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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806725/link-between-perceived-smoking-behaviour-at-school-and-students-smoking-status-a-large-survey-among-italian-adolescents
#1
I Backhaus, V D'Egidio, D Grassucci, M Gelardini, C Ardizzone, G La Torre
OBJECTIVES: To investigate a possible link between sociodemographic factors, the perception of smoking habits at school and smoking status of Italian adolescents attending secondary school. STUDY DESIGN: The study was a cross-sectional study. METHODS: An anonymous online survey was employed to gather information on age, gender, smoking status and to examine the perception of smoking behaviour on the school premises. Chi-squared and Kruskal-Wallis tests were performed for the univariate analysis and logistic and multinomial regressions for the multivariate analysis...
August 11, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806724/one-star-rating-for-a-five-star-program-evaluating-hospital-compare
#2
J M Shapiro
OBJECTIVES: For healthcare systems of any size, it is important to minimize costs while maximizing outcomes. One idea of how to achieve these goals has been the reduction in hospital-related complications, including infection and surgical complications, among others. In the United States, policy makers recently adopted the 'Hospital Compare' program as a way to encourage consumers and improve hospitals. This article evaluates the effectiveness of this policy. STUDY DESIGN: This article uses an observed cohort study of most US hospitals across four different indices...
August 11, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806723/prevalence-and-location-of-tobacco-smoke-exposure-outside-the-home-in-adults-and-children-in-the-united-states
#3
M R Torok, J P Winickoff, R C McMillen, J D Klein, K M Wilson
OBJECTIVES: Tobacco smoke exposure (TSE) is associated with many adverse health outcomes. The goal of this study was to provide insight into the prevalence and location of self-reported TSE outside the home for US adults and children. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. METHODS: Data from a nationally representative sample of US adults from 2014 were included. Participants who responded that they smelled smoke during the past seven days in various settings were considered to have been exposed to TSE...
August 11, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806618/public-sentiment-and-discourse-about-zika-virus-on-instagram
#4
E K Seltzer, E Horst-Martz, M Lu, R M Merchant
OBJECTIVE: Social media have strongly influenced the awareness and perceptions of public health emergencies, and a considerable amount of social media content is now shared through images, rather than text alone. This content can impact preparedness and response due to the popularity and real-time nature of social media platforms. We sought to explore how the image-sharing platform Instagram is used for information dissemination and conversation during the current Zika outbreak. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective review of publicly posted images about Zika on Instagram...
August 11, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806617/possible-doubling-of-road-traffic-injury-burden-in-pakistan-findings-from-a-population-based-survey-in-2013-2014
#5
J A Bhatti, I Rafique, A Azad, M A Hamid, M A N Saqib, H Qureshi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 11, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806579/access-to-emergency-care-services-a-transversal-ecological-study-about-brazilian-emergency-health-care-network
#6
T A H Rocha, N C da Silva, P V Amaral, A C Q Barbosa, J V M Rocha, V Alvares, D G de Almeida, E Thumé, E B A F Thomaz, R C de Sousa Queiroz, M R de Souza, A Lein, N Toomey, C A Staton, J R N Vissoci, L A Facchini
OBJECTIVES: Studies of health geography are important in the planning and allocation of emergency health services. The geographical distribution of health facilities is an important factor in timely and quality access to emergency services; therefore, the present study analyzed the emergency health care network in Brazil, focusing the analysis at the roles of small hospitals (SHs). STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional ecological study. METHODS: Data were collected from 9429 hospitals of which 3524 were SHs and 5905 were high-complexity centers (HCCs)...
August 11, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803623/inferno-the-causes-of-the-causes
#7
EDITORIAL
F Sim, P Mackie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 10, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802181/temporal-change-to-self-rated-health-in-the-swiss-population-from-1997-to-2012-the-roles-of-age-gender-and-education
#8
T Volken, F Wieber, P Rüesch, M Huber, R J Crawford
OBJECTIVES: Our study aimed to describe the temporal changes in self-rated health status (SRH) from 1997 to 2012 in adults aged 25 to 84 residing in Switzerland, with a view to identifying groups at risk for declining health. STUDY DESIGN: Secondary analysis of population-based cross-sectional health surveys. METHODS: Data were collected from the cross-sectional, population-based, five-year Swiss Health Survey, from 1997, 2002, 2007 and 2012...
August 9, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802180/new-episode-of-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-outbreak-in-saudi-arabia-an-emerging-public-health-threat
#9
Abdul Waheed Khan, Andrew W Taylor-Robinson, Zeeshan Nasim, Fazli Zahir, Abid Ali, Shahid Ali
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 9, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802119/gambling-with-antibiotics-a-novel-approach-for-exploring-antibiotic-consumption-decision-making
#10
N R Naylor, I Uchegbu, A Chatterjee, J V Robotham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 9, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800562/underlying-challenges-of-public-health-insurance-enrollment-and-use-among-latino-adults-insights-from-the-largest-safety-net-institution-in-los-angeles
#11
E G Guerrero, R Legnick-Hall, C Andrews
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 8, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800559/assessment-of-health-literacy-among-outpatient-clinics-attendees-at-ain-shams-university-hospitals-egypt-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
R Almaleh, Y Helmy, E Farhat, H Hasan, A Abdelhafez
OBJECTIVES: The aim of conducting this study is to measure health literacy (HL) and to investigate the factors associated with inadequate HL in a sample of outpatient clinics attendees (i.e. patients and companions) at Ain Shams University (ASU) Hospitals. STUDY DESIGN: It is a cross-sectional study. METHODS: The study was conducted on 805 attendees of the outpatient clinics at El-Demerdash University Hospital of ASU Hospitals. The Arabic versions of the Swedish Functional Health Literacy Scale and the European Health Literacy Survey Questionnaire-short version-were used to assess HL...
