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Psychiatric Quarterly

Aline Drapeau, Marie Josée Fleury, Lia Gentil
BACKGROUND: Numerous countries have developed public health programs and restructured mental health service delivery to alleviate the growing burden of mental illness. These initiatives address increased needs for mental health services, as individuals become better-informed and more open-minded concerning psychiatric symptoms and mental health care. This study aimed to investigate how needs for mental health services have increased among Canadian adults in recent years, and how needs may differ across different sociodemographic groups...
October 18, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Raymond B Flannery, Evander Lomke
The medical community and the general public are aware of sudden deaths in apparently healthy infants (SIDS) and in cases of cardiac arrest (SCD). However, there is a third, less-well known, form of sudden death that occurs in persons with epilepsy (SUDEP). This paper provides a detailed overview what is known about SUDEP, including the current important, unresolved issues being considered in the field (research, education, informed consent). This paper also includes an overview of the grieving process common to all three conditions...
October 18, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Chun-Wai Yam, Amir H Pakpour, Mark D Griffiths, Wai-Yan Yau, Cheuk-Long Matthew Lo, Jennifer M T Ng, Chung-Ying Lin, Hildie Leung
Given that there is a lack of instruments assessing internet-related addictions among Chinese population, this study aimed to validate the Chinese version of the nine-item Internet Gaming Disorder Scales- Short Form (IGDS-SF9), Bergen Social Media Addiction Scale (BSMAS), and Smartphone Application-Based Addiction Scale (SABAS) among Hong Kong university students. Participants aged between 17 and 30 years participated in the present study (n = 307; 32.4% males; mean [SD] age = 21.64 [8.11]). All the participants completed the IGDS-SF9, BSMAS, SABAS, and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)...
October 16, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Koji Aso, Hitoshi Okamura
Falls are adverse events affecting psychiatric inpatients that can lead to external injuries, fractures, and death. However, none have attempted to examine fall-related factors, particularly focused on balance, specifically among inpatients with schizophrenia. The present preliminary study aimed to assess the association between falls and balance in patients with schizophrenia. The authors performed baseline assessments of background factors, postural sway, and maximum step length in 120 patients with schizophrenia hospitalized in the psychiatric ward...
October 16, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Ted Boozalis, Sridevi Devaraj, Olaoluwa O Okusaga
High prevalence of obesity in individuals with schizophrenia, associated with metabolic syndrome, leads to high rate of premature deaths from cardiovascular disease (CVD) in this population. Body mass index (BMI) and C-reactive protein (CRP) are correlated in the general population but this relationship has not been fully elucidated in patients with schizophrenia. We aimed to evaluate the correlation between BMI and CRP while relating both variables to plasma lipids in patients with schizophrenia. BMI, fasting high sensitivity CRP (hs-CRP), cotinine, and lipids were measured in 106 patients with schizophrenia (diagnosis confirmed with MINI)...
October 12, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Sophie Cervello, Mael Pulcini, Catherine Massoubre, Béatrice Trombert-Paviot, Eric Fakra
World Health Organization recommends the implementation of alternatives to full-time hospitalizations. Psychiatric home-care has known a worldwide development in the last 20 years. The psychiatric mobile team for social and medico-social institutions in Saint-Etienne, France, (Equipe mobile d'intervention en établissements Sociaux et Médico-sociaux, ESMS) aims to support professionals from medico-social housing institutions (MSHI) in order to maintain people in housing. The objective of the study was to evaluate the efficiency of home-based interventions to reduce hospitalizations and improve collaboration between psychiatric hospital facilities and MSHI...
October 3, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Cordula Eichfeld, Derek Farrell, Marcel Mattheß, Peter Bumke, Ute Sodemann, Nil Ean, Bunna Phoeun, Yulia Direzkia, Filino Firmansyah, Nathanael E J Sumampouw, Helga Mattheß
Southeast Asia contains high numbers of traumatised populations arising from either natural disasters or interpersonal violence. Consequently, the need for empirically based trauma treatments, compromised by insufficiency in appropriately trained clinicians and mental health workers, makes the situation more challenging in addressing traumatic sequelae in local populations. In response, the humanitarian/ trauma capacity building organisation, Trauma Aid Germany, trained 37 therapists in psycho-traumatology, based on EMDR Therapy, which included trauma stabilisation techniques...
