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Family Process

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900762/multiple-levels-of-family-factors-and-oppositional-defiant-disorder-symptoms-among-chinese-children
#1
Xiuyun Lin, Longfeng Li, Melissa A Heath, Peilian Chi, Shousen Xu, Xiaoyi Fang
Family factors are closely associated with child developmental outcomes. This study examined the relationship of oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) symptoms and factors at whole family, dyadic, and individual levels in Chinese children. Participants, who were recruited from 14 primary schools in north, east, and south-west China, included 80 father-child dyads and 169 mother-child dyads. Children in the participating dyads were previously diagnosed with ODD. Results revealed that family cohesion/adaptability was indirectly associated with ODD symptoms via parent-child relationship and child emotion regulation...
November 30, 2016: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896805/key-elements-of-a-family-intervention-for-schizophrenia-a-qualitative-analysis-of-an-rct
#2
Jaime Grácio, Manuel Gonçalves-Pereira, Julian Leff
Schizophrenia is a complex biopsychosocial condition in which expressed emotion in family members is a robust predictor of relapse. Not surprisingly, family interventions are remarkably effective and thus recommended in current treatment guidelines. Their key elements seem to be common therapeutic factors, followed by education and coping skills training. However, few studies have explored these key elements and the process of the intervention itself. We conducted a qualitative and quantitative analysis of the records from a pioneering family intervention trial addressing expressed emotion, published by Leff and colleagues four decades ago...
November 29, 2016: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874175/predictors-of-engagement-in-family-mediation-and-outcomes-for-families-that-fail-to-engage
#3
Megan Morris, W Kim Halford, Jemima Petch, David Hardwick
An important limitation to the effectiveness of family mediation in assisting separated parents is parents failing to engage in the mediation process. In 524 parents who presented to a telephone-based mediation service, 113 (22%) initiating parents withdrew from mediation before the other parent was invited to participate, 241 (46%) initiating parents had respondent parents who declined to participate in mediation, and 170 cases (33%) completed mediation. We tested whether socio-demographic variables, psychological distress, coparental acrimony, parenting problems, or children's behavioral difficulties predicted mediation engagement...
November 22, 2016: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859100/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-coach-contact-during-a-brief-online-intervention-for-distressed-couples
#4
McKenzie K Roddy, Kathryn M Nowlan, Brian D Doss
The negative impacts of relationship distress on the couple, the family, and the individual are well-known. However, couples are often unable to access effective treatments to combat these effects-including many couples who might be at highest risk for relationship distress. Online self-help interventions decrease the barriers to treatment and provide couples with high quality, research-based programs they can do on their own. Using a combined multiple baseline and randomized design, the present study investigated the effectiveness of the Brief OurRelationship...
November 17, 2016: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861810/the-effects-of-mother-participation-in-relationship-education-on-coparenting-parenting-and-child-social-competence-modeling-spillover-effects-for-low-income-minority-preschool-children
#5
Francesca Adler-Baeder, Chelsea Garneau, Brian Vaughn, Julianne McGill, Kate Taylor Harcourt, Scott Ketring, Thomas Smith
Although suggestions are that benefits of relationship and marriage education (RME) participation extend from the interparental relationship with parenting and child outcomes, few evaluation studies of RME test these assumptions and the relationship among changes in these areas. This quasi-experimental study focuses on a parallel process growth model that tests a spillover hypothesis of program effects and finds, in a sample of low-income minority mothers with a child attending a Head Start program, that increases in mother reports of coparenting agreement for RME participants predict decreases in their reports of punitive parenting behaviors...
November 14, 2016: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859060/building-alliances-with-in-voluntary-clients-a-study-focused-on-therapists-observable-behaviors
#6
Luciana Sotero, Diana Cunha, José Tomás da Silva, Valentín Escudero, Ana Paula Relvas
This study aimed to compare therapists' observable behaviors to promote alliances with involuntary and voluntary clients during brief family therapy. The therapists' contributions to fostering alliances were rated in sessions 1 and 4 using videotapes of 29 families who were observed in brief therapy. Using the System for Observing Family Therapy Alliances, trained raters searched for specific therapist behaviors that contributed to or detracted from the four alliance dimensions: engagement in the therapeutic process, an emotional connection with the therapist, safety within the therapeutic system, and a shared sense of purpose within the family...
November 14, 2016: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861802/acculturation-conflict-cultural-parenting-self-efficacy-and-perceived-parenting-competence-in-asian-american-and-latino-a-families
#7
Lisa Kiang, Terese Glatz, Christy M Buchanan
Parents from immigrant backgrounds must deal with normative parenting demands as well as unique challenges associated with acculturation processes. The current study examines the independent and interactive influences of acculturation conflict and cultural parenting self-efficacy (PSE; e.g., parents' confidence in instilling heritage, American, and bicultural values in their children) on perceptions of general parenting competence. Using data from 58 Asian American and 153 Latin American parents of children in grades 6-12, ethnic differences were also explored...
