journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Research in Veterinary Science

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628846/substance-p-and-the-neurokinin-1-receptor-expression-in-dog-ileum-with-and-without-inflammation
#1
Giulia Polidoro, Fiorella Giancola, Federico Fracassi, Marco Pietra, Giuliano Bettini, Martina Asti, Roberto Chiocchetti
In the gastrointestinal tract, the tachykinin Substance P (SP) is involved in motility, fluid and electrolyte secretion, and blood flow and regulation of immunoinflammatory response. SP exerts its biological activity on target cells by interacting mainly with the neurokinin-1 receptor (NK1R). The present study aims to quantify the percentage of SP-immunoreactive (SP-IR) enteric neurons and the density of SP-IR nerve fibers in the ileum of control dogs (CTRL-dogs; n=7) vs dogs with spontaneous ileal inflammation (INF-dogs; n=8)...
June 12, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628845/serum-antioxidant-capacity-and-oxidative-damage-in-clinical-and-subclinical-canine-ehrlichiosis
#2
Camila Peres Rubio, Zeki Yilmaz, Silvia Martínez-Subiela, Meric Kocaturk, Josefa Hernández-Ruiz, Ebru Yalcin, Asta Tvarijonaviciute, Damián Escribano, Jose Joaquín Ceron
The objective of this study was to evaluate and compare the antioxidant response and the products of oxidative damage analysed by various assays in clinical and subclinical canine monocytic ehrlichiosis (CME). For this purpose, four assays to measure the total serum antioxidant capacity (TAC), such as the cupric reducing antioxidant capacity (CUPRAC), ferric reducing ability of plasma (FRAP), trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity (TEAC) using acidic medium (TEACA), and the TEAC using the horseradish peroxidase (TEACH) were used...
June 12, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628844/serum-micrornas-in-buffalo-cows-potential-biomarkers-of-pregnancy
#3
Gabriella Guelfi, Valentina Stefanetti, Silvio De Luca, Andrea Giontella, Vittoria Lucia Barile, Olimpia Barbato
MiRNAs (microRNA) constitute a large family of single-stranded, non-coding small RNAs. Although the functions and target genes of most miRNAs are still unknown, it has been well established that they are involved in embryogenesis, organogenesis and neonatal birth. In recent decades, interest in buffalo breeding has largely increased worldwide thus focusing the attention on this species as a dairy purpose animal. Problems related to long calving interval, late puberty and seasonal anestrus hamper reproductive efficiency in this species...
June 4, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601035/effects-of-dietary-cla-supplementation-parity-and-different-concentrate-levels-before-calving-on-immunoglobulin-g1-g2-and-m-concentrations-in-dairy-cows
#4
Melanie Eger, Jana Horn, Jamal Hussen, Hans-Joachim Schuberth, Maria Scharf, Ulrich Meyer, Sven Dänicke, Hartwig Bostedt, Gerhard Breves
Peripartal dairy cows exhibit a higher susceptibility for infectious diseases, which might be linked to the negative energy balance occurring at the onset of lactation. A dietary supplementation of conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) may reduce milk fat yield and subsequently lower the energy deficit. The utilization of immunoglobulins (Ig) for colostrogenesis might impair humoral immunity in peripartal dairy cows; therefore this study investigated the effects of a CLA supplement, parity and different dietary energy levels on plasma and colostrum IgG1, IgG2 and IgM levels in dairy cows and their calves...
June 2, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595084/identification-of-peripheral-blood-involvement-in-dogs-with-large-b-cell-lymphoma-comparison-of-different-methods
#5
Fulvio Riondato, Valeria Martini, Alessia Poggi, Ilaria Massaglia, Stefano Comazzi, Antonio Borrelli, Barbara Miniscalco
Stage V lymphoma is defined as the presence of neoplastic cells in peripheral blood (PB), bone marrow, or any other non-lymphoid tissue. Still, official guidelines do not specify which technique should be used to assess infiltration. We assessed the agreement among flow cytometry (FC), blood smear evaluation, and ADVIA120 (LUC and BASO) to quantify PB infiltration in 100 dogs with large B-cell lymphoma (LBCL). Significant errors were found for all methods compared to FC. A moderate agreement was present between FC and blood smear evaluation, whereas LUC and BASO had excellent specificity but unsatisfactory sensitivity in detecting FC infiltrated PB samples...
