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Annals of Human Biology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637372/recent-migration-and-sample-representativeness-in-a-danish-genetic-study
#1
Georgios Athanasiadis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 21, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625087/the-ex-pat-effect-presence-of-recent-western-immigrants-is-associated-with-changes-in-age-at-first-birth-and-birth-rate-in-a-maya-population-from-rural-guatemala
#2
Luseadra McKerracher, Mark Collard, Rachel Altman, Michael Richards, Pablo Nepomnaschy
BACKGROUND: Economic transitions expose indigenous populations to a variety of ecological and cultural challenges, especially regarding diet and stress. These kinds of challenges are predicted by evolutionary ecological theory to have fitness consequences (differential reproduction) and, indeed, are often associated with changes in fertility dynamics. It is currently unclear whether international immigration might impact the nature of such an economic transition or its consequences for fertility...
June 18, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535703/nutritional-status-and-height-weight-and-bmi-centiles-of-school-aged-children-and-adolescents-of-6-18-years-from-kinshasa-drc
#3
Rudahaba Augustin Buhendwa, Mathieu Roelants, Martine Thomis, Constant E Nkiama
BACKGROUND: The last study to establish centiles of main anthropometric measurements in Kinshasa was conducted over 60 years ago, which questions its current adequacy to describe or monitor growth in this population. AIM: To assess the nutritional status of school-aged children and adolescents and to estimate centile curves of height, weight and body mass index (BMI). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A representative sample of 7541 school-aged children and adolescents (48% boys) aged 6-18 years was measured between 2010-2013...
June 14, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535737/the-influence-of-migration-on-dietary-practices-of-ghanaians-living-in-the-united-kingdom-a-qualitative-study
#4
Hibbah Araba Osei-Kwasi, Katie Powell, Mary Nicolaou, Michelle Holdsworth
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have identified a process of dietary acculturation when migrant groups adopt the food patterns of the host country. AIM: The aim of this study was to explore the influence of migration on dietary practices and the process of dietary acculturation amongst Ghanaians living in the UK. SUBJECT AND METHODS: A qualitative study of adults aged ≥25 years (n = 31) of Ghanaian ancestry living in Greater Manchester using face-to-face interviews...
June 13, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545311/brexit-and-british-universities-in-europe
#5
Noël Cameron
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 9, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535738/human-growth-and-the-microbiome
#6
Daniel J Hoffman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 7, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562071/systematic-health-screening-of-refugees-after-resettlement-in-recipient-countries-a-scoping-review
#7
Anne Mette Fløe Hvass, Christian Wejse
CONTEXT: Health screening of refugees after settlement in a recipient country is an important tool to find and treat diseases. Currently, there are no available reviews on refugee health screening after resettlement. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted using the online Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System ('MEDLINE') database. Data extraction and synthesis were performed according to the PRISMA statement. RESULTS: The search retrieved 342 articles...
May 31, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502204/alu-insertion-polymorphisms-in-the-african-sahel-and-the-origin-of-fulani-pastoralists
#8
Martina Čížková, Zuzana Hofmanová, Mohammed G Mokhtar, Václav Janoušek, Issa Diallo, Pavel Munclinger, Viktor Černý
BACKGROUND: The origin of Western African pastoralism, represented today by the Fulani nomads, has been a highly debated issue for the past decades, and has not yet been conclusively resolved. AIM: This study focused on Alu polymorphisms in sedentary and nomadic populations across the African Sahel to investigate patterns of diversity that can complement the existing results and contribute to resolving issues concerning the origin of West African pastoralism. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A new dataset of 21 Alu biallelic markers covering a substantial part of the African Sahel has been analysed jointly with several published North African populations...
May 31, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482705/comparison-between-body-mass-index-and-a-body-shape-index-with-adiponectin-leptin-ratio-and-markers-of-glucose-metabolism-among-adolescents
#9
Kelly Virecoulon Giudici, Ligia Araujo Martini
BACKGROUND: Besides body mass index (BMI), new parameters have been developed to classify individual body shape. AIM: To investigate the relationship between BMI, waist circumference (WC), a body shape index (ABSI) and ABSI-adolescents among adolescents and verify which would better predict lower adiponectin/leptin (A/L) ratio and disturbances on glucose metabolism. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study with 197 Brazilian adolescents of 14-18 years...
