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Psychiatric Quarterly

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534281/elder-mistreatment-perpetrators-with-substance-abuse-and-or-mental-health-conditions-results-from-the-national-elder-mistreatment-study
#1
Travis Labrum, Phyllis L Solomon
A large portion of persons who commit elder mistreatment have long been known to have indicators of substance abuse and/or mental health conditions (SAMHC). However, few studies have specifically examined elder mistreatment by persons with SAMHC, preventing the development of specialized intervention strategies. Using results from the National Elder Mistreatment Study, the current article examines victim, perpetrator, and interaction characteristics between cases of emotional and physical elder mistreatment in which the perpetrator is reported to have vs...
May 23, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523431/the-dsm-5-self-rated-level-1-cross-cutting-symptom-measure-as-a-screening-tool
#2
Leo Bastiaens, James Galus
The DSM-5 Self-Rated Level 1 Cross-Cutting Symptom Measure was developed to aid clinicians with a dimensional assessment of psychopathology; however, this measure resembles a screening tool for several symptomatic domains. The objective of the current study was to examine the basic parameters of sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive power of the measure as a screening tool. One hundred and fifty patients in a correctional community center filled out the measure prior to a psychiatric evaluation, including the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview screen...
May 19, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508302/handedness-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptoms-in-college-students
#3
Hui-Li Lin, Hui-Chun Tsuang
The symptoms of adult Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) generally include impaired concentration; an insensitivity to social cues, being hard to get along with, and being internally restlessness. It is not surprising that these problems are likely to affect the performance of college students with ADHD. The study aims to examine whether ADHD symptoms are associated with handedness in college students in Taiwan. A total of 505 male and 645 female participants completed Annett's handedness questionnaire and the Traditional Chinese College ADHD Response Evaluation Student Response Inventory (C-CARE-SRI)...
May 16, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500477/impact-of-a-program-for-the-management-of-aggressive-behaviors-on-seclusion-and-restraint-use-in-two-high-risk-units-of-a-mental-health-institute
#4
Steve Geoffrion, Jane Goncalves, Charles-Édouard Giguère, Stéphane Guay
The Omega Program for the Management of Aggressive Behaviors aims to reduce patients' dangerous behaviors, towards themselves or others, and to reduce the use of seclusion and restraint (S/R). A previous study in a Mental Health Institute (Montreal, Canada) showed that implementing this program allowed employees of the intensive care and emergency units to gain confidence in coping with patients' aggressions and to reduce their psychological distress. The present study, conducted in the same high-risk units, assesses the effect of the program on S/R use...
May 13, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470468/facebook-for-supporting-a-lifestyle-intervention-for-people-with-major-depressive-disorder-bipolar-disorder-and-schizophrenia-an-exploratory-study
#5
John A Naslund, Kelly A Aschbrenner, Lisa A Marsch, Gregory J McHugo, Stephen J Bartels
To examine whether Facebook could support a community-based group lifestyle intervention for adults with serious mental illness. Participants with serious mental illness and obesity enrolled in a 6-month group lifestyle program were invited to join a secret Facebook group to support their weight loss and physical activity goals. Two peer co-facilitators moderated the Facebook group. The proportion of participants who achieved ≥5% weight loss or improved fitness was measured at follow-up. The relationship between this outcome and participants' interactions in the Facebook group was examined...
May 4, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466366/adjunctive-minocycline-in-clozapine-treated-patients-with-schizophrenia-analyzing-the-effects-of-minocycline-on-clozapine-plasma-levels
#6
Heidi J Wehring, Teresa Elsobky, Joseph P McEvoy, Gopal Vyas, Charles M Richardson, Robert P McMahon, Bethany A DiPaula, Fang Liu, Kelli Sullivan, Robert W Buchanan, Stephanie Feldman, Elizabeth M McMahon, Deanna L Kelly
Clozapine is the sole antipsychotic agent effective for the treatment of refractory schizophrenia. Sixty percent of clozapine-treated patients, however, fail to adequately respond. Minocycline, a tetracycline antibiotic, possesses antiinflammatory and neuroprotective properties that may play a role in schizophrenia. Clozapine is mainly metabolized by CYP1A2 enzymes, and minocycline may potentially inhibit CYP1A2 as hypothesized by case report data. To date, no pharmacokinetic interaction has been reported between minocycline and clozapine...
May 3, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455555/improved-sleep-diet-and-exercise-in-adults-with-serious-mental-illness-results-from-a-pilot-self-management-intervention
#7
Timothy Schmutte, Larry Davidson, Maria O'Connell
Compared to the general population, adults with serious mental illnesses have elevated rates of medical morbidity resulting in a reduced life expectancy of approximately 15 years. Chronic disease self-management programs for adults with serious mental and chronic medical illnesses show some promise in improving physical health-related outcomes, yet none of them address sleep quality. Poor sleep affects a majority of adults with serious mental illness and is robust risk factor for physical morbidity and premature mortality...
