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Perspectives in Psychiatric Care

Leodoro J Labrague, Denise M McEnroe-Petitte, Ioanna V Papathanasiou, Olaide B Edet, Konstantinos Tsaras, Kleisiaris F Christos, Evangelos C Fradelos, Rheajane A Rosales, Jonas P Cruz, Michael Leocadio, Katherine Vera S Lucas
PURPOSE: This study was conducted to compare perceptions of stress and quality of life (QoL) among nursing students from three countries (the Philippines, Greece, and Nigeria) and to examine the impact of stress on their QoL. DESIGN AND METHODS: A comparative, cross-sectional research design was used in this study. Data were collected from 547 nursing students from three countries using the perceived stress scale (PSS) and the quality of life evaluation skill (QOLES)...
October 27, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Mutaz Foad Alradaydeh, Amani Anwar Khalil
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship between spiritual well-being (meaning/peace, and faith) and depression among Jordanian patients receiving hemodialysis. METHODS: Cross-sectional descriptive correlation design was used to carry out on a nationally representative convenience sample of 158 patients receiving hemodialysis at five different hospitals in Jordan. RESULTS: The mean total score of the depression was 17...
October 27, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Wilson Abreu, Teresa Rodrigues, Carlos Sequeira, Regina Pires, Ana Sanhudo
PURPOSE: To evaluate the degree of psychological distress in family caregivers of people with dementia. DESIGN AND METHODS: A nonprobabilistic sample of 54 dyads (people with dementia and family caregivers) was recruited. A sociodemographic questionnaire, the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI), and the Barthel Index were used for data collection. FINDINGS: About half of the caregivers had significant levels of psychological distress. Caregivers showed high scores in some BSI dimensions: somatization, obsessive-compulsion, interpersonal sensitivity, anxiety, and paranoid ideation...
October 27, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Manar Al-Azzam, Ahmad Yahya Al-Sagarat, Loai Tawalbeh, Robin J Poedel
PURPOSE: The purpose was to assess the mental health nurses' perspectives of workplace violence in mental health departments in Jordan. DESIGN AND METHODS: A cross-sectional correlation study was utilized to address the study's purposes. Data were collected using self-reported questionnaires from nurses working in governmental mental health departments in Jordan. FINDINGS: The findings indicated that 80% of the respondents were victims of at least one violent act in the last 2 years...
October 27, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Thea H Daggenvoorde, Harm J Gijsman, Peter J J Goossens
PURPOSE: To explore the lived experiences of patients with a psychotic or bipolar disorder and their families with emergency care during the first contact with a mobile crisis team. METHODS: Open individual interviews were held with ten patients and ten family members. Content data-analysis was conducted. FINDINGS: Communication and cooperation was difficult in several cases. Personal crisis plans were not always used. Stigma was felt, especially when police-assistance was needed...
September 27, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Heeyoung Lee, Britney B Scolieri, Prabir K Mullick
PURPOSE: The purpose of this report is to provide clinical strategies to manage patients with schizophrenia taking clozapine. CONCLUSIONS: Serious side effects and required blood monitoring impede the use of clozapine, despite the benefits of clozapine for managing psychiatric symptoms. Well-managed patients receiving evidence-based interventions exhibit reduced symptoms, improved functioning, and better adherence to treatment. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: Preexisting medical conditions should be considered before prescribing clozapine...
September 19, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Ylva Rönngren, Annette Björk, David Haage, Åsa Audulv, Lisbeth Kristiansen
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to describe the acceptability of the lifestyle program PHYS/CAT and to get information about the tools used for assessment of functional exercise capacity, cognitive performance, and self-health-related quality of life. DESIGN AND METHODS: The findings are based on focus groups and the researchers' experiences of conducting the program as well as using the assessment tools. FINDINGS: The acceptability of the program and the assessment tools was mainly satisfactory...
September 13, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Antonio R Moreno-Poyato, Pilar Delgado-Hito, Raquel Suárez-Pérez, Teresa Lluch-Canut, Juan F Roldán-Merino, Pilar Montesó-Curto
PURPOSE: To examine how evidence about the therapeutic alliance gleaned from participatory action project affected the level of this alliance and the degree of empathy of psychiatric nurses. DESIGN AND METHODS: Quasi-experimental study in two psychiatric units. In one group, evidence-based practices that affected the therapeutic alliance were implemented; in the comparison group, there was no such intervention. FINDINGS: The nurses from the intervention group improved their degree of empathy and factors such as agreement on objectives and tasks with the patient...
