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Indian Journal of Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923545/relationship-between-height-and-arm-span-of-elderly-persons-in-an-urban-colony-of-new-delhi
#1
Anil Kumar Goswami, Mani Kalaivani, Sanjeev Kumar Gupta, Baridalyne Nongkynrih, Chandrakant S Pandav
Anthropometric changes take place with increasing age. Progressive loss of height makes it difficult to use height for calculation of body mass index in nutritional screening of elderly persons. There is a need to find other alternative methods which could be used as proxy measurements of height in them. To assess the relationship of height and arm span and among elderly persons. A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted among elderly persons in urban colony of Delhi. Height and arm span of persons aged 60 years and above (n = 711) were measured according to standard methods...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923544/assessment-of-drug-prescribing-pattern-using-world-health-organization-indicators-in-a-tertiary-care-teaching-hospital
#2
Sartaj Hussain, Suraj Singh Yadav, Kamal Kumar Sawlani, Sanjay Khattri
This cross-sectional study was carried out to assess drug prescribing pattern at a tertiary care teaching medical institute. One thousand prescriptions were randomly collected and analyzed using the world health organization prescribing indicators. The average number of drugs per prescription was 2.91. The percentage of drugs prescribed by generic name, from the essential drug list (National) and as fixed dose combinations (FDCs) was 10.05%, 22.57%, and 49.22%, respectively. The total percentage of encounters with antibiotics, injectables, and FDCs was 19...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923543/is-obesity-a-problem-among-school-children
#3
Rajesh Kunwar, Sukhmeet Minhas, Vipra Mangla
Reduction of premature mortality due to noncommunicable diseases through prevention and control forms the core issue of target 3.4 of sustainable development goals. Childhood obesity is an important public health challenge today. The current study was carried out in a large military station of North East India to find out prevalence of obesity among schoolchildren using World Health Organization body mass index-for-age charts for boys and girls. A total of 793 schoolchildren comprising of 328 girls and 465 boys between the age groups of 6 and 19 years were included...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923542/omission-of-quality-assurance-during-data-entry-in-public-health-research-from-india-is-there-an-elephant-in-the-room
#4
Nafis Faizi, Ajay M Kumar, Shahwar Kazmi
As the adage, "Garbage in, Garbage out" goes, data entry errors may lead to erroneous results and conclusions. Quality assurance during data entry is one of the most neglected components of research and is conspicuously missing in most of the reporting standards. In this study, we reviewed research studies published in Indian Journal of Public Health and Indian Journal of Community Medicine during 2014-2016 and determined the proportion of papers reporting on quality assurance during data entry. Of 110 papers, only 6 (5...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923541/a-tool-for-quickly-identifying-gaps-in-diet-of-school-children-for-nutritional-educational-interventions
#5
Thomas V Chacko, Subhashini Ganesan
Compared to adults, assessment of dietary intake of school children has always been a great challenge in public health practice. Hence, this paper aims to share our experience in overcoming the problems in dietary assessment of large number of school children aged 6-17 years and the practicality of the tool for quickly identifying the broad gaps in the diet of individual Children for providing them dietary counseling. Based on the Indian Council of Medical Research/National Institute of Nutrition recommendations for balanced diet among school children, a simplified dietary gap assessment tool was developed to identify gross gaps in their diet and also a system of scoring it so as to measure effectiveness of the nutritional educational program...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923540/india-epidemic-intelligence-service-advocating-for-a-unique-mentor-based-epidemiology-training-program
#6
Jai Prakash Narain
To strengthen epidemiological capacity in the country, the Government of India in 2012 initiated a unique, competency-based training in epidemiology. Modeled along the United States Epidemic Intelligence Service (EIS), this 2-year mentor-driven and practical-oriented program, based on "learning by doing," is being implemented by the National Centre for Disease Control in Delhi, in close collaboration with the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta. In its 4th year now, many lessons learned so far are being used to expand the program, without compromising on the technical quality...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923539/hiv-prevalence-trend-from-hiv-sentinel-surveillance-over-a-decade-in-india-an-overview
