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Otolaryngologia Polska

Dariusz Jurkiewicz, Beata Zielnik-Jurkiewicz
Bacterial lysates stimulate the general immunity of the body in a non-specific way. They act on non-specific defense mechanisms, leading to an increase in type A antibody in mucous membranes, phagocytic activity and INF-ƴ production. They can also stimulate the production of specific antibodies against the bacterial antigens that make up the preparation. The oral immunomodulatory preparations with the best documented clinical efficacy available on the Polish market are Ismigen, Broncho-Vaxom, Ribomunyl and Luivac...
October 31, 2018: Otolaryngologia Polska
Ngalufua'atonga Havea, Cheryl Tang, Jason Rockey, Angelica Lynch
INTRODUCTION: The nasal valve is the main regulator of airflow in the nose. Consequently, the collapse of the nasal valve has a significant impact on nasal obstruction and hence quality-of-life of patients. Several nasal valve rhinoplasty techniques are being used, from cartilage grafts to endonasal resection of the upper lateral cartilage. We describe a new endonasal approach to nasal valve rhinoplasty, the Triangular Technique, and assess its efficacy and complication rate over ten years...
September 5, 2018: Otolaryngologia Polska
Krzysztof Piersiala, Hanna Klimza, Joanna Jackowska, Anna Majewska, Małgorzata Wierzbicka
INTRODUCTION: Treatment planning in T2, T3 laryngeal carcinoma is based on clinical assessment and radiological imaging. However, to delineate precise mucosal margins for transoral laser microsurgery (TLM), a high class, sophisticated endoscopy is indispensable. Narrowband imaging (NBI) which is an optical filter technology, seems to be a useful adjunctive tool in marking superficial margins. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 98 patients diagnosed with HNSCC underwent cordectomies and were enrolled in the evaluation...
August 31, 2018: Otolaryngologia Polska
Wioletta Pietruszewska, Magda Barańska, Jakub Wielgat
Acute infections of the upper respiratory tract and upper gastrointestinal tract (mouth and throat) are still the most common reason for reporting to the general practitioner or ENT specialist. Despite the fact that the most common causative agent of these diseases is a virus, antibiotics are still flavored in about 60-80% of patients who report to the doctor. In consensuses such as EPOS, WHO reports and other local/ / national reports, there is a need to limit antibacterial treatment for and to replace it with symptomatic and anti-inflammatory drugs...
August 31, 2018: Otolaryngologia Polska
Wiesław Gołąbek, Anna Szymańska, Kamal Morshed
INTRODUCTION: Juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma (JNA) is a rare, benign, vascular tumor originating in the nasopharynx. The treatment of choice for JNA is surgical excision. In recent years, surgical management has been greatly influenced by the use of the transnasal endoscopic technique. THE AIM: The aim of the study was to present our experience with the transnasal microscopic removal of JNA. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ten patients with JNA aged 12-17 underwent diagnostics imaging and transnasal microscopic tumor excision...
August 6, 2018: Otolaryngologia Polska
Laura Leach, Eamon Shamil, Charles M Malata
Introduction We present a single surgeon's experience of open augmentation rhinoplasty with autogenous L-shaped costal cartilage grafts, with long-term patient-reported outcome data. We highlight the salient operative steps and outline the peri-operative care required to optimise outcomes. Materials and Methods A retrospective review of eleven such augmentation rhinoplasties performed between 2008 and 2016 was undertaken. Indications included saddle nose deformity [granulomatosis with polyangiitis (n=7) and relapsing polychondritis (n=1)], post-traumatic nasal collapse (n=1) and advanced cosmetic westernisation of the nose (n=2)...
June 30, 2018: Otolaryngologia Polska
Hanna Kimza, Joanna Jackowska, Małgorzata Wierzbicka
Narrow band imaging (NBI) by enhancing the contrast between the mucosal epithelium and submucosal vessels facilitates diagnosis of precancerous and cancerous lesions, as well as hypertrophic lesions such as laryngeal papillomatosis. Narrow band imaging (NBI) is an optical technique based on the modification of white light by the use of special optical filters. Every change in the microvascular architecture of the mucosa is classified according to Ni's classification (2011). The use of NBI improves sensitivity and specificity of assessment of laryngeal lesions and allows more precise assessment of the status of surgical margins of early-stage and locally-advanced laryngeal cancers managed in endoscopic laser cordectomy...
