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Psychosomatic Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023262/psychometric-properties-and-factor-structure-of-a-shortened-version-of-the-cognitive-behavioural-responses-questionnaire-cbrq
#1
Elizabeth G Ryan, Silia Vitoratou, Kimberley A Goldsmith, Trudie Chalder
OBJECTIVE: Symptoms of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) can be perpetuated by cognitive and behavioural responses to the illness. We aimed to determine the factor structure, reliability and validity of the 40-item Cognitive Behavioural Responses Questionnaire (CBRQ) using data gathered from CFS patients. We also propose a short version CBRQ for greater clinical utility. METHODS: The psychometric analysis was performed on datasets drawn from two sources: a clinical service for CFS patients (N=576) and the PACE randomised controlled trial (RCT) of CFS treatments (N=640)...
October 10, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016550/assessing-lifetime-stress-exposure-using-the-stress-and-adversity-inventory-for-adults-adult-strain-an-overview-and-initial-validation
#2
George M Slavich, Grant S Shields
OBJECTIVE: Numerous theories have proposed that acute and chronic stressors may exert a cumulative effect on lifespan health by causing biological "wear and tear", or allostatic load, which in turn promotes disease. Very few studies have directly tested such models, though, partly because of the challenges associated with efficiently assessing stress exposure over the entire life course. To address this issue, we developed the first online system for systematically assessing lifetime stress exposure, called the Stress and Adversity Inventory (STRAIN), and describe its initial validation here...
October 10, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016549/depressive-symptoms-antidepressant-medication-use-and-inflammatory-markers-in-the-diabetes-prevention-program
#3
Mary de Groot, David Marrero, Lisa Mele, Todd Doyle, Frank Schwartz, Kieren J Mather, Ronald Goldberg, David W Price, Yong Ma, William C Knowler
OBJECTIVE: Antidepressant medication use (ADM) has been shown to predict diabetes. This paper assessed the role of inflammatory markers in this relationship within the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP). METHODS: DPP participants randomized to Metformin (MET), Lifestyle Intervention (ILS) or placebo (PLB) were assessed for depression (BDI; Beck Depression Inventory) annually; ADM use semi-annually; serum inflammatory markers (CRP, IL-6) at baseline and Year 1; and diagnosis of T2DM semi-annually (over 3...
October 10, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976443/research-on-somatization-and-somatic-symptom-disorders-ars-longa-vita-brevis
#4
Joel E Dimsdale
The new Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM5) defines Somatic Symptom and Related Disorders (SSRD) as longstanding somatic symptoms that are associated with disproportionate thoughts, feelings, and behaviors, irrespective of whether or not a medical cause for these symptoms can be determined. In this Special Section of Psychosomatic Medicine, several articles address diagnostic issues and the central nervous system correlates of SSRD and document new developments in its treatment.
October 2, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938244/prognostic-value-of-type-d-personality-for-in-stent-restenosis-in-coronary-artery-disease-patients-treated-with-drug-eluting-stent
#5
Yini Wang, Guojie Liu, Xueqin Gao, Zhenjuan Zhao, Ling Li, Wei Chen, Hui Tao, Bo Yu, Ping Lin
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the predictive value of Type D personality on in-stent restenosis (ISR) rates at 1- and 2-year post percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: Consecutive patients with CAD who underwent PCI for drug-eluting stents (DES) (n=173) completed the Type D Scale-14 (DS14) at baseline. Follow-up coronary angiographic evaluation was routinely planned at 1- and 2-years after the procedure. RESULTS: Follow-up coronary angiography was performed in 159 and 112 patients at 1- and 2-years post-PCI, respectively...
September 21, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922210/screening-for-dsm-5-somatic-symptom-disorder-diagnostic-accuracy-of-self-report-measures-within-a-population-sample
#6
Johannes A C Laferton, Nikola M Stenzel, Winfried Rief, Kristina Klaus, Elmar Brähler, Ricarda Mewes
OBJECTIVE: The new Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 5 Somatic Symptom Disorder was introduced to improve the diagnosis of persons suffering from what used to be called somatoform disorders. So far, it is unclear whether existing self-report measures are useful to detect the new Somatic Symptom Disorder. This study investigates the diagnostic accuracy of three self-report questionnaires, measuring somatic complaints (15 item Patient Health Questionnaire; PHQ-15) and psychological features (7 item Whiteley Index;WI-7; Scale for Assessing Illness Behavior; SAIB), in detecting Somatic Symptom Disorder...
