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Richard Ruth, Ryan Shea
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Psychiatry
Eric B Schoomaker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Psychiatry
Cory M Kelly, Erik G Van Eaton, Joan E Russo, Victoria C Kelly, Gregory J Jurkovich, Doyanne A Darnell, Lauren K Whiteside, Jin Wang, Lea E Parker, Thomas H Payne, Sean D Mooney, Nigel Bush, Douglas F Zatzick
OBJECTIVE: This investigation comprehensively assessed the technology use, preferences, and capacity of diverse injured trauma survivors with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms. METHOD: A total of 121 patients participating in a randomized clinical trial (RCT) of stepped collaborative care targeting PTSD symptoms were administered baseline one-, three-, and six-month interviews that assessed technology use. Longitudinal data about the instability of patient cell phone ownership and phone numbers were collected from follow-up interviews...
2017: Psychiatry
Joseph E Wise
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Psychiatry
Joel Yager, Robert E Feinstein
OBJECTIVE: Conducting psychotherapy with chronically suicidal patients challenges clinical decision making and emotional self-management in both trainees and seasoned practitioners. Educators and trainees have noted the need for additional teaching materials in these areas. This article is intended to address these needs. METHODS: We review the literature on evidence-based, suicide-oriented psychotherapies; consider commonalities among them; and integrate these findings with observations and suggestions from older professional literature and anecdotal clinical wisdom...
2017: Psychiatry
Jane L Wood, Constantinos Kallis, Jeremy W Coid
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about the differences between gang members and gang affiliates-or those individuals who associate with gangs but are not gang members. Even less is known about how these groups compare with other violent populations. This study examined how gang members, gang affiliates, and violent men compare on mental health symptoms and traumatic experiences. METHOD: Data included a sample of 1,539 adult males, aged 19 to 34 years, taken from an earlier survey conducted in the United Kingdom...
2017: Psychiatry
Norman Jones, Howard Burdett, Kevin Green, Neil Greenberg
OBJECTIVES: Trauma Risk Management (TRiM) is a peer-led, occupational mental health support process that aims to identify and assist U.K. military personnel with persistent mental ill health related to potentially traumatic events (PTEs). This study compared help seeking, mental disorder symptoms, and alcohol use between TRiM recipients and personnel experiencing similar combat events who did not receive TRiM; an unexposed group provided context. METHODS: Records of TRiM activity during a U...
2017: Psychiatry
Jennifer Dahne, Aaron C Lim, Allison M Borges, Laura MacPherson
OBJECTIVE: Engagement in risk behaviors, including substance use, risky sex, and violence, tends to increase throughout adolescence into young adulthood. One motivational process that may underlie risk behaviors during adolescence is negative reinforcement. Moreover, gender and internalizing symptoms (e.g., depression and anxiety) may both convey risk for negative reinforcement-based risk taking. Along these lines, the aims of the current study were to (a) examine gender differences in negative reinforcement-based risk-taking propensity and (b) examine internalizing symptoms as a moderator of the relationship between gender and negative reinforcement-based risk-taking propensity...
2017: Psychiatry
Nirit Soffer-Dudek
OBJECTIVE: Dissociative experiences are associated with several psychopathological symptoms and are a hindrance to therapeutic gain. Depersonalization-derealization (DEP-DER) is positively associated with stress and anxiety, while absorption and imaginative involvement (ABS), a tendency for total, immersed attention, is commonly referred to as nonpathological dissociation, although it is positively associated with obsessive-compulsive (OC) symptoms. Previous studies in the field have been mainly cross-sectional...
2017: Psychiatry
Anthony S Joyce, John S Ogrodniczuk, David Kealy
OBJECTIVE: Entrenched interpersonal difficulties are a defining feature of those with personality dysfunction. Evening treatment-a comprehensive and intensive group-oriented outpatient therapy program-offers a unique approach to delivering mental health services to patients with chronic personality dysfunction. This study assessed change in interpersonal problems as a key outcome, the relevance of such change to future social functioning, and the influence of early group processes on this change...
