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Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29955897/preterm-premature-rupture-of-membranes-a-review-of-3-national-guidelines
#1
Ioannis Tsakiridis, Apostolos Mamopoulos, Eleni-Markella Chalkia-Prapa, Apostolos Athanasiadis, Themistoklis Dagklis
Importance: Preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) is a major cause of perinatal mortality and morbidity. Objective: The aim of this study was to compare recommendations from published national guidelines for pregnancies complicated with PPROM. Evidence Acquisition: A descriptive review of 3 national guidelines on PPROM was performed: the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists on "Preterm Prelabour Rupture of Membranes," the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists on "Premature Rupture of Membranes," and the Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada on "Antibiotic Therapy in Preterm Premature Rupture of the Membranes...
June 2018: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29955896/inherited-metabolic-disorders-implications-for-the-obstetrician-gynecologist
#2
Maeve K Hopkins, Lorraine Dugoff, Jeffrey A Kuller
Importance: Inherited metabolic disorders, or inborn errors of metabolism, can result in significant morbidity and mortality. Advances in genetic testing, including newborn screening and prenatal carrier screening, continue to increase awareness and highlight the importance of these conditions. Increasingly, women born with these conditions are surviving to adulthood, and many become pregnant. The practicing obstetrician-gynecologist should be familiar with the most common and the most relevant inherited metabolic disorders affecting women...
June 2018: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850920/clinical-use-of-electrohysterography-during-term-labor-a-systematic-review-on-diagnostic-value-advantages-and-limitations
#3
Marion W C Vlemminx, Chiara Rabotti, M Beatrijs van der Hout-van der Jagt, S Guid Oei
Importance: Real-time electrohysterography (EHG)-based technologies have recently become available for uterine monitoring during term labor. Therefore, obstetricians need to be familiar with the diagnostic value, advantages, and limitations of using EHG. Objective: The aims of this study were to determine the diagnostic value of EHG in comparison to (1) the intrauterine pressure catheter (IUPC), (2) the external tocodynamometer (TOCO), and (3) in case of maternal obesity; (4) to evaluate EHG from users' and patients' perspectives; and (5) to assess whether EHG can predict labor outcome...
May 2018: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850919/cesarean-scar-ectopic-pregnancy-current-management-strategies
#4
Tanya L Glenn, James Bembry, Austin D Findley, Jerome L Yaklic, Bala Bhagavath, Pascal Gagneux, Steven R Lindheim
Importance: Cesarean scar ectopic pregnancy (CSEP) has a high rate of morbidity with nonspecific signs and symptoms making identification difficult. The criterion-standard treatment of CSEP has been subject to debate. Objective: This review defines CSEP, discusses pathogenesis and diagnosis, and compares treatment options and outcomes. Evidence Acquisition: A literature review was performed utilizing the term cesarean scar ectopic pregnancy and subsequently selecting only meta-analyses and systematic reviews...
May 2018: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850918/vaginal-rejuvenation-a-review-of-female-genital-cosmetic-surgery
#5
Gianna Wilkie, Deborah Bartz
Importance: Female genital cosmetic surgery (FGCS) is a growing area within the field of gynecology with an increasing number of patients asking providers about these services. Objective: This review aims to increase the knowledge surrounding the types of FGCS performed, the outcomes and complications of these procedures, and the controversy surrounding FCGS. Evidence Acquisition: This study is a review of the most recent peer-reviewed articles and review articles as well as guidelines and recommendations of the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology...
May 2018: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701869/obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-the-impact-on-surgical-outcomes-in-gynecology
#6
Erin E Medlin, Laurel W Rice, Ahmed Al-Niaimi
Importance: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a common medical condition in the United States and affects gynecologic surgical outcomes. Objective: The aim of this review was to improve perioperative diagnosis and management of OSAS in patients presenting for gynecologic surgery and ultimately improve perioperative outcomes. The role of preoperative evaluation and screening is also addressed. Evidence Acquisition: Medical databases were queried for publications pertaining to OSAS complications, risk factors, screening, and perioperative management...
April 2018: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701868/devices-for-measuring-cervical-dilation-during-labor-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Margherita Brancadoro, Selene Tognarelli, Franco Fambrini, Antonio Ragusa, Arianna Menciassi
Importance: Measurement of cervical dilation is one of the major indicators of labor progression. At present, the criterion standard for this evaluation is digital examination, which results are sometimes inaccurate and extremely dependent on the subject (ie, obstetrician or midwife) experience. Objective: In this systematic and meta-analysis review, the authors have gathered the vast majority of the instruments used for measuring cervical dilation and their clinical application; main features, potentialities, and the most significant constraints are underlined for each device...
