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New Zealand Medical Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30543618/acquired-haemophilia-a-a-rare-cause-of-postpartum-haemorrhage
#1
Philippa Davey, Helen Allen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 14, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30543617/there-s-more-to-this-than-meets-the-eye
#2
Tom Kai Ming Wang, Mansi Turaga, Jen-Li Looi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 14, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30543616/public-health-and-the-radio-frequency-radiation-emitted-by-cellphone-technology-smart-meters-and-wifi
#3
Susan Pockett
This paper argues that the prevailing official narrative in New Zealand concerning the relationship between public health and the radio frequency emissions (RF) from cellphone technology, WiFi and electricity smart meters is scientifically and ethically flawed. The main regulatory document in the area, NZS2772.1:1999, is 20 years out of date and ignores existing laboratory evidence disproving its core assumption that the only biological effect of non-ionising radiation is tissue heating. This and further laboratory evidence for harmful effects of RF continues to be ignored, nominally on the contradictory grounds that (a) cellphone manufacturers say their products now emit less RF than early models, so early lab studies exposed tissue to RF levels higher than those now relevant (b) given the lack of actual data on population exposures either then or now, all laboratory evidence is unconvincing anyway...
December 14, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30543615/guidelines-for-gender-affirming-healthcare-for-gender-diverse-and-transgender-children-young-people-and-adults-in-aotearoa-new-zealand
#4
Jeannie Oliphant, Jaimie Veale, Joe Macdonald, Richard Carroll, Rachel Johnson, Mo Harte, Cathy Stephenson, Jemima Bullock, David Cole, Patrick Manning
Internationally and within Aotearoa, New Zealand, there has been a substantial increase in the demand for gender affirming healthcare over the past decade. It is likely that this level of referrals to health services will continue in the foreseeable future. The Guidelines for Gender Affirming Healthcare for Gender Diverse and Transgender Children, Young People and Adults in Aotearoa, New Zealand were developed following the recognition that the previous good practice guide required updating to be in step with current practice and international standards...
December 14, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30543614/reducing-the-impact-of-the-impending-myopia-epidemic-in-new-zealand
#5
Alexander David Petty, Graham Wilson
Myopia is an eye condition that is increasing around the world, reaching epidemic levels in many countries. It is associated with a higher risk of other ocular diseases including myopic maculopathy and retinal detachment. Historically in New Zealand myopia has existed at a low level, however the environmental changes that have increased myopia internationally will affect New Zealanders too. Higher levels of myopia will have a profound social, economic and health burden on our country. Fortunately, proven interventions to limit the onset and degree of myopia already exist...
December 14, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30543613/sudden-death-in-patients-with-serious-mental-illness
#6
Erik Monasterio, Andrew McKean, Vimu Sinhalage, Christopher Frampton, Roger Mulder
AIM: Sudden death is used to define a death under suspicious circumstances, where there is no clear indication of existing medical illness (natural cause) that accounts for the death or clear indication for the cause of death. This includes all deaths from suicide, unintentional poisoning, drowning, falls and violence. Sudden death contributes to the increased mortality in people with serious mental illness (premature mortality) but is far less frequently studied and understood. This study analyses data of all sudden deaths of patients who had been under the care of the Canterbury District Health Board's Specialist Mental Health Service, New Zealand's second-largest population region...
December 14, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30543612/new-zealand-s-experience-of-the-1918-19-influenza-pandemic-a-systematic-review-after-100-years
#7
Jennifer A Summers, Michael Baker, Nick Wilson
BACKGROUND: The 1918-1919 influenza pandemic has been New Zealand's most severe disaster event (around 9,000 deaths). We aimed to review the literature related to this pandemic in New Zealand and among New Zealanders overseas, to identify any remaining research gaps (given ongoing risks of future influenza pandemics and from new pathogens, eg, synthetic bioweapons). METHODS: Systematic literature searches and comparisons with international findings for this pandemic to facilitate identification of research gaps...
December 14, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30543611/public-support-and-sociodemographic-correlates-of-public-breastfeeding-support-in-new-zealand
#8
Yanshu Huang, Danny Osborne, Chris G Sibley
AIMS: The present study examined levels of support for public breastfeeding and sociodemographic correlates of public breastfeeding attitudes in New Zealand. METHOD: Data (N=19,598) were from the 2016/17 New Zealand Attitudes and Values Study, a nationwide longitudinal panel study of the social attitudes of New Zealand adults aged 18 and older. The survey included an item measuring support for women breastfeeding in public alongside relevant sociodemographic variables...
December 14, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30543610/reliability-of-venous-blood-gas-sodium-potassium-and-creatinine
#9
Pourya Pouryahya, Lynn Tan, Zhiliang Caleb Lin, Alastair Meyer
OBJECTIVE: To determine the level of correlation between sodium, potassium and creatinine readings between point-of-care venous blood gas (VBG) and laboratory biochemistry measurements (LBM). METHODS: Data was obtained from three Monash Health (one of the largest health networks in metropolitan Melbourne) emergency departments. 16,527 VBGs were matched with LBM for sodium, 16,437 for potassium and 8,597 for creatinine. Pearson correlation and further subgroup analyses were carried out to explore if acid-base imbalance affected sodium, potassium or creatinine reliability in VBG...
