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Psychiatric Quarterly

Clément Dondé, Nicholas H Neufeld, Pierre A Geoffroy
The neurobiological basis of bipolar disorders (BD) has received increased attention and several brain regions and brain circuits have been correlated with clinical symptoms. These brain regions and circuits may represent targets for neuromodulation techniques such as transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS). We systematically reviewed the literature to explore the risks and benefits of tDCS in BD and examined all mood states. Following the PRISMA guidelines, a systematic literature search using several databases was performed from April 2002 to June 2017...
May 21, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Eric M Cooke, Todd Armstrong, Danielle Boisvert, Jessica Wells, Richard H Lewis, Sheree Hughes-Stamm, David Gangitano
With the advent of new and more readily usable gene sequencing techniques, researchers have been able to examine the interactions between genes and the environment (G X E) within a multitude of scientific perspectives. One area that G X E interactions have been implicated in is the development of antisocial behavior (ASB). Antisocial behavior consists of a wide range of maladaptive behaviors and has been at the forefront of public health and mental health concerns for decades. One genetic polymorphism that has been associated with ASB is MAOA-uVNTR...
May 5, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Martine Hugron, Magali Dufour, Stéphane Guay, Natacha Brunelle, Joël Tremblay, Adèle Morvannou, Danielle Leclerc, Marie-Marthe Cousineau, Michel Rousseau, Djamal Berbiche
A railway accident which occurred in Lac-Megantic in Quebec, Canada, caused disruption for an entire community. This study examines the psychosocial difficulties in a group of exposed adolescents aged between 11 to 17, nine months after the tragedy. The analyses were conducted on a sample of 515 adolescents, attending high school, and living near the impact area. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), mental health problems (depression, anxiety), and problem use of alcohol or drugs prevalence were estimated...
May 4, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Drew Barzman, Yizhao Ni, Marcus Griffey, Alycia Bachtel, Kenneth Lin, Hannah Jackson, Michael Sorter, Melissa DelBello
School violence has increased over the past ten years. This study evaluated students using a more standard and sensitive method to help identify students who are at high risk for school violence. 103 participants were recruited through Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center (CCHMC) from psychiatry outpatient clinics, the inpatient units, and the emergency department. Participants (ages 12-18) were active students in 74 traditional schools (i.e. non-online education). Collateral information was gathered from guardians before participants were evaluated...
May 1, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Maryam Zafer, Shiyuan Liu, Craig L Katz
Harmful alcohol use encompasses a spectrum of habits, including heavy episodic drinking (HED) which increases the risk of acute alcohol-related harms. The prevalence of HED in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (SVG) is 5.7% among the overall population aged 15 years and older and 10.2% among drinkers. Responsible Beverage Service interventions train alcohol servers to limit levels of intoxication attained by customers and decrease acute alcohol-related harms. The objectives of this study were to determine bar tenders' and rum shopkeepers' knowledge of and attitudes toward problem drinking and willingness to participate in server training...
April 28, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Karen L Fortuna, Marianne Storm, Kelly A Aschbrenner, Stephen J Bartels
Description of certified peer specialists integration of peer philosophy into the delivery of a self-management intervention enhanced with mobile health. Qualitative examination of peer case notes that were routinely entered on a peer care management electronic dashboard. This study included consumers with serious mental illness (N = 8) with a mean age of 68.8 years (SD = 4.9). Certified peer specialists (N = 3) were all female and aged 55 years or older. Peers entered 146 case notes on the peer care management notes dashboard...
April 19, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Evgenia Stefanopoulou, David Lewis, Matthew Taylor, James Broscombe, Javid Ahmad, Jan Larkin
Digitally delivered interventions aim to make psychological treatments more widely accessible and minimize clinician input. Although their clinical efficacy against wait-list, control conditions is well established, comparative outcome studies are a much better way to examine if psychotherapies are equally effective. Such reviews are still relatively lacking. The aim of this review was therefore to evaluate the effectiveness of digitally delivered psychological therapies over traditionally delivered (face-to-face) ones to alleviate symptoms in adults experiencing sub-threshold and clinical depression...
April 14, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Navjot Brainch, Patrick Schule, Faith Laurel, Maria Bodic, Theresa Jacob
Limitations on resident duty hours have been widely introduced with the intention of decreasing resident fatigue and improving patient outcomes. While there is evidence of improvement in resident well-being and education following such initiatives, they have inadvertently resulted in increased number of hand-offs between clinicians leading to potential errors in patient care. Current literature emphasizes need for more specialty/setting-specific scheduling, while considering residents' opinions when implementing duty-hour reforms...
April 14, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Raymond B Flannery, Thomas Greenhalgh
Experimental studies have documented the development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in first responders. These studies have routinely included police, firefighters, and paramedics. However, there is another group of first responders that are at risk for PTSD but that has received less research attention. This group is comprised of coroners. This paper reviewed the published data concerning coroners and PTSD and outlined various treatments for addressing coronial PTSD. The findings, the differing treatments, and a detailed methodological inquiry are presented...
April 13, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Yun-Shu Zhang, Ke-Qing Li, Jian-Hua Sun, Wei Li, Zhi-Hua Tong, Bao-Ping Yan, Gabor S Ungvari, Chee H Ng, Yu-Tao Xiang
In 2006, the "unlocking program" was implemented in Hebei province, China to promote the human rights for people with severe mental illness who were physically restrained at home. We assessed the long term outcomes of the "unlocking program" following the provision of hospital and community psychiatric care over 10 years and explored their associated factors. A total of 107 patients with severe mental illness who were "unlocked" in the program were included. Outcome measures were collected with standardized rating scales at 2 separate time points in August 2012 and November 2016...
