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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916190/counting-the-cost-passchendaele-100
#1
EDITORIAL
P Mackie, F Sim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 12, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915435/an-overview-of-systematic-reviews-on-the-public-health-consequences-of-social-isolation-and-loneliness
#2
REVIEW
N Leigh-Hunt, D Bagguley, K Bash, V Turner, S Turnbull, N Valtorta, W Caan
OBJECTIVES: Social isolation and loneliness have been associated with ill health and are common in the developed world. A clear understanding of their implications for morbidity and mortality is needed to gauge the extent of the associated public health challenge and the potential benefit of intervention. STUDY DESIGN: A systematic review of systematic reviews (systematic overview) was undertaken to determine the wider consequences of social isolation and loneliness, identify any differences between the two, determine differences from findings of non-systematic reviews and to clarify the direction of causality...
September 12, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915402/complete-immunization-coverage-and-its-determinants-among-children-in-malaysia-findings-from-the-national-health-and-morbidity-survey-nhms-2016
#3
K K Lim, Y Y Chan, A Noor Ani, J Rohani, Z A Siti Norfadhilah, M R Santhi
OBJECTIVES: The success of the Expanded Program on Immunization among children will greatly reduce the burden of illness and disability from vaccine preventable diseases. The aim of the study was to evaluate the complete immunization coverage and its determinants among children aged 12-23 months in Malaysia. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Data on immunization were extracted from the 2016 National Health and Morbidity Survey...
September 12, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892674/dengue-fever-again-in-pakistan-are-we-going-in-the-right-direction
#4
A Ahmed, M Tanveer, G M Khan, M Imran
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 8, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892673/human-papillomavirus-knowledge-and-vaccine-acceptability-among-adolescents-in-a-greek-region
#5
P A Anagnostou, V H Aletras, D A Niakas
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this research was twofold: (1) develop an instrument to assess knowledge regarding human papillomavirus (HPV) and its vaccine and utilize this instrument to measure knowledge levels of Greek adolescents in Lyceum schools of Western Thessaloniki; and (2) examine the associations of the resultant knowledge measure scores with sociodemographic characteristics. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey with complex sampling design. METHODS: A total of 268 students of three Lyceum schools in Western Thessaloniki responded anonymously to a questionnaire during February-March 2013...
September 8, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888618/feedback-intervention-to-doctors-improves-patient-satisfaction-among-outpatients-in-inner-mongolia-autonomous-region-china
#6
T Qiao, A F Geater, V Chongsuvivatwong, Y Fan, Z Guo
OBJECTIVES: The doctor-patient relationship (DPR) in China is known to be tense. We tested whether an intervention program providing individualized feedback to doctors by patients could improve patients' satisfaction in an outpatient setting. STUDY DESIGN: A non-randomized controlled prepost intervention study in a tertiary hospital. Six surgery clinics were chosen as the intervention group and eight internal medicine clinics as the control group. METHODS: Before the program started, patients attending each group of clinics were asked to fill in the Short-Form Patient Satisfaction Questionnaire (PSQ-18)...
September 7, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888617/relationships-between-bone-mass-and-dietary-lifestyle-habits-in-japanese-women-at-3-4-months-postpartum
#7
A Hoshino, A Yamada, R Tanabe, S Noda, K Nakaoka, Y Oku, C Katayama, M Haraikawa, H Nakano, M Harada, K Uenishi, M Goseki-Sone
OBJECTIVES: The relationships between calcaneal bone mass and dietary/lifestyle habits in women at 3-4 months postpartum were examined in the context of osteoporosis prevention. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. METHODS: We measured bone mass using calcaneal ultrasound in mothers who brought their 3- to 4-month-old babies to healthcare centers in Japan for health examination and administered a self-report questionnaire on physical characteristics and dietary/lifestyle habits to those who agreed to participate in the survey...
September 7, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888616/physical-functioning-and-risk-for-sleep-disorders-in-us-adults-results-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2005-2014
#8
S Puri, J E Herrick, J P Collins, M Aldhahi, B Baattaiah
OBJECTIVES: Sleep disorders (SDs), particularly problems with falling asleep or daytime sleepiness, have negative impact on health and longevity. Sleep deprivation is also associated with a decline in physical functioning (PF) that mediates the ability to perform activities of daily living. But it remains unknown if deterioration in PF can predict the risk of having a SD. Therefore, the purpose of the present study is to assess the risk of SD associated with PF status in the US adult population...
September 7, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888134/organizations-of-food-redistribution-and-rescue
#9
T Y Mousa, J H Freeland-Graves
OBJECTIVE: Food insecurity affects 13.4% of the USA population, despite the fact that 30-40% of all food is deposited in a landfill. Food rescue nutrition is the process of redistribution of surplus food to the impoverished. The aim of this study is to document the extent of involvement of organizations in food rescue nutrition. STUDY DESIGN: In this cross-sectional study, a survey about organizations involved in food rescue nutrition was developed, validated, and then tested...
