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Annals of Human Biology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758518/allometric-scaling-of-power-force-velocity-ergometry-profiles-in-men
#1
Hamdi Jaafar
AIM: To examine the appropriate magnitude of allometric scaling of the force-velocity relationship according to body dimensions and to establish normative data for the power-force-velocity relationship for active men. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Ninety-seven participants completed a force-velocity test on a Monark cycle ergometer. Allometric exponents and percentile ranks were established for maximal power (Pmax), maximal force (F0) and maximal velocity (V0). RESULTS: The mean (± SD) of Pmax, F0 and V0 were 1114...
July 31, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724311/characterization-of-complete-mitochondrial-genomes-of-indigenous-mayans-in-mexico
#2
Fuzuki Mizuno, Li Wang, Saburo Sugiyama, Kunihiko Kurosaki, Julio Granados, Celta Gomez-Trejo, Víctor Acuña-Alonzo, Shintaroh Ueda
In this study, we determined the complete mitogenome sequences of nine unrelated individuals from the indigenous Maya population living in Mexico. Their mitogenome sequences could be classified into either of the haplogroups A2 and C1. We previously published the complete mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) sequences of two indigenous Mesoamerican populations, Mazahua (n = 25) and Zapotec (n =88). Surprisingly, there were no mitogenome sequences (haplotypes) that the Maya, Mazahua, and Zapotec people share in common...
July 20, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715917/self-reported-discomfort-associated-with-daylight-saving-time-in-brazilian-tropical-and-subtropical-zones
#3
João Carlos Nascimento de Alencar, Mario André Leocardio-Miguel, Leandro Lourenção Duarte, Fernando Louzada, John Fontenele Araujo, Mario Pedrazzoli
BACKGROUND: Daylight Saving Time (DST) annually moves clocks one hour forward, when daytime is longer than night. Previous studies from medium and high latitude locations have pointed to a disruptive effect of DST on human circadian rhythms. Since Brazil is an equatorial country implementing DST, a different relationship between photic and social synchronizers may interfere with DST effects. AIM: To explore the prevalence and duration of self-reported discomfort related to DST among Brazilian residents (lat...
July 17, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715914/leprosy-in-a-lombard-avar-cemetery-in-central-italy-campochiaro-molise-6th-8th-century-ad-ancient-dna-evidence-and-demography
#4
Mauro Rubini, Paola Zaio, Mark Spigelman, Helen D Donoghue
BACKGROUND: The study of past infectious diseases increases knowledge of the presence, impact and spread of pathogens within ancient populations. AIM: Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to examine bones for the presence of Mycobacterium leprae ancient DNA (aDNA) as, even when leprosy is present, bony changes are not always pathognomonic of the disease. This study also examined the demographic profile of this population and compared it with two other populations to investigate any changes in mortality trends between different infectious diseases and between the pre-antibiotic and antibiotic eras...
July 17, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715913/body-parameters-of-czech-breastfed-children-compared-to-the-czech-references-and-who-growth-standards
#5
Jitka Riedlová, Jana Vignerová, Markéta Paulová, Vladimir Musil, Marek Brabec, Dagmar Schneidrová
BACKGROUND: The study concerns the comparison of percentile curves of Czech breastfed children with Czech national references from 1991 and 2001 and WHO growth standards. Growth charts of breastfed children demonstrate different curve shapes, especially in the first months of life. Incorrect interpretation of the growth curve could lead to premature introduction of complementary foods or infant formula. AIM: The comparison of four body parameters of Czech breastfed children with currently used Czech national references and WHO standards in order to recommend that Czech paediatricians use either Czech references or WHO standards in their practice...
