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Psychological Reports

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886664/effectiveness-of-cognitive-processing-therapy-and-prolonged-exposure-in-the-department-of-veterans-affairs
#1
Benjamin T Rutt, Mary E Oehlert, Thomas S Krieshok, James W Lichtenberg
Objective This study evaluated the effectiveness of cognitive processing therapy and prolonged exposure in conditions reflective of current clinical practice within the Veterans Health Administration. Method This study involved a retrospective review of 2030 charts. A total of 750 veterans from 10 U.S. states who received cognitive processing therapy or prolonged exposure in individual psychotherapy were included in the study (participants in cognitive processing therapy, N = 376; participants in prolonged exposure, N = 374)...
April 2018: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836916/the-use-of-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-in-oncology-settings-a-narrative-review
#2
Samantha R Fashler, Aliza Z Weinrib, Muhammad Abid Azam, Joel Katz
Various psychotherapeutic approaches have been developed to address the psychosocial stressors and distress associated with cancer diagnosis and treatment. One such approach, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), may be particularly well suited to people with cancer as it offers a model of healthy adaptation to difficult circumstances. This paper provides a description and theoretical rationale for using ACT in psychosocial oncology care that emphasizes emotional distress and cancer-related pain and provides a narrative review of the current state of evidence for this setting...
April 2018: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836915/a-cross-cultural-study-in-germany-russia-and-china-are-resilient-and-social-supported-students-protected-against-depression-anxiety-and-stress
#3
Julia Brailovskaia, Pia Schönfeld, Xiao Chi Zhang, Angela Bieda, Yakov Kochetkov, Jürgen Margraf
This study cross-culturally investigated resilience and social support as possible protective factors for mental health. The values of depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms, resilience and social support were collected from German (N = 4433), Russian (N = 3774), and Chinese students (N = 4982). The samples were split (two-thirds vs. one-third) to cross-validate the results. In all samples, resilience and social support were significantly negatively associated with depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms...
April 2018: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812953/workplace-bullying-and-turnover-intention-exploring-work-engagement-as-a-potential-mediator
#4
Melinde Coetzee, Jeannette van Dyk
Employees' turnover intentions may entail expensive consequences for companies. The study examined the mediating effect of work engagement in the relationship between workplace bullying and turnover intention. Using a cross-sectional sample of 373 employees, structural equation modeling and mediation analysis showed that perceptions of work- and person-related bullying were linked to low levels of vigor and dedication which in turn were associated with high turnover intention. Work engagement partially mediated the effect of high workplace bullying on high turnover intention...
April 2018: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812952/impact-of-adult-attachment-anxiety-on-deception-judgments-examining-the-moderating-effect-of-motivation
#5
Song Wu, Wei Cai, Yanjun Zhang, Ying Liu, Shenghua Jin
Several psychologists have paid attention to individual differences in deception detection, but only a few studies have found significant results. The present study aimed to explore the relationship between attachment anxiety and deception judgment when there are no obvious cues to distinguish lies from truth, and to examine the moderating effect of motives. Participants were instructed to judge each of 10 audios on whether they were true or false. Subsequently, the attachment anxiety of participants was assessed using the Experiences in Close Relationships questionnaire...
April 2018: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799886/longitudinal-effects-of-personality-on-physical-activity-among-college-students-examining-executive-function-as-a-potential-moderator
#6
Chelsea Joyner, Paul D Loprinzi
Objective The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between personality and physical activity, with a specific focus on whether executive function moderates this relationship. Methods One hundred twenty-six young adults provided complete data at baseline and the five-month follow-up assessment. Executive function was assessed via the parametric Go/No-Go computer task; outcome measures of parametric Go/No-Go were mean reaction time and percent of correct target detection across executive function tasks (simple rule and repeating rule)...
April 2018: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799885/state-resident-neuroticism-accounts-for-life-satisfaction-differences-between-conservative-and-liberal-states-of-the-usa
#7
Stewart J H McCann
Past research indicates associations between higher conservatism and higher life satisfaction, lower neuroticism and higher life satisfaction, and higher conservatism and lower neuroticism. Qualified deduction led to the following hypothesis: Neuroticism can account for the association between higher conservatism and higher life satisfaction. The 50 American states served as the units of analysis. Responses of 619,397 residents to the 44-item Big Five Inventory in an internet survey conducted from 1999 to 2005 provided mean neuroticism scores for each state...