May 31, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578219/identification-of-new-antigen-candidates-for-the-early-diagnosis-of-mycobacterium-avium-subsp-paratuberculosis-infection-in-goats
#6
Armel Souriau, Sandrine Freret, Benjamin Foret, Peter T J Willemsen, Douwe Bakker, Laurence A Guilloteau
Currently Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) infection is diagnosed through indirect tests based on the immune response induced by the infection. The antigens commonly used in IFN-γ release assays (IGRA) are purified protein derivative tuberculins (PPD). However, PPDs, lack both specificity (Sp) and sensitivity (Se) in the early phase of infection. This study investigated the potential of 16 MAP recombinant proteins and five lipids to elicit the release of IFN-γ in goats from herds with or without a history of paratuberculosis...
May 26, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601196/pilot-study-into-milk-haptoglobin-as-an-indicator-of-udder-health-in-heifers-after-calving
#7
P B A Simões, M Campbell, L Viora, J Gibbons, T E Geraghty, P D Eckersall, R N Zadoks
Mastitis, inflammation of the mammary gland, is often caused by intramammary infection with bacterial organisms. It impacts on dairy cattle welfare, production, udder health and longevity in the herd. Current detection methods for mammary inflammation and infection all have limitations, particularly for on-farm diagnosis of non-clinical mastitis after calving. Acute phase proteins have been suggested as alternative early indicators of the disease and can potentially be used as cow-side test with results in real time...
May 23, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554143/comparison-of-gene-expression-of-toll-like-receptors-and-cytokines-between-piau-and-commercial-line-landrace%C3%A3-large-white-crossbred-pigs-vaccinated-against-pasteurella-multocida-type-d
#8
Katiene Régia Silva Sousa, André Mauric Frossard Ribeiro, Waleska de Melo Ferreira Dantas, Leandro Licursi de Oliveira, Eliane Gasparino, Simone Eliza Facioni Guimarães
We aimed to compare Toll-like receptors (TLR) and cytokines expression in local Piau breed and a Commercial line (Landrace×Large White crossbred) pigs in response to vaccination against Pasteurella multocida type D. Seronegative gilts for Pasteurella multocida type D and Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae were used, from which peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) were collected in four time points (T0, T1, T2 and T3; before and after each vaccination dose). For bronchoalveolar lavage fluid cells (BALF), we set groups of vaccinated and unvaccinated animals for both genetic groups...
May 22, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577491/bluetongue-outbreaks-looking-for-effective-control-strategies-against-culicoides-vectors
#9
REVIEW
Giovanni Benelli, Luca Buttazzoni, Angelo Canale, Armando D'Andrea, Paola Del Serrone, Gavino Delrio, Cipriano Foxi, Susanna Mariani, Giovanni Savini, Chithravel Vadivalagan, Kadarkarai Murugan, Chiara Toniolo, Marcello Nicoletti, Mauro Serafini
Several arthropod-borne diseases are now rising with increasing impact and risks for public health, due to environmental changes and resistance to pesticides currently marketed. In addition to community surveillance programs and a careful management of herds, a next-generation of effective products is urgently needed to control the spread of these diseases, with special reference to arboviral ones. Natural product research can afford alternative solutions. Recently, a re-emerging of bluetongue disease is ongoing in Italy...
May 20, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544893/agreement-of-invasive-and-non-invasive-blood-pressure-measurements-in-anaesthetised-pigs-using-the-surgivet-v9203
#10
Philomena P Tuohy, Anthea L Raisis, Eleanor A Drynan
The automated oscillometric method is a common method for measuring blood pressure non-invasively and is broadly and confidently used in the veterinary setting. Twenty-one pigs undergoing anesthesia for exploratory laparotomy were enrolled in a study to evaluate the performance of the Surgivet V9203 non-invasive blood pressure (NIBP) monitor. The aim was to compare measurements of arterial blood pressure obtained simultaneously using the Surgivet V9203 oscillometric system and an intra-arterial catheter-transducer system, both at the level of the metatarsus...