April 2018: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701867/pregnancy-complications-associated-with-maternal-hypothyroidism-a-systematic-review
#8
Danielle Rosani Shinohara, Thais da Silva Santos, Hayalla Corrêa de Carvalho, Laíza Cristina Bahls Lopes, Luciene Setsuko Akimoto Günther, Sandra Mara Alessi Aristides, Jorge Juarez Vieira Teixeira, Izabel Galhardo Demarchi
Importance: Hypothyroidism is one of the most prevalent diseases in pregnancy, but there is no consensus about its management in pregnant women. Objective: In this systematic review, we evaluated the association between pregnancy complications and treated or untreated maternal hypothyroidism. Evidence Acquisition: PubMed and reference lists were searched for the Medical Subject Headings terms "pregnancy complications" and "hypothyroidism...
April 2018: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595873/pain-management-for-first-trimester-uterine-aspiration
#9
Ghazaleh Moayedi, Mary Tschann
Importance: First-trimester uterine aspiration can easily be performed in the office setting if adequate pain management for the patient is achieved. It is important for clinicians to understand evidence-based approaches for pain control to ensure a safe and efficient procedure. Objective: This article reviews the literature regarding pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic pain control options for first-trimester abortion performed in the clinical setting. Preoperative, procedural, and postoperative pain control are all reviewed...
March 2018: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595872/headaches-through-a-woman-s-life
#10
Elisa T Bushman, Michael W Varner, Kathleen B Digre
Importance: Headaches affect women across their life span, with menses, pregnancy, and menopause being times that pose unique challenges in diagnosis and treatment. The correct diagnosis and treatment of headache can prevent unnecessary interventions, the worsening of chronic headache disorders, and complications of secondary headaches. Objective: The objective of this article is to educate women's health care providers about the diagnosis, differential diagnosis, and treatment of headache during menses, pregnancy, the puerperium, and menopause to improve the quality of care for women with chronic and acute headache...
March 2018: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480926/evaluation-and-management-of-maternal-congenital-heart-disease-a-review
#11
Maeve K Hopkins, Sarah A Goldstein, Cary C Ward, Jeffrey A Kuller
Objective: Congenital heart defects represent the most common major congenital anomalies. The objective of this review was to define the most common forms of congenital heart disease (CHD) in pregnancy, outline preconception counseling, discuss the associated morbidity and mortality of each lesion, and review current recommendations for management of CHD in pregnancy. Evidence Acquisition: A MEDLINE search of "congenital heart disease in pregnancy" and specific conditions in pregnancy including "ventricular septal defect," "atrial septal defect," "left outflow obstruction," "right outflow obstruction," "tetralogy of Fallot," and "transposition of the great vessels" was performed...
February 2018: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480925/pelvic-packing-for-intractable-obstetric-hemorrhage-after-emergency-peripartum-hysterectomy-a-review
#12
Omar Touhami, Arij Bouzid, Sofiene Ben Marzouk, Mahdi Kehila, Mohamed Badis Channoufi, Hayen El Magherbi
Importance: Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is the leading cause of maternal mortality worldwide. Even after emergency peripartum hysterectomy (EPH), bleeding may occur in the setting of acquired coagulopathy. This type of bleeding resistant to clipping, ligating, or suturing could be successfully controlled with a pelvic packing. Objective: This review provides an overview of the different pelvic packing techniques used after the failure of an EPH to control severe PPH...
February 2018: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480924/intrahepatic-cholestasis-of-pregnancy-a-review-of-diagnosis-and-management
#13
Amber M Wood, Elizabeth G Livingston, Brenna L Hughes, Jeffrey A Kuller
Importance: Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) complicates approximately 0.2% to 2% of pregnancies and can lead to increased fetal risks in pregnancy. Objective: This review aims to increase the knowledge of women's health care providers regarding the diagnosis, management, and fetal risks associated with ICP. Results: The diagnosis of ICP is based on symptoms of pruritus that typically include the palms and soles, as well as elevated bile acid levels...
