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Physiotherapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397945/schoolbags-and-back-pain-opinions-strongest-where-the-evidence-is-weakest
#1
LETTER
Mary O'Keeffe, Kieran O'Sullivan, Steven J Kamper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352579/informed-consent-in-physiotherapy-practice-it-is-not-what-is-said-but-how-it-is-said
#2
G Copnell
This paper discusses the concept of informed consent in the context of contemporary biomedical ethics. A change in UK law regarding what information should be provided to patients has brought to the fore the role of physiotherapists in the process of gaining informed consent. It is important that physiotherapists are aware of how this change in the law will affect their practice. For an individual to consent, they need to have both the capacity and freedom to exercise rational thought. These concepts are challenged in contemporary biomedical ethics...
March 2018: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969859/effects-of-acute-use-of-pursed-lips-breathing-during-exercise-in-patients-with-copd-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Anamaria Fleig Mayer, Manuela Karloh, Karoliny Dos Santos, Cintia Laura Pereira de Araujo, Aline Almeida Gulart
BACKGROUND: Pursed-lips breathing (PLB) is a ventilatory strategy frequently adopted spontaneously by patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) to relieve dyspnoea, and its practice is widely taught as a respiratory strategy to increase exercise tolerance. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of acute use of PLB in exercise performance, dyspnoea, ventilatory parameters and oxygen saturation during exercise in patients with COPD. DATA SOURCES: PEDro, EMBASE, MEDLINE via OVID, and EBSCO up to May 2016...
March 2018: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964524/advanced-musculoskeletal-physiotherapists-in-post-arthroplasty-review-clinics-a-state-wide-implementation-program-evaluation
#4
Paula Harding, Angela Burge, Kerrie Walter, Bridget Shaw, Carolyn Page, Uyen Phan, Desiree Terrill, Susan Liew
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate outcomes following a state-wide implementation of post arthroplasty review (PAR) clinics for patients following total hip and knee arthroplasty, led by advanced musculoskeletal physiotherapists in collaboration with orthopaedic specialists. DESIGN AND SETTING: A prospective observational study analysed data collected by 10 implementation sites (five metropolitan and five regional/rural centres) between September 2014 and June 2015. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The Victorian Innovation and Reform Impact Assessment Framework was used to assess efficiency, effectiveness (access to care, safety and quality, workforce capacity, utilisation of skill sets, patient and workforce satisfaction) and sustainability (stakeholder engagement, succession planning and availability of ongoing funding)...
March 2018: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947079/evidence-for-aerobic-exercise-training-on-the-autonomic-function-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-copd-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Jibril Mohammed, Eric Derom, Jessica Van Oosterwijck, Hellen Da Silva, Patrick Calders
OBJECTIVE: To assess evidence for the effectiveness of aerobic exercise training (AET) on the autonomic function (AF) outcomes in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). DATA SOURCES: Online databases of PubMed, CINAHL and Web of Science were systematically searched for all years till 26th of January, 2017. STUDY SELECTION: Clinical studies assessing any measure of AF following exercise training in patients with COPD were included...
March 2018: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947078/effect-of-localised-vibration-on-muscle-strength-in-healthy-adults-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
A H Alghadir, S Anwer, H Zafar, Z A Iqbal
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of local vibration on muscle strength in healthy adults. DATA SOURCES: The electronic databases PubMed, CINAHL, Scopus and Web of Science were searched using a combination of the following keywords: vibration, vibration therapy, power, maximal voluntary contraction, performance, rate of force development and vibratory exercise. In addition, the Medical Subject Headings 'vibration', 'strength' and 'exercise' were used. The bibliographical search was limited to articles published in English...
March 2018: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942899/strategies-to-translate-knowledge-related-to-common-musculoskeletal-conditions-into-physiotherapy-practice-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Marie-Ève Bérubé, Stéphane Poitras, Marc Bastien, Lydie-Anne Laliberté, Anyck Lacharité, Douglas P Gross
BACKGROUND: Many physiotherapists underuse evidence-based practice guidelines or recommendations when treating patients with musculoskeletal disorders, yet synthesis of knowledge translation interventions used within the field of physiotherapy fails to offer clear conclusions to guide the implementation of clinical practice guidelines. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of various knowledge translation interventions used to implement changes in the practice of current physiotherapists treating common musculoskeletal issues...
