journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733079/is-an-admission-for-decompensated-heart-failure-inevitable
#1
REVIEW
Alexander J Blood, Ariane M Fraiche, Zubin J Eapen
Given the high prevalence of heart failure (HF) and the profound impact on morbid, mortality, and health care costs, strategies to improve outcomes and reduce cost have become progressively more attractive. Reducing HF hospitalizations as a study outcome has gained traction in recent years. The basic hypothesis of these investigations is that HF hospitalizations are preventable and harmful. This article examines advancements in pharmacotherapy, medical devices, and health care delivery techniques targeting reductions in HF hospitalizations and evaluates the role and implications of hospitalization in the natural history of HF...
July 18, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689854/impact-of-cardiac-rehabilitation-and-exercise-training-programs-in-coronary-heart-disease
#2
REVIEW
Sergey Kachur, Vasutakarn Chongthammakun, Carl J Lavie, Alban De Schutter, Ross Arena, Richard V Milani, Barry A Franklin
Cardiovascular rehabilitation (CR) is the process of developing and maintaining an optimal level of physical, social, and psychological well-being in order to promote recovery from cardiovascular (CV) illness. It is a multi-disciplinary approach encompassing supervised exercise training, patient counseling, education and nutritional guidance that may also enhance quality of life. Beneficial CV effects may include improving coronary heart disease risk factors; particularly exercise capacity, reversing cardiac remodeling, and favorably modifying metabolism and systemic oxygen transport...
July 6, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684221/exercise-training-for-prevention-and-treatment-of-heart-failure
#3
REVIEW
Nitin Kondamudi, Mark Haykowsky, Daniel E Forman, Jarett Berry, Ambarish Pandey
Heart Failure (HF) results in high healthcare costs and burdens for the United States both in respects to hospitalizations, therapies, and associated disability. The relative proportion of HF with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) compared with HF with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) is on the rise; HFpEF has already become the dominant form of HF and it continues to increase. The serious implications of these trends are compounded by a dearth of effective HFpEF therapies. While low physical activity, low cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), and obesity, are risk factors for HF in general, they particularly predispose to HFpEF...
July 3, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666746/micrornas-as-important-regulators-of-exercise-adaptation
#4
REVIEW
Gustavo J J Silva, Anja Bye, Hamid El Azzouzi, Ulrik Wisløff
A significant body of evidence supports the protective role of exercise training (ET) in cardiovascular diseases, skeletal muscle dystrophies, several types of cancer, Alzheimer disease or even in the recovery of spinal cord injury. In spite of this, the molecular mechanisms underlying the beneficial effects of exercise training are not well understood and remain elusive. Several mechanisms have been proposed in the past, but more recently microRNAs (miRNAs), small non-coding RNA molecules involved in a variety of basic biological processes that negatively modulate gene expression, recognized as important regulatory molecules...
June 27, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606473/cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-exercise-training-in-african-americans
#5
REVIEW
Damon L Swift, Neil M Johannsen, Conrad P Earnest, Robert L Newton, Joshua E McGee, Timothy S Church
African Americans (AAs) have a higher risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) compared to their Caucasian American ( CA) counterparts, which represents a major health disparity. Low cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is a well-established independent risk factor for all-cause and CVD mortality, which has been shown across many epidemiological and clinical trials to be lower in AAs compared to CAs. While much attention has been given to traditional health disparity risk factors (e.g. blood pressure, obesity, insulin resistance), the impact of racial differences in CRF on CVD mortality has not been widely considered...
June 10, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576674/public-park-spaces-as-a-platform-to-promote-healthy-living-introducing-a-healthpark-concept
#6
REVIEW
Ross Arena, Samantha Bond, Robert O'Neil, Deepika R Laddu, Andrew P Hills, Carl J Lavie, Amy McNeil
The concept of Healthy Living (HL) as a primary medical intervention continues to gain traction, and rightfully so. Being physically active, consuming a nutritious diet, not smoking and maintaining an appropriate body weight constitute the HL polypill, the foundation of HL medicine (HLM). Daily use of the HL polypill, working toward optimal dosages, portends profound health benefits, substantially reducing the risk of chronic disease [i.e., cardiovascular disease (CVD), pulmonary disease, metabolic syndromes, certain cancers, etc...
