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American Journal of Orthopsychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301176/trajectories-on-the-path-to-reciprocity-a-theoretical-framework-for-collaborating-with-socioeconomically-disadvantaged-communities
#1
Maria Minas, Maria Teresa Ribeiro, James P Anglin
The importance of cultivating connection to enhance individual, relational and collective well-being is gaining attention in the current literature on building community. Although these goals are being increasingly considered, the concept of reciprocity has been less prominent than may be warranted in the field of psychology. This article presents a theoretical framework on the dynamics of reciprocity which resulted from grounded theory (GT) research involving 2 complementary studies. The first study involved 22 participants from different socioeconomic backgrounds engaged in "reflecting-team with appreciative audiences" sessions (Madsen, 2007) in Portugal...
March 16, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301175/identifying-variability-in-permanent-supportive-housing-a-comparative-effectiveness-approach-to-measuring-health-outcomes
#2
Julia Dickson-Gomez, Katherine Quinn, Arturo Bendixen, Amy Johnson, Kelly Nowicki, Thant Ko Ko, Carol Galletly
Supportive housing has become the dominant model in the United States to provide housing to the chronically homeless and to improve their housing stability and health. Most supportive housing programs follow a "housing first" paradigm modeled after the Pathways to Housing program in New York City. However, components of housing first supportive housing models were poorly defined, and supportive models have varied considerably in their dissemination and implementation to other parts of the country. Recently, research has been conducted to determine the fidelity by which specific housing programs adhere to the Pathways Housing First model...
March 16, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287780/examining-the-effects-of-a-novel-training-program-and-use-of-psychiatric-service-dogs-for-military-related-ptsd-and-associated-symptoms
#3
Megan L Kloep, Richard H Hunter, Sarah J Kertz
This study explored an intensive 3-week training program and use of psychiatric service dogs for military-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and associated symptoms. The sample included 2 separate cohorts of military veterans (n = 7 and n = 5) with prior diagnoses of PTSD. Participants completed self-report measures assessing PTSD, depression, perception of social support, anger, and overall quality of life 1 month prior to the training (baseline), at arrival to the training site, and 6-month follow-up...
March 13, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287779/peer-victimization-and-substance-use-among-african-american-adolescents-and-emerging-adults-on-chicago-s-southside
#4
Jun Sung Hong, Dexter R Voisin, Sujung Cho, Douglas C Smith, Stella M Resko
Urban African-American youth residing in poorly resourced communities are at a heightened risk of peer victimization, which consequently increases their likelihood of risky behaviors such as substance use. The present study examined whether there was a direct relationship between peer victimization and substance use and whether it was mediated by negative peer norms, internalizing problems, and bullying perpetration. African-American youth (n = 638) completed a self-administered questionnaire on age, biological sex, socioeconomic status, lifetime substance use, peer victimization and bullying perpetration, negative peer norms, and internalizing problems...
March 13, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287778/physical-family-violence-and-externalizing-and-internalizing-behaviors-among-children-and-adolescents
#5
Lynette M Renner, Shamra Boel-Studt
Family violence has been associated with various negative outcomes among children and adolescents. Yet, less is known about how unique forms of physical family violence contribute to externalizing and internalizing behaviors based on a child's developmental stage. Using data from the Illinois Families Study and administrative Child Protective Services data, we explored the relation between 3 types of physical family violence victimization and externalizing and internalizing behaviors among a sample of 2,402 children and adolescents...
March 13, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277689/the-moderating-role-of-relationship-skills-education-on-depressive-symptoms-in-fathers-with-young-children
#6
Jaipaul L Roopnarine, Elif Dede Yildirim
Drawing on couple-focused prevention intervention models that target family level processes, we used complier average causal effect (CACE) estimates to determine whether relationship skills education moderated the association between fathers' depressive symptoms assessed when their children were 15-months-old and again when their children were 36-months-old. The sample consisted of low-income Hispanic American, European American, and African American fathers (N = 2,540) from the Building Strong Families Study...
March 9, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277688/-his-skin-doesn-t-match-what-he-wants-to-do-children-s-perceptions-of-stereotype-threat
#7
Kate M Wegmann
Stereotype threat is a key contributor to chronic racial/ethnic disparities in mental health, physical health, and academic outcomes. Emerging evidence suggests that stereotype threat may be a critical concern for narrowing these disparities. The objective of the current study is to determine whether children between the ages of 7-11 consciously perceive stereotype threat, and to examine children's descriptions of the phenomenon. Age-appropriate vignettes illustrated 6 forms of stereotype threat. 15 children from diverse racial/ethnic backgrounds read and responded to 3 vignettes each...
