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Medycyna Pracy

Andrzej Marcinkiewicz, Jolanta Walusiak-Skorupa, Marta Wiszniewska, Marcin Rybacki, Wojciech Hanke, Konrad Rydzyński
The system of occupational health care in Poland, based on occupational medicine service, takes care of almost 12.5 million employees subjected to over 4.5 million obligatory periodic medical check ups. This form of providing prophylactic care comes down to examinations dictated by legal regulations, whose scope is not oriented towards a comprehensive workers' health assessment, but to the examination of the systems and organs critical to work-related dangers. Simultaneously, epidemiological data indicate a large number of chronic diseases, which may influence the professional activity, like hypertension or diabetes and a high percentage of patients not aware of their illness...
2016: Medycyna Pracy
Maciej Dobras
Nowadays it is believed that a comprehensive approach towards one's health requires the development and subsequent mastering of health literacy. Although this term has no Polish equivalent, it applies to the ability of individuals to access, analyze and understand information necessary to make informed health decisions. In this publication it is suggested that 'biegłość zdrowotna' can be used as a corresponding Polish term. This publication is based on the review of the available literature (in Polish and in English) on health literacy...
2016: Medycyna Pracy
Emilia Mikołajewska
This manuscript presents the author's attempt to review current knowledge on the prevention of work-related injuries in physiotherapists. The author analyzed the literature data concerning the results of studies published until first half of 2015. The aim of the paper is to present and analyze strategies for prevention of work-related injuries in physiotherapists, based on the literature review. The majority of components of discussed strategies still require to be confirmed by future studies. Med Pr 2016;67(5):673-679...
2016: Medycyna Pracy
Małgorzata Kowalska, Szymon Szemik
The level of quality of life and health status of the population largely depends on the determinants related to occupational activity. The results of reviewed bibliography indicate a significant and growing importance of employment conditions on the quality of life and population health status in most countries of the world, especially in those with market economy. Of the evaluated determinants the following factors should be listed in particular: sources and the amount of income, stability of the income and employment, the nature of work and the degree of job satisfaction, as well as autonomy and career prospects...
2016: Medycyna Pracy
Witold Mikulski
BACKGROUND: The main source of noise in open plan office are conversations. Office work standards in such premises are attained by applying specific acoustic adaptation. This article presents the results of pilot tests and acoustic evaluation of open space rooms. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Acoustic properties of 6 open plan office rooms were the subject of the tests. Evaluation parameters, measurement methods and criterial values were adopted according to the following standards: PN-EN ISO 3382- 3:2012, PN-EN ISO 3382-2:2010, PN-B-02151-4:2015-06 and PN-B-02151-3:2015-10...
2016: Medycyna Pracy
Joanna Kowalska, Anna Jeżewska
BACKGROUND: 1,2:3,4-Diepoxybutane (DEB) is a substance classified to a group of carcinogens. The maximum admissible concentration (MAC) value for this substance in workplace air is not specified in Poland. Due to the fact that DEB has been used in domestic companies there is a need to develop a sensitive method for determining 1,2:3,4-diepoxybutane in the work environment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The studies were performed using gas chromatography (GC) technique. An Agilent Technologies chromatograph, series 7890A, with a mass selective detector (5975C, Agilent Technologies, USA) was employed in the experiment...
2016: Medycyna Pracy
Nina Ogińska-Bulik
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the research was to investigate the role of personal resources, such as optimism and sense of selfefficacy in both negative (posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms) and positive (posttraumatic growth - PTG) effects of experienced trauma in a group of emergency service representatives. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data of 100 medical rescue workers, mostly men (59%) who have experienced traumatic events in their worksite were analyzed. The age of the participants ranged from 24 to 60 years (mean = 37...
2016: Medycyna Pracy
Anna Różańska, Jadwiga Wójkowska-Mach, Małgorzata Bulanda
BACKGROUND: Hand hygiene (HH) is the most important element of infection prevention. The aim of the study was to analyze the level of HH knowledge among medical students of Jagiellonian University Medical College in correlation with their clinical experience and the presence and extent of trainings in hospital hygiene prior to internships, as well as with HH practice among medical staff perceived by students. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was carried out in a group of 414 students from October to December, 2014...
2016: Medycyna Pracy
Krzysztof Puchalski, Elżbieta Korzeniowska
BACKGROUND: In 2014 the health promotion program aimed at managing personnel smoking was implemented in the Polish prison service (PS) in cooperation with the Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine (NIOM). It combined education of managers, encouraging them to implement good practices, with employees' education. This paper describes the process of implementation and its effects in 159 units of PS, against the data on the management of smoking in medium and large companies in Poland gathered in 2010...
2016: Medycyna Pracy
Karthik Balajee Laksham, Vinothkumar Kalidoss, Parthibane Sivanantham, Perumal Murthy Sambath, Manoj Kumar Arunachalam, Palanivel Chinnakali
BACKGROUND: Household pesticides (biocides) are widely used for the purpose of controlling vector-borne diseases. Exposure to biocides causes various health hazards in human beings. Prevalence of biocide use, storage methods, and personal protection measures while handling biocides are not known among rural households in South India. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A communitybased cross-sectional study was conducted among 416 households in rural Puducherry (union territory)...
2016: Medycyna Pracy
Rafał Młyński, Emil Kozłowski
BACKGROUND: The objective of the research has been to provide an answer to the question of what the possibilities of determining the direction of approach of the auditory danger signal emitted by an overhead crane appropriately are. Cases of use and no use of earmuffs (in the passive mode and level-dependent ones) were all taken into consideration. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The auditory danger signal and ambient noise were recorded in an industrial hall. Signals were reproduced at an experimental set-up, using a large number of speakers...
