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Physiotherapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529021/frail-older-adults-perceptions-of-an-in-hospital-structured-exercise-intervention
#1
Louise O'Hare, Eileen Savage, Ruth McCullagh, Eleanor Bantry White, Eilis Fitzgerald, Suzanne Timmons
BACKGROUND: Exercise interventions need to be assessed qualitatively to establish how people participate in and perceive the intervention and how interventions should be delivered for maximal effect. OBJECTIVES: To explore how frail older inpatients perceived the effects of a pilot augmented prescribed exercise programme (APEP). DESIGN: An interpretive phenomenological design using open-ended semi-structured interviews. Data were analysed using thematic content analysis...
April 24, 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884499/comparison-of-three-types-of-exercise-in-the-treatment-of-rotator-cuff-tendinopathy-shoulder-impingement-syndrome-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Stuart R Heron, Steve R Woby, Dave P Thompson
OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of three different exercise programmes in treating rotator cuff tendinopathy/shoulder impingement syndrome. DESIGN: Parallel group randomised clinical trial. SETTING: Two out-patient NHS physiotherapy departments in Manchester, United Kingdom. PARTICIPANTS: 120 patients with shoulder pain of at least three months duration. Pain was reproduced on stressing the rotator cuff and participants had full passive range of movement at the shoulder...
June 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665043/association-of-lower-quarter-y-balance-test-with-lower-extremity-injury-in-ncaa-division-1-athletes-an-independent-validation-study
#3
Alexis A Wright, Steven L Dischiavi, James M Smoliga, Jeffrey B Taylor, Eric J Hegedus
OBJECTIVES: To determine if the Lower Quarter Y-Balance Test (LQYBT) is predictive of lower extremity injury in NCAA Division 1 athletes. DESIGN: Prospective cohort, therapy. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred eighty-nine NCAA Division 1 athletes participated in the study and underwent a preparticipation screen that included the LQYBT. Maximal reach distances were recorded in each direction and normalized to leg length. A composite score was calculated by summing the three normalized reach distances and dividing by three times leg length...
June 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650298/musculoskeletal-services-in-primary-care-in-the-republic-of-ireland-an-insight-into-the-perspective-of-physiotherapists
#4
H P French, R Galvin
OBJECTIVES: With a shift in musculoskeletal physiotherapy from secondary to primary care in Ireland, this study aimed to explore physiotherapists' experiences of providing musculoskeletal physiotherapy in primary care to gain an insight into their changing roles, challenges in service delivery and continuing professional development (CPD) needs. DESIGN: Qualitative design using focus group interviews. SETTING: Primary care physiotherapy services in the Republic of Ireland...
June 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27641498/do-isometric-pull-down-exercises-increase-the-acromio-humeral-distance
#5
P Sealey, D Critchley
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of isometric shoulder extension in 90° shoulder flexion on the acromio-humeral distance, to establish the force required to achieve a clinically important increase in the acromio-humeral distance, and to investigate the practicality and reliability of real-time ultrasound measurement of the acromio-humeral distance in 90° shoulder forward flexion. DESIGN: Prospective single-group intervention. SETTING: King's College London, Guy's Campus...
June 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27641497/development-and-content-of-the-biopsychosocial-primary-care-intervention-back-on-track-for-a-subgroup-of-people-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#6
R M A van Erp, I P J Huijnen, A J A Köke, F E Abbink, M den Hollander, R J E M Smeets
Biopsychosocial interventions provided in multidisciplinary settings are promising for improving functional disability levels in patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP). These multidisciplinary biopsychosocial interventions mainly focus on cognitive-behavioural approaches that aim to change negative cognitions, emotions, behaviour, work and social factors. As some patients with CLBP treated in primary care settings also experience psychosocial factors that influence their level of disability, these patients may benefit from the provision of a biopsychosocial intervention in primary care...
June 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637736/effects-of-functional-taping-compared-with-sham-taping-and-minimal-intervention-on-pain-intensity-and-static-postural-control-for-patients-with-non-specific-chronic-low-back-pain-a-randomised-clinical-trial-protocol
#7
F J Jassi, T Del Antônio, R Moraes, S Z George, T C Chaves
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the immediate and 1-month effects of functional taping to lumbar spine for pain intensity and postural control in patients with chronic non-specific low back pain. DESIGN: Randomised clinical trial. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred and twenty participants aged 18 to 50 years. INTERVENTIONS: Participants will be allocated at random to receive one of three interventions: functional star-shape taping for 7 days, sham functional taping for 7 days or minimal intervention, one session...
