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Medycyna Pracy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886726/judgment-of-the-morality-of-an-individual-responsible-for-a-fatal-workplace-accident-involving-subordinates
#1
Mariola Paruzel-Czachura, Małgorzata Dobrowolska
Background: The aim of the study was to verify the hypothesis that additional information about the perpetrator responsible for the death of subordinates at the workplace may influence the assessment of morality. The article contains the results of an empirical study conducted among young adult working Silesians (N = 262), who were asked to evaluate the morality of the person responsible for the decision, in line with which miners had started working on 6th October 2014. On that day miners died following an explosion in the “Mysłowice-Wesoła” methane mine in the Polish Silesia region...
May 22, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790487/-1-4-diaminobenzene-and-diphenylamine-induced-severe-methemoglobinaemia-treated-by-hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy-case-report
#2
Jacek Piechocki, Tomasz Janus, Robert Gałązkowski
Methemoglobin is an oxidized form of hemoglobin that is not capable of carrying oxygen. Exposure to exogenous oxidizing agents can cause severe methemoglobinemia and subsequent hypoxia. This article presents the rare case of a 23-year old patient with methemoglobinemia of 54.2% of total hemoglobin, induced by workplace exposure to 1,4-diaminobenzene and diphenylamine. Following the hyperbaric oxygen therapy the patient was discharged in good general condition and referred to a district hospital for observation...
May 22, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790486/-simplicity-or-complexity-of-the-radiopharmaceutical-production-process-in-the-light-of-optimization-of-radiation-protection-of-staff-sup-99m-sup-tc-vs-sup-18-sup-f
#3
Małgorzata Wrzesień
BACKGROUND: A radiopharmaceutical is a combination of a non-radioactive compound with a radioactive isotope. Two isotopes: technetium- 99m (<sup>99m</sup>Tc) and fluorine-18 (<sup>18</sup>F) are worth mentioning on the rich list of isotopes which have found numerous medical applications. Their similarity is limited only to the diagnostic area of applicability. The type and the energy of emitted radiation, the half-life and, in particular, the production method demonstrate their diversity...
May 22, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628510/adaptive-and-maladaptive-perfectionism-and-professional-burnout-among-medical-laboratory-scientists
#4
Marlena Robakowska, Anna Tyrańska-Fobke, Maciej Walkiewicz, Małgorzata Tartas
BACKGROUND: The goal of this paper is to verify the correlations between adaptive and maladaptive perfectionism and the selected demographic and job characteristics vs. professional burnout among medical laboratory scientists in Poland. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study group consisted of 166 laboratory scientists. The Polish Adaptive and Maladaptive Perfectionism Questionnaire (Szczucka) was used for testing perfectionism. The Oldenburg Burnout Inventory was used for examining burnout syndrome...
May 22, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615826/-optimization-of-the-method-for-the-determination-of-diethyl-sulfate-at-workplaces
#5
Joanna Kowalska, Anna Jeżewska
BACKGROUND: Diethyl sulfate (DES) is a substance classified to the group of carcinogens. The value of maximum admissible concentration for this substance in workplace air is not specified in Poland. Due to the use of DES in domestic companies there is a need to develop a sensitive method for the determination of diethyl sulfate in the work environment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Studies were performed using gas chromatography (GC) technique. An Agilent Technologies chromatograph, series 7890A, with a mass selective detector (5975C, Agilent Technologies, USA) was used in the experiment...
May 22, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599532/-job-satisfaction-vs-occupational-stress-quantitative-analysis-of-3-organizational-units-of-a-public-sector-institution
#6
Anna Rogozińska-Pawełczyk
BACKGROUND: The influence of subjective perception of occupational stress and its individual factors on the overall level of job satisfaction was analyzed. The respondents were also asked to answer the question of the potential differences in terms of variables in managers and non-managers, and in various demographic factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This article presents the results of a study conducted among 5930 people employed in 3 units of the examined public sector institution...
