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Sarah E Dunn, Nadine J Kaslow, Daniel Cucco, Ann C Schwartz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 30, 2016: Psychosomatics
Hudson Elmore, Justin Lewin, Mark Bradley, Arthur Sinkman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 18, 2016: Psychosomatics
Daniel C McFarland, Megan Johnson Shen, Heather Polizzi, John Mascarenhas, Marina Kremyanskaya, Jimmie Holland, Ronald Hoffman
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic hematologic malignancies such as myeloproliferative neoplasms suffer from significant physical and psychological symptom burden. This study examined their willingness to accept an antidepressant and their preferences for which provider (mental health professional or hematologist/oncologist) prescribes an antidepressant for the management of anxiety and depression. METHODS: Anxiety and depression treatment preferences were measured with 3 questions assessing: (1) willingness to accept an antidepressant, (2) willingness to have their hematologist/oncologist prescribe the antidepressant, and (3) preference for treatment by a psychiatrist or mental health professional...
August 17, 2016: Psychosomatics
Sherita Hill Golden, Nina Shah, Mohammad Naqibuddin, Jennifer L Payne, Felicia Hill-Briggs, Gary S Wand, Nae-Yuh Wang, Susan Langan, Constantine Lyketsos
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the crude prevalence of minor depressive disorder (MinD) in a clinic-based population of adults with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: We screened a clinical sample of 702 adults with type 2 diabetes for depressive symptoms using the Patient Health Questionnaire-2 and performed a structured diagnostic psychiatric interview on 52 screen-positive and a convenience sample of 51 screen-negative individuals. Depressive disorder diagnoses were made using Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders IV (DSM-IV) Text Revised criteria and categorized as MinD, major depressive disorder (MDD), or no depressive disorder...
August 15, 2016: Psychosomatics
Lisa J Rosenthal, Brandon A Francis, Jennifer L Beaumont, David Cella, Michael D Berman, Matthew B Maas, Eric M Liotta, Robert Askew, Andrew M Naidech
BACKGROUND: Delirium predicts higher long-term cognitive morbidity. We previously identified a cohort of patients with spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage and delirium and found worse outcomes in health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in the domain of cognitive function. OBJECTIVE: We tested the hypothesis that agitation would have additional prognostic significance on later cognitive function HRQoL. METHODS: Prospective identification of 174 patients with acute intracerebral hemorrhage, measuring stroke severity, agitation, and delirium, with a standardized protocol and measures...
August 5, 2016: Psychosomatics
Joanna J Gan, Andrew Lin, Mersal S Samimi, Mario F Mendez
BACKGROUND: Semantic dementia (SD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by loss of semantic knowledge. SD may be associated with somatic symptom disorder due to excessive preoccupation with unidentified somatic sensations. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the frequency of somatic symptom disorder among patients with SD in comparison to comparably demented patients with Alzheimer׳s disease. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted using clinical data from a referral-based behavioral neurology program...
August 4, 2016: Psychosomatics
Kamalika Roy, Stephen J Warnick, Richard Balon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 3, 2016: Psychosomatics
Stephanie D Nichols, Maya Bulman, Annya Tisher, John J Campbell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Psychosomatics
Mario J Hitschfeld, Terry D Schneekloth, Cassie C Kennedy, Teresa A Rummans, Shehzad K Niazi, Adriana R Vasquez, Jennifer R Geske, Tanya M Petterson, Walter K Kremers, Sheila G Jowsey-Gregoire
BACKGROUND: The United Network for Organ Sharing mandates a psychosocial assessment of transplant candidates before listing. A quantified measure for determining transplant candidacy is the Psychosocial Assessment of Candidates for Transplant (PACT) scale. This instrument's predictive value for survival has not been rigorously evaluated among lung transplantation recipients. METHODS: We reviewed medical records of all patients who underwent lung transplantation at Mayo Clinic, Rochester from 2000-2012...
September 2016: Psychosomatics
Jessica A Gold, Yelizaveta Sher, José R Maldonado
BACKGROUND: Frontal lobe epilepsy (FLE) can masquerade as a primary psychiatric condition, be misdiagnosed in-lieu of a true psychiatric disorder, or may be comorbid with psychiatric illness. OBJECTIVES: To (1) qualitatively review psychiatric manifestations of FLE and (2) to systematically review the cases/case series of psychiatric manifestations of FLE presented in the literature to date. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was performed following the PRISMA guidelines and using PubMed/Medline, PsychInfo, and Cochrane database of systematic reviews to identify cases and case series of psychiatric manifestations of FLE...
