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Annals of Human Biology

J A de Wilde, M Dekker, B J C Middelkoop
BACKGROUND: South Asians are prone to cardiometabolic disease at lower BMI levels than most other ethnic groups, starting in childhood. The magnitude of BMI misclassifications is unknown. AIM: To compare the BMI distribution of contemporary South Asian 0-20 year olds in the Netherlands with: (1) The South Asian norm reference (secular trends); and (2) The WHO child growth standard and reference. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The BMI-for-age distribution of 6677 routine measurements of 3322 South Asian children, aged 0-20 years, was described with the LMS method and BMI z-scores...
March 15, 2018: Annals of Human Biology
Tatjana M Pavlica, Rada S Rakić, Verica S Krstić, Biljana Đ Srdić-Galić
BACKGROUND: Different populations show variation in the pattern of change in craniofacial dimensions over time. Earlier studies of craniofacial traits in the Republic of Serbia were carried out without any particular reference to secular changes. AIM: The aim of the study is to determine possible changes in craniofacial dimensions among the adult population of Vojvodina (Serbia) during 33 year period. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The findings of the study are based on the comparison of data from two cross-sectional surveys...
March 14, 2018: Annals of Human Biology
Nazli Bozman, Cemal Gurkan, Huseyin Sevay, Damla Kanliada Demirdov, Filiz Ozbas-Gerceker
BACKGROUND: Southeastern Anatolia is the smallest, yet the most densely populated region among the seven major geographic constituents of Turkey. Situated in the Upper Mesopotamia, Southeastern Anatolia was also the northernmost extension of the Fertile Crescent, which is often considered as the earliest cradle of civilisation. AIM: To investigate the autosomal STR polymorphisms associated with a truly representative population sample pool from Southeastern Anatolia...
March 14, 2018: Annals of Human Biology
Geik Yong Ang, Choo Yee Yu, Richard Johari James, Aminuddin Ahmad, Thuhairah Abdul Rahman, Fadzilah Mohd Nor, Syahrul Azlin Shaari, Adzrool Idzwan Ismail, Lay Kek Teh, Mohd Zaki Salleh
CYP3A5 is the predominant subfamily of biotransformation enzymes in the liver and the genetic variations in CYP3A5 are an important determinant of interindividual and interethnic differences in CYP3A-mediated drug disposition and response. This study aims to investigate the genetic polymorphisms of CYP3A5 among the Orang Asli in Peninsular Malaysia using next generation sequencing platform. Genomic DNAs were extracted from blood samples of the three main Orang Asli tribes and whole-genome sequencing was performed...
February 15, 2018: Annals of Human Biology
M Mazharul Islam
BACKGROUND: Consanguinity is a deep rooted cultural trait in Jordan. AIM: To examine the patterns and determinants of declining rates of consanguineous marriage in Jordan during 1990 to 2012 in the context of the changing pattern of socio-economic and demographic conditions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data come from the 1990 and 2012 Jordan Population and Family Health Surveys (JPFHSs). A total of 6,461 women in 1990 and 11,352 women in 2012 were successfully interviewed...
January 17, 2018: Annals of Human Biology
Etienne Geraert
BACKGROUND: The study of differential growth in various animals suggests that a similar growth pattern occurs throughout the bilateral animals. This growth pattern is based on the assumption that a quadratic equation describes the relationship between two body measurements, yielding a quadratic parabola in a graphic presentation. AIM: Can human growth be studied by comparing body measurements? If the growth of one body part has a definite relation to the growth of another body part and if this relation can be expressed in a quadratic formula, then important conclusions can be reached...
