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Perspectives in Psychiatric Care

Marie-Hélène Goulet, Caroline Larue, Ashley J Lemieux
PURPOSE: To develop and evaluate a "post-seclusion and/or restraint review" (PSRR) intervention implemented in an acute psychiatric care unit. DESIGN AND METHODS: Twelve staff members and three patients were enrolled in a participatory case study. To evaluate PSRR intervention, qualitative analysis was carried out. Seclusion and restraint use 6 months before and after the PSRR implementation was compared. FINDINGS: Nurses reported that they were able to explore the patient's feelings during the PSRR intervention with patients, which led to restoration of the therapeutic relationship...
June 20, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Malakeh Z Malak, Anas H Khalifeh
PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess the prevalence of anxiety and depression, examine their relationships with sociodemographic factors and Internet addiction, and identify their main predictors among Jordanian school students aged 12-18 years. DESIGN AND METHODS: A descriptive correlational study was conducted on a random sample of 800 students from 10 public schools in Amman. Symptom Checklist-anxiety, Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale for Children, and Young's Internet Addiction Tool were used for the purpose...
June 15, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Gerald Martone
People suffering from depression, schizophrenia, and dementia often have measurably lower levels of serum folate compared to people not experiencing psychiatric disorders. Augmentation of SSRI and SNRI antidepressant medications with l-methylfolate has been demonstrated to increase their effectiveness and onset of action. Even the use of l-methylfolate as a stand-alone monotherapy has been observed to exert antidepressant properties. The role of folate in mental illness has been known for many decades, but the strategic use of l-methylfolate supplementation has not yet been accepted as a standard regimen...
June 8, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
HongJing Mao, JianLi Wu, You Xu, Yi Liu, XiangDong Tang
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore the effectiveness of sleep self-management group intervention for insomnia disorder. DESIGN AND METHODS: One hundred four patients with insomnia disorder were recruited from The Seventh Hospital of Hangzhou, from February to November 2015. After completing the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and Sleep Diary and Beliefs and Attitudes about Sleep Scale (DBAS), they were randomly assigned into the intervention group (n = 52) and the control group (n = 52)...
June 7, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Erman Yıldız, Gülsen Kılınç
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 29, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Jumana Hussein Shehadeh, Ayman M Hamdan-Mansour
BACKGROUND: Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is particularly a female psychological disorder that has consequences on female students' behavior, cognitive abilities, mental health status, and academic performance. PURPOSE: To examine the prevalence of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and PMDD, and their relationship with academic performance among female university students in Jordan. METHOD: Prospective-correlational design was employed among 858 university students...
May 24, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Yuan-Yuan Wang, Shi-Bin Wang, Gabor S Ungvari, Xin Yu, Chee H Ng, Yu-Tao Xiang
PURPOSE: This is a systematic review of the usefulness of the MacArthur Competence Assessment Tools (MacCAT) in assessing the decision-making competence in patients with depression. DESIGN AND METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed. FINDINGS: Eleven studies met the search criteria. The decision-making capacity was impaired in 9-31% of the patients with depression. There was inconsistency regarding the differences of MacCAT scores between patients with depression and controls, while relatively large effect sizes were found on the Appreciation and Reasoning MacCAT subscales...
May 23, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Ahmad Rayan, Maryam Husnee Mahroum, Aws Khasawneh
BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing rates of patients diagnosed with major depressive disorder (MDD) in Jordan, there is little knowledge available about the factors associated with the quality of life (QOL) among this population in particular. AIMS: This study aims to assess the level of QOL among Jordanian patients with MDD and to examine the possible correlates of QOL in this population. METHODS: A descriptive correlational design was used...
May 23, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Ekhlas Al-Gamal, Aisha Alhosain, Khulood Alsunaye
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the stress level and coping strategies among undergraduate Saudi female nursing students during their clinical education. DESIGN AND METHODS: In this study, a descriptive correlational cross-sectional design was used. The Demographic Information Questionnaire, Perceived Stress Scale, and Coping Behavior Inventory were completed by 121 female Saudi undergraduate nursing students. FINDINGS: The findings showed that stress from taking care of the patient subscale (M = 12...
May 18, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Yuqun Zhang, Pengcheng Li, Yuanyuan Ma, Shengqin Mao, Guohong Li, Aiming Zheng, Yonggui Yuan
PURPOSE: To explore the prevalence of health anxiety (HA) and related factors in Chinese patients with physical diseases. DESIGN AND METHODS: Three-hundred twenty-eight patients completed a series of scales about personality, HA, and quality of life (QoL). FINDINGS: The prevalence of HA in all patients was 42.07%. HA was significantly correlated with neuroticism, alexithymia, and QoL. Moreover, physical and psychological QoL as well as neuroticism could predict 41...
