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La Medicina del Lavoro

Rosario Caruso, Arianna Magon, Federica Dellafiore, Sara Griffini, Laura Milani, Alessandro Stievano, Carole A Orchard
OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate an Italian version of the Assessment of Interprofessional Team Collaboration Scale II (I-AITCS II). METHODS: A multiphase validation study was conducted. The first phase was the AITCS-II translation from English into Italian to develop the first version of I-AITCS II for practitioners. The second phase was the study of I-AITCS II face and content validity, and the third phase was a cross-sectional data collection to provide evidence of construct validity using the psychometrics testing and the reliability assessment through the internal consistency study...
August 28, 2018: La Medicina del Lavoro
Vincenza Cofini, Alberto Capodacqua, Santina Calisse, Italia Galassi, Lora Cipollone, Stefano Necozione
BACKGROUND: Biological injuries are the most common and serious among health care workers. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to estimate the injuries' incidence, job distribution and temporal trend in a hospital in Southern Italy. METHODS: Data on accidents, collected from January 2010 to December 2016, were analyzed. Poisson distribution was used to calculate incidence rates and respective 95% confidence intervals. Trends were analyzed using the Joinpoint regression model...
August 28, 2018: La Medicina del Lavoro
Omar Laraqui, Salwa Laraqui, Nadia Manar, Tarik Ghailan, Reda Hammouda, Frédéric Deschamps, Chakib El Houssine Laraqui
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of psychoactive substances is constantly increasing in developing countries, and all professional sectors are concerned. Taxi drivers are a particular target because of the dangerousness and complexity of their work. However, few studies have investigated toxic habits in this population. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of the use and misuse of addictive substances in taxi drivers and to appreciate poly-consumptions according to socio-demographic and occupational characteristics...
August 28, 2018: La Medicina del Lavoro
Andrea Spinazzè, Andrea Cattaneo, Francesca Borghi, Luca Del Buono, Davide Campagnolo, Sabrina Rovelli, Domenico Maria Cavallo
BACKGROUND: It is recognized that engineering control measures are needed to reduce occupational exposure to engineered nanomaterials (NMs): of these, fume hoods are among the most widespread collective protection equipment used while handling NMs in occupational settings.  It is known that in some circumstances, handling NMs in fume hoods can result in a significant release of NMs. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of fume hoods in reducing exposure while handling graphene nanoplatelets and to define the conditions that result in a lower dispersion of particles and thus less operator exposure...
August 28, 2018: La Medicina del Lavoro
Adela Koni, Maria Kufersin, Federico Ronchese, Mauro Travan, Milena Cadenaro, Francesca Larese Filon
BACKGROUND: Work-related musculoskeletal (MS) disorders are very common among dentists due to abnormal positions maintained during their work. There is the need to teach undergraduate students ergonomic procedures to prevent MS pain and disorders. METHODS: All the students of the School of Dentistry at the University of Trieste were enrolled for the study (No. 55). A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect anthropometric information, previous or current diseases, MS pain and disorders and work tasks performed...
August 28, 2018: La Medicina del Lavoro
Silvia De Simone, Gianfranco Cicotto, Laura Borgogni
BACKGROUND: Several empirical studies have investigated Job Burnout and its predictors, underlining the role of situational and organizational factors. The Perceptions of Context construct (PoC) has yet to be studied in healthcare contexts. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study is to broaden the knowledge of the Job Burnout determinants focusing on the dimensions of the context and to integrate research in this field with a construct that emphasizes the relational dimension, the Interpersonal Strain...
August 28, 2018: La Medicina del Lavoro
Michele Carugno, Pietro Imbrogno, Alberto Zucchi, Roberta Ciampichini, Carmen Tereanu, Giuseppe Sampietro, Giorgio Barbaglio, Bruno Pesenti, Francesco Barretta, Pier Alberto Bertazzi, Angela Cecilia Pesatori, Dario Consonni
BACKGROUND: Aircraft noise may cause several non-auditory health effects, including annoyance, sleep disorders, hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, and impaired cognitive skills in children. OBJECTIVES: To perform a cross-sectional study among adult residents near the Orio al Serio International Airport (BGY), Italy to investigate the association between aircraft noise, annoyance, sleep disorders, blood pressure levels, and prevalence of hypertension. METHODS: Residential addresses of subjects aged 45-70 years were geocoded and classified in three groups according to noise levels: <60 (Reference), 60-65 (Zone A), and 65-75 dBA (Zone B)...