July 17, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705029/bosnian-study-of-apoe-distribution-bosad-a-comparison-with-other-european-populations
#6
Grażyna Adler, Mateusz A Adler, Anna Urbańska, Karolina Skonieczna-Żydecka, Emina Kiseljakovic, Amina Valjevac, Miłosz Parczewski, Almira Hadzovic-Dzuvo
BACKGROUND: The ε2, ε3 and ε4 alleles of APOE gene have been associated with several diseases in different populations. Data on the frequency of alleles are used in both a clinical and evolutionary context. Although the data on frequency of these alleles are numerous, there are no reports for the population of Bosnia and Herzegovina. AIM: To estimate the frequency of APOE alleles in a healthy Bosnian population and compare it to data for other European populations...
July 13, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625087/the-ex-pat-effect-presence-of-recent-western-immigrants-is-associated-with-changes-in-age-at-first-birth-and-birth-rate-in-a-maya-population-from-rural-guatemala
#7
Luseadra McKerracher, Mark Collard, Rachel Altman, Michael Richards, Pablo Nepomnaschy
BACKGROUND: Economic transitions expose indigenous populations to a variety of ecological and cultural challenges, especially regarding diet and stress. These kinds of challenges are predicted by evolutionary ecological theory to have fitness consequences (differential reproduction) and, indeed, are often associated with changes in fertility dynamics. It is currently unclear whether international immigration might impact the nature of such an economic transition or its consequences for fertility...
July 11, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637372/recent-migration-and-sample-representativeness-in-a-danish-genetic-study
#8
Georgios Athanasiadis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 21, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535703/nutritional-status-and-height-weight-and-bmi-centiles-of-school-aged-children-and-adolescents-of-6-18-years-from-kinshasa-drc
#9
Rudahaba Augustin Buhendwa, Mathieu Roelants, Martine Thomis, Constant E Nkiama
BACKGROUND: The last study to establish centiles of main anthropometric measurements in Kinshasa was conducted over 60 years ago, which questions its current adequacy to describe or monitor growth in this population. AIM: To assess the nutritional status of school-aged children and adolescents and to estimate centile curves of height, weight and body mass index (BMI). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A representative sample of 7541 school-aged children and adolescents (48% boys) aged 6-18 years was measured between 2010-2013...
June 14, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535737/the-influence-of-migration-on-dietary-practices-of-ghanaians-living-in-the-united-kingdom-a-qualitative-study
#10
Hibbah Araba Osei-Kwasi, Katie Powell, Mary Nicolaou, Michelle Holdsworth
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have identified a process of dietary acculturation when migrant groups adopt the food patterns of the host country. AIM: The aim of this study was to explore the influence of migration on dietary practices and the process of dietary acculturation amongst Ghanaians living in the UK. SUBJECT AND METHODS: A qualitative study of adults aged ≥25 years (n = 31) of Ghanaian ancestry living in Greater Manchester using face-to-face interviews...
June 13, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545311/brexit-and-british-universities-in-europe
#11
Noël Cameron
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 9, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535738/human-growth-and-the-microbiome
#12
Daniel J Hoffman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 7, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562071/systematic-health-screening-of-refugees-after-resettlement-in-recipient-countries-a-scoping-review
#13
Anne Mette Fløe Hvass, Christian Wejse
CONTEXT: Health screening of refugees after settlement in a recipient country is an important tool to find and treat diseases. Currently, there are no available reviews on refugee health screening after resettlement. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted using the online Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System ('MEDLINE') database. Data extraction and synthesis were performed according to the PRISMA statement. RESULTS: The search retrieved 342 articles...
May 31, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502204/alu-insertion-polymorphisms-in-the-african-sahel-and-the-origin-of-fulani-pastoralists
#14
Martina Čížková, Zuzana Hofmanová, Mohammed G Mokhtar, Václav Janoušek, Issa Diallo, Pavel Munclinger, Viktor Černý
BACKGROUND: The origin of Western African pastoralism, represented today by the Fulani nomads, has been a highly debated issue for the past decades, and has not yet been conclusively resolved. AIM: This study focused on Alu polymorphisms in sedentary and nomadic populations across the African Sahel to investigate patterns of diversity that can complement the existing results and contribute to resolving issues concerning the origin of West African pastoralism. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A new dataset of 21 Alu biallelic markers covering a substantial part of the African Sahel has been analysed jointly with several published North African populations...
