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Population Studies

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631528/determined-to-stop-longitudinal-analysis-of-the-desire-to-have-no-more-children-in-rural-mozambique
#1
Sarah R Hayford, Victor Agadjanian
Classic demographic theories conceptualize desired family size as a fixed goal that guides fertility intentions over the childbearing years. However, a growing body of research shows that fertility plans, even nominally long-term plans for completed childbearing, change in response to short-term conditions. Because of data limitations, much of this research has focused on low-fertility contexts, but short-term conditions are likely to be even more important in high-fertility contexts. This paper uses three waves of survey data collected in rural Mozambique to study predictors of the desire to stop childbearing in a context of relatively high fertility and high individual and social instability...
June 20, 2017: Population Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621177/gender-bias-in-reproductive-behaviour-in-georgia-indonesia-and-vietnam-an-application-of-the-own-children-method
#2
Christophe Z Guilmoto
I present a method for estimating indicators of gender bias in reproductive behaviour, using microdata based on the own-children method. The method is first tested on a large sample from India with both birth history and household records. I then apply the method to Georgia, Indonesia, and Vietnam. My estimates demonstrate that the proportion of Georgian couples expressing a preference for sons in their fertility behaviour closely corresponds to the proportion resorting to sex selection at high parities. I show how individual Indonesian provinces provide examples of both son and daughter preference...
June 16, 2017: Population Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610548/combining-forward-and-backward-mortality-estimation
#3
Dan A Black, Yu-Chieh Hsu, Seth G Sanders, Lowell J Taylor
Demographers often form estimates by combining information from two data sources-a challenging problem when one or both data sources are incomplete. A classic example entails the construction of death probabilities, which requires death counts for the subpopulations under study and corresponding base population estimates. Approaches typically entail 'back projection', as in Wrigley and Schofield's seminal analysis of historical English data, or 'inverse' or 'forward projection' as used by Lee in his important reanalysis of that work, both published in the 1980s...
June 14, 2017: Population Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28565976/differences-in-labour-force-participation-by-motherhood-status-among-second-generation-turkish-and-majority-women-across-europe
#4
Jennifer A Holland, Helga A G de Valk
Second-generation Turkish immigrants make up an increasingly important segment of European labour markets. These young adults are entering the prime working ages and forming families. However, we have only a limited understanding of the relationship between labour force participation and parenthood among second-generation Turkish women. Using unique data from the Integration of the European Second Generation survey (2007/08), we compared the labour force participation of second-generation Turkish women with their majority-group counterparts by motherhood status in four countries...
June 1, 2017: Population Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514876/potential-support-ratios-cohort-versus-period-perspectives
#5
Søren Kjærgaard, Vladimir Canudas-Romo
The 'prospective potential support ratio' has been proposed by researchers as a measure that accurately quantifies the burden of ageing, by identifying the fraction of a population that has passed a certain measure of longevity, for example, 17 years of life expectancy. Nevertheless, the prospective potential support ratio usually focuses on the current mortality schedule, or period life expectancy. Instead, in this paper we look at the actual mortality experienced by cohorts in a population, using cohort life tables...
May 18, 2017: Population Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508707/maternal-union-instability-and-childhood-mortality-risk-in-the-global-south-2010-14
#6
Laurie F DeRose, Andrés Salazar-Arango, Paúl Corcuera García, Montserrat Gas-Aixendri, Reynaldo Rivera
Efforts to improve child survival in lower-income countries typically focus on fundamental factors such as economic resources and infrastructure provision, even though research from post-industrial countries confirms that family instability has important health consequences. We tested the association between maternal union instability and children's mortality risk in Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean, and Asia using children's actual experience of mortality (discrete-time probit hazard models) as well as their experience of untreated morbidity (probit regression)...
May 16, 2017: Population Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440109/the-demography-of-words-the-global-decline-in-non-numeric-fertility-preferences-1993-2011
#7
Margaret Frye, Lauren Bachan
This paper examines the decline in non-numeric responses to questions about fertility preferences among women in the developing world. These types of response-such as 'don't know' or 'it's up to God'-have often been interpreted through the lens of fertility transition theory as an indication that reproduction has not yet entered women's 'calculus of conscious choice'. However, this has yet to be investigated cross-nationally and over time. Using 19 years of data from 32 countries, we find that non-numeric fertility preferences decline most substantially in the early stages of a country's fertility transition...
April 25, 2017: Population Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545347/family-composition-and-marital-dissolution-in-rural-nepal-1945-2008
#8
Elyse A Jennings
The presence, number, sex, and age composition of children within families can have important influences on couples' marital outcomes. Children are valued across settings, but their value in settings where there is an absence of formalized social security is distinctive. This paper explores the influences of childlessness, and different number, age, and sex compositions of children, on the odds of marital dissolution among couples in rural Nepal. Results reveal that childless couples face significantly higher odds of dissolution than couples with at least one child, and each additional child-up to three children-reduces couples' odds of dissolution...
July 2017: Population Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406058/the-migrant-border-crossing-study-a-methodological-overview-of-research-along-the-sonora-arizona-border
#9
Daniel E Martínez, Jeremy Slack, Kraig Beyerlein, Prescott Vandervoet, Kristin Klingman, Paola Molina, Shiras Manning, Melissa Burham, Kylie Walzak, Kristen Valencia, Lorenzo Gamboa
Increased border enforcement efforts have redistributed unauthorized Mexican migration to the United States (US) away from traditional points of crossing, such as San Diego and El Paso, and into more remote areas along the US-Mexico border, including southern Arizona. Yet relatively little quantitative scholarly work exists examining Mexican migrants' crossing, apprehension, and repatriation experiences in southern Arizona. We contend that if scholars truly want to understand the experiences of unauthorized migrants in transit, such migrants should be interviewed either at the border after being removed from the US, or during their trajectories across the border, or both...
