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Medycyna Pracy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005090/-guidelines-for-the-use-of-the-international-classification-of-radiographs-of-pneumoconioses-of-the-international-labour-office-ilo-substantial-changes-in-the-currrent-edition
#1
Maja Muszyńska-Graca, Beata Dąbkowska, Piotr Z Brewczyński
The International Classification of Radiographs of Pneumoconioses is the scheme worked out by the International Labour Office in Geneva (ILO), to register radiographic chest abnormalities in a well-ordered, reproducible and comparable way. It is used for diagnosing abnormalities caused by dust exposure. Guidelines for the use of the ILO International Classification of Radiographs of Pneumoconioses contain detailed information and recommendations on how to use the classification, as well as how the chest X-ray examination should be performed and recorded...
December 22, 2016: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005089/-fullerenols-in-therapy-and-diagnosis-of-cancer
#2
REVIEW
Anna Lichota, Anita Krokosz
Malignant tumors are one of the main causes of death in Poland. One of the objectives of contemporary biomedical research is to maximize the effects of therapeutic strategies. The actions undertaken to improve therapeutic agents are aimed at reducing the side effects of cancer treatments. Another direction of investigations is the search for protective substances that reduce the toxicity of the drug to normal cells. Carbon-based nanomaterials (fullerenes and their derivatives, graphene, carbon nanotubes, nanodiamonds) are a broad class of nanoparticles that have potential biomedical applications in both therapy and diagnostics...
December 22, 2016: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005088/-work-related-rhinitis-is-it-always-an-occupational-disease
#3
REVIEW
Witold Salski, Marta Wiszniewska, Agata Salska, Diana Tymoszuk, Jolanta Walusiak-Skorupa
Rhinitis is a chronic inflammatory disease of the upper respiratory tract, characterized by a high prevalence and a complex pathogenesis. Work-related rhinitis (WRR) can be divided into occupational rhinitis (OR) and work-exacerbated rhinitis (WER). It is not only considered as a disease entity but also in the context of medical certification as the allergic disease associated with occupational exposure. Epidemiology of work-related rhinitis has been found to vary depending on the occupation and specific exposure, on the other hand the prevalence data may be underestimated due to the lack of uniform diagnostic criteria...
December 22, 2016: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005087/-structural-empowerment-and-work-family-fit-in-nurses
#4
Agnieszka Orłowska, Mariola Łaguna
BACKGROUND: The goal of the study was to investigate the relationship between structural empowerment and work-family fit in Polish nurses. Structural empowerment is a strategy for managing by providing the employees with opportunities, information, support and resources essential for the effective performance of work duties. Work-family fit takes 2 forms of relationships between these 2 spheres: conflict (functioning in one role is more difficult because of participation in the other role) and facilitation (fulfilling the duties associated with one role enriches filling up the other role)...
December 22, 2016: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005086/-evaluation-of-color-perception-in-individuals-addicted-to-narcotic-substances-in-the-farnsworth-munsell-100-hue-test
#5
Krystyna Nadolska, Roman Goś
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to assess color perception in the Farnsworth-Munsell 100-Hue test in individuals addicted to narcotic substances, and to analyze the acquired color vision disorders, depending on the duration of addiction and abstinence. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ninety-five persons were qualified for the study. All the subjects were divided into 3 groups. Group I (drug addicts) comprised 45 individuals addicted to narcotic substances and nicotine...
December 22, 2016: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005085/-health-state-assessment-in-people-sentenced-to-the-penalty-of-restriction-of-liberty
#6
Paweł Świderski, Czesław Żaba, Natalia Macioszek
BACKGROUND: Assessment of the health state of people sentenced to the penalty of restriction of liberty makes up a significant percentage of cases annually elaborated in the Department of Forensic Medicine, Poznan University of Medical Sciences. The analysis of such cases was accomplished to point out the difficulties that expert physicians could encounter in formulating their opinions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The analysis involved 1051 medico-legal opinions issued in the years 2004-2013, considering the health state of people performing the duty of free, controlled social labor...
