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Indian Journal of Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219143/the-utility-of-gamification-in-public-health
#1
LETTER
Connor S Qiu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219142/inappropriate-classification-of-body-mass-index-of-adolescent-girls-under-sabla-scheme
#2
LETTER
Malvika Sharma, Saurav Basu, Bratati Banerjee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219141/biochemical-iodine-deficiency-in-selected-schools-of-aligarh
#3
Mohammad Athar Ansari, Zulfia Khan
The goiter prevalence reflects the iodine deficiency in past while urinary iodine excretion levels (UIEL) gives the current status of iodine nutrition. The study was conducted to assess the status of biochemical iodine deficiency in school children of 1st-5th standard (6-12 years). A total of 907 students of seven schools were included using probability proportional to size method. About 10% of urine samples from total children were tested for UIEL. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS version 20 (IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, Version 20...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219140/-near-miss-obstetric-events-and-maternal-mortality-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#4
Shravya Tallapureddy, Revathi Velagaleti, Himabindu Palutla, Chaitanya Venkata Satti
Obstetric near-miss or severe acute maternal morbidity is gaining interest internationally as a new indicator of the quality of obstetric care. This is a retrospective study conducted using "The WHO Near-Miss Approach" to provide insight into obstetric emergencies, near-miss cases, and maternal deaths in our hospital. The maternal near-miss ratio was 8.4/1000 live births, maternal near-miss to mortality ratio was 5.3:1. Hemorrhage was the leading cause (43.7%) of morbidity in near-miss cases while hypertensive disorders were the leading cause in maternal deaths (66...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219139/a-point-source-outbreak-of-acute-gastroenteritis-among-school-students-in-kerala-india
#5
P S Rakesh, Rajeswaran Thiagesan, Rakesh Ramachandran
An outbreak investigation was initiated following an outbreak of acute gastroenteritis among schoolchildren in Kottarakara. Steps included active search for cases at schools, describing the outbreak in terms of person, place, and time, generating hypothesis based on the findings from descriptive study, environmental observations, and testing the hypothesis using a case-control design. The final line list consisted of 871 children from different schools who attended a Republic Day parade. Having consumed the lemon juice near railway station (odds ratio [OR] 29...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219138/organ-donation-in-india-scarcity-in-abundance
#6
Sandeep Sachdeva
In modern era, India witnessed its first successful corneal, kidney and cardiac transplant in the year 1960, 1967 and 1994 though the reverberations for organ donation and transplantation (ODT) existed since time-memorial with roots existing in Hindu mythology along with vivid example of Guru Dadheech and lord Ganesha. No country in the world is able to meets its organ requirement. Government of India promulgated Transplantation of Human Organ and Tissues Act in 1994 and with the view to enlarge its scope and promote organ donation government has brought new amendments as of year 2014 and 2017...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219137/bridging-miles-to-achieve-milestones-corporate-social-responsibility-for-primary-health-care
#7
Ruchie Gulati
Sustainable Developmental Goals aim to provide "Good health for all". The task though immense ,requires equitable and efficient distribution of health resources to the community, reached predominantly by the Primary Health Centres. Strengthening these centres is essential to attain the goal. Adequate health financing is one of the important determinants for utilizing the optimal potential of these centres . Pooling funds from alternate financing strategies as Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) funds may give impetus and facilitate healthcare affordability to the underserved population...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219136/assessment-of-village-health-sanitation-and-nutrition-committees-of-chandigarh-india
#8
Reetu Passi, Sonu Goel, Sangeeta Ajay
BACKGROUND: Village Health, Sanitation and Nutrition Committees (VHSNCs), one of the key interventions introduced by National Rural Health Mission, are an important mechanism to ensure community participation and ownership for decentralized health planning. OBJECTIVES: To assess the implementation status of VHSNCs and analyze the issues regarding their implementation in the villages of Chandigarh. METHODS: A cross-sectional mix method study was conducted in the year 2015 in all 22 VHSNCs of Chandigarh...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219135/waiting-time-of-inpatients-before-elective-surgical-procedures-at-a-state-government-teaching-hospital-in-india
#9
Shreyasi Ray, Jyotirmay Kirtania
BACKGROUND: Abundant published literature exists addressing the issues of outpatient waiting lists before surgery. However, there is no published literature on inpatient waiting time before elective surgical procedures. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to measure the inpatient waiting time, identify the factors that affect the inpatient waiting time, and recommend the ways of reducing the waiting time of inpatients before elective surgical procedures, at a state government teaching hospital in India...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219134/does-infant-feeding-method-influence-the-incidence-and-pattern-of-morbidities-among-human-immunodeficiency-virus-exposed-uninfected-nigerian-infants
#10
Olusoga Babatunde Ogunfowora, Tinuade Adetutu Ogunlesi, Abiodun Folashade Adekanmbi, Victor Ayodeji Ayeni
BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-exposed infants enrolled into the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV program generally receive antiretroviral therapy (ARV), but the feeding methods differ based on several socioeconomic and cultural differences. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to examine the incidence and pattern of morbidities among HIV-exposed uninfected (HEU) Nigerian infants and determine any relationship with infant feeding methods...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219133/caregiver-burden-on-wives-of-substance-dependent-husbands-and-its-correlates-at-a-tertiary-care-centre-in-northern-india
#11
Bharat Singh Shekhawat, Shreyance Jain, Hariom Kumar Solanki