May 22, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569627/-selected-risk-factors-for-occupational-exposures-to-blood-borne-pathogens-in-cosmetics-salons
#7
Maria Gańczak, Marta Paczewska, Zbigniew Szych, Katarzyna Topczewska, Marzena Drozd-Dąbrowska
BACKGROUND: Services offered in the esthetic/beauty industry poses the risk of blood-borne infections (BBIs) due to carrying out invasive procedures. The study objective: was to assess the number of sharps injuries, occupational risk factors, and preventive methods used among cosmetologists. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The anonymous survey was conducted (February-April 2017) in randomly selected beauty/esthetic medicine clinics in Szczecin, Poland; 96 cosmetologists were invited...
May 22, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565046/-assessment-of-fungal-aerosol-exposure-at-selected-workplaces-contaminated-with-organic-dust-of-different-origin
#8
Anna Ławniczek-Wałczyk, Marcin Cyprowski, Małgorzata Gołofit-Szymczak, Angelina Wójcik-Fatla, Violetta Zając, Rafał L Górny
BACKGROUND: <sup></sup>In recent years, the number of people suffering from diseases caused by fungi has been increasing. However, knowledge of the biodiversity of fungal pathogens in the work environment is still insufficient. The aim of this work was to evaluate the exposure to fungi being disseminated in the air of workplaces contaminated with organic dust of plant and animal origin. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Bioaerosol samples were collected at 3 occupational settings (poultry farm, biomass burning power plant and wastewater treatment plant) using button samplers...
May 22, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565045/types-of-falls-and-strategies-for-maintaining-stability-on-an-unstable-surface
#9
Michalina Błażkiewicz, Ida Wiszomirska, Katarzyna Kaczmarczyk, Andrzej Wit
BACKGROUND: Falls constitute an important health issue. They cause significant morbidity, mortality and have marked psychological effects on the individual, too. The aim of this study has been to determine parameters describing human movement strategies for balance and the reaction if balance is lost as a result of an unstable ground, and to attempt to describe the types of falls. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study group comprised 20 volunteers. Kinematic parameters of falling and dynamic stability were measured using the Vicon Motion System and the Biodex Balance System SD...
May 22, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565044/-late-effects-of-mass-acute-phosphine-poisoning-case-report
#10
Małgorzata Waszkowska, Jolanta Walusiak-Skorupa, Dorota Merecz-Kot, Marta Wiszniewska
This paper reports the case of collective acute phosphide (PH<sub>3</sub>) intoxication among the crew aboard a merchant ship. All the intoxicated individuals were hospitalized 3 months after the accident. The aim of examinations was to identify late health effects of the accident. Laboratory tests and consultations were performed during their stay in the hospital. There were 5 cases of toxic liver damage. other 5 patients were diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder and adjustment disorders...
May 22, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521377/-acoustic-conditions-in-open-plan-office-application-of-technical-measures-in-a-typical-room
#11
Witold Mikulski
BACKGROUND: Noise in open plan offices should not exceed acceptable levels for the hearing protection. Its major negative effects on employees are nuisance and impediment in execution of work. Specific technical solutions should be introduced to provide proper acoustic conditions for work performance. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Acoustic evaluation of a typical open plan office was presented in the article published in "Medycyna Pracy" 5/2016. None of the rooms meets all the criteria, therefore, in this article one of the rooms was chosen to apply different technical solutions to check the possibility of reaching proper acoustic conditions...
March 9, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493628/-functional-assessment-of-patients-with-vertigo-and-dizziness-in-occupational-medicine
#12
Ewa Zamysłowska-Szmytke, Sylwia Szostek-Rogula, Mariola Śliwińska-Kowalska
BACKGROUND: Balance assessment relies on symptoms, clinical examination and functional assessment and their verification in objective tests. Our study was aimed at calculating the assessment compatibility between questionnaires, functional scales and objective vestibular and balance examinations. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A group of 131 patients (including 101 women; mean age: 59±14 years) of the audiology outpatient clinic was examined. Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, phobic vertigo and central dizziness were the most common diseases observed in the study group...
March 9, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372912/-assessment-of-worklife-areas-and-stress-intensity-among-border-guard-officers
#13
Agata Chudzicka-Czupała, Marta Stasiła-Sieradzka, Małgorzata Dobrowolska, Agnieszka Kułakowska
BACKGROUND: Stress is associated with the performance of high-risk occupations. It can be defined as a set of reactions that results from mismatched working conditions and requirements to capabilities of an employee. People who differently assess these areas of work may experience varying degrees of stress. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The total of 128 Border Guard officers took part in the test. A subjective assessment of areas of work was made by using the Areas of Worklife Survey...
