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Mutation Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146154/biological-effects-of-carbon-ion-beams-with-various-lets-on-budding-yeast-saccharomyces-cerevisiae
#1
Youichirou Matuo, Yoshinobu Izumi, Yoshiya Furusawa, Kikuo Shimizu
It has been established that irradiation with higher linear energy transfer (LET) increases lethality and mutagenicity more than that with lower LET. However, the characteristics specific to carbon ion beam have not yet been elucidated. Yeast cells were irradiated with carbon ions with an LET of 13 or 50keV/μm, and cell survival and mutation frequency were analyzed. The results, combined with our previous findings for ions with an LET of 107keV/μm, demonstrated that, in conjunction with an increase in LET, cell survival decreased, while mutation frequency increased...
November 7, 2017: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079268/replication-stress-in-hematopoietic-stem-cells-in-mouse-and-man
#2
REVIEW
Johanna Flach, Michael Milyavsky
Life-long blood regeneration relies on a rare population of self-renewing hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs). These cells' nearly unlimited self-renewal potential and lifetime persistence in the body signifies the need for tight control of their genome integrity. Their quiescent state, tightly linked with low metabolic activity, is one of the main strategies employed by HSCs to preserve an intact genome. On the other hand, HSCs need to be able to quickly respond to increased blood demands and rapidly increase their cellular output in order to fight infection-associated inflammation or extensive blood loss...
October 18, 2017: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074228/dna-replication-stress-drives-fragile-site-instability
#3
REVIEW
Michal Irony-Tur Sinai, Batsheva Kerem
DNA replication stress is one of the early drivers enabling the ongoing acquisition of genetic changes arising during tumorigenesis. As such, it is a feature of most pre-malignant and malignant cells. In this review article, we focus on the early events initiating DNA replication stress and the preferential sensitivity of common fragile sites (CFSs) to this stress. CFSs are specific genomic regions within the normal chromosomal structure, which appear as gaps and breaks in the metaphase chromosomes of cells grown under mild replication stress conditions...
October 18, 2017: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966006/accidental-duplication-beyond-interstrand-crosslinks-repair-contribution-of-fancd2-and-other-fanconi-anemia-proteins-to-the-replication-of-dna
#4
Maria B Federico, Paola Campodónico, Natalia S Paviolo, Vanesa Gottifredi
The Publisher regrets that this article is an accidental duplication of an article that has already been published, http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1016/j.mrfmmm.2017.09.006. This duplicate article has therefore been withdrawn. The full Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal can be found at https://www.elsevier.com/about/our-business/policies/article-withdrawal.
September 25, 2017: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963924/efficient-repair-of-dna-double-strand-breaks-in-individuals-from-high-level-natural-radiation-areas-of-kerala-coast-south-west-india
#5
Vinay Jain, Divyalakshmi Saini, P R Vivek Kumar, G Jaikrishan, Birajalaxmi Das
High level natural radiation areas (HLNRA) of Kerala coastal strip (55km long and 0.5km wide) in southwest India exhibit wide variations in the level of background dose (< 1.0-45.0mGy/year) due to thorium deposits in the beach sand. The areas with ≤1.5mGy/year are considered as normal level natural radiation area (NLNRA), whereas areas with >1.5mGy/year are HLNRA. Individuals belonging to HLNRA were stratified into two groups, Low dose group (LDG: 1.51-5.0mGy/year) and high dose group (HDG: >5.0mGy/year)...
September 20, 2017: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950212/p-val19glyfs-21-and-p-leu228-variants-in-the-survival-of-motor-neuron-1-trigger-nonsense-mediated-mrna-decay-causing-the-smn1-ptc-transcripts-degradation
#6
Yu-Jin Qu, Lin Ge, Jin-Li Bai, Yan-Yan Cao, Yu-Wei Jin, Hong Wang, Lan Yang, Fang Song
Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA) results from loss-of-function mutations in the survival of motor neuron 1 (SMN1) gene. Our previous research showed that 40% of variants were nonsense or frameshift variants and SMN1 mRNA levels in the patients carrying these variants were significantly decreased. Here we selected one rare variant (p.Val19Glyfs*21) and one common variant (p.Leu228*) to explore the degradation mechanism of mutant transcripts. The levels of full-length (FL)-SMN1 transcripts and SMN protein in the cell lines from the patients with these variants were both significantly reduced (p<0...