May 31, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482705/comparison-between-body-mass-index-and-a-body-shape-index-with-adiponectin-leptin-ratio-and-markers-of-glucose-metabolism-among-adolescents
#15
Kelly Virecoulon Giudici, Ligia Araujo Martini
BACKGROUND: Besides body mass index (BMI), new parameters have been developed to classify individual body shape. AIM: To investigate the relationship between BMI, waist circumference (WC), a body shape index (ABSI) and ABSI-adolescents among adolescents and verify which would better predict lower adiponectin/leptin (A/L) ratio and disturbances on glucose metabolism. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study with 197 Brazilian adolescents of 14-18 years...
May 25, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539050/functional-capacities-of-polish-adults-of-60-87-years-and-risk-of-losing-functional-independence
#16
Zofia Ignasiak, Teresa Sławinska, Anna Skrzek, Krystyna Rożek, Sławomir Kozieł, Pawel Posłuszny, Robert M Malina
AIM: To characterise the functional capacities of Polish men and women aged 60-87 years and evaluate their status relative to criteria for functional independence. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Four hundred and thirty-one women and 125 men, aged 60-87 years, who were residents of Wrocław, southwestern Poland, were recruited. Height and weight were measured and BMI was calculated. The Fullerton Functional Fitness Test was administered to test upper and lower body strength, upper and lower body flexibility, agility-dynamic balance and aerobic endurance...
May 24, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535729/quantitative-genetics-of-circulating-hyaluronic-acid-ha-and-its-correlation-with-hand-osteoarthritis-and-obesity-related-phenotypes-in-a-community-based-sample
#17
Jai Prakash, Gulzhan Gabdulina, Svetlana Trofimov, Gregory Livshits
BACKGROUND: One of the potential molecular biomarkers of osteoarthritis (OA) is hyaluronic acid (HA). HA levels may be related to the severity and progression of OA. However, little is known about the contribution of major risk factors for osteoarthritis, e.g., obesity-related phenotypes and genetics to HA variation. AIM: To clarify the quantitative effect of these factors on HA. METHODS: An ethnically homogeneous sample of 911 apparently healthy European-derived individuals, assessed for radiographic hand osteoarthritis (RHOA), HA, leptin, adiponectin, and several anthropometrical measures of obesity-related phenotypes...
May 24, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482732/relation-of-socioeconomic-status-to-overweight-and-obesity-a-large-population-based-study-of-chinese-adults
#18
Hua Zhang, Hui Xu, Fei Song, Weili Xu, Stephanie Pallard-Borg, Xiuying Qi
BACKGROUND: China has been going through significant changes in social and economical aspects and with great socioeconomic disparity in different regions. However, data on the association between socioeconomic status (SES) and obesity are not available in Tianjin, China. AIM: This study aimed to investigate the association between SES and high adiposity among the adult population in Tianjin. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 7351 individuals aged 20-79 were included in this study...
May 23, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738741/human-biology-of-migration
#19
Djuke Veldhuis, Simon J Underdown
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139941/polymorphism-in-lrp5-rs556442-is-associated-with-higher-tg-levels-in-iranian-children
#20
Nima Montazeri-Najafabady, Mohammad Hossein Dabbaghmanesh, Gholamhossein Ranjbar Omrani, Forough Saki, Marzieh Bakhshayeshkaram
BACKGROUND: Wnt signalling/LRP5 is involved in adipogenesis by down-regulating adipogenic transcription factors. Therefore polymorphisms in components of this pathway may lead to metabolic disorders. AIM: This study tested the impact of LRP5 polymorphism on lipid profile in Iranian children. METHODS: The study population was comprised of 9-18 year old children (125 boys, 137 girls). Total cholesterol (TC), High Density Lipoprotein (HDL), Low-Density Lipoprotein (LDL), Non-HDL cholesterol and Triglyceride (TG) levels were checked...
June 2017: Annals of Human Biology
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