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Becky Wyatt, Theresa A Gannon, Troy E McEwan, Lona Lockerbie, Alisha O'Connor
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we examined the risk-related characteristics of mentally disordered patients who had either been (1) involved in a firesetting incident or (2) involved in a nonfiresetting comparison incident while under the care of the National Health Service (NHS). METHOD: A total of 132 participants were recruited from an NHS Care Group in England (66 mentally disordered firesetters, 66 mentally disordered comparisons). Logistic regression was used to model the ability of static, dynamic, and incident-related factors in predicting whether a patient had set a fire (including gender-sensitive subanalyses), whether a patient firesetter was male or female, and a one-time or repeat firesetter...
November 8, 2018: Psychiatry
Robert Michels
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 8, 2018: Psychiatry
Ella Schwartz, Amit Shrira
OBJECTIVE: The goal of the current study is to examine whether social connectedness among older adults mitigates the risk of poor health due to exposure to warfare and related symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Prior research has indicated a protective role for social connectedness in the face of trauma in general. However, this same association has not been examined among older adults exposed to warfare, even though they are potentially a more vulnerable population with unique social needs...
November 7, 2018: Psychiatry
Richard M Waugaman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 31, 2018: Psychiatry
Daniel F Gros, Mary E Oglesby
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 19, 2018: Psychiatry
Bradley E Belsher, Michael C Freed, Daniel P Evatt, Charles C Engel, Xian Liu, Laura Novak, Douglas F Zatzick
OBJECTIVE: Epidemiologic studies suggest high rates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression among military members and veterans. To meet the needs of this population, evidence-based treatments are recommended as first-line interventions, based on their clinical efficacy and not the proportion of the target population that the intervention reaches. We apply a public health framework to examine the population impact of an enhanced collaborative care model on a targeted population that takes into account effectiveness and reach...
October 17, 2018: Psychiatry
Yuval Palgi, Sharon Avidor, Amit Shrira, Ehud Bodner, Menachem Ben-Ezra, Oleg Zaslavsky, Yaakov Hoffman
OBJECTIVE: This study examined how inner perceptions that develop in the aftermath of exposure to trauma attenuate the association between posttraumatic symptoms across time and what the reciprocal relations between inner perceptions of trauma and posttraumatic symptoms are. METHOD: The present article is based on two studies. The data in Study 1 are drawn from three waves of a longitudinal study of community-dwelling midlife adults and older adults residing in the south of Israel...
September 14, 2018: Psychiatry
Ian H Stanley, Joseph W Boffa, Thomas E Joiner
OBJECTIVE: A suicide attempt is at least somewhat life-threatening by definition and is, for some, traumatic. Thus, it is possible that some individuals may develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) from a suicide attempt. METHOD: In this article, we consider whether one's suicide attempt could fulfill Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) criteria for a PTSD Criterion A event and contribute to the development of attendant PTSD symptoms (e...
September 5, 2018: Psychiatry
Amanda L Adrian, Jeffrey L Thomas, Amy B Adler
OBJECTIVE: The present study investigated the association between previous deployment experience and somatic symptoms, mental health, unit climate perceptions, anger, and risk taking among junior-enlisted soldiers who were preparing to deploy or who were in garrison, or home duty station. The study also investigated potential differences in these variables based on unit leader deployment history. METHOD: Soldiers in a combat unit were surveyed either in a predeployment (n = 1,554; one week before deployment) or garrison setting (n = 1,326)...
August 17, 2018: Psychiatry
Craig J Bryan, David C Rozek, T Scott Burch, Bruce Leeson, Tracy A Clemans
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 17, 2018: Psychiatry
Zahava Solomon, Rahel Bachem, Yafit Levin, Laura Crompton, Karni Ginzburg
OBJECTIVE: Long-term trajectories of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may fluctuate over time and typically conform to four heterogeneous patterns: resilience, recovery, delayed-onset, and chronic symptomatology. However, such fluctuations are typically short ranged and have rarely been investigated over the course of decades after the trauma. Moreover, existing studies have used a variety of measurements, either employing a categorical Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)-oriented approach or a continuous measure of symptom severity...
July 18, 2018: Psychiatry
Harvey B Pollard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Psychiatry
Robert J Ursano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Psychiatry
Umberto Volpe, Carlo Gianoglio, Luca Autiero, Maria Luisa Marino, Diana Facchini, Armida Mucci, Silvana Galderisi
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have proposed music therapy (MT) as a useful rehabilitation approach for patients with psychosis, but few studies have focused on acute settings. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of a structured MT program on clinical and social functioning indices of patients with psychosis while hospitalized in an emergency psychiatric ward. METHOD: The intervention followed a modified approach to Benenzon's MT model and was delivered biweekly to 61 patients with psychosis consecutively admitted to our ward...
2018: Psychiatry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Psychiatry
Sharon A Gutman, Emily I Raphael-Greenfield, Jan Berg, Angela Agnese, Stephanie Gross, Sabah Ashmi, Omolara Ogunye, Connie Shin, Daniella Weiss
OBJECTIVE: We assessed the feasibility and satisfaction of an apartment living program for formerly homeless adults with mental health and substance use disorders. METHOD: A one-group pretest-posttest design was used with 22 participants who attended a six-week apartment living program. RESULTS: Sixteen participants completed the study and demonstrated improvement in the performance of and satisfaction with needed daily life skills (performance: Z = -3...
2018: Psychiatry
Edmund G Howe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Psychiatry
Richard Ruth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Psychiatry
Anne Williams, Ellie Fossey, John Farhall, Fiona Foley, Neil Thomas
BACKGROUND: The Internet offers a growing range of e-mental health resources for people experiencing severe mental illness. How these resources may be used in face-to-face interactions with consumers in mental health practice is not well understood. AIM: This article explores mental health workers' current use of online resources and their views about integrating e-mental health resources for promoting self-management and recovery into community-based practice. METHOD: A total of 37 mental health workers from six services attended focus groups to discuss their views about using online and e-mental health resources in face-to-face interactions with consumers...
2018: Psychiatry
Joscelyn E Fisher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Psychiatry
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