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Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU

Maria Grazia Piccioni, Lucia Riganelli, Valentina Filippi, Eliana Fuggetta, Vanessa Colagiovanni, Ludovica Imperiale, Jlenia Caccetta, Pierluigi Benedetti Panici, Maria Grazia Porpora
PURPOSE: To compare sonohysterosalpingography (sono-HSG) with foam instillation (HyFoSy) versus saline solution (HyCoSy) in the evaluation of tubal patency. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 37 infertile women, scheduled for laparoscopy. The women were randomized into two groups: HyFoSy (group I) and HyCoSy (group II). The patients of both groups underwent laparoscopy with dye test. We assessed the diagnostic performance (sensitivity, specificity, and overall accuracy) of HyFoSy and HyCoSy, compared with laparoscopy and dye test, in the assessment of tubal patency...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
Marianna Nardozza, Donato Mele, Roberto Ferrari
We report the case of a 67-year-old woman with a carcinoid tumor of midgut origin who developed carcinoid heart disease and died because of bowel perforation. Echocardiography allowed the diagnosis, recognizing the typical abnormalities of tricuspid and pulmonary valve leaflets. The sonographic examination also evidenced peculiar alterations of the right heart hemodynamics: end-diastolic reversal of flow at the level of the pulmonary valve, reduced respiratory excursion without enlargement of the inferior vena cava, and biphasic hepatic venous flow without respiratory variation...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
Seneesh Kumar Vikraman, Vipin Chandra, Bijoy Balakrishnan, Sunil Jaiman, Meenu Batra, Gopinathan Kannoly
The anatomic causes for fetal right atrial dilatation with tricuspid regurgitation include Ebstein anomaly, tricuspid dysplasia, unguarded tricuspid orifice, and Uhl anomaly. Unguarded tricuspid orifice is characterized by complete or partial agenesis of the tricuspid valvular and subvalvular structures. It is commonly associated with pulmonary atresia. Its prenatal diagnosis is usually associated with unfavorable prognosis. We present a prenatally diagnosed case of fetal unguarded tricuspid orifice with description of its diagnostic workup, along with a review of literature, to enhance the understanding of this rarely reported entity...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
Shu-Ya Tsai, Chih-Yi Hsu, Yi-Hong Chou, Yi-Chen Lai, Yung-Hui Lin, Hsin-Kai Wang, Hong-Jen Chiou, Jane Wang, Chui-Mei Tiu
Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is an uncommon neoplasm of mesenchymal origin, which can be benign or malignant. Most SFTs develop from the pleura, but they can also be found in other sites. There are only few reports of SFT occurring in the breast. We herein report such a rare case. Sonography demonstrated an ovoid lesion mimicking a fibroadenoma, whereas color Doppler imaging showed marked internal vascularity. A brief literature review on imaging features of SFTs is added. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Clin Ultrasound, 2016...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
Livija Sušić, Vedrana Baraban, Josip Vincelj, Lana Maričić, Jasmina Ćatić, Robert Blažeković, Spomenka Manojlović
Detection of an intracardiac mass always represents a clinical challenge. We present a 61-year-old female patient with symptoms of New York Heart Association class III. Two-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography revealed a hypoechogenic mass in the cavity of the dilated right ventricle (RV). Cardiac MRI described a pathologic structure of the RV free wall with pedunculated tumor in its cavity. Three months later, on a repeated echocardiography, there were three individual masses. The patient underwent surgery and the pathohistologic report demonstrated thrombotic masses...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
Julius Pochhammer, Stefanie Lang, Bettina Scuffi, Michael Schäffer, Constantin A Smaxwil
PURPOSE: Intraabdominal bleeding is a dreaded complication after laparoscopic transabdominal preperitoneal inguinal hernia repairs. Routine postoperative sonographic (US) examination and hemoglobin measurement have been suggested to identify bleeding after surgery. We retrospectively assessed the value of these tests. METHODS: A total of 995 consecutive patients admitted for laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair to a single teaching hospital were analyzed. US examinations were performed postoperatively on the operative day to identify intraabdominal bleeding...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
Julia L Savage, Katherine E Maturen, Erika L Mowers, Katherine B Pasque, Ashish P Wasnik, Vanessa K Dalton, Jason D Bell
