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Psychosomatics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30448200/the-prevalence-of-mitral-valve-prolapse-in-panic-disorder-a-meta-analysis
#1
Umit Tural, Dan V Iosifescu
BACKGROUND: Although most studies have suggested that mitral valve prolapse (MVP) is more prevalent in patients with panic disorder (PD) than in healthy controls, there is a substantial uncertainty in the rates of MVP across studies. OBJECTIVE: To investigate, through systematic review and meta-analysis, the relative risk of MVP in patients with PD compared to controls. METHODS: Embase, Proquest, Pubmed, and Google Scholar electronic databases were searched up to September 2018...
October 31, 2018: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30447940/postoperative-delirium-after-noncardiac-surgery
#2
LETTER
Cem Çil, Oğuzhan Çelik, Bülent Özlek, Eda Özlek, Aysel Gökçek, Volkan Doğan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 31, 2018: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30396686/psychosocial-distress-and-health-service-utilization-in-patients-undergoing-hemodialysis-a-prospective-study
#3
Salam El-Majzoub, Istvan Mucsi, Madeline Li, Ghizlane Moussaoui, Mark L Lipman, Karl J Looper, Marta Novak, Soham Rej
BACKGROUND: End-stage renal disease is associated with significant morbidity, high-symptom burden, and health care use. Studies have not yet assessed psychosocial distress and health care utilization in this population. OBJECTIVE: This study examines psychosocial distress and its association with hospitalization and emergency room (ER) visits in patients on maintenance hemodialysis (HD). METHODS: The Distress Assessment and Response Tool (DART) was administered to 80 adults on HD in a single treatment center...
October 10, 2018: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30352696/deficits-in-self-reported-initiation-are-associated-with-subsequent-disability-in-icu-survivors
#4
Jo Ellen Wilson, Maria C Duggan, Rameela Chandrasekhar, Nathan E Brummel, Robert S Dittus, Eugene Wesley Ely, Mayur B Patel, James C Jackson
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether deficits in a key aspect of executive functioning, namely, initiation, were associated with current and future functional disabilities in intensive care unit survivors. METHODS: A nested substudy within a 2-center prospective observational cohort. We used 3 tests of initiation at 3 and 12 months: the Ruff Total Unique Design, Controlled Oral Word Association, and Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function initiation. Disability in instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) was measured with the Functional Activities Questionnaire...
September 29, 2018: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30384966/suicide-risk-screening-in-pediatric-hospitals-clinical-pathways-to-address-a-global-health-crisis
#5
Khyati Brahmbhatt, Brian P Kurtz, Khalid I Afzal, Lisa L Giles, Elizabeth D Kowal, Kyle P Johnson, Elizabeth Lanzillo, Maryland Pao, Sigita Plioplys, Lisa M Horowitz
BACKGROUND: Youth suicide is on the rise worldwide. Most suicide decedents received healthcare services in the year before killing themselves. Standardized workflows for suicide risk screening in pediatric hospitals using validated tools can help with timely and appropriate intervention, while attending to The Joint Commission Sentinel Event Alert 56. OBJECTIVE: Here we describe the first attempt to generate clinical pathways for patients presenting to pediatric emergency departments (EDs) and inpatient medical settings...
September 22, 2018: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30318268/psychosocial-issues-in-pediatric-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#6
REVIEW
Katerina Karaivazoglou, Maria Kalogeropoulou, Stelios Assimakopoulos, Christos Triantos
BACKGROUND: In recent years, the adoption of unhealthy dietary habits and a sedentary lifestyle has led to an alarming increase in the prevalence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in pediatric populations. Hepatic steatosis is now considered the most common cause of chronic liver disease in children and adolescents and may progress to liver fibrosis and even cirrhosis, increasing long-term mortality rates. Apart from its severe medical co-morbidities, pediatric NAFLD is associated with a variety of psychosocial factors which act either as precipitants or consequences of the disease...
