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Salud Pública de México

Ana María Millán-Velázquez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Salud Pública de México
María Lourdes Garza-Rodríguez, Antonio Alí Pérez-Maya, Daniela Estefanía Monsivais-Ovalle, Juan Francisco Velázquez-Vadillo, Hugo Alberto Barrera-Saldaña
A biobank facility is one of the most valuable means that academic medical organizations have to offer researchers for improving the competitiveness of their medical research. We describe the implementation of our institutional biobank. Our efforts focused on the design and equipment of work areas, staff training, quality control, bioethical and regulatory issues, generating research collaborations and developing funding strategies. We implemented an institutional biobank at the School of Medicine of the Autonomous University of Nuevo León, Mexico...
August 2016: Salud Pública de México
Camilo Manchola-Castillo, Volnei Garrafa
Recently, bioethics and international relations have gotten closer to one an other, probably as a result of the motivation of bioethics to intervene in global affairs. However, this relationship has only been on the practical level.This study's objective, through a literature review, is to highlight the huge potential that the epistemologies of both areas have to build a more fruitful dialogue. 18 articles relating both areas were retrieved from databases Scopus, Web of Science, Bireme and PubMed. The articles were then grouped in three categories of analysis: bioethics and global health; international organizations and bioethics; and international relations and bioethics...
August 2016: Salud Pública de México
Valentín Uc-Puc, Josué Herrera-Bojórquez, Carolina Carmona-Carballo, Azael Che-Mendoza, Anuar Medina-Barreiro, Juan Chablé-Santos, Juan I Arredondo-Jiménez, Adriana E Flores-Suárez, Pablo Manrique-Saide
OBJECTIVE: We assessed the efficacy of commercial repellents available in Yucatan against Aedes aegypti, vector of dengue, Chikungunya and Zika. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Protection time was determined based on WHO/CTD/ WHOPES/IC y la NOM-032-SSA2-20I4. RESULTS: Products with DEET (N, N-diethyl-3-methylbenzamide) at 25% met the recommended protection. Efficacy was directly proportional to the concentration of DEET; botanicals repellents resulted no protective...
August 2016: Salud Pública de México
Filipa de Castro, Jean Marie Place, Betania Allen-Leigh, Leonor Rivera-Rivera, Deborah Billings
OBJECTIVE: To provide evidence on perinatal mental healthcare in Mexico. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Descriptive and bivariate analyses of data from a cross-sectional probabilistic survey of 211 public obstetric units. RESULTS: Over half (64.0%) of units offer mental healthcare; fewer offer perinatal depression (PND) detection (37.1%) and care (40.3%). More units had protocols/guidelines for PND detection and for care, respectively, in Mexico City-Mexico state (76...
August 2016: Salud Pública de México
Jair Jesús Sánchez-Valdés, Vianey Colín-Navarro, Felipe López-González, Francisca Avilés-Nova, Octavio Alonso Castelán-Ortega, Julieta Gertrudis Estrada-Flores
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and the degree of contamination by molds and yeasts (M&Y), aerobic mesophilic bacteria (AMB), total coliforms (TC) and Salmonella spp. (S). These microorganisms were considered indicators of quality and hygiene in the manufacturing environment of Zacazonapan cheese. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Samples from five cheese dairies at Zacazonapan municipality were collected. The samples were collected directly from hands, water, milk, curd, cheese and surface of utensils for cheese making...
August 2016: Salud Pública de México
Neyi Estrella-Gómez, Diana Escalante-Réndiz, Araceli González-Burgos, Delta Sosa-Cordero, Rafael Rojas-Herrera
OBJECTIVE: In this work we studied the microbiological quality of the red octopus given its important economic and social impact on the region South-Southeast of Mexico. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Samples were taken in different areas of capture of the species and analyzed with biochemical tests described in the Mexican official standards, identifying strains belonging to the genus Vibrio, Salmonella and faecal coliforms, and E. coli O157: H7. We used the BAx System for the identification of microorganisms through their bacterial DNA...
August 2016: Salud Pública de México
Consuelo Velázquez-Acosta, Patricia Cornejo-Juárez, Patricia Volkow-Fernández
OBJECTIVE: To describe the incidence and patterns of bacterial resistance in urine samples from a tertiary care oncology hospital in Mexico, from 2004 to 2013. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included the strains obtained from urine cultures, describing separately multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria. We analyzed the susceptibility to different antibiotics. RESULTS: 51 202 urine cultures were processed during the study; 14 480 (28.3%) cultures were positive...
