journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286137/impact-of-cardiorespiratory-fitness-on-all-cause-and-disease-specific-mortality-advances-since-2009
#1
REVIEW
Matthew P Harber, Leonard A Kaminsky, Ross Arena, Steven N Blair, Barry A Franklin, Jonathan Myers, Robert Ross
Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) has been one of the most widely examined physiological variables, particularly as it relates to functional capacity and human performance. Over the past three decades, CRF has emerged as a strong, independent predictor of all-cause and disease-specific mortality. The evidence supporting the prognostic use of CRF is so powerful that the American Heart Association recently advocated for the routine assessment of CRF as a clinical vital sign. Interestingly, the continuity of evidence of the inverse relationship between CRF and mortality over the past decade exists despite a wide variation of methods used to assess CRF in these studies, ranging from the gold-standard method of directly measured maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) during cardiopulmonary exercise testing to estimation from exercise tests and non-exercise prediction equations...
March 9, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284683/endovascular-treatment-of-vertebral-artery-stenosis
#2
REVIEW
J Stephen Jenkins, Merrill Stewart
Endovascular treatment of vertebral artery stenosis (VAS) is a safe and effective technique for treating symptoms caused by posterior circulation ischemia with high technical and clinical success rates, low complication rates and durable long-term results. Variable restenosis rates have been reported in the literature with small improvements demonstrated using drug eluting stents. Although there is insufficient evidence from randomized trials to demonstrate superiority of endovascular compared to optimal medical therapy for the treatment of this disease, patients who fail medical therapy should be considered for endovascular stenting for symptomatic VAS...
March 8, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274819/impact-of-changes-in-cardiorespiratory-fitness-on-hypertension-dyslipidemia-and-survival-an-overview-of-the-epidemiological-evidence
#3
REVIEW
Xuemei Sui, Mark A Sarzynski, Duck-Chul Lee, Peter F Kokkinos
Over the last fifty years, cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) has been firmly established as an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and all-cause mortality. Mounting evidence supports a strong and inverse association between baseline CRF and the risk of developing hypertension (HTN) and dyslipidemia. Accumulating evidence also suggests that improving or maintaining a certain level of CRF over time leads to lower incidence of HTN and dyslipidemia and improves survival. These findings are promising, with significant public health importance, and warrant further evaluation to elucidate the role of longitudinal changes in CRF during the lifespan on CVD morbidity and mortality, as well as all-cause survival...
March 6, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274818/personal-activity-intelligence-pai-sedentary-behavior-and-cardiovascular-risk-factor-clustering-the-hunt-study
#4
REVIEW
Nina Zisko, Kjerstin Næss Skjerve, Atefe R Tari, Silvana Bucher Sandbakk, Ulrik Wisløff, Bjarne M Nes, Javaid Nauman
Prolonged sedentary behavior (SB) positively associates with clustering of risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD). The recently developed metric for physical activity (PA) tracking called Personal Activity Intelligence (PAI) takes into account age, sex, resting and maximum heart rate, and a score of ≥100 weekly PAI has been shown to reduce the risk of premature CVD death in healthy as well as individuals with known CVD risk factors, regardless of whether or not the current PA recommendations were met...
March 6, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216110/the-current-global-state-of-key-lifestyle-characteristics-health-and-economic-implications
#5
REVIEW
Ross Arena, Amy McNeil, Michael Sagner, Andrew P Hills
The chronic disease crisis we currently face must be addressed in rapid fashion. Cardiovascular (CV) and pulmonary diseases, diabetes as well as several forms of cancer are leading causes of morbidity and mortality globally. Collectively, these conditions have a significant impact on the quality of life of individuals, families and communities, placing an unsustainable burden on health systems. There is hope for the chronic disease crisis in that these conditions are largely preventable or can be delayed to much later in life through a timeless medicine, healthy living...
February 16, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216109/the-evolution-of-health-literacy-and-communication-introducing-health-harmonics
#6
REVIEW
Amy McNeil, Ross Arena
In the last fifteen years, research on the link between health literacy (HL) and poor health outcomes has resulted in mixed results. Since 2004, concerted effort has been made to improve not only practitioner training, but also the HL of the United States population. And yet, to this day, only 12% of adults are considered health literate. Along with increased awareness of HL, creation of strategies and initiatives, such as shared decision, plain language, and decision aides, have improved patient-centered approaches to facilitating a person's ability to obtain and understand health information to the extent that they are able to affect a level of health autonomy; efforts have clearly fallen short given that during the same amount of time, the unhealthy living phenotype and chronic disease burden persists globally...
