journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Psychosomatic Medicine

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806202/alzheimer-s-disease-caregiver-s-health-and-important-resources-next-steps-in-intervention-research
#1
Kharah M Ross, Judith E Carroll
In this issue of Psychosomatic Medicine, Mausbach and colleagues report that Alzheimer's disease (AD) caregivers who engage in more pleasant leisure activities had lower blood pressure over 5 years compared to those who engage in fewer leisure activities. This novel finding suggests that something as simple as taking more walks in the park or more time for reading books could protect the physical health of caregivers. In this editorial, we review possible mechanisms linking pleasant leisure activities with lower blood pressure in caregivers, and discuss potential barriers that prevent caregivers from engaging in pleasant leisure activities...
August 11, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806201/brain-gut-microbiota-axis-and-mental-health
#2
Timothy G Dinan, John F Cryan
OBJECTIVE: The brain-gut-microbiota axis has been put forward as a new paradigm in neuroscience, which may be of relevance to mental illness. The mechanisms of signal transmission in the brain-gut-microbiota axis are complex and involve bidirectional communications which enables gut microbes to communicate with the brain, and the brain to communicate with the microbes. This review assesses the potential usefulness and limitations of the paradigm. METHODS: A selective literature review was conducted to evaluate the current knowledge in clinical and pre-clinical brain-gut-microbiota interactions as related to psychiatric disorders...
August 11, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28787365/an-evaluation-of-perceived-health-risk-and-depressive-symptoms-prior-to-a-disaster-in-predicting-post-disaster-inflammation
#3
Kyle W Murdock, Raymond P Stowe, M Kristen Peek, Savannah L Lawrence, Christopher P Fagundes
OBJECTIVE: Exposure to major life stressors is associated with subsequent enhanced inflammation-related disease processes. Depressive symptoms exacerbate stress-induced inflammatory responses. Moreover, those who report a high degree of perceived health risk prior to being exposed to a major life stressor such as a disaster are at risk of poor health outcomes. The present study examined whether perceived health risk and depressive symptoms prior to a disaster were associated with post-disaster inflammation markers...
August 5, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28787364/prenatal-stress-methylation-in-inflammation-related-genes-and-adiposity-measures-in-early-childhood-the-progress-cohort-study
#4
Shaowei Wu, Chris Gennings, Rosalind J Wright, Ander Wilson, Heather H Burris, Allan C Just, Joseph M Braun, Katherine Svensson, Jia Zhong, Kasey J M Brennan, Alexandra Dereix, Alejandra Cantoral, Lourdes Schnaas, Martha Maria Téllez-Rojo, Robert O Wright, Andrea A Baccarelli
OBJECTIVE: Maternal stress during pregnancy may influence childhood growth and adiposity, possibly through immune/inflammatory programming. We investigated whether exposure to prenatal stress and methylation in inflammation-related genes were associated with childhood adiposity in 424 mother-child pairs in Mexico City, Mexico. METHODS: A stress index was created based on four prenatally administered stress-related scales (Exposure to Violence, Crisis in Family Systems, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale)...
August 5, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28787363/everyday-discrimination-and-metabolic-syndrome-incidence-in-a-racially-ethnically-diverse-sample-study-of-women-s-health-across-the-nation-swan
#5
Danielle L Beatty Moody, Yue Fang Chang, Charlotte Brown, Joyce T Bromberger, Karen A Matthews
OBJECTIVE: Everyday discrimination may contribute to incident metabolic syndrome (MetS) in the U.S. and related racial/ethnic differences in MetS. This study investigated whether ED predicted MetS in a diverse sample. METHODS: Longitudinal, cohort study of 2,132 women (mean [SD] 45.8 [2.7] years) who self-reported as Black (n = 523), White (n = 1065), Chinese (n = 194), Japanese (n = 227), or Hispanic (n = 123) at baseline, drawn from seven cities across the U.S...
