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Physiotherapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917522/does-physical-activity-change-following-hip-and-knee-replacement-matched-case-control-study-evaluating-physical-activity-scale-for-the-elderly-data-from-the-osteoarthritis-initiative
#1
T O Smith, M Mansfield, J Dainty, G Hilton, C J V Mann, C M Sackley
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether physical activity measured using the Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly (PASE), changes during the initial 24 months post-total hip (THR) or knee replacement (TKR), and how this compares to a matched non-arthroplasty cohort. DESIGN: Case-controlled study analysis of a prospectively collected dataset. SETTING: USA community-based. PARTICIPANTS: 116 people post-THR, 105 people post-TKR compared to 663 people who had not undergone THR or TKR, or had hip or knee osteoarthritis...
September 13, 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935227/physiotherapy-education-and-training-prior-to-upper-abdominal-surgery-is-memorable-and-has-high-treatment-fidelity-a-nested-mixed-methods-randomised-controlled-study
#2
Ianthe Boden, Doa El-Ansary, Nadia Zalucki, Iain K Robertson, Laura Browning, Elizabeth H Skinner, Linda Denehy
OBJECTIVES: To (1) assess memorability and treatment fidelity of pre-operative physiotherapy education prior to elective upper abdominal surgery and, (2) to explore patient opinions on pre-operative education. DESIGN: Mixed-methods analysis of a convenience sample within a larger parallel-group, double-blinded, randomised controlled trial with concealed allocation and intention-to-treat analysis. SETTING: Tertiary Australian hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-nine patients having upper abdominal surgery attending pre-admission clinic within six-weeks of surgery...
September 1, 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969859/effects-of-acute-use-of-pursed-lips-breathing-during-exercise-in-patients-with-copd-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Anamaria Fleig Mayer, Manuela Karloh, Karoliny Dos Santos, Cintia Laura Pereira de Araujo, Aline Almeida Gulart
BACKGROUND: Pursed-lips breathing (PLB) is a ventilatory strategy frequently adopted spontaneously by patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) to relieve dyspnoea, and its practice is widely taught as a respiratory strategy to increase exercise tolerance. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of acute use of PLB in exercise performance, dyspnoea, ventilatory parameters and oxygen saturation during exercise in patients with COPD. DATA SOURCES: PEDro, EMBASE, MEDLINE via OVID, and EBSCO up to May 2016...
August 31, 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964524/advanced-musculoskeletal-physiotherapists-in-post-arthroplasty-review-clinics-a-state-wide-implementation-program-evaluation
#4
Paula Harding, Angela Burge, Kerrie Walter, Bridget Shaw, Carolyn Page, Uyen Phan, Desiree Terrill, Susan Liew
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate outcomes following a state-wide implementation of post arthroplasty review (PAR) clinics for patients following total hip and knee arthroplasty, led by advanced musculoskeletal physiotherapists in collaboration with orthopaedic specialists. DESIGN AND SETTING: A prospective observational study analysed data collected by 10 implementation sites (five metropolitan and five regional/rural centres) between September 2014 and June 2015. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The Victorian Innovation and Reform Impact Assessment Framework was used to assess efficiency, effectiveness (access to care, safety and quality, workforce capacity, utilisation of skill sets, patient and workforce satisfaction) and sustainability (stakeholder engagement, succession planning and availability of ongoing funding)...
August 30, 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927671/quality-language-subdiscipline-and-promotion-were-associated-with-article-accesses-on-physiotherapy-evidence-database-pedro
#5
Tiê P Yamato, Mohit Arora, Matthew L Stevens, Mark R Elkins, Anne M Moseley
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the relationship between the number of times articles are accessed on the Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) and the article characteristics. A secondary aim was to examine the relationship between accesses and the number of citations of articles. METHOD: The study was conducted to derive prediction models for the number of accesses of articles indexed on PEDro from factors that may influence an article's accesses. All articles available on PEDro from August 2014 to January 2015 were included...
August 12, 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967440/effects-of-pulmonary-rehabilitation-on-exercise-capacity-and-disease-impact-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-obesity
#6
J Broderick, C Mc Grath, K Cullen, D Talbot, J Gilmor, M Baily-Scanlan, T O'Dwyer
OBJECTIVES: To explore the influence of obesity on outcomes of exercise capacity and disease impact in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in response to pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) and to compare outcomes to those of normal weight and overweight counterparts. DESIGN: Secondary data analysis of clinical database. SETTING: St. James's Hospital, Dublin, Ireland. PARTICIPANTS: 155 participants with a primary diagnosis of COPD who completed a PR programme between 2012 and 2014...
