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Indian Journal of Public Health

Taskin Khan
In humans, Pthirus pubis or crab louse usually infests hair of pubic region. Phthiriasis palpebrarum (infestation of the eyelashes and eyelids) is not as rare as is reported in literature, especially in low socioeconomic communities. It is possible that the disease is being perhaps missed due to its clinical similarity with anterior blepharitis. The nits and adult lice adhering to the eyelashes can easily be overlooked. This study presents five cases of phthiriasis palpebrarum, coming from the same locality and socioeconomic background, presenting with itching, hyperemia of lids, and excoriation of skin...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
Rakesh Kumar, Aparna Tewari
Near-miss obstetric events (NMEs) refers to the situations where women experience severe, life-threatening obstetric complications during pregnancy, delivery, or postpregnancy (up to 42 days) which they survive either by chance or because they receive good care at a facility. A cross-sectional study was conducted from May to June 2016 at the subdivisional hospital of West Bengal. The WHO near-miss criteria were followed for case identification. Data were collected by interview and record review. No maternal deaths were reported during data collection period; however, the frequency of NMEs was quite high (38%)...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
Shantanu K Kar, Bhagirathi Dwibedi, Vijayalaxmi V Mogasale, Jyotsnamayee Sabat, Vittal Mogasale, Thomas F Wierzba
Up to 25% of hepatitis E virus (HEV)-infected pregnant women in their third trimester die. Despite HEV being an important cause of viral hepatitis, no robust surveillance exists in India. We reviewed jaundice outbreaks records and hospital records from jaundiced individuals seeking treatment and linked those records to laboratory results (HEV immunoglobulin M enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) for January 2012 to September 2013 in Odisha state. A total of 14 HEV confirmed outbreaks were identified, of which 33% of 139 jaundiced cases were HEV positive...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
P V Shilpa, Madhavi Bhargava
Safe drinking water is a basic element of primary health care. The government of India in its Indian Public Health Standards recommends the hydrogen sulfide (H2 S) strip test as a desirable component at primary health centers for screening water for fecal coliforms. The objective of the present study was to conduct a water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) survey followed by a H2 S strip test of drinking water in a village with ninety households. The test was positive in 88% at the source and the point of consumption, with 100% concordance between both the points of test...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
Dinesh Kumar, Sujeet Raina, Satya Bhushan Sharma, Sunil Kumar Raina, Ashok Kumar Bhardwaj
Limited availability of randomized control trial warranted the conduct of a present study to demonstrate the effectiveness of mobile phone-based short message services (SMSs) on reduction in mean fasting blood glucose (FBG) in patients with type-2 diabetes mellitus. A total of 955 patients were recruited from primary and secondary health-care facilities and randomized to intervention (479) and control (476) group. Messages were delivered to patients for 12 months tailoring to their recent FBG values. SMS included information to maintain the desired FBG levels and next due date for FBG assessment...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
Sumedha Mohan, Smita Asthana, Satyanarayana Labani, Gourav Popli
There is a constant rise in cancer cases, but the trends and pattern vary according to the geographical region. The aim of this brief research was to present an update of all cancer incidences through age-adjusted rates and their changes in different regions of the country. The data for this study were obtained from published reports of 28 population-based cancer registries (2005-2014) in India. Among males, currently, East/Northeast region ranked first, on the basis of incidence of cancer cases. Out of 28 registries, 11 registries encountered lung cancer as the leading site...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
Pavithra Subash, Padmavathi Nagarajan, Shivanand Kattimani
Alcoholism is one of the major health problems seen all over the world. The risk of relapse was estimated among 94 clients with alcohol dependence syndrome (ADS) who attended both in- and out-patient units of a tertiary care hospital. The tools used were the sociodemographic and clinical variables, Clinical Institute of Withdrawal Assessment Alcohol-revised (CIWA-Ar), Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT), and Advanced Warning of Relapse (AWARE) scale. Out of the 94 clients, 63 (67.7%) were in the low-risk group for getting relapse, 26 (27...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
Satish Kumar, Sanjiv Kumar, Basab Gupta
Urban population in our country has increased at an annual rate of 2.7% during the last decade and it is estimated that by 2031, there would be about 600 million people living in urban India. The fast pace of urbanization has come to stay with increasing proportion of urban poor and vulnerable with health indicators much worse than their rural counterparts. The need to provide health care to urban poor has been emphasized in the past in various health committees' reports and National 5-year Development Plans, but no significant dent was made to improve the urban health scenario of the country...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
Lalit Kant, Nobhojit Roy, Sanjay P Zodpey
The burden of surgical conditions is large, though unrecognized. Surgical interventions are cost - effective, but thought to be otherwise. Investments aimed at including surgery at primary care level are affordable. Globally, a momentum is being created to strengthen surgery infrastructure especially for the poor in the low and middle income countries - who bear the burden most. In India, the Association of Rural Surgeons of India, and a body for implementing Lancet Commission of Global Surgery, India are taking lead...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
Yatan Pal Singh Balhara, Ananya Mahapatra, Pawan Sharma, Rachna Bhargava
