journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Journal of Environmental Management

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331863/airborne-volatile-aromatic-hydrocarbons-at-an-urban-monitoring-station-in-korea-from-2013-to-2015
#1
Azmatullah Khan, Jan E Szulejko, Ki-Hyun Kim, Richard J C Brown
The concentrations of C6-C10 volatile aromatic hydrocarbons (AHCs) in air were measured at an urban air quality monitoring station in Jong-Ro, Seoul, Korea, between 2013 and 2015. Their temporal patterns (e.g., diurnal, intraweek, daily) were assessed individually and collectively as groups of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, styrene, and xylene (BTESX); total aliphatic hydrocarbon (TALHC: C2-C12); total aromatic hydrocarbon (TARHC: C6-C10); and total hydrocarbon (THC: C2-C12). The highest mean AHC concentrations over the 3-year study (in ppb (v/v)) were observed for toluene (6...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331854/trade-offs-between-forest-carbon-stocks-and-harvests-in-a-steady-state-a-multi-criteria-analysis
#2
Kim Pingoud, Tommi Ekholm, Risto Sievänen, Saija Huuskonen, Jari Hynynen
This paper provides a perspective for comparing trade-offs between harvested wood flows and forest carbon stocks with different forest management regimes. A constant management regime applied to a forest area with an even age-class distribution leads to a steady state, in which the annual harvest and carbon stocks remain constant over time. As both are desirable - carbon stocks for mitigating climate change and harvests for the economic use of wood and displacing fossil fuels - an ideal strategy should be chosen from a set of management regimes that are Pareto-optimal in the sense of multi-criteria decision-making...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331853/mobility-of-heavy-metals-in-sandy-soil-after-application-of-composts-produced-from-maize-straw-sewage-sludge-and-biochar
#3
K Gondek, M Mierzwa-Hersztek, M Kopeć
Studies on the availability of heavy metals in composted organic materials and in soil amended with these materials are of practical significance. They are used in the assessment of the purity of the soil environment and of the biological value of plants intended for human and animal consumption. Composting of organic materials has a significant effect on changes in mobile forms of heavy metals. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the effect of the addition of biochar and sewage sludge on (i) the contents of water soluble forms of Cu, Cd, Pb, and Zn in composts; and (ii) the contents of mobile forms of these elements in sandy soil after the addition of composts...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331852/no-time-to-waste-organic-waste-nanosizing-converts-remains-of-food-processing-into-refined-materials
#4
Sharoon Griffin, Muhammad Sarfraz, Verda Farida, Muhammad Jawad Nasim, Azubuike P Ebokaiwe, Cornelia M Keck, Claus Jacob
Modern food processing results in considerable amounts of side-products, such as grape seeds, walnut shells, spent coffee grounds, and harvested tomato plants. These materials are still rich in valuable and biologically active substances and therefore of interest from the perspective of waste management and "up-cycling". In contrast to traditional, often time consuming and low-value uses, such as vermicomposting and anaerobic digestion, the complete conversion into nanosuspensions unlocks considerable potentials of and new applications for such already spent organic materials without the need of extraction and without producing any additional waste...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331851/rhizospheric-microorganisms-as-a-solution-for-the-recovery-of-soils-contaminated-by-petroleum-a-review
#5
REVIEW
Jéssica Janzen Dos Santos, Leila Teresinha Maranho
Petroleum is currently the world's main energy source, and its demand is expected to increase in coming years. Its intense exploitation can lead to an increase in the number of environmental accidents, such as spills and leaks, and an increase in the generation of environmental liabilities resulting from refining. Due to its hydrophobic characteristics and slow process of biodegradation, petroleum can remain in the environment for a long time and its toxicity can cause a negative impact on both terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, with the main negative effects related to its carcinogenic potential for both animals and humans...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331627/use-of-interactive-data-visualization-in-multi-objective-forest-planning
#6
Arto Haara, Jouni Pykäläinen, Anne Tolvanen, Mikko Kurttila
Common to multi-objective forest planning situations is that they all require comparisons, searches and evaluation among decision alternatives. Through these actions, the decision maker can learn from the information presented and thus make well-justified decisions. Interactive data visualization is an evolving approach that supports learning and decision making in multidimensional decision problems and planning processes. Data visualization contributes the formation of mental image data and this process is further boosted by allowing interaction with the data...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331626/implicit-individual-discount-rate-in-china-a-contingent-valuation-study
#7
Hua Wang, Jie He
Two contingent valuation (CV) surveys were conducted in Kunming, China, to estimate households' willingness to pay (WTP) for the Panlong River rehabilitation project. The two surveys were conducted using the same procedures and questionnaires except for the payment schedule arrangements, which permitted a calculation of respondents' implicit discount rate. The surveys provided two estimates of WTP, one with a mean of 23 Yuan in monthly payment over 5 years and the other with a mean of 311 Yuan in a lump-sum payment that will cover all the expenses for a period of 5 years...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331625/proposing-priorities-of-intervention-for-the-recovery-of-native-fish-populations-using-hierarchical-ranking-of-environmental-and-exotic-species-impact