June 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623385/the-association-between-dry-needling-induced-twitch-response-and-change-in-pain-and-muscle-function-in-patients-with-low-back-pain-a-quasi-experimental-study
#8
Shane L Koppenhaver, Michael J Walker, Charles Rettig, Joel Davis, Chenae Nelson, Jonathan Su, Cesar Fernández-de-Las-Peñas, Jeffrey J Hebert
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between dry needling-induced twitch response and change in pain, disability, nociceptive sensitivity, and lumbar multifidus muscle function, in patients with low back pain (LBP). DESIGN: Quasi-experimental study. SETTING: Department of Defense Academic Institution. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-six patients with mechanical LBP (38 men, 28 women, age: 41.3 [9.2] years). INTERVENTIONS: Dry needling treatment to the lumbar multifidus muscles between L3 and L5 bilaterally...
June 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27615515/video-game-based-exercises-for-older-people-with-chronic-low-back-pain-a-protocol-for-a-feasibility-randomised-controlled-trial-the-gameback-trial
#9
Joshua Robert Zadro, Debra Shirley, Milena Simic, Seyed Javad Mousavi, Dragana Ceprnja, Katherine Maka, Paulo Ferreira
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the feasibility of implementing a video-game exercise programme for older people with chronic low back pain (LBP). DESIGN: Single-centred single-blinded randomised controlled trial (RCT). SETTING: Physiotherapy outpatient department in a public hospital in Western Sydney, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: We will recruit 60 participants over 55 years old with chronic LBP from the waiting list. INTERVENTIONS: Participants will be randomised to receive video-game exercise (n=30) or to remain on the waiting list (n=30) for 8 weeks, with follow up at 3 and 6 months...
June 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613081/exploring-peer-mentoring-for-community-dwelling-older-adults-with-chronic-low-back-pain-a-qualitative-study
#10
Kay Cooper, Patricia Schofield, Susan Klein, Blair H Smith, Llinos M Jehu
OBJECTIVES: To explore the perceptions of patients, physiotherapists, and potential peer mentors on the topic of peer-mentoring for self-management of chronic low back pain following discharge from physiotherapy. DESIGN: Exploratory, qualitative study. PARTICIPANTS: Twelve patients, 11 potential peer mentors and 13 physiotherapists recruited from physiotherapy departments and community locations in one health board area of the UK. INTERVENTIONS: Semi-structured interviews and focus groups...
June 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27567344/development-and-initial-validation-of-the-bristol-impact-of-hypermobility-questionnaire
#11
S Palmer, F Cramp, R Lewis, G Gould, E M Clark
OBJECTIVES: Stage 1 - to identify the impact of joint hypermobility syndrome (JHS) on adults; Stage 2 - to develop a questionnaire to assess the impact of JHS; and Stage 3 - to undertake item reduction and establish the questionnaire's concurrent validity. DESIGN: A mixed methods study employing qualitative focus groups and interviews (Stage 1); a working group of patients, clinicians and researchers, and 'think aloud' interviews (Stage 2); and quantitative analysis of questionnaire responses (Stage 3)...
June 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27156704/physiotherapy-for-plantar-fasciitis-a-uk-wide-survey-of-current-practice
#12
Rob Grieve, Shea Palmer
OBJECTIVES: To identify how United Kingdom (UK) physiotherapists currently diagnose, assess and manage plantar fasciitis in routine practice. DESIGN: Online questionnaire survey. PARTICIPANTS: Practising physiotherapists across the UK who treat patients with plantar fasciitis. METHODS: Physiotherapists were approached via 'interactive Chartered Society of Physiotherapy (CSP)' online networks and an email database of clinical educators in South West England...
June 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27112096/does-treatment-by-a-specialist-physiotherapist-change-pain-and-function-in-young-adults-with-symptoms-from-femoroacetabular-impingement-a-pilot-project-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
Alison Smeatham, Roy Powell, Sarah Moore, Rohan Chauhan, Matthew Wilson
AIM: Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) is recognised as a source of hip pain but the effect of conservative treatment remains untested. This pilot study aimed to inform and evaluate the methods required to conduct a substantive trial comparing the effect of treatment by a physiotherapist versus routine care on the symptoms of FAI. DESIGN: A parallel group, pilot randomised controlled trial (RCT). SETTING: A single NHS acute hospital trust, Devon, England...
