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Perspectives in Psychiatric Care

Gergely Horváth, Teodóra Keleti, Mihály Makara, Gabor S Ungvari, Gábor Gazdag
PURPOSE: To assess the quality of life (QoL) of patients with hepatitis C infection (HCI) and its correlations with demographic and clinical variables. DESIGN AND METHODS: QoL and depressive symptoms were evaluated with the validated rating instruments of the 36-item short form (SF-36) generic health survey and the second version of the self-rated Beck depression inventory (BDI-II) in a cross-sectional design and correlated with basic demographic and clinical variables, including the Fibroscan score, which indicates the severity of liver impairment...
March 12, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Nicolas Franck, Michel Laforcade
Organizing the management of severe mental disorders at the national level is a major challenge given the complexity of the disorders and the diversity of responses needed to address all the needs. A founding principle for the creation or development of measures consists in structuring care programs around functional and personal recovery, and not only clinical recovery. The fact that the French psychiatric field is currently being modernized by its missions being redefined within territorial mental health projects gives the opportunity to generalize these principles...
February 25, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Abd Alhadi Hasan, Sonia Elsayed, Hussein Tumah
AIMS: Psychiatric nurses experience a wide range of stressful events, evolving from the care of violent, aggressive patients, recurrent relapse, and poor prognosis of mental disorders. The aim of the study was to assess workplace stress, coping strategies, and levels of depression among psychiatric nurses. METHODS: A descriptive correlation design was conducted on psychiatric nurses working in mental health settings Port-Said, Egypt. Data were collected from 70 nurses at a mental health hospital...
February 25, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Derya Kayar Erginer, Neslihan Partlak Günüşen
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to determine the physical health status and healthy lifestyle behaviors of individuals with mental illness. DESIGN AND METHODS: A descriptive research design was used. The sample of the study consisted of 115 individuals with mental illness. The Health Lifestyle Behaviors Scale II was used to assess the healthy lifestyle behaviors of the participants. FINDINGS: Of the individuals, 49.6% were found to have metabolic syndrome...
February 23, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Seyhan Citlik Saritas, Aysel Özdemir
PURPOSE: To investıgate the relationship between the perception of the disease and level of anxiety in patients with cancer. DESIGN AND METHODS: A correlation and descriptive study from a convenience sample of 318 oncological patients aged 18 years and older was done. Subjects were measured with a Patient's Information Form, the Revised Illness Perception Questionnare, and the Strait-Trait Anxiety Inventory. FINDINGS: When evaluated together with most of its subscales, illness perception was found to affect anxiety...
February 21, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Matthew J Begola, Jonathan S Dowben
Due to the intractability, at times, in the treatment of PTSD, clinicians and researchers continue to explore different options for treatment. This article discusses the renewed interest in hallucinogens for such treatment.
February 20, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Zahir Vally, Brettjet L Cody, Safeya N M Alsheraifi, Maryam A Albloshi
PURPOSE: This study describes perceived stress and coping strategies as they occur within a college-aged population from an Arab background. Variables were compared between psychology students and their peers from other faculties. DESIGN AND METHODS: A cross-sectional, correlational design was used for this study. A total of 114 students completed the Brief COPE questionnaire, the Perceived Stress Scale, and a measure of our own design to assess sources of psychosocial support...
February 16, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Jennifer Kern Sliwa, Adam Savitz, Isaac Nuamah, Maju Mathews, Srihari Gopal, Erica Elefant, Dean Najarian, Larry Alphs
PURPOSE: To evaluate injection site reactions and pain following paliperidone palmitate 1-month (PP1M) and 3-month (PP3M) administration using safety data of double-blind (DB), noninferiority study. METHODS: Patients (n = 1,429) with schizophrenia, treated with PP1M (50-150 mg-eq, 17-week open-label [OL] phase) were randomized to PP1M or PP3M in 48-week DB phase. FINDINGS: PP1M and PP3M injections were well tolerated. Incidence of induration, redness, and swelling were low in both phases (OL: 9-12%; DB: 7-13%), and were mostly mild in both groups...
February 14, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Firoozeh Raisi, SeyyedTaha Yahyavi, Zahra Mirsepassi, Reihaneh Firoozikhojastefar, Zahra Shahvari
BACKGROUND: This paper has attempted to explore views of patients with severe mental illness and their care providers about sharing sexual problems with care providers in these patients within the context of Iran. METHOD: A total of 17 in-depth semi-structured interviews were conducted in one of the psychiatric hospital in Tehran: 4 with patients, 2 with patient's family, and 11 with health providers who had been employed for 5 years in psychiatric wards at least...
February 10, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Pouran Varvani Farahani, Davood Hekmatpou, Amir Hossein Khonsari, Mehran Gholami
PURPOSE: This study aimed at determining the effectiveness of super brain yoga for children with hyperactivity disorder. DESIGN AND METHOD: This quasiexperimental and interventional research was conducted on 80 school-age children through a pretest-posttest design. RESULTS: Results showed that there was a significant difference between the means of severity of hyperactivity disorder before (75.1) and after the intervention (63.5) (p < ...