April 2018: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776484/effect-of-rational-emotive-behavior-therapy-on-negative-career-thoughts-of-students-in-technical-colleges-in-nigeria
#8
Theresa Chinyere Ogbuanya, Chiedu Eseadi, Chibueze Tobias Orji, Joy I Anyanwu, Moses Onyemaechi Ede, Jimoh Bakare
Negative career thoughts are cognitive barriers that interfere with an individual's career decision-making and successful career development. The current study examined the effect of rational-emotive behavior therapy (REBT) on negative career thoughts of students in technical colleges in Nigeria. The study utilized a pretest-posttest control group design. One hundred and seventy-three participants from technical colleges in the Southeast zone of the country completed a measure of career thoughts at pretest, posttreatment, and follow-up: the College Students' Career Thoughts Scale...
April 2018: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776483/proneness-to-boredom-and-risk-behaviors-during-adolescents-free-time
#9
Roberta Biolcati, Giacomo Mancini, Elena Trombini
As a clinical condition, boredom is an emotional state, widespread among young people, characterized by unpleasant feelings, lack of motivation, and low physiological arousal in which the level of stimulation is perceived as unsatisfactorily low. Boredom is an important emotional state due to its spread among young people. Recent research has mainly studied the complex connection between boredom and leisure-time experiences, which may be involved in adolescents' risk-taking behaviors. The current study aims to investigate boredom proneness, conceived as a personality trait, in adolescents' free time, and its involvement in more extreme behaviors, such as binge drinking and addictive Internet use, which may represent ways to cope with the search for additional stimuli...
April 2018: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771072/comparative-associations-between-achieved-bicultural-identity-achieved-ego-identity-and-achieved-religious-identity-and-adaptation-among-australian-adolescent-muslims
#10
Hisham M Abu-Rayya, Maram H Abu-Rayya, Fiona A White, Richard Walker
This study examined the comparative roles of biculturalism, ego identity, and religious identity in the adaptation of Australian adolescent Muslims. A total of 504 high school Muslim students studying at high schools in metropolitan Sydney and Melbourne, Australia, took part in this study which required them to complete a self-report questionnaire. Analyses indicated that adolescent Muslims' achieved religious identity seems to play a more important role in shaping their psychological and socio-cultural adaptation compared to adolescents' achieved bicultural identity...
April 2018: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298572/self-rated-attractiveness-moderates-the-relationship-between-dark-personality-traits-and-romantic-ideals-in-women
#11
Béla Birkás, András Láng, Norbert Meskó
Our study investigated the different mate preferences of the Dark Triad in women. In addition to former studies, we also examined the effect of self-evaluated attractiveness on these preferences. Attractiveness is a high-valued partner attribute, especially in short-term relationships. Accordingly, we predicted that women high in Dark Triad traits prefer characteristics related to short-term mating, because they possess traits favored in short-term relationships. Associations between ideal partner standards and Dark Triad traits were investigated with self-reports: 529 female undergraduate students filled out the Short Dark Triad and the Ideal Standards Scale...
February 2018: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776482/procrastination-as-a-self-regulation-failure-the-role-of-impulsivity-and-intrusive-thoughts
#12
Marie My Lien Rebetez, Lucien Rochat, Catherine Barsics, Martial Van der Linden
Procrastination has been described as the quintessence of self-regulatory failure. This study examines the relationships between this self-regulatory failure and other manifestations of self-regulation problems, namely impulsivity and intrusive thoughts. One hundred and forty-one participants completed questionnaires assessing procrastination, impulsivity (in particular, the urgency and lack of perseverance dimensions), and intrusive thoughts (i.e., rumination and daydreaming). Main results show that urgency mediated the association between rumination and procrastination, whereas rumination did not mediate the relation between urgency and procrastination...
February 2018: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762880/the-structure-of-intelligence-in-childhood-age-and-socio-familiar-impact-on-cognitive-differentiation
#13
Ana Azevedo Martins, Cristiano Mauro Assis Gomes, Ana Filipa Alves, Leandro da Silva Almeida
The Cattell-Horn-Carroll theory is the principal model at present to define and assess intelligence. However, several authors have suggested that the structure of intelligence is not stable throughout life. For example, children tend to present a general ability, which is invested in the development of specific and differentiated abilities during adolescence, reflecting the effect of schooling, experiences, and interests. In this study, an intelligence nine subtests battery was applied to a sample of 470 5-, 7-, and 9-year-old Portuguese children, from public and private basic schools...