February 16, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214568/training-health-professionals-to-deliver-healthy-living-medicine
#7
REVIEW
Marie-France Hivert, Amy McNeil, Carl J Lavie, Ross Arena
The growing incidence and prevalence of unhealthy living behaviors leading to compromised health, along with unhealthy supportive environments, are the primary reasons for the current chronic disease crisis in almost all countries. Over the course of health professions training across disciplines, a large amount about information regarding various aspects of chronic disease is introduced, from pathophysiology to a broad array of approaches to examinations (focused on diagnosis and prognosis) and interventions...
February 16, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28189614/the-role-of-technology-in-healthy-living-medicine
#8
REVIEW
Richard V Milani, Nina C Franklin
Health care consumers are taking control of their health information and desire a greater role in managing their health. Approximately 77% of Americans now own a smartphone and the use of health apps have doubled over the past two years. These effects are particularly notable in patients with chronic disease, now representing half the adult population and responsible for 86% of United States health care (HC) costs and 70% of deaths. New opportunities exist as a result of recent advances in home-based wireless devices, apps, wearables, and interactive systems enabling health delivery systems to monitor, advise and treat disease near real time and engage patients in healthy living medicine...
February 11, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192133/global-fitness-levels-findings-from-a-web-based-surveillance-report
#9
REVIEW
Javaid Nauman, Lucas C Tauschek, Leonard A Kaminsky, Bjarne M Nes, Ulrik Wisløff
IMPORTANCE: Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) has shown to improve the classification beyond traditional risk factors and cumulative lifetime risk of death, however, there is no formal multicenter database that provides representative sample on a global scale to accurately interpret CRF measures. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to describe worldwide web-surveillance data of CRF. DESIGN: Cross-sectional population based study. SETTING: Data was collected through a web-based questionnaire, including questions on country and city of residence, ethnicity, level of education, age, gender and anthropometric data such as height, weight, waistline, and maximal and resting pulse rate, on a freely available webpage (www...
February 9, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163014/healthy-lifestyle-medicine-in-the-traditional-healthcare-environment-primary-care-and-cardiac-rehabilitation
#10
REVIEW
Mark A Williams, Leonard A Kaminsky
There is unquestioned value of the need to incorporate Healthy Lifestyle Medicine (HLM) within the traditional models of healthcare. Primary care providers are well positioned to implement HLM as a routine aspect of their healthcare practice. Unfortunately, barriers for this to occur, including poor professional training in the components of HLM and limitations in the time they have available to spend with patients, result in inadequate delivery of HLM from primary care providers. Thus, new approaches for the delivery of HLM need to be developed that would allow primary care providers better, and more, opportunities to make patient referrals...
February 2, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132853/research-opportunities-and-challenges-in-the-era-of-healthy-living-medicine-unlocking-the-potential
#11
REVIEW
Shane A Phillips, Sharon Martino, Ross Arena
Non-communicable diseases, such as cardiovascular disease (CVD), obesity, cancer, pulmonary disease, and diabetes are a very high global health concern. The health costs of risk factors for CVD, such as hypertension (HTN), is mounting and are unrelenting. As an example, it is estimated that direct and indirect costs due to HTN amounted to $46.4 billion in 2011 and projections of six-fold increases by 2030; the importance of low-cost nonpharmacological interventions involving collaborative teams of health care professionals is at a critical junction...
January 26, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126607/healthy-living-the-universal-and-timeless-medicine-for-healthspan
#12
EDITORIAL
Ross Arena, Amy McNeil, Michael Sagner, Carl J Lavie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 23, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089611/government-s-role-in-promoting-healthy-living
#13
REVIEW
Laurie P Whitsel
Worldwide, poor lifestyle behaviors, including obesity, physical inactivity, and low diet quality, are creating an unstainable burden of chronic disease with disparities across geography, race, income, education, and sex. Government plays an important role in addressing lifestyle behaviors and population health, reducing health disparities and chronic disease. Areas for government involvement include surveillance, research, programming, access to health care, quality assurance and guidelines for diet and physical activity (PA)...
