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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159035/on-the-naming-of-demons
#1
EDITORIAL
P Mackie, F Sim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159034/food-insecurity-and-health-status-in-deprived-populations-2014-a-multicentre-survey-in-seven-of-the-social-and-medical-healthcare-centres-casos-run-by-doctors-of-the-world-france
#2
S Laurence, E Durand, E Thomas, M Chappuis, J F Corty
OBJECTIVE: To document eating practices and socio-economic profiles of patients seen in the social and medical healthcare centres (CASOs in its French acronym) run by Doctors of the World (Médecins du Monde, MdM) in France and evaluate their nutritional and health status. STUDY DESIGN: The survey was carried out between April and May 2014 in seven CASOs in France. METHODS: All the patients attending MdM clinics were given a nutrition and health questionnaire...
February 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159033/potential-influences-on-suicide-prevalence-in%C3%A2-comparisons-of-uk-post-industrial-cities
#3
D Walsh, G McCartney, D O'Reilly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159032/pertinence-of-electronic-death-certificates-for-real-time-surveillance-and-alert-france-2012-2014
#4
M Lassalle, C Caserio-Schönemann, A Gallay, G Rey, A Fouillet
OBJECTIVES: In France, the early mortality monitoring, conducted by Santé publique France, the French National Public Health agency (SpFrance) (formerly French Institute for public health surveillance-InVS), is based on the administrative data provided by the National Institute for Statistic and Economic Studies (INSEE) and consequently does not allow analyses on medical causes of death. Since 2007, the physicians can certify deaths electronically. In this electronic system (Electronic Death Registration System; EDRS), the medical causes of death, in free-text format, are directly transmitted to SpFrance...
February 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159031/fine-airborne-particles-when-alarming-levels-are-the-standard
#5
M Carugno, C Lagazio, M Baccini, D Consonni, P A Bertazzi, A Biggeri
OBJECTIVES: To quantify the contribution of each individual month to the annual mortality burden attributable to particulate matter (PM) in 2015 in Milan, Italy, after authorities and media considered December 2015 as an outlying month carrying an exceptional population exposure to PM. STUDY DESIGN: We used routinely available daily time series of air pollution and mortality to perform an assessment of the impact of PM exposure on population health. METHODS: By combining daily death counts with daily PM levels, as well as the yearly average of the number of deaths with the yearly average of PM concentrations, impact estimates were calculated in terms of deaths attributable (AD) to levels of PM10 and PM2...
February 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159030/health-and-wellbeing-boards-public-health-decision-making-bodies-or-political-pawns
#6
Z Greaves, S McCafferty
OBJECTIVES: Health and Wellbeing boards in England are uniquely constituted; embedded in the local authorities with membership drawn from a range of stakeholders and partner organizations. This raises the question of how decision making functions of the boards reflects wider public health decision making, if criteria are applied to decision making, and what prioritization processes, if any, are used. METHODS: Qualitative research methods were employed and five local boards were approached, interview dyads were conducted with the boards Chair and Director of Public Health across four of these (n = 4)...
February 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159029/preferences-of-women-for-web-based-nutritional-information-in-pregnancy
#7
R A K Kennedy, L Mullaney, C M E Reynolds, S Cawley, D M A McCartney, M J Turner
OBJECTIVES: During pregnancy, women are increasingly turning to web-based resources for information. This study examined the use of web-based nutritional information by women during pregnancy and explored their preferences. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study. METHODS: Women were enrolled at their convenience from a large maternity hospital. Clinical and sociodemographic details were collected and women's use of web-based resources was assessed using a detailed questionnaire...
February 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159028/the-health-impact-of-the-2014-15-ebola-outbreak
#8
REVIEW
J W T Elston, C Cartwright, P Ndumbi, J Wright
OBJECTIVES: The 2014-15 outbreak in West Africa was the largest and deadliest Ebola outbreak recorded; however, there remains uncertainty over its wider health consequences. Our objective was to provide a comprehensive overview of the impact of the Ebola outbreak on population health in the three most affected countries: Sierra Leone, Liberia and Guinea. STUDY DESIGN: Narrative review. METHODS: A narrative overview of the peer-reviewed and grey literature related to the impact and consequences of the Ebola outbreak was conducted, synthesizing the findings of literature retrieved from a structured search of biomedical databases, the Web and references of reviewed articles...
February 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159027/intimate-partner-violence-screening-and-the-comparative-effects-of-screening-mode-on-disclosure-of-sensitive-health-behaviours-and-exposures-in-clinical-settings
#9
T Frazier, K M Yount
OBJECTIVE: Detecting sensitive health information in clinical settings is of scientific and practical importance. The purpose of this study was to determine whether mode of screening influenced disclosure of intimate partner violence (IPV) in patterns similar to other forms of sensitive information. STUDY DESIGN: This cross sectional study was designed to compare effects of face-to-face vs computer self-assessment for sensitive health information on disclosure rates...
February 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159026/design-and-validation-of-a-self-administered-questionnaire-as-an-aid-to-detection-of-occupational-exposure-to-lung-carcinogens
#10
C Pélissier, V Dutertre, P Fournel, I Gendre, J Michel Vergnon, J Kalecinski, F Tinquaut, L Fontana, F Chauvin
OBJECTIVE: Ten to thirty percent of lung cancer is thought to be of occupational origin. Lung cancer is under-declared as an occupational disease in Europe, and most declarations of occupational disease concern asbestos. The purpose of this study was to design and validate a short, sensitive self-administered questionnaire, as an aid for physicians in detecting occupational exposure to asbestos and other lung carcinogens in order to remedy occupational lung cancer under-declaration. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study...