December 14, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30543609/modelling-the-number-of-quitters-needed-to-achieve-new-zealand-s-smokefree-2025-goal-for-m%C3%A4-ori-and-non-m%C3%A4-ori
#10
Nick Wilson, Frederieke Sanne Petrović-van der Deen, Richard Edwards, Andrew Waa, Tony Blakely
AIM: To estimate the numbers of people required to quit smoking in New Zealand to achieve the Smokefree 2025 goal and to compare these with current levels of quitting. METHODS: We used the established BODE3 tobacco forecasting model to project smoking prevalence separately for Māori and non-Māori to 2025 under a business-as-usual (BAU) scenario. We then determined by what factor current annual cessation rates would have to increase to achieve an adult smoking prevalence of under 5% by the year 2025, while annual smoking uptake rates continued to follow BAU patterns...
December 14, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30543608/cutaneous-squamous-cell-carcinoma-predictors-of-positive-and-close-margins-and-outcomes-of-re-excision-in-northland-new-zealand
#11
Brodie M Elliott, Benjamin R Douglass, Daniel McConnell, Blair Johnson, Christopher Harmston
BACKGROUND: Non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) is the most commonly diagnosed and costly cancer in Australasia. Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) accounts for approximately 25% of NMSC. A better understanding of predictors of close and positive margins following surgical excision will help guide treatment. METHODS: A retrospective study was carried out of all primary cSCC histologically diagnosed in Northland, New Zealand in 2015. The cohort was identified by searching the regional pathology database...
December 14, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30543607/utility-of-whole-genome-sequencing-for-multidrug-resistant-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-isolates-in-a-reference-tb-laboratory-in-new-zealand
#12
Indira Basu, James E Bower, Sally A Roberts, Gillian Henderson, Htin Lin Aung, Gregory Cook, Odette Lowe, Sandie Newton
New Zealand has a low burden of multi-drug resistant TB (MDR-TB), but with increased mobility within the population, rapid detection and treatment of MDR-TB is a priority from the public health point of view. Mycobacterium Reference Laboratory in LabPLUS, Auckland City Hospital receives referred Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC) isolates from all over New Zealand for second-line drug susceptibility testing (DST) and 24-loci MIRU VNTR genotyping. Between 2002 and 2013, 38 multidrug resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MDR-TB) isolates were recorded by culture-based DST...
December 14, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30543606/why-the-new-living-australian-stroke-guidelines-matter-to-new-zealand
#13
EDITORIAL
Karim Mahawish, P Alan Barber, Anna McRae, Julia Slark, Annemarei Anna Ranta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 14, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30543605/addressing-the-treatment-gap-in-new-zealand-with-more-therapists-is-it-practical-and-will-it-work
#14
EDITORIAL
Julia J Rucklidge, Kathryn A Darling, Roger T Mulder
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 14, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30496169/update-from-the-new-zealand-familial-gi-cancer-service-2018
#15
LETTER
Susan Parry, Maggie Ow, Rachael Bergman, Ben Griffiths, John Keating, Teresa Chalmers-Watson, Chris Wakeman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 30, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30496168/the-first-analytic-evidence-for-socio-economic-gradients-in-1918-pandemic-influenza-mortality-rates-for-new-zealand
#16
LETTER
Nick Wilson, Osman D Mansoor, Michael G Baker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 30, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30496167/lv-epicardial-lead-placement-at-time-of-cardiac-surgery-useful-for-some-but-not-all
#17
LETTER
Tom Kai Ming Wang, Andrew Martin, Khang-Li Looi, Nigel Lever
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 30, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30496166/chronic-red-eye-think-outside-the-eye
#18
Louis S Han, Rebecca Stack
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 30, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30496165/creaky-voice-or-extreme-vocal-fry-in-young-women
#19
Jeremy Hornibrook, Tika Ormond, Margaret Maclagan
An extreme use of a voice feature with a lowered rough sound called vocal fry or creaky voice has become increasingly recognised in American, British and New Zealand English speaking young women. It is not regarded as an involuntary voice disorder, but rather as a volitional strategy. Intermittent vocal fry is recognised as a common voice feature, particularly at the end of a sentence. It occurs at the lowest range of a speaker's F0 (pitch). We present evidence that vocal fry use is increasing in young New Zealand women...
November 30, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30496164/hepatitis-b-virus-related-hepatocellular-carcinoma-presenting-at-an-advanced-stage-is-it-preventable
#20
Thomas Mules, Ed Gane, Oonagh Lithgow, Adam Bartlett, John McCall
AIM: Earlier diagnosis of hepatitis B virus (HBV) related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) increases treatment options and survival. The aim of this study is to evaluate which factors are associated with late presentation of HBV-related HCC. METHOD: This is a retrospective review of all cases of HBV-related HCC diagnosed with late-stage/incurable HCC in New Zealand between 2003 and 2017. Cases were defined as patients with a positive hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), and advanced (not amenable to potentially curable treatments) HCC at initial diagnosis...
November 30, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
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