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Timothy J Baroni, Michael W Beug, Sharon A Cantrell, Teresa A Clements, Teresa Iturriaga, Thomas Læssøe, María E Holgado Rojas, Frank M Aguilar, Miguel O Quispe, D Jean Lodge, Kerry O'Donnell
Morphological and molecular phylogenetic studies of true morels (Morchella) in North America, the Dominican Republic, Venezuela, Ecuador, and Peru led to the discovery of four undescribed species of Morchella. Two new species in the Elata clade, one from the Dominican Republic, initially distinguished by the informal designation Mel-18, and a newly discovered sister species from northern Arizona, are now recognized. Mel-18 is described as a novel phylogenetically distinct species, M. hispaniolensis. Its sister species from Arizona is described as M...
December 4, 2018: Mycologia
Beatriz San-Fabian, Tuula Niskanen, Kare Liimatainen, Pepijn W Kooij, Alija B Mujic, Camille Truong, Ursula Peintner, Philipp Dresch, Eduardo Nouhra, P Brandon Matheny, Matthew E Smith
In this study, we document and describe the new Cortinarius section Austroamericani. Our results reveal high species diversity within this clade, with a total of 12 recognized species. Of these, only C. rufus was previously documented. Seven species are described as new based on basidiomata collections. The four remaining species are only known from environmental sequences. All examined species form ectomycorrhizal associations with species of Nothofagaceae and are currently only known from Argentinean and Chilean Patagonia...
November 29, 2018: Mycologia
Aïda Azaiez, Martin Beaudoin Nadeau, Annick Bertrand, Damase P Khasa
Mineral weathering plays an important role in poor-nutrient environments such as mine spoils and tailings. Ectomycorrhizal (ECM) fungi are able to enhance mineral weathering through different mechanisms, thereby increasing the availability of minerals and nutrients to plants. Six ECM fungi (Cadophora finlandia, Cenococcum geophilum, Hebeloma crustuliniforme, Lactarius aurantiosordidus, Paxillus involutes, and Tricholoma scalpturatum) were tested here for their tolerance to biotite-quartz-rich mine tailings...
November 27, 2018: Mycologia
Kerry O'Donnell, Susan P McCormick, Mark Busman, Robert H Proctor, Todd J Ward, Gail Doehring, David M Geiser, Johanna F Alberts, John P Rheeder
This study was conducted to determine the species identity and mycotoxin potential of 158 Fusarium strains originally archived in the South African Medical Research Council's Mycotoxigenic Fungal Collection (MRC) that were reported to comprise 17 morphologically distinct species in the classic 1984 compilation by Marasas et al., Toxigenic Fusarium Species: Identity and Mycotoxicology. Maximum likelihood and maximum parsimony molecular phylogenetic analyses of single and multilocus DNA sequence data indicated that the strains represented 46 genealogically exclusive phylogenetically distinct species distributed among eight species complexes...
November 27, 2018: Mycologia
Mariana Herrera, Leticia Montoya, Victor M Bandala
Two species of Lactarius are documented from fragments of tropical lowland oak forest in central Veracruz. Lactarius trichodermoides, described here as new, was found in association with Quercus sapotifolia and Lactarius subplinthogalus with Quercus glaucescens. Both Lactarius species were identified morphologically and supported by phylogenetic analyses of nuc rDNA internal transcribed spacers (ITS1-5.8S-ITS2) and D1-D2 domains of nuc 28S rDNA sequences. Confirmation of mycobionts in ectomycorrhizal (ECM) associations was verified by molecular identification of ECM root tips...
November 27, 2018: Mycologia
P Brandon Matheny, Rachel A Swenie, Andrew N Miller, Ronald H Petersen, Karen W Hughes
A systematic reevaluation of North American pyrophilous or "burn-loving" species of Pholiota is presented based on molecular and morphological examination of type and historical collections. Confusion surrounds application of the names P. brunnescens, P. carbonaria, P. castanea, P. fulvozonata, P. highlandensis, P. molesta, and P. subsaponacea, with multiple names applied to a single species and multiple species described more than once. Molecular annotations using nuc rDNA ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 (internal transcribed spacer [ITS] barcode) and RPB2 (RNA polymerase II second largest subunit) are used to aid in application of these names in a phylogenetic context...
November 27, 2018: Mycologia
Ning Jiang, Hermann Voglmayr, Chengming Tian
Following the abandonment of dual nomenclature and the implementation of single-name nomenclature for pleomorphic fungi, Coryneum was considered to have priority over Pseudovalsa and was recommended for use. Currently, Coryneum is the only genus in the family Coryneaceae (Diaporthales). However, DNA sequence data are lacking for most Coryneum species, and no detailed phylogenetic analyses of the genus are yet available. In the present study, fresh Coryneum samples were collected from chestnut (Castanea) and oak (Quercus) trees in China and morphologically compared with accepted Coryneum species...
