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Indian Journal of Public Health

Sirshendu Chaudhuri, Aniruddha Basu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
Shashi Kant, Ravneet Kaur, Akhil Dhanesh Goel, Sumit Malhotra, Partha Haldar, Rakesh Kumar
Maternal anemia has been reportedly associated with increased risk of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. Adverse pregnancy outcomes such as preterm birth, low birth weight, and stillbirth have been reported to be associated with anemia. However, different studies have shown inconsistent results. In the present study, we report the association between maternal hemoglobin levels at the time of delivery and outcomes among women at a secondary care hospital in northern India. Secondary analysis of routinely collected hospital data from January 2015 to December 2016 was carried out...
October 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
Balan Mahetab Shaikh, P P Doke, J S Gothankar
Adolescent population is the major demographic and economic force of a nation. Adolescent mental health not only affects overall health at present but also in future life. In this cross-sectional study, 461 rural adolescent students studying in Pune city and the rural area from a block in Nanded district, Maharashtra, were administered a prevalidated, pretested Marathi depression anxiety and stress scale-21 tool including correlated factors to assess the magnitude of depression, anxiety, and stress and its stressors...
October 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
Mohita Gupta, Sarvesh Singh
A study of sources of finance which the household resorts to, in order to meet the hospitalization expense can be of use to policy makers who may want to work in the direction of providing financial security against hospitalization expenses to the masses. In this view, an attempt has been made to study the sources of finance for hospitalized treatment at an individual level based on criteria such as level of living, socio-economic background, level of care in India, as well as at state level through unit level data of the survey on "Social Consumption related to Health", conducted by National Sample Survey (NSS) during January, 2014 to June, 2014...
October 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
Om P Kharbanda, Paula Moynihan, Harsh Priya, Anupama Ivaturi, Arpit Gupta, Desmia Haldane
Dental diseases and other noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) share common risks. Omnipresent and easily available sugars are a contributing risk factor for overweight, obesity, and diabetes. In addition, sugar consumption is known to cause dental caries in early childhood (early childhood caries) and in adults. It has been noticed that the prevalence of NCDs is increasing each year, leading to 70% of deaths. A symposium of diverse academicians was convened to identify the gaps in evidence, policy, and advocacy for action on sugars, emphasizing on its detrimental effects on oral health...
October 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
Manas Kumar Kundu, Suprakas Hazra, Dipak Pal, Malavika Bhattacharya
Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) have become a major public health problem in India accounting for 62% of the total burden of foregone DALYs and 53% of total deaths. Out-of-pocket expenditure associated with the acute and long-term effects of NCDs is high resulting in catastrophic health expenditure for the households. A large national survey in India found that spending on NCDs accounted for 5.17% of household expenditure. According to a macroeconomic analysis, it is estimated that each 10% increase in NCDs is associated with a 0...
October 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
Amrita Kansal, Suneela Garg, Malvika Sharma
In the era of the sustainable development goals, India is committed to reduce its maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per one lakh live births by 2030. An important strategy that was adopted in the Reproductive and Child Health Programme in 2010 was maternal death review. Analysis of the progress so far has brought to light certain gaps which have prompted the paradigm shift toward Maternal Death Surveillance and Response (MDSR), which focuses on taking action on information obtained from every maternal death so as to prevent further maternal deaths...
October 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
Manmeet Kaur, Venkatesan Chakrapani, Ariarathinam Newtonraj, P Vm Lakshmi, Pandara Purayil Vijin
Background: Social capital has been recognized as part of the WHO's Social Determinants of Health model given that social connections and relationships may serve as resources of information and tangible support. While the association between socioeconomic position and health is relatively well established, scant empirical research has been conducted in developing countries on the association between social capital and health. Objective: Based on the WHO's Social Determinants of Health framework, we tested whether social capital mediates the effect of socioeconomic position on mental and physical health...
October 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
Farhad Ahamed, Kapil Yadav, Shashi Kant, Renu Saxena, Mohan Bairwa, Chandrakant S Pandav
Background: In India, more than half of the pregnant women suffer from anemia. Low compliance to iron supplementation is one of the important reasons. Objectives: The objective of the study is to estimate the reduction in the prevalence of anemia, improvement in iron status, and to compare the compliance to oral iron supplementation during pregnancy between directly observed iron-folic acid (IFA) supplementation group and control group. Methods: This was a community-based open labeled parallel block-randomized controlled trial including 400 pregnant women in a rural setting of north India...
October 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
Shilpa Mahapatra, Preetha Elizabeth Chaly, Smruti Chandan Mohapatra, M Madhumitha
Background: Smokeless tobacco use in the Indian subcontinent is a part of many religious and cultural rituals and has gained a degree of social acceptance. The deleterious effects of smokeless tobacco are not as well-known as those produced by smoking. Objectives: The study was carried out to assess the influence of tobacco chewing on the oral health of adult patients attending the dental outpatients department of Khordha district headquarter, Odisha. Methods: A hospital-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 25-64-year-old patients attending the dental outpatient department of Gopabandhu Khordha district headquarter hospital...
