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Pediatric Clinics of North America

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30213361/oral-health-a-critical-piece-to-develop-into-a-healthy-adult
#1
EDITORIAL
Max J Coppes, Susan A Fisher-Owens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30213360/teeth-vital-to-our-children-s-health
#2
EDITORIAL
Bonita F Stanton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30213359/orthodontics-in-children-and-impact-of-malocclusion-on-adolescents-quality-of-life
#3
REVIEW
Lucas Guimarães Abreu
Orthodontics is the dental specialty concerned with the position of teeth and the relationship between the maxilla and mandible. Much evidence regarding the characteristics of normal occlusion during childhood/adolescence, the timely referral of children/adolescents to orthodontic treatment, and the impact of orthodontic outcomes on individuals' physical, functioning, and psychosocial well-being exists in the literature. This body of evidence may be helpful for pediatricians and primary care physicians. For those willing to be skilled providers of health care to children/adolescents, knowledge of basic concepts of oral health may contribute to the communication among physicians, the young individual and their parents/caregivers...
October 2018: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30213358/oral-health-for-us-children-with-special-health-care-needs
#4
REVIEW
Donald L Chi
Children with special health care needs (CSHCN) are a vulnerable population subgroup, but little is known about their oral health, particularly regarding the prevalence and cause of tooth decay. This lack of knowledge is a barrier to progress in terms of developing evidence-based clinical interventions and policies aimed at promoting oral health in CSHCN. This article reviews the oral health literature pertaining to CSHCN, identifies critical knowledge gaps, highlights future research opportunities, and extends clinical recommendations to pediatric health care providers...
October 2018: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30213357/oral-health-disparities-in-children-a-canary-in-the-coalmine
#5
REVIEW
Richard G Watt, Manu Raj Mathur, Jun Aida, Marcelo Bönecker, Renato Venturelli, Stuart A Gansky
Despite being largely preventable, oral diseases are still a major public health problem in child populations in many parts of the world. Increasingly, however, oral diseases disproportionately affect socially disadvantaged groups in society. It is unjust and unfair that children and families from disadvantaged backgrounds experience high levels of oral diseases. This article analyzes oral diseases through a health disparities lens. Action to combat oral health disparities requires a radical multifaceted strategy that addresses the shared underlying root causes of oral diseases, the social determinants of health inequality...
October 2018: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30213356/the-burden-and-management-of-dental-caries-in-older-children
#6
REVIEW
John Timothy Wright
Dental caries is endemic in children and adolescents and has significant morbidity. This complex and chronic disease has both genetic and environmental etiologic factors. In children the preponderance of caries affects tooth surfaces with pits and fissures despite these representing only a small portion of the tooth surfaces that are at risk. Pit and fissure sealants are effective in preventing and managing noncavitated caries lesions in these surfaces. A variety of materials are clinically effective, and health care guidelines recommend the use of pit and fissure sealants as part of a comprehensive dental caries prevention program...
October 2018: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30213355/early-childhood-caries
#7
REVIEW
Wan Kim Seow
Early childhood caries (ECC) is a common childhood disease with highest prevalence found in poor, socially disadvantaged, and minority groups. The main risk factors for ECC are frequent sugar consumption, lack of tooth brushing, and enamel hypoplasia. Contributory factors include environmental and psychosocial stresses that modify caregiver behaviors. Strategies for prevention include preventing mutans streptococci transmission, restricting dietary sugars, tooth brushing, topical fluoride applications, and early dental examinations...
October 2018: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30213354/the-role-of-fluoride-in-the-prevention-of-tooth-decay
#8
REVIEW
Howard Pollick
Although there are recommendations to prevent tooth decay by other means, this nonsystematic review finds that fluoride is the key to prevention and control of tooth decay. There are multiple fluoride modalities with effectiveness and safety of fluoride depending on dose and concentration. Prevention of tooth decay occurs at the individual level by fluoride use at home and with professional application and at the community level through fluoridation of water or salt.
October 2018: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30213353/infant-oral-health
#9
REVIEW
Erica A Brecher, Charlotte W Lewis
It may be easy to discount oral health in infancy because most infants are not born with teeth and only a few teeth erupt during the first year of life. Infancy, however, is a critical time for formation of habits. Positive habits, such as twice-daily brushing with fluoride toothpaste starting at first teeth eruption, provides topical fluoride, which is important for remineralization of the tooth and helps establish a lifelong healthy practice. Negative habits, such as bottle propping and frequent juice consumption, reinforce behaviors that promote caries and obesity...
October 2018: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30213352/a-developmental-approach-to-pediatric-oral-health
#10
REVIEW
Bhavna T Pahel, Anne Rowan-Legg, Rocio B Quinonez
Orofacial growth and development is a complex process spanning the life course. This article provides an oral health overview in the context of overall growth, physical and social development from infancy through adolescence. It reviews oral health-specific developmental milestones during childhood (0-12 years) and adolescence (≥13 years). It examines issues particular to each age category or spanning multiple ages (eg, pediatric overweight and obesity, tobacco use, and dental trauma) in relation to oral health and development...
