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Folia Microbiologica

Maria-Cecília Krähenbühl Amstalden, José Diogo Oliveira, Mathias Strauss, Italo Odone Mazali, Daisy Machado, Thais Holtz Theisen, Marcelo Lancellotti
Streptococcus pneumoniae are natural competent bacteria which requires the presence of a pheromone-like molecule to do the transformation process. This study verified the influence of mesoporous silica (SBA-15 and SBA-16) on the transformation process in S. pneumoniae using a donor DNA obtained from a mutant strain of this microorganism (Sp360∆luxS). The results showed that mesoporous silica SBA-15 and SBA-16 particles doubled the transformation ratio frequency compared with negative control (without nanoparticles) in using SBA-15 (ratio 1...
July 14, 2018: Folia Microbiologica
Somayeh Kiaei, Mohammad Moradi, Hossein Hosseini Nave, Zahra Hashemizadeh, Majid Taati-Moghadam, Davood Kalantar-Neyestanaki
Dissemination of carbapenemase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae along with 16S rRNA methyltransferase (16S-RMTase) has been caused as a great concern for healthcare settings. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of resistance genes among K. pneumoniae isolates. During October 2015 to February 2016, 30 non-duplicative K. pneumoniae strains were isolated from clinical specimens in a burn center in Kerman, Iran. Antibiotic susceptibility tests of isolates, carbapenemase, extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs) and AmpC beta-lactamase-producing isolates were determined by phenotypic methods...
July 12, 2018: Folia Microbiologica
Martina Krehelova, Otakar Nyč, Eva Sinajová, Marcela Krutova
This study aimed to implement a toxigenic culture as an optional third diagnostic step for glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH)-positive and toxin A/B-negative diarrheal stool samples into a diagnostic algorithm for Clostridioides (Clostridium) difficile infection (CDI), and to characterise C. difficile isolates for epidemiological purposes. During the 5-month study, 481 diarrhoeal stool samples from three Slovak hospitals were investigated and 66 non-duplicated GDH-positive stool samples were found. Of them, 36 were also toxin A/B-positive...
July 3, 2018: Folia Microbiologica
Yanina A Delegan, Leonid N Valentovich, Samira M Shafieva, Khudaverdi G Ganbarov, Andrey E Filonov, Mikhail B Vainstein
A thermotolerant bacterial strain 1D isolated from refinery oil-contaminated soil was identified as Gordonia sp. based on the analysis of 16S rRNA and gyrB gene sequences. The strain was found to utilize crude oil, diesel fuel, and a wide spectrum of alkanes at temperatures up to 50 °C. Strain 1D is the first representative of Gordonia amicalis capable of utilizing alkanes of chain length up to С36 at a temperature of 45-50 °C. The degree of crude oil degradation by Gordonia sp. 1D at 45 °C was 38% in liquid medium and 40% in soil (with regard to abiotic loss)...
June 27, 2018: Folia Microbiologica
Jessica Cruz-Ramón, Francisco J Fernández, Armando Mejía, Francisco Fierro
Three different transformation strategies were tested and compared in an attempt to facilitate and improve the genetic transformation of Acremonium chrysogenum, the exclusive producer of the pharmaceutically relevant β-lactam antibiotic cephalosporin C. We investigated the use of high-voltage electric pulse to transform germinated conidia and young mycelium and compared these procedures with traditional PEG-mediated protoplast transformation, using phleomycin resistance as selection marker in all cases. The effect of the field strength and capacitance on transformation frequency and cell viability was evaluated...
June 25, 2018: Folia Microbiologica
David Šilha, Barbora Vacková, Lucie Šilhová
Bacteria of the Arcobacter (A.) genus, originating mainly from food and water, are dreaded germs for humans as well as animals. However, the virulence of these bacteria has not been fully elucidated yet. This study looked at the occurrence of eight virulence-associated factors (ciaB, cj1349, pldA, irgA, hecA, tlyA, mviN, hecB) in a total of 80 isolates of Arcobacter butzleri and 22 isolates of A. cryaerophilus. The isolates were derived from food, water, and clinical samples. A polymerase chain reaction using specific primers was used to detect these virulence-associated genes...
