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Psychosomatic Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902666/vital-exhaustion-and-coronary-heart-disease-risk-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Daria Frestad, Eva Prescott
OBJECTIVES: The construct of vital exhaustion has been identified as a potential independent psychological risk factor for incident and recurrent coronary heart disease (CHD). Despite several decades of research, no systematic review or meta-analysis has previously attempted to collate the empirical evidence in this field. The purpose of this study was to review and quantify the impact of vital exhaustion on the development and progression of CHD. METHODS: Prospective and case-control studies reporting vital exhaustion at baseline and CHD outcomes at follow-up were derived from PubMed, PsycINFO (1980 to July 2015; articles in English and published articles only), and bibliographies...
November 29, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893587/measuring-childhood-adversity-in-life-course-cardiovascular-research-a-systematic-review
#2
Allison A Appleton, Elizabeth Holdsworth, Margaret Ryan, Melissa Tracy
OBJECTIVE: Identifying the life course health effects of childhood adversity is a burgeoning area of research, particularly in relation to cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, adversity measurement varies widely across studies, which may hamper our ability to make comparisons across studies and identify mechanisms linking adversity to CVD. The purpose of this review is to summarize adversity measurement approaches in the context of CVD, identify gaps, and make recommendations for future research...
November 22, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879552/the-impact-of-complicated-grief-on-diurnal-cortisol-levels-two-years-after-loss-a-population-based-study
#3
Heidi C Saavedra Pérez, Nese Direk, Jelena Milic, Mohammed Arfan Ikram, Albert Hofman, Henning Tiemeier
OBJECTIVES: Few studies have focused on the effect of complicated grief-unresolved and prolonged grief-on the neuroendocrine systems. The present study examined the association of complicated grief and normal grief with the diurnal cortisol patterns in a large population-based study. METHODS: This study was set in the Rotterdam Study and comprised 2084 persons aged older than 55 years (mean [SD] age, 64.9 [5.5] years). Participants were assessed with the Complicated Grief Inventory and classified into no grief (n = 1922), normal grief (n = 131), or complicated grief (n = 31) if they experienced the loss in the past 2 years...
November 22, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806023/bidirectionality-between-sleep-symptoms-and-cores-depressive-symptoms-and-their-long-term-course-in-major-depression
#4
Mara E J Bouwmans, Henk Jan Conradi, Elisabeth H Bos, Albertine J Oldehinkel, Peter de Jonge
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the bidirectional dynamic relationship between sleep symptoms and core depressive symptoms and to identify subgroups differing with respect to their course. METHODS: The weekly state of depressive symptoms in depressed primary care patients (N = 267) was assessed retrospectively every 3 months for 3 consecutive years. The bidirectional relationship between sleep and core symptoms was estimated by means of manifest Markov modeling. Data-driven subgroups were estimated with parallel processes-latent class growth analyses to identify differences in courses of sleep and core symptoms...
November 1, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806022/the-authors-reply-pursuing-the-optimal-operationalization-of-allostatic-load
#5
Joshua F Wiley, Tara L Gruenewald, Arun S Karlamangla, Teresa E Seeman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806021/mitochondrial-nexus-to-allostatic-load-biomarkers
#6
Martin Picard, Robert-Paul Juster, Richard P Sloan, Bruce S McEwen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806020/considering-the-appropriateness-of-the-factor-analytic-operationalization-of-allostatic-load
#7
Zander Crook, Tom Booth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806019/differential-associations-of-socioeconomic-status-with-global-brain-volumes-and-white-matter-lesions-in-african-american-and-white-adults-the-handls-scan-study
#8
Shari R Waldstein, Gregory A Dore, Christos Davatzikos, Leslie I Katzel, Rao Gullapalli, Stephen L Seliger, Theresa Kouo, William F Rosenberger, Guray Erus, Michele K Evans, Alan B Zonderman
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to examine interactive relations of race and socioeconomic status (SES) to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-assessed global brain outcomes with previously demonstrated prognostic significance for stroke, dementia, and mortality. METHODS: Participants were 147 African Americans (AAs) and whites (ages 33-71 years; 43% AA; 56% female; 26% below poverty) in the Healthy Aging in Neighborhoods of Diversity across the Life Span SCAN substudy...
