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Family Process

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217889/co-occurring-trajectory-of-mothers-substance-use-and-psychological-control-and-children-s-behavior-problems-the-effects-of-a-family-systems-intervention
#1
Jing Zhang, Natasha Slesnick, Xin Feng
This study examined the effects of a family systems therapy (Ecologically-Based Family Therapy [EBFT]) on the co-occurring trajectory of mothers' substance use and psychological control, and its association with children's problem behaviors. Participants included 183 mothers with a substance use disorder who had at least one biological child in their care. Mothers were randomly assigned to one of the three intervention conditions: EBFT-home, n = 62; EBFT-office, n = 61; or Women's Health Education, n = 60...
February 19, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205225/global-mental-health-a-call-for-increased-awareness-and-action-for-family-therapists
#2
Jo Ellen Patterson, Todd M Edwards, Susanna Vakili
Global mental health (GMH) is an emerging field that focuses on the need for culturally sensitive mental health services in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). While many new initiatives have been established worldwide to understand GMH needs and to provide care in LMICs, family therapists have primarily worked with families in high-income countries. The few existing family-based initiatives in GMH focus on psychoeducation and are typically not based on general systems theory. However, emerging trends in family therapy may enable family therapists to impact mental health issues in LMICs...
February 15, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205204/the-score-family-assessment-questionnaire-a-decade-of-progress
#3
Alan Carr, Peter Stratton
This paper reviews a decade of research (2006-2016) on a family assessment instrument called the Systemic Clinical Outcome and Routine Evaluation (SCORE). The SCORE was developed in Europe to monitor progress and outcome in systemic therapy and has been adopted by the European Family Therapy Association as the main instrument for assessing the outcome in systemic family and couple therapy. There are currently six main versions of this instrument: SCORE-40, SCORE-15, SCORE-28, SCORE-29, Child SCORE-15, and Relational SCORE-15...
February 15, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197994/a-population-based-comparison-of-female-and-male-same-sex-parent-and-different-sex-parent-households
#4
Henny M W Bos, Lisette Kuyper, Nanette K Gartrell
This investigation compared Dutch same-sex parent and different-sex parent households on children's psychological well-being, parenting stress, and support in child rearing. It was also assessed whether associations among children's well-being, parenting stress, and support in child rearing were different in the two household types. Data were based on a nationally representative survey (N = 25,250). Matching was used to enhance similarity in background characteristics between both types of families. Parental and child characteristics were matched for 43 female same-sex parent, 52 male same-sex parent, and 95 different-sex parent households with offspring between 5 and 18 years old...
February 15, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191632/from-fathers-to-sons-the-intergenerational-transmission-of-parenting-behavior-among-african-american-young-men
#5
Geoffrey L Brown, Steven M Kogan, Jihyoung Kim
This study examined the intergenerational transmission of fathering among young, African American fathers in rural communities. A sample of 132 African American young men living in the rural South reported on the quality of their relationship with their biological and social fathers in the family of origin, their own involvement with their young children, and relational schemas of close, intimate relationships. Results of path analyses supported the hypothesized mediational model, such that a better relationship with one's biological (but not social) father predicted increased father involvement in the next generation, and this association was partially mediated through positive relational schema after controlling for a range of covariates...
February 13, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133724/mentalizing-family-violence-part-2-techniques-and-interventions
#6
Eia Asen, Peter Fonagy
This is the second of two companion papers that provide an overview of mentalization-based concepts and techniques when working with the seeming "mindlessness" of intra-family violence. The focus of this paper is on general mentalization-oriented approaches and specific interventions that aim to (1) disrupt the non-mentalizing cycles that can generate intra-family violence and (2) encourage the emergence of patterns of family interactions that provide the foundation for non-violent alternatives. Various playful exercises and activities are described, including the taking of "mental state snapshots" and "selfies" in sessions and staging inverted role-plays, as well as using theatrical masks and creating body-mind maps and scans...
