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Naomi A Newman-Beinart, Sam Norton, Dominic Dowling, Dimitri Gavriloff, Chiara Vari, John A Weinman, Emma L Godfrey
OBJECTIVES: There is no gold standard for measuring adherence to prescribed home exercise. Self-report diaries are commonly used however lack of standardisation, inaccurate recall and self-presentation bias limit their validity. A valid and reliable tool to assess exercise adherence behaviour is required. Consequently, this article reports the development and psychometric evaluation of the Exercise Adherence Rating Scale (EARS). DESIGN: Development of a questionnaire...
November 9, 2016: Physiotherapy
Stuart R Heron, Steve R Woby, Dave P Thompson
OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of three different exercise programmes in treating rotator cuff tendinopathy/shoulder impingement syndrome. DESIGN: Parallel group randomised clinical trial. SETTING: Two out-patient NHS physiotherapy departments in Manchester, United Kingdom. PARTICIPANTS: 120 patients with shoulder pain of at least three months duration. Pain was reproduced on stressing the rotator cuff and participants had full passive range of movement at the shoulder...
September 21, 2016: Physiotherapy
Nicholas Harland, Brian Blacklidge
OBJECTIVES: Physiotherapy phone based, "Physio Direct" (PD) musculoskeletal triage and treat services are a relatively new phenomena. This study explored Physiotherapist and GP attitudes towards PD services. DESIGN: Online national survey via cascade e-mail initiated by study leads. PARTICIPANTS: 488 Physiotherapists and 68 GPs completed the survey. OUTCOME MEASURES: The survey asked three negatively worded and three positively worded Likert scale questions regarding PD services...
September 17, 2016: Physiotherapy
K-Y Lin, H C Frawley, L Denehy, D Feil, C L Granger
BACKGROUND: People with gynaecological cancer commonly suffer from physical and psychological symptoms related to their cancer and cancer treatment. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and synthesise the evidence examining the effect of interventions with an exercise component for females with gynaecological cancer. DATA SOURCES: Medline, CINAHL, EMBASE, PubMed, PEDro, PsycINFO and Cochrane Library were searched systematically in September 2014. STUDY SELECTION: Randomised controlled trials were included if they investigated the effects of interventions with an exercise component in patients with gynaecological cancer...
December 2016: Physiotherapy
A Kerr, P Rowe, D Esson, M Barber
OBJECTIVE: To describe and compare patterns of physical activity among stroke survivors during their hospital stay and community living with early supported discharge. DESIGN: Observational cohort study of physical activity before and after early supported discharge. SETTING: UK National Health Service stroke units and participants' homes. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-one stroke survivors with a mean age of 69 (standard deviation 11) years, and a median Modified Rivermead Mobility Index of 33...
December 2016: Physiotherapy
Annie Ross, Alison J Yarnall, Lynn Rochester, Sue Lord
BACKGROUND: Falls are a major problem for people with Parkinson's disease (PD). Despite years of focused research knowledge of falls aetiology is poor. This may be partly due to classification approaches which conventionally report fall frequency. This nosology is blunt, and does not take into account causality or the circumstances in which the fall occurred. For example, it is likely that people who fall from a postural transition are phenotypically different to those who fall during high level activities...
September 3, 2016: Physiotherapy
Rebecca Foo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Physiotherapy
Gustavo D Ferreira, Ana Cecília C Costa, Rodrigo D M Plentz, Christian C Coronel, Graciele Sbruzzi
BACKGROUND: Among neurodegenerative diseases, multiple sclerosis (MS) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) have a high rate of respiratory disability. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the effects of respiratory muscle training (RMT) on ventilatory function, muscle strength and functional capacity in patients with MS or ALS. DATA SOURCES: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was performed. The sources were MEDLINE, PEDro, Cochrane CENTRAL, EMBASE, and LILACS, from inception to January 2015...
September 2016: Physiotherapy
Kerry Graeme Baker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Physiotherapy
Sonya Hartwich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Physiotherapy
C L Granger, S M Parry, L Edbrooke, L Denehy
OBJECTIVES: To investigate in non-surgically and surgically treated non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC): (1) changes in physical activity, function, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and symptoms after diagnosis; and (2) the association between physical activity and outcomes. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: Three acute tertiary hospitals. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-nine individuals (43 male, median [IQR] age 68 [61 to 74] years) with stage I-IV NSCLC...
