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Journal of Radiation Research

Katsuya Yahara, Takayuki Ohguri, Hiroki Udono, Junkoh Yamamoto, Kyosuke Tomura, Toshihiro Onoda, Hajime Imada, Shigeru Nishizawa, Yukunori Korogi
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of radiotherapy (RT) using intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) boosts after hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy with chemotherapy in patients with glioblastoma. Twenty-four patients with glioblastoma were treated with the combined therapy, which was RT using IMRT boosts after HBO with chemotherapy, and were retrospectively analyzed. The RT protocol was as follows: first, 3D conformal RT [40 Gy/20 fractions (fr)] was delivered to the gross tumor volume (GTV) and the surrounding edema, including an additional 1...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Radiation Research
Hideyuki Mizuno, Shigekazu Fukuda, Akifumi Fukumura, Yuzuru-Kutsutani Nakamura, Cao Jianping, Chul-Koo Cho, Nana Supriana, To Anh Dung, Miriam Joy Calaguas, C R Beena Devi, Yaowalak Chansilpa, Parvin Akhter Banu, Masooma Riaz, Surya Esentayeva, Shingo Kato, Kumiko Karasawa, Hirohiko Tsujii
A dose audit of 16 facilities in 11 countries has been performed within the framework of the Forum for Nuclear Cooperation in Asia (FNCA) quality assurance program. The quality of radiation dosimetry varies because of the large variation in radiation therapy among the participating countries. One of the most important aspects of international multicentre clinical trials is uniformity of absolute dose between centres. The National Institute of Radiological Sciences (NIRS) in Japan has conducted a dose audit of participating countries since 2006 by using radiophotoluminescent glass dosimeters (RGDs)...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Radiation Research
Tiju Chacko, Aditya Menon, Teeju Majeed, Sivaprabha V Nair, Nithu Sara John, Cherupally Krishnan Krishnan Nair
Several phytoceuticals and extracts of medicinal plants are reported to mitigate deleterious effects of ionizing radiation. The potential of hydro-alcoholic extract of Clerodendron infortunatum (CIE) for providing protection to mice exposed to gamma radiation was investigated. Oral administration of CIE bestowed a survival advantage to mice exposed to lethal doses of gamma radiation. Radiation-induced depletion of the total blood count and bone marrow cellularity were prevented by treatment with CIE. Damage to the cellular DNA (as was evident from the comet assay and the micronucleus index) was also found to be decreased upon CIE administration...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Radiation Research
Satoshi Nakamura, Hiroyuki Okamoto, Akihisa Wakita, Rei Umezawa, Kana Takahashi, Koji Inaba, Naoya Murakami, Toru Kato, Hiroshi Igaki, Yoshinori Ito, Yoshihisa Abe, Jun Itami
There are many reports concerning patient-specific quality assurance (QA) for intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT). However, reports about the statistical results of QA are lacking. Management methods for the results of the QA are needed, even though we have the ESTRO group recommendation that a tolerance limit of 1.96 standard deviation (SD) be established in each institution. The purpose of this study was to establish a management method for determining the tolerance limit and to report the statistical results of patient-specific QA...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Radiation Research
Tatsuya Ohno, Masaru Wakatsuki, Takafumi Toita, Yuko Kaneyasu, Ken Yoshida, Shingo Kato, Noriko Li, Sunao Tokumaru, Hitoshi Ikushima, Takashi Uno, Shin-Ei Noda, Tomoko Kazumoto, Yoko Harima
Our purpose was to develop recommendations for contouring the computed tomography (CT)-based high-risk clinical target volume (CTVHR) for 3D image-guided brachytherapy (3D-IGBT) for cervical cancer. A 15-member Japanese Radiation Oncology Study Group (JROSG) committee with expertise in gynecological radiation oncology initiated guideline development for CT-based CTVHR (based on a comprehensive literature review as well as clinical experience) in July 2014. Extensive discussions occurred during four face-to-face meetings and frequent email communication until a consensus was reached...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Radiation Research
Keita Kurosu, Iori Sumida, Hiroya Shiomi, Hirokazu Mizuno, Hiroko Yamaguchi, Hirofumi Okubo, Keisuke Tamari, Yuji Seo, Osamu Suzuki, Seiichi Ota, Shinichi Inoue, Kazuhiko Ogawa
In this CyberKnife® dose verification study, we investigated the effectiveness of the novel potential error (PE) concept when applied to the determination of a robust measurement point for targeting errors. PE was calculated by dividing the differences between the maximum increases and decreases in dose distributions by the original distribution after obtaining the former by shifting the source-to-axis and off-axis distances of each beam by ±1.0 mm. Thus, PE values and measurement point dose heterogeneity were analyzed in 48 patients who underwent CyberKnife radiotherapy...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Radiation Research