June 30, 2018: Otolaryngologia Polska
Antoni Krzeski, Marcin Burghard
Obstructive sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is a common clinical problem. An unrecognized and untreated SDB is a serious threat for an intensively developing organism of a child. The consequences of SDB include cardiovascular and neurological complications, growth disorders and enuresis. Therefore, SDB in children becomes an important subject of many scientific investigations, publications, and congresses. In 2015 the European Respiratory Society Task Force published a document concerning the conclusions about the diagnostics and treatment of SDB in children and youth from 2 to 18 years of age (Fig...
June 29, 2018: Otolaryngologia Polska
Paulina Krasnodębska, Wiktor Krasnodębski, Agata Szkiełkowska
The work assessed the clinical utility of open quotients measured during laryngovideostroboscopy and electroglottography. Values of the parameters were analyzed according to clinical diagnosis. An algorithm based on direct and indirect mucosal wave measurement is presented, which allows for differentiation of voice disorders. The method developed for the objectification of glottal functions in various voice pathologies is characterized by high sensitivity and specificity.
June 20, 2018: Otolaryngologia Polska
Bengül Altaş, Hasan Koçak, Serdar Sltınay, Kadir Yücabaş, Ümit Taşkın, Faruk Oktay
INTRODUCTION: Atrophic rhinitis (AR) is a disease characterized by atrophy of the mucosa, submucosa, bone tissue due to an unknown cause and excessive nasal cavity enlargement. The disease still has no complete treatment, and the treatment of the functional loss of atrophic cells in AR is still a matter to be investigated. Ozone (O3) therapy has been shown to enhance cell metabolism, angiogenesis, fibroblast activity, and collagen synthesis. AIM: To determine whether ozone treatment affects the disease histopathologically, in experimentally created AR...
June 20, 2018: Otolaryngologia Polska
Joanna Leszczyńska, Grażyna Stryjewska-Makuch, Grażyna Lisowska, Bogdan Kolebacz, Marta Michalak-Kolarz
INTRODUCTION: Fungal paranasal sinusitis can be either invasive or non-invasive. Saprophytic infections, fungus balls (FB) and allergic fungal rhinosinusitis are non-invasive (AFR). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study examined 521 patients who underwent endoscopic sinus surgery between January 2016 and April 2017 due to chronic paranasal sinusitis at the Department of Laryngology and Laryngological Oncology of the Upper Silesian Medical Centre in Katowice. The aim of the study was to analyse the histopathological and microbiological material collected intraoperatively and to determine the incidence and type of fungal infections among patients treated for chronic sinusitis...
June 20, 2018: Otolaryngologia Polska
Bożena Kosztyła-Hojna, Diana Moskal, Anna Łobaczuk-Sitnik, Anna Kraszewska, Maciej Zdrojkowski, Jolanta Biszewska, Małgorzata Skorupa
INTRODUCTION: Voice express the psyche and personality of a person. Psychogenic dysphonia is called Phononeurosis. Neurosis, depression or family, occupational and social conflicts are the cause of voice disturbances. The most frequent type of dysphonia is hyperfunctional dysphonia, rarer - hypofunctional type. AIM: The aim of this study is an analysis of voice quality and diagnosis of clinical type of psychogenic dysphonia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The analyzed group consisted of 50 patients with voice disorders treated in 2017 and the control group - 30 people with physiological voice...
June 12, 2018: Otolaryngologia Polska
Ewa Migacz, Robert Proczka, Antoni Krzeski, Wojciech Kukwa
Introduction The association between obstructive sleep apnea and atherosclerosis is confirmed for long time, but the pathomechanism is still not known. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of OSA in patients scheduled for endarterectomy and the influence of this procedure on the sleep study parameters and sleepiness. Materials and methods 46 patients scheduled for open carotid endarterectomy were enrolled in the study. Sleep study and Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) was performed preoperatively...
June 12, 2018: Otolaryngologia Polska
Joanna Jackowska, Krzysztof Piersiala, Hanna Klimza, Małgorzata Wierzbicka
OBJECTIVE: Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP) is caused by human papilloma virus types 6 and 11 and occurs in both children and adults. It is characterized by the proliferation of benign squamous papillomas within the aerodigestive tract. The problem with recurrent respiratory papillomatosis treatment is the high recurrence of papilloma growth after surgical removal. METHOD: A literature review was carried out through surveys based on electronic data in public domains: MedLine (USA National Library of Medicine), PubMed and SciELO, using the keywords recurrent respiratory papillomatosis, adjuvant treatment, cidofovir, and bevacizumab...
