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Perspectives in Psychiatric Care

Ekhlas Al-Gamal, Aisha Alhosain, Khulood Alsunaye
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the stress level and coping strategies among undergraduate Saudi female nursing students during their clinical education. DESIGN AND METHODS: In this study, a descriptive correlational cross-sectional design was used. The Demographic Information Questionnaire, Perceived Stress Scale, and Coping Behavior Inventory were completed by 121 female Saudi undergraduate nursing students. FINDINGS: The findings showed that stress from taking care of the patient subscale (M = 12...
May 18, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Yuqun Zhang, Pengcheng Li, Yuanyuan Ma, Shengqin Mao, Guohong Li, Aiming Zheng, Yonggui Yuan
PURPOSE: To explore the prevalence of health anxiety (HA) and related factors in Chinese patients with physical diseases. DESIGN AND METHODS: Three-hundred twenty-eight patients completed a series of scales about personality, HA, and quality of life (QoL). FINDINGS: The prevalence of HA in all patients was 42.07%. HA was significantly correlated with neuroticism, alexithymia, and QoL. Moreover, physical and psychological QoL as well as neuroticism could predict 41...
April 4, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Gabriel C Watson, John S Carlson, Jed Magen
PURPOSE: To investigate predictors of conduct problem (CP) treatment in an outpatient child psychiatry clinic. DESIGN AND METHODS: Medical records (N = 78) of youth with CPs (71% male; mean age = 9.9 years) were analyzed to determine how treatment history, race, gender, travel distance, aggression symptoms, internalizing disorder symptoms, and age of diagnosis influenced initial treatment decisions. FINDINGS: Severity of aggression symptoms and travel distance significantly increased the likelihood that initial treatments included psychotropic medication...
April 4, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Ahmad Rayan, Muayyad Ahmad
PURPOSE: The purpose of this review was to determine the effectiveness of mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) for management of parenting distress in parents of children with disabilities. DESIGN: A narrative review was conducted. A search protocol was conducted using Google Scholar, EBSCO, Pubmed, CINAHL, Ovid, and PsycINFO databases up to September 1, 2016. RESULTS: Interventions used a variety of approaches to implement mindfulness training, including MBIs and combined mindfulness and other interventions...
March 1, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Ayman M Hamdan-Mansour, Ahmad Y Al-Sagarat, Faris Al-Sarayreh, Hani Nawafleh, Diana H Arabiat
PURPOSE: This study aimed at examining correlates of substance use among patients diagnosed with psychiatric disorders in Jordan. METHODS: This study used a nonexperimental descriptive survey design. Data were collected through using DUSI-R scale obtained through a self-designed questionnaire. A total of (203) subjects satisfied the inclusion criteria. RESULTS: Most used substances prior to admission were caffeine (78.2%), cigarette (60.9%), and alcohol (22...
February 24, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Zahra Shahvari, Firoozeh Raisi, Zohre Parsa Yekta, Abbas Ebadi, Reihaneh Firoozikhojastefar
BACKGROUND: Healthy spousal communication of marital and sexual expectations is one of the most important factors to improve the quality of sexual relations in marriage. OBJECTIVES: This paper has attempted to explore women's expectations of men for having pleasurable sex in a monogamous and steady sexual relationship within the context of Iran. METHODS: In this qualitative study, 20 interviews were conducted in Tehran from December 2013 to May 2014...
February 23, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Evelyn Parrish
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Genoveva Granados-Gámez, Maria Del Mar López Rodríguez, Ana Corral Granados, Verónica V Márquez-Hernández
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to analyze nursing students' beliefs and attitudes toward mental disorder before and after clinical placements. DESIGN AND METHODS: A cross-sectional design was chosen. One hundred ninety-four first- and third-year students in a three-year nursing degree course completed the Attribution Questionnaire AQ-27 regarding Mental Health, the Questionnaire of Beliefs, and a Socio-Demographic Questionnaire. FINDINGS: Significant differences were found between students who had experienced mental illness and those who had not...
April 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Kristen M Clouse, Kimberly A Williams, Jane M Harmon
PURPOSE: The aim is to improve the uptake of psychiatric services for new patients being referred from primary care, counseling, and hospital discharge follow-up care. DESIGN AND METHODS: A convenience sample of 18 new patients participated in a provider-initiated telephone protocol to increase knowledge related to psychiatric treatment and remind patients of appointments the day before the initial visit. FINDINGS: Fifteen patients attended the initial visit, resulting in a 26% reduction rate of no-show rates from 27% the previous year to 20% in a 3-month period...
April 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Grace B Hubbard, Linda Beeber, Erin Eves
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to validate five concepts central to secondary traumatization (ST) using narratives of psychiatric mental health advanced practice nurses. DESIGN AND METHODS: The study was designed as a directed content analysis of narrative notes (N-30). FINDINGS: Consistency was found between narrative notes and the concepts. This study revealed that exposure and vulnerability precede empathic engagement, reaction, and alteration/transformation...
April 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Se Youn An, Gyung Hee Kim, Ji Young Kim
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the effects of shared decision-making (SDM) training program on self-esteem, problem-solving ability, and quality of life in people with schizophrenia. DESIGN AND METHODS: A quasi-experiment with a nonequivalent control group pre-posttest design was conducted. The self-esteem scale, the problem-solving ability scale, and the WHOQOL Scale were used. FINDINGS: The SDM training program was effective in improving their self-esteem, problem-solving ability, and quality of life in people with schizophrenia...
