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Medicine, Science, and the Law

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715977/iatrogenic-tracheoarterial-fistula-case-report-and-literature-review
#1
Durmić Tijana, Čurović Ivana, Bogdanović Milenko, Savić Slobodan
Tracheo-innominate fistula is a rare but recognised life-threatening complication most commonly associated with prolonged endotracheal intubation. We report the case of a 16-year-old boy who developed a tracheo-innominate fistula secondary to the prolonged intubation after a pool accident. After 16 days of hospitalisation, the patient died as a consequence of a massive haemorrhage into the tracheobronchial tree and asphyxia. This is a rare complication, and to our knowledge, no case of tracheo-innominate fistula or any other case series concerning this rare complication has been reported in Serbia recently...
July 2017: Medicine, Science, and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697681/a-particularly-complex-case-of-matricide-by-means-of-plastic-bag-suffocation-case-report
#2
Arnaldo Stanislao Migliorini, Michele Boracchi, Guendalina Gentile, Francesca Maciocco, Andrea Piccinini, Riccardo Zoja
A rare case of homicide with plastic bag suffocation is presented in which forensic genetic investigations were carried out on the inner surface of a plastic bag placed over the head of an elderly woman, bedridden after a stroke. The results obtained suggested that she had been murdered and hinted at the perpetrator of the crime. In fact, it emerged that biological traces left by the victim matched those of her principal caregiver, her psychotic daughter, who later confessed to the crime. The old woman also had a son affected by a serious illness, whose genetic profile was found on the same bag...
July 2017: Medicine, Science, and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513267/self-use-of-snake-venom-the-other-side-of-the-coin
#3
Subramanian Senthilkumaran, Nanjundan Karthikeyan, Narendra Nath Jena, Ponniah Thirumalaikolundusubramanian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Medicine, Science, and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438101/intravenous-administration-of-cannabis-and-lethal-anaphylaxis
#4
John D Gilbert, Marc Grabowski, Roger W Byard
Cannabis allergy appears to be increasing. A 33-year-old woman is reported who collapsed and died shortly after injecting herself with a cannabis solution prepared by pouring boiling water onto plant material. There were no significant findings at autopsy, except for a single recent venepuncture wound in the left cubital fossa. Toxicological examination of the blood revealed low levels of methylamphetamine and amphetamine with tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ(9)-THC) and 11-nor-9-carboxy-Δ(9)-THC, and no opiates. The syringe used by the decedent contained Δ(9)-THC...
April 2017: Medicine, Science, and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438100/an-epidemiology-of-sexual-assault-among-elderly-women-in-the-mthatha-area-of-south-africa
#5
Banwari L Meel
Background South Africa has one of the highest rates of rape in the world, but this barely seems to surprise anyone. It is extremely disturbing, especially when children and elderly women are raped. Women and children are usually the weakest group in society physically, as well as the most exposed to abuse and neglect. It should be the responsibility of a civil society to protect these vulnerable groups from harm. Objective This study investigated the trend of rapes among elderly women in the Mthatha area of South Africa...
April 2017: Medicine, Science, and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438099/a-single-centre-review-of-suspected-sudden-infant-death-cases
#6
Janos Bokor, Krisztina Danics, Eszter Bencze, Eva Keller, Zoltan Szollosi
This study aimed to establish the number of deaths in infants under 1 year of age that were being reported for medico-legal examination at a single large academic centre in Hungary, as well as the method of these investigations with special emphasis on histopathology, ancillary techniques and the adherence of our current practice to international recommendations. A single-centre, retrospective audit was conducted on all suspected sudden infant death cases. After the review there were eight infectious background sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) cases, infectious respiratory tract disease in 14 cases, cardiac septal tumour in one case, and hepatic, possibly metabolic, disorder in one case...
