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Public Health

G Mocciaro, N Ziauddeen, S Nicholson, S Almoosawi, S Ray
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 22, 2016: Public Health
F Sim, P Mackie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Public Health
T Biswas, A Islam, Md S Islam, S Pervin, L B Rawal
OBJECTIVES: The increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity among children (0-12 years) and adolescents (13-19 years) has emerged as a major public health threat in Bangladesh. Unfortunately, there is a serious paucity of credible data on these issues that can be used for policy and programmatic development. This article presents a systematic review of studies on overweight and obesity to present a more accurate estimate by pooling results. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review...
January 2017: Public Health
Eric Emerson, Amber Savage
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to (1) estimate the prevalence of acute respiratory infection (ARI) symptoms, diarrhoea and fever in the previous two weeks among 3-4 year old children who are/are not at-risk of intellectual disability in 24 low- and middle-income countries and (2) to investigate possible inequities in access to treatment among affected children. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. METHODS: Secondary analysis of Rounds 4 and 5 UNICEF Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS) from 24 low- and middle-income countries (n = 99,934 children)...
January 2017: Public Health
F Deng, J H Lv, H L Wang, J M Gao, Z L Zhou
OBJECTIVES: The Chinese Government claims that China's health policy is primarily focused on prevention. However, this does not appear to be the case. Researchers with an interest in China's health policy may be aware that the Chinese Government launched a health reform in 2009 to improve the health status of the entire population by 2020.(1) This health reform has been in place for 7 years, and only 4 years now remain to achieve the overall objectives by 2020. This study analyzed the main inputs and outputs of China's health reform in order to identify the main problems and highlight the major challenges...
January 2017: Public Health
A Tlemissov, B Zhunissov, M Buleshov, A Buleshova, S Seidinov, K Sultanbekov, A Talgatbek, T Bulegenov, A Myssayev, A M Grjibovski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Public Health
K Matthews, J Nazroo, J Whillans
OBJECTIVES: Using longitudinal data, we investigate whether deterioration and improvement in self-reported vision among people aged 50 years and older in England experience subsequent changes in various aspects of economic, psychological and social well-being. STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal random effects modelling. METHODS: We used six waves of the biennial English Longitudinal Study of Ageing spanning 2002-2012. Self-reported vision change was classed as an increase or decrease in self-reported level of vision between each wave and effects on depression, satisfaction with life, quality of life, social engagement and equivalized income were examined...
January 2017: Public Health
N K Baidwan, S M Naranje
OBJECTIVES: Fractures in geriatric age group (over 65 years of age) are an important public health issue and frequent causes of emergency room visits. The purpose of this descriptive epidemiological study was to present the epidemiology of geriatric fractures and their trends in the USA using National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) database from year 2004-2014. METHODS: National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) Database was queried for all fracture injuries from 2004 to 2014 for ages 65 years and above...
January 2017: Public Health
V Kogay, I Itua
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of modern contraceptive use (MCU), and to identify socio-economic factors that are associated with MCU among married men in Kyrgyzstan. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study based on the 2012 Kyrgyzstan Demographic and Health Survey data. METHODS: This study used data from 460 married men aged 20-49 years. Descriptive statistics, Pearson's Chi-squared test and logistic regression were used to estimate the prevalence of MCU, and to define factors that influence MCU among married men in Kyrgyzstan...
January 2017: Public Health
M B Forrester
OBJECTIVES: There is little information on poisonings managed at military and Veterans Administration (VA) hospitals. This investigation described and compared poisonings reported to Texas poison centers that were managed at military and VA hospitals. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of poison centre data. METHODS: Cases were poisonings among patients aged 18 years or more reported to Texas poison centers during 2000-2015 where management occurred at a military or VA hospital...
January 2017: Public Health
L Varghese, D Curran, E Bunge, H Vroling, F van Kessel, A Guignard, G Casabona, A Olivieri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Public Health
P Petrou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Public Health
M Taborelli, S Virdone, L Camoni, V Regine, A Zucchetto, L Frova, E Grande, S Boros, L Dal Maso, P De Paoli, D Serraino, B Suligoi
OBJECTIVES: Despite the wide accessibility to free human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing and combined antiretroviral therapy (cART), late HIV diagnosis remains common with severe consequences at individual and population level. This study aimed to describe trends of late HIV testing and to identify their determinants in the late cART era in Italy. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a population-based, nationwide analysis of the Italian National AIDS Registry data (AIDS - acquired immune deficiency syndrome) for the years 1999-2013...
January 2017: Public Health
M M Khan, S Sharma, B Tripathi, F P Alvarez
OBJECTIVES: To conduct a budget impact analysis (BIA) of introducing the immunization recommendations of India Expert Advisory Group (IEAG) for the years 2015-2017. The recommendations include introduction of one inactivated poliomyelitis vaccine (IPV) dose in the regular child immunization programme along with reductions in oral polio vaccine (OPV) doses in supplemental programmes. STUDY DESIGN: This is a national level analysis of budget impact of new polio immunization recommendations...
January 2017: Public Health
M J Vilaro, T E Barnett, A M Watson, J W Merten, A E Mathews
OBJECTIVE: In 2006, food industry self-regulatory efforts aimed to balance the mix of food advertisements to limit children's exposure to unhealthy food products. An update to these efforts proposed to eliminate all unhealthy advertisements during peak child viewing times and implement uniform nutrition criteria by December, 2013. Marketing techniques are not currently addressed in self-regulatory efforts. The food industry's pledge prompted researchers to conduct a content analysis to assess nutritional quality and presence of persuasive marketing techniques in child-directed food and beverage advertisements...
January 2017: Public Health
T J Mielenz, L F Callahan, M C Edwards
OBJECTIVES: Our study had two main objectives: 1) to determine whether perceived neighbourhood physical features are associated with physical activity levels in adults with arthritis; and 2) to determine whether the conclusions are more precise when item response theory (IRT) scores are used instead of average scores for the perceived neighbourhood physical features scales. METHODS: Information on health outcomes, neighbourhood characteristics, and physical activity levels were collected using a telephone survey of 937 participants with self-reported arthritis...
January 2017: Public Health
N K H Khoo, L Tan, W Y Lim, M I C Chen, V T K Chow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Public Health
D H Brewster, C M Fischbacher, J Nolan, S Nowell, D Redpath, G Nabi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the risk of hospitalization and death following prostate biopsy. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. METHODS: Our study population comprised 10,285 patients with a record of first ever prostate biopsy between 2009 and 2013 on computerized acute hospital discharge or outpatient records covering Scotland. Using the general population as a comparison group, expected numbers of admissions/deaths were derived by applying age-, sex-, deprivation category-, and calendar year-specific rates of hospital admissions/deaths to the study population...
January 2017: Public Health
H R Han, J E Lee, K Kim, Y Chung, M T Kim, C Robinson, M Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Public Health
N S Ngo, S Kokoyo, J Klopp
OBJECTIVES: With high urbanization rates, Sub-Saharan Africa is facing growing problems of poor air quality in its cities. We make a case for participatory approaches in air quality studies especially including those living in poor neighborhoods who may be particularly at risk from this trend. STUDY DESIGN: We used collaboration with a community based organization, interviews, focus group discussions and a community forum. METHODS: We conducted a pilot study to assess health risk perceptions of air pollution for civic-minded residents in Mathare, an informal settlement in Nairobi, Kenya...
January 2017: Public Health
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