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Psychiatric Quarterly

Catherine Chiles, Elina Stefanovics, Robert Rosenheck
Stigma towards people with mental illness remains a burden for patients and healthcare providers. This study at a large US university examined the attitudes of psychiatry residents and fellows towards mental illness and its causes, and whether their attitudes differed from the medical student attitudes previously studied utilizing the same survey method. An electronic questionnaire examining attitudes toward people with mental illness, causes of mental Illness, and treatment efficacy was used to survey the attitudes of psychiatry residents and fellows...
January 13, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Yulin Hswen, John A Naslund, John S Brownstein, Jared B Hawkins
Digital technologies hold promise for supporting the detection and management of schizophrenia. This exploratory study aimed to generate an initial understanding of whether patterns of communication about depression and anxiety on popular social media among individuals with schizophrenia are consistent with offline representations of the illness. From January to July 2016, posts on Twitter were collected from a sample of Twitter users who self-identify as having a schizophrenia spectrum disorder (n = 203) and a randomly selected sample of control users (n = 173)...
January 12, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Murat Boysan, Abdullah Yıldırım, Lütfullah Beşiroğlu, Mehmet Celal Kefeli, Mücahit Kağan
A growing body of research evidence documents the substantial associations between obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and dissociation. This article describes the development and preliminary psychometric properties of the Van Obsessional Dissociation Questionnaire (VOD-Q). Obsessional dissociation is defined as a tendency to dissociate in reaction to distressing, unwanted and intrusive thoughts, images and impulses. The screening tool is conceptualized to tap obsessional dissociation across three dimensions: obsessional absorption, obsessional depersonalization/ derealization and obsessional amnesia...
January 4, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Kelly A Aschbrenner, John A Naslund, Thomas Grinley, John Carlo M Bienvenida, Stephen J Bartels, Mary Brunette
Understanding how individuals with mental illness who receive services at peer support agencies use technology can inform the development of online and mobile health interventions tailored for users in these non-traditional mental health settings. The purpose of this study was to assess the use of technology among individuals with mental illness at peer support agencies. A survey delivered within peer support agencies (PSAs) in one state assessed technology use among individuals ages 18 and over with a self-identified mental illness receiving services at these agencies...
January 4, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Takefumi Suzuki
Schizophrenia has been claimed to be a "heterogeneous" disorder despite the fact that a diagnosis is made without reliable biomarkers but sorely with a constellation of "common" observable symptoms that however may be overlooked. Alternatively functional impairments are the prerequisite to make a diagnosis and may be simpler and more pragmatic to express objectively. It would then be reasonable to categorize patients according to the magnitude of psychosocial impairments, as has been done in terms of the severity of "classical" symptoms...
January 3, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Alexandra Junewicz, Stephen Bates Billick
Recent expansion of the legal definition of parenthood in New York State raises the question of whether the presence of a genetic relationship between a parent and child trumps environmental and interpersonal factors in the formation of a strong, secure attachment bond. The purpose of this paper is to emphasize that attachment between a child and secure attachment figure is inherently biological, and that such biological attachment supersedes the existence of a genetic parent-child relationship. First, the paper provides an overview of attachment and its biological basis...
January 2, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Konstantinos Tsirigotis, Joanna Łuczak
Lives of people experiencing domestic or/and intimate partner violence abound in many unpleasant events and physical and psychological suffering, which affects their psychosocial functioning. The aim of this study was to explore indirect self-destructiveness as a generalised behavioural tendency and its manifestations in women experiencing domestic violence. The "Chronic Self-Destructiveness Scale" (CS-DS) was used to study two groups of women: 52 women aged 30-65 years (mean age: 40.15) using assistance of the Crisis Intervention Centre due to experienced domestic violence (V group) and 150 well-matched women not experiencing domestic violence (NV group)...
January 2, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Leo Bastiaens, James Galus
The diagnosis of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in adults with Substance Use Disorders is complicated. A specific screening tool, such as the World Health Organization Adult ADHD Self Report Scale Screener can be the first step in identifying the condition. Recently, the screener has been revised because the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth edition, made some changes to the criteria for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. This study compared the screeners based upon the Fourth and Fifth edition of the Manual...
December 22, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
Raymond B Flannery, Georgina J Flannery
In studying psychiatric patient assaults, assessing the person x event x environment interaction is important in enhancing safety and ensuring quality care. Precipitants to patient assaults have traditionally received less attention than the patient characteristics of such assaults. Reviews of inpatient precipitants from 1960 to 2012 noted acute psychosis, denial of services, and substance abuse as commonly occurring precipitants. The present study reviewed the literature on precipitants from 2013 to 2017. A variety of precipitants, including acute psychosis, substance abuse, and denial of services were observed...
December 19, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
Sy Atezaz Saeed
Telepsychiatry is a viable option for providing psychiatric care to those who are currently underserved or who lack access to services. While the current technology is adequate for most uses, and continues to advance, there remain barriers to its widespread utilization. One such barrier when working with different healthcare systems is that they utilize different electronic medical record systems (EMRs). This paper describes the experience of the North Carolina Statewide Telepsychiatry Program (NC-STeP) with this problem and how the program successfully resolved it by establishing a web portal that connects participating hospital emergency departments and remote psychiatric providers to share secure electronic health information regarding patient encounters across different EMRs...