June 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986277/relationship-between-foot-pain-muscle-strength-and-size-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Penelope J Latey, Joshua Burns, Claire E Hiller, Elizabeth J Nightingale
BACKGROUND: Foot pain is common and disabling and thought to be associated with muscle weakness. Understanding the relationship between pain and weakness may help identify effective treatment targets. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a systematic review to evaluate the relationship between foot pain and foot muscle weakness, or muscle size as a proxy for weakness. DATA SOURCES: Electronic databases and reference lists were searched for all years to April 2015...
March 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931870/effects-of-early-mobilisation-in-patients-after-cardiac-surgery-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
P M Ramos Dos Santos, N Aquaroni Ricci, É Aparecida Bordignon Suster, D de Moraes Paisani, L Dias Chiavegato
BACKGROUND: Early mobilisation is prescribed after cardiac surgery to prevent postoperative complications, decrease length of hospital stay, and augment return to daily activities. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the evidence for the effects of early mobilisation in patients after cardiac surgery on length of hospital stay, functional capacity and postoperative complications. DATA SOURCES: The data sources used were Medline, Embase, CINAHL, PEDro, Web of Science and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials...
March 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27667760/the-assessment-of-abdominal-and-multifidus-muscles-and-their-role-in-physical-function-in-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
W A Cuellar, A Wilson, C L Blizzard, P Otahal, M L Callisaya, G Jones, J A Hides, T M Winzenberg
BACKGROUND: Age-related changes in the trunk (abdominal and lumbar multifidus) muscles and their impact on physical function of older adults are not clearly understood. OBJECTIVES: To systematically summarise studies of these trunk muscles in older adults. DATA SOURCES: Cochrane Library, Pubmed, EMBASE and CINAHL were searched using terms for abdominal and MF muscles and measurement methods. STUDY SELECTION: Two reviewers independently assessed studies and included those reporting measurements of abdominal muscles and/or MF by ultrasound, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging or electromyography of adults aged ≥50 years...
March 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27641499/natural-history-of-frozen-shoulder-fact-or-fiction-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
C K Wong, W N Levine, K Deo, R S Kesting, E A Mercer, G A Schram, B L Strang
BACKGROUND: In 1940s, it was proposed that frozen shoulder progresses through a self-limiting natural history of painful, stiff and recovery phases, leading to full recovery without treatment. However, clinical evidence of persistent limitations lasting for years contradicts this assumption. OBJECTIVES: To assess evidence for the natural history theory of frozen shoulder by examining: (1) progression through recovery phases, and (2) full resolution without treatment...
March 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27095482/psychologically-informed-physiotherapy-for-chronic-pain-patient-experiences-of-treatment-and-therapeutic-process
#18
S Wilson, N Chaloner, M Osborn, J Gauntlett-Gilbert
OBJECTIVES: Psychologically informed physiotherapy is used widely with patients with chronic pain. This study aimed to investigate patients' beliefs about, and experiences of, this type of treatment, and helpful and unhelpful experiences. DESIGN: A qualitative study using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis of semi-structured interviews. PARTICIPANTS: Participants (n=8) were recruited within a national specialist pain centre following a residential pain management programme including 2...
March 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27083323/venous-flow-during-manual-lymphatic-drainage-applied-to-different-regions-of-the-lower-extremity-in-people-with-and-without-chronic-venous-insufficiency-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
R S S Crisóstomo, M S Candeias, P A S Armada-da-Silva
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of manual lymphatic drainage (MLD) on venous flow when applied to the medial and lateral aspects of the thigh and leg in patients with chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) and healthy subjects. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Participants were assessed in a school-based health community attendant service. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-seven subjects participated in this study {mean age: 43 [standard deviation (SD) 14] years, 38 women and 19 men}...
March 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27036613/prevalence-and-impact-of-urinary-incontinence-in-men-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-questionnaire-survey
#20
A T Burge, A L Lee, C Kein, B M Button, M S Sherburn, B Miller, A E Holland
OBJECTIVES: To identify urinary incontinence and its impact on men with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and men without lung disease. DESIGN: Prospective questionnaire study. SETTING: Outpatients attending a public metropolitan hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Men with COPD (n=49) and age-matched men without lung disease (n=36). INTERVENTIONS: Validated questionnaires to identify the prevalence and impact of urinary incontinence...
March 2017: Physiotherapy
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