September 2016: Physiotherapy
Leona Dowman, Christine F McDonald, Catherine J Hill, Annemarie Lee, Kathryn Barker, Claire Boote, Ian Glaspole, Nicole Goh, Annemarie Southcott, Angela Burge, Rebecca Ndongo, Alicia Martin, Anne E Holland
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the inter-rater and intra-rater reliability of the hand held dynamometer in measuring muscle strength in people with interstitial lung disease (ILD). DESIGN: Test retest reliability of hand-held dynamometry for elbow flexor and knee extensor strength between two independent raters and two testing sessions. SETTING: Physiotherapy department within a tertiary hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty participants with ILD of varying aetiology were included...
September 2016: Physiotherapy
F Doná, C C Aquino, J M Gazzola, V Borges, S M C A Silva, F F Ganança, H H Caovilla, H B Ferraz
OBJECTIVES: Postural instability is one of the most disabling features in Parkinson's disease (PD), and often leads to falls that reduce mobility and functional capacity. The objectives of this study were to analyse the limit of stability (LOS) and influence of the manipulation of visual, somatosensorial and visual-vestibular information on postural control in patients with PD and healthy subjects. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Movement Disorders Unit, university setting...
September 2016: Physiotherapy
J F deS Barbosa, S S Bruno, N S O Cruz, J S de Oliveira, J A Ruaro, R O Guerra
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between perceived fatigability and oxygen consumption, carbon dioxide production, respiratory exchange ratio and the energy cost of walking in older women. DESIGN: Observational, cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-eight community-dwelling older women were recruited from senior centres in Natal, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Participants were evaluated in two different sessions...
September 2016: Physiotherapy
Lisa C Hanson, Nicholas F Taylor, Helen McBurney
OBJECTIVES: To determine the retest reliability of the 10m incremental shuttle walk test (ISWT) in a mixed cardiac rehabilitation population. DESIGN: Participants completed two 10m ISWTs in a single session in a repeated measures study. Ten participants completed a third 10m ISWT as part of a pilot study. SETTING: Hospital physiotherapy department. PARTICIPANTS: 62 adults aged a mean of 68 years (SD 10) referred to a cardiac rehabilitation program...
September 2016: Physiotherapy
N V Karayannis, G A Jull, P W Hodges
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Physiotherapy
K Dunleavy, K Kava, A Goldberg, M H Malek, S A Talley, V Tutag-Lehr, J Hildreth
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness of Pilates and yoga group exercise interventions for individuals with chronic neck pain (CNP). DESIGN: Quasi-randomised parallel controlled study. SETTING: Community, university and private practice settings in four locations. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-six individuals with CNP scoring ≥3/10 on the numeric pain rating scale for >3 months (controls n=17, Pilates n=20, yoga n=19)...
September 2016: Physiotherapy
B Kuni, J Mussler, E Kalkum, H Schmitt, S I Wolf
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of kinesiotape, non-elastic tape, and soft brace on segmental foot kinematics during drop landing in subjects with chronic ankle instability and healthy subjects. DESIGN: Controlled study with repeated measurements. SETTING: Three-dimensional motion analysis laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty participants with chronic ankle instability and 20 healthy subjects. INTERVENTIONS: The subjects performed drop landings with 17 retroreflective markers on the foot and lower leg in four conditions: barefoot, with kinesiotape, with non-elastic tape and with a soft brace...
September 2016: Physiotherapy
J J Hill, J L Keating
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) in adolescence is a predictor of adult LBP. Strategies to educate children and encourage healthy spine habits may prevent LBP. Poor adherence to health programmes can be a barrier to their success. This study addresses the potential for habitualisation of a short daily exercise programme that draws attention to factors thought to keep the spine healthy. OBJECTIVES: To describe adherence to a 9-month exercise programme, and analyse factors that may influence adherence...
September 2016: Physiotherapy
V Benavent-Caballer, P Rosado-Calatayud, E Segura-Ortí, J J Amer-Cuenca, J F Lisón
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the short-term effects of a video-supported group-based Otago exercise programme (OEP) on physical performance variables in independent community-dwelling older adults. DESIGN: Preliminary randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Local senior centre. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-one adults aged 65 and older with no cognitive impairment. INTERVENTION: Participants were randomly allocated to the intervention group (IG) or to the control group (CG)...
September 2016: Physiotherapy
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