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Perspectives in Psychiatric Care

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926097/learned-lessons-from-patients-who-take-clozapine-a-case-study
#1
Heeyoung Lee, Britney B Scolieri, Prabir K Mullick
PURPOSE: The purpose of this report is to provide clinical strategies to manage patients with schizophrenia taking clozapine. CONCLUSIONS: Serious side effects and required blood monitoring impede the use of clozapine, despite the benefits of clozapine for managing psychiatric symptoms. Well-managed patients receiving evidence-based interventions exhibit reduced symptoms, improved functioning, and better adherence to treatment. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: Preexisting medical conditions should be considered before prescribing clozapine...
September 19, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901554/perspectives-of-a-tailored-lifestyle-program-for-people-with-severe-mental-illness-receiving-housing-support
#2
Ylva Rönngren, Annette Björk, David Haage, Åsa Audulv, Lisbeth Kristiansen
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to describe the acceptability of the lifestyle program PHYS/CAT and to get information about the tools used for assessment of functional exercise capacity, cognitive performance, and self-health-related quality of life. DESIGN AND METHODS: The findings are based on focus groups and the researchers' experiences of conducting the program as well as using the assessment tools. FINDINGS: The acceptability of the program and the assessment tools was mainly satisfactory...
September 13, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901552/improving-the-therapeutic-relationship-in-inpatient-psychiatric-care-assessment-of-the-therapeutic-alliance-and-empathy-after-implementing-evidence-based-practices-resulting-from-participatory-action-research
#3
Antonio R Moreno-Poyato, Pilar Delgado-Hito, Raquel Suárez-Pérez, Teresa Lluch-Canut, Juan F Roldán-Merino, Pilar Montesó-Curto
PURPOSE: To examine how evidence about the therapeutic alliance gleaned from participatory action project affected the level of this alliance and the degree of empathy of psychiatric nurses. DESIGN AND METHODS: Quasi-experimental study in two psychiatric units. In one group, evidence-based practices that affected the therapeutic alliance were implemented; in the comparison group, there was no such intervention. FINDINGS: The nurses from the intervention group improved their degree of empathy and factors such as agreement on objectives and tasks with the patient...
September 13, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885684/personality-traits-of-nurses-and-organizational-climate-in-relation-to-the-use-of-coercion-in-psychiatric-wards
#4
Tomasz Pawlowski, Piotr Baranowski
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to analyze the personality traits of nurses and the organizational climate in psychiatric wards affecting the frequency of the use of coercion. DESIGN AND METHODS: The study applied a descriptive, longitudinal design based on a 1-year prospective observation. FINDINGS: The best predictor for the initiation of coercion by nursing personnel was a low score on the Creative Personality Factor Scale in Adjective Check List and the low score in the area of Leadership in Kolb's Organizing Climate Questionnaire (KOQC)...
September 8, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762507/increasing-physical-activity-for-veterans-in-the-mental-health-intensive-case-management-program-a-community-based-intervention
#5
S Akeya Harrold, Julian Libet, Charlene Pope, Joy A Lauerer, Emily Johnson, Barbara J Edlund
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Individuals with severe mental illness (SMI), experience increased mortality-20 years greater disparity for men and 15 years greater disparity for women-compared to the general population (Thornicroft G. Physical health disparities and mental illness: The scandal of premature mortality. Br J Psychiatr. 2011;199:441-442). Numerous factors contribute to premature mortality in persons with SMI, including suicide and accidental death (Richardson RC, Faulkner G, McDevitt J, Skrinar GS, Hutchinson D, Piette JD...
August 1, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758228/the-chronic-sorrow-experiences-of-caregivers-of-clients-with-schizophrenia-in-taiwan-a-phenomenological-study
#6
Kuo-Jui Chang, Xuan-Yi Huang, Jui-Fen Cheng, Ching-Hui Chien
PURPOSE: The aim of the article is to explore the chronic sorrow experiences of the caregivers of clients with schizophrenia in Taiwan. DESIGN AND METHODS: Descriptive, phenomenological, and purposive sampling and one-to-one, in-depth, and unstructured interviews were used. Data saturation was achieved after interviewing 12 participants. Narratives were analyzed using Colaizzi's (1978) method. FINDINGS: Three themes and eight subthemes emerged, including encountering sorrow (disordered life, disintegrated self-esteem, little prospect for hope, and collapsed sense of security), talking with sorrow (cognitive change and transformation of action), and living with sorrow (living with defects and living with responsibilities)...