#7
Bhavna Sangal, Pradeep Kumar, Neeraj Dhingra
We aim to describe trends in antenatal HIV prevalence in India, at a national and regional level from consistent sentinel surveillance sites (2003-2015) among Antenatal Clinic (ANC) attendees. Data were analyzed from a total of 1,885,207 ANC attendees recruited at ANC sites. The consistent sites were grouped by years of initiation (Group 1: 2003-2005 and Group 2: 2006-2008) and according to six regions. Chi-square test for linear trend was applied to test the statistical significance of the trend. Nationally, at Group 1 sites, HIV prevalence was 0...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923538/obesity-and-serum-uric-acid-in-secondary-school-age-students-of-srinagarindra-the-princess-mother-school-phayao-thailand
#8
Wanpen Suttikomin, Preeya Leelahagul, Suphawan Khamvang, Chamnong Chaimongkol, Nanticha Chaiwut
Background: Obesity and hyperuricemia are the precipitating factors of multiple disease processes. Studies on the relationship between obesity and hyperuricemia in Thai adolescents are limited. Objective: The objective is to investigate the gender differences in obesity and serum uric acid as well as the relationship between obesity and serum uric acid levels in secondary school-age students. Methods: A cross-sectional study conducted among 689 secondary school-age students; 313 boys and 376 girls...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923537/exposure-to-second-hand-smoke-and-its-correlates-in-northern-state-of-india
#9
Garima Bhatt, Sonu Goel, Suman Mor, Rakesh Gupta
Background: Second-hand smoke (SHS) has enormous adverse health impacts with grave health implications for the next generation. Section 4 of Indian legislation, Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products Act, prohibits smoking at public places, thus protecting people from SHS. Objective: The objective of present study was to assess the exposure to SHS at home and working areas in Punjab, India. Methods: The present cross-sectional study was conducted from December 2015 to March 2016...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923536/assessing-nepal-s-health-policies-and-programs-from-a-human-rights-perspective
#10
Shiva Raj Adhikari, Sanjaya Aryal
Background: The right to health is a fundamental part of human rights. Ensuring right to health is not straightforward; there are several challenges. Factors such as capacity of right holders and duty-bearers and practices of providing and utilizing services among others determine to ensure health rights for the whole population. Objective: The objective of this paper is to analyze whether the health policies and programs follow a human rights-based approach (HRBA) and assess the situation of rights to health among the poor and vulnerable population...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923535/prevalence-of-osteoarthritis-of-knee-joint-among-adult-population-in-a-rural-area-of-kanchipuram-district-tamil-nadu
#11
Jayaseelan Venkatachalam, Murugan Natesan, Muthurajesh Eswaran, Abel K Samuel Johnson, V Bharath, Zile Singh
Background: Osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the most common degenerative disorders among the elderly population; although aging is the most important cause, research has shown that it is a complex disease with many etiologies. It is not an inevitable part of aging but rather the result of a combination of factors, many of which can be modified or prevented. Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the burden and determinants of OA knee among the adult population...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923534/a-cohort-study-on-risk-factors-for-preterm-births-in-rural-gujarat
#12
Poonam Trivedi, Deepak Saxena, Tapasvi Puwar, Shital Savaliya, Parthasarathi Ganguly
Background: Prematurity is one of the leading causes of neonatal and under-five mortalities globally and also in India. It is an important determinant of short- and long-term morbidities in infants and children. Unfortunately, risk factors of majority of preterm births (PTBs) remain unexplained which calls for appropriate action. There is a dearth of community-based research on PTB and its risk factors, especially in high burden countries like India. Objectives: The objective of the study was to explore different risk factors for PTB...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923533/diabetes-self-care-activities-among-adults-20-years-and-above-residing-in-a-resettlement-colony-in-east-delhi
#13
Anu Mohandas, S K Bhasin, Madhu Upadhyay, S V Madhu