March 9, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334082/economic-costs-due-to-workers-sick-leave-at-wastewater-treatment-plants-in-bulgaria
#14
Elka Ilieva Toseva, Rumyana Stoyanova, Tanya Turnovska
BACKGROUND: The compensatory mechanisms of social security include expenses for sick leave. The aim of the study is to determine the economic cost due to sick leave among workers in wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs), comparing with the same economic indicators of the National Social Security Institute (NSSI) in Bulgaria. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The sick leave of 111 workers at 3 WWTPs was studied in the period 2012-2014 on the grounds of registered absences from work due to temporary incapacity for work...
March 9, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302081/-factors-affecting-the-maintenance-of-occupational-activity-over-a-2-3-year-period-after-total-hip-replacement
#15
Teresa Pop, Agnieszka Bejer, Joanna Baran, Daniel Szymczyk
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this paper was to assess the occupational activity in patients after hip replacement over a 2-3-year post operational period and to analyze the effect of selected factors (age, gender, body mass index (BMI), functional state and self-assessed health status) on this activity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In the research 107 people (56 women and 51 men) participated. The average age of the subject's was 55.1 years. A standardized author's survey questionnaire, including questions about personal and clinical data, occupational activity and self-assessment of health status, was applied...
March 9, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300394/screening-value-of-v-rqol-in-the-evaluation-of-occupational-voice-disorders
#16
Joanna Morawska, Ewa Niebudek-Bogusz, Justyna Wiktorowicz, Mariola Śliwińska-Kowalska
BACKGROUND: Given the growing number of occupational voice users, easy and quick broad-scale screening is necessary to provide prophylaxis of voice disorders. The aim of the study was to assess applicability of the Voice Related Quality of Life questionnaire (V-RQOL) to screening occupational voice disorders. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The research comprised 284 subjects divided into 3 groups: 0 - the control group of normophonic subjects, non-professional voice users (N = 60), 1 - occupational voice users with objectively confirmed voice disorders (N = 124), 2 - the non-randomized group of occupational voice users with and without voice problems (N = 100)...
March 9, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300393/-comparison-of-chemical-composition-of-selected-essential-oils-used-in-respiratory-diseases
#17
Małgorzata Kucharska, Jadwiga A Szymańska, Wiktor Wesołowski, Elżbieta Bruchajzer, Barbara Frydrych
BACKGROUND: Essential oils are fragrances extracted from plants. They have a smooth consistency and pleasant smell. Essential oils have been applied in aromatherapy, cosmetics, food and pharmaceutical products. The aim of the study was to analyze the composition of selected essential oils used in respiratory diseases. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The qualitative analysis was performed by gas chromatography with mass spectrometry. For the study 6 essential oils available in Polish shops and used in various respiratory diseases were chosen...
March 9, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300392/-31st-conference-of-the-european-health-psychology-society-innovative-ideas-in-health-psychology
#18
Monika Maria Małkiewicz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184218/-humor-at-work-questionnaire-polish-adaptation-of-humor-climate-questionnaire-hcq
#19
Aleksander Stańczak, Marcin Drabek
BACKGROUND: The aim of the paper is to present the Polish adaptation of the Humor Climate Questionnaire (HCQ), designed to measure humor as organizational climate feature. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The authors employed back-translation and independent judges method to choose the best version of the translated items. The psychometric properties of HCQ were estimated on the basis of 2 samples: the basic group of employees (N = 217) and the group of employees who had completed the survey twice (N = 55)...
March 9, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035404/-biological-significance-of-chromium-iii-for-the-human-organism
#20
REVIEW
Anna Piotrowska, Wanda Pilch, Łukasz Tota, Gabriel Nowak
Currently, chromium is probably the most controversial transition metal. In recent publications it is clearly stated that it is not an essential micronutrient and should be considered to have a pharmacological effect. Conflicting scientific reports along with a huge amount of dietary supplements, as well as dietary and sports nutrients available on the market have prompted the authors to investigate the available information on the range of possible application, efficacy and safety of products containing salts or chelates of chromium III...
March 9, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
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