journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Psychiatric Quarterly

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091796/preferences-for-smoking-cessation-support-from-family-and-friends-among-adults-with-serious-mental-illness
#1
Kelly A Aschbrenner, John A Naslund, Lydia Gill, Stephen J Bartels, A James O'Malley, Mary F Brunette
Engaging natural supports may be a promising strategy to promote the use of evidence-based smoking cessation treatment for individuals with serious mental illness (SMI) who smoke. This qualitative study explored preferences for support for quitting from family and friends among individuals with SMI who participated in cessation treatment. Participants were 41 individuals with SMI enrolled in a Medicaid Demonstration Project of smoking cessation at community mental health centers. Open-ended questions asked during a social network interview explored participants' preferences for more support for quitting smoking from family and friends...
January 16, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091795/mood-spectrum-disorders-and-perception-of-pain
#2
Antonella Ciaramella
: Evaluation of pain perception in chronic pain patients with a concomitant mood-spectrum disorder. DESIGN: The observational retrospective study is based on patient data collected in psychosomatic consultations held at the Gift Institute for Integrative Medicine in Pisa, Italy, from 2002 to 2014. Evoked pain stimulus threshold and tolerance were evaluated using the cold pressor test. Clinical pain intensity and Sensorial, Affective, and Evaluative dimensions were assessed using the Italian Pain Questionnaire, and Anxiety and Depressive symptoms using the Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale...
January 14, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975176/the-patient-psychiatrist-relationship-on-the-axis-of-the-other-and-the-same
#3
Gabriel Schreiber, Sofia Avissar, Alan Jotkowitz, Demian Halperin
The patient-psychiatrist relationship is a cornerstone of psychiatric professionalism and ethics. We discuss this topic along the axis of the Other and the Same, concepts defined by continental philosophy. The self of Anglo-American philosophy is typically described in individualistic terms. Individualism, autonomy and ideal self are valorized within the current model of care. These characteristics belong to the Lacanian Imaginary Order, which is the core of narcissism. Patients may yearn for another model of interaction...
December 14, 2016: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957657/adverse-childhood-experiences-among-men-with-schizophrenia
#4
Miguel Vallejos, Oscar M Cesoni, Romina Farinola, Matías S Bertone, Cintia R Prokopez
Individuals who suffered traumatic events or adverse experiences during their childhood have an increased risk of developing during adulthood physical problems, aggressive behavior, and psychiatric disorders, such as schizophrenia. Patients diagnosed with schizophrenia have higher rates of traumatic experiences during childhood than the general population, and those who suffered multiple traumatic events have an increased risk of disease relapse. The current study aims to determine the prevalence of different types of adverse experiences during childhood among a male patient sample with schizophrenia...
December 12, 2016: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957656/variation-in-major-depressive-disorder-onset-by-place-of-origin-among-u-s-latinos
#5
Sungkyu Lee, Yangjin Park
Using a nationally representative sample of 2514 U.S. Latinos, this study examined the extent to which major depressive disorder (MDD) onset differs by place of origin and the factors associated with it. The Kaplan-Meier method estimated the survival and hazard functions for MDD onset by place of origin, and Cox proportional hazards models identified its associative factors. Approximately 13% of the sample had experienced MDD in their lifetimes. Cuban respondents showed the highest survival function, while Puerto Ricans showed the lowest...
December 12, 2016: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957655/death-anxiety-resilience-a-mixed-methods-investigation
#6
Mark Hoelterhoff, Man Cheung Chung
Research was conducted examining how death anxiety influenced PTSD and mental health among people who have experienced a life-threatening event. This study was conducted using undergraduate university students in Lithuania. The study used a mixed-method design and in phase 1, participants (N = 97) completed self-report questionnaires that gathered information on demographics, death anxiety, trauma and well-being. Data indicated a significant correlation between death anxiety and PTSD, but not psychiatric co-morbidity...
December 12, 2016: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848105/patient-therapist-perspective-of-the-working-alliance-in-psychotherapy
#7
Nelson Andrade-González, Guillermo Lahera, Alberto Fernández-Liria
This study aimed to examine perceptions of the working alliance in a sample of Spanish patients and therapists. The alliance was measured after the third and tenth psychotherapy sessions using patient and therapist versions of the Spanish adaptation of the Working Alliance Inventory (WAI). After both sessions, correlations between the patients' and therapists' ratings, both of total alliance and of the various dimensions of the alliance, were moderate at best. Moreover, after the third psychotherapy session, patients' scores for the total alliance and the Goal and Task subscales were significantly higher than the scores from their therapists in these dimensions...