December 14, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
Felicitas Söhner, Gerhard Baader
Health damages and the late effects of NS trauma were largely ignored in German-speaking countries. This paper describes how dealing with the late effects of Nazi terror influenced post-war psychiatry in West Germany and thus the development of the psychiatric reform. As part of a greater overview study of the impulses and framework conditions of the reform-orientated development of post-war psychiatry in West Germany, this analysis is based on a thorough literary and documentary analysis. The sources show that publications by Helmut Paul and Herberg [81] as well as Baeyer et al...
November 21, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
Laura Pedrini, Mariangela Lanfredi, Clarissa Ferrari, Sonia Andreose, Pasquale Basso, Rossella Beneduce, Rosaria Pioli, Luciana Rillosi, Giuseppe Rossi, Roberta Rossi, Giovanni Battista Tura
The Health of the Nation Outcome Scale (HoNOS) (Lora et al. Epidemiol Psichiatr Soc 10(3):198-212, 2001) is widely used. However, clinicians have expressed concerns about its ability to describe severe mentally ill patients, as it does not consider some relevant clinical aspects. This study aims to develop and validate the HoNOS-Residential Facility (HoNOS-RF) in order to pursue a thorough assessment of patients admitted to psychiatric residential facilities (RFs). The final version of the HoNOS-RF was administered to 409 patients admitted to four RFs...
November 21, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
Marie-Josée Fleury, Guy Grenier, Jean-Marie Bamvita, François Chiocchio
The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake in the author group section. The family name of Dr. François should be "Chiocchio" not "Chiochio."
November 13, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
Jonas Eimontas, Zivile Rimsaite, Goda Gegieckaite, Paulina Zelviene, Evaldas Kazlauskas
Adjustment disorder is one of the most diagnosed mental disorders. However, there is a lack of studies of specialized internet-based psychosocial interventions for adjustment disorder. We aimed to analyze the outcomes of an internet-based unguided self-help psychosocial intervention BADI for adjustment disorder in a two armed randomized controlled trial with a waiting list control group. In total 284 adult participants were randomized in this study. We measured adjustment disorder as a primary outcome, and psychological well-being as a secondary outcome at pre-intervention (T1) and one month after the intervention (T2)...
November 10, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
Konstantinos Tsirigotis
The aim of this work was to review results of research into direct and indirect self-destructiveness in women. Studied projects covered two populations: individuals who attempted suicide and individuals who did not attempt suicide. The Chronic Self-Destructiveness Scale and Bem Sex Role Inventory were used. Intensity of indirect self-destructiveness is lower in women. A probable explanation of the gender paradox in suicides may be the hypothesis that suicides attempted by men more often end in death as men display stronger indirect self-destructiveness...
November 8, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
Chloe Berryman, Christopher J Ferguson, Charles Negy
In recent years many parents, advocates and policy makers have expressed concerns regarding the potential negative impact of social media use. Some studies have indicated that social media use may be tied to negative mental health outcomes, including suicidality, loneliness and decreased empathy. Other studies have not found evidence for harm, or have indicated that social media use may be beneficial for some individuals. The current correlational study examined 467 young adults for their time spent using social media, importance of social media in their lives and tendency to engage in vaguebooking (posting unclear but alarming sounding posts to get attention)...
November 1, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
Xiaohua Di, Man Cheung Chung, King Hung Wan
To examine the prevalence of PTSD following homicide and investigate the relationship between PTSD from past traumas, defense styles and PTSD following homicide and psychiatric co-morbidity. 167 male homicide perpetrators participated in the study and completed the Posttraumatic Stress Diagnostic Scale, the General Health Questionnaire-28 and the Defense Styles Questionnaire. 45% met the criteria for PTSD following homicide and 55% for no-PTSD. With the number of times for imprisonment adjusted, regression analyses showed that immature defense style was associated with PTSD following homicide with the severity of PTSD from past traumas as a moderator...
October 30, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
Claire L Mann, Christina N Gillezeau, Alessandro Massazza, Daniel J Lyons, Kanata Tanaka, Kazuma Yonekura, Hideharu Sekine, Robert Yanagisawa, Craig L Katz
Six years after the March 2011 Triple Disaster, over 35,000 Japanese individuals remain in temporary housing. Evacuated residents, many of who are elderly, face mental health challenges. This study evaluates the well being of individuals living in temporary housing within Fukushima. Reactions to relocation were explored using Photovoice, a community-based participatory research method, in which a set of research questions are examined qualitatively through photographs and interviews. Seven participants (average age = 69...
October 27, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
Ömer Faruk Demirel, Ihsan Cetin, Şenol Turan, Nazım Yıldız, Tarık Sağlam, Alaattin Duran
Tau protein is located in the axons of neurons and in Alzheimer Disease, is abnormally phosphorylated and aggregates into paired helical filaments (neurofibrillary tangles) reflecting the degree of neurofibrillary pathology and neurodegeneration. Although tau and phosphorylated tau (p-Tau) pathology is a hallmark for dementia, few studies were performed in patients of schizophrenia. This preliminary serum study was designed to compare serum total tau and p-Tau levels of schizophrenia patients with healthy controls...
December 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
Mark J Russ
The third victim phenomenon refers to a system-wide organizational response to a serious untoward event in health care settings. The objective of this report is to describe possible measurable correlates of this phenomenon. A serious incident on one unit in the hospital is described. Utilization of constant observation and rate of discharge in the aftermath throughout the hospital were assessed. There was a hospital-wide uptick in conservative decision making following the serious incident, exemplified by an increase in the utilization of constant observation and decreased rate of discharges...
December 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
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