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J Broderick, C Mc Grath, K Cullen, D Talbot, J Gilmor, M Baily-Scanlan, T O'Dwyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 11, 2018: Physiotherapy
R Thomas, S Hewlett, C Swales, F Cramp
BACKGROUND: Regular physical activity is safe and beneficial for people with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) but the majority of people with RA are less active than the general population and have a higher risk of co-morbidities. Exploring strategies used by physically active people with RA could inform effective methods to support those who are less active. OBJECTIVE: To explore the perspectives, experiences and strategies employed by people with RA who successfully engage with regular physical activity...
September 6, 2018: Physiotherapy
William J Gregory, Jack Wilkinson, Ariane L Herrick
OBJECTIVE: The musculoskeletal features of systemic sclerosis (SSc) are a major cause of disability, causing limitations to movement and function. The study aim was to compare the effects of daily hand exercises with or without daily home wax bath hand treatment in patients with SSc. DESIGN: Assessor-blinded randomised controlled trial of parallel group design. SETTING: Single participating centre, undertaken in secondary care and in participants homes...
September 5, 2018: Physiotherapy
Simon Décary, Luc J Hébert, France Légaré
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 3, 2018: Physiotherapy
Gráinne Kelly, Aoife Reilly, Hannah Moloney, Jonathan Moran, Caitriona Cunningham, Julie Broderick
BACKGROUND: Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) are described as the gold standard of investigative clinical research. Evidence based practice is critical to the physiotherapy profession, and it is therefore important to explore the research underpinning practice by examining published RCTs. OBJECTIVES: The main aims of this review were to profile the quantity and quality of RCTs published in the journal Physiotherapy over the past 50 years. DATA SOURCES: Physiotherapy journal, hand searched (1967 to 1987) and electronically (1988 to 2017)...
August 24, 2018: Physiotherapy
M A Holden, R Whittle, J Waterfield, L Chesterton, E Cottrell, J G Quicke, C D Mallen
OBJECTIVE: To explore how physiotherapists currently address analgesic use among patients with hip osteoarthritis, and their beliefs about the acceptability of prescribing for these patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire was mailed to 3126 UK-based physiotherapists. Approaches to analgesic use among patients with hip osteoarthritis were explored using a case vignette. Semi-structured telephone interviews were undertaken with 21 questionnaire responders and analysed thematically...
August 17, 2018: Physiotherapy
Annika Ward, Allison Mandrusiak, Tracy Levett-Jones
OBJECTIVES: To investigate how a virtual cultural simulation experience and guided reflection influenced physiotherapy students' intrapersonal and interpersonal cultural empathy, and to explore students' satisfaction with the learning experience. DESIGN: Three research arms within a single cohort: 1) pre-test post-test investigation of intrapersonal cultural empathy; 2) quasi-experimental investigation of interpersonal cultural empathy; 3) post-test measurement of satisfaction...
August 3, 2018: Physiotherapy
Athina Liacos, Christine F McDonald, Ajay Mahal, Catherine J Hill, Annemarie L Lee, Angela T Burge, Rosemary Moore, Caroline Nicolson, Paul O'Halloran, Narelle S Cox, Aroub Lahham, Rebecca Gillies, Anne E Holland
OBJECTIVES: To examine the predictive validity, minimal important difference (MID) and responsiveness of the PRAISE tool. DESIGN: Retrospective data analysis from HomeBase trial of home vs centre-based pulmonary rehabilitation. SETTING: Tertiary health service. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred and sixty-six participants with COPD (100 men) with mean age 69 (SD 9) years, FEV1 % predicted 50% (19). INTERVENTIONS: Eight-week pulmonary rehabilitation program, conducted at the hospital or at home...
August 3, 2018: Physiotherapy
Jon J Ford, Sarah L Slater, Matthew C Richards, Luke D Surkitt, Alexander Y P Chan, Nicholas F Taylor, Andrew J Hahne
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether individualised manual therapy plus guideline-based advice results in superior outcomes to advice alone in participants with clinical features potentially indicative of lumbar zygapophyseal joint pain. DESIGN: Multi centre parallel group randomised controlled trial. SETTING: 14 physiotherapy clinics in Melbourne, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-four participants with clinical features potentially indicative of lumbar zygapophyseal joint pain...
August 3, 2018: Physiotherapy
J Elings, S Zoethout, P M Ten Klooster, G van der Sluis, S M van Gaalen, N L U van Meeteren, T J Hoogeboom
OBJECTIVES: To test the internal consistency and item difficulty of the modified Iowa Level of Assistance Scale (mILAS). DESIGN: Retrospective observational study. SETTING: Two orthopaedic wards of two general hospitals. PARTICIPANTS: Following elective primary unilateral total hip replacement surgery, all participants performed mILAS activities that were scored daily to assess their recovery of activities during hospitalisation...