February 2018: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368791/contraceptive-care-of-obese-women
#14
Jessica Elizabeth Morse, Prutha Rohit Pathak
Importance: In the United States, 27% of reproductive-aged women are overweight, and 35% are obese. Until recently, contraceptive research excluded women greater than 130% of their ideal body weight. Gaps in data limit evidence-based decision making for effective contraceptive counseling and management in this rapidly growing population. Objectives: The aims of this summary are to review the benefits, adverse effects, and risk factors associated with contraceptive methods in obese women, with special attention to effectiveness, and provide contraceptive management and counseling recommendations for best clinical practice...
January 2018: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368790/pravastatin-for-preventing-and-treating-preeclampsia-a-systematic-review
#15
Enrique Esteve-Valverde, Raquel Ferrer-Oliveras, Natàlia Gil-Aliberas, Antònia Baraldès-Farré, Elisa Llurba, Jaume Alijotas-Reig
Importance: We have performed a systematic search to summarize the role of statins for preventing and treating severe preeclampsia. Objective: The aim of this study was to examine whether pravastatin is a useful and safe alternative for treating preeclampsia during pregnancy. Evidence Acquisition: A systematic MEDLINE (PubMed) search was performed (1979 to June 2017), which was restricted to articles published in English, using the relevant key words of "statins," "pregnancy," "preeclampsia," "obstetrical antiphospholipid syndrome," and "teratogenicity...
January 2018: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368789/techniques-for-repair-of-obstetric-anal-sphincter-injuries
#16
Melanie R Meister, Joshua I Rosenbloom, Jerry L Lowder, Alison G Cahill
Importance: Obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASISs) complicate up to 11% of vaginal deliveries; obstetricians must be able to recognize and manage these technically challenging injuries. Objective: The aim of this study was to share our approach for management of these challenging complications of childbirth based on a multidisciplinary collaboration between general obstetrician-gynecologists, maternal fetal medicine specialists, and female pelvic medicine and reconstructive surgeons established at our institution...
January 2018: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280474/anemia-in-pregnancy-a-pragmatic-approach
#17
Dongmei Sun, Anne McLeod, Shital Gandhi, Ann Kinga Malinowski, Nadine Shehata
Importance: Anemia is common in pregnancy, ranging from 5.4% in developed countries to more than 80% in developing countries. Anemia in pregnancy has been associated with prematurity, low birth weight, and adverse pregnancy outcomes. Objective: This review uses clinical vignettes to illustrate the clinical presentations, approach to diagnosis, maternal and fetal implications, and treatment for the common etiologies of anemia in pregnancy. Evidence Acquisition: Literature review...
December 2017: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280473/the-safety-of-low-molecular-weight-heparin-during-and-after-pregnancy
#18
Eric Lu, Joseph J Shatzel, Jennifer Salati, Thomas G DeLoughery
Importance: In industrialized countries, venous thromboembolism remains a leading cause of mortality in pregnant women. Low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) is the most commonly recommended anticoagulant in pregnancy, having been proven effective and safe in multiple prospective clinical trials. Objective: The aim of this article is to outline existing recommendations for proper use of LMWH in pregnancy and data on risks of LMWH. Evidence Acquisition: Wereviewed guidelines froma number of professional societies...
December 2017: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164265/the-power-and-pitfalls-of-big-data-research-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology-a-consumer-s-guide
#19
Amie Goodin, Chris Delcher, Chelsea Valenzuela, Xi Wang, Yanmin Zhu, Dikea Roussos-Ross, Joshua D Brown
Importance: Research in obstetrics and gynecology (OB/GYN) increasingly relies on "big data" and observational study designs. There is a gap in practitioner-relevant guides to interpret and critique such research. Objective: This guide is an introduction to interpreting research using observational data and provides explanations and context for related terminology. In addition, it serves as a guide for critiquing OB/GYN studies that use observational data by outlining how to assess common pitfalls of experimental and observational study designs...
November 2017: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164264/risks-and-benefits-of-salpingectomy-at-the-time-of-sterilization
#20
Tara Castellano, Matthew Zerden, Laura Marsh, Kim Boggess
Importance: Bilateral salpingectomy reduces the risk ovarian cancer. The Society of Gynecologic Oncology has recommended surgeons discuss salpingectomy with patients desiring sterilization. Objective: This review summarizes current literature on the benefits and risks of bilateral salpingectomy to reduce ovarian cancer risk. Areas of insufficient evidence and directions for further research are discussed. Evidence Acquisition: We examined the benefits and risks of bilateral salpingectomy for female surgical sterilization, using a PubMed and EMBASE literature review...
November 2017: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
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