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Journal of Environmental Management

Alex Y Lo, Shuwen Liu
Many high-density cities struggle to find space for disposing municipal solid waste. Hong Kong is one of these cities, seeking to scale up waste recovery efforts as an alternative to disposal. However, territory-wide recovery initiatives do not account for socio-economic variations across place, leading to mixed outcomes among diverse communities. This study aims to investigate socio-economic effects on recycling behavior in a sample of subsidized rental housing estates. It constitutes an improvement from previous studies by using the entire estate as a unit of analysis and analyzing actual recycling outcomes, which have received limited attention from researchers...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
S R Geed, Sachin Prasad, M K Kureel, R S Singh, B N Rai
The isolated microbial Alcaligenes sp. S3 from the agricultural field was used for the biodegradation of synthetic wastewater containing atrazine. This study was conducted in an alternating aerobic-anoxic lab scale pilot plant. The performance of continuously operated pilot plant was evaluated in three different phases with varying atrazine concentration. The best performance of plant was observed in phase-II. The atrazine (200 mg/L) having COD value 1356 mg/L was used with varying flow rate and 90.56% COD removal was obtained at a flow rate of 300 mL/h on 122th day of operation...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
Elianny Domínguez-Tejo, Graciela Metternicht, Emma L Johnston, Luke Hedge
Sandy beaches are unique ecosystems increasingly exposed to human-induced pressures. Consistent with emerging frameworks promoting this holistic approach towards beach management, is the need to improve the integration of social data into management practices. This paper aims to increase understanding of links between demographics and community values and preferred beach activities, as key components of the social dimension of the beach environment. A mixed method approach was adopted to elucidate users' opinions on beach preferences and community values through a survey carried out in Manly Local Government Area in Sydney Harbour, Australia...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
Pouyan Ebrahimi, Javier Vilcáez
This research aimed to elucidate the effect of brine salinity and guar gum on the sorption and transport of Ba in dolomite rocks collected from the Arbuckle formation in Oklahoma, USA. Guar gum represents the most important organic additive used in viscosified fracturing fluids, and Ba constitutes the most common and abundant heavy metal found in unconventional oil and gas (UOG) wastewater. Batch experiments conducted using powdered dolomite rocks (500-600 μm particle size) revealed that at brine salinities of UOG wastewater, chloro-complexation reactions between Ba and Cl ions and pH changes that results from dolomite dissolution are the controlling factors of Ba sorption on dolomite...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
Rodrigo de Abreu Domingos, Fabiana Valéria da Fonseca
The oil refinery industry seeks solutions to reduce its water uptake and consumption by encouraging the reuse of internal streams and wastewater from treatment systems. After conventional treatment the petroleum refinery wastewater still contains a considerable quantity of recalcitrant organics and the adsorption on activated carbon is currently used in Brazilian refineries, although it is still expensive due to the difficulty of its regeneration. This study evaluated the use of adsorbent and ion exchange resins for the removal of organic matter from refinery wastewater after conventional treatment in order to verify its feasibility, applying successive resin regenerations and comparing the results with those obtained for activated carbon process...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
Daniel Walsh, Katherine Glass, Samantha Morris, Horace Zhang, Isabel McRae, Noel Anderson, Alysha Alfieri, Sara Perl Egendorf, Shana Holberton, Shahandeh Owrang, Zhongqi Cheng
Urban soil is an ongoing source for lead (Pb) and other pollutant exposure. Sources of clean soil that are locally-available, abundant and inexpensive are needed to place a protective cover layer over degraded urban soil to eliminate direct and indirect pollutant exposures. This study evaluates a novel sediment exchange program recently established in New York City (NYC Clean Soil Bank, CSB) and found that direct exchange of surplus sediment extracted from urban construction projects satisfies these criteria...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
Rong Hao, Jinliang Zhang, Peichao Wang, Ronggui Hu, Yantun Song, Yupeng Wu, Guohong Qiu
