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Lauren M Sippel, Laura E Watkins, Robert H Pietrzak, Rani Hoff, Ilan Harpaz-Rotem
OBJECTIVE: While poor social connectedness is often a consequence of living with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, little is known about whether PTSD symptom clusters may be uniquely related to different aspects of social connectedness. This information can inform case conceptualization and treatment planning to potentially facilitate sustained recovery for individuals with PTSD. METHOD: We examined associations among a five-factor model of PTSD and two aspects of social connectedness-distress related to problems getting along with others and days of contact with supportive loved ones in the past 30 days-in a sample of 2,600 U...
July 17, 2018: Psychiatry
Lennart Reifels, Matthew J Spittal, Michel L A Dückers, Katherine Mills, Jane Pirkis
OBJECTIVE: Despite growing awareness of adverse mental health consequences, the scarce existing evidence on the link of disaster exposure and suicidality has remained inconclusive, and the differential suicidality risk associated with distinct levels of natural and man-made disaster exposure is unknown. We therefore investigated the lifetime prevalence and risk of suicidal behavior associated with natural and man-made disaster exposure in Australia. METHOD: We utilized data from a nationally representative mental health survey (n = 8,841)...
July 17, 2018: Psychiatry
J Breslau, E C Wong, M A Burnam, M Cefalu, E A Roth, R L Collins
OBJECTIVE: To test associations between perceived discrimination based on mental health status and impaired functioning in a population sample with psychological distress. METHODS: Interviews were conducted with a sample of respondents to the California Health Interview Survey with mild, moderate, or severe psychological distress. Perceived discrimination was assessed using 14 items covering four domains in which discrimination is reported: social, partner, institutional, and work...
March 26, 2018: Psychiatry
Douglas Zatzick, Joan Russo, Peter Thomas, Doyanne Darnell, Harry Teter, Leah Ingraham, Lauren K Whiteside, Jin Wang, Roxanne Guiney, Lea Parker, Kirsten Sandgren, Margot Kelly Hedrick, Erik G Van Eaton, Gregory Jurkovich
OBJECTIVE: The investigation aimed to compare two approaches to the delivery of care for hospitalized injury survivors, a patient-centered care transition intervention versus enhanced usual care. METHOD: This pragmatic comparative effectiveness trial randomized 171 acutely injured trauma survivors with three or more early postinjury concerns and high levels of emotional distress to intervention (I; n = 85) and enhanced usual care control (C; n = 86) conditions...
March 13, 2018: Psychiatry
Masanori Nagamine, Taisuke Yamamoto, Jun Shigemura, Masaaki Tanichi, Aihide Yoshino, Go Suzuki, Yoshitomo Takahashi, Masaki Miyazaki, Yasuhide Uwabe, Nahoko Harada, Kunio Shimizu
OBJECTIVE: Approximately 70,000 Japan Ground Self-Defense Force (JGSDF) personnel were dispatched in the wake of the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and the tsunami and nuclear disaster that followed. This study was conducted to evaluate the mental health of the JGSDF personnel and the correlates. METHODS: Data collected from 56,753 participants at three time points (one, six, and 12 months after mission completion) were analyzed. Those who scored 25 or more points on the Impact of Events Scale-Revised (IES-R) and the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10) were allocated into the high posttraumatic stress response (high-PTSR) group, and the high general psychological distress (high-GPD) group, respectively...
February 27, 2018: Psychiatry
Robert J Ursano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Psychiatry
Larry Davidson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Psychiatry
Russell C Smith, Carlos W Pratt
OBJECTIVE: This is a follow-up study of a pilot project first reported on in 2006. A group model was developed for a state psychiatric hospital setting to assist residents who had displayed characteristics of "institutionalism." This includes an aversion or ambivalence to discharge efforts and an acceptance of prolonged life in the hospital. The pilot project, while small, was promising, with five of seven people entering the community successfully within a year and a half. METHOD: The current project expanded the scope to include three groups with a total of 25 participants...
2018: Psychiatry
Sharon Alperovitz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Psychiatry
Quinn Biggs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Psychiatry
Mary A Jansen
This article presents a short, easy-to-use guideline for clinicians working with people with serious mental illness, particularly those with schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, delusional disorders, other psychotic disorders, or depression with significant impact on functioning, and may be of use for those working with individuals with bipolar disorder. This guideline is not meant to supplant the more detailed, excellent clinical practice guidelines that have been developed and published. Rather, the charts and explanation presented here are designed as a step-by-step tool that clinicians can use to ensure they are following the most appropriate course of action and providing the best psychosocial rehabilitation services possible for persons with these disorders...
2018: Psychiatry
Brian J Albanese, Richard J Macatee, Nicholas P Allan, Nicole A Short, Aaron M Norr, Norman B Schmidt
OBJECTIVE: High anxiety sensitivity (AS) and poor attention control (AC) are established risk factors for posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), but little is known about the combined influence of these variables. Consistent with dual-systems models suggesting facets of executive function (e.g., AC) will modulate the effects of other risk factors (e.g., AS), the current study evaluated the singular and interactive effects of these variables on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms...
2018: Psychiatry
William Sledge, Julia Rozanova, Julianne Dorset
OBJECTIVE: To provide a follow up of a 1976 study of the impact of captivity on U.S. Air Force (USAF) POWs and USAF Controls matched for time in Southeast Asia, military rank and aircraft crew position. METHOD: Qualitative study of replies to open ended questions of positive and negative changes due to their captivity/combat experiences made by participants (POWs and Controls) who replied in both 1976 and in 2003. RESULTS: Both groups acknowledged positive and negative effects of the experiences in 1976...
2018: Psychiatry
Dilip V Jeste, Graham M L Eglit, Barton W Palmer, Jonathan G Martinis, Peter Blanck, Elyn R Saks
OBJECTIVE: Making decisions is central to the exercise of control over one's well-being. Many individuals with serious mental illness (SMI) experience limitations in their decision-making capacity. These individuals have often been placed under legal guardianship and substitute decision makers have been appointed to make decisions on their behalf. More recently, supported decision making (SDM) has emerged as a possible alternative in some cases. SDM involves recruitment of trusted supports to enhance an individual's capacity in the decision-making process, enabling him or her to retain autonomy in life decisions...
2018: Psychiatry
Man Cheung Chung, Mudar Shakra, Nowf AlQarni, Mariam AlMazrouei, Sara Al Mazrouei, Shurooq Al Hashimi
OBJECTIVES: This study revisited the prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and examined a hypothesized model describing the interrelationship between trauma exposure characteristics, trauma centrality, emotional suppression, PTSD, and psychiatric comorbidity among Syrian refugees. METHODS: A total of 564 Syrian refugees participated in the study and completed the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire, General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28), Centrality of Event Scale, and Courtauld Emotional Control Scale...
2018: Psychiatry
Jun Shigemura, Hidetoshi Someda, Shinichi Tokuno, Masanori Nagamine, Masaaki Tanichi, Yoshiyuki Araki, Shinji Nagakawa, Taku Saito, Gentaro Tsumatori, Jin Itabashi, Akihiro Kanno
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the correlates of psychological responses in dentists who conducted disaster victim identification (DVI) in Fukushima following the 2011 earthquake/tsunami/nuclear disaster. METHOD: Self-report questionnaires were administered to 49 male dentists six to nine months after the disaster. Psychological distress and posttraumatic stress were measured using the General Health Questionnaire-30 (GHQ-30) and Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R), respectively...
2018: Psychiatry
Eric G Meyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Psychiatry
William T Carpenter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Psychiatry
Joseph E Wise
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Psychiatry
Jerald Kay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Psychiatry
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