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M Moutzouri, N Gleeson, E Billis, I Panoutsopoulou, J Gliatis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2016: Physiotherapy
Juliana Souza Uzeloto, Anne M Moseley, Mark R Elkins, Marcia Rodrigues Franco, Rafael Zambelli Pinto, Ana Paula Coelho Figueira Freire, Ercy Mara Cipulo Ramos
OBJECTIVES: To survey the quality of evidence-based clinical practice guidelines for chronic respiratory diseases relevant to physiotherapy practice using the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation version II instrument (AGREE II) and to evaluate the inter-rater reliability of AGREE II. DESIGN: Observational survey. PROCEDURES: Guidelines indexed in the Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) on chronic respiratory diseases were evaluated by four assessors using AGREE II...
November 15, 2016: Physiotherapy
Nicola J Hancock, Lee Shepstone, Philip Rowe, Phyo K Myint, Valerie M Pomeroy
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether people who are within 31days of stroke onset are able to produce controlled lower limb movement, and phasic activity in antagonistic lower limb muscle groups, during Upright Pedalling (UP). DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: Acute stroke unit within a University Hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Eight adults between 3 and 30days from stroke onset, with unilateral lower limb paresis and unable to walk without assistance...
November 15, 2016: Physiotherapy
Ana Carolina Sartorato Beleza, Cristine Homsi Jorge Ferreira, Patricia Driusso, Claudia Benedita Dos Santos, Ana Márcia Spanó Nakano
OBJECTIVE: Verify the effectiveness of cryotherapy in relieving perineal pain in women after vaginal delivery with episiotomy. DESIGN: Randomized controlled clinical trial. SETTING: Reference Center of Women's Health of Ribeirão Preto (MATER), in the state of São Paulo. PARTICIPANTS: The study included 50 women who reported pain in the postpartum period following vaginal delivery with episiotomy. INTERVENTION: The women in the experimental group applied a bag of crushed ice to the perineal region for 20minutes...
November 9, 2016: Physiotherapy
Naomi A Newman-Beinart, Sam Norton, Dominic Dowling, Dimitri Gavriloff, Chiara Vari, John A Weinman, Emma L Godfrey
OBJECTIVES: There is no gold standard for measuring adherence to prescribed home exercise. Self-report diaries are commonly used however lack of standardisation, inaccurate recall and self-presentation bias limit their validity. A valid and reliable tool to assess exercise adherence behaviour is required. Consequently, this article reports the development and psychometric evaluation of the Exercise Adherence Rating Scale (EARS). DESIGN: Development of a questionnaire...
November 9, 2016: Physiotherapy
K-Y Lin, H C Frawley, L Denehy, D Feil, C L Granger
BACKGROUND: People with gynaecological cancer commonly suffer from physical and psychological symptoms related to their cancer and cancer treatment. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and synthesise the evidence examining the effect of interventions with an exercise component for females with gynaecological cancer. DATA SOURCES: Medline, CINAHL, EMBASE, PubMed, PEDro, PsycINFO and Cochrane Library were searched systematically in September 2014. STUDY SELECTION: Randomised controlled trials were included if they investigated the effects of interventions with an exercise component in patients with gynaecological cancer...
December 2016: Physiotherapy
A Kerr, P Rowe, D Esson, M Barber
OBJECTIVE: To describe and compare patterns of physical activity among stroke survivors during their hospital stay and community living with early supported discharge. DESIGN: Observational cohort study of physical activity before and after early supported discharge. SETTING: UK National Health Service stroke units and participants' homes. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-one stroke survivors with a mean age of 69 (standard deviation 11) years, and a median Modified Rivermead Mobility Index of 33...
December 2016: Physiotherapy
Stuart R Heron, Steve R Woby, Dave P Thompson
OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of three different exercise programmes in treating rotator cuff tendinopathy/shoulder impingement syndrome. DESIGN: Parallel group randomised clinical trial. SETTING: Two out-patient NHS physiotherapy departments in Manchester, United Kingdom. PARTICIPANTS: 120 patients with shoulder pain of at least three months duration. Pain was reproduced on stressing the rotator cuff and participants had full passive range of movement at the shoulder...
September 21, 2016: Physiotherapy
Nicholas Harland, Brian Blacklidge
OBJECTIVES: Physiotherapy phone based, "Physio Direct" (PD) musculoskeletal triage and treat services are a relatively new phenomena. This study explored Physiotherapist and GP attitudes towards PD services. DESIGN: Online national survey via cascade e-mail initiated by study leads. PARTICIPANTS: 488 Physiotherapists and 68 GPs completed the survey. OUTCOME MEASURES: The survey asked three negatively worded and three positively worded Likert scale questions regarding PD services...
