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Journal of Radiation Research

Norifumi Mizuno, Haruna Takahashi, Jiro Kawamori, Naoki Nakamura, Mami Ogita, Shogo Hatanaka, Ryouhei Yamauchi, Masatsugu Hariu, Kenji Sekiguchi
Some patients undergoing breast reconstruction require post-mastectomy radiation therapy, but the metallic ports used in temporary tissue expanders attenuate the X-rays. In this study, we evaluated by the film method, the attenuation of 4 MV and 6 MV X-rays after passing through a metallic port, with the aim of identifying a useful method for determining the appropriate density to use in the radiation treatment planning system (RTPS), taking into account the distance between the metallic port and the targets...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Radiation Research
Takumi Yamaguchi, Makiko Orita, Hideko Urata, Tetsuko Shinkawa, Yasuyuki Taira, Noboru Takamura
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2018: Journal of Radiation Research
Wei Long, Guanghui Zhang, Yinping Dong, Deguan Li
The hematopoietic system is widely studied in radiation research. Tea has been proved to have antioxidative activity. In the present study, we describe the protective effects of dark tea extract (DTE) on radiation-induced hematopoietic injury. DTE administration significantly enhanced the survival rate of mice after 7.0 and 7.5 Gy total body irradiation (TBI). The results showed that DTE not only markedly increased the numbers and cloning potential of hematopoietic cells, but also decreased DNA damages after mice were exposed to 6...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Radiation Research
Yuki Wada, Katsumi Hirose, Takaomi Harada, Mariko Sato, Tsubasa Watanabe, Akira Anbai, Manabu Hashimoto, Yoshihiro Takai
Boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) can potentially deliver high linear energy transfer particles to tumor cells without causing severe damage to surrounding normal tissue, and may thus be beneficial for cases with characteristics of infiltrative growth, which need a wider irradiation field, such as glioblastoma multiforme. Hypoxia is an important factor contributing to resistance to anticancer therapies such as radiotherapy and chemotherapy. In this study, we investigated the impact of oxygen status on 10B uptake in glioblastoma cells in vitro in order to evaluate the potential impact of local hypoxia on BNCT...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Radiation Research
Ryo Takagi, Yuriko Komiya, Kenneth L Sutherland, Hiroki Shirato, Hiroyuki Date, Masahiro Mizuta
In this paper, we compare two radiation effect models: the average surviving fraction (ASF) model and the integral biologically effective dose (IBED) model for deriving the optimal irradiation scheme and show the superiority of ASF. Minimizing the effect on an organ at risk (OAR) is important in radiotherapy. The biologically effective dose (BED) model is widely used to estimate the effect on the tumor or on the OAR, for a fixed value of dose. However, this is not always appropriate because the dose is not a single value but is distributed...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Radiation Research
Kentaro Nishioka, Anussara Prayongrat, Kota Ono, Shunsuke Onodera, Takayuki Hashimoto, Norio Katoh, Tetsuya Inoue, Rumiko Kinoshita, Koichi Yasuda, Takashi Mori, Rikiya Onimaru, Hiroki Shirato, Shinichi Shimizu
This is a report of a single-institution prospective study evaluating the safety of a spot-scanning dedicated, small 360-degree gantry, synchrotron-based proton beam therapy (PBT) system. Data collection was performed for 56 patients with 59 treatment sites who received proton beam therapy at Hokkaido University Hospital between March 2014 and July 2015. Forty-one patients were male and 15 were female. The median age was 66 years. The primary lesion sites were prostate (n = 17), bone/soft tissue (n = 10), liver (n = 7), lung (n = 6), central nervous system (n = 5), colon (n = 2), pancreas (n = 2), kidney (n = 2) and others (n = 5)...