#8
V G Aschonitis, A Gavioli, M Lanzoni, E A Fano, C Feld, G Castaldelli
The freshwater populations of native fish species (Ns) have reached critical levels in many parts of the world due to combined habitat deterioration by human interventions and exotic fish species (Es) invasions. These alarming conditions require combined and well-designed interventions for restoring environmental quality and restricting Es invasion. The aim of the study is to propose a method to design spatially explicit priorities of intervention for the recovery of Ns populations in highly impacted freshwater systems by exotic multi-species invasion and water quality (WQ) degradation...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329005/costs-and-benefits-of-biogas-recovery-from-communal-anaerobic-digesters-treating-domestic-wastewater-evidence-from-peri-urban-zambia
#9
Jeannette Laramee, Sebastien Tilmans, Jennifer Davis
Communal anaerobic digesters (ADs) have been promoted as a waste-to-energy strategy that can provide sanitation and clean energy co-benefits. However, little empirical evidence is available regarding the performance of such systems in field conditions. This study assesses the wastewater treatment efficiency, energy production, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, and financial costs and benefits of communal ADs used for domestic wastewater treatment in Zambia. Primary data on the technical performance of 15 ADs were collected over a 6-month period and in-person interviews were conducted with heads of 120 households...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329004/contemporary-enzyme-based-technologies-for-bioremediation-a-review
#10
REVIEW
Babita Sharma, Arun Kumar Dangi, Pratyoosh Shukla
The persistent disposal of xenobiotic compounds like insecticides, pesticides, fertilizers, plastics and other hydrocarbon containing substances is the major source of environmental pollution which needs to be eliminated. Many contemporary remediation methods such as physical, chemical and biological are currently being used, but they are not sufficient to clean the environment. The enzyme based bioremediation is an easy, quick, eco-friendly and socially acceptable approach used for the bioremediation of these recalcitrant xenobiotic compounds from the natural environment...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329003/modified-forest-rotation-lengths-long-term-effects-on-landscape-scale-habitat-availability-for-specialized-species
#11
Jean-Michel Roberge, Karin Öhman, Tomas Lämås, Adam Felton, Thomas Ranius, Tomas Lundmark, Annika Nordin
We evaluated the long-term implications from modifying rotation lengths in production forests for four forest-reliant species with different habitat requirements. By combining simulations of forest development with habitat models, and accounting both for stand and landscape scale influences, we projected habitat availability over 150 years in a large Swedish landscape, using rotation lengths which are longer (+22% and +50%) and shorter (-22%) compared to current practices. In terms of mean habitat availability through time, species requiring older forest were affected positively by extended rotations, and negatively by shortened rotations...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324361/simultaneous-removal-of-atrazine-and-organic-matter-from-wastewater-using-anaerobic-moving-bed-biofilm-reactor-a-performance-analysis
#12
Zahra Derakhshan, Amir Hossein Mahvi, Mohammad Taghi Ghaneian, Seyed Mohammad Mazloomi, Mohammad Faramarzian, Mansooreh Dehghani, Hossein Fallahzadeh, Saeed Yousefinejad, Enayat Berizi, Mohammad Hassan Ehrampoush, Shima Bahrami
In this study, an anaerobic moving bed biofilm reactor (AMBBR) was designed to biodegrade atrazine under mesophilic (32 °C) condition and then it was evaluated for approximately 1 year. After biofilm formation, acclimation, and enrichment of microbial population within the bioreactor, the effect of various operation conditions such as changes in the concentration of influent atrazine and sucrose, hydraulic retention time (HRT), and salinity on the removal of atrazine and chemical oxygen demand (COD) were studied...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316471/assessment-of-sulfide-production-in-a-full-scale-wastewater-sludge-rising-main
#13
Rita Ventura Matos, Natércia Matias, Filipa Ferreira, João Santos Silva, José Saldanha Matos
Production and build-up of sulfide in wastewater systems, especially downstream of rising mains, may lead to severe odour nuisance, toxic environments and high risk of corrosion. Due to increased population migration towards cities and lower area availability for treatment facilities, rising mains for the conveyance of wastewater sludge are becoming more frequent, and research on sulfide build-up in such cases is needed. In this paper the findings of the work carried out in a full scale wastewater sludge rising main, operated during different seasons and under distinct conditions are presented (comprising both the start-up and normal operation stages of the facility)...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316470/approach-and-case-study-of-green-infrastructure-screening-analysis-for-urban-stormwater-control
#14
Timothy T Eaton
Urban stormwater control is an urgent concern in megacities where increased impervious surface has disrupted natural hydrology. Water managers are increasingly turning to more environmentally friendly ways of capturing stormwater, called Green Infrastructure (GI), to mitigate combined sewer overflow (CSO) that degrades local water quality. A rapid screening approach is described to evaluate how GI strategies can reduce the amount of stormwater runoff in a low-density residential watershed in New York City. Among multiple possible tools, the L-THIA LID online software package, using the SCS-CN method, was selected to estimate relative runoff reductions expected with different strategies in areas of different land uses in the watershed...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316469/numerical-research-on-the-effects-the-skyglow-could-have-in-phytochromes-and-rqe-photoreceptors-of-plants
