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Medycyna Pracy

Elżbieta Napora, Izabela Grzankowska, Małgorzata Anna Basińska
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to determine to what degree social support is differentiated by family situation, with consideration of single motherhood as a difficult circumstance, and to establish if social support is significant for satisfaction with work in the studied group of mothers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The sample consisted of 421 mothers: 206 (49%) of them were in a formal or casual relationship, and the remaining 215 (51%) were single mothers...
October 4, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
Małgorzata Kowalska, Jan Eugeniusz Zejda
BACKGROUND: Recurring winter smog episodes, recently observed in Poland, have inspired the researches to assess the epidemiological situation concerning the registered exacerbations of respiratory diseases related to worsening of the ambient air quality. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The model comprising the ecological study results and secondary epidemiological data on registered outpatient visits and hospitalizations in the Silesian voivodeship was used. We assessed the effect of smog observed in January 2017 on the number of acute respiratory disorders registered in that month...
September 21, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
Maria Gańczak, Katarzyna Topczewska
Paramedics constitute a group of professionals who are constantly exposed to potentially infectious biological material through frequent and close contact with patients, possibly resulting in occupationally acquired infections. The paper's objective has been to assess the occupational risk regarding blood-borne infections and identify preventive measures used among paramedics worldwide, on the basis of the related literature review. The literature search, covering the period 1987-2017, was performed using PubMed, Elsevier, Springer and Google Scholar databases...
September 20, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
Piotr Politański, Halina Jadwiga Aniołczyk, Elżbieta Gadzicka, Alicja Bortkiewicz, Marek Zmyślony
BACKGROUND: In the studies investigating the potential health effects of occupational exposure to electromagnetic fields (EMF), the key problem is the assessment of workers' exposure. Electromagnetic fields exposure assessment requires determining maximum EMF levels, for the acute effect, and the dose absorbed, for the cumulative effect. A study was undertaken to determine EMF exposure in workers at broadcasting centers (BCs) in Poland. It was the first part of a comprehensive project on health effects of occupational exposure to EMF...
August 31, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
Beata Świątkowska, Wojciech Hanke
BACKGROUND: The aim of the paper is to present statistical data on the occurrence of occupational diseases among healthcare and social workers in Poland in 2009-2016. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All cards certifying that a case of occupational disease had been diagnosed in a patient belonging to this occupational group, received by the Central Register of Occupational Diseases, served as the basis of the study. Data is presented in absolute numbers and incidence rates...
August 23, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
Małgorzata Waszkowska, Agata Wężyk
In Poland psychological assessment for the purpose of fitness-to-work certification is regulated by the law. In the majority of cases, only psychologists registered with the occupational health services are authorized to conduct the assessment procedures. In this study 32 legal documents (17 acts and 15 directives) have been analyzed to identify the most problematic issues pertaining to psychological examination and to suggest certain changes in the regulations, as well as to raise the psychologists' awareness of the legal aspects of their work...
August 23, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
Andrzej Marcinkiewicz, Paulina Tomczak, Marta Wiszniewska, Jolanta Walusiak-Skorupa, Dominika Dorre-Kolasa
BACKGROUND: Non-occupational work-related diseases refer to health problems of multifactorial etiology, the occurrence, development and prognosis of which may be affected by work environment or by the way the work is performed but are not treated as occupational diseases under the applicable law. When analyzing their impact on labor market, it is necessary to also consider the employees' right to put in a claim for compensation due to the consequences of the occurrence of such diseases...
July 25, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
Dominika Stolecka, Urszula Błaszczyk, Jolanta Zalejska-Fiolka, Ewa Romuk, Aleksander Owczarek, Ewa Birkner
BACKGROUND: Fluorine influences many processes occurring in the organism. Controversies over the evaluation of the biological effects of this substance are due to a small difference between tolerable and toxic fluorine doses. One of the main mechanisms of the fluorine toxic action is its ability to induce oxidative stress via reactive oxygen species generation and antioxidant defense system impairment. It is important to evaluate possible interactions between fluorine and other substances that may increase or decrease its toxicity...
August 20, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
Agnieszka Ćwirlej-Sozańska, Agnieszka Wiśniowska-Szurlej, Anna Wilmowska-Pietruszyńska, Bernard Sozański, Natalia Wołoszyn
BACKGROUND: In Poland average life expectancy extends, while the number of the elderly who are active in the labor market decreases MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study population consisted of 429 people aged 50–70 years old living in the community of south-eastern Poland. The respondents were divided into 2 study groups: group I – late middle age (50–60 years old) and group II – early old age (61–70 years old). With the use of questionnaires they were given, we obtained their socio-demographic data, assessed their cognitive and emotional state, as their physical activity levels...
August 20, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
Żanna Fiodorenko-Dumas, Agnieszka Kurkowska, Małgorzata Paprocka-Borowicz
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal disorders mainly affecting the spine constitute one of the major social problems. Frequently, they constitute the cause of prolonged absence at work. Working in a fire brigade is specific because of the physical strain, working time under adverse conditions or stress related to rescue operations. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study group comprised 61 firefighters, 60 men (98.36%) and 1 woman (1.64%). The age of examined firefighters ranged 20–56 years old...
