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Nursing Outlook

Marti Rice
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 3, 2017: Nursing Outlook
Christine T Kovner, Maja Djukic, Jin Jun, Jason Fletcher, Farida K Fatehi, Carol S Brewer
BACKGROUND: The Institute of Medicine (IOM) report, The Future of Nursing, included recommendations to increase nurse diversity, the percent of nurses obtaining a bachelor's degree, and inter-professional education. PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to report the progress toward achievement of these recommendations. METHODS: We used a longitudinal, multi-state data from four cohorts of nurses newly licensed in 2004 to 2005, 2007 to 2008, 2010 to 2011, and 2014 to 2015 to examine and compare the trends...
September 21, 2017: Nursing Outlook
Marilyn J Rantz, Nancy M Birtley, Marcia Flesner, Charles Crecelius, Cathy Murray
BACKGROUND: Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Innovation Center sponsored the initiative to reduce avoidable hospitalizations among nursing facility residents. PURPOSE: Missouri Quality Initiative (MOQI) designed inter-professional model in nursing homes with advanced practice registered nurses (APRNs). METHOD: MOQI APRN model was implemented for 4 years in 16 nursing homes in a metro area of the Midwest. Hospitalizations were reduced (40% all-cause, 58% potentially avoidable), emergency room visits (54% all-cause, 65% potentially avoidable), Medicare expenditures for hospitalizations (34% all-cause, 45% potentially avoidable), and Medicare expenditures for emergency room visits (50% all-cause, 60% potentially avoidable) for long-stay nursing home residents...
September 21, 2017: Nursing Outlook
Marianne Beare Vyas, Virginia T LeBaron, Aaron M Gilson
BACKGROUND: A staggering number of Americans are dying from overdoses attributed to prescription opioid medications (POMs). In response, states are creating policies related to POM harm reduction strategies, overdose prevention, and alternative therapies for pain management, such as cannabis (medical marijuana). However, little is known about how the use of cannabis for pain management may be associated with POM use. PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to examine state medical cannabis (MC) use laws and policies and their potential association with POM use and related harms...
September 21, 2017: Nursing Outlook
Jennifer Leeman, Linda Beeber, Eric Hodges, Shawn Kneipp, Mark Toles, Seon Ae Yeo, Jessica Z├Ęgre-Hemsey
Only a small proportion of research-tested interventions translate into broad-scale implementation in real world practice, and when they do, it often takes many years. Partnering with national and regional organizations is one strategies that researchers may apply to speed the translation of interventions into real-world practice. Through these partnerships, researchers can promote and distribute interventions to the audiences they want their interventions to reach. In this paper, we describe five nurse scientists' programs of research and their partnerships with networks of national, regional, and local organizations, including their initial formative work, activities to engage multi-level network partners, and lessons learned about partnership approaches to speeding broad-scale implementation...
September 21, 2017: Nursing Outlook
Sheila Judge Santacroce, Jennifer Leeman, Mi-Kyung Song
BACKGROUND: To reduce the burden of chronic illness, prevention and management interventions must be efficacious, adopted and implemented with fidelity, and reach those at greatest risk. Yet, many research-tested interventions are slow to translate into practice. PURPOSE: This paper describes how The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Nursing's NINR-funded institutional pre- and postdoctoral research-training program is addressing the imperative to speed knowledge translation across the research cycle...
September 19, 2017: Nursing Outlook
Dalmacio Flores, Ross McKinney, Joyell Arscott, Julie Barroso
BACKGROUND: Requiring parental consent in studies with sexual minority youth (SMY) can sometimes be problematic as participants may have yet to disclose their sexual orientation, may not feel comfortable asking parents' permission, and may promote a self-selection bias. PURPOSE: We discuss rationale for waiving parental consent, strategies to secure waivers from review boards, and present participants' feedback on research without parents' permission. METHODS: We share our institutional review board proposal in which we made a case that excluding SMY from research violates ethical research principles, does not recognize their autonomy, and limits collection of sexuality data...
