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Psychosomatic Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677034/functional-somatic-symptoms-across-cultures-perceptual-and-health-care-issues
#1
Bernd Löwe, Christian Gerloff
Functional neurological disorders are conceptualized as patterns of neurological symptoms that cannot be attributed to a clear organic etiology. The study by Wilkins et al. published in this issue of Psychosomatic Medicine, revealed that 8.2% of patients who were initially presented with suspected stroke were later diagnosed with functional disorders, i.e., "functional stroke mimics." However, the percentage of functional stroke mimics varied substantially with patients' nationality, age, and sex...
April 19, 2018: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649036/association-between-alexithymia-and-risk-of-incident-cardiovascular-diseases-in-the-suppl%C3%A3-mentation-en-vitamines-et-min%C3%A3-raux-antioxydants-su-vi-max-cohort
#2
Emmanuel Wiernik, Cédric Lemogne, Léopold Fezeu, Nathalie Arnault, Serge Hercberg, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot, Pilar Galan
OBJECTIVE: Although alexithymia has been suggested to be associated with cardiovascular diseases, studies are scarce and a causal relationship is questionable. This study explored the prospective association between alexithymia and cardiovascular events in middle-aged participants without cardiovascular history at baseline. METHODS: The 26-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-26) was completed by 5,586 participants of the French Supplémentation en Vitamines et Minéraux AntioXydants (SU...
April 11, 2018: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642115/common-and-dissociable-neural-activity-following-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-and-relaxation-response-programs
#3
Gunes Sevinc, Britta K Hölzel, Javeria Hashmi, Jonathan Greenberg, Adrienne McCallister, Michael Treadway, Marissa L Schneider, Jeffery A Dusek, James Carmody, Sara W Lazar
OBJECTIVE: We investigated common and dissociable neural and psychological correlates of two widely used meditation-based stress-reduction programs. METHODS: Participants were randomized to the Relaxation Response (RR; n=18; 56% female) or the Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR; n=16, 56% female) programs. Both programs utilize a 'bodyscan' meditation, however the RR program explicitly emphasizes physical relaxation during this practice, while the MBSR program emphasizes mindful awareness with no explicit relaxation instructions...
April 10, 2018: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624523/optimizing-a-positive-psychology-intervention-to-promote-health-behaviors-following-an-acute-coronary-syndrome-the-positive-emotions-after-acute-coronary-events-iii-peace-iii-randomized-factorial-trial
#4
Christopher M Celano, Ariana M Albanese, Rachel A Millstein, Carol A Mastromauro, Wei-Jean Chung, Kirsti A Campbell, Sean R Legler, Elyse R Park, Brian C Healy, Linda M Collins, James L Januzzi, Jeff C Huffman
OBJECTIVE: Despite the clear benefits of physical activity and related behaviors on prognosis, most patients suffering an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) remain nonadherent to these behaviors. Deficits in positive psychological constructs (e.g., optimism) are linked to reduced participation in health behaviors, supporting the potential utility of a positive psychology (PP)-based intervention in post-ACS patients. Accordingly, we aimed to identify optimal components of a PP-based intervention to promote post-ACS physical activity...
April 5, 2018: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621045/prospective-analyses-of-cytokine-mediation-of-sleep-and-survival-in-the-context-of-advanced-cancer
#5
Jennifer L Steel, Lauren Terhorst, Kevin P Collins, David A Geller, Yoram Vodovotz, Juliana Kim, Andrew Krane, Michael Antoni, James W Marsh, Lora E Burke, Lisa H Butterfield, Frank J Penedo, Daniel J Buysse, Allan Tsung
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to examine the potential association between sleep problems, symptom burden, and survival in advanced cancer patients. METHODS: A prospective study of 294 patients with gastrointestinal cancer were administered questionnaires assessing sleep, depression, anxiety, stress, pain, fatigue, and health-related quality of life. Serum levels of cytokines including Interleukin (IL)-1α, IL-1β, Tumor Necrosis Factor-α, IL-10, IL-2, and IFNγ were measured to assess biological mediation between sleep and survival...
April 5, 2018: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621046/persistent-physical-symptoms-as-perceptual-dysregulation-a-neuropsychobehavioral-model-and-its-clinical-implications
#6
Peter Henningsen, Harald Gündel, Willem J Kop, Bernd Löwe, Alexander Martin, Winfried Rief, Judith G M Rosmalen, Andreas Schröder, Christina van der Feltz-Cornelis, Omer Van den Bergh
OBJECTIVE: The mechanisms underlying the perception and experience of persistent physical symptoms are not well understood, and in the models, the specific relevance of peripheral input versus central processing, or of neurobiological versus psychosocial factors in general, is not clear.In this article, we propose a model for this clinical phenomenon that is designed to be coherent with an underlying, relatively new model of the normal brain functions involved in the experience of bodily signals...