PURPOSE: To assess the prospective sonographic diagnosis of molar pregnancy and compare sonographic features of complete versus partial molar pregnancy. METHODS: This institutional review board--approved retrospective chart review conducted between 2001 and 2011 identified 70 women with a histopathologic diagnosis of molar pregnancy and with available sonograms. Clinical data, images, and reports were reviewed, and features enumerated by radiologists blinded to the final diagnosis...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
Srinidhi J Meera, Tomo Ando, Daniel Pu, Shivaprasad Manjappa, Cynthia C Taub
PURPOSE: The left ventricle (LV) undergoes physiologic remodeling in adaptation to the hemodynamic changes that occur in pregnancy. Speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) is a novel and reliable tool to evaluate subtle myocardial alterations that have been utilized to assess myocardial changes in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) but not in patients with gestational DM (GDM). We seek to evaluate changes in LV function using STE in patients with GDM compared with women with normal pregnancy...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
Tara A Morgan, Amaya Basta, Roy A Filly
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to identify sonographic (US) findings that can assist in prenatal diagnosis of stomach-down left congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH), specifically related to positioning of the abdominal contents including the stomach, bladder, and gallbladder. METHODS: All US examinations with a postnatally confirmed diagnosis of stomach-down left CDH over a 13-year period were retrospectively reviewed for abnormal position of the abdominal contents, including whether the fetal stomach was in contact with the urinary bladder...
September 24, 2016: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
Hyungseop Kim, Jin Bae Lee, Jae-Hyeong Park, Byung-Su Yoo, Jang-Won Son, Dong Heon Yang, Bong-Ryeol Lee
PURPOSE: Bosentan reduces pulmonary arterial pressure and improves exercise capacity in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). However, there are limited data regarding the extent to which the changes in echocardiographic variables reflect improvements in exercise capacity. We aimed to assess the improvement of echocardiographic variables and exercise capacity after 6 months of bosentan treatment for PAH. METHODS: We performed a prospective study from June 2012 to June 2015 in seven participating medical centers...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
Sifa Turan, Joshua I Rosenbloom, Mostafa Hussein, Christoph Berg, Ulrich Gembruch, Ahmet A Baschat, Ozhan M Turan
PURPOSE: Fetal head and somatic growth dynamics differs in fetuses with congenital heart defects (CHD). We longitudinally characterized fetal head and somatic growth in relation to the type of CHD. METHODS: Four hundred eleven exams from isolated CHD were compared with 1,219 controls. Head and somatic growth was assessed using head circumference (HC), brain volume (BrV = 1/6 × π × (HC/π)3)/2), fetal cephalization index (FCI = BrV/[estimated fetal weight]), and growth percentile...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
Roberto Mogami, André de Almeida Vieira, Eduardo Alvarenga Junqueira Filho, Agnaldo José Lopes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 13, 2016: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
Ingrid Lai, Andrea Page, Fereshteh Hamidinia, Rose Rahmani
The canal of Nuck is a remnant of a peritoneal evagination associated with the round ligament in women. Rarely, the canal of Nuck can remain patent allowing for development of cysts. These cysts are difficult to diagnose due to their rare incidence and because they are often mistaken for other causes of inguinal pain in women. This case series of three women presenting with groin or labial masses highlights the role of sonography as the primary imaging modality in the diagnosis of canal of Nuck cysts. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc...
September 10, 2016: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
Christian Geannette, Theodore Miller, Gregory Saboeiro, Michael Parks
Patellar clunk syndrome is a painful mechanical phenomenon that may develop following total knee arthroplasty. The diagnosis is usually made clinically, but cross-sectional imaging may be needed to confirm the clinical suspicion. Sonographic confirmation of patellar clunk syndrome can be obtained by directly visualizing the soft tissue proliferation deep to the distal quadriceps tendon and by dynamically demonstrating the clunking tissue during flexion and extension of the knee. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc...
