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Douglas Zatzick, Joan Russo, Peter Thomas, Doyanne Darnell, Harry Teter, Leah Ingraham, Lauren K Whiteside, Jin Wang, Roxanne Guiney, Lea Parker, Kirsten Sandgren, Margot Kelly Hedrick, Erik G Van Eaton, Gregory Jurkovich
OBJECTIVE: The investigation aimed to compare two approaches to the delivery of care for hospitalized injury survivors, a patient-centered care transition intervention versus enhanced usual care. METHOD: This pragmatic comparative effectiveness trial randomized 171 acutely injured trauma survivors with three or more early postinjury concerns and high levels of emotional distress to intervention (I; n = 85) and enhanced usual care control (C; n = 86) conditions...
March 13, 2018: Psychiatry
William Sledge, Julia Rozanova, Julianne Dorset
OBJECTIVE: To provide a follow up of a 1976 study of the impact of captivity on U.S. Air Force (USAF) POWs and USAF Controls matched for time in Southeast Asia, military rank and aircraft crew position. METHOD: Qualitative study of replies to open ended questions of positive and negative changes due to their captivity/combat experiences made by participants (POWs and Controls) who replied in both 1976 and in 2003. RESULTS: Both groups acknowledged positive and negative effects of the experiences in 1976...
March 13, 2018: Psychiatry
Dilip V Jeste, Graham M L Eglit, Barton W Palmer, Jonathan G Martinis, Peter Blanck, Elyn R Saks
OBJECTIVE: Making decisions is central to the exercise of control over one's well-being. Many individuals with serious mental illness (SMI) experience limitations in their decision-making capacity. These individuals have often been placed under legal guardianship and substitute decision makers have been appointed to make decisions on their behalf. More recently, supported decision making (SDM) has emerged as a possible alternative in some cases. SDM involves recruitment of trusted supports to enhance an individual's capacity in the decision-making process, enabling him or her to retain autonomy in life decisions...
March 1, 2018: Psychiatry
Man Cheung Chung, Mudar Shakra, Nowf AlQarni, Mariam AlMazrouei, Sara Al Mazrouei, Shurooq Al Hashimi
OBJECTIVES: This study revisited the prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and examined a hypothesized model describing the interrelationship between trauma exposure characteristics, trauma centrality, emotional suppression, PTSD, and psychiatric comorbidity among Syrian refugees. METHODS: A total of 564 Syrian refugees participated in the study and completed the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire, General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28), Centrality of Event Scale, and Courtauld Emotional Control Scale...
March 1, 2018: Psychiatry
Jun Shigemura, Hidetoshi Someda, Shinichi Tokuno, Masanori Nagamine, Masaaki Tanichi, Yoshiyuki Araki, Shinji Nagakawa, Taku Saito, Gentaro Tsumatori, Jin Itabashi, Akihiro Kanno
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the correlates of psychological responses in dentists who conducted disaster victim identification (DVI) in Fukushima following the 2011 earthquake/tsunami/nuclear disaster. METHOD: Self-report questionnaires were administered to 49 male dentists six to nine months after the disaster. Psychological distress and posttraumatic stress were measured using the General Health Questionnaire-30 (GHQ-30) and Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R), respectively...
March 1, 2018: Psychiatry
Masanori Nagamine, Taisuke Yamamoto, Jun Shigemura, Masaaki Tanichi, Aihide Yoshino, Go Suzuki, Yoshitomo Takahashi, Masaki Miyazaki, Yasuhide Uwabe, Nahoko Harada, Kunio Shimizu
OBJECTIVE: Approximately 70,000 Japan Ground Self-Defense Force (JGSDF) personnel were dispatched in the wake of the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and the tsunami and nuclear disaster that followed. This study was conducted to evaluate the mental health of the JGSDF personnel and the correlates. METHODS: Data collected from 56,753 participants at three time points (one, six, and 12 months after mission completion) were analyzed. Those who scored 25 or more points on the Impact of Events Scale-Revised (IES-R) and the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10) were allocated into the high posttraumatic stress response (high-PTSR) group, and the high general psychological distress (high-GPD) group, respectively...
