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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431334/one-hundred-injured-patients-a-day-multicenter-emergency-room-surveillance-of-trauma-in-pakistan
#1
A A Hyder, S He, W Zafar, M U Mir, J A Razzak
OBJECTIVES: Injuries increasingly contribute to the global burden of disease in low- and middle-income countries. This study presents results from a large-scale surveillance study on injury from several urban emergency departments (EDs) in Pakistan. The objective is to document the burden of injuries that present to the healthcare system in Pakistan and to test the feasibility of an ED-based injury and trauma surveillance system. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study conducted using active surveillance approach...
April 18, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431333/regeneration-and-health-a-structured-rapid-literature-review
#2
REVIEW
G McCartney, W Hearty, M Taulbut, R Mitchell, R Dryden, C Collins
OBJECTIVE: To identify and synthesise what is known about the impacts of regeneration on health, health inequalities and their socio-economic determinants. STUDY DESIGN: Rapid, structured literature review. METHODS: A rapid, structured approach was undertaken to identifying relevant studies involving a search of peer-reviewed literature databases, an Internet search to identify relevant grey literature, and a review of articles citing two key systematic reviews...
April 17, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419888/zika-sexual-transmission-and-prudent-public-health-policy
#3
K M Folkers, A L Caplan, L H Igel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 15, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404535/vaccine-wastage-at-the-level-of-service-delivery-a%C3%A2-cross-sectional-study
#4
C Duttagupta, D Bhattacharyya, P Narayanan, S M Pattanshetty
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 9, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404534/prevalence-of-female-genital-tuberculosis-its-risk-factors-and-associated-clinical-features-among-the-women-of-andaman-islands-india-a-community-based-study
#5
R Parvez, A P Sugunan, P Vijayachari, S P Burma, A Mandal, M K Saha, W A Shah
OBJECTIVE: There is scarcity of information on the prevalence of female genital tuberculosis (FGTB) in the community. The present study was carried out to estimate the prevalence of FGTB, its risk factors and associated clinical features. STUDY DESIGN: Community-based cross-sectional survey. METHODS: This study was carried during October 2011 and May 2014 in the Andaman Islands. A total of 13,300 women aged 20-59 years were primarily screened using a structured questionnaire...
April 8, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404490/social-support-mediates-the-relationships-between-extraversion-neuroticism-and-cognitive-function-in-older-adults
#6
J E McHugh Power, B A Lawlor, F Kee
OBJECTIVES: We supplement existing findings on a link between social support and cognitive function in later life by considering the role of personality as an antecedent to both, and of social support as a mediator of the link between personality and cognitive function. STUDY DESIGN: An observational cohort study. METHODS: We evaluated social support using the Lubben Social Network Scale, across 624 adults aged over 60 years, and investigated this measure as a mediator of the relationships between extraversion and neuroticism at baseline 2007-2009, and cognitive function at follow-up, 2 years later...
April 8, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400052/presidency-and-precedence
#7
EDITORIAL
F Sim, P Mackie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 8, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404533/costs-of-treatment-of-adult-patients-with-cystic-fibrosis-in-poland-and-internationally
#8
Dorota Kopciuch, Tomasz Zaprutko, Anna Paczkowska, Elżbieta Nowakowska
OBJECTIVES: Despite its low prevalence, cystic fibrosis (CF) may have a considerable impact on healthcare system expenditures in terms of direct healthcare costs and lost productivity. This study was aimed at calculation of costs associated with CF treatment in Poland, as well as at comparison of average costs of treatment of CF patients in selected countries, taking into account the purchasing power parity. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. METHODS: The researchers undertook a retrospective study of adult patients with CF taking into account the broadest social perspective possible...
April 7, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404532/cost-effectiveness-and-cost-utility-of-community-screening-for-glaucoma-in-urban-india
#9
Denny John, Rajul Parikh
OBJECTIVES: Population-based screening for glaucoma has been demonstrated to be cost-effective if targeted at high-risk groups such as older adults and those with a family history of glaucoma, and through use of a technician for conducting initial assessment rather than a medical specialist. This study attempts to investigate the cost-effectiveness of a hypothetical community screening and subsequent treatment programme for glaucoma in comparison with current practice (i.e. with no screening programme but with some opportunistic case finding) in the urban areas of India...
April 6, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404531/an-integrated-method-of-therapeutic-lifestyle-change-for-older-adults-with-dyslipidaemia
#10
J-Y Zhao, H Li, S Jin, X-H Chen, L-L Chen
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of therapeutic lifestyle change with a non-pharmacological intervention method in older adults with dyslipidaemia. STUDY DESIGN: Stratified randomized trial. METHODS: Participants with dyslipidaemia (n = 214) aged ≥60 years were randomized to the conventional guide group, the educational course (EC) group, the telephone call (PC) group or the PC + EC group for 24 weeks. Total cholesterol, triglyceride, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and the knowledge, attitude and practice score for serum lipids were measured at baseline (T1), mid-intervention (week 12, T2) and post-intervention (week 24, T3)...