April 29, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435992/elevated-plasma-s100b-psychotic-symptoms-and-cognition-in-schizophrenia
#8
Huiqiong Deng, Ramandeep S Kahlon, Satyajit Mohite, Pooja A Amin, Giovana Zunta-Soares, Gabriela D Colpo, Laura Stertz, Gabriel R Fries, Consuelo Walss-Bass, Jair C Soares, Olaoluwa O Okusaga
S100B is a calcium binding protein mainly produced by glial cells. Previous studies have shown elevated levels of S100B in patients with schizophrenia. We measured S100B levels in fasting plasma of 39 patients with schizophrenia and 19 adult healthy controls. We used linear regression to compare S100B between patients and controls. In patients only, we also investigated the relationship between S100B levels and psychotic symptoms (assessed by the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale), and cognitive function (assessed by the NIH Toolbox Cognition Battery), respectively by calculating Pearson's correlation coefficients...
April 24, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367586/neurocognitive-functioning-in-young-adults-with-subclinical-body-dysmorphic-disorder
#9
Austin W Blum, Sarah A Redden, Jon E Grant
Despite reasonable knowledge of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), little is known of its cognitive antecedents. In this study, we evaluated executive functioning and decision-making in people at risk of developing BDD using neuropsychological tests. Participants were non-treatment seeking volunteers (18-29 years) recruited from the general community, and split into two groups: those "at risk" of developing BDD (N = 5) and controls (N = 82). Participants undertook the One-Touch Stockings of Cambridge, Cambridge Gamble and Spatial Working Memory tasks and were assessed with the Body Dysmorphic Disorder Questionnaire...
April 3, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367585/factors-associated-with-length-of-stay-in-psychiatric-inpatient-services-in-london-uk
#10
Loveday Newman, Victoria Harris, Lauren J Evans, Alison Beck
The purpose of this research was to identify factors associated with lengthy stays in psychiatric hospital in a UK mental health trust. A multiple regression using a multiple imputation method to deal with missing data was performed on inpatient admissions data over a four-year period for 7653 individuals. Factors associated with a longer length of stay included gender (being male), ethnicity (being Asian/Asian British, Black/Black British, or having a mixed background compared to being White/White British), accommodation status (being homeless, or in accommodation with support), primary diagnostic group of psychosis (F20-29), and number of care coordinators...
April 3, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353131/frequent-visitors-at-the-psychiatric-emergency-room-a-literature-review
#11
REVIEW
Manuela Schmidt
Frequent visitors at the psychiatric emergency room (PER) constitute a small subgroup of patients, yet they are responsible for a disproportionate number of visits and thus claim considerable resources. Their needs are often left unmet and their repetitive visits reflect their dissatisfaction as well as that of PERs' staff. Motivated by these dilemmas, this study systematically reviews the literature about frequent visitors at PER and seeks to answer two questions: What characterizes frequent visitors at PER in the literature? and What characterizes PER in the literature? Based on 29 studies, this paper offers answers to the two questions based on a strength weakness opportunities and threats (SWOT) analysis...
March 29, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345108/specific-contributions-of-age-of-onset-callous-unemotional-traits-and-impulsivity-to-reactive-and-proactive-aggression-in-youths-with-conduct-disorders
#12
Sébastien Urben, Stéphanie Habersaat, Sandrine Pihet, Maya Suter, Jill de Ridder, Philippe Stéphan
Youths with conduct disorders (CD) are particularly studied for their violent and aggressive behaviors. Many researchers considered aggressive behaviors as being either reactive or proactive. Moreover, factors such as age of CD onset, impulsivity, and callous-unemotional traits, separately, have been related to these different types of aggressive behaviors. However, very few studies addressed the combined contribution of these three factors on proactive and reactive aggression. This question was tested in a sample composed of 43 male adolescents with CD...
March 27, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342141/total-tau-and-phosphorylated-tau-protein-serum-levels-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-compared-with-controls
#13
Ömer Faruk Demirel, Ihsan Cetin, Şenol Turan, Nazım Yıldız, Tarık Sağlam, Alaattin Duran
Tau protein is located in the axons of neurons and in Alzheimer Disease, is abnormally phosphorylated and aggregates into paired helical filaments (neurofibrillary tangles) reflecting the degree of neurofibrillary pathology and neurodegeneration. Although tau and phosphorylated tau (p-Tau) pathology is a hallmark for dementia, few studies were performed in patients of schizophrenia. This preliminary serum study was designed to compare serum total tau and p-Tau levels of schizophrenia patients with healthy controls...
