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La Medicina del Lavoro

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30378590/the-contribution-of-italian-migrant-women-in-the-new-world-to-health-and-safety-at-work
#1
Silvana Salerno
BACKGROUND: Many Italian migrant women left Italy for the United States of America (USA) in the years 1881-1932. In the USA they could only find poor jobs such as home work or unskilled jobs in the developing American manufacturing industries. OBJECTIVES: Analysis of the contribution of Italian migrant women to the improvement of working conditions in the USA. METHODS: Five case-studies have been selected and analyzed by national and international literature...
October 30, 2018: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30378589/unusual-case-of-traumatic-carotid-artery-dissection-occurred-during-a-work-related-activity-a-case-report
#2
Cesare Garberi, Rossana Ravizza, Riccardo Colombo, Federica Borromeo, Chiara Rossetti, Simone Cisini, Marco Motta, Jutta Maria Birkhoff
Carotid artery dissection secondary to cervical blunt trauma is a rare and potentially life-threatening condition that can cause a variety of clinical presentations, including stroke, headache, neck pain, tinnitus, Horner syndrome and cranial neuropathies and is associated with long-term sequelae. We report a case of a 49-year-old industrial vehicles mechanic who was projected to the ground by the explosion of the tire of a heavy truck he was inflating. In the following hours he presented various neurological signs and symptoms and was admitted to the Emergency Department...
October 30, 2018: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30378588/stalking-in-nursing-profession-behavior-consequences-coping-strategies-and-gender-difference
#3
Daniela Acquadro Maran, Antonella Varetto
BACKGROUND: The literature analysis has shown the risk of victimization in nursing professions. To date, very few studies have focused on the behavioral differences characterizing the stalking campaign, the consequences (physical and emotive), and the coping strategies adopted by victims (male and female nurses). OBJECTIVES: The aim of this work was to compare the victimization experience of men and women working as nurses in public hospitals. METHODS: 2...
October 30, 2018: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30378587/i-break-and-bend-posture-lifts-and-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-preschool-teachers
#4
Ilaria Sottimano, Sara Viotti, Gloria Guidetti, Vincenza Cascio, Daniela Converso
BACKGROUND: Nursery school teachers are subjected to unavoidable physical demands, such as picking up children, putting them in the cradle, changing diapers etc. The potential detrimental effects on the workers' musculoskeletal system are amplified by the aging of the working population observed in recent years. OBJECTIVES: To describe the psychophysical health of nursery school teachers employed in a North-Western Italy municipality and their age-related problems...
October 30, 2018: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30378586/biological-monitoring-of-exposure-to-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-and-to-metallic-elements-in-italian-navy-workers-operating-near-the-industrial-area-in-taranto-south-italy
#5
Piero Lovreglio, Mauro Barbierato, Filippo Crociata, Enrico Tomao, Laura Diomede, Elisabetta Gallo, Pietro Scaramuzzo, Ignazio Drago, Matteo Paganelli, Pietro Apostoli, Leonardo Soleo
OBJECTIVES: To assess, by means of biological monitoring, exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and to metallic elements in Italian Navy workers operating near the industrial area in Taranto, and thereby estimate the health risk. METHODS: A total of 450 workers in the Italian Navy were examined; they had office type jobs, and 150 of them worked near the industrial area in Taranto (exposed group), 150 in Taranto but far from this area (internal control group) and 150 in Brindisi (external control group)...
October 30, 2018: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30378585/the-occupational-health-and-safety-dimension-of-industry-4-0
#6
Veruscka Leso, Luca Fontana, Ivo Iavicoli
BACKGROUND: In recent years, an increase in the worldwide demand for consumer goods and the need for a sustainable type of manufacturing have led to the so-called "fourth industrial revolution" or Industry 4.0. This 4.0 technological revolution, designed to make industrial production more efficient, more flexible and of higher quality, is characterized by greater automation and computerization. This trend will inevitably affect the way work is organized and carried out, and may affect the health and safety of workers...
October 29, 2018: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30168504/italian-version-of-the-assessment-of-interprofessional-team-collaboration-scale-ii-i-aitcs-ii-a-multiphase-study-of-validity-and-reliability-amongst-healthcare-providers
#7
Rosario Caruso, Arianna Magon, Federica Dellafiore, Sara Griffini, Laura Milani, Alessandro Stievano, Carole A Orchard
OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate an Italian version of the Assessment of Interprofessional Team Collaboration Scale II (I-AITCS II). METHODS: A multiphase validation study was conducted. The first phase was the AITCS-II translation from English into Italian to develop the first version of I-AITCS II for practitioners. The second phase was the study of I-AITCS II face and content validity, and the third phase was a cross-sectional data collection to provide evidence of construct validity using the psychometrics testing and the reliability assessment through the internal consistency study...