March 2018: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927671/quality-language-subdiscipline-and-promotion-were-associated-with-article-accesses-on-physiotherapy-evidence-database-pedro
#8
Tiê P Yamato, Mohit Arora, Matthew L Stevens, Mark R Elkins, Anne M Moseley
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the relationship between the number of times articles are accessed on the Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) and the article characteristics. A secondary aim was to examine the relationship between accesses and the number of citations of articles. METHOD: The study was conducted to derive prediction models for the number of accesses of articles indexed on PEDro from factors that may influence an article's accesses. All articles available on PEDro from August 2014 to January 2015 were included...
March 2018: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917523/medium-term-effects-of-kinesio-taping-in-patients-with-chronic-non-specific-low-back-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Amanda Costa Araujo, Patrícia do Carmo Silva Parreira, Luiz Carlos Hespanhol Junior, Tatiane Mota da Silva, Maurício Antônio da Luz Junior, Lucíola da Cunha Menezes Costa, Leonardo Oliveira Pena Costa
BACKGROUND: Kinesio taping is a commonly used intervention for patients with chronic low back pain. However, the medium term effects of kinesio taping in these patients are unknown. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of kinesio taping in patients with chronic low back pain after 6 months from randomization. METHODS: This was a randomized controlled trial with a 6 months follow up. One hundred and forty eight participants were randomly assigned to the experimental (kinesio taping with skin convolutions) or control (kinesio taping without convolutions-Sham Taping) group...
March 2018: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917522/does-physical-activity-change-following-hip-and-knee-replacement-matched-case-control-study-evaluating-physical-activity-scale-for-the-elderly-data-from-the-osteoarthritis-initiative
#10
T O Smith, M Mansfield, J Dainty, G Hilton, C J V Mann, C M Sackley
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether physical activity measured using the Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly (PASE), changes during the initial 24 months post-total hip (THR) or knee replacement (TKR), and how this compares to a matched non-arthroplasty cohort. DESIGN: Case-controlled study analysis of a prospectively collected dataset. SETTING: USA community-based. PARTICIPANTS: 116 people post-THR, 105 people post-TKR compared to 663 people who had not undergone THR or TKR, or had hip or knee osteoarthritis...
March 2018: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888670/reliability-validity-and-responsiveness-of-the-balance-evaluation-systems-test-bestest-in-individuals-with-multiple-sclerosis
#11
Kirsten Potter, Lisa Anderberg, Diana Anderson, Brooke Bauer, Megan Beste, Stephanie Navrat, Mohamed Kohia
BACKGROUND: The Balance Evaluation Systems Test (BESTest) measures various aspects of postural control, but little data exist in persons with multiple sclerosis (MS). The purpose of this study was to determine the psychometrics of the BESTest in MS. DESIGN: Observational study. METHODS: 21 ambulatory subjects with MS participated. In the first session, demographic data was collected; each subject completed a questionnaire of self-perceived disability level and the BESTest...
March 2018: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844474/clinical-performance-assessment-tools-in-physiotherapy-practice-education-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
A O'Connor, O McGarr, P Cantillon, A McCurtin, A Clifford
BACKGROUND: Clinical performance assessment tools (CPATs) used in physiotherapy practice education need to be psychometrically sound and appropriate for use in all clinical settings in order to provide an accurate reflection of a student's readiness for clinical practice. Current evidence to support the use of existing assessment tools is inconsistent. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a systematic review synthesising evidence relating to the psychometric and edumetric properties of CPATS used in physiotherapy practice education...
March 2018: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843450/symptoms-of-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-myalgic-encephalopathy-are-not-determined-by-activity-pacing-when-measured-by-the-chronic-pain-coping-inventory
#13
D P Thompson, D Antcliff, S R Woby
OBJECTIVES: Chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalopathy (CFS/ME) is a chronic illness which can cause significant fatigue, pain and disability. Activity pacing is frequently advocated as a beneficial coping strategy, however, it is unclear whether pacing is significantly associated with symptoms in people with CFS/ME. The first aim of this study was therefore to explore the cross-sectional associations between pacing and levels of pain, disability and fatigue. The second aim was to explore whether changes in activity pacing following participation in a symptom management programme were related to changes in clinical outcomes...
