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Psychological Bulletin

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389179/improving-the-global-identification-of-bipolar-spectrum-disorders-meta-analysis-of-the-diagnostic-accuracy-of-checklists
#1
Eric A Youngstrom, Gregory A Egerton, Jacquelynne Genzlinger, Lindsey K Freeman, Sabeen H Rizvi, Anna Van Meter
Shifting definitions and differences in the conceptualization of bipolar disorders have contributed to long diagnostic delays, poor reliability, and inconsistent findings. Rating scales are independent of clinical judgment and offer a reliable way to assess manic symptoms, making them good tools to improve both clinical and research diagnoses of bipolar disorder. However, there are dozens of candidates, with few obvious distinguishing characteristics, making it difficult to select one. Our goal was to metaanalyze the diagnostic accuracy of rating scales designed to identify [hypo]manic symptoms...
February 1, 2018: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389178/does-ease-mediate-the-ease-of-retrieval-effect-a-meta-analysis
#2
Evan Weingarten, J Wesley Hutchinson
A wealth of literature suggests individuals use feelings in addition to facts as sources of information for judgment. This paper focuses on a manipulation in which participants list either a few or many examples of a given type, and then make a judgment. Instead of using the number of arguments or evidence strength, participants are hypothesized to use the subjective ease of generating examples as the primary input to judgment. This result is commonly called the ease-of-retrieval effect, and the feeling of ease is typically assumed to mediate the effect...
February 1, 2018: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389177/emotion-fingerprints-or-emotion-populations-a-meta-analytic-investigation-of-autonomic-features-of-emotion-categories
#3
Erika H Siegel, Molly K Sands, Wim Van den Noortgate, Paul Condon, Yale Chang, Jennifer Dy, Karen S Quigley, Lisa Feldman Barrett
The classical view of emotion hypothesizes that certain emotion categories have a specific autonomic nervous system (ANS) "fingerprint" that is distinct from other categories. Substantial ANS variation within a category is presumed to be epiphenomenal. The theory of constructed emotion hypothesizes that an emotion category is a population of context-specific, highly variable instances that need not share an ANS fingerprint. Instead, ANS variation within a category is a meaningful part of the nature of emotion...
February 1, 2018: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283599/perfectionism-is-increasing-over-time-a-meta-analysis-of-birth-cohort-differences-from-1989-to-2016
#4
Thomas Curran, Andrew P Hill
From the 1980s onward, neoliberal governance in the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom has emphasized competitive individualism and people have seemingly responded, in kind, by agitating to perfect themselves and their lifestyles. In this study, the authors examine whether cultural changes have coincided with an increase in multidimensional perfectionism in college students over the last 27 years. Their analyses are based on 164 samples and 41,641 American, Canadian, and British college students, who completed the Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (Hewitt & Flett, 1991) between 1989 and 2016 (70...
December 28, 2017: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239632/a-meta-analysis-of-work-family-conflict-and-social-support
#5
Kimberly A French, Soner Dumani, Tammy D Allen, Kristen M Shockley
The relationship between social support and work-family conflict is well-established, but the notion that different forms, sources, and types of social support as well as contextual factors can alter this relationship has been relatively neglected. To address this limitation, the current study provides the most comprehensive and in-depth examination of the relationship between social support and work-family conflict to date. We conduct a meta-analysis based on 1021 effect sizes and 46 countries to dissect the social support and work-family conflict relationship...
December 14, 2017: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239631/video-game-training-does-not-enhance-cognitive-ability-a-comprehensive-meta-analytic-investigation
#6
Giovanni Sala, K Semir Tatlidil, Fernand Gobet
As a result of considerable potential scientific and societal implications, the possibility of enhancing cognitive ability by training has been one of the most influential topics of cognitive psychology in the last two decades. However, substantial research into the psychology of expertise and a recent series of meta-analytic reviews have suggested that various types of cognitive training (e.g., working memory training) benefit performance only in the trained tasks. The lack of skill generalization from one domain to different ones-that is, far transfer-has been documented in various fields of research such as working memory training, music, brain training, and chess...
December 14, 2017: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239630/a-meta-analytic-review-of-two-modes-of-learning-and-the-description-experience-gap
#7
Dirk U Wulff, Max Mergenthaler-Canseco, Ralph Hertwig
People can learn about the probabilistic consequences of their actions in two ways: One is by consulting descriptions of an action's consequences and probabilities (e.g., reading up on a medication's side effects). The other is by personally experiencing the probabilistic consequences of an action (e.g., beta testing software). In principle, people taking each route can reach analogous states of knowledge and consequently make analogous decisions. In the last dozen years, however, research has demonstrated systematic discrepancies between description- and experienced-based choices...