April 13, 2017: Population Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398130/mortality-fertility-synergies-during-the-demographic-transition-in-the-developed-world
#10
Jesús J Sánchez-Barricarte
The classic theory used to explain the demographic transition assumes that mortality is the key explanatory variable influencing the decline in fertility. However, the empirical results obtained in what is known as the Princeton European Fertility Project have led many specialists to question this assumption. Using both national and provincial aggregated data for 25 countries over a long time span, the analysis reported in this paper found that mortality does indeed play a fundamental role in accounting for the main demographic changes that occurred both before and during the transitional period...
April 11, 2017: Population Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397543/trends-in-the-age-at-reproductive-transitions-in-the-developing-world-the-role-of-education
#11
John Bongaarts, Barbara S Mensch, Ann K Blanc
Girls' school participation has expanded considerably in the developing world over the last few decades, a phenomenon expected to have substantial consequences for reproductive behaviour. Using Demographic and Health Survey data from 43 countries, this paper examines trends and differentials in the mean ages at three critical life-cycle events for young women: first sexual intercourse, first marriage, and first birth. We measure the extent to which trends in the timing of these events are driven either by the changing educational composition of populations or by changes in behaviour within education groups...
April 11, 2017: Population Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209086/dynamic-demographic-analysis
#12
Steve Smallwood
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Population Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209085/the-life-project-the-extraordinary-story-of-our-ordinary-lives
#13
Heather Joshi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Population Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209084/the-effect-of-number-of-siblings-on-adult-mortality-evidence-from-swedish-registers-for-cohorts-born-between-1938-and-1972
#14
Anna Baranowska-Rataj, Kieron Barclay, Martin Kolk
Demographic research has paid much attention to the impact of childhood conditions on adult mortality. We focus on one of the key aspects of early life conditions, sibling group size, and examine the causal effect of growing up in a large family on mortality. While previous studies have focused on low- or middle-income countries, we examine whether growing up in a large family is a disadvantage in Sweden, a context where most parents have adequate resources, which are complemented by a generous welfare state...
March 2017: Population Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209083/the-marriage-boom-and-marriage-bust-in-the-united-states-an-age-period-cohort-analysis
#15
Jona Schellekens
In the 1950s and 1960s there was an unprecedented marriage boom in the United States. This was followed in the 1970s by a marriage bust. Some argue that both phenomena are cohort effects, while others argue that they are period effects. The study reported here tested the major period and cohort theories of the marriage boom and bust, by estimating an age-period-cohort model of first marriage for the years 1925-79 using census microdata. The results of the analysis indicate that the marriage boom was mostly a period effect, although there were also cohort influences...
March 2017: Population Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209081/sociology-as-a-population-science
#16
John Cleland
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Population Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139166/moving-beyond-the-household-innovations-in-data-collection-on-kinship
#17
Sangeetha Madhavan, Shelley Clark, Donatien Beguy, Caroline W Kabiru, Mark Gross
Across settings, it has been shown that the co-residential household is an insufficient measure of family structure and support. However, it continues to be the primary means of population data collection. To address this problem, we developed a new instrument, the Kinship Support Tree (KST), to collect kinship structure and support data on co-residential and non-residential kin and tested it on a sample of 462 single mothers and their children in a slum community in Nairobi, Kenya. This instrument is unique in four important ways: (1) it is not limited to the co-residential household; (2) it distinguishes potential from functional kin; (3) it incorporates multiple geospatial measures; and (4) it collects data on kin relationships specifically for children...
March 2017: Population Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897080/do-perceptions-of-their-partners-childbearing-desires-affect-young-women-s-pregnancy-risk-further-study-of-ambivalence
#18
Warren B Miller, Jennifer S Barber, Paul Schulz
We explore whether young women's perceptions of their sexual partners' childbearing desires contribute to their risk of pregnancy. We used weekly journal data collected from 787 young women to measure their childbearing desires and their perceptions of their partners' childbearing desires. We then conducted hazard modelling to predict pregnancy risk with variables based on interactions between the women's desires and their perceived partners' desires. Models that include perceived partners' desires perform better than one based on women's desires alone...
March 2017: Population Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884093/socio-economic-status-and-fertility-decline-insights-from-historical-transitions-in-europe-and-north-america
#19
Martin Dribe, Marco Breschi, Alain Gagnon, Danielle Gauvreau, Heidi A Hanson, Thomas N Maloney, Stanislao Mazzoni, Joseph Molitoris, Lucia Pozzi, Ken R Smith, Hélène Vézina
The timings of historical fertility transitions in different regions are well understood by demographers, but much less is known regarding their specific features and causes. In the study reported in this paper, we used longitudinal micro-level data for five local populations in Europe and North America to analyse the relationship between socio-economic status and fertility during the fertility transition. Using comparable analytical models and class schemes for each population, we examined the changing socio-economic differences in marital fertility and related these to common theories on fertility behaviour...
March 2017: Population Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881045/exploring-unobserved-heterogeneity-in-perinatal-and-neonatal-mortality-risks-the-case-of-an-italian-sharecropping-community-1900-39
#20
Francesco Scalone, Patrizia Agati, Aurora Angeli, Annalisa Donno
Previous researchers have found that traditional determinants explain only a limited part of the variation in perinatal and infant mortality at the family level. In the study reported in this paper, we explored the factors that make the perinatal/neonatal death risk more heterogeneous across families. We estimated logistic regressions with cluster random effects at the maternal level, using data from the Italian village of Granarolo from 1900 to 1939. We estimated the effects of selected predictors on perinatal/neonatal mortality and unexplained inter-family variation...
November 24, 2016: Population Studies
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