April 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Martin Salzmann-Erikson, Marie Bjuhr, Gunilla Mårtensson
PURPOSE: This study aimed not only to describe the development and implementation of the module but also to evaluate the nursing students' perceptions. DESIGN AND METHODS: A cross-sectional design including 101 students who were asked to participate and answer a survey. We describe the development of the pedagogic module Students Active Learning via Internet Observations based on situated learning. FINDINGS: The findings show that learning about service users' own lived experiences via web-based platforms was instructive according to the students: 81% agreed to a high or very high degree...
April 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Cai-Lan Hou, Yan Li, Mei-Ying Cai, Xin-Rong Ma, Yu Zang, Fu-Jun Jia, Yong-Qiang Lin, Gabor S Ungvari, Helen F K Chiu, Chee H Ng, Bao-Liang Zhong, Xiao-Lan Cao, Man-Ian Tam, Yu-Tao Xiang
PURPOSE: To describe the prevalence and clinical correlates of insomnia in schizophrenia patients treated in primary care. DESIGN AND METHODS: Six hundred and twenty-three schizophrenia patients from 22 primary care services were recruited. FINDINGS: The prevalence of at least one type of insomnia was 28.9% (180/623), while those of difficulty initiating sleep, difficulty maintaining sleep, and early morning wakening were 20.5%, 19.6%, and 17...
April 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Jennifer L Barkin, Gordon B Willis, Kristina C Hawkins, Tiffany Stanfill-Thomas, Laura Beals, Joan R Bloch
PURPOSE: This study aims to evaluate the fitness of the Barkin Index of Maternal Functioning (BIMF) for postpartum functional assessment in a low-income obstetric population in medically underserved, Central Georgia (USA). DESIGN AND METHODS: Cognitive interviewing, a best practices approach to instrument development and validation, was performed on 24 new mothers. FINDINGS: The BIMF was comprehensible to this population of disadvantaged women...
April 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Andrew Edward Paul Mitchell
PURPOSE: In this study, we investigated the effects of training on knowledge acquisition and core competencies in cognitive and behavioral therapy (CBT). DESIGN AND METHODS: Forty-three students attended 15 half-day, weekly sessions and were tested with the Cognitive Therapy Awareness Scale (CTAS) at weeks 1 and 15 in a before and after study. The students' case studies were assessed with competency items 7-12 on the Cognitive Rating Scale-Revised (CTS-R). FINDINGS: Improvements in the CTAS were modest...
April 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Abd Al-Hadi Hasan, Mahmoud Musleh
AIM: This study investigated self-attitudes towards schizophrenia, depression and anxiety. METHODS: A survey was conducted with 564 people with a schizophrenia, depression and anxiety who are currently being treated at a psychiatric clinic in Amman, Jordan. RESULTS: The research found that stigma towards schizophrenia, depression and anxiety was based around three factors: preconceived stereotypes, personal responsibility/blame and the perceived inability of a patient to recover...
February 15, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Francisco Miguel Correia Sampaio, Carlos Alberto da Cruz Sequeira, María Teresa Lluch Canut
PURPOSE: To explore the aspects set forth as the minimum set of features that should integrate a psychotherapeutic intervention model in nursing. DESIGN AND METHODS: Two focus groups were conducted, with the participation of 15 nursing professionals. Data were analysed thematically. FINDINGS: Five topics previously identified were analysed: theoretical conceptualization, structure, patients' inclusion and exclusion criteria, operationalization, and evaluation of the intervention(s) effectiveness...
February 2, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Sunah Kim, Hyunlye Kim, Hyangkyu Lee, Hyunhwa Lee, Dabok Noh
PURPOSE: This study aimed to examine the effects of a brief stress management intervention on depression, anxiety, suicidal ideation, and aggression among Korean male college students. DESIGN AND METHODS: In a repeated measures design, participants were assessed before, immediately after, and 3 months after the intervention. Data of 40 experimental and 32 control participants were analyzed using linear mixed models. FINDINGS: There were significant time-by-group interaction effects for depression and trait anxiety, but not for state anxiety, suicidal ideation, and aggression...
February 1, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Wei Zheng, Guo Tong, Gabor S Ungvari, Chee H Ng, Helen F K Chiu, Ying-Qiang Xiang, Xiao-Lan Cao, Zheng-Rong Liu, Li-Rong Meng, Gábor Gazdag, Yu-Tao Xiang
PURPOSE: To evaluate memory impairment associated with electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)-antipsychotic (AP) combination in comparison to AP monotherapy in schizophrenia. DESIGN AND METHODS: A systematic literature search of randomized controlled trial (RCTs) was performed. FINDINGS: Eleven RCTs that compared ECT-AP combination (n = 508) with AP monotherapy (n = 510) were analyzed. ECT-AP combination was associated with greater impairment than AP monotherapy in (1) endpoint memory quotient (MQ) of the Wechsler Memory Scale (WMS)-Revised at the end of the ECT course; and (2) picture recall, counting, recognition, and associative learning of the WMS...
January 30, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Horacio A Capote, Michelle Rainka, Erica S Westphal, Jonathan Beecher, Francis M Gengo
PURPOSE: To determine the effects of ropinirole on manic switching and disease severity in bipolar disorder. DESIGN AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 23 bipolar depressed patients using ropinirole combination therapy (Young Mania Rating Scale [YMRS], Bipolar Inventory of Symptoms Scale [BISS]). Retrospective Clinical Global Impression of Change (CGI-C) and CGI-S (Severity) were captured via chart review. FINDINGS: One patient (4...
January 20, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
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