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Psychosomatic Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240647/stagnation-syndrome-relevance-of-multilayers-illness-experiences-in-chinese-medicine-to-the-understanding-of-functional-somatic-syndrome
#1
Ling-Li Leng, Siu-Man Ng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 13, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240646/genetic-and-environmental-contributions-to-sleep-quality-and-low-back-pain-a-population-based-twin-study
#2
Marina B Pinheiro, Jose J Morosoli, Manuela L Ferreira, Juan J Madrid-Valero, Kathryn Refshauge, Paulo H Ferreira, Juan R Ordoñana
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the extent to which the co-occurrence of poor sleep quality and low back pain is due to the same genetic and/or environmental risk factors or due to a causal association. METHODS: Cross-sectional data on sleep quality (Pittsburgh Sleep Quality index) and low back pain were collected in a population-based sample of adult twins (n=2,134) registered with the Murcia Twin Registry. Bivariate analysis and structural equation modelling were used...
December 13, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232329/cortisol-and-subjective-stress-responses-to-acute-psychosocial-stress-in-fibromyalgia-patients-and-control-participants
#3
Eline Coppens, Stefan Kempke, Peter Van Wambeke, Stephan Claes, Bart Morlion, Patrick Luyten, Lukas Van Oudenhove
OBJECTIVE: Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis dysfunction may play a role in fibromyalgia (FM) pathogenesis, but remains understudied in this disorder. Furthermore, early childhood adversities (ECA) are common in FM, but whether they moderate stress reactivity is unknown. Hence, we investigated cortisol and subjective responses to acute psychosocial stress in FM and controls, while adjusting for ECA. METHODS: Twenty-seven female FM patients and 24 age-matched female controls were recruited in a tertiary care center and through advertisements, respectively...
December 11, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215457/associations-of-positive-affect-and-negative-affect-with-allostatic-load-a-lifelines-cohort-study
#4
Hendrika M Schenk, Bertus F Jeronimus, Lian van der Krieke, Elisabeth H Bos, Peter de Jonge, Judith G M Rosmalen
OBJECTIVE: Allostatic load (AL) reflects the deteriorating influences of stress on the body, and comprises a selection of biological markers. AL is associated with negative life events, stress, and negative affect (NA), as well as poor health outcomes. However, whether AL is also associated with positive affect (PA) is not clear. The present study therefore explores the association between PA and AL, accounting for age, sex, NA, and health behaviors. METHODS: Data of 45,225 individuals from the first wave of the multi-disciplinary prospective population-based cohort study Lifelines were used...
December 5, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215456/child-and-adult-socioeconomic-status-and-the-cortisol-response-to-acute-stress-evidence-from-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis
#5
Félice Lê-Scherban, Allison B Brenner, Margaret T Hicken, Belinda L Needham, Teresa Seeman, Richard P Sloan, Xu Wang, Ana V Diez Roux
OBJECTIVE: A long-hypothesized pathway through which low socioeconomic status (SES) harms health is through dysregulation of the physiologic stress response systems. No previous studies have tested this hypothesis by investigating cortisol reactivity and recovery to acute stress in relation to SES at different times in the life course in adults. Alteration of the cortisol response to an acute stressor could signal dysregulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and has been associated with chronic illness...
December 5, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215455/the-relationship-between-childhood-trauma-and-poor-sleep-health-in-adulthood
#6
Ryan C Brindle, Matthew R Cribbet, Laura B Samuelsson, Chenlu Gao, Ellen Frank, Robert T Krafty, Julian F Thayer, Daniel J Buysse, Martica H Hall
OBJECTIVE: Childhood trauma has been related to adverse behavioral, mental, and health outcomes later in life. Sleep may be a potential mechanism through which childhood trauma is related to adverse health. The current retrospective study aimed to characterize the relationship between childhood trauma exposure and sleep health, a novel multidimensional measure of sleep. METHODS: Participants (N = 161; Mean(SD) age = 59.85(9.06); 67.7% female) retrospectively reported trauma exposure using the Trauma History Questionnaire...
December 5, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206725/time-of-day-when-type-1-diabetes-patients-with-eating-disorder-symptomatology-most-commonly-restrict-insulin
#7
Rhonda M Merwin, Ashley A Moskovich, Lisa K Honeycutt, James D Lane, Mark Feinglos, Richard S Surwit, Nancy L Zucker, Natalia O Dmitrieva, Michael A Babyak, Heather Batchelder
OBJECTIVE: Restricting insulin to lose weight is a significant problem in the clinical management of type 1 diabetes (T1D). Little is known about this behavior or how to effectively intervene. Identifying when insulin restriction occurs could allow clinicians to target typical high-risk times, or formulate hypotheses regarding factors that influence this behavior. The current study investigated the frequency of insulin restriction by time of day. METHODS: Fifty-nine adults with T1D and eating disorder symptomatology completed 72 hours of real-time reporting of eating and insulin dosing with continuous glucose monitoring...
