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Psychiatric Quarterly

Jennifer M Doran, McKenna O'Shea, Ilan Harpaz-Rotem
The aim of the present study was to increase the understanding of clinician experiences with administering two evidence-based psychotherapies (EBPs) for PTSD (Cognitive Processing Therapy and Prolonged Exposure therapy) in the Veterans Affairs Healthcare System (VA). The study assessed clinician perceptions through the use of two, one-hour focus groups and employed a rigorous data analysis approach, Consensual Qualitative Research. Clinicians who work in an outpatient PTSD clinic at a New England VA, and who routinely administer EPBs for PTSD, participated in the study...
September 12, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Sohyune R Sok, Mi Hyeon Seong, Mi Hye Ryu
Concerns about smartphone addiction have been raised as the use time of and dependence on the smartphone is increasing. This study were to examine the differences of self-control, daily life stress, and communication skills between smartphone addiction risk group and general group in nursing students, South Korea. A cross-sectional descriptive design was adopted. Samples were total 139 nursing students (addictive risk: n = 40, general: n = 99) at G and B cities in South Korea. Measures were general characteristics form, self-control scale in Korean version, daily life stress scale for college students, and Global Interpersonal Communication Competence Scale (GICC)...
September 3, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Kanako Taku, Phoebe G Prioleau, David S Anderson, Yuzo Takeguchi, Hideharu Sekine, Masaharu Maeda, Hirooki Yabe, Robert T Yanagisawa, Craig L Katz
Medical students often become involved as post-disaster emergency responders despite incomplete training, and in doing so may suppress their immediate experiences as victims and survivors. This experience, however, may lead them to increase their motivation to help others. We examined how cognitive and emotional reactions to disaster correlated with posttraumatic growth (PTG) in medical students in Fukushima, Japan after the Great East Japan Earthquake of March 11, 2011. To date, Fukushima continues to suffer from radiation concerns following the nuclear power plant meltdown...
August 25, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Antonella Ciaramella
Recalling an event impairs an individual's later ability to recall related knowledge. Impairment in this retrieval-induced forgetting (RIF) produces a dysfunction in autobiographical memory. This, like somatic symptoms, has been documented in trauma and sexual abuse survivors. To investigate the relationship between past trauma and somatoform disorders, and the role of memory recall dysfunction in this relationship, three sex-matched groups were constituted using DSM IV criteria: Somatoform (SD) (n. 22) other Psychiatric Disorders (PD) (n...
August 23, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Menglong Li
To explore the influence of exercise motivation and basic psychological needs on exercise dependence among Chinese college students. 1689 college students engaged in long-term exercise were selected from three universities in Hunan province in China as the objects of the survey. 1601 valid copies of the questionnaire were collected. Exercise Addiction Inventory, Motivation for Physical Activity Measure-Revised, Psychological Need Satisfaction in Exercise Scale and other questionnaires were used in the correlation analysis and structural equation model to investigate the influence of psychological needs and exercise motivation on exercise dependence among Chinese college students...
August 16, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Rebecca Wells, Bobbie Kite, Ellen Breckenridge, Tenaya Sunbury
Despite the compelling logic for integrating care for people with serious mental illness, there is also need for quantitative evidence of results. This retrospective analysis used 2013-2015 data from seven community mental health centers to measure clinical processes and health outcomes for patients receiving integrated primary care (n = 18,505), as well as hospital use for the 3943 patients with hospitalizations during the study period. Bivariate and regression analyses tested associations between integrated care and preventive screening rates, hemoglobin A1c levels, and hospital use...
August 8, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Pablo López-Silva
Delusions of thought insertion involve subjects claiming that external agents of different nature had placed thoughts into their minds/heads. However, despite being regarded as one of the most severe and complex symptoms of psychotic disorders, a number of disagreements surround the description of its most fundamental phenomenology. This work has reviewed classic and current research on thought insertion in order to examine and clarify its main experiential features as reported by patients from a first-person perspective...
August 8, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Karen L Fortuna, Kelly A Aschbrenner, Matthew C Lohman, Jessica Brooks, Mark Salzer, Robert Walker, Lisa St George, Stephen J Bartels
Assess certified peer specialists' smartphone ownership, use, and willingness to use smartphones to provide peer-delivered services. Certified peer specialist from 38 states completed an online survey. The final sample of 267 certified peer specialists included respondents from 38 states. The majority of certified peer specialists were female (73%; n = 195) and Caucasian (79.8%; n = 213), with an average age of 50.9 (SD = 12) years, range from 21 to 77 years. More than half of the certified peer specialists (82...
July 28, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Kathleen E Wilson, Haley Demyanovich, Leah H Rubin, Heidi J Wehring, Catherine Kilday, Deanna L Kelly
Recent literature suggests that schizophrenia is linked to an abnormal response of the immune system. Interferon-γ is a cytokine that acts as a mediator between immune stimulation and the kynurenine pathway and may be related to cognitive abilities. The objectives of the present study are to determine if serum cytokines are correlated with cognitive function differently in patients with schizophrenia compared to controls. Fourteen midlife (30-70 year-old) females with DSM-IV diagnosis of schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder and 13 midlife control females were analyzed...
July 26, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Mayra Pacheco Pachado, Juliana Nichterwitz Scherer, Luciano Santos Pinto Guimarães, Lisia von Diemen, Flavio Pechansky, Felix Henrique Paim Kessler, Rosa Maria Martins de Almeida
Crack cocaine users frequently report difficulties regarding having healthy and rewarding relationships. Factors other than the use of crack cocaine itself may be at play when it comes to being able to develop healthier connections with partners, adult relatives and close friends. To verify which factors, including demographics, substance abuse related factors and psychiatric comorbidities could be markers for a higher severity of problems in interpersonal relationships of crack cocaine users seeking for treatment...