August 20, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
Marta Wiszniewska, Jadwiga Magnuska, Agnieszka Lipińska-Ojrzanowska, Beata Pepłońska, Wojciech Hanke, Jarosław Kalinka, Joanna Skręt-Magierło, Marek Zadrożny, Jolanta Walusiak-Skorupa
Periodical medical examinations are mandatory for employees in Poland. This rule makes a unique opportunity during occupational health services for implementation of prophylactic activities focused on early diagnosis of various diseases, including cancers. Epidemiological data about cancers is alarming and what is more, further increase in development of cancers is being predicted in population overall. The highest incidence of cancers in the case of Polish women belongs to breast cancer (21.7% of diagnosed cancers in general), while the morbidity rate for uterine cancer, ovarian cancer and cervical cancer amounts to 7...
August 20, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
Andrzej Piotrowski
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the work was to assess the level of health, estimate the number of accidents during service and to identify the use and perceived effectiveness of the prevention of occupational stress in Prison Service (PS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The questionnaire survey was carried out in 2015 at the Central Prison Service Training Center in Kalisz and in selected prisons and detention centers for the group of 250 officers. The questionnaire, which had been constructed for the purpose of the cooperation with the Occupational Safety Body of the Central Board of the Prison Service, was used...
August 20, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
Ewa Nowakowska-Świrta, Marta Wiszniewska, Jolanta Walusiak-Skorupa
Bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) is the individual ability to respond with bronchoconstriction to a variety of specific and nonspecific stimuli which do not cause these symptoms among healthy subjects. Bronchial hyperresponsiveness is one of the hallmark features of asthma. The degree of bronchial hyperresponsiveness is variable among individuals with asthma and may correlate to its severity (the more severe asthma the higher bronchial hyperreactivity). Bronchial hyperresponsiveness is evaluated by performing bronchial provocation test (BPT)...
August 20, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
Anna Kozajda
BACKGROUND: Paper presents the intentional use of biological agents for industrial, diagnostic and research purposes in enterprises in Poland. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The source of data is the National Register of Biological (in Polish KRCB) - the type of the database that gathers data about the intentional use of biological agents at work in Poland. The analysis includes tabular summaries of the data as of December 2017. RESULTS: Notifications were sent by 598 enterprises for: diagnostic - 67...
August 20, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
Aleksandra Jacukowicz, Agata Wężyk
BACKGROUND: Physical demands, exposure to noise and intense contact of skin with musical instruments - inevitable in musicians' job - influence the development of musculoskeletal, hearing and skin problems. This paper aims at identifying playing-related health problems among Polish musicians and potential differences in this regard between students and professional musicians. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This questionnaire study involved 255 musicians who volunteered to participate - 104 students and 151 professional musicians having music education...
August 20, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
Emil Kozłowski, Rafał Młyński
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to determine attenuation of earplugs for ultrasonic noise in the frequency range of 10-16 kHz. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The attenuation of earplugs in 1/3-octave-bands with the centre frequencies of 10 kHz, 12.5 kHz, and 16 kHz using the REAT (real-ear attenuation at threshold) method based on the measurements of hearing threshold of subjects. The study was carried out for 29 models of earplugs commonly used in the industry designed by various manufacturers, including 13 models of foam earplugs, 10 models of flanged earplugs, 5 models of headband earplugs and one model of no-roll earplugs...
August 20, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
Dorota Tomczyszyn, Leszek Solecki, Anna Pańczuk
BACKGROUND: Spinal overload among blue-collar workers occurs most frequently in the lumbar spine. Long-lasting spinal overload results in pain syndromes leading to limitations in everyday and professional life. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The research included 106 adult males working as farmers for at least 10 years. The control group included 50 male white-collar workers. Four research tools were used: an interview questionnaire, a questionnaire assessing pain intensity and limitations in everyday functioning of study participants, a Numeric Rating Scale (NRS) measuring pain intensity and Oswestry Disability Index...
August 20, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
Olga Nowotny-Czupryna, Krzysztof Czupryna, Małgorzata Skucha-Nowak, Joanna Szymańska
BACKGROUND: Back pain is common among people working in the sitting position. Quality of the sitting position depends among others on the standard of work station. Dental units are built on the basis of contemporary ergonomic workplace concepts, while medical assistant workstations are typically computer office workstations. The purpose of the study was pain estimation in association with the identification of the spine arrangements during sitting work with better and worse ergonomic adjustment...
June 27, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
Mariola Paruzel-Czachura, Małgorzata Dobrowolska
Background: The aim of the study was to verify the hypothesis that additional information about the perpetrator responsible for the death of subordinates at the workplace may influence the assessment of morality. The article contains the results of an empirical study conducted among young adult working Silesians (N = 262), who were asked to evaluate the morality of the person responsible for the decision, in line with which miners had started working on 6th October 2014. On that day miners died following an explosion in the “Mysłowice-Wesoła” methane mine in the Polish Silesia region...
May 22, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
Jacek Piechocki, Tomasz Janus, Robert Gałązkowski
Methemoglobin is an oxidized form of hemoglobin that is not capable of carrying oxygen. Exposure to exogenous oxidizing agents can cause severe methemoglobinemia and subsequent hypoxia. This article presents the rare case of a 23-year old patient with methemoglobinemia of 54.2% of total hemoglobin, induced by workplace exposure to 1,4-diaminobenzene and diphenylamine. Following the hyperbaric oxygen therapy the patient was discharged in good general condition and referred to a district hospital for observation...
May 22, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
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