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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734170/web-based-physical-activity-interventions-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#1
REVIEW
Leila Jahangiry, Mahdieh Abbasalizad Farhangi, Sakineh Shab-Bidar, Fatemeh Rezaei, T Pashaei
OBJECTIVES: It was estimated that approximately 60% of the world's population is classified as inactive or insufficiently active. This meta-analysis investigated the effect of web-based interventions on different types of physical activity (PA) measurements in general population and potential moderating variables. STUDY DESIGN: PubMed, CINAHL, EBSCOhost, PsycINFO, Scopus, Ovid, and ScienceDirect literature searches were conducted to identify studies investigating the effect of web-based interventions on PA...
July 19, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732323/evaluation-of-an-online-training-for-improving-self-reported-evidence-based-decision-making-skills-in-cancer-control-among-public-health-professionals
#2
A B Morshed, P Ballew, M B Elliott, D Haire-Joshu, M W Kreuter, R C Brownson
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this evaluation was to assess the effect of the online evidence-based cancer control (EBCC) training on improving the self-reported evidence-based decision-making (EBDM) skills in cancer control among Nebraska public health professionals. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional group comparison. METHODS: Previously developed EBDM measures were administered via online surveys to 201 public health professionals at baseline (comparison group) and 123 professionals who took part in the training...
July 18, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732304/outbreak-of-salmonella-enteritidis-pt14b-gastroenteritis-at-a-restaurant-in-england-the-use-of-molecular-typing-to-achieve-a-successful-prosecution
#3
C Chatt, D Nicholds-Trainor, A Scrivener, S Suleman, M Harvey, T Dallman, J Hawker, B Sibal
OBJECTIVES: To describe an outbreak of Salmonella enteritidis phage type (PT) 14b in people who had eaten at a restaurant, and the investigation and subsequent prosecution of the food business operator (FBO). STUDY DESIGN: The local health protection team and environmental health department formed an outbreak control team to investigate the outbreak. METHODS: Epidemiological, microbiological, and environmental investigations were undertaken...
July 18, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719837/prescription-trends-and-the-selection-of-initial-oral-antidiabetic-agents-for-patients-with-newly-diagnosed-type-2-diabetes-a-nationwide-study
#4
C-H Liu, S-T Chen, C-H Chang, L-M Chuang, M-S Lai
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the characteristics of patients, physicians, and medical facilities, and their association with prescriptions that do not include metformin as the initial oral antidiabetic agent. STUDY DESIGN: Observational, cross-sectional study. METHODS: Patients with incident type 2 diabetes between January 1, 2006, and December 31, 2010, were identified from the Taiwan National Insurance Research Database...
July 15, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715658/perceptions-of-community-social-capital-and-how%C3%A2-they-affect-self-reported-health-a-multilevel-analysis
#5
O Dziadkowiec, G J Meissen, E C Merkle
OBJECTIVES: The link between social capital and self-reported health has been widely explored. On the other hand, we know less about the relationship between social capital, community socioeconomic characteristics, and non-social capital-related individual differences, and about their impact on self-reported health in community settings. METHODS: Cross-sectional study design with a proportional sample of 7965 individuals from 20 US communities were analyzed using multilevel linear regression models, where individuals were nested within communities...
July 14, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715657/age-specific-patterns-of-health-care-expenditure-in%C3%A2-dying-people
#6
F Nisticò, W De Alfieri, G Troiano, N Nante, S Dei, P Piacentini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 14, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715656/the-prevalence-of-malnutrition-and-its-associated-risk-factors-among-women-of-reproductive-age-in-ziway-dugda-district-arsi-zone-oromia-regional-state-ethiopia
#7
Abebe Ferede, Firaol Lemessa, Mesfin Tafa, Solomon Sisay
OBJECTIVES: Adequate nutrition is an important factor to determine the health and well-being of women, children and society as a whole. Although various nutritional policies were formulated and aimed at reducing malnutrition at the global level, the magnitude of malnutrition (body mass index [BMI] <18.5 kg/m(2)) among women remained between 10% and 40% in most low- and middle-income countries. We aimed to determine the prevalence of malnutrition and to identify the associated risk factors among women of reproductive age...
July 14, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710926/speech-and-language-therapy-service-delivery-overcoming-limited-provision-for-children
#8
L M T Jesus, J Martinez, A R Valente, M C Costa
OBJECTIVES: To test an alternative Speech and Language Therapy (SLT) service delivery model based on partnerships between a University and local schools and charities, and to report on the impact and feasibility of intervention based on long-term outcome measures and three case studies with individual analysis of Reliable Change. STUDY DESIGN: The following six-step model was tested: 1-establishing partnerships; 2-flagging children; 3-pre-treatment SLT assessment; 4-reporting and discussion with parents and teachers; 5-treatment; 6-post-treatment assessment...
July 12, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710925/an-exploratory-assessment-of-weight-loss-videos-on-youtube%C3%A2
#9
C H Basch, I C-H Fung, A Menafro, C Mo, J Yin
OBJECTIVE: To describe the variation in contents between different video sources on YouTube™ regarding weight loss. STUDY DESIGN: The 100 most widely viewed weight loss videos on YouTube™ were selected for manual coding. METHODS: Videos were manually coded based on sources and contents, we also identify themes for each of the videos. Univariate logistic regression was used to assess difference in contents between videos from different sources...