November 16, 2016: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837467/a-cross-cultural-comparison-of-attitude-of-mental-healthcare-professionals-towards-involuntary-treatment-orders
#8
Ming-Hong Hsieh, Hui-Ching Wu, Frank Huang-Chih Chou, Andrew Molodynski
The purpose of this study was to investigate East-West cultural attitudes of mental healthcare professionals (MHPs) towards Involuntary Treatment Orders (ITOs) among Taiwan, England, Wales, and New Zealand. Data on Taiwanese MHPs' views of ITO regime were collected from the National Psychiatric Disease Mandatory Assessment and Community Care Review Committee (N = 176). A national survey instrument was designed to assess the level of support for ITOs among senior clinicians and to determine their views on the importance of various factors in decision-making, the mechanisms through which coercion may work, impediments to its use, and its perceived impact on patients and therapeutic relationships...
November 12, 2016: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815803/advancements-in-undergraduate-medical-education-meeting-the-challenges-of-an-evolving-world-of-education-healthcare-and-technology
#9
REVIEW
P G Shelton, Irma Corral, Brandon Kyle
Restructuring of undergraduate medical education (UGME) has occurred from time to time over the past century. Many influences, including the persuasive report of Abraham Flexner in 1910, acted to reorganize medical education in the early twentieth century [1, 2]. In his report, Flexner called on American medical schools to enact higher graduation standards and to stringently adhere to the protocols of mainstream science in their teaching. Prior to this report, UGME had changed little over the previous century but over the last several decades, reform within medical education has become routine...
November 5, 2016: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815802/psychiatry-resident-training-in-cultural-competence-an-educator-s-toolkit
#10
REVIEW
Irma Corral, Toni L Johnson, Pheston G Shelton, Oliver Glass
Resident physicians training in psychiatry in the U.S. are required to master a body of knowledge related to cultural psychiatry; are expected to adopt attitudes that endorse the principles of cultural competence; and finally are expected to acquire specific cultural competence skills that facilitate working effectively with diverse patients. This article first provides an overview of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) competencies related to cultural competence, as well as the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry's (AACAP) recommendations for the cultural competence training of child/adolescent fellows...
November 5, 2016: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812846/a-comparative-study-of-obsessionality-in-medical-students-law-students-and-controls
#11
Michael D Harries, Suck Won Kim, Jon E Grant
Understanding obsessive-compulsive behavior in medical students and law students is necessary for administrators and educators to properly work with students struggling with obsessionality. We aim to compare the differences in obsessive symptoms between medical students, law students and a control population. A total of 100 third-year medical students, 102 third-year law students and 103 control subjects drawn from the general population completed the Leyton Obsessional Inventory (LOI). Subjects were examined on all three sections (symptoms/traits, resistance and interference) of the LOI...
November 3, 2016: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804008/detecting-incipient-schizophrenia-a-validation-of-the-azima-battery-in-first-episode-psychosis
#12
Hiba Zafran, Barbara Mazer, Beverlea Tallant, Gevorg Chilingaryan, Isabelle Gelinas
Early psychosis intervention aims to accurately detect adolescents and young adults at risk for major mental disorders, particularly schizophrenia, yet early biomedical diagnostic accuracy remains poor. However, phenomenological approaches focusing on eliciting and understanding the subjective experience of help-seeking youth better detect incipient schizophrenia. The Azima Battery is an occupational therapy projective assessment that uses expressive media in a standard setup, in order to phenomenologically elicit and describe the activity performance and narratives of individuals at risk of, or on, the psychotic-spectrum...
November 2, 2016: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804007/general-overview-of-psychotherapeutic-practice-in-poland-results-from-a-nationwide-survey
#13
Hubert Suszek, Lidia Grzesiuk, Rafał Styła, Krzysztof Krawczyk
A total of 1196 persons conducting psychotherapy in Poland fully completed a nationwide online survey (or, alternatively, a paper and pencil enquiry) concerning their education, training, experience, and clinical work (professional environment, patients treated). The results are described in detail and compared with findings of similar studies from other countries. Among the primary findings were: (1) psychotherapy in Poland is conducted mostly by women (80 %); (2) almost all participants have an MA degree (91 %), including 75...