July 27, 2018: Physiotherapy
Binoy Kumaran, Tim Watson
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated whether capacitive resistive monopolar radiofrequency (CRMRF)-based treatment improves pain and function among patients with osteoarthritis of the knee. DESIGN AND SETTING: Three-group randomised controlled trial with concealed allocation, participant blinding and intention-to-treat analysis. Forty-five patients diagnosed with osteoarthritis, from the waiting list for physiotherapy at a local hospital were enrolled. INTERVENTION: Participants in the active and sham groups received eight sessions of CRMRF and sham-CRMRF respectively over four weeks, along with standard care...
July 26, 2018: Physiotherapy
Karen L Barker, Martha Batting, Michael Schlüssel, Meredith Newman
OBJECTIVE: To determine the reliability and validity of the Figure of 8 Walk test (F8W) for older people after knee replacement surgery in the home setting. DESIGN: Observational repeated measures. SETTING: A specialist orthopaedic hospital and participants homes. PARTICIPANTS: Seventy-four older adults aged over 55 years one year following knee replacement surgery participated in two assessments more than one week apart...
July 25, 2018: Physiotherapy
Graham Copnell
In 2012 the Choose Wisely campaign was launched in the United States in order to address concerns regarding medicalisation, over diagnosis and medical consumerism. The campaign has now spread internationally and includes a number of countries including Canada, Australia, New Zealand and Germany. The primary aim of the campaign is to facilitate healthcare professionals and patients to question the overall utility of medical interventions. Professionals through their professional organisations identify at least five commonly used interventions or tests, within their areas of speciality, which they feel provided no or little benefit to patients...
July 25, 2018: Physiotherapy
Deenika R Benjamin, Helena C Frawley, Nora Shields, Alexander T M van de Water, Nicholas F Taylor
BACKGROUND: Diastasis of the rectus abdominis muscle (DRAM) is common during and after pregnancy. OBJECTIVES: To determine the association between: the presence of DRAM and low back pain, lumbo-pelvic pain, incontinence, pelvic organ prolapse, abdominal muscle performance or health-related quality of life; and between DRAM width and severity of these outcomes. DATA SOURCES: Six electronic databases (EMBASE, Medline, CINAHL, PUBMED, AMED and PEDro)...
July 24, 2018: Physiotherapy
Di Thomson, David Patterson, Hannah Chapman, Louise Murray, Maeve Toner, Anne-Marie Hassenkamp
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Physiotherapy
Ashley Dobmeier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Physiotherapy
Carl Ernest Clarkson, Nicola Adams
OBJECTIVES: To explore the views and experiences of women with Pregnancy related Pelvic Girdle Pain (PPGP), and to inform the design and development of a subsequent feasibility study. DESIGN: Using a philosophical stance of pragmatism, one-to-one audio recorded semi-structured interviews were used. All interviews were conducted once by a male interviewer, and analysed using an interpretive thematic data analytic approach through five steps: transcription, precoding, coding, categorisation and theme generation, with reflexivity adopted throughout the data synthesis process...
September 2018: Physiotherapy
Hiroshi Takasaki, Satoru Aoki, Stephen May
OBJECTIVES: To pilot the methods for a randomized controlled trial (RCT) to investigate whether the treatment effect of Mechanical Diagnosis and Therapy (MDT) is enhanced with the LUMOback. DESIGN: Assessor blinded RCT with 3 and 6-week follow-ups. SETTING: An outpatient clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Primary eligibility criteria were: a directional preference of lumbar extension, ≥18years of age, and non-specific low back pain lasting for ≥1month...
September 2018: Physiotherapy
M A van Egmond, M van der Schaaf, T Vredeveld, M M R Vollenbroek-Hutten, M I van Berge Henegouwen, J H G Klinkenbijl, R H H Engelbert
BACKGROUND: Over the last few years, telerehabilitation services have developed rapidly, and patients value benefits such as reduced travelling barriers, flexible exercise hours, and the possibility to better integrate skills into daily life. However, the effects of physiotherapy with telerehabilitation on postoperative functional outcomes compared with usual care in surgical populations are still inconclusive. OBJECTIVES: To study the effectiveness of physiotherapy with telerehabilitation on postoperative functional outcomes and quality of life in surgical patients...
September 2018: Physiotherapy
A Barrow, S Palmer, S Thomas, S Guy, J Brotherton, L Dear, J Pearson
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic condition that affects over 8.75 million people in the UK. Approximately 43% of people in the UK search for health and medical information online. However, health information on the internet is of variable quality. Research into the quality of online OA information is dated and there is a need to evaluate the existing information. OBJECTIVES: To assess the quality of websites which provide educational information for patients with OA...
September 2018: Physiotherapy
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