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Journal of Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904121/establishment-of-a-meal-coding-system-for-the-characterization-of-meal-based-dietary-patterns-in-japan
#1
Kentaro Murakami, M Barbara E Livingstone, Satoshi Sasaki
Background: Most studies on dietary patterns to date have focused on the daily intake of individual foods, rather than the combination of foods simultaneously consumed during specific eating occasions (breakfast, lunch, dinner, and snacks).Objective: We aimed to establish a meal coding system for characterizing meal-based dietary patterns in Japan.Methods: Dietary data used were from the 2012 National Health and Nutrition Survey, Japan, in which 1-d weighed dietary records were collected from 26,361 adults aged ≥20 y...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904120/introduction-to-nutrition-modeling-in-the-lives-saved-tool-list
#2
REVIEW
Amy Mayberry, Saul Morris
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 13, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904119/metrics-for-identifying-food-security-status-and-the-population-with-potential-to-benefit-from-nutrition-interventions-in-the-lives-saved-tool-list
#3
REVIEW
Bianca D Jackson, Neff Walker, Rebecca Heidkamp
Background: The Lives Saved Tool (LiST) uses the poverty head-count ratio at $1.90/d as a proxy for food security to identify the percentage of the population with the potential to benefit from balanced energy supplementation and complementary feeding (CF) interventions, following the approach used for the Lancet's 2008 series on Maternal and Child Undernutrition. Because much work has been done in the development of food security indicators, a re-evaluation of the use of this indicator was warranted.Objective: The aim was to re-evaluate the use of the poverty head-count ratio at $1...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904118/nutrition-interventions-in-the-lives-saved-tool-list
#4
REVIEW
Adrienne Clermont, Neff Walker
The Lives Saved Tool (LiST) was initially developed in 2003 to estimate the impact of increasing coverage of efficacious interventions on under-5 mortality. Over time, the model has been expanded to include more outcomes (neonatal mortality, maternal mortality, stillbirths) and interventions. The model has also added risk factors, such as stunting and wasting, and over time has attempted to capture a full range of nutrition and nutrition-related interventions (e.g., antenatal supplementation, breastfeeding promotion, child supplemental feeding, acute malnutrition treatment), practices (e...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904117/estimating-lives-saved-by-achieving-dietary-micronutrient-adequacy-with-a-focus-on-vitamin-a-intervention-programs-in-cameroon
#5
REVIEW
Reina Engle-Stone, Amanda Perkins, Adrienne Clermont, Neff Walker, Marjorie J Haskell, Stephen A Vosti, Kenneth H Brown
Background: We previously compared the potential effects of different intervention strategies for achieving dietary vitamin A (VA) adequacy. The Lives Saved Tool (LiST) permits estimates of lives saved through VA interventions but currently only considers periodic VA supplements (VASs).Objective: We aimed to adapt the LiST method for estimating the mortality impact of VASs to estimate the impact of other VA interventions (e.g., food fortification) on child mortality and to estimate the number of lives saved by VA interventions in 3 macroregions in Cameroon...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904116/integrated-interventions-delivered-in-health-systems-home-and-community-have-the-highest-impact-on-breastfeeding-outcomes-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#6
REVIEW
Bireshwar Sinha, Ranadip Chowdhury, Ravi Prakash Upadhyay, Sunita Taneja, Jose Martines, Rajiv Bahl, Mari Jeeva Sankar
Background: Improving breastfeeding rates is critical. In low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), only subtle improvements in breastfeeding rates have been observed over the past decade, which highlights the need for accelerating breastfeeding promotion interventions.Objectives: The objective of this article is to update evidence on the effect of interventions on early initiation of and exclusive (<1 and 1-5 mo) and continued (6-23 mo) breastfeeding rates in LMICs when delivered in health systems, in the home or in community environments, or in a combination of settings...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904115/new-option-in-the-lives-saved-tool-list-allows-for-the-conversion-of-prevalence-of-small-for-gestational-age-and-preterm-births-to-prevalence-of-low-birth-weight