December 22, 2017: Journal of Radiation Research
Asao Noda
Although the vast majority of DNA damage induced by radiation exposure disappears rapidly, some lesions remain in the cell nucleus in very small quantities for days to months. These lesions may cause a considerable threat to an organism and include certain types of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) called 'unrepairable DSBs'. Unrepairable DSBs are thought to cause persistent malfunctioning of cells and tissues or cause late effects of radiation, especially the induction of delayed cell death, mutation, senescence, or carcinogenesis...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Radiation Research
Xiao-San Xu, Lian-An Zhang, Quan-Fu Sun, Yong-Chun Qin, Ning-Le Yu
Medical diagnostic X-ray workers are one occupational group that has exposure to continuous low doses of external radiation over their working lifetimes. Current ICRP recommendations [ICRP. Recommendations of the International Commission on Radiological Protection. ICRP Publication 60. Ann ICRP 1991;21 (1-3)] state that there is no threshold of stochastic effects induced by radiation exposure such as carcinogenicity or genetic defects, and that the frequency of the effects is proportional to the amount of exposure to low levels of radiation, which is measured by radiation dose...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Radiation Research
Eisuke Sato, Alexander Zaboronok, Tetsuya Yamamoto, Kei Nakai, Sergey Taskaev, Olga Volkova, Ludmila Mechetina, Alexander Taranin, Vladimir Kanygin, Tomonori Isobe, Bryan J Mathis, Akira Matsumura
In the current article, we provide in vitro efficacy evaluation of a unique accelerator-based neutron source, constructed at the Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics (Novosibirsk, Russian Federation), for boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT), which is particularly effective in the case of invasive cancers. U251MG, CHO-K1 and V79 cells were incubated and irradiated in various concentrations of boric acid with epithermal neutrons for 2-3 h in a plexiglass phantom, using 2.0 MeV proton energy and 1.5-3.0 mA proton current, resulting in a neutron fluence of 2...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Radiation Research
Kensuke Otsuka, Keiji Suzuki, Yuki Fujimichi, Masanori Tomita, Toshiyasu Iwasaki
We previously found that high-dose-rate radiation induced a replenishment of the colonic Lgr5+ stem cell pool, whereas low-dose-rate radiation did not. To identify key molecules that determine the dose-rate effects on this stem cell pool, we harvested colonic Lgr5+ stem cells by cell sorting at 2 weeks after exposure to 1 Gy of high-dose-rate (30 Gy/h) or low-dose-rate (0.003 Gy/h) radiation and analyzed their gene expression profiles using RNA-Seq. We found that pathways related to DNA damage response, cell growth, cell differentiation and cell death were upregulated in Lgr5+ stem cells irradiated with high dose rates, whereas pathways related to apical junctions and extracellular signaling were upregulated in low-dose-rate-irradiated colonic Lgr5+ stem cells...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Radiation Research
Yuichi Ishida, Katsuyuki Sakanaka, Satoshi Itasaka, Yuji Nakamoto, Kaori Togashi, Takashi Mizowaki, Masahiro Hiraoka
This study sought to evaluate the effect of fasting time prior to 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) on myocardial accumulation of FDG in patients receiving radiotherapy for esophageal carcinoma, and the spatial relationship between the irradiated dose and myocardial accumulation of FDG. Forty-one patients with thoracic esophageal carcinoma received FDG-PET with <18-h (24 patients) or ≥18-h (17 patients) fasting status. Their myocardial accumulation patterns of FDG were categorized using the maximal standardized uptake value (SUVmax) into three types: physiological, focal and no pathological accumulation...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Radiation Research
Noriko Yaekashiwa, Sato Otsuki, Shin'ichiro Hayashi, Kodo Kawase
This study investigated the effects of millimeter wave (MMW) irradiation with a wide range of frequencies on the proliferation and activity of normal human skin fibroblast (NB1RBG) and human glioblastoma (A172) cells. Very few studies have focused on low-power, long-term irradiation of cells with a widely tunable source. Our research examined non-thermal effects on cells exposed to radiation at low power with tunable frequencies from 70 GHz to 300 GHz. A widely tunable MMW source was set within a cell culture incubator...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Radiation Research
Keita Kurosu, Iori Sumida, Osamu Suzuki, Hiroya Shiomi, Seiichi Ota, Keisuke Otani, Keisuke Tamari, Yuji Seo, Kazuhiko Ogawa
