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Perspectives in Psychiatric Care

Silvia D Serafim, Francisco D R da Ponte, Flavia M Lima, Dayane S Martins, Adriane R Rosa, Maurício Kunz
PURPOSE: Our aim was to evaluate the effects of deep breathing exercises in subjects with bipolar disorder. DESIGN AND METHODS: This was an open-label, uncontrolled clinical trial with three assessments: preintervention, postintervention, and follow-up. FINDINGS: The Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale, BECK-A, Hamilton Depression Rating Scale, and Young Mania Rating Scale had significant preintervention, postintervention, and follow-up differences...
September 6, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Ümmühan Aktürk, Semra Aktürk, Behice Erci
PURPOSE: The current study investigated the effects of depression, personal characteristics, and some habits on physical activity levels among the elderly. DESIGN AND METHODS: This study followed a descriptive design. The population of the study consisted of 11 750 individuals at least 65 years old. The sample size of the study was determined to be 967 by power analysis. Descriptive statistics and logistic models were used for data analysis. RESULTS: Together, age, the presence of a caregiver, chronic disease, and the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) score explained 32% of the variance in the physical activity of the elderly...
September 1, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Omonefe Joy Seb-Akahomen, Ambrose Onivefu Lawani, Bawo Onesirosan James
PURPOSE: To ascertain the relationship between HIV-related stigma and suicidality among people living with HIV receiving care at a hospital in Nigeria. DESIGN AND METHODS: Four hundred and ten participants were administered a socio-demographic and clinical history questionnaire, the 40-item Berger's HIV-stigma scale, and the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) to diagnose suicidality and depression in a cross-sectional study. FINDINGS: Fifty-four (13...
September 1, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Baeth Moh'd Al-Rawashdeh, Mohammad Y N Saleh, Radwan Bani Mustafa, Mohammad Fayez Alkhouja, Ahmad H Elkhatib, Hadeel Sughaireen, Lana Z Hubaishy
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of depression and anxiety among otolaryngology outpatients at Jordan University Hospital. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study was conducted between January 2017 and February 2018. The sample included 1328 otolaryngology adult outpatients, who completed (PHQ-9) and (GAD-7) questionnaires for depression and anxiety. Sociodemographic and clinical data were recorded. RESULTS: Depression and anxiety prevalence rates were 36...
September 1, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Emine Yilmaz, Funda Kavak
PURPOSE: This study was conducted to determine the effect of stigma on depression levels of women with infertility in Turkey. DESIGN AND METHODS: It was completed in the Infertility Polyclinic of the Health Research and Application Center in Eastern Turkey between 1 November 2017 and 31 January 2018. The population of the study consisted of all women who applied to the relevant unit between these dates and received infertility treatment. This study was completed with 121 infertile women...
July 27, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Emriye Hilal Yayan, Yeliz Suna Dağ, Mehmet Emin Düken
PURPOSE: This study was conducted to investigate the effects of technology use on working young loneliness and social relationships. DESIGNS AND METHODS: The relational descriptive study was conducted with 1,312 young using a young information form, the Internet Addiction Scale, the Peer Relationship Scale, and the Smart Phone Addiction Scale. CONCLUSION: It was determined that young, who are exposed to violence, smoke, and work as unskilled labor force have a high dependence on the Internet and smartphones...
July 25, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Yusuke Kurebayashi
PURPOSE: I examined whether nursing skills are related to occupational stress, self-focus, and other-consciousness, and whether these relationships differ between general and psychiatric nurses. DESIGN AND METHODS: Two hundred seventy-one general and 317 psychiatric nurses completed a questionnaire assessing the aforementioned variables. Regression analysis was used to explore the predictors of nursing skills. FINDINGS: Internal and fantastic aspects (other-consciousness subscales) and psychological burden (occupational stress subscale) predicted nursing skills in both groups, while lower rumination and higher reflection scores predicted them only in psychiatric nurses...
July 24, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Brittany Carnley Steelman
PURPOSE: Currently only one-third of patients treated for depression enjoy complete remission of their negative symptoms. This paper explores ketamine research as it applies to understanding and treating mood illnesses. CONCLUSIONS: Ketamine's rapid antidepressant effect implicates downstream signal transduction involving the spontaneous transmissions associated with ketamine's action at the NMDA receptor. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: Better understanding of brain neuropathophysiology offers hope for symptom relief to those living with affective illness refractory to currently available medical management...
July 24, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Metin Yildiz, Hasret Yalcinoz Baysal
PURPOSE: This study was conducted to determine the degree of obesity prejudice exhibited and felt by students attending health-related departments. DESIGN AND METHOD: The sample included 729 students studying in health-related departments at a university in Turkey who volunteered to take part in the study. FINDINGS: The average Obesity Prejudice Scale (OPS) score of the students was 75.54±10.43, thus indicating that they tend toward prejudice...
