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Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063785/effect-of-socioeconomic-status-on-propensity-to-change-risk-behaviors-following-myocardial-infarction-implications-for-healthy-lifestyle-medicine
#1
REVIEW
Diann E Gaalema, Rebecca J Elliott, Zachary H Morford, Stephen T Higgins, Philip A Ades
INTRODUCTION: Failure to change risk behaviors following myocardial infarction (MI) increases the likelihood of recurrent MI and death. Lower-socioeconomic status (SES) patients are more likely to engage in high-risk behaviors prior to MI. Less well known is whether propensity to change risk behaviors after MI also varies inversely with SES. METHODS: We performed a systematized literature review addressing changes in risk behaviors following MI as a function of SES...
January 4, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062268/pericardial-effusions-causes-diagnosis-and-management
#2
REVIEW
Sneha Vakamudi, Natalie Ho, Paul C Cremer
The presentation of a patient with a pericardial effusion can range from an incidental finding to a life-threatening emergency. Accordingly, the causes of pericardial effusions are numerous and can generally be divided into inflammatory and non-inflammatory etiologies. For all patients with a suspected pericardial effusion, echocardiography is essential to define the location and size of an effusion. In pericardial tamponade, the hemodynamics relate to decreased pericardial compliance, ventricular interdependence, and an inspiratory decrease in the pressure gradient for left ventricular filling...
January 3, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062267/constrictive-pericarditis-a-practical-clinical-approach
#3
REVIEW
William R Miranda, Jae K Oh
Constrictive pericarditis (CP) represents a form of severe diastolic heart failure (HF), secondary to a noncompliant pericardium. The true prevalence of CP is unknown but it is observed in 0.2-0.4% of patients who have undergone cardiac surgery or have had pericardial trauma or inflammation due to a variety of etiologies. Despite its poor prognosis if untreated, CP is a potentially curable disease and surgical pericardiectomy can now be performed at low perioperative mortality in tertiary centers with surgical expertise in pericardial diseases...
January 3, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062266/pericardial-masses-cysts-and-diverticula-a-comprehensive-review-using-multimodality-imaging
#4
REVIEW
Albree Tower-Rader, Deborah Kwon
Pericardial masses/tumors, cysts, and diverticula are quite rare. Presentation is variable and often patients may be asymptomatic with pericardial involvement initially only detected at time of autopsy. When patients do present with symptoms they are often non-specific and often mimic other conditions of the pericardium such as pericarditis, pericardial effusion, constriction or tamponade. Therefore, echocardiography and cross-sectional imaging is essential in identifying and characterizing pericardial disease...
January 3, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062265/community-based-healthy-lifestyle-interventions
#5
REVIEW
Kathy Berra, Barry Franklin, Catriona Jennings
In an environment in which most people have lifestyles that increase risk for initial or recurrent cardiovascular disease (CVD) events, community-based healthy lifestyle initiatives are highly effective in providing programs, education and support to reduce associated CVD risk factors and improve outcomes. Pioneering programs, such as the Stanford Three Community and Five Cities studies, and the North Karelia project in Finland, served as prototypes for current initiatives. These include partnerships with national organizations (e...
January 3, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062264/structure-and-anatomy-of-the-human-pericardium
#6
REVIEW
E Rene Rodriguez, Carmela D Tan
The normal gross anatomy and light microscopy of the human pericardium is presented in detail that allows easy correlation with current cardiac imaging modalities. The anatomical structures of the parietal pericardium are shown from its mediastinal surface, including its ligaments to the sternum diaphragm and vertebral column. The attachments of the parietal pericardium to the great vessels showing the intrapericardial location of the root of the aorta and pulmonary artery are documented. Also the attachments of the parietal pericardium to the venae cavae and the pulmonary veins are illustrated in detail...
January 3, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038911/healthy-living-medicine-in-the-workplace-more-work-to-do
#7
REVIEW
Sherry O Pinkstaff, Amy McNeil, Ross Arena, Lawrence Cahalin
Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are five of the top ten causes of death for Americans: cardiovascular disease (CVD), cancer, lower respiratory disease, stroke and diabetes mellitus. Risk factors for these NCDs and for CVD are tobacco use, poor diet quality, physical inactivity, increase body mass index, increased blood pressure, increased blood cholesterol, and glucose intolerance. Depression, depressive symptoms and anxiety also contribute to CVD risk. There is also evidence work stress itself contributes to CVD risk...
December 27, 2016: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038910/consumer-health-informatics-empowering-healthy-lifestyle-seekers-through-mhealth
#8
REVIEW
Anthony Faiola, Richard J Holden
People are at risk from noncommunicable diseases (NCD) and poor health habits, with interventions like medications and surgery carrying further risk of adverse effects. This paper addresses ways people are increasingly moving to healthy living medicine (HLM) to mitigate such health threats. HLM-seekers increasingly leverage mobile technologies that enable control of personal health information, collaboration with clinicians/other agents to establish healthy living practices. For example, outcomes from consumer health informatics research includes empowering users to take charge of their health through active participation in decision-making about healthcare delivery...
December 27, 2016: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993608/the-cardio-renal-interrelationship
#9
REVIEW
Konstantinos Dean Boudoulas, Filippos Triposkiadis, John Parissis, Javed Butler, Harisios Boudoulas
The heart and the kidney are of utmost importance for the maintenance of cardiovascular (CV) homeostasis. In healthy subjects, hemodynamic changes in either organ may affect hemodynamics of the other organ. This interaction is fine-tuned by neurohumoral activity, including atrial natriuretic peptides, renin-angiotensin aldosterone system and sympathetic activity. Dysfunction or disease of one organ may initiate, accentuate, or precipitate dysfunction or disease state in the other organ, often leading to a vicious cycle...
