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Perspectives in Psychiatric Care

Lora Humphrey Beebe, Marian Roman, Hollie Raynor, Dixie Thompson, Shaunta Ray
PURPOSE: We provide an overview of the Recovery-based Interprofessional Distance Education (RIDE) rotation for graduate students in psychiatric mental health (PMH) nursing, pharmacy, nutrition, and exercise physiology, with faculty from the four professions represented. CONCLUSIONS: Interprofessional education can enhance team concepts in these professions and is viewed positively by students and faculty. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: Interprofessional learning opportunities prepare graduates to contribute to team-based care...
September 27, 2016: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Ahmad Rayan, Muayyad Ahmad
AIM: This study examines the role of mindfulness in predicting psychological distress in Arab parents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHOD: In this descriptive study, parents of 104 children with ASD completed measures of psychological distress and mindfulness. The severity of autism in children was measured using the DSM-V criteria. RESULTS: After controlling for parental age and gender and the severity level of ASD, mindfulness was significantly associated with the levels of anxiety, stress, and depression in parents (anxiety: β = 0...
September 20, 2016: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Cai-Lan Hou, Yu Zang, Xin-Rong Ma, Mei-Ying Cai, Yan Li, Fu-Jun Jia, Yong-Qiang Lin, Helen F K Chiu, Gabor S Ungvari, Chee H Ng, Bao-Liang Zhong, Xiao-Lan Cao, Man-Ian Tam, Yu-Tao Xiang
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to determine the pattern of sleep behavior in schizophrenia patients treated in primary care. DESIGN AND METHODS: Altogether 623 schizophrenia patients in 22 primary care services were recruited. Sleep duration and demographic and clinical characteristics were recorded. FINDINGS: The mean expected total sleep time was 8.8 hr (SD 1.8) and the mean actual total sleep time was 8.2 hr (SD 2.1). The frequency of short, medium, and long sleepers was 18...
September 14, 2016: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Frans Clignet, Berno van Meijel, Annemieke van Straten, Pim Cuijpers
PURPOSE: This article describes the evaluation of the implementation of a nursing intervention, that is, the Systematic Activation Method (SAM), among inpatients with late life depression (LLD). METHODS: A qualitative study in four clinical units for old age psychiatry. RESULTS: We identified facilitators and barriers relating to patient and nurse characteristics, as well as to contextual factors, from the perspective of mental health nurses...
September 14, 2016: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Feras Ali Mustafa
PURPOSE: The closure of a neighboring psychiatric intensive care unit (PICU) provided an opportunity to evaluate the number of PICU beds required per head of population and to explore how referrals to the PICU are prioritized. DESIGN AND METHODS: Data were collected and analyzed for admissions to our PICU in the year before and the year after the closure of the other unit. FINDINGS: Admissions increased (in year 2) by 42%, although there was no significant increase in the use of restrictive nursing interventions...
September 6, 2016: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Yu-Fen Chen, Xuan-Yi Huang, Ching-Hui Chien, Jui-Fen Cheng
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness on reducing anxiety of a diaphragmatic breathing relaxation (DBR) training program. DESIGN AND METHODS: This experimental, pre-test-post-test randomized controlled trial with repeated measures collected data using the Beck Anxiety Inventory and biofeedback tests for skin conductivity, peripheral blood flow, heart rate, and breathing rate. FINDINGS: The experimental group achieved significant reductions in Beck Anxiety Inventory scores (p < ...
August 23, 2016: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Evelyn Parrish
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Fernanda Aguiar Pizeta, Ana Paula Casagrande Silva, Sonia Regina Loureiro
PURPOSE: To identify the predictive effect of multiple variables of risk and resilience on the behavior of school-age children living with maternal depression. DESIGN AND METHODS: In a cross-sectional predictive study, the influence of maternal depression, cumulative stressors, and resilience on the behavior of children was analyzed. FINDINGS: In the univariate analysis, maternal depression and cumulative stressors were considered as risks, and resilience as protection for the children...
July 27, 2016: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Mary-Ann DaSilva
BACKGROUND: Hourly rounding is an organized practice where nurses perform regular checks on individual patients at fixed intervals in order to elicit any information that will improve the patient's care and well-being. Weaknesses in the existing literature on rounding include a lack of focus on the nurse-patient interaction, the absence of a guiding theoretical framework, and, lastly, marginal implementation of rounding within the psychiatric setting. PURPOSE: The intent of this paper is to address these weaknesses by describing and proposing a rounding tool, based upon the acronym ICARE, to be used in the inpatient psychiatric setting...
July 25, 2016: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Jan Maree Sayers, Michelle Cleary, Glenn E Hunt, Oliver K Burmeister
PURPOSE: To explore the experiences of mental health workers and perceptions of their role and the scope of their work. DESIGN AND METHODS: Qualitative design. Twenty interviews were conducted with mental health workers. Interviews were analyzed using thematic analysis. FINDINGS: Three overarching themes were identified. In this paper the overarching theme of "dimensions of my role" is discussed. Subthemes were (a) information and education, (b) person-centered care, and (c) networking and partnerships...