September 15, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914726/pro-inflammatory-cytokines-mood-and-sleep-in-interepisode-bipolar-disorder-and-insomnia-a-pilot-study-with-implications-for-psychosocial-interventions
#7
Michael R Dolsen, Adriane M Soehner, Allison G Harvey
OBJECTIVE: Pro-inflammatory cytokines are associated with bipolar disorder (BD), but less is known about how cytokines function during the interepisode period. This study examined cytokines, mood symptoms, and sleep in individuals with interepisode BD with complaints of insomnia. We also investigated the effects of a BD-specific modification of cognitive behavior therapy for insomnia (CBTI-BP) on cytokine levels. METHODS: The 22 adults with interepisode BD Type I and insomnia were drawn from a subset of an NIMH-funded study...
September 13, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914725/sleep-duration-and-quality-as-related-to-left-ventricular-structure-and-function
#8
Jae-Hon Lee, Sung Keun Park, Jae-Hong Ryoo, Chang-Mo Oh, Jeong Gyu Kang, Rodrigo B Mansur, Jeffrey E Alfonsi, Yena Lee, Sun-Han Shin, Roger S McIntyre, Ju Young Jung
OBJECTIVE: Inadequate sleep is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular events; however, the associations between sleep duration or quality and cardiac function or structure are not well understood. This cross-sectional study was conducted to investigate to what extent sleep duration and quality are associated with left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction or structural deterioration. METHODS: A total of 31,598 healthy Korean adults who received echocardiography and completed the Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index were enrolled in this study...
September 13, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914724/the-role-of-brain-structure-in-predicting-adherence-to-a-physical-activity-regimen
#9
Swathi Gujral, Edward McAuley, Lauren E Oberlin, Arthur F Kramer, Kirk I Erickson
OBJECTIVE: Physical activity is important for maintaining health throughout the lifespan. However, adherence to PA regimens is poor with approximately 50% of older adults terminating activity intervention programs within 6 months. In this study we tested whether gray matter volume and white matter microstructural integrity prior to the initiation of a PA intervention predicts PA adherence. METHODS: 159 adults aged 60-80 years were randomly assigned to a moderate-intensity aerobic walking condition or a non-aerobic stretching and toning condition...
September 13, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914723/inducing-somatic-symptoms-in-functional-syndrome-patients-effects-of-manipulating-state-negative-affect
#10
Maaike Van Den Houte, Katleen Bogaerts, Ilse Van Diest, Jozef De Bie, Philippe Persoons, Lukas Van Oudenhove, Omer Van den Bergh
OBJECTIVE: Induction of negative affective states can enhance bodily symptoms in high habitual symptom reporters among healthy persons, and in patients with irritable bowel syndrome. The aim of this study was to replicate this effect in patients with fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome and to investigate the role of moderators, focusing on alexithymia, negative affectivity (NA) and absorption. METHODS: Patients with fibromyalgia and/or chronic fatigue syndrome (N=81) and healthy controls (HC, N=41) viewed series of neutral, positive and negative affective pictures...
September 13, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872575/partner-loss-in-monogamous-rodents-modulation-of-pain-and-emotional-behavior-in-male-prairie-voles
#11
Yoji Osako, Reiko Nobuhara, Young-Chang P Arai, Kenjiro Tanaka, Larry J Young, Makoto Nishihara, Shinichi Mitsui, Kazunari Yuri
OBJECTIVE: Pain is modulated by psychosocial factors and social stress-induced hyperalgesia is a common clinical symptom in pain disorders. To provide a new animal model for studying social modulation of pain, we examined pain behaviors in monogamous prairie voles experiencing partner loss. METHODS: After cohabitation with novel females, males (n=79) were divided into two groups on the basis of preference test scores. Half of the males of each group were separated from their partner (loss group), while the other half remained paired (paired group)...
September 1, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872574/past-present-and-future-of-psychosomatic-movements-in-an-ever-changing-world-presidential-address
#12
Christoph Herrmann-Lingen
OBJECTIVES: The American Psychosomatic Society (APS) was founded in 1942 and is celebrating its 75th anniversary in 2017. In recognizing the society's anniversary, this article provides a historical perspective on its history, the field of psychosomatic medicine in general, and anticipated future directions. METHODS: Essay and narrative review of the literature on the historic development of psychosomatic concepts and their impact on medicine over time. RESULTS: Mind-body associations have been described in the medical literature over more than 3,500 years...
September 1, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872573/the-association-of-ptsd-with-clinic-and-ambulatory-blood-pressure-in-healthy-adults
#13
Donald Edmondson, Jennifer A Sumner, Ian M Kronish, Matthew M Burg, Linda Oyesiku, Joseph E Schwartz
OBJECTIVE: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with incident cardiovascular risk. We tested the association of PTSD with clinic and ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) in a sample of healthy participants, and test ABP reactivity to anxiety as a mechanism by which PTSD may influence BP. METHODS: Participants were originally enrolled during workplace BP screenings at 3 sites; approximately 6 years (SD=1.0) later, they completed 9 clinic BP assessments over 3 visits, 1 week apart...