April 2017: Medicine, Science, and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438098/corrigendum
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Medicine, Science, and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438097/people-can-die-from-opiate-withdrawal
#8
Margaret Mary Stark, Jason Payne-James
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Medicine, Science, and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438096/venous-air-embolism-an-under-recognised-entity-in-blunt-force-trauma-and-the-importance-of-radiology
#9
Marna du Plessis, Lorraine du Toit-Prinsloo
Air embolism (AE) is considered a rare event and can be either iatrogenic or traumatic. Various post-mortem methods to detect AE exist, of which radiology is preferred. The presence of air in the heart can be demonstrated using special dissection techniques where the heart is opened under water or by needle puncture from a water-filled syringe. Three cases of blunt-force head injury are presented herein, with AE being diagnosed by conventional radiography using a Lodox Statscan® full-body digital X-ray machine in all cases...
April 2017: Medicine, Science, and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372524/the-demographic-characteristics-of-medicolegal-death-among-welfare-recipients-in-tokyo-metropolis-2008-2013
#10
Hideto Suzuki, Takanobu Tanifuji, Nobuyuki Abe, Tatsushige Fukunaga
Background The number of welfare recipients has steadily increased in Japan during recent years, although the number of homeless persons has decreased. Despite there being many reports regarding medicolegal death among homeless persons, medicolegal death among welfare recipients has not been fully investigated. Methods We identified 10,293 individuals who received welfare aid during their lifetime among the 81,867 cases that were examined by the Tokyo Medical Examiner's Office (2008-2013). We retrospectively compared the proportions of medicolegal death to total population, age, sex, family status, clinical history, and manners/causes of death among non-indigent persons (controls), homeless persons, and welfare recipients...
April 2017: Medicine, Science, and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141499/gastrointestinal-causes-of-sudden-unexpected-death-a-review
#11
Ritesh G Menezes, Saba Ahmed, Syed Bilal Pasha, Syed Ather Hussain, Huda Fatima, Magdy A Kharoshah, Mohammed Madadin
Gastrointestinal conditions are a less common cause of sudden unexpected death when compared to other conditions such as cardiovascular conditions, but they are equally important. Various congenital and acquired gastrointestinal conditions that have resulted in sudden unexpected death are discussed. The possible lethal mechanisms behind each condition, along with any associated risk factors or secondary diseases, have been described. Through this article, we aim to highlight the need for physicians to prevent death in such conditions by ensuring that subclinical cases are diagnosed correctly before it is too late and by providing timely and efficacious treatment to the patient concerned...
January 1, 2017: Medicine, Science, and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105556/twenty-five-years-of-french-jurisprudence-in-criminal-medical-liability
#12
Maxime Faisant, Frédérique Papin-Lefebvre, Camille Rerolle, Pauline Saint-Martin, Clotilde Rougé-Maillart
We report on a comprehensive 25-year study on criminal medical liability in France, undertaken to establish trends in the number of cases being brought before the criminal courts. We did this by querying the database on the Légifrance website using a Boolean equation (' pénal' (criminal) AND ' médecin' (physician) OR ' docteur' (doctor)). In total 539 cases were selected, in which the status of the physician either influenced the punishment imposed, or was a prerequisite for the commission of the offence...
January 1, 2017: Medicine, Science, and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29087244/petechial-haemorrhages-as-a-consequence-of-very-short-term-strangulation-during-suicidal-fall-from-a-height-case-reconstruction
#13
Vladimir Živković, Slobodan Nikolić
We present the case of a 64-year-old woman who committed suicide by jumping from the open bedroom window of her second-floor apartment. However, during a head-first fall, the victim's head was caught perpendicularly between two parallel metal strands of wire, used for drying laundry, on the first-floor window. This led to a 180° rotation of the body around the lower part of the neck, bringing the victim's body into the legs-first position. This chain of events also caused short-term neck strangulation, for fractions of a second or a couple of seconds, which caused rupture of the peripheral venules and apparent neck, facial and conjunctival haemorrhages, above the level of strangulation ligature - the metal strands of wire...
January 1, 2017: Medicine, Science, and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065775/a-risk-factor-analysis-of-medical-litigation-judgments-related-to-fall-injuries-in-korea
#14
Insook Kim, Seonae Won, Mijin Lee, Won Lee
The aim of this study was to find out the risk factors through analysis of seven medical malpractice judgments related to fall injuries. The risk factors were analysed by using the framework that approaches falls from a systems perspective and comprised people, organisational or environmental factors, with each factor being comprised of subfactors. The risk factors found in each of the seven judgments were aggregated into one framework. The risk factors related to patients (i.e. the people factor) were age, pain, related disease, activities and functional status, urination state, cognitive function impairment, past history of fall, blood transfusion, sleep endoscopy state and uncooperative attitude...