August 28, 2018: La Medicina del Lavoro
Sergio Vargas-Prada, Ana Maria García, Elena Ronda, Marisa Estarlich, Ferran Ballester, Fernando G Benavides
BACKGROUND: Paid maternity leave (ML) has been associated with better health outcomes in mothers and newborns. However, its protective role in mothers' employment after childbirth remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between paid ML and being employed 1-year after childbirth. METHODS: As part of the INfancia y Medio Ambiente (INMA) cohort study, 507 Spanish women employed at 12th week of pregnancy, were asked about their employment status and job characteristics at 32nd week of pregnancy...
August 28, 2018: La Medicina del Lavoro
Alessandro Porro, Lorenzo Lorusso, Bruno Falconi, Andrea Colombo, Paolo Maria Galimberti, Antonia Francesca Franchini
Since the end of the 19th century, X-rays have been used to detect lung diseases. In Italy, 207,096 miniature chest radiographs were taken from 1941 to 1948. Traditional radiographs gave better results, but miniature chest radiographs were useful for screening. Indeed, the development of mobile miniature chest radiography units resulted in an improvement in mass X-rays screening for the detection of penumoconiosis. These mobile miniature units were mounted on a bus chassis, a solution that allowed to easily reach workers...
May 28, 2018: La Medicina del Lavoro
Matteo Marco Riva, Francesco Cantamessa, Daniela Borleri, Giovanni Mosconi
BACKGROUND: This paper follows up on a project that was launched in 2008 and contributed to the development of the new Italian Society of Occupational Medicine (SIML) guidelines for the road haulage industry. OBJECTIVE: To reach a better understanding of occupational illness amongst truck drivers, in order to define appropriate health monitoring protocols and promote a healthy life-style. METHODS: We assessed 673 male drivers (mean age 43...
May 28, 2018: La Medicina del Lavoro
Giorgio Mattei, Valentina Sacchi, Salvatore Alfieri, Antonella Bisi, Niccolò Colombini, Silvia Ferrari, Giuseppe Giubbarelli, Fabriziomaria Gobba, Alberto Modenese, Luca Pingani, Marco Rigatelli, Marisa Rossetti, Giulia Venturi, Fabrizio Starace, Gian Maria Galeazzi
BACKGROUND: The triple-dip recession taking place in Italy in 2008-2014 impacted negatively on health, mainly by increasing the rate of unemployment. This increased the prevalence of mental health disorders, while reducing the number of available places on vocational rehabilitation programs (VRPs) delivered by the psychiatric services. OBJECTIVES: To explore the different points of views of stakeholders (namely, users and professionals) involved in VRPs developed inside an Italian Community Mental Health Center (CMHC)...
May 11, 2018: La Medicina del Lavoro
Miriam Levi, Tord Kjellstrom, Alberto Baldasseroni
BACKGROUND: With climate change, mean annual air temperatures are getting hotter and extreme weather events will become more and more common in most parts of the world. OBJECTIVES: As part of the EU funded project HEAT-SHIELD we conducted a systematic review to summarize the epidemiological evidence of the effects of global warming-related heat exposure on workers' health and productivity. METHODS: Three separate searches, focused, respectively, on: i) heat-related illness (HRI), cardiovascular, respiratory and kidney diseases; ii) traumatic injuries; and iii) vector-borne diseases or vectors distribution, were conducted in PubMed...
April 24, 2018: La Medicina del Lavoro
Gian Luca Rosso, Stefano Candura, Massimo Perotto, Michele Caramella, Cristina Montomoli
BACKGROUND: Sleepiness at the wheel and driving while engaged in other activities are well known risk factors for traffic accidents. This article estimates the prevalence of these factors among Italian Professional Drivers (PDs) and their impact on reported driving mistakes. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted using anonymous questionnaires. PDs (n=497) were divided into two groups: high-risk PDs (HiRis_PDs) (those who self-reported more than one incident during the last 3 years and/or more than one mistake during the past year) and non-HiRis_PDs (subjects who did not meet the above-mentioned inclusion criteria)...
March 27, 2018: La Medicina del Lavoro
Pasquale Valente, Daniele Mipatrini, Alice Mannocci, Luca Enrico Ruscitti, Sabina Sernia, Mauro Ceccanti, Giuseppe La Torre
AIM: To perform an analysis of the perception of alcohol use among workers of the transportation, healthcare and building sectors. METHODS: A survey was carried out on alcohol consumption and knowledge of deriving health effects. Socio-demographic characteristics of the workers were collected. Risk indexes for habitual alcohol and binge consumption were calculated. RESULTS: The number of workers entering the survey is 3,914 (57% males; 58% married)...