Problematic Internet use (PIU) among students has become a significant mental health concern. Our goals were to review the existing studies on problematic Internet from Southeast Asian Region and examine: the prevalence for PIU among students; explore for sociodemographic and clinical correlates; and assess the physical, mental, and psychosocial impact of PIU in this population. All studies conducted among population of the Southeast Asia, involving students (school students to postgraduate students) of any age which explored etiological factors and/or the prevalence or any other factor associated with PIU/Internet addiction were considered eligible for the present review...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
Kayzad Soli Nilgiriwala
With increase in drug resistance and related challenges in infectious diseases globally, it has become more important for a country like India with a high population to develop strategies to deal with such challenges. The literature review was conducted using the Google search engine to explore the contemporary science policies in India (since 2012) which are designed for tackling infectious diseases challenges in the country. This review article gives an insight into the strengths and limitations of the basis of some of the contemporary science policies in India that are drafted and implemented to combat the challenges of infectious diseases...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
Anjum Ara, Dinesh Kumar, Deepika Dewan, Nasib C Digra
Background: Congenital anomalies (CAs) are a major cause of stillbirths and neonatal mortality in India. Its magnitude and pattern reportedly vary over time and across geographical locations. Objectives: The objective of the study is to estimate the incidence of CAs in community development block RS Pura of District Jammu. Methods: The present study is a community-based prospective study. The field workers were trained with the help of "Birth Defect Surveillance" Atlas issued by WHO and ICBDMS (International Clearinghouse for Birth Defects Monitoring Systems) 2014...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
Swanya Prabha Maharana, Bobby Paul, Shobhit Garg, Aparajita Dasgupta, Lina Bandyopadhyay
Background: One's house is believed to be the safest and the healthiest place to live in. Indoor air pollution (IAP) means the presence of unwanted substances in the indoor air at concentration toxic to health. Objective: The objective of this study is to study the presence of IAP, its associated factors and impact on health of women residing in an urban slum of Kolkata, West Bengal, India. Methods: It was a cross-sectional study done from January 2017 to March 2017 among 120 households of a slum...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
Shobhit Garg, Aparajita Dasgupta, Swanya Prabha Maharana, Bobby Paul, Lina Bandyopadhyay, Aritra Bhattacharya
Background: Vitamin D deficiency/Vitamin D Insufficiency (VDI) is now recognized as a pandemic. Cutaneous exposure to ultraviolet-B causes photolysis of epidermal 7-dehydrocholesterol, converting it to pre-Vitamin D3 (precholecalciferol), which then undergoes isomerization to form the stable hormone Vitamin D3. Objectives: The objectives of the study is to determine the status of Vitamin D level among the adults residing in a rural area of West Bengal and to find out the optimal cutoff of the sun exposure for Vitamin D sufficiency...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
Anand Krishnan
Public Health discipline has evolved and currently focuses on addressing social determinants of health and working multi-sectorally to promote health. Public Health Leadershipis the practice of mobilizing people, organizations, and communities to effectively tackle tough public health challenges. Leadership is a core competency of public health.Leaders are people with Vision, Influence, Values and Passion to achieve personal and organizational mission.Leadership is not a personal trait but is learnable skill...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
Suneela Garg
The realization of Universal Health Coverage requires adequate healthcare financing and human resources to provide financial protection to the economically disadvantaged population by covering their medicine, diagnostics, and service costs. Conventionally, inadequate public healthcare financing and the lack of skilled human resources are considered as the major barriers towards achieving UHC in India. To strengthen the Indian healthcare system, there has been significant increase budgetary allocation towards healthcare, a national health protection scheme targeting low-income households, upgrading of primary health-care and expansion of the health work-force...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
V K Srivastava, R Kunwar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
Anil Kumar Goswami, Mani Kalaivani, Sanjeev Kumar Gupta, Baridalyne Nongkynrih, Chandrakant S Pandav
Anthropometric changes take place with increasing age. Progressive loss of height makes it difficult to use height for calculation of body mass index in nutritional screening of elderly persons. There is a need to find other alternative methods which could be used as proxy measurements of height in them. To assess the relationship of height and arm span and among elderly persons. A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted among elderly persons in urban colony of Delhi. Height and arm span of persons aged 60 years and above (n = 711) were measured according to standard methods...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
Sartaj Hussain, Suraj Singh Yadav, Kamal Kumar Sawlani, Sanjay Khattri
This cross-sectional study was carried out to assess drug prescribing pattern at a tertiary care teaching medical institute. One thousand prescriptions were randomly collected and analyzed using the world health organization prescribing indicators. The average number of drugs per prescription was 2.91. The percentage of drugs prescribed by generic name, from the essential drug list (National) and as fixed dose combinations (FDCs) was 10.05%, 22.57%, and 49.22%, respectively. The total percentage of encounters with antibiotics, injectables, and FDCs was 19...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
Rajesh Kunwar, Sukhmeet Minhas, Vipra Mangla
Reduction of premature mortality due to noncommunicable diseases through prevention and control forms the core issue of target 3.4 of sustainable development goals. Childhood obesity is an important public health challenge today. The current study was carried out in a large military station of North East India to find out prevalence of obesity among schoolchildren using World Health Organization body mass index-for-age charts for boys and girls. A total of 793 schoolchildren comprising of 328 girls and 465 boys between the age groups of 6 and 19 years were included...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
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