November 1, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806018/perceived-discrimination-racial-identity-and-multisystem-stress-response-to-social-evaluative-threat-among-african-american-men-and-women
#9
Todd Lucas, Rhiana Wegner, Jennifer Pierce, Mark A Lumley, Heidemarie K Laurent, Douglas A Granger
OBJECTIVES: Understanding individual differences in the psychobiology of the stress response is critical to grasping how psychosocial factors contribute to racial and ethnic health disparities. However, the ways in which environmentally sensitive biological systems coordinate in response to acute stress is not well understood. We used a social-evaluative stress task to investigate coordination among the autonomic nervous system, hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, and immune/inflammatory system in a community sample of 85 healthy African American men and women...
November 1, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787408/chronic-psychosocial-stress-and-gut-health-in-children-associations-with-calprotectin-and-fecal-short-chain-fatty-acids
#10
Nathalie Michels, Tom Van de Wiele, Stefaan De Henauw
OBJECTIVES: The mechanisms underpinning the association between chronic stress and gut health are poorly understood. We aimed to investigate the relationship between bacterial produced short-chain fatty acids, gut barrier function, and stress measures. METHODS: A fecal sample, hair sample, and questionnaire data were collected from 113 Belgian children (8-16 years old). Biological measures of stress included hair cortisol (most proximal 3 cm) and 5-minute heart rate variability (high frequency)...
October 26, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768649/long-term-outcome-of-bodily-distress-syndrome-in-primary-care-a-follow-up-study-on-health-care-costs-work-disability-and-self-rated-health
#11
Mette Trollund Rask, Eva Ørnbøl, Marianne Rosendal, Per Fink
OBJECTIVE: The upcoming International Classification of Diseases, 11th Revision for primary care use suggests inclusion of a new diagnostic construct, bodily (di)stress syndrome (BDS), for individuals with medically unexplained symptoms. We aimed to explore the long-term outcome of BDS in health care costs, work disability, and self-rated health. METHODS: Consecutive patients consulting their family physician for a new health problem were screened for physical and mental symptoms by questionnaires (n = 1785)...
October 20, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768648/epigenetic-mediators-between-childhood-socioeconomic-disadvantage-and-mid-life-body-mass-index-the-new-england-family-study
#12
Eric B Loucks, Yen-Tsung Huang, Golareh Agha, Su Chu, Charles B Eaton, Stephen E Gilman, Stephen L Buka, Karl T Kelsey
OBJECTIVE: Childhood socioeconomic disadvantage is associated with adulthood obesity risk; however, epigenetic mechanisms are poorly understood. This work's objective was to evaluate whether associations of childhood socioeconomic disadvantage with adulthood body mass index (BMI) are mediated by DNA methylation. METHODS: Participants were 141 men and women from the New England Family Study, prospectively followed prenatally through a mean age of 47 years. Epigenomewide DNA methylation was evaluated in peripheral blood and adipose tissue obtained at adulthood, using the Infinium HumanMethylation450K BeadChip...
October 20, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768647/relationship-of-psychosocial-resources-with-allostatic-load-a-systematic-review
#13
Joshua F Wiley, Bei Bei, Julienne E Bower, Annette L Stanton
OBJECTIVES: Allostatic load (AL) represents cumulative wear-and-tear on the body and is operationalized as a multisystem index of biomarkers. Allostatic load is associated with morbidities and mortality, leading to a growing body of literature that uses AL as an outcome in its own right. Psychosocial resources (PSRs), such as mastery and social support, may influence health outcomes in part via AL, and the current review seeks to characterize the relations between PSRs and AL. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted by searching PubMed, CINAHL Plus, PsycINFO, Scopus, and Embase for studies examining the relation between PSR(s) and AL in humans...
October 20, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763990/maternal-history-of-childhood-abuse-and-risk-of-asthma-and-allergy-in-2-year-old-children
#14
Lianne M Tomfohr-Madsen, Hamideh Bayrampour, Suzanne Tough
OBJECTIVES: Exposure to child abuse (CA) is associated with an increased risk of developing asthma and allergies; it is unknown if that risk is present across generations. This study investigated if 2-year-old children born to mothers with a history of CA were at an increased risk of receiving a diagnosis of asthma or allergies. METHODS: Data from 1,551 participants were collected as part of the All Our Babies (AOB) study, a prospective pregnancy cohort. During pregnancy, each woman provided information about her own history of CA, and at 24 months postpartum, she provided information about her child's medical diagnoses...