June 24, 2018: Folia Microbiologica
Salvador Lladó Fernández, Tomáš Větrovský, Petr Baldrian
The concept of operational taxonomic units (OTUs), which constructs "mathematically" defined taxa, is widely accepted and applied to describe bacterial communities using amplicon sequencing of 16S rRNA gene. OTUs are often used to infer functional traits since they are considered to fairly represent of community members. However, the link between molecular taxa, real taxa, and OTUs seems to be much more complicated. Strains of the same bacterial species (ideally belonging to the same OTU) typically only share some genes (the core genome), while other genes are strain-specific and unique...
June 21, 2018: Folia Microbiologica
Tomáš Řezanka, Andrea Palyzová, Karel Sigler
Cyanobacteria are one of the most successful and oldest forms of life that are present on Earth. They are prokaryotic photoautotrophic microorganisms that colonize so diverse environments as soil, seawater, and freshwater, but also stones, plants, or extreme habitats such as snow and ice as well as hot springs. This diversity in the type of environment they live in requires a successful adaptation to completely different conditions. For this reason, cyanobacteria form a wide range of different secondary metabolites...
June 20, 2018: Folia Microbiologica
Milada Dvořáčková, Filip Růžička, Martin Benešík, Roman Pantůček, Monika Dvořáková-Heroldová
Staphylococcus aureus may be a highly virulent human pathogen, especially when it is able to form a biofilm, and it is resistant to antibiotic. Infections caused by these bacteria significantly affect morbidity and mortality, primarily in hospitalized patients. Treatment becomes more expensive, more toxic, and prolonged. This is the reason why research on alternative therapies should be one of the main priorities of medicine and biotechnology. A promising alternative treatment approach is bacteriophage therapy...
June 20, 2018: Folia Microbiologica
Tomas Bakal, Jiri Janata, Lenka Sabova, Roman Grabic, Vladimir Zlabek, Lucie Najmanova
A robust and widely applicable method for sampling of aquatic microbial biofilm and further sample processing is presented. The method is based on next-generation sequencing of V4-V5 variable regions of 16S rRNA gene and further statistical analysis of sequencing data, which could be useful not only to investigate taxonomic composition of biofilm bacterial consortia but also to assess aquatic ecosystem health. Five artificial materials commonly used for biofilm growth (glass, stainless steel, aluminum, polypropylene, polyethylene) were tested to determine the one giving most robust and reproducible results...
June 16, 2018: Folia Microbiologica
Viviane Karolina Vivi, Sandra Mara Martins-Franchetti, Derlene Attili-Angelis
The increasing use of plastics in human activities has resulted in an enormous amount of residues which became a matter of great environmental concern. Scientific studies on the microbial degradation of natural and synthetic molecules show the potential of fungal application on cleaning technologies. The biodegradation of PCL (polycaprolactone) and PVC (polyvinyl chloride) films by Aspergillus brasiliensis (ATCC 9642), Penicillium funiculosum (ATCC 11797), Chaetomium globosum (ATCC 16021), Trichoderma virens (ATCC 9645), and Paecilomyces variotii (ATCC 16023) was studied...
June 7, 2018: Folia Microbiologica
Shuaixin Sun, Yunpeng Chen, Jiejie Cheng, Qiongjie Li, Zhenchuan Zhang, Zhengliang Lan
A gram-negative bacterium GXGL-4A was originally isolated from maize roots. It displayed nitrogen-fixing (NF) ability under nitrogen-free culture condition, and had a significant promotion effect on cucumber growth in the pot inoculation test. The preliminary physiological and biochemical traits of GXGL-4A were characterized. Furthermore, a phylogenetic tree was constructed based on 16S ribosomal DNA (rDNA) sequences of genetically related species. To determine the taxonomic status of GXGL-4A and further utilize its nitrogen-fixing potential, genome sequence was obtained using PacBio RS II technology...
June 6, 2018: Folia Microbiologica
Hana Raschmanová, Leona Paulová, Barbora Branská, Zdeněk Knejzlík, Karel Melzoch, Karin Kovar
Pharmaceutical grade trypsin is in ever-increasing demand for medical and industrial applications. Improving the efficiency of existing biotechnological manufacturing processes is therefore paramount. When produced biotechnologically, trypsinogen-the inactive precursor of trypsin-is advantageous, since active trypsin would impair cell viability. To study factors affecting cell physiology and the production of trypsinogen in fed-batch cultures, we built a fusion protein of porcine trypsinogen and enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) in Pichia pastoris...
