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Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767338/intensive-evening-outpatient-treatment-for-patients-with-personality-dysfunction-early-group-process-change-in-interpersonal-distress-and-longer-term-social-functioning
#1
Anthony S Joyce, John S Ogrodniczuk, David Kealy
OBJECTIVE: Entrenched interpersonal difficulties are a defining feature of those with personality dysfunction. Evening treatment-a comprehensive and intensive group-oriented outpatient therapy program-offers a unique approach to delivering mental health services to patients with chronic personality dysfunction. This study assessed change in interpersonal problems as a key outcome, the relevance of such change to future social functioning, and the influence of early group processes on this change...
2017: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767337/prevalence-and-course-of-symptom-defined-ptsd-in-individuals-directly-or-indirectly-exposed-to-terror-a-longitudinal-study
#2
Marianne Bang Hansen, Marianne Skogbrott Birkeland, Alexander Nissen, Ines Blix, Øivind Solberg, Trond Heir
OBJECTIVE: It is well established that direct exposure to terrorism can result in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, individuals indirectly exposed to terrorism may also develop symptoms of PTSD. This study examined the prevalence and course of symptom-defined PTSD in employees who were present and not present at the site of a workplace terror attack. METHODS: Survey data from ministerial employees were collected 10, 22, and 34 months after the 2011 bombing in the government district of Oslo...
2017: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767336/advances-in-scientific-possibilities-offered-by-real-time-monitoring-technology
#3
Evan M Kleiman, Matthew K Nock
There has been a marked increase in research aimed at studying dynamic (e.g., day-to-day, moment-to-moment) changes in mental disorders and related behavior problems. Indeed, the number of scientific papers published that focus on real-time monitoring has been nearly doubling every five years for the past several decades. These methods allow for a more fine-grained description of phenomena of interest as well as for real-world tests of theoretical models of human behavior. Here we comment on the recent study by van Winkel and colleagues (this issue)as an excellent example of the use of real-time monitoring methods to better understand mental disorders...
2017: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767335/role-of-pain-based-catastrophizing-in-pain-disability-distress-and-suicidal-ideation
#4
Gal Noyman-Veksler, Sheera F Lerman, Thomas E Joiner, Silviu Brill, Zvia Rudich, Hadar Shalev, Golan Shahar
BACKGROUND: In chronic pain, patients' coping affects their adaptation. In two studies, we examined the role of pain catastrophizing, a maladaptive coping strategy, in pain, distress, and disability. In Study 2 we compared catastrophizing to pain acceptance and to other coping strategies. METHODS: Study 1. Chronic pain patients (N = 428) were assessed four times as to their pain, disability, catastrophizing, and distress (depression and anxiety). Study 2. Patients (N = 165) were assessed as to coping and pain acceptance, pain, related distress, depression, hope, suicidal ideations, perceived burdensomeness, and thwarted belongingness...
2017: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767334/positive-psychiatry-a-clinical-handbook-edited-by-dilip-v-jeste-and-barton-w-palmer
#5
Jennifer R Gatchel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767333/leaving-distress-behind-a-randomized-controlled-study-on-change-in-emotional-processing-in-borderline-personality-disorder
#6
Laurent Berthoud, Antonio Pascual-Leone, Franz Caspar, Hervé Tissot, Sabine Keller, Kristina B Rohde, Yves de Roten, Jean-Nicolas Despland, Ueli Kramer
OBJECTIVE: The marked impulsivity and instability of clients suffering from borderline personality disorder (BPD) greatly challenge therapists' understanding and responsiveness. This may hinder the development of a constructive therapeutic relationship despite it being of particular importance in their treatment. Recent studies have shown that using motive-oriented therapeutic relationship (MOTR), a possible operationalization of appropriate therapist responsiveness, can enhance treatment outcome for BPD...
2017: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767332/short-term-group-therapy-for-complicated-grief-the-relationship-between-patients-in-session-reflection-and-outcome
#7
David Kealy, Carlos A Sierra-Hernandez, William E Piper, Anthony S Joyce, Rene Weideman, John S Ogrodniczuk
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study was to examine the nature of patients' work in two types of short-term group psychotherapy. The study sought to investigate the relationship between patients' psychodynamic work versus supportive work in group psychotherapy and treatment outcome at termination and at 6-month follow-up. Psychodynamic work refers to reflection regarding intrapsychic motivations, defenses, and relational patterns, and supportive work refers to practical problem solving...
2017: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767331/unraveling-the-role-of-loneliness-in-depression-the-relationship-between-daily-life-experience-and-behavior
#8
Mark van Winkel, Marieke Wichers, Dina Collip, Nele Jacobs, Catherine Derom, Evert Thiery, Inez Myin-Germeys, Frenk Peeters
OBJECTIVE: Focusing on temporal associations between momentary (or state) loneliness, appraisal of social company, and being alone in daily life may help elucidate mechanisms that contribute to the development of prolonged (or trait) loneliness and major depressive disorder (MDD). We aim to examine if (a) a self-reinforcing loop between loneliness, negative appraisals of social company, and being alone in daily life may contribute to trait loneliness; (b) this possible self-reinforcing loop may also contribute to the development of MDD, by testing differences in temporal relationships between these social elements in participants who did or did not develop MDD during follow-up; and (c) any of these social elements at baseline predicted a MDD at follow-up...
