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Perspectives in Psychiatric Care

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105645/ropinirole-in-bipolar-disorder-rate-of-manic-switching-and-change-in-disease-severity
#1
Horacio A Capote, Michelle Rainka, Erica S Westphal, Jonathan Beecher, Francis M Gengo
PURPOSE: To determine the effects of ropinirole on manic switching and disease severity in bipolar disorder. DESIGN AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 23 bipolar depressed patients using ropinirole combination therapy (Young Mania Rating Scale [YMRS], Bipolar Inventory of Symptoms Scale [BISS]). Retrospective Clinical Global Impression of Change (CGI-C) and CGI-S (Severity) were captured via chart review. FINDINGS: One patient (4...
January 20, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093766/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-sex-after-myocardial-infarction-knowledge-test-in-iranian-context
#2
Hossein Asgar Pour, Mohammad Reza Heidari, Reza Norouzzadeh, Fardin Rahimi, Anoshirvan Kazemnejad, Faramarz Fallahi
PURPOSE: To translate, adapt, and assess the psychometric properties of the Sex After MI Knowledge Test in Iranian context (where MI is myocardial infarction). DESIGN AND METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive survey was performed. The sample comprised 250 patients with MI. Confirmatory factor analysis was applied to extract three indicators. FINDINGS: The Sex After MI Knowledge Test indicated good reproducibility (Cronbach's α = .76, Intraclass correlation (ICC) = 0...
January 16, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090642/depression-or-diabetes-distress
#3
Taylor Dieter, Joy Lauerer
PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to summarize the need for improved recognition of depression versus diabetes distress and discuss recommendations for appropriate screening tools. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: In order to assess for both depression and diabetes distress, a combined approach of using both the WHO-5 and the PAID-20 is a simple and reliable method for detecting depression and assisting in determining the focus of specific aspects of diabetes management based on the patient's reported depressive symptoms...
January 16, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090639/the-psychometric-validation-of-the-epds-k-among-korean-women-does-it-only-measure-depressive-symptoms
#4
Young-Sun Rhee, Jeong-Hwan Park, Hee-Jung Cha, Kye-Ha Kim
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to test the validity of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale-Korean (EPDS-K) and compare the specified models (one-, two-, three-factor model, and a model in the current study) in pregnant, first-trimester Korean women. DESIGN AND METHODS: The study consisted of two groups of 100 first-trimester Korean women recruited from maternity clinics in Korea. FINDINGS: The results show that the EPDS-K has depression, anxiety, and anhedonia factors, and that the validity of the EPDS-K with Korean women is questionable...
January 16, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090636/my-dad-can-beat-your-dad-agonists-antagonists-partial-agonists-and-inverse-agonists
#5
REVIEW
Peter C Kowalski, Jonathan S Dowben, Norman L Keltner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 16, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078729/achieving-full-scope-of-practice-readiness-using-evidence-for-psychotherapy-teaching-in-web-and-hybrid-approaches-in-psychiatric-mental-health-advanced-practice-nursing-education
#6
Kathleen T McCoy
: Radical changes in role, education, and practice have affected how education of advance practice nurses and practice deliverables occur. PURPOSE: This article examines the effects of distance education upon the teaching/learning of psychotherapy in integrating Web-based technology and platforms. DESIGN AND METHODS: With the advent and proliferation of online programs of study, the question begs: How do distance-linked programs successfully introduce, practice, and supervise one-to-one and group psychotherapy training? FINDINGS: By employing evidence-based education strategies, technology, and strong interpersonal skills and evidence-based therapies, a charter Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner Doctor of Nursing Practice program paved an innovative and successful path...
January 12, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966223/prevalence-of-sleep-disturbances-and-their-associations-with-demographic-and-clinical-characteristics-and-quality-of-life-in-older-adults-in-macao
#7
Bernice O C Lam Nogueira, Lu Li, Li-Rong Meng, Gabor S Ungvari, Brent P Forester, Helen F K Chiu, Kenny C F Kuok, Linda Tran, Zhao-Min Liu, Yu-Tao Xiang
PURPOSE: To examine the prevalence of sleep disturbances (difficulty initiating sleep [DIS], difficulty maintaining sleep [DMS], and early morning awakening [EMA]), their socio-demographic and clinical correlates, and quality of life (QOL) in older adults in Macao. DESIGN AND METHODS: Four hundred fifty-one subjects were interviewed using standardized instruments. FINDINGS: The prevalence of at least one type of sleep disturbance was 38.1%; the figures of DIS, DMS, and EMA were 18...