Water resources management is an important public concern. In this study, we examined the extent of sorption/desorption of trace pollutants to soil black carbon (BC) in the water level fluctuation zone (WLFZ) of the middle route of the South to North Water Transfer Project in China. In addition, we investigated the main management measures affecting these processes during the project. The results showed that the pseudo second-order model adequately describes the sorption/desorption of phenanthrene on the soil BC in the WLFZ...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
Xiaoyu Wang, Yuan Zhao, Xiaoxue Jiang, Lijun Liu, Xue Li, Huixian Li, Wenyan Liang
Plant polyphenol (PP), a natural polymer from the Larix gmelinii, was selected as the surfactant to synthesize Fe3 O4 . The Fe3 O4 -PP composite was prepared by in-situ self-assembly in solvothermal synthesis, and characterized using FE-SEM, TEM, XRD, FTIR, XPS, TGA, and VSM. The harvesting efficiency of Chlorella vulgaris was investigated under different parameters, including algal organic matter, dosage, and pH. The results showed that the core-shell sphere of Fe3 O4 -PP (∼150 nm) was coated by ∼50 nm PP with a saturated magnetization of 40...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
Sunhye Kim, Tae-Young Kim, Seung-Muk Yi, Jongbae Heo
The sources of different pollutants contributing to ambient fine particles (PM2.5 ) on Daebu Island, Korea, were estimated. Twenty four hour integrated filter samples were collected from May 21-November 1, 2016, and analyzed for organic carbon, elemental carbon, ions, and trace elements. Positive matrix factorization was conducted on the PM2.5 chemical speciation data from the samples to define the pathways and sources of PM2.5 at the sampling site. A total of 80 samples and 24 chemical species were used to run the model and a total of nine sources were identified: secondary sulfate (29...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
Vishnu Manirethan, Keyur Raval, Reju Rajan, Harsha Thaira, Raj Mohan Balakrishnan
The difficulty in removal of heavy metals at concentrations below 10 mg/L has led to the exploration of efficient adsorbents for removal of heavy metals. The adsorption capacity of biosynthesized melanin for Mercury (Hg(II)), Chromium (Cr(VI)), Lead (Pb(II)) and Copper (Cu(II)) was investigated at different operating conditions like pH, time, initial concentration and temperature. The heavy metals adsorption process was well illustrated by the Lagergren's pseudo-second-order kinetic model and the equilibrium data fitted excellently to Langmuir isotherm...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
Addison Jobe, Ajay Kalra, Elise Ibendahl
Growing populations and industrialized agriculture practices have eradicated much of the United States wetlands along river floodplains. One program available for the restoration of floodplains is the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP). The current research explores the effects CRP land change has on flooding zones, utilizing Flood Modeller and HEC-RAS. Flood Modeller is proven a viable tool for flood modeling within the United States when compared to HEC-RAS. Application of the software is used in the Nodaway River system located in the western halves of Iowa and Missouri to model effects of introducing new forest areas within the region...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
Joanna Kyzioł-Komosińska, Joanna Augustynowicz, Wojciech Lasek, Justyna Czupioł, Daniel Ociński
The present study focused on the use of the dry mass of the macrophyte Callitriche cophocarpa as an effective biosorbent for chromium removal from concentrated solutions, typical for industrial effluents. In order to evaluate the usability of C. cophocarpa as the Cr(III) sorbent, its detailed physicochemical characterization has been performed as well as the preliminary adsorption studies. The biosorbent was characterized by specific surface area (SSA), porosity, total organic carbon (TOC), inorganic content as well as the cation exchange capacity (CEC), dominant exchangeable cations and anion exchange capacity (AEC), point of zero charge (pHpzc ) and buffering capacity...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
Hossein Zanjanian, Hamid Abdolabadi, Mohammad Hossein Niksokhan, Amin Sarang
Allocating water to organizational stakeholders poses a vital challenge to water managers. Organizations which benefit from water as the primary factor input attempt to achieve their objectives using cost-effective and quick-return strategies, such as increasing the water rights. In such circumstances, lack of water probably results in the conflict. Recognizing the management approaches, organizational priorities, and the stakeholders' influence power can play a dominant role in analyzing the future of such conflicts...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
Zhaoyue Sun, Tianyuan Zheng, Jia Xin, Xilai Zheng, Rongting Hu, Fazle Subhan, Haibing Shao
