Read by QxMD icon Read

Psychoanalytic Review

Maria Kli
The Freudian theory of drives gave prominence to the idea that there is an inherent principle of entropy, a tendency for dissolution of life, referred to as the Death drive, or Thanatos. Freud recognized a counterbalancing tendency for sustaining life, known as the Life drive, or Eros. The psychoanalytical expounding of the struggle of Eros and Thanatos in the context of the civilizational process sparked the philosophical critique of civilization. Although Freud tended to consider repression an indispensable dimension of this process, the author proposes in this paper that Herbert Marcuse's political critique took Freud's metapsychology further philosophically, suggesting a nondualistic interpretation of Freud's position...
February 2018: Psychoanalytic Review
Oren Gozlan
This paper examines current psychoanalytic engagements with the use of hormone blockers in transsexual children and the underlying premises concerning our understanding of the child's process of coming into his or her gendered self. Rather than taking sides in the debate, I explore how the "hormones question" becomes entangled in a series of misreadings and displacements through which the child's request could potentially be missed. In examining psychoanalytic conceptualizations of the trans child's agency, autonomy, and future and the relation between the natal body and gender, I ask, how is psychoanalytic discourse implicated in the very dilemmas it attempts to elucidate? Specifically, the essay examines critically the psychoanalytic use of continuity, authenticity, and alignment as implicit ideals, interrogates the focus on mourning as therapeutic horizon, and proposes that we conceive of gender as a good-enough placeholder with the potential to carry us from the ideal of continuity to an ethos of contiguity...
February 2018: Psychoanalytic Review
Anthony F Badalamenti
Freud's concept of the primary process, when confined to the selection of objects for the formation of dreams or symptoms, depends strongly on the concept of association, which in turn depends strongly on the logic of pars pro toto. An examination of how Freud saw the primary process selecting objects leads to the identification of an equivalence relationship as governing his model. This results in a logical understanding of how the primary process works in forming associations and choosing candidate objects for dreams and symptoms...
February 2018: Psychoanalytic Review
Gerald J Gargiulo
This paper discusses how we interpret and experience time and how such experiences affect our understanding of the topographical as well as the structural models. Following the thought of both ancient Hindu teachings (the Upanishads) and contemporary findings from quantum mechanics, the paper frames the discussion within a unitary experience of both mind and everyday experience. The function and role of clinical interpretations are also discussed. Following the tradition articulated in Roy Schaffer's action language model as well as insights from existentialism, the paper offers a deeper appreciation of individual agency and its role in self-understanding and personal growth...
February 2018: Psychoanalytic Review
Dana Amir
This paper focuses on the link between Roland Barthes's reflection on photography and the essential characteristics of psychoanalytic case studies. The case study, like the photograph, seeks to take hold of something nearly intangible. It attempts to capture in time, space, and language something whose dynamic presence remains elusive. The attempt to capture this object often strips it of its essence. Case studies may be accurate on their face while giving us the unpleasant sense that they have "deadened" their object in the process...
February 2018: Psychoanalytic Review
Barnaby B Barratt
This paper briefly reports on the current expansion of opportunities for clinical education in psychoanalysis in southern Africa, various regions of Asia, and Iran. It is a preliminary reconsideration of whether the disciplinary export of psychoanalysis is another egregious exercise in neo-colonialism, as contrasted with its possibly liberatory significance. The author argues that much of the discussion around the universality of many theoretical propositions needs to be reformulated. For example, the controversies over the Oedipus complex have typically been articulated in terms of the effects of specific social arrangements, familial structures, and styles of maternal and paternal functioning, rather than in terms of the universal-but with much cultural variation in its implementation-incest taboo...
February 2018: Psychoanalytic Review
Vamık D Volkan
There are many aspects-political, economic, legal, medical, cultural, religious-of the present refugee crisis in Europe. Difficulties at border crossings, settlement programs, life-saving issues, and security measures come to mind immediately, but the refugee crisis also needs to be examined from a psychological angle. This paper outlines psychoanalytic findings on voluntary and forced immigration and human responses to the Other. Change in the twenty-first century is occurring at an unprecedented pace and scale...
December 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
Ricardo C Ainslie
Communities are "psychic entities" that serve powerful psychological functions for the individuals living within them. They also serve multiple functions, including as a potential space where individuals are "held" and within which individuals "play" in ways akin to Winnicott's formulations regarding how infants "use" the me-not-me zone of experiencing, the potential space created by the gap between symbiotic engagement and the maternal object, in a zone between desire for fusion and fear of disintegrating abandonment...
December 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
Tülay Özbek
Kanak is a swear word used by Germans for Turkish migrants. From the beginning of Turkish migration sixty years up to now the meaning of this swear word has changed. The word Kanak transformed from a swear word to a name that is carried now "with proud defiance" by the children and grandchildren of the first-generation migrants. Kanak became a synonym for a new and different "German-ness." Introducing and relating to the concepts of the "internal racial other" of Fahkry Davids, the "large group identity" of Vamık Volkan, and his own conception of hybrid identity development, the author analyzes the impact of such identity transformations on the "migrants" as well as on the "natives" and in particular on the host large group...
