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Annals of Human Biology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669435/optimal-design-for-longitudinal-studies-to-estimate-pubertal-height-growth-in-individuals
#1
Tim James Cole
BACKGROUND: The SITAR model expresses individual pubertal height growth in terms of mean size, peak height velocity (PHV) and age at PHV. AIM: To use SITAR to identify the optimal time interval between measurements to summarise individual pubertal height growth. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Heights in 3172 boys aged 9-19 years from Christ's Hospital School measured on 128 679 occasions (a median of 42 heights per boy) were analysed using the SITAR (SuperImposition by Translation And Rotation) mixed effects growth curve model, which estimates a mean curve and three subject-specific random effects...
April 18, 2018: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29641913/healthy-obesity-time-to-give-up-the-ghost
#2
William Johnson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 11, 2018: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606018/relationships-between-psychosocial-distress-and-diet-during-pregnancy-and-infant-birthweight-in-a-lower-middle-income-country-healthy-mothers-healthy-communities-study-in-vanuatu
#3
Alysa Pomer, Giavana Buffa, Fasiah Taleo, J Hunter Sizemore, Apisai Tokon, George Taleo, Len Tarivonda, Chim W Chan, Akira Kaneko, Kelsey N Dancause
BACKGROUND: Maternal stress during pregnancy is associated with birth outcomes, including birthweight. Exposure to natural disasters during pregnancy provides a model to study these relationships. However, few studies assess both stress and diet, which might have interactive effects. Furthermore, most are conducted in high-income countries. Patterns might differ in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). AIM: To study relationships between stress and diet during pregnancy, and infant birthweight, following a natural disaster in a lower-middle income country...
April 1, 2018: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534623/secular-trend-of-head-and-face-shape-in-adult-population-of-vojvodina-serbia
#4
Tatjana M Pavlica, Rada S Rakić, Verica S Božić-Krstić, Biljana Đ Srdić-Galić
BACKGROUND: Different populations show variation in the pattern of change in craniofacial dimensions over time. Earlier studies of craniofacial traits in the Republic of Serbia were carried out, without any particular reference to secular changes. AIM: The aim of the study is to determine possible changes in craniofacial dimensions among the adult population of Vojvodina (Serbia) during a 33 year period. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The findings of the study are based on the comparison of data from two cross-sectional surveys...
March 26, 2018: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557678/rural-urban-variations-in-age-at-menarche-adult-height-leg-length-and-abdominal-adiposity-in-black-south-african-women-in-transitioning-south-africa
#5
Rihlat Said-Mohamed, Alessandra Prioreschi, Lukhanyo H Nyati, Alastair van Heerden, Richard J Munthali, Kathleen Kahn, Stephen M Tollman, Francesc Xavier Gómez-Olivé, Brian Houle, David B Dunger, Shane A Norris
BACKGROUND: The pre-pubertal socioeconomic environment may be an important determinant of age at menarche, adult height, body proportions and adiposity: traits closely linked to adolescent and adult health. AIMS: This study explored differences in age at menarche, adult height, relative leg-length and waist circumference between rural and urban black South African young adult women, who are at different stages of the nutrition and epidemiologic transitions. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We compared 18-23 year-old black South African women, 482 urban-dwelling from Soweto and 509 from the rural Mpumalanga province...
March 20, 2018: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557677/genetic-polymorphisms-forensic-efficiency-and-phylogenetic-analysis-of-15-autosomal-str-loci-in-the-kazak-population-of-ili-kazak-autonomous-prefecture-northwestern-china
#6
Chunmei Feng, Xin Wang, Xiaolong Wang, Hao Yu, Guohua Zhang
AIM: We investigated the frequencies of 15 autosomal STR loci in the Kazak population of the Ili Kazak Autonomous Prefecture with the aim of expanding the available population information in human genetic databases and for forensic DNA analysis. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Genetic polymorphisms of 15 autosomal short tandem repeat (STR) loci were analysed in 456 individuals of the Kazak population from Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture, northwestern China. RESULTS: A total of 173 alleles at 15 autosomal STR loci were found; the allele frequencies ranged from 0...
March 20, 2018: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614926/towards-the-demise-of-the-urban-rural-contrast-a-research-design-inadequate-to-understand-urban-influences-on-human-biology
#7
Lawrence M Schell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540065/bmi-for-age-in-south-asian-children-of-0-20-years-in-the-netherlands-secular-changes-and-misclassification-by-who-growth-references
#8
J A de Wilde, M Dekker, B J C Middelkoop
BACKGROUND: South Asians are prone to cardiometabolic disease at lower BMI levels than most other ethnic groups, starting in childhood. The magnitude of BMI misclassifications is unknown. AIM: To compare the BMI distribution of contemporary South Asian 0-20 year olds in the Netherlands with: (1) The South Asian norm reference (secular trends); and (2) The WHO child growth standard and reference. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The BMI-for-age distribution of 6677 routine measurements of 3322 South Asian children, aged 0-20 years, was described with the LMS method and BMI z-scores...