September 8, 2018: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30314811/the-heart-brain-connection-from-a-mental-health-perspective-interdisciplinary-research-translational-science-developments
#7
LETTER
Anthony Fargnoli, Alyson Pompeo-Fargnoli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 8, 2018: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30342702/secure-attachment-and-depression-predict-6-month-outcome-in-motor-functional-neurological-disorders-a-prospective-pilot-study
#8
Rozita Jalilianhasanpour, Juan Pablo Ospina, Benjamin Williams, Julie Mello, Julie MacLean, Jessica Ranford, Gregory L Fricchione, W Curt LaFrance, David L Perez
BACKGROUND: The relationships between baseline neuropsychiatric factors and clinical outcome in patients with functional neurological disorder (FND)/conversion disorder remain poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: This prospective, naturalistic pilot study investigated links between predisposing vulnerabilities (risk factors) and clinical outcome in patients with motor FND engaged in usual care within a subspecialty FND clinic. METHODS: Thirty-four patients with motor FND were enrolled and completed baseline and 6-month follow-up psychometric questionnaires...
August 29, 2018: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30268343/electroconvulsive-therapy-takotsubo-syndrome-monitoring-of-autonomic-sympathetic-nervous-system-and-%C3%AE-blockers
#9
LETTER
John E Madias
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 29, 2018: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30197247/the-2018-ishlt-apm-ast-iccac-stsw-recommendations-for-the-psychosocial-evaluation-of-adult-cardiothoracic-transplant-candidates-and-candidates-for-long-term-mechanical-circulatory-support
#10
Mary Amanda Dew, Andrea F DiMartini, Fabienne Dobbels, Kathleen L Grady, Sheila G Jowsey-Gregoire, Annemarie Kaan, Kay Kendall, Quincy-Robyn Young, Susan E Abbey, Zeeshan Butt, Catherine C Crone, Sabina De Geest, Christina T Doligalski, Christiane Kugler, Laurie McDonald, Linda Ohler, Liz Painter, Michael G Petty, Desiree Robson, Thomas Schlöglhofer, Terry D Schneekloth, Jonathan P Singer, Patrick J Smith, Heike Spaderna, Jeffrey J Teuteberg, Roger D Yusen, Paula C Zimbrean
The psychosocial evaluation is well-recognized as an important component of the multifaceted assessment process to determine candidacy for heart transplantation, lung transplantation, and long-term mechanical circulatory support (MCS). However, there is no consensus-based set of recommendations for either the full range of psychosocial domains to be assessed during the evaluation, or the set of processes and procedures to be used to conduct the evaluation, report its findings, and monitor patients' receipt of and response to interventions for any problems identified...
September 2018: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735241/use-of-a-gabapentin-protocol-for-the-management-of-alcohol-withdrawal-a-preliminary-experience-expanding-from-the-consultation-liaison-psychiatry-service
#11
Jonathan G Leung, Daniela B Rakocevic, Nicholas D Allen, Elliot M Handler, Bruno A Perossa, Kristin L Borreggine, Amy L Stark, Hannah K Betcher, Daniel K Hosker, Blaine A Minton, Benjamin R Braus, Ross A Dierkhising, Kemuel L Philbrick
BACKGROUND: Benzodiazepines are the conventional mainstay to manage alcohol withdrawal; however, patients are subsequently at increased risk for poor sleep, cravings, and return to drinking. Research on alternative pharmacologic agents to facilitate safe alcohol withdrawal is scant. Gabapentin is one medication shown in small studies to reduce the need for benzodiazepines in the setting of alcohol withdrawal. The continuation of gabapentin after alcohol withdrawal appears to be safe during early sobriety and may aid in reducing alcohol-related cravings or returning to alcohol consumption...
September 2018: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699779/the-psychosocial-effects-of-perioperative-complications-after-bariatric-surgery
#12
Karen Ho, Raed Hawa, Susan Wnuk, Allan Okrainec, Timothy Jackson, Sanjeev Sockalingam
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery is an effective weight loss tool that results in sustained weight loss, improvement in obesity-related comorbidities, and positive psychosocial outcomes. However, bariatric procedures also present with risks, as surgical complications are not uncommon. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to better understand the effect of postoperative complications from bariatric surgeries on patients' psychosocial well-being. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Surgical data on postoperative complications were matched with results from self-administered psychosocial questionnaires...
