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Annals of Human Biology

Wen Jiang, Chengyang Hu, Fengli Li, Xiaoguo Hua, Xiujun Zhang
CONTEXT: Sleep has been assessed as a risk factor for health consequences. Among adults, excessively longer and shorter sleep durations are associated with high blood pressure (BP), but knowledge of the association between sleep duration and high BP among adolescents is limited. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the associations between sleep duration and high BP in adolescents. METHODS: PubMed, Web of Science, and Cochrane databases were searched for eligible publications through November 20, 2017...
November 2, 2018: Annals of Human Biology
João P Duarte, João Valente-Dos-Santos, Daniela Costa, Manuel J Coelho-E-Silva, Dieter Deprez, Renaat Philippaerts, Matthieu Lenoir, Roel Vaeyens, Robert M Malina
The purpose of the study was to model the longitudinal development of knee extension (KE) and flexion (KF) strength in adolescent soccer players. A mixed-longitudinal sample composed of 67 soccer players aged 11.0-13.9 years at baseline was followed on three-to-five occasions over 5 years. Stature, body mass and several skinfold thicknesses were measured. Fat mass was estimated from skinfolds and fat-free mass (FFM) derived. Skeletal age was estimated with the TW2-RUS protocol. An isokinetic dynamometer was used to obtain peak torque of KE and KF from concentric assessments at an angular velocity of 180°/s...
October 31, 2018: Annals of Human Biology
Ana Carolina Reyes, Raquel Chaves, Adam D G Baxter-Jones, Olga Vasconcelos, Go Tani, José Maia
BACKGROUND: There is a renewed interest in longitudinal studies which link children's growth, motor and cognition development. This is important for both educational outcomes and identification of children who are at risk. AIM: To identify cross-sectional sex-differences. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In total, 1166 Portuguese children, aged 4-11 years, were recruited into the Growth, Motor Development and Cognition Study (GMDC-Vouzela study). Measures included: anthropometry, gestational development, motor coordination, cognitive performance, laterality, physical fitness, metabolic syndrome risk, lifestyle characteristics and environmental exposures...
October 17, 2018: Annals of Human Biology
Shayesteh Jahanfar
BACKGROUND: Genetic and environmental influences on anthropometric measures can be investigated by comparing dizygotic (DZ) versus monozygotic (MZ) twins. Investigating cohorts living in different geographical areas across the globe can identify the variation in heritability versus environment. AIM: 1) To investigate the association between birth weight and anthropometric measurements during adulthood; 2) to study the genetic and environmental influences on body measures including birth weight, weight, and height among twins; and 3) to assess the variation in heritability versus environment among two cohorts of twins who lived in different geographical areas...
October 17, 2018: Annals of Human Biology
Sławomir Kozieł, Elżbieta Żądzińska, Aleksandra Gomula
BACKGROUND: Maternal smoking during pregnancy has been recognised as a detrimental factor associated with adverse perinatal outcomes; however, to date there is a dearth of information on how it affects post-natal head growth and shape. AIM: To assess the relationship between parental smoking exposure during pregnancy and head dimensions and shape at age 7-10 years in boys and girls. METHODS: Body height and head length, breadth and circumference were measured...
October 17, 2018: Annals of Human Biology
Janusz Kwieciński, Jan M Konarski, Ryszard Strzelczyk, Magdalena Krzykała, Agata Konarska, Sylwia Bartkowiak, Vitor Lopes, Robert M Malina
BACKGROUND: Comparisons of physical fitness in normal weight and overweight/obese youth generally highlight the negative consequences of an elevated BMI. In contrast, several studies of children and adolescents highlight the importance of variation in indicators of physical fitness across the full spectrum of BMIs from low through high. AIM: The purpose of the study was to evaluate relationships between specific physical fitness items and the BMI among youth. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Height, weight and six physical fitness tests were measured in 1239 males and 903 females, aged 13-16 years; BMI (kg/m2 ) was calculated...