August 28, 2018: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30168503/trend-analysis-and-factors-associated-with-biological-injuries-among-health-care-workers-in-southern-italy
#8
Vincenza Cofini, Alberto Capodacqua, Santina Calisse, Italia Galassi, Lora Cipollone, Stefano Necozione
BACKGROUND: Biological injuries are the most common and serious among health care workers. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to estimate the injuries' incidence, job distribution and temporal trend in a hospital in Southern Italy. METHODS: Data on accidents, collected from January 2010 to December 2016, were analyzed. Poisson distribution was used to calculate incidence rates and respective 95% confidence intervals. Trends were analyzed using the Joinpoint regression model...
August 28, 2018: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30168502/prevalence-of-consumption-of-psychoactive-substances-amongst-moroccan-taxi-drivers
#9
Omar Laraqui, Salwa Laraqui, Nadia Manar, Tarik Ghailan, Reda Hammouda, Frédéric Deschamps, Chakib El Houssine Laraqui
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of psychoactive substances is constantly increasing in developing countries, and all professional sectors are concerned. Taxi drivers are a particular target because of the dangerousness and complexity of their work. However, few studies have investigated toxic habits in this population. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of the use and misuse of addictive substances in taxi drivers and to appreciate poly-consumptions according to socio-demographic and occupational characteristics...
August 28, 2018: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30168501/exposure-to-airborne-particles-associated-with-the-handling-of-graphene-nanoplatelets
#10
Andrea Spinazzè, Andrea Cattaneo, Francesca Borghi, Luca Del Buono, Davide Campagnolo, Sabrina Rovelli, Domenico Maria Cavallo
BACKGROUND: It is recognized that engineering control measures are needed to reduce occupational exposure to engineered nanomaterials (NMs): of these, fume hoods are among the most widespread collective protection equipment used while handling NMs in occupational settings.  It is known that in some circumstances, handling NMs in fume hoods can result in a significant release of NMs. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of fume hoods in reducing exposure while handling graphene nanoplatelets and to define the conditions that result in a lower dispersion of particles and thus less operator exposure...
August 28, 2018: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30168500/approach-to-prevention-of-musculoskeletal-symptoms-in-dental-students-an-interventional-study
#11
Adela Koni, Maria Kufersin, Federico Ronchese, Mauro Travan, Milena Cadenaro, Francesca Larese Filon
BACKGROUND: Work-related musculoskeletal (MS) disorders are very common among dentists due to abnormal positions maintained during their work. There is the need to teach undergraduate students ergonomic procedures to prevent MS pain and disorders. METHODS: All the students of the School of Dentistry at the University of Trieste were enrolled for the study (No. 55). A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect anthropometric information, previous or current diseases, MS pain and disorders and work tasks performed...
August 28, 2018: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30168499/the-role-of-perceptions-of-context-poc-on-job-burnout-in-health-services-organizations
#12
Silvia De Simone, Gianfranco Cicotto, Laura Borgogni
BACKGROUND: Several empirical studies have investigated Job Burnout and its predictors, underlining the role of situational and organizational factors. The Perceptions of Context construct (PoC) has yet to be studied in healthcare contexts. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study is to broaden the knowledge of the Job Burnout determinants focusing on the dimensions of the context and to integrate research in this field with a construct that emphasizes the relational dimension, the Interpersonal Strain...
August 28, 2018: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30168498/effects-of-aircraft-noise-on-annoyance-sleep-disorders-and-blood-pressure-among-adult-residents-near-the-orio-al-serio-international-airport-bgy-italy
#13
Michele Carugno, Pietro Imbrogno, Alberto Zucchi, Roberta Ciampichini, Carmen Tereanu, Giuseppe Sampietro, Giorgio Barbaglio, Bruno Pesenti, Francesco Barretta, Pier Alberto Bertazzi, Angela Cecilia Pesatori, Dario Consonni
BACKGROUND: Aircraft noise may cause several non-auditory health effects, including annoyance, sleep disorders, hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, and impaired cognitive skills in children. OBJECTIVES: To perform a cross-sectional study among adult residents near the Orio al Serio International Airport (BGY), Italy to investigate the association between aircraft noise, annoyance, sleep disorders, blood pressure levels, and prevalence of hypertension. METHODS: Residential addresses of subjects aged 45-70 years were geocoded and classified in three groups according to noise levels: <60 (Reference), 60-65 (Zone A), and 65-75 dBA (Zone B)...
August 28, 2018: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30168497/influence-of-paid-maternity-leave-on-return-to-work-after-childbirth
#14
Sergio Vargas-Prada, Ana Maria García, Elena Ronda, Marisa Estarlich, Ferran Ballester, Fernando G Benavides
BACKGROUND: Paid maternity leave (ML) has been associated with better health outcomes in mothers and newborns. However, its protective role in mothers' employment after childbirth remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between paid ML and being employed 1-year after childbirth. METHODS: As part of the INfancia y Medio Ambiente (INMA) cohort study, 507 Spanish women employed at 12th week of pregnancy, were asked about their employment status and job characteristics at 32nd week of pregnancy...
