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Journal of Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788433/metabolic-footprinting-of-fermented-milk-consumption-in-serum-of-healthy-men
#1
Grégory Pimentel, Kathryn J Burton, Ueli von Ah, Ueli Bütikofer, François P Pralong, Nathalie Vionnet, Reto Portmann, Guy Vergères
Background: Fermentation is a widely used method of natural food preservation that has consequences on the nutritional value of the transformed food. Fermented dairy products are increasingly investigated in view of their ability to exert health benefits beyond their nutritional qualities. Objective: To explore the mechanisms underpinning the health benefits of fermented dairy intake, the present study followed the effects of milk fermentation, from changes in the product metabolome to consequences on the human serum metabolome after its ingestion...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767752/stunting-at-24-months-is-not-related-to-incidence-of-overweight-through-young-adulthood-in-an-urban-south-african-birth-cohort
#2
Sara K Hanson, Richard J Munthali, Elizabeth A Lundeen, Linda M Richter, Shane A Norris, Aryeh D Stein
Background: The role that childhood stunting plays in the development of overweight and obesity later in life is not well understood, particularly in adolescence and young adulthood, because most studies have only followed up through midchildhood. Objective: The objective of this study was to examine the relation between stunting and age-specific patterns of overweight and obesity incidence from early childhood to young adulthood in the context of a country in the process of the nutrition transition while these children were growing up...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767745/preconception-maternal-iodine-status-is-positively-associated-with-iq-but-not-with-measures-of-executive-function-in-childhood
#3
Sian M Robinson, Sarah R Crozier, Elizabeth A Miles, Catharine R Gale, Philip C Calder, Cyrus Cooper, Hazel M Inskip, Keith M Godfrey
Background: Adverse effects of severe maternal iodine deficiency in pregnancy on fetal brain development are well-established, but the effects of milder deficiency are uncertain. Most studies examine iodine status in pregnancy; less is known about iodine nutrition before conception. Objective: We examined relations between maternal preconception iodine status and offspring cognitive function, within a prospective mother-offspring cohort. Methods: Maternal iodine status was assessed through the use of the ratio of iodine:creatinine concentrations (I/Cr) in spot urine samples [median (IQR) period before conception 3...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767743/premeal-low-fat-yogurt-consumption-reduces-postprandial-inflammation-and-markers-of-endotoxin-exposure-in-healthy-premenopausal-women-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Ruisong Pei, Diana M DiMarco, Kelley K Putt, Derek A Martin, Chureeporn Chitchumroonchokchai, Richard S Bruno, Bradley W Bolling
Background: Metabolic endotoxemia is associated with obesity and contributes to postprandial inflammation. Objective: We aimed to determine if low-fat yogurt consumption prevents postprandial inflammation and dysmetabolism in healthy women by inhibiting biomarkers of metabolic endotoxemia. Methods: Premenopausal women defined as obese and nonobese [body mass index (BMI, in kg/m2) 30-40 and 18.5-27, respectively, n = 120] were randomly assigned to consume 339 g of low-fat yogurt (YN, yogurt nonobese; YO, yogurt obese) or 324 g of soy pudding (CN, control nonobese; CO, control obese) for 9 wk (n = 30/group)...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767735/untargeted-metabolomics-identifies-novel-potential-biomarkers-of-habitual-food-intake-in-a-cross-sectional-study-of-postmenopausal-women
#5
Ying Wang, Susan M Gapstur, Brian D Carter, Terryl J Hartman, Victoria L Stevens, Mia M Gaudet, Marjorie L McCullough
Background: Recent studies suggest that untargeted metabolomics is a promising tool to identify novel biomarkers of individual foods. However, few large cross-sectional studies with comprehensive data on habitual diet and circulating metabolites have been conducted. Objective: We aimed to identify potential food biomarkers and evaluate their predictive accuracy. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of consumption of 91 food groups or items, assessed by a 152-item food-frequency questionnaire, in relation to 1186 serum metabolites measured by mass spectrometry-based platforms from 1369 nonsmoking postmenopausal women (mean age = 68...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767732/dietary-intake-of-alpha-linolenic-acid-is-not-appreciably-associated-with-the-risk-of-ischemic-stroke-among-middle-aged-danish-men-and-women
#6
Christian S Bork, Stine K Venø, Søren Lundbye-Christensen, Marianne U Jakobsen, Anne Tjønneland, Erik B Schmidt, Kim Overvad
Background: Intake of the plant-derived omega-3 (n-3) fatty acid alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) may reduce the risk of ischemic stroke. Objective: We have investigated the associations between dietary intake of ALA and the risk of ischemic stroke and ischemic stroke subtypes. Methods: This was a follow-up study. A total of 57,053 participants aged 50-64 y were enrolled into the Danish Diet, Cancer and Health cohort between 1993 and 1997. Intake of ALA was assessed by a validated semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757402/adherence-to-healthful-dietary-patterns-is-associated-with-lower-risk-of-hearing-loss-in-women