May 19, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558359/large-scale-assessment-of-myxomatosis-prevalence-in-european-wild-rabbits-oryctolagus-cuniculus-60years-after-first-outbreak-in-spain
#11
Rafael Villafuerte, Francisca Castro, Esther Ramírez, Irene Cotilla, Francisco Parra, Miguel Delibes-Mateos, Pilar Recuerda, Carlos Rouco
Myxomatosis is a viral disease that affects European rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) worldwide. In Spain, populations of wild rabbits drastically decreased in the 1950s after the first outbreak of myxomatosis. Since that first appearance, it seems to be an annual epizootic in Spain with periodic outbreaks, predominantly in summer and autumn. Taking into account rabbit population structure, abundance, and genetic lineage, this paper attempts to make a large-scale characterization of myxomatosis seroprevalence based on the immune status of 29 rabbit populations distributed throughout Spain, where O...
May 18, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549300/evaluation-of-the-in-vitro-effect-of-boldo-and-meadowsweet-plant-extracts-on-the-expression-of-antimicrobial-peptides-and-inflammatory-markers-in-canine-keratinocytes
#12
Domenico Santoro, Kim Ahrens, Ryan Vesny, Christelle Navarro, Hugues Gatto, Rosanna Marsella
Dogs with allergies are prone to skin infections and treatments/preventatives to boost innate immune-defenses are beneficial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of Boldo and Meadowsweet extracts on the expression of β-defensins (cBD), cathelicidin (cCath), and pro-inflammatory cytokines in canine keratinocyte. This study had two phases. Phase I evaluated mRNA expression of cBD103 and cCath, and secretion of cCath, IL-8 and TNF-α by keratinocytes harvested from healthy (n=5) and atopic (n=5) age-matched beagles exposed to Boldo (2% to 0...
May 17, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535467/molecular-approaches-to-the-diagnosis-and-monitoring-of-production-diseases-in-pigs
#13
REVIEW
Timothy A Giles, Aouatif Belkhiri, Paul A Barrow, Neil Foster
Production disease in pigs is caused by a variety of different pathogens, mainly enteric and respiratory and can result in significant economic loss. Other factors such as stress, poor husbandry and nutrition can also contribute to an animal's susceptibility to disease. Molecular biomarkers of production disease could be of immense value by improving diagnosis and risk analysis to determine best practice with an impact on increased economic output and animal welfare. In addition to the use of multiplex PCR or microarrays to detect individual or mixed pathogens during infection, these technologies can also be used to monitor the host response to infection via gene expression...
May 17, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531807/high-post-natal-mortality-associated-with-defects-in-lung-maturation-and-reduced-adiposity-in-mice-with-gestational-exposure-to-high-fat-and-n-acetylcysteine
#14
Lyda Williams, Maureen J Charron, Rani S Sellers
Studies have demonstrated that maternal consumption of a high fat diet (HFD) increases offspring susceptibility to metabolic disease. This study was initiated to identify the mechanistic contribution of oxidative stress on this phenomenon. Two weeks prior to mating, dams were fed either HFD or Control diet with or without supplementation with the anti-oxidant N-acetylcysteine (NAC). Pups born to HFD dams had reduced crown rump length (CRL) at birth and higher neonatal mortality compared to pups from Control dams...
May 14, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527400/effects-of-combretastatin-a-4-phosphate-on-canine-normal-and-tumor-tissue-derived-endothelial-cells
#15
Yusuke Izumi, Keisuke Aoshima, Yuki Hoshino, Satoshi Takagi
Combretastatin A-4 phosphate (CA4P) selectively blocks tumor blood flow. However, the detailed mechanisms through which CA4P specifically affects tumor blood vessels are not well understood. Recent reports revealed that tumor tissue-derived endothelial cells (TECs) have various specific features in comparison with normal tissue-derived endothelial cells (NECs). Thus, abnormalities in TECs may be involved in the selective vascular blockade mechanism of CA4P. In this study, we evaluated the effects of CA4P on canine NECs and TECs using confocal microscopy...
