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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331772/alcohol-induced-risk-behaviors-among-brazilian-nightclub-patrons-a-latent-class-analysis
#1
A Sañudo, S Andreoni, Z M Sanchez
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to identify risk behavior profiles associated with alcohol consumption among patrons during or just after departure from nightclubs in São Paulo, Brazil. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. METHODS: The study used a two-stage cluster sampling survey design. Data were collected on a probabilistic sample of nightclub patrons. Overall, 2422 patrons were interviewed at the entrance of 31 nightclubs. Latent class analysis (LCA) was used to identify risk behavior profiles with an emphasis on risky driving, fights, alcoholic blackouts, and harm and unsafe sex...
January 11, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331771/quarantine-and-the-u-s-military-response-to-the-ebola-crisis-soldier-health-and-attitudes
#2
A B Adler, P Y Kim, S J Thomas, M L Sipos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331770/women-s-satisfaction-with-mammography-and-predictors-of-participation-in-an-organized-breast-cancer-screening-program-perspectives-of-a-local-health-unit-in-rome
#3
B Unim, R Boggi, M Napoli, R Fulgenzi, A Landi, G La Torre
OBJECTIVES: The aims of the study were to evaluate satisfaction with the mammography service of the Local Health Unit RMA (Rome, Lazio Region) among women who have attended the program and to identify the predictors of participation. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: A telephone-based questionnaire was administered to women eligible for mammography screening. The respondents were randomly selected and interviewed by the health center staff...
January 11, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328978/sun-behaviour-on-the-beach-monitored-by-webcam-photos
#4
I M Heerfordt, P A Philipsen, H C Wulf
OBJECTIVES: To prevent skin cancer, the general population is recommended to limit time in the sun, to wear clothes and to seek shade around noon. This study aimed to investigate the number of beachgoers, the duration of sun exposure, and clothing worn during the day on a beach in Copenhagen. STUDY DESIGN: Observational, descriptive study. METHODS: On 11 beach days in 2014 and 2015, beachgoers were counted every hour from 8:00 to 20:00. It was noted if they wore clothes or swimwear...
January 9, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328977/skin-lightening-practices-among-female-high-school-students-in-ghana
#5
M Osei, M Ali, A Owusu, F Baiden
OBJECTIVE: The practice of skin lightening (SL) persist despite warnings about its harmful health effects. Adolescents are particularly vulnerable and at risk of prolonged use of SL products. We explored SL practices among high school students in Ghana, West Africa. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. METHODS: We used a self-administered questionnaire in a survey on SL practices among randomly selected female students in five Senior High Schools in the Brong Ahafo Region of Ghana...
January 9, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306625/epidemiology-of-morbidity-and-mortality-in-us-and-canadian-recreational-scuba-diving
#6
P Buzzacott, D Schiller, J Crain, P J Denoble
OBJECTIVES: This study investigates morbidity and mortality suffered by divers in the USA and Canada. STUDY DESIGN: Prospectively recruited probability-weighted sample for estimating the national burden of injury and a weighted retrospective survey for estimating exposure. METHODS: The National Electronic Surveillance System and Canadian Hospitals Injury Reporting and Prevention Program (CHIRPP) were searched for scuba diving injuries. The Divers Alert Network diving fatality database was searched for deaths, and Sports and Fitness Industry Association estimates for diving were obtained from annual surveys...
January 4, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306624/characteristics-of-hiv-screening-among-new-jersey-adults-aged-18-years-or-older-post-hurricane-sandy-2014
#7
N R Geyer, V Margaritis, N K Rea
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 4, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306623/the-relationship-between-skin-checking-and-sun-protection-behaviours-implications-for-skin-cancer-prevention-campaigns
#8
M Jongenelis, S Pettigrew, M Strickland, C Minto, T Slevin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 4, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306622/commonly-occurring-adverse-birth-outcomes-and-maternal-depression-a-longitudinal-study
#9
A M Kingsbury, M Plotnikova, J M Najman
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about whether commonly occurring adverse birth outcomes have a long-term impact on the mental health of mothers. The aim of this study was to investigate whether commonly occurring adverse birth outcomes predicted mothers' depressive-symptom trajectories over a 27-year period following the birth of a baby. STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal study. METHODS: Participants comprised a sub-group of women from the longitudinal cohort of the Mater and University of Queensland Study of Pregnancy...
January 4, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306621/association-between-non-communicable-disease-multimorbidity-and-health-care-utilization-in-a-middle-income-country-population-based-study
#10
J Jankovic, M Mirkovic, A Jovic-Vranes, M Santric-Milicevic, Z Terzic-Supic
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to analyze possible inequalities by gender in the utilization of health services (general practitioner [GP] and hospital), among people with non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in the Republic of Serbia, with special reference to multimorbidity. In addition, we examined the prevalence patterns of NCDs by sociodemographic characteristics of the population. STUDY DESIGN: This study is a population-based, cross-sectional survey. METHODS: A secondary analysis from the 2013 Serbian National Health Survey included 13,765 adults aged ≥20 years...
January 4, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306109/healthy-people-2020-assessment-of-pharmacists-priorities
#11
L J Woodard, A A Kahaleh, J D Nash, H Truong, H Gogineni, C Barbosa-Leiker
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess perceptions of pharmacy educators on the priorities and roles of pharmacists in meeting the Healthy People 2020 objectives. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional, qualitative online national survey. METHODS: A comprehensive literature review identified documented roles and responsibilities of pharmacists in addressing the 42 topic areas in Healthy People 2020. From this, a 14-item survey was developed to identify priorities of categories to improve the health of the nation and importance of the pharmacist role to achieve the objectives...
