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Medical History

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30191801/mdh-volume-62-issue-4-cover-and-back-matter
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30191800/medicamenta-a-virtual-exhibition-with-stories-of-diseases-and-remedies-in-antique-books-at-the-university-of-padua-italy
#2
Cecilia Furlani, Eugenio Ragazzi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30191799/mdh-volume-62-issue-4-cover-and-front-matter
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30191786/-tolerable-intolerance-protestantism-sectarianism-and-voluntary-hospitals-in-late-nineteenth-century-london
#4
Carmen M Mangion
This article interrogates the complicated understanding of sectarianism in institutional cultures in late-nineteenth-century England through an examination of the practice of religion in the daily life of hospital wards in voluntary hospitals. Voluntary hospitals prided themselves on their identity as philanthropic institutions free from sectarian practices. The public accusation of sectarianism against University College Hospital triggered a series of responses that suggests that hospital practices reflected and reinforced an acceptable degree of 'tolerable intolerance'...
October 2018: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30191785/health-planning-in-1960s-africa-international-health-organisations-and-the-post-colonial-state
#5
John Manton, Martin Gorsky
This article explores the programme of national health planning carried out in the 1960s in West and Central Africa by the World Health Organization (WHO), in collaboration with the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). Health plans were intended as integral aspects of economic development planning in five newly independent countries: Gabon, Liberia, Mali, Niger and Sierra Leone. We begin by showing that this episode is treated only superficially in the existing WHO historiography, then introduce some relevant critical literature on the history of development planning...
October 2018: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30191784/public-health-social-medicine-and-disease-control-medical-services-maternal-care-and-sexually-transmitted-diseases-in-former-portuguese-west-africa-1920-63
#6
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30191783/the-place-of-post-traumatic-amnesia-in-the-assessment-of-blunt-head-trauma-the-epistemic-professional-and-material-factors-shaping-british-neurology-circa-1920-40
#7
Ryan Ross
The increase in road traffic accidents in twentieth-century Britain brought with it a rise in the number of patients admitted to hospital with blunt, non-penetrating head injuries. Patients who had suffered mild to moderate trauma typically complained of a variety of problems, including headaches, dizziness and giddiness. For the neurologists tasked with diagnosing and treating these patients, such symptoms proved difficult to assess and liable to obscure the clinical picture. This article focuses on why neurologists turned to time as a diagnostic-tool in helping to resolve these issues, specifically the measurement of post-traumatic amnesia (PTA)...
October 2018: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30191782/visualising-primary-health-care-world-health-organization-representations-of-community-health-workers-1970-89
#8
Alexander Medcalf, João Nunes
For the World Health Organization (WHO), the 1978 Alma-Ata Declaration marked a move away from the disease-specific and technologically-focused programmes of the 1950s and 1960s towards a reimagined strategy to provide 'Health for All by the Year 2000'. This new approach was centred on primary health care, a vision based on acceptable methods and appropriate technologies, devised in collaboration with communities and dependent on their full participation. Since 1948, the WHO had used mass communications strategies to publicise its initiatives and shape public attitudes, and the policy shift in the 1970s required a new visual strategy...
October 2018: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886877/mdh-volume-62-issue-3-cover-and-back-matter
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886876/fumigating-the-hygienic-model-city-bubonic-plague-and-the-sulfurozador-in-early-twentieth-century-buenos-aires
#10
Lukas Engelmann
The 1899/1900 arrival of bubonic plague in Argentina had thrown the model status of Buenos Aires as a hygienic city into crisis. Where the idea of foreign threats and imported epidemics had dominated the thinking of Argentina's sanitarians at that time, plague renewed concerns about hidden threats within the fabric of the capital's dense environment; concerns that led to new sanitary measures and unprecedented rat-campaigns supported by the large-scale application of sulphur dioxide. The article tells the story of early twentieth-century urban sanitation in Buenos Aires through the lens of a new industrial disinfection apparatus...
July 2018: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886875/mdh-volume-62-issue-3-cover-and-front-matter
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886865/children-in-the-london-inpatient-care-in-a-voluntary-general-hospital
#12
Madeleine Mant
The presence of children in English voluntary hospitals during the eighteenth century has only recently come under academic scrutiny. This research examines the surviving admission records of the London Hospital, which consistently record inpatient ages, to illuminate the hospital stays of infant and child patients and examine the morbidity of children during the long eighteenth century. Traumatic cases were the most common category of admission. The proportion of trauma cases admitted to the London Hospital was higher than in provincial English child patient cohorts, potentially reflecting the differential risks faced by rural and urban children...
July 2018: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886862/cordons-sanitaires-and-the-rationalisation-process-in-southern-europe-nineteenth-century-majorca
#13
Pere Salas-Vives, Joana-Maria Pujadas-Mora
Never before the nineteenth century had Europeans, especially in the south, adopted cordons sanitaires in such great numbers or at such a fast rate. This article aims to analyse the process of the rationalisation and militarisation of the cordons sanitaires imposed in the fight against epidemics during the nineteenth century on the Mediterranean island of Majorca (Spain). These cordons should be understood as a declaration of war by the authorities on emerging epidemics. Epidemics could generate sudden and intolerably high rises in mortality that the new liberal citizenship found unacceptable...
July 2018: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886861/between-party-people-and-profession-the-many-faces-of-the-doctor-during-the-cultural-revolution
#14
Miriam Gross
During the Chinese Cultural Revolution (1966-76), Chairman Mao fundamentally reformed medicine so that rural people received medical care. His new medical model has been variously characterised as: revolutionary Maoist medicine, a revitalised form of Chinese medicine; and the final conquest by Western medicine. This paper finds that instead of Mao's vision of a new 'revolutionary medicine', there was a new medical synthesis that drew from the Maoist ideal and Western and Chinese traditions, but fundamentally differed from all of them...
July 2018: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886860/diagnosing-the-kaiser-psychiatry-wilhelm-ii-and-the-question-of-german-war-guilt-the-william-bynum-prize-essay-2016
#15
David Freis
After his abdication in November 1918, the German emperor Wilhelm II continued to haunt the minds of his people. With the abolition of the lese-majesty laws in the new republic, many topics that were only discussed privately or obliquely before could now be broached openly. One of these topics was the mental state of the exiled Kaiser. Numerous psychiatrists, physicians and laypeople published their diagnoses of Wilhelm in high-circulation newspaper articles, pamphlets, and books shortly after the end of the war...
July 2018: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622841/mdh-volume-62-issue-2-cover-and-front-matter
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553028/mdh-volume-62-issue-2-cover-and-back-matter
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553027/researching-modern-medical-history-in-literature-of-various-languages-in-shanghai-china
#18
Yong-An Zhang, Jinhua Xu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553026/the-knick-and-die-charit%C3%A3-historical-hospital-series-and-the-history-of-medicine
#19
Thomas Schlich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553012/-a-wicked-operation-tonsillectomy-in-twentieth-century-britain
#20
Louis Dwyer-Hemmings
Histories of twentieth-century surgery have focused on surgical 'firsts' - dramatic tales of revolutionary procedures. The history of tonsillectomy is less glamorous, but more widespread, representing the experience and understanding of medicine for hundreds of children, parents and surgeons daily. At the start of the twentieth century, tonsillectomy was routine - performed on at least 80 000 schoolchildren each year in Britain. However, by the 1980s, public and professional discourse condemned the operation as a 'dangerous fad'...
April 2018: Medical History
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