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Medical History

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167842/mdh-volume-61-issue-1-cover-and-front-matter
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998334/data-humanities-and-the-history-of-medicine-new-pedagogical-approaches
#2
Frederick W Gibbs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998333/crossing-the-rubicon-death-in-the-year-of-the-transplant
#3
Helen MacDonald
How death should be measured was a subject of intense debate during the late 1960s, and one in which transplant surgeons had a particular interest. Legislation required a doctor to first pronounce 'extinct' the patients from whom 'spare parts' were sought for grafting. But transplant surgeons increasingly argued the moment of death was less important than was the moment of establishing that a patient was beyond the point of no return in dying, at which time she or he should be passed to the transplant team...
January 2017: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998332/-electroshock-therapy-in-the-third-reich
#4
Lara Rzesnitzek, Sascha Lang
The history of 'electroshock therapy' (now known as electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)) in Europe in the Third Reich is still a neglected chapter in medical history. Since Thomas Szasz's 'From the Slaughterhouse to the Madhouse', prejudices have hindered a thorough historical analysis of the introduction and early application of electroshock therapy during the period of National Socialism and the Second World War. Contrary to the assumption of a 'dialectics of healing and killing', the introduction of electroshock therapy in the German Reich and occupied territories was neither especially swift nor radical...
January 2017: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998331/yesterday-s-doctors-the-human-aspects-of-medical-education-in-britain-1957-93
#5
Victoria Bates
In the wake of the Second World War there was a movement to counterbalance the apparently increasingly technical nature of medical education. These reforms sought a more holistic model of care and to put people - rather than diseases - back at the centre of medical practice and medical education. This article shows that students often drove the early stages of education reform. Their innovations focused on relationships between doctors and their communities, and often took the form of informal discussions about medical ethics and the social dimensions of primary care...
January 2017: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998330/medical-science-meets-development-aid-transfer-and-adaptation-of-west-german-microbiology-to-togo-1960-1980
#6
Carola Rensch, Walter Bruchhausen
After losing the importance it had held around 1900 both as a colonial power and in the field of tropical medicine, Germany searched for a new place in international health care during decolonisation. Under the aegis of early government 'development aid', which started in 1956, medical academics from West German universities became involved in several Asian, African and South American countries. The example selected for closer study is the support for the national hygiene institute in Togo, a former German 'model colony' and now a stout ally of the West...
January 2017: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998329/teaching-and-researching-the-history-of-medicine-in-the-era-of-big-data-introduction
#7
Frederick W Gibbs, Jeffrey S Reznick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998328/-apostles-of-continence-doctors-and-the-doctrine-of-sexual-necessity-in-progressive-era-america
#8
Timothy Verhoeven
In the first decades of the twentieth century, a group of doctors under the banner of the social hygiene movement set out on what seemed an improbable mission: to convince American men that they did not need sex. This was in part a response to venereal disease. Persuading young men to adopt the standard of sexual discipline demanded of women was the key to preserving the health of the nation from the ravages of syphilis and gonorrhoea. But their campaign ran up against the doctrine of male sexual necessity, a doctrine well established in medical thought and an article of faith for many patients...
January 2017: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998327/entangled-histories-german-veterinary-medicine-c-1770-1900
#9
Tatsuya Mitsuda
Medical historians have recently become interested in the veterinary past, investigating the development of animal health in countries such as France, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom and the United States. An appreciation of the German context, however, is still lacking - a gap in the knowledge that the present article seeks to fill. Providing a critical interpretation of the evolution of the veterinary profession, this investigation explains why veterinary and medical spheres intersected, drifted apart, then came back together; it also accounts for the stark differences in the position of veterinarians in Germany and Britain...
January 2017: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167841/mdh-volume-60-issue-4-cover-and-front-matter
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27628891/medical-history-william-bynum-essay-prize
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27628890/review-of-setouchi-international-art-festival-setouchi-triennale-2016
#12
Kathryn M Tanaka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27628889/history-of-western-medicine-in-china-resources-portal
#13
David Luesink
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27628887/michael-zeheter-epidemics-empire-and-environments-cholera-in-madras-and-quebec-city-1818-1910-pittsburgh-university-of-pittsburgh-press-2015-pp-%C3%A2-ix-325-maps-index
#14
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27628861/the-psychoprophylactic-method-of-painless-childbirth-in-socialist-czechoslovakia-from-state-propaganda-to-activism-of-enthusiasts
#15
Ema Hrešanová
This paper explores the history of the 'psychoprophylactic method of painless childbirth' in socialist Czechoslovakia, in particular, in the Czech and Moravian regions of the country, showing that it substantially differs from the course that the method took in other countries. This non-pharmacological method of pain relief originated in the USSR and became well known as the Lamaze method in western English-speaking countries. Use of the method in Czechoslovakia, however, followed a very different path from both the West, where its use was refined mainly outside the biomedical frame, and the USSR, where it ceased to be pursued as a scientific method in the 1950s after Stalin's death...
October 2016: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27628860/policy-innovation-and-policy-pathways-tuberculosis-control-in-sri%C3%A2-lanka-1948-1990
#16
Margaret Jones
This paper, based on World Health Organization and Sri Lankan sources, examines the attempts to control tuberculosis in Sri Lanka from independence in 1948. It focuses particularly on the attempt in 1966 to implement a World Health Organization model of community-orientated tuberculosis control that sought to establish a horizontally structured programme through the integration of control into the general health services. The objective was to create a cost- effective method of control that relied on a simple bacteriological test for case finding and for treatment at the nearest health facility that would take case detection and treatment to the rural periphery where specialist services were lacking...
October 2016: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27628859/popular-medicine-and-empirics-in-greece-1900-1950-an-oral-history-approach
#17
Violetta Hionidou
Western literature has focused on medical plurality but also on the pervasive existence of quacks who managed to survive from at least the eighteenth to the twentieth century. Focal points of their practices have been their efforts at enrichment and their extensive advertising. In Greece, empirical, untrained healers in the first half of the twentieth century do not fit in with this picture. They did not ask for payment, although they did accept 'gifts'; they did not advertise their practice; and they had fixed places of residence...
October 2016: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27628858/-i-am-very-glad-and-cheered-when-i-hear-the-flute-the%C3%A2-treatment-of-criminal-lunatics-in-late-victorian-broadmoor
#18
Jade Shepherd
Through an examination of previously unseen archival records, including patients' letters, this article examines the treatment and experiences of patients in late Victorian Broadmoor Criminal Lunatic Asylum and stakes the place of this institution within the broader history of therapeutic regimes in British asylums. Two main arguments are put forth. The first relates to the evolution of treatment in Victorian asylums. Historians tend to agree that in the 1860s and 1870s 'psychiatric pessimism' took hold, as the optimism that had accompanied the growth of moral treatment, along with its promise of a cure for insanity, abated...
October 2016: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27628857/the-internationalisation-of-tobacco-control-1950-2010
#19
David Reubi, Virginia Berridge
This article explores the internationalisation of tobacco control as a case study in the history of international health regulation. Contrary to the existing literature on the topic, it argues that the history of international anti-smoking efforts is longer and richer than the making of the World Health Organisation's Framework Convention on Tobacco Control in the early twenty-first century. It thereby echoes the point made by other scholars about the importance of history when making sense of contemporary global health...
October 2016: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27628856/bynum-prize-2015
#20
William Bynum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Medical History
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