June 5, 2018: Folia Microbiologica
Poulomi Chakraborty, Sutapa Joardar, Shounak Ray, Papu Biswas, Debasish Maiti, Prosun Tribedi
Microbial biofilms are factions of surface-colonized cells encompassed in a matrix of extracellular polymeric substances. Profound application of antibiotics in order to treat infections due to microbial biofilm has led to the emergence of several drug-resistant microbial strains. In this context, a novel type of 3,6-di(pyridin-2-yl)-1,2,4,5-tetrazine (pytz)-capped silver nanoparticles (TzAgNPs) was synthesized, and efforts were given to test its antimicrobial and antibiofilm activities against Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a widely used biofilm-forming pathogenic organism...
May 31, 2018: Folia Microbiologica
Anne-Pauline Bellanger, Houssein Gbaguidi-Haore, Natacha Tatoyan, Ana Berceanu, Emeline Scherer, Laurence Millon
Galactomannan antigen (GM) testing has been used for decades to screen immunocompromised patients for invasive aspergillosis (IA). Recent publications suggested that using a higher cut-off value than 0.5 in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) could be more discriminant for hematology patients. We retrospectively analyzed the values of GM in BALF over 7 years (from 2010 to 2016). Performance indicators of the GM in BALF, according to three different cut-off values (0.5, 0.8, 1.5), were calculated using Stata 14...
May 30, 2018: Folia Microbiologica
Andrea Lauková, Ivana Kubašová, Anna Kandričáková, Viola Strompfová, Rudolf Žitňan, Monika Pogány Simonová
Aeromonads represent bacteria thought to be primarily mostly autochthonous to aquatic environments. This study was focused on the relation with antibiotics and enterocins of identified Aeromonas species isolated from the intestine of trouts living in Slovakian aquatic sources. Intestinal samples from 50 trouts (3 Salmo trutta and 47 Salmo gairdnerii) were collected in April of years 2007, 2010, and 2015 from trouts of different water sources in Slovakia (pond Bukovec near Košice, river Čierny Váh). Due to the MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry evaluation, 25 strains were proposed to the genus Aeromonas involving nine different species (Aeromonas bestiarum-nine strains, Aer...
May 28, 2018: Folia Microbiologica
Wioletta Kmieciak, Eligia Maria Szewczyk
Staphylococcus pseudintermedius is a species often isolated from animals, as a common element of their microbiota or an agent of infection, and from people associated with an animal habitat, including owners of home pets-dogs and cats. As with many other species, adaptation of these bacteria to the human body can occur, and they become important human pathogens. 59 S. pseudintermedius strains were investigated in this study to determine the factors contributing to human body colonization: inhibition growth of human skin residents isolated from human skin (Staphylococcus epidermidis, Corynebacterium spp...
May 26, 2018: Folia Microbiologica
Elisa Carloni, Luca Rotundo, Giorgio Brandi, Giulia Amagliani
The application of rapid, specific, and sensitive methods for pathogen detection and quantification is very advantageous in diagnosis of human pathogens in several applications, including food analysis. The aim of this study was the evaluation of a method for the multiplexed detection and quantification of three significant foodborne pathogenic species (Escherichia coli O157, Salmonella spp., and Listeria monocytogenes). The assay combines specific DNA extraction by multiplex magnetic capture hybridization (mMCH) with multiplex real-time PCR...
May 25, 2018: Folia Microbiologica
Kim Trollope, De Wet Nel, Heinrich Volschenk
A filamentous fungus displaying high cellulase activity was isolated from a compost heap with triticale (a wheat-rye hybrid) as the main constituent. It was preliminarily identified as a Talaromyces pinophilus species. A 2577 base pair β-glucosidase gene was cloned from complementary DNA and heterologously expressed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The recombinant β-glucosidase production profile was assessed and compared to that of the Saccharomycopsis fibuligera β-glucosidase which served as a benchmark. The enzyme was also characterised in terms of pH and temperature tolerance as well as response to inhibitors...
May 24, 2018: Folia Microbiologica
Barbara Reischl, İpek Ergal, Simon K-M R Rittmann
Desulfurococcus amylolyticus DSM 16532 is an anaerobic and hyperthermophilic crenarchaeon known to grow on a variety of different carbon sources, including monosaccharides and polysaccharides. Furthermore, D. amylolyticus is one of the few archaea that are known to be able to grow on cellulose. Here, we present the metabolic reconstruction of D. amylolyticus' central carbon metabolism. Based on the published genome, the metabolic reconstruction was completed by integrating complementary information available from the KEGG, BRENDA, UniProt, NCBI, and PFAM databases, as well as from available literature...
May 24, 2018: Folia Microbiologica
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