August 28, 2018: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29943754/-mobile-miniature-x-ray-evaluation-and-pneumoconiosis-the-role-of-the-clinica-del-lavoro-in-milan-1941-1948
#15
Alessandro Porro, Lorenzo Lorusso, Bruno Falconi, Andrea Colombo, Paolo Maria Galimberti, Antonia Francesca Franchini
Since the end of the 19th century, X-rays have been used to detect lung diseases. In Italy, 207,096 miniature chest radiographs were taken from 1941 to 1948. Traditional radiographs gave better results, but miniature chest radiographs were useful for screening. Indeed, the development of mobile miniature chest radiography units resulted in an improvement in mass X-rays screening for the detection of penumoconiosis. These mobile miniature units were mounted on a bus chassis, a solution that allowed to easily reach workers...
May 28, 2018: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29943749/occupational-health-and-safety-of-road-haulage-company-employees
#16
Matteo Marco Riva, Francesco Cantamessa, Daniela Borleri, Giovanni Mosconi
BACKGROUND: This paper follows up on a project that was launched in 2008 and contributed to the development of the new Italian Society of Occupational Medicine (SIML) guidelines for the road haulage industry. OBJECTIVE: To reach a better understanding of occupational illness amongst truck drivers, in order to define appropriate health monitoring protocols and promote a healthy life-style. METHODS: We assessed 673 male drivers (mean age 43...
May 28, 2018: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29943751/stakeholders-views-on-vocational-rehabilitation-programs-a-call-for-collaboration-with-occupational-health-physicians
#17
Giorgio Mattei, Valentina Sacchi, Salvatore Alfieri, Antonella Bisi, Niccolò Colombini, Silvia Ferrari, Giuseppe Giubbarelli, Fabriziomaria Gobba, Alberto Modenese, Luca Pingani, Marco Rigatelli, Marisa Rossetti, Giulia Venturi, Fabrizio Starace, Gian Maria Galeazzi
BACKGROUND: The triple-dip recession taking place in Italy in 2008-2014 impacted negatively on health, mainly by increasing the rate of unemployment. This increased the prevalence of mental health disorders, while reducing the number of available places on vocational rehabilitation programs (VRPs) delivered by the psychiatric services. OBJECTIVES: To explore the different points of views of stakeholders (namely, users and professionals) involved in VRPs developed inside an Italian Community Mental Health Center (CMHC)...
May 11, 2018: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29943748/impact-of-climate-change-on-occupational-health-and-productivity-a-systematic-literature-review-focusing-on-workplace-heat
#18
REVIEW
Miriam Levi, Tord Kjellstrom, Alberto Baldasseroni
BACKGROUND: With climate change, mean annual air temperatures are getting hotter and extreme weather events will become more and more common in most parts of the world. OBJECTIVES: As part of the EU funded project HEAT-SHIELD we conducted a systematic review to summarize the epidemiological evidence of the effects of global warming-related heat exposure on workers' health and productivity. METHODS: Three separate searches, focused, respectively, on: i) heat-related illness (HRI), cardiovascular, respiratory and kidney diseases; ii) traumatic injuries; and iii) vector-borne diseases or vectors distribution, were conducted in PubMed...
April 24, 2018: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29943750/falling-asleep-at-the-wheel-and-distracted-driving-the-high-risk-professional-drivers-study
#19
Gian Luca Rosso, Stefano Candura, Massimo Perotto, Michele Caramella, Cristina Montomoli
BACKGROUND: Sleepiness at the wheel and driving while engaged in other activities are well known risk factors for traffic accidents. This article estimates the prevalence of these factors among Italian Professional Drivers (PDs) and their impact on reported driving mistakes. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted using anonymous questionnaires. PDs (n=497) were divided into two groups: high-risk PDs (HiRis_PDs) (those who self-reported more than one incident during the last 3 years and/or more than one mistake during the past year) and non-HiRis_PDs (subjects who did not meet the above-mentioned inclusion criteria)...
March 27, 2018: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29943752/-perception-of-alcohol-problem-among-workers-of-the-transportation-healthcare-and-building-sectors-in-the-lazio-region
#20
Pasquale Valente, Daniele Mipatrini, Alice Mannocci, Luca Enrico Ruscitti, Sabina Sernia, Mauro Ceccanti, Giuseppe La Torre
AIM: To perform an analysis of the perception of alcohol use among workers of the transportation, healthcare and building sectors. METHODS: A survey was carried out on alcohol consumption and knowledge of deriving health effects. Socio-demographic characteristics of the workers were collected. Risk indexes for habitual alcohol and binge consumption were calculated. RESULTS: The number of workers entering the survey is 3,914 (57% males; 58% married)...
March 5, 2018: La Medicina del Lavoro
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