September 13, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Tomasz Pawlowski, Piotr Baranowski
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to analyze the personality traits of nurses and the organizational climate in psychiatric wards affecting the frequency of the use of coercion. DESIGN AND METHODS: The study applied a descriptive, longitudinal design based on a 1-year prospective observation. FINDINGS: The best predictor for the initiation of coercion by nursing personnel was a low score on the Creative Personality Factor Scale in Adjective Check List and the low score in the area of Leadership in Kolb's Organizing Climate Questionnaire (KOQC)...
September 8, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Diane Cammarata
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Evelyn Parrish
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Alexis Miele
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Jonathan S Dowben, Peter C Kowalski, Norman L Keltner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Cai-Lan Hou, Yu Zang, Xin-Rong Ma, Mei-Ying Cai, Yan Li, Fu-Jun Jia, Yong-Qiang Lin, Helen F K Chiu, Gabor S Ungvari, Chee H Ng, Bao-Liang Zhong, Xiao-Lan Cao, Man-Ian Tam, Yu-Tao Xiang
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to determine the pattern of sleep behavior in schizophrenia patients treated in primary care. DESIGN AND METHODS: Altogether 623 schizophrenia patients in 22 primary care services were recruited. Sleep duration and demographic and clinical characteristics were recorded. FINDINGS: The mean expected total sleep time was 8.8 hr (SD 1.8) and the mean actual total sleep time was 8.2 hr (SD 2.1). The frequency of short, medium, and long sleepers was 18...
October 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Frans Clignet, Berno van Meijel, Annemieke van Straten, Pim Cuijpers
PURPOSE: This article describes the evaluation of the implementation of a nursing intervention, that is, the Systematic Activation Method (SAM), among inpatients with late life depression (LLD). METHODS: A qualitative study in four clinical units for old age psychiatry. RESULTS: We identified facilitators and barriers relating to patient and nurse characteristics, as well as to contextual factors, from the perspective of mental health nurses...
October 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Feras Ali Mustafa
PURPOSE: The closure of a neighboring psychiatric intensive care unit (PICU) provided an opportunity to evaluate the number of PICU beds required per head of population and to explore how referrals to the PICU are prioritized. DESIGN AND METHODS: Data were collected and analyzed for admissions to our PICU in the year before and the year after the closure of the other unit. FINDINGS: Admissions increased (in year 2) by 42%, although there was no significant increase in the use of restrictive nursing interventions...
October 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Yu-Fen Chen, Xuan-Yi Huang, Ching-Hui Chien, Jui-Fen Cheng
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness on reducing anxiety of a diaphragmatic breathing relaxation (DBR) training program. DESIGN AND METHODS: This experimental, pre-test-post-test randomized controlled trial with repeated measures collected data using the Beck Anxiety Inventory and biofeedback tests for skin conductivity, peripheral blood flow, heart rate, and breathing rate. FINDINGS: The experimental group achieved significant reductions in Beck Anxiety Inventory scores (p < ...
October 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Fernanda Aguiar Pizeta, Ana Paula Casagrande Silva, Sonia Regina Loureiro
PURPOSE: To identify the predictive effect of multiple variables of risk and resilience on the behavior of school-age children living with maternal depression. DESIGN AND METHODS: In a cross-sectional predictive study, the influence of maternal depression, cumulative stressors, and resilience on the behavior of children was analyzed. FINDINGS: In the univariate analysis, maternal depression and cumulative stressors were considered as risks, and resilience as protection for the children...
October 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Maryann DaSilva
BACKGROUND: Hourly rounding is an organized practice where nurses perform regular checks on individual patients at fixed intervals in order to elicit any information that will improve the patient's care and well-being. Weaknesses in the existing literature on rounding include a lack of focus on the nurse-patient interaction, the absence of a guiding theoretical framework, and, lastly, marginal implementation of rounding within the psychiatric setting. PURPOSE: The intent of this paper is to address these weaknesses by describing and proposing a rounding tool, based upon the acronym ICARE, to be used in the inpatient psychiatric setting...
October 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Jan Maree Sayers, Michelle Cleary, Glenn E Hunt, Oliver K Burmeister
PURPOSE: To explore the experiences of mental health workers and perceptions of their role and the scope of their work. DESIGN AND METHODS: Qualitative design. Twenty interviews were conducted with mental health workers. Interviews were analyzed using thematic analysis. FINDINGS: Three overarching themes were identified. In this paper the overarching theme of "dimensions of my role" is discussed. Subthemes were (a) information and education, (b) person-centered care, and (c) networking and partnerships...
October 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
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