November 27, 2018: Mycologia
FeiFei Liu, GuoQing Li, Jolanda Roux, Irene Barnes, Andrea M Wilson, Michael J Wingfield, ShuaiFei Chen
The ascomycete genus Huntiella (Microascales) has a cosmopolitan distribution and occurs on a wide range of woody plants. Little is known regarding the identity, diversity, origin, or impact of these fungi in China. Recently, isolates of Huntiella spp. were collected from stumps of freshly felled trees or wounds on plantation-grown Eucalyptus in Guangdong, Guangxi, Fujian, and Hainan provinces of southern China. Additional isolates were obtained from stumps of Acacia confusa near Eucalyptus plantations in Hainan Province...
November 15, 2018: Mycologia
Kai Reschke, Flavius Popa, Zhu L Yang, Gerhard Kost
Although taxonomic knowledge on Tricholoma (Agaricales, Basidiomycota) is fairly comprehensive in northwest Europe, knowledge of the global diversity and distribution of Tricholoma spp. is still sparse. In this study, the diversity and distribution of some Tricholoma spp. are analyzed by morphological and molecular methods based on 70 collections from Yunnan, China, 45 from central Europe, 32 from Colorado, USA, 9 from Japan, and 3 from Ukraine. A Holarctic distribution is suggested for several species, based on collections and nuc rDNA internal transcribed spacer ITS1-5...
November 1, 2018: Mycologia
Elisa Lagostina, Francesco Dal Grande, Mikhail Andreev, Christian Printzen
Lichens are symbiotic associations consisting of a fungal (mycobiont) and one or more photosynthetic (photobionts) partners and are the dominant component, and most important primary producers, of Antarctic terrestrial ecosystems. The most common lichens in the maritime Antarctic are Usnea antarctica and U. aurantiacoatra, a so-called "species pair" in which U. antarctica shows asexual reproduction and propagation via soredia and U. aurantiacoatra forms ascospores in apothecia. Previous molecular analyses were not able to unambiguously distinguish the two morphotypes as species...
October 26, 2018: Mycologia
Nian-Kai Zeng, Hui Chai, Zhi-Qun Liang, Li-Ping Tang, Rou Xue, Zhu L Yang
Species of Heimioporus (Boletaceae, Boletales) in China are investigated on the basis of morphology and molecular phylogenetic analyses of DNA sequences from the nuc rDNA internal transcribed spacer ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 region and nuc 28S rDNA D1-D2 domains (28S) and translation elongation factor 1-α gene (TEF1). Three species are recognized in China: H. conicus, sp. nov., H. gaojiaocong, sp. nov., and the previously described H. japonicus. Heimioporus xerampelinus, originally described from southwestern China, is synonymized with H...
October 25, 2018: Mycologia
Carolina B Pereira, Todd J Ward, Dauri J Tessmann, Emerson M Del Ponte, Imane Laraba, Martha M Vaughan, Susan P McCormick, Mark Busman, Amy Kelly, Robert H Proctor, Kerry O'Donnell
Surveys were conducted in commercial wheat and barley fields in the south central production regions of state of Paraná, Brazil, from 2011 to 2015. Spikes displaying visible Fusarium head blight symptoms were collected and the pathogen isolated from the tissues. The 754 Fusarium isolates recovered were identified by a high-throughput multilocus genotyping assay (MLGT) designed to identify trichothecene toxin-producing fusaria (i.e., formerly B-clade, but referred to here as F. sambucinum species complex lineage 1 [FSAMSC-1]) together with sequencing a portion of the translation elongation factor 1-α (TEF1) gene...
September 2018: Mycologia
Naveed Davoodian, Sarah E Bergemann, Kentaro Hosaka, Olivier Raspé, Neale L Bougher, Nigel A Fechner, Terry W Henkel, Matteo Gelardi, Kasem Soytong, Arooj Naseer, Beatriz Ortiz-Santana, Timothy J Baroni, Eiji Nagasawa, Matthew E Smith, Roy E Halling
Gyroporus (Gyroporaceae, Boletales) is a highly diverse genus of poroid ectomycorrhizal mushrooms with a nearly worldwide distribution. Previous attempts to unravel the diversity within this genus proved difficult due to the presence of semicryptic species and ambiguous results from analysis of ribosomal RNA markers. In this study, we employ a combined morphotaxonomic and phylogenetic approach to delimit species and elucidate geographic and evolutionary patterns in Gyroporus. For phylogenetic analyses, the protein-coding genes atp6 (mitochondrial adenosine triphosphate [ATP] synthase subunit 6) and rpb2 (nuclear second largest subunit of RNA polymerase II) were selected based on their utility in studies of Boletales...
