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Psychological Bulletin

Elizabeth H Marks, Anna R Franklin, Lori A Zoellner
Intrusive memories, when persistent and distressing, are theorized to underlie a range of transdiagnostic psychological symptoms and associated impairment. However, little is known about factors predicting the development and persistence of intrusive memories. The aim of this systematic review is to evaluate the literature on pre-event, event-based, and post-event predictors of intrusive memories. A systematic review was conducted, searching for studies that examined intrusive, event-based memories. One hundred and six articles were identified from PsycInfo, PubMed, and Medline databases...
March 19, 2018: Psychological Bulletin
Keith J Holyoak, Dušan Stamenković
We review psychological research bearing on major theories of metaphor comprehension. A broad survey of behavioral studies is coupled with findings from recent meta-analyses of neuroimaging studies of metaphor processing. We identify three broad theoretical positions that have been the foci of research efforts: analogy, categorization, and conceptual mapping. The first two of these emphasize relatively well-specified information-processing models; the third links metaphor comprehension to embodied cognition...
March 8, 2018: Psychological Bulletin
Emiel Cracco, Lara Bardi, Charlotte Desmet, Oliver Genschow, Davide Rigoni, Lize De Coster, Ina Radkova, Eliane Deschrijver, Marcel Brass
Automatic imitation is the finding that movement execution is facilitated by compatible and impeded by incompatible observed movements. In the past 15 years, automatic imitation has been studied to understand the relation between perception and action in social interaction. Although research on this topic started in cognitive science, interest quickly spread to related disciplines such as social psychology, clinical psychology, and neuroscience. However, important theoretical questions have remained unanswered...
March 8, 2018: Psychological Bulletin
Iring Koch, Edita Poljac, Hermann Müller, Andrea Kiesel
Numerous studies showed decreased performance in situations that require multiple tasks or actions relative to appropriate control conditions. Because humans often engage in such multitasking activities, it is important to understand how multitasking affects performance. In the present article, we argue that research on dual-task interference and sequential task switching has proceeded largely separately using different experimental paradigms and methodology. In our article we aim at organizing this complex set of research in terms of three complementary research perspectives on human multitasking...
March 8, 2018: Psychological Bulletin
Susanna Pallini, Antonio Chirumbolo, Mara Morelli, Roberto Baiocco, Fiorenzo Laghi, Nancy Eisenberg
Secure attachment relationships have been described as having a regulatory function in regard to children's emotions, social cognition, and behavior. Although some theorists and researchers have argued that attachment affects children's self-regulation, most attachment theorists have not strongly emphasized this association. The goal of the current meta-analysis was to determine the magnitude of the relation between attachment security status and effortful control (EC)/top-down self-regulation in children up to 18 years of age...
March 8, 2018: Psychological Bulletin
Minna Lehtonen, Anna Soveri, Aini Laine, Janica Järvenpää, Angela de Bruin, Jan Antfolk
Because of enduring experience of managing two languages, bilinguals have been argued to develop superior executive functioning compared with monolinguals. Despite extensive investigation, there is, however, no consensus regarding the existence of such a bilingual advantage. Here we synthesized comparisons of bilinguals' and monolinguals' performance in six executive domains using 891 effect sizes from 152 studies on adults. We also included unpublished data, and considered the potential influence of a number of study-, task-, and participant-related variables...
March 1, 2018: Psychological Bulletin
Catharine E Fairbairn, Daniel A Briley, Dahyeon Kang, R Chris Fraley, Benjamin L Hankin, Talia Ariss
Substance use has long been associated with close relationship distress. Although the direction of influence for this association has not been established, it has often been assumed that substance use is the causal agent and that close relationship distress is the effect. But research seeking to establish temporal precedence in this link has produced mixed findings. Further, theoretical models of substance use and close relationship processes present the plausibility of the inverse pathway-that insecure close relationships may serve as a vulnerability factor for the development of later substance problems...
March 1, 2018: Psychological Bulletin
Kevin A Hoff, Daniel A Briley, Colin J M Wee, James Rounds
Vocational interests predict a variety of important outcomes and are among the most widely applied individual difference constructs in psychology and education. Despite over 90 years of research, little is known about the longitudinal development of interests. In this meta-analysis, the authors investigate normative changes in interests through adolescence and young adulthood. Effect sizes were aggregated from 49 longitudinal studies reporting mean-level changes in vocational interests, containing 98 total samples and 20,639 participants...
March 1, 2018: Psychological Bulletin
Evan Weingarten, J Wesley Hutchinson
A wealth of literature suggests individuals use feelings in addition to facts as sources of information for judgment. This paper focuses on a manipulation in which participants list either a few or many examples of a given type, and then make a judgment. Instead of using the number of arguments or evidence strength, participants are hypothesized to use the subjective ease of generating examples as the primary input to judgment. This result is commonly called the ease-of-retrieval effect, and the feeling of ease is typically assumed to mediate the effect...
February 1, 2018: Psychological Bulletin
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Narrowing the transmission gap: A synthesis of three decades of research on intergenerational transmission of attachment" by Marije L. Verhage, Carlo Schuengel, Sheri Madigan, R. M. Pasco Fearon, Mirjam Oosterman, Rosalinda Cassibba, Marian J. Bakermans-Kranenburg and Marinus H. van IJzendoorn ( Psychological Bulletin , 2016[Apr], Vol 142[4], 337-366). In the article, there are errors in Table 7. The percentages of the attachment classifications do not add up to 100%. The corrected version of Table 7 is provided in the erratum...