September 2018: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685397/outcomes-of-outpatient-parenteral-antimicrobial-therapy-in-patients-with-injection-drug-use
#13
Mohsen Vazirian, Jason M Jerry, Nabin K Shrestha, Steven M Gordon
BACKGROUND: Historically, there has been a restrictive approach toward outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy (OPAT) in patients with injection drug use (IDU) due to the fear that they might utilize the intravenous catheter to inject illicit substances. OBJECTIVE: We tested the hypothesis that patients with current IDU on OPAT would have less favorable treatment outcomes compared to those without current IDU. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort chart review study of Cleveland Clinic OPAT registry, we identified patients with current IDU by both electronic and manual review...
September 2018: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653821/physician-assisted-death-psychiatric-assessment-a-standardized-protocol-to-conform-to-the-california-end-of-life-option-act
#14
James A Bourgeois, Maria Theresa Mariano, James M Wilkins, Rebecca Weintraub Brendel, Lawrence Kaplan, Linda Ganzini
BACKGROUND: The California End of Life Option Act (EOLOA), which legalized physician-assisted death (PAD), became effective in 2016. The EOLOA does not require a mental health consultation in all cases nor does it state the standards for the mental health assessment. University of California, San Francisco Medical Center (UCSFMC) policy makers decided to require a mental health assessment of all patients seeking PAD under the EOLOA. OBJECTIVES: The Department of Psychiatry was tasked with developing a standard protocol for the mental health assessment of patients seeking PAD...
September 2018: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606281/depressive-symptoms-and-suicidal-ideation-among-symptomatic-patients-with-a-history-of-lyme-disease-vs-two-comparison-groups
#15
Shreya Doshi, John G Keilp, Barbara Strobino, Martin McElhiney, Judith Rabkin, Brian A Fallon
BACKGROUND: Depression has been reported in 8-45% of patients with posttreatment Lyme symptoms (PTLS), but little is known about suicidal ideation in these patients. METHOD: Depression and suicidal ideation were assessed using the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II). Scores from the PTLS group (n = 81) were compared to those from 2 other groups: HIV+ patients being treated for fatigue (n = 70), and a nonpatient comparison group (NPCG; n = 44). ANOVA and t-tests were used to compare groups; logistic regression was used to identify the strongest correlates of suicidal ideation...
September 2018: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29598977/-you-aren-t-going-to-cut-on-me-urgent-medical-decisions-for-patients-with-schizophrenia
#16
Mina Boazak, Michael J Peterson, William R Smith, Zachary Hudson, Ann C Schwartz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571985/serotonin-syndrome-following-septal-myectomy-in-association-with-fentanyl-and-methylene-blue-a-case-report
#17
Lindsay Haacker, MaryJo Maliekel, Christina E Hantsch Bardsley, Ryan Bergren, Edwin Meresh, Angelos Halaris
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571984/a-case-of-mast-cell-leukemia-a-review-of-the-pathophysiology-of-systemic-mastocytosis-and-associated-psychiatric-symptoms
#18
Nathan K Jamison, Emily G Holmes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525522/physical-symptom-burden-and-its-association-with-distress-anxiety-and-depression-in-breast-cancer
#19
Daniel C McFarland, Kelly M Shaffer, Amy Tiersten, Jimmie Holland
BACKGROUND: Physical symptom burden and psychologic symptoms are highly prevalent in women with breast cancer. The Distress Thermometer and Problem List (DT&PL) is commonly used in oncology clinics to screen for distress and its accompanying Physical Problem List (PPL) identifies pertinent physical symptoms. OBJECTIVE: We sought to identify physical symptoms found on the PPL and evaluate whether they are associated with psychologic symptoms in women with breast cancer...
September 2018: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506868/associations-of-physical-and-psychologic-symptom-burden-in-patients-with-philadelphia-chromosome-negative-myeloproliferative-neoplasms
#20
Daniel C McFarland, Kelly M Shaffer, Heather Polizzi, John Mascarenhas, Marina Kremyanskaya, Jimmie Holland, Ronald Hoffman
BACKGROUND: The physical symptom burden of patients with myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) may last for extended periods during their disease trajectories and lead to psychologic distress, anxiety, or depression or all of these. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the relationship between physical symptom burden captured by the Physical Problem List (PPL) on the Distress Thermometer and Problem List and psychologic outcomes (distress, anxiety, and depression) in the MPN setting...
September 2018: Psychosomatics
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