October 2018: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30213351/pediatric-oral-health-policy-its-genesis-domains-and-impacts
#11
REVIEW
Burton L Edelstein
Over recent years, pediatric oral health has become well established in the United States as an essential component of pediatric health policy as evidenced by the programs authorized and funded by Congress. These actions have improved access and utilization of dental care, engaged primary care pediatrics in oral health, and improved children's oral health outcomes. Nonetheless, there remains a host of authorized but unfunded approaches to addressing children's oral health through coverage, workforce, safety net, prevention, and surveillance...
October 2018: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30213350/oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in-children-and-adolescents
#12
REVIEW
William Murray Thomson, Hillary L Broder
This article describes child oral health-related quality of life measures and provides some examples of their use in determining the effect of clinical interventions, such as dental treatment under general anesthesia, orthodontic treatment, and treatment of orofacial clefting.
October 2018: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30213349/preventing-oral-disease-alternative-providers-and-places-to-address-this-commonplace-condition
#13
REVIEW
Susan A Fisher-Owens, Elizabeth Mertz
Oral health disease in young children has not decreased, despite adequate modalities for treatment and prevention. Because many children may not see a dentist before oral disease has begun, disease progression can be expected, affecting short-term and long-term oral health. However, most children are seen by other health professionals frequently in their youngest years, providing a unique opportunity to help weave a safety net of oral health care until they are established in a dental home. This article details ways primary care providers can promote oral health, including ways to integrate ancillary dental professionals into the primary care home...
October 2018: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30213348/periodontal-diseases-and-traumatic-dental-injuries-in-the-pediatric-population
#14
REVIEW
Belinda Nicolau, Geneviève Castonguay, Sreenath Madathil, Thien Vuong, Tahyna Duda Deps Almeida
This article provides an overview of periodontal diseases and traumatic dental injuries (TDIs) in children and adolescents, which are serious public health problems worldwide. Periodontal diseases, including gingivitis and periodontitis, commonly affect the oral soft tissues and teeth and often co-occur with other chronic diseases. TDIs are prevalent from an early age and carry high treatment costs. Behavioral and environmental factors contribute to both TDIs and periodontal diseases, but their etiology varies according to population characteristics and case definition...
October 2018: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30213347/benign-and-malignant-oral-lesions-in-children-and-adolescents-an-organized-approach-to-diagnosis-and-management
#15
REVIEW
Brian T Yuhan, Peter F Svider, Sean Mutchnick, Anthony Sheyn
Oral lesions in children encompass a wide range of etiologies, including idiopathic entities as well as those related to an underlying systemic illness. In addition, oral masses include benign entities harboring locally destructive behavior and even malignancies in rare cases. Thorough patient history and detailed and efficient physical examination are critical for determining which lesions can be closely observed versus those require further diagnostic work-up. Understanding normal oral cavity anatomy is crucial for performing appropriate evaluation...
October 2018: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30213346/recognizing-the-relationship-between-disorders-in-the-oral-cavity-and-systemic-disease
#16
REVIEW
Paul S Casamassimo, Catherine M Flaitz, Kimberly Hammersmith, Shilpa Sangvai, Ashok Kumar
Oral health is integral to general health. The oral cavity may harbor manifestations of systemic disease and can be the harbinger of early onset. Primary care providers (PCPs) can therefore use the oral cavity to support working diagnoses. Conversely, systemic diseases and treatments can affect oral health and require interactions between PCPs and dental providers. Acute oral manifestations of systemic disease may involve teeth and/or gums. This article reviews oral and systemic disease connections for some diseases, identifies issues that benefit patients through medical-dental collaboration, and highlights some nondental oral injuries that might confront PCPs or emergency medical providers...
October 2018: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30031504/overview-of-pediatric-rheumatology-for-the-primary-care-provider
#17
EDITORIAL
Suzanne C Li, Gloria C Higgins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30031503/pediatric-rheumatology-a-field-of-great-progress
#18
EDITORIAL
Bonita F Stanton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30031502/transitions-in-rheumatic-disease-pediatric-to-adult-care
#19
REVIEW
Stacy P Ardoin
Although it has been widely acknowledged for more than two decades that transition from pediatric to adult care is a vulnerable time for adolescents and young adults with rheumatic diseases, current primary and subspecialty care transition and transfer processes remain inadequate. Barriers to improving transition include complex health care systems, neurodevelopmental challenges of adolescents and young adults, and insufficient transition-related education and resources for health care providers. Standardized, evidence-based transition interventions are sorely needed to establish best practices...
August 2018: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30031501/general-nutrition-and-fitness-for-the-child-with-rheumatic-disease
#20
REVIEW
Sharon Bout-Tabaku
As a result of new medications and therapeutic approaches, most children with rheumatic diseases are no longer at risk for growth failure which results from chronic inflammation and prolonged corticosteroid treatment. However, obesity, poor nutrition, and insufficient exercise are still problems which increase risks for poor bone, cardiovascular, and general health. Diet should be monitored and modified as appropriate; supplemental calcium and Vitamin D should be provided. Obesity and poor physical fitness can be ameliorated by an exercise program that should become part of a more healthy lifestyle...
August 2018: Pediatric Clinics of North America
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