Lignocellulosic agricultural residues were utilized as denitrification carbon substrates to improve the purification capacity of unsaturated soil and alleviate nitrate pollution of groundwater. In this study, corncob and wheat straw were treated by calcium hydroxide to improve biodegradability and enhance denitrification potential. Calcium hydroxide treatment decreased the contents of lignin (i.e., from 16.7 wt% to 15.2 wt% in corncob and from 21.9 wt% to 20.6 wt% in wheat straw), increased potential biodegradable carbon by 4...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
V Isoni, D Kumbang, P N Sharratt, H H Khoo
Aligned with Singapore's commitment to sustainable development and investment in renewable resources, cleaner energy and technology (Sustainable Singapore Blueprint), we report a techno-economic analysis of the biorefinery process in Southeast Asia. The considerations in this study provide an overview of the current and future challenges in the biomass-to-chemical processes with life-cycle thinking, linking the land used for agriculture and biomass to the levulinic acid production. 7-8 kg of lignocellulosic feedstock (glucan content 30-35 wt%) from agriculture residues empty fruit bunches (EFB) or rice straw (RS) can be processed to yield 1 kg of levulinic acid...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
Celia Munck, Elsa Thierry, Sarah Gräßle, Si Hui Chen, Adeline Su Yien Ting
The isolate Coriolopsis sp. (1c3) was cultured on muslin cloth to induce formation of filamentous biofilm. The biofilm and the free-mycelium forms (control) were then used to treat two triphenylmethane dyes; Cotton Blue (CB) and Crystal Violet (CV). The biofilm comprised primarily of a compact mass of mycelium while sparse mycelium network was detected in free-mycelium forms. Results revealed significant decolourization activities by filamentous biofilm of 1c3 for CB (79.6%) and CV (85.1%), compared to free-mycelium forms (72...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
Yong Liu, Qing Fan, Yanlan Liu, Jianlong Wang
In this paper, a zinc-iron-carbon nanotubes (Zn-Fe-CNTs) composite was prepared, characterized and used to develop a Fenton-like system of Zn-Fe-CNTs/O2 for the degradation of 4-chlorophenol (4-CP), in which H2 O2 was generated in situ from zinc-carbon galvanic cells and oxygen in aqueous solution was activated by iron attached on the surface of CNTs to produce ·OH radicals for the oxidation of 4-CP. The experimental results showed that the particles of Zn and Fe in Zn-Fe-CNTs composite were adhered to the surface of CNTs, which accelerated the electron transfer process...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
A González, J Norambuena-Contreras, L Storey, E Schlangen
The concept of self-healing asphalt mixtures by bitumen temperature increase has been used by researchers to create an asphalt mixture with crack-healing properties by microwave or induction heating. Metals, normally steel wool fibers (SWF), are added to asphalt mixtures prepared with virgin materials to absorb and conduct thermal energy. Metal shavings, a waste material from the metal industry, could be used to replace SWF. In addition, reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP) could be added to these mixtures to make a more sustainable road material...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
Edson Baltazar Estrada-Arriaga, Jesús Hernández-Romano, Liliana García-Sánchez, Rosa Angélica Guillén Garcés, Erick Obed Bahena-Bahena, Oscar Guadarrama-Pérez, Gabriela Eleonora Moeller Chavez
In this study, a continuous flow stack consisting of 40 individual air-cathode MFC units was used to determine the performance of stacked MFC during domestic wastewater treatment operated with unconnected individual MFC and in series and parallel configuration. The voltages obtained from individual MFC units were of 0.08-1.1 V at open circuit voltage, while in series connection, the maximum power and current density were 2500 mW/m2 and 500 mA/m2 (4.9 V), respectively. In parallel connection, the maximum power and current density was 5...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
Kelsey Smyth, Richard Vendramelli, Dan Dankewich, Qiuyan Yuan
The seasonal trends in standard wastewater parameters are studied for two lagoons in the Canadian Prairies; one facultative and one aerated with the purpose of better understanding the underlying biological mechanisms in place. In particular, treatment in a cold climate is examined as treatment efficiency and function vary with geographical latitude. It was found that during the winter season, nutrients are not removed and nutrient release is observed. At the arrival of spring, biological growth occurs leading to spring awakening of the lagoons whereby nutrients start to again be removed...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
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