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Medycyna Pracy

Andrzej Marcinkiewicz, Paulina Tomczak, Marta Wiszniewska, Jolanta Walusiak-Skorupa, Dominika Dorre-Kolasa
BACKGROUND: Non-occupational work-related diseases refer to health problems of multifactorial etiology, the occurrence, development and prognosis of which may be affected by work environment or by the way the work is performed but are not treated as occupational diseases under the applicable law. When analyzing their impact on labor market, it is necessary to also consider the employees' right to put in a claim for compensation due to the consequences of the occurrence of such diseases...
July 25, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
Marta Wiszniewska, Jadwiga Magnuska, Agnieszka Lipińska-Ojrzanowska, Beata Pepłońska, Wojciech Hanke, Jarosław Kalinka, Joanna Skręt-Magierło, Marek Zadrożny, Jolanta Walusiak-Skorupa
Periodical medical examinations are mandatory for employees in Poland. This rule makes a unique opportunity during occupational health services for implementation of prophylactic activities focused on early diagnosis of various diseases, including cancers. Epidemiological data about cancers is alarming and what is more, further increase in development of cancers is being predicted in population overall. The highest incidence of cancers in the case of Polish women belongs to breast cancer (21.7% of diagnosed cancers in general), while the morbidity rate for uterine cancer, ovarian cancer and cervical cancer amounts to 7...
July 23, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
Andrzej Piotrowski
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the work was to assess the level of health, estimate the number of accidents during service and to identify the use and perceived effectiveness of the prevention of occupational stress in Prison Service (PS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The questionnaire survey was carried out in 2015 at the Central Prison Service Training Center in Kalisz and in selected prisons and detention centers for the group of 250 officers. The questionnaire, which had been constructed for the purpose of the cooperation with the Occupational Safety Body of the Central Board of the Prison Service, was used...
July 20, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
Ewa Nowakowska-Świrta, Marta Wiszniewska, Jolanta Walusiak-Skorupa
Bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) is the individual ability to respond with bronchoconstriction to a variety of specific and nonspecific stimuli which do not cause these symptoms among healthy subjects. Bronchial hyperresponsiveness is one of the hallmark features of asthma. The degree of bronchial hyperresponsiveness is variable among individuals with asthma and may correlate to its severity (the more severe asthma the higher bronchial hyperreactivity). Bronchial hyperresponsiveness is evaluated by performing bronchial provocation test (BPT)...
July 16, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
Anna Kozajda
BACKGROUND: Paper presents the intentional use of biological agents for industrial, diagnostic and research purposes in enterprises in Poland. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The source of data is the National Register of Biological (in Polish KRCB) - the type of the database that gathers data about the intentional use of biological agents at work in Poland. The analysis includes tabular summaries of the data as of December 2017. RESULTS: Notifications were sent by 598 enterprises for: diagnostic - 67...
July 16, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
Aleksandra Jacukowicz, Agata Wężyk
BACKGROUND: Physical demands, exposure to noise and intense contact of skin with musical instruments - inevitable in musicians' job - influence the development of musculoskeletal, hearing and skin problems. This paper aims at identifying playing-related health problems among Polish musicians and potential differences in this regard between students and professional musicians. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This questionnaire study involved 255 musicians who volunteered to participate - 104 students and 151 professional musicians having music education...
July 12, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
Emil Kozłowski, Rafał Młyński
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to determine attenuation of earplugs for ultrasonic noise in the frequency range of 10-16 kHz. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The attenuation of earplugs in 1/3-octave-bands with the centre frequencies of 10 kHz, 12.5 kHz, and 16 kHz using the REAT (real-ear attenuation at threshold) method based on the measurements of hearing threshold of subjects. The study was carried out for 29 models of earplugs commonly used in the industry designed by various manufacturers, including 13 models of foam earplugs, 10 models of flanged earplugs, 5 models of headband earplugs and one model of no-roll earplugs...
June 28, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
Olga Nowotny-Czupryna, Krzysztof Czupryna, Małgorzata Skucha-Nowak, Joanna Szymańska
BACKGROUND: Back pain is common among people working in the sitting position. Quality of the sitting position depends among others on the standard of work station. Dental units are built on the basis of contemporary ergonomic workplace concepts, while medical assistant workstations are typically computer office workstations. The purpose of the study was pain estimation in association with the identification of the spine arrangements during sitting work with better and worse ergonomic adjustment...
June 27, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
Dorota Tomczyszyn, Leszek Solecki, Anna Pańczuk
BACKGROUND: Spinal overload among blue-collar workers occurs most frequently in the lumbar spine. Long-lasting spinal overload results in pain syndromes leading to limitations in everyday and professional life. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The research included 106 adult males working as farmers for at least 10 years. The control group included 50 male white-collar workers. Four research tools were used: an interview questionnaire, a questionnaire assessing pain intensity and limitations in everyday functioning of study participants, a Numeric Rating Scale (NRS) measuring pain intensity and Oswestry Disability Index...
May 25, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
Mariola Paruzel-Czachura, Małgorzata Dobrowolska
Background: The aim of the study was to verify the hypothesis that additional information about the perpetrator responsible for the death of subordinates at the workplace may influence the assessment of morality. The article contains the results of an empirical study conducted among young adult working Silesians (N = 262), who were asked to evaluate the morality of the person responsible for the decision, in line with which miners had started working on 6th October 2014. On that day miners died following an explosion in the “Mysłowice-Wesoła” methane mine in the Polish Silesia region...
