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Family Process

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887892/recoupling-in-mid-life-and-beyond-from-love-at-last-to-not-so-fast
#1
Patricia L Papernow
Divorce rates have dropped in the United States, except for couples over 50 where they are rising steeply, along with rates of late-life recoupling. Both stepcouples and their young adult and adult children in new older stepfamilies are often surprised to find themselves facing many of the same challenges that younger stepfamilies do. Some challenges are even intensified by the decades-long relationships and additional layers of extended family that come with recoupling after mid-life. Stepfamilies formed in later life must also negotiate decisions about estate planning and elder care among stakeholders who often have sharply divergent agendas before there is time to establish trusting relationships...
September 9, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887888/neurocognitive-impairment-addressing-couple-and-family-challenges
#2
John S Rolland
Conditions involving neurocognitive impairment pose enormous challenges to couples and families. However, research and practice tend to focus narrowly on immediate issues for individual caregivers and their dyadic relationship with the affected member. A broad family systems approach with attention to family processes over time is needed in training, practice, and research. In this paper, Rolland's Family Systems Illness model provides a guiding framework to consider the interaction of different psychosocial types of neurocognitive conditions and their evolution over time with individual, couple, and family life-course development...
September 9, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870000/effectiveness-of-the-hold-me-tight-relationship-enhancement-program-in-a-self-referred-and-a-clinician-referred-sample-an-emotionally-focused-couples-therapy-based-approach
#3
Henk Jan Conradi, Pieter Dingemanse, Arjen Noordhof, Catrin Finkenauer, Jan H Kamphuis
While evidence-based couple therapies are available, only a minority of troubled couples seek help and they often do this too late. To reach more couples earlier, the couple relationship education (CRE) group program "Hold me Tight" (HmT) based on Emotionally Focused Couples Therapy (EFCT) was developed. This study is the first to examine the effectiveness of HmT. Using a three-wave (waiting period, treatment, and follow-up) within-subject design, HmT was delivered to 79 self-referred couples and 50 clinician-referred couples...
September 4, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833058/the-experience-of-prisoners-parents-a-meta-synthesis-of-qualitative-studies
#4
Keren Gueta
The parents of prisoners have long drawn the attention of researchers, due to their role in the etiology of criminality as well as the importance of their support of their offspring during and after incarceration. However, although studies have shown that the parents of prisoners experience high levels of distress, burden, and social stigma, research into their experience is only now beginning to emerge. This metasynthesis examined the limited body of qualitative research on the experience of prisoners' parents, as an exploratory step toward advancing the understanding of their experience...
August 19, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815580/deciding-to-come-out-to-parents-toward-a-model-of-sexual-orientation-disclosure-decisions
#5
Erika L Grafsky
The purpose of this study was to conduct research to understand nonheterosexual youths' decision to disclose their sexual orientation information to their parents. The sample for this study includes 22 youth between the ages of 14 and 21. Constructivist grounded theory guided the qualitative methodology and data analysis. The findings from this study posit an emerging model of sexual orientation disclosure decisions comprised of four interrelated factors that influence the decision to disclose or not disclose, as well as a description of the mechanism through which disclosure either does or does not occur...
August 16, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796290/family-profiles-of-cohesion-and-parenting-practices-and-latino-youth-adjustment
#6
Mayra Y Bámaca-Colbert, Melinda Gonzales-Backen, Carolyn S Henry, Peter S Y Kim, Martha Zapata Roblyer, Scott W Plunkett, Tovah Sands
Using a sample of 279 (52% female) Latino youth in 9th grade (M = 14.57, SD = .56), we examined profiles of family cohesion and parenting practices and their relation to youth adjustment. The results of latent profile analyses revealed four family profiles: Engaged, Supportive, Intrusive, and Disengaged. Latino youth in the Supportive family profile showed most positive adjustment (highest self-esteem and lowest depressive symptoms), followed by youth in the Engaged family profile. Youth in the Intrusive and Disengaged profiles showed the lowest levels of positive adjustment...
August 10, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752924/couple-therapy-with-veterans-early-improvements-and-predictors-of-early-dropout
#7
Melanie S Fischer, Vickie Bhatia, Jenna L Baddeley, Rawya Al-Jabari, Julian Libet
Family services within Veterans Affairs Medical Centers fulfill an important role in addressing relationship distress among Veterans, which is highly prevalent and comorbid with psychopathology. However, even for evidence-based couple therapies, effectiveness is weaker compared to controlled studies, maybe because many Veteran couples drop out early and do not reach the "active" treatment stage after the 3-4 session assessment. In order to improve outcomes, it is critical to identify couples at high risk for early dropout, and understand whether couples may benefit from the assessment as an intervention...