August 8, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800522/screening-for-infectious-diseases-among-asylum-seekers-newly-arrived-in-germany-in-2015-a%C3%A2-systematic-single-centre-analysis
#13
A Z Kortas, J Polenz, J von Hayek, S Rüdiger, W Rottbauer, U Storr, T Wibmer
OBJECTIVES: During the migrant crisis in 2015, Germany was the largest single recipient of new asylum seekers in Europe. The German asylum law requires a screening examination for certain infectious diseases in asylum seekers upon arrival. The aim of this work was to analyse the rate of certain infectious diseases among asylum seekers screened at a reception centre in Southern Germany. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective medical record review. METHODS: Medical records of 2602 asylum seekers screened by a local public health authority in Germany in 2015 were systematically analysed...
August 8, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797923/opportunity-for-interprofessional-collaborative-care-findings-from-a-sample-of-federally-qualified-health-center-patients-in-the-midwest
#14
L J Smith, V Johnson-Lawrence, M Andrews, S Parker
OBJECTIVES: Federally qualified health centers (FQHCs) frequently serve more socio-economically disadvantaged populations; existing literature suggests that underserved groups are more likely to experience various chronic physical and mental health conditions. FQHC patients may have significant needs for various specialty services that are beyond common FQHC providers. This study examines chronic condition prevalence, healthcare satisfaction, and use of multiprovider services in a Midwest FQHC patient population...
August 7, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28787632/an-evaluation-of-cause-of-death-trends-from-recent-decades-based-on-registered-deaths-in-turkey
#15
R Özdemir, G Dinç Horasan, C Rao, M K Sözmen, B Ünal
OBJECTIVES: Although cause-of-death analyses are very important to define public health policy priorities and to evaluate health programs, there is very limited knowledge about mortality profiles and trends in Turkey. The aim of this study was to measure the trends in mortality within three broad cause-of-death groups and their distribution by age groups and gender and to describe the changes of leading causes of death between 1980 and 2013 in Turkey. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive study...
August 5, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783616/prevalence-and-experience-of-dental-caries-among-12-and-15-year-old-adolescents-in-central-kazakhstan
#16
A Zharmagambetova, S Tuleutayeva, S Akhmetova, A Sumanova, A Baigulakov, T Sakenov, M A Gorbatova, A M Grjibovski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 4, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780066/risk-factors-for-measles-among-infants-in-tianjin-china
#17
Y Zhang, A L Wagner, X Wang, B F Carlson, Y Ding, J P Montgomery, B W Gillespie, M L Boulton
OBJECTIVES: Infants aged <8 months are ineligible for measles vaccination in China but represent a disproportionate number of cases. We examined the risk factors for measles among infants in Tianjin, China. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study. METHODS: Cases were enrolled from a surveillance system, and IgG-negative controls were sampled from registries at immunization clinics. A logistic regression model assessed for risk factors. RESULTS: Among 82 cases and 485 controls, exposure to a municipal hospital (OR [odds ratio]: 5...
August 3, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763786/child-maltreatment-in-nepal-prevalence-and-associated-factors
#18
P Kandel, R Kunwar, S Karki, D Kandel, P Lamichhane
OBJECTIVES: Child maltreatment is a global public health problem. There is limited information about this problem in low-income countries. We aimed to document the prevalence and factors associated with physical punishment of children less than 14 years of age in Nepal. STUDY DESIGN: Population-based cross-sectional study. METHODS: We conducted an in-depth analysis using data from the Nepal Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey, a nationally representative multi-stage-stratified cluster sampling survey...
July 29, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759884/inter-relationships-between-physical-activity-body-mass-index-sedentary-time-and-cognitive-functioning-in-younger-and-older-adults-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-canadian-community-health-survey
#19
A Cohen, C I Ardern, J Baker
OBJECTIVES: Engagement in leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) is protective against cognitive decline whereas obesity and sedentary behaviors are associated with impairments in perceived cognitive function. Currently, little is known about how these relationships vary across the lifespan. This study investigated the inter-relationships between LTPA, leisure-time sedentary time (LTST), body mass index (BMI), and perceived cognitive functioning in younger and older Canadian adults. STUDY DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study...
July 28, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759883/challenges-to-the-census-international-trends-and-a-need-to-consider-public-health-benefits
#20
REVIEW
R T Wilson, S H Hasanali, M Sheikh, S Cramer, G Weinberg, A Firth, S H Weiss, C L Soskolne
The Canadian government decision to cancel the mandatory long-form census in 2010 (subsequently restored in 2015), along with similar discussions in the United Kingdom (UK) and the United States of America (USA), have brought the purpose and use of census data into focus for epidemiologists and public health professionals. Policy decision-makers should be well-versed in the public health importance of accurate and reliable census data for emergency preparedness planning, controlling disease outbreaks, and for addressing health concerns among vulnerable populations including the elderly, low-income, racial/ethnic minorities, and special residential groups (e...
July 28, 2017: Public Health
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