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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531448/electronic-cigarette-use-in-young-people-in-great-britain-2015-2016
#1
B Eastwood, K East, L S Brose, M J Dockrell, D Arnott, H Cheeseman, A McNeill
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528226/web-information-for-food-operators-is-it-enough-to-comply-with-the-food-safety-and-public-heath-policy
#2
J G Díez, D Moura, M M Nascimento, C Saraiva
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528225/predicting-type-2-diabetes-using-genetic-and-environmental-risk-factors-in-a-multi-ethnic-malaysian-cohort
#3
N Abdullah, N A Abdul Murad, E A Mohd Haniff, S E Syafruddin, J Attia, C Oldmeadow, M A Kamaruddin, N Abd Jalal, N Ismail, M Ishak, R Jamal, R J Scott, E G Holliday
OBJECTIVE: Malaysia has a high and rising prevalence of type 2 diabetes (T2D). While environmental (non-genetic) risk factors for the disease are well established, the role of genetic variations and gene-environment interactions remain understudied in this population. This study aimed to estimate the relative contributions of environmental and genetic risk factors to T2D in Malaysia and also to assess evidence for gene-environment interactions that may explain additional risk variation...
May 18, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528224/lithuania-is-tackling-health-inequalities-with-support-from-norway-grants-program
#4
M Stankunas, R Kalediene
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528223/the-mediating-role-of-sleep-quality-on-the-relationship-between-perceived-stress-and-depression-among-the-elderly-in-urban-communities-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Y Liu, T Li, L Guo, R Zhang, X Feng, K Liu
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the relationship between perceived stress, sleep quality, and depression among the elderly in urban communities, and further to determine whether sleep quality can serve as a mediator among the elderly in urban communities. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey. METHODS: Between May and July in 2015, we conducted a cross-sectional survey among 1050 community residents aged ≥60 years from Liaoning province, China...
May 18, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521858/re-large-variation-in-predictors-of-mortality-by-levels-of-self-rated-health-results-from-an-18-year-follow-up-study
#6
LETTER
T Kawada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521189/does-a-video-displaying-a-stair-climbing-model-increase-stair-use-in-a-worksite-setting
#7
L Van Calster, A-S Van Hoecke, A Octaef, F Boen
OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the effects of improving the visibility of the stairwell and of displaying a video with a stair climbing model on climbing and descending stair use in a worksite setting. STUDY DESIGN: Intervention study. METHODS: Three consecutive one-week intervention phases were implemented: (1) the visibility of the stairs was improved by the attachment of pictograms that indicated the stairwell; (2) a video showing a stair climbing model was sent to the employees by email; and (3) the same video was displayed on a television screen at the point-of-choice (POC) between the stairs and the elevator...
May 15, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511847/moving-with-the-times
#8
EDITORIAL
P Mackie, F Sim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 13, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501789/country-specific-and-individual-determinants-of-dizziness-in-europe-results-from-the-survey-of-health-ageing-and-retirement-in-europe-share
#9
M Penger, R Strobl, E Grill
OBJECTIVES: Dizziness is one of the most common complaints amongst older persons and has relevant consequences for functioning. However, the epidemiological findings on dizziness are scarce and inconsistent and prevalence varies considerably among existing studies. Hence the objective of this study is to compare the prevalence of dizziness in persons aged 50 years or older across several European countries. The specific aim was to identify country- and person-specific determinants associated with a higher risk...
May 11, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501761/improving-the-quality-of-the-intensive-care-follow-up-of-ventilated-patients-during-a-national-registration-program
#10
P Reper, D Dicker, P Damas, W Aelvoet, L Huyghens, M Haelterman
OBJECTIVES: The Belgian Public Health Organization is concerned with rates of hospital-acquired infections like ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). Implementing best practice guidelines for these nosocomial infections has variable success in the literature. This retrospective study was undertaken to see whether implementation of the evidence-based practices as a bundle was feasible, would influence compliance, and could reduce the rates of VAP. STUDY DESIGN: We utilized easily collectable data about regular care to rapidly assess whether interventions already in place were effectively successfully applied...
May 11, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501022/sociodemographic-profile-of-an-olympic-team
#11
D W Lawrence
OBJECTIVES: To document the distribution of sociodemographic markers (race and relative access to wealth) in athletes participating at the summer and Winter Olympic Games (OGs). STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional descriptive epidemiological study. METHODS: Sociodemographic data were collected from publically available resources for all athletes representing four countries (Canada, United States of America, Great Britain and Australia) at the 2014 Sochi Winter OGs and 2016 Rio Summer OGs...
