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Annali di Stomatologia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149454/splint-assisted-disc-plication-surgery
#1
Omar Sheikh, Greg Logan, Deepak Komath, Patrick Grossman, Peter Ayliffe
Chronic disc displacement may lead to long-term pain. Temporomandibular joint surgery is reserved for those patients whose symptoms remain severe despite conservative treatment. We looked at the of effect of modified meniscopexy on patients with chronic disc displacement without reduction who did not respond to non-surgical pain management treatment. In this retrospective study a total of 59 joints was treated and all patients except one underwent splint assisted bilateral meniscopexy: this patient had splint assisted unilateral meniscopexy...
July 2016: Annali di Stomatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149453/childhood-overweight-obesity-and-periodontal-diseases-is-there-a-real-correlation
#2
Gian Luca Sfasciotti, Roberta Marini, Andrea Pacifici, Gaetano Ierardo, Luciano Pacifici, Antonella Polimeni
OBJECTIVE: The association between obesity and periodontitis has been extensively investigated in adults but not in young people. The aim of this study was to examine the association between overweight-obesity and periodontal disease in pediatric subjects. METHODS: Controlled cross-sectional study involving 100 school children of both gender (50 M and 50 F) between 7 and 12 years of age (mean age 9,19±1,57). Two groups were formed based on Body Mass Index value: test group with BMI ≥ 25 Kg/m(2) and control group with BMI ≤ 24 Kg/m(2)...
July 2016: Annali di Stomatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149452/tmj-inferior-compartment-arthroplasty-procedure-through-a-25-year-follow-up-functional-arthroplasty
#3
Piero Cascone, Valerio Ramieri, Paolo Arangio, Valentino Vellone, Achille Tarsitano, Claudio Marchetti
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the outcomes of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) "functional arthroplasty" on the inferior compartment and disc reposition as a surgical treatment for internal derangement (ID). PATIENTS AND METHODS: By retrospective chart review, all patients who had TMJ surgery on the inferior compartment for TMJ ID from 1985 to 2010 were identified. Their charts were reviewed and subjective data as well as objective data was collected...
July 2016: Annali di Stomatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149451/access-to-oral-health-care-services-among-adults-with-learning-disabilities-a-scoping-review
#4
REVIEW
Mustafa Naseem, Altaf H Shah, Muhammad Faheem Khiyani, Zohaib Khurshid, Muhammad Sohail Zafar, Shabnam Gulzar, AlBandary H AlJameel, Hesham S Khalil
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of oral diseases including dental caries and periodontal conditions is remarkably higher in people with disabilities. The provision of accessible oral health services for people with learning disabilities may be challenging. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the review were to identify barriers in accessing oral health care that persists within society, enabling or disabling people with learning disabilities. METHODS: Using the Arksey O'Malley framework, a scoping review was conducted on PubMed/Medline, OVIDSP, and EMBASE...
July 2016: Annali di Stomatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149450/quantitative-volumetric-analysis-of-cross-linked-gutta-percha-obturators
#5
Carla Zogheib, Monique Hanna, Damiano Pasqualini, Alfred Naaman
AIM: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of technique on the filling quality of 2 recently introduced obturation systems comparatively with warm vertical compaction using micro-computed tomography. METHODS: 36 single-rooted teeth were selected, root canals prepared, and assigned to 3 groups (n=12), according to the filling technique: warm vertical compaction technique WVC, GuttaCore (Dentsply Tulsa Dental Specialties, Tulsa, OK) and Gutta Fusion (VDW, Germany)...
July 2016: Annali di Stomatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149449/protective-effects-of-a-zinc-hydroxyapatite-toothpaste-on-enamel-erosion-sem-study
#6
Marco Colombo, Riccardo Beltrami, Davide Rattalino, Maria Mirando, Marco Chiesa, Claudio Poggio
AIM: The aim of the present in vitro study was to evaluate the protective effects of a zinc-hydroxyapatite toothpaste against an erosive challenge produced by a soft drink (Coca-Cola) using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). METHODS: Forty specimens were assigned to 4 groups of 10 specimens each (group 1: no erosive challenge, no toothpaste treatment, group 2: erosive challenge, no toothpaste treatment, group 3: erosive challenge, fluoride toothpaste treatment, group 4: erosive challenge, zinc-hydroxyapatite toothpaste treatment)...
July 2016: Annali di Stomatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27512531/benchmarking-matching-color-in-composite-restorations
#7
Guido Migliau, Luca Piccoli, Laith Konstantinos Besharat, Umberto Romeo
The purpose of this study was to investigate the color samples (A2, A3 and B1) of three different brands of resin composites using dentine masses. 135 discs were prepared (5 plates for each thickness, color and brand of composite material). A colorimetric evaluation, using white and black background, was performed just after preparation. The color was measured corresponding to "Vita" scale and ΔL, Δa, Δb and ΔE values were calculated using a spectrophotometer. The results showed that Value, Chroma and Hue often differ even if the same commercial color and same thickness is used...
