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Perspectives in Psychiatric Care

Ahmad Rayan, Muayyad Ahmad
PURPOSE: The purpose of this review was to determine the effectiveness of mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) for management of parenting distress in parents of children with disabilities. DESIGN: A narrative review was conducted. A search protocol was conducted using Google Scholar, EBSCO, Pubmed, CINAHL, Ovid, and PsycINFO databases up to September 1, 2016. RESULTS: Interventions used a variety of approaches to implement mindfulness training, including MBIs and combined mindfulness and other interventions...
March 1, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Ayman M Hamdan-Mansour, Ahmad Y Al-Sagarat, Faris Al-Sarayreh, Hani Nawafleh, Diana H Arabiat
PURPOSE: This study aimed at examining correlates of substance use among patients diagnosed with psychiatric disorders in Jordan. METHODS: This study used a nonexperimental descriptive survey design. Data were collected through using DUSI-R scale obtained through a self-designed questionnaire. A total of (203) subjects satisfied the inclusion criteria. RESULTS: Most used substances prior to admission were caffeine (78.2%), cigarette (60.9%), and alcohol (22...
February 24, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Zahra Shahvari, Firoozeh Raisi, Zohre Parsa Yekta, Abbas Ebadi, Reihaneh Firoozikhojastefar
BACKGROUND: Healthy spousal communication of marital and sexual expectations is one of the most important factors to improve the quality of sexual relations in marriage. OBJECTIVES: This paper has attempted to explore women's expectations of men for having pleasurable sex in a monogamous and steady sexual relationship within the context of Iran. METHODS: In this qualitative study, 20 interviews were conducted in Tehran from December 2013 to May 2014...
February 23, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Abd Al-Hadi Hasan, Mahmoud Musleh
AIM: This study investigated self-attitudes towards schizophrenia, depression and anxiety. METHODS: A survey was conducted with 564 people with a schizophrenia, depression and anxiety who are currently being treated at a psychiatric clinic in Amman, Jordan. RESULTS: The research found that stigma towards schizophrenia, depression and anxiety was based around three factors: preconceived stereotypes, personal responsibility/blame and the perceived inability of a patient to recover...
February 15, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Francisco Miguel Correia Sampaio, Carlos Alberto da Cruz Sequeira, María Teresa Lluch Canut
PURPOSE: To explore the aspects set forth as the minimum set of features that should integrate a psychotherapeutic intervention model in nursing. DESIGN AND METHODS: Two focus groups were conducted, with the participation of 15 nursing professionals. Data were analysed thematically. FINDINGS: Five topics previously identified were analysed: theoretical conceptualization, structure, patients' inclusion and exclusion criteria, operationalization, and evaluation of the intervention(s) effectiveness...
February 2, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Sunah Kim, Hyunlye Kim, Hyangkyu Lee, Hyunhwa Lee, Dabok Noh
PURPOSE: This study aimed to examine the effects of a brief stress management intervention on depression, anxiety, suicidal ideation, and aggression among Korean male college students. DESIGN AND METHODS: In a repeated measures design, participants were assessed before, immediately after, and 3 months after the intervention. Data of 40 experimental and 32 control participants were analyzed using linear mixed models. FINDINGS: There were significant time-by-group interaction effects for depression and trait anxiety, but not for state anxiety, suicidal ideation, and aggression...
February 1, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Wei Zheng, Guo Tong, Gabor S Ungvari, Chee H Ng, Helen F K Chiu, Ying-Qiang Xiang, Xiao-Lan Cao, Zheng-Rong Liu, Li-Rong Meng, Gábor Gazdag, Yu-Tao Xiang
PURPOSE: To evaluate memory impairment associated with electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)-antipsychotic (AP) combination in comparison to AP monotherapy in schizophrenia. DESIGN AND METHODS: A systematic literature search of randomized controlled trial (RCTs) was performed. FINDINGS: Eleven RCTs that compared ECT-AP combination (n = 508) with AP monotherapy (n = 510) were analyzed. ECT-AP combination was associated with greater impairment than AP monotherapy in (1) endpoint memory quotient (MQ) of the Wechsler Memory Scale (WMS)-Revised at the end of the ECT course; and (2) picture recall, counting, recognition, and associative learning of the WMS...
January 30, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Horacio A Capote, Michelle Rainka, Erica S Westphal, Jonathan Beecher, Francis M Gengo
PURPOSE: To determine the effects of ropinirole on manic switching and disease severity in bipolar disorder. DESIGN AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 23 bipolar depressed patients using ropinirole combination therapy (Young Mania Rating Scale [YMRS], Bipolar Inventory of Symptoms Scale [BISS]). Retrospective Clinical Global Impression of Change (CGI-C) and CGI-S (Severity) were captured via chart review. FINDINGS: One patient (4...
January 20, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Hossein Asgar Pour, Mohammad Reza Heidari, Reza Norouzzadeh, Fardin Rahimi, Anoshirvan Kazemnejad, Faramarz Fallahi
PURPOSE: To translate, adapt, and assess the psychometric properties of the Sex After MI Knowledge Test in Iranian context (where MI is myocardial infarction). DESIGN AND METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive survey was performed. The sample comprised 250 patients with MI. Confirmatory factor analysis was applied to extract three indicators. FINDINGS: The Sex After MI Knowledge Test indicated good reproducibility (Cronbach's α = .76, Intraclass correlation (ICC) = 0...