Dragoslav Nikezic, Kwan Ngok Yu
Two methods were proposed for determining alpha-particle fluence for radiobiological experiments. The first involved calculating the probabilities of hitting the target for alpha particles emitted from a source through Monte Carlo simulations, which when multiplied by the activity of the source gave the fluence at the target. The second relied on the number of chemically etched alpha-particle tracks developed on a solid-state nuclear track detector (SSNTD) that was irradiated by an alpha-particle source. The etching efficiencies (defined as percentages of latent tracks created by alpha particles from the source that could develop to become visible tracks upon chemical etching) were computed through Monte Carlo simulations, which when multiplied by the experimentally counted number of visible tracks would also give the fluence at the target...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Radiation Research
Toshihiko Inoue, Norihisa Masai, Hiroya Shiomi, Ryoong-Jin Oh, Kenji Uemoto, Noriyasu Hashida
We aimed to describe the feasibility and efficacy of a novel non-invasive fixation and monitoring (F-M) device for the eyeballs (which uses a right-angle prism mirror as the optic axis guide) in three consecutive patients with choroidal melanoma who were treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT). The device consists of an immobilization shell, a right-angle prism mirror, a high magnification optical zoom video camera, a guide lamp, a digital voice recorder, a personal computer, and a National Television System Committee standard analog video cable...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Radiation Research
Masaya Tamura, Hideyuki Sakurai, Masashi Mizumoto, Satoshi Kamizawa, Shigeyuki Murayama, Haruo Yamashita, Seishin Takao, Ryusuke Suzuki, Hiroki Shirato, Yoichi M Ito
To investigate the amount that radiation-induced secondary cancer would be reduced by using proton beam therapy (PBT) in place of intensity-modulated X-ray therapy (IMXT) in pediatric patients, we analyzed lifetime attributable risk (LAR) as an in silico surrogate marker of the secondary cancer after these treatments. From 242 pediatric patients with cancers who were treated with PBT, 26 patients were selected by random sampling after stratification into four categories: (i) brain, head and neck, (ii) thoracic, (iii) abdominal, and (iv) whole craniospinal (WCNS) irradiation...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Radiation Research
Hitoshi Maemoto, Takafumi Toita, Takuro Ariga, Joichi Heianna, Tsuneo Yamashiro, Sadayuki Murayama
To determine the predictive factors affecting uterine movement during radiotherapy (RT), we quantified interfraction uterine movement using computed tomography (CT) and cone-beam CT (CBCT). A total of 38 patients who underwent definitive RT for cervical cancer were retrospectively analyzed. We compared pre-RT planning CT (n = 38) and intratreatment CBCT (n = 315), measuring cervical and corporal movement in each direction. Correlations between uterine movement and volume changes of the bladder and rectum on all CBCT scans were analyzed using Spearman rank correlation analysis...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Radiation Research
Kaye Showler, Mayumi Nishimura, Kazuhiro Daino, Tatsuhiko Imaoka, Yukiko Nishimura, Takamitsu Morioka, Benjamin J Blyth, Toshiaki Kokubo, Masaru Takabatake, Maki Fukuda, Hitomi Moriyama, Shizuko Kakinuma, Masahiro Fukushi, Yoshiya Shimada
The PI3K/AKT pathway is one of the most important signaling networks in human breast cancer, and since it was potentially implicated in our preliminary investigations of radiation-induced rat mammary carcinomas, our aim here was to verify its role. We included mammary carcinomas induced by the chemical carcinogen 1-methyl-1-nitrosourea to determine whether any changes were radiation-specific. Most carcinomas from both groups showed activation of the PI3K/AKT pathway, but phosphorylation of AKT1 was often heterogeneous and only present in a minority of carcinoma cells...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Radiation Research
Chun-Ming Huang, Ming-Yii Huang, Hsiang-Lin Tsai, Ching-Wen Huang, Cheng-Jen Ma, Chih-Hung Lin, Chih-Jen Huang, Jaw-Yuan Wang
The aim of the study was to compare clinical outcomes and toxicity between 3D conformal radiotherapy (3DCRT) and image-guided intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IG-IMRT) administered through helical tomotherapy in locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC) patients receiving preoperative chemoradiotherapy. We reviewed 144 patients with Stage II-III rectal cancer receiving preoperative fluoropyrimidine-based chemoradiotherapy followed by radical resection. Tumor responses following chemoradiotherapy were evaluated using the Dworak tumor regression grade (TRG)...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Radiation Research
Moonkyoo Kong, Seong Eon Hong
