journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901552/diagnosis-and-management-of-hyperthyroidism-in-pregnancy-a-review
#1
Jennifer Renae King, Ruben Lachica, Richard H Lee, Martin Montoro, Jorge Mestman
Importance: Hyperthyroidism has important implications for pregnancy, affecting both mother and fetus. Appropriate maternal and fetal management iscritical to avoiding adverse pregnancy outcomes and requires a multidisciplinary approach. Objective: To describe maternal diagnosis and management of hyperthyroidism, across all stages of pregnancy. In addition, to review clinical signs of fetal thyroid dysfunction due to maternal Graves disease and discuss management considerations...
November 2016: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901551/prolonged-second-stage-what-is-the-optimal-length
#2
Alexis C Gimovsky, Vincenzo Berghella
Importance: Prolonged second stage of labor is a clinical dilemma in which controversy exists on whether extending labor in nulliparous women with epidural anesthesia decreases the incidence of cesarean delivery without increasing maternal or neonatal risks. Objective: This narrative review was conducted to assess the current literature on management of and risks associated with a prolonged second stage in nulliparous women with epidurals. Evidence Acquisition: A review of the current literature was performed to evaluate the incidence of cesarean delivery and the maternal and neonatal outcomes...
November 2016: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770132/induction-of-labor-using-a-foley-catheter-or-misoprostol-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Mieke L G Ten Eikelder, Kelly Mast, Annemarie van der Velden, Kitty W M Bloemenkamp, Ben W Mol
Importance: Induction of labor is a widely used obstetric intervention, occurring in one in four pregnancies. When the cervix is unfavorable, still many different induction methods are used. Objective: We compared Foley catheter alone to different misoprostol dosages and administration routes, and the combination of Foley catheter with misoprostol. Evidence acquisition: We reviewed the literature on the best induction method regarding their safety and effectiveness, using the outcome measures hyperstimulation, fetal distress, neonatal morbidity and mortality as well as cesarean delivery, vaginal instrumental delivery, and maternal morbidity...
October 2016: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770131/incarceration-of-the-gravid-uterus
#4
Kelsey L Shnaekel, Michael P Wendel, Nader Z Rabie, Everett F Magann
Objective: The aim of this review was to describe the risk factors, clinical and radiographic criteria, and management of this rare complication of pregnancy. Methods: A PubMed, Web of Science, and CINAHL search was undertaken with no limitations on the number of years searched. Results: There were 60 articles identified, with 53 articles being the basis of this review. Multiple risk factors have been suggested in the literature including retroverted uterus in the first trimester, deep sacral concavity with an overlying sacral promontory, endometriosis, previous abdominal or pelvic surgery, pelvic or uterine adhesions, ovarian cysts, leiomyomas, multifetal gestation, uterine anomalies, uterine prolapse, and uterine incarceration in a prior pregnancy...
October 2016: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770130/why-do-women-not-use-preconception-care-a-systematic-review-on-barriers-and-facilitators
#5
Marjolein Poels, Maria P H Koster, Hennie R Boeije, Arie Franx, Henk F van Stel
Importance: Preconception care (PCC) has the potential to optimize pregnancy outcomes. However, awareness of PCC among the target population is generally limited, and the use of PCC remains low. Importance: The objective of this study was to review the literature on women's perceptions regarding barriers and facilitators for the use of PCC. Evidence Acquisition: A systematic search was conducted in MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, and PsycINFO for published studies until February 2015...
October 2016: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27640610/the-impact-of-adenomyosis-on-women-s-fertility
#6
Tasuku Harada, Yin Mon Khine, Apostolos Kaponis, Theocharis Nikellis, George Decavalas, Fuminori Taniguchi
Until recently, adenomyosis has been associated with multiparity, not impaired fertility. Currently, adenomyosis is diagnosed with increasing frequency in infertile patients since women delay their first pregnancy until their late 30s or early 40s. Although an association between adenomyosis and infertility has not been fully established, based on the available information, recent studies suggested that adenomyosis has a negative impact on female fertility. Several uncontrolled studies with limited data also suggested that treatment of adenomyosis may improve fertility...
September 2016: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27640609/positron-emission-tomography-computed-tomography-for-gynecologic-malignancies
#7
Jorge Daniel Oldan, Parth S Patel
IMPORTANCE: Positron emission tomography/Computed tomography(PET/CT) is widely used for gynecologic cancers. OBJECTIVE: To determine when PET/CT should be used for gynecologic cancers. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: PubMed was reviewed for articles on PET/CT of all gynecologic cancers. National Comprehensive Cancer Network, Society of Gynecologic Oncology, and American College of Radiology guidelines were reviewed. RESULTS: Whole-body PET/CT is useful for (1) initial staging of cervical and endometrial cancer, posttherapy assessment, radiation therapy planning, and posttreatment surveillance of cervical cancer, and (2) assessment of recurrence of cervical, endometrial, or ovarian cancer in the presence of symptoms...