BACKGROUND: Substance dependence is well recognized as a complex biopsychosocial phenomenon. Complications arising out of it not only impairs life of substance-dependent patient but also causes enormous burden on their caregivers. Little attention has been paid to the relationship between caregiver burden and substance use. OBJECTIVES: The study was conducted to assess and compare the quantum of burden on wives of alcohol and heroin-dependent patients and also to determine the correlation between sociodemographic factors and caregiver burden...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219132/assessment-of-the-performance-of-community-directed-treatment-with-ivermectin-strategy-for-the-control-and-elimination-of-onchocerciasis-in-edo-state-nigeria
#12
Amenze Oritsemofe Onowhakpor, Obehi Hilda Okojie, Victoria A Wagbatsoma
BACKGROUND: Community-directed treatment with ivermectin (CDTI) was developed in the mid 1990's as a solution for the control and elimination of onchocerciasis. It requires that ivermectin be administered continuously over a period of at least 14 years with community involvement before elimination can be achieved. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to assess the performance of CDTI strategy for control and elimination of onchocerciasis in endemic Local Government areas of Edo State...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219131/status-of-early-childhood-education-under-integrated-child-development-services-scheme-in-bankura-municipality-west-bengal
#13
Sumana Samanta, Subhra Samujjwal Basu, Dibakar Haldar, Aditya Prasad Sarkar, Asit Baran Saren, Gautam Narayan Sarkar
BACKGROUND: Early childhood education (ECE) is an important service provided by Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS). It is largely responsible for developing school readiness in children. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to assess ECE component of ICDS services through measurement of school readiness and find out other correlates. METHODS: A cross-sectional evaluation study was carried out among Anganwadi centers (AWCs) under Bankura Municipality, West Bengal, India from July to November 2015...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219130/effects-of-health-education-tool-on-select-epidemiological-factors-associated-with-adult-obese-urban-slum-women
#14
Deepika Pradeep Vora, Pallavi S Shelke
BACKGROUND: National Family Health Survey-3 (2005-2006) India, found that 14.8% of Ever-Married Adults (age 15-49 years) had Body Mass Index (BMI) in the ranges of overweight and obese; compared to 10.6% in the National Family Health Survey-2. These figures highlighted the fact that India already faces a dual burden of chronic malnutrition, i.e., obesity, besides undernutrition. Higher BMI, especially, increased abdominal fat is an important determinant of the development of diabetes...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219129/utilization-of-safe-drinking-water-and-sanitary-facilities-in-slum-households-of-siliguri-west-bengal
#15
Ditipriya Bhar, Sharmistha Bhattacherjee, Abhijit Mukherjee, Tapas Kumar Sarkar, Samir Dasgupta
BACKGROUND: With the rapid expansion of urban population, provision of safe water and basic sanitation is becoming a challenge; especially in slums. This is adversely affecting the health of the people living in such areas. OBJECTIVES: The study was conducted to measure the proportion of households using improved drinking water and sanitation facilities and to determine the association between diarrhea in under-five children with water and sanitation facilities...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219128/economic-burden-of-managing-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-analysis-from-a-teaching-hospital-in-malaysia
#16
Aniza Ismail, Leny Suzana Suddin, Saperi Sulong, Zafar Ahmed, Nor Azmi Kamaruddin, Norlela Sukor
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a chronic disease that consumes a large amount of health-care resources. It is essential to estimate the cost of managing T2DM to the society, especially in developing countries. Economic studies of T2DM as a primary diagnosis would assist efficient health-care resource allocation for disease management. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to measure the economic burden of T2DM as the primary diagnosis for hospitalization from provider's perspective...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219127/dengue-fever-in-a-municipality-of-west-bengal-india-2015-an-outbreak-investigation
#17
Falguni Debnath, Manickam Ponnaiah, Pralay Acharya
BACKGROUND: In November 2015, death due to fever and increased number of fever cases were reported from Baranagar Municipality of North 24 Parganas district of West Bengal. OBJECTIVES: The episode was investigated with the objective to (1) confirm the existence of an outbreak, (2) describe it in terms of time, place, and person, (3) determine the cause of outbreak, and (4) recommend control measures. METHODS: Monthly incidence of dengue from 2012 to 2014 was calculated and compared with 2015 to confirm the outbreak...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219126/impact-of-nutritious-meals-on-the-nutritional-status-of-the-tribal-students-a-comparison-between-centralized-kitchens-annapurna-and-regular-kitchens-in-government-tribal-residential-schools-from-two-districts-of-maharashtra-india
#18
Rajagopal Devara, Devika Deshmukh
BACKGROUND: Tackling undernutrition is a global priority. It is the single largest risk factor influencing the burden of disease estimates at the global level. The Annapurna Project was undertaken by Government of Maharashtra to provide nutritious meals to Ashram/residential tribal school students through a centralized kitchen for achieving optimal growth and development and to prevent morbidity. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of our work was to ascertain whether the provision of nutritious meals through centralized kitchens improves the proportion of underweight and stunted children...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219125/maternal-mortality-an-equity-issue
#19
EDITORIAL
Umesh Chandra Sarma, Swapna D Kakoty
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928322/assessment-of-urinary-cotinine-levels-in-women-with-gynecological-complaints-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-a-pilot-study
#20
A G Radhika, Sruthi Bhaskaran, Jagdish Kaur, Anshuja Singla, Tusha Sharma, B D Banerjee
Gynecological effects due to smokeless tobacco exposure are not well studied. This cross-sectional study was undertaken with the objective to evaluate the urinary cotinine levels in women of reproductive age with gynecological complaints. The study was conducted in 2015 at the outpatient clinic of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University College of Medical Sciences and Guru Teg Bahadur Hospital, Delhi. A total of 192 consecutive women presenting with gynecological complaints (pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), infertility, and menstrual abnormality) were recruited...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
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