May 13, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527399/the-effects-of-melamine-with-or-without-cyanuric-acid-on-immune-function-in-ovalbumin-sensitized-mice
#16
Rong H Yin, Qiao Dong, Hua S Li, Jing Yuan, Xi T Li, Rong L Yin, Wen Li, Wen C Wang, Bao S Liu, Xiao H Han, Ren F Wang, Xin Wang, Wen L Bai
Melamine is commonly used in the chemical industry, and it has been found to exist on food processing equipment and utensils. Previous investigations suggested that melamine alone or its combination with cyanuric acid appears to be toxic to immune system in animals. The objective of this study is to investigate the potential effects of melamine with or without cyanuric acid on immune function in ovalbumin- sensitized mice. Our data indicated that melamine-related administration caused a significant decreasing in the content of IL-4 in mice in comparison to negative control group...
May 13, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525837/differentially-expressed-jak-stat-signaling-pathway-genes-and-target-micrornas-in-the-spleen-of-necrotic-enteritis-afflicted-chicken-lines
#17
Anh Duc Truong, Deivendran Rengaraj, Yeojin Hong, Cong Thanh Hoang, Yeong Ho Hong, Hyun S Lillehoj
The JAK signal transducer and STAT signaling pathway is an important regulator of cell proliferation, differentiation, survival, motility, apoptosis, immune response, and development. In this study, we used RNA-Sequencing, qRT-PCR, and bioinformatics tools to investigate the differential expression of JAK-STAT pathway genes, their interactions, and regulators in the spleen of two genetically disparate chicken lines (Marek's disease-resistant line 6.3 and MD-susceptible line 7.2) induced necrotic enteritis (NE) disease by co-infection with Eimeria maxima and Clostridium perfringens...
May 13, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521256/antibody-detection-tests-improve-the-sensitivity-of-tuberculosis-diagnosis-in-cattle
#18
C Casal, J A Infantes, M A Risalde, A Díez-Guerrier, M Domínguez, I Moreno, B Romero, L de Juan, J L Sáez, R Juste, C Gortázar, L Domínguez, J Bezos
We evaluated the sensitivity (Se) of the single cervical intradermal tuberculin (SIT) test, two interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) assays and three different antibody detection techniques for bovine tuberculosis (bTB) diagnosis in 131 mixed beef breed cattle. The results of the diagnostic techniques performed over the whole herd, and over the animals confirmed as infected based on the presence of lesions compatible with the disease and/or M. bovis isolation were compared to determine apparent prevalence (AP) and Se...
May 11, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511131/genetic-diversity-and-phylogenetic-analysis-of-the-orf5-gene-of-prrsv-from-central-china
#19
Liujun Zhang, Yan Feng, Darren P Martin, Jing Chen, Sixu Ma, Pingan Xia, Gaiping Zhang
To more fully understand the genetic diversity and molecular epidemiology of prevailing porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) in Henan province of China, 112 full-length ORF5 gene sequences, originating from Henan province between 2006 and 2015, were subjected to sequence variation and phylogenetic analysis. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that all Henan isolates belonged to the Type 2 genotype and could be further divided into three subgroups. Subgroup 1 and 2 viruses predominated in Henan and subgroup 2 overtook subgroup 1 as the most prevalent PRRSV between 2006 and 2015...
May 11, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575801/evaluation-of-the-parasympathetic-tone-activity-pta-index-to-assess-the-analgesia-nociception-balance-in-anaesthetised-dogs
#20
Christelle Mansour, Tristan Merlin, Jeanne-Marie Bonnet-Garin, Rana Chaaya, Rita Mocci, Clara Conde Ruiz, Bernard Allaouchiche, Emmanuel Boselli, Stéphane Junot
The Parasympathetic Tone Activity (PTA) is an index based on the analysis of heart rate variability that has been recently developed to assess the analgesia/nociception balance in anaesthetised animals. The present study aimed to evaluate its performance in dogs undergoing surgery. Thirty dogs admitted for elective surgeries, were anaesthetised with a standardised protocol. PTA, heart rate (HR), systolic blood pressure (SBP) and HDR (defined as an increase by >20% in HR and/or SBP within 5min) were assessed at the following predefined time-points: TStSt (steady-state, after induction of anaesthesia and before start of surgery), TClamp (clamping of surgical drapes on the skin), TCut (cutaneous incision), TPrePTA (retrospectively assessed 1min before a PTA decline of at least 20%) and TEndIso (isoflurane discontinuation)...
May 10, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
journal
journal
24235
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"