August 10, 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947078/effect-of-localised-vibration-on-muscle-strength-in-healthy-adults-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
A H Alghadir, S Anwer, H Zafar, Z A Iqbal
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of local vibration on muscle strength in healthy adults. DATA SOURCES: The electronic databases PubMed, CINAHL, Scopus and Web of Science were searched using a combination of the following keywords: vibration, vibration therapy, power, maximal voluntary contraction, performance, rate of force development and vibratory exercise. In addition, the Medical Subject Headings 'vibration', 'strength' and 'exercise' were used. The bibliographical search was limited to articles published in English...
August 6, 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843450/symptoms-of-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-myalgic-encephalopathy-are-not-determined-by-activity-pacing-when-measured-by-the-chronic-pain-coping-inventory
#8
D P Thompson, D Antcliff, S R Woby
OBJECTIVES: Chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalopathy (CFS/ME) is a chronic illness which can cause significant fatigue, pain and disability. Activity pacing is frequently advocated as a beneficial coping strategy, however, it is unclear whether pacing is significantly associated with symptoms in people with CFS/ME. The first aim of this study was therefore to explore the cross-sectional associations between pacing and levels of pain, disability and fatigue. The second aim was to explore whether changes in activity pacing following participation in a symptom management programme were related to changes in clinical outcomes...
August 4, 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947079/evidence-for-aerobic-exercise-training-on-the-autonomic-function-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-copd-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Jibril Mohammed, Eric Derom, Jessica Van Oosterwijck, Hellen Da Silva, Patrick Calders
OBJECTIVE: To assess evidence for the effectiveness of aerobic exercise training (AET) on the autonomic function (AF) outcomes in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). DATA SOURCES: Online databases of PubMed, CINAHL and Web of Science were systematically searched for all years till 26th of January, 2017. STUDY SELECTION: Clinical studies assessing any measure of AF following exercise training in patients with COPD were included...
July 22, 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919409/physiotherapy-managers-perceptions-of-their-leadership-effectiveness-a-multi-frame-analysis
#10
Emer McGowan, Cathal Walsh, Emma Stokes
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the leadership frames of physiotherapy managers in Ireland. To be effective leaders in today's challenging healthcare environment physiotherapy managers must employ a comprehensive, adaptable and balanced leadership style. DESIGN: This was a purposive, cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: Physiotherapy managers were surveyed using the Bolman and Deal Leadership Orientations Instrument...
September 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27569662/effects-of-a-pre-operative-home-based-inspiratory-muscle-training-programme-on-perceived-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-undergoing-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery
#11
K Valkenet, J C A Trappenburg, E H Hulzebos, N L U van Meeteren, F J G Backx
OBJECTIVES: Pre-operative inspiratory muscle training has been shown to decrease the incidence of postoperative pneumonia and length of hospital stay in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). This study investigated if this decrease acted as a mediator on the time course of quality of life. DESIGN: Complementary analyses of a published randomised controlled trial. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: The initial trial included patients awaiting CABG surgery at a Dutch university hospital...
September 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27553643/physiotherapy-students-perceptions-and-experiences-of-clinical-prediction-rules
#12
Grahame M Knox, Suzanne J Snodgrass, Tasha R Stanton, David H Kelly, Bill Vicenzino, Benedict M Wand, Darren A Rivett
OBJECTIVES: Clinical reasoning can be difficult to teach to pre-professional physiotherapy students due to their lack of clinical experience. It may be that tools such as clinical prediction rules (CPRs) could aid the process, but there has been little investigation into their use in physiotherapy clinical education. This study aimed to determine the perceptions and experiences of physiotherapy students regarding CPRs, and whether they are learning about CPRs on clinical placement. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey using a paper-based questionnaire...