2017: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767330/listening-to-prozac-by-peter-d-kramer-ordinarily-well-the-case-for-antidepressants-by-peter-d-kramernew-york-ny-penguin-books-1993-338-pages-isbn-13-978-0-14-026671-9-18-00-paperback-new-york-ny-farrar-straus-and-giroux-2016-241-pages-isbn-13-978-0-37-428067
#9
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767329/corrigendum
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767328/headache-and-migraine-biology-and-management-edited-by-seymour-diamond
#11
Eric G Meyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767327/a-note-from-the-managing-editor-to-a-managing-editor-remembering-gloria-parloff-1913-2017
#12
Mary Lee Dichtel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409721/ethics-risk-management-and-an-intersectional-view-of-lgbt-mental-health
#13
Richard Ruth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409720/rejection-sensitivity-and-depression-indirect-effects-through-problem-solving
#14
Morganne A Kraines, Tony T Wells
OBJECTIVE: Rejection sensitivity (RS) and deficits in social problem solving are risk factors for depression. Despite their relationship to depression and the potential connection between them, no studies have examined RS and social problem solving together in the context of depression. As such, we examined RS, five facets of social problem solving, and symptoms of depression in a young adult sample. METHOD: A total of 180 participants completed measures of RS, social problem solving, and depressive symptoms...
2017: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409719/katrina-after-the-flood-by-gary-rivlin
#15
Joshua Morganstein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409718/older-adults-exposed-to-ongoing-versus-intense-time-limited-missile-attacks-differences-in-symptoms-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#16
Amit Shrira, Dov Shmotkin, Yuval Palgi, Yaakov Hoffman, Ehud Bodner, Menachem Ben-Ezra, Howard Litwin
OBJECTIVE: The potentially different psychological effects of ongoing trauma vis-à-vis an intense time-limited exposure to trauma have not been examined in older adults. Therefore, this study examined posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and their health concomitants in two groups of older adults in Israel: those exposed to ongoing missile attacks and those exposed to an intense time-limited period of missile attacks. METHOD: In the third administration of the Israeli component of the Survey of Health, Ageing, and Retirement in Europe (SHARE-Israel), 297 older adults reported ongoing exposure to missile attacks due to the Israel-Gaza conflict (mean age = 66...
2017: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409717/being-in-dangerous-territory-ethical-decision-making-and-boundary-negotiations
#17
Elizabeth H Maury
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409716/gang-membership-links-to-violence-exposure-paranoia-ptsd-anxiety-and-forced-control-of-behavior-in-prison
#18
Jane Wood, Sophie Dennard
OBJECTIVE: Gang membership inherently links to violence, and violent experiences strongly relate to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety, and paranoia. Yet to date, gang members' mental health has received little attention, and their paranoia has not been examined. This study, using established measures, assessed street gang and nongang prisoners' levels of violence exposure, symptoms of PTSD, paranoia, and anxiety, forced behavioral control, and segregation in prison. METHOD: Participants were 65 (32 gang and 33 nongang) prisoners, recruited using opportunity sampling...
2017: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409715/an-open-effectiveness-trial-of-a-multimodal-inpatient-treatment-for-depression-and-anxiety-among-adults-with-serious-mental-illness
#19
J Christopher Fowler, Joshua D Clapp, Alok Madan, Jon G Allen, B Christopher Frueh, John M Oldham
OBJECTIVE: This prospective open effectiveness trial examined symptom change trajectories and rates of remission from depression and anxiety in an intensive multimodal inpatient treatment for adults with serious mental illness (SMI). Patient baseline characteristics were examined as mediators/moderators of treatment response. METHODS: Adult inpatients with SMI (N = 994) completed an average of 39 days of inpatient treatment. Latent growth curve (LGC) methods were used to model symptom trajectories, estimating expected remission based on individual patterns of change observed across the sample...
2017: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409714/psychotic-depression-and-suicidal-behavior
#20
Kristin J Fredriksen, Helle K Schoeyen, Jan O Johannessen, Fredrik A Walby, Larry Davidson, Margrethe A Schaufel
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated how severely depressed individuals experienced the relationship between psychotic symptoms and suicidal ideation and behavior. METHOD: Semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted with a purposive sample of nine inpatients from a psychiatric university hospital between September 2012 and May 2013 fulfilling diagnostic criteria for a psychotic depressive episode as part of a unipolar or bipolar disorder. Analysis was conducted using systematic text condensation...
2017: Psychiatry
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