#7
REVIEW
Naoko Kozuki, Joanne Katz, Adrienne Clermont, Neff Walker
Background: The Lives Saved Tool (LiST) is a software model that estimates the health impact of scaling up interventions on maternal and child health. One of the outputs of the model is an estimation of births by fetal size [appropriate-for-gestational-age (AGA) or small-for-gestational-age (SGA)] and by length of gestation (term or preterm), both of which influence birth weight. LiST uses prevalence estimates of births in these categories rather than of birth weight categories, because the causes and health consequences differ between SGA and preterm birth...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904114/the-lives-saved-tool-list-as-a-model-for-prevention-of-anemia-in-women-of-reproductive-age
#8
REVIEW
Rebecca Heidkamp, Renee Guida, Erica Phillips, Adrienne Clermont
Background: Anemia in women is a major public health burden worldwide, particularly in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). It is a complex condition with multiple nutritional and non-nutritional causes, and geographic heterogeneity of burden. The World Health Assembly has set a target of a 50% reduction in anemia among women of reproductive age (WRA) by 2025.Objective: This article seeks to identify the leading causes of anemia among women in LMICs, review the evidence supporting interventions to address anemia in these settings, and ultimately use this information to decide which interventions should be included in the Lives Saved Tool (LiST) model of anemia...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904113/complementary-feeding-interventions-have-a-small-but-significant-impact-on-linear-and-ponderal-growth-of-children-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Anita Panjwani, Rebecca Heidkamp
Background: World Health Assembly member states have committed to ambitious global targets for reductions in stunting and wasting by 2025. Improving complementary diets of children aged 6-23 mo is a recommended approach for reducing stunting in children <5 y old. Less is known about the potential of these interventions to prevent wasting.Objective: The aim of this article was to review and synthesize the current literature for the impact of complementary feeding interventions on linear [length-for-age z score (LAZ)] and ponderal [weight-for-length z score (WLZ)] growth of children aged 6-23 mo, with the specific goal of updating intervention-outcome linkages in the Lives Saved Tool (LiST)...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904112/modeling-the-impact-of-nutrition-interventions-on-birth-outcomes-in-the-lives-saved-tool-list
#10
REVIEW
Rebecca Heidkamp, Adrienne Clermont, Erica Phillips
Background: Negative birth outcomes [small-for-gestational age (SGA) and preterm birth (PTB)] are common in low- and middle-income countries and have important subsequent health and developmental impacts on children. There are numerous nutritional and non-nutritional interventions that can decrease the risk of negative birth outcomes and reduce subsequent risk of mortality and growth faltering.Objective: The objective of this article was to review the current evidence for the impact of nutritional interventions in pregnancy [calcium supplementation, iron and folic acid supplementation, multiple micronutrient (MMN) supplementation, and balanced energy supplementation (BES)] and risk factors (maternal anemia) on birth outcomes, with the specific goal of determining which intervention-outcome linkages should be included in the Lives Saved Tool (LiST) software...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904111/a-literature-review-of-the-effect-of-malaria-on-stunting
#11
REVIEW
Bianca D Jackson, Robert E Black
