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Molecular Biology Reports

Olesya Yu Shoeva
The wheat TaMyc1 gene encodes for transcriptional factor (TF) with bHLH domain. The gene is expressed in purple wheat grains and activates transcription of the anthocyanin biosynthesis structural genes. To reveal the features of TaMyc1 regulation in wheat pericarp transcription start sites (TSS) were identified by 5' RACE mean and translation efficiency was predicted by in silico methods. Three alternative transcript variants of TaMyc1 differing by 5' leader sequence only were identified in purple pericarp...
March 19, 2018: Molecular Biology Reports
Davar Abedini, Sajad Rashidi Monfared
A primary mechanism for controlling the development of multicellular organisms is transcriptional regulation, which carried out by transcription factors (TFs) that recognize and bind to their binding sites on promoter region. The distance from translation start site, order, orientation, and spacing between cis elements are key factors in the concentration of active nuclear TFs and transcriptional regulation of target genes. In this study, overrepresented motifs in cold and pathogenesis responsive genes were scanned via Gibbs sampling method, this method is based on detection of overrepresented motifs by means of a stochastic optimization strategy that searches for all possible sets of short DNA segments...
March 17, 2018: Molecular Biology Reports
Lokesh K Narnoliya, Rajender S Sangwan, Sudhir P Singh
Rose-scented geranium (Pelargonium sp.) is widely known as aromatic and medicinal herb, accumulating specialized metabolites of high economic importance, such as essential oils, ascorbic acid, and tartaric acid. Ascorbic acid and tartaric acid are multifunctional metabolites of human value to be used as vital antioxidants and flavor enhancing agents in food products. No information is available related to the structural and functional properties of the enzymes involved in ascorbic acid and tartaric acid biosynthesis in rose-scented geranium...
March 15, 2018: Molecular Biology Reports
Régis Afonso Costa, Héctor N Seuánez
Neuroblastoma (NB) is the most common extracranial solid tumor in childhood. This malignancy shows a wide spectrum of clinical outcome and its prognosis is conditioned by manifold biological and genetic factors. We investigated the tumor genetic profile and clinical data of 29 patients with NB by multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) to assess therapeutic risk. In 18 of these tumors, MYCN status was assessed by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). Copy number variation was also determined for confirming MLPA findings in two 6p loci...
February 17, 2018: Molecular Biology Reports
Renato Caparroz, Amanda V Rocha, Gustavo S Cabanne, Pablo Tubaro, Alexandre Aleixo, Emily M Lemmon, Alan R Lemmon
At least four mitogenome arrangements occur in Passeriformes and differences among them are derived from an initial tandem duplication involving a segment containing the control region (CR), followed by loss or reduction of some parts of this segment. However, it is still unclear how often duplication events have occurred in this bird order. In this study, the mitogenomes from two species of Neotropical passerines (Sicalis olivascens and Lepidocolaptes angustirostris) with different gene arrangements were first determined...
February 17, 2018: Molecular Biology Reports
Rishi Mahajan, Sampan Attri, Kavita Sharma, Niharika Singh, Deepika Sharma, Gunjan Goel
Cost-effectiveness, quality, time-effectiveness and ease of the methodology are the most crucial factors in isolating quality DNA from wide variety of samples. Thus, research efforts focusing on the development of an efficient DNA extraction protocol is the need of the hour. The present study therefore, focuses on development of an efficient, rapid and free of inhibitory substances based methodology for extracting metagenomic DNA from diverse environmental samples viz. anaerobic biogas digesta, ruminant stomach, human feces, soil, and microbial starter cultures used for preparation of fermented food...
February 16, 2018: Molecular Biology Reports
Afrooz Rashnonejad, Gulinnaz Ercan, Cumhur Gunduz, Ali Akdemir, Yigit Ozer Tiftikcioglu
The differentiation potential of umbilical cord blood-derived mesenchymal stem cells (UCB-MSCs) into brown and white adipocytes in comparison to Adipose tissue derived MSCs (AD-MSCs) were investigated in order to characterize their potency for future cell therapies. MSCs were isolated from ten UCB samples and six liposuction materials. MSCs were differentiated into white and brown adipocytes after characterization by flow cytometry. Differentiated adipocytes were stained with Oil Red O and hematoxylin/eosin...
