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Psychosomatic Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098719/regional-gray-matter-volumes-as-related-to-psychomotor-slowing-in-adults-with-type-1-diabetes
#1
Karen A Nunley, Christopher M Ryan, Howard J Aizenstein, Rebecca L MacCloud, Trevor J Orchard, Caterina Rosano
OBJECTIVE: Psychomotor slowing is a common cognitive complication in type 1 diabetes (T1D), but its neuroanatomical correlates and risk factors are unclear. In non-diabetic adults, smaller gray matter volume (GMV) and presence of white matter hyperintensities (WMH) are associated with psychomotor slowing. We hypothesize that smaller GMV in prefronto-parietal regions explains T1D-related psychomotor slowing. We also inspect the contribution of microvascular disease and hyperglycemia. METHODS: GMV, WMH, and glucose levels were measured concurrently with a test of psychomotor speed (Digit Symbol Substitution Test, DSST) in 95 adults with childhood-onset T1D (mean age/duration=49/41 years) and 135 similarly-aged non-T1D adults...
January 17, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098718/double-exposure-to-adverse-psychosocial-work-factors-and-high-family-responsibilities-as-related-to-ambulatory-blood-pressure-at-work-a-5-year-prospective-study-in-women-with-white-collar-jobs
#2
Mahée Gilbert-Ouimet, Chantal Brisson, Alain Milot, Michel Vézina
OBJECTIVE: Accumulating evidence shows that psychosocial work factors of the demand-control and effort-reward imbalance models may contribute to increase blood pressure (BP). Women are more likely to be exposed to these psychosocial factors than men. Moreover, women spend twice as much time per week performing family responsibilities than men. This study aims to evaluate the longitudinal association of the double exposure to psychosocial work factors and high family responsibilities in women with BP over a 5-year follow-up...
January 17, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922565/a-perspective-on-brain-gut-communication-the-american-gastroenterology-association-and-american-psychosomatic-society-joint-symposium-on-brain-gut-interactions-and-the-intestinal-microenvironment
#3
Olga C Aroniadis, Douglas A Drossman, Magnus Simren
BACKGROUND: Alterations in brain-gut communication and the intestinal microenvironment have been implicated in a variety of medical and neuropsychiatric diseases. Three central areas require basic and clinical research: (1) how the intestinal microenvironment interacts with the host immune system, central nervous system and enteric nervous system; (2) the role of the intestinal microenvironment in the pathogenesis of medical and neuropsychiatric disease; (3) the effects of diet, prebiotics, probiotics and fecal microbiota transplantation on the intestinal microenvironment and the treatment of disease...
January 17, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060138/diabetes-complications-and-depressive-symptoms-prospective-results-from-the-montreal-diabetes-health-and-well-being-study
#4
Sonya S Deschênes, Rachel J Burns, Frans Pouwer, Norbert Schmitz
OBJECTIVE: Prospective studies testing the potential impact of diabetes complications on depression are limited. The present study examined the longitudinal associations between diabetes complications and the risk and recurrence/persistence of depressive symptoms. METHODS: Data were from a prospective community cohort telephone survey of adults with diabetes (N= 1,314). Diabetes complications and depressive symptoms were assessed via self-report (Diabetes Complications Index and Patient Health Questionnaire-9, respectively) at baseline and annually for 5 years...
January 5, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033199/self-transcendent-values-and-neural-responses-to-threatening-health-messages
#5
Yoona Kang, Matthew Brook O'Donnell, Victor J Strecher, Shelley E Taylor, Matthew D Lieberman, Emily B Falk
OBJECTIVE: Prioritizing self-transcendent values such as family and friends, over non-transcendent values such as wealth and privilege, is associated with lower stress response. In this study, we tested whether having self-transcendent values can reduce specific responses in the brain in the context of potentially threatening health communications. METHODS: Sedentary adults (n=67) who would likely feel threatened by health messages that highlight the risk of sedentary behavior were recruited...