May 10, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482322/do-e-health-interventions-improve-physical-activity-in-young-people-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
J R D McIntosh, S Jay, N Hadden, P J Whittaker
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to review the current literature to assess the effectiveness of E-health interventions in increasing physical activity (PA) in young people. STUDY DESIGN: This study is a systematic review of the literature. METHODS: A search of the literature databases Embase, MEDLINE and the Cochrane Library using key words 'Adolescents'; 'Young people'; 'Students'; 'Young Adults'; 'Teenagers'; 'E-health'; 'Internet-based'; 'Web-based'; 'Exercise'; 'Activity'; 'Sport' and 'Intervention' yielded 10 articles which fit the criteria for inclusion...
May 5, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482321/the-economic-costs-of-hoarding-behaviours-in-local-authority-housing-association-tenants-and-private-home-owners-in-the-north-east-of-england
#13
N Neave, R Caiazza, C Hamilton, L McInnes, T K Saxton, V Deary, M Wood
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 5, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482320/legal-rights-to-safe-abortion-knowledge-and-attitude-of-women-in-north-west-ethiopia-toward-the-current-ethiopian-abortion-law
#14
R Muzeyen, M Ayichiluhm, T Manyazewal
OBJECTIVE: To assess women's knowledge and attitude toward Ethiopian current abortion law. STUDY DESIGN: A quantitative, community-based cross-sectional survey. METHODS: Women of reproductive age in three selected lower districts in Bahir Dar, North-West Ethiopia, were included. Multi-stage simple random sampling and simple random sampling were used to select the districts and respondents, respectively. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire comprising questions related to knowledge and attitude toward legal status of abortion and cases where abortion is currently allowed by law in Ethiopia...
May 5, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478354/social-media-indicators-of-the-food-environment-and-state-health-outcomes
#15
Q C Nguyen, H Meng, D Li, S Kath, M McCullough, D Paul, P Kanokvimankul, T X Nguyen, F Li
OBJECTIVES: Contextual factors can influence health through exposures to health-promoting and risk-inducing factors. The aim of this study was to (1) build, from geotagged Twitter and Yelp data, a national food environment database and (2) to test associations between state food environment indicators and health outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study based upon secondary analyses of publicly available data. METHODS: Using Twitter's Streaming Application Programming Interface (API), we collected and processed 4,041,521 food-related, geotagged tweets between April 2015 and March 2016...
May 3, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477523/much-ado-about-nothing-legacy-tobacco-advertising-and-the-role-of-public-health
#16
Frank Houghton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 3, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476204/re-letter-to-the-editor-of-public-health-in-response-to-large-variation-in-predictors-of-mortality-by-levels-of-self-rated-health-results-from-an-18-year-follow-up-study
#17
LETTER
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475960/health-risk-assessment-of-exposure-to-the-middle-eastern-dust-storms-in-the-iranian-megacity-of-kermanshah
#18
G Goudarzi, S M Daryanoosh, H Godini, P K Hopke, P Sicard, A De Marco, H D Rad, A Harbizadeh, F Jahedi, M J Mohammadi, J Savari, S Sadeghi, Z Kaabi, Y Omidi Khaniabadi
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the effects of particulate matter (PM), equal or less than 10 μm in aerodynamic diameter (PM10), from the Middle-Eastern Dust events on public health in the megacity of Kermanshah (Iran). STUDY DESIGN: This study used epidemiological modeling and monitored ambient air quality data to estimate the potential PM10 impacts on public health. METHODS: The AirQ2.2.3 model was used to calculate mortality and morbidity attributed to PM10 as representative of dust events...
May 2, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458121/prevalence-and-characteristics-of-water-pipe-smoking-in-canada-results-from-the-canadian-tobacco-use-monitoring-survey
#19
P Abdullah, C Costanian, N Khanlou, H Tamim
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence and characteristics of water-pipe smoking (WPS) nationally in Canada. STUDY DESIGN: This study was a cross-sectional study. METHODS: Data from the Canadian Tobacco Use Monitoring Survey 2011 and 2012 was used. Outcomes investigated were ever and current WPS. Demographic, socio-economic and smoking-related variables were included in a multivariable logistic regression model to determine associations with the outcomes...
April 27, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458122/impact-of-social-prescribing-on-general-practice-workload-and-polypharmacy
#20
A M Loftus, F McCauley, M O McCarron
OBJECTIVES: Social prescribing has emerged as a useful tool for helping patients overcome some of the social and behavioural determinants of poor health. There has been little research on the impact of social prescribing on use of primary healthcare resources. This study sought to determine whether social prescribing activities influenced patient-general practitioner (GP) contacts and polypharmacy. STUDY DESIGN: Quality-improvement design with social prescribing activity interventions from an urban general practice in Northern Ireland...
April 26, 2017: Public Health
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