March 2018: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534619/genetic-characterisation-of-19-autosomal-str-loci-in-a-population-sample-from-the-southeastern-anatolia-region-of-turkey
#9
Nazli Bozman, Cemal Gurkan, Huseyin Sevay, Damla Kanliada Demirdov, Filiz Ozbas-Gerceker
BACKGROUND: Southeastern Anatolia is the smallest, yet the most densely populated region among the seven major geographic constituents of Turkey. Situated in the Upper Mesopotamia, Southeastern Anatolia was also the northernmost extension of the Fertile Crescent, which is often considered as the earliest cradle of civilisation. AIM: To investigate the autosomal STR polymorphisms associated with a truly representative population sample pool from Southeastern Anatolia...
March 2018: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447003/a-study-on-the-genetic-polymorphisms-of-cyp3a5-among-the-orang-asli-in-malaysia-using-a-next-generation-sequencing-platform
#10
Geik Yong Ang, Choo Yee Yu, Richard Johari James, Aminuddin Ahmad, Thuhairah Abdul Rahman, Fadzilah Mohd Nor, Syahrul Azlin Shaari, Adzrool Idzwan Ismail, Lay Kek Teh, Mohd Zaki Salleh
BACKGROUND: CYP3A5 is the predominant sub-family of biotransformation enzymes in the liver and the genetic variations in CYP3A5 are an important determinant of inter-individual and inter-ethnic differences in CYP3A-mediated drug disposition and response. AIM: This study aims to investigate the genetic polymorphisms of CYP3A5 among the Orang Asli in Peninsular Malaysia using a next generation sequencing platform. METHODS: Genomic DNAs were extracted from blood samples of the three main Orang Asli tribes and whole-genome sequencing was performed...
March 2018: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316810/differential-human-growth-restudied
#11
Etienne Geraert
BACKGROUND: The study of differential growth in various animals suggests that a similar growth pattern occurs throughout the bilateral animals. This growth pattern is based on the assumption that a quadratic equation describes the relationship between two body measurements, yielding a quadratic parabola in a graphic presentation. AIM: Can human growth be studied by comparing body measurements? If the growth of one body part has a definite relation to the growth of another body part and if this relation can be expressed in a quadratic formula, then important conclusions can be reached...
March 2018: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307228/prevalence-of-vitamin-d-deficiency-and-its-associated-factors-among-the-urban-elderly-population-in-hyderabad-metropolitan-city-south-india
#12
Palla Suryanarayana, Nimmathota Arlappa, Vadakattu Sai Santhosh, Nagalla Balakrishna, Pondey Lakshmi Rajkumar, Undrajavarapu Prasad, Banavath Bhoja Raju, Kommula Shivakeseva, Kondru Divya Shoshanni, Madabushi Seshacharyulu, Jagjeevan Babu Geddam, Prabhakaran Sobhana Prasanthi, Rajendran Ananthan
BACKGROUND: Deficiency of vitamin D has been associated with various health conditions. However, vitamin D deficiency (VDD) and factors associated with VDD are not well studied, especially among the urban elderly population of India. AIM: To assess the prevalence of VDD and its associated factors among the urban free-living elderly population in Hyderabad. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 298 urban elderly (≥60 years) by adapting a random sampling procedure...
March 2018: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382285/dinucleotide-ca-n-tandem-repeats-on-the-human-x-chromosome-and-the-history-of-the-mediterranean-populations
#13
Josep Santamaría, Miguel M Álvarez-Álvarez, M Esther Esteban, Elies Ramon-Gurrea, Pedro Moral
BACKGROUND: Tandem repeats (STRs) are genomic markers of particular interest in forensic and population genetics. Most of the population data currently available correspond to the variation of STRs of forensic panels, which barely include dinucleotide tandem repeats. AIMS: The aim of the study is to test the usefulness of a battery of dinucleotide STRs on the X chromosome for population and forensic studies. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 672 individuals from 12 Mediterranean populations and two external references were analysed for 15 X-STR following the instructions of the commercial company and using control DNA from the CEPH centre whose sequences are published in GenBank...