December 28, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033198/assessment-of-biopsychosocial-complexity-and-health-care-needs-measurement-properties-of-the-intermed-self-assessment-version-imsa
#6
Arianne K B van Reedt Dortland, Lilian L Peters, Annette D Boenink, Jan H Smit, Joris P J Slaets, Adriaan W Hoogendoorn, Andreas Joos, Corine H M Latour, Friedrich Stiefel, Cyrille Burrus, Marie Guitteny-Collas, Silvia Ferrari
OBJECTIVES: The INTERMED Self-Assessment questionnaire (IMSA) was developed as an alternative to the observer-rated INTERMED (IM) to assess biopsychosocial complexity and health care needs. We studied feasibility, reliability and validity of the IMSA within a large and heterogeneous international sample of adult hospital in- and outpatients, and its predictive value for health care utilization (HCU) and quality of life (QoL). METHODS: 850 participants aged 17 to 90 from 5 countries completed the IMSA and were evaluated with the IM...
December 28, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033197/impact-of-panic-attacks-on-bronchoconstriction-and-subjective-distress-in-asthma-patients-with-and-without-panic-disorder
#7
Maxine Boudreau, Simon L Bacon, Nicola J Paine, André Cartier, Barbara Trutschnigg, Alexandre Morizio, Kim L Lavoie
OBJECTIVES: Panic disorder (PD) is common among asthmatics and is associated with worse asthma outcomes. This may occur due to psychophysiological factors or to cognitive/affective factors. This study evaluated the impact of panic attacks (PAs) on bronchoconstriction and subjective distress in asthmatics with and without PD. METHODS: A total of 25 asthmatics (15 with PD who had a PA [PD/PA], 10 without PD who didn't have a PA [noPD/noPA]) were recruited from an outpatient clinic...
December 28, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033196/the-impact-of-subjective-well-being-on-mortality-a-meta-analysis-of-longitudinal-studies-in-the-general-population
#8
Natalia Martín-María, Marta Miret, Francisco Félix Caballero, Laura Alejandra Rico-Uribe, Andrew Steptoe, Somnath Chatterji, José Luis Ayuso-Mateos
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether subjective well-being is a protective factor for mortality in the general population, and to analyze the differential impact of evaluative, experienced, and eudaimonic well-being. METHODS: Systematic review of articles in the PsycINFO, Web of Science, and PubMed databases. Data on the studies' characteristics, quality, and the effects of variables were extracted. A meta-analysis was conducted on the studies included in the systematic review...
December 28, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009652/positive-and-negative-affect-is-related-to-experiencing-chest-pain-during-exercise-induced-myocardial-ischemia
#9
Philippe Stébenne, Simon L Bacon, Anthony Austin, Nicola J Paine, André Arsenault, Catherine Laurin, Bernard Meloche, Jennifer Gordon, Jocelyn Dupuis, Kim L Lavoie
OBJECTIVES: Silent myocardial ischemia is thought to be associated with worse cardiovascular outcomes due to a lack of perception of pain cues that initiate treatment seeking. Negative affect (NA) has been associated with increased pain reporting and positive affect (PA) with decreased pain reporting, but these psychological factors have not been examined within the context of myocardial ischemia. This study evaluated the associations between PA, NA, and chest pain reporting in patients with and without ischemia during exercise testing...
December 22, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002383/stress-induced-parasympathetic-control-and-its-association-with-inflammatory-reactivity
#10
Alex Woody, Wilson S Figueroa, Fabian Benencia, Peggy M Zoccola
OBJECTIVES: It has been proposed that the inflammatory cytokine system is regulated through the vagus nerve, where vagal activation inhibits release of inflammatory cytokines and, therefore, inflammation. Thus, loss of vagal activation (i.e., reduced high-frequency heart rate variability [HF-HRV]) should result in greater inflammation. Evidence to date for this relationship has relied on animal models and resting states in humans. The present study used a psychosocial stressor to test whether stress-induced decreases in HF-HRV predict increases in circulating inflammatory markers...
