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Medical Journal of Australia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764343/virtual-medicine-how-virtual-reality-is-easing-pain-calming-nerves-and-improving-health
#1
Brennan Mr Spiegel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 21, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747565/effects-of-post-discharge-management-on-rates-of-early-re-admission-and-death-after-hospitalisation-for-heart-failure
#2
Quan Huynh, Kazuaki Negishi, Carmine De Pasquale, James Hare, Dominic Leung, Tony Stanton, Thomas H Marwick
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether enrolment of patients in management programs after hospitalisation for heart failure (HF) reduces the likelihood of post-hospital adverse outcomes. DESIGN: Cohort study in which associations between adverse outcomes at 30 and 90 days for people hospitalised for HF and baseline clinical, socio-demographic and blood pathology factors, and with post-discharge management strategies, were assessed. Setting, participants: 906 patients with HF were prospectively enrolled in five Australian states at cardiology departments with expertise in treating people with HF...
May 14, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747564/reduse-reducing-antipsychotic-and-benzodiazepine-prescribing-in-residential-aged-care-facilities
#3
Juanita L Westbury, Peter Gee, Tristan Ling, Donnamay T Brown, Katherine H Franks, Ivan Bindoff, Aidan Bindoff, Gregory M Peterson
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of a multi-strategic, interdisciplinary intervention on antipsychotic and benzodiazepine prescribing in residential aged care facilities (RACFs). Design, setting: Prospective, longitudinal intervention in Australian RACFs, April 2014 - March 2016. PARTICIPANTS: 150 RACFs (with 12 157 residents) comprised the main participant group; two further groups were consultant pharmacists (staff education) and community pharmacies (prescribing data)...
May 14, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747563/psychological-distress-in-remote-mining-and-construction-workers-in-australia
#4
Jennifer Bowers, Johnny Lo, Peta Miller, Daveena Mawren, Brooklyn Jones
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence and correlates of psychological distress in a sample of remote mining and construction workers in Australia. Design, setting: A cross-sectional, anonymous Wellbeing and Lifestyle Survey at ten mining sites in South Australia and Western Australia, administered at meetings held during 2013-2015. PARTICIPANTS: 1124 employees at remote construction, and open cut and underground mining sites completed the survey. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: General psychological distress (Kessler Psychological Distress Scale, K10) and self-reported overall mental health status; work, lifestyle and family factors correlated with level of psychological distress...
May 14, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719196/clinical-oncology-society-of-australia-position-statement-on-exercise-in-cancer-care
#5
Prue Cormie, Morgan Atkinson, Lucy Bucci, Anne Cust, Elizabeth Eakin, Sandra Hayes, Sandie McCarthy, Andrew Murnane, Sharni Patchell, Diana Adams
Clinical research has established exercise as a safe and effective intervention to counteract the adverse physical and psychological effects of cancer and its treatment. This article summarises the position of the Clinical Oncology Society of Australia (COSA) on the role of exercise in cancer care, taking into account the strengths and limitations of the evidence base. It provides guidance for all health professionals involved in the care of people with cancer about integrating exercise into routine cancer care...
May 7, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719195/sarcoidosis-a-state-of-the-art-review-from-the-thoracic-society-of-australia-and-new-zealand
#6
Hasib Ahmadzai, Shuying Huang, Chris Steinfort, James Markos, Roger Ka Allen, Denis Wakefield, Margaret Wilsher, Paul S Thomas
Sarcoidosis is a systemic disease of unknown aetiology, characterised by non-caseating granulomatous inflammation. It most commonly manifests in the lungs and intrathoracic lymph nodes but can affect any organ. This summary of an educational resource provided by the Thoracic Society of Australia and New Zealand outlines the current understanding of sarcoidosis and highlights the need for further research. Our knowledge of the aetiology and immunopathogenesis of sarcoidosis remains incomplete. The enigma of sarcoidosis lies in its immunological paradox of type 1 T helper cell-dominated local inflammation co-existing with T regulatory-induced peripheral anergy...
May 7, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669497/increasing-rates-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-in-young-australians-2000-2015
#7
David Zbrojkiewicz, Christopher Vertullo, Jane E Grayson
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the incidence and demographic features of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstructions in Australia by age and sex, and to determine whether the incidence has changed during the past 15 years. DESIGN AND SETTING: Descriptive epidemiological analysis of longitudinal data on ACL reconstructions (July 2000 - June 2015) in the National Hospital Morbidity Database. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Population ACL reconstruction rates, by age group and sex...