August 2016: Salud Pública de México
Néstor Casillas-Vega, Rayo Morfín-Otero, Santos García, Jorge Llaca-Díaz, Eduardo Rodríguez-Noriega, Adrián Camacho-Ortiz, Ma de la Merced Ayala-Castellanos, Soraya Mendoza-Olazarán, Samantha Flores-Treviño, Santiago Petersen-Morfín, Héctor J Maldonado-Garza, Francisco J Bosques-Padilla, Elvira Garza-González
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of nine sexually transmitted pathogens, coinfections and risk factors in patients attending obstetrics and gynecology clinics in Jalisco, Mexico. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Samples from 662 patients attending obstetrics and gynecology clinics were analyzed. Treponema pallidum, HIV, and HCV were detected by serology. HPV was detected by Polimerase Chain Reaction (PCR), and its genotype was determined by Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (RFLP)...
August 2016: Salud Pública de México
Lucero Aída Juárez-Herrera Y Cairo, María Del Carmen Castro-Vásquez, María Teresa Ruiz-Cantero
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the perception of coronary risk and health care practices in a group of Mexican women, from a gendered perspective. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Mixed methods: survey of 140 women; nine in-depth interviews to women with coronary disease; eight semi-structured interviews to physicians. ANALYSIS: proportions contrast for quantitative data; and procedures of grounded theory for qualitative information. RESULTS: More than 50% of women don't know their coronary risk and how to reduce it...
August 2016: Salud Pública de México
Rebeca de Haro-Mota, Susana Marceleño-Flores, José Irán Bojórquez-Serrano, Oyolsi Nájera-González
UNLABELLED: Objetive: To estimate the proportion of households with food insecurity (FI) in twenty municipalities in the state of Nayarit, Mexico, and to identify the factors that determine it. MATERIALS AND METHODS: FI was estimated using the harmonized version for Mexico of the Latin American and Caribbean household food security scale (ELCSA). Households were classified according to FI level: mild, moderate and severe. The distribution of FI was described by type of locality and prevalence of FI was analyzed by associated variables...
August 2016: Salud Pública de México
Ricardo Pérez-Núñez, Mariana G Mojarro-Íñiguez, Ma Eulalia Mendoza-García, Sergio Rodrigo Rosas-Osuna, Martha Híjar
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the potential underestimation of mortality from traffic injuries at the subnational level in Mexico for a period of 15 years and to identify social and economic variables at the state level that could potentially be associated with the quality of statistical classification of deaths. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Secondary analysis of validated mortality databases for the period 1999-2013 was conducted. Using multiple imputation models, registries that could potentially be attributed to road traffic deaths were estimated and the potential underestimation of mortality due to this external cause was quantified...
August 2016: Salud Pública de México
Yolanda V Martínez, Stephen M Campbell, Mark Hann, Peter Bower
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relative importance of selfmanagement (SM) and quality of care (QoC) inpredicting glycaemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A longitudinal cohort study was conducted in 204 adults diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. Self-management and quality of care were measured at baseline. HbA1c was measured at baseline and at six-month follow-up. RESULTS: None of the measures of self-management were significantly associated with HbA1c...
August 2016: Salud Pública de México
Alfonso J Rodríguez-Morales, Carlos Culquichicón-Sánchez, Andrés Felipe Gil-Restrepo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Salud Pública de México
Braulio Navarro-Aburto, Sonia Osses-Bustingorry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Salud Pública de México
Sheila Pintado-Cucarella, Marina Chiba-Giannini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Salud Pública de México
Julio C Morales-Rueda, José Horacio Lara-González, Juan Arturo Lozano-Aguirre
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Salud Pública de México
Oliver Todt, José Luis Luján
OBJECTIVE: To identify the various types of evidence, as well as their relative importance in European health claims regulation, in order to analyze the consequences for consumer protection of the requirements for scientific substantiation in this regulation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Qualitative analysis of various documents relevant to the regulatory process, particularly as to the implications of the standards of proof for the functional food market, as well as consumer behavior...
June 2016: Salud Pública de México
Gerardo Álvarez-Hernández, María Del Carmen Candia-Plata, Jesús Delgado-de la Mora, Natalia Haydeé Acuña-Meléndrez, Anabel Patricia Vargas-Ortega, Jesús David Licona-Enríquez
OBJECTIVE: Characterize clinical manifestations and predictors of mortality in children hospitalized for spotted fever. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study in 210 subjects with a diagnosis of Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF) in a pediatric hospital in Sonora, from January 1st, 2004 to June 30th, 2015. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and multivariate logistic regression. RESULTS: An upward trend was observed in RMSF morbidity and mortality...
June 2016: Salud Pública de México
Guillermina Campos-Valdez, Luis Miguel Canseco-Ávila, Fernando González-Noriega, Oscar Alfaro-Zebadua, Ismael Yadird Nava-Medecigo, Enedina Jiménez-Cardoso
OBJECTIVE: To determine the Trypanosoma cruzi infection prevalence in 1125 pregnant women and the transmission frequency to their children from Tapachula and Palenque, Chiapas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We determined the prevalence by serology tests and the transmission frequency by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and T. cruzi reactivity capacity after 12 months. RESULTS: Total maternal infection prevalence were 23/1 125 (2.04%), 9/600 (1.5%) were from Tapachula and 14/525 (2...
June 2016: Salud Pública de México
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