December 5, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206724/the-impact-of-racial-discrimination-and-hostility-on-adrenergic-receptor-responsiveness-in-african-americans
#8
LaBarron K Hill, Andrew Sherwood, Maya McNeilly, Norman A Anderson, James A Blumenthal, Alan L Hinderliter
OBJECTIVE: Racial discrimination is increasingly recognized as a contributor to increased cardiovascular disease risk among African Americans. Previous research has shown significant overlap between racial discrimination and hostility, an established predictor of CVD risk including alterations in adrenergic receptor functioning. The present study examined the associations of racial discrimination and hostility with adrenergic receptor responsiveness. METHODS: In a sample (N=57) of young to middle-aged African American adults (51% female) with normal and mildly elevated blood pressure (BP), a standardized isoproterenol sensitivity test (CD25) was used to evaluate β-AR responsiveness, while the dose of phenylephrine required to increase mean arterial pressure (MAP) by 25 mmHg (PD25) was used to assess α1-AR responsiveness...
December 5, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189598/comparison-of-psychiatric-symptoms-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-simple-snoring-and-normal-controls
#9
Jae Myeong Kang, Seong-Jin Cho, Yu Jin Lee, Ji-Eun Kim, Seung-Heon Shin, Kee Hyung Park, Seon Tae Kim, Seung-Gul Kang
OBJECTIVE: Patients with sleep-related breathing disorders are known to have more severe psychiatric symptoms than good sleepers. The aim of this study was to compare the psychiatric symptoms of participants with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), those with simple snoring (SS), and normal controls (NC). METHODS: A total of 386 participants (260 with OSA, 75 with SS, and 51 NC) completed self-report questionnaires including the Symptoms Checklist 90-Revised (SCL-90-R) and underwent nocturnal polysomnography...
November 17, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140885/john-henryism-coping-and-metabolic-syndrome-among-young-black-adults
#10
Gene H Brody, Tianyi Yu, Gregory E Miller, Katherine B Ehrlich, Edith Chen
OBJECTIVE: To test the novel hypothesis that, among Black Americans who used John Henryism coping, those from low socioeconomic status backgrounds would be more likely to develop metabolic syndrome than would those from higher socioeconomic backgrounds. METHODS: This is an ancillary analysis of SHAPE, a longitudinal cohort of 391 Black youths and their caregivers. From ages 11 to 18 years, family socioeconomic status was assessed. At age 25, John Henryism was assessed, blood samples were drawn, and measurements were taken of blood pressure and waist circumference...
November 15, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112588/trajectories-of-anxiety-and-depression-after-liver-transplantation-as-related-to-outcomes-during-2-year-follow-up-a-prospective-cohort-study
#11
Coby Annema, Gerda Drent, Petrie F Roodbol, Roy E Stewart, Herold J Metselaar, Bart van Hoek, Robert J Porte, Adelita V Ranchor
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether distinct trajectories of anxious and depressive symptoms are present among liver transplant recipients from before transplantation to two years afterwards; to identify associated demographic, clinical, and individual characteristics; and to examine the influence of distinct trajectories on outcomes. METHODS: A prospective, multicenter cohort study was performed among 153 liver transplant recipients. Data were retrieved using questionnaires administered before transplantation and at 3, 6, 12, and 24 months after transplantation...
November 7, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076953/acetyl-l-carnitine-supplementation-and-the-treatment-for-depressive-symptoms-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Nicola Veronese, Brendon Stubbs, Marco Solmi, Olesya Ajnakina, Andre F Carvalho, Stefania Maggi
OBJECTIVE: Deficiency of acetyl-L-carnitine (ALC) appears to play a role in the risk of developing depression, indicating dysregulation of fatty acids transport across the inner membrane of mitochondria. However, the data regarding ALC supplementation in humans are limited.. We thus conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis investigating the effect of ALC on depressive symptoms across randomized controlled trials (RCTs). METHODS: A literature search in major databases, without language restriction, was undertaken from inception until 30 December 2016...