January 2016: Annali di Stomatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27486507/biomimetic-hydroxyapatite-used-in-the-treatment-of-periodontal-intrabony-pockets-clinical-and-radiological-analysis
#8
Michele Mario Figliuzzi, Amerigo Giudice, Settimia Pileggi, Francesco Scordamaglia, Massimo Marrelli, Marco Tatullo, Leonzio Fortunato
AIM: Hydroxyapatite (PA) has a chemical composition and physical structure very similar to natural bone and therefore it has been considered to be the ideal biomaterial able to ensure a biomimetic scaffold to use in bone tissue engineering. The aim of this study is to clinically test hydroxyapatite used as osteoconductive biomaterial in the treatment of periodontal bone defects. Clinical and radiological evaluations were conducted at 6, 12 and 18 months after the surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty patients with 2- and 3-wall intrabony pockets were enrolled in this study...
January 2016: Annali di Stomatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27486506/in-vitro-evaluation-of-carrier-based-obturation-technique-a-cbct-study
#9
Gianluca Gambarini, Lucila Piasecki, Giovanni Schianchi, Dario Di Nardo, Gabriele Miccoli, Dina Al Sudani, Roberto Di Giorgio, Luca Testarelli
AIM: The goal of the study was to compare the ability of two different carrier based obturation (CBO) techniques to reach working length and fill in three-dimensions root canal systems, by using CBCT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-six extracted molars were scanned with CBCT and 40 curved canals were selected (between 30° and 90°) and divided in two similar groups (n=20). All canals were prepared up to size 25 taper .06 using nickel-titanium instrumentation. The canals in the Group SC were obturated using Soft-Core obturators (Kerr, Romulus, Mi, USA), while Group TH canals (n= 20) were obturated using Thermafil Endodontic Obturators (Tulsa Dental Products, Tulsa, OK, USA), strictly following manufacturers' instructions for use...
January 2016: Annali di Stomatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27486505/fracture-resistance-of-endodontically-treated-teeth-restored-with-a-bulkfill-flowable-material-and-a-resin-composite
#10
Almira Isufi, Gianluca Plotino, Nicola Maria Grande, Pietro Ioppolo, Luca Testarelli, Rossella Bedini, Dina Al-Sudani, Gianluca Gambarini
AIM: To determine and compare the fracture resistance of endodontically treated teeth restored with a bulk fill flowable material (SDR) and a traditional resin composite. METHODS: Thirty maxillary and 30 mandibular first molars were selected based on similar dimensions. After cleaning, shaping and filling of the root canals and adhesive procedures, specimens were assigned to 3 subgroups for each tooth type (n=10): Group A: control group, including intact teeth; Group B: access cavities were restored with a traditional resin composite (EsthetX; Dentsply-Italy, Rome, Italy); Group C: access cavities were restored with a bulk fill flowable composite (SDR; Dentsply-Italy), except 1...
January 2016: Annali di Stomatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27486504/qualitative-evaluation-of-the-adesive-interface-between-lithium-disilicate-luting-composite-and-natural-tooth
#11
Nicola Mobilio, Alberto Fasiol, Santo Catapano
Aim of this work was to qualitatively evaluate the interface between tooth, luting composite and lithium disilicate surface using a scanning electron microscope (SEM). An extracted restoration-free human molar was stored in physiological solution until it was embedded in an autopolimerysing acrylic resin. A standard preparation for overlay was completed and after preparation an anatomic overlay was waxed on the tooth and then hot pressed using lithium disilicate ceramic. After cementation the sample was dissected and the section was analysed using an Automatic Micromet (Remet s...
January 2016: Annali di Stomatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26941900/endo-restorative-treatment-of-a-severly-discolored-upper-incisor-resolution-of-the-aesthetic-problem-through-componeer-veneering-system
#12
REVIEW
Guido Migliau, Laith Konstantinos Besharat, Afrah Ali Abdullah Sofan, Eshrak Ali Abdullah Sofan, Umberto Romeo
AIM: Re-establishing a patient's lost dental aesthetic appearance is one of the most important topics for contemporary dentistry. New treatment materials and methods have been coming on the scene, day by day, in order to achieve such an aim. Most dentists prefer more conservative and aesthetic approaches, such as direct or indirect veneer restorations, instead of full-ceramic crowns for anteriors where aesthetics is really important. The aim of the study is to evaluate clinically the effectiveness of a direct composite veneering system in resolving aesthetic problem of an upper incisor with a multidisciplinary treatment approach...
July 2015: Annali di Stomatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26941899/aesthetic-restoration-in-maxillo-mandibular-malformations-the-role-of-genioplasty
#13
Claudio Ungari, Emiliano Riccardi, Gabriele Reale, Alessandro Agrillo, Claudio Rinna, Valeria Mitro, Fabio Filiaci
AIM: The aim of this study was to determinate how orthognatic surgery aids to cure many skull and face abnormalities and to help re-establishing the correct occlusive relation thanks to the repositioning of the maxillo-mandibular skeleton basis. METHODS: The study included 183 male patients and 338 female patients, with an average age of 23 years. The sample series was divided according to specific pathologies. All patients underwent surgical procedures and the therapeutic strategy was determined based on the anomalies presented...