May 25, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539050/functional-capacities-of-polish-adults-of-60-87-years-and-risk-of-losing-functional-independence
#10
Zofia Ignasiak, Teresa Sławinska, Anna Skrzek, Krystyna Rożek, Sławomir Kozieł, Pawel Posłuszny, Robert M Malina
AIM: To characterise the functional capacities of Polish men and women aged 60-87 years and evaluate their status relative to criteria for functional independence. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Four hundred and thirty-one women and 125 men, aged 60-87 years, who were residents of Wrocław, southwestern Poland, were recruited. Height and weight were measured and BMI was calculated. The Fullerton Functional Fitness Test was administered to test upper and lower body strength, upper and lower body flexibility, agility-dynamic balance and aerobic endurance...
May 24, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535729/quantitative-genetics-of-circulating-hyaluronic-acid-ha-and-its-correlation-with-hand-osteoarthritis-and-obesity-related-phenotypes-in-a-community-based-sample
#11
Jai Prakash, Gulzhan Gabdulina, Svetlana Trofimov, Gregory Livshits
BACKGROUND: One of the potential molecular biomarkers of osteoarthritis (OA) is hyaluronic acid (HA). HA levels may be related to the severity and progression of OA. However, little is known about the contribution of major risk factors for osteoarthritis, e.g., obesity-related phenotypes and genetics to HA variation. AIM: To clarify the quantitative effect of these factors on HA. METHODS: An ethnically homogeneous sample of 911 apparently healthy European-derived individuals, assessed for radiographic hand osteoarthritis (RHOA), HA, leptin, adiponectin, and several anthropometrical measures of obesity-related phenotypes...
May 24, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482732/relation-of-socioeconomic-status-to-overweight-and-obesity-a-large-population-based-study-of-chinese-adults
#12
Hua Zhang, Hui Xu, Fei Song, Weili Xu, Stephanie Pallard-Borg, Xiuying Qi
BACKGROUND: China has been going through significant changes in social and economical aspects and with great socioeconomic disparity in different regions. However, data on the association between socioeconomic status (SES) and obesity are not available in Tianjin, China. AIM: This study aimed to investigate the association between SES and high adiposity among the adult population in Tianjin. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 7351 individuals aged 20-79 were included in this study...
May 23, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511559/migrating-microbes-what-pathogens-can-tell-us-about-population-movements-and-human-evolution
#13
Charlotte J Houldcroft, Jean-Baptiste Ramond, Riaan F Rifkin, Simon J Underdown
BACKGROUND: The biology of human migration can be observed from the co-evolutionary relationship with infectious diseases. While many pathogens are brief, unpleasant visitors to human bodies, others have the ability to become life-long human passengers. The story of a pathogen's genetic code may, therefore, provide insight into the history of its human host. The evolution and distribution of disease in Africa is of particular interest, because of the deep history of human evolution in Africa, the presence of a variety of non-human primates, and tropical reservoirs of emerging infectious diseases...
May 16, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412868/prevalence-of-pre-high-blood-pressure-and-high-blood-pressure-among-non-overweight-children-and-adolescents-using-international-blood-pressure-references-in-developed-regions-in-china
#14
Changwei Tian, Shuang Xu, Hua Wang, Wenming Wang, Hui Shen
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of data on the prevalence of pre-high blood pressure (PreHBP) and high blood pressure (HBP), based on recent international blood pressure references, in non-overweight children and adolescents. AIM: To describe the prevalence of PreHBP and HBP in non-overweight children and adolescents in developed regions of China. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In total, 588 097 non-overweight children and adolescents aged 6-17 years from the National Surveys on Chinese Students' Constitution and Health in 2015 were included...