January 3, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304473/bariatric-surgery-as-a-risk-factor-in-the-development-of-dental-caries-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
A O Salgado-Peralvo, M V Mateos-Moreno, L Arriba-Fuente, Á García-Sánchez, A Salgado-García, V Peralvo-García, M Millán-Yanes
OBJECTIVES: Obesity is one of the most prevalent chronic pathologies in the world and has become a public health problem. At the present time, bariatric surgery (BS) is considered the best option and the only effective method of treatment, but it can occasionally result in a series of alterations at the oral level. This study aims to review the current literature to establish the possible association of patients who have undergone BS and a greater risk of dental caries. STUDY DESIGN: This study is a systematic review of the literature...
January 2, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290376/heat-a-primer-for-public-health-researchers
#13
Glenn R McGregor, Jennifer K Vanos
OBJECTIVES: To provide a primer on the physical characteristics of heat from a biometeorological perspective for those interested in the epidemiology of extreme heat. STUDY DESIGN: A literature search design was used. METHODS: A review of the concepts of heat, heat stress and human heat balance was conducted using Web of Sciences, Scopus and PubMed. RESULTS: Heat, as recognised in the field of human biometeorology, is a complex phenomenon resulting from the synergistic effects of air temperature, humidity and ventilation levels, radiation loads and metabolic activity...
December 28, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288876/epidemiologic-patterns-of-influenza-outbreaks-in-institutional-settings
#14
M Šubelj
OBJECTIVES: Congregate environments facilitate spread of influenza viruses and could result in serious outcomes among residents. METHODS: We reviewed the epidemiology and identified factors that affect outbreak outcomes, using descriptive statistics and generalized estimating equations (GEE) regression. Outbreak duration, attack rate, hospitalization rate, case fatality rate, and the proportion of laboratory tests performed among infected residents were calculated by viral etiology, time to notification, and facility type and size...
December 26, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277004/correlates-of-physical-function-among-stroke-survivors-an-examination-of-the-2015-brfss
#15
D Ilunga Tshiswaka, S R Seals, P Raghavan
OBJECTIVES: To identify the characteristics of stroke survivors with poor physical function. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional. METHODS: Secondary data analyses were performed with the 2015 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data set. Unadjusted and adjusted logistic regressions were employed to determine the correlates of poor physical function in stroke survivors. Self-reported difficulty with walking and stairs was used as a proxy for physical function...
December 22, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274898/reliability-and-validity-of-the-english-and-malay-versions-of-the-driving-and-riding-questionnaire-a-pilot-study-amongst-older-car-drivers-and-motorcycle-riders
#16
B H Ang, W S Chen, C K Ngin, J A Oxley, S W H Lee
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the reliability and validity of the English and Malay versions of the Driving and Riding Questionnaire. STUDY DESIGN: An observational study with a mix-method approach by utilising both questionnaire and short debriefing interviews. METHODS: Forward and backward translations of the original questionnaire were performed. The translated questionnaire was assessed for clarity by a multidisciplinary research team, translators, and several Malay native speakers...
December 21, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248826/the-royal-free-hospital-hub-and-spoke-network-model-delivers-effective-care-and-increased-access-to-liver-transplantation
#17
D Tai, A Dhar, A Yusuf, A Marshall, J O'Beirne, D Patch, E Tsochatzis, G Alexander, J Portal, U Thalheimer, D Thorburn, Y Kallis, R H Westbrook
OBJECTIVES: 'Hub-and-spoke' networks may be one solution to reduce the geographical inequality in access to liver transplantation (LT) and the growing demands on, and saturation of, LT centres. It is not clear if such networks improve equity of access, deliver comparable patient outcomes or effect patient satisfaction. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective evaluation of outcomes and patient satisfaction within the Royal Free liver transplant 'hub-and-spoke' network. METHODS: Patient outcomes in those assessed for LT between September 2011 and 2014 at spoke centres (n = 4) were compared retrospectively with those assessed at the LT hub centre...
December 14, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245023/mild-cognitive-impairment-what-does-the-general-public-know-about-this-health-condition
#18
R Alhasani, J Abed, N Karegar, E Redmond, Y Guo, G Wasserlauf, D Goldberg, C Kwok, N Bier, P Belchior
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 12, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245022/cost-effective-way-to-reduce-stimulant-abuse-among-gay-bisexual-men-and-transgender-women-a-randomized-clinical-trial-with-a-cost-comparison
#19
S X Zhang, S Shoptaw, C J Reback, K Yadav, A M Nyamathi
OBJECTIVES: A randomized controlled study was conducted with 422 homeless, stimulant-using gay/bisexual (G/B) men and 29 transgender women (n = 451) to assess two community-based interventions to reduce substance abuse and improve health: (a) a nurse case-managed program combined with contingency management (NCM + CM) versus (b) standard education plus contingency management (SE + CM). STUDY DESIGN: Hypotheses tested included: a) completion of hepatitis A/B vaccination series; b) reduction in stimulant use; and c) reduction in number of sexual partners...
December 12, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245021/google-and-suicides-what-can-we-learn-about-the-use-of-internet-to-prevent-suicides
#20
V Chandler
OBJECTIVES: This article studies the statistical relationship between the search propensity of suicide-related terms on Google and the number of suicides. STUDY DESIGN: Suicide mortality data from all American states from January 2006 to November 2014 (n = 5372) and data on Google search intensity for the same period was collected. METHODS: Regression analysis with dynamic components was performed to determine the relationship between search intensity and the number of suicides...
December 12, 2017: Public Health
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