December 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
Maria Leticia Castrechini-Franieck
Mass immigration is an occurrence associated with group psychology and triggers unusual reactions between newcomers and the indigenous population. This paper presents some results of psychological counseling work in an ongoing project of providing early psychological help for current traumatized refugees and asylum seekers in Europe who otherwise are unable to afford treatment, not even the usual consultations in common mental health settings. In particular, thoughts about the management of "cultural ideals" during the process of mass immigration came to light...
December 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
Charlotte Kahn
To provide a context, this introduction presents a bird's-eye view of migration history, of some differences between voluntary and forced motivation for leaving home territories, and the significance of large group relocations.(mass migrations). The challenges of adjustment and acculturation as well as the interactional effects on migrants and host populations, including mental health issues and facilities, are considered.
December 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
Ruth M Lijtmaer
When a country is engulfed in war, or overrun by a dictator who begins killing, its citizens are forced to flee. In such situations, the only compassionate response is to take people in. With the ongoing mass migration to Europe, these refugees pay smugglers to take them to safety, but there is no safe place to go since nobody wants them. They leave in a rush to save their lives and their families due to political and religious fear, death threats, rape of women, or forced labor. They do not have time to mourn the losses, there is no time for "ideal migration" where destination countries can choose whom they will take in...
December 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
Yaakov Roitman
The author explores the intersubjective aspect of the devolution of melancholia into psychosis, particularly as it involves the unconscious intersubjective role of the mother. The author considers the possibility that maternal inability to mourn contributes significantly to the foreclosure of the child's "tertiary processes" (the processes involved in the child's development of a differentiated autonomous self and symbolization). In the clinical case presented in detail in this paper, the child's undifferentiated experience with his mother (who was unable to grieve) left no room for the father as the necessary third element in the child's maturational processes...
October 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
Robert Friedman
The history of child psychotherapy is sketched from the psychoanalytic pioneers Anna Freud and Melanie Klein to the popular "nondirective" approach of Virginia Axline. The author's approach to child psychotherapy, based on contemporary psychoanalytic theories, allows the therapist to play any parental role that helps to repair developmental deficiencies and conflicts. These include nurturing, supporting, mirroring, role modeling, challenging, and limit setting. Following Winnicott, psychotherapy is conceived as a play space in which therapist and child are both spontaneous...
October 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
Leide Porcu
In New York City, a man and his therapist talk about shame as a psychological, bodily, gendered, and social experience that pervades even the consulting room. They describe and analyze trauma and guilt against the background of a common Mediterranean culture they experienced while growing up, albeit from different gendered and class positions. The patient's modest presenting complaint of blushing opens into an exploration that results in an unexpectedly profound transformation. Ultimately, therapy helps him acknowledge and process his traumatic experience of circumcision and other traumas...
October 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
Donald L Carveth
Though commonly seen as a member of the so-called "culturistic" school of psychoanalysis that rejected Freudian drive theory and embraced an "oversocialized" conception of human nature, Fromm's qualified essentialism and neo-Marxist existentialism significantly transcend both biological and social determinism (although he succumbs to the latter in regard to his theory of the Oedipus complex). His existential Freudo-Marxism contributes to the integration of psychoanalysis and social science. In place of the authoritarian superego and the pseudo-objective stance of the classical Freudians, Fromm offers conscientious, egalitarian, personalistic, and humane values...
August 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
Sandra Buechler
This paper explores some of the human values expressed in Erich Fromm's writing. Fromm passionately advocated for the importance of courage, integrity, self-actualization, freedom, the cherishing of truth, and a fully alive presence in one's daily life. Some of the clinical implications of these values are discussed. The application of Fromm's beliefs to analytically oriented treatment is illustrated in a case vignette from the author's practice.
August 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
Catherine B Silver, Neil McLaughlin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
Michael Maccoby
From 1960 to 1970 Erich Fromm was my teacher, analyst, and colleague. For the next ten years, we regularly corresponded about our work and views of public policy. As my analyst, Fromm had strengths and weaknesses. He influenced my research and practice on leadership and on transforming organizations to further both productivity and human development. His concepts can help us understand the current global political and cultural crisis that, while rooted in profound historic social, economic, and technological change, calls for depth psychological insights...
August 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
Catherine B Silver
This paper addresses issues of continuity and discontinuity regarding the role of the sociocultural in psychoanalysis. Starting with Freud's and Fromm's ideas on social change, the author discusses the dynamics whereby psychoanalytic culture gradually encouraged a process of delinking the psyche from the social. This disengagement from the sociocultural has encouraged dissociative mechanisms and social narcissism. Using a case study the author shows the importance of recapturing formulations that stress an analytic "Social Third...
August 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"