September 17, 2016: Physiotherapy
P M Ramos Dos Santos, N Aquaroni Ricci, É Aparecida Bordignon Suster, D de Moraes Paisani, L Dias Chiavegato
BACKGROUND: Early mobilisation is prescribed after cardiac surgery to prevent postoperative complications, decrease length of hospital stay, and augment return to daily activities. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the evidence for the effects of early mobilisation in patients after cardiac surgery on length of hospital stay, functional capacity and postoperative complications. DATA SOURCES: The data sources used were Medline, Embase, CINAHL, PEDro, Web of Science and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials...
September 14, 2016: Physiotherapy
Annie Ross, Alison J Yarnall, Lynn Rochester, Sue Lord
BACKGROUND: Falls are a major problem for people with Parkinson's disease (PD). Despite years of focused research knowledge of falls aetiology is poor. This may be partly due to classification approaches which conventionally report fall frequency. This nosology is blunt, and does not take into account causality or the circumstances in which the fall occurred. For example, it is likely that people who fall from a postural transition are phenotypically different to those who fall during high level activities...
September 3, 2016: Physiotherapy
Rebecca Foo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Physiotherapy
Gustavo D Ferreira, Ana Cecília C Costa, Rodrigo D M Plentz, Christian C Coronel, Graciele Sbruzzi
BACKGROUND: Among neurodegenerative diseases, multiple sclerosis (MS) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) have a high rate of respiratory disability. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the effects of respiratory muscle training (RMT) on ventilatory function, muscle strength and functional capacity in patients with MS or ALS. DATA SOURCES: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was performed. The sources were MEDLINE, PEDro, Cochrane CENTRAL, EMBASE, and LILACS, from inception to January 2015...
September 2016: Physiotherapy
Kerry Graeme Baker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Physiotherapy
Sonya Hartwich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Physiotherapy
C L Granger, S M Parry, L Edbrooke, L Denehy
OBJECTIVES: To investigate in non-surgically and surgically treated non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC): (1) changes in physical activity, function, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and symptoms after diagnosis; and (2) the association between physical activity and outcomes. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: Three acute tertiary hospitals. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-nine individuals (43 male, median [IQR] age 68 [61 to 74] years) with stage I-IV NSCLC...
September 2016: Physiotherapy
Leona Dowman, Christine F McDonald, Catherine J Hill, Annemarie Lee, Kathryn Barker, Claire Boote, Ian Glaspole, Nicole Goh, Annemarie Southcott, Angela Burge, Rebecca Ndongo, Alicia Martin, Anne E Holland
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the inter-rater and intra-rater reliability of the hand held dynamometer in measuring muscle strength in people with interstitial lung disease (ILD). DESIGN: Test retest reliability of hand-held dynamometry for elbow flexor and knee extensor strength between two independent raters and two testing sessions. SETTING: Physiotherapy department within a tertiary hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty participants with ILD of varying aetiology were included...
September 2016: Physiotherapy
F Doná, C C Aquino, J M Gazzola, V Borges, S M C A Silva, F F Ganança, H H Caovilla, H B Ferraz
OBJECTIVES: Postural instability is one of the most disabling features in Parkinson's disease (PD), and often leads to falls that reduce mobility and functional capacity. The objectives of this study were to analyse the limit of stability (LOS) and influence of the manipulation of visual, somatosensorial and visual-vestibular information on postural control in patients with PD and healthy subjects. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Movement Disorders Unit, university setting...
September 2016: Physiotherapy
J F deS Barbosa, S S Bruno, N S O Cruz, J S de Oliveira, J A Ruaro, R O Guerra
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between perceived fatigability and oxygen consumption, carbon dioxide production, respiratory exchange ratio and the energy cost of walking in older women. DESIGN: Observational, cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-eight community-dwelling older women were recruited from senior centres in Natal, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Participants were evaluated in two different sessions...
September 2016: Physiotherapy
Lisa C Hanson, Nicholas F Taylor, Helen McBurney
OBJECTIVES: To determine the retest reliability of the 10m incremental shuttle walk test (ISWT) in a mixed cardiac rehabilitation population. DESIGN: Participants completed two 10m ISWTs in a single session in a repeated measures study. Ten participants completed a third 10m ISWT as part of a pilot study. SETTING: Hospital physiotherapy department. PARTICIPANTS: 62 adults aged a mean of 68 years (SD 10) referred to a cardiac rehabilitation program...
September 2016: Physiotherapy
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