January 1, 2017: Medicine, Science, and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027837/malpractice-in-paediatric-minimally-invasive-surgery-a-current-concept-results-of-an-international-survey
#15
Ciro Esposito, Maria Escolino, Marcela Bailez, Steve Rothenberg, Mark Davenport, Amulya Saxena, Anthony Caldamone, Philipp Szavay, Paul Philippe, Holger Till, Philippe Montupet, George W Holcomb Rd
This study aimed to assess malpractice in paediatric minimally invasive surgery (MIS), and attitudes, prevention strategies and mechanisms to support surgeons while they are under investigation. An observational, multicentric, questionnaire-based study was conducted. The survey questionnaire was sent via mail, and it comprised four sections. Twenty-four paediatric surgeons (average age 54.6 years), from 13 different countries, participated in this study. The majority had >15 years of experience in MIS. Three (12...
January 1, 2017: Medicine, Science, and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992745/are-consistent-juror-decisions-related-to-fast-and-frugal-decision-making-investigating-the-relationship-between-juror-consistency-decision-speed-and-cue-utilisation
#16
Lee J Curley, Jennifer Murray, Rory MacLean, Phyllis Laybourn
The aim of this study was to establish whether more consistent/accurate juror decision making is related to faster decision-making processes which use fewer cues - that is, fast and frugal heuristic processes. A correlational design was implemented with the co-variables: consistency of verdict decisions (participant decisions compared to the actual court verdicts), decision speed, and cue utilisation (the number of cues used to make a final verdict decision). Sixty participants read information about six murder trials which were based on real cases and whose outcome verdicts were deemed to be correct by the Scottish legal institution...
January 1, 2017: Medicine, Science, and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956502/retraction-notice
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Medicine, Science, and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927324/parasagittal-meningioma-a-not-so-benign-entity
#18
Roger W Byard
While the majority of intracranial meningiomas have an indolent clinical course, sudden and unexpected death may rarely occur. Two cases are reported to demonstrate rapid clinical deterioration resulting in death in individuals with large, grade I, parasagittal meningiomas. Case 1 was a 46-year-old man with a history of headaches and epilepsy who suddenly collapsed and died. A large right frontal parasagittal meningioma with haemorrhage had compressed the brain and lateral ventricle, causing tonsillar herniation...
January 1, 2017: Medicine, Science, and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835167/searching-for-prohibited-items-in-mental-health-hospitals-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-two-metal-detecting-technologies
#19
James Laidlaw, Roland Dix, Philip Slack, Chris Foy, Andy Hayward, Alan Metherall, Steve Ireland, James Wright, Paul O'Rourke, Jon Williams, Anneka Rose
Weapons and other items with potential to cause harm are usually prohibited in mental-health hospitals and other psychiatric facilities. Detecting such prohibited items (PIs) can be problematic, particularly if concealed, and metal detectors are commonly used to search for such items. Our study compared two types of metal detection: continuous wave detection (CWD) by hand-held metal detector (HHMD) and magnetic anomaly detection (MAD) by a static pole device. In the study, real and dummy PIs were hidden on test subjects and in a simulated body cavity...
January 1, 2017: Medicine, Science, and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820349/evaluation-of-different-methods-for-dna-extraction-from-human-burnt-bones-and-the-generation-of-genetic-profiles-for-identification
#20
Anum Uzair, Nouman Rasool, Muhammad Wasim
Bone exposure to heat in the presence of moisture breaks the phosphodiester bonds of the backbone, leaving sheared DNA in bone cells. This also limits the possibility of generating a complete profile of the victim. With the increasing incidence of fire outbreaks over the past few years, a paradigm shift to establish identity has been observed, from morphological identification of victims to STR profiling. For this study, 10 bone samples were taken from burnt human bodies that were recovered from different fire outbreak scenes...
January 1, 2017: Medicine, Science, and the Law
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