The aim of this study was to describe the patterns of tumor regression with respect to follow-up duration after chemoradiotherapy in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma. A total of 27 patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma were included and received definitive concurrent chemoradiotherapy. Patterns of primary tumor regression and development of locoregional recurrences were evaluated by imaging studies every 1 to 2 months. Primary tumors gradually regressed over the period of follow-up. The median time to full regression was 4...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Radiation Research
Zhou Huang, Bing Sun, Ge Shen, Lei Cha, Xiangying Meng, Junliang Wang, Zhenshan Zhou, Shikai Wu
The outcome of recurrent brain metastasis is dismal. This study aims to assess the clinical outcomes and toxicity of reirradiation as a salvage treatment for progressive brain metastasis in patients with advanced breast cancer. Between July 2005 and September 2014, the medical records of 56 patients with brain metastasis from breast cancer were retrospectively reviewed. Of these patients, 39 received whole-brain radiotherapy (WBRT) followed by stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) reirradiation (Group 1), and 17 received SRS followed by WBRT reirradiation (Group 2)...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Radiation Research
Jinmei Chen, Weijian Zhang, Lurong Zhang, Jiemin Zhang, Xiuying Chen, Meichun Yang, Ting Chen, Jinsheng Hong
Radiation-induced lung injury (RILI) is a common complication of thoracic radiotherapy, but efficacious therapy for RILI is lacking. This study ascertained whether glycyrrhetinic acid (GA; a functional hydrolyzed product of glycyrrhizic acid, which is extracted from herb licorice) can protect against RILI and investigated its relationship to the transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1/Smads signaling pathway. C57BL/6 mice were divided into four groups: a control group, a GA group and two irradiation (IR) groups...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Radiation Research
Yudai Izumi, Kentaro Fujii, Satoshi Yamamoto, Koichi Matsuo, Hirofumi Namatame, Masaki Taniguchi, Akinari Yokoya
Synchrotron-radiation circular-dichroism spectroscopy was used to reveal that the DNA damage response induces a decrement of α-helix and an increment of β-strand contents of histone H3-H4 extracted from X-ray-irradiated human HeLa cells. The trend of the structural alteration was qualitatively opposite to that of our previously reported results for histone H2A-H2B. These results strongly suggest that histones share roles in DNA damage responses, particularly in DNA repair processes and chromatin remodeling, via a specific structural alteration of each histone...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Radiation Research
Jeong Il Yu, Hee Chul Park, Yong Chan Ahn, Xian-Shu Gao, Jun-Jie Wang, Zhao-Chong Zeng, Yoshinori Ito, Tatsuya Ohno, Yasumasa Nishimura
This online survey of practising radiation oncologists from Korea, China and Japan was conducted to investigate the current practices in radiotherapy (RT) for spine metastasis and to compare these practices across the three countries. The questionnaire included nine general information questions and two clinical scenarios (representing 'typical' and 'good' prognosis spine metastasis), with seven questions for each scenario. An anonymous web-based survey using Google Docs® was undertaken from 2 September 2014 to 9 April 2015...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Radiation Research
Tomoyuki Shirai, Jianqing Wang, Mayumi Kawabe, Kanako Wake, So-Ichi Watanabe, Satoru Takahashi, Osamu Fujiwara
In everyday life, people are exposed to radiofrequency (RF) electromagnetic fields (EMFs) with multiple frequencies. To evaluate the possible adverse effects of multifrequency RF EMFs, we performed an experiment in which pregnant rats and their delivered offspring were simultaneously exposed to eight different communication signal EMFs (two of 800 MHz band, two of 2 GHz band, one of 2.4 GHz band, two of 2.5 GHz band and one of 5.2 GHz band). Thirty six pregnant Sprague-Dawley (SD) 10-week-old rats were divided into three groups of 12 rats: one control (sham exposure) group and two experimental (low- and high-level RF EMF exposure) groups...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Radiation Research
Norie Kanzaki, Takahiro Kataoka, Reo Etani, Kaori Sasaoka, Akihiro Kanagawa, Kiyonori Yamaoka
In our previous studies, we found that low-dose radiation inhibits oxidative stress-induced diseases due to increased antioxidants. Although these effects of low-dose radiation were demonstrated, further research was needed to clarify the effects. However, the analysis of oxidative stress is challenging, especially that of low levels of oxidative stress, because antioxidative substances are intricately involved. Thus, we proposed an approach for analysing oxidative liver damage via use of a self-organizing map (SOM)-a novel and comprehensive technique for evaluating hepatic and antioxidative function...
September 10, 2016: Journal of Radiation Research
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November 2016: Journal of Radiation Research
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