July 28, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736913/a-community-responsive-adaptation-to-reach-and-engage-latino-families-affected-by-maternal-depression
#8
Carmen R Valdez, Alyssa Ramirez Stege, Elizabeth Martinez, Stephanie D'Costa, Thomas Chavez
As family researchers and practitioners seek to improve the quality and accessibility of mental health services for immigrant families, they have turned to culturally adapted interventions. Although many advancements have been made in adapting interventions for such families, we have yet to understand how the adaptation can ensure that the intervention is reaching families identified to be in greatest need within a local system of care and community. We argue that reaching, engaging, and understanding the needs of families entails a collaborative approach with multiple community partners to ensure that adaptations to intervention content and delivery are responsive to the sociocultural trajectory of families within a community...
July 23, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736896/studying-stepfamilies-four-eras-of-family-scholarship
#9
Lawrence Ganong, Marilyn Coleman
Historically, there have always been stepfamilies, but until the early 1970s, they remained largely unnoticed by social scientists. Research interest in stepfamilies followed shortly after divorce became the primary precursor to stepfamily formation. Because stepfamilies are structurally diverse and much more complex than nuclear families, they have created considerable challenges for both researchers and clinicians. This article examines four eras of stepfamily scholarship, tracing the development of research questions, study designs and methods, and conceptual frameworks from the mid-1970s to the present and drawing implications for the current state of the field...
July 23, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736892/anger-can-help-a-transactional-model-and-three-pathways-of-the-experience-and-expression-of-anger
#10
Mark H Butler, Kierea C Meloy-Miller, Ryan B Seedall, J Logan Dicus
Anger is a significant human emotion with far-reaching implications for individuals and relationships. We propose a transactional model of anger that highlights its relational relevance and potentially positive function, in addition to problematic malformations. By evolutionary design, physical, self-concept, or attachment threats all similarly trigger diffuse physiological arousal, psychologically experienced as anger-emotion. Anger is first a signaling and motivational system. Anger is then formed to affirming, productive use or malformed to destructive ends...
July 23, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714147/communication-of-information-about-genetic-risks-putting-families-at-the-center
#11
Álvaro Mendes, Alison Metcalfe, Milena Paneque, Liliana Sousa, Angus J Clarke, Jorge Sequeiros
Genetic information is a family affair. With the expansion of genomic technologies, many new causal genes and variants have been established and the potential for molecular diagnoses increased, with implications not only for patients but also their relatives. The need for genetic counseling and intrafamilial circulation of information on genetic risks grew accordingly. Also, the amount and, particularly, the complexity of the information to convey multiplied. Sharing information about genetic risks with family members, however, has never been an easy matter and often becomes a source of personal and familial conflicts and distress...
July 16, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691198/dyadic-coping-in-couple-therapy-process-an-exploratory-study
#12
Davide Margola, Silvia Donato, Monica Accordini, Robert E Emery, Douglas K Snyder
This study aimed at moving beyond previous research on couple therapy efficacy by examining moment-by-moment proximal couple and therapist interactions as well as final treatment outcomes and their reciprocal association. Seven hundred four episodes of dyadic coping within 56 early therapy sessions, taken from 28 married couples in treatment, were intensively analyzed and processed using a mixed-methods software (T-LAB). Results showed that negative dyadic coping was self-perpetuating, and therapists tended to passively observe the negative couple interaction; on the contrary, positive dyadic coping appeared to require a therapist's intervention to be maintained, and successful interventions mainly included information gathering as well as interpreting...
July 10, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657111/changing-me-changing-us-relationship-quality-and-collective-efficacy-as-major-outcomes-in-systemic-couple-therapy
#13
Corina Aguilar-Raab, Dennis Grevenstein, Linda Gotthardt, Marc N Jarczok, Christina Hunger, Beate Ditzen, Jochen Schweitzer
We examine the sensitivity to change in the Evaluation of Social Systems (EVOS) scale, which assesses relationship quality and collective efficacy. In Study 1 we conducted a waitlist-control, short-term couple therapy RCT study (N = 43 couples) with five systemic therapy sessions treating communication and partnership problems; our intent was to provide high external validity. Construct validity of EVOS was assessed by comparison with additionally applied scales (Family Scales; Outcome Questionnaire, OQ-45...