#7
Sharon G Curhan, Molin Wang, Roland D Eavey, Meir J Stampfer, Gary C Curhan
Background: Specific nutrients have been associated with hearing status, but associations between healthful dietary patterns and risk of hearing loss have not been prospectively evaluated. Objective: We sought to prospectively examine the relations between adherence to the Alternate Mediterranean diet (AMED), the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH), and the Alternative Healthy Eating Index-2010 (AHEI-2010), and risk of hearing loss. Methods: We conducted a longitudinal cohort study (1991-2013) of 81,818 women in the Nurses' Health Study II, aged 27-44 y at baseline...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746639/branched-chain-amino-acids-are-the-primary-limiting-amino-acids-in-the-diets-of-endurance-trained-men-after-a-bout-of-prolonged-exercise
#8
Hiroyuki Kato, Katsuya Suzuki, Makoto Bannai, Daniel R Moore
Background: The indicator amino acid oxidation (IAAO) method estimates the protein intake required to maximize whole-body protein synthesis and identify the daily protein requirement in a variety of populations. However, it is unclear whether the greater requirements for endurance athletes previously determined by the IAAO reflect an increased demand for all or only some amino acids. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the primary rate-limiting amino acids in endurance-trained athletes after prolonged exercise, by measuring the oxidation of ingested [1-13C]phenylalanine in response to variable amino acid intake...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741716/riboflavin-depletion-promotes-tumorigenesis-in-hek293t-and-nih3t3-cells-by-sustaining-cell-proliferation-and-regulating-cell-cycle-related-gene-transcription
#9
Lin Long, Jian-Zhong He, Ye Chen, Xiu-E Xu, Lian-Di Liao, Yang-Min Xie, En-Min Li, Li-Yan Xu
Background: Riboflavin is an essential component of the human diet and its derivative cofactors play an established role in oxidative metabolism. Riboflavin deficiency has been linked with various human diseases. Objective: The objective of this study was to identify whether riboflavin depletion promotes tumorigenesis. Methods: HEK293T and NIH3T3 cells were cultured in riboflavin-deficient or riboflavin-sufficient medium and passaged every 48 h...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741697/metabolic-availability-of-the-limiting-amino-acids-lysine-and-tryptophan-in-cooked-white-african-cornmeal-assessed-in-healthy-young-men-using-the-indicator-amino-acid-oxidation-technique
#10
Mahroukh Rafii, Rajavel Elango, Ronald O Ball, Paul B Pencharz, Glenda Courtney-Martin
Background: Maize is a staple food in many regions of the world, particularly in Africa and Latin America. However, maize protein is limiting in the indispensable amino acids lysine and tryptophan, making its protein of poor quality. Objective: The main objective of this study was to determine the protein quality of white African cornmeal by determining the metabolic availability (MA) of lysine and tryptophan. Methods: To determine the MA of lysine, 4 amounts of l-lysine (10, 13, 16, and 18 mg ...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726951/walnut-consumption-alters-the-gastrointestinal-microbiota-microbially-derived-secondary-bile-acids-and-health-markers-in-healthy-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Hannah D Holscher, Heather M Guetterman, Kelly S Swanson, Ruopeng An, Nirupa R Matthan, Alice H Lichtenstein, Janet A Novotny, David J Baer
Background: Epidemiologic data suggest that diets rich in nuts have beneficial health effects, including reducing total and cause-specific mortality from cancer and heart disease. Although there is accumulating preclinical evidence that walnuts beneficially affect the gastrointestinal microbiota and gut and metabolic health, these relations have not been investigated in humans. Objective: We aimed to assess the impact of walnut consumption on the human gastrointestinal microbiota and metabolic markers of health...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726948/children-with-poor-linear-growth-are-at-risk-for-repeated-relapse-to-wasting-after-recovery-from-moderate-acute-malnutrition
#12
Heather C Stobaugh, Beatrice L Rogers, Irwin H Rosenberg, Patrick Webb, Kenneth M Maleta, Mark J Manary, Indi Trehan
Background: Nutrition programs frequently approach wasting and stunting as 2 separate conditions with distinct causes and effects. Although several cross-sectional studies have identified an association between the 2 conditions, longitudinal studies are useful to quantify the risk of acute malnutrition based on the trajectory of linear growth. Objective: We analyzed data from a longitudinal study to explore associations between linear growth and relapse to acute malnutrition in high-risk children during the year after recovery from moderate acute malnutrition (MAM)...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659971/new-insight-about-height-body-composition-changes-in-infancy-predict-later-linear-growth
#13
Elizabeth M Widen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659970/cholic-acid-supplementation-of-a-high-fat-obesogenic-diet-suppresses-hepatic-triacylglycerol-accumulation-in-mice-via-a-fibroblast-growth-factor-21-dependent-mechanism
#14
Siri M Ippagunta, Alexei Kharitonenkov, Andrew C Adams, F Bradley Hillgartner