October 17, 2018: Annals of Human Biology
Wei Perng, Jonggyu Baek, Christina W Zhou, Alejandra Cantoral, Maria Martha Tellez-Rojo, Peter X K Song, Karen E Peterson
BACKGROUND: Early-life growth dynamics are associated with future health. Little is known regarding timing and magnitude of the infancy body mass index (BMI) peak with adiposity and metabolic biomarkers during adolescence. AIM: To examine associations of the infancy BMI peak with anthropometry and cardiometabolic risk during peripuberty. METHODS: Among 163 ELEMENT participants, this study estimated age and magnitude of the infancy BMI peak from eight anthropometric measurements from birth-36 months using Newton's Growth Models, an acceleration-based process model...
October 17, 2018: Annals of Human Biology
Varvara Yu Bakholdina, Alla A Movsesian, Marina A Negasheva
BACKGROUND: The length ratio of the second to the fourth finger (2D:4D) is a possible biomarker of prenatal sex hormone levels, which play a significant role in determining sex-related body traits. AIMS: To evaluate the value of the 2D:4D ratio in a Mordovian sample and to test the associations between the 2D:4D ratio and sexually dimorphic morphological traits, such as height and body weight, body mass index, waist and hip circumference, the waist-to-hip ratio, handgrip strength and the skinfold thickness...
October 17, 2018: Annals of Human Biology
Stacy Rosenbaum, Lee T Gettler, Thomas W McDade, Nikola M Belarmino, Christopher W Kuzawa
AIM: To determine if field-typical storage and collection conditions are related to salivary testosterone (T), cortisol (cort) and secretory immunoglobulin A (sIgA) as measured using commercially available kits. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This study assessed whether storage time (∼6 months to 1.5 years) at -35 °C impacted levels of the measured biomarkers (n = 10,247 samples). For a sub-set of T samples (n = 2954), we also evaluated the impact of collection conditions, such as time spent at room temperature in participants' homes (0-39 hours) and time spent in coolers (0...
October 16, 2018: Annals of Human Biology
Saujanya Karki, Jari Päkkilä, Marja-Liisa Laitala, Marja Ojaniemi, Vuokko Anttonen
BACKGROUND: There is a need for national- or ethnicity-specific growth reference values in developing countries like Nepal where rapid urbanisation and consequential nutritional transition is taking place. AIM: To establish national growth reference percentiles for anthropometric indices, and to propose body mass index (BMI) cut-off values for Nepalese schoolchildren. METHODS: This study comprised 1135 Nepalese schoolchildren of four World Health Organization (WHO) indexed age groups (5-, 6-, 12-, and 15-year-olds)...
October 15, 2018: Annals of Human Biology
Meredith Wilson, Zaneta Thayer
BACKGROUND: Human biologists have a longstanding interest in understanding the biological and health impacts of migration. Acculturation, the cultural adjustment that a group or individual experiences when previously separate cultures interact, has been found to be one pathway through which migration may impact human biology and health, not only for the migrants themselves, but also their descendants. AIM: The authors conducted a pilot study to examine the relationship between acculturation and perceived stress, self-esteem and depression among young Middle-Eastern American adults...
September 10, 2018: Annals of Human Biology
Simão Pinho, Cristina Padez, Licínio Manco
BACKGROUND: The highly polymorphic copy number variation (CNV) in the salivary amylase gene (AMY1) has been associated with obesity in different populations. However, some authors have failed to reproduce these findings. AIM: To investigate the association between AMY1 CNV and obesity in young adults of Portuguese origin. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This study evaluated AMY1 gene copy number (CN) in 262 individuals: 155 females and 107 males, aged 18-34 years-old (mean age = 21...
September 10, 2018: Annals of Human Biology
Hai-Xia Li, Dan Peng, Ying Wang, Ri-Ga Wu, Yin-Ming Zhang, Ran Li, Hong-Yu Sun
AIM: To evaluate the 23 autosomal short tandem repeat (STR) loci included in GoldenEye™ 25 A kit using forensic human identification and paternity testing. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In total, 3751 unrelated individuals from the Southern Chinese Han population were genotyped with the 5-dye GoldenEye™ 25 A multiplex amplification system. PCR products were separated using arrayed capillary electrophoresis. Allele frequencies and forensic parameters for the 23 autosomal STR loci were statistically analysed...