December 22, 2016: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005084/-comorbidity-diseases-in-adults-with-diagnosed-interstitial-lung-diseases-among-inhabitants-of-the-silesian-voivodeship-poland
#7
Ewa Niewiadomska, Małgorzata Kowalska, Jan E Zejda
BACKGROUND: Interstitial lung diseases form a group of chronic diseases associated with a significant worsening of the quality of life. Proper management of these diseases involves the recognition and treatment of comorbidities, so it implies high direct and indirect costs of therapy. The lack of epidemiological data on the total incidence of interstitial diseases in Poland, as well as of information on their increasing incidence in other European countries justify investigations into epidemiological situation in the Silesian voivodeship (the southern region of Poland)...
December 22, 2016: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005083/attenuating-effects-of-caffeic-acid-phenethyl-ester-with-intralipid-on-hepatotoxicity-of-chlorpyrifos-in-the-case-of-rats
#8
Recep Dokuyucu, Ali Bilgili, Basak Hanedan, Hatice Dogan, Ahmet Dokuyucu, Muhammed Murat Celik
BACKGROUND: Chlorpyrifos (CPF), insecticide widely used in agriculture, may cause poisonings in the case of humans. As a result, there is a large amount of treatment research underway to focus on the possibility of chlorpyrifos induced poisonings. The aim of this study has been to evaluate the effects of caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) and intralipid (IL) on hepatotoxicity induced by chlorpyrifos in the case of rats. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The rats in this study were treated with CPF (10 mg/kg body weight (b...
December 22, 2016: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005082/miners-return-to-work-following-injuries-in-coal-mines
#9
Ashis Bhattacherjee, Bijay Mihir Kunar
BACKGROUND: The occupational injuries in mines are common and result in severe socio-economical consequences. Earlier studies have revealed the role of multiple factors such as demographic factors, behavioral factors, health-related factors, working environment, and working conditions for mine injuries. However, there is a dearth of information about the role of some of these factors in delayed return to work (RTW) following a miner's injury. These factors may likely include personal characteristics of injured persons and his or her family, the injured person's social and economic status, and job characteristics...
December 22, 2016: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005081/reliability-of-the-epworth-sleepiness-scale-and-the-berlin-questionnaire-for-screening-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-in-the-context-of-the-examination-of-candidates-for-drivers
#10
Paweł Kiciński, Sylwia Magdalena Przybylska-Kuć, Kalina Tatara, Andrzej Dybała, Maciej Zakrzewski, Wojciech Mysliński, Jerzy Mosiewicz, Andrzej J Jaroszyński
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study has been to assess the usefulness of the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) and the Berlin Questionnaire (BQ) for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) screening. The capacity of both tests to discriminate between healthy individuals or with mild OSAS (apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) < 15/h) vs. patients with moderate or severe OSAS (AHI ≥ 15/h) was evaluated. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study encompassed 223 patients with a suspicion of the OSAS...
December 22, 2016: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005080/work-with-visual-display-units-and-musculoskeletal-disorders-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Matteo Riccò, Silvia Cattani, Giovanni Gualerzi, Carlo Signorelli
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies have shown that employees working with visual display units (VDU) are more likely to complain about musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). The aim of this study has been to evaluate associations among MSDs and individuals and work-related factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 1032 VDU workers were assessed about their personal (i.e., age, working history, smoking history, physical activity) and work-related factors (i.e., predominant job tasks performed, work posture)...
December 22, 2016: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819708/-challenges-to-occupational-medicine-in-view-of-the-problem-of-work-related-diseases-and-the-aging-of-workforce-directions-for-further-development-and-intentional-changes-in-preventive-care-of-employees-in-poland
#12
Andrzej Marcinkiewicz, Jolanta Walusiak-Skorupa, Marta Wiszniewska, Marcin Rybacki, Wojciech Hanke, Konrad Rydzyński
The system of occupational health care in Poland, based on occupational medicine service, takes care of almost 12.5 million employees subjected to over 4.5 million obligatory periodic medical check ups. This form of providing prophylactic care comes down to examinations dictated by legal regulations, whose scope is not oriented towards a comprehensive workers' health assessment, but to the examination of the systems and organs critical to work-related dangers. Simultaneously, epidemiological data indicate a large number of chronic diseases, which may influence the professional activity, like hypertension or diabetes and a high percentage of patients not aware of their illness...
2016: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819707/-health-literacy-as-an-element-of-the-polish-occupational-health-system
#13
REVIEW
Maciej Dobras
Nowadays it is believed that a comprehensive approach towards one's health requires the development and subsequent mastering of health literacy. Although this term has no Polish equivalent, it applies to the ability of individuals to access, analyze and understand information necessary to make informed health decisions. In this publication it is suggested that 'biegłość zdrowotna' can be used as a corresponding Polish term. This publication is based on the review of the available literature (in Polish and in English) on health literacy...