December 20, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002382/the-mental-stress-ischemia-prognosis-study-mips-objectives-study-design-and-prevalence-of-inducible-ischemia
#11
Muhammad Hammadah, Ibhar Al Mheid, Kobina Wilmot, Ronnie Ramadan, Amit J Shah, Yan Sun, Brad Pearce, Ernest V Garcia, Michael Kutner, J Douglas Bremner, Fabio Esteves, Paolo Raggi, David S Sheps, Viola Vaccarino, Arshed A Quyyumi
OBJECTIVE: Mental stress-induced myocardial ischemia (MSIMI) is a common phenomenon in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), but contemporary studies of its prognostic significance and its underlying pathophysiology are limited. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled patients with confirmed CAD in the Mental Stress Ischemia Prognosis Study (MIPS) between 2011 and 2014. All patients underwent mental stress testing using a standardized public speaking task and ischemia was detected by 99mTc sestamibi myocardial perfusion imaging...
December 20, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984355/the-prospective-association-of-the-diurnal-cortisol-rhythm-with-sleep-duration-and-perceived-sleeping-problems-in-pre-schoolers-the-generation-r-study
#12
Nathalie S Saridjan, Desana Kocevska, Maartje P C M Luijk, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Frank C Verhulst, Henning Tiemeier
OBJECTIVE: Cortisol, the end-product of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, plays an important role in modulating sleep. Yet, studies investigating the association between diurnal cortisol rhythm and sleep patterns in young children are scarce. We tested the hypothesis that the diurnal cortisol rhythm is associated with shorter sleep duration and more sleep problems across early childhood. METHODS: This study was embedded in Generation R, a population-based cohort from fetal life onwards...
December 15, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977503/chronic-stress-and-c-reactive-protein-in-mothers-during-the-first-postpartum-year
#13
Christine M Guardino, Christine Dunkel Schetter, Calvin J Hobel, Robin Gaines Lanzi, Peter Schafer, John M Thorp, Madeleine U Shalowitz
OBJECTIVES: Elevated levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) are associated with increased risk of cardiovascular and metabolic disease. The current study tested associations between psychosocial stress and CRP in a large sample of women during the first postpartum year. METHODS: We analyzed data collected by the five-site Community Child Health Network study, which studied a predominately poor population. Participants (n = 1206 women; 54% African American, 23% white, 23% Hispanic/Latina) were recruited shortly after the birth of a child...
December 13, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941580/an-attachment-based-model-of-the-relationship-between-childhood-adversity-and-somatization-in-children-and-adults
#14
Robert G Maunder Md, Jonathan J Hunter, Leslie Atkinson, Meir Steiner, Ashley Wazana, Alison Fleming, Ellen Moss, Helene Gaudreau, Michael Meaney, Robert D Levitan
OBJECTIVE: An attachment model was used to understand how maternal sensitivity and adverse childhood experiences are related to somatization. METHODS: We examined maternal sensitivity at 6 and 18 months and somatization at 5 years in 292 children in a longitudinal cohort study. We next examined attachment insecurity and somatization (health anxiety, physical symptoms) in four adult cohorts: healthy primary care patients (AC1, n=67), ulcerative colitis in remission (AC2, n = 100), hospital workers (AC3, n=157), and paramedics (AC4, n=188)...
December 9, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941579/early-life-stress-fkbp5-polymorphisms-and-quantitative-glycemic-traits
#15
Anna Suarez, Jari Lahti, Eero Kajantie, Johan G Eriksson, Katri Räikkönen
OBJECTIVE: Early life stress (ELS) has been shown to influence health later in life. Functioning of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, regulated partly by FKBP5 gene, may moderate these effects. We examined whether FKBP5 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) interact with ELS on type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and quantitative glycemic traits. METHODS: 1,728 Helsinki Birth Cohort Study participants born 1934-44 were genotyped for FKBP5 SNPs (rs1360780, rs9394309, rs9470080), administered a 2-h (75 g) oral glucose tolerance test and a questionnaire on physician-diagnosed and medication use for chronic diseases at a mean age of 61...