August 5, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731985/accelerated-dna-methylation-age-associations-with-ptsd-and-mortality
#6
Erika J Wolf, Mark W Logue, Tawni B Stoop, Steven A Schichman, Annjanette Stone, Naomi Sadeh, Jasmeet P Hayes, Mark W Miller
OBJECTIVE: Recently-developed indices of cellular age based on DNA methylation (DNAm) data, referred to as DNAm age, are being used to study factors that influence the rate of aging and the health correlates of these metrics of the epigenetic clock. This study evaluated associations between trauma exposure, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, and accelerated versus decelerated DNAm age among military veterans. We also examined if accelerated DNAm age predicted mortality over the course of a 6...
July 20, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731984/the-association-of-cigarette-smoking-with-high-frequency-heart-rate-variability-an-ecological-momentary-assessment-study
#7
Fernando Bodin, Kathleen M McIntyre, Joseph E Schwartz, Paula S McKinley, Caitlyn Cardetti, Peter A Shapiro, Ethan Gorenstein, Richard P Sloan
OBJECTIVE: Evidence from both laboratory and observational studies suggests that acute and chronic smoking leads to reduced high frequency heart rate variability (HF-HRV), a measure of cardiac vagal regulation. We utilized ecological momentary assessment (EMA) to study the effect of smoking on concurrent HF-HRV in a trial measuring the effects of hostility reduction, and compared 24-hour HF-HRV in smokers and non-smokers. METHOD: Ambulatory ECG data were collected pre-randomization from 149 healthy, individuals with high hostility levels (20-45 years, BMI ≤ 32 kg/m) and paired with concurrent EMA ratings of smoking, and physical position during waking hours...
July 20, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731983/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-effort-reward-imbalance-model-of-workplace-stress-and-hpa-axis-measures-of-stress
#8
Pennie Eddy, Eleanor H Wertheim, Matthew W Hale, Bradley J Wright
OBJECTIVE: The association between effort reward imbalance (ERI) and various health outcomes has been well-documented over the past 20 years, but the mechanisms responsible for this association remain unclear. The present meta-analysis assessed the associations of ERI and over-commitment (OC) in the workplace with hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis measures. METHODS: Electronic databases were searched with the phrase 'effort*reward*imbalance' which yielded 319 studies leading to 56 full text studies being screened...
July 20, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719406/toward-a-biopsychosocial-ecology-of-the-human-microbiome-brain-gut-axis-and-health
#9
Karl J Maier, Mustafa al'Absi
OBJECTIVE: Rapidly expanding insights to the human microbiome and health suggest that Western medicine is poised for significant evolution, or perhaps revolution - this while the field continues on a trajectory from reductionism to a biopsychosocial (BPS) paradigm recognizing biological, psychological, and social influences on health. The apparent sensitivity of the microbiota to perturbations across BPS domains suggests that a broad and inclusive framework is needed to develop applicable knowledge in this area...
July 18, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700458/perceived-stress-depressive-symptoms-and-oxidative-dna-damage
#10
Chisato Shimanoe, Megumi Hara, Yuichiro Nishida, Hinako Nanri, Mikako Horita, Yosuke Yamada, Yun-Shan Li, Hiroshi Kasai, Kazuaki Kawai, Yasuki Higaki, Keitaro Tanaka
OBJECTIVE: Psychosocial stress may influence the risk of disease through its association with oxidative DNA damage. We examined whether perceived stress and depressive symptoms were associated with urinary excretion of 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), with mutual interaction on 8-OHdG. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 6,517 individuals aged 45-74 years who participated, between 2010 and 2012, in a follow-up survey of an ongoing cohort study. Perceived stress during the past year was measured using a self-report questionnaire...