February 2018: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762879/successful-goal-directed-memory-suppression-is-associated-with-increased-inter-hemispheric-coordination-between-right-and-left-frontoparietal-control-networks
#14
Ryan Smith, Anna Alkozei, Jennifer Bao, William D S Killgore
The neural basis of suppressing conscious access to one's own memories has recently received considerable attention, with several studies suggesting this process engages frontal-parietal cognitive control regions. However, researchers to date have not examined the way right and left hemisphere cognitive control networks coordinate with one another to accomplish this. We had 48 participants (25 female) complete a Think/No Think (T/NT) task for memories of emotionally unpleasant visual scenes while undergoing functional magnetic resonance imaging...
February 2018: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750584/correlations-between-personality-affective-and-filial-self-efficacy-beliefs-and-psychological-well-being-in-a-sample-of-italian-adolescents
#15
Marco Tommasi, Paola Grassi, Michela Balsamo, Laura Picconi, Adrian Furnham, Aristide Saggino
Adolescence is a critical period for the emergence of a balanced personality in adults. Extraversion, neuroticism, and affective self-efficacy beliefs in emotion regulation showed to be good predictors of psychological well-being in adolescents. We analyzed the association between affective self-efficacy beliefs, personality traits, and psychological well-being of 179 Italian adolescents. We also analyzed the connection between adolescents' filial self-efficacy beliefs and psychological well-being and possible moderating effects of self-efficacy beliefs on personality traits...
February 2018: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741424/validity-of-the-breakup-strategies-questionnaire-in-korea-exploratory-structural-equation-modeling-and-rasch-s-modeling
#16
Dong-Gwi Lee, Harim Sohn, Byeong Hoon Bae, Yoorim Song
This study examines the validity of the Korean implementation of the Breakup Strategies Questionnaire. In Study 1, the construct validity of the Breakup Strategies Questionnaire was explored with 292 Korean undergraduate students. Exploratory Structural Equation Modeling and Rasch's Modeling suggest 30 items with four factors (Avoidance/withdrawal, Positive tone/self-blame, Open confrontation, and Indirect manipulation) and five points in response. Study 2 with 174 Korean undergraduate students suggested potential gender differences in breakup strategy dimensions and provided support for concurrent validity with a measure of personal styles of coping as well as discriminant validity with social desirability...
February 2018: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728514/development-and-initial-validation-of-a-multidimensional-scale-assessing-subjective-well-being-the-well-being-scale-webs
#17
P Priscilla Lui, Gaithri A Fernando
Numerous scales currently exist that assess well-being, but research on measures of well-being is still advancing. Conceptualization and measurement of subjective well-being have emphasized intrapsychic over psychosocial domains of optimal functioning, and disparate research on hedonic, eudaimonic, and psychological well-being lacks a unifying theoretical model. Lack of systematic investigations on the impact of culture on subjective well-being has also limited advancement of this field. The goals of this investigation were to (1) develop and validate a self-report measure, the Well-Being Scale (WeBS), that simultaneously assesses overall well-being and physical, financial, social, hedonic, and eudaimonic domains of this construct; (2) evaluate factor structures that underlie subjective well-being; and (3) examine the measure's psychometric properties...
February 2018: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728513/ingratiation-attempts-in-real-life-determinants-of-their-success
#18
Helmut Lamm
A total of 272 students at a German university were asked to write down the story of an ingratiation attempt they had made and one they had received. They were then asked to reflect on each episode via a questionnaire. All but one participant reported that they had performed at least one of the four tactics postulated in Jones's ingratiation theory: compliments, favor-doing, opinion conformity, and positive self-presentation. In the case of received ingratiation, we found higher success ratings for nondependent (vs...
February 2018: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705093/incentive-use-for-improving-maternal-health-perspective-from-behavioral-science
#19
Yukiko Washio
Incentive use to improve maternal health behavior has been controversial, and guidelines to effectively design and implement such an intervention have been published. This commentary briefly describes a perspective from behavioral science for the existing guideline on the development of an incentive-based intervention to change maternal health behaviors. It is recommended to emphasize the saliency of incentives as an important variable to maintain the intervention effect while addressing barriers to feasibility and sustainability...
February 2018: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696182/prediction-of-psychiatric-hospitalization-diagnoses-arrests-and-violent-behavior-through-scored-drawings-and-associations
#20
Frank J Dyer
The article presents a completely empirical approach to using drawings and associations as a supplemental tool in forensic psychological assessment. The present system represents a modern alternative to prior theory-driven "projective technique" approaches that have failed to pass scientific scrutiny. Using an archival sample of 252 forensic cases, House-Tree-Person drawing protocols were scored according to preliminary test items developed from published handbooks, academic courses, and workshops on the use of drawings and related associations for assessment...
February 2018: Psychological Reports
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