November 11, 2016: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861799/mentalizing-family-violence-part-1-conceptual-framework
#8
Eia Asen, Peter Fonagy
This is the first of two companion papers describing concepts and techniques of a mentalization-based approach to understanding and managing family violence. We review evidence that attachment difficulties, sudden high levels of arousal, and poor affect control contribute to a loss of mentalizing capacity, which, in turn, undermines social learning and can favor the transgenerational transmission of violent interaction patterns. It is suggested that physically violent acts are only possible if mentalizing is temporarily inhibited or decoupled...
November 11, 2016: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859099/bidirectional-associations-between-newlyweds-marital-satisfaction-and-marital-problems-over-time
#9
Justin A Lavner, Benjamin R Karney, Hannah C Williamson, Thomas N Bradbury
Prevailing views of marital functioning generally adopt the view that marital problems predict decreases in marital satisfaction, but alternative theoretical perspectives raise the possibility that lowered satisfaction can also predict increases in problems. The current study sought to integrate and compare these perspectives by examining the bidirectional cross-lagged associations between newlyweds' reports of their marital satisfaction and marital problems over the first 4 years of marriage. Using annual assessments from 483 heterosexual newlywed couples, we find evidence for problem-to-satisfaction linkages as well as satisfaction-to-problem linkages...
November 8, 2016: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782298/traumatization-marital-adjustment-and-parenting-among-veterans-and-their-spouses-a-longitudinal-study-of-reciprocal-relations
#10
Yafit Levin, Rahel Bachem, Zahava Solomon
Despite considerable research on secondary traumatization, the ramifications of veterans' and their wives' posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) for the family system remain largely uninvestigated. Beginning to fill this gap, the current study aims to investigate the reciprocal relations between both spouses' PTSS and marital adjustment, and the implications these bear for their parental functioning. Two hundred and twenty-five Israeli veterans (mean age = 58.62, SD = 7.6) from the 1973 Yom Kippur War and their wives (mean age = 58...
October 26, 2016: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774629/longitudinal-effects-of-latino-parent-cultural-stress-depressive-symptoms-and-family-functioning-on-youth-emotional-well-being-and-health-risk-behaviors
#11
Elma I Lorenzo-Blanco, Alan Meca, Jennifer B Unger, Andrea Romero, José Szapocznik, Brandy Piña-Watson, Miguel Ángel Cano, Byron L Zamboanga, Lourdes Baezconde-Garbanati, Sabrina E Des Rosiers, Daniel W Soto, Juan A Villamar, Karina M Lizzi, Monica Pattarroyo, Seth J Schwartz
U.S. Latino parents can face cultural stressors in the form of acculturative stress, perceived discrimination, and a negative context of reception. It stands to reason that these cultural stressors may negatively impact Latino youth's emotional well-being and health risk behaviors by increasing parents' depressive symptoms and compromising the overall functioning of the family. To test this possibility, we analyzed data from a six-wave longitudinal study with 302 recently immigrated (<5 years in the United States) Latino parents (74% mothers, Mage  = 41...
October 23, 2016: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774598/in-sync-and-in-control-a-meta-analysis-of-parent-child-positive-behavioral-synchrony-and-youth-self-regulation
#12
Molly Davis, Joanie Bilms, Cynthia Suveg
A growing body of research has highlighted the connection between parent-child positive behavioral synchrony and youth self-regulation; however, this association has yet to be the focus of a meta-analytic review. Therefore, the present meta-analysis aimed to estimate the magnitude of the relation between parent-child positive behavioral synchrony and youth self-regulation and to identify moderator variables that can explain the variability in the degree of this association across the extant literature. A thorough literature search of two major databases, in addition to scanning the reference sections of relevant articles, yielded a total of 10 peer-reviewed articles (24 effect sizes, 658 children) that were eligible for inclusion in the current meta-analysis...
October 23, 2016: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734461/the-focus-family-resilience-program-an-innovative-family-intervention-for-trauma-and-loss
#13
William R Saltzman
This article describes the core principles and components of the FOCUS Program, a brief intervention for families contending with single or multiple trauma or loss events. It has been administered nationally to thousands of military family members since 2008 and has been implemented in a wide range of civilian community, medical, clinical, and school settings. Developed by a team from the UCLA and Harvard Medical Schools, the FOCUS Program provides a structured approach for joining with traditional and nontraditional families, crafting shared goals, and then working with parents, children, and the entire family to build communication, make meaning out of traumatic experiences, and practice specific skills that support family resilience...