July 30, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726343/cultural-misconceptions-and-public-stigma-against-mental-illness-among-lebanese-university-students
#7
Ahmad Rayan, Mirna Fawaz
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine cultural misconceptions about mental illness and how they are associated with the public stigma against mental illness among Lebanese university students. METHODS: A sample of 203 participants completed the study. Data about cultural misconceptions, attitudes about mental illness, and public stigma of mental illness were obtained. The researchers examined the mean difference in public stigma according to cultural beliefs about mental illness...
July 20, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726284/alexithymia-among-jordanian-university-students-its-prevalence-and-correlates-with-depression-anxiety-stress-and-demographics
#8
Shaher H Hamaideh
PURPOSE: The aim of the article is to identify the prevalence, levels, and associated factors of alexithymia among Jordanian university students. DESIGN AND METHODS: Using stratified cluster random sampling, data were collected from 492 students using Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20), and Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale (DASS-21). FINDINGS: The prevalence of alexithymia, depression, anxiety, and stress were 24.6, 28.5, 38.4, and 22...
July 20, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714060/childhood-experiences-of-female-family-violence-perpetrators
#9
Pia Keiski, Aune Flinck, Marja Kaunonen, Eija Paavilainen
PURPOSE: To explore the childhood experiences of women who have perpetrated family-violence and voluntarily sought help. DESIGN AND METHODS: The qualitative design includes in-depth, unstructured individual interviews with 19 women who have perpetrated family-violence. FINDINGS: The categories of maltreatment exposure, parental capability, and a role of the sensitive, good girl are identified and described in this article. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: The findings provide guidance for nurses who encounter families at risk of female family-violence perpetration and for those developing preventive interventions for female family-violence perpetrators whose family-of-origin issues are essential in processing issues of self...
July 17, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681446/sources-of-knowledge-and-barriers-of-implementing-evidence-based-practice-among-mental-health-nurses-in-saudi-arabia
#10
Shaher H Hamaideh
PURPOSES: The purposes of this study were to identify the sources of knowledge for nursing practices and to identify the barriers of using "evidence-based practice" (EBP). DESIGN AND METHODS: Descriptive cross-sectional design was used to collect data from 164 Saudi mental health nurses by completing the Development of Evidence-Based Practice Questionnaire. FINDINGS: The most frequently used sources of knowledge were relied on social interactions and the nurses' own experiences, while the least frequently used sources were external sources of knowledge and research evidences...
July 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681445/healthcare-providers-with-mental-illness-symptom-presentation-and-barriers-to-care
#11
EDITORIAL
Evelyn Parrish
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635150/a-pilot-study-of-post-seclusion-and-or-restraint-review-intervention-with-patients-and-staff-in-a-mental-health-setting
#12
Marie-Hélène Goulet, Caroline Larue, Ashley J Lemieux
PURPOSE: To develop and evaluate a "post-seclusion and/or restraint review" (PSRR) intervention implemented in an acute psychiatric care unit. DESIGN AND METHODS: Twelve staff members and three patients were enrolled in a participatory case study. To evaluate PSRR intervention, qualitative analysis was carried out. Seclusion and restraint use 6 months before and after the PSRR implementation was compared. FINDINGS: Nurses reported that they were able to explore the patient's feelings during the PSRR intervention with patients, which led to restoration of the therapeutic relationship...
June 20, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617949/anxiety-and-depression-among-school-students-in-jordan-prevalence-risk-factors-and-predictors
#13
Malakeh Z Malak, Anas H Khalifeh
PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess the prevalence of anxiety and depression, examine their relationships with sociodemographic factors and Internet addiction, and identify their main predictors among Jordanian school students aged 12-18 years. DESIGN AND METHODS: A descriptive correlational study was conducted on a random sample of 800 students from 10 public schools in Amman. Symptom Checklist-anxiety, Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale for Children, and Young's Internet Addiction Tool were used for the purpose...
