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Psychoanalytic Review

Gary Ahlskog
Freud's objections to hypnosis have little relevance to modern approaches. Contemporary hypnosis has evolved beyond direct suggestion to include the suspending of critical thinking in order to allow the patient's unconscious mind to take over and make internal changes. Aspects of the author's experiences as a patient, trainee, and practitioner are noted by way of dispelling some common misunderstandings. The growing profession of hypnosis has support from research in neuroscience. A rapprochement with psychoanalysis may be possible...
August 2018: Psychoanalytic Review
Kathryn J Zerbe, Kathryn M Bradley
Drawing upon the classic use of physical hunger as both a concrete sign of and metaphor for deep emotional needs, this article elaborates upon the many layers of hunger the eating disorder patient experiences and narcissistic defenses commonly employed to deny them. The authors use two extended case examples that illustrate the arduous but worthwhile task of welcoming patients to "bring their hungers"-an invitation that calls clinicians to make contact with the patient's human desires, to repeatedly chip away at the omnipotence used to mask such cravings, and to provide a space for working through the inexorable limitations imposed by time and mortality...
August 2018: Psychoanalytic Review
Anat Tzur Mahalel
This paper offers a reading of psychoanalyst Abram Kardiner's memoir, which tells the story of his analytic encounter with Freud in the early 1920s. The memoir describes Kardiner's dependence on caretakers, parents, and psychoanalysts, as well as painful separations that are understood in relation to his deprived childhood. These memories were revived in analysis and then reactivated in its abrupt termination. In retrospect, it can be seen that Kardiner's work of memory and mourning is tied in ambiguous ways to Freud's mourning over his daughter Sophie at the time...
August 2018: Psychoanalytic Review
Nicolas Evzonas
This essay draws on analytic concepts and artistic examples in order to explore murder as the ultimate fate of jealousy. The paper first explores two seemingly neurotic forms of possessive fury that result in a crime of passion. Both cases probe the criminal potential of a supposedly normal subject and question the frontiers of narcissism and self-love, while discussing gender stereotypes. The author then examines criminal jealousy from the vantage point of the specular stakes at play: the enamoration of the double pervaded with aggressiveness that stems from the pre-oedipal fraternal complex and leads to outbursts of psychotic allure...
June 2018: Psychoanalytic Review
David Zachary Hafner
To outlive the suicide of one's beloved, an ineffable trauma, entails a complicated grieving process. This paper illustrates the importance of understanding body and self as malleable, invested objects. The treatment of traumatized patients involves redrawing body frontiers, and subsequent reassurance that the body, once delineated and inhabited, won't betray its host. The concepts of objet a and transitional objects help distinguish anxieties related to external loss from anxieties related to the incorporation or reabsorption of an object whose cruel proximity threatens the internal integrity of body experience...
June 2018: Psychoanalytic Review
Susan E Barbour
Candidates frequently accept one or multiple low-fee cases as part of their training experience. Although the practical and unconscious meanings of the formerly taboo topic of money have recently been discussed in the literature, the candidate's experience in regard to the fee is rarely discussed. The author argues that the candidate is positioned to face a Gordian knot of personal, training, and clinical intensity in the duration of training that impacts casework. This paper discusses two prototypical characterological constellations related to the fee...
June 2018: Psychoanalytic Review
Sheila L Cavanagh
The author uses Lacanian psychoanalysis to conceptualize transgender embodiment, focusing on the Lacanian concept "objet a" to analyze how transpeople may be uniquely attuned to a fundamental lack in being endemic to all subjects of language. Objet a is central to the Imaginary register where body images and sex morphology intermingle. The author discusses objet a in relation to the mirror (and the Other's cisgender gaze), anxiety, postsurgical scars, linguistics, and Thing-like feelings of monstrosity (born of transphobia)...
June 2018: Psychoanalytic Review
Bryan K Nichols
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Psychoanalytic Review
Austin Ratner
Freud's letters and papers indicate that his emotions interfered with his endeavor to justify his theories to an unsympathetic public. His example suggests that a psychoanalyst who wishes to prove the validity of psychoanalysis to critics may experience strong and unpalatable emotions that in turn stimulate defense mechanisms, such as avoidance of proving activities. While Freud habitually observed the public's resistance to psychoanalytic ideas, he overlooked the possibility of his own resistance to presenting them...
April 2018: Psychoanalytic Review
Arnold Richards
This paper explores the pros and cons of self-disclosure and self revelation in the analyst. It takes as its starting point a paper by Jeffrey Stern that shows a mixed but generally positive outcome of an incident of self-disclosure. The trend in more recent times has been toward somewhat more self-disclosure, with modern analysts' views on a continuum. The author discusses an example from his own practice, in which he delayed self-disclosure for some time, but did reveal facts about himself, and how this had a mostly positive outcome...
April 2018: Psychoanalytic Review
Yael A Kadish
Women's psychosexuality remains an underdeveloped area in mainstream psychoanalysis. The paper argues for psychoanalytic recognition of women's secondary psychosexual development, that is, an extended developmental vantage point that includes women's pubertal and reproductive experiences. The author's arguments are illustrated through in-depth interview data from a research project that was conducted with mothers from thirty to sixty years old. The author proposes that women are subjected to at least three types of psychological conflict related to their secondary psychosexual events and processes...