January 16, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Taylor Dieter, Joy Lauerer
PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to summarize the need for improved recognition of depression versus diabetes distress and discuss recommendations for appropriate screening tools. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: In order to assess for both depression and diabetes distress, a combined approach of using both the WHO-5 and the PAID-20 is a simple and reliable method for detecting depression and assisting in determining the focus of specific aspects of diabetes management based on the patient's reported depressive symptoms...
January 16, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Young-Sun Rhee, Jeong-Hwan Park, Hee-Jung Cha, Kye-Ha Kim
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to test the validity of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale-Korean (EPDS-K) and compare the specified models (one-, two-, three-factor model, and a model in the current study) in pregnant, first-trimester Korean women. DESIGN AND METHODS: The study consisted of two groups of 100 first-trimester Korean women recruited from maternity clinics in Korea. FINDINGS: The results show that the EPDS-K has depression, anxiety, and anhedonia factors, and that the validity of the EPDS-K with Korean women is questionable...
January 16, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Peter C Kowalski, Jonathan S Dowben, Norman L Keltner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 16, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Kathleen T McCoy
Radical changes in role, education, and practice have affected how education of advance practice nurses and practice deliverables occur. PURPOSE: This article examines the effects of distance education upon the teaching/learning of psychotherapy in integrating Web-based technology and platforms. DESIGN AND METHODS: With the advent and proliferation of online programs of study, the question begs: How do distance-linked programs successfully introduce, practice, and supervise one-to-one and group psychotherapy training? FINDINGS: By employing evidence-based education strategies, technology, and strong interpersonal skills and evidence-based therapies, a charter Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner Doctor of Nursing Practice program paved an innovative and successful path...
January 12, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Evelyn Parrish
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Shane Riggs, Thomas Perry, Jonathan Dowben, Rebecca Burson
Delusions as a feature of psychosis have long captured the fascination of both psychiatry and the public at large. The French first described three famous delusions: the Cotard delusion, folie à deux, and Capgras delusion. In this article, we examine a case illustrating each delusion and the hallmark features of each as well as a brief discussion about the current understanding of these disorders.
January 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Hui-Min Guo, Mei Liu, Yu-Tao Xiang, Jing Zhao, Gabor S Ungvari, Christoph U Correll, Chee H Ng, Helen F K Chiu, Zhong-Ping Duan
PURPOSE: To determine the frequency and socio-demographic/clinical correlates of insomnia in patients with chronic hepatitis B, hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related liver failure, and cirrhosis. DESIGN AND METHODS: Up to 120 patients with HBV-related diseases and 40 matched healthy controls were recruited. Depressive and anxiety symptoms, early, middle, and late insomnia were measured. FINDINGS: The frequency of ≥1 type of insomnia was 64.2% in patients and 35...
January 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Raija Kontio, Tella Lantta, Minna Anttila, Kaisa Kauppi, Maritta Välimäki
PURPOSE: This study aimed to explore relatives' perceptions of violent episodes and their suggestions on managing violence. DESIGN AND METHODS: Qualitative design with focus groups including relatives (n = 8) was carried out. Data were analyzed using inductive content analysis. FINDINGS: The relatives described patient violence in different contexts: at home, in a psychiatric hospital, and after discharge from the psychiatric hospital. They suggested interventions to achieve safer and more humane management of violent episodes...
January 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Melanie D Parks, Diana Lynn Morris, Katharine Kolcaba, Patricia E McDonald
PURPOSE: To assess the difference in the level of comfort between psychiatric inpatients who received a warmed blanket and psychiatric inpatients who did not receive a warmed blanket. DESIGN AND METHODS: A descriptive pilot study from a convenience sample of 37 psychiatric patients aged 18-59. Subject's level of comfort was measured with Kolcaba's verbal rating scale (VRS). FINDINGS: Independent t-tests showed that the VRS mean score was lower in the control group (6...
January 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Mei-Hui Hsieh, Shu-Ling Tsai, Chang-Hsiung Tsai, Yu-Chien Hsu, Min-Tao Hsu
PURPOSE: This study focuses on the participants' lived experience of addiction. DESIGN AND METHODS: The study presents a qualitative method. The use of the fieldwork-based participant observation and in-depth interviews guided the data collection and analysis. FINDINGS: Three major themes of addiction emerge from the analysis: incorrigible conduct, inexcusable compromise, and inevitable corruption. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: This study provides a better understanding of what the world is like for people struggling with addiction and also enhances the healthcare professionals' knowledge of the individual's experience of addiction...
January 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Leonie Clancy, Brenda Happell
PURPOSE: Assessment, documentation, and prevention of risk are central to mental health services. However, there is a paucity of research examining how risk is perceived by key stakeholders including managers and clinicians. DESIGN AND METHODS: Qualitative, exploratory design. In-depth interviews were held with 22 senior managers and 21 clinicians. FINDINGS: Communicating risk was a major theme to emerge. For managers, accountability was a primary consideration in communicating risk and therefore influential over nursing practice...
January 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
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