September 15, 2017: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031493/beyond-interstrand-crosslinks-repair-contribution-of-fancd2-and-other-fanconi-anemia-proteins-to-the-replication-of-dna
#7
REVIEW
Maria B Federico, Paola Campodónico, Natalia S Paviolo, Vanesa Gottifredi
Biallelic mutations of FANCD2 and other components of the Fanconi Anemia (FA) pathway cause a disease characterized by bone marrow failure, cancer predisposition and a striking sensitivity to agents that induce crosslinks between the two complementary DNA strands (inter-strand crosslinks-ICL). Such genotoxins were used to characterize the contribution of the FA pathway to the genomic stability of cells, thus unravelling the biological relevance of ICL repair in the context of the disease. Notwithstanding this, whether the defect in ICL repair as the sole trigger for the multiple physiological alterations observed in FA patients is still under investigation...
September 14, 2017: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017062/integration-of-the-tgx-28-65-genomic-biomarker-with-the-flow-cytometry-micronucleus-test-to-assess-the-genotoxicity-of-disperse-orange-and-1-2-4-benzenetriol-in-human-tk6-cells
#8
Julie K Buick, Andrew Williams, Byron Kuo, John W Wills, Carol D Swartz, Leslie Recio, Heng-Hong Li, Albert J Fornace, Jiri Aubrecht, Carole L Yauk
In vitro gene expression signatures to predict toxicological responses can provide mechanistic context for regulatory testing. We previously developed the TGx-28.65 genomic biomarker from a database of gene expression profiles derived from human TK6 cells exposed to 28 well-known compounds. The biomarker comprises 65 genes that can classify chemicals as DNA damaging or non-DNA damaging. In this study, we applied the TGx-28.65 genomic biomarker in parallel with the in vitro micronucleus (MN) assay to determine if two chemicals of regulatory interest at Health Canada, disperse orange (DO: the orange azo dye 3-[[4-[(4-Nitrophenyl)azo]phenyl] benzylamino]propanenitrile) and 1,2,4-benzenetriol (BT: a metabolite of benzene) are genotoxic or non-genotoxic...
September 13, 2017: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926746/effect-of-modeled-microgravity-on-uv-c-induced-interplant-communication-of-arabidopsis-thaliana
#9
Ting Wang, Wei Xu, Huasheng Li, Chenguang Deng, Hui Zhao, Yuejin Wu, Min Liu, Lijun Wu, Jinying Lu, Po Bian
Controlled ecological life support systems (CELSS) will be an important feature of long-duration space missions of which higher plants are one of the indispensable components. Because of its pivotal role in enabling plants to cope with environmental stress, interplant communication might have important implications for the ecological stability of such CELSS. However, the manifestations of interplant communication in microgravity conditions have yet to be fully elucidated. To address this, a well-established Arabidopsis thaliana co-culture experimental system, in which UV-C-induced airborne interplant communication is evaluated by the alleviation of transcriptional gene silencing (TGS) in bystander plants, was placed in microgravity modeled by a two-dimensional rotating clinostat...
September 6, 2017: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938109/investigating-mutation-specific-biological-activities-of-small-molecules-using-quantitative-structure-activity-relationship-for-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-in-cancer
#10
P Anoosha, R Sakthivel, M Michael Gromiha
Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) is a potential drug target in cancer therapy. Missense mutations play major roles in influencing the protein function, leading to abnormal cell proliferation and tumorigenesis. A number of EGFR inhibitor molecules targeting ATP binding domain were developed for the past two decades. Unfortunately, they become inactive due to resistance caused by new mutations in patients, and previous studies have also reported noticeable differences in inhibitor binding to distinct known driver mutants as well...