December 9, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941578/trauma-and-autonomic-dysregulation-episodic-versus-systemic-negative-affect-underlying-cardiovascular-risk-in-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#16
Paul A Dennis, Nathan A Kimbrel, Andrew Sherwood, Patrick S Calhoun, Lana L Watkins, Michelle F Dennis, Jean C Beckham
OBJECTIVE: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been linked to elevated heart rate (HR) and reduced heart-rate variability (HRV) in cross-sectional research. Recent evidence suggests that this link may be driven by individual differences in autonomic arousal associated with momentary negative affect (NA). Using ecological momentary assessment (EMA) of NA and minute-to-minute HR/HRV monitoring, we examined whether NA-related HR/HRV mediated the association of PTSD symptom severity with 24-hour HRV and endothelial functioning...
December 9, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941577/stress-illness-perceptions-behaviours-and-healing-in-venous-leg-ulcers-findings-from-a-prospective-observational-study
#17
Jessica Walburn, John Weinman, Sam Norton, Matthew Hankins, Karen Dawe, Bolatito Banjoko, Kavita Vedhara
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of stress, illness perceptions and behaviours on healing of venous leg ulcers. METHODS: A prospective observational study of 63 individuals for 24 weeks investigated possible psychosocial predictors of healing. There were two indices of healing: rate of change in ulcer area and number of weeks to heal. Psychological variables were assessed at baseline using self-report measures (Perceived Stress Scale, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Revised Illness Perception Questionnaire, adapted Summary of Diabetes Self-Care Activities, Adherence Questionnaire and Short-Form Health Survey)...
December 9, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922568/sex-differences-in-the-relationship-between-depressive-symptoms-and-actigraphic-assessments-of-sleep-and-rest-activity-rhythms-in-a-population-based-sample
#18
Kaitlin Hanley White, Meredith E Rumble, Ruth M Benca
OBJECTIVE: Depression is often associated with disruptions in sleep and circadian rhythms. We aimed to confirm these relationships via actigraphic assessment in a large, population-based sample, and test whether sex moderates these relationships. METHODS: 418 participants (age 35-85, mean 57.04, SD = 11.47) completed questionnaires and one week of actigraphy, used to calculate sleep and rest-activity statistics including mesor (mean activity level), amplitude (height of rhythm), and acrophase (time of day that rhythm peaks)...
December 2, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922567/validity-of-the-european-society-of-cardiology-s-psychosocial-screening-interview-in-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease-the-thoresci-study
#19
Eveline van Montfort, Johan Denollet, Jos Widdershoven, Nina Kupper
AIM: To examine the validity of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) psychosocial screening instrument. METHOD: 508 acute (67%) or elective (33%) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) patients (mean age=63 years, SD=10; 81% male) completed the ESC screening interview and established questionnaires for psychosocial risk markers, i.e., depression (PHQ-9), anxiety (GAD-7), Type D personality (DS14), hostility (CMHS-7), and marital/work stress (MMQ-6, ERI) during or close after hospital admission...
December 2, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922566/the-placebo-analgesic-effect-in-healthy-individuals-and-patients-a-meta-analysis
#20
June Thorvaldsen Forsberg, Monica Martinussen, Magne Arve Flaten
OBJECTIVES: The present meta-analysis investigates whether the magnitude of placebo analgesia is different in patients compared to healthy individuals and whether placebo analgesia is different in experimentally induced pain compared to clinical pain in patients. METHODS: A literature search in Web of Science (ISI) on the terms "placebo analgesia" and "placebo analgesic" was conducted. The search resulted in 71 studies, including 4239 participants. Fifty-five studies included healthy individuals and 16 studies included patients...
December 2, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
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