September 28, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Man Cheung Chung, Edward R Kaminski
This study compared the severity of chronic idiopathic urticaria (CIU) and psychiatric symptoms between patients with different levels of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and investigated a model depicting the interrelationship between PTSD from past trauma, personality traits, coping strategies, CIU severity and psychiatric symptom severity. One hundred CIU and 60 allergy patients participated in the study, completing measures on PTSD, psychiatric symptoms, personality traits and coping strategies. The results showed that for CIU patients, 7%, 40 and 34% met the diagnostic criteria for no-PTSD, partial-PTSD and full-PTSD respectively whereas for allergy patients, 15%, 45 and 18% met the same criteria...
September 28, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Leo Bastiaens, Olivia Scott, James Galus
Adult ADHD has received increased attention in the past two decades. There is a complex relationship between ADHD and substance use disorders, with ADHD being a risk factor for and a moderator in the treatment of addiction. ADHD is also a risk factor for the development of antisocial personality disorder. As a result, ADHD is prevalent in a correctional dually diagnosed population. This retrospective chart review reports on the effectiveness of the treatment for ADHD in a population with substance use disorders, residing in a correctional community center for treatment and reintegration purposes...
September 26, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Jihene Ben Thabet, Nada Charfi, Wafa Dalhoum, Sourour Yaich, Manel Maâlej Bouali, Sana Omri, Nasreddine Zouari, Lobna Zouari, Jamel Damak, Mohamed Maâlej
Schizophrenia is often accompanied by somatic comorbidities, which make the management challenge of such patients more difficult. In this study, we proposed to identify the sociodemographic and clinical factors correlating with somatic comorbidities in patients with schizophrenia to facilitate screening and prevention. It was a retrospective descriptive study of 78 schizophrenia patients in clinical remission and followed in outpatient psychiatry. In addition to the acquired records, other data were provided by the clinical and biological examinations performed for each patient...
September 21, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Jennifer M Doran, McKenna O'Shea, Ilan Harpaz-Rotem
The aim of the present study was to increase the understanding of clinician experiences with administering two evidence-based psychotherapies (EBPs) for PTSD (Cognitive Processing Therapy and Prolonged Exposure therapy) in the Veterans Affairs Healthcare System (VA). The study assessed clinician perceptions through the use of two, one-hour focus groups and employed a rigorous data analysis approach, Consensual Qualitative Research. Clinicians who work in an outpatient PTSD clinic at a New England VA, and who routinely administer EPBs for PTSD, participated in the study...
September 12, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Sohyune R Sok, Mi Hyeon Seong, Mi Hye Ryu
Concerns about smartphone addiction have been raised as the use time of and dependence on the smartphone is increasing. This study were to examine the differences of self-control, daily life stress, and communication skills between smartphone addiction risk group and general group in nursing students, South Korea. A cross-sectional descriptive design was adopted. Samples were total 139 nursing students (addictive risk: n = 40, general: n = 99) at G and B cities in South Korea. Measures were general characteristics form, self-control scale in Korean version, daily life stress scale for college students, and Global Interpersonal Communication Competence Scale (GICC)...
September 3, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Kanako Taku, Phoebe G Prioleau, David S Anderson, Yuzo Takeguchi, Hideharu Sekine, Masaharu Maeda, Hirooki Yabe, Robert T Yanagisawa, Craig L Katz
Medical students often become involved as post-disaster emergency responders despite incomplete training, and in doing so may suppress their immediate experiences as victims and survivors. This experience, however, may lead them to increase their motivation to help others. We examined how cognitive and emotional reactions to disaster correlated with posttraumatic growth (PTG) in medical students in Fukushima, Japan after the Great East Japan Earthquake of March 11, 2011. To date, Fukushima continues to suffer from radiation concerns following the nuclear power plant meltdown...