August 26, 2017: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150050/cytogenetic-changes-in-the-bhopal-population-exposed-to-methyl-isocyanate-mic-in-1984-then-and-30-years-later
#11
Bani Bandana Ganguly, Shouvik Mandal
Following the 1984 Bhopal methyl isocyanate (MIC) gas disaster, genetic alterations were sporadically reported on small cohorts. However, the outcome of the multi-center cytogenetic screening conducted at that time remains unknown and no follow-up studies on the long-term effects of MIC exposure have been published. The present work examines genetic changes in the exposed population,with the aim of identifying any long-term effects of MIC. G-Banded metaphases were studied in lymphocytes of 130 individuals. Chromosomal aberrations (CA) were broadly grouped as abnormal cells (Abc), aberrations (Abn), and aberration/abnormal cell (Abn/Abc)...
December 2017: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150049/generation-of-advanced-glycation-end-products-ages-by-glycoxidation-mediated-by-copper-and-ros-in-a-human-serum-albumin-hsa-model-peptide-reaction-mechanism-and-damage-in-motor-neuron-cells
#12
Caroline Martins Sandanielo Marques, Emilene Arusievicz Nunes, Larissa Lago, Cibele Nicolaski Pedron, Tânia Maria Manieri, Roseli Hiromi Sato, Vani Xavier Oliveira, Giselle Cerchiaro
Glucose, in the presence of reactive oxygen species (ROS), acts as an as an oxidative agent and drives deleterious processes in Diabetes Mellitus. We have studied the mechanism and the toxicological effects of glucose-dependent glycoxidation reactions driven by copper and ROS, using a model peptide based on the exposed sequence of Human Serum Albumin (HSA) and containing a lysine residue susceptible to copper complexation. The main products of these reactions are Advanced Glycation End-products (AGEs). Carboxymethyl lysine and pyrraline condensed on the model peptide, generating a Modified Peptide (MP)...
December 2017: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150048/dna-dependent-protein-kinase-modulates-the-anti-cancer-properties-of-silver-nanoparticles-in-human-cancer-cells
#13
Hui Kheng Lim, Resham Lal Gurung, M Prakash Hande
Silver nanoparticles (Ag-np) were reported to be toxic to eukaryotic cells. These potentially detrimental effects of Ag-np can be advantageous in experimental therapeutics. They are currently being employed to enhance the therapeutic efficacy of cancer drugs. In this study, we demonstrate that Ag-np treatment trigger the activation of DNA-PKcs and JNK pathway at selected doses, presumably as a physiologic response to DNA damage and repair in normal and malignant cells. Ag-np altered the telomere dynamics by disrupting the shelterin complex located at the telomeres and telomere lengths...
December 2017: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150047/cytogenetic-damage-in-peripheral-blood-lymphocytes-of-children-exposed-to-pesticides-in-agricultural-areas-of-the-department-of-cordoba-colombia
#14
Javier Alonso Ruiz-Guzmán, Pamela Gómez-Corrales, Ángel Cruz-Esquivel, José Luis Marrugo-Negrete
Pesticides offer benefits, like optimization of agricultural production and disease control; however, these toxic substances can contaminate the environment and pose risks to human health. The aim of this study was to assess pesticide exposure and frequency of cytogenetic damage in infant populations in agricultural areas of the department of Córdoba, Colombia. Urine and peripheral blood samples were taken from children living in the villages of La Ceibita (municipality of Cereté), Cabuya (municipality of San Carlos), Aguas Negras (municipality of Montería), Pelayito (municipality of San Pelayo), and the city of Monteria (control group)...
December 2017: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150046/oxidative-stress-and-dna-damage-in-the-cord-blood-of-preterm-infants
#15
Mahmood Norishadkam, Soudeh Andishmand, Javad Zavar Reza, Mohammad Javad Zare Sakhvidi, Vida Rezae Hachesoo
Preterm birth infants are more susceptible to oxidative stress and aftermaths unwanted outcomes such as DNA damage due to hyperoxic stress. In this study, we compared the DNA strand breaks as one of the results of DNA oxidation in white blood cells, malondialdehyde (oxidative stress marker), catalase and superoxide dismutase activity, and total antioxidant capacity (markers of antioxidant defense) in a cord blood plasma of a group of preterm (n=25) and full term births (n=25). The primary DNA damage and plasma oxidative stress markers were significantly higher in a preterm group (p<0...