March 5, 2018: La Medicina del Lavoro
Fabrizio Scafa, Giuseppe Calsamiglia, Paola Cadei, Emanuela Pettenuzzo, Giovanni Forni, Stefano Massimo Candura
BACKGROUND: Our previous experience with the "CardioWork" protocol (activated in 2005) demonstrated the usefulness of the interaction between occupational physician and cardiologist to facilitate work resumption after invasive heart procedures and subsequent rehabilitation, adapting the work tasks of the patients to the changed physical capabilities. OBJECTIVES: We surveyed the health conditions and employment status of the subjects previously studied, years after their completion of the protocol in order to verify its effectiveness over a long period of time...
February 28, 2018: La Medicina del Lavoro
Gabriele D'Ettorre, Vincenza Pellicani, Mariarita Greco, Mauro Mazzotta, Annamaria Vullo
BACKGROUND: Shift work disorder (SWD) is a major concern for both healthcare workers (HCWs) employed in hospital wards and healthcare organizations. The consequences of SWD may lead to increased service costs and lower standards of care. OBJECTIVES: To identify and evaluate the latest developments in assessing and managing the occupational risk of SWD in shift-HCWs through a search of the literature published in the last five years. METHODS: We performed a search of the literature starting from June 2012, using MEDLINE/Pubmed...
February 20, 2018: La Medicina del Lavoro
Nicole Ruggiero, Battista Magna, Nicoletta Cornaggia, Anna Maria Rosa, Orazio Ferrero, Massimiliano Mazzieri, Dario Consonni, Susanna Cantoni
INTRODUCTION: In recent years, Italy has seen a reduction in workplace accidents due to several factors, including the controls carried out by the Health and Safety at Work Services (PSAL) of the Local Health Units (ATS). OBJECTIVE: To verify the contribution of PSAL Services to injury reduction. In particular, to identify the existence of a difference between incidence rates of accidents in companies before and after inspections and possible variations in rates between inspected and non-inspected companies...
February 20, 2018: La Medicina del Lavoro
Federica Emanuel, Lara Bertola, Lara Colombo
BACKGROUND: In Italy, the work-related stress and organizational well-being evaluation is subject to specific norms and regulations. The Italian National Anti-Corruption Authority (Autorità Nazionale Anticorruzione - ANAC) has developed a questionnaire to assess the organizational well-being of the employees in Public Administration Institutions. OBJECTIVES: The study aims to analyse, according to the Job Demands-Resources Theory, the relationship between some job demands (workload, discrimination) and job resources (supervisors and colleagues support, job autonomy, fairness, career opportunities, membership), and some outcomes (work-related stress, emotional exhaustion, job satisfaction)...
February 16, 2018: La Medicina del Lavoro
Fabiana Delfrate, Paolo Ferrara, Daniela Spotti, Stefano Terzoni, Giulia Lamiani, Eleonora Canciani, Loris Bonetti
INTRODUCTION: Moral Distress (MD) is a common experience among nurses and if it is not recognised and treated, it may lead to serious consequences on nurses' health and quality of care. MD has been studied in several healthcare contexts. However, there are only few studies on MD in psychiatry and in Italy there are no data in this field.  Objective: To assess the presence of MD among mental health nurses in Italy and verify whether there is a relationship between MD and burnout. METHODS: We conducted a multicentre survey among nurses of Mental Health services of four hospitals in Milan...
February 6, 2018: La Medicina del Lavoro
Fabiano Barbiero, Tina Zanin, Federica Edith Pisa, Anica Casetta, Valentina Rosolen, Manuela Giangreco, Corrado Negro, Massimo Bovenzi, Fabio Barbone
BACKGROUND: The coastal area of Friuli Venezia Giulia (FVG) region, north-eastern Italy, was characterized by work activities in which asbestos was used until the early 1990s, particularly in shipbuilding. A public health surveillance program (PHSP) for asbestos-exposed workers was established, although limited evidence exists about the efficacy of such programs in reducing disease occurrence and mortality. OBJECTIVES: To compare mortality in a cohort of 2,488 men occupationally exposed to asbestos, enrolled in a PHSP in FVG between the early 1990s and 2008, with that of the general population of FVG and Italy...
February 6, 2018: La Medicina del Lavoro
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