March 25, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342140/correlates-of-the-third-victim-phenomenon
#14
REVIEW
Mark J Russ
The third victim phenomenon refers to a system-wide organizational response to a serious untoward event in health care settings. The objective of this report is to describe possible measurable correlates of this phenomenon. A serious incident on one unit in the hospital is described. Utilization of constant observation and rate of discharge in the aftermath throughout the hospital were assessed. There was a hospital-wide uptick in conservative decision making following the serious incident, exemplified by an increase in the utilization of constant observation and decreased rate of discharges...
March 25, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342139/exploring-the-link-between-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-inflammation-related-medical-conditions-an-epidemiological-examination
#15
Jack Tsai, Jianxun Shen
There have been few epidemiological studies exploring the link between PTSD and inflammation using population-based samples. This study examined the relation between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and inflammation-related medical conditions using data from the 2013-2014 New York City Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Using a representative sample of 1,527 residents in New York City, the association between PTSD and 17 inflammation-related medical conditions were examined. Bivariate and multivariable analyses were conducted, adjusting for demographic characteristics and lifetime depression...
March 25, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293778/evaluating-the-quality-of-rural-intensive-case-management-services-using-administrative-data-an-exploratory-study
#16
Somaia Mohamed
Assertive Community Treatment (ACT) for people with severe mental illness is an effective approach that is increasingly implemented in rural areas. Low-cost methods of evaluating fidelity to program models are needed to assure services are delivered as intended. In 2007, the Veterans Health Administration implemented an ACT-like Mental Health Intensive Case Management (ACT/ICM) program for SMI veterans in rural areas. This study demonstrates the use of administrative data, reflecting patient characteristics and intensity of service delivery, to characterize services delivered by these programs, to compare them to general mental health programs at the same VA medical centers, and to each other...
March 15, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275892/rapid-tranquilization-for-psychiatric-patients-with-psychomotor-agitation-what-is-known-about-it
#17
Clayton Gonçalves de Almeida, Mariana Del Grossi Moura, Silvio Barberato-Filho, Fernando de Sá Del Fiol, Rogério Heládio Lopes Motta, Cristiane de Cássia Bergamaschi
Rapid tranquilization is an intervention used in control of agitation or aggression in patients with mental disorders. This study synthesized the available evidence regarding efficacy and safety of drugs used for rapid tranquilization in psychiatric patients with psychomotor agitation. It is an overview study of systematic reviews and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCT) identified in the database MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, Web of Science, Cochrane Library and LILACS until April 2015. A team of reviewers, in pairs and independently, identified eligible studies and assessed methodological quality using AMSTAR...
March 9, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247288/suffer-from-dialysis-as-a-predictor-of-mental-health-among-kidney-transplant-recipients-a-preliminary-longitudinal-study
#18
Yaira Hamama-Raz, Menachem Ben-Ezra, Yael Tirosh, Roni Baruch, Richard Nakache
Kidney transplant (KT) recipients are exposed to extreme physiological and psychological stressors, which make posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms a reasonable concern for this population. In this preliminary longitudinal study, we aimed to explore whether dialysis's duration and level of suffering from dialysis contribute to the explained variance of post-transplant PTSD symptomatology among KT recipients. One hundred and four consecutive KT recipients (wave 1) were surveyed and approached again (wave 2, N = 61) with the same measurement tools...
March 1, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815802/psychiatry-resident-training-in-cultural-competence-an-educator-s-toolkit
#19
REVIEW
Irma Corral, Toni L Johnson, Pheston G Shelton, Oliver Glass
Resident physicians training in psychiatry in the U.S. are required to master a body of knowledge related to cultural psychiatry; are expected to adopt attitudes that endorse the principles of cultural competence; and finally are expected to acquire specific cultural competence skills that facilitate working effectively with diverse patients. This article first provides an overview of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) competencies related to cultural competence, as well as the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry's (AACAP) recommendations for the cultural competence training of child/adolescent fellows...
June 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27405646/transgression-and-gender
#20
Konstantinos Tsirigotis
Human activity is determined to a great extent by not only biological sex but also gender. The aim of the study was to examine relationships between transgression and types of gender. A population of 558 individuals (399 women and 159 men) aged 19-25 (mean age: 22.6) were studied. The age of the women ranged from 19 to 24 (mean age: 22.4) and of the men-from 19 to 25 (mean age: 22.8). In order to examine the intensity of transgression, the Polish version of the chronic self-destructiveness scale was applied...
June 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
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