November 2, 2016: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796922/schizophrenia-reaction-to-positive-life-events
#14
REVIEW
Mary V Seeman
Negative life events can exacerbate symptoms in schizophrenia, but there is no literature on the effect on psychotic symptoms of positive life events. The purpose of this review was to scan the literature that studies how the joy that accompanies positive life events can be dampened and dismissed or, alternatively, savored and maintained, and how this contrast applies to schizophrenia. A literature search elicited 53 articles relevant to schizophrenia. Schizophrenia was found to be linked with difficulties in the processing of reward, in feeling that one was deserving of a reward, in sharing news of positive events, in knowing with whom to share, in knowing how to elicit a positive response from listeners when communicating good news, and in ensuring that positive feelings endure...
October 29, 2016: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796921/training-psychiatry-residents-in-professionalism-in-the-digital-world
#15
REVIEW
Nadyah Janine John, P G Shelton, Michael C Lang, Jennifer Ingersoll
Professionalism is an abstract concept which makes it difficult to define, assess and teach. An additional layer of complexity is added when discussing professionalism in the context of digital technology, the internet and social media - the digital world. Current physicians-in-training (residents and fellows) are digital natives having been raised in a digital, media saturated world. Consequently, their use of digital technology and social media has been unconstrained - a reflection of it being integral to their social construct and identity...
October 29, 2016: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796920/training-residents-in-the-use-of-telepsychiatry-review-of-the-literature-and-a-proposed-elective
#16
REVIEW
Sy Atezaz Saeed, Toni L Johnson, Mandeep Bagga, Oliver Glass
Many regions in the United States are deficient in mental health services, especially those in rural areas. As a result of these deficiencies, many patients in need of psychiatric services are often left untreated. Although it is clear that telepsychiatry has great potential in improving patient access to mental health care in areas where psychiatric services are deficient, the lack of familiarity with the technology and inadequate training are current barriers to expanding the use of telepsychiatry. A review of telepsychiatry, its clinical applications, and evidence-based literature regarding competencies in graduate medical education related to telepsychiatry are provided...
October 28, 2016: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796919/accrediting-graduate-medical-education-in-psychiatry-past-present-and-future
#17
REVIEW
Toni Johnson, Nadyah Janine John, Michael Lang, P G Shelton
The current terminology, goals, and general competency framework systematically utilized in the education of residents regardless of specialty is almost unrecognizable and quite foreign to those who trained before 2010. For example, the clinical and professional expectations for physicians-in-training have been placed onto a developmental framework of milestones. The expectations required during training have been expanded to include leadership and team participation skills, proficiency in the use of information technology, systems-based knowledge including respect of resources and cost of care, patient safety, quality improvement, population health and sensitivity to diversity for both individual and populations of patients...
October 28, 2016: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785752/training-psychiatry-residents-in-psychotherapy-the-role-of-manualized-treatments
#18
REVIEW
Joshua Pagano, Brandon N Kyle, Toni L Johnson, Sy Atezaz Saeed
Evidence-based treatment and manualized psychotherapy have a recent but rich history. As interest and research have progressed, defining the role of treatment manuals in resident training and clinical practice has become more important. Although there is not a universal definition of treatment manual, most clinicians and researchers agree that treatment manuals are an essential piece of evidence-based therapy, and that despite several limitations, they offer advantages in training residents in psychotherapy...
October 27, 2016: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785751/the-changing-world-of-psychiatric-education-challenges-and-opportunities
#19
REVIEW
Sy Atezaz Saeed
This special section of the journal focuses on the expanding horizons, challenges, and opportunities for the psychiatric educators. In the six papers that comprise this special section, the authors have covered a broad range of topics in both undergraduate medical education and graduate medical education including topics such as accreditation, technology, how providers can locate education resources, how trainees are taught about professionalism in the digital age, telepsychiatry, manualized psychotherapy treatments, and cultural competence...
October 27, 2016: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783312/educational-scholarship-and-technology-resources-for-a-changing-undergraduate-medical-education-curriculum
#20
REVIEW
Brandon N Kyle, Irma Corral, Nadyah Janine John, P G Shelton
Returning to the original emphasis of higher education, universities have increasingly recognized the value and scholarship of teaching, and medical schools have been part of this educational scholarship movement. At the same time, the preferred learning styles of a new generation of medical students and advancements in technology have driven a need to incorporate technology into psychiatry undergraduate medical education (UGME). Educators need to understand how to find, access, and utilize such educational technology...
October 26, 2016: Psychiatric Quarterly
journal
journal
23923
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"