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Phillip J Tully, Suzanne M Cosh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 16, 2018: Psychosomatics
Mark A Oldham
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this review is to determine the probability that catatonia in the hospital has a secondary cause ("medical catatonia") and to calculate the relative proportions of these causes stratified by hospital setting. METHODS: PRISMA systematic review of PubMed. RESULTS: Eleven studies were included. Hospital-wide, 20% of catatonia was medical. In acute medical and surgical settings, medical catatonia comprised more than half of cases...
April 9, 2018: Psychosomatics
Dheerendra Mishra, Vijay Niranjan, Pradeep Kumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 7, 2018: Psychosomatics
Patrick A Ho, Theodore A Stern, James K Rustad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 3, 2018: Psychosomatics
Justin M Johnson, Valerie Fox
BACKGROUND: Wernicke's encephalopathy is a condition whose treatment many consultation-liaison psychiatrists know quite well. Less clear, however, is the treatment of its dementia disorder descendent, the Korsakoff's syndrome (KS). OBJECTIVE: This article seeks to review treatment options and provide recommendations for consultation-liaison psychiatrists treating cognitive impairment in KS. METHODS: In this nonsystematic review, we reviewed PubMed, CINAHL Plus, and Google Scholar for published reports and studies regarding treatment of KS...
March 27, 2018: Psychosomatics
Julia M Farquhar, Gregory L Stonerock, James A Blumenthal
BACKGROUND: Anxiety is common in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) and is associated with an increased risk for adverse outcomes. There has been a relative paucity of studies concerning treatment of anxiety in patients with CHD. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a systematic review to organize and assess research into the treatment of anxiety in patients with CHD. METHODS: We searched CCTR/CENTRAL, MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, and CINAHL for randomized clinical trials conducted before October 2016 that measured anxiety before and after an intervention for patients with CHD...
March 27, 2018: Psychosomatics
Shunsuke Takagi, Yuuya Terasawa, Takashi Takeuchi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 23, 2018: Psychosomatics
Naalla Schreiber, Tia Powell, Mary Alice O'Dowd
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2018: Psychosomatics
Nuria Thusius, Magdalena Romanowicz, Karolina Mlynek, Christopher Sola
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2018: Psychosomatics
Jonathan G Leung, Daniela B Rakocevic, Nicholas D Allen, Elliot M Handler, Bruno A Perossa, Kristin L Borreggine, Amy L Stark, Hannah K Betcher, Daniel K Hosker, Blaine A Minton, Benjamin R Braus, Ross A Dierkhising, Kemuel L Philbrick
BACKGROUND: Benzodiazepines are the conventional mainstay to manage alcohol withdrawal; however, patients are subsequently at increased risk for poor sleep, cravings, and return to drinking. Research on alternative pharmacologic agents to facilitate safe alcohol withdrawal is scant. Gabapentin is one medication shown in small studies to reduce the need for benzodiazepines in the setting of alcohol withdrawal. The continuation of gabapentin after alcohol withdrawal appears to be safe during early sobriety and may aid in reducing alcohol-related cravings or returning to alcohol consumption...
March 21, 2018: Psychosomatics
Simriti K Chaudhry, Leah C Susser
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of pregnancy-associated insomnia is high. Although insomnia may flow from normal physiologic features of pregnancy, it may also be an early warning sign of a relapse, or a trigger for a relapse, of a psychiatric illness. Those at risk for psychiatric illnesses may require medications as well as behavioral and psychotherapeutic interventions, to prevent relapse in the perinatal period. Unfortunately, few reviews of psychotropics used to treat pregnancy-related sleep disorders exist...
March 21, 2018: Psychosomatics
Leonid Kapulsky, Miranda G Greiner, Jessica E Daniels, Janna S Gordon-Elliott
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2018: Psychosomatics
Noha Abdel Gawad, Andrew Kohner, Taha Ali, Wayne Hofstetter, Alan Valentine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2018: Psychosomatics
Karen Ho, Raed Hawa, Susan Wnuk, Allan Okrainec, Timothy Jackson, Sanjeev Sockalingam
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery is an effective weight loss tool that results in sustained weight loss, improvement in obesity-related comorbidities, and positive psychosocial outcomes. However, bariatric procedures also present with risks, as surgical complications are not uncommon. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to better understand the effect of postoperative complications from bariatric surgeries on patients' psychosocial well-being. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Surgical data on postoperative complications were matched with results from self-administered psychosocial questionnaires...
March 21, 2018: Psychosomatics
John E Madias
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 12, 2018: Psychosomatics
Krystyna T Peterson, Robert Kosior, Benjamin P Meek, Marcus Ng, David L Perez, Mandana Modirrousta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 7, 2018: Psychosomatics
Mohsen Vazirian, Jason M Jerry, Nabin K Shrestha, Steven M Gordon
BACKGROUND: Historically, there has been a restrictive approach toward outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy (OPAT) in patients with injection drug use (IDU) due to the fear that they might utilize the intravenous catheter to inject illicit substances. OBJECTIVE: We tested the hypothesis that patients with current IDU on OPAT would have less favorable treatment outcomes compared to those without current IDU. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort chart review study of Cleveland Clinic OPAT registry, we identified patients with current IDU by both electronic and manual review...
March 3, 2018: Psychosomatics
James A Bourgeois, Maria Theresa Mariano, James M Wilkins, Rebecca Weintraub Brendel, Lawrence Kaplan, Linda Ganzini
BACKGROUND: The California End of Life Option Act (EOLOA), which legalized physician-assisted death (PAD), became effective in 2016. The EOLOA does not require a mental health consultation in all cases nor does it state the standards for the mental health assessment. University of California, San Francisco Medical Center (UCSFMC) policy makers decided to require a mental health assessment of all patients seeking PAD under the EOLOA. OBJECTIVES: The Department of Psychiatry was tasked with developing a standard protocol for the mental health assessment of patients seeking PAD...
March 2, 2018: Psychosomatics
Shreya Doshi, John G Keilp, Barbara Strobino, Martin McElhiney, Judith Rabkin, Brian A Fallon
BACKGROUND: Depression has been reported in 8-45% of patients with posttreatment Lyme symptoms (PTLS), but little is known about suicidal ideation in these patients. METHOD: Depression and suicidal ideation were assessed using the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II). Scores from the PTLS group (n = 81) were compared to those from 2 other groups: HIV+ patients being treated for fatigue (n = 70), and a nonpatient comparison group (NPCG; n = 44). ANOVA and t-tests were used to compare groups; logistic regression was used to identify the strongest correlates of suicidal ideation...
March 1, 2018: Psychosomatics
Arash Nayeri, Eric Rafla-Yuan, Srikanth Krishnan, Boback Ziaeian, Martin Cadeiras, John A McPherson, Quinn S Wells
BACKGROUND: Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TC), also known as stress-induced cardiomyopathy, has been increasingly described in relation to psychiatric illness. METHODS: We performed a literature review to identify the key findings related to psychiatric illness in TC that may be relevant to the practice of mental health and other health care providers. RESULTS: The association of psychiatric illness with TC in addition to the spectrum of psychiatric illness found in TC, the role of exacerbation or treatment of psychiatric illness in triggering TC, different modes of presentation, prognostic implications, and long-term management of psychiatric illness in TC are discussed...
May 2018: Psychosomatics
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