May 22, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
Jacek Piechocki, Tomasz Janus, Robert Gałązkowski
Methemoglobin is an oxidized form of hemoglobin that is not capable of carrying oxygen. Exposure to exogenous oxidizing agents can cause severe methemoglobinemia and subsequent hypoxia. This article presents the rare case of a 23-year old patient with methemoglobinemia of 54.2% of total hemoglobin, induced by workplace exposure to 1,4-diaminobenzene and diphenylamine. Following the hyperbaric oxygen therapy the patient was discharged in good general condition and referred to a district hospital for observation...
May 22, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
Małgorzata Wrzesień
BACKGROUND: A radiopharmaceutical is a combination of a non-radioactive compound with a radioactive isotope. Two isotopes: technetium-99m (99mTc) and fluorine-18 (18F) are worth mentioning on the rich list of isotopes which have found numerous medical applications. Their similarity is limited only to the diagnostic area of applicability. The type and the energy of emitted radiation, the half-life and, in particular, the production method demonstrate their diversity. The 99mTc isotope is produced by a short-lived nuclide generator - molybdenum-99 (99Mo)/99mTc, while 18F is resulting from nuclear reaction occurring in a cyclotron...
May 22, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
Marlena Robakowska, Anna Tyrańska-Fobke, Maciej Walkiewicz, Małgorzata Tartas
BACKGROUND: The goal of this paper is to verify the correlations between adaptive and maladaptive perfectionism and the selected demographic and job characteristics vs. professional burnout among medical laboratory scientists in Poland. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study group consisted of 166 laboratory scientists. The Polish Adaptive and Maladaptive Perfectionism Questionnaire (Szczucka) was used for testing perfectionism. The Oldenburg Burnout Inventory was used for examining burnout syndrome...
May 22, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
Joanna Kowalska, Anna Jeżewska
BACKGROUND: Diethyl sulfate (DES) is a substance classified to the group of carcinogens. The value of maximum admissible concentration for this substance in workplace air is not specified in Poland. Due to the use of DES in domestic companies there is a need to develop a sensitive method for the determination of diethyl sulfate in the work environment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Studies were performed using gas chromatography (GC) technique. An Agilent Technologies chromatograph, series 7890A, with a mass selective detector (5975C, Agilent Technologies, USA) was used in the experiment...
May 22, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
Anna Rogozińska-Pawełczyk
BACKGROUND: The influence of subjective perception of occupational stress and its individual factors on the overall level of job satisfaction was analyzed. The respondents were also asked to answer the question of the potential differences in terms of variables in managers and non-managers, and in various demographic factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This article presents the results of a study conducted among 5930 people employed in 3 units of the examined public sector institution...
May 22, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
Maria Gańczak, Marta Paczewska, Zbigniew Szych, Katarzyna Topczewska, Marzena Drozd-Dąbrowska
BACKGROUND: Services offered in the esthetic/beauty industry poses the risk of blood-borne infections (BBIs) due to carrying out invasive procedures. The study objective: was to assess the number of sharps injuries, occupational risk factors, and preventive methods used among cosmetologists. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The anonymous survey was conducted (February-April 2017) in randomly selected beauty/esthetic medicine clinics in Szczecin, Poland; 96 cosmetologists were invited...
May 22, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
Anna Ławniczek-Wałczyk, Marcin Cyprowski, Małgorzata Gołofit-Szymczak, Angelina Wójcik-Fatla, Violetta Zając, Rafał L Górny
BACKGROUND: <sup></sup>In recent years, the number of people suffering from diseases caused by fungi has been increasing. However, knowledge of the biodiversity of fungal pathogens in the work environment is still insufficient. The aim of this work was to evaluate the exposure to fungi being disseminated in the air of workplaces contaminated with organic dust of plant and animal origin. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Bioaerosol samples were collected at 3 occupational settings (poultry farm, biomass burning power plant and wastewater treatment plant) using button samplers...
May 22, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
Michalina Błażkiewicz, Ida Wiszomirska, Katarzyna Kaczmarczyk, Andrzej Wit
BACKGROUND: Falls constitute an important health issue. They cause significant morbidity, mortality and have marked psychological effects on the individual, too. The aim of this study has been to determine parameters describing human movement strategies for balance and the reaction if balance is lost as a result of an unstable ground, and to attempt to describe the types of falls. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study group comprised 20 volunteers. Kinematic parameters of falling and dynamic stability were measured using the Vicon Motion System and the Biodex Balance System SD...
May 22, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
Małgorzata Waszkowska, Jolanta Walusiak-Skorupa, Dorota Merecz-Kot, Marta Wiszniewska
This paper reports the case of collective acute phosphide (PH<sub>3</sub>) intoxication among the crew aboard a merchant ship. All the intoxicated individuals were hospitalized 3 months after the accident. The aim of examinations was to identify late health effects of the accident. Laboratory tests and consultations were performed during their stay in the hospital. There were 5 cases of toxic liver damage. other 5 patients were diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder and adjustment disorders...
May 22, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
Krzysztof Sieja, Jarosław von Mach-Szczypiński, Joanna von Mach-Szczypiński
Many women are exposed to carbon disulfide (C2) hazards at work every day. Working with C2 may cause some women to experience abnormalities in their reproductive health. Until now obtained data is generally concentrated on the health effects of C2 observed in the viscose industry. To date, C2 has not been studied precisely for its potential to have damaging effects on female reproductive system, especially the frequency of menstrual disturbances and the course of menopause. The aim of the study was to sum up female reproductive health hazards amongst women chronically exposed to C2 in their workplace in the viscose industry...
May 22, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
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