April 23, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669496/presentations-to-nsw-emergency-departments-with-self-harm-suicidal-ideation-or-intentional-poisoning-2010-2014
#8
Jayashanki Perera, Timothy Wand, Kendall J Bein, Dane Chalkley, Rebecca Ivers, Katharine S Steinbeck, Robyn Shields, Michael M Dinh
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate population trends in presentations for mental health problems presenting to emergency departments (EDs) in New South Wales during 2010-2014, particularly patients presenting with suicidal ideation, self-harm, or intentional poisoning. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: This was a retrospective, descriptive analysis of linked Emergency Department Data Collection registry data for presentations to NSW public hospital EDs over five calendar years, 2010-2014...
April 23, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621959/disease-modifying-approaches-for-parkinson
#9
Simon Jg Lewis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 9, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621958/whole-genome-sequencing-provides-better-diagnostic-yield-and-future-value-than-whole-exome-sequencing
#10
John S Mattick, Marcel Dinger, Nicole Schonrock, Mark Cowley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 9, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621957/climate-change-a-brief-overview-of-the-science-and-health-impacts-for-australia
#11
Elizabeth G Hanna, Lachlan J McIver
The scientific relationship between atmospheric CO2 and global temperatures has been understood for over a century. Atmospheric concentrations of CO2 due to burning of fossil fuels have contributed to 75% of the observed 1°C rise in global temperatures since the start of the industrial era (about 1750). Global warming is associated with intensifying climatic extremes and disruption to human society and human health. Mitigation is vital for human health as continued current emission rates are likely to lead to 4°C of warming by 2100...
April 9, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562164/traumatic-cricket-related-fatalities-in-australia-a-historical-review-of-media-reports
#12
Peter Brukner, Thomas J Gara, Lauren V Fortington
OBJECTIVE: To undertake a historical review of direct trauma-related deaths in Australian cricket, both organised and informal. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: We conducted an extensive search of digitised print media (three databases) and traditional scientific literature (two databases) for on-field cricket incidents in Australia that resulted in deaths during the period 1858-2016. Main outcomes and measures: Numbers of cricket-related deaths by decade; type of cricket match (organised match or training, or informal play); site of fatal injury (eg, head, chest); activity at the time of the incident (eg, batting, fielding, watching)...
March 26, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764357/calendar-of-conferences-in-australia-and-new-zealand
#13
Cate Swannell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 21, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764356/the-case-for-uncertainty
#14
Cate Swannell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 21, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764355/regulating-e-cigarettes-in-australia-implications-for-tobacco-use-by-young-people
#15
Colin P Mendelsohn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 21, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764354/impact-of-ethnicity-on-the-natural-history-of-parkinson-disease
#16
Anna Sauerbier, Azman Aris, Ee Wei Lim, Kalyan Bhattacharya, K Ray Chaudhuri
Parkinson disease (PD) affects people of all races and ethnicity worldwide. PD is a multineurotransmitter and multisystem disorder and our current concept of the natural history of PD has changed considerably over the past decades. Many aspects of this heterogeneous condition still remain unexplained; one aspect that is poorly studied is the role of ethnicity and manifest motor and non-motor PD. Some preliminary data suggest that the prodromal risk of developing PD, clinical symptom expression and the experience of living with the condition may vary between different ethnic groups...
May 21, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764353/non-motor-parkinson-disease-new-concepts-and-personalised-management
#17
Nataliya Titova, K Ray Chaudhuri
Most patients with Parkinson disease (PD) have non-motor symptoms (NMS), and on average these can range from four to 19 different symptoms. NMS dominate the prodromal phase of PD and some may serve as clinical biomarkers of PD. NMS can be dopaminergic, non-dopaminergic, of genetic origin or drug induced. Clinical assessment of NMS should include the NMS Questionnaire (completed by patients) for screening, as recommended by the International Parkinson and Movement Disorders Society and other international societies...
May 21, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764352/psychotropic-drug-prescribing-in-residential-aged-care-homes
#18
Gerard J Byrne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 21, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764351/fifo-fifo-and-off-to-work-we-woe
#19
Gordon B Parker Ao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 21, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764350/neuroscience-from-a-functional-perspective
#20
David Mor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 21, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
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