April 2018: Psychological Bulletin
Erika H Siegel, Molly K Sands, Wim Van den Noortgate, Paul Condon, Yale Chang, Jennifer Dy, Karen S Quigley, Lisa Feldman Barrett
The classical view of emotion hypothesizes that certain emotion categories have a specific autonomic nervous system (ANS) "fingerprint" that is distinct from other categories. Substantial ANS variation within a category is presumed to be epiphenomenal. The theory of constructed emotion hypothesizes that an emotion category is a population of context-specific, highly variable instances that need not share an ANS fingerprint. Instead, ANS variation within a category is a meaningful part of the nature of emotion...
April 2018: Psychological Bulletin
Dolores Albarracín, Pim Cuijpers, Paul W Eastwick, Blair T Johnson, Glenn I Roisman, Gale M Sinatra, Paul Verhaeghen
This editorial marks the first 4 years of the current editorial period. It offers an opportunity to take stock, review trends, and describe editorial policies for the next 2 years. Psychology continues to shine and accumulate knowledge that scholars integrate, use in the development of theory, and examine to generate applications to real-world problems. The articles published in Bulletin during the last 4 years are a tribute to the vitality of our discipline. (PsycINFO Database Record
March 2018: Psychological Bulletin
Eric A Youngstrom, Gregory A Egerton, Jacquelynne Genzlinger, Lindsey K Freeman, Sabeen H Rizvi, Anna Van Meter
Shifting definitions and differences in the conceptualization of bipolar disorders have contributed to long diagnostic delays, poor reliability, and inconsistent findings. Rating scales are independent of clinical judgment and offer a reliable way to assess manic symptoms, making them good tools to improve both clinical and research diagnoses of bipolar disorder. However, there are dozens of candidates, with few obvious distinguishing characteristics, making it difficult to select one. Our goal was to metaanalyze the diagnostic accuracy of rating scales designed to identify [hypo]manic symptoms...
March 2018: Psychological Bulletin
Kimberly A French, Soner Dumani, Tammy D Allen, Kristen M Shockley
The relationship between social support and work-family conflict is well-established, but the notion that different forms, sources, and types of social support as well as contextual factors can alter this relationship has been relatively neglected. To address this limitation, the current study provides the most comprehensive and in-depth examination of the relationship between social support and work-family conflict to date. We conduct a meta-analysis based on 1021 effect sizes and 46 countries to dissect the social support and work-family conflict relationship...
March 2018: Psychological Bulletin
Giovanni Sala, K Semir Tatlidil, Fernand Gobet
As a result of considerable potential scientific and societal implications, the possibility of enhancing cognitive ability by training has been one of the most influential topics of cognitive psychology in the last two decades. However, substantial research into the psychology of expertise and a recent series of meta-analytic reviews have suggested that various types of cognitive training (e.g., working memory training) benefit performance only in the trained tasks. The lack of skill generalization from one domain to different ones-that is, far transfer-has been documented in various fields of research such as working memory training, music, brain training, and chess...
February 2018: Psychological Bulletin
Dirk U Wulff, Max Mergenthaler-Canseco, Ralph Hertwig
People can learn about the probabilistic consequences of their actions in two ways: One is by consulting descriptions of an action's consequences and probabilities (e.g., reading up on a medication's side effects). The other is by personally experiencing the probabilistic consequences of an action (e.g., beta testing software). In principle, people taking each route can reach analogous states of knowledge and consequently make analogous decisions. In the last dozen years, however, research has demonstrated systematic discrepancies between description- and experienced-based choices...
February 2018: Psychological Bulletin
Katharina G Kugler, Julia A M Reif, Tamara Kaschner, Felix C Brodbeck
Gender differences in the initiation of negotiation have been suggested to reinforce unequal distributions of resources between men and women. Because previous research had yielded heterogeneous results, the authors conducted a meta-analysis investigating gender differences in initiating negotiation. On the basis of social role theory, they hypothesized that women are less likely to initiate negotiations than men, but also that the effect varies depending on characteristics of the immediate negotiation situation and the wider societal context...
February 2018: Psychological Bulletin
J P Gerber, Ladd Wheeler, Jerry Suls
These meta-analyses of 60+ years of social comparison research focused on 2 issues: the choice of a comparison target (selection) and the effects of comparisons on self-evaluations, affect, and so forth (reaction). Selection studies offering 2 options (up or down) showed a strong preference (and no evidence of publication bias) for upward choices when there was no threat; there was no evidence for downward comparison as a dominant choice even when threatened. Selections became less differentiable when a lateral choice was also provided...
February 2018: Psychological Bulletin
Benoit Bediou, Deanne M Adams, Richard E Mayer, Elizabeth Tipton, C Shawn Green, Daphne Bavelier
The ubiquity of video games in today's society has led to significant interest in their impact on the brain and behavior and in the possibility of harnessing games for good. The present meta-analyses focus on one specific game genre that has been of particular interest to the scientific community-action video games, and cover the period 2000-2015. To assess the long-lasting impact of action video game play on various domains of cognition, we first consider cross-sectional studies that inform us about the cognitive profile of habitual action video game players, and document a positive average effect of about half a standard deviation (g = 0...
January 2018: Psychological Bulletin
Bonnie M Le, Emily A Impett, Edward P Lemay, Amy Muise, Konstantin O Tskhay
The motivation to care for the welfare of others, or communal motivation, is a crucial component of satisfying interpersonal relationships and personal well-being. The current meta-analysis synthesized 100 studies (Ntotal = 26,645) on communal motivation to establish its associations with subjective personal well-being (e.g., life satisfaction, positive affect, and negative affect) and relationship well-being (e.g., relationship satisfaction, partner-oriented positive affect, and partner-oriented negative affect) for both the person providing communal care and their partner...
January 2018: Psychological Bulletin
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