December 14, 2017: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239629/gender-differences-in-the-initiation-of-negotiations-a-meta-analysis
#8
Katharina G Kugler, Julia A M Reif, Tamara Kaschner, Felix C Brodbeck
Gender differences in the initiation of negotiation have been suggested to reinforce unequal distributions of resources between men and women. Because previous research had yielded heterogeneous results, the authors conducted a meta-analysis investigating gender differences in initiating negotiation. On the basis of social role theory, they hypothesized that women are less likely to initiate negotiations than men, but also that the effect varies depending on characteristics of the immediate negotiation situation and the wider societal context...
December 14, 2017: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172564/meta-analysis-of-action-video-game-impact-on-perceptual-attentional-and-cognitive-skills
#9
Benoit Bediou, Deanne M Adams, Richard E Mayer, Elizabeth Tipton, C Shawn Green, Daphne Bavelier
The ubiquity of video games in today's society has led to significant interest in their impact on the brain and behavior and in the possibility of harnessing games for good. The present meta-analyses focus on one specific game genre that has been of particular interest to the scientific community-action video games, and cover the period 2000-2015. To assess the long-lasting impact of action video game play on various domains of cognition, we first consider cross-sectional studies that inform us about the cognitive profile of habitual action video game players, and document a positive average effect of about half a standard deviation (g = 0...
January 2018: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072480/the-interpersonal-theory-of-suicide-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-a-decade-of-cross-national-research
#10
Carol Chu, Jennifer M Buchman-Schmitt, Ian H Stanley, Melanie A Hom, Raymond P Tucker, Christopher R Hagan, Megan L Rogers, Matthew C Podlogar, Bruno Chiurliza, Fallon B Ringer, Matthew S Michaels, Connor H G Patros, Thomas E Joiner
Over the past decade, the interpersonal theory of suicide has contributed to substantial advances in the scientific and clinical understanding of suicide and related conditions. The interpersonal theory of suicide posits that suicidal desire emerges when individuals experience intractable feelings of perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness and near-lethal or lethal suicidal behavior occurs in the presence of suicidal desire and capability for suicide. A growing number of studies have tested these posited pathways in various samples; however, these findings have yet to be evaluated meta-analytically...
December 2017: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048176/meta-analysis-of-the-effect-of-natural-frequencies-on-bayesian-reasoning
#11
Michelle McDowell, Perke Jacobs
The natural frequency facilitation effect describes the finding that people are better able to solve descriptive Bayesian inference tasks when represented as joint frequencies obtained through natural sampling, known as natural frequencies, than as conditional probabilities. The present meta-analysis reviews 20 years of research seeking to address when, why, and for whom natural frequency formats are most effective. We review contributions from research associated with the 2 dominant theoretical perspectives, the ecological rationality framework and nested-sets theory, and test potential moderators of the effect...
December 2017: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048175/testing-a-continuum-structure-of-self-determined-motivation-a-meta-analysis
#12
Joshua L Howard, Marylène Gagné, Julien S Bureau
Self-determination theory proposes a multidimensional representation of motivation comprised of several factors said to fall along a continuum of relative autonomy. The current meta-analysis examined the relationships between these motivation factors in order to demonstrate how reliably they conformed to a predictable continuum-like pattern. Based on data from 486 samples representing over 205,000 participants who completed 1 of 13 validated motivation scales, the results largely supported a continuum-like structure of motivation and indicate that self-determination is central in explaining human motivation...
December 2017: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022731/meta-analyses-of-cardiovascular-reactivity-to-rumination-a-possible-mechanism-linking-depression-and-hostility-to-cardiovascular-disease
#13
Lorna Y Busch, Patrick Pössel, Jeffrey C Valentine
Rumination is a way of cognitive coping associated with depression and hostility that prolongs cardiovascular responses to stress. If repeated over time, the associated autonomic dysregulation may be 1 mechanism linking depression and hostility to cardiovascular disease. The current meta-analyses investigate the magnitude of cardiovascular responses (heart rate, diastolic blood pressure, and systolic blood pressure) to induced state sadness and angry rumination which are associated with depression and hostility, respectively...
