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Perspectives in Psychiatric Care

Zahir Vally, Caroline G D'Souza, Hiba Habeeb, Basma M Bensumaidea
PURPOSE: The conduct of body image studies with Arab populations is hindered by a lack of psychometrically sound assessment measures. We examined the psychometric properties of an Arabic translation of the most frequently employed measure of body appreciation, the Body Appreciation Scale-2 (BAS-2). DESIGN AND METHODS: A sample of college-aged women from the United Arab Emirates (UAE) (n = 256) completed the Arabic BAS-2, and measures of aesthetic and functional body image, authentic body pride, and self-reported body mass index (BMI)...
July 18, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Chenghua Yang, Jian Cai, Chunhua Fei, Feng Xu
PURPOSE: To advocate an economic way to release inner stress for patients with depression. CONCLUSIONS: Setting off firecrackers has psychological value. It is not merely for fun, but is more an economic and easy behavioral therapy in psychiatric care, even risking a little bit noise and air pollution, especially for patients with depression. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: In routine psychiatric care practice, patient with depression were encouraged to set off firecrackers to release their stress...
July 17, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Meltem Çapar, Funda Kavak
PURPOSE: This cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the effect of internalized stigma on functional recovery in patients with schizophrenia. DESİGN AND METHODS: As a result of the power analysis performed, the sample size of the study that reflect population was determined to be 250 patients. Patient Information Form, Functional Recovery Scale in Schizophrenia (FROGS), and Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness Scale (ISMIS) were used for data collection. FINDINGS: It was determined that the mean FROGS subscale and total scores of the patients participating in the study were low...
July 17, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Hsi-Ling Peng, Rebecca A Lorenz, Yu-Ping Chang
PURPOSE: The study aimed to identify factors related to family caregivers' sleep. DESIGN AND METHODS: The study used a cross-sectional design with objective and subjective methods to measure sleep in the home setting over a 7-day period. FINDINGS: Findings indicated that poor sleep quality was found in 91.7% of the caregiver participants. Depression, sleep hygiene, burden, and care-recipients' sleep were significant predictors of various dimensions of caregivers' sleep...
July 4, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
María Dolores Ruiz Fernández, Ángela María Ortega Galán
PURPOSE: To know the health perceived by the family caregivers of Alzheimer's disease, according to the relationship of kinship and the duration of the care in mild-to-moderate stage of dementia. DESIGN AND METHODS: Cross-sectional descriptive study in 255 caregivers. The instruments used were an ad hoc questionnaire and the Goldberg General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28). FINDINGS: The presence of acute and chronic mental pathology has been observed...
July 3, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Jee Hee Han, Sun Ah Kim, Sue Kim, Jin Young Park
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to identify factors influencing disordered eating behaviors in female college students based on the theory of triadic influence. DESIGN AND METHOD: The participants in this study were 307 college females in Korea. Data were analyzed using t-tests, correlation coefficients, and multiple regression analyses. FINDINGS: Multiple regression analysis revealed that objectified body consciousness, social physique anxiety, and sociocultural attitudes toward appearance influenced disordered eating behavior (R2  = 0...
July 3, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Brittany Steelman
PURPOSE: This paper will acquaint the psychiatric nurse with attachment theory-based therapy through a narrative of post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) treatment of a Vietnam veteran with a history of compound trauma in childhood. DESIGN AND METHODS: Application of attachment-based therapy is discussed within the context of its guiding principles and tenets. FINDINGS: Attachment-based therapy is effective in reducing PTSD symptoms in a Vietnam veteran through forming secure base scripts from which the patient better evaluated and managed stressors, resulting in improved life functioning...
June 13, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Jenna M Worley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 12, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Melike Yönder Ertem, Zekiye Çetinkaya Duman
PURPOSE: To examine the effect of motivational interview (MI) on treatment adherence and insight of the patients diagnosed with schizophrenia at a hospital in Turkey. DESIGN AND METHODS: Individuals with schizophrenia, who match with the sample characteristics, were assigned to intervention (20) and control groups (20) according to the randomization schedule. Personal Information Form, Morisky's Questions-Self-Report Measure of Adherence, and Schedule for Assessing the Three Components of Insight were used...
June 11, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Arezoo Safaei Nezhad, Mohammad Masoud Vakili, Loghman Ebrahimi, Roghieh Kharaghani
PURPOSE: The study determined the correlation between Irrational Parenthood Cognitions (IPC) and marital quality by demographic variables in infertile women. METHODS: A correlational study with a census method was conducted on all primary infertile women, who had a file in Zanjan, Iran. FINDINGS: A 47% significant positive correlation was showed between IPC and marital quality (p < 0.001). The highest correlation was observed in the subsets of women aged 31-40 years, with high level of education, those at third socioeconomic classes, those with less than 10 years of married life, and women whose husband had no children from their previous marriage (all ps < 0...
