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Perspectives in Psychiatric Care

Abd Alhadi Hasan, Hussein Tumah
PURPOSE: Psychiatric nurses encounter variety of demanding and stressful events such as dealing with aggressive patients, and hostile. This study purposed to assess workplace stress, coping strategies, and psychiatric distress among psychiatric nurses. DESIGN AND METHODS: A descriptive explanatory design was employed. One hundred and nineteen psychiatric nurses were recruited in the study and data were collected in the period between June and September 2017. FINDINGS: The results showed that participants experienced moderate level of occupational stress and psychiatric distress...
May 21, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Burcu Goksan Yavuz, Mesut Yavuz, Arzu Onal
PURPOSE: We hypothesized that attention deficit hyperactivity symptoms would negatively correlate with the level of mindfulness. DESIGN AND METHOD: Seventy-six subjects referred to the outpatient psychiatry unit and 32 healthy control subjects filled out the Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS), the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS), the Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale (ASRS), and the Wender Utah Rating Scale (WURS). FINDINGS: Patients scored higher on ADH symptoms compared to controls (p ≤ ...
May 18, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Saba Hyarat, Ekhlas Al-Gamal, Ellaine Dela Rama
PURPOSE: To examine the association between depression level and perceived social support among patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) in Saudi Arabia. DESIGN AND METHODS: A cross-sectional, descriptive, correlational design was used with 140 patients. A self-reporting questionnaires were used. FINDINGS: The age range of the participants was 18-59 years (mean 34.3 years, SD 7.69). The mean score for reported depression was 27.5 which is considered as moderate level of depression...
May 18, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Zahir Vally
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Wei Zheng, Xin-Ni Luo, Hai-Yan Li, Xiao-Yin Ke, Qing Dai, Chan-Juan Zhang, Chee H Ng, Gabor S Ungvari, Yu-Tao Xiang, Yu-Ping Ning
PURPOSE: To examine sleep duration and its demographic and clinical correlates in patients attending outpatient clinics attached to general hospitals. DESIGN AND METHODS: A total of 4,399 outpatients participated in the study. Sleep duration (short sleep, <7 h/day; long sleep, >8 h/day; and medium sleep, 7-8 h/day) was assessed. FINDINGS: The proportions of short and long sleep duration were 39.5% and 10.3%, respectively. Significant associations between short sleep and any type of sleep disturbances, age, education level, depressive symptoms, and rural residence were found...
May 16, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Melina Evripidou, Andreas Charalambous, Nicos Middleton, Evridiki Papastavrou
PURPOSE: To explore nurse's knowledge and attitudes toward the care of people with dementia. DESIGN AND METHODS: A systematic review informed by the PRISMA-P (preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses protocols) guidelines in four databases (CINAHL, PsyINFO, Pubmed, Cohrane, EMBASE) using keywords "attitudes," "behaviors," "dementia," "knowledge," and "nurses." Predetermined inclusion criteria were selected...
May 15, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Laila I Al Daken, Muayyad M Ahmad
PURPOSE: This review aims to determine the effectiveness of mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) and educational interventions (EIs) as supportive care for family caregivers (FCs) of patients with cancer. DESIGN AND METHODS: Review was conducted following PRISMA guidelines. The search protocol was performed using EBSCO, Google Scholar, and Science Direct for the studies published between 2007 and 2017. FINDINGS: Little evidence is available on the usefulness of MBIs among FCs of patients with cancer...
May 10, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Sevecen Çelik Ince, Neslihan Partlak Günüşen
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to determine the views and habits of the individuals with mental illness on physical activities and nutrition behaviors. DESIGN AND METHODS: This study was carried out descriptive qualitative method. The sample of the study consisted of 15 individuals with mental illness. The data were collected with Socio-Demographic Information Form and Semi-Structured Interview Form and analyzed by content analysis. FINDINGS: Four main themes emerged as the result of the analysis of the data...
May 7, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Tuba Uçar, Esra Güney, Büşra Cesur, Zeliha Burcu Yurtsal
PURPOSE: This study aimed to develop a scale that measures body image concerns during pregnancy. DESIGN AND METHODS: The study administered draft of the scale for validity and reliability analysis to 320 pregnant women who visited the maternity polyclinic of a public hospital in eastern Turkey between February and May 2016. FINDINGS: The Cronbach's alpha reliability coefficient of the entire scale was 0.88. Factor analysis determined that the 23 items that explained 58...
May 3, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Hadi Zamanian, Jalal Poorolajal, Zahra Taheri-Kharameh
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to determine the relationship between coping strategies and psychological distress on quality of life (QoL) in hemodialysis patients. DESIGN AND METHODS: The study was conducted with 100 patients undergoing hemodialysis. Data collection instruments were SF-36, HADS, and JCS. Data were analyzed using multiple linear regression and descriptive statistical analysis. FINDINGS: Emotive coping style to be a significant independent determinant of lower QoL in the MCS domain (β = -0...