February 2018: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382284/reconstructing-the-genetic-history-of-italians-new-insights-from-a-male-y-chromosome-perspective
#14
Viola Grugni, Alessandro Raveane, Francesca Mattioli, Vincenza Battaglia, Cinzia Sala, Daniela Toniolo, Luca Ferretti, Rita Gardella, Alessandro Achilli, Anna Olivieri, Antonio Torroni, Giuseppe Passarino, Ornella Semino
BACKGROUND: Due to its central and strategic position in Europe and in the Mediterranean Basin, the Italian Peninsula played a pivotal role in the first peopling of the European continent and has been a crossroad of peoples and cultures since then. AIM: This study aims to gain more information on the genetic structure of modern Italian populations and to shed light on the migration/expansion events that led to their formation. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: High resolution Y-chromosome variation analysis in 817 unrelated males from 10 informative areas of Italy was performed...
February 2018: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382283/mitochondrial-dna-structure-of-an-isolated-tunisian-berber-population-and-its-relationship-with-mediterranean-populations
#15
Nizar Ben Halim, Sana Hsouna, Khaled Lasram, Mariem Chargui, Laaroussi Khemira, Rachid Saidane, Sonia Abdelhak, Rym Kefi
BACKGROUND: Douiret is an isolated Berber population from South-Eastern Tunisia. The strong geographic and cultural isolation characterising this population might have contributed to remarkable endogamy and consanguinity, which were practiced for several centuries. AIM: The objective of this study is to evaluate the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) genetic structure of Douiret and to compare it to other Mediterranean populations with a special focus on major haplogroup T...
February 2018: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382282/enlarging-the-gene-geography-of-europe-and-the-mediterranean-area-to-str-loci-of-common-forensic-use-longitudinal-and-latitudinal-frequency-gradients
#16
Francesco Messina, Andrea Finocchio, Nejat Akar, Aphrodite Loutradis, Emmanuel I Michalodimitrakis, Radim Brdicka, Carla Jodice, Andrea Novelletto
BACKGROUND: Tetranucleotide Short Tandem Repeats (STRs) for human identification and common use in forensic cases have recently been used to address the population genetics of the North-Eastern Mediterranean area. However, to gain confidence in the inferences made using STRs, this kind of analysis should be challenged with changes in three main aspects of the data, i.e. the sizes of the samples, their distance across space and the genetic background from which they are drawn. AIM: To test the resilience of the gradients previously detected in the North-Eastern Mediterranean to the enlargement of the surveyed area and population set, using revised data...
February 2018: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382281/human-population-genetics-of-the-mediterranean
#17
David Comas, Donata Luiselli, Olga Rickards
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382280/the-genetic-landscape-of-mediterranean-north-african-populations-through-complete-mtdna-sequences
#18
Neus Font-Porterias, Neus Solé-Morata, Gerard Serra-Vidal, Asmahan Bekada, Karima Fadhlaoui-Zid, Pierre Zalloua, Francesc Calafell, David Comas
BACKGROUND: The genetic composition of human North African populations is an amalgam of different ancestral components coming from the Middle East, Europe, south-Saharan Africa and autochthonous to North Africa. This complex genetic pattern is the result of migrations and admixtures in the region since Palaeolithic times. AIMS: The objective of the present study is to refine knowledge of the population history of North African populations through the analysis of complete mitochondrial sequences...
February 2018: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382278/mediterranean-y-chromosome-2-0-why-the-y-in-the-mediterranean-is-still-relevant-in-the-postgenomic-era
#19
Maarten H D Larmuseau, Claudio Ottoni
CONTEXT: Due to its unique paternal inheritance, the Y-chromosome has been a highly popular marker among population geneticists for over two decades. Recently, the advent of cost-effective genome-wide methods has unlocked information-rich autosomal genomic data, paving the way to the postgenomic era. This seems to have announced the decreasing popularity of investigating Y-chromosome variation, which provides only the paternal perspective of human ancestries and is strongly influenced by genetic drift and social behaviour...
February 2018: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382277/mitochondrial-variability-in-the-mediterranean-area-a-complex-stage-for-human-migrations
#20
Flavio De Angelis, Gabriele Scorrano, Cristina Martínez-Labarga, Giuseppina Scano, Fabio Macciardi, Olga Rickards
CONTEXT: The Mediterranean area has always played a significant role in human dispersal due to the large number of migratory events contributing to shape the cultural features and the genetic pool of its populations. OBJECTIVE: This paper aims to review and diachronically describe the mitogenome variability in the Mediterranean population and the main demic diffusions that occurred in this area over time. METHODS: Frequency distributions of the leading mitochondrial haplogroups have been geographically and chronologically evaluated...
February 2018: Annals of Human Biology
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