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Annals of Human Biology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343125/the-changing-pattern-and-determinants-of-declining-consanguinity-in-jordan-during-1990-2012
#1
M Mazharul Islam
BACKGROUND: Consanguinity is a deep rooted cultural trait in Jordan. AIM: To examine the patterns and determinants of declining rates of consanguineous marriage in Jordan during 1990 to 2012 in the context of the changing pattern of socio-economic and demographic conditions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data come from the 1990 and 2012 Jordan Population and Family Health Surveys (JPFHSs). A total of 6,461 women in 1990 and 11,352 women in 2012 were successfully interviewed...
January 17, 2018: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316810/differential-human-growth-restudied
#2
Etienne Geraert
BACKGROUND: The study of differential growth in various animals suggests that a similar growth pattern occurs throughout the bilateral animals. This growth pattern is based on the assumption that a quadratic equation describes the relationship between two body measurements, yielding a quadratic parabola in a graphic presentation. AIM: Can human growth be studied by comparing body measurements? If the growth of one body part has a definite relation to the growth of another body part and if this relation can be expressed in a quadratic formula, then important conclusions can be reached...
January 10, 2018: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307228/prevalence-of-vitamin-d-deficiency-and-its-associated-factors-among-urban-elderly-population-in-hyderabad-metropolitan-city-south-india
#3
Palla Suryanarayana, Nimmathota Arlappa, Vadakattu Sai Santhosh, Nagalla Balakrishna, Pondey Lakshmi Rajkumar, Undrajavarapu Prasad, Banavath Bhoja Raju, Kommula Shivakeseva, Kondru Divya Shoshanni, Madabushi Seshacharyulu, Jagjeevan Babu Geddam, Prabhakaran Sobhana Prasanthi, Rajendran Ananthan
Background Deficiency of vitamin D has been associated with various health conditions. However, vitamin D deficiency (VDD) and factors associated with VDD are not well studied, especially in Indian urban elderly. Aim To assess the prevalence of VDD and its associated factors among the urban free-living elderly population in Hyderabad. Subjects and methods A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 298 urban elderly (≥60 years) by adapting a random sampling procedure. Demographic particulars were collected...
January 8, 2018: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216758/iron-age-italic-population-genetics-the-piceni-from-novilara-8th-7th-century-bc
#4
P Serventi, C Panicucci, R Bodega, S De Fanti, S Sarno, M Fondevila Alvarez, F Brisighelli, B Trombetta, P Anagnostou, G Ferri, A Vazzana, C Delpino, G Gruppioni, D Luiselli, E Cilli
BACKGROUND: Archaeological data provide evidence that Italy, during the Iron Age, witnessed the appearance of the first communities with well defined cultural identities. To date, only a few studies report genetic data about these populations and, in particular, the Piceni have never been analysed. AIMS: To provide new data about mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) variability of an Iron Age Italic population, to understand the contribution of the Piceni in shaping the modern Italian gene pool and to ascertain the kinship between some individuals buried in the same grave within the Novilara necropolis...
December 7, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183201/ripples-on-the-surface-surnames-and-genes-in-sicily-and-southern-italy
#5
Alessio Boattini, Stefania Sarno, Ornella Fiorani, Antonella Lisa, Donata Luiselli, Davide Pettener
BACKGROUND: Southern Italy and Sicily played a key role in the peopling history of the Mediterranean. While genetic research showed the remarkable homogeneity of these regions, surname-based studies instead suggested low population mobility, hence potential structuring. AIM: In order to better understand these different patterns, we (1) thoroughly analysed the surname structure of Sicily and Southern Italy, and (2) tested its relationships with a wide set of molecular markers...
November 28, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113497/modelling-height-in-adolescence-a-comparison-of-methods-for-estimating-the-age-at-peak-height-velocity
#6
Andrew J Simpkin, Adrian Sayers, Mark S Gilthorpe, Jon Heron, Kate Tilling
BACKGROUND: Controlling for maturational status and timing is crucial in lifecourse epidemiology. One popular non-invasive measure of maturity is the age at peak height velocity (PHV). There are several ways to estimate age at PHV, but it is unclear which of these to use in practice. AIM: To find the optimal approach for estimating age at PHV. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Methods included the Preece & Baines non-linear growth model, multi-level models with fractional polynomials, SuperImposition by Translation And Rotation (SITAR) and functional data analysis...