April 2018: Psychoanalytic Review
Mario Rossi Monti, Alessandra D'Agostino
While on the one hand therapists can count on a number of codified and standardized diagnostic procedures, on the other hand it is hard to believe that in their daily work therapists slavishly follow these standardized procedures. In a clinical assessment, the diagnosis seems to be the outcome of a naïve and fuzzy process that is strongly influenced by personal training, by, theoretical models, and by one's masters as well as the experience gained in the field. What happens inside the no man's land of the clinical encounter? Can we identify some landmarks in these "amoeboid" exploratory moves? This paper addresses diagnosis not only as a noun or name ("diagnosis"), but also as a verb ("diagnosing"), arguing that a diagnostic space opens up thanks to an oscillatory state of mind that emerges at the intersection of different ways of looking "through" the symptom...
April 2018: Psychoanalytic Review
Maria Kli
The Freudian theory of drives gave prominence to the idea that there is an inherent principle of entropy, a tendency for dissolution of life, referred to as the Death drive, or Thanatos. Freud recognized a counterbalancing tendency for sustaining life, known as the Life drive, or Eros. The psychoanalytical expounding of the struggle of Eros and Thanatos in the context of the civilizational process sparked the philosophical critique of civilization. Although Freud tended to consider repression an indispensable dimension of this process, the author proposes in this paper that Herbert Marcuse's political critique took Freud's metapsychology further philosophically, suggesting a nondualistic interpretation of Freud's position...
February 2018: Psychoanalytic Review
Oren Gozlan
This paper examines current psychoanalytic engagements with the use of hormone blockers in transsexual children and the underlying premises concerning our understanding of the child's process of coming into his or her gendered self. Rather than taking sides in the debate, I explore how the "hormones question" becomes entangled in a series of misreadings and displacements through which the child's request could potentially be missed. In examining psychoanalytic conceptualizations of the trans child's agency, autonomy, and future and the relation between the natal body and gender, I ask, how is psychoanalytic discourse implicated in the very dilemmas it attempts to elucidate? Specifically, the essay examines critically the psychoanalytic use of continuity, authenticity, and alignment as implicit ideals, interrogates the focus on mourning as therapeutic horizon, and proposes that we conceive of gender as a good-enough placeholder with the potential to carry us from the ideal of continuity to an ethos of contiguity...
February 2018: Psychoanalytic Review
Anthony F Badalamenti
Freud's concept of the primary process, when confined to the selection of objects for the formation of dreams or symptoms, depends strongly on the concept of association, which in turn depends strongly on the logic of pars pro toto. An examination of how Freud saw the primary process selecting objects leads to the identification of an equivalence relationship as governing his model. This results in a logical understanding of how the primary process works in forming associations and choosing candidate objects for dreams and symptoms...
February 2018: Psychoanalytic Review
Gerald J Gargiulo
This paper discusses how we interpret and experience time and how such experiences affect our understanding of the topographical as well as the structural models. Following the thought of both ancient Hindu teachings (the Upanishads) and contemporary findings from quantum mechanics, the paper frames the discussion within a unitary experience of both mind and everyday experience. The function and role of clinical interpretations are also discussed. Following the tradition articulated in Roy Schaffer's action language model as well as insights from existentialism, the paper offers a deeper appreciation of individual agency and its role in self-understanding and personal growth...
February 2018: Psychoanalytic Review
Dana Amir
This paper focuses on the link between Roland Barthes's reflection on photography and the essential characteristics of psychoanalytic case studies. The case study, like the photograph, seeks to take hold of something nearly intangible. It attempts to capture in time, space, and language something whose dynamic presence remains elusive. The attempt to capture this object often strips it of its essence. Case studies may be accurate on their face while giving us the unpleasant sense that they have "deadened" their object in the process...
February 2018: Psychoanalytic Review
Barnaby B Barratt
This paper briefly reports on the current expansion of opportunities for clinical education in psychoanalysis in southern Africa, various regions of Asia, and Iran. It is a preliminary reconsideration of whether the disciplinary export of psychoanalysis is another egregious exercise in neo-colonialism, as contrasted with its possibly liberatory significance. The author argues that much of the discussion around the universality of many theoretical propositions needs to be reformulated. For example, the controversies over the Oedipus complex have typically been articulated in terms of the effects of specific social arrangements, familial structures, and styles of maternal and paternal functioning, rather than in terms of the universal-but with much cultural variation in its implementation-incest taboo...
February 2018: Psychoanalytic Review
Vamık D Volkan
There are many aspects-political, economic, legal, medical, cultural, religious-of the present refugee crisis in Europe. Difficulties at border crossings, settlement programs, life-saving issues, and security measures come to mind immediately, but the refugee crisis also needs to be examined from a psychological angle. This paper outlines psychoanalytic findings on voluntary and forced immigration and human responses to the Other. Change in the twenty-first century is occurring at an unprecedented pace and scale...
December 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
Ricardo C Ainslie
Communities are "psychic entities" that serve powerful psychological functions for the individuals living within them. They also serve multiple functions, including as a potential space where individuals are "held" and within which individuals "play" in ways akin to Winnicott's formulations regarding how infants "use" the me-not-me zone of experiencing, the potential space created by the gap between symbiotic engagement and the maternal object, in a zone between desire for fusion and fear of disintegrating abandonment...
December 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
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