January 10, 2018: Annals of Human Biology
Palla Suryanarayana, Nimmathota Arlappa, Vadakattu Sai Santhosh, Nagalla Balakrishna, Pondey Lakshmi Rajkumar, Undrajavarapu Prasad, Banavath Bhoja Raju, Kommula Shivakeseva, Kondru Divya Shoshanni, Madabushi Seshacharyulu, Jagjeevan Babu Geddam, Prabhakaran Sobhana Prasanthi, Rajendran Ananthan
Background Deficiency of vitamin D has been associated with various health conditions. However, vitamin D deficiency (VDD) and factors associated with VDD are not well studied, especially in Indian urban elderly. Aim To assess the prevalence of VDD and its associated factors among the urban free-living elderly population in Hyderabad. Subjects and methods A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 298 urban elderly (≥60 years) by adapting a random sampling procedure. Demographic particulars were collected...
January 8, 2018: Annals of Human Biology
Josep Santamaría, Miguel M Álvarez-Álvarez, M Esther Esteban, Elies Ramon-Gurrea, Pedro Moral
BACKGROUND: Tandem repeats (STRs) are genomic markers of particular interest in forensic and population genetics. Most of the population data currently available correspond to the variation of STRs of forensic panels, which barely include dinucleotide tandem repeats. AIMS: The aim of the study is to test the usefulness of a battery of dinucleotide STRs on the X chromosome for population and forensic studies. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 672 individuals from 12 Mediterranean populations and two external references were analysed for 15 X-STR following the instructions of the commercial company and using control DNA from the CEPH centre whose sequences are published in GenBank...
February 2018: Annals of Human Biology
Viola Grugni, Alessandro Raveane, Francesca Mattioli, Vincenza Battaglia, Cinzia Sala, Daniela Toniolo, Luca Ferretti, Rita Gardella, Alessandro Achilli, Anna Olivieri, Antonio Torroni, Giuseppe Passarino, Ornella Semino
BACKGROUND: Due to its central and strategic position in Europe and in the Mediterranean Basin, the Italian Peninsula played a pivotal role in the first peopling of the European continent and has been a crossroad of peoples and cultures since then. AIM: This study aims to gain more information on the genetic structure of modern Italian populations and to shed light on the migration/expansion events that led to their formation. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: High resolution Y-chromosome variation analysis in 817 unrelated males from 10 informative areas of Italy was performed...
February 2018: Annals of Human Biology
Nizar Ben Halim, Sana Hsouna, Khaled Lasram, Mariem Chargui, Laaroussi Khemira, Rachid Saidane, Sonia Abdelhak, Rym Kefi
BACKGROUND: Douiret is an isolated Berber population from South-Eastern Tunisia. The strong geographic and cultural isolation characterising this population might have contributed to remarkable endogamy and consanguinity, which were practiced for several centuries. AIM: The objective of this study is to evaluate the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) genetic structure of Douiret and to compare it to other Mediterranean populations with a special focus on major haplogroup T...
February 2018: Annals of Human Biology
Francesco Messina, Andrea Finocchio, Nejat Akar, Aphrodite Loutradis, Emmanuel I Michalodimitrakis, Radim Brdicka, Carla Jodice, Andrea Novelletto
BACKGROUND: Tetranucleotide Short Tandem Repeats (STRs) for human identification and common use in forensic cases have recently been used to address the population genetics of the North-Eastern Mediterranean area. However, to gain confidence in the inferences made using STRs, this kind of analysis should be challenged with changes in three main aspects of the data, i.e. the sizes of the samples, their distance across space and the genetic background from which they are drawn. AIM: To test the resilience of the gradients previously detected in the North-Eastern Mediterranean to the enlargement of the surveyed area and population set, using revised data...
February 2018: Annals of Human Biology
David Comas, Donata Luiselli, Olga Rickards
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Annals of Human Biology
Neus Font-Porterias, Neus Solé-Morata, Gerard Serra-Vidal, Asmahan Bekada, Karima Fadhlaoui-Zid, Pierre Zalloua, Francesc Calafell, David Comas
BACKGROUND: The genetic composition of human North African populations is an amalgam of different ancestral components coming from the Middle East, Europe, south-Saharan Africa and autochthonous to North Africa. This complex genetic pattern is the result of migrations and admixtures in the region since Palaeolithic times. AIMS: The objective of the present study is to refine knowledge of the population history of North African populations through the analysis of complete mitochondrial sequences...