June 28, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862336/editorial-emerging-principles-of-practice-in-couple-and-family-therapy
#14
EDITORIAL
Jay L Lebow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663189/parental-cognitive-errors-mediate-parental-psychopathology-and-ratings-of-child-inattention
#15
Lauren M Haack, Yuan Jiang, Kevin Delucchi, Nina Kaiser, Keith McBurnett, Stephen Hinshaw, Linda Pfiffner
We investigate the Depression-Distortion Hypothesis in a sample of 199 school-aged children with ADHD-Predominantly Inattentive presentation (ADHD-I) by examining relations and cross-sectional mediational pathways between parental characteristics (i.e., levels of parental depressive and ADHD symptoms) and parental ratings of child problem behavior (inattention, sluggish cognitive tempo, and functional impairment) via parental cognitive errors. Results demonstrated a positive association between parental factors and parental ratings of inattention, as well as a mediational pathway between parental depressive and ADHD symptoms and parental ratings of inattention via parental cognitive errors...
September 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27443944/navigating-critical-theory-and-postmodernism-social-justice-and-therapist-power-in-family-therapy
#16
Justine D'Arrigo-Patrick, Chris Hoff, Carmen Knudson-Martin, Amy Tuttle
The family therapy field encourages commitment to diversity and social justice, but offers varying ideas about how to attentively consider these issues. Critical informed models advocate activism, whereas postmodern informed models encourage multiple perspectives. It is often not clear how activism and an emphasis on multiple perspectives connect, engendering the sense that critical and postmodern practices may be disparate. To understand how therapists negotiate these perspectives in practice, this qualitative grounded theory analysis drew on interviews with 11 therapists, each known for their work from both critical and postmodern perspectives...
September 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27199110/paternal-caregivers-parenting-practices-and-psychological-functioning-among-african-american-youth-living-in-urban-public-housing
#17
Otima Doyle, Trenette Clark Goings, Qiana R Cryer-Coupet, Margaret Lombe, Jennifer Stephens, Von E Nebbitt
Structural factors associated with public housing contribute to living environments that expose families to adverse life events that may in turn directly impact parenting and youth outcomes. However, despite the growth in research on fathers, research on families in public housing has practically excluded fathers and the role fathers play in the well-being of their adolescents. Using a sample of 660 African American adolescents recruited from public housing, we examined the relationship between paternal caregivers' (i...
September 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26712242/family-resource-allocation-after-firstborns-leave-home-implications-for-secondborns-academic-functioning
#18
Alexander C Jensen, Shawn D Whiteman, Julia M Bernard, Susan M McHale
This study assessed secondborn adolescents' perceptions of changes in the allocation of family resources following their firstborn siblings' departure from home after high school, and whether perceived changes were related to changes over 1 year in secondborns' academic functioning. Participants were secondborn siblings (mean age = 16.58, SD = 0.91) from 115 families in which the older sibling had left the family home in the previous year. Allocation of resources was measured via coded qualitative interviews...
September 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623842/what-are-they-thinking-a-national-study-of-stability-and-change-in-divorce-ideation
#19
Alan J Hawkins, Adam M Galovan, Steven M Harris, Sage E Allen, Sarah M Allen, Kelly M Roberts, David G Schramm
This study reports on a nationally representative sample of married individuals ages 25-50 (N = 3,000) surveyed twice (1 year apart) to investigate the phenomenon of divorce ideation, or what people are thinking when they are thinking about divorce. Twenty-eight percent of respondents had thought their marriage was in serious trouble in the past but not recently. Another 25% had thoughts about divorce in the last 6 months. Latent Class Analysis revealed three distinct groups among those thinking about divorce at Time 1: soft thinkers (49%), long-term-serious thinkers (45%), and conflicted thinkers (6%)...
June 17, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621013/daily-events-for-clinical-couples-examining-therapy-interventions-positive-events-arguments-and-exercise-in-the-beginning-stage-of-therapy
#20
Lee N Johnson, Kayla D Mennenga, Megan Oka, Rachel B Tambling, Shayne R Anderson, Jeremy Yorgason
This study examined the daily association of several events within the beginning phase of couple therapy. Events examined were as follows: trying something from therapy, an argument, a positive event, and physical exercise. Participants were 33 couples in a treatment-as-usual setting who completed the Daily Diary of Events in Couple Therapy (DDECT). A dyadic multilevel model was used to explore the daily associations between predictor and outcome variables. Results showed when male partners tried something from therapy at rates greater than the average their female partners reported a more positive relationship while when female partners tried something from therapy at rates greater than the average it contributed to a more negative relationship...
June 15, 2017: Family Process
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