March 9, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277687/subjective-social-status-and-rumination-in-relation-to-anxiety-and-depressive-symptoms-and-psychopathology-among-economically-disadvantaged-latinos-in-primary-care
#8
David C Talavera, Daniel J Paulus, Monica Garza, Melissa Ochoa-Perez, Chad Lemaire, Jeanette Valdivieso, Daniel Bogiaizian, Zuzuky Robles, Jafar Bakhshaie, Kara Manning, Rheeda Walker, Michael Businelle, Michael J Zvolensky
The present investigation examined the interactive effects of subjective social status and rumination in relation to anxiety/depressive symptoms and psychopathology among 276 Latinos (82% female; Mage = 39.2, SD = 11.1; 97.0% reported Spanish as first language) who attended a community-based primary health care clinic. Results indicated that the interaction between rumination and subjective social status was significantly associated with depression (B = -.04, t = -3.52, p < .001, 95% CI [-.06, -.02]), social anxiety (B = -...
March 9, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253019/assessing-the-role-of-race-ethnicity-in-the-relationships-among-spiritual-struggles-health-and-well-being
#9
Neal Krause, Kenneth I Pargament, Peter C Hill, Gail Ironson
A growing body of research suggests that greater exposure to spiritual struggles is associated with more physical and mental health problems. Spiritual struggles involve difficulties that a person may encounter with his or her faith, which may include having a troubled relationship with God, encountering difficulties with religious others, or being unable to find a sense of meaning in life. However, little is known about the way in which spiritual struggles may differ across racial/ethnic groups. The purpose of this study was to assess variations in spiritual struggles, health, and well-being among Whites, Blacks, and Hispanics...
March 2, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253018/mapping-a-continuum-of-adolescent-helping-and-bystander-behavior-within-the-context-of-dating-violence-and-bullying
#10
Erin A Casey, Heather L Storer, Todd I Herrenkohl
Although research has identified factors that support and hinder proactive bystander behaviors among adolescents, less is known about the more specific bystander responses viewed by youth as feasible, or whether these responses are likely to be ultimately helpful in the context of bullying and teen dating violence (TDV). Goals of this exploratory study were to describe specific bystander behaviors that adolescents perceive as possible for addressing bullying and TDV among peers, to assess the potential impact of these behaviors, and to examine similarities and differences in bystander behaviors across these forms of aggression...
March 2, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253017/alcohol-and-drug-use-among-internationally-adopted-adolescents-results-from-a-norwegian-population-based-study
#11
Kristin Gärtner Askeland, Børge Sivertsen, Jens Christoffer Skogen, Annette M La Greca, Grethe S Tell, Leif Edvard Aarø, Mari Hysing
Internationally adopted adolescents are at increased risk for mental health problems. However, little is known about problematic alcohol and drug use, which are important indicators of maladjustment. The aim of this study was to examine the level of problematic alcohol and drug use in internationally adopted adolescents compared to their nonadopted peers. The study is based on data from the youth@hordaland-survey, which was conducted in Hordaland County, Norway, in the spring of 2012. All adolescents born from 1993 to 1995 residing in Hordaland at the time of the study were invited to participate...
March 2, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253016/fragmented-inclusion-community-participation-and-lesbian-gay-bisexual-trans-and-queer-people-with-diagnoses-of-schizophrenia-and-bipolar-disorder
#12
Merrick Pilling, Meg Howison, Tyler Frederick, Lori Ross, Chyrell D Bellamy, Larry Davidson, Kwame McKenzie, Sean A Kidd
Community participation is often cited as a crucial component of wellness for people with mental health diagnoses. Few studies explore community participation from the perspective of lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans, and queer (LGBTQ) people with diagnoses of schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. This article describes an in-depth qualitative study with 16 LGBTQ people; 18 social service workers; and 2 key informants in Toronto, Ontario that examined access to communities for LGBTQ people with mental health diagnoses...
March 2, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253015/characteristics-of-foster-care-history-as-risk-factors-for-psychiatric-disorders-among-youth-in-care
#13
Nathanael J Okpych, Mark E Courtney
This study evaluates foster care history characteristics as risk factors for psychopathology. We examine characteristics of youths' foster care histories separately and as a gestalt (i.e., identification of latent classes). Six mental health disorders and lifetime suicide attempt were assessed via in-person interviews with a representative sample of older adolescents in California foster care (n = 706). Information on respondents' foster care histories were obtained from state administrative data. Half of the sample (47...
