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Perspectives in Psychiatric Care

Funda Evcili
PURPOSE: In the current study, the relationship between internet use, anxiety levels, and quality of life (QOL) of Turkish pregnant women was investigated. DESIGN AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted 623 pregnant women who were able to access the internet at home, at work, or on mobile phones. FINDINGS: It was determined that internet usage among Turkish pregnants is common (82.7%). Statistically significant negative correlations were determined between the pregnant women's trait anxiety levels and all the subscales of the QOL questionnaire...
October 18, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Silvia D Serafim, Francisco D R da Ponte, Flavia M Lima, Dayane S Martins, Adriane R Rosa, Maurício Kunz
PURPOSE: Our aim was to evaluate the effects of deep breathing exercises in subjects with bipolar disorder. DESIGN AND METHODS: This was an open-label, uncontrolled clinical trial with three assessments: preintervention, postintervention, and follow-up. FINDINGS: The Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale, BECK-A, Hamilton Depression Rating Scale, and Young Mania Rating Scale had significant preintervention, postintervention, and follow-up differences...
September 6, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Ümmühan Aktürk, Semra Aktürk, Behice Erci
PURPOSE: The current study investigated the effects of depression, personal characteristics, and some habits on physical activity levels among the elderly. DESIGN AND METHODS: This study followed a descriptive design. The population of the study consisted of 11 750 individuals at least 65 years old. The sample size of the study was determined to be 967 by power analysis. Descriptive statistics and logistic models were used for data analysis. RESULTS: Together, age, the presence of a caregiver, chronic disease, and the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) score explained 32% of the variance in the physical activity of the elderly...
September 1, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Omonefe Joy Seb-Akahomen, Ambrose Onivefu Lawani, Bawo Onesirosan James
PURPOSE: To ascertain the relationship between HIV-related stigma and suicidality among people living with HIV receiving care at a hospital in Nigeria. DESIGN AND METHODS: Four hundred and ten participants were administered a socio-demographic and clinical history questionnaire, the 40-item Berger's HIV-stigma scale, and the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) to diagnose suicidality and depression in a cross-sectional study. FINDINGS: Fifty-four (13...
September 1, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Baeth Moh'd Al-Rawashdeh, Mohammad Y N Saleh, Radwan Bani Mustafa, Mohammad Fayez Alkhoujah, Ahmad H Elkhatib, Hadeel Sughaireen, Lana Z Hubaishy
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of depression and anxiety among otolaryngology outpatients at Jordan University Hospital. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study was conducted between January 2017 and February 2018. The sample included 1328 otolaryngology adult outpatients, who completed (PHQ-9) and (GAD-7) questionnaires for depression and anxiety. Sociodemographic and clinical data were recorded. RESULTS: Depression and anxiety prevalence rates were 36...
September 1, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Evelyn Parrish
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Burcu Goksan Yavuz, Mesut Yavuz, Arzu Onal
PURPOSE: We hypothesized that attention deficit hyperactivity symptoms would negatively correlate with the level of mindfulness. DESIGN AND METHOD: Seventy-six subjects referred to the outpatient psychiatry unit and 32 healthy control subjects filled out the Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS), the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS), the Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale (ASRS), and the Wender Utah Rating Scale (WURS). FINDINGS: Patients scored higher on ADH symptoms compared to controls (p ≤ ...
October 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Sevecen Çelik Ince, Neslihan Partlak Günüşen
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to determine the views and habits of the individuals with mental illness on physical activities and nutrition behaviors. DESIGN AND METHODS: This study was carried out descriptive qualitative method. The sample of the study consisted of 15 individuals with mental illness. The data were collected with Socio-Demographic Information Form and Semi-Structured Interview Form and analyzed by content analysis. FINDINGS: Four main themes emerged as the result of the analysis of the data...
October 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Zahir Vally, Brettjet L Cody, Maryam A Albloshi, Safeya N M Alsheraifi
PURPOSE: Scholars argue that public stigma is predictive of self-stigma, and self-stigma is a primary predictor of attitudes toward seeking psychological help (ATPH). This assertion remains undetermined outside of the United States. This study examines a potential mediational model in which internalized stigma was hypothesized to mediate the relationship between public stigma and ATPH using a sample in the United Arab Emirates. DESIGN AND METHODS: Cross-sectional, correlational design; 114 students completed measures of public stigma, self-stigma, and ATPH...
October 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Jui-Fen Cheng, Chung-Ying Chen, Mei-Chu Lin, Xuan-Yi Huang
PURPOSE: To explore the efficacy of community rehabilitation for facilitating daily function among patients with mental illness. DESIGN AND METHODS: A quasi-experimental design was used. Two hundred and sixty-four participants completed a daily living function scale questionnaire and provided disease-related information. FINDINGS: Community rehabilitation was shown to be efficient in helping to stabilize mental illness and enhance daily function...