July 22, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Zahir Vally, Caroline G D'Souza, Hiba Habeeb, Basma M Bensumaidea
PURPOSE: The conduct of body image studies with Arab populations is hindered by a lack of psychometrically sound assessment measures. We examined the psychometric properties of an Arabic translation of the most frequently employed measure of body appreciation, the Body Appreciation Scale-2 (BAS-2). DESIGN AND METHODS: A sample of college-aged women from the United Arab Emirates (UAE) (n = 256) completed the Arabic BAS-2, and measures of aesthetic and functional body image, authentic body pride, and self-reported body mass index (BMI)...
July 18, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Chenghua Yang, Jian Cai, Chunhua Fei, Feng Xu
PURPOSE: To advocate an economic way to release inner stress for patients with depression. CONCLUSIONS: Setting off firecrackers has psychological value. It is not merely for fun, but is more an economic and easy behavioral therapy in psychiatric care, even risking a little bit noise and air pollution, especially for patients with depression. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: In routine psychiatric care practice, patient with depression were encouraged to set off firecrackers to release their stress...
July 17, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Meltem Çapar, Funda Kavak
PURPOSE: This cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the effect of internalized stigma on functional recovery in patients with schizophrenia. DESİGN AND METHODS: As a result of the power analysis performed, the sample size of the study that reflect population was determined to be 250 patients. Patient Information Form, Functional Recovery Scale in Schizophrenia (FROGS), and Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness Scale (ISMIS) were used for data collection. FINDINGS: It was determined that the mean FROGS subscale and total scores of the patients participating in the study were low...
July 17, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Hsi-Ling Peng, Rebecca A Lorenz, Yu-Ping Chang
PURPOSE: The study aimed to identify factors related to family caregivers' sleep. DESIGN AND METHODS: The study used a cross-sectional design with objective and subjective methods to measure sleep in the home setting over a 7-day period. FINDINGS: Findings indicated that poor sleep quality was found in 91.7% of the caregiver participants. Depression, sleep hygiene, burden, and care-recipients' sleep were significant predictors of various dimensions of caregivers' sleep...
July 4, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
María Dolores Ruiz Fernández, Ángela María Ortega Galán
PURPOSE: To know the health perceived by the family caregivers of Alzheimer's disease, according to the relationship of kinship and the duration of the care in mild-to-moderate stage of dementia. DESIGN AND METHODS: Cross-sectional descriptive study in 255 caregivers. The instruments used were an ad hoc questionnaire and the Goldberg General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28). FINDINGS: The presence of acute and chronic mental pathology has been observed...
July 3, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Jee Hee Han, Sun Ah Kim, Sue Kim, Jin Young Park
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to identify factors influencing disordered eating behaviors in female college students based on the theory of triadic influence. DESIGN AND METHOD: The participants in this study were 307 college females in Korea. Data were analyzed using t-tests, correlation coefficients, and multiple regression analyses. FINDINGS: Multiple regression analysis revealed that objectified body consciousness, social physique anxiety, and sociocultural attitudes toward appearance influenced disordered eating behavior (R2  = 0...
July 3, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Evelyn Parrish
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Seher Çevik, Yurdagül Yağmur
PURPOSE: This study seeks to examine the impact of intolerance of uncertainty on the psychological well-being of pregnant women who have or do not have a risk of miscarriage. DESIGN AND METHODS: The study was done as a case-control study. The Intolerance of Uncertainty Scale, Psychological Well-being Scale, and a participant description form were used for data collection purposes. FINDINGS: Psychological well-being decreased when uncertainty intolerance increased in pregnant women with or without a risk of miscarriage...
July 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Saba Hyarat, Ekhlas Al-Gamal, Ellaine Dela Rama
PURPOSE: To examine the association between depression level and perceived social support among patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) in Saudi Arabia. DESIGN AND METHODS: A cross-sectional, descriptive, correlational design was used with 140 patients. A self-reporting questionnaires were used. FINDINGS: The age range of the participants was 18-59 years (mean 34.3 years, SD 7.69). The mean score for reported depression was 27.5 which is considered as moderate level of depression...
July 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Wei Zheng, Xin-Ni Luo, Hai-Yan Li, Xiao-Yin Ke, Qing Dai, Chan-Juan Zhang, Chee H Ng, Gabor S Ungvari, Yu-Tao Xiang, Yu-Ping Ning
PURPOSE: To examine sleep duration and its demographic and clinical correlates in patients attending outpatient clinics attached to general hospitals. DESIGN AND METHODS: A total of 4,399 outpatients participated in the study. Sleep duration (short sleep, <7 h/day; long sleep, >8 h/day; and medium sleep, 7-8 h/day) was assessed. FINDINGS: The proportions of short and long sleep duration were 39.5% and 10.3%, respectively. Significant associations between short sleep and any type of sleep disturbances, age, education level, depressive symptoms, and rural residence were found...
July 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Laila I Al Daken, Muayyad M Ahmad
PURPOSE: This review aims to determine the effectiveness of mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) and educational interventions (EIs) as supportive care for family caregivers (FCs) of patients with cancer. DESIGN AND METHODS: Review was conducted following PRISMA guidelines. The search protocol was performed using EBSCO, Google Scholar, and Science Direct for the studies published between 2007 and 2017. FINDINGS: Little evidence is available on the usefulness of MBIs among FCs of patients with cancer...
July 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
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