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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236451/ethical-public-health-more-than-just-numbers
#1
EDITORIAL
A Lee, F Sim, P Mackie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 21, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216007/microbiological-quality-of-pastrami-and-associated-surfaces-at-the-point-of-sale-in-kayseri-turkey
#2
Y Yildirim, N Ertas Onmaz, Z Gonulalan, S Al, A Yildirim, F Karadal, H Hizlisoy, Ş Pamuk
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to trace the possible relations between the hygienic status of slicing utensils and the microbiological quality of pastrami. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 75 pastrami retail markets were visited in Kayseri, Turkey, where the pastrami (a ready-to-eat meat product) is commonly produced and consumed. Sliced pastrami, the cutting board and knife surface swabs were collected from each pastrami retail point to trace possible sources of contamination...
February 16, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215978/re-the-effect-of-smoking-on-the-risk-of-primary-open-angle-glaucoma-an-updated-meta-analysis-of-six-observational-studies
#3
LETTER
T Kawada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288734/a-comparison-of-observed-and-self-reported-helmet-use-and-associated-factors-among-motorcyclists-in-hyderabad-city-india
#4
S Wadhwaniya, S Gupta, S Mitra, S Tetali, L K Josyula, G Gururaj, A A Hyder
OBJECTIVES: India has a high burden of fatal road traffic injuries (RTIs). A large proportion of fatal RTIs in India are among motorcyclists. The overall goal of this study is to assess and compare observed and self-reported prevalence of helmet use; and to identify factors associated with helmet use and over-reporting in Hyderabad city, India. STUDY DESIGN: Roadside knowledge, attitude and practice interviews. METHODS: Six rounds of roadside interviews were conducted with motorcyclists (drivers and pillion riders) between July 2011 and August 2013 using a structured tool developed for this study...
March 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288733/potential-gains-in-life-expectancy-by-improving-road-safety-in-china
#5
Q Li, S Ma, D Bishai, A A Hyder
OBJECTIVES: Road traffic injuries (RTI) cause a significant number of injuries and deaths in China every year; the World Health Organization estimated 261,367 deaths due to RTI in 2013. As a result of the ongoing growth of China's economy, road construction and motorisation, RTI are expected to impose a heavy health burden in the future. However, the public and policy makers have not widely perceived RTI as a public health issue commensurate with its consequences, in part, due to a lack of intuitive indicator measuring the health impact...
March 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288732/evaluation-of-the-five-year-bloomberg-philanthropies-global-road-safety-program-in-the-russian-federation
#6
S Gupta, N Paichadze, E Gritsenko, V Klyavin, E Yurasova, A A Hyder
Road traffic injuries are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the world. In Russia, a road safety program was implemented in Lipetskaya and Ivanovskaya oblasts (regions) as part of a 10-country effort funded by Bloomberg Philanthropies. The program was focused on increasing seat belt and child restraint use and reducing speeding. The primary goals of this monitoring and evaluation study are to assess trends in seat belt use, child restraint use, and speed compliance in the two oblasts over the 5 years and to explore the overall impact of the program on road traffic injury and death rates...
March 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288731/evaluation-of-a-five-year-bloomberg-global-road-safety-program-in-turkey
#7
S Gupta, C Hoe, T Özkan, T J Lajunen, F Vursavas, S Sener, A A Hyder
OBJECTIVE: Turkey was included in the Bloomberg Philanthropies funded Global Road Safety Program (2010-14) with Ankara and Afyonkarahisar (Afyon) selected for interventions to manage speed and encourage seat-belt use. The objectives of this study are to present the monitoring and evaluation findings of seat-belt use and speed in Afyon and Ankara over the five years and to assess overall impact of the program on road traffic injury, and death rates in Turkey. STUDY DESIGN: Quasi-experimental before after without comparison...
March 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288730/trends-in-motorcycle-helmet-use-in-vietnam-results-from-a-four-year-study
#8
J Bao, A M Bachani, C P Viet, La N Quang, N Nguyen, A A Hyder
OBJECTIVES: Helmet use is a major risk factor for road traffic injuries and fatalities. This study sought to determine the state of helmet use in Ha Nam and Ninh Binh provinces in Vietnam, and ascertain knowledge, attitudes, and practices of helmet use over time. STUDY DESIGN: Observational helmet use studies, and roadside knowledge, attitudes, and practice surveys. METHODS: Data were collected through observational helmet use studies at multiple sites in Ha Nam and Ninh Binh provinces over 14 rounds between June 2011 and December 2014...
March 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288729/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-around-drinking-and-driving-in-cambodia-2010-2012
#9
A M Bachani, C B Risko, C Gnim, S Coelho, A A Hyder
OBJECTIVE: Road traffic injuries are a leading cause of disability and death in Cambodia. Economic development has long been associated with rapid increases in road traffic injuries and fatalities. Drink driving is of particular concern in Cambodia. In 2014, the percentage of fatal crashes involving alcohol rose to 17.5% (n = 381), representing a 34.9% (n = 253) increase from 2012. This study aims to illustrate current knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) around drinking and driving in three Cambodian provinces...
March 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288728/saving-lives-by-improving-road-safety
#10
EDITORIAL
M Peden, G Di Pietro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288727/helmet-wearing-in-kenya-prevalence-knowledge-attitude-practice-and-implications
#11
A M Bachani, Y W Hung, S Mogere, D Akunga, J Nyamari, A A Hyder
OBJECTIVES: In light of the increasing prevalence of motorcycles on Kenyan roads, there is a need to address the safety of individuals using this mode of transport. Helmet use has been proven to be effective in preventing head injuries and fatalities in the event of a crash. This study aims to understand the prevalence of helmet use as well as knowledge, attitudes, and practices in two districts in Kenya over a 5-year period (2010-2014). STUDY DESIGN: Observational studies on helmet use at randomly selected locations throughout each district were done every quarter to estimate the prevalence of helmet use...