September 10, 2016: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
Claudia Blancafort, Betlem Graupera, Maria Àngela Pascual, Lourdes Hereter, Jean Laurent Browne, Maria Teresa Cusidó
Rudimentary horn pregnancy occurs in 1 in 76,000-150,000 pregnancies and causes uterine rupture in about 80% of cases. The use of three-dimensional transvaginal ultrasound seems to be useful for its early detection. We present a case of an 8-week pregnancy in a rudimentary horn, managed by laparoscopic excision. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Clin Ultrasound, 2016.
September 10, 2016: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
Paraskevas Brestas, Ioannis Protopsaltis, Charalampos Drossos
Selective compression neuropathy of the lateral branch of the deep peroneal nerve is rare. A 55-year-old woman with ankle instability and mild weakness of extension of the toes was examined with sonography (US), which revealed the presence of a ganglion cyst compressing selectively the lateral branch of the deep peroneal nerve. US-guided aspiration of the cyst resulted in nerve decompression and progressive resolution of symptoms. This case demonstrates the importance of examining the deep peroneal nerve and its branches when performing US in the clinical setting of ankle instability...
August 10, 2016: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
Joseph D Ostrem, Nicholas G Evanoff, Justin R Ryder, Julia Steinberger, Alan R Sinaiko, Katie L Bisch, Niklas M Brinck, Donald R Dengel
PURPOSE: During reactive hyperemia, the brachial artery in some individuals constricts prior to dilation. Our aim was to describe the frequency of high-flow-mediated constriction (H-FMC) in adults, and its relationship to body composition and biomarkers of cardiovascular and metabolic risk. METHODS: Two hundred forty-six adults (124 male, 122 female; 36 ± 7 years old) were assessed for H-FMC via sonographic imaging of the brachial artery. Blood pressure, glucose, insulin, lipids, and body composition assessed via dual energy X-ray absorptiometry were collected...
August 5, 2016: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
Sarah Crimmins, Sudhir Vashit, Lauren Doyle, Chris Harman, Ozhan Turan, Sifa Turan
A 27-week fetus evaluated for bradycardia and hydrops was found to have anti-SSA-negative 2° atrioventricular block and ventricular tachycardia. A presumptive diagnosis of fetal long QT syndrome was made. Transplacental pharmacotherapy with intravenous magnesium and lidocaine restored sinus rhythm. At 30 6/7 weeks, the infant was delivered due to premature labor. Despite postnatal treatment with mexiletine and propranolol, she developed torsades de pointes. Ultimately, a de novo KCNH2 G628S mutation was diagnosed...
August 5, 2016: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
ChunXiang Jin, ZhenZhen Hu, Yu He
Extracranial internal carotid artery aneurysms (EICAA) are rare and can elicit various neurologic symptoms. Here, we present a case of a saccular EICAA compressing its proximal parent internal carotid artery (ICA). Ultrasonography demonstrated the proximal ICA stenosis and the "tardus-parvus" Doppler waveform downstream. The patient underwent aneurysmectomy and graft interposition. The histologic analysis highly supported an atypical fibromuscular dysplasia. Although this patient only showed a neck mass, the reduced ipsilateral cerebral blood supply was a potential cause for neurologic symptoms...
August 5, 2016: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
Mert Turgal, Emine Aydin, Ozgur Ozyuncu
PURPOSE: To compare the effect of oral micronized progesterone (OMP) on the first-trimester fetal and placental volumes using three-dimensional ultrasonography and extended imaging virtual organ computer-aided analysis (XI VOCAL) method in threatened abortion. METHODS: This randomized controlled trial enrolled women with threatened abortion and a singleton pregnancy from 6-8 6/7 weeks of gestation. A total of 60 women with threatened abortion were randomly assigned to one of two groups: OMP (400 mg/day) (n = 30) and control groups (n = 30)...
August 2, 2016: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
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