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Indian Journal of Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928322/assessment-of-urinary-cotinine-levels-in-women-with-gynecological-complaints-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-a-pilot-study
#1
A G Radhika, Sruthi Bhaskaran, Jagdish Kaur, Anshuja Singla, Tusha Sharma, B D Banerjee
Gynecological effects due to smokeless tobacco exposure are not well studied. This cross-sectional study was undertaken with the objective to evaluate the urinary cotinine levels in women of reproductive age with gynecological complaints. The study was conducted in 2015 at the outpatient clinic of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University College of Medical Sciences and Guru Teg Bahadur Hospital, Delhi. A total of 192 consecutive women presenting with gynecological complaints (pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), infertility, and menstrual abnormality) were recruited...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928321/opening-gambit-strategic-options-to-initiate-the-tobacco-endgame
#2
Pranay Lal, Rana J Singh, Ashish Kumar Pandey
Endgame strategies to rapidly hasten the decline of tobacco are already well within reach; a few plausible policy options are outlined herein for policy practitioners, tobacco control advocates, and public health specialists. The implementation of these measures which already exist within the gamut of existing legislation requires the galvanization of political will. The options we essay include liquidating existing public investments in tobacco, holding tobacco companies accountable within the jurisdictions of their operations, fixing liability for injury and the imposition of realistic costs on insurance providers...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928320/tobacco-use-among-young-adolescents-in-myanmar-findings-from-global-youth-tobacco-survey
#3
Nyein Aye Tun, Thuzar Chittin, Naveen Agarwal, Mya Lay New, Yamin Thaung, Pyi Pyi Phyo
BACKGROUND: Tobacco consumption among youths poses significant public health problem in developing countries. This study utilized the available data of Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS) to assess the prevalence of tobacco use among Myanmar adolescents. OBJECTIVES: We have conducted the fourth round of the GYTS in Myanmar during 2016 to monitor trends in tobacco use. METHODS: We have selected 51 schools using random sampling based on probability proportional to school enrollment...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928319/effect-of-a-brief-smoking-cessation-intervention-on-adult-tobacco-smokers-with-pulmonary-tuberculosis-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-from-north-india
#4
Sonu Goel, Jeyashree Kathiresan, Preeti Singh, Rana J Singh
BACKGROUND: An association between smoking and poor tuberculosis (TB) treatment outcomes has been globally established. Various smoking cessation interventions (SCIs) have been proven worldwide to curb smoking behavior. There is a need for evidence to assess if SCI increases the chance of successful treatment outcome among TB patients. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of a brief SCI; The Ask, Brief, Cessation support (ABC) package, on treatment outcomes and smoking cessation in smear-positive adult pulmonary TB patients...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928318/tobacco-use-among-thai-students-results-from-the-2015-global-youth-tobacco-survey
#5
Pantip Chotbenjamaporn, Vilailak Haruhansapong, Pensom Jumriangrit, Siriwan Pitayarangsarit, Naveen Agarwal, Renu Garg
BACKGROUND: Tobacco use often starts in adolescence and is a leading cause of premature mortality. Two previous rounds of the global youth tobacco survey (GYTS) found that a significant proportion of Thai youth currently smoke. OBJECTIVES: We conducted the third round of GYTS in Thailand in 2015 to monitor trends in tobacco use. METHODS: We selected 31 public and private secondary schools using random sampling based on probability proportional to school enrolment...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928317/tobacco-industry-interference-a-review-of-three-south-east-asian-countries
#6
Mary Assunta, Bungon Ritthiphakdee, Widyastuti Soerojo, May Myat Cho, Worrawan Jirathanapiwat
BACKGROUND: The WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) Article 5.3 requires governments to protect tobacco control policies from the commercial interest of the tobacco industry (TI). TI interference is the biggest barrier to implementing comprehensive tobacco control measures. OBJECTIVE: This paper reviews the extent of the TI's interference in tobacco control policy development in three countries, Thailand, Myanmar, and Indonesia, and the governments' efforts to protect these policies...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928316/integrated-brief-tobacco-and-alcohol-cessation-intervention-in-a-primary-health-care-setting-in-karnataka