March 2018: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826744/exploring-physiotherapists-experiences-of-implementing-a-cognitive-behavioural-approach-for-managing-low-back-pain-and-identifying-barriers-to-long-term-implementation
#14
Helen Richmond, Amanda M Hall, Zara Hansen, Esther Williamson, David Davies, Sarah E Lamb
OBJECTIVES: Our objectives were two-fold: (i) to describe physiotherapists' experiences of implementing a cognitive behavioural approach (CBA) for managing low back pain (LBP) after completing an extensive online training course (iBeST), and (ii) to identify how iBeST could be enhanced to support long-term implementation before scale up for widespread use. DESIGN: We conducted semi-structured interviews with 11 physiotherapists from six National Health Service departments in the Midlands, Oxfordshire and Derbyshire...
March 2018: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822601/training-in-multiple-breath-washout-testing-for-respiratory-physiotherapists
#15
Katherine O'Neill, J Stuart Elborn, Michael M Tunney, Philip O'Neill, Stephen Rowan, Susan Martin, Judy M Bradley
INTRODUCTION: The development of multiple breath washout (MBW) testing in respiratory disease highlights the need for increased awareness amongst respiratory physiotherapists and a potential opportunity for professional development in the use of an important outcome measure for clinical trials. OBJECTIVES: To rationalise how MBW may be a useful assessment tool for respiratory physiotherapists and to describe a local MBW training and certification programme for physiotherapists...
March 2018: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822600/factors-associated-with-physical-activity-participation-in-adults-with-chronic-cervical-spine-pain-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Michael Mansfield, Michael Thacker, Nicolas Spahr, Toby Smith
OBJECTIVE: To determine the factors associated with physical activity participation in adults with chronic cervical spine pain. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted including searches of PubMed (MEDLINE), EMBASE and CINAHL from inception to June 12th, 2016. Grey literature and reference checking was also undertaken. Quantitative studies including factors related to physical activity participation in adults with chronic cervical spine pain were included. Two independent authors conducted the searches, extracted data and completed methodological quality assessment...
March 2018: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802773/active-physiotherapy-interventions-following-total-knee-arthroplasty-in-the-hospital-and-inpatient-rehabilitation-settings-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Kate G Henderson, Jason A Wallis, David A Snowdon
BACKGROUND: Physiotherapy is a routine component of postoperative management following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). As the demand for surgery increases it is vital that postoperative physiotherapy interventions are effective and efficient. OBJECTIVES: Determine the most beneficial active physiotherapy interventions in acute hospital and inpatient rehabilitation for improving pain, activity, range of motion and reducing length of stay for adults who have undergone TKA...
March 2018: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802772/effectiveness-of-a-combined-exercise-training-and-home-based-walking-programme-on-physical-activity-compared-with-standard-medical-care-in-moderate-copd-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
P de Roos, C Lucas, J H Strijbos, E van Trijffel
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the effectiveness of a 10-week combined exercise training and home-based walking programme on daily physical activity (PA) compared with standard medical care in patients with moderate chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Primary care physiotherapy. PARTICIPANTS: Consecutive patients with stable COPD at Gold Stage II with a score of two or more on the Medical Research Council Dyspnoea Scale...
March 2018: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801034/impact-of-pelvic-floor-muscle-training-on-sexual-function-of-women-with-urinary-incontinence-and-a-comparison-of-electrical-stimulation-versus-standard-treatment-ipsu-trial-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Swati Jha, Stephen J Walters, Oscar Bortolami, Simon Dixon, Abualbishr Alshreef
AIMS: To evaluate the clinical and cost-effectiveness of electric stimulation plus standard pelvic floor muscle training compared to standard pelvic floor muscle training alone in women with urinary incontinence and sexual dysfunction. METHODS: Single centre two arm parallel group randomised controlled trial conducted in a Teaching hospital in England. Participants were women presenting with urinary incontinence and sexual dysfunction. The interventions compared were electric stimulation versus standard pelvic floor muscle training...
March 2018: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801033/development-and-delivery-of-an-exercise-programme-for-falls-prevention-the-prevention-of-falls-injury-trial-prefit
#20
Susanne Finnegan, Julie Bruce, Dawn A Skelton, Emma J Withers, Sarah E Lamb
OBJECTIVE: This paper describes the development and implementation of an exercise intervention to prevent falls within The Prevention of Fall Injury Trial (PreFIT), which is a large multi-centred randomised controlled trial based in the UK National Health Service (NHS). DESIGN: Using the template for intervention description and replication (TIDieR) checklist, to describe the rationale and processes for treatment selection and delivery of the PreFIT exercise intervention...
March 2018: Physiotherapy
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