September 10, 2018: Annals of Human Biology
Melanie A Martin, Claudia Valeggia
BACKGROUND: Pubertal timing is in part mediated by environmental factors, with greater energy availability often associated with earlier or more rapid development. Many indigenous populations are undergoing socioeconomic change that may affect pubertal development and related health risks, necessitating fundamental longitudinal research on growth and development in these populations. AIM: Growth velocity and time to menarche among peri-urban indigenous Qom (Toba) girls in Argentina are described...
July 22, 2018: Annals of Human Biology
Sara Palomo-Díez, Ángel Esparza Arroyo, Mirian Tirado-Vizcaíno, Javier Velasco Vázquez, Ana María López-Parra, Cláudia Gomes, Carlos Baeza-Richer, Eduardo Arroyo-Pardo
BACKGROUND: This study relies on the discovery of two pit burials (LTA and LTB) of the Bronze Age Cogotas I archaeological culture (circa 3600-2950 BP) in Spain. LTA was a single burial and LTB contained three skeletal remains of two adults and a newborn or foetus at term. AIM: The central question posed by this find was whether the LTB tomb constituted a traditional nuclear family (father, mother and son or daughter). METHODS: Ancient and forensic DNA protocols were employed to obtain reliable results...
July 20, 2018: Annals of Human Biology
Jinkyung Cho, Inhwan Lee, Soohyun Park, Youngyun Jin, Donghyun Kim, Shinuk Kim, Hyunsik Kang
BACKGROUND: The association between physical activity (PA) and all-cause mortality may be modulated by potential confounders. AIM: To investigate the association between weekly PA and all-cause mortality in a population-based prospective study. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study sample included Korean older adults aged 60 years and older who participated in baseline assessments (n = 15 416) in 2008 and completed follow-up visits in 2011 (n = 14,976)...
July 16, 2018: Annals of Human Biology
Renato Robledo, Giuseppe Vona, Emanuele Sanna, Valeria Bachis, Carla Maria Calò
BACKGROUND: From the genetic viewpoint, Sardinia is well differentiated from other surrounding populations. In spite of a common ancestral origin, substantial genetic heterogeneity is observed within the island. Matrimonial pattern, as well as past migration movements, may account for the complex genetic structure of Sardinia. AIM: To compare data from uniparental markers in order to highlight the migration pattern of male and female lineages and check their congruence with the demographic data...
June 2018: Annals of Human Biology
Marek Brabec, Jere R Behrman, Susan D Emmett, Edward Gibson, Celeste Kidd, William Leonard, Mary E Penny, Steven T Piantadosi, Abhishek Sharma, Susan Tanner, Eduardo A Undurraga, Ricardo A Godoy
BACKGROUND: Seasons affect many social, economic, and biological outcomes, particularly in low-resource settings, and some studies suggest that birth season affects child growth. AIM: To study a predictor of stunting that has received limited attention: birth season. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This study uses cross-sectional data collected during 2008 in a low-resource society of horticulturists-foragers in the Bolivian Amazon, Tsimane'. It estimates the associations between birth months and height-for-age Z-scores (HAZ) for 562 girls and 546 boys separately, from birth until age 11 years or pre-puberty, which in this society occurs ∼13-14 years...
June 2018: Annals of Human Biology
Tim James Cole
BACKGROUND: The SITAR model expresses individual pubertal height growth in terms of mean size, peak height velocity (PHV) and age at PHV. AIM: To use SITAR to identify the optimal time interval between measurements to summarise individual pubertal height growth. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Heights in 3172 boys aged 9-19 years from Christ's Hospital School measured on 128 679 occasions (a median of 42 heights per boy) were analysed using the SITAR (SuperImposition by Translation And Rotation) mixed effects growth curve model, which estimates a mean curve and three subject-specific random effects...
June 2018: Annals of Human Biology
William Johnson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Annals of Human Biology
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