February 16, 2018: Molecular Biology Reports
Walftor Dumin, Michael Rostas, Christopher Winefield
Jasmonic acid (JA) is known to be an important phytohormone that orchestrates plant defence mechanisms against a range of herbivores and pathogens. Studies have suggested allene oxide synthase (AOS; E.C, the first committed step in JA biosynthesis, is essential for JA biosynthesis, yet clear evidence of its role as a biosynthetic regulatory point is lacking, in the main due to conflicting results derived from transgenic studies. However other studies lend support to a biosynthetic regulatory role for AOS...
February 9, 2018: Molecular Biology Reports
Radha Yadav, Om Prakash Verma, Jasdeep Chatrath Padaria
Drought is one of the prime abiotic stresses responsible for limiting agricultural productivity. A number of drought responsive genes have been isolated and functionally characterized but these studies have been restricted to a few model plant systems. Very few drought responsive genes have been reported till date from non model drought tolerant plants. The present study aimed at identifying differentially expressed genes from a drought tolerant, non-model plant, Ziziphus nummularia (Burm.f.) Wight & Arn. One month old seedlings of Z...
February 7, 2018: Molecular Biology Reports
Farman Ullah Farman, Mehwish Iqbal, Muhammad Azam, Muhammad Saeed
Dynamic positioning of nucleosomes is pivotal in determining level of genes expression especially on or around transcription start site (TSS) of a gene. Purpose of the current study was to determine nucleosome position around TSS of Rbl2/p130. We investigated Rbl2/p130 expression in connection to nucleosome positions around its TSS among breast tumors and their adjacent normal control tissues (ANCT) using micrococcal nuclease (MNAse) digestion assay and ChIP-PCR analysis. Three fold reduced Rbl2/p130 expression in these tumor tissues were noticed compared to their control tissues...
February 7, 2018: Molecular Biology Reports
Zohreh Mostafavi-Pour, Mohammad Reza Ashrafi, Tahereh Talaei-Khozani
Human Wharton's jelly mesenchymal stem cells (hWJSCs) are multipotent stem cells that could be aggregated into 3D spherules. ITGA4 and ITGA5 genes encode α4 and α5 subunits of integrins, respectively. In this study, we analyzed expression levels of ITGA4 and ITGA5 gene mRNAs in undifferentiated and 3D spherules forming hWJSCs in order to determine their expression pattern for possible future treatment of cancer cells in a co-culture fashion. For the purpose of obtaining hWJSCs, umbilical cords were collected from patients with caesarian section at full term delivery...
February 6, 2018: Molecular Biology Reports
Mathilde Latron, Jean-François Arnaud, Héloïse Ferla, Cécile Godé, Anne Duputié
Identifying spatial patterns of genetic differentiation across a species range is critical to set up conservation and restoration decision-making. This is especially timely, since global change triggers shifts in species' geographic distribution and in the geographical variation of mating system and patterns of genetic differentiation, with varying consequences at the trailing and leading edges of a species' distribution. Using 454 pyrosequencing, we developed nuclear microsatellite loci for two plant species showing a strictly coastal geographical distribution and contrasting range dynamics: the expanding rock samphire (Crithmum maritimum, 21 loci) and the highly endangered and receding dune pansy (Viola tricolor subsp...
February 5, 2018: Molecular Biology Reports
Daniel Cadena-Sandoval, Isidro Alemán-Ávila, Rosa Elda Barbosa-Cobos, Lizbeth Teresa Becerril-Mendoza, José Manuel Fragoso, Julián Ramírez-Bello
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Different genetic variants including the TNF -308G/A polymorphism are associated with RA susceptibility. However, these findings have not been replicated in all populations. The aim of this study was to determine whether the TNF -1031T/C (rs1799964), -376G/A (rs1800750), -308G/A (rs1800629) -238G/A (rs361525), and TNFR1 -609G/T polymorphisms are associated with RA susceptibility in a sample of Mexican patients...
February 5, 2018: Molecular Biology Reports
Safiye Merve Bostancioglu, Guzin Tombuloglu, Huseyin Tombuloglu
Developmental processes and stress-induction activate many key proteins in plants such as metacaspase which regulate programmed cell death (PCD). In this study, identification of barley metacaspases and their possible roles upon boron (B)-induction was investigated by using in silico and wet-lab methods. Genome-wide analysis revealed that barley genome harbor ten metacaspases which divided into three groups: Type-I, -I* and -II. Segmental and tandem duplication contributed their expansion. Metacaspase-specific catalytic residues (His and Cys) were found to be altered in HvMC1, 2, and 4, in which His exchanged to Meth or Ala, critical for their activity and substrate selectivity...