January 29, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054349/-we-hardly-ever-talk-about-it-emotional-responsive-attunement-in-couples-after-a-child-s-death
#7
An Hooghe, Paul C Rosenblatt, Peter Rober
Within Western cultural traditions, the idea that parents should talk about the death of their child with each other is deeply rooted. However, across bereaved parent couples there are wide variations in communication about their grief with each other. In this study, we explored the experiences of bereaved couples related to the process of talking and not talking. We used a thematic coding approach to analyze 20 interviews with 26 bereaved parents (11 interviewed as couples, four as individuals). Four main meanings emerged out of our analysis: not talking because of the inadequacy and pointlessness of words in grief, not talking as a way to regulate emotions in daily life, not talking as an expression of a personal, intimate process, and not talking because the partner has the same loss but a different grief process...
January 5, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004851/relationship-quality-with-parents-implications-for-own-and-partner-well-being-in-middle-aged-couples
#8
Courtney A Polenick, Steffany J Fredman, Kira S Birditt, Steven H Zarit
Relationships with parents have significant implications for well-being throughout the lifespan. At midlife, these ties are situated within both developmental and family contexts that often involve the adult offspring's spouse. Yet, it is not known how ties with aging parents are related to psychological well-being within middle-aged couples. This study examined how middle-aged wives' and husbands' views of the current quality of relationships with their own parents (positive and negative) are linked to their own and their partner's psychological well-being...
December 22, 2016: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988925/contributions-of-observed-parent-socialization-of-coping-and-skin-conductance-level-reactivity-to-childhood-adjustment
#9
Sarah Stanger, Jamie Abaied, Caitlin Wagner, Wesley Sanders
This research examined the longitudinal association between parent socialization of coping and child adjustment, as well as the moderating role of children's skin conductance level reactivity (SCLR). Participants were a community sample of children (n = 64, M age = 9.02, 54.5% females, 93.2% Caucasian) and their parent(s). Parent coping suggestions were observed while their child engaged in a stressful challenge task, during which the child's SCLR, a measure of children's physiological reactivity to stress, was also measured...
December 18, 2016: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900762/multiple-levels-of-family-factors-and-oppositional-defiant-disorder-symptoms-among-chinese-children
#10
Xiuyun Lin, Longfeng Li, Melissa A Heath, Peilian Chi, Shousen Xu, Xiaoyi Fang
Family factors are closely associated with child developmental outcomes. This study examined the relationship of oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) symptoms and factors at whole family, dyadic, and individual levels in Chinese children. Participants, who were recruited from 14 primary schools in north, east, and south-west China, included 80 father-child dyads and 169 mother-child dyads. Children in the participating dyads were previously diagnosed with ODD. Results revealed that family cohesion/adaptability was indirectly associated with ODD symptoms via parent-child relationship and child emotion regulation...
November 30, 2016: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896805/key-elements-of-a-family-intervention-for-schizophrenia-a-qualitative-analysis-of-an-rct
#11
Jaime Grácio, Manuel Gonçalves-Pereira, Julian Leff
Schizophrenia is a complex biopsychosocial condition in which expressed emotion in family members is a robust predictor of relapse. Not surprisingly, family interventions are remarkably effective and thus recommended in current treatment guidelines. Their key elements seem to be common therapeutic factors, followed by education and coping skills training. However, few studies have explored these key elements and the process of the intervention itself. We conducted a qualitative and quantitative analysis of the records from a pioneering family intervention trial addressing expressed emotion, published by Leff and colleagues four decades ago...
November 29, 2016: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921307/editorial-family-resilience
#12
EDITORIAL
Jay L Lebow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921306/applying-a-family-resilience-framework-in-training-practice-and-research-mastering-the-art-of-the-possible
#13
Froma Walsh
With growing interest in systemic views of human resilience, this article updates and clarifies our understanding of the concept of resilience as involving multilevel dynamic processes over time. Family resilience refers to the functioning of the family system in dealing with adversity: Assessment and intervention focus on the family impact of stressful life challenges and the family processes that foster positive adaptation for the family unit and all members. The application of a family resilience framework is discussed and illustrated in clinical and community-based training and practice...
December 2016: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734461/the-focus-family-resilience-program-an-innovative-family-intervention-for-trauma-and-loss
#14
William R Saltzman
This article describes the core principles and components of the FOCUS Program, a brief intervention for families contending with single or multiple trauma or loss events. It has been administered nationally to thousands of military family members since 2008 and has been implemented in a wide range of civilian community, medical, clinical, and school settings. Developed by a team from the UCLA and Harvard Medical Schools, the FOCUS Program provides a structured approach for joining with traditional and nontraditional families, crafting shared goals, and then working with parents, children, and the entire family to build communication, make meaning out of traumatic experiences, and practice specific skills that support family resilience...