April 4, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Gabriel C Watson, John S Carlson, Jed Magen
PURPOSE: To investigate predictors of conduct problem (CP) treatment in an outpatient child psychiatry clinic. DESIGN AND METHODS: Medical records (N = 78) of youth with CPs (71% male; mean age = 9.9 years) were analyzed to determine how treatment history, race, gender, travel distance, aggression symptoms, internalizing disorder symptoms, and age of diagnosis influenced initial treatment decisions. FINDINGS: Severity of aggression symptoms and travel distance significantly increased the likelihood that initial treatments included psychotropic medication...
April 4, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Evelyn Parrish
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Genoveva Granados-Gámez, Maria Del Mar López Rodríguez, Ana Corral Granados, Verónica V Márquez-Hernández
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to analyze nursing students' beliefs and attitudes toward mental disorder before and after clinical placements. DESIGN AND METHODS: A cross-sectional design was chosen. One hundred ninety-four first- and third-year students in a three-year nursing degree course completed the Attribution Questionnaire AQ-27 regarding Mental Health, the Questionnaire of Beliefs, and a Socio-Demographic Questionnaire. FINDINGS: Significant differences were found between students who had experienced mental illness and those who had not...
April 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Kristen M Clouse, Kimberly A Williams, Jane M Harmon
PURPOSE: The aim is to improve the uptake of psychiatric services for new patients being referred from primary care, counseling, and hospital discharge follow-up care. DESIGN AND METHODS: A convenience sample of 18 new patients participated in a provider-initiated telephone protocol to increase knowledge related to psychiatric treatment and remind patients of appointments the day before the initial visit. FINDINGS: Fifteen patients attended the initial visit, resulting in a 26% reduction rate of no-show rates from 27% the previous year to 20% in a 3-month period...
April 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Grace B Hubbard, Linda Beeber, Erin Eves
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to validate five concepts central to secondary traumatization (ST) using narratives of psychiatric mental health advanced practice nurses. DESIGN AND METHODS: The study was designed as a directed content analysis of narrative notes (N-30). FINDINGS: Consistency was found between narrative notes and the concepts. This study revealed that exposure and vulnerability precede empathic engagement, reaction, and alteration/transformation...
April 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Se Youn An, Gyung Hee Kim, Ji Young Kim
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the effects of shared decision-making (SDM) training program on self-esteem, problem-solving ability, and quality of life in people with schizophrenia. DESIGN AND METHODS: A quasi-experiment with a nonequivalent control group pre-posttest design was conducted. The self-esteem scale, the problem-solving ability scale, and the WHOQOL Scale were used. FINDINGS: The SDM training program was effective in improving their self-esteem, problem-solving ability, and quality of life in people with schizophrenia...
April 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Martin Salzmann-Erikson, Marie Bjuhr, Gunilla Mårtensson
PURPOSE: This study aimed not only to describe the development and implementation of the module but also to evaluate the nursing students' perceptions. DESIGN AND METHODS: A cross-sectional design including 101 students who were asked to participate and answer a survey. We describe the development of the pedagogic module Students Active Learning via Internet Observations based on situated learning. FINDINGS: The findings show that learning about service users' own lived experiences via web-based platforms was instructive according to the students: 81% agreed to a high or very high degree...
April 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Cai-Lan Hou, Yan Li, Mei-Ying Cai, Xin-Rong Ma, Yu Zang, Fu-Jun Jia, Yong-Qiang Lin, Gabor S Ungvari, Helen F K Chiu, Chee H Ng, Bao-Liang Zhong, Xiao-Lan Cao, Man-Ian Tam, Yu-Tao Xiang
PURPOSE: To describe the prevalence and clinical correlates of insomnia in schizophrenia patients treated in primary care. DESIGN AND METHODS: Six hundred and twenty-three schizophrenia patients from 22 primary care services were recruited. FINDINGS: The prevalence of at least one type of insomnia was 28.9% (180/623), while those of difficulty initiating sleep, difficulty maintaining sleep, and early morning wakening were 20.5%, 19.6%, and 17...
April 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Jennifer L Barkin, Gordon B Willis, Kristina C Hawkins, Tiffany Stanfill-Thomas, Laura Beals, Joan R Bloch
PURPOSE: This study aims to evaluate the fitness of the Barkin Index of Maternal Functioning (BIMF) for postpartum functional assessment in a low-income obstetric population in medically underserved, Central Georgia (USA). DESIGN AND METHODS: Cognitive interviewing, a best practices approach to instrument development and validation, was performed on 24 new mothers. FINDINGS: The BIMF was comprehensible to this population of disadvantaged women...
April 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Andrew Edward Paul Mitchell
PURPOSE: In this study, we investigated the effects of training on knowledge acquisition and core competencies in cognitive and behavioral therapy (CBT). DESIGN AND METHODS: Forty-three students attended 15 half-day, weekly sessions and were tested with the Cognitive Therapy Awareness Scale (CTAS) at weeks 1 and 15 in a before and after study. The students' case studies were assessed with competency items 7-12 on the Cognitive Rating Scale-Revised (CTS-R). FINDINGS: Improvements in the CTAS were modest...
April 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
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