April 4, 2018: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620561/the-influence-of-pain-related-expectations-on-intensity-perception-of-non-painful-somatosensory-stimuli
#7
Jonas Zaman, Katja Wiech, Nathalie Claes, Lukas Van Oudenhove, Ilse Van Diest, Johan W S Vlaeyen
OBJECTIVE: The extent to which pain-related expectations, known to affect pain perception, also affect perception of non-painful sensations remains unclear, as well as the potential role of unpredictability in this context. METHODS: In a proprioceptive fear conditioning paradigm, various arm extension movements were associated with predictable and unpredictable electrocutaneous pain or its absence. During a subsequent test phase non-painful electrocutaneous stimuli with a high or low intensity were presented during movement execution...
April 3, 2018: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620560/unique-autonomic-responses-to-pain-in-yoga-practitioners
#8
Valerie Cotton, Lucie A Low, Chantal Villemure, M Catherine Bushnell
OBJECTIVES: Autonomic nervous system activity is associated with neurobehavioral aspects of pain. Yogis use breathing, relaxation and mindfulness to tolerate pain, which could influence autonomic responses. To evaluate how the link between autonomic responses and pain is altered by other factors, we compared perceptual and autonomic responses to pain between yogis and controls. METHODS: Nineteen yogis and 15 controls rated warm and painfully hot stimuli (1-cm thermode on calf), with visual anticipatory cues indicating certainly painful, certainly non-painful or uncertainly either painful or non-painful...
April 3, 2018: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595710/cardiovascular-risk-factors-as-differential-predictors-of-incident-atypical-and-typical-major-depressive-disorder-in-u-s-adults
#9
Jay S Patel, Jessica Berntson, Brittanny M Polanka, Jesse C Stewart
OBJECTIVES: While the association between major depressive disorder (MDD) and future cardiovascular disease (CVD) is established, less is known about the relationship between CVD risk factors and future depression, and no studies have examined MDD subtypes. Our objective was to determine whether hypertension, tobacco use, and body mass index (BMI) differentially predict atypical and typical MDD in a national sample of U.S. adults. METHODS: We examined prospective data from 22,915 adults with no depressive disorder history at baseline who participated in Wave 1 (2001-2002) and Wave 2 (2004-2005) of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC)...
March 28, 2018: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595709/neural-hormonal-and-cognitive-correlates-of-metabolic-dysfunction-and-emotional-reactivity
#10
Tovah Wolf, Vera Tsenkova, Carol D Ryff, Richard J Davidson, Auriel A Willette
OBJECTIVE: Pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes (i.e., hyperglycemia) are characterized by insulin resistance (IR). These problems with energy metabolism may exacerbate emotional reactivity to negatively valenced stimuli and related phenomena like predisposition toward negative affect, as well as cognitive deficits. Higher emotional reactivity is seen with hyperglycemia and IR. Yet, it is largely unknown how metabolic dysfunction correlates with related neural, hormonal, and cognitive outcomes...
March 28, 2018: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595708/brain-heart-pathways-to-blood-pressure-related-hypoalgesia
#11
Cristina Ottaviani, Sabrina Fagioli, Eugenio Mattei, Federica Censi, Louisa Edwards, Emiliano Macaluso, Marco Bozzali, Hugo Critchley, Giovanni Calcagnini
OBJECTIVE: High blood pressure (BP) is associated with reduced pain sensitivity, known as BP-related hypoalgesia. The underlying neural mechanisms remain uncertain, yet arterial baroreceptor signaling, occurring at cardiac systole, is implicated. We examined normotensives using functional neuroimaging (fMRI) and pain stimulation during distinct phases of the cardiac cycle to test the hypothesized neural mediation of baroreceptor-induced attenuation of pain. METHODS: Eighteen participants (10 women; 32...
March 28, 2018: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595707/enhancement-of-meditation-analgesia-by-opioid-antagonist-in-experienced-meditators
#12
Lisa M May, Peter Kosek, Fadel Zeidan, Elliot T Berkman
OBJECTIVE: Studies have consistently shown that long-term meditation practice is associated with reduced pain, but the neural mechanisms by which long-term meditation practice reduces pain remain unclear. This study tested endogenous opioid involvement in meditation analgesia associated with long-term meditation practice. METHODS: Electrical pain was induced with randomized, double-blind, cross-over administration of the opioid antagonist Naloxone (0.15mg/kg bolus dose, then 0...