Background: The current version of the Lives Saved Tool (LiST) maternal and child health impact modeling software does not include an effect of malaria on stunting.Objective: This literature review was undertaken to determine whether such a causal link should be included in the LiST model.Methods: The PubMed, Embase, and Scopus databases were searched by using broad search terms. The searches returned a total of 4281 documents. Twelve studies from among the retrieved documents were included in the review according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878035/a-simplified-regimen-compared-with-who-guidelines-decreases-antenatal-calcium-supplement-intake-for-prevention-of-preeclampsia-in-a-cluster-randomized-noninferiority-trial-in-rural-kenya
#12
Moshood O Omotayo, Katherine L Dickin, David L Pelletier, Erick O Mwanga, Jacqueline K Kung'u, Rebecca J Stoltzfus
Background: To prevent preeclampsia, the WHO recommends antenatal calcium supplementation in populations with inadequate habitual intake. The WHO recommends 1500-2000 mg Ca/d with iron-folic acid (IFA) taken separately, a complex pill-taking regimen. Objective: The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that simpler regimens with lower daily dosages would lead to higher adherence and similar supplement intake.Methods: In the Micronutrient Initiative Calcium Supplementation study, we compared the mean daily supplement intake associated with 2 dosing regimens with the use of a parallel, cluster-randomized noninferiority trial implemented in 16 primary health care facilities in rural Kenya...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878034/validation-testing-demonstrates-efficacy-of-a-7-day-fluid-record-to-estimate-daily-water-intake-in-adult-men-and-women-when-compared-with-total-body-water-turnover-measurement
#13
Evan C Johnson, François Péronnet, Lisa T Jansen, Catalina Capitan-Jiménez, J D Adams, Isabelle Guelinckx, Liliana Jiménez, Andy Mauromoustakos, Stavros A Kavouras
Background: Mean daily water intake from fluids (WATER-FL) has proven to be difficult to measure because of a range of nonvalidated data collection techniques. Few questionnaires have been validated to estimate WATER-FL against self-reported diaries or urinary hydration markers, which may limit their objectivity.Objectives: The goals of this investigation were 1) to assess the validity of a 7-d fluid record (7dFLR) to measure WATER-FL (WATER-FL-7dFLR) through comparison with WATER-FL as calculated by measuring deuterium oxide (D2O) disappearance (WATER-FL-D2O), and 2) to evaluate the reliability of the 7dFLR in measuring WATER-FL...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855423/plant-based-food-cyanidin-3-glucoside-modulates-human-platelet-glycoprotein-vi-signaling-and-inhibits-platelet-activation-and-thrombus-formation
#14
Yanling Yao, Yanqiu Chen, Reheman Adili, Thomas McKeown, Pingguo Chen, Guangheng Zhu, Dan Li, Wenhua Ling, Heyu Ni, Yan Yang
Background: Platelets play an important role in hemostasis, thrombosis, and atherosclerosis. Glycoprotein VI (GPVI) is a major platelet receptor that interacts with exposed collagen on injured vessel walls. Our previous studies have shown that anthocyanins (a type of natural plant pigment) attenuate platelet function; however, whether anthocyanins affect collagen-induced GPVI signaling remains unknown.Objective: The objective of this study was to explore the effects of cyanidin-3-glucoside (Cy-3-g, one of the major bioactive compounds in anthocyanins) on platelet activation and thrombosis and the GPVI signaling pathway...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855422/very-low-food-security-in-us-households-is-predicted-by-complex-patterns-of-health-economics-and-service-participation
#15
Seul Ki Choi, Maryah S Fram, Edward A Frongillo
Background: Very low food security (VLFS) happens at the intersection of nuanced and complex patterns of risk characteristics across multiple domains. Little is known about the idiosyncratic situations that lead households to experience VLFS.Objective: We used classification and regression tree (CART) analysis, which can handle complex combinations of predictors, to identify patterns of characteristics that distinguish VLFS households in the United States from other households.Methods: Data came from 3 surveys, the 2011-2014 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), the 2005-2012 NHANES, and the 2002-2012 Current Population Survey (CPS), with sample participants aged ≥18 y and households with income <300% of the federal poverty line...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855421/dietary-supplement-use-was-very-high-among-older-adults-in-the-united-states-in-2011-2014
#16
Jaime J Gahche, Regan L Bailey, Nancy Potischman, Johanna T Dwyer
