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Pediatric Clinics of North America

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173724/pediatric-speech-and-language-perspectives-on-interprofessional-practice
#1
EDITORIAL
Brian B Shulman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173723/pediatric-speech-and-language-perspectives-on-interprofessional-practice
#2
EDITORIAL
Bonita F Stanton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173722/open-up-and-let-us-in-an-interprofessional-approach-to-oral-health
#3
REVIEW
Mona M Sedrak, Laura M Doss
Dental caries is the single most common chronic disease of childhood in the United States. Access to dental care is one of the barriers to improved oral health for children. Primary care providers who routinely treat children have an established role in prevention and early identification of health problems; thus, they are ideal front-line providers who can detect oral health discrepancies and begin the process of care and prevention.
February 2018: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173721/an-interprofessional-team-approach-to-the-differential-diagnosis-of-children-with-language-disorders
#4
REVIEW
Xueman Lucy Liu, Dawn M Zahrt, Mark D Simms
The ability to communicate effectively with others is central to children's development. Delays or disruptions due to isolated expressive language delay, articulation errors, multiple sound production errors with motor planning deficits, or mixed expressive and receptive language delay, often bring widespread consequences. Physical anomalies, neurologic and genetic disorder, cognitive and intellectual disabilities, and emotional disturbances may affect speech and language development. Communication disorders may be misdiagnosed as intellectual impairment or autism...
February 2018: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173720/feeding-problems-in-infants-and-children-assessment-and-etiology
#5
REVIEW
Kathleen C Borowitz, Stephen M Borowitz
Feeding problems in infants and young children are common. In healthy children who are developing and growing normally, feeding problems are usually not serious and can be managed conservatively by reassuring the family and providing them with anticipatory guidance and follow-up. A majority of serious childhood feeding problems occur in children who have other medical, developmental, or behavioral problems. These are best evaluated and treated by an interprofessional team who can identify and address issues in the medical and/or developmental history, problems with oral motor control and function, problems with swallowing, and behavioral and/or sensory issues that may interfere with normal feeding...
February 2018: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173719/supporting-children-with-autism-and-their-families-a-culturally-responsive-family-driven-interprofessional-process
#6
REVIEW
Marie-Christine Potvin, Patricia A Prelock, Liliane Savard
This article describes the Coaching in Context (CinC) process, a family-driven, culturally responsive structure that facilitates family identification and achievement of goals. CinC focuses on modification of the demands of an activity with guidance from a health care professional who coaches the family to increase their participation in everyday activities. An interprofessional team is key in this process. Working as a team and communicating effectively across professions supports the health professional who serves as the coach...
February 2018: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173718/a-pediatrician-s-guide-to-communication-disorders-secondary-to-cleft-lip-palate
#7
REVIEW
Ann W Kummer
This article describes how different types of clefts affect the child's function and, in particular, the child's communication abilities. This article also describes the evaluation process and various options for the treatment of affected speech. Because these children have many complicated needs over their entire growth period, it is important that they are referred by the pediatrician to a cleft palate/craniofacial team for the best care and best ultimate outcomes.
February 2018: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173717/the-future-of-pediatric-speech-language-pathology-in-a-more-collaborative-world
#8
REVIEW
Alan W Dow, Carole K Ivey, Brian B Shulman
Examining interprofessional practice through the lens of speech-language pathology identifies a number of challenges to and opportunities for interprofessional practice. While practitioners believe they practice interprofessionally, health services are often distributed across a network within which collaboration can falter. Certain professions, like speech-language pathology, are well-positioned to work across this network and improve care. Barriers to collaboration are interpersonal, structural, regulatory, and governmental...
February 2018: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173716/the-role-of-the-speech-language-pathologist-in-creating-a-model-for-interprofessional-practice-in-an-ambulatory-care-clinic
#9
REVIEW
Tommie L Robinson, Debra Anderson, Sahira Long
There is a need to better coordinate services for children in urban settings who are at risk for communication disorders. This article addresses the barriers to obtaining services and discusses the process for creating a model for interprofessional practice to better serve patients from lower socioeconomic backgrounds.
February 2018: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173715/interprofessional-collaborative-practice-in-early-intervention
#10
REVIEW
Kathy L Coufal, Juliann J Woods
Professionals in pediatric practice encounter infants and toddlers with developmental delays, disabilities, or complex chronic health conditions eligible for Part C early intervention (EI) services. The most frequently identified concern by families is communication emphasizing the importance of the role of the speech language pathologist (SLP). This article provides a conceptual framework for SLP services in early intervention, based on the principles of interprofessional collaboration. The history of collaboration, EI, and the role of SLPs as members of the EI team are summarized...
February 2018: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173714/developmental-and-interprofessional-care-of-the-preterm-infant-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-through-high-risk-infant-follow-up
#11
REVIEW
Hildy S Lipner, Randye F Huron
Practices in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) that reduce infant stress and respond to behavioral cues positively influence developmental outcomes. Proactive developmental surveillance and timely introduction of early intervention services improve outcomes for premature infants. A model that emphasizes infant development and a continuum of care beginning in the NICU with transition to outpatient monitoring and provision of early intervention services is hypothesized to support the most optimal outcomes for premature infants...