July 25, 2016: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Bushar M Ghannam, Ayman M Hamdan-Mansour, Dana D Al Abeiat
PURPOSE: To examine prediction power of personality traits, expressed emotion, and coping strategies on caregivers' burden. DESIGNS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional descriptive correlational design was used to collect data from 196 caregivers using the Self-Administered Questionnaire from Jordanian caregivers of patients with serious mental illness. FINDINGS: Jordanian caregivers had a moderate-to-severe burden level (M = 47.1, SD = 11.5). Burden had a significant negative relationship with coping (r = -...
July 25, 2016: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Paco Prada, Ido Zamberg, Gérald Bouillault, Naya Jimenez, Julien Zimmermann, Roland Hasler, Jean-Michel Aubry, Rosetta Nicastro, Nader Perroud
PURPOSE: We developed a smartphone application (App; EMOTEO: emotion-meteo [weather forecast]) to help borderline personality disorder (BPD) patients to monitor and regulate their inner tension. The App proposes targeted mindfulness-based exercises. DESIGN AND METHODS: We assessed the usability and efficiency of this App for monitoring and reduction of aversive tension in 16 BPD participants over a 6-month period. FINDINGS: We recorded a mean of 318...
July 21, 2016: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Shane Riggs, Thomas Perry, Jonathan Dowben, Rebecca Burson
Delusions as a feature of psychosis have long captured the fascination of both psychiatry and the public at large. The French first described three famous delusions: the Cotard delusion, folie à deux, and Capgras delusion. In this article, we examine a case illustrating each delusion and the hallmark features of each as well as a brief discussion about the current understanding of these disorders.
July 21, 2016: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Raymond W C Au, Yu-Tao Xiang, Gabor S Ungvari, Edwin Lee, David H K Shum, David Man, Wai-Kwong Tang
PURPOSE: There is a paucity of studies comparing prospective memory (PM) impairment between persons with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. The aim of this study was to directly compare PM performances of these two groups and healthy controls. DESIGN AND METHODS: A total of 44 persons with schizophrenia and 76 with bipolar disorder, and 44 healthy controls formed the study sample. FINDINGS: Patients were found to be impaired in PM relative to controls and the two patient groups showed similar level of PM performance after controlling confounding sociodemographic and clinical variables...
July 4, 2016: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Evelyn Parrish
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Elizabeth Mollard, Diane Brage Hudson
PURPOSE: Incarcerated women are a vulnerable and unique population of special concern to nurses as they have high rates of mental illness. In this article, the authors discuss how trauma exposure contributes to mental illness in incarcerated women through abuse, socioeconomic factors, and the prison environment, how this trauma exposure manifests in the inmate survivor, and the related implications for practice. CONCLUSIONS: A history of trauma and victimization is related to complex mental health issues which affect the majority of justice-involved women...
July 2016: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Bauke Koekkoek, Carlijn van Baarsen, Mirella Steenbeek
PURPOSE: To determine the effects of multidisciplinary, nurse-led psychiatric consultation on behavioral problems of nursing home residents. Residents often suffer from psychiatric symptoms, while staff psychiatric expertise varies. DESIGN AND METHODS: A pre-post study was conducted in seven homes using the Neuropsychiatric Inventory Nursing Home version (NPI-NH). FINDINGS: In 71 consultations during 18 months, 56-75% of residents suffered from agitation/aggression, depression, anxiety, and disinhibition...
July 2016: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
L Amar Voogt, Annet Nugter, Peter J J Goossens, Theo van Achterberg
PURPOSE: To gain insight into nurses' perceptions and use of providing structure (PS) as an intervention during psychiatric inpatient care. DESIGN AND METHODS: Interviews were conducted with nurses (n = 18) from two inpatient wards in psychiatry immediately following the occurrence of a PS event. This was done immediately following the occurrence of a PS event. Transcripts were analyzed using a qualitative coding process. FINDINGS: Four general and 14 specific PS activities were described associated with the nursing intervention PS...
July 2016: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Langha de Mey, Ceren Çömlekçi, Fione de Reuver, Ineke van Waard, Ronald van Gool, Janneke F M Scheerman, Berno van Meijel
PURPOSE: To test (a) the effects of an educational intervention about oral hygiene on the knowledge of mental health nurses, and (b) the effects of an oral care intervention on oral health in patients with severe mental illness (SMI). DESIGN AND METHODS: We applied a pretest/posttest design to test improvements in nurses' knowledge and the oral health of SMI patients. FINDINGS: The nursing staff's knowledge increased significantly after the educational intervention...
July 2016: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Janiece E DeSocio
PURPOSE: The aims of this paper are to synthesize and report research findings from neuroscience and epigenetics that contribute to an emerging explanatory framework for advanced practice psychiatric nursing. CONCLUSIONS: Discoveries in neuroscience and epigenetics reveal synergistic mechanisms that support the integration of psychotherapy, psychopharmacology, and psychoeducation in practice. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: Advanced practice psychiatric nurses will benefit from an expanded knowledge base in neuroscience and epigenetics that informs and explains the scientific rationale for our integrated practice...
July 2016: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
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