Background: Dietary supplements (DSs) have the potential to be both beneficial and harmful to health, especially in adults aged ≥60 y, and therefore it is important to monitor the patterns of their use.Objectives: This study evaluated DS use by adults aged ≥60 y to characterize the use of DSs, determine the motivations for use, and examine the associations between the use of DSs and selected demographic, lifestyle, and health characteristics.Methods: Data from 3469 older adults aged ≥60 y from the 2011-2014 NHANES were analyzed...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855420/dietary-patterns-exhibit-sex-specific-associations-with-adiposity-and-metabolic-risk-in-a-cross-sectional-study-in-urban-mexican-adolescents
#17
Wei Perng, Carmen Fernandez, Karen E Peterson, ZhenZhen Zhang, Alejandra Cantoral, Brisa N Sanchez, Maritsa Solano-González, Martha Maria Téllez-Rojo, Ana Baylin
Background: Studies in Western nations have shown associations of certain dietary patterns with obesity and metabolic risk in youth. Little is known about these relations in newly industrialized countries where obesity prevalence is surpassing those of developed countries.Objectives: We sought to characterize dietary patterns in a cross-sectional study in 224 adolescents aged 8-14 y in Mexico and to investigate associations of the dietary patterns with adiposity and metabolic risk.Methods: We used principal components analysis to derive dietary patterns from food-frequency questionnaire data...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855419/protein-ingestion-before-sleep-increases-overnight-muscle-protein-synthesis-rates-in-healthy-older-men-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Imre Wk Kouw, Andrew M Holwerda, Jorn Trommelen, Irene Fleur Kramer, Jacqueline Bastiaanse, Shona L Halson, Will Kwh Wodzig, Lex B Verdijk, Luc Jc van Loon
Background: The loss of skeletal muscle mass with aging has been attributed to the blunted anabolic response to protein intake. Presleep protein ingestion has been suggested as an effective strategy to compensate for such anabolic resistance.Objective: We assessed the efficacy of presleep protein ingestion on dietary protein digestion and absorption kinetics and overnight muscle protein synthesis rates in older men.Methods: In a randomized, double-blind, parallel design, 48 older men (mean ± SEM age: 72 ± 1 y) ingested 40 g casein (PRO40), 20 g casein (PRO20), 20 g casein plus 1...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855418/analyses-of-selenotranscriptomes-and-selenium-concentrations-in-response-to-dietary-selenium-deficiency-and-age-reveal-common-and-distinct-patterns-by-tissue-and-sex-in-telomere-dysfunctional-mice
#19
Lei Cao, Li Zhang, Huawei Zeng, Ryan Ty Wu, Tung-Lung Wu, Wen-Hsing Cheng
Background: The hierarchies of tissue selenium distribution and selenotranscriptomes are thought to critically affect healthspan and longevity.Objective: We determined selenium status and selenotranscriptomes in response to long-term dietary selenium deficiency and age in tissues of male and female mice.Methods: Weanling telomerase RNA component knockout C57BL/6 mice were fed a selenium-deficient (0.03 mg Se/kg) Torula yeast-based AIN-93G diet or a diet supplemented with sodium selenate (0.15 mg Se/kg) until age 18 or 24 mo...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855417/total-sulfur-amino-acid-requirements-are-not-altered-in-children-with-chronic-renal-insufficiency-but-minimum-methionine-needs-are-increased
#20
Rajavel Elango, Mohammad A Humayun, Justine M Turner, Mahroukh Rafii, Veronika Langos, Ronald O Ball, Paul B Pencharz
Background: The total sulfur amino acid (TSAA) and minimum Met requirements have been previously determined in healthy children. TSAA metabolism is altered in kidney disease. Whether TSAA requirements are altered in children with chronic renal insufficiency (CRI) is unknown.Objective: We sought to determine the TSAA (Met in the absence of Cys) requirements and minimum Met (in the presence of excess Cys) requirements in children with CRI.Methods: Five children (4 boys, 1 girl) aged 10 ± 2.6 y with CRI were randomly assigned to receive graded intakes of Met (0, 5, 10, 15, 25, and 35 mg ⋅ kg(-1) ⋅ d(-1)) with no Cys in the diet...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
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