Background: Supplementation of a high-fat obesogenic diet (HFD) with cholic acid (CA) suppresses the development of obesity, insulin resistance, and hepatic steatosis in mice. Objective: We investigated the role of fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) in mediating the beneficial actions of CA on metabolic syndrome. Methods: Male 7-wk-old wild-type (WT) mice and FGF21 knockout (FGF21KO) mice were fed an HFD for 12 wk followed by a 4-wk period in which the mice were fed the HFD alone or supplemented with 0...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659969/aspartame-consumption-for-12-weeks-does-not-affect-glycemia-appetite-or-body-weight-of-healthy-lean-adults-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Kelly A Higgins, Robert V Considine, Richard D Mattes
Background: Low-calorie sweeteners are often used to moderate energy intake and postprandial glycemia, but some evidence indicates that they may exacerbate these aims. Objective: The trial's primary aim was to assess the effect of daily aspartame ingestion for 12 wk on glycemia. Effects on appetite and body weight were secondary aims. Methods: One hundred lean [body mass index (kg/m2): 18-25] adults aged 18-60 y were randomly assigned to consume 0, 350, or 1050 mg aspartame/d (ASP groups) in a beverage for 12 wk in a parallel-arm design...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659968/healthy-plant-based-diets-are-associated-with-lower-risk-of-all-cause-mortality-in-us-adults
#16
Hyunju Kim, Laura E Caulfield, Casey M Rebholz
Background: Plant-based diets, often referred to as vegetarian diets, are associated with health benefits. However, the association with mortality is less clear. Objective: We investigated associations between plant-based diet indexes and all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality in a nationally representative sample of US adults. Methods: Analyses were based on 11,879 participants (20-80 y of age) from NHANES III (1988-1994) linked to data on all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality through 2011...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659967/carbohydrate-replacement-of-rice-or-potato-with-lentils-reduces-the-postprandial-glycemic-response-in-healthy-adults-in-an-acute-randomized-crossover-trial
#17
Dita Moravek, Alison M Duncan, Laura B VanderSluis, Sarah J Turkstra, Erica J Rogers, Jessica M Wilson, Aileen Hawke, D Dan Ramdath
Background: The postprandial blood glucose response (PBGR) following carbohydrate replacement of high-glycemic index (GI) foods with pulses, in a mixed meal, has not been accurately defined. Objective: We aimed to determine the extent to which PBGR and relative glycemic response (RGR) are lowered when half of the available carbohydrate (AC) from rice or potato is replaced with cooked lentils. Methods: Using a crossover design, 2 groups of 24 healthy adults randomly consumed 50 g AC from control white rice alone [mean ± SD body mass index (BMI, in kg/m2): 24...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659966/peri-urban-but-not-urban-residence-in-bolivia-is-associated-with-higher-odds-of-co-occurrence-of-overweight-and-anemia-among-young-children-and-of-households-with-an-overweight-woman-and-stunted-child
#18
Andrew D Jones, Lesli Hoey, Jennifer Blesh, Kathryn Janda, Ramiro Llanque, Ana María Aguilar
Background: Urban populations have grown globally alongside emerging simultaneous burdens of undernutrition and obesity. Yet, how heterogeneous urban environments are associated with this nutritional double burden is poorly understood. Objective: We aimed to determine: 1) the prevalence of the nutritional double burden and its components in urban, peri-urban, and rural areas of Bolivia; and 2) the association of residence in these areas with the nutritional double burden and its components...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659965/a-healthy-asian-a-posteriori-dietary-pattern-correlates-with-a-priori-dietary-patterns-and-is-associated-with-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-in-a-multiethnic-asian-population
#19
Clare Whitton, Salome A Rebello, Jeannette Lee, E Shyong Tai, Rob M van Dam
Background: Healthful dietary patterns are associated with cardiovascular disease risk factors in Western populations. However, a consistent healthful dietary pattern across major Asian ethnic groups has yet to be identified. Objective: We aimed to identify a posteriori dietary patterns for Chinese, Malay, and Indian ethnic groups in an urban Asian setting, compare these with a priori dietary patterns, and ascertain associations with cardiovascular disease risk factors including hypertension, obesity, and abnormal blood lipid concentrations...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659964/universal-salt-iodization-provides-sufficient-dietary-iodine-to-achieve-adequate-iodine-nutrition-during-the-first-1000-days-a-cross-sectional-multicenter-study
#20
Susanne Dold, Michael B Zimmermann, Tomislav Jukic, Zvonko Kusic, Qingzhen Jia, Zhongna Sang, Antonio Quirino, Teofilo O L San Luis, Ralph Fingerhut, Roland Kupka, Arnold Timmer, Greg S Garrett, Maria Andersson
Background: Dietary iodine requirements are high during pregnancy, lactation, and infancy, making women and infants vulnerable to iodine deficiency. Universal salt iodization (USI) has been remarkably successful for preventing iodine deficiency in the general population, but it is uncertain if USI provides adequate iodine intakes during the first 1000 d. Objective: We set out to assess if USI provides sufficient dietary iodine to meet the iodine requirements and achieve adequate iodine nutrition in all vulnerable population groups...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
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