February 5, 2018: Molecular Biology Reports
Irem Dogan Turacli, Haldun Umudum, Arzu Pampal, Tuba Candar, Lara Kavasoglu, Yaren Sari
There is a growing body of evidence about metformin being effective in cancer therapy. Despite controversies about the ways of its effectiveness, several ongoing clinical trials are evaluating the drug when used as an adjuvant or a neo-adjuvant agent. We aimed to investigate metformin's effects on proliferation, metastasis, and hormone receptor expressions in breast cancer cell line MCF-7 incubated in two different glucose conditions. MCF-7 cells were incubated in high or low glucose media and treated with various doses of metformin...
February 3, 2018: Molecular Biology Reports
Amrita Singh, Navneet Singh, Digambar Behera, Siddharth Sharma
The DNA repair genes XRCC6 and XRCC7 formed an integral part of double strand break repair (DSBR) pathway. The two genes are thought to play an important role in the repair of lethal double strand damage on DNA. Polymorphic DSBR genes are studied to effect genomic stability. We intend to explore the association of DSBR genes i.e. XRCC6 and XRCC7 with susceptibility and survival in North Indian lung cancer patients. DNA isolation and genotyping was done for 320 controls and 330 lung cancer cases enrolled in the study...
February 3, 2018: Molecular Biology Reports
Qiong Lan, Jiangang Chen, Yuxin Guo, Tong Xie, Yating Fang, Xiaoye Jin, Wei Cui, Yongsong Zhou, Bofeng Zhu
In the present study, we calculated the allelic frequencies and forensic descriptive parameters of Hui ethnic minority on the basis of 21 short tandem repeat (STR) loci aiming at understanding population structure better and enriching population genetic database. Bloodstain samples of 506 unrelated healthy Hui individuals in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region were collected. Altogether 268 alleles were observed and the allelic frequencies ranged from 0.0010 to 0.5306. The combined power of discrimination and the cumulative probability of exclusion of the 21 STR loci in Hui ethnic minority were 0...
January 25, 2018: Molecular Biology Reports
Gabriela Angélica Martínez-Nava, Javier Fernández-Torres, Karina Martínez-Flores, Yessica Zamudio-Cuevas, Denise Clavijo-Cornejo, Rolando Espinosa-Morales, Carlos A Lozada, Marwin Gutierrez, Julio Granados, Carlos Pineda, Vicente Madrid-Marina, Alberto López-Reyes
Recent studies have identified AKNA as a potential susceptibility gene for several inflammatory diseases. Here, we aimed to assess the potential association of AKNA polymorphisms with knee osteoarthritis (KOA) susceptibility in a Mexican population, following STREGA recommendations. From a DNA bank of 181 KOA patients and 140 healthy controls, two AKNA SNPs were genotyped using TaqMan probes. The association between KOA susceptibility and AKNA polymorphisms genotypes was evaluated by multivariated logistic regression analysis...
January 24, 2018: Molecular Biology Reports
Humberto F Freitas, Acássia Benjamim Leal Pires, Marcelo S Castilho
Leishmaniasis, a neglected tropical disease, is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Of the three main clinical forms, cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is the most common and 40 million people are at risk in the endemic areas. Currently, the available drugs to fight leishmaniasis have high toxicity and poor efficiency. Then, it is very important to search for effective and safe drugs that would target essential enzymes from the parasite, such as lanosterol 14-alpha demethylase (CYP51, EC 1.14.13...
January 23, 2018: Molecular Biology Reports
Tarun Pal, Jibesh Kumar Padhan, Pawan Kumar, Hemant Sood, Rajinder S Chauhan
Swertia chirayita is a high-value medicinal herb exhibiting antidiabetic, hepatoprotective, anticancer, antiediematogenic and antipyretic properties. Scarcity of its plant material has necessitated in vitro production of therapeutic metabolites; however, their yields were low compared to field grown plants. Possible reasons for this could be differences in physiological and biochemical processes between plants grown in photoautotrophic versus photoheterotrophic modes of nutrition. Comparative transcriptomes of S...
January 18, 2018: Molecular Biology Reports
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