June 15, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597528/enhancement-of-recovery-from-mental-illness-with-l-methylfolate-supplementation
#14
REVIEW
Gerald Martone
People suffering from depression, schizophrenia, and dementia often have measurably lower levels of serum folate compared to people not experiencing psychiatric disorders. Augmentation of SSRI and SNRI antidepressant medications with l-methylfolate has been demonstrated to increase their effectiveness and onset of action. Even the use of l-methylfolate as a stand-alone monotherapy has been observed to exert antidepressant properties. The role of folate in mental illness has been known for many decades, but the strategic use of l-methylfolate supplementation has not yet been accepted as a standard regimen...
June 8, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593713/effectiveness-of-sleep-self-management-group-intervention-in-chinese-patients-with-insomnia-disorder
#15
HongJing Mao, JianLi Wu, You Xu, Yi Liu, XiangDong Tang
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore the effectiveness of sleep self-management group intervention for insomnia disorder. DESIGN AND METHODS: One hundred four patients with insomnia disorder were recruited from The Seventh Hospital of Hangzhou, from February to November 2015. After completing the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and Sleep Diary and Beliefs and Attitudes about Sleep Scale (DBAS), they were randomly assigned into the intervention group (n = 52) and the control group (n = 52)...
June 7, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556990/the-relationship-between-anxiety-depression-status-and-psychosocial-adjustments-in-the-patients-undergoing-liver-transplantation
#16
Erman Yıldız, Gülsen Kılınç
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 29, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543046/prevalence-and-association-of-premenstrual-syndrome-and-premenstrual-dysphoric-disorder-with-academic-performance-among-female-university-students
#17
Jumana Hussein Shehadeh, Ayman M Hamdan-Mansour
BACKGROUND: Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is particularly a female psychological disorder that has consequences on female students' behavior, cognitive abilities, mental health status, and academic performance. PURPOSE: To examine the prevalence of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and PMDD, and their relationship with academic performance among female university students in Jordan. METHOD: Prospective-correlational design was employed among 858 university students...
May 24, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543187/the-assessment-of-decision-making-competence-in-patients-with-depression-using-the-macarthur-competence-assessment-tools-a-systematic-review
#18
Yuan-Yuan Wang, Shi-Bin Wang, Gabor S Ungvari, Xin Yu, Chee H Ng, Yu-Tao Xiang
PURPOSE: This is a systematic review of the usefulness of the MacArthur Competence Assessment Tools (MacCAT) in assessing the decision-making competence in patients with depression. DESIGN AND METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed. FINDINGS: Eleven studies met the search criteria. The decision-making capacity was impaired in 9-31% of the patients with depression. There was inconsistency regarding the differences of MacCAT scores between patients with depression and controls, while relatively large effect sizes were found on the Appreciation and Reasoning MacCAT subscales...
May 23, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543049/the-correlates-of-stigma-toward-mental-illness-among-jordanian-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder
#19
Ahmad Rayan, Maryam Husnee Mahroum, Aws Khasawneh
BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing rates of patients diagnosed with major depressive disorder (MDD) in Jordan, there is little knowledge available about the factors associated with the quality of life (QOL) among this population in particular. AIMS: This study aims to assess the level of QOL among Jordanian patients with MDD and to examine the possible correlates of QOL in this population. METHODS: A descriptive correlational design was used...
May 23, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523717/stress-and-coping-strategies-among-saudi-nursing-students-during-clinical-education
#20
Ekhlas Al-Gamal, Aisha Alhosain, Khulood Alsunaye
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the stress level and coping strategies among undergraduate Saudi female nursing students during their clinical education. DESIGN AND METHODS: In this study, a descriptive correlational cross-sectional design was used. The Demographic Information Questionnaire, Perceived Stress Scale, and Coping Behavior Inventory were completed by 121 female Saudi undergraduate nursing students. FINDINGS: The findings showed that stress from taking care of the patient subscale (M = 12...
May 18, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
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