December 14, 2016: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925215/associations-of-differentiation-of-self-and-adult-attachment-in-individuals-with-anxiety-related-disorders
#8
Ying Xue, Zi-Yan Xu, Charles Zaroff, Peilian Chi, Hongfei Du, Gabor S Ungvari, Helen F K Chiu, Yun-Ping Yang, Yu-Tao Xiang
PURPOSE: To examine the levels and associations of differentiation of self based on Bowen's theory and adult attachment in a sample with anxiety-related disorders. DESIGN AND METHODS: One hundred fourteen adults with anxiety-related disorders and 117 age- and gender-matched controls were recruited. Levels of differentiation of self, adult attachment, and trait and state anxiety were assessed. FINDINGS: Adults with anxiety-related disorders showed significantly lower global levels of differentiation of self after controlling for socio-demographic characteristics...
December 7, 2016: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901274/forensic-psychiatric-patients-perspectives-on-their-care-a-narrative-view
#9
Riitta Askola, Merja Nikkonen, Eija Paavilainen, Päivi Soininen, Hanna Putkonen, Olavi Louheranta
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to describe forensic psychiatric patients' experiences of and perspectives on forensic psychiatric treatment. DESIGN AND METHODS: Eight forensic psychiatric patients were interviewed, and the resultant research material was analyzed by narrative analysis. FINDINGS: Patients' narratives contain different themes telling different things and the personnel need to pay attention to these. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: The findings of the present study should direct the forensic psychiatric personnel's attention to the notion that forensic psychiatric patients' experiences of their treatment can improve the quality of patient-centered care and reduce bureaucracy...
November 30, 2016: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861977/collaborating-with-the-fortress-around-early-childhood-trauma-a-depth-psychotherapy-process
#10
Katherine May
PURPOSE: A depth psychotherapy process is a deepening of experience facilitating access into a fortress of body and mind defenses that aims to protect although may imprison the adult survivor of early childhood trauma. CONCLUSIONS: When psychotherapy moves beyond managing manifest symptoms and behavior, individuals have an opportunity to connect with their authentic self and experience wholeness in their personality and relationships. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: A theoretical and practical approach including the therapeutic frame, therapeutic alliance, and body psychotherapy attempts to collaborate with a fortress to encourage its cooperation in the release of its captive...
November 8, 2016: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861956/the-prevalence-of-sleep-disturbance-and-its-socio-demographic-and-clinical-correlates-in-first-episode-individuals-with-schizophrenia-in-rural-china
#11
Xin-Rong Ma, Guang-Rong Song, Xue-Bing Xu, Tao Tian, Shao-Hua Chang
PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the prevalence and the socio-demographic and clinical correlates of sleep disturbance in first-episode individuals with schizophrenia in rural China and the factors that impact sleep among individuals with schizophrenia. DESIGN AND METHODS: A total of 104 first-episode individuals with schizophrenia were randomly selected in rural areas in Ningxia, China, in 2015 as the study sample. FINDINGS: In first-episode individuals with schizophrenia, the prevalence of sleep disturbance was 78...
November 8, 2016: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808414/neurocognitive-functions-in-patients-with-remitted-and-nonremitted-schizophrenia-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Yusuke Kurebayashi, Junichi Otaki
PURPOSE: We aimed to clarify the neurocognitive features of outpatients with remitted and nonremitted schizophrenia. DESIGN AND METHODS: The neurocognitive functions of 22 remitted and 41 nonremitted outpatients with schizophrenia and age-matched healthy controls were compared, after controlling for demographic and psychiatric variables. FINDINGS: The spatial attention scores of both groups were lower than those of age-matched healthy controls...
November 3, 2016: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097659/substance-use-disorders-and-addiction-is-on-the-rise-what-can-we-do
#13
EDITORIAL
Evelyn Parrish
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27439544/vive-la-france-three-delusional-disorders-originally-reported-in-the-french-medical-literature
#14
Shane Riggs, Thomas Perry, Jonathan Dowben, Rebecca Burson
Delusions as a feature of psychosis have long captured the fascination of both psychiatry and the public at large. The French first described three famous delusions: the Cotard delusion, folie à deux, and Capgras delusion. In this article, we examine a case illustrating each delusion and the hallmark features of each as well as a brief discussion about the current understanding of these disorders.