February 2018: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173713/late-talkers-why-the-wait-and-see-approach-is-outdated
#12
REVIEW
Nina Capone Singleton
From a speech-language pathology perspective, there is a gap in interprofessional education/practice (IPE/IPP) that leads to a wait-and-see approach with late talkers (LT). In line with the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association's Strategic Pathway to Excellence, this article attempts to bridge the gap, reexamining the panoptic view that most LT "catch up" to their peers. The LT who persist with language disorder should not be overlooked. Late talking can impact socialization and school readiness, and can place some toddlers at risk for life-long disability...
February 2018: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173712/using-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-framework-to-achieve-interprofessional-functional-outcomes-for-young-children-a-speech-language-pathology-perspective
#13
REVIEW
Lemmietta G McNeilly
The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) framework is an excellent tool to facilitate the writing of functional goals for children who exhibit communication disorders and other developmental problems that require services from professionals in multiple therapeutic areas. The holistic view of children provides each professional with an approach that integrates how one's specific health conditions and contextual factors influence a child's functioning and participation in daily activities...
February 2018: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173711/otitis-media-beyond-the-examining-room
#14
REVIEW
Deborah R Welling, Carol A Ukstins
The management of hearing loss associated with otitis media is multifaceted. Clinical practice guidelines set the collaborative prescriptive standards for the medical management of otitis media in children. Treatment of this condition does not end with the medical practitioner. There are far-reaching effects of otitis media and its sequelae that permeate every aspect of patients' lives including physiological, educational, and psychosocial. Therefore, a comprehensive interprofessional treatment plan must be designed taking into consideration best practices from a range of professions to maximize clinical outcomes, including the treating physician, speech-language pathologist, clinical audiologist, educational audiologist, and professionals in the educational setting...
February 2018: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173710/the-journey-to-interprofessional-collaborative-practice-are-we-there-yet
#15
REVIEW
Frank D Golom, Janet Simon Schreck
Interprofessional collaborative practice (IPCP) is a service delivery approach that seeks to improve health care outcomes and the patient experience while simultaneously decreasing health care costs. The current article reviews the core competencies and current trends associated with IPCP, including challenges faced by health care practitioners when working on interprofessional teams. Several conceptual frameworks and empirically supported interventions from the fields of organizational psychology and organization development are presented to assist health care professionals in transitioning their teams to a more interprofessionally collaborative, team-based model of practice...
February 2018: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173795/evolution-of-pharmacotherapeutics-and-pharmacotoxidromes-in-newborns-and-children-progress-and-challenges
#16
EDITORIAL
Jacob V Aranda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173794/drug-dosing-in-obese-children-challenges-and-evidence-based-strategies
#17
REVIEW
Ye Xiong, Tsuyoshi Fukuda, Catherijne A J Knibbe, Alexander A Vinks
With the alarming increase of obesity in children, pediatricians are increasingly being confronted with difficult dosing decisions. Many drug labels do not provide specific dosing instructions for children who are obese. In this article, we describe the physiologic parameters altered by obesity and their influences on drug disposition and effect. We review the principles of allometry, and the key pharmacokinetic parameters that can be used to derive age appropriate dosing regimens. Last, we illustrate how appropriate weight descriptors can be selected, and how important PK parameters can be extrapolated for dosing in obese children when pediatric pharmacokinetic information is available...
December 2017: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173793/antiviral-drugs-in-newborn-and-children
#18
REVIEW
Claudette L Poole, David W Kimberlin
This article focuses on the clinically relevant approved antiviral medications available for the treatment of infants and children. A brief overview of drug categories, mechanism of action, resistance, pharmacokinetics, and side effects is provided for the more commonly prescribed antivirals. The patient categories addressed are treatment and prophylaxis of influenza, neonatal herpes simplex virus and congenital cytomegalovirus, treatment and prophylaxis of viral disease in the immunocompromised host, and a brief introduction to the antivirals available to treat hepatitis B and hepatitis C in children...
December 2017: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173792/antifungal-drugs-in-newborns-and-children
#19
REVIEW
Mihai Puia-Dumitrescu, P Brian Smith
Invasive fungal infections are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in infants and children. Early diagnosis is critical, and treatment with the appropriate drug and dose should be initiated promptly. Although an increasing number of studies have examined dosing of antifungals in this population, pediatric safety and efficacy data are lacking.
December 2017: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173791/new-antimicrobial-agents-for-the-treatment-of-staphylococcal-infections-in-children
#20
REVIEW
Roopali Sharma, Densley Francois, Margaret R Hammerschlag
Several new antimicrobial agents-daptomycin, ceftaroline, telavancin, dalbavancin, and-tedizolid have been approved for the treatment of staphylococcal infections, including methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), in adults. Ceftaroline and daptomycin have been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for use in children. Ceftaroline, a beta-lactam antibiotic with activity against MRSA, has been approved for treatment of community-acquired bacterial pneumonia and complicated skin and skin structure infections...
December 2017: Pediatric Clinics of North America
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