February 10, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Traci Aladeen, Erica Westphal, Yena Lee, Carola Rong, Michelle Rainka, Horacio Capote, Roger S McIntyre
PURPOSE: We sought to characterize the clinical experience of outpatients treated with brexpiprazole after achieving suboptimal outcomes with aripiprazole or bupropion as determined by the treating psychiatric provider. DESIGN AND METHODS: Case series; inefficacy, intolerability, or other unsatisfactory outcome to previous trial with aripiprazole or bupropion. FINDINGS: The majority of individuals in our sample exhibited tolerability of brexpiprazole...
February 10, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Ellen L Davies, Andrea L Gordon, Lemuel J Pelentsov, Adrian J Esterman
BACKGROUND: First episode psychosis (FEP) can be a traumatic experience that may alter an individual's ability to meet their own needs. The Supportive Care Needs Framework (SCNF) could complement the recovery-oriented, person-centred approach that is the current foundation of mental health care. AIM: To identify the supportive care needs (SCNs) of individuals recovering from a FEP. METHODS: A scoping review of the literature was undertaken...
February 10, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Ilksen Orhan Ergin, Yurdagül Yağmur
PURPOSE: Aim is to investigate the correlation between personality traits of menopausal women and their menopausal complaints. DESIGN AND METHODS: This cross-sectional and correlation study was conducted with 400 menopausal Turkish women. FINDINGS: A positive correlation was determined between extroversion/introversion scores of Cervantes Personality Scale (CPS) and somatic and urogenital subscale scores of Menopause Rating Scale (MRS), and between emotional instability/neuroticism scores of CPS and all subscale scores of MRS...
February 10, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Shu-Yu Kuo, Yu-Ting Chen, Yu-Kai Chang, Pi-Hsia Lee, Mei-Ju Liu, Su-Ru Chen
PURPOSE: This study aims to evaluate the executive function and learning attention in children with internet addiction (IA). DESIGN AND METHODS: Children aged 10-12 were screened by Chinese Internet Addiction Scale to compose the IA group and internet nonaddiction group. Their executive functions were evaluated by Stroop color and word test, Wisconsin card sorting test, and Wechsler digit span test. Learning attention was evaluated by Chinese concentration questionnaire...
January 31, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Hamzah Alghzawi
PURPOSE: This study aims to use data from a nationally representative survey to examine the correlates of nicotine dependence among smokers with and without major depressive disorder. METHODS: Data were drawn from the Wave 1 of the National Epidemiology Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC, 2001-2002). Logistic regression analyses taking into account the complex sampling design were used to examine the correlates of nicotine dependence. RESULTS: The typical correlates of nicotine dependence (odds > 1...
January 19, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Yusuke Kurebayashi, Junichi Otaki
PURPOSE: We aimed to examine whether neurocognition in individuals with nonremitted schizophrenia differed between inpatients and outpatients. DESIGN AND METHODS: We recruited 59 inpatients and 41 patients with nonremitted schizophrenia (assessed with the Andreason criteria), and neurocognitive functions were compared between both, controlling for demographics, psychiatric symptoms. FINDINGS: Outpatients with nonremitted schizophrenia performed better on tests of processing speed, visual attention, and working memory than did inpatients with nonremitted...
January 19, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Evelyn Parrish
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Abla Albsoul-Younes, Eman Alefishat, Rana Abu Farha, Lina Tashman, Enas Hijjih, Rasha AlKhatib
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency, associated factors, and management approaches of premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) and premenstrual syndrome (PMS) in Jordanian women. DESIGN AND METHODS: Three hundred premenopausal women completed a self-administered questionnaire. FINDINGS: Moderate-severe PMS was reported by 29% of women, while 14% had PMDD. Younger unmarried women had the more severe condition. Herbal remedies and no medication were the most common approaches used to manage PMS/PMDD...
December 7, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Maryam Azizpour, Ziba Taghizadeh, Nooredin Mohammadi, Abouali Vedadhir
BACKGROUND: Suicide attempt is the most important predictor of completed suicide. The aim of this study was to explore the lived experiences of women after suicide attempts. METHODS: This was an interpretative phenomenological study carried out through in-depth semi-structured interviews with 13 interviews. Data were analyzed using Van Manen method. RESULTS: Women of this study experienced fears of stigma. Their fears were not only related to labels of being "unbelief and mentally illness but also being involved in illicit sexual affairs...
November 22, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Leodoro J Labrague, Denise M McEnroe-Petitte, Ioanna V Papathanasiou, Olaide B Edet, Konstantinos Tsaras, Kleisiaris F Christos, Evangelos C Fradelos, Rheajane A Rosales, Jonas P Cruz, Michael Leocadio, Katherine Vera S Lucas
PURPOSE: This study was conducted to compare perceptions of stress and quality of life (QoL) among nursing students from three countries (the Philippines, Greece, and Nigeria) and to examine the impact of stress on their QoL. DESIGN AND METHODS: A comparative, cross-sectional research design was used in this study. Data were collected from 547 nursing students from three countries using the perceived stress scale (PSS) and the quality of life evaluation skill (QOLES)...
October 27, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
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