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Psychiatric Quarterly

Patricia S Mann-Poll, Annet Smit, Eric O Noorthoorn, Wim A Janssen, Bauke Koekkoek, Giel J M Hutschemaekers
International comparative studies show that Dutch seclusion rates are relatively high. Therefore, several programs to change this practice were developed and implemented. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of a seclusion reduction program over a long time frame, from 2004 until 2013. Three phases could be identified; the phase of development and implementation of the program (2004-2007), the project phase (2008-2010) and the consolidation phase (2011-2013). Five inpatient wards of a mental health institute were monitored...
March 12, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Erin A King, Stephen J Tripodi, Christopher A Veeh
Women are one of the fastest growing sectors of the prison population, and have different pathways into prison and differing needs during the reentry process when compared to men (Cloyes et al. J Forensic Nurs; 6:3-14, 2010b; Herrschaft et al. J Offender Rehabil; 48:463-482, 2009). Women report higher levels of mental health problems overall, and report more severe symptomatology (Cloyes et al. J Forensic Nurs; 6:3-14, 2010a; Hyde 2012; Lynch et al. 2014). The current study focuses on the role of severe mental disorders for women released from prison...
March 8, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Bei-Hung Chang, Jeffrey L Geller, Kathleen Biebel
Recovery has emerged as a focus of mental health rehabilitation in the past decade. Many have suggested that various domains of recovery-orientated services are integrated to an efficacious mental health care system. In this study we examined the association of domains of recovery-oriented services with recovery outcomes among inpatients in a state psychiatric hospital. A convenience sample of 36 hospital patients participated in a survey that included two standardized scales, with one measuring 6 domains of recovery-orientation of hospital-based services and one measuring 5 aspects of patients' recovery outcomes...
March 3, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Danjun Feng, Hongyao Li, Lu Meng, Gengkun Zhong
The recovery of people with psychiatric disabilities requires high-quality nursing care. However, the existing research on the nursing competencies needed for caring for people with psychiatric disabilities have been based on a narrow competency framework. By adopting a broader competency framework, this study aimed to find the competencies needed for the nursing care of people with psychiatric disabilities in a hospital environment. Accordingly, a questionnaire will be developed to measure these competences...
February 19, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Yaniv Spinzy, M Saed, S Aviv, G Cohen-Rappaport
When other options fail, physical restraint is used in inpatient psychiatric units as a means to control violent behavior of agitated inpatients and to prevent them from harm. The professional and social discourse regarding the use of restrictive measures and the absence of the inpatients' attitudes towards these measures is notable. Our research therefore tries to fill this gap by interviewing inpatients about these issues. To assess the subjective experience and attitudes of inpatients who have undergone physical restraint...
February 14, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Béatrice Simo, Jean-Marie Bamvita, Jean Caron, Marie-Josée Fleury
This study aimed at identifying and characterizing clusters of mental health service users based on various characteristics in a sample of individuals with mental health problems. Data were collected in the epidemiological catchment area of South-West Montreal, Quebec in 2011 and 2014. Among the 746 participants who reported experiencing a mental health problem (high psychological distress and/or a mental disorder), 29% had used mental health services. A Two-Step cluster analysis was carried out to generate participant profiles based on their visit to mental health professional...
February 12, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Benedikt Habermeyer, Hristijana De Gennaro, Rene Channa Frizi, Patrik Roser, Niklaus Stulz
The aim of this study was to identify factors which are associated with the length of stay in a Swiss mental hospital. Demographical and clinical data of all patients who were admitted to the adult inpatient psychiatric service of the Federal State of Aargau in 2016 were examined regarding their association with the length of stay. The study sample included N = 1479 patients. Mean length of stay was 33 days and the median equalled 26 days. Higher age and a primary diagnosis of psychotic or affective disorder were associated with increased length of stay...
February 12, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Simone Rehn, Guy D Eslick, Vlasios Brakoulias
Randomised and sham-controlled trials (RCTs) of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) have yielded conflicting results, which may be due to the variability in rTMS parameters used. We performed an updated systematic review and meta-analysis on the effectiveness of rTMS for the treatment of OCD and aimed to determine whether certain rTMS parameters, such as cortical target, may be associated with higher treatment effectiveness. After conducting a systematic literature review for RCTs on rTMS for OCD through to 1 December 2016 using MEDLINE, PubMed, Web of Science, PsycINFO, Google, and Google Scholar, we performed a random-effects meta-analysis with the outcome measure as pre-post changes in Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS) scores...
February 9, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Travis Labrum
Despite the high comorbidity of psychiatric and substance use disorders, extremely little research has examined the experience of caregiving for relatives with co-occurring psychiatric and substance use disorders (COD). The primary objective of the present article is to identify characteristics pertaining to care recipients, family caregivers, and the experience of providing caregiving associated with care recipients having COD vs. only having psychiatric disorders (PD). A U.S. community recruited sample of 1394 family caregivers of persons with COD or PD was employed...
February 8, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
David Berle, Vladan Starcevic, Kirupamani Viswasam, Denise Milicevic, Anthony Hannan, Vlasios Brakoulias, Zachary Steel
The construct of dysphoria has been described inconsistently across a broad range of psychopathology. The term has been used to refer to an irritable state of discontent, but is also thought to incorporate anger, resentment and nonspecific symptoms associated with anxiety and depression, such as tension and unhappiness. The Nepean Dysphoria Scale has been developed to allow assessment of dysphoria, but its factor structure has not yet been investigated in clinical samples. We aimed to determine the latent structure of dysphoria as reflected by the Nepean Dysphoria Scale, using a clinical sample...
