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Anita Hargrave, Jesse Bastiaens, James A Bourgeois, John Neuhaus, S Andrew Josephson, Julia Chinn, Melissa Lee, Jacqueline Leung, Vanja Douglas
BACKGROUND: Guidelines recommend daily delirium monitoring of hospitalized patients. Available delirium-screening tools have not been validated for use by nurses among diverse inpatients. OBJECTIVE: We sought to validate the Nursing Delirium-Screening Scale (Nu-DESC) under these circumstances. METHODS: A blinded cross-sectional and quality-improvement study was conducted from August 2015-February 2016. Nurses׳ Nu-DESC scores were compared to delirium diagnosis according to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-5 (DSM-5) criteria...
July 24, 2017: Psychosomatics
Awais Aftab, Ashley VanDercar, Ayham Alkhachroum, Christine LaGrotta, Keming Gao
BACKGROUND: The clinical presentation and risk factors of nonconvulsive status epilepticus (NCSE) in the context of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) are poorly understood, and guidance regarding diagnosis and management remains scarce. In this article, we identify case reports of ECT-induced NCSE from literature, and discuss the presentation, diagnosis, and management of these cases in the context of what is known about NCSE from the neurology literature. METHODS: A literature search on PubMed for case reports of NCSE after ECT...
July 15, 2017: Psychosomatics
Xavier F Jimenez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 15, 2017: Psychosomatics
Ibrahim El-Battrawy, Martin Borggrefe, Ibrahim Akin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 5, 2017: Psychosomatics
Larkin Elderon Kao, Hermioni N Lokko, Kathleen Gallivan, Vera O'Brien, John R Peteet
BACKGROUND: Many oncology patients see both chaplains and consultation-liaison (C-L) psychiatrists during medical hospitalizations. Studies show that spirituality and mental health influence one another, and that patients often prefer that physicians understand their spirituality. Though models of inpatient chaplaincy-psychiatry collaboration likely exist, none are apparent in the literature. In this study, we present one model of chaplaincy-psychiatry collaboration, hypothesizing that both specialties would find the intervention helpful...
June 23, 2017: Psychosomatics
Mladen Nisavic, Shamim Nejad, Scott Beach
INTRODUCTION: Intentional self-inflicted burn injuries are a rare occurrence in the United States, but they represent a considerable portion of all burn injuries in the developing world. Compared to nonintentional burns, patients with intentional self-inflicted burns have increased rates of higher total body surface area involvement and associated complications, including overall mortality. METHODS: We present 2 representative cases and review the available literature on the topic of self-inflicted burns...
June 13, 2017: Psychosomatics
Jungjin Kim, Georgina Hartzell, Neguine Rezaii, Lauren Gensler, Wendy Baer, Raymond Young, Ann C Schwartz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 9, 2017: Psychosomatics
Brittany L Mason
BACKGROUND: Physical and mental health is dependent on the environment, and feeding is a prime example of this environmental exchange. While the hypothalamus controls both feeding behavior and the stress response, the integration of the neural control centers and the peripheral gut allows for disruption in the gastrointestinal systems and dysfunctional communication to the brain. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review is to familiarize clinicians with the physiology controlling feeding behavior and its implications for psychiatric conditions, such as anorexia nervosa and depression...
June 8, 2017: Psychosomatics
David R Spiegel, Anastasia Samaras, Cameron L Oldham, Meghana Kaloji, Alyssa Warren, Shannon Maj, Sharmeen R Husain, Jeremy I Solomons, Stephanie Le
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: Psychosomatics
Jaideep S Talwalkar, Jonathan L Koff, Hochang B Lee, Clemente J Britto, Arielle M Mulenos, Anna M Georgiopoulos
BACKGROUND: Individuals with cystic fibrosis (CF) are at high risk for depression and anxiety, which are associated with worse medical outcomes. Novel therapies for CF hold great promise for improving physical health, but the effects of these therapies on mental health remain poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: This review aims to familiarize psychiatrists with the potential effect of novel CF therapies on depression and anxiety. METHODS: We discuss novel therapies that directly target the mutant CF protein, the CF transmembrane regulator (CFTR), which are called CFTR modulators...