September 2016: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27640608/gastroschisis-a-review-of-management-and-outcomes
#8
Rachel V O'Connell, Sarah K Dotters-Katz, Jeffrey A Kuller, Robert A Strauss
We performed an evidence-based review of the obstetrical management of gastroschisis. Gastroschisis is an abdominal wall defect, which has increased in frequency in recent decades. There is variation of prevalence by ethnicity and several known maternal risk factors. Herniated intestinal loops lacking a covering membrane can be identified with prenatal ultrasonography, and maternal serum α-fetoprotein level is commonly elevated. Because of the increased risk for growth restriction, amniotic fluid abnormalities, and fetal demise, antenatal testing is generally recommended...
September 2016: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27526872/management-of-the-jehovah-s-witness-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology-a-comprehensive-medical-ethical-and-legal-approach
#9
Burak Zeybek, Andrew M Childress, Gokhan S Kilic, John Y Phelps, Luis D Pacheco, Michele A Carter, Mostafa A Borahay
IMPORTANCE: Obstetricians and gynecologists frequently deal with hemorrhage so they should be familiar with management of patients who refuse blood transfusion. Although there are some reports in the literature about management of Jehovah's Witness patients in obstetrics and gynecology, most of them are case reports, and a comprehensive review about these patients including ethicolegal perspective is lacking. OBJECTIVE: This review outlines the medical, ethical, and legal implications of management of Jehovah's Witness patients in obstetrical and gynecological settings...
August 2016: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27526871/cell-free-dna-screening-complexities-and-challenges-of-clinical-implementation
#10
Matthew R Grace, Emily Hardisty, Sarah K Dotters-Katz, Neeta L Vora, Jeffrey A Kuller
Screening for fetal aneuploidy in pregnant women using cell-free DNA has increased dramatically since the technology became commercially available in 2011. Since that time, numerous trials have demonstrated high sensitivity and specificity to screen for common aneuploidies in high-risk populations. Studies assessing the performance of these tests in low-risk populations have also demonstrated improved detection rates compared with traditional, serum-based screening strategies. Concurrent with the increased use of this technology has been a decrease in invasive procedures (amniocentesis and chorionic villus sampling)...
August 2016: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27436178/abdominal-versus-laparoscopic-sacrocolpopexy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Patrick Campbell, Louise Cloney, Swati Jha
Sacrocolpopexy (SC) is considered the criterion-standard treatment for management of vaginal vault prolapse (VVP), and laparoscopic SC (LSC) has become a popular alternative to the abdominal approach. However, there are limited definitive data comparing the 2 procedures. The aim of this meta-analysis is to compare the abdominal sacrocolpopexy (ASC) with the LSC for the management of VVP. Electronic searches of MEDLINE, EMBASE, PubMed, Cochrane Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, CINAHL, and Google scholar were performed...
August 2016: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27436177/workplace-violence-in-health-care-it-s-not-part-of-the-job
#12
Joseph R Wax, Michael G Pinette, Angelina Cartin
IMPORTANCE: While health care workers comprise just 13% of the US workforce, they experience 60% of all workplace assaults. This violence is the second leading cause of fatal occupational injury. Women comprise 45% of the US labor force but 80% of health care workers, the highest proportion of females in any industry. OBJECTIVE: The purpose was to describe the prevalence, forms, and consequences of health care workplace violence (WPV). The role and components of prevention programs for avoiding or mitigating violence are discussed, including opportunities for participation by obstetrician-gynecologists...
August 2016: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27436176/current-concepts-of-maternal-nutrition
#13
Richard I Lowensohn, Diane D Stadler, Christie Naze
BACKGROUND: A nutrient-rich maternal diet before and during pregnancy is associated with improved fetal health, more appropriate birth weight, and increased rates of maternal and infant survival. Physicians need a better understanding of the role of diet in shaping fetal outcomes. Given this background, we reviewed and summarized articles on maternal nutrition found in MEDLINE since 1981, written in English, and limited to human subjects. FOR THE OFFSPRING: Maternal diets high in sugar and fat lead to an increased incidence of metabolic syndrome, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease later in life...
