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Rebecca Foo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Physiotherapy
Gustavo D Ferreira, Ana Cecília C Costa, Rodrigo D M Plentz, Christian C Coronel, Graciele Sbruzzi
BACKGROUND: Among neurodegenerative diseases, multiple sclerosis (MS) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) have a high rate of respiratory disability. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the effects of respiratory muscle training (RMT) on ventilatory function, muscle strength and functional capacity in patients with MS or ALS. DATA SOURCES: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was performed. The sources were MEDLINE, PEDro, Cochrane CENTRAL, EMBASE, and LILACS, from inception to January 2015...
September 2016: Physiotherapy
Kerry Graeme Baker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Physiotherapy
Sonya Hartwich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Physiotherapy
C L Granger, S M Parry, L Edbrooke, L Denehy
OBJECTIVES: To investigate in non-surgically and surgically treated non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC): (1) changes in physical activity, function, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and symptoms after diagnosis; and (2) the association between physical activity and outcomes. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: Three acute tertiary hospitals. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-nine individuals (43 male, median [IQR] age 68 [61 to 74] years) with stage I-IV NSCLC...
September 2016: Physiotherapy
Leona Dowman, Christine F McDonald, Catherine J Hill, Annemarie Lee, Kathryn Barker, Claire Boote, Ian Glaspole, Nicole Goh, Annemarie Southcott, Angela Burge, Rebecca Ndongo, Alicia Martin, Anne E Holland
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the inter-rater and intra-rater reliability of the hand held dynamometer in measuring muscle strength in people with interstitial lung disease (ILD). DESIGN: Test retest reliability of hand-held dynamometry for elbow flexor and knee extensor strength between two independent raters and two testing sessions. SETTING: Physiotherapy department within a tertiary hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty participants with ILD of varying aetiology were included...
September 2016: Physiotherapy
F Doná, C C Aquino, J M Gazzola, V Borges, S M C A Silva, F F Ganança, H H Caovilla, H B Ferraz
OBJECTIVES: Postural instability is one of the most disabling features in Parkinson's disease (PD), and often leads to falls that reduce mobility and functional capacity. The objectives of this study were to analyse the limit of stability (LOS) and influence of the manipulation of visual, somatosensorial and visual-vestibular information on postural control in patients with PD and healthy subjects. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Movement Disorders Unit, university setting...
September 2016: Physiotherapy
J F deS Barbosa, S S Bruno, N S O Cruz, J S de Oliveira, J A Ruaro, R O Guerra
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between perceived fatigability and oxygen consumption, carbon dioxide production, respiratory exchange ratio and the energy cost of walking in older women. DESIGN: Observational, cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-eight community-dwelling older women were recruited from senior centres in Natal, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Participants were evaluated in two different sessions...
September 2016: Physiotherapy
Lisa C Hanson, Nicholas F Taylor, Helen McBurney
OBJECTIVES: To determine the retest reliability of the 10m incremental shuttle walk test (ISWT) in a mixed cardiac rehabilitation population. DESIGN: Participants completed two 10m ISWTs in a single session in a repeated measures study. Ten participants completed a third 10m ISWT as part of a pilot study. SETTING: Hospital physiotherapy department. PARTICIPANTS: 62 adults aged a mean of 68 years (SD 10) referred to a cardiac rehabilitation program...
September 2016: Physiotherapy
N V Karayannis, G A Jull, P W Hodges
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Physiotherapy
K Dunleavy, K Kava, A Goldberg, M H Malek, S A Talley, V Tutag-Lehr, J Hildreth
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness of Pilates and yoga group exercise interventions for individuals with chronic neck pain (CNP). DESIGN: Quasi-randomised parallel controlled study. SETTING: Community, university and private practice settings in four locations. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-six individuals with CNP scoring ≥3/10 on the numeric pain rating scale for >3 months (controls n=17, Pilates n=20, yoga n=19)...
September 2016: Physiotherapy
B Kuni, J Mussler, E Kalkum, H Schmitt, S I Wolf
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of kinesiotape, non-elastic tape, and soft brace on segmental foot kinematics during drop landing in subjects with chronic ankle instability and healthy subjects. DESIGN: Controlled study with repeated measurements. SETTING: Three-dimensional motion analysis laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty participants with chronic ankle instability and 20 healthy subjects. INTERVENTIONS: The subjects performed drop landings with 17 retroreflective markers on the foot and lower leg in four conditions: barefoot, with kinesiotape, with non-elastic tape and with a soft brace...