#7
O T Sabari Sridhar, Pratima Murthy, K V Kishore Kumar
BACKGROUND: Tobacco and alcohol use are important preventable risk factors for noncommunicable diseases and need to be addressed in primary health care. OBJECTIVES: To find the effectiveness of Alcohol, Smoking, and Substance Involvement Screening Test (ASSIST)-based brief intervention for alcohol and tobacco in a primary health-care setting in Karnataka. METHODS: This study was conducted in 2012 where one primary health center (PHC) in Karnataka was an intervention site and other the control site...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928315/using-public-interest-litigation-for-tobacco-control-insights-from-india
#8
REVIEW
Jagdish Kaur, Arvind Vashishta Rinkoo, Ranjit Singh
The Indian notion of "Public Interest Litigation (PIL)" represents a moral and humane process for providing justice to an individual or a group in matters relating to infringement of fundamental rights or denial of civil privileges. The goal of PIL in India is to counter governmental lawlessness, administrative deviance, and exploitation of disadvantaged groups by denying them their rights and entitlements. Although this paper selectively describes the use of the PIL mechanism for ensuring implementation of large graphic health warnings on packages of tobacco products in India, there is a sufficient published literature to corroborate the successful use of this mechanism in India in different tobacco control settings...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928314/smokeless-tobacco-and-public-health-in-bangladesh
#9
REVIEW
Rumana Huque, M Mostafa Zaman, Syed Mahfuzul Huq, Dhirendra N Sinha
Despite the high prevalence of smokeless tobacco (SLT) use among adults in Bangladesh, SLT was not included in the Tobacco Control Law till 2013. Information on SLT use among Bangladeshi people is inadequate for policymaking and implementing effective control measures. With the aim to identify the prevalence and trends of different SLT products, health and economic impacts, manufacture, and sale of and policies related to SLT in Bangladesh, we carried out a literature review, which involved literature search, data extraction, and synthesis...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928313/youth-tobacco-use-in-south-east-asia-implications-for-tobacco-epidemic-and-options-for-its-control-in-the-region
#10
REVIEW
Manju Rani, Thaksaphon Thamarangsi, Naveen Agarwal
Nearly half of all male population and two in every five females in the WHO South-East Asia Region (SEAR) consume some form of tobacco. Preventing initiation among adolescents is critical for overall tobacco control. We assessed the trends in youth tobacco use and policies in SEAR. Data are used from school-based youth (Global Youth Tobacco Survey and global school student-based health survey) and adult (Global Adult Tobacco Survey, STEPS) tobacco surveys and the WHO Framework of Convention of Tobacco Control (FCTC) implementation database...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928312/getting-real-with-the-upcoming-challenge-of-electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems-the-way-forward-for-the-south-east-asia-region
#11
REVIEW
Jagdish Kaur, Arvind Vashishta Rinkoo
Electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) are being marketed to tobacco smokers for use in places where smoking is not allowed or as aids similar to pharmaceutical nicotine products to help cigarette smokers quit tobacco use. These are often flavored to make them more attractive for youth - ENDS use may lead young nonsmokers to take up tobacco products. Neither safety nor efficacy as a cessation aid of ENDS has been scientifically demonstrated. The adverse health effects of secondhand aerosol cannot be ruled out...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928311/regulating-smokeless-tobacco-and-processed-areca-nut-in-south-east-asia-region-the-journey-so-far-and-the-road-ahead
#12
REVIEW
Jagdish Kaur, Thaksaphon Thamarangsi, Arvind Vashishta Rinkoo
South-East Asia Region (SEAR) has more smokeless tobacco users as compared to smokers. The growing prevalence and cultural acceptance of consumption of flavored areca nut and related products, for example, supari and pan masala in many countries are confounding the scenario. The prevalence of a variety of tobacco products makes regulation a challenge which gets more complicated in view of weak enforcement of regulatory policies aggressive marketing of such products by the tobacco industry. Some countries have attempted to regulate smokeless tobacco and related products by enforcing bans...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928310/accelerating-tobacco-control-in-south-east-asia-in-the-sustainable-development-goal-era