August 2016: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27302188/the-effect-of-salpingectomy-on-ovarian-reserve-and-ovarian-function
#14
Feng Qin, Dan-Feng Du, Xue-Lian Li
BACKGROUND: The effect of salpingectomy on ovarian reserve and ovarian function is still a controversial issue, and more investigations are needed. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of salpingectomy on ovarian reserve and ovarian function. STUDY STRATEGY: PubMed, Embase, Medline, Web of Knowledge, and the Cochrane trial register were searched. SELECTION CRITERIA: Studies must have similar study method and be published in English; clear data can be extracted from full test...
June 2016: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27302187/pregnancy-management-after-bariatric-surgery
#15
Nevert Badreldin, Jeffrey Kuller, Eleanor Rhee, Laura Brown, Steven Laifer
Obesity is a source of major morbidity and mortality and is a growing concern worldwide. Maternal obesity is associated with increased maternal and fetal risks during pregnancy. Bariatric surgery has emerged as one of the most sustainable treatments for severe obesity and its comorbidities. Patients who have undergone bariatric surgery often experience drastic improvements in hypertension and diabetes. It is not surprising, therefore, that the incidence of bariatric surgery is increasing, particularly in women of childbearing age...
June 2016: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27302186/endometrial-cancer-and-the-role-of-lymphadenectomy
#16
Leslie H Clark, John T Soper
IMPORTANCE: The role of lymph node dissection in early-stage endometrial cancer is highly debated, but staging and prognosis are dependent on knowledge of lymph node metastasis. OBJECTIVE: We sought to review the available data on the use of lymph node assessment in presumed early-stage endometrial cancer. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A comprehensive literature review was performed using MEDLINE, the Cochrane Collaborative Database, and PubMed. RESULTS: There is limited retrospective data that suggest a therapeutic benefit to lymphadenectomy...
June 2016: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27182828/role-of-metformin-in-women-s-health-review-of-its-current-place-in-clinical-practice-and-emerging-indications-for-future
#17
Vikram Sinai Talaulikar, Thomas Tang, Ephia Yasmin
IMPORTANCE: Metformin, an oral antihyperglycemic drug, acts as an insulin sensitizer in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. It has also been widely used in the treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and gestational diabetes mellitus. Although randomized clinical trials have failed to establish its superiority over other forms of treatment, metformin continues to be a treatment option in specific subgroups of women either alone or as an adjunct with other therapies in management of PCOS...
May 2016: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27182827/the-effect-of-paternal-age-on-oocyte-donation-outcomes
#18
Lena Sagi-Dain, Shlomi Sagi, Martha Dirnfeld
IMPORTANCE: In recent decades, a trend toward delayed childbearing is noted in developed countries. Whereas the effects of maternal age on fertility, pregnancy complications, and postnatal outcomes have been thoroughly explored, consequences of advanced paternal age are less well known. Oocyte donation cycles can be used as an optimal model to analyze the association between male ageing and reproductive outcomes with minimal confounding. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this work was to summarize the updated and relevant literature dealing with the effect of paternal age on oocyte donation outcomes...
May 2016: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27182826/management-considerations-for-ongoing-pregnancies-complicated-by-trisomy-13-and-18
#19
Sarah K Dotters-Katz, Jeffrey A Kuller, Matthew R Grace, Steven A Laifer, Robert A Strauss
Pregnancies complicated by trisomy 13 (T13) or trisomy 18 (T18) present unique challenges for obstetric management. From the initial diagnosis, the task of counseling these women and families is difficult because fetal and neonatal outcomes vary depending on the phenotype and degree of intervention chosen by the family. A literature review was performed using PubMed to gather information regarding obstetric management and outcomes of pregnancies complicated by T13 and T18. Spontaneous abortion and in uterofetal demise occur at rates well above those seen in chromosomally normal pregnancies...
May 2016: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27065071/fish-parasites-a-growing-concern-during-pregnancy
#20
Diana L Villazanakretzer, Peter G Napolitano, Kelly F Cummings, Everett F Magann
Intestinal parasitic worms affect more than 2 billion people worldwide according to the World Health Organization. Fish-borne parasitic infections are becoming more common with the increasing popularity of sushi, sashimi, Carpaccio, tartare, gefilte, and ceviche. The ingestion of these parasites can cause serve anemia, malabsorption, severe abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, strong allergic reactions, and gastric ulcers. Knowledge about fish parasites and pregnancy is limited. A literature search on PubMed and Web of Science used the search terms "fish parasites" OR "diphyllobothrium" OR "anisakiasis" OR "pseudoterranova" OR ("food borne parasites" AND "fish") AND "pregnancy" OR "maternal" OR "fetus" OR "fetal" OR "newborn" OR "neonatal" OR "childbirth...
April 2016: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
journal
journal
24112
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"