October 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Susan L Glodstein, Marguerite DiMarco, Susan Painter, Fatima Ramos-Marcuse
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to assess advanced practice registered nurses (APRNs) attitudes toward suicide in the 15- to 24-year-old population. DESIGN AND METHODS: A convenience sample of national psychiatric and pediatric APRNs was obtained from postings on professional websites and sending invitations to members utilizing anonymous Qualtricsⓒ survey that included demographic questions and the Suicide Opinion Questionnaire (SOQ). FINDINGS: The pediatric APRNs demonstrated more positive attitudes toward suicide as measured by the SOQ when individual items were analyzed...
October 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Ümmühan Aktürk, Funda Budak, Abdurrezzak Gültekin, Aysel Özdemir
PURPOSE: This study was conducted to compare the relationship between the smartphone addiction and loneliness in high school and university students. DESIGN AND METHODS: A correlation and descriptive study from a convenience sample of 1156 high school and university students. Questionnaire, Smartphone Addiction scale, and Short Loneliness scale were used to collect the data of the study. FINDINGS: No relationship was found between the smartphone addiction and loneliness in high school and university students...
October 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Latefa Ali Dardas, Susan G Silva, Jewel Scott, Kaboni Whitney Gondwe, Moria J Smoski, Devon Noonan, Leigh Ann Simmons
PURPOSE: Research has documented that holding certain etiological beliefs about depression can determine the level of stigma experienced by individuals with depression. To date, no studies have yet examined this relationship among adolescents. Using a sample of Arab adolescents, the purpose of this study was to describe adolescents' beliefs about the etiology of depression, and examine whether these beliefs influence the type and severity of depression stigma. METHODS: A nationwide school survey was conducted in a representative sample of Jordanian public and private schools located in Jordan, a Middle-Eastern Arab country...
October 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Nicolas Franck, Michel Laforcade
Organizing the management of severe mental disorders at the national level is a major challenge given the complexity of the disorders and the diversity of responses needed to address all the needs. A founding principle for the creation or development of measures consists in structuring care programs around functional and personal recovery, and not only clinical recovery. The fact that the French psychiatric field is currently being modernized by its missions being redefined within territorial mental health projects gives the opportunity to generalize these principles...
October 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Abd Alhadi Hasan, Sonia Elsayed, Hussein Tumah
AIMS: Psychiatric nurses experience a wide range of stressful events, evolving from the care of violent, aggressive patients, recurrent relapse, and poor prognosis of mental disorders. The aim of the study was to assess workplace stress, coping strategies, and levels of depression among psychiatric nurses. METHODS: A descriptive correlation design was conducted on psychiatric nurses working in mental health settings Port-Said, Egypt. Data were collected from 70 nurses at a mental health hospital...
October 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Matthew J Begola, Jonathan S Dowben
Due to the intractability, at times, in the treatment of PTSD, clinicians and researchers continue to explore different options for treatment. This article discusses the renewed interest in hallucinogens for such treatment.
October 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Zahir Vally, Brettjet L Cody, Safeya N M Alsheraifi, Maryam A Albloshi
PURPOSE: This study describes perceived stress and coping strategies as they occur within a college-aged population from an Arab background. Variables were compared between psychology students and their peers from other faculties. DESIGN AND METHODS: A cross-sectional, correlational design was used for this study. A total of 114 students completed the Brief COPE questionnaire, the Perceived Stress Scale, and a measure of our own design to assess sources of psychosocial support...
October 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Jennifer Kern Sliwa, Adam Savitz, Isaac Nuamah, Maju Mathews, Srihari Gopal, Erica Elefant, Dean Najarian, Larry Alphs
PURPOSE: To evaluate injection site reactions and pain following paliperidone palmitate 1-month (PP1M) and 3-month (PP3M) administration using safety data of double-blind (DB), noninferiority study. METHODS: Patients (n = 1,429) with schizophrenia, treated with PP1M (50-150 mg-eq, 17-week open-label [OL] phase) were randomized to PP1M or PP3M in 48-week DB phase. FINDINGS: PP1M and PP3M injections were well tolerated. Incidence of induration, redness, and swelling were low in both phases (OL: 9-12%; DB: 7-13%), and were mostly mild in both groups...
October 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Firoozeh Raisi, SeyyedTaha Yahyavi, Zahra Mirsepassi, Reihaneh Firoozikhojastefar, Zahra Shahvari
BACKGROUND: This paper has attempted to explore views of patients with severe mental illness and their care providers about sharing sexual problems with care providers in these patients within the context of Iran. METHOD: A total of 17 in-depth semi-structured interviews were conducted in one of the psychiatric hospital in Tehran: 4 with patients, 2 with patient's family, and 11 with health providers who had been employed for 5 years in psychiatric wards at least...
October 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Traci Aladeen, Erica Westphal, Yena Lee, Carola Rong, Michelle Rainka, Horacio Capote, Roger S McIntyre
PURPOSE: We sought to characterize the clinical experience of outpatients treated with brexpiprazole after achieving suboptimal outcomes with aripiprazole or bupropion as determined by the treating psychiatric provider. DESIGN AND METHODS: Case series; inefficacy, intolerability, or other unsatisfactory outcome to previous trial with aripiprazole or bupropion. FINDINGS: The majority of individuals in our sample exhibited tolerability of brexpiprazole...
October 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
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