September 18, 2017: Nursing Outlook
Susan M Priano, Oi Saeng Hong, Jyu-Lin Chen
BACKGROUND: Nurses' modifiable lifestyles have important health-related consequences. PURPOSE: To examine the literature on U.S. hospital nurses' activity, diet, and health outcomes of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risks and health-related quality of life (HRQOL). METHOD: A systematic review using of the literature from June 2006 to June 2016 resulted in 13 studies on U.S. hospital nurses' diet, physical activity and CVD and HRQOL outcomes...
September 5, 2017: Nursing Outlook
Joan E Kub, Pamela A Kulbok, Sarah Miner, Jacqueline A Merrill
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Nursing Outlook
Susan M Swider, Bobbie Berkowitz, Sarah Valentine-Maher, Shannon N Zenk, Betty Bekemeier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Nursing Outlook
Sally Lechlitner Lusk, Marjorie McCullagh, Victoria Vaughan Dickson, Jiayun Xu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Nursing Outlook
Ann Marie Nayback-Beebe, Linda H Yoder, Brandon J Goff, Sonya Arzola, Christopher Weidlich
BACKGROUND: In the U.S. military, chronic low back pain is among the most frequent complaints for medical visits, lost work time, and attrition from active duty and the deployed setting by service members. PURPOSE: The aim of this pilot study was to determine whether adjunctive treatment with pulsed electromagnetic frequency (PEMF) produced significant variability in chronic low back pain symptoms and secondary health-related quality of life, mental health and disability outcomes...
September 2017: Nursing Outlook
Patricia Watts Kelley, Deborah Kenny, Rosemary Donley
BACKGROUND: The findings reported in this paper were derived from a secondary analysis of selected data from a large clinical knowledge study designed to document the experiential learning of military and federal nurses caring for critically wounded service members (WSMs) of their experience of care from point of injury in the combat zone through their rehabilitation. FINDINGS: This article describes a picture of vulnerability and uncertainty in both WSMs and their nurses throughout the health care continuum...
September 2017: Nursing Outlook
Linda H Yoder, D Curk McFall, Dale N Glaser
BACKGROUND: Limited research explains the quality of life (QOL) among burn survivors during post-hospitalization rehabilitation. PURPOSE: To determine the QOL of military and civilian burn survivors treated in the military burn center. METHODS: In this longitudinal study, QOL was examined in 131 burn survivors (88 civilians; 43 military). Participants completed the Abbreviated Burn Specific Health Scale (BSHS-A) and the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS) over 5 time points post-discharge...
September 2017: Nursing Outlook
Lori Lyn Trego
Developing a feasible, fundable, and sustainable program of research (POR) is an essential career goal in research. Nurse scientists can lay the foundation for a salient POR as early as during their doctoral studies. The ensuing years of postdoctoral experiences are informative as they expand their research skills and knowledge around their research area of interest. Following graduation from a doctoral research program, novice military nurse scientists (MNS) are placed in positions that are conducive to fostering a POR...
September 2017: Nursing Outlook
Barbara R Holcomb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Nursing Outlook
Stacey Young-McCaughan, Mona O Bingham, Catherine A Vriend, Alice W Inman, Kathryn M Gaylord, Christine Miaskowski
BACKGROUND: Service members injured in combat undergo repeated surgeries and long recoveries following a traumatic injury that produce a myriad of physical and psychological symptoms. PURPOSE: To describe the severity of pain, sleep disturbance, depression, and anxiety in service members with extremity trauma sustained during combat operations at the time of discharge from the hospital and to evaluate for differences in health status between those with and without symptom burden...
September 2017: Nursing Outlook
Tina A Davidson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Nursing Outlook
Dorothy A Hogg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Nursing Outlook
Charles Vacchiano, Susan Silva
BACKGROUND: There is clear evidence of the potential for long-term neuro behavioral and cognitive sequelae following a mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). Although the source of these persistent behavioral and cognitive issues is unclear, several studies have suggested a cerebral vascular disorder is a likely contributor. PURPOSE: Measure and compare cerebral blood oxygen saturation values in frontal brain lobes of subjects with and without a history of mTBI. METHODS: Bilateral frontal brain lobe blood oxygen saturation was measured using near-infrared spectroscopy in mTBI and non-brain injured subjects while alternately breathing room air and a mildly hypoxic gas mixture...
September 2017: Nursing Outlook
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