September 1, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834923/stress-and-addiction-when-a-robust-stress-response-indicates-resiliency
#14
Mustafa al'Absi
OBJECTIVE: Stress reactivity research has traditionally focused on the idea that exaggerated responses to stress may have adverse effects on health. Accumulating evidence suggests that attenuated responses to stress and delayed recovery may also be problematic. METHODS: This review focuses on the role of the stress response of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) axis, the endogenous opioid system (EOS), and the cardiovascular system in hypertension, pain perception, and addictive behaviors...
August 22, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806201/brain-gut-microbiota-axis-and-mental-health
#15
Timothy G Dinan, John F Cryan
OBJECTIVE: The brain-gut-microbiota axis has been put forward as a new paradigm in neuroscience, which may be of relevance to mental illness. The mechanisms of signal transmission in the brain-gut-microbiota axis are complex and involve bidirectional communications which enables gut microbes to communicate with the brain, and the brain to communicate with the microbes. This review assesses the potential usefulness and limitations of the paradigm. METHODS: A selective literature review was conducted to evaluate the current knowledge in clinical and pre-clinical brain-gut-microbiota interactions as related to psychiatric disorders...
August 11, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28787365/an-evaluation-of-perceived-health-risk-and-depressive-symptoms-prior-to-a-disaster-in-predicting-post-disaster-inflammation
#16
Kyle W Murdock, Raymond P Stowe, M Kristen Peek, Savannah L Lawrence, Christopher P Fagundes
OBJECTIVE: Exposure to major life stressors is associated with subsequent enhanced inflammation-related disease processes. Depressive symptoms exacerbate stress-induced inflammatory responses. Moreover, those who report a high degree of perceived health risk prior to being exposed to a major life stressor such as a disaster are at risk of poor health outcomes. The present study examined whether perceived health risk and depressive symptoms prior to a disaster were associated with post-disaster inflammation markers...
August 5, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28787364/prenatal-stress-methylation-in-inflammation-related-genes-and-adiposity-measures-in-early-childhood-the-progress-cohort-study
#17
Shaowei Wu, Chris Gennings, Rosalind J Wright, Ander Wilson, Heather H Burris, Allan C Just, Joseph M Braun, Katherine Svensson, Jia Zhong, Kasey J M Brennan, Alexandra Dereix, Alejandra Cantoral, Lourdes Schnaas, Martha Maria Téllez-Rojo, Robert O Wright, Andrea A Baccarelli
OBJECTIVE: Maternal stress during pregnancy may influence childhood growth and adiposity, possibly through immune/inflammatory programming. We investigated whether exposure to prenatal stress and methylation in inflammation-related genes were associated with childhood adiposity in 424 mother-child pairs in Mexico City, Mexico. METHODS: A stress index was created based on four prenatally administered stress-related scales (Exposure to Violence, Crisis in Family Systems, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale)...
August 5, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28787363/everyday-discrimination-and-metabolic-syndrome-incidence-in-a-racially-ethnically-diverse-sample-study-of-women-s-health-across-the-nation-swan
#18
Danielle L Beatty Moody, Yue Fang Chang, Charlotte Brown, Joyce T Bromberger, Karen A Matthews
OBJECTIVE: Everyday discrimination may contribute to incident metabolic syndrome (MetS) in the U.S. and related racial/ethnic differences in MetS. This study investigated whether ED predicted MetS in a diverse sample. METHODS: Longitudinal, cohort study of 2,132 women (mean [SD] 45.8 [2.7] years) who self-reported as Black (n = 523), White (n = 1065), Chinese (n = 194), Japanese (n = 227), or Hispanic (n = 123) at baseline, drawn from seven cities across the U.S...
August 5, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976455/fecal-microbiota-therapy-with-a-focus-on-clostridium-difficile-infection
#19
Lawrence J Brandt
There has been a paradigm shift in our view of bacteria away from their role as just pathogens. We now have a deepening appreciation of their critical influences in our health maintenance, including energy harvest, metabolism, intestinal development, cell proliferation, nervous system and immune function, as well as their role to protect against intestinal and other infections. A perturbed intestinal microbiome has been associated with an increasing number of gastrointestinal and nongastrointestinal diseases but particularly with Clostridium difficile infection (CDI)...
October 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976454/the-gut-and-its-microbiome-as-related-to-central-nervous-system-functioning-and-psychological-well-being-introduction-to-the-special-issue-of-psychosomatic-medicine
#20
Emeran A Mayer, Elaine Y Hsiao
Accumulating evidence indicates bidirectional associations between the brain and the gut microbiome with both top-down and bottom-up processes. This article describes new developments in brain-gut interactions as an introduction to a special issue of Psychosomatic Medicine, based on a joint symposium of the American Psychosomatic Society and the American Gastroenterological Association. Literature review articles indicate that several psychiatric disorders are associated with altered gut microbiota, whereas evidence linking functional gastrointestinal disorders and dysbiosis has not been firmly established...
October 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
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