December 2017: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805399/mind-matters-a-meta-analysis-on-parental-mentalization-and-sensitivity-as-predictors-of-infant-parent-attachment
#14
Moniek A J Zeegers, Cristina Colonnesi, Geert-Jan J M Stams, Elizabeth Meins
Major developments in attachment research over the past 2 decades have introduced parental mentalization as a predictor of infant-parent attachment security. Parental mentalization is the degree to which parents show frequent, coherent, or appropriate appreciation of their infants' internal states. The present study examined the triangular relations between parental mentalization, parental sensitivity, and attachment security. A total of 20 effect sizes (N = 974) on the relation between parental mentalization and attachment, 82 effect sizes (N = 6,664) on the relation between sensitivity and attachment, and 24 effect sizes (N = 2,029) on the relation between mentalization and sensitivity were subjected to multilevel meta-analyses...
December 2017: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154556/communal-motivation-and-well-being-in-interpersonal-relationships-an-integrative-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Bonnie M Le, Emily A Impett, Edward P Lemay, Amy Muise, Konstantin O Tskhay
The motivation to care for the welfare of others, or communal motivation, is a crucial component of satisfying interpersonal relationships and personal well-being. The current meta-analysis synthesized 100 studies (Ntotal = 26,645) on communal motivation to establish its associations with subjective personal well-being (e.g., life satisfaction, positive affect, and negative affect) and relationship well-being (e.g., relationship satisfaction, partner-oriented positive affect, and partner-oriented negative affect) for both the person providing communal care and their partner...
November 20, 2017: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144145/a-social-comparison-theory-meta-analysis-60-years-on
#16
J P Gerber, Ladd Wheeler, Jerry Suls
These meta-analyses of 60+ years of social comparison research focused on 2 issues: the choice of a comparison target (selection) and the effects of comparisons on self-evaluations, affect, and so forth (reaction). Selection studies offering 2 options (up or down) showed a strong preference (and no evidence of publication bias) for upward choices when there was no threat; there was no evidence for downward comparison as a dominant choice even when threatened. Selections became less differentiable when a lateral choice was also provided...
November 16, 2017: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048180/-meta-analyses-and-p-curves-support-robust-cycle-shifts-in-women-s-mate-preferences-reply-to-wood-and-carden-2014-and-harris-pashler-and-mickes-2014-correction-to-gildersleeve-haselton-and-fales-2014
#17
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Meta-analyses and p-curves support robust cycle shifts in women's mate preferences: Reply to Wood and Carden (2014) and Harris, Pashler, and Mickes (2014)" by Kelly Gildersleeve, Martie G. Haselton and Melissa R. Fales (Psychological Bulletin, 2014[Sep], Vol 140[5], 1272-1280). In the article, all p-curve analyses examining the Context Moderation Hypothesis Prediction mistakenly included the p-value from Little, Jones, Burt, & Perrett (2007) Study 2 for the simple effect of fertility on attraction to facial symmetry in a short-term relationship context (p < ...
November 2017: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805401/the-common-sense-model-of-self-regulation-meta-analysis-and-test-of-a-process-model
#18
Martin S Hagger, Severine Koch, Nikos L D Chatzisarantis, Sheina Orbell
According to the common-sense model of self-regulation, individuals form lay representations of illnesses that guide coping procedures to manage illness threat. We meta-analyzed studies adopting the model to (a) examine the intercorrelations among illness representation dimensions, coping strategies, and illness outcomes; (b) test the sufficiency of a process model in which relations between illness representations and outcomes were mediated by coping strategies; and (c) test effects of moderators on model relations...
November 2017: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805400/anxiety-and-depression-as-bidirectional-risk-factors-for-one-another-a-meta-analysis-of-longitudinal-studies
#19
Nicholas C Jacobson, Michelle G Newman
Not only do anxiety and depression diagnoses tend to co-occur, but their symptoms are highly correlated. Although a plethora of research has examined longitudinal associations between anxiety and depression, these data have not yet been effectively synthesized. To address this need, the current study undertook a systematic review and meta-analysis of 66 studies involving 88,336 persons examining the prospective relationship between anxiety and depression at both symptom and disorder levels. Using mixed-effect models, results suggested that all types of anxiety symptoms predicted later depressive symptoms (r = ...
November 2017: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758764/meta-analytic-review-of-the-development-of-face-discrimination-in-infancy-face-race-face-gender-infant-age-and-methodology-moderate-face-discrimination
#20
Nicole A Sugden, Alexandra R Marquis
Infants show facility for discriminating between individual faces within hours of birth. Over the first year of life, infants' face discrimination shows continued improvement with familiar face types, such as own-race faces, but not with unfamiliar face types, like other-race faces. The goal of this meta-analytic review is to provide an effect size for infants' face discrimination ability overall, with own-race faces, and with other-race faces within the first year of life, how this differs with age, and how it is influenced by task methodology...
November 2017: Psychological Bulletin
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