February 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159025/iodine-status-and-thyroid-nodules-in-females-a-comparison-of-cyprus-and-romania
#11
S Gaengler, X D Andrianou, A Piciu, P Charisiadis, C Zira, K Aristidou, D Piciu, K C Makris
OBJECTIVES: The increased comparative prevalence rates of thyroid cancer in Cyprus (>EU average) led us to conduct this study on possible risk factors of thyroid nodules. Romania served as a reference with a comparative thyroid cancer prevalence < EU average. This study aimed to assess the association between urinary iodine (UI) and thyroid nodules in adult females (n = 208) from Cyprus and Romania. STUDY DESIGN: A case-control study (n = 208). METHODS: Cases were females with ultrasound-confirmed thyroid nodules and controls with confirmed absence of nodules...
February 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159024/excess-long-term-mortality-among-hospital-survivors-of-acute-myocardial-infarction-soroka-acute-myocardial-infarction-sami-project
#12
Y Plakht, H Gilutz, A Shiyovich
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated long-term survival after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in unselected 'real life' patients according to the various risk groups, and it's persistence with time after AMI as compared with the matched general population. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. METHODS: Data were collected from 2671 AMI hospital survivors (tertiary medical centre in Israel), which included demographics, clinical characteristics of AMI, comorbidities, interventions and test results...
February 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159023/factors-affecting-the-well-being-of-adolescents-living-with-unemployed-parents-in-times-of-economic-recession-findings-from-the-portuguese-hbsc-study
#13
D Frasquilho, M G de Matos, A Marques, T Gaspar, J M Caldas-de-Almeida
OBJECTIVES: Using a national representative sample of adolescents with unemployed parents, this study examined which factors (sociodemographic and of satisfaction with family life and peers) are related to the negative effect of parents' unemployment on emotional well-being. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey study. METHODS: Data on adolescents (14.1 ± 1.7 years old), with at least one parent unemployed (n = 1311, 53.2% girls), was provided by the Portuguese Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study...
February 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159022/global-performance-of-epidemiologic-surveillance-of-zika-virus-rapid-assessment-of-an-ongoing-epidemic
#14
E F Manrique-Hernández, J A Fernández-Niño, A J Idrovo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159021/ebola-outbreak-preparedness-planning-a-qualitative-study-of-clinicians-experiences
#15
J Broom, A Broom, V Bowden
OBJECTIVES: The 2014-15 Ebola outbreak in West Africa highlighted the challenges many hospitals face when preparing for the potential emergence of highly contagious diseases. This study examined the experiences of frontline health care professionals in an Australian hospital during the outbreak, with a focus on participant views on information, training and preparedness, to inform future outbreak preparedness planning. STUDY DESIGN: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 21 healthcare professionals involved in Ebola preparedness planning, at a hospital in Australia...
February 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159020/trends-in-hiv-testing-and-associated-factors-among-men-in-south-africa-evidence-from-2005-2008-and-2012-national-population-based-household-surveys
#16
T Makusha, M Mabaso, L Richter, C Desmond, S Jooste, L Simbayi
OBJECTIVES: In Sub-Saharan African countries, including South Africa, uptake of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing among men remains a major challenge. Few studies have explored HIV testing uptake among men and factors that influence their testing behaviours. This article explores trends in HIV testing uptake and associated factors among men aged 15 years and older in South Africa using national HIV population-based household surveys conducted in 2005, 2008 and 2012. STUDY DESIGN: A multistage cross-sectional design was used in the three nationally representative household-based surveys...
February 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057206/tricks-and-treats-welcome-to-our-public-health-world-in-2017
#17
EDITORIAL
F Sim, P Mackie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057205/overweight-and-obesity-among-children-and-adolescents-in-bangladesh-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
T Biswas, A Islam, Md S Islam, S Pervin, L B Rawal
OBJECTIVES: The increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity among children (0-12 years) and adolescents (13-19 years) has emerged as a major public health threat in Bangladesh. Unfortunately, there is a serious paucity of credible data on these issues that can be used for policy and programmatic development. This article presents a systematic review of studies on overweight and obesity to present a more accurate estimate by pooling results. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review...
January 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057204/acute-respiratory-infection-diarrhoea-and-fever-in-young-children-at-risk-of-intellectual-disability-in-24-low-and-middle-income-countries
#19
Eric Emerson, Amber Savage
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to (1) estimate the prevalence of acute respiratory infection (ARI) symptoms, diarrhoea and fever in the previous two weeks among 3-4 year old children who are/are not at-risk of intellectual disability in 24 low- and middle-income countries and (2) to investigate possible inequities in access to treatment among affected children. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. METHODS: Secondary analysis of Rounds 4 and 5 UNICEF Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS) from 24 low- and middle-income countries (n = 99,934 children)...
January 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057203/expanding-public-health-in-china-an-empirical-analysis-of-healthcare-inputs-and-outputs
#20
F Deng, J H Lv, H L Wang, J M Gao, Z L Zhou
OBJECTIVES: The Chinese Government claims that China's health policy is primarily focused on prevention. However, this does not appear to be the case. Researchers with an interest in China's health policy may be aware that the Chinese Government launched a health reform in 2009 to improve the health status of the entire population by 2020.(1) This health reform has been in place for 7 years, and only 4 years now remain to achieve the overall objectives by 2020. This study analyzed the main inputs and outputs of China's health reform in order to identify the main problems and highlight the major challenges...
January 2017: Public Health
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