December 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Antonella Ciaramella
Recalling an event impairs an individual's later ability to recall related knowledge. Impairment in this retrieval-induced forgetting (RIF) produces a dysfunction in autobiographical memory. This, like somatic symptoms, has been documented in trauma and sexual abuse survivors. To investigate the relationship between past trauma and somatoform disorders, and the role of memory recall dysfunction in this relationship, three sex-matched groups were constituted using DSM IV criteria: Somatoform (SD) (n. 22) other Psychiatric Disorders (PD) (n...
December 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Menglong Li
To explore the influence of exercise motivation and basic psychological needs on exercise dependence among Chinese college students. 1689 college students engaged in long-term exercise were selected from three universities in Hunan province in China as the objects of the survey. 1601 valid copies of the questionnaire were collected. Exercise Addiction Inventory, Motivation for Physical Activity Measure-Revised, Psychological Need Satisfaction in Exercise Scale and other questionnaires were used in the correlation analysis and structural equation model to investigate the influence of psychological needs and exercise motivation on exercise dependence among Chinese college students...
December 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Rebecca Wells, Bobbie Kite, Ellen Breckenridge, Tenaya Sunbury
Despite the compelling logic for integrating care for people with serious mental illness, there is also need for quantitative evidence of results. This retrospective analysis used 2013-2015 data from seven community mental health centers to measure clinical processes and health outcomes for patients receiving integrated primary care (n = 18,505), as well as hospital use for the 3943 patients with hospitalizations during the study period. Bivariate and regression analyses tested associations between integrated care and preventive screening rates, hemoglobin A1c levels, and hospital use...
December 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Pablo López-Silva
Delusions of thought insertion involve subjects claiming that external agents of different nature had placed thoughts into their minds/heads. However, despite being regarded as one of the most severe and complex symptoms of psychotic disorders, a number of disagreements surround the description of its most fundamental phenomenology. This work has reviewed classic and current research on thought insertion in order to examine and clarify its main experiential features as reported by patients from a first-person perspective...
December 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Karen L Fortuna, Kelly A Aschbrenner, Matthew C Lohman, Jessica Brooks, Mark Salzer, Robert Walker, Lisa St George, Stephen J Bartels
Assess certified peer specialists' smartphone ownership, use, and willingness to use smartphones to provide peer-delivered services. Certified peer specialist from 38 states completed an online survey. The final sample of 267 certified peer specialists included respondents from 38 states. The majority of certified peer specialists were female (73%; n = 195) and Caucasian (79.8%; n = 213), with an average age of 50.9 (SD = 12) years, range from 21 to 77 years. More than half of the certified peer specialists (82...
December 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Kathleen E Wilson, Haley Demyanovich, Leah H Rubin, Heidi J Wehring, Catherine Kilday, Deanna L Kelly
Recent literature suggests that schizophrenia is linked to an abnormal response of the immune system. Interferon-γ is a cytokine that acts as a mediator between immune stimulation and the kynurenine pathway and may be related to cognitive abilities. The objectives of the present study are to determine if serum cytokines are correlated with cognitive function differently in patients with schizophrenia compared to controls. Fourteen midlife (30-70 year-old) females with DSM-IV diagnosis of schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder and 13 midlife control females were analyzed...
December 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Mayra Pacheco Pachado, Juliana Nichterwitz Scherer, Luciano Santos Pinto Guimarães, Lisia von Diemen, Flavio Pechansky, Felix Henrique Paim Kessler, Rosa Maria Martins de Almeida
Crack cocaine users frequently report difficulties regarding having healthy and rewarding relationships. Factors other than the use of crack cocaine itself may be at play when it comes to being able to develop healthier connections with partners, adult relatives and close friends. To verify which factors, including demographics, substance abuse related factors and psychiatric comorbidities could be markers for a higher severity of problems in interpersonal relationships of crack cocaine users seeking for treatment...
December 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
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