April 24, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Feras Ali Mustafa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Zahir Vally, Brettjet L Cody, Maryam A Albloshi, Safeya N M Alsheraifi
PURPOSE: Scholars argue that public stigma is predictive of self-stigma, and self-stigma is a primary predictor of attitudes toward seeking psychological help (ATPH). This assertion remains undetermined outside of the United States. This study examines a potential mediational model in which internalized stigma was hypothesized to mediate the relationship between public stigma and ATPH using a sample in the United Arab Emirates. DESIGN AND METHODS: Cross-sectional, correlational design; 114 students completed measures of public stigma, self-stigma, and ATPH...
April 17, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Jui-Fen Cheng, Chung-Ying Chen, Mei-Chu Lin, Xuan-Yi Huang
PURPOSE: To explore the efficacy of community rehabilitation for facilitating daily function among patients with mental illness. DESIGN AND METHODS: A quasi-experimental design was used. Two hundred and sixty-four participants completed a daily living function scale questionnaire and provided disease-related information. FINDINGS: Community rehabilitation was shown to be efficient in helping to stabilize mental illness and enhance daily function...
April 17, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Iman Moghaddasifar, Malek Fereidooni-Moghadam, Leila Fakharzadeh, Mohamad Hossein Haghighi-Zadeh
PURPOSE: The aim was to determine the effect of multisensory stimulation (MSS) on the depression and anxiety status among nursing home-dwelling elderly people in Ahvaz, Iran. DESIGN AND METHODS: This clinical trial study conducted on 28 old people living in nursing homes in Ahvaz, who were divided into two groups of intervention and control. The interventions included sensory stimulations of touch, sound, and sight for 4 weeks and 3 sessions weekly and 25 min per each session...
April 17, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Yeşim Aksoy Derya, Sermin Timur Taşhan, Tuba Uçar
PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the effects of infertility on perception of body in pregnancy. DESIGN AND METHODS: This comparative study was conducted with 428 pregnant women (in vitro fertilization [IVF = 214, spontaneously conceived/SC = 214]). FINDINGS: The IVF group had a higher body image scale (BIS) score. Moreover, it was observed that the IVF group had more positive views on growth in the abdominal area, gaining weight, and changes in skin...
April 12, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Abd Alhadi Hasan, Hussein Tumah
PURPOSE: The study examines the determinants of the quality of life (QoL) among outpatients with schizophrenia in Jordan. DESIGN AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was used with 157 people with schizophrenia treated in outpatient clinics. Demographic, clinical and psychosocial variables were examined for their influence on QoL. Data were analysed with descriptive statistics, Pearson product moment correlation and stepwise forward multiple linear regression...
April 12, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Susan L Glodstein, Marguerite DiMarco, Susan Painter, Fatima Ramos-Marcuse
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to assess advanced practice registered nurses (APRNs) attitudes toward suicide in the 15- to 24-year-old population. DESIGN AND METHODS: A convenience sample of national psychiatric and pediatric APRNs was obtained from postings on professional websites and sending invitations to members utilizing anonymous Qualtricsⓒ survey that included demographic questions and the Suicide Opinion Questionnaire (SOQ). FINDINGS: The pediatric APRNs demonstrated more positive attitudes toward suicide as measured by the SOQ when individual items were analyzed...
March 30, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Ümmühan Aktürk, Funda Budak, Abdurrezzak Gültekin, Aysel Özdemir
PURPOSE: This study was conducted to compare the relationship between the smartphone addiction and loneliness in high school and university students. DESIGN AND METHODS: A correlation and descriptive study from a convenience sample of 1156 high school and university students. Questionnaire, Smartphone Addiction scale, and Short Loneliness scale were used to collect the data of the study. FINDINGS: No relationship was found between the smartphone addiction and loneliness in high school and university students...
March 30, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Lia Endriyani, Ching-Hui Chien, Xuan-Yi Huang, Liu Chieh-Yu
PURPOSE: Investigating factors that can predict medication adherence and quality of life, as well as the influence of adherence to medication on the quality of life among patients with schizophrenia. DESIGN AND METHODS: This study applies descriptive cross-sectional design. Participants were determined from outpatient clinic in a psychiatric hospital in Indonesia. Several questionnaires were used, including self-report, Glasgow Antipsychotics Side-effect Scale, drug attitude inventory and SQOL-18...
March 26, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Josep Montserrat-Capdevila, Pere Godoy, Josep Ramon Marsal, Marta Ortega, Josep Pifarré, Miquel Alsedà, Maria Teresa Castañ, Ferran Barbé
PURPOSE: Anxiety and depression are underdiagnosed in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. Few studies have tried to identify their association with hospitalization (severe exacerbation). The objective of this study was to determine whether the anxiety/depression was associated with severe exacerbation. DESIGN AND METHODS: A prospective cohort study, based on a sample of 512 patients diagnosed with COPD originating from primary care in a rural area in Lleida (Spain) and monitored between November 1, 2012 and October 31, 2014...
March 25, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
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