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Psychosomatics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413086/clinically-feasible-stratification-of-3-year-chronic-disease-risk-in-primary-care-the-mental-health-integration-risk-score
#1
Heidi T May, Brenda Reiss-Brennan, Kimberly D Brunisholz, Benjamin D Horne
BACKGROUND: Depression is a common illness that imposes a disproportionately large health burden. Depression is generally associated with a higher prevalence of chronic disease risk factors and may contribute to higher chronic disease risk. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to create and validate sex-specific Mental Health Integration Risk Scores (MHIRS) that predict 3-year chronic disease diagnosis. METHODS: MHIRS was created to predict the first diagnosis of any of the 10 chronic diseases in patients completing a Patient Health Questionnaire-9 Depression Survey who were free at baseline from those 10 chronic disease diagnoses...
March 9, 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413088/a-retrospective-analysis-of-neurocognitive-impairment-in-older-patients-with-burn-injuries
#2
Emily G Holmes, Samuel W Jones, Sarah L Laughon
BACKGROUND: Older adults comprise a growing proportion of the United States population that is at risk for burns. However, few studies have examined cognitive function in this patient population. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to measure the prevalence and incidence of dementia and delirium in older adults admitted for burn injuries. METHODS: This was an Institutional Review Board-approved, retrospective study of all patients 65 years and older admitted to the University of North Carolina Jaycee Burn Center from 2005-2015...
March 6, 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413087/does-social-support-moderate-the-association-among-major-depression-generalized-anxiety-disorder-and-functional-disability-in-adults-with-diabetes
#3
Melanie Levy, Rachel J Burns, Sonya S DeschĂȘnes, Norbert Schmitz
BACKGROUND: Diabetes requires complex self-management routines to prevent the development of functional disability. Relative to people without diabetes, those with diabetes are more likely to have comorbid major depressive disorder (MDD) and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), which also increase the likelihood of functional disability. Social support is associated with positive health outcomes in people with comorbid diabetes and mental disorders and may serve as a buffer against functional disability, though this possibility has yet to be examined...
March 6, 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410778/encephalopathy-with-psychosis-following-group-a-streptococcal-sepsis-an-immune-mediated-phenomenon
#4
Allison M Bock, Ashley Brunmeier, Christina L Wichman, Paul A Bergl
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413089/loperamide-abuse-and-life-threatening-arrhythmias-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#5
Mario A Caro, Syed Amir Shah, Jason M Jerry, George E Tesar, Elias A Khawam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411969/valproate-induced-hyperammonemic-encephalopathy-in-general-hospital-patients-with-one-or-more-psychiatric-disorders
#6
Chandani Lewis, George E Tesar, Roman Dale
BACKGROUND: Divalproex sodium/valproic acid (VPA) is an antiepileptic drug approved for use in epilepsy and bipolar disorder. Valproate-induced hyperammonemia occurs in up to 50% of VPA-treated patients, some of whom may become encephalopathic. Valproate-induced hyperammonemic encephalopathy (VHE) is thought to be rare, and for a variety of reasons, the diagnosis requires a high index of suspicion. OBJECTIVE: The study's goals are to determine how common VHE is, and the quality of treatment provided when diagnosed...
February 24, 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411968/waterlining-shebanging-and-monkey-water-an-unrecognized-route-of-heroin-abuse
#7
LETTER
Troy L Kurz, Diliana V Stoimenova, Jason P Caplan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 23, 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410777/evidence-for-neurocognitive-improvement-after-bariatric-surgery-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Gurneet Thiara, Michela Cigliobianco, Alexei Muravsky, Riccardo A Paoli, Rodrigo Mansur, Raed Hawa, Roger S McIntyre, Sanjeev Sockalingam
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery is an effective means of weight reduction in severely obese patients and correlates with improvements in quality of life, mental health outcomes, and neurocognition, especially in those with high psychosocial burden. OBJECTIVE: The primary purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate the impact of bariatric surgery on long-term neurocognitive functioning and neuropsychological outcomes. METHODS: OVID Medline and PsychInfo databases from January 1990 to August 2015 were searched with key terms and phrases: "bariatric surgery" and "cognition...
February 21, 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347505/complexity-assessed-by-the-intermed-in-patients-with-somatic-symptom-disorder-visiting-a-specialized-outpatient-mental-health-care-setting-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Jonna F van Eck van der Sluijs, Lars de Vroege, Annick S van Manen, Cees A Th Rijnders, Christina M van der Feltz-Cornelis
BACKGROUND: Somatic symptom disorders (SSD), a new classification in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fifth edition is associated with problematic diagnostic procedures and treatment that lead to complex care. In somatic health care, the INTERMED has been used to assess levels of complexity; however, in SSD this instrument has not yet been applied. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to explore complexity in patients with SSD using the INTERMED, hereby contributing to an increased comprehension of this new patient group...
February 21, 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427766/evaluation-of-a-model-of-integrated-care-for-patients-with-chronic-medical-and-psychiatric-illness
#10
Aghaegbulam Uga, Shreedhar Kulkarni, Vineka Heeramun, Kathy Bottum
BACKGROUND: Chronic illnesses are prevalent in general medical and psychiatric practices, causing significant disease burden to care givers and providers. Systems of care that treat individuals with mental illness are often separate from general medical systems of care. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to compare the quality of life, satisfaction with care, and utilization of care in patients with comorbid chronic medical and mental illnesses. METHODS: A total of 64 participants from an integrated medicine and psychiatry clinic (med/psych), were compared with 52 patients from separate internal medicine and psychiatry clinics (within the same institution) for quality of life, satisfaction with care, and utilization of care...
