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Psychiatric Quarterly

Felicitas Söhner, Gerhard Baader
Health damages and the late effects of NS trauma were largely ignored in German-speaking countries. This paper describes how dealing with the late effects of Nazi terror influenced post-war psychiatry in West Germany and thus the development of the psychiatric reform. As part of a greater overview study of the impulses and framework conditions of the reform-orientated development of post-war psychiatry in West Germany, this analysis is based on a thorough literary and documentary analysis. The sources show that publications by Helmut Paul and Herberg [81] as well as Baeyer et al...
November 21, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
Laura Pedrini, Mariangela Lanfredi, Clarissa Ferrari, Sonia Andreose, Pasquale Basso, Rossella Beneduce, Rosaria Pioli, Luciana Rillosi, Giuseppe Rossi, Roberta Rossi, Giovanni Battista Tura
The Health of the Nation Outcome Scale (HoNOS) (Lora et al. Epidemiol Psichiatr Soc 10(3):198-212, 2001) is widely used. However, clinicians have expressed concerns about its ability to describe severe mentally ill patients, as it does not consider some relevant clinical aspects. This study aims to develop and validate the HoNOS-Residential Facility (HoNOS-RF) in order to pursue a thorough assessment of patients admitted to psychiatric residential facilities (RFs). The final version of the HoNOS-RF was administered to 409 patients admitted to four RFs...
November 21, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
Marie-Josée Fleury, Guy Grenier, Jean-Marie Bamvita, François Chiocchio
The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake in the author group section. The family name of Dr. François should be "Chiocchio" not "Chiochio."
November 13, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
Jonas Eimontas, Zivile Rimsaite, Goda Gegieckaite, Paulina Zelviene, Evaldas Kazlauskas
Adjustment disorder is one of the most diagnosed mental disorders. However, there is a lack of studies of specialized internet-based psychosocial interventions for adjustment disorder. We aimed to analyze the outcomes of an internet-based unguided self-help psychosocial intervention BADI for adjustment disorder in a two armed randomized controlled trial with a waiting list control group. In total 284 adult participants were randomized in this study. We measured adjustment disorder as a primary outcome, and psychological well-being as a secondary outcome at pre-intervention (T1) and one month after the intervention (T2)...
November 10, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
Konstantinos Tsirigotis
The aim of this work was to review results of research into direct and indirect self-destructiveness in women. Studied projects covered two populations: individuals who attempted suicide and individuals who did not attempt suicide. The Chronic Self-Destructiveness Scale and Bem Sex Role Inventory were used. Intensity of indirect self-destructiveness is lower in women. A probable explanation of the gender paradox in suicides may be the hypothesis that suicides attempted by men more often end in death as men display stronger indirect self-destructiveness...
November 8, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
Chloe Berryman, Christopher J Ferguson, Charles Negy
In recent years many parents, advocates and policy makers have expressed concerns regarding the potential negative impact of social media use. Some studies have indicated that social media use may be tied to negative mental health outcomes, including suicidality, loneliness and decreased empathy. Other studies have not found evidence for harm, or have indicated that social media use may be beneficial for some individuals. The current correlational study examined 467 young adults for their time spent using social media, importance of social media in their lives and tendency to engage in vaguebooking (posting unclear but alarming sounding posts to get attention)...
November 1, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
Xiaohua Di, Man Cheung Chung, King Hung Wan
To examine the prevalence of PTSD following homicide and investigate the relationship between PTSD from past traumas, defense styles and PTSD following homicide and psychiatric co-morbidity. 167 male homicide perpetrators participated in the study and completed the Posttraumatic Stress Diagnostic Scale, the General Health Questionnaire-28 and the Defense Styles Questionnaire. 45% met the criteria for PTSD following homicide and 55% for no-PTSD. With the number of times for imprisonment adjusted, regression analyses showed that immature defense style was associated with PTSD following homicide with the severity of PTSD from past traumas as a moderator...
October 30, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
Claire L Mann, Christina N Gillezeau, Alessandro Massazza, Daniel J Lyons, Kanata Tanaka, Kazuma Yonekura, Hideharu Sekine, Robert Yanagisawa, Craig L Katz
Six years after the March 2011 Triple Disaster, over 35,000 Japanese individuals remain in temporary housing. Evacuated residents, many of who are elderly, face mental health challenges. This study evaluates the well being of individuals living in temporary housing within Fukushima. Reactions to relocation were explored using Photovoice, a community-based participatory research method, in which a set of research questions are examined qualitatively through photographs and interviews. Seven participants (average age = 69...
October 27, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
Hwa-Sheng Tang, Po-Fei Chen, For-Wey Lung
The aim of this study was to investigate pathway relationship of personality characteristics and alexithymic traits in OCD symptoms of obsession, and compulsive behavior of washing and checking. Two-hundred and seventy patients diagnosed with OCD were consecutively recruited from the psychiatric outpatient department of a teaching hospital. Structural equation modeling showed those more neurotic, less extraverted and with higher levels of alexithymia difficulty identifying feelings (DIF), difficulty describing feelings (DDF) and externally oriented thinking (EOT) were more likely to develop obsessive thoughts...
October 17, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
Brooke L Maxfield, Carolyn M Pepper
Impulsivity is thought to be a contributing factor in non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI), yet the research is limited and inconsistent. In particular, little is known about how impulsivity is associated with response latency between initial urge and later self-injury, emotion regulation processes, or severity of NSSI. In this study, we tested group differences between participants with and without a history of NSSI on a questionnaire measure of impulsivity. In addition, we tested hypothesized correlations between impulsivity and relevant variables within the NSSI sample using questionnaires and self-reported response latency between urge and injury...
