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Salud Pública de México

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29267657/-regulatory-elements-on-marijuana-for-the-effective-population-health-protection
#1
Carlos Santos-Burgoa
When discussing the public health approach to the use of marijuana, the complexity of rigorous regulatory interventions for population protection is omitted. Using the experience of governments where these practices already exist, regulation is introduced as an essential public health function, spelling out seven purposes for controlling marijuana. The technical elements of institutional capacity -including the technical and financial capacity- and of governance that must be covered by any rigorous regulation of its use are detailed below...
September 2017: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29267656/-analysis-of-health-expenditure-efficiency-in-countries-of-latin-america-and-the-caribbean
#2
Lety Melgen-Bello, Carmen García-Prieto
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficiency levels of health expenditure in 25 countries in Latin America and the Caribbean. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The methodology of stochastic frontier analysis was applied to estimate the efficiency scores of the countries, using data from years 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010, 2012. Two output variables were considered, life expectancy at birth and infant mortality. In the latter case, determinants of inefficiency were analyzed. RESULTS: The average efficiency level of the region using life expectancy is higher than when using infant mortality...
September 2017: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29267655/-legal-health-services-of-abortion-in-uruguay-strategies-of-the-primary-health-care-public-services
#3
Alejandra López-Gómez, Martín Couto, Gabriela Píriz, Ana Monza, Lilián Abracinskas, María Luisa Ituarte
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the strategies developed by the health centers to implement the law of legal abortion (LA) in public services of the primary care in Montevideo, Uruguay. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A qualitative research was conducted combining techniques of document analysis, self-administered questionnaires to key informants, and in-depth interviews with directors of health centers. A simple summative index of accessibility to abortion services was built. RESULTS: The law approved in Uruguay in 2012 demanded the development of a strategy to promote women's accessibility to LA in the public primary care system...
September 2017: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29267654/-contraception-in-mexican-adolescents-in-upper-secondary-schools-use-and-unmet-needs
#4
Aremis Villalobos, Filipa de Castro, Rosalba Rojas, Betania Allen
OBJECTIVE: To describe sexual behavior and contraceptive use in adolescent students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: National representative survey in upper secondary schools in Mexico 2014. Logistic regressions identify the factors associated with contraceptive use and unmet needs for contraception (UNC). RESULTS: For male adolescents, non-contraceptive use in the last sexual relation is associated with non-contraceptive use in the sexual debut (OR=11...
September 2017: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29267653/-knowledge-about-pregnancy-risk-and-self-efficacy-in-adolescent-males-parental-support-and-school-factors
#5
Fátima Estrada, Lourdes Campero, Leticia Suárez-López, Elvia de la Vara-Salazar, Guillermo González-Chávez
OBJECTIVE: To identify the association between knowledge about pregnancy risk and self-efficacy in condom use with parental support and school factors in adolescent men. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study with 448 students in Puebla and Morelos. Two logistic models were adjusted. RESULTS: Knowledge about pregnancy risk is associated with communication about sexuality between parents and sons (OR = 2.45, 95%CI 1.35-4.47), satisfaction with school (OR=2...
September 2017: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29267652/dietary-determinants-of-urinary-molybdenum-levels-in-mexican-women-a-pilot-study
#6
Pamela L Barrios, Ruth Argelia Vázquez-Salas, Lizbeth López-Carrillo, José A Menezes-Filho, Luisa Torres-Sánchez
OBJECTIVE: This study determined the main dietary sources of urinary molybdenum (Mo) concentrations in a sample of 124 pregnant women in Mexico. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Dietary data was collected during pregnancy, through a semi-qualitative food frequency questionnaire, with information of 84 foods. Urine Mo levels were determined by atomic absorption spectrometry, for at least two trimesters of pregnancy. The associations with Mo levels were estimated by generalized mixed effect regression models...
September 2017: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29267651/cyp1a1-cyp1b1-gstm1-and-gstt1-genetic-variants-and-breast-cancer-risk-in-mexican-women
#7
Angélica García-Martínez, Brenda Gamboa-Loira, M Elizabeth Tejero, Adolfo Sierra-Santoyo, Mariano E Cebrián, Lizbeth López-Carrillo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if variants in the genes CYP1A1 (T3801C and A4889G), CYP1B1 (G119T), GSTM1 (indel) and GSTT1 (indel) are associated with breast cancer (BC) among Mexican women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 952 incident cases with histologically confirmed BC were matched by age (± 5 years) and zone of residence with 998 healthy population controls. Genetic variants in genes CYP1A1, CYP1B1, GSTM1 and GSTT1were genotyped by allelic discrimination and multiplex PCR...