2016: Medycyna Pracy
Alberto Modenese, Fabio Bisegna, Massimo Borra, Carlo Grandi, Franco Gugliermetti, Andrea Militello, Fabriziomaria Gobba
BACKGROUND: The health risk related to an excessive exposure to solar radiation (SR) is well known. The Sun represents the main exposure source for all the frequency bands of optical radiation, that is the part of the electromagnetic spectrum ranging between 100 nm and 1 mm, including infrared (IR), ultraviolet (UV) and visible radiation. According to recent studies, outdoor workers have a relevant exposure to SR but few studies available in scientific literature have attempted to retrace a detailed history of individual exposure...
2016: Medycyna Pracy
Aleksandra Golińska-Zach, Patrycja Krawczyk-Szulc, Marta Wiszniewska, Ewa Nowakowska-Świrta, Dominika Świerczyńska-Machura, Diana Tymoszuk, Jolanta Walusiak-Skorupa
BACKGROUND: Hairdressers are occupationally exposed to many allergenic and irritating substances. Additionally, hairdressing apprentices are exposed to the same allergens as professional hairdressers, due to the fact that vocational training starts in the beginning of the education. This study was undertaken to investigate early occurrence of sensitization to occupational allergens in hairdressing apprentices before the onset of the vocational training. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Three hundred and seven hairdressing apprentices were assessed using a questionnaire and skin prick tests (SPTs) to common and occupational allergens...
2016: Medycyna Pracy
Nicola Magnavita
Occupational exposure to solvents is consistently associated with the risk of systemic sclerosis. We pose the question of whether the occupational exposure to anesthetics may favor the occurrence of this disease. This paper describes an incidence of systemic sclerosis in the case of an anesthesiologist who had been occupationally exposed to high doses of anesthetic in the operating room. Anecdotal cases in the literature give limited support to the causal association of the occupational exposure to anesthetics and systemic sclerosis...
2016: Medycyna Pracy
Marcin P Biernacki, Robert S Kennedy, Łukasz Dziuda
One of the most common methods for studying the simulator sickness issue is the Simulator Sickness Questionnaire (SSQ) (Kennedy et al., 1993). Despite the undoubted popularity of the SSQ, this questionnaire has not as yet been standardized and translated, which could allow us to use it in Poland for research purposes. The aim of our article is to introduce the SSQ to Polish readers, both researchers and practitioners. In the first part of this paper, the studies using the SSQ are discussed, whereas the second part consists of the description of the SSQ test procedure and the calculation method of sample results...
2016: Medycyna Pracy
Katarzyna Girczys-Połedniok, Robert Pudlo, Magdalena Jarząb, Agnieszka Szymlak
Cocaine use leads to health, social and legal problems. The aim of this paper is to discuss cocaine action, addicts characteristics, use patterns and consequences, as well as addiction treatment methods. A literature review was based on the Medline, PubMed, Polish Medical Bibliography databases and the Silesian Library resources. The Police and Central Statistical Office statistics, as well as the World Health Organization, the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction and the National Office for Combating Drug Addiction reports were used...
2016: Medycyna Pracy
Dorota Żołnierczyk-Zreda
Changing employment relations between employees and employers due to the increasing employment flexibility have contributed to the development of a new paradigm to analyze these relations based on the concept of psychological contract. This paradigm might be particularly relevant in Poland where the employment flexibility understood as the number of workers with temporary contracts is the highest in Europe. In this paper the concept of psychological contract is presented along with the existing findings related to its range, balance and contract fulfilment vs...
2016: Medycyna Pracy
Małgorzata E Jędrych, Monika Szturmowicz, Iwona Bestry, Jan Kuś
Hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP) is caused by inhalation of environmental antigens. Farmers and bird keepers are most frequently affected by this desease. The HP diagnosis is based on clinical symptoms (cough, dyspnea) in a person exposed to environmental antigens, and the presence of characteristic changes in high resolution chest computed tomography (HRCT) (bilateral, mosaic, ground glass opacities in the middle and lower lung zones, ill-defined centrilobular nodules and the sign of air-trapping on expiration)...
2016: Medycyna Pracy
Małgorzata Szewczyńska, Małgorzata Pośniak, Emilia Pągowska
BACKGROUND: The article presents the results of the determination of the inhalable and thoracic fraction of sulfuric acid(VI) in 3 workplaces producing or processing this chemical. MATERIAL AND METHODS: To collect thoracic fractions of sulfuric acid(VI) Parallel Particle Impactor (PPI) was used. To isolate inhalable fraction of sulfuric acid(VI) from the air we used a sampler developed at the Institute of Occupational Medicine (IOM), United Kingdom. Parallel Particle Impactor and IOM samplers worked with pumps at a flow of 2 l/min...
2016: Medycyna Pracy
Sylwia Krzemińska, Małgorzata Pośniak, Małgorzata Szewczyńska
BACKGROUND: A growing number of cancer cases enhances the usage of cytostatic agents and thereby contributes to the increase in the number of health care workers occupationally exposed to cytostatics. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This article presents the results of the survey aimed at obtaining data on the reduction of occupational exposure through using personal protective equipment by the medical and pharmaceutical personnel involved in handling cytostatics. The questionnaires were sent by mail or e-mail to oncology hospitals and pharmacies preparing cytostatic drugs...
2016: Medycyna Pracy
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