December 16, 2016: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989679/special-editor-s-page-three-years-as-editor-in-chief
#10
EDITORIAL
Carl J Lavie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2016: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989678/introduction-a-new-renaissance-in-pericardial-diseases
#11
EDITORIAL
Craig R Asher, Allan L Klein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2016: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956197/acute-pericarditis-review
#12
Niraj S Doctor, Ankit B Shah, Neil Coplan, Itzhak Kronzon
Acute pericarditis is an acute inflammatory disease of the pericardium, which may occur in many different disease states (both infectious and non-infectious). Usually the diagnosis is based on symptoms (chest pain, shortness of breath), electrocardiographic changes (ST elevation), physical examination (pericardial friction rub) and elevation of cardiac biomarkers. It may occur in isolation or be associated with an underlying inflammatory disorder. In routine clinical practice, acute pericarditis can be associated with myocarditis due to their overlapping etiologies...
December 10, 2016: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956198/congenital-absence-of-the-pericardium
#13
David Lopez, Craig R Asher
Congenital absence of the pericardium (CAP) is one of the rarest cardiac congenital anomalies. It can occur as a complete absence of the entire pericardium, absence of the right or left portion of the pericardium or a partial, foramen-like defect of the right or left pericardium. While the majority of cases are clinically silent, multiple reports associate CAP with symptomatic presentation. The most feared complication of CAP is sudden death due to cardiac strangulation across a partial defect of the left pericardium...
December 9, 2016: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916673/pathophysiology-of-the-pericardium
#14
REVIEW
Brian D Hoit
Pericardial heart disease includes pericarditis, (an acute, subacute, or chronic fibrinous, noneffusive, or exudative process), and its complications, constriction, (an acute, subacute, or chronic adhesive or fibrocalcific response), and cardiac tamponade. The pathophysiology of cardiac tamponade and constrictive pericarditis readily explains their respective findings on clinical examination, Doppler echocardiography, and at cardiac catheterization. The primary abnormality of cardiac tamponade is pan-cyclic compression of the cardiac chambers by increased pericardial fluid requiring that cardiac chambers compete for a fixed intrapericardial volume...
December 1, 2016: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984052/beta-adrenergic-receptor-blockers-in-hypertension-alive-and-well
#15
William H Frishman
βeta-Adrenergic receptor blockers (β-blockers) are an appropriate treatment for patients having systemic hypertension (HTN) who have concomitant ischemic heart disease (IHD), heart failure, obstructive cardiomyopathy, aortic dissection or certain cardiac arrhythmias. β-blockers can be used in combination with other antiHTN drugs to achieve maximal blood pressure control. Labetalol can be used in HTN emergencies and urgencies. β-blockers may be useful in HTN patients having a hyperkinetic circulation (palpitations, tachycardia, HTN, and anxiety), migraine headache, and essential tremor...
October 27, 2016: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978963/introduction-controversies-in-hypertension
#16
EDITORIAL
Franz H Messerli, Sripal Bangalore
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789315/renal-denervation-for-resistant-hypertension
#17
REVIEW
John P Reilly, Christopher J White
Renal denervation as a treatment for hypertension (HTN) has been shown to be effective as a surgical procedure. Over the past 10 years, an endovascular approach to replicate the results of surgical splanchnicectomy has been investigated to replace this surgical procedure with a less invasive procedure with lower morbidity. Several devices and procedures have been developed, including a non-invasive strategy. We review the improvement of HTN in clinical trials of these devices as well as the shortcomings of these studies...
November 2016: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777044/renin-angiotensin-aldosterone-system-inhibitors-in-hypertension-is-there-evidence-for-benefit-independent-of-blood-pressure-reduction
#18
REVIEW
Chirag Bavishi, Sripal Bangalore, Franz H Messerli
The renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of hypertension (HTN). Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) and angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) are first line anti-HTN drug classes that are potent, effective and largely safe. Direct renin inhibitors (DRIs) have shown similar blood pressure (BP) reduction but more side effects. The efficacy of ACEIs and ARBs (for cardiovascular, cerebrovascular and renal protection) has been promoted to extend beyond what could be explained by BP reduction alone...
November 2016: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697533/exercise-and-hypertension-uncovering-the-mechanisms-of-vascular-control
#19
REVIEW
Ahmad Sabbahi, Ross Arena, Ahmed Elokda, Shane A Phillips
Hypertension (HTN) has recently been determined to be the number one overall risk factor of disease. With direct and indirect costs amounting to $46.4 billion in 2011 and projections of six-fold increases by 2030, the importance of low-cost nonpharmacological interventions can be appreciated. Vascular structural changes, endothelial dysfunction, and sympathetic overstimulation are major contributing factors to the pathophysiology of HTN. Exercise training (ET) for blood pressure (BP) control has been shown to be an effective and integral component of nonpharmacological interventions for BP control...
November 2016: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693861/hypertension-treatment-in-blacks-discussion-of-the-u-s-clinical-practice-guidelines
#20
REVIEW
Stephen K Williams, Joseph Ravenell, Sara Seyedali, Sam Nayef, Gbenga Ogedegbe
Blacks are especially susceptible to hypertension (HTN) and its associated organ damage leading to adverse cardiovascular, cerebrovascular and renal outcomes. Accordingly, HTN is particularly significant in contributing to the black-white racial differences in health outcomes in the US. As such, in order to address these health disparities, practical clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) on how to treat HTN, specifically in blacks, are needed. This review article is a timely addition to the literature because the most recent U...
November 2016: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
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