February 27, 2018: Psychiatry
Eric G Meyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Psychiatry
William T Carpenter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Psychiatry
Joseph E Wise
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Psychiatry
Jerald Kay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Psychiatry
Alina Surís, Ryan Holliday, Bryon Adinoff, Nicholas Holder, Carol S North
OBJECTIVE: Animal and preliminary human studies have demonstrated that glucocorticoids enhance the extinction of fear memories. Impaired extinction of fear memories is a critical component in the development and maintenance of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The purpose of this translational study was to determine the effectiveness of pairing a glucocorticoid with trauma memory reactivation as a novel intervention to treat PTSD and to measure the duration of the effect. METHOD: A total of 54 male veterans with combat-related PTSD in this double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial received either four weekly glucocorticoid (dexamethasone [DEX]) or placebo administrations paired with a 45-second trauma memory reactivation task...
2017: Psychiatry
Marc Gelkopf, Liron Lapid Pickman, Shulamit Grinapol, Nomi Werbeloff, Eve B Carlson, Talya Greene
OBJECTIVE: We assessed in vivo symptom courses of early psychological responses during war and investigated the influence of exposure, gender, and a prior diagnosis of severe mental illness (SMI). METHOD: Participants were 181 highly exposed individuals from the general population and community psychiatric rehabilitation centers. A 30-day twice-daily Internet-smartphone-based intensive assessment two weeks into the 2014 Israel-Gaza war estimated peritraumatic symptom clusters, sense of threat, negative emotions and cognitions, and siren exposure during two periods that varied in exposure level...
2017: Psychiatry
John S Strauss
OBJECTIVE: The tendency over the years in the mental health field has been to cling in circular fashion to one single domain after another, biological, psychological, or social, to explain severe disorder and not even to consider the data from the domain of focus that came before. This report notes that attempts to explore more complex biopsychosocial explanations that integrate the diverse domains have been generally ignored or foundered on the problems posed by the complexities involved and suggests an approach for moving beyond these problems...
2017: Psychiatry
Darrel A Regier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Psychiatry
David A Jobes, Katherine Anne Comtois, Peter M Gutierrez, Lisa A Brenner, David Huh, Samantha A Chalker, Gretchen Ruhe, Amanda H Kerbrat, David C Atkins, Keith Jennings, Jennifer Crumlish, Christopher D Corona, Stephen O' Connor, Karin E Hendricks, Blaire Schembari, Bradley Singer, Bruce Crow
OBJECTIVE: This study describes a randomized controlled trial called "Operation Worth Living" (OWL) which compared the use of the Collaborative Assessment and Management of Suicidality (CAMS) to enhanced care as usual (E-CAU). We hypothesized that CAMS would be more effective than E-CAU for reducing suicidal ideation (SI) and suicide attempts (SA), along with secondary behavioral health and health care utilization markers for U.S. Army Soldier outpatients with significant SI (i...
2017: Psychiatry
Richard M Waugaman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Psychiatry
Patcho N Santiago
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Psychiatry
Jane G Tillman, A Jill Clemence, Christopher J Hopwood, Katie C Lewis, Jennifer L Stevens
OBJECTIVE: This study's objective was determine the incremental association of reasons for living to the lifetime number of suicide attempts in relation to other known risk and protective factors in a sample of psychiatric patients with extensive psychopathology in residential treatment. METHODS: Participants (n = 131) completed a demographic questionnaire that also asked for information about lifetime suicide history, psychiatric history, trauma, and abuse history...
2017: Psychiatry
Sarah R Meyer, Molly Lasater, Wietse A Tol
OBJECTIVE: Rural-to-urban migration within low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), and migration from one LMIC to another, are prevalent forms of international migration. Migration may be associated with adverse mental health outcomes. The aim of the current study is to systematically review the literature on migration and mental health between and within LMICs. METHODS: This systematic review of PubMed, PsycINFO, Embase, Web of Science, and PILOTS, identified 2,818 total records published between 1991 and 2016, with 139 of these assessed for eligibility...
2017: Psychiatry
Venus S Masselam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Psychiatry
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