December 2017: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150045/spectrum-of-benzo-a-pyrene-induced-mutations-in-the-pig-a-gene-of-l5178ytk-cells-identified-with-next-generation-sequencing
#16
Javier Revollo, Yiying Wang, Page McKinzie, Azra Dad, Mason Pearce, Robert H Heflich, Vasily N Dobrovolsky
We used Sanger sequencing and next generation sequencing (NGS) for analysis of mutations in the endogenous X-linked Pig-a gene of clonally expanded L5178YTk(+/-) cells. The clones developed from single cells that were sorted on a flow cytometer based upon the expression pattern of the GPI-anchored marker, CD90, on their surface. CD90-deficient and CD90-proficient cells were sorted from untreated cultures and CD90-deficient cells were sorted from cultures treated with benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P). Pig-a mutations were identified in all clones developed from CD90-deficient cells; no Pig-a mutations were found in clones of CD90-proficient cells...
December 2017: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985948/metal-bioaccumulation-and-mutagenesis-in-a-tradescantia-clone-following-long-term-exposure-to-soils-from-urban-industrial-areas-and-closed-landfills
#17
Tatjana Čėsnienė, Violeta Kleizaitė, Skaistė Bondzinskaitė, Ričardas Taraškevičius, Donatas Žvingila, Raimondas Šiukšta, Vytautas Rančelis
Soil mutagens, particularly metals, may persist long after the source of pollution has been removed, representing a hazard to plants, animals, and humans in or near contaminated areas. Often, due to urban growth, previous land uses may be forgotten and hazards overlooked. We exposed Tradescantia clone #4430 plants to soil from two industrial areas (with different former uses) and two urban waste landfills in the city of Vilnius, all of which were long disused. Two modes of exposure were used: long-term exposure of growing plants in test soils for 0...
November 2017: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985947/induction-of-the-chromosomal-translocation-t-14-18-by-targeting-the-bcl-2-locus-with-specific-binding-i-125-labeled-triplex-forming-oligonucleotides
#18
Volker Dahmen, Sabine Schmitz, Ralf Kriehuber
Triplex-Forming oligonucleotides (TFO) bind sequence-specific to the DNA double helix in-vitro and in-vivo and are a promising tool to manipulate genes or gene regulatory elements. TFO as a carrier molecule for short-range particle emitter such as Auger-Electron-Emitters (AEE) bear the potential to introduce radiation-induced site-specific complex DNA lesions, which are known to induce chromosomal translocations. We studied gene expression, translocation frequency and protein expression in SCL-II cells after transfection with the AEE Iodine-125 (I-125) labeled TFO-BCL2 targeting the human BCL2 gene...
November 2017: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985946/ten-factors-for-considering-the-mode-of-action-of-cr-vi-induced-gastrointestinal-tumors-in-rodents
#19
REVIEW
Chad M Thompson, Mina Suh, Deborah M Proctor, Laurie C Haws, Mark A Harris
The determination of whether a chemical induces a specific cancer through a mutagenic or non-mutagenic mode of action (MOA) plays an important role in choosing between linear and nonlinear low-dose extrapolation to derive toxicity criteria. There is no formal framework from the U.S. EPA for determining whether environmental chemicals act through a mutagenic or non-mutagenic MOA; consequently, most such determinations are made on an ad hoc basis. Eastmond [Mutat Res 751 (2012)] recently conducted a systematic investigation of MOA determinations by U...
November 2017: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985945/multi-walled-carbon-nanotube-induced-genotoxic-inflammatory-and-pro-fibrotic-responses-in-mice-investigating-the-mechanisms-of-pulmonary-carcinogenesis
#20
Luna Rahman, Nicklas Raun Jacobsen, Syed Abdul Aziz, Dongmei Wu, Andrew Williams, Carole L Yauk, Paul White, Hakan Wallin, Ulla Vogel, Sabina Halappanavar
The International Agency for Research on Cancer has classified one type of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) as possibly carcinogenic to humans. However, the underlying mechanisms of MWCNT- induced carcinogenicity are not known. In this study, the genotoxic, mutagenic, inflammatory, and fibrotic potential of MWCNTs were investigated. Muta™Mouse adult females were exposed to 36±6 or 109±18μg/mouse of Mitsui-7, or 26±2 or 78±5μg/mouse of NM-401, once a week for four consecutive weeks via intratracheal instillations, alongside vehicle-treated controls...
November 2017: Mutation Research
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