September 2017: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29267650/micronuclei-and-nuclear-anomalies-in-mexico-s-indigenous-population
#8
Blanca Patricia Lazalde-Ramos, Ana Lourdes Zamora-Pérez, Martha Sosa-Macías, Carlos Galaviz-Hernández, Guillermo Moisés Zúñiga-González
OBJECTIVE: To determine the number of micronuclei and nuclear anomalies in Mexico's indigenous population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred twenty indigenous individuals were evaluated, including thirty from the ethnicities Cora, Huichol, Tarahumara and Tepehuano. The number of micronuclei (MN) and any nuclear abnormality (NA) in oral mucosa cells, including cells with nuclear buds, binucleated cells, cells with karyolysis, karyorrhetic, condensed chromatin and pyknotic cells were determined for each participant...
September 2017: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29267649/-modifications-of-the-superoxide-anion-level-in-breast-milk-by-the-intake-of-flavonoids-and-carotenoids
#9
Mariana A Marchesino, Mariela V Cortez, Claudia Albrecht, Laura R Aballay, Elio A Soria
OBJECTIVE: To associate the intake of flavonoids and carotenoids with the breast milk level of superoxide anion, as an oxidative stress marker. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 100 women from Cordoba (Argentina), who breastfed within the first postpartum 6 months, were studied during the 2013-2015 period, by evaluating their sanitary data, food intake and anion level in milk with multiple logistic regression. RESULTS: The intake of flavonoids, provitamin A carotenoids and non-provitamin carotenoids was 72 (61) mg/d, 1813 (1 657) µg/d y 5427 (3 664) µg/d, respectively...
September 2017: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29267648/vitamin-d-status-by-sociodemographic-factors-and-body-mass-index-in-mexican-women-at-reproductive-age
#10
Alejandra Contreras-Manzano, Salvador Villalpando, Ricardo Robledo-Pérez
OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence of Vitamin D deficiency (VDD) and insufficiency (VDI), and the main dietary sources of vitamin D (VD) in a probabilistic sample of Mexican women at reproductive age participating in Ensanut 2012, stratified by sociodemographic factors and body mass index (BMI) categories. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Serum concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin-D(25-OH-D) were determined using an ELISA technique in 4162 women participants of Ensanut 2012 and classified as VDD, VDI or optimal VD status...
September 2017: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29267647/energy-added-sugar-and-saturated-fat-contributions-of-taxed-beverages-and-foods-in-mexico
#11
Carolina Batis, Lilia S Pedraza, Tania G Sánchez-Pimienta, Tania C Aburto, Juan A Rivera-Dommarco
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the dietary contribution of taxed beverages and foods. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using 24-hour diet recall data from the Ensanut 2012 (n=10 096), we estimated the contribution of the items which were taxed in 2014 to the total energy, added sugar, and saturated fat intakes in the entire sample and by sociodemographic characteristics. RESULTS: The contributions for energy, added sugar, and saturated fat were found to be 5...
September 2017: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29267646/-financial-sustainability-and-excellence-in-chilean-public-health-care
#12
LETTER
Carolina Elena Leyton-Pavez, Joan Carles Gil-Martín
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29267645/-self-medication-in-people-with-recent-illness-who-do-not-seek-care-and-its-association-with-places-where-they-ask-for-help
#13
LETTER
Manuel André Virú-Loza
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29267644/-predictive-validity-of-the-abridged-family-medicine-knowledge-and-attitudes-questionnaire
#14
LETTER
Mónica López-García, María Candelaria Ayuso-Raya, Jesús López-Torres-Hidalgo, Julio Montoya-Fernández, Juan Manuel Téllez-Lapeira, Francisco Escobar-Rabadán
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29267643/-environmental-pollution-and-air-pollutants-historical-data-repositories-in-peru
#15
LETTER
Akram Hernández-Vásquez, Deysi Díaz-Seijas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29267642/-decreasing-the-use-of-physical-tests-as-indicators-of-health-in-the-educational-context
#16
LETTER
Sebastián Peña Troncoso, Sonia Osses-Bustingorry, Braulio Navarro Aburto, Juan Carlos Beltrán Véliz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29267641/-latin-american-scientific-production-in-health-economics-2005-2014
#17
LETTER
Víctor Vera-Monge, Irene García-Yu, Jorge de-la-Cruz-Oré, Noé Atamari-Anahui, Vicente Ortún-Rubio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29267640/-prevalence-of-antimicrobial-use-among-hospitalized-patients-in-non-critical-areas-in-a-university-hospital-in-mexico
#18
LETTER
Manuel Soria-Orozco, Aldanely Padrón-Salas, José de Jesús González-Mercado, Natalia Villava-von der Heyde, Lorena Valerdi-Contreras, Álvaro López-Iñiguez, Heriberto Ontiveros-Mercado
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29267639/-congenital-syphilis-prevalence-in-three-public-hospitals-in-baja-california-mexico-2012-2015
#19
LETTER
Jorge Luis Arellano-Estrada, Cinthia Selene López-Lara, Erendida Barreras-Valenzuela
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29267638/-legislation-and-public-health-in-france
#20
LETTER
J Armando Barriguete-Meléndez, Eva Trujillo, Mauricio Hernández-Ávila, André Laurent-Parodi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Salud Pública de México
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