July 17, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Man Cheung Chung, Nowf AlQarni, Mariam AlMazrouei, Shamsa Al Muhairi, Mudar Shakra, Britt Mitchell, Sara Al Mazrouei, Shurooq Al Hashimi
It has been documented that trauma centrality is associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and psychiatric co-morbidity among Syrian refugees. Whether age would influence the levels of the above constructs and the association between trauma centrality and distress outcomes is unclear. This study compared age differences in 1) the levels of trauma centrality, posttraumatic stress disorder and psychiatric co-morbidity, and 2) models depicting the association between trauma centrality and distress outcomes among Syrian refugees...
July 6, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Issa Papiss Bagayogo, Katharina Turcios-Wiswe, Kanako Taku, Lauren Peccoralo, Craig L Katz
Mental illness is a significant cause of disability worldwide, including here in the United States. Given the shortage of trained mental health professionals, a significant portion of patients needing care are managed in the primary care setting. Accountable Care Organizations (ACOs), for example, are seeking to improve the quality of care for this vulnerable population, but many are facing significant challenges relating to integration of new services. We sought to elucidate barriers faced by primary care practitioners (PCPs)-physicians, physician trainees and nurse practitioners-at a New York primary care clinic, which impede delivery of optimal care to those suffering from mental illness...
July 2, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Lloyd I Sederer, Leslie A Marino
The opioid epidemic continues to take thousands of lives each year in the United States, more than motor vehicle accidents and suicides combined. Real solutions, based on science, will require a culture shift in the way that we think about and respond to substance use disorders, in the healthcare system and in our communities. Just more of the same approach will not turn the tide. This article discusses how to better understand the use of psychoactive drugs and how prevention, treatment and policy change can disseminate evidence-based practices, fight stigma, and advance harm reduction; not only as strategies to improve outcomes, but as a social justice movement as well...
July 1, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Mary V Seeman
The elderly with dementing illness often present with psychotic symptoms such as delusions, but the thematic content of delusions in the elderly differs from that of delusions expressed by younger individuals, and can be pathognomonic of early dementia. The aim of this paper is to review the recent literature on the delusion of theft, the most prevalent delusion in the elderly, in order to arrive at a deeper understanding of its sources and to identify successful therapeutic approaches. The literature from 2000 to the present was searched on the Google Scholar database using relevant search terms...
June 28, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Yun-Shu Zhang, Ke-Qing Li, Jian-Hua Sun, Wei Li, Zhi-Hua Tong, Bao-Ping Yan, Gabor S Ungvari, Chee H Ng, Yu-Tao Xiang
In 2006, the "unlocking program" was implemented in Hebei province, China to promote the human rights for people with severe mental illness who were physically restrained at home. We assessed the long term outcomes of the "unlocking program" following the provision of hospital and community psychiatric care over 10 years and explored their associated factors. A total of 107 patients with severe mental illness who were "unlocked" in the program were included. Outcome measures were collected with standardized rating scales at 2 separate time points in August 2012 and November 2016...
September 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Yaniv Spinzy, Saed Maree, Aviv Segev, Gadi Cohen-Rappaport
The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake in the author group section. The correct name of the second author is "Saed Maree" and the third author is "Aviv Segev."
September 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Cameron Laue, Marcus Griffey, Ping-I Lin, Kirk Wallace, Menno van der Schoot, Paul Horn, Ernest Pedapati, Drew Barzman
Social information processing theory hypothesizes that aggressive children pay more attention to cues of hostility and threat in others' behavior, consequently leading to over-interpretation of others' behavior as hostile. While there is abundant evidence of aggressive children demonstrating hostile attribution biases, less well documented is whether such biases stem from over-attendance and hypersensitivity to hostile cues in social situations. Over-attendance to hostile cues would be typified by deviations at any stage of the multi-stage process of social information processing models...
September 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Patricia S Mann-Poll, Annet Smit, Eric O Noorthoorn, Wim A Janssen, Bauke Koekkoek, Giel J M Hutschemaekers
International comparative studies show that Dutch seclusion rates are relatively high. Therefore, several programs to change this practice were developed and implemented. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of a seclusion reduction program over a long time frame, from 2004 until 2013. Three phases could be identified; the phase of development and implementation of the program (2004-2007), the project phase (2008-2010) and the consolidation phase (2011-2013). Five inpatient wards of a mental health institute were monitored...
September 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Erin A King, Stephen J Tripodi, Christopher A Veeh
Women are one of the fastest growing sectors of the prison population, and have different pathways into prison and differing needs during the reentry process when compared to men (Cloyes et al. J Forensic Nurs; 6:3-14, 2010b; Herrschaft et al. J Offender Rehabil; 48:463-482, 2009). Women report higher levels of mental health problems overall, and report more severe symptomatology (Cloyes et al. J Forensic Nurs; 6:3-14, 2010a; Hyde 2012; Lynch et al. 2014). The current study focuses on the role of severe mental disorders for women released from prison...
September 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Bei-Hung Chang, Jeffrey L Geller, Kathleen Biebel
Recovery has emerged as a focus of mental health rehabilitation in the past decade. Many have suggested that various domains of recovery-orientated services are integrated to an efficacious mental health care system. In this study we examined the association of domains of recovery-oriented services with recovery outcomes among inpatients in a state psychiatric hospital. A convenience sample of 36 hospital patients participated in a survey that included two standardized scales, with one measuring 6 domains of recovery-orientation of hospital-based services and one measuring 5 aspects of patients' recovery outcomes...
September 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
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