July 12, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700459/the-microbiome-in-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-trauma-exposed-controls-an-exploratory-study
#11
Sian M J Hemmings, Stefanie Malan-Muller, Leigh L van den Heuvel, Brittany A Demmitt, Maggie A Stanislawski, David G Smith, Adam D Bohr, Christopher E Stamper, Embriette R Hyde, James T Morton, Clarisse A Marotz, Philip H Siebler, Maarten Braspenning, Wim Van Criekinge, Andrew J Hoisington, Lisa A Brenner, Teodor T Postolache, Matthew B McQueen, Kenneth S Krauter, Rob Knight, Soraya Seedat, Christopher A Lowry
OBJECTIVE: Inadequate immunoregulation and elevated inflammation may be risk factors for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and microbial inputs are important determinants of immunoregulation; however, the association between the gut microbiota and PTSD is unknown. This study investigated the gut microbiome in a South African sample of PTSD-affected individuals and trauma-exposed (TE) controls, to identify potential differences in microbial diversity or microbial community structure...
July 11, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691997/the-clinical-significance-of-posterior-insular-volume-in-adolescent-anorexia-nervosa
#12
Nancy L Zucker, Philip A Kragel, H Ryan Wagner, Lori Keeling, Emeran Mayer, Joyce Wang, Min Su Kang, Rhonda Merwin, W Kyle Simmons, Kevin S LaBar
OBJECTIVE: The diagnostic criterion disturbance in the experience of the body remains a poorly understood and persistent feature of anorexia nervosa (AN). Increased sophistication in understanding the structure of the insular cortex - a neural structure that receives and integrates visceral sensations with action and meaning - may elucidate the nature of this disturbance. We explored age, weight-status, illness severity, and self-reported body dissatisfaction associations with insular cortex volume...
July 7, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691996/fecal-microbiota-therapy-with-a-focus-on-c-difficile-infection
#13
Lawrence J Brandt
There has been a paradigm shift in our view of bacteria away from their role as just pathogens. We now have a deepening appreciation of their critical influences in our health maintenance, including energy harvest, metabolism, intestinal development, cell proliferation, nervous system and immune function, as well as their role to protect against intestinal and other infections. A perturbed intestinal microbiome has been associated with an increasing number of gastrointestinal (GI) and non-GI diseases but particularly with C...
July 7, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691995/the-role-of-psychological-stress-on-heart-autophagy-in-mice-with-heart-failure
#14
Xiao-Ting Lu, Xiao-Qiong Liu, Bo Wang, Yuan-Yuan Sun, Rui-Xue Yang, Yi-Fan Xing, Ping Sun, Ying-Bin Wang, Yu-Xia Zhao
OBJECTIVE: Psychological stress in chronic heart failure (CHF) is associated with systemic neurohormonal and immune system responses and increased mortality. Autophagy refers to the biological process of degradation and recycling of dysfunctional cellular components. We investigated the role of psychological stress on autophagy function in CHF mice. RESULTS: A one-week stress exposure significantly increased serum levels of corticosterone and Ang II (P= .000), increased levels of oxidative stress, induced overt heart failure, and increased mortality (P =...
July 7, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691994/core-outcome-domains-for-clinical-trials-on-somatic-symptom-disorder-bodily-distress-disorder-and-functional-somatic-syndromes-euronet-soma-recommendations
#15
Winfried Rief, Chris Burton, Lisbeth Frostholm, Peter Henningsen, Maria Kleinstäuber, Willem J Kop, Bernd Löwe, Alexandra Martin, Ulrik Malt, Judith Rosmalen, Andreas Schröder, Meike Shedden-Mora, Anne Toussaint, Christina van der Feltz-Cornelis
OBJECTIVE: The harmonization of core outcome domains in clinical trials facilitates comparison and pooling of data, and simplifies the preparation and review of research projects, and comparison of risks and benefits of treatments. Therefore we provide recommendations for the core outcome domains that should be considered in clinical trials on the efficacy and effectiveness of interventions for somatic symptom disorder, bodily distress disorder, and functional somatic syndromes. METHODS: The European Network on Somatic Symptom Disorders group (EURONET-SOMA) of more than 20 experts in the field met twice in Hamburg to discuss issues of assessment and intervention research in somatic symptom disorder, bodily distress disorder, and functional somatic syndromes...