October 13, 2016: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27731494/the-effectiveness-of-functional-family-therapy-for-adolescent-behavioral-and-substance-misuse-problems-a-meta-analysis
#14
Dan Hartnett, Alan Carr, Elena Hamilton, Gary O'Reilly
A systematic review of published and unpublished English language articles identified 14 studies containing 18 comparisons between functional family therapy (FFT) and another condition in the treatment of adolescent disruptive behavior and substance use disorders. In 11 of these comparisons, assignment to conditions was random, while nonrandom assignment occurred in seven studies. For both random and nonrandom comparisons, separate meta-analyses were conducted for subgroups of studies depending on the type of comparison group used...
October 12, 2016: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718223/observed-mother-and-father-child-interaction-differences-in-families-with-medically-assisted-reproduction-conceived-twins-and-singletons
#15
Kayla N Anderson, Martha A Rueter, Jennifer J Connor, Bibiana D Koh
Increased medically assisted reproduction (MAR) use to treat infertility has resulted in a growing twin birth rate. Little is known about parent-child relationships for twin relative to singleton children in middle childhood. This study fills this gap by examining parent-child relationships in 57 families with eighty 6- to 12-year-old MAR twin and singleton children using observational data (warm and supportive communication, control, and hostility). Nested ANCOVAs indicate that while mothers exhibit similar interactional behaviors toward twins and singletons, fathers have less optimum behaviors toward twins relative to singletons...
October 8, 2016: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718220/discrimination-internalized-homonegativity-and-attitudes-toward-children-of-same-sex-parents-can-secure-attachment-buffer-against-stigma-internalization
#16
Leora Trub, Ella Quinlan, Tyrel J Starks, Lisa Rosenthal
With increasing numbers of same-sex couples raising children in the United States, discriminatory attitudes toward children of same-sex parents (ACSSP) are of increasing concern. As with other forms of stigma and discrimination, lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) individuals are at risk for internalizing these societal attitudes, which can negatively affect parenting-related decisions and behaviors and the mental and physical health of their children. Secure attachment is characterized by positive views of the self as loveable and worthy of care that are understood to develop in early relationships with caregivers...
October 8, 2016: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663189/parental-cognitive-errors-mediate-parental-psychopathology-and-ratings-of-child-inattention
#17
Lauren M Haack, Yuan Jiang, Kevin Delucchi, Nina Kaiser, Keith McBurnett, Stephen Hinshaw, Linda Pfiffer
We investigate the Depression-Distortion Hypothesis in a sample of 199 school-aged children with ADHD-Predominantly Inattentive presentation (ADHD-I) by examining relations and cross-sectional mediational pathways between parental characteristics (i.e., levels of parental depressive and ADHD symptoms) and parental ratings of child problem behavior (inattention, sluggish cognitive tempo, and functional impairment) via parental cognitive errors. Results demonstrated a positive association between parental factors and parental ratings of inattention, as well as a mediational pathway between parental depressive and ADHD symptoms and parental ratings of inattention via parental cognitive errors...
September 24, 2016: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27662825/addressing-culture-gender-and-power-with-asian-american-couples-application-of-socio-emotional-relationship-therapy
#18
Jessica ChenFeng, Lana Kim, Yuwei Wu, Carmen Knudson-Martin
Asian Americans juggle the intersections of multiple social identities and societal discourses as they respond to experiences of immigration, marginalization, and patriarchy, integrate collectivist and individualistic family values, and form families and intimate relationships. In this study we examine what we have learned as we apply Socio-Emotional Relationship Therapy (SERT) with heterosexual couples of Asian heritage. SERT begins with sociocultural attunement and the assumption that relationships should mutually support each partner...
September 24, 2016: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660107/child-characteristics-parent-education-and-depressive-symptoms-and-marital-conflict-predicting-trajectories-of-parenting-behavior-from-childhood-through-early-adolescence-in-taiwan
#19
Yi-Ping Hsieh, Anne Dopkins Stright, Lee-Lan Yen
The study examined how child and parent characteristics, and contextual sources of stress, such as marital conflict predict initial status and trajectories of parent involvement, support, and harsh control, over a 4-year period in families in Taiwan (n = 4,754). Based on Belsky's (1984) ecological model of parenting, three domains predicting parenting were tested, child characteristics (age cohort and gender), father and mother characteristics (education and depressive symptoms), and contextual sources of stress (marital conflict)...
September 23, 2016: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610953/deployment-related-benefit-finding-and-postdeployment-marital-satisfaction-in-military-couples
#20
Keith D Renshaw, Sarah B Campbell
Extensive research has evaluated potential negative effects of military deployments on romantic relationships. Comparatively few studies have examined potential positive effects of such deployments. In stressful situations, benefit finding (BF) has been found to be linked with better functioning on both individual and interpersonal levels. This study reports on deployment-related BF in a sample of 67 male service members (SMs) who deployed at least once since 9/11/2001 and their wives. Couples completed measures of marital satisfaction at baseline (an average of 1 year postdeployment) and follow-up 4-6 months later...
September 9, 2016: Family Process
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