May 30, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551473/heart-failure-with-myocardial-recovery-the-patient-whose-heart-failure-has-improved-what-next
#7
REVIEW
Petra Nijst, Pieter Martens, Wilfried Mullens
In an important number of heart failure (HF) patients substantial or complete myocardial recovery occurs. In the strictest sense, myocardial recovery is a return to both normal structure and function of the heart. HF patients with myocardial recovery or recovered ejection fraction (EF; HFrecEF) are a distinct population of HF patients with different underlying etiologies, demographics, comorbidities, response to therapies and outcomes compared to HF patients with persistent reduced (HFrEF) or preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF)...
May 24, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502849/the-interaction-of-cardiorespiratory-fitness-with-obesity-and-the-obesity-paradox-in-cardiovascular-disease
#8
REVIEW
Ahmet Afşin Oktay, Carl J Lavie, Peter F Kokkinos, Parham Parto, Ambarish Pandey, Hector O Ventura
Overweight and obesity are well-established risk factors for most cardiovascular diseases (CVD), including coronary heart disease (CHD), heart failure (HF), and atrial fibrillation. Despite the strong link between excess adiposity and risk of CVD, growing evidence has demonstrated an obesity paradox in patients with CVD. This phenomenon is characterized by a better prognosis in overweight and mildly obese CVD patients than their leaner counterparts. Moreover, the worst outcomes are often incurred by underweight CVD patients, followed by those of normal weight or severely obese...
May 12, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502848/exercise-training-in-athletes-with-heart-disease
#9
REVIEW
Antonio B Fernandez, Paul D Thompson
Exercise events and sport participation have increased over recent decades. The average age of sports participants has also increased with a potential parallel increase in the number of exercise participants with both occult and diagnosed cardiovascular disease (CVD). Habitual physical activity and exercise training reduce atherosclerotic CVD (ASCVD) risk in a curvilinear fashion by affecting multiple ASCVD risk factors. Nonetheless, exercise also increases the risk of sudden cardiac death in both young and adult individuals with occult CVD making it important to balance the risks and benefits of exercise and exercise training in these individuals...
May 12, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501337/late-in-hospital-management-of-patients-hospitalized-with-acute-heart-failure
#10
REVIEW
Nicole B Cyrille, Snehal R Patel
Acute Heart Failure (AHF) hospitalization presents a significant financial burden and portends a poor prognosis following discharge. As such, there has been significant emphasis on the late inpatient management of patients hospitalized with AHF to ensure successful transition to the outpatient setting and to reduce overall readmission and mortality rates. Thorough discharge planning and a multidisciplinary team approach are essential and as outlined in this review should focus on four key elements: the assessment of patients' readiness for discharge, optimization of goal directed medical therapy and appropriate device therapy, patient education and transition to the outpatient care...
May 10, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483606/palliative-care-in-heart-failure-what-triggers-specialist-consultation
#11
REVIEW
Mitchell A Psotka, Kanako Y McKee, Albert Y Liu, Giovanni Elia, Teresa De Marco
Heart failure (HF) continues to cause substantial death and suffering despite the availability of numerous medical, surgical, and technological therapeutic advancements. As a patient-centered holistic discipline focused on improving quality of life and decreasing anguish, palliative care (PC) has a crucial role in the care of HF patients that has been acknowledged by multiple international guidelines. PC can be provided by all members of the HF care team, including but not limited to practitioners with specialty PC training...
May 5, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648183/stroke-treatment-and-prevention
#12
EDITORIAL
Rajan A G Patel, Christopher J White
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546085/imaging-the-cervical-vasculature
#13
REVIEW
Richard E Latchaw, Sheri L Albers
There are many ways to image the cervical vasculature. Each of the imaging techniques will be discussed in detail, including the method of performance, the quality of the images, the advantages and disadvantages compared to other techniques, and the potential complications. The disease entities will be discussed and illustrated with pathologically and clinically proven case material.
May 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539213/medical-management-of-asymptomatic-carotid-artery-stenosis
#14
REVIEW
Aaron W Aday, Joshua A Beckman
Carotid artery atherosclerosis is a major risk factor for both stroke and cardiovascular disease. Appropriate management of asymptomatic patients with carotid artery stenosis (CAS) remains unclear. Although several randomized clinical trials support revascularization in asymptomatic patients with severe CAS to reduce stroke risk, the participants in these trials did not receive optimal medical therapy (OMT) by today's standards. For many individuals, medical therapy may provide excellent risk reduction without the periprocedural risk of endarterectomy or stenting...