January 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26633859/insomnia-in-adults-with-chronic-hepatitis-b-liver-failure-and-cirrhosis-a-case-control-study
#15
Hui-Min Guo, Mei Liu, Yu-Tao Xiang, Jing Zhao, Gabor S Ungvari, Christoph U Correll, Chee H Ng, Helen F K Chiu, Zhong-Ping Duan
PURPOSE: To determine the frequency and socio-demographic/clinical correlates of insomnia in patients with chronic hepatitis B, hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related liver failure, and cirrhosis. DESIGN AND METHODS: Up to 120 patients with HBV-related diseases and 40 matched healthy controls were recruited. Depressive and anxiety symptoms, early, middle, and late insomnia were measured. FINDINGS: The frequency of ≥1 type of insomnia was 64.2% in patients and 35...
January 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26382565/family-involvement-in-managing-violence-of-mental-health-patients
#16
Raija Kontio, Tella Lantta, Minna Anttila, Kaisa Kauppi, Maritta Välimäki
PURPOSE: This study aimed to explore relatives' perceptions of violent episodes and their suggestions on managing violence. DESIGN AND METHODS: Qualitative design with focus groups including relatives (n = 8) was carried out. Data were analyzed using inductive content analysis. FINDINGS: The relatives described patient violence in different contexts: at home, in a psychiatric hospital, and after discharge from the psychiatric hospital. They suggested interventions to achieve safer and more humane management of violent episodes...
January 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26302888/an-evaluation-of-patient-comfort-during-acute-psychiatric-hospitalization
#17
Melanie D Parks, Diana Lynn Morris, Katharine Kolcaba, Patricia E McDonald
PURPOSE: To assess the difference in the level of comfort between psychiatric inpatients who received a warmed blanket and psychiatric inpatients who did not receive a warmed blanket. DESIGN AND METHODS: A descriptive pilot study from a convenience sample of 37 psychiatric patients aged 18-59. Subject's level of comfort was measured with Kolcaba's verbal rating scale (VRS). FINDINGS: Independent t-tests showed that the VRS mean score was lower in the control group (6...
January 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26269393/what-is-the-addiction-world-like-understanding-the-lived-experience-of-the-individuals-illicit-drug-addiction-in-taiwan
#18
Mei-Hui Hsieh, Shu-Ling Tsai, Chang-Hsiung Tsai, Yu-Chien Hsu, Min-Tao Hsu
PURPOSE: This study focuses on the participants' lived experience of addiction. DESIGN AND METHODS: The study presents a qualitative method. The use of the fieldwork-based participant observation and in-depth interviews guided the data collection and analysis. FINDINGS: Three major themes of addiction emerge from the analysis: incorrigible conduct, inexcusable compromise, and inevitable corruption. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: This study provides a better understanding of what the world is like for people struggling with addiction and also enhances the healthcare professionals' knowledge of the individual's experience of addiction...
January 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26269246/being-accountable-or-filling-in-forms-managers-and-clinicians-views-about-communicating-risk
#19
Leonie Clancy, Brenda Happell
PURPOSE: Assessment, documentation, and prevention of risk are central to mental health services. However, there is a paucity of research examining how risk is perceived by key stakeholders including managers and clinicians. DESIGN AND METHODS: Qualitative, exploratory design. In-depth interviews were held with 22 senior managers and 21 clinicians. FINDINGS: Communicating risk was a major theme to emerge. For managers, accountability was a primary consideration in communicating risk and therefore influential over nursing practice...
January 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26269122/psychometric-properties-of-self-care-requisites-scale-scrs-h-in-hospitalized-patients-diagnosed-with-schizophrenia
#20
Juan Roldán-Merino, Dolores Miguel-Ruiz, Ma Teresa Lluch-Canut, Montserrat Puig-Llobet, Isabel Feria-Raposo
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to adapt the community version of the Self-Care Requisites Scale so as to be able to use it in a hospital context and to validate the new version in patients with schizophrenia. DESIGN AND METHODS: An initial phase was conducted to develop the questionnaire by means of a panel of experts. The validation of the psychometric properties was conducted using a sample of 264 patients. FINDINGS: The new version showed good internal consistency and stability over time...
January 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
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