Correlation model error (CME) between the internal target and the external surrogate, and marker-tumor correlation error (MTCE) between the tumor and the implanted marker occur during marker-based real-time tumor tracking. The effects of these intrafraction and interfraction errors on the dose coverage in the clinical target volume (CTV) and on tumor control probability (TCP) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) were evaluated in this study. Eight HCC patients treated with non-isocentric dose delivery by a robotic radiosurgery system were enrolled...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Radiation Research
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 14, 2017: Journal of Radiation Research
Yudai Izumi, Koichi Matsuo, Kentaro Fujii, Akinari Yokoya, Masaki Taniguchi, Hirofumi Namatame
We report the global structural alterations in histone H3 proteins induced by lysine-9 mono-, di- and trimethylation, which are part of the critical post-translational modifications for DNA damage responses, identified using synchrotron radiation circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy. Compared with unmodified H3, mono- and dimethylation increases the number of α-helices and decreases the numbers of β-strands, while trimethylation decreases the α-helix content and increases the β-strand content. Comparison of the secondary-structure contents of these histone H3 proteins suggests that the methylation-induced structural alterations occur at residues not only close to but also distant from the methylated sites...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Radiation Research
Hideya Yamazaki, Gen Suzuki, Satoaki Nakamura, Shigeru Hirano, Ken Yoshida, Koji Konishi, Teruki Teshima, Kazuhiko Ogawa
With the advancement of chemotherapy, a laryngeal preservation (LP) strategy was explored with the aim of improving maintenance of quality of life. Induction chemotherapy (ICT) following radiotherapy (RT) was considered a viable option because of its high initial response rate without hampering of overall survival (OS). Subsequently, concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) using CDDP became the standard of care for LP, showing the best LP ratio. For enhancing treatment intensity, ICT with taxan + CDDP + 5-FU (TPF-ICT) followed by RT showed superiority over ICT with CDDP + 5-FU (PF-ICT) followed by RT...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Radiation Research
Takeaki Kusada, Takafumi Toita, Takuro Ariga, Hitoshi Maemoto, Seiji Hashimoto, Hideki Shiina, Yasumasa Kakinohana, Joichi Heianna, Yutaka Nagai, Wataru Kudaka, Yoichi Aoki, Sadayuki Murayama
This study evaluated the oncologic outcomes and complications of cervical cancer patients in terms of CT-based image-guided brachytherapy (IGBT) parameters. Of 68 cervical cancer patients treated with definitive radiotherapy/concurrent chemoradiotherapy, most received whole-pelvis external beam RT (EBRT) of 40 Gy in 20 fractions, pelvic EBRT with central shield of 10 Gy in 5 fractions, and CT-based IGBT of 18 Gy in 3 fractions prescribed to point A. Cumulative EBRT and IGBT doses were calculated as the total equivalent dose in 2 Gy fractions (EQD2)...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Radiation Research
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 23, 2017: Journal of Radiation Research
Ludwik Dobrzynski, Krzysztof W Fornalski, Joanna Reszczynska
A re-analysis has been carried out of thirty-two case-control and two ecological studies concerning the influence of radon, a radioactive gas, on the risk of lung cancer. Three mathematically simplest dose-response relationships (models) were tested: constant (zero health effect), linear, and parabolic (linear-quadratic). Health effect end-points reported in the analysed studies are odds ratios or relative risk ratios, related either to morbidity or mortality. In our preliminary analysis, we show that the results of dose-response fitting are qualitatively (within uncertainties, given as error bars) the same, whichever of these health effect end-points are applied...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Radiation Research
Takamasa Mitsuyoshi, Yukinori Matsuo, Hitoshi Itou, Takashi Shintani, Yusuke Iizuka, Young Hak Kim, Takashi Mizowaki
Systemic inflammation and poor nutritional status have a negative effect on the outcomes of cancer. Here, we analyzed the effects of the pretreatment inflammatory and nutritional status on clinical outcomes of locally advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients treated with chemoradiotherapy. We retrospectively reviewed 89 patients with locally advanced NSCLC treated with chemoradiotherapy between July 2006 and June 2013. Serum C-reactive protein (CRP) was assessed as an inflammatory marker, and serum albumin, body mass index (BMI) and skeletal mass index were assessed as nutritional status markers...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Radiation Research
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