May 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502847/the-role-for-cardiologists-in-stroke-intervention
#15
REVIEW
Richard R Heuser
Even though cardiovascular disease (CVD) is still the leading cause of death in the United States, stroke is the second leading global cause of death behind CVD. In the 21st Century, less than 40% of overall stroke patients are discharged to home and almost 25% of Medicare beneficiaries do not survive 90 days. In spite of the fact that tissue plasminogen activator (TPA) has been approved for stroke care for 20 years, only .75% of annual strokes are actually treated with intravenous (IV) TPA. Similar to how interventional cardiologists evolved from IV to catheter mechanical treatment for acute myocardial infarctions (AMI) over 30 years ago, over the last few years, neurointerventionists now perform endovascular stroke therapy in many of these patients using stent retrievers...
May 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478115/asymptomatic-carotid-artery-stenosis-revascularization
#16
REVIEW
Robert D Safian
In patients with carotid stenosis, the most common cause of stroke is atheroembolization, and the risk is strongly related to stenosis severity and symptomatic status (stroke or transient ischemic attack within 6months). Carotid revascularization by carotid endarterectomy (CEA) or carotid artery stenting (CAS) results in plaque "passivation" by lumen enlargement, plaque removal, or plaque coverage with subsequent endothelialization. While there is considerable circumstantial evidence linking a decrease in the risk of stroke to the use of "optimal medical therapy (OMT)", the components of OMT have not been defined, and such therapy has not been rigorously evaluated in any randomized clinical trial (RCT) compared with revascularization...
May 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465001/neuroprotection-in-the-treatment-of-acute-ischemic-stroke
#17
REVIEW
Rajan A G Patel, Paul W McMullen
Neuroprotection remains one of the holy grails of acute ischemic stroke therapy. The ability to protect the ischemic brain from injury until reperfusion and then to protect the brain from reperfusion injury could theoretically improve freedom from disability among stroke survivors. This manuscript reviews the molecular and cellular pathophysiology of stroke and summarizes pharmacologic and other therapies that showed promise in pre-clinical testing as neuroprotection agents. However to date, no compelling efficacy data have been published regarding any pharmacologic or other therapies...
May 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457791/left-atrial-appendage-occlusion-for-stroke-prevention
#18
REVIEW
Arijit Chanda, John P Reilly
More than 2.3 million adults in the United States have atrial fibrillation (AF), which exposes them to a 5-fold increased risk of stroke. The left atrial appendage (LAA) appears to be the source of thrombus formation in the vast majority of these patients. Anticoagulation significantly reduces the risk of stroke, but often we encounter patients who have absolute or relative contraindication to anticoagulation. Percutaneous LAA exclusion offers an alternative to anticoagulation to decrease the risk of stroke...
May 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457790/initial-assessment-and-triage-of-the-stroke-patient
#19
REVIEW
Richard M Zweifler
Nearly 800,000 strokes occur in the United States each year, and stroke is the leading cause of preventable permanent disability. Timely recognition and treatment are imperative to reduce stroke-related morbidity and mortality. Given the evidence supporting intravenous thrombolysis and mechanical thrombectomy for ischemic stroke, stroke symptoms must be rapidly identified and mimics quickly excluded prior to therapeutic decisions. Intravenous tissue plasminogen activator is recommended for all qualified patients and patients with presentations suggesting large vessel occlusion should be evaluated for mechanical thrombectomy...
May 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442330/symptomatic-carotid-artery-disease-revascularization
#20
REVIEW
Piero Montorsi, Stefano Galli, Paolo M Ravagnani, Marco Roffi
Patients with symptomatic carotid artery disease should be managed by a multidisciplinary team including neurologists, vascular surgeons and interventionalists. Duplex ultrasound is the most widely used diagnostic modality to assess carotid disease, followed by additional imaging tests (CT- or MR-angiography) to confirm the severity of the stenosis, detect brain lesions, and assess intracranial circulation as well as the supra-aortic anatomy. Although overall randomized trial results favored (CEA) over carotid artery stenting (CAS) in symptomatic patients, this was likely related to the insufficient expertise of the endovascular specialists in several of the trials...
May 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
journal
journal
23916
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"