September 6, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886492/the-dynamics-of-prehospital-hospital-care-and-modes-of-transport-during-civil-conflict-and-terrorist-incidents
#10
S Celik, R Dursun, A Aycan, H Gönüllü, C Adanaş, M Eryılmaz, E Gönüllü, M E Akyol, S Keskin, C Güloğlu
OBJECTIVE: Prehospital and hospital care during incidents of mass violence and civil conflict involve a number of aspects that distinguish it from care during times of peace. We aimed to analyze the dynamics and outcomes of prehospital and hospital care during ongoing conflicts. STUDY DESIGN: Multicentric prospective observational study. METHOD: Patients enrolled in the study, which was conducted in Turkey, were all injured in armed conflict and taken to level 1 trauma centers...
September 5, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881219/-it-is-not-a-quick-fix-structural-and-contextual-issues-that-affect-implementation-of-integrated-health-and-well-being-services-a-qualitative-study-from-north-east-england
#11
M Cheetham, S Visram, R Rushmer, G Greig, E Gibson, B Khazaeli, A Wiseman
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to examine the factors affecting the design, commissioning and delivery of integrated health and well-being services (IHWSs), which seek to address multiple health-related behaviours, improve well-being and tackle health inequalities using holistic approaches. STUDY DESIGN: Qualitative studies embedded within iterative process evaluations. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews conducted with 16 key informants as part of two separate evaluations of IHWSs in North East England, supplemented by informal observations of service delivery...
September 4, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869853/association-of-smoking-status-with-substance-use-and-psychological-distress-in-serbia
#12
B Kilibarda, V Mravcik, H Oechsler, M S Martens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869852/association-between-intimate-partner-violence-and-mental-health-among-korean-married-women
#13
Gum Ryeong Park, Eun-Ja Park, Jina Jun, Nam-Soon Kim
OBJECTIVES: Intimate partner violence (IPV) has only attracted limited attention in Korea despite numerous studies in Western countries that indicate IPV is associated with depressive symptoms. This study examined the association of IPV with depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation as moderated by the perceived gender roles of married women in South Korea. STUDY DESIGN: We analyzed a data set of 4659 married females from the 8th wave of the Korea Welfare Panel Study...
September 1, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865288/why-consistent-completion-criterion-are-required-in-childhood-weight-management-programmes
#14
J Nobles, C Griffiths, A Pringle, P Gately
OBJECTIVES: Current research in the field of childhood weight management (WM) effectiveness is hampered by inconsistent terminology and criterion for WM programme completion, alongside other engagement-related concepts (e.g. adherence, dropout and attrition). Evidence reviews are not able to determine conclusive intervention effectiveness because of this issue. This study aims to quantify how various completion criterion impacts upon on: 1) the percentage of WM completers; 2) the standardised body mass index (BMI SDS) reduction; and 3) the predictors of WM completion...
August 30, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28850879/sedentary-behavior-is-associated-with-lower-serum-concentrations-of-vitamin-d-in-brazilian-children
#15
L C Milagres, N P Rocha, F M Albuquerque, A P P Castro, M S Filgueiras, M C Pessoa, M C Gouveia Peluzio, J F Novaes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 26, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843410/health-system-barriers-and-enablers-to-early-access-to-breast-cancer-screening-detection-and-diagnosis-a-global-analysis-applied-to-the-mena-region
#16
REVIEW
D Bowser, H Marqusee, M El Koussa, R Atun
OBJECTIVES: To identify barriers and enablers that impact access to early screening, detection, and diagnosis of breast cancer both globally and more specifically in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region (with a specific focus on Egypt, Jordan, Oman, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates [UAE], and Kuwait) with a specific focus on the health system. STUDY DESIGN: A systematic review of literature. METHODS: We conducted a systematic reviewing using the PRISMA methodology...
August 24, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843409/defining-binge-drinking-young-drinkers-perceptions-of-risky-alcohol-consumption
#17
N Biagioni, S Pettigrew, S C Jones, J Stafford, M Daube, T Chikritzhs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 24, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843799/increased-obesity-risks-for-being-an-only-child-in-china-findings-from-a-nationally-representative-study-of-19-487-children
#18
M Li, H Xue, W Wang, M Wen, Y Wang
OBJECTIVES: Given the rapid demographic transition and obesity growth in China, it is important to study how the large only-child population (≈100 million) might contribute to the obesity epidemic. This study evaluated associations of only-child status with weight and energy expenditure-related behaviors in China and examined how the associations may vary by sex and urbanicity. STUDY DESIGN: Secondary analyses of nationally representative cross-sectional data from China Education Panel Survey: Junior Cohorts 2013-14, which included 19,487 students from 112 middle schools in 28 regions across China...
August 23, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843408/tackling-mumps-in-a-public-health-setting-loopholes-in-disease-surveillance
#19
K G Gopakumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 23, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822851/-why-are-we-not-doing-more-for-them-genocide-prevention-lessons-from-the-kindertransport
#20
J Angel, D P Evans
OBJECTIVES: Genocide remains one of the most widespread forms of preventable mortality and morbidity for children today. Despite the creation of multiple human rights treaties, genocide has not been eliminated and its effects disproportionally impact children. The Kindertransport was a series of rescue efforts that brought thousands of refugee children to the United Kingdom from Nazi Germany between 1938 and 1940. This qualitative study asks what public health professionals can learn from the prevention efforts of the Kindertransport by examining the experiences and reflections of individuals rescued as children...
August 17, 2017: Public Health
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