April 10, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Yaniv Spinzy, Saed Maree, Aviv Segev, Gadi Cohen-Rappaport
The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake in the author group section. The correct name of the second author is "Saed Maree" and the third author is "Aviv Segev."
March 22, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Cameron Laue, Marcus Griffey, Ping-I Lin, Kirk Wallace, Menno van der Schoot, Paul Horn, Ernest Pedapati, Drew Barzman
Social information processing theory hypothesizes that aggressive children pay more attention to cues of hostility and threat in others' behavior, consequently leading to over-interpretation of others' behavior as hostile. While there is abundant evidence of aggressive children demonstrating hostile attribution biases, less well documented is whether such biases stem from over-attendance and hypersensitivity to hostile cues in social situations. Over-attendance to hostile cues would be typified by deviations at any stage of the multi-stage process of social information processing models...
March 19, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Patricia S Mann-Poll, Annet Smit, Eric O Noorthoorn, Wim A Janssen, Bauke Koekkoek, Giel J M Hutschemaekers
International comparative studies show that Dutch seclusion rates are relatively high. Therefore, several programs to change this practice were developed and implemented. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of a seclusion reduction program over a long time frame, from 2004 until 2013. Three phases could be identified; the phase of development and implementation of the program (2004-2007), the project phase (2008-2010) and the consolidation phase (2011-2013). Five inpatient wards of a mental health institute were monitored...
March 12, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Erin A King, Stephen J Tripodi, Christopher A Veeh
Women are one of the fastest growing sectors of the prison population, and have different pathways into prison and differing needs during the reentry process when compared to men (Cloyes et al. J Forensic Nurs; 6:3-14, 2010b; Herrschaft et al. J Offender Rehabil; 48:463-482, 2009). Women report higher levels of mental health problems overall, and report more severe symptomatology (Cloyes et al. J Forensic Nurs; 6:3-14, 2010a; Hyde 2012; Lynch et al. 2014). The current study focuses on the role of severe mental disorders for women released from prison...
March 8, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Bei-Hung Chang, Jeffrey L Geller, Kathleen Biebel
Recovery has emerged as a focus of mental health rehabilitation in the past decade. Many have suggested that various domains of recovery-orientated services are integrated to an efficacious mental health care system. In this study we examined the association of domains of recovery-oriented services with recovery outcomes among inpatients in a state psychiatric hospital. A convenience sample of 36 hospital patients participated in a survey that included two standardized scales, with one measuring 6 domains of recovery-orientation of hospital-based services and one measuring 5 aspects of patients' recovery outcomes...
March 3, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Karen L Fortuna, Peter R DiMilia, Matthew C Lohman, Martha L Bruce, Cynthia D Zubritsky, Mitch R Halaby, Robert M Walker, Jessica M Brooks, Stephen J Bartels
To assess the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary effectiveness of a peer-delivered and technology supported integrated medical and psychiatric self-management intervention for older adults with serious mental illness. Ten older adults with serious mental illness (i.e., schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, bipolar disorder, or major depressive disorder) and medical comorbidity (i.e., cardiovascular disease, obesity, diabetes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, hypertension, and/or high cholesterol) aged 60 years and older received the PeerTECH intervention in their homes...
June 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Ahmed Waqas, Faisal Farooq, Mohsin Raza, Saamia Tahir Javed, Spogmai Khan, Mahrukh Elahi Ghumman, Sadiq Naveed, Mark Haddad
Despite growing concerns over pathological internet usage, studies based on validated psychometric instruments are still lacking in Pakistan. This study aimed to examine the psychometric properties of the Internet Addiction Test (IAT) in a sample of Pakistani students. A total of 522 students of medicine and dentistry completed the questionnaire, which consisted of four sections: (a) demographics, (b) number of hours spent on the Internet per day, (c) English version of the IAT, and (d) the Defense Style Questionnaire-40...
March 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Rapson Gomez, Vasileios Stavropoulos, George Van Doorn
This study used confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) to determine the best model for Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) symptoms in children aged 3 to 15 years, as presented in the Disruptive Behavior Rating Scale. Teachers' ratings of the ODD symptoms of 213 children from general community schools in Australia were obtained. The findings provided most support for a bifactor model based on Stringaris and Goodman's [1] three-factor model (primary factors for irritable, hurtful, and headstrong). The general factor, but not the group factors in the model, showed high omega hierarchical and explained common variance...
March 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Menachem Ben-Ezra, Eric Lis, Agata Błachnio, Lia Ring, Osnat Lavenda, Michal Mahat-Shamir
Whereas role-playing and table-top role-play games (RPGs) have been proven to have potential as therapeutic tools, playing RPGs is often stereotypically associated with social incompetence and psychiatric disorders. Knowledge regarding the stereotype and its implications is very scarce specifically among mental health practitioners. Therefore the present study aimed to narrow this gap in knowledge by examining the perception of Social Workers that are considered to be the forefront of mental health-care, in regard to the association between playing RPGs and mental health...
March 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Konstantinos Tsirigotis, Joanna Łuczak
Violence in the family constitutes a serious social and psychological problem with harmful consequences leading, among others, to changes in the psychological functioning of the victim and, secondarily, also the perpetrator. The aim of this study was to examine resilience in women experiencing domestic violence. The "Ego Resiliency Scale" (ERS) was used to study the group of women suffering domestic violence. The study group included 52 women aged 30-65 years (mean age: 40.15) using assistance of the Crisis Intervention Centre due to experienced domestic violence...
March 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
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