February 6, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Ofir Turel, Natalie Tasha Poppa, Oren Gil-Or
Addiction symptoms in relation to the use of social networking sites (SNS) can be associated with reduced wellbeing. However, the mechanisms that can control this association have not been fully characterized, despite their relevance to effective treatment of individuals presenting SNS addiction symptoms. In this study we hypothesize that sex and neuroticism, which are important determinants of how people evaluate and respond to addiction symptoms, moderate this association. To examine these assertions, we employed hierarchical linear and logistic regression techniques to analyze data collected with a cross-sectional survey of 215 Israeli college students who use SNS...
February 3, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Zehra Babadagi, Koray M Z Karabekiroglu, Filiz Ucar, Gokce Nur Say, Murat Yuce, Zeynep Gulcin Yildirim
Temperament refers to the totality of individual characteristics present from birth that determine a child's unique style of behavior. Maternal personality and attitudes, one of the factors affecting temperament traits in children, is a frequently investigated subject. However, paternal variables have remained insufficiently studied. The purpose of this study is to investigate the associations between the fathers' temperament, character, attitudes, psychopathology and temperament of the 3-6 years-old children...
January 19, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Catherine Chiles, Elina Stefanovics, Robert Rosenheck
Stigma towards people with mental illness remains a burden for patients and healthcare providers. This study at a large US university examined the attitudes of psychiatry residents and fellows towards mental illness and its causes, and whether their attitudes differed from the medical student attitudes previously studied utilizing the same survey method. An electronic questionnaire examining attitudes toward people with mental illness, causes of mental Illness, and treatment efficacy was used to survey the attitudes of psychiatry residents and fellows...
January 13, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Yulin Hswen, John A Naslund, John S Brownstein, Jared B Hawkins
Digital technologies hold promise for supporting the detection and management of schizophrenia. This exploratory study aimed to generate an initial understanding of whether patterns of communication about depression and anxiety on popular social media among individuals with schizophrenia are consistent with offline representations of the illness. From January to July 2016, posts on Twitter were collected from a sample of Twitter users who self-identify as having a schizophrenia spectrum disorder (n = 203) and a randomly selected sample of control users (n = 173)...
January 12, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Murat Boysan, Abdullah Yıldırım, Lütfullah Beşiroğlu, Mehmet Celal Kefeli, Mücahit Kağan
A growing body of research evidence documents the substantial associations between obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and dissociation. This article describes the development and preliminary psychometric properties of the Van Obsessional Dissociation Questionnaire (VOD-Q). Obsessional dissociation is defined as a tendency to dissociate in reaction to distressing, unwanted and intrusive thoughts, images and impulses. The screening tool is conceptualized to tap obsessional dissociation across three dimensions: obsessional absorption, obsessional depersonalization/ derealization and obsessional amnesia...
January 4, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Kelly A Aschbrenner, John A Naslund, Thomas Grinley, John Carlo M Bienvenida, Stephen J Bartels, Mary Brunette
Understanding how individuals with mental illness who receive services at peer support agencies use technology can inform the development of online and mobile health interventions tailored for users in these non-traditional mental health settings. The purpose of this study was to assess the use of technology among individuals with mental illness at peer support agencies. A survey delivered within peer support agencies (PSAs) in one state assessed technology use among individuals ages 18 and over with a self-identified mental illness receiving services at these agencies...
January 4, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Takefumi Suzuki
Schizophrenia has been claimed to be a "heterogeneous" disorder despite the fact that a diagnosis is made without reliable biomarkers but sorely with a constellation of "common" observable symptoms that however may be overlooked. Alternatively functional impairments are the prerequisite to make a diagnosis and may be simpler and more pragmatic to express objectively. It would then be reasonable to categorize patients according to the magnitude of psychosocial impairments, as has been done in terms of the severity of "classical" symptoms...
January 3, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Alexandra Junewicz, Stephen Bates Billick
Recent expansion of the legal definition of parenthood in New York State raises the question of whether the presence of a genetic relationship between a parent and child trumps environmental and interpersonal factors in the formation of a strong, secure attachment bond. The purpose of this paper is to emphasize that attachment between a child and secure attachment figure is inherently biological, and that such biological attachment supersedes the existence of a genetic parent-child relationship. First, the paper provides an overview of attachment and its biological basis...
January 2, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Konstantinos Tsirigotis, Joanna Łuczak
Lives of people experiencing domestic or/and intimate partner violence abound in many unpleasant events and physical and psychological suffering, which affects their psychosocial functioning. The aim of this study was to explore indirect self-destructiveness as a generalised behavioural tendency and its manifestations in women experiencing domestic violence. The "Chronic Self-Destructiveness Scale" (CS-DS) was used to study two groups of women: 52 women aged 30-65 years (mean age: 40.15) using assistance of the Crisis Intervention Centre due to experienced domestic violence (V group) and 150 well-matched women not experiencing domestic violence (NV group)...
January 2, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Leo Bastiaens, James Galus
The diagnosis of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in adults with Substance Use Disorders is complicated. A specific screening tool, such as the World Health Organization Adult ADHD Self Report Scale Screener can be the first step in identifying the condition. Recently, the screener has been revised because the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth edition, made some changes to the criteria for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. This study compared the screeners based upon the Fourth and Fifth edition of the Manual...
December 22, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
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