November 7, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082756/blood-lead-levels-pulmonary-function-and-agility-in-polish-schoolchildren
#7
Bert B Little, Zofia Ignasiak, Teresa Sławinska, Pawel Posłuszny, R M Malina, David L Wiegman
BACKGROUND: Reduced vital capacity (VC) and forced vital capacity (FVC) are associated with lead (Pb) exposure. AIM: The objective of this study is to analyse the effects of Pb on FVC and the shuttle run performance. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Data were available for 184 male and 189 female Polish schoolchildren aged 10-15 years. Regression analysis was performed of shuttle run performance (dependent) on Pb and FVC. RESULTS: Shuttle run time increased by 1...
October 30, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205075/the-nick-norgan-award-2017
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205074/overweight-and-obesity-risk-factors-in-children-aged-3-7-years-a-prospective-study-in-the-city-of-krak%C3%A3-w
#9
Małgorzata Kowal, Stanisław Matusik, Maciej Wojciech Pilecki, Łukasz Kryst, Jan Sobiecki, Agnieszka Woronkowicz
BACKGROUND: Early identified factors determining overweight and obesity in childhood may be important for preventive purposes. AIM: To evaluate the influence of the commonly accepted and hypothetical risk factors for overweight/obesity and their mutual relations, using the method of classification trees. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The data were collected during anthropometric surveys carried out in 2010 in Kraków, Poland. The study involved 1042 pre-school children aged 3-7 years...
December 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082754/longitudinal-changes-in-bmi-z-scores-among-45-414-2-4-year-olds-with-severe-obesity
#10
David S Freedman, Nancy F Butte, Elsie M Taveras, Alyson B Goodman, Heidi M Blanck
BACKGROUND: BMI z-scores (BMIz) based on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) growth charts among children do not accurately characterise BMI levels among children with very high BMIs. These limitations may be particularly relevant in longitudinal and intervention studies, as the large changes in the L (normality) and S (dispersion) parameters with age can influence BMIz. AIM: To compare longitudinal changes in BMIz with BMI expressed as a percentage of the 95th percentile (%BMIp95) and a modified z-score calculated as log(BMI/M)/S...
December 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047316/molecular-analysis-of-haemoglobin-e-in-southeast-asian-populations
#11
Wittaya Jomoui, Goonnapa Fucharoen, Kanokwan Sanchaisuriya, Nga Thi Nguyen, Hoa Van Nguyen, Supan Fucharoen
Haemoglobin (Hb) E is the most common Hb variant in Asia where its gene frequency approaches 0.3 in some areas. We studied genetic background of Hb E genes among Southeast Asian populations. This study examined β-globin gene haplotypes linked to haemoglobin E (Hb E) in diverse groups of Southeast Asian populations. The study was conducted on southern Thai (22 alleles), Cambodian (84 alleles), Laotian (120 alleles), Vietnamese (87 alleles) and Burmese (one allele) subjects. Results were compared with those of previous studies in northeast Thailand, the Yunnan of China, West India and Europe...
December 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027481/narrowing-urban-suburban-rural-disparities-in-physical-growth-among-children-in-china-findings-from-the-5th-national-survey-in-2015
#12
Xinnan Zong, Hui Li, Ya-Qin Zhang, Huahong Wu
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have reported a narrowing tendency in urban-suburban rural differences for height, but almost no tendency of narrowing for weight in Chinese children between 1975-2005. AIM: To examine urban-suburban rural disparities for both height and weight in a recent 10-year period. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A representative sample of 161,643 children under 7 years old was obtained from the 5th national survey conducted in urban and suburban rural areas of the nine cities in China in 2015...
November 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047307/roland-hauspie-april-8-1948-april-25-2017
#13
Mathieu Roelants, Noël Cameron
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 19, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037091/an-anthropometric-survey-of-u-s-preterm-and-full-term-neonates
#14
Susan M Abdel-Rahman, Ian M Paul, Paula Delmore, Laura James, Laura Fearn, Andrew M Atz, Brenda B Poindexter, Amira Al-Uzri, Andrew Lewandowski, Barrie L Harper, P Brian Smith
BACKGROUND: Anthropometric data prove valuable for screening and monitoring various medical conditions. In young infants, however, only weight, length and head circumference are represented in publically accessible databases. AIM: To characterise length and circumferential measures in preterm and full-term infants up to 90 days postnatal age. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In eight U.S. medical centres, trained raters recorded humeral, ulnar, femoral, tibial, and fibular lengths along with mid-upper arm, mid-thigh, chest, abdominal, and neck circumference...