February 20, 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413091/-what-we-have-here-is-a-failure-to-communicate-association-of-preferred-language-with-the-rate-of-psychiatric-consultation
#11
Stephanie G Cheung, Adrienne D Mishkin, Peter A Shapiro
BACKGROUND: In the United States, people with limited English proficiency (LEP) receive poorer medical care than those proficient in English. Few studies demonstrate how linguistic barriers complicate psychiatric care; in consultation-liaison (C-L) psychiatry, there are no published data about care disparities for patients with LEP or for whom English is not the preferred language (PL). OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine if PL affects the psychiatric consultation rate...
February 20, 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413090/serum-valproic-acid-levels-during-initial-conversion-of-antituberculoid-therapy-in-bipolar-mania-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#12
Benjamin DeLucia, Jill Mahon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 20, 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413085/letter-to-editor-a-case-of-election-induced-shingles
#13
LETTER
Harold Alan Pincus
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 20, 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408037/reduced-anxiety-and-depression-in-patients-with-advanced-heart-failure-after-left-ventricular-assist-device-implantation
#14
Gardner Yost, Geetha Bhat, Edward Mahoney, Antone Tatooles
BACKGROUND: Despite the high prevalence of depression and anxiety in patients with advanced heart failure, the effects of left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation on these critically important aspects of mental health are not well understood. OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess changes in depression and anxiety following LVAD implantation. METHODS: The Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) and Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) were administered to 54 patients by a clinical psychologist at a mean of 12 days before LVAD implantation and 251 days after implantation...
February 12, 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366218/new-onset-refractory-status-epilepticus-associated-with-the-use-of-synthetic-cannabinoids
#15
Neil A Patel, Jason M Jerry, Xavier F Jimenez, Stephen T Hantus
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190545/prevalence-of-depressive-disorder-in-persons-with-type-2-diabetes-a-national-population-based-cohort-study-2000-2010
#16
Hung-Pin Tu, Hui-Min Hsieh, Tai-Ling Liu, He-Jiun Jiang, Peng-Wei Wang, Chun-Jen Huang
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus, a chronic and disabling disease, is epidemic worldwide. Depressive disorder affects the productivity of workers and leads to disability. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the prevalence of depressive disorder among persons with type 2 diabetes in Taiwan. METHODS: We extracted service claims data for subjects who had at least 2 ambulatory care service claims or 1 inpatient service claim with a principal diagnosis of type 2 diabetes and at least 1 ambulatory or inpatient service claim with a principal diagnosis of depressive disorder from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Database...
March 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28189287/refractory-self-injurious-behavior-in-severe-intellectual-disability-responsive-to-topiramate-a-case-report
#17
Brandon Hamm, Naveed Khokhar, Xavier F Jimenez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159352/the-prognostic-effect-of-physical-health-complaints-with-new-cardiac-events-and-mortality-in-patients-with-a-myocardial-infarction
#18
Maria H C T Van Beek, Annelieke M Roest, Klaas J Wardenaar, Anton J L M Van Balkom, Anne E M Speckens, Richard C Oude Voshaar, Marij Zuidersma
BACKGROUND: Self-rated general health has been associated with worse outcome after a myocardial infarction (MI). Previously, however, concurrent depression or anxiety was not taken into account. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of physical health complaints post-MI on cardiac prognosis adjusting for cardiac disease severity, depression, and anxiety. METHODS: The somatic subscale of the Health Complaints Scale was administered to 424 patients with MI at 3 and 12 months post-MI...
March 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159351/standardized-evaluation-of-candidates-before-liver-transplantation-with-the-transplant-evaluation-rating-scale
#19
Yesim Erim, Jennifer Scheel, Mingo Beckmann, Christian-Georg Klein, Andreas Paul
BACKGROUND: The Transplant Evaluation Rating Scale (TERS) was developed to provide a standardized evaluation of the psychosocial functioning of patients, before transplantation. Yet, the first 2 items of the TERS are based on psychiatric diagnoses referring to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM)-III-R, which leads to a duplication of disorder-specific and symptom-specific contents, that makes it complex to rate. Moreover, the TERS has not been updated to DSM revisions and DSM is not used for the official clinical routine documentation in several European countries...
March 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153339/characterization-of-admission-types-in-medically-hospitalized-patients-prescribed-clozapine
#20
Jonathan G Leung, M Earth Hasassri, Jason N Barreto, Sarah Nelson, Robert J Morgan
BACKGROUND: Clozapine is the antipsychotic of choice for treatment-resistant schizophrenia; however, rigorous monitoring is required to prevent or detect adverse drug events that contribute to morbidity and mortality. In addition to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) boxed safety warnings specific to clozapine (agranulocytosis, hypotension, seizures, and cardiomyopathy/myocarditis), other adverse events such as pneumonia and gastrointestinal hypomotility have been reported in the literature to result in hospitalization...
March 2017: Psychosomatics
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