March 2, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253014/moderating-effect-of-child-s-autism-spectrum-disorder-asd-diagnosis-on-benefit-finding-and-negative-affect-of-parents
#14
Kit Kwan Lim, Wan Har Chong
Substantial empirical evidence has highlighted the psychological stress and negative well-being of parents whose children are diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). It also indicated a need for understanding the mechanisms through which parents come to successfully meet the challenges of caregiving for these children whose condition are often characterized by persistent behavioral, social, and communication problems. This study seeks to explore the relationships between benefit finding and parental well-being and aims to bridge the research gaps in 3 ways...
March 2, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253013/acculturation-and-post-migration-psychological-symptoms-among-iraqi-refugees-a-path-analysis
#15
Joseph W LeMaster, Carissa L Broadbridge, Mark A Lumley, Judith E Arnetz, Cynthia Arfken, Michael D Fetters, Hikmet Jamil, Nnamdi Pole, Bengt B Arnetz
Refugees frequently experience symptoms of posttraumatic stress and depression, which impede their acculturation in the new host country where they are resettling. There are few longitudinal studies investigating predictors of mental health and acculturation during the early postmigration period. We conducted a longitudinal study of 298 Iraqi refugees, assessing them upon arrival to the U.S. and 1 year after migration. Premigration trauma was associated with increased PTSD and depressive symptoms at baseline, and with decreased acculturation 1 year later...
March 2, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206806/fostering-resilience-in-national-guard-and-reserve-families-a-contextual-adaptation-of-an-evidence-based-parenting-program
#16
Keri L M Pinna, Sheila Hanson, Na Zhang, Abigail H Gewirtz
Military deployment of a parent is a risk factor for children's internalizing and externalizing problems. This risk may be heightened in National Guard and Reserve (NG/R) families who tend to be isolated from other NG/R families and do not benefit from the centralized support system available to active duty families living on military bases. Isolation and trauma-related disorders may complicate the adjustment of military families during reintegration. An evidence-based parent training intervention was modified to meet the unique needs of recently deployed NG/R parents and their spouses, and the modified program was evaluated in a randomized controlled trial...
2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206805/facilitating-successful-reintegration-attending-to-the-needs-of-military-families
#17
Virginia Gil-Rivas, Ryan P Kilmer, Jacqueline C Larson, Laura Marie Armstrong
Subsequent to the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq, the experiences of military service members (MSVMs) and veterans have garnered increasing attention. A growing body of work has begun to shed light on their reintegration, a process that can bring with it transitions and challenges for service members and their families. Although many families adapt effectively, some have difficulty navigating this process, which can lead to a host of short- and long-term negative consequences for families. The literature to date is not well-developed regarding strategies for supporting successful reintegration of MSVMs and veterans in the context of military families...
2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206804/student-service-members-veterans-on-campus-challenges-for-reintegration
#18
Brian Borsari, Ali Yurasek, Mary Beth Miller, James G Murphy, Meghan E McDevitt-Murphy, Matthew P Martens, Monica G Darcy, Kate B Carey
Many returning OIF/OEF/OND Veterans are seeking higher education in an effort to develop a meaningful career and financial stability. Evidence suggests that student service members/veterans (SSM/Vs) are experiencing less academic success than other students. The purpose of this review is to identify the unique challenges of SSM/Vs and evaluate current campus efforts to facilitate their retention and academic performance. With a focus on SSM/Vs attending colleges and universities, we obtained 57 peer-reviewed and 73 gray literature records published between 2001 and 2015...
2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206803/mental-health-treatment-utilization-in-oif-oef-national-guard-and-reserve-troops-with-and-without-dsm-diagnoses
#19
Jennifer M Primack, Brian Borsari, Madeline B Benz, Madhavi K Reddy, M Tracie Shea
Military service members have an increased risk of developing mental health (MH) problems following deployment to Iraq or Afghanistan, yet only a small percentage seek mental health treatment. The aim of the present study was to explore patterns of MH service utilization within the first 12 months following return from combat deployment. Participants were 169 service members who had returned from war-zone deployment in either Iraq or Afghanistan and had assessments covering a 12-month period following their homecoming...
2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206802/exploring-the-post-deployment-reintegration-experiences-of-veterans-with-ptsd-and-their-significant-others
#20
I Magaly Freytes, Jennifer H LeLaurin, Susan L Zickmund, Rosana D Resende, Constance R Uphold
Veterans with family support have better functional recovery and reintegration outcomes. However, families' ability to support the veteran with PTSD's rehabilitation and reintegration oftentimes is hindered by interpersonal challenges. We report findings of a qualitative study that examined OEF/OIF veterans with PTSD/TBI and their significant others' (SOs') perceptions of family functioning. We conducted 24 in-depth interviews with 12 veteran/SO dyads using an adapted version of the Family Assessment Device Structured Interview...
2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
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