Migraine and allergies are a common occurrence. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between respiratory allergy and migraine in childhood. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We screened 800 children for headache and its characteristics. After that we investigated the presence of allergy performing prick tests, rhinoscopy, endoscopy, rhinomanometry, cytology and mucociliary clearance tests. RESULTS: Out of 800 children screened, 96 suffered from headache...
April 30, 2018: Otolaryngologia Polska
Paulina Krasnodębska, Anna Domeracka-Kołodziej, Agata Szkiełkowska, Aleksandra Panasiewicz, Marzena Mularzuk, Dorota Sokołowska-Łazar, Karina Wilhelmsen
Introduction Laryngeal paralysis deteriorates all laryngeal functions. Therefore the therapeutic process must include restoration of respiratory, defensive and vocal function. Selection of a proper rehabilitation path plays a key role. Appropriate research protocol that includes objective methods of voice evaluation is an important element of monitoring the return of vocal efficiency. Voice efficiency is important for the patient particularly due to psychological and social reasons. Aim The aim of the study was the assessment of short-term functional voice therapy (FVT) in patients with unilateral paralysis of the larynx with the usage of objective parameters describing the glottis and voice quality...
April 30, 2018: Otolaryngologia Polska
Marzena Bielińska, Anna Polaczkiewicz, Piotr Pietkiewicz, Jarosław Miłoński, Jurek Olszewski
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to evaluate concurrent recording of ENG and VNG measurements in selected diagnostic tests in healthy subjects so as to explore potential sensitivity and applicability of this kind of testing in the diagnostics of vertigo. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was carried out in 50 healthy subjects including 24 women and 26 men aged 20-22 (mean age of 20.5 years) reporting no otorhinolaryngological organ-related complaints and no history of any balance disorders or vertigo...
April 30, 2018: Otolaryngologia Polska
Joanna Janiak-Kiszka, Wojciech Kaźmierczak, Kinga Lewandowska, Mateusz Grabowski, Henryk Kaźmierczak, Łukasz Kluczyński
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate risk factors influencing the results of tympanoplasties on the base of material taken from the Department of Otolaryngology and Laryngological Oncology Collegium Medicum of Nicolaus Copernicus University in Bydgoszcz between 2004-2009. In this period 98 operations were done. The time from operation to hearing examination was 3 to 7 years, mean 5,43. Tympanoplastic operation were divided according to Tos classification. Measuring hearing results, tonal audiometry was done and mean air bone gap on four frequencies was assesed (500, 1000, 2000, 3000 Hz), according to AAO-HNS guidelines (1995)...
April 30, 2018: Otolaryngologia Polska
Thomas Guenzel, U Walliczek-Dworschak, A Teymoortash, S Singer, M Eichler, T Wilhelm, M Schimmer, A Franzen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare QoL of oropharyngeal cancer survivors who had received different treatments. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We contacted 954 survivors. Each survivor received the QoL questionnaires EORTC QLQ-C30 and EORTC QLQ-H&N35. RESULTS: A total of 263 survivors completed the questionnaires (28% responses). Forty-five of them had undergone surgery, 20 had received definitive radiotherapy or chemo-radiotherapy, 85 surgery plus adjuvant radiotherapy, and 111 surgery plus adjuvant chemo-radiotherapy...
April 30, 2018: Otolaryngologia Polska
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