2016: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819706/-strategies-of-prevention-of-the-work-related-injuries-in-physiotherapists
#14
REVIEW
Emilia Mikołajewska
This manuscript presents the author's attempt to review current knowledge on the prevention of work-related injuries in physiotherapists. The author analyzed the literature data concerning the results of studies published until first half of 2015. The aim of the paper is to present and analyze strategies for prevention of work-related injuries in physiotherapists, based on the literature review. The majority of components of discussed strategies still require to be confirmed by future studies. Med Pr 2016;67(5):673-679...
2016: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819705/-health-and-quality-of-life-vs-occupational-activity
#15
REVIEW
Małgorzata Kowalska, Szymon Szemik
The level of quality of life and health status of the population largely depends on the determinants related to occupational activity. The results of reviewed bibliography indicate a significant and growing importance of employment conditions on the quality of life and population health status in most countries of the world, especially in those with market economy. Of the evaluated determinants the following factors should be listed in particular: sources and the amount of income, stability of the income and employment, the nature of work and the degree of job satisfaction, as well as autonomy and career prospects...
2016: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819704/-acoustic-conditions-in-open-plan-offices-pilot-test-results
#16
Witold Mikulski
BACKGROUND: The main source of noise in open plan office are conversations. Office work standards in such premises are attained by applying specific acoustic adaptation. This article presents the results of pilot tests and acoustic evaluation of open space rooms. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Acoustic properties of 6 open plan office rooms were the subject of the tests. Evaluation parameters, measurement methods and criterial values were adopted according to the following standards: PN-EN ISO 3382- 3:2012, PN-EN ISO 3382-2:2010, PN-B-02151-4:2015-06 and PN-B-02151-3:2015-10...
2016: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819703/-method-for-determining-1-2-3-4-diepoxybutane-in-workplace-air
#17
Joanna Kowalska, Anna Jeżewska
BACKGROUND: 1,2:3,4-Diepoxybutane (DEB) is a substance classified to a group of carcinogens. The maximum admissible concentration (MAC) value for this substance in workplace air is not specified in Poland. Due to the fact that DEB has been used in domestic companies there is a need to develop a sensitive method for determining 1,2:3,4-diepoxybutane in the work environment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The studies were performed using gas chromatography (GC) technique. An Agilent Technologies chromatograph, series 7890A, with a mass selective detector (5975C, Agilent Technologies, USA) was employed in the experiment...
2016: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819702/-personal-resources-and-negative-and-positive-effects-of-traumatic-events-in-a-group-of-medical-rescuers
#18
Nina Ogińska-Bulik
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the research was to investigate the role of personal resources, such as optimism and sense of selfefficacy in both negative (posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms) and positive (posttraumatic growth - PTG) effects of experienced trauma in a group of emergency service representatives. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data of 100 medical rescue workers, mostly men (59%) who have experienced traumatic events in their worksite were analyzed. The age of the participants ranged from 24 to 60 years (mean = 37...
2016: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819701/-work-experience-and-seniority-in-health-care-vs-medical-students-knowledge-of-selected-hand-hygiene-procedures
#19
Anna Różańska, Jadwiga Wójkowska-Mach, Małgorzata Bulanda
BACKGROUND: Hand hygiene (HH) is the most important element of infection prevention. The aim of the study was to analyze the level of HH knowledge among medical students of Jagiellonian University Medical College in correlation with their clinical experience and the presence and extent of trainings in hospital hygiene prior to internships, as well as with HH practice among medical staff perceived by students. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was carried out in a group of 414 students from October to December, 2014...
2016: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819700/-management-of-tobacco-smoking-in-the-prison-service-units-the-effects-of-the-health-promotion-program
#20
Krzysztof Puchalski, Elżbieta Korzeniowska
BACKGROUND: In 2014 the health promotion program aimed at managing personnel smoking was implemented in the Polish prison service (PS) in cooperation with the Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine (NIOM). It combined education of managers, encouraging them to implement good practices, with employees' education. This paper describes the process of implementation and its effects in 159 units of PS, against the data on the management of smoking in medium and large companies in Poland gathered in 2010...
2016: Medycyna Pracy
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