May 9, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412872/chinese-xibe-population-genetic-composition-according-to-linkage-groups-of-x-chromosomal-strs-population-genetic-variability-and-interpopulation-comparisons
#15
Hao-Tian Meng, Chun-Mei Shen, Yu-Dang Zhang, Qian Dong, Yu-Xin Guo, Guang Yang, Jiang-Wei Yan, Yao-Shun Liu, Ting Mei, Jian-Feng Shi, Bo-Feng Zhu
BACKGROUND: The Xibe population is one of China's officially recognised populations and is now distributed separately from west to east in the northern part of China. X-chromosomal short tandem repeats have a special inheritance pattern, and could be used as complements in forensic application, especially for complex or deficiency cases. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This study obtained the allelic and haplotypic frequencies of 19 X-STR loci in the Xibe population from Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China, and studied the genetic differentiations between the Xibe and other populations...
May 5, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415890/correction-to-deep-genealogical-analysis-of-a-large-cohort-of-participants-in-the-cartagene-project-quebec-canada
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 18, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347189/arylamine-n-acetyltransferase-2-gene-polymorphism-in-an-algerian-population
#17
Hiba Chelouti, Malika Khelil
BACKGROUND: The arylamine N-acetyltransferase 2 (NAT2) is a key enzyme in the biotransformation of xenobiotics. NAT2 gene polymorphisms have been associated with the risk of isoniazid hepatotoxicity and these polymorphisms change among different populations. AIM: The objective of this study is to investigate NAT2 polymorphisms in order to predict the prevalence of NAT2 phenotype in an Algerian population. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Genotyping of NAT2 was done using a PCR-RFLP method...
April 18, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301950/cardiorespiratory-fitness-but-not-physical-activity-is-associated-with-academic-achievement-in-children-and-adolescents
#18
Tânia Oliveira, Andreia Pizarro, Manuela Costa, Luís Fernandes, Gustavo Silva, Jorge Mota, José Carlos Ribeiro
BACKGROUND: Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and physical activity (PA) seem to have positive effects on academic achievement (AA), although in most studies, objective methods of assessment have not been used. AIM: To examine the associations of CRF and PA with AA. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A sample of 640 youngsters (10-18 years) participated in this cross-sectional study. CRF was estimated with the 20-metre shuttle run test and PA was measured using accelerometers...
April 3, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139941/polymorphism-in-lrp5-rs556442-is-associated-with-higher-tg-levels-in-iranian-children
#19
Nima Montazeri-Najafabady, Mohammad Hossein Dabbaghmanesh, Gholamhossein Ranjbar Omrani, Forough Saki, Marzieh Bakhshayeshkaram
BACKGROUND: Wnt signalling/LRP5 is involved in adipogenesis by down-regulating adipogenic transcription factors. Therefore polymorphisms in components of this pathway may lead to metabolic disorders. AIM: This study tested the impact of LRP5 polymorphism on lipid profile in Iranian children. METHODS: The study population was comprised of 9-18 year old children (125 boys, 137 girls). Total cholesterol (TC), High Density Lipoprotein (HDL), Low-Density Lipoprotein (LDL), Non-HDL cholesterol and Triglyceride (TG) levels were checked...
June 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118741/alcohol-use-disorder-and-gabab-receptor-gene-polymorphisms-in-an-italian-sample-haplotype-frequencies-linkage-disequilibrium-and-association-studies
#20
Fabio Caputo, Bianca Maria Ciminelli, Carla Jodice, Paola Blasi, Teo Vignoli, Mauro Cibin, Giorgio Zoli, Patrizia Malaspina
BACKGROUND: Alcohol use disorder (AUD) is a complex trait with genetic and environmental influences. Several gene variants have been associated with the risk for AUD, including genes encoding the sub-units of the γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptors. AIM: This study evaluated whether specific single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in genes encoding GABAB receptor sub-units can be considered as candidates for the risk of AUD. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Seventy-four AUD subjects and 128 Italian controls were genotyped for 10 SNPs in genes encoding GABA-B1 and GABA-B2 sub-units (GABBR1 and GABBR2)...
June 2017: Annals of Human Biology
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