June 12, 2018: Otolaryngologia Polska
Carlos Chiesa Estomba, Jon Sistiaga Suárez, Jose González-García, Ekhiñe Larruscain-Sarasola, Izaskun Thomas Arrizabalaga, Xabier Altuna Mariezcurrena
INTRODUCTION: Post-operative injury of the marginal mandibular branch of the facial nerve is consider a complication in neck dissection and can be related to different factors including traction, devascularisation or the conduction block due to diathermy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective, crossover study including patients treated bilateral selective neck dissection of level IIa during a 12 months-period, was performed to evaluate the efficacy of the Hayes-Martin manoeuvre to prevent nerve injury during the use of cold or monopolar diathermy dissection...
June 12, 2018: Otolaryngologia Polska
Anna Rzepakowska, Ewa Osuch-Wójcikiewicz, Zuzanna Krupa, Aneta Durmaj, Kazimierz Niemczyk
INTRODUCTION: Parapharyngeal space (PPS) is the anatomical area lateral to the upper pharynx and clinically important due to PPS tumors. They account for less than 1% of head and neck neoplasms. Both benign and malignant neoplasms may arise there and typical for this localization is diversity of histological origin. Complete surgical excision is still the basis of treatment. AIM OF THE STUDY: Evaluation of the results of surgical treatment of PPS tumors in the Department of Otolaryngology at the Medical University over the period 2015-2017...
May 16, 2018: Otolaryngologia Polska
Aleksandra Iljin, Bogusław Antoszewski, Marcin Durko, Tomasz Zieliński, Wioletta Pietruszewska
AIMS: Presenting our clinical experience with the postauricular island flap (pif) and estimation of the results following partial external auditory canal (eac) and/or auricular conchal bowl reconstructions with the pif in patients after carcinoma resections. METHODS: We have analyzed postoperative results of 19 patients after auricular conchal bowl (11), or auricular conchal bowl and eac (8) reconstructions with pif, following malignant tumor resections, between 2000-2015...
May 16, 2018: Otolaryngologia Polska
Sebastian Kocoń, Agnieszka Wiatr, Patryk Hartwich, Paweł Stręk, Remigiusz Ziarno, Jacek Składzień, Maciej Wiatr
INTRODUCTION: It is assumed that the critical period for diagnosis of hearing disorders is the baby's first three months of life and that appropriate course and implementation of treatment and/or rehabilitation should begin before a child is six months old. However various kinds of problems may occur during auditory screening of a child may exceed this interval. AIM: The aim of this study was an evaluation of auditory screening results for children over 12 months old with congenital hearing loss...
May 16, 2018: Otolaryngologia Polska
Jędrzej Fedorowicz, Marzena Bielińska, Jurek Olszewski
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to compare the results of posturography in patients with central and mixed vertigo. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 50 patients (40 female and 10 male) aged between 26-47 complaining of vertigo were examined during their hospitalization in the Department of Otolaryngology, Laryngological Oncology, Audiology and Phoniatrics, Medical University of Lodz in 2014. The subjects were divided into two groups: I - 26 patients (23 female and 3 male) with central vertigo, II - 24 patients (17 female and 7 male) with mixed vertigo...
May 16, 2018: Otolaryngologia Polska
Vincenzo Tarantino, Valentina Savaia, Roberto D'Agostino, Michela Silvestri, Giorgio Ciprandi
Background Recurrent upper respiratory infections (RURI) constitute a social problem for both their pharmaco-economic impact and the burden for the family. Bacteriotherapy could be an interesting preventive option. Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate the preventive effects of RURI in children. Design The study was designed as spontaneous, and was conducted in real-life seting. Globally, 80 children (40 males, mean age 5.26 (2.52) years) with RURI were enrolled. Children were treated with Streptococcus salivarius 24SMB and Streptococcus oralis 89a: nasal spray 2 puffs per nostril twice/day for a week for 3 monthly courses...
May 16, 2018: Otolaryngologia Polska
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