March 28, 2018: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553990/well-being-and-arthritis-incidence-the-role-of-inflammatory-mechanisms-findings-from-the-english-longitudinal-study-of-ageing-erratum
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 17, 2018: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538055/the-long-term-clinical-outcome-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-with-impaired-coronary-distensibility
#14
Naser Ahmadi, Fereshteh Hajsadeghi, Vahid Nabavi, Garth Olango, Mohammed Molla, Matthew Budoff, Nutan Vaidya, Javier Quintana, Robert Pynoos, Peter Hauser, Rachel Yehuda
OBJECTIVE: Coronary-distensibility-index (CDI) impairments reflect endothelial-dependent process associated with vulnerable-plaque composition. This study investigates the relation of impaired-CDI with posttraumatic-stress-disorder (PTSD) and their predictive value for major-adverse-cardiovascular events (MACE). METHODS: This study involved 246 patients (age: 63±10 years, 12% women) with (n=50) and without (n=196) PTSD, who underwent computed-tomography angiography (CTA) to determine coronary artery disease (CAD) and CDI...
March 14, 2018: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533327/interactions-between-stress-and-sex-in-microbial-responses-within-the-microbiota-gut-brain-axis-to-stress-in-a-mouse-model
#15
Matthew C B Tsilimigras, Raad Z Gharaibeh, Michael Sioda, Laura Gray, Anthony A Fodor, Mark Lyte
OBJECTIVE: Animal models are frequently used to examine stress response but experiments seldom include females. The connection between the microbiota-gut-brain axis and behavioral stress response is investigated here using a mixed-sex mouse cohort. METHODS: CF-1 mice underwent alternating days of restraint and forced swim for 19 days (Male N=8, Female N=8) with matching numbers of control animals at which point the 16S rRNA genes of gut microbiota were sequenced...
March 12, 2018: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533326/depressive-symptoms-exercise-capacity-and-clinical-outcomes-following-lung-transplantation
#16
Patrick J Smith, Rebecca Byrd, Megan Lusby, Emily Clausen, Laurie D Snyder
BACKGROUND: Depressive symptoms are common among lung transplant recipients and have been associated with worse clinical outcomes. However, few studies have examined the association between depressive symptoms assessed at multiple time points or behavioral mechanisms by which post-transplant depressive symptoms may confer greater clinical risk. We therefore examined the associations between depressive symptoms, exercise capacity, chronic lung allograft dysfunction (CLAD), and mortality prospectively in a large sample of lung transplant recipients...
March 12, 2018: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528888/cognitive-impairment-in-fibromyalgia-a-meta-analysis-of-case-control-studies
#17
Yu-Lin Wu, Chun-Jen Huang, Su-Chen Fang, Ling-Hsin Ko, Pei-Shan Tsai
OBJECTIVE: Cognitive dysfunction has been reported in individuals with fibromyalgia. However, findings regarding cognitive function examined using neuropsychological tests have been inconsistent. The aim of the study was to determine domain-specific cognitive impairment in patients with fibromyalgia compared with healthy controls. METHODS: We conducted a meta-analysis that systematically searched six databases (PubMed, Ovid MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and Web of Science) for articles published before September 2017...
March 9, 2018: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521885/the-use-of-smartphones-as-a-digital-security-blanket-the-influence-of-phone-use-and-availability-on-psychological-and-physiological-responses-to-social-exclusion
#18
John F Hunter, Emily D Hooker, Nicolas Rohleder, Sarah D Pressman
OBJECTIVE: Mobile phones are increasingly becoming a part of the social environment, and when an individual feels excluded during a socially stressful situation, they often retreat to the comfort of their phone to ameliorate the negativity. This study tests whether smartphone presence does, in fact, alter psychological and physiological responses to social stress. METHODS: Participants (N=148, 84% female, mean age=20.4) were subjected to a peer, social-exclusion stressor...
March 8, 2018: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521884/childhood-trauma-perceived-stress-and-hair-cortisol-in-adults-with-and-without-cardiovascular-disease
#19
Stéphanie Bossé, Bianca D'Antono, Tobias Stalder
OBJECTIVE: Childhood trauma has been associated with greater psychological and physical morbidity, including a greater risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD). This may partially reflect trauma-induced disturbances in how stress is later perceived and regulated. This study evaluated the associations of childhood trauma with perceived stress and hair cortisol concentrations (HCC) in a large sample of adults with coronary artery disease (CAD) and in non-CVD patients suffering from other non-fatal illnesses...
March 8, 2018: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521883/residual-symptoms-following-treatment-for-depression-in-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease
#20
Robert M Carney, Kenneth E Freedland, Brian C Steinmeyer, Eugene H Rubin, Michael W Rich
OBJECTIVE: Depression is associated with an increased risk of mortality in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). The risk may be reduced in patients who remit with adequate treatment, but few patients achieve complete remission. The purpose of this study was to identify the symptoms that persist despite aggressive treatment for depression in patients with CHD. METHODS: One hundred twenty-five patients with stable CHD who met the DSM-IV criteria for a moderate-to-severe major depressive episode completed treatment with cognitive behavior therapy (CBT), either alone or combined with an antidepressant, for up to 16 weeks...
March 8, 2018: Psychosomatic Medicine
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