October 16, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037078/the-accuracy-of-neck-circumference-for-assessing-overweight-and-obesity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Caroline Kroll, Silmara S B S Mastroeni, Sandra A Czarnobay, John Paul Ekwaru, Paul J Veugelers, Marco F Mastroeni
CONTEXT: Neck circumference (NC) has been suggested as an alternative measure to screen for excess body weight in the population. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to demonstrate the accuracy of neck circumference (NC) as a measure for assessing overweight and obesity in both sexes in different age groups. METHODS: Detailed individual search strategies were developed for each of the following bibliographic databases: Cochrane, LILACS, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Direct, Scopus, and Web of Science...
October 16, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037074/reference-data-for-ultrasound-bone-characteristics-in-hungarian-children-aged-7-19-years
#16
Márta Szmodis, Annamária Zsákai, Edit Bosnyák, Anna Protzner, Emese Trájer, Anna Farkas, Gábor Szőts, Miklós Tóth
Backround: Osteoporosis is a common disease and physical activity (PA) has a favourable influence on bone status. AIM: To establish normative data for calcaneal quantitative ultrasound (QUS) bone characteristics in children and to analyse the relationships between PA, anthropometric and bone parameters. SUBJECTS & METHODS: Hungarian children aged 7-19 (N = 2674; 1325 girls, 1349 boys) provided PA, anthropometric and bone data. QUS parameters were registered with Sonost3000 densitometer (speed of sound: SOS, m/s; broadband ultrasound attenuation: BUA, dB/MHz; bone quantity index (BQI=αSOS+βBUA)...
October 16, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037073/physical-inactivity-and-cognitive-impairment-in-korean-older-adults-gender-differences-in-potential-covariates
#17
Youngyun Jin, Jinkyung Cho, Inhwan Lee, Haeryun Hong, Donghyun Kim, Soohyun Park, Hyunsik Kang
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity is one major lifestyle risk factor of mild cognitive impairment with ageing. AIM: To investigate whether or not potential covariates modulate the association between physical activity (PA) and cognitive impairment in older adults. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Data from 10 245 Korean older adults (5 817 women) were used. RESULTS: High PA older adults were younger and longer educated and had lower comorbidity and depression than low PA older adults...
October 16, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948851/y-chromosome-haplotypes-reveal-relationships-between-populations-of-the-arabian-peninsula-north-africa-and-south-asia
#18
Rebecca J Jones, Guan K Tay, Aurélie Mawart, Habiba Alsafar
BACKGROUND: The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is positioned at the crossroads of human migration out of Africa and through to Asia and Europe. AIM: To compare the degree of genetic diversity of the Arabian UAE population with populations in other countries from the Middle East, South Asia and North Africa. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Twenty-seven Y-STR were analysed in 217 individuals. Y-STR haplotypes from this study were compared to population data stored in YHRD, using MDS and AMOVA...
October 16, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971704/genetic-variability-of-cyp2d6-cyp2b6-cyp2c9-and-cyp2c19-genes-across-the-italian-peninsula
#19
Francesco Carano, Stefania Sarno, Sara De Fanti, Patrizia Serventi, Carla Bini, Donata Luiselli, Susi Pelotti
BACKGROUND: Environmental conditions and past migratory events may have shaped genetic heterogeneity of clinically relevant enzymes involved in the phase I metabolism of the most common therapeutic drugs. AIM: To investigate the genetic variability of CYP2D6, CYP2B6, CYP2C19 and CYP2C9 across the Italian Peninsula, by sampling only ancestrally and geographically homogeneous individuals from northern, central and southern Italy. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 25 SNPs were genotyped in 174 unrelated Italian individuals by means of multiplex PCR and minisequencing reactions...
October 3, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952360/migrant-elders-in-hainan-china-report-better-health-and-lower-depression-than-local-born-elderly-residents
#20
Wei Wang, Qingxia Wu, Xiaoyang Yang, Xin He, Xuefang An
BACKGROUND: The number of migrant elders is increasing due to ageing of the global population and increasing life expectancy. There is accumulating evidence of the impact of internal or international migration on health. AIM: To compare the health and depression of local and migrant elders in Hainan province. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Health and depression were assessed by the Self-Rated Health Measurement Scale Version 1.0 (SRHMS V1.0) and the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS), respectively...
September 27, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
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