April 5, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404530/short-term-effects-of-social-encouragement-on-exercise-behavior-insights-from-china-s-wanbu-network
#11
Liuan Wang, Xitong Guo, Tianshi Wu, Lucheng Lv, Zhiwei Zhang
OBJECTIVES: The objective is to explore the short-term effects of social encouragement on exercise behavior in China. STUDY DESIGN: A longitudinal observational study. METHODS: We collected longitudinal data on exercise and social interactions through public access to the Wanbu network, a large Chinese social network designed to encourage people to walk more. Our data set consisted of 5010 subjects who participated in the network between March 14, 2014, and September 4, 2015, and had at least one social interaction recorded...
April 3, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404529/cervical-cancer-human-papillomavirus-and-vaccines-assessment-of-the-information-retrieved-from-general-knowledge-websites-in-chile
#12
C S Lopez, E Krauskopf, C E Villota, L O Burzio, J E Villegas
OBJECTIVES: Cervical cancer is the most common gynaecologic malignancy worldwide and is the sixth cause of cancer death in Chile. Human papillomavirus (HPV) is responsible for most cervical cancers. Individuals seeking basic information about HPV frequently turn to health information websites. We hypothesized that some of their data may be inaccurate. STUDY DESIGN: Comparative analysis of information. METHODS: We analyze the content of highly accessed websites such as the Spanish version of Wikipedia and Yahoo Answers through the application of a questionnaire, as well as a website managed by the Chilean Ministry of Health (Minsal)...
April 3, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404528/alcohol-and-healthy-ageing-a-challenge-for-alcohol-policy
#13
D Nicholson, F McCormack, P Seaman, K Bell, T Duffy, M Gilhooly
OBJECTIVES: This paper presents findings of a qualitative study of older people's use of alcohol during retirement and identifies ways that an improved understanding of older people's drinking can inform policy approaches to alcohol and active and healthy ageing. STUDY DESIGN: Qualitative semi-structured interviews conducted with a self-selecting sample of retired people. METHODS: Participants were recruited from three geographical locations in the West of Scotland...
April 3, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404536/exploring-the-perceptions-of-pregnancy-loss-between-two-populations-of-south-indian-women-a-pilot-study
#14
Caitlyn D Placek, Purnima Madhivanan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 31, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404527/-when-you-are-homeless-you-are-not-thinking-about-your-medication-but-your-food-shelter-or-heat-for-the-night-behavioural-determinants-of-homeless-patients-adherence-to-prescribed-medicines
#15
V Paudyal, K MacLure, C Buchanan, L Wilson, J Macleod, D Stewart
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore behavioural determinants of homeless patients' adherence to prescribed medicines using Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF). STUDY DESIGN: A qualitative study using semi-structured, face-to-face interviews. METHODS: Participants were recruited from a homelessness primary healthcare centre in Aberdeen, United Kingdom (UK). Face-to-face interviews were audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim. Thematic analysis of the interview data was conducted using the Framework Approach based on the Theoretical Domains Framework...
March 31, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404489/the-effectiveness-of-suicide-prevention-programmes-urban-and-gender-disparity-in%C3%A2-age-specific-suicide-rates-in-a-taiwanese-population
#16
F-W Lung, S-C Liao, C-Y Wu, M-B Lee
OBJECTIVE: The effectiveness of suicide prevention programmes is an important issue worldwide today. The impact of urbanization and gender is controversial in suicide rates. Hence, this study adjusted on potential risk factors and secular changes for suicide rates in gender and rural/urban areas. STUDY DESIGN: Observational study. METHODS: A Suicide Prevention Center was established by the Executive Yuan in Taiwan in 2005 and tried to carry out suicidal intervention in the community in every city and town...
March 30, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404488/understanding-differences-between-caregivers-and-non-caregivers-in-completer-rates-of-chronic-disease-self-management-program
#17
J Shi, P McCallion, L A Ferretti
OBJECTIVES: The Chronic Disease Self-Management Program (CDSMP) was developed to advance participants' self-care of chronic illness and may be offered to both individuals with chronic conditions and their caregivers. Previous studies of CDSMP have identified multiple resulting health benefits for participants as well as factors associated with participants' completion rates. This study investigated differences on these issues between caregiving and non-caregiving participants. STUDY DESIGN: Secondary analysis using regression analysis to predict the outcome...
March 29, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404500/psychosocial-job-stressors-and-thoughts-about-suicide-among-males-a-cross-sectional-study-from-the-first-wave-of-the-ten-to-men-cohort
#18
A Milner, D Currier, A D LaMontagne, M J Spittal, J Pirkis
OBJECTIVES: Psychosocial job stressors are known to be associated with poor mental health. This research seeks to assess the relationship between psychosocial working conditions and suicidal ideation using a large dataset of Australian males. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Data from wave 1 of the Australian Longitudinal Study on Male Health (Ten to Men) was used to assess the association between suicidal ideation in the past two weeks and psychosocial working conditions using logistic regression...
March 28, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404499/the-scottish-adolescent-e-cigarette-user-profiling-from-the-scottish-schools-adolescent-lifestyle-and-substance-use-survey-salsus
#19
N Kaufmann, D Currie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 28, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404498/prevalence-of-e-cigarette-use-among-adolescents-in-13-eastern-european-towns-and-cities
#20
A L Kristjansson, M J Mann, J Sigfusson, E A Sarbu, J Grubliauskiene, S M Daily, I D Sigfusdottir
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 28, 2017: Public Health
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