October 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
Dimpymoni Saikia, Sultana Jesmin Ahmed, Hiranya Saikia, Ratna Sarma
Background: Body mass index (BMI) is one of the most commonly used indices to measure the weight status of an individual. However, it takes only height and weight of individual into account. The relative body composition can be calculated regardless of height and weight by body fat percentage (BF%). Objectives: The objectives of the study are (1) To assess the prevalence of obesity using BMI and BF% among early adolescents studying in schools of Dibrugarh. (2) To assess the relationship between BMI and BF%...
October 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
Ashok Kumar Jena, Subhalaxmi Rautray, Mounabati Mohapatra, Sombir Singh
Background: Oral submucous fibrosis is very common in Asia. It has many deleterious effects on individual's oral functions. Thus, there is a need to assess the effect of oral submucous fibrosis on quality of life. Objective: To assess the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in male subjects with oral submucous fibrosis. Methods: Two hundred and thirty male subjects in the age range of 20-40 years were recruited in the cross-sectional, two-group comparative study...
October 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
Arup Chakraborty, Arista Lahiri
Background: Unintentional injuries have become a major noncommunicable disease burden, especially among the adolescents. Objective: The current study was conducted to estimate the effect of different aspects of daily activities of adolescence for sustaining serious unintentional injuries in the past 1 year. Methods: A cross-sectional survey with multistage sampling with validated pretested questionnaire was done among the school-going adolescent boys in Kolkata...
October 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
Ranjit Kumar Dehury, Suhita Chopra Chatterjee
Background: In 2005, the Government of India implemented the National Rural Health Mission for reduction of maternal mortality. One of the major impediments in improving maternal health since then has been a poor management of the Health Management Information System (HMIS) at grass-roots level which could integrate data collection, processing, reporting, and use of information for necessary improvement of health services. Objective: The paper identifies the challenges in generating information for HMIS and its utilization for improvement of maternal health program in the tribal-dominated Jaleswar block in Odisha, India...
October 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
Pallabi Dasgupta, Sharmistha Bhattacherjee, Abhijit Mukherjee, Samir Dasgupta
Background: Despite evidence regarding the beneficial effects of vaccines, vaccination uptake has not been up to the mark across the globe in various sociocultural and sociodemographic groups. Logistics and workforce have been issues of concern to public health managers, but the latent issue of vaccine hesitancy leading to vaccine delays and refusals has not been widely addressed particularly in the Indian context. Objectives: The present study was conducted to find out the proportion and factors contributing to vaccine hesitancy for childhood vaccinations in slums of Siliguri, India...
October 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
Chandrakant S Pandav, Rakesh Kumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
Taskin Khan
In humans, Pthirus pubis or crab louse usually infests hair of pubic region. Phthiriasis palpebrarum (infestation of the eyelashes and eyelids) is not as rare as is reported in literature, especially in low socioeconomic communities. It is possible that the disease is being perhaps missed due to its clinical similarity with anterior blepharitis. The nits and adult lice adhering to the eyelashes can easily be overlooked. This study presents five cases of phthiriasis palpebrarum, coming from the same locality and socioeconomic background, presenting with itching, hyperemia of lids, and excoriation of skin...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
Rakesh Kumar, Aparna Tewari
Near-miss obstetric events (NMEs) refers to the situations where women experience severe, life-threatening obstetric complications during pregnancy, delivery, or postpregnancy (up to 42 days) which they survive either by chance or because they receive good care at a facility. A cross-sectional study was conducted from May to June 2016 at the subdivisional hospital of West Bengal. The WHO near-miss criteria were followed for case identification. Data were collected by interview and record review. No maternal deaths were reported during data collection period; however, the frequency of NMEs was quite high (38%)...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
Shantanu K Kar, Bhagirathi Dwibedi, Vijayalaxmi V Mogasale, Jyotsnamayee Sabat, Vittal Mogasale, Thomas F Wierzba
Up to 25% of hepatitis E virus (HEV)-infected pregnant women in their third trimester die. Despite HEV being an important cause of viral hepatitis, no robust surveillance exists in India. We reviewed jaundice outbreaks records and hospital records from jaundiced individuals seeking treatment and linked those records to laboratory results (HEV immunoglobulin M enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) for January 2012 to September 2013 in Odisha state. A total of 14 HEV confirmed outbreaks were identified, of which 33% of 139 jaundiced cases were HEV positive...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
P V Shilpa, Madhavi Bhargava
Safe drinking water is a basic element of primary health care. The government of India in its Indian Public Health Standards recommends the hydrogen sulfide (H2 S) strip test as a desirable component at primary health centers for screening water for fecal coliforms. The objective of the present study was to conduct a water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) survey followed by a H2 S strip test of drinking water in a village with ninety households. The test was positive in 88% at the source and the point of consumption, with 100% concordance between both the points of test...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
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