January 13, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089610/epidemiology-of-physical-activity-and-exercise-training-in-the-united-states
#14
REVIEW
Peter T Katzmarzyk, I-Min Lee, Corby K Martin, Steven N Blair
The purpose of this review was to provide an overview of the descriptive epidemiology of physical activity (PA) and exercise training in the United States. Overall, there is a low prevalence of meeting the current PA guidelines in all age, sex and race/ethnic groups. Among adults the prevalence of meeting the aerobic component of the guidelines is approximately 51%, whereas the prevalence of meeting both the aerobic and muscle-strengthening guidelines is approximately 23%. Approximately 27% of high school students meet the aerobic component of the pediatric guidelines (60 minutes of daily moderate-to-vigorous activity), and the proportion of youth meeting the guidelines decreases with advancing age...
January 12, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063785/effect-of-socioeconomic-status-on-propensity-to-change-risk-behaviors-following-myocardial-infarction-implications-for-healthy-lifestyle-medicine
#15
REVIEW
Diann E Gaalema, Rebecca J Elliott, Zachary H Morford, Stephen T Higgins, Philip A Ades
Failure to change risk behaviors following myocardial infarction (MI) increases the likelihood of recurrent MI and death. Lower-socioeconomic status (SES) patients are more likely to engage in high-risk behaviors prior to MI. Less well known is whether propensity to change risk behaviors after MI also varies inversely with SES. We performed a systematized literature review addressing changes in risk behaviors following MI as a function of SES. 2160 abstracts were reviewed and 44 met eligibility criteria. Behaviors included smoking cessation, cardiac rehabilitation (CR), medication adherence, diet, and physical activity (PA)...
January 5, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062265/community-based-healthy-living-interventions
#16
REVIEW
Kathy Berra, Barry Franklin, Catriona Jennings
In an environment in which most people have lifestyles that increase risk for initial or recurrent cardiovascular disease (CVD) events, community-based healthy lifestyle initiatives are highly effective in providing programs, education and support to reduce associated CVD risk factors and improve outcomes. Pioneering programs, such as the Stanford Three Community and Five Cities studies, and the North Karelia project in Finland, served as prototypes for current initiatives. These include partnerships with national organizations (e...
January 4, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062267/constrictive-pericarditis-a-practical-clinical-approach
#17
REVIEW
William R Miranda, Jae K Oh
Constrictive pericarditis (CP) represents a form of severe diastolic heart failure (HF), secondary to a noncompliant pericardium. The true prevalence of CP is unknown but it is observed in 0.2-0.4% of patients who have undergone cardiac surgery or have had pericardial trauma or inflammation due to a variety of etiologies. Despite its poor prognosis if untreated, CP is a potentially curable disease and surgical pericardiectomy can now be performed at low perioperative mortality in tertiary centers with surgical expertise in pericardial diseases...
January 3, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062266/pericardial-masses-cysts-and-diverticula-a-comprehensive-review-using-multimodality-imaging
#18
REVIEW
Albree Tower-Rader, Deborah Kwon
Pericardial masses/tumors, cysts, and diverticula are quite rare. Presentation is variable and often patients may be asymptomatic with pericardial involvement initially only detected at time of autopsy. When patients do present with symptoms they are often non-specific and often mimic other conditions of the pericardium such as pericarditis, pericardial effusion, constriction or tamponade. Therefore, echocardiography and cross-sectional imaging is essential in identifying and characterizing pericardial disease...
January 3, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062264/structure-and-anatomy-of-the-human-pericardium
#19
REVIEW
E Rene Rodriguez, Carmela D Tan
The normal gross anatomy and light microscopy of the human pericardium is presented in detail that allows easy correlation with current cardiac imaging modalities. The anatomical structures of the parietal pericardium are shown from its mediastinal surface, including its ligaments to the sternum diaphragm and vertebral column. The attachments of the parietal pericardium to the great vessels showing the intrapericardial location of the root of the aorta and pulmonary artery are documented. Also the attachments of the parietal pericardium to the venae cavae and the pulmonary veins are illustrated in detail...
January 3, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214508/surgical-management-of-pericardial-diseases
#20
REVIEW
Douglas R Johnston
Disease of the pericardium represents a relatively rare indication for cardiac surgery, and there exist no widely accepted guidelines for surgical management. As such, the surgical approach to the pericardium has relied largely on institutional experience with a slow evolution based on published studies. In particular, management of pericardial constriction has varied widely from surgeon to surgeon and institution to institution, in large part due to a perception of inherent high risk to the procedure. This review covers the current practice of surgery for disease of the pericardium, with particular focus on the evolution of indications for pericardiectomy, new applications in inflammatory or relapsing pericarditis, and the progressive refinement in surgical technique and operative planning which have led to significantly improved outcomes in experienced centers...
January 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
journal
journal
23916
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"