February 2018: Annals of Human Biology
Maarten H D Larmuseau, Claudio Ottoni
CONTEXT: Due to its unique paternal inheritance, the Y-chromosome has been a highly popular marker among population geneticists for over two decades. Recently, the advent of cost-effective genome-wide methods has unlocked information-rich autosomal genomic data, paving the way to the postgenomic era. This seems to have announced the decreasing popularity of investigating Y-chromosome variation, which provides only the paternal perspective of human ancestries and is strongly influenced by genetic drift and social behaviour...
February 2018: Annals of Human Biology
Flavio De Angelis, Gabriele Scorrano, Cristina Martínez-Labarga, Giuseppina Scano, Fabio Macciardi, Olga Rickards
CONTEXT: The Mediterranean area has always played a significant role in human dispersal due to the large number of migratory events contributing to shape the cultural features and the genetic pool of its populations. OBJECTIVE: This paper aims to review and diachronically describe the mitogenome variability in the Mediterranean population and the main demic diffusions that occurred in this area over time. METHODS: Frequency distributions of the leading mitochondrial haplogroups have been geographically and chronologically evaluated...
February 2018: Annals of Human Biology
Patrizia Serventi, Chiara Panicucci, Roberta Bodega, Sara De Fanti, Stefania Sarno, Manuel Fondevila Alvarez, Francesca Brisighelli, Beniamino Trombetta, Paolo Anagnostou, Gianmarco Ferri, Antonino Vazzana, Chiara Delpino, Giorgio Gruppioni, Donata Luiselli, Elisabetta Cilli
BACKGROUND: Archaeological data provide evidence that Italy, during the Iron Age, witnessed the appearance of the first communities with well defined cultural identities. To date, only a few studies report genetic data about these populations and, in particular, the Piceni have never been analysed. AIMS: To provide new data about mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) variability of an Iron Age Italic population, to understand the contribution of the Piceni in shaping the modern Italian gene pool and to ascertain the kinship between some individuals buried in the same grave within the Novilara necropolis...
February 2018: Annals of Human Biology
Alessio Boattini, Stefania Sarno, Ornella Fiorani, Antonella Lisa, Donata Luiselli, Davide Pettener
BACKGROUND: Southern Italy and Sicily played a key role in the peopling history of the Mediterranean. While genetic research showed the remarkable homogeneity of these regions, surname-based studies instead suggested low population mobility, hence potential structuring. AIM: In order to better understand these different patterns, this study (1) thoroughly analysed the surname structure of Sicily and Southern Italy and (2) tested its relationships with a wide set of molecular markers...
February 2018: Annals of Human Biology
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Annals of Human Biology
Małgorzata Kowal, Stanisław Matusik, Maciej Wojciech Pilecki, Łukasz Kryst, Jan Sobiecki, Agnieszka Woronkowicz
BACKGROUND: Early identified factors determining overweight and obesity in childhood may be important for preventive purposes. AIM: To evaluate the influence of the commonly accepted and hypothetical risk factors for overweight/obesity and their mutual relations, using the method of classification trees. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The data were collected during anthropometric surveys carried out in 2010 in Kraków, Poland. The study involved 1042 pre-school children aged 3-7 years...
December 2017: Annals of Human Biology
Andrew J Simpkin, Adrian Sayers, Mark S Gilthorpe, Jon Heron, Kate Tilling
BACKGROUND: Controlling for maturational status and timing is crucial in lifecourse epidemiology. One popular non-invasive measure of maturity is the age at peak height velocity (PHV). There are several ways to estimate age at PHV, but it is unclear which of these to use in practice. AIM: To find the optimal approach for estimating age at PHV. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Methods included the Preece & Baines non-linear growth model, multi-level models with fractional polynomials, SuperImposition by Translation And Rotation (SITAR) and functional data analysis...
December 2017: Annals of Human Biology
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