2017: Psychiatry
Marianne Bang Hansen, Marianne Skogbrott Birkeland, Alexander Nissen, Ines Blix, Øivind Solberg, Trond Heir
OBJECTIVE: It is well established that direct exposure to terrorism can result in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, individuals indirectly exposed to terrorism may also develop symptoms of PTSD. This study examined the prevalence and course of symptom-defined PTSD in employees who were present and not present at the site of a workplace terror attack. METHODS: Survey data from ministerial employees were collected 10, 22, and 34 months after the 2011 bombing in the government district of Oslo...
2017: Psychiatry
Evan M Kleiman, Matthew K Nock
There has been a marked increase in research aimed at studying dynamic (e.g., day-to-day, moment-to-moment) changes in mental disorders and related behavior problems. Indeed, the number of scientific papers published that focus on real-time monitoring has been nearly doubling every five years for the past several decades. These methods allow for a more fine-grained description of phenomena of interest as well as for real-world tests of theoretical models of human behavior. Here we comment on the recent study by van Winkel and colleagues (this issue)as an excellent example of the use of real-time monitoring methods to better understand mental disorders...
2017: Psychiatry
Gal Noyman-Veksler, Sheera F Lerman, Thomas E Joiner, Silviu Brill, Zvia Rudich, Hadar Shalev, Golan Shahar
BACKGROUND: In chronic pain, patients' coping affects their adaptation. In two studies, we examined the role of pain catastrophizing, a maladaptive coping strategy, in pain, distress, and disability. In Study 2 we compared catastrophizing to pain acceptance and to other coping strategies. METHODS: Study 1. Chronic pain patients (N = 428) were assessed four times as to their pain, disability, catastrophizing, and distress (depression and anxiety). Study 2. Patients (N = 165) were assessed as to coping and pain acceptance, pain, related distress, depression, hope, suicidal ideations, perceived burdensomeness, and thwarted belongingness...
2017: Psychiatry
Jennifer R Gatchel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Psychiatry
Laurent Berthoud, Antonio Pascual-Leone, Franz Caspar, Hervé Tissot, Sabine Keller, Kristina B Rohde, Yves de Roten, Jean-Nicolas Despland, Ueli Kramer
OBJECTIVE: The marked impulsivity and instability of clients suffering from borderline personality disorder (BPD) greatly challenge therapists' understanding and responsiveness. This may hinder the development of a constructive therapeutic relationship despite it being of particular importance in their treatment. Recent studies have shown that using motive-oriented therapeutic relationship (MOTR), a possible operationalization of appropriate therapist responsiveness, can enhance treatment outcome for BPD...
2017: Psychiatry
David Kealy, Carlos A Sierra-Hernandez, William E Piper, Anthony S Joyce, Rene Weideman, John S Ogrodniczuk
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study was to examine the nature of patients' work in two types of short-term group psychotherapy. The study sought to investigate the relationship between patients' psychodynamic work versus supportive work in group psychotherapy and treatment outcome at termination and at 6-month follow-up. Psychodynamic work refers to reflection regarding intrapsychic motivations, defenses, and relational patterns, and supportive work refers to practical problem solving...
2017: Psychiatry
Mark van Winkel, Marieke Wichers, Dina Collip, Nele Jacobs, Catherine Derom, Evert Thiery, Inez Myin-Germeys, Frenk Peeters
OBJECTIVE: Focusing on temporal associations between momentary (or state) loneliness, appraisal of social company, and being alone in daily life may help elucidate mechanisms that contribute to the development of prolonged (or trait) loneliness and major depressive disorder (MDD). We aim to examine if (a) a self-reinforcing loop between loneliness, negative appraisals of social company, and being alone in daily life may contribute to trait loneliness; (b) this possible self-reinforcing loop may also contribute to the development of MDD, by testing differences in temporal relationships between these social elements in participants who did or did not develop MDD during follow-up; and (c) any of these social elements at baseline predicted a MDD at follow-up...
2017: Psychiatry
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Psychiatry
Eric G Meyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Psychiatry
Mary Lee Dichtel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Psychiatry
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