October 19, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763989/childhood-psychological-distress-as-a-mediator-in-the-relationship-between-early-life-social-disadvantage-and-adult-cardiometabolic-risk-evidence-from-the-1958-british-birth-cohort
#15
Ashley Winning, M Maria Glymour, Marie C McCormick, Paola Gilsanz, Laura D Kubzansky
OBJECTIVES: Prior research on the relationship between early adversity and adult chronic disease has often relied on retrospective reports of a limited range of exposures and has not considered childhood psychological distress as a mediator. We investigate whether distress in childhood is one pathway by which early social disadvantage leads to greater cardiometabolic risk in middle adulthood. METHODS: Data are from the 1958 British Birth Cohort study (sample n = 6027)...
October 19, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763988/child-abuse-and-neglect-and-subclinical-cardiovascular-disease-among-midlife-women
#16
Rebecca C Thurston, Yuefang Chang, Emma Barinas-Mitchell, Roland von Känel, J Richard Jennings, Nanette Santoro, Doug P Landsittel, Karen A Matthews
OBJECTIVES: A childhood history of abuse or neglect may be associated with elevated adult cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. No studies have examined associations between child abuse/neglect and subclinical CVD using a validated measure of abuse and neglect. We hypothesized that midlife women with a history of childhood abuse or neglect would have increased subclinical CVD beyond standard CVD risk factors. We tested moderation of associations by sleep, hot flashes, and race/ethnicity...
October 19, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763987/insomnia-and-the-risk-of-breast-cancer-the-hunt-study
#17
Abhijit Sen, Signe Opdahl, Linn Beate Strand, Lars Johan Vatten, Lars Erik Laugsand, Imre Janszky
BACKGROUND: The association of insomnia with subsequent breast cancer risk is largely unknown. Therefore, we assessed whether different symptoms of insomnia and their combination are associated with incident breast cancer in a large population-based study. METHODS: In a prospective cohort study, 33,332 women were followed to monitor the occurrence of their first invasive breast cancer identified by the Cancer Registry of Norway. Insomnia symptoms including (1) nonrestorative sleep and (2>) difficulty initiating and (3) maintaining sleep were self-reported using a study specific measure reflecting the current Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders criteria...
October 19, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763986/prenatal-major-depressive-disorder-placenta-glucocorticoid-and-serotonergic-signaling-and-infant-cortisol-response
#18
Laura R Stroud, George D Papandonatos, Stephanie H Parade, Amy L Salisbury, Maureen G Phipps, Barry M Lester, James F Padbury, Carmen J Marsit
OBJECTIVES: Extending prior studies of prenatal adversity and depressive symptoms, we tested associations between maternal prenatal major depressive disorder (MDD) and infant cortisol regulation. Based on prior findings by our group, we also tested placenta glucocorticoid (HSD11B2 methylation) and serotonin (SLC6A4 gene expression) signaling as moderators of links between prenatal MDD and infant cortisol. METHODS: Participants were 153 mother-infant pairs from a low-income, diverse sample (M [SD] age = 26[6] years)...
October 19, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755280/childhood-adversity-and-pain-sensitization
#19
Dokyoung Sophia You, Mary W Meagher
OBJECTIVE: Childhood adversity is a vulnerability factor for chronic pain. However, the underlying pain mechanisms influenced by childhood adversity remain unknown. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the impact of childhood adversity on dynamic pain sensitivity in young adults. METHODS: After screening for childhood adverse events and health status, healthy individuals reporting low (below median; n = 75) or high levels of adversity (the top 5%; n = 51) were invited for pain testing...
October 13, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749683/associations-between-psychological-constructs-and-cardiac-biomarkers-after-acute-coronary-syndrome
#20
Christopher M Celano, Eleanor E Beale, Scott R Beach, Arianna M Belcher, Laura Suarez, Shweta R Motiwala, Parul U Gandhi, Hanna Gaggin, James L Januzzi, Brian C Healy, Jeff C Huffman
OBJECTIVE: Psychological constructs are associated with cardiovascular health, but the biological mechanisms mediating these relationships are unknown. We examined relationships between psychological constructs and markers of inflammation, endothelial function, and myocardial strain in a cohort of post-acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients. METHODS: Participants (N = 164) attended study visits 2 weeks and 6 months after ACS. During these visits, they completed self-report measures of depressive symptoms, anxiety, optimism, and gratitude; and blood samples were collected for measurement of biomarkers reflecting inflammation, endothelial function, and myocardial strain...
September 30, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
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