July 2017: Psychosomatics
Maalobeeka Gangopadhyay, Heidi Smith, Maryland Pao, Gabrielle Silver, Deepmala Deepmala, Claire De Souza, Georgina Garcia, Lisa Giles, Danica Denton, Natalie Jacobowski, Pratik Pandharipande, Catherine Fuchs
BACKGROUND: Pediatric delirium assessment is complicated by variations in baseline language and cognitive skills, impairment during illness, and absence of pediatric-specific modifiers within the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders delirium criterion. OBJECTIVE: To develop a standardized approach to pediatric delirium assessment by psychiatrists. METHODS: A multidisciplinary group of clinicians used Diagnostic and Statistical Manual criterion as the foundation for the Vanderbilt Assessment for Delirium in Infants and Children (VADIC)...
July 2017: Psychosomatics
Rebecca L Bauer, Joanne Orfei, Christina L Wichman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Psychosomatics
Mario A Caro, Syed Amir Shah, Jason M Jerry, George E Tesar, Elias A Khawam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Psychosomatics
Can-Jun Ruan, Xue-Yang Zhen, Xin-Liang Ge, Chuan-Yue Wang, Wei Guo, Yi-Lang Tang, Wen-Biao Li, Jose de Leon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2017: Psychosomatics
James A Bourgeois, Mary Ann Cohen, Jennifer M Erickson, Rebecca Weintraub Brendel
BACKGROUND: Assessment of decisional capacity requires thorough clinical review of a patient's current psychiatric symptoms and cognitive processes. The assessment to determine the patient's capacity for self-management postdischarge is a different clinical concept from decisional capacity. OBJECTIVES: Standardized guidelines for capacity determinations (both for informed consent and for disposition) would be helpful to clinicians, patients, and their caregivers...
May 13, 2017: Psychosomatics
Adriana Pavletic, Maryland Pao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 9, 2017: Psychosomatics
Mark Oldham
OBJECTIVE: To provide a critical review of autoimmune encephalopathy-broadly defined as neuropsychiatric features directly related to an autoimmune process-relevant for psychiatric practice. METHODS: We consulted rheumatology textbooks to define the scope of autoimmune conditions and identified recent reviews of rheumatic conditions, autoimmune vasculitis, and autoimmune encephalitis. We integrated these with primary reports to provide a clinically relevant overview of autoimmune encephalopathy...
May 2017: Psychosomatics
Gurneet Thiara, Michela Cigliobianco, Alexei Muravsky, Riccardo A Paoli, Rodrigo Mansur, Raed Hawa, Roger S McIntyre, Sanjeev Sockalingam
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery is an effective means of weight reduction in severely obese patients and correlates with improvements in quality of life, mental health outcomes, and neurocognition, especially in those with high psychosocial burden. OBJECTIVE: The primary purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate the impact of bariatric surgery on long-term neurocognitive functioning and neuropsychological outcomes. METHODS: OVID Medline and PsychInfo databases from January 1990 to August 2015 were searched with key terms and phrases: "bariatric surgery" and "cognition...
May 2017: Psychosomatics
Nasuh Malas, Linden Spital, Jason Fischer, Yu Kawai, David Cruz, Patricia Keefer
BACKGROUND: Pediatric acute agitation and behavioral escalation (PAABE) is common and disruptive to pediatric inpatient health care. There is a paucity of literature on PAABE in noncritical care inpatient pediatric care settings with little consensus on its evaluation and management. METHODS: In January 2016, a 34-question survey was e-mailed to pediatric hospitalists and consultation-liaison psychiatrists through their respective professional listservs. Excluded responses included incomplete surveys, and surveys from providers in community care settings...
May 2017: Psychosomatics
Thomas G Salter, Mark D Williams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Psychosomatics
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