December 2016: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27597440/pathways-of-risk-and-resilience-impact-of-a-family-resilience-program-on-active-duty-military-parents
#15
William R Saltzman, Patricia Lester, Norweeta Milburn, Kirsten Woodward, Judith Stein
Over the past decade, studies into the impact of wartime deployment and related adversities on service members and their families have offered empirical support for systemic models of family functioning and a more nuanced understanding of the mechanisms by which stress and trauma reverberate across family and partner relationships. They have also advanced our understanding of the ways in which families may contribute to the resilience of children and parents contending with the stressors of serial deployments and parental physical and psychological injuries...
December 2016: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27578291/building-resilience-in-families-communities-and-organizations-a-training-program-in-global-mental-health-and-psychosocial-support
#16
Jack Saul, Winnifred Simon
This article describes the Summer Institute in Global Mental Health and Psychosocial Support, a brief immersion training program for mental health, health, and allied professionals who work with populations that have endured severe adversities and trauma, such as domestic and political violence, extreme poverty, armed conflict, epidemics, and natural disasters. The course taught participants to apply collaborative and contextually sensitive approaches to enhance social connectedness and resilience in families, communities, and organizations...
December 2016: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27489227/cultivating-resilience-in-families-who-foster-understanding-how-families-cope-and-adapt-over-time
#17
Cynthia A Lietz, Francie J Julien-Chinn, Jennifer M Geiger, Megan Hayes Piel
Families who foster offer essential care for children and youth when their own parents are unable to provide for their safety and well-being. Foster caregivers face many challenges including increased workload, emotional distress, and the difficulties associated with health and mental health problems that are more common in children in foster care. Despite these stressors, many families are able to sustain fostering while maintaining or enhancing functioning of their unit. This qualitative study applied an adaptational process model of family resilience that emerged in previous studies to examine narratives of persistent, long-term, and multiple fostering experiences...
December 2016: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27198906/relational-resilience-in-m%C3%A4-ori-pacific-and-european-sole-parent-families-from-theory-and-research-to-social-policy
#18
Charles Waldegrave, Peter King, Maria Maniapoto, Taimalieutu Kiwi Tamasese, Tafaoimalo Loudeen Parsons, Ginny Sullivan
This study reports findings and policy recommendations from a research project that applied a relational resilience framework to a study of 60 sole parent families in New Zealand, with approximately equal numbers of Māori, Pacific, and European (White) participants. The sole parent families involved were already known to be resilient and the study focused on identifying the relationships and strategies underlying the achievement and maintenance of their resilience. The study was carried out to provide an evidence base for the development and implementation of policies and interventions to both support sole parent families who have achieved resilience and assist those who struggle to do so...
December 2016: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26896326/narrative-solutions-using-preferred-view-of-self-to-motivate-individual-and-family-change
#19
Thomas Lund, Joseph Eron, Steve Dagirmanjian
This article describes refinements of the Narrative Solutions approach to individual and family therapy we first presented in Family Process 22 years ago. The centerpiece of this integrative (narrative-strategic) model is "preferred view of self," or the constellation of qualities people would like to see in themselves and have others see in them. We assume that problems generally involve one or more people mismanaging discrepancies or "gaps" between preferred views of self and either their actual behavior or how they see others seeing them and their behavior...
December 2016: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26519354/discovery-of-a-partner-affair-and-major-depressive-episode-in-a-probability-sample-of-married-or-cohabiting-adults
#20
Mark A Whisman
Prior research has found that humiliating marital events are associated with depression. Building on this research, the current study investigated the association between one specific humiliating marital event-discovering that one's partner had an affair-and past-year major depressive episode (MDE) in a probability sample of married or cohabiting men and women who were at high risk for depression based on the criterion that they scored below the midpoint on a measure of marital satisfaction (N = 227). Results indicate that (i) women were more likely than men to report discovering their partner had an affair in the prior 12 months; (ii) discovering a partner affair was associated with a higher prevalence of past-year MDE and a lower level of marital adjustment; and (iii) the association between discovering a partner affair and MDE remained statistically significant when holding constant demographic variables and marital adjustment...
December 2016: Family Process
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