June 11, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Mirjam Anne Dijkxhoorn, Archana Padmakar, Nirmal Jude, Joske Bunders, Barbara Regeer
PURPOSE: A multiphase model for experiences of family members of persons with mental illness that considers both positive and negative aspects is proposed. DESIGN AND METHODS: Mixed methods (semistructured interviews, life history timelines, focus group discussions, and the Experience of Caregiving Inventory) were used with caregivers accessing outpatient services of a nongovernmental organization in urban and rural locations around Chennai, India. FINDINGS: Based on our results, we constructed a multiphase model, which we named The Banyan model of caregiver experiences...
June 3, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Seher Çevik, Yurdagül Yağmur
PURPOSE: This study seeks to examine the impact of intolerance of uncertainty on the psychological well-being of pregnant women who have or do not have a risk of miscarriage. DESIGN AND METHODS: The study was done as a case-control study. The Intolerance of Uncertainty Scale, Psychological Well-being Scale, and a participant description form were used for data collection purposes. FINDINGS: Psychological well-being decreased when uncertainty intolerance increased in pregnant women with or without a risk of miscarriage...
May 25, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Eunmi Lee, Yujeong Kim
PURPOSE: We identified the effect of sedentary behavior on stress, anxiety, and depression among Korean university students. DESIGN AND METHODS: Data were collected from 244 students using self-reported sitting time, the Perceived Stress Scale, the Beck Anxiety Inventory, and the Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression Scale. FINDINGS: Mean sitting time was 7.96 h per day. As sitting hours increased, university students' stress, anxiety, and depression significantly increased despite controlling for sex, economic level, body mass index, underlying disease, and health self-management...
May 24, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Abd Alhadi Hasan, Hussein Tumah
PURPOSE: Psychiatric nurses encounter variety of demanding and stressful events such as dealing with aggressive patients, and hostile. This study purposed to assess workplace stress, coping strategies, and psychiatric distress among psychiatric nurses. DESIGN AND METHODS: A descriptive explanatory design was employed. One hundred and nineteen psychiatric nurses were recruited in the study and data were collected in the period between June and September 2017. FINDINGS: The results showed that participants experienced moderate level of occupational stress and psychiatric distress...
May 21, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Burcu Goksan Yavuz, Mesut Yavuz, Arzu Onal
PURPOSE: We hypothesized that attention deficit hyperactivity symptoms would negatively correlate with the level of mindfulness. DESIGN AND METHOD: Seventy-six subjects referred to the outpatient psychiatry unit and 32 healthy control subjects filled out the Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS), the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS), the Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale (ASRS), and the Wender Utah Rating Scale (WURS). FINDINGS: Patients scored higher on ADH symptoms compared to controls (p ≤ ...
May 18, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Saba Hyarat, Ekhlas Al-Gamal, Ellaine Dela Rama
PURPOSE: To examine the association between depression level and perceived social support among patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) in Saudi Arabia. DESIGN AND METHODS: A cross-sectional, descriptive, correlational design was used with 140 patients. A self-reporting questionnaires were used. FINDINGS: The age range of the participants was 18-59 years (mean 34.3 years, SD 7.69). The mean score for reported depression was 27.5 which is considered as moderate level of depression...
May 18, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Zahir Vally
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Wei Zheng, Xin-Ni Luo, Hai-Yan Li, Xiao-Yin Ke, Qing Dai, Chan-Juan Zhang, Chee H Ng, Gabor S Ungvari, Yu-Tao Xiang, Yu-Ping Ning
PURPOSE: To examine sleep duration and its demographic and clinical correlates in patients attending outpatient clinics attached to general hospitals. DESIGN AND METHODS: A total of 4,399 outpatients participated in the study. Sleep duration (short sleep, <7 h/day; long sleep, >8 h/day; and medium sleep, 7-8 h/day) was assessed. FINDINGS: The proportions of short and long sleep duration were 39.5% and 10.3%, respectively. Significant associations between short sleep and any type of sleep disturbances, age, education level, depressive symptoms, and rural residence were found...
May 16, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Melina Evripidou, Andreas Charalambous, Nicos Middleton, Evridiki Papastavrou
PURPOSE: To explore nurse's knowledge and attitudes toward the care of people with dementia. DESIGN AND METHODS: A systematic review informed by the PRISMA-P (preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses protocols) guidelines in four databases (CINAHL, PsyINFO, Pubmed, Cohrane, EMBASE) using keywords "attitudes," "behaviors," "dementia," "knowledge," and "nurses." Predetermined inclusion criteria were selected...
May 15, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Laila I Al Daken, Muayyad M Ahmad
PURPOSE: This review aims to determine the effectiveness of mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) and educational interventions (EIs) as supportive care for family caregivers (FCs) of patients with cancer. DESIGN AND METHODS: Review was conducted following PRISMA guidelines. The search protocol was performed using EBSCO, Google Scholar, and Science Direct for the studies published between 2007 and 2017. FINDINGS: Little evidence is available on the usefulness of MBIs among FCs of patients with cancer...
May 10, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
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