July 7, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661940/brain-structure-and-response-to-emotional-stimuli-as-related-to-gut-microbial-profiles-in-healthy-women
#16
Kirsten Tillisch, Emeran Mayer, Arpana Gupta, Zafar Gill, Rémi Brazeilles, Boris Le Nevé, Johan E T van Hylckama Vlieg, Denis Guyonnet, Muriel Derrien, Jennifer S Labus
OBJECTIVE: Brain-gut-microbiota interactions may play an important role in human health and behavior. However, while rodent models have demonstrated effects of the gut microbiota on emotional, nociceptive and social behaviors, there is little translational human evidence to date. In this study we identify brain and behavioral characteristics of healthy women clustered by gut microbiota profiles. METHODS: Forty women supplied fecal samples for 16s rRNA profiling...
June 28, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604559/wellbeing-and-arthritis-incidence-the-role-of-inflammatory-mechanisms-findings-from-the-english-longitudinal-study-of-ageing
#17
Judith A Okely, Alexander Weiss, Catharine R Gale
OBJECTIVE: Higher wellbeing is associated with lower levels of inflammatory markers in healthy populations; however, it is unclear whether this association translates into a reduced risk of disease. In the current study, we tested whether the association between wellbeing and inflammation results in a lower risk of arthritis. METHODS: The sample consisted of 5,622 participants aged ≥ 50 from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing and included 6 waves of data collection...
June 10, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604560/childhood-cognitive-ability-and-age-related-changes-in-physical-capability-from-midlife-findings-from-a-british-birth-cohort-study
#18
Rachel Cooper, Marcus Richards, Diana Kuh
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that higher childhood cognitive ability is associated with reduced risk of decline in physical capability in late midlife. METHODS: Participants were 1954 men and women from the MRC National Survey of Health and Development with complete data on cognitive ability at age 15 and measures of grip strength and chair rise speed at ages 53 and 60-64 years. Using multinomial logistic regression, associations of childhood cognitive ability with categories of change in grip strength and chair rise speed (i...
June 9, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640179/engagement-in-pleasant-leisure-activities-and-blood-pressure-a-5-year-longitudinal-study-in-alzheimer-s-caregivers
#19
Brent T Mausbach, Rosa Romero-Moreno, Taylor Bos, Roland von Känel, Michael G Ziegler, Matthew A Allison, Paul J Mills, Joel E Dimsdale, Sonia Ancoli-Israel, Andrés Losada, María Márquez-González, Thomas L Patterson, Igor Grant
OBJECTIVE: Elevated blood pressure is a significant public health concern, particularly given its association with cardiovascular disease risk, including stroke. Caring for a loved one with Alzheimer's disease has been associated with physical health morbidity, including higher blood pressure. Engagement in adaptive coping strategies may help prevent blood pressure elevation in this population. This 5-year longitudinal study examined whether greater participation in pleasant leisure activities was associated with reduced blood pressure in caregivers...
May 31, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570439/cortisol-awakening-response-as-a-prospective-risk-factor-for-depressive-symptoms-in-women-after-treatment-for-breast-cancer
#20
Kate Ryan Kuhlman, Michael R Irwin, Patricia A Ganz, Catherine M Crespi, Laura Petersen, Arash Asher, Julienne E Bower
OBJECTIVE: To investigate hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA-axis) functioning as a neurobiological risk factor for depressive symptoms in an ongoing longitudinal, observational study of women undergoing treatment and recovery from breast cancer. Many women with breast cancer experience depressive symptoms that interfere with their treatment, recovery, and quality of life. Psychosocial risk factors for depression among cancer patients and survivors have been identified, yet neurobiological risk factors in this population remain largely unexamined...
May 31, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
journal
journal
23934
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"