#13
EDITORIAL
Poonam Khetrapal Singh, Thaksaphon Thamarangsi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928309/author-s-reply-directly-observed-iron-supplementation-for-control-of-iron-deficiency-anemia
#14
LETTER
Mohan Bairwa, Farhad Ahamed, Smita Sinha, Kapil Yadav, Shashi Kant, Chandrakant S Pandav
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928308/enhanced-nickel-sensitivity-in-iron-deficiency-anemia
#15
LETTER
V C Divya, B Saravana Karthikeyan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928307/perception-of-unintentional-childhood-injuries-among-mothers-in-rural-south-india
#16
Leeberk Raja Inbaraj, Anuradha Rose, Kuryan George, Anuratha Bose
Parental perception of safe and risk-free environment is critical in the prevention of unintentional childhood injury. In this cross-sectional study, hundred mothers from 13 clusters were interviewed to assess the perception of mothers regarding the risks and hazards leading to unintentional childhood injuries from March to April 2013. A tool developed by Glik et al. was used. Mothers' perception of likelihood of injury from hazards such as household door and drawers, small toys, plastic bags, and cribs was poor...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928306/correlates-of-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-among-women-of-an-ethnic-tribal-community-of-tripura
#17
Purnajita Sen, Sandeep Das, Dipayan Choudhuri
Cardiometabolic health status of 356 women (age 25-65 years) from Tripuri tribal community of Tripura, a Northeastern state of India was evaluated. The height, weight, waist, hip circumference and blood pressure, blood sugar, total cholesterol, triglyceride; high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and very low-density lipoprotein cholesterol were recorded. Cardiometabolic risk was assessed according to the recent definition for Asian Indians. The overall prevalence of cardiometabolic risk was found to be 27...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928305/awakening-to-the-alcohol-epidemic-need-of-the-hour
#18
Dharav Sunil Shah
Globally, alcohol has become the most common risk factor for death and disability in the young age group of 15-49 years. Its use has been rapidly increasing in developing countries. It is a critical time wherein if effective preventive measures are not undertaken urgently, damage done will be difficult to reverse. However, health professionals are not responding to the alcohol epidemic in the manner that they responded to the tobacco epidemic. The article discusses two beliefs which are making us accept the use of alcohol as normal...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928304/nomophobic-behaviors-among-smartphone-using-medical-and-engineering-students-in-two-colleges-of-west-bengal
#19
Pallabi Dasgupta, Sharmistha Bhattacherjee, Samir Dasgupta, Jayanta Kumar Roy, Abhijit Mukherjee, Romy Biswas
BACKGROUND: Growing smartphone usage among global and Indian college students has resulted in considerable issues of "nomophobia" (NMP) or feelings of discomfort or anxiety experienced by individuals whenever unable to use their smartphones. This significantly impacts their health, work, and study. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to find out the prevalence of NMP among smartphone using medical and engineering undergraduates of West Bengal and to compare the nomophobic behaviors, its predictors, and smartphone usage among them...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928303/vitamin-d-status-of-adult-females-residing-in-ballabgarh-health-and-demographic-surveillance-system-a-community-based-study
#20
Puneet Misra, Rahul Srivastava, Anoop Misra, Shashi Kant, Priyanka Kardam, Naval K Vikram
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency (VDD) is widespread, yet it is the most underdiagnosed and undertreated nutritional deficiency in the world. The prevalence of VDD is estimated to affect over 1 billion people worldwide. OBJECTIVES: The present study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of VDD among adult females aged 20-60 years residing in a rural community of North India, and to find its association with various sociobehavioral risk factors. METHODS: The present study is an analytical cross-sectional study conducted among females aged 20-60 years in rural Ballabgarh...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
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