September 2016: Physiotherapy
J J Hill, J L Keating
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) in adolescence is a predictor of adult LBP. Strategies to educate children and encourage healthy spine habits may prevent LBP. Poor adherence to health programmes can be a barrier to their success. This study addresses the potential for habitualisation of a short daily exercise programme that draws attention to factors thought to keep the spine healthy. OBJECTIVES: To describe adherence to a 9-month exercise programme, and analyse factors that may influence adherence...
September 2016: Physiotherapy
V Benavent-Caballer, P Rosado-Calatayud, E Segura-Ortí, J J Amer-Cuenca, J F Lisón
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the short-term effects of a video-supported group-based Otago exercise programme (OEP) on physical performance variables in independent community-dwelling older adults. DESIGN: Preliminary randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Local senior centre. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-one adults aged 65 and older with no cognitive impairment. INTERVENTION: Participants were randomly allocated to the intervention group (IG) or to the control group (CG)...
September 2016: Physiotherapy
Janet Withall, Anne M Haase, Nicola E Walsh, Anita Young, Fiona Cramp
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is lower than in the general population. PA can improve physical function in RA, decrease chronic inflammation and reduce pain, without adversely affecting disease activity. OBJECTIVES: To explore patient's views on approaches to delivering PA programmes and inform a programme to maximise functional ability through long-term engagement with PA. METHODS: Qualitative data were collected via three focus groups which explored the views of people with RA of their PA support needs following diagnosis; experiences relating to PA; motivators and facilitators to support PA engagement and the suitability for people with RA of evidence based PA programmes designed for other long-term conditions...
September 2016: Physiotherapy
Deborah Antcliff, Philip Keeley, Malcolm Campbell, Steve Woby, Linda McGowan
OBJECTIVE: Despite the frequent recommendation of activity pacing as a coping strategy for patients with chronic pain and/or fatigue, pacing is interpreted in different ways and there is an absence of a widely accepted pacing scale. We have developed a new Activity Pacing Questionnaire (APQ). The aims of this study were to explore patients' views and beliefs about the concept of pacing, together with the acceptability of the APQ. DESIGN: Qualitative pragmatic study using semi-structured telephone interviews...
September 2016: Physiotherapy
Mohadeseh Sani, Erfan Ayubi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 9, 2016: Physiotherapy
Alexis A Wright, Steven L Dischiavi, James M Smoliga, Jeffrey B Taylor, Eric J Hegedus
OBJECTIVES: To determine if the Lower Quarter Y-Balance Test (LQYBT) is predictive of lower extremity injury in NCAA Division 1 athletes. DESIGN: Prospective cohort, therapy. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred eighty-nine NCAA Division 1 athletes participated in the study and underwent a preparticipation screen that included the LQYBT. Maximal reach distances were recorded in each direction and normalized to leg length. A composite score was calculated by summing the three normalized reach distances and dividing by three times leg length...
June 25, 2016: Physiotherapy
W A Cuellar, A Wilson, C L Blizzard, P Otahal, M L Callisaya, G Jones, J A Hides, T M Winzenberg
BACKGROUND: Age-related changes in the trunk (abdominal and lumbar multifidus) muscles and their impact on physical function of older adults are not clearly understood. OBJECTIVES: To systematically summarise studies of these trunk muscles in older adults. DATA SOURCES: Cochrane Library, Pubmed, EMBASE and CINAHL were searched using terms for abdominal and MF muscles and measurement methods. STUDY SELECTION: Two reviewers independently assessed studies and included those reporting measurements of abdominal muscles and/or MF by ultrasound, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging or electromyography of adults aged ≥50 years...
June 21, 2016: Physiotherapy
C K Wong, W N Levine, K Deo, R S Kesting, E A Mercer, G A Schram, B L Strang
BACKGROUND: In 1940s, it was proposed that frozen shoulder progresses through a self-limiting natural history of painful, stiff and recovery phases, leading to full recovery without treatment. However, clinical evidence of persistent limitations lasting for years contradicts this assumption. OBJECTIVES: To assess evidence for the natural history theory of frozen shoulder by examining: (1) progression through recovery phases, and (2) full resolution without treatment...
June 21, 2016: Physiotherapy
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