September 2018: Mycologia
William J Davis, Kathryn T Picard, Jonathan Antonetti, Jennifer Edmonds, Jessica Fults, Peter M Letcher, Martha J Powell
Food webs in temporary forest ponds are driven by decomposition of terrestrial inputs. Chytrid fungi are important components of the fungal community, degrading leaf litter in streams reliant on terrestrial inputs and in lake ecosystems where they may stabilize the food web. However, little is known about chytrid fungi in temporary forest ponds. We inventoried the chytrid diversity present in two temporary forest ponds via light microscopy of baited samples and ion semiconductor (Ion Torrent) sequencing of environmental DNA...
September 2018: Mycologia
Eduardo Fazolino Perez, Sandy C Suaza Blandón, Genivaldo Alves-Silva, Bernardo E Lechner, Rosa Mara B Silveira
Macrolepiota is a poorly known genus in the Neotropics. In order to increase knowledge about this group, we collected specimens from the Atlantic Forest in southern and northeastern Brazil. Macrolepiota cyanolamellata and M. sabulosa from subtropical and tropical regions, respectively, are proposed as new species. We performed molecular phylogenetic analyses of the nuc rDNA internal transcribed spacer region ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 (ITS) and the combined data set ITS + nuclear large subunit rDNA (28S) + RNA polymerase II second largest (RPB2), as well as morphological analyses...
September 2018: Mycologia
Z Q Zeng, W Y Zhuang
A new holomorphic species, Hyalocylindrophora bispora, is described and illustrated based on a collection on rotten branches from Guangdong Province, China. The fungus is characterized by fleshy perithecia that become deeply cupulate when dry, covered with long and stiff hairs on the surface, and not change color in KOH or lactic acid. Asci are two-spored and evanescent at maturity. Ascospores are ellipsoidal to elongate-ellipsoidal, unicellular, and warted. Conidiogenous cells are phialidic and cylindrical...
September 2018: Mycologia
Hafizi Rosli, Jean C Batzer, Thomas C Harrington, Mark L Gleason
Sooty blotch and flyspeck (SBFS) fungi infect the cuticle of fruit, including apple fruit, and produce pigmented colonies. A new member of this fungal complex in the genus Peltaster is described on the basis of molecular and morphological evidence. The SBFS complex is a diverse group of ectophytic fungi that reside primarily within the order Capnodiales. Sooty blotch and flyspeck isolates from apple orchards in the central United States were subjected to parsimony and Bayesian analyses based on the internal transcribed spacer regions of nuc rDNA, the partial translation elongation factor 1-α gene, and the partial mitochondrial small subunit rRNA gene...
September 2018: Mycologia
Hae Jin Cho, Myung Soo Park, Hyun Lee, Seung-Yoon Oh, Andrew W Wilson, Gregory M Mueller, Young Woon Lim
Species of Laccaria (Hydnangiaceae, Basidiomycota) are important in forest ecosystems as ectomycorrhizal fungi. Nine of the 75 described Laccaria species worldwide been reported from Korea. Most of these have European and North American names, and their identities are based solely on morphological features. To evaluate the taxonomy of Korean Laccaria, we used 443 specimens collected between 1981 and 2016 in a phylogenetic analysis based on sequence data from nuc rDNA internal transcribed spacer ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 rDNA (ITS) region, nuc 28S rDNA (28S), RNA polymerase II subunit 2 (rpb2), and translation elongation factor 1-α (tef1)...
September 2018: Mycologia
Li-Wei Zhou, Xiao-Hong Ji, Josef Vlasák, Yu-Cheng Dai
Previously, Pyrrhoderma accommodated two polypore species, P. adamantinum and P. scaurum; however, phylogenetic studies indicated that these two species were not congeneric within the Hymenochaetaceae and that P. adamantinum formed a clade with Phellinidium noxium. To resolve the relationships among the two species of Pyrrhoderma and other related taxa, specimens from China, Costa Rica, Singapore, and Thailand were studied from both morphological and phylogenetic perspectives. A new genus, Fulvoderma, is erected to accommodate F...
September 2018: Mycologia
Eske De Crop, Felix Hampe, Komsit Wisitrassameewong, Dirk Stubbe, Jorinde Nuytinck, Annemieke Verbeken
The ectomycorrhizal milkcap genus Lactifluus (Russulaceae) is commonly found in tropical and subtropical forests of Southeast Asia. During several sampling expeditions in Thailand, multiple collections of Lactifluus (Lf.) species with pleurotoid or small agaricoid basidiocarps were found. A molecular study was combined with a morphological study, in which the collections were compared with herbarium material. The molecular study indicated that four Thai collections belonged to undescribed species within Lactifluus section Gerardii, as was also the case for herbarium collections of a pleurotoid species from Nepal...
September 2018: Mycologia
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