October 25, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023262/psychometric-properties-and-factor-structure-of-a-shortened-version-of-the-cognitive-behavioural-responses-questionnaire-cbrq
#13
Elizabeth G Ryan, Silia Vitoratou, Kimberley A Goldsmith, Trudie Chalder
OBJECTIVE: Symptoms of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) can be perpetuated by cognitive and behavioural responses to the illness. We aimed to determine the factor structure, reliability and validity of the 40-item Cognitive Behavioural Responses Questionnaire (CBRQ) using data gathered from CFS patients. We also propose a short version CBRQ for greater clinical utility. METHODS: The psychometric analysis was performed on datasets drawn from two sources: a clinical service for CFS patients (N=576) and the PACE randomised controlled trial (RCT) of CFS treatments (N=640)...
October 10, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016550/assessing-lifetime-stress-exposure-using-the-stress-and-adversity-inventory-for-adults-adult-strain-an-overview-and-initial-validation
#14
George M Slavich, Grant S Shields
OBJECTIVE: Numerous theories have proposed that acute and chronic stressors may exert a cumulative effect on lifespan health by causing biological "wear and tear", or allostatic load, which in turn promotes disease. Very few studies have directly tested such models, though, partly because of the challenges associated with efficiently assessing stress exposure over the entire life course. To address this issue, we developed the first online system for systematically assessing lifetime stress exposure, called the Stress and Adversity Inventory (STRAIN), and describe its initial validation here...
October 10, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016549/depressive-symptoms-antidepressant-medication-use-and-inflammatory-markers-in-the-diabetes-prevention-program
#15
Mary de Groot, David Marrero, Lisa Mele, Todd Doyle, Frank Schwartz, Kieren J Mather, Ronald Goldberg, David W Price, Yong Ma, William C Knowler
OBJECTIVE: Antidepressant medication use (ADM) has been shown to predict diabetes. This paper assessed the role of inflammatory markers in this relationship within the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP). METHODS: DPP participants randomized to Metformin (MET), Lifestyle Intervention (ILS) or placebo (PLB) were assessed for depression (BDI; Beck Depression Inventory) annually; ADM use semi-annually; serum inflammatory markers (CRP, IL-6) at baseline and Year 1; and diagnosis of T2DM semi-annually (over 3...
October 10, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938244/prognostic-value-of-type-d-personality-for-in-stent-restenosis-in-coronary-artery-disease-patients-treated-with-drug-eluting-stent
#16
Yini Wang, Guojie Liu, Xueqin Gao, Zhenjuan Zhao, Ling Li, Wei Chen, Hui Tao, Bo Yu, Ping Lin
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the predictive value of Type D personality on in-stent restenosis (ISR) rates at 1- and 2-year post percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: Consecutive patients with CAD who underwent PCI for drug-eluting stents (DES) (n=173) completed the Type D Scale-14 (DS14) at baseline. Follow-up coronary angiographic evaluation was routinely planned at 1- and 2-years after the procedure. RESULTS: Follow-up coronary angiography was performed in 159 and 112 patients at 1- and 2-years post-PCI, respectively...
September 21, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112100/author-and-subject-index
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112098/article-summaries-for-november-december-2017-psychosomatic-medicine-volume-79-issue-9
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976443/research-on-somatization-and-somatic-symptom-disorders-ars-longa-vita-brevis
#19
Joel E Dimsdale
The new Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition defines somatic symptom and related disorders as long-standing somatic symptoms that are associated with disproportionate thoughts, feelings, and behaviors, irrespective of whether or not a medical cause for these symptoms can be determined. In this Special Section of Psychosomatic Medicine, several articles address diagnostic issues and the central nervous system correlates of somatic symptom and related disorder and document new developments in its treatment...
November 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914723/inducing-somatic-symptoms-in-functional-syndrome-patients-effects-of-manipulating-state-negative-affect
#20
Maaike Van Den Houte, Katleen Bogaerts, Ilse Van Diest, Jozef De Bie, Philippe Persoons, Lukas Van Oudenhove, Omer Van den Bergh
OBJECTIVE: Induction of negative affective states can enhance bodily symptoms in high habitual symptom reporters among healthy persons and in patients with irritable bowel syndrome. The aims of this study were to replicate this effect in patients with fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome and to investigate the role of moderators, focusing on alexithymia, negative affectivity, and absorption. METHODS: Patients with fibromyalgia and/or chronic fatigue syndrome (n = 81) and HCs (n = 41) viewed series of neutral, positive, and negative affective pictures...
November 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
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