October 11, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
Sy Atezaz Saeed, Stuart Silver, Victor J A Buwalda, Eindra Khin Khin, Jorge R Petit, Farooq Mohyuddin, Pamela Weinberg, Joseph P Merlino, Nena Lekwauwa, Saul Levin
To clarify the relationship between the concepts of management, administration, and leadership in psychiatry. The authors provide a review of the conceptual evolution of administrative psychiatry and develop operational definitions of these three domains. Based upon their experiences, they discuss relevant core competencies and personal attributes. The authors found that the terms psychiatric management, psychiatric administration, and psychiatric leadership are often used interchangeably, yet they each have a different and distinct focus...
October 6, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
Marie-Josée Fleury, Guy Grenier, Jean-Marie Bamvita, François Chiochio
Using a structural analysis, this study examines the relationship between job satisfaction among 315 mental health professionals from the province of Quebec (Canada) and a wide range of variables related to provider characteristics, team characteristics, processes, and emergent states, and organizational culture. We used the Job Satisfaction Survey to assess job satisfaction. Our conceptual framework integrated numerous independent variables adapted from the input-mediator-output-input (IMOI) model and the Integrated Team Effectiveness Model (ITEM)...
October 3, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
Tingting Gao, Yu-Tao Xiang, Han Zhang, Jinglei Gao, Yixi Kong, Yueyang Hu, Songli Mei
The present study aimed to investigate the prevalence and correlates of suicidal behaviors among college students in Jilin Province, China. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2016, using a self-reported questionnaire. Convenience sampling method was used to select college students as participants. The analysis was based on a sample of 730 college students. We use multivariate logistic model to determine the risk factors of suicidal behaviors.The prevalence of suicidal ideation, suicidal plan, suicidal attempts were respectively 13...
October 3, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
Candace White, Eric Frimpong, Steve Huz, Adrienne Ronsani, Marleen Radigan
Though the recovery model has been implemented widely in outpatient mental health settings, there are no large sample evaluations of recovery oriented psychiatric rehabilitation programs that address both serious mental illness (SMI) and co-occurring disorders (COD) using a more comprehensive Medicaid reimbursable approach. This study examined preliminary hospitalization outcomes, for adults with SMI and COD enrolled in the NYS Personalized Recovery Oriented Services (PROS) program. McNemar's chi-square test was used to examine changes in hospitalization rates from pre-PROS admission to post-PROS discharge in a sample of 12,006 adults discharged from PROS...
October 2, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
Raymond B Flannery, Grace Wyshak, Georgina J Flannery
Since the 1960s, empirical research has worked toward a better understanding of the characteristics of assaultive psychiatric patients. International research through 2012 indicated that male and female patients with schizophrenia and other diagnoses presented the greatest risk for assault. This present review of studies that presented raw assault sought to assess the latest research findings on assaultive patients for the most recent 5 year period, 2013-2017. It was hypothesized that male patients with schizophrenia would present the greatest risk...
October 2, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
Phuong T Nguyen, Joanna Lamkin, John H Coverdale, Samuel Scott, Karen Li, Mollie R Gordon
Human trafficking is a serious and prevalent human rights violation that closely intersects with mental health. Limited empirical attention has been paid to the presentations and identification of trafficking victims in psychiatric settings. The primary goal of this paper is to describe the varied presentations of trafficking victims on an urban inpatient psychiatric unit. A literature review was conducted to identify relevant empirical articles to inform our examination of cases. Adult inpatient cases meeting criteria for known or possible human trafficking were systematically identified and illustrative cases were described...
October 2, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
Masako Kageyama, Phyllis Solomon, Keiko Yokoyama, Yukako Nakamura, Sayaka Kobayashi, Chiyo Fujii
There have been several violence-related deaths in Japan due to family violence by persons with severe mental illness against their caregivers. However, it is not often acknowledged that these violent acts are mainly directed at family members. This study aimed to clarify what acts of violence family caregivers experienced from their relative with schizophrenia, and how frequently these violent incidents occurred in their lifetime. We also examined caregivers' thoughts of death about themselves and their relatives, as well as their consultation efforts and escape from the violence perpetrated by their relative...
October 2, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
Karen L Fortuna, Peter R DiMilia, Matthew C Lohman, Martha L Bruce, Cynthia D Zubritsky, Mitch R Halaby, Robert M Walker, Jessica M Brooks, Stephen J Bartels
To assess the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary effectiveness of a peer-delivered and technology supported integrated medical and psychiatric self-management intervention for older adults with serious mental illness. Ten older adults with serious mental illness (i.e., schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, bipolar disorder, or major depressive disorder) and medical comorbidity (i.e., cardiovascular disease, obesity, diabetes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, hypertension, and/or high cholesterol) aged 60 years and older received the PeerTECH intervention in their homes...
September 26, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
Raymond B Flannery, Grace Wyshak, Georgina J Flannery
Psychiatric patient assaults on staff are a worldwide occupational hazard for health care staff that results in human suffering and dollar cost expense. International research through 2012 documented the frequency of these assaults and a continuing high risk for nursing personnel. This present paper reviewed the international published literature on staff victims of patient assaults during the next five year period of 2013-2017. The findings indicate that assaults on staff remain a serious worldwide issue as it has been since the 1990s, even with new policy initiatives in place meant to reduce such violence...
September 25, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
Daniella A Loh, Amul Joshi, Kanako Taku, Nathaniel Mendelsohn, Craig L Katz
There is limited data on how community medical providers in India attempt to diagnose and treat depression, as well as on their general knowledge of and attitudes toward depression. A cross-sectional survey was conducted assessing knowledge and views of clinical depression with 80 non-psychiatric physicians and physician trainees recruited from community clinics and hospitals in Gujarat, India. Interviews were also held with 29 of the physicians to assess what they do in their own practices in regards to detection of and treatment of clinical depression...
September 16, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
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