March 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288726/prevalence-of-drink-driving-and-speeding-in-china-a-time-series-analysis-from-two-cities
#12
Q Li, H He, L Duan, Y Wang, D M Bishai, A A Hyder
OBJECTIVES: To confront the public health challenge imposed by road traffic injuries in China. STUDY DESIGN: A consortium of international partners designed and implemented targeted interventions, such as social media campaigns, advocacy for legislative change and law enforcement training, to reduce the percentage of drink driving and speeding in two Chinese cities, Dalian and Suzhou, from 2010 to 2014. METHODS: Time series models were developed to detect changes in the prevalence of drink driving and speeding using data collected through four years of observational studies...
March 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288725/making-measures-matter-in-road-safety-introduction%C3%A2-to-a-special-supplement
#13
EDITORIAL
D Bishai, A A Hyder
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274391/incidence-and-risk-factors-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-a-population-affected-by-a-severe-flood
#14
A Fontalba-Navas, M E Lucas-Borja, V Gil-Aguilar, J P Arrebola, J M Pena-Andreu, J Perez
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to study the risk of developing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in people who resided in an affected area by an extremely severe flood, and sociodemographic risk factors associated with this condition. STUDY DESIGN: A geographic information system (GIS) was used to distribute the rainfall data. A case-control study was developed to study the relationship between PTSD and sociodemographic risk factors. METHODS: To delineate the areas affected by the flood and the intensity of this rainfall in comparison with historical hydrological data, we employed geographical information systems (GIS)...
March 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274390/accuracy-of-parent-reported-measles-containing-vaccination-status-of-children-with-measles
#15
G Liu, Z Liao, X Xu, Y Liang, Y Xiong, J Ni
OBJECTIVES: The validity of parent-reported measles-containing vaccination history in children with measles has not been assessed. This study evaluated the accuracy of parental recall of measles-containing vaccination histories in Shenzhen, China. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study was performed to compare the data from the electronic records with parental recall. The electronic records were regarded as accurate data about the children's measles-containing vaccination status...
March 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274389/human-papillomavirus-hpv-vaccine-initiation-in-minority-americans
#16
P De, H Budhwani
OBJECTIVES: Transmission of the human papillomavirus (HPV) is a significant public health concern. HPV is preventable through a series of vaccinations; however, knowledge gaps exist as to which groups are least likely to initiate vaccination. Considering this gap, the aim of this study is to examine HPV vaccine initiation rates in racial minorities, comparing foreign-born individuals to their American-born peers. STUDY DESIGN: Population-based data from the 2013 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), a repeated large-scale household interview survey of a statistically representative sample of the United States civilian non-institutionalized population, were applied...
March 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274388/shisha-waterpipe-smoking-initiation-among-youth-in-malaysia-and-global-perspective-a-scoping-review-2006-2015
#17
REVIEW
S K Singh, L Enzhong, D D Reidpath, P Allotey
OBJECTIVE: To explore the initiating factors of waterpipe tobacco smoking (WTS) among youth. STUDY DESIGN: The analytic framework for this scoping review was performed using the methodology outlined by Arksey and O'Malley, which includes identification of the research question, study selection, charting the data, collating, summarizing and reporting the results that were primarily guided by the research question; 'what is known about the initiation of shisha smoking among youth?' METHODS: Electronic databases such as Cochrane, MEDLINE and PsycINFO were used to search for relevant articles...
March 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274387/experiences-and-perceptions-of-the-united-states-ebola-active-monitoring-program-results-from-a-survey-of-former-persons-under-monitoring-in-washington-dc
#18
A Hennenfent, S McGee, K Dassie, J Grant, K Li, K Zamore, J Davies-Cole, F Johnson-Clarke
OBJECTIVES: To assess Former Persons Under Monitoring (FPUM)s' experiences and perceptions of the United States (US) Ebola Active Monitoring Program. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective assessment survey of FPUM. METHODS: An electronic survey was distributed to FPUMs monitored in Washington, DC, during October 2014-September 2015 (n = 830). RESULTS: Most FPUMs (>70%) had a favourable perception of the program. Less than 5% avoided future travel or participation in outbreak response activities as a result of their monitoring experience...
March 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274386/willingness-to-pay-for-other-individuals-healthcare-expenditures
#19
A P Borges, A Reis, J Anjos
OBJECTIVES: The need to improve the sustainability of public health expenditure, in a climate of growing pressure on national budgets, inevitably leads to a discussion about resource rationing, and the extent of society's responsibility for those expenditures. To contribute to this discussion empirically, this study evaluated the willingness of Portuguese respondents to pay for other individuals' healthcare expenditures through out-of-pocket payments. STUDY DESIGN: A questionnaire addressed to the general public was developed, with 296 respondents...
March 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274385/secondhand-smoke-exposure-of-children-at-home-and-prevalence-of-parental-smoking-following-implementation-of-the-new-tobacco-control-law-in-macao
#20
Z L Zheng, H Y Deng, C P Wu, W L Lam, W S Kuok, W J Liang, H L Wang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate secondhand smoke exposure (SHS) of children at home and the prevalence of parental smoking after implementation of the new tobacco control law in Macao. This study explored whether the smoking ban in public places in Macao has decreased the prevalence of smoking or led to increased SHS exposure of children at home. As smokers cannot smoke in public places any more, they may smoke at home more frequently; a displacement effect of smoke-free legislation. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey...
March 2017: Public Health
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