#15
H A Solano-Lamphar, M Kocifaj
The increase of artificial light at night has a terrible impact on organisms with nightlife patterns such as a migration, nutrition, reproduction and collective interaction. Plants are not free from this issue as they have life cycle events occurring not only yearly but also daily. Such events relate to daytime variations with seasons in which the flowers of deciduous trees bloom and the leaves of certain trees fall off and change color. A response of plants to artificial light at night still remains poorly quantified; but recent scientific research suggest that skyglow can disturb plants processes...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316468/analyzing-potential-effects-of-migration-on-coastal-resource-conservation-in-southeastern-ghana
#16
Carina Goldbach, Achim Schlüter, Marie Fujitani
Coastal areas are under increasing pressure from rapid human population growth, yet empirical research on the effect of migration on coastal and marine resources is scarce. We contribute to this understudied literature by conducting an original household survey in a coastal region of Southeastern Ghana. This study employs two proxies for pro-environmental behavior that have not, to our knowledge, been used in the context of coastal migration, to explicitly compare migrant and non-migrant populations. Environmental attitudes toward coastal resources and individual extraction behavior in common-pool resource (CPR) experiments have shown broad relevance in the literature to understand natural resource decision making...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309969/management-strategies-for-coral-reefs-and-people-under-global-environmental-change-25-years-of-scientific-research
#17
REVIEW
Adrien Comte, Linwood H Pendleton
Coral reef ecosystems and the people who depend on them are increasingly exposed to the adverse effects of global environmental change (GEC), including increases in sea-surface temperature and ocean acidification. Managers and decision-makers need a better understanding of the options available for action in the face of these changes. We refine a typology of actions developed by Gattuso et al. (2015) that could serve in prioritizing strategies to deal with the impacts of GEC on reefs and people. Using the typology we refined, we investigate the scientific effort devoted to four types of management strategies: mitigate, protect, repair, adapt that we tie to the components of the chain of impact they affect: ecological vulnerability or social vulnerability...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309968/methanol-dispersed-of-ternary-fe3o4-%C3%AE-aps-graphene-oxide-based-nanohybrid-for-novel-removal-of-benzotriazole-from-aqueous-solution
#18
Tran Dinh Minh, Byeong-Kyu Lee, Minh-Tri Nguyen-Le
A novel nanohybrid: Fe3O4 coated with γ-APS polymer deposited on graphene oxide (F@γ-A/G), to remove an emergent heterocyclic contaminant benzotriazole (BTA) from solution. F@γ-A/G was synthesized in methanol-dispersion via aminosilanization under ultra-sonication. We newly found that F@γ-A/G crystallite lattice has a 2D triangular-network intersection with angle of 60° in three types of d311, d220 and d111 planes with different interplanar spacings. Textural characteristics did not affect BTA adsorption, which was desired at high temperature (40 °C), neutral solution (pH = 6) and controlled by endothermic process...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309967/changing-man-land-interrelations-in-china-s-farming-area-under-urbanization-and-its-implications-for-food-security
#19
Hualou Long, Dazhuan Ge, Yingnan Zhang, Shuangshuang Tu, Yi Qu, Li Ma
The Huang-Huai-Hai Plain (HHH) is typical of China's farming area, and was predicted as one of the fastest growing areas of urbanization in the world. Since the turn of the new millennium, construction land and farmland transitions in this region driven by rapid urbanization have resulted in dramatic loss of farmland, which triggered a serious threat to regional even national food security. In this paper, the coupling relationships between per capita construction land transition (PCCT) and per capita farmland transition (PCFT) in the HHH and their implications for regional food security are analyzed...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309966/piezometric-level-and-electrical-conductivity-spatiotemporal-monitoring-as-an-instrument-to-design-further-managed-aquifer-recharge-strategies-in-a-complex-estuarial-system-under-anthropogenic-pressure
#20
Victor Hugo R Coelho, Guillaume F Bertrand, Suzana M G L Montenegro, Anderson L R Paiva, Cristiano N Almeida, Carlos O Galvão, Luís Romero Barbosa, Larissa F D R Batista, Eduardo L G A Ferreira
Recife Metropolitan Region (RMR, NE Brazil) lies over a multi-layered aquifer system located in an estuarial area. The region has experienced fast population growth and repeated droughts in the last three decades, which led to unprecedented anthropogenic pressure on groundwater resources because of intense water pumping. Accordingly, scientific and stakeholder communities have been challenged to ensure the maintenance of sustainable groundwater resource by managing all water cycle. Because controlling pumping rates is difficult due to the large number of illegal wells, the Managed Aquifer Recharge (MAR) strategies are now under consideration...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
journal
journal
24252
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"