July 12, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709683/10-000-steps-into-the-digital-age
#10
EDITORIAL
C Johnman, P Mackie, F Sim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 11, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709009/an-evaluation-of-hospital-attractiveness-and-primary-care-availability-leading-to-increasing-emergency-department-visits
#11
E Casalino, C Choquet, S Curac, L Colosi, E Kargougou, M Ranaivoson, M Aubier, R Hellmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 11, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704721/paid-hiv-rapid-testing-in-general-medicine-private-practice-in-french-guiana-a-pilot-project
#12
I Sangare, A Jolivet, A Adenis, L Adriouch, M Levy-Loeb, S Dimanche, V Vantilcke, C Marty, P Couppié, M Nacher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 10, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697373/rural-urban-differences-in-receiving-guideline-recommended-diabetes-care-and-experiencing-avoidable-hospitalizations-under-a-universal-coverage-health-system-evidence-from-the-past-decade
#13
C-C Chen, L-W Chen, S-H Cheng
OBJECTIVES: Rural-urban differences in health remain a concern worldwide. Few studies have investigated the dynamic changes in health between rural and urban areas. This study aims to examine whether the rural-urban gap in patients' receipt of guideline-recommended care and avoidable hospitalizations has decreased in 10 years under a universal coverage health system. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study design. METHODS: This study utilized nationwide health insurance claims data of 3 representative cohorts of patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes in 2000, 2005, and 2010 in Taiwan...
July 8, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697372/history-politics-and-vulnerability-explaining-excess-mortality-in-scotland-and-glasgow
#14
D Walsh, G McCartney, C Collins, M Taulbut, G David Batty
OBJECTIVES: High levels of excess mortality (i.e. that not explained by deprivation) have been observed for Scotland compared with England & Wales, and especially for Glasgow in comparison with similar post-industrial cities such as Liverpool and Manchester. Many potential explanations have been suggested. Based on an assessment of these, the aim was to develop an understanding of the most likely underlying causes. Note that this paper distils a larger research report, with the aim of reaching wider audiences beyond Scotland, as the important lessons learnt are relevant to other populations...
July 8, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686956/evaluation-of-a-collaborative-project-to-develop-sustainable-healthcare-education-in-eight-uk-medical-schools
#15
S C Walpole, F Mortimer
INTRODUCTION: Environmental change poses pressing challenges to public health and calls for profound and far-reaching changes to policy and practice across communities and health systems. Medical schools can act as a seedbed where knowledge, skills and innovation to address environmental challenges can be developed through innovative and collaborative approaches. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to (1) explore drivers and challenges of collaboration for educational development between and within medical schools; (2) evaluate the effectiveness of a range of pedagogies for sustainable healthcare education; and (3) identify effective strategies to facilitate the renewal of medical curricula to address evolving health challenges...
July 4, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679116/the-removal-of-type-2-polio-vaccine-from-uganda-s-routine-immunization-program-lessons-learned-from-an-independent-validation-committee
#16
A Kisakye, N K Sewankambo, I Ampeire, D Ndungutse, R Mayanja, E Mworozi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675833/evaluation-of-compliance-with-the-spanish-code-of-self-regulation-of-food-and-drinks-advertising-directed-at-children-under-the-age-of-12-years-in-spain-2012
#17
K León-Flández, A Rico-Gómez, M Á Moya-Geromin, M Romero-Fernández, M J Bosqued-Estefania, J Damián, L López-Jurado, M Á Royo-Bordonada
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate compliance levels with the Spanish Code of self-regulation of food and drinks advertising directed at children under the age of 12 years (Publicidad, Actividad, Obesidad, Salud [PAOS] Code) in 2012; and compare these against the figures for 2008. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Television advertisements of food and drinks (AFD) were recorded over 7 days in 2012 (8am-midnight) of five Spanish channels popular to children...
July 1, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667879/process-evaluation-of-the-implementation-of-scorecard-based-antenatal-risk-assessment-care-pathways-and-interdisciplinary-consultation-the-healthy-pregnancy-4-all-study
#18
A A Vos, S F van Voorst, A G Posthumus, A J M Waelput, S Denktaş, E A P Steegers
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the implementation of a complex intervention in the antenatal healthcare field in 14 Dutch municipalities. The intervention consisted of the implementation of a systematic scorecard-based risk assessment in pregnancy, subsequent patient-tailored care pathways, and consultations of professionals from different medical and social disciplines. METHODS: Saunders's seven-step method was used for the development of a programme implementation monitoring plan, with specific attention to the setting and context of the programme...
June 28, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666173/linking-routinely-collected-social-work-education-and-health-data-to-enable-monitoring-of-the-health-and-health-care-of-school-aged-children-in-state-care-looked-after-children-in-scotland-a-national-demonstration-project
#19
D Clark, A King, K Sharpe, G Connelly, L Elliott, L M D Macpherson, A D McMahon, I Milligan, P Wilson, D I Conway, R Wood
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Children in state care ('looked after children') have poorer health than children who are not looked after. Recent developments in Scotland and elsewhere have aimed to improve services and outcomes for looked after children. Routine monitoring of the health outcomes of looked after children compared to those of their non-looked after peers is currently lacking. Developing capacity for comparative monitoring of population-based outcomes based on linkage of routinely collected administrative data has been identified as a priority...
June 27, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654812/the-%C3%A2-for-lb-challenge-evaluation-of-a-novel-workplace-based-peer-led-weight-management-programme-2014-2016
#20
Damien Bennett, Tracy Owen, D T Bradley
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the £ for lb. Challenge, a novel country-wide, workplace-based, peer-led weight management programme with participants from a range of private and public organisations in Northern Ireland. STUDY DESIGN: Pre- and post-intervention studies. METHODS: The intervention was workplace-based, led by volunteer co-worker champions and based on the NHS Choices 12-week weight loss guide which incorporates dietary advice, physical activity, behaviour change methods and weekly weight monitoring...
June 24, 2017: Public Health
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