September 2016: Psychosomatics
Thomas H McCoy, Leslie Snapper, Theodore A Stern, Roy H Perlis
BACKGROUND: Delirium is an acute neuropsychiatric syndrome that portends poor prognosis and represents a significant burden to the health care system. Although detection allows for efficacious treatment, the diagnosis is frequently overlooked. This underdiagnosis makes delirium an appealing target for translational predictive algorithmic modeling; however, such approaches require accurate identification in clinical training datasets. METHODS: Using the Massachusetts All-Payers Claims Database, encompassing health claims for Massachusetts residents for 2012, we calculated the rate of delirium diagnosis in index hospitalizations by reported ICD-9 diagnosis code...
September 2016: Psychosomatics
Peter Mulders, Vicky van Duijnhoven, Arnt Schellekens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Psychosomatics
James Armontrout, David Gitlin, Thomas Gutheil
BACKGROUND: Previous research in the area of medical decision-making capacity has demonstrated relatively poor agreement between experienced evaluators in "gray area" cases. We performed a survey to determine the level of agreement about gray area decision-making capacity case scenarios within and between individuals of different professional backgrounds. METHOD: Participants received a survey consisting of 3 complicated decision-making capacity vignettes with an accompanying "yes/no" question regarding capacity and a certainty scale for each vignette...
September 2016: Psychosomatics
Xiaohong Chen, Lin Lu
BACKGROUND: Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is the most common microvascular complication of diabetes and one of the main causes of irreversible vision impairment in the working-age population. Multiple studies have demonstrated the significantly high prevalence of depression in patients with DR in recent years. The progression of DR could lead to depression, whereas depressive symptoms often worsen the condition of DR. Therefore, DR is one of the causes of psychosomatic diseases, the treatment for which should combine traditional DR therapy with depression interventions...
September 2016: Psychosomatics
Sarah L Laughon, Nathaniel A Sowa, Gary J Gala
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Psychosomatics
Lisa Renee Miller-Matero, Kelly Bryce, Maren E Hyde-Nolan, Kate Elizabeth Dykhuis, Anne Eshelman, Marwan Abouljoud
BACKGROUND: It is hypothesized that limited health literacy affects outcomes for patients referred for transplant; however, research has not examined this for all types of end-stage organ disease. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether health literacy and cognitive impairment were related to listing for transplant and posttransplant outcomes. METHODS: Chart reviews were conducted on 398 patients who completed a required psychiatric evaluation before transplant listing...
September 2016: Psychosomatics
Daniel Paulson, Mona Shah, Lisa Renee Miller-Matero, Anne Eshelman, Marwan Abouljoud
BACKGROUND: Impaired cognitive functioning and poor quality of life (QoL) are both common among patients with end-stage liver disease; however, it is unclear how these are related. OBJECTIVE: This study examines how specific cognitive domains predict QoL among liver transplant candidates by replicating Stewart and colleagues' (2010) 3-factor model of cognitive functioning, and determining how variability in these cognitive domains predicts mental health and physical QoL...
September 2016: Psychosomatics
Aurelie Lucette, Gail Ironson, Kenneth I Pargament, Neal Krause
BACKGROUND: The increased prevalence of depressive symptoms among adults diagnosed with chronic health issues has been largely documented. OBJECTIVES: Research is needed to clarify the effect of religiousness/spirituality in relation to chronic health conditions and depression, to establish whether these variables can serve as protective factors. METHODS: Self-report data from a nationwide study of spirituality and health were used. Individuals with at least 1 chronic illness (N = 1696) formed the subsample for this study...
September 2016: Psychosomatics
Laura J Dixon, Aaron A Lee, Andres G Viana, Nancye K McCowan, Robert T Brodell, Matthew T Tull
BACKGROUND: Anxiety symptoms commonly occur in dermatological patients and can affect the severity of dermatological symptoms. Anxiety sensitivity (AS), defined as the fear of anxiety symptoms, is a well-supported cognitive vulnerability factor that may be particularly significant in these patients. OBJECTIVE: This study compared the severity of AS between patients with psychodermatological (e.g., psoriasis) and nonpsychodermatological disorders (e.g., skin cancer)...
September 2016: Psychosomatics
Masahiro Takeshima, Hiroyasu Ishikawa, Tetsuo Shimizu, Aya Toyoshima, Motomu Manabe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Psychosomatics
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