July 2015: Annali di Stomatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26941898/a-tooth-preparation-technique-in-fixed-prosthodontics-for-students-and-neophyte-dentists
#14
Daniele Rosella, Giancarlo Rosella, Edoardo Brauner, Piero Papi, Luca Piccoli, Giorgio Pompa
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate a novel technique of tooth preparation in fixed prosthodontics suitable for dental students and neophyte dentists. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-four dental students of the sixth-year class were recruited to verify the predicibility of this technique. Each student prepared two mandibular second premolars on a typodont for a dental crown with a 90° shoulder finishing line. One tooth was prepared using standard procedures taught in the prosthodontic dental course; the other tooth was prepared with the new technique...
July 2015: Annali di Stomatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26941897/the-gingival-stillman-s-clefts-histopathology-and-cellular-characteristics
#15
REVIEW
Maria Antonietta Cassini, Loredana Cerroni, Amedeo Ferlosio, Augusto Orlandi, Andrea Pilloni
AIM OF THE STUDY: Stillman's cleft is a mucogingival triangular-shaped defect on the buccal surface of a root with unknown etiology and pathogenesis. The aim of this study is to examine the Stillman's cleft obtained from excision during root coverage surgical procedures at an histopathological level. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Harvesting of cleft was obtained from two periodontally healthy patients with a scalpel and a bevel incision and then placed in a test tube with buffered solution to be processed for light microscopy...
July 2015: Annali di Stomatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26941896/preventive-strategies-in-oral-health-for-special-needs-patients
#16
REVIEW
Iole Vozza, Edoardo Cavallè, Denise Corridore, Francesca Ripari, Andrea Spota, Orlando Brugnoletti, Fabrizio Guerra
As regards to the most common oral disease in pediatric patients, intellectual disability is not a risk factor for caries disease itself, but it rather reduces the individual capability to self-care and therefore to his own oral care. Children suffering of systemic pathologies and/or with different stages of disability are to be considered at high risk for dental caries development. According to recent guidelines for oral health prevention in childhood, individual additional strategies for a preventive care should be applied for these patients...
July 2015: Annali di Stomatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26941895/a-rare-case-of-synovial-chondromatosis-of-the-inferior-tmj-compartment-diagnosis-and-treatment-aspect
#17
REVIEW
Davide Sozzi, Gabriele Bocchialini, Giorgio Novelli, Maria Gabriella Valente, Francesca Moltrasio, Alberto Bozzetti
AIM: Synovial Chondromatosis (SC) is a rare, benign non neoplastic arthopathy characterized by the metaplastic development of cartilaginous nodules within the synovial membrane. In only 3% of all cases does it affect the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and cases that arise from the lower compartment are rarely found in literature. The aim of this paper is to report a new case of SC of the inferior TMJ compartment with the description of the clinical, therapeutic and histopathological findings...
July 2015: Annali di Stomatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26941894/management-and-treatment-of-sinonasal-inverted-papilloma
#18
REVIEW
Claudio Ungari, Emiliano Riccardi, Gabriele Reale, Alessandro Agrillo, Claudio Rinna, Valeria Mitro, Fabio Filiaci
AIMS: The aim of this paper is to describe the surgical experience of 35 patients with Inverted Papilloma (IP) of paranasal sinuses and its recurrence rate after a year of follow-up. MATERIALS: A retrospective chart review was performed on patients presenting with IP of paranasal sinuses. Thirty-five patients comprised the focus of this study. For all patients was performed a pre-surgery TC, and for more 5 patients it was necessary to perform a Magnetic Resonance (MR) with gadolinium...
July 2015: Annali di Stomatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26941893/italian-recommendations-on-dental-support-in-the-treatment-of-adult-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-osas
#19
REVIEW
Luca Levrini, Franco Sacchi, Francesca Milano, Antonella Polimeni, Paolo Cozza, Edoardo Bernkopf, Marzia Segù, Marco Zucconi, Claudio Vicini, Enrico Brunello
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present article is to present a set of proposed clinical recommendations aimed at Italian dentists involved in the management of patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome or snoring. METHODS: With the purpose of creating a study group, some of the most important Italian scientific societies operating in fields relevant to the issue of sleep medicine in dentistry were asked to appoint a representative. Each member of the study group was required to answer questions regarding the clinical management of OSAS and snoring...
July 2015: Annali di Stomatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26941892/laser-assisted-treatment-of-dentinal-hypersensitivity-a-literature-review
#20
REVIEW
Roberto Biagi, Gianguido Cossellu, Michele Sarcina, Ilaria Tina Pizzamiglio, Giampietro Farronato
The purpose of this literature review was to evaluate the effectiveness of the laser-assisted treatment of dentinal hypersensitivity. A review with inclusion and exclusion criteria was performed from January 2009 to December 2014 with electronic data-bases: MedLine via PubMed, Science Direct and Cochrane Library. Research of paper magazines by hand was not considered. Forty-three articles were selected between literature reviews, in vitro studies, clinical trials, pilot and preliminary studies. The items were divided into laser-used groups for an accurate description, and then the reading of results into various typologies...
July 2015: Annali di Stomatologia
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