Background: Self-care activities are the cornerstone of diabetes care that ensures patients participation to achieve optimal glycemic control and to prevent complications. Objective: The aim of this study is to find the level of self-care activities among diabetics aged ≥20 years residing in a resettlement colony in East Delhi and its association with sociodemographic factors, disease, and treatment profile. Methods: Using cross-sectional survey, 168 known diabetic patients were selected from Nand Nagri, a resettlement colony in East Delhi...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923532/assessment-of-implementation-status-of-cigarettes-and-other-tobacco-products-act-cotpa-and-its-awareness-among-residents-in-a-block-of-haryana
#14
Ramashankar Rath, Anand Krishnan, Baridalyne Nongkynrih, Puneet Misra
Background: Legislative route is one of the known method to control behaviour of population. Cigarette and Other Tobacco Products Act is one of the laws enacted to control the use of tobacco in India lunched in the year 2003. Objective: The objective of this study was to find compliance of COTPA among tobacco stores and to find the knowledge of people regarding COTPA. Methods: All selected communities were studied by community audit. All stores selling tobacco products were assessed for its compliance to COTPA...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923531/quality-of-life-among-geriatric-population-a-cross-sectional-study-in-a-rural-area-of-sepahijala-district-tripura
#15
Nabarun Karmakar, Anjan Datta, Kaushik Nag, Kaushik Tripura
Background: Quality of life (QOL) among elderly is an important area of concern which reflects the health status and well-being of this vulnerable population. Objectives: The objective of this study is to find out different domains of QOL and its association with sociodemographic factors among geriatric population. Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was done among 76 persons aged 60 years and above from August 2016 to October 2016 in rural areas of Madhupur, Sepahijala district, Tripura...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923530/a-study-on-prevalence-of-depression-and-associated-risk-factors-among-elderly-in-a-rural-block-of-tamil-nadu
#16
M Buvneshkumar, K R John, M Logaraj
Background: Depression among elderly is an important public health problem responsible for considerable morbidity and disability. Causes of depression are multifactorial and often preventable. As there was dearth of community studies in Tamil Nadu, the present study was undertaken. Objectives: The objective of this study is to estimate the prevalence of depression and to assess the factors which are associated with depression among elderly. Methods: A cross-sectional study was done from July 2014 to July 2015 among elderly in Kattankulathur block with a sample size of 690 by cluster sampling method...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923529/dynamics-in-child-undernutrition-in-bangladesh-evidence-from-nationally-representative-surveys-between-1997-and-2014
#17
Md Masud Hasan, Ali Quazi, Alice Marion Richardson
Background: Bangladesh has been struggling to reduce the prevalence of childhood undernutrition, which impedes physical and mental capability and accelerates morbidity and mortality. Objectives: The objective of the paper is to examine the changes over time in the association between potential covariates and nutritional status of Bangladeshi children. Methods: The study combined and analyzed data from six waves of Demographic and Health Surveys between 1997 and 2014...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923528/block-wise-comprehensive-health-index-in-gadchiroli-a-tribal-district-in-maharashtra
#18
Prakash Prabhakarrao Doke
Background: The National Health Mission expects bottom-up approach for preparing Project Implementation Plan and also expects special attention toward tribal areas. Some district-level health information is available from national health surveys, but subdistrict-level information is mostly not available. Gadchiroli is the farthest district from the state capital. There are 12 blocks in the district. It is a notified tribal district having 8.61%-81.50% tribal population in different blocks and block-wise urbanization varies from 0...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923527/menstrual-hygiene-management-in-india-the-concerns
#19
EDITORIAL
Rabindra Nath Sinha, Bobby Paul
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29512572/author-s-reply-for-article-nomophobic-behaviors-among-smartphone-using-medical-and-engineering-students-in-two-colleges-of-west-bengal
#20
LETTER
Pallabi Dasgupta, Sharmistha Bhattacherjee, Samir Dasgupta, Jayanta Kumar Roy, Abhijit Mukherjee, Romy Biswas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
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