September 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27520532/relationship-between-lung-function-and-modified-shuttle-test-performance-in-adult-patients-with-cystic-fibrosis-a-methodological-issue
#13
LETTER
Mohadeseh Sani, Erfan Ayubi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27324168/the-role-of-philosophical-hermeneutics-in-contributing-to-an-understanding-of-physiotherapy-practice-a-reflexive-illustration
#14
Rob Stenner, Theresa Mitchell, Shea Palmer
This paper provides an overview of Philosophical Hermeneutics based on the work of German philosopher Hans Georg Gadamer. The concepts of the 'hermeneutic circle' as a vehicle for interpretation, management of the researcher's pre-understandings (prejudices), and the 'fusion of horizons' are introduced and illustrated by examples from the first author's research, before considering how rigour can be achieved in this type of research. The actual research study which aimed to explore how shared decision making and patient partnership are addressed by physiotherapists in the process of exercise prescription for patients with low back pain (LBP) is not the focus of this paper...
September 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27126617/randomised-controlled-trial-to-evaluate-a-physiotherapy-led-functional-exercise-programme-after-total-hip-replacement
#15
B Monaghan, P Cunningham, P Harrington, W Hing, C Blake, D O' Dohertya, T Cusack
BACKGROUND: At present, there is an insufficient evidence base to evaluate the effectiveness of physiotherapy following total hip replacement (THR). This study evaluated the effectiveness of a physiotherapy-supervised functional exercise programme between 12 and 18 weeks following THR. These time-points coincide with increased functional demand in patients. DESIGN: Adequately powered assessor-blinded randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Patients were recruited at a pre-operative assessment clinic and randomised following surgery...
September 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27107979/functional-strength-training-and-movement-performance-therapy-produce-analogous-improvement-in-sit-to-stand-early-after-stroke-early-phase-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
A Kerr, A Clark, E V Cooke, P Rowe, V M Pomeroy
OBJECTIVES: Restoring independence in the sit-to-stand (STS) task is an important objective for stroke rehabilitation. It is not known if a particular intervention, strength training or therapy focused on movement performance is more likely to improve STS recovery. This study aimed to compare STS outcomes from functional strength training, movement performance therapy and conventional therapy. DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Acute stroke units...
September 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27033782/identifying-barriers-and-facilitators-to-participation-in-pressure-ulcer-prevention-in-allied-healthcare-professionals-a-mixed-methods-evaluation
#17
Peter R Worsley, Paul Clarkson, Dan L Bader, Lisette Schoonhoven
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the barriers and facilitators for allied health professional's participation in pressure ulcer prevention. DESIGN: Mixed method cohort study. SETTING: Single centre study in an acute university hospital trust. PARTICIPANTS: Five physiotherapists and four occupational therapists were recruited from the hospital trust. Therapists had been working in the National Health Service (NHS) for a minimum of one year...
September 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26850515/patients-perceptions-of-repair-rehabilitation-and-recovery-after-major-orthopaedic-trauma-a-qualitative-study
#18
J H Claydon, L Robinson, S E Aldridge
INTRODUCTION: The most common major trauma injuries are multiple fractures. Orthopaedic trauma research has traditionally focused on surgical techniques, and the impact of this major life event on the patient is not well understood. This study explored how patients make sense of their rehabilitation and recovery following major orthopaedic trauma. DESIGN: Qualitative study using an Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis approach. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews of a purposive sample of 15 patients 3 to 6 months after sustaining major orthopaedic injuries, treated at a major trauma centre in England...
September 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778609/validation-of-a-comprehensive-measure-of-clinic-based-adherence-for-physiotherapy-patients
#19
Heather Clark, Sandra Bassett, Richard Siegert
OBJECTIVE: To validate the Rehabilitation Adherence Measure for Athletic Training (RAdMAT) for use in clinic-based physiotherapy. DESIGN AND PROCEDURE: Single group, prospective study conducted over the course of the participants' rehabilitation. Clinic-based adherence was measured by participant attendance at physiotherapy appointments, the 16-item RAdMAT (three subscales) and the three-item SIRAS questionnaire. The SIRAS was evaluated after each physiotherapy treatment and the RAdMAT either at the completion of their treatment or at end of the eight week study period...
July 17, 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802772/effectiveness-of-a-combined-exercise-training-and-home-based-walking-programme-on-physical-activity-compared-with-standard-medical-care-in-moderate-copd-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
P de Roos, C Lucas, J H Strijbos, E van Trijffel
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the effectiveness of a 10-week combined exercise training and home-based walking programme on daily physical activity (PA) compared with standard medical care in patients with moderate chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